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Poplar - healing properties

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In scientific medicine, black poplar kidney ointment is used.
in surgery as a painkiller and astringent. Currently, black poplar kidney infusion and ointment are used as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antiviral agent in the treatment of acute respiratory diseases and chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum, lung diseases, colds, flu, hemorrhoids, cystitis, vitamin deficiency, and rheumatism. Such properties of the kidneys as expectorant, anti-ulcer and regulating the activity of the gastrointestinal tract are associated with the content of poplar essential oil. In addition, a liquid extract was obtained from the buds and leaves of black poplar, which was used for excessive sexual arousal, especially for spermatorrhea. In recent years, information has emerged on the positive therapeutic effect of tincture from the buds of black poplar in Trichomonas colpitis.

Contraindications and side effects

Preparations of black poplar are not recommended for use during pregnancy and for people suffering from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In other areas

The poplar buds are part of the Riga balsam. Essential oil from the poplar buds is used in the perfume industry for perfume soap and as a fixative. Black poplar buds are part of the Forest Air collection used for bathing.

The leaves of black poplar are used for tanning leather, making yellow dye for fabrics. In fisheries, dried and ground annual shoots of black poplar mixed with other feed are used for feeding fish. The leaves of the poplar are also eaten by livestock, and the bark, the buds, the leaves willingly eat beavers. In beekeeping, black poplar is of no small importance as a feather bed, supplying pollen to bees, as well as glue. In addition, the bees collect on the leaves and buds of the poplar a sticky substance, which they turn into propolis, which is a valuable drug.

Black poplar seed hair is used to make felt and make paper. Poplar wood is used for the manufacture of sleepers, plywood, joinery and turning products, for the production of matches and artificial silk (viscose). Phytoncides from the leaves of black poplar are widely used in agricultural production, the fruits of apple and pear processed by it during the growing season and storage are more resistant to various diseases and pathogens. Black poplar is often grown as an ornamental and meliorative plant.

Classification

Black poplar or Okokory (Latin Populus nigra) is a species of the genus Poplar (Latin Populus) of the willow family (Latin Salicaceae). Only 40 species belong to the genus Poplar, but many of them are very famous trees growing in areas with a temperate climate. Asia is the richest in poplar species, then North America, in Europe there are fewer, and in Africa very few.

Botanical description

The dioecious fast-growing tree (30-35 m high), having a wide, spreading, strongly branching crown, lives up to 200-300 years. The trunk is powerful, at the bottom with growths. In young plants, the bark is light gray, in old trees it is almost black, strongly cracked. Leaves alternate, without stipules, dense, hard, green above, lighter below. On growth shoots, leaves are deltoid with an almost straight base on long petioles, and on shortened ones - triangular with a wedge-shaped base, ferruginous-serrate on the edges, and elongated at the top. Young leaves emit a fragrant resin. The flowers are small, dioecious, gathered in drooping earrings. There are no individual nectaries in the flowers. Perianth is absent. Stamens up to 30. Ovary of two carpels. Black Poplar Flower Formula - ♂ * О0T2-∞P0 , ♀ * Oh0 T0 P(2). The fruit is a single-nodule box, the seeds are numerous, with long white hairs. It blooms in April - May before the leaves bloom.

Spread

Black poplar or black poplar is a Euro-Siberian species, widely distributed in the middle and southern strip of the whole of Europe, including in Siberia and the Caucasus.

Grow in riverine, floodplain and mountain forests or form small groves. It is found on coastal slopes and light damp places, as well as on pebble and sand banks.

Preparation of raw materials

For therapeutic purposes, almost leafy, as well as bark and leaves are used. The buds are harvested during the sap flow, at the beginning of flowering (April), when they are still solid, dense and sticky. Small branches are cut off with saws or secateurs, buds are torn from them, they are dried under a canopy with good ventilation, then they are dried in the open air in the shade, spreading them out with a thin layer and occasionally stirring, in dryers at a temperature not higher than 30-35 o C. Cora harvested in early spring from felled trees or felled branches and also dried. Dried buds are used as a medicine. Raw materials are bare, oblong-ovate, pointed, shiny leaf buds, covered with tiled scales, sticky from the aromatic resin covering them (about 1.5-2 cm long and 4-6 cm in diameter). The color of raw materials is greenish or brownish-yellow, the taste is bitter, the smell is resinous-balsamic, the humidity is not higher than 12%. Raw materials stored in a closed container.

Chemical composition

Black poplar buds contain essential oil - 0.5-0.7%, phenyl glycosides, flavonoids, malic and gallic acids, bitter gum, wax, gum, tannins and coloring agents. Poplar bark contains tannins - 3–9%, yellow coloring matter chrysin, glycosides populin, salicin, in leaves - glycoside salicin, vitamin C - 150-285 mg%, carotene - 33 mg%, also essential and fatty oils.

Pharmacological properties

Black poplar buds are rich in biologically active substances with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diuretic, phytoncidal, antiallergic, analgesic, bactericidal, emollient, and soothing (nervous system) action. In addition, the kidneys of black poplar have an antiseptic effect on the mucous membrane of the bronchi and liquefy the sputum in chronic bronchitis with purulent secretion. The antiseptic action of the kidneys is primarily due to the presence of the glycoside of populin.

Use in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, the bark and buds of poplar are used. Infusion of the cortex is used for fever. Poplar leaf buds in folk medicine are used in the form of ointments and tinctures for gout, burns, hemorrhoids, rheumatism. In folk medicine in many countries, drugs from poplar kidneys are most often used for diseases of the urogenital organs, cystitis, urinary incontinence, painful urination especially after surgery), kidney diseases, spermatorrhea, prostate hypertrophy, prostatitis. A poplar ointment is prepared from the kidney extract, which is used as a disinfectant, antipyretic, distracting agent for rheumatism, wounds and burns. In folk medicine, the kidneys or newly spreading sticky leaves are boiled or ground with oil, fresh fat and applied to boils, cuts, boils. In addition, drugs from the poplar buds are used for neurosis, various types of neuralgia, arthritis, hemorrhoids, intestinal atony, diarrhea, colds, flu, and also as a means of regulating menstruation. Fresh leaf juice - for toothache and for soothing baths. Preparations from the kidneys of black poplar are used in diseases of the urogenital system, neurosis, arthritis, colds as an antiseptic, diuretic and diaphoretic. Externally, the preparations of the kidneys of black poplar are used to treat wounds, ulcers, cuts, bruises, boils, abrasions, for skin diseases and as a remedy for hair loss and for hair growth.

Literature

1. Bakulin V. T. Topol black in Western Siberia / Ed. ed. Academician I. Yu. Koropachinsky. Novosibirsk: Acad. Geo publishing house, 2007. 121 p.

  1. Biological Encyclopedic Dictionary (ed. MS Gilyarov). M. 1986. 820 p.

3. Gubanov, I.A., et al. 412. Populusnigra L., Black Poplar, or Osokor, // Illustrated Guide to Central European Plants, B 3.T. M .: T-in scientific. ed. KMK, In-t technologist. Ex., 2003. T. 2. Angiosperms (dicotyledons: otloplepestnye). S. 10.

4. Plant life (ed. By AL Takhtadzhyan) 1982. T. 5 (1). 425 s.

5. Yelenevsky A.G., Solov'eva MP, Tikhomirov V.N. // Botany. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

6. Medicinal plants. Reference manual (ed. NI Grinkevich). M. "High School" 1991. 396 p.

7. Peshkova G.I., Schroeter A.I. Plants in home cosmetics and dermatology. Directory. SME. 2001 684 p.

8. Universal encyclopedia of medicinal plants / Comp. I. Putyrsky, V. Prokhorov. Mn.– M .: Book House - Machaon, 2000. 656 p.

9. Flora of the European part of the USSR / Ed. ed. and ed. volumes N. N. Tsvelev. RAS Botanical Institute. V.L. Komarov. St. Petersburg: Science, 1994. T. 7. 317 p.

10. Shantser I.A. Plants in the middle zone of European Russia. 2007

11. Encyclopedic dictionary of medicinal plants and animal products: Proc. manual / Ed. G. P. Yakovlev and K. F. Blinova. 2nd, rev. and add. ed. St. Petersburg: SpetsLit, SPHFA, 2002. p. 276-277.

Common Poplar - Botanical Description

In botany, there are about 90 species of poplar, which belong to the willow family. On the territory of Eurasia, there are: pyramidal poplar (the most heat-loving trees), white or silver poplar and ordinary poplar (black or black poplar).

Black poplar is the most common type of poplar in Europe and Asia. Tall tree with a thick, straight trunk, which very rarely forks. The branches (and trunk) grow throughout the life of the plant, giving side shoots. The bark of the poplar has a dark gray color, strongly cracked at the base of the stem and almost black. The krone is spreading, dense, equal. The leaves are smooth, dark green, in the form of a wide drop with an elongated, pointed top. The plant is dioecious, has spikelets, drooping or erect inflorescences in the form of earrings. Fruits - boxes with a huge number of small seeds that are "planted" on thin hairs (poplar fluff). Powerful poplar root system has a multi-tiered structure and firmly holds the plant, whose height can reach 60 meters.

Poplar ordinary is a fast-growing plant, relatively undemanding to the conditions. It takes root on any soil, but in favorable conditions, growth is significantly accelerated. Does not tolerate shading and does not "rise" in the mountains. According to the "production" of oxygen and the ability to purify the air of dust and gases, it is several times larger than pine, spruce, and lime.

Poplar - medical use

As a therapeutic raw material, poplar buds are used (both leafy and floral), foliage, and bark.

Black poplar buds are harvested in April-May, until their discovery. Due to the presence of a large number of bitter resins, essential oils, mineral salts, organic acids and vitamins, Poplar buds are used as:

  • The extract from the poplar buds and the ointment from the pounded kidneys mixed with butter or interior fat are used to treat arthritis, rheumatism, osteochondrosis, hemorrhoids (see other recipes), purulent wounds, furunculosis, and dermatological diseases.
  • Alcoholic infusion of black poplar buds is used in the complex treatment of tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis (more about their treatment), and nervous excitability.
  • Water infusions successfully treat inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary sphere (for example, Trichomonas colpit), superficial ulcers, dermatitis, neuroses, gout and "limp" intestines.

Leaves of a poplar are applied in the form of infusions and decoctions mainly inside. They have similar to the buds of poplar, but a milder therapeutic effect. Fresh juice from poplar leaves relieves toothache. In dried form, the leaves of poplar are widely used for making infusions for soothing baths.

Poplar bark contains:

  • Alkaloids. Substances that have a pronounced sedative effect on the nervous system.
  • Tannins. They have anti-inflammatory, astringent, wound-healing effect.
  • Glycosides - carbohydrate plant compounds with antibacterial, vasodilator and metabolism regulating action.

Poplar bark (in the form of decoction) is used in the treatment of diarrhea, cystitis, rheumatism, feverish conditions, colds and flu.

Separate attention deserve healing properties of poplar as an immunomodulator, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and diuretic in diseases of the urogenital organs in men of different etiologies: spermatorrhea (spontaneous sperm secretion), vesiculitis (inflammation of the seminal vesicles), prostatitis, prostate adenoma. In the complex treatment of these diseases, an aqueous or alcoholic infusion of black poplar buds (inside) is used, as well as an oil extract of the kidneys in the form of microclysters for the night. Populin and salicyl (phenolic glycosides, decompose into salicylic alcohol and acid), which are contained in the kidneys and the bark of black poplar, effectively and gently relieve pain and heat, do not cause side effects and significantly improve the health of the patient.

Effective use of poplar with hair loss. For the treatment of alopecia (hair loss), an ointment is prepared from the black poplar buds pounded into powder and the fatty basis (petrolatum or internal animal fat). This ointment stimulates the "work" of the hair follicles, improves the hair structure, nourishes the scalp and restores its barrier functions.

It should be noted that "poplar fluff" in a "pure" form does not cause allergic reactions. However, it accumulates and carries pollen from flowering plants, which caused a common misconception about poplar, as the strongest allergen.

Despite the fact that preparations based on the kidneys of black poplar are used even in complex treatment of oncological diseases, the approach to treatment must be competent and individual. Poplar, the use of which is so common and effective, should not be used for self-treatment. The consultation of a qualified doctor will help you make the most of the healing properties of poplar to solve exactly your problems.

Places of growth

Poplar - an uncommon phenomenon. He is able to take root in different latitudes and parts of the world. Each species grows exactly where the most favorable conditions are for it. For example, some may grow in Siberia, the Far East, China, others live in Mexico, America, China and, oddly enough, in Africa.

It is found on the slopes of hills and river banks, but it is important to remember that the poplar root system is sensitive to the degree of soil moisture. Therefore, most often these trees are found in parks, along roads, and somewhere nearby swamps they cannot grow at all. But this applies to wild species.

Cultivated species behave a little differently. They can get used to any type of soil, are stronger than their wild relatives. It should be noted that the cultured poplar can take root even in areas with a huge concentration of gases.

Trees grow rapidly and extremely quickly, but do not live long. The maximum age is about 150 years. But, of course, there are exceptions that go down in history. Long-lived poplars are quite rare, but they are still there.

Appearance of poplar

The tree is quite tall, with a broad lush crown and a sturdy trunk with a slim build. The leaves of a poplar of light silver shade form an idea of ​​this tree, as if it is something fabulous.

The bark of each species of poplars is different, although all of them can be recognized by a grayish tint. The older the tree, the faster the bark on the trunk cracks. Over time, the poplars themselves quietly perish: first separate branches dry, and then the whole organism.

A very interesting fact is that these trees are dioecious, that is, during flowering on one poplar there are both male and female flowers. By the way, it is the former that form the poplar fluff.

Variety of species

There are a lot of poplar species - more than ninety species in different parts of the world. Some were subsequently formed processes of evolution or adaptation to the conditions of a particular region. But science has gone so far that others are grown in laboratories by whole teams of dendrologists, that is, they are hybrids.

The main types of poplars common in the world:

  • Chinese,
  • Berlin,
  • Pyramidal,
  • Canadian poplar,
  • Aurora,
  • Balsamic,
  • White (also referred to as silver)
  • Large leaf
  • Black (hawk)
  • Fragrant.

Features of each type:

Chinese poplar - this species is interesting because it is multi-stemmed. The crown has a pyramidal shape due to the fact that the branches immediately from the beginning of their growth tend upwards, creating a sharp angle with the trunk. In height, it can grow to as much as 15 meters. The tree is not afraid of frost, and even at 40 degrees of frost it feels comfortable. Leaves fall after frost.

The Chinese version of the plant is very common in the Far East, as well as in China, this explains both the name of the species and its extreme ability to easily endure the cold.

I would like to tell you more about the appearance of this tree, because this topic is really worth attention. The color of the bark is gray-green and, interestingly, it does not change during the whole life of the organism. The leaves of the plant are very beautiful rounded ellipsoid, which are slightly elongated at the end. Край листика негладкий или волнообразный, а очень интересный – рельефный, словно порезанный. Верхняя и нижняя части листьев отличаются окраской.The upper part acquires a delicate light green color, and the lower part is slightly silver in color. Uhit makes an impressionlike all wood is made of silver.

A tree can be propagated in two ways: self-sown seeds (no human intervention is needed here), as well as green cutting, followed by planting in moist soil. Two years later, the seedlings must be transplanted to a permanent place. It is important to always remember that this type of poplar loves moisture, in case of its shortage it may even shed its leaves.

Young trees should be protected from direct sunlight, creating a shadow or partial shade. The tree can be considered an adult after 5-6 years. The ego does not need to trim or adjust the shape of the crown, it will adjust it.

It is this type that is very good as hedges. Planting from small groups of trees looks good.

Berlin

This species is derived from two different species: poplar and black poplar. The maximum height is 35 meters. In the wild, this tree does not grow. The crown of the poplar is wide below, but tapering upwards more and more.

The bottom of the plant has a rough bark, moving up from the base, the bark becomes smoother and softer. Young shoots are gray-olive color; in adulthood the color changes to a pleasant gray. Surface slightly ribbed.

The leaves are ovoid in shape, have a small sharp tip. The upper side of the leaf is rich dark green, and the bottom is pale, almost white.

Berlin-type wood is used for building houses, as it is distinguished by its strength. And also this tree is widespread when managing a forest or park economy.

Pyramidal

The pyramidal poplar is a very tall long-lived tree. Its age can reach 300 years. Distributed in Central Asia, Ukraine, Italy, Russia, in the Caucasus. Poplar loves moderately moist soil, and also sunny color is very important for this species. Krona has an elongated upward, rather narrow. Bark with small cracks, dark gray.

Long inflorescences, earrings, there are both male (red or maroon) and female (pale green, white) genera. Triangular leaflets, finely serrated edges. Like many other species, the leaves are dark green at the top and white at the bottom.

Has its own subspecies:

  • pyramidal Soviet,
  • Chinese pyramid,
  • the black.

Very powerful root system. It is located both deep down and far in breadth, and even at the base of a tree on the surface of the earth. It grows both in the wild and in urban environments.

Canadian Poplar is a hybrid bred in Canada. The tree has a powerful wide crown and is generally considered the largest and of all types. The leaves are triangular with a jagged edge. The tree also blooms with male and female inflorescences of various colors.

After flowering fruits appear - small seeds in light boxes, they then fly everywhere. For allergy sufferers it is very difficult to transfer the flowering of poplar.

Wood is used for the manufacture of furniture, in the construction of houses, for attachments in parks and squares. In the photo you can easily consider the beauty and majesty of Canadian poplar, which has become the most "popular" in many parts of the world.

Awl

It grows in Siberia and Altai. Poplar lives on poor soils in river valleys and on mountain slopes. Not very demanding of lighting and watering. Due to its deep roots it is well going through severe winters and frosts. The tree is low, with a sparse crown. On the shoots one can notice ribbing, which is caused by cork-like growths, which distinguishes this poplar from all other species.

The leaves are large, ovate-elongated with finely cut edges. Due to the frequent freezing of branches young foliage grows again and again. This creates a visualization of a large and lush crown. Blossoms in May - June. From inflorescences in the form of earrings, seeds arise in quadrangular spherical formations.

This plant is planted in most along highways.

Balsamic

This species grows in Canada and North America and is balsamic. The tree is quite tall, with a wide trunk. At the base, the bark is dark and uneven, but at the top is very beautiful, tender, white-gray.

The shape of the leaves is round, but, as in other forms, narrowed at the end and with a serrated fringing. The upper part of the beautiful dark green, and the lower light gray-green. Poplar leaves in the fall. This species blooms in May, with long brown buds.

Wood is unstable to pests, often sick, but it easily tolerates severe frosts.

It is also called silver. Grows in Europe and Central Asia. Not very tall, but big tree. Lives 65-400 years, depending on conditions. Has a very wide barrel. Crown in the form of a pyramid. The trunk is covered with gray or gray-green bark. When the poplar is very old, the color of the skin changes to black.

This species is characterized by rounded leaves: green on one side, light silver on the other. Blossoms in long inflorescences: male - brown or red, female - yellow. After flowering fruits are formed - a brown box with seeds that are sown shortly.

Large leaf

It is also called Ontario or Aurora - especially beautiful view. In Europe, the tree grows to 10 meters, but because of the cold and frosty winters, it is much lower. Unfortunately, the poplar is short-lived and lives only up to 65 years.

The crown of this tree is very lush. The sheets are quite large, you can see patches of cream shade on them, which gives the poplar some decorativeness and special beauty.

Plant a beautiful plant should be in a place where there is protection from the wind, as well as a lot of sunlight. The tree is also adapted to urban life..

The second name is Osokor. Widely distributed in Ukraine and Russia. A lot of representatives of this species grows in forests, parks, squares. In the cities of his impose because of his ability to provide a large amount of oxygen. Incredibly, the volume produced by poplar is equal to the volume that 10 pines and three limes produced.

Poplar grows to 35 meters. This large and majestic tree lives 60–300 years. His bark is rough, black in color, with large ugly growths. The leaves are triangular and rhombic. Unlike most species, the black version of the foliage is very large and rather stiff.

The tree blooms with catkins of burgundy and yellow flowers in May-June. When the seeds ripen, dispersion begins. Seeds germinate easily, as the poplar is unpretentious and grows quickly.

This tree has come from the Far East.. Now it is distributed in Eastern Siberia. Poplar grows on the banks of rivers and lakes, reaching 20-25 meters in height. Crown neat oval. With age, the bark on the trunk gradually changes from yellow, greenish-gray and tender to old and coarse. This type of poplar is unpretentious, can grow in different soils equally well. And also it withstands frost well.

However, there are other features. The tree needs moist air. Foliage oval with a sharp end, durable. Leaf colors can be from light olive to dim green for the top and light gray for the bottom.

Blossoms also inflorescences of different colors: red and pale yellow, depending on the sex of flowers. Flowering lasts to mid-June. Fruit boxes elongated, oval. This type of plant reproduces very well.

Interesting Facts

Many interesting facts and events are connected with this tree, which made the plant not only legendary, but even mystical. It will be interesting to know the following:

  • The oldest poplar has been growing in Ukraine for over 200 years,
  • in times of famine, a layer of bark was added to food,
  • plant buds contain essential oils and are widely used in perfumery,
  • trees love to change their gender.

We must not forget about the therapeutic possibilities of poplar. In medicine, use:

All components are able to very effectively affect individual internal organs of the person and the body as a whole, enhancing immunity and carrying out excellent preventive activities.

Poplar is a multifunctional and very useful tree. It is important to skillfully use the gifts of nature.

Plant description

Black poplar (Populus nigra L) or black elm belongs to the family of willow plants and is a tall tree, reaching 25-35 meters in height and at the same time being a long-liver, the age of its individual representatives reaches 300 years. Poplar black forms a powerful surface-horizontal root system, which makes it possible to use black poplar to strengthen the slopes of ravines. The blackjack has a thick, powerful trunk, at the bottom of which the bark forms growths. The color of the bark of younger tree trunks is gray, and the old is dark gray, closer to black and very thick, and from the inside it has a reddish tint.

The black crown of the black poplar is spreading, densely leafy. The leaf has a long, bare petiole. Okokor has a leaf plate with a length of 6 to 12 centimeters, dense leathery, dark green above and lighter below. The edges of the sheet plate are serrate, triangular-ovoid, young leaves of pale green color with a specific aroma, resinous. The blackjack buds form a cone-shaped, rather large, pressed, coated with a resin with a specific smell, brown-green in color. The flowers of the black poplar - earrings, up to 4 centimeters long, form an ovary of spherical shape, the seeds are small, numerous, covered with a long-haired down bat. Black poplar blooms in May, and in June, already ripe fruits are carried by the wind.

Medicinal properties

Black alder or black poplar is a good medicinal plant containing substances used in the treatment of various diseases. So this plant is used as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, astringent, wound healing, antimicrobial and diaphoretic. The high content of essential oils allows the use of black poplar as an expectorant for colds and for the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract.
The bark of this plant has antimalarial properties, helps alleviate the condition of patients with gout, fever, rheumatism.

The poplar buds contain essential oils, glycosides such as populin and salicin, as well as apple and gallic acids. Osokor has leaf buds, which, in the form of infusion, have a positive therapeutic effect in the treatment of burns, hemorrhoids, as a febrifuge and as a good remedy for enhancing hair growth. Poplar buds essential oil has found application in the perfume industry, where it is used as a fragrance and odor fixer in the production of high-quality toilet soap. Poplar buds are also used to prepare ointments that help with joint pain, trichomonas colpitis, ulcers, various fungal skin lesions, alopecia, and other diseases.

Preparation of medicinal raw materials

For medical purposes, basically, only black poplar leaf buds (Gemmae Poputi) are harvested. Buds are collected in early spring, somewhere in the end of April, before the beginning of the flowering period of the poplar. Leaf buds are well distinguished from flower and have a yellow-brown color, a specific resinous smell and a bitter taste. Collect buds only by hand, carefully separating them from the branches. The collected raw materials are dried, spreading a thin layer on a litter, in the shade under a canopy, avoiding the ingress of rain moisture. You can also dry the collected buds of poplar in the oven at a temperature not higher than 35 degrees. The finished raw materials are stored in a tight package in a cool place.

The use of black poplar in traditional medicine

Black poplar or poplar in folk medicine has been used for a very long time. Not only poplar leaf buds have medicinal properties, but also bark and green leaves.

  • Ointment from young leaves of poplar. The leaves of the poplar, better young, sticky leaves rubbed well with oil or fresh fat to obtain a homogeneous green mass. Use this ointment to treat boils, abscesses and poorly healing wounds.
  • Fresh poplar juiceIt helps to cope with pain and tinnitus. Fresh young leaves of poplar are washed, finely crushed and squeezed juice, which is instilled into the ears, 3-4 drops in each. Usually the pain goes away the next day.
  • Infusion for cold and flu take a tablespoon to 4-5 times a day before meals for 20-25 minutes. Prepare the infusion as follows: take 2 teaspoons of well-chopped poplar buds, pour a glass of boiling water, bring to a boil and remove from heat. Insist at least two hours, then filter and drink.
  • Infusion for prostate, urethritis, prostate adenoma and cystitistake a quarter cup up to 4 times a day 30 minutes before meals. It is prepared this way: two teaspoons of well-crushed poplar buds are poured into a thermos container, poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for an hour, then filtered and drunk.
  • Ointment for burns, bedsores, trophic ulcers, hemorrhoids. Prepare the ointment as follows: take 1 teaspoon of the poplar buds ground to the powder and mix with a teaspoon of butter. The mixture is ground to obtain a homogeneous mass. This mixture lubricates sore spots 2-3 times a day.
  • Poplar tincture is used for various diseases, including stomach cancer.Prepare it like this: take a glass of vodka and pour a tablespoon of poplar buds on it, mix well and infuse for two weeks, then you can use the tincture. Take it for 15 drops up to three times a day. Also, tincture is used for rinsing with sore throat, stomatitis, gingivitis, for the treatment of eczema.

Contraindications

Before use, consult a doctor. Do not use drugs containing poplar during pregnancy, with serious violations of the gastrointestinal tract.

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Properties of the buds of black poplar and their application

Black poplar buds are very rich in biologically active substances with antiseptic, analgesic and anti-allergic properties. The antiseptic properties of the black poplar buds are associated with the glucoside populin, which in the preparation of preparations is hydrolyzed to benzoic acid, which is a strong antiseptic. It has been established experimentally that when ingestion of populin and, especially salicin, obtained from haze, urinary excretion of uric acid increases dramatically.

In folk medicine in many countries, the therapeutic properties of poplar kidneys are most often used for diseases of the urogenital organs, cystitis, urinary incontinence, painful urination (especially after surgery), kidney disease, spermatorrhea, benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis. In case of cervical cystitis (inflammation of the prostate part of the urethra), chronic urethritis, stricture of the posterior urethra, colliculitis, hemorrhoids, rectal fissures along with ingestion of poplar, it is recommended to make microeleroma from the oil extract.

In addition, the therapeutic properties of poplar kidneys are effective for neurosis, various types of neuralgia, arthritis, intestinal atony, diarrhea, colds and as a means of controlling menstruation. As an antiseptic and phlegm-thinning agent, the kidneys are used to treat acute inflammatory processes in the respiratory tract and chronic bronchitis.

When applied externally, poplar drugs exhibit an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, hemostatic, and mild anesthetic effect. In this regard, the oil extract and tincture of the kidneys are used to treat wounds, ulcers, burns, cuts, as a remedy for hair loss, for skin itching and dermatitis, for grinding for gout and rheumatism. Tincture, in addition, is considered a good remedy for the treatment of Trichomonas colpitis. Along with black poplar, kidneys of other types of poplar are used.

To prepare drugs from the black poplar medicinal buds, use the following recipes:

  • Infusion of the kidneys. 2 teaspoons of raw materials pour 1 cup boiling water, insist 30-40 minutes., Strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times daily before meals.
  • Tincture of the kidneys. 50 g of raw materials pour 0.5 liters of vodka (preferably 70% alcohol), insist 7 days, stirring occasionally, strain. Take 20 drops 3 times daily before meals.
  • Oil extract of the kidneys. 100 g of kidney pour 0.5 liters of vegetable oil, bring to a boil, insist 15 minutes, stirring occasionally, strain. Use heated to 35-37 ° C in the form of micro enemas in the rectum 15-20 ml at night for 2 weeks daily. Due to the high therapeutic properties of the extract of black poplar buds can be used externally for skin diseases and for rubbing into the joints. Store in a bottle of dark glass.

Landscaping and landscape design

The property of poplars to clean the air of dust and gases is indispensable for city streets. Быстрорастущие прямоствольные деревья подходят для высаживания в парках, скверах, вдоль дорожных полотен. Виды с компактными декоративными кронами: осокорь или пирамидальный тополь, можно выращивать на границах участков. Разведение только мужских экземпляров позволяет избавиться от главной досады тополевых насаждений – летнего «снегопада» из комьев пуха.

A powerful root system strengthens the sliding ground on rough terrain and along the edges of ravines.

White (silver)

Found in the greater territory of Russia, in Central Asia. Prefers fertile soil of river floodplains. The height of adult specimens is 25–30 m, spherical, sprawling crowns. The bark is greenish-gray, noticeably lighter at the top of the tree. The leaves are ovate with notched edges. From above - dark green, smooth, the back side is light, silvery-green, with slight pubescence.

The view is different from other deep root system; worse than others, it suffers damage; the crowns suffer and deform from frequent haircuts.

On the basis of silver poplar, decorative compact forms have been developed with a height of up to 7–12 m for cultivation in gardens and in surrounding areas.

Black (hawk)

Distributed in the temperate zone of the European part, in Siberia, in the Caucasus. The trunks of adult trees are high - up to 30 m, broad-crowns crowns. The bark is dark gray at the top, almost black below, with deep cracks. Leaves of a rhombic form, with small cloves at the edges. Differs in frost resistance, insensitive to polluted air. Used in gardening.

Breeding

Poplar bred usually breeding in nurseries, as they quickly lose their germination. Vegetatively poplar multiplies faster and easier. As the planting material used cuttings and adventitious growth. It develops in places of damage to trunks, around the stumps of felled old trees. Root can be young annual shoots.

Cuttings are cut in lengths of 25–30 cm and placed in moist soil for 2–3 months, leaving ¼ length outside. Before rooting, sprouts are regularly moistened.

Diseases and pests

Blisters and relief brown spots on the bark of trees can be a sign of bacterial cancer or edema. Infections lead to the further appearance of deep cracks and wounds, deformation of the trunks. At home, they can not be cured, diseased seedlings are removed.

The appearance on the cortex of reddish, brown, yellow or black growths, flagella, droplets indicates a defeat by cytosporosis and other fungal diseases. Trunks in such cases are treated with fungicides, diseased side shoots are removed..

Of the pests of poplars, the most known are the worm-caterpillars, sawflies, flour worms, scale insects, miners, aphids, gall-formers. Their presence can be guessed by damaged leaves, the appearance of stains, holes and growths on them. Treated trees should be regularly treated with insecticides, crown cut to most of the length, the soil under the trunks to clear weeds and spray chemicals.

What is a black poplar

The black elk has the appearance of a tall tree (up to 35 m) and is considered a long-liver - the lifespan of a poplar can reach 300 years!

Young trees are characterized by a light gray color of the bark, and on old trees its color is closer to black. The crown of the plant is spreading and abundantly covered with foliage. Each leaf has a bare, long petiole, therefore the length of the leaf plate is not less than 6 cm, in addition, it is dense-skinned. The upper part is dark green here and the lower part is a few shades lighter. The root system of the tree is surface-horizontal. Due to its powerful roots, the mountain poplar is often used to strengthen steep slopes. Another feature of the blackjack is a very strong trunk. At the bottom of it there are growths.

Buds plants are greenish-brown, covered with resin. They have an ovoid or conical shape and are slightly flattened. The black elm during the flowering period is covered with earrings (4 cm), later they form a spherical ovary. Poplar seeds are very small and numerous, and they are abundantly covered with long-haired down. The flowering period falls on the last month of spring, at the beginning of summer the fruits ripen completely and are carried by the wind.

The plant black poplar grows in the CIS countries (European part), Central Asia and Siberia. The tree is specially planted in cities, because the amount of oxygen it produces is 7 times more than one spruce produces.

Gallery: black poplar (25 photos)

The use of black poplar in traditional medicine

Osokor already quite a long period of time is used as the main component for the preparation of various medicines. Moreover, it was found that bark, poplar leaves and seeds also have useful properties, in addition to the kidneys.

The following are effective medicines that have found application in medicine:

  1. Ointment from the leaves of the tree. It is used as a treatment for wounds, as well as from boils. It is preferable that the leaves are young and have good stickiness. It is necessary to mix a leaf of a poplar with oil, the homogeneous consistence will not be received yet.
  2. Juice plants. This tool helps to get rid of ear pain. Having washed the young leaves well, they should be crushed well, then squeeze the juice. 3-4 drops are buried in each ear. Almost always the unpleasant symptoms disappear every other day.
  3. Infusion to deal with colds. The fruits of the poplar (kidney) are crushed, then boiled water is poured (200 ml of water will be required for 2 tsp), after which the agent is boiled and infused for 2 hours. It is recommended to take 1 tbsp. l three times a day.
  4. A cure for urethritis, cystitis and prostatitis. The healing properties of the kidneys provide rapid improvement and help to cope with these diseases. Well crushed raw materials (2 tsp) are poured into a thermos, then poured with boiling water (1 cup). Well defended remedy taken before meals (50 ml up to 4 times a day).
  5. For the treatment of burns, trophic ulcers, hemorrhoids. To prepare a healing ointment, you need to prepare a kidney powder in advance. Mixing 1 tsp. raw materials with the same amount of butter need to bring the mixture to a uniform consistency. The resulting ointment is used to treat sore spots.
  6. Tincture of the kidneys. Occasionally, the salmon tree is used to alleviate the symptoms of stomach cancer. 200 g of vodka poured 1 tbsp. l poplar buds, then the mixture is infused for 2 weeks. Every day, three times a day, it is recommended to take 15 drops. This tincture is effective in stomatitis, sore throat and to combat eczema.

Medicinal products containing black poplar are not recommended to be used without prior consultation with your doctor. Such drugs are contraindicated in patients with gastrointestinal problems and pregnant women.

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