Potentilla Nepalese is a very beautiful and perennial plant that is grown exclusively in home gardens. It decorates flowerbeds with bright red-purple flowers. Such a plant can transform any garden, and gardeners love it not only for its beauty, but also for its unpretentiousness.
How to choose a place to land
In any garden, finding a suitable place for planting Potentilla bush is not difficult as this plant is unpretentious and grows in natural conditions even on poor soil that is not enriched with fertilizers and in direct sunlight.
The plant should receive light and stay a little dark. If the shade is thick, then growth will slow down at the bush, although flowering will continue. The lighting period must be at least six hours daily.
Despite the fact that the plant can grow on poor soil, it is desirable to make it with various nutrient fertilizers. Then the flowers of Potentilla will be much larger and brighter.
Potentilla loves moist and drained soil. Plentifully pour the soil is not necessary, because you can not allow stagnant water.
Planting in open ground
For growing seedlings, it is necessary to fill the planting capacity with soil consisting of garden soil, peat and sand. Everything is added in equal proportions. Seeds that are sprinkled with a layer of sand or earth are placed on a moist soil.
The container is covered with glass on top, to keep moisture. After 15 days, the first young shoots will begin to appear. After another 50-60 days, the plant can be planted in the prepared land.
If seeds are sown immediately in the ground, it should be done in mid-May. The soil is moistened, seeds are sown on its surface and sprinkled with a thin layer of sand about three centimeters.
When shoots appear, they need to be watered and weeded regularly. The permanent landing is done at the end of August or at the beginning of September.
Do not add unknown components to the soil - there is a correct formula to follow
Description of Potentilla Nepalese with photos
As the name implies, this species is the birthplace of Nepal, and culture grows abundantly in the wild nature of the Western Himalayas. The height of the shrub reaches 50 cm, the leaves are large and palmate, up to 30 cm in size, resembling strawberry in shape.
The inflorescences are paniculate, and are decorated with pink flowers with a diameter of about 3 cm. They appear only in the second year after planting, and the flowering period lasts from June to August and is 50-55 days.
On the basis of this species, hybrid varieties were bred, which include "Miss Wilmot", "Floris" and "Roxana".
If on the site already grows the silverweed Nepalese, and there is a desire to expand the flowerbed somewhat, it is not necessary to purchase seedlings or seeds in stores, you can use those plants that already exist. Planting and care will not require a lot of time and effort.
The methods of reproduction of this culture include:
- Growing from seed. Material will need to be collected at the end of summer or mid-autumn, depending on climatic conditions. It is permissible to plant it immediately after harvest, or you can do it in the spring, after drying the seeds and packing them in sachets. So they will retain their qualities and be suitable for use for 2.5-3 years.
Silverweed Nepalese can be grown from seeds, and then planted in open ground.
Cuttings. In this case, it will be necessary in the first weeks of summer to cut off the suitable branches from last year's shoots, removing the lower leaves from them. Then it is necessary to treat the cuttings with a solution intended to stimulate root growth, put the silverweed into the pot, covering it with a film or otherwise creating greenhouse conditions for the plant, and regularly spray it with water. When the process is a little stronger, you can put it in a permanent habitat.
Important! In order for the plant to settle down and not die immediately after planting, you need to choose the right place for its habitat and pay attention to the quality of the soil.
Planting Potentilla Nepalese
As with any plant, it is important to choose the right plot when planting silverweed Nepalese. Despite the fact that in the wild, the shrub feels fine almost anywhere, finding a suitable area for its cultural cultivation will not be easy.
Potentilla Nepalese should be planted on open and sunny areas.
It is important to know that the places where these plantings are located should be continuously illuminated by the sun for at least 5-6 hours a day. If you don’t plant a cinquefoil on such a site, you can place it in partial shade, but at the same time remember that with an acute shortage of ultraviolet it will be worse to bloom and slower to develop.
This culture is not particularly demanding on the composition of the soil, but it is better to “settle” it in loamy or suspended soil, and in case the land is depleted, to introduce mineral or organic fertilizers. The main thing is that the soil is well moistened, but it does not form stagnant water.
After selecting the appropriate area, you can proceed directly to the landing.
It is produced as follows:
- A landing pit of at least 60 cm depth is being prepared.
- The bottom of the recess is lined with drainage, which is suitable pieces of brick, gravel or river sand.
- The pit is half filled with a mixture of soil and sand with the addition of humus. You will need to respect the proportion of 1: 2: 2.
- Material is planted in the recess, after which it is sealed.
- Within 3 weeks, the landing site should be moistened regularly. During this period it is very important to prevent the soil from drying out.
Silverweed Nepalese loves sandy and loamy areas.
To grow a culture, it is not enough to know how and when to plant Lapchatka Nepalese. You will also need to familiarize yourself with the rules of care for this plant and strictly follow them.
Caring for a Nepalese Lapeda Plant: Main Events
If it is correct to take care of the moth, she will live 10-15 years.
This will require the following activities:
- Watering. You do not need to do this often, it is enough 1-2 times a month. The only exceptions are seedlings: they need to be moistened every week. The main thing - do not use cold water, which can destroy the roots. In cases where the summer months are dry and sultry, it will be necessary to prevent the soil from drying out around the plantations. And so that the water does not evaporate too quickly, you need to make a mulch layer under the planting.
- Fertilizer. Feeding plants will need mineral compositions for ornamental plantings containing potassium and phosphorus. This should be done in the last summer weeks.
- Weeding and loosening. It is important to ensure that the flowerbed is not overgrown with weeds, and regularly clean it. In addition, it will be necessary to provide access of oxygen in the root system, but at the same time it is not enough to loosen the soil, 7 cm will be enough.
Potentilla bushes of Nepalese are pruned to give them a certain shape.
Crop. During the entire period of flowering, it is important to remove dried inflorescences and leaves, to extend this process. In addition, you will need to cut the shrub twice so that it does not grow much and does not lose its decorative appearance. You can show imagination and give the bushes various forms, for example, a ball or a cube, and also cut them, imitating any figures. Anti-aging pruning is carried out once every five years, in spring, when the bush is cut to the very foundation, which will help it to be updated. Then you need to feed it with mineral composition.
Council In areas where the winter cold is accompanied by strong winds, it is still better to protect the shrub. To do this, the branches bend down to the ground and covered with polyethylene, which is fixed with stones or bayonets.
Pests and possible diseases
The main offender of Potentilla is a scoop insect that feeds on its leaves and flowers. If time does not cope with the problem, the plant may die. It will be necessary to treat the ground part of the culture twice with an insecticidal solution, for example, “Fufanon”, “Decis Profi” or “Fitoverm”.
The various diseases afflicted by greenery rarely affect cinquefoil, but sometimes signs of rust can be seen. This fungal disease develops as a result of improper watering, when moisture stagnates. In such cases, a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or systemic fungicides will help.
Using Potentilla Nepalese in landscape design and combination with other plants
Silverweed Nepalese is used as a single plantation, and when creating complex compositions. In the first case, you can close the empty places with such a plant, arrange the borders or disguise the bare stems of tall bushes.
In the video, you can see Potentilla Nepalese and hear the opinion of the grower about this plant.
When creating combined flowerbeds, bells, cornflowers, lupins or naivnya are chosen as neighbors for this culture. In addition, with its help it is easy to select and emphasize plantings with faded or small flowers.
In conclusion, we can say that decorating your site with the Nepalese cinquefoil and maintaining the decorative look of the flowerbed will not be difficult. For this reason, the culture has gained immense popularity among gardeners.
Description of the plant of silverweed
Potentilla can be either a perennial plant or a half-shrub, or an annual or biennial. Stems can be erect, extended, ascending and less creeping. Leaves are partitioned, pinnate, have a bright green or gray-green color. The shrubby sponge can grow up to one and a half meters high and up to 1 m wide. The flowers are collected in the inflorescence false-umbellate or thyroid paniculate form. Flowers can be white, red, golden yellow, orange, pink and cream. Flowering Potentilla begins in May continues until September. The fruit is collected from a variety of hairless or hairy seeds.
Growing Potentilla seed
It is necessary to plant a silverweed on seedling in the end of February and the beginning of March. Containers with planted seeds must be covered with a film and put into a room where the temperature is 15-18 degrees. After the seedlings ascend polyethylene must be removed. When the seedlings form two true leaves, it must be transplanted into peat pots. The seedling grows rather slowly, but despite this it needs to be planted in a flower bed at the end of August. A plant grown in this way will bloom only in a year. Then the silverweed can multiply by means of self-seeding.
Planting grassy silverweed
In autumn, the seeds of Potentilla can be planted once in open ground. During the winter cold, the seeds will pass natural certification, only the strongest and strongest will grow. You can also plant seeds in open ground and in the spring, but it is better to grow seedlings first. Since this option is more reliable, most seeds will germinate and will not be damaged by any insects at such a young age.
Saplings of shrubby sponge need to be planted in open ground in early spring in the pits, which should be twice the size of the root system of the seedling. The distance between the seedlings of gall be at least thirty centimeters. In the pit for planting seedlings need to pour a layer of lime gravel in order to make it well drained. Then it is necessary to mix humus, leaf soil, sand, complex mineral fertilizer and pour the mixture into the pits with a thick layer. After you place the seedling there and sprinkle it well with garden soil, compact it and water it plentifully. Abundant and regular watering is necessary during the month of shrubby spiny. In order to keep the moisture longer in the soil, it is necessary to mulch it with sawdust, bark or straw.
Most species of silverweed are unpretentious and do not need special care, but there are also those that are more fastidious, they need to be carefully cared for. These varieties can be attributed to whiteweed (likes to grow in the shade or at least a penumbra), shiny to the silverweed (prefers dry sandy soil). All other types of Potentilla prefer to grow in light areas, shaded at noon.
The soil should be well drained, loose, slightly acidic and nutritious, with a low lime content. The exception is the Arctic Potentilla, for its cultivation requires acidic soil.
It is quite simple to care for shrubby and grassy cinquefoil. Frequent and abundant watering for the silverweed is necessary only in the first month after planting, then it must be reduced to once every two weeks. If the soil during planting was not muddy, then after each watering it is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
Fertilizer should be applied three times per season. The first feeding in May, the second in June and the third in late August. It is also possible to spray the silverweed with water in the evening, the plant will respond positively to this.
For normal growth and development of Potentilla in the spring, it is imperative to carry out pruning. This will give the plant a neat appearance. During such pruning, all dry and damaged branches should be removed, as well as those that prevent other branches from growing or grow inside the bush. For older bushes it is necessary to carry out anti-aging pruning, for this you need to remove most of the old and not flowering branches, leaving the young shoots.
Potentilla after flowering
After the flowering of the annual Potentilla is over, it must be removed from the site and the soil must be dug up. Shrub toothed need to cut and process Bordeaux liquid.
Mature plants do not need additional shelter for the winter, as they have a high level of frost resistance. But the cuttings and young seedlings must be covered with a layer of mulch and covering material.
Potentilla propagates not only by seeds, but also by dividing the bush, cuttings and layering.
The division of the bush should be carried out in the autumn or spring time. Propagate by layering and grafting in the second half of summer. It is possible to propagate cinquefoil by vegetative methods only when the plant is more than four years old. It is necessary to divide the bush with sterile and sharp objects into parts so that each has at least two living buds. Then, delenki need to be treated with a root growth stimulator and planted in the soil.
Cuttings need to be cut from strong shoots. Their length should be 10 cm. Cut cuttings should be germinated in a warm room for a month, then planted in open ground and well covered.
In order to propagate the cinquefoil with layers, it is necessary to incise a sturdy shoot and sprinkle it with soil. Before the onset of autumn, the layers will take root and they can be transplanted.
Diseases and pests
If you follow all the rules of care for the silverweed, then you will have to deal with harmful insects and diseases. But there are also such cases where rust, blotchiness and powdery mildew can affect silverweed. If signs of the disease appear on the plant, then it should be treated as soon as possible by special means. Of the pests, silverweed is attacked only by scoops, but it is easy to cope with them; it is enough to spray the plant with special insecticides.
The healing properties of Potentilla
Only the cinquefoil is white, erect and goose. Silverweed stimulates the central nervous system, increases kidney filtration. Used to treat dysentery and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as to treat diseases of the liver and pancreas. Lapchatka contains many useful substances that allow you to fight gynecological diseases and oral inflammations. To do this, prepare a decoction of Potentilla, spend rinsing or douching.
Infusion of the stalks of Potentilla helps fight hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver, increases bilirubin and relieves swelling.
But there are also contraindications for Potentilla - Potentilla is prohibited for people with increased blood clotting and hypotensive.
Types and varieties of Potentilla
Видов и сортов у лапчатки огромное множество. Ниже будут подробнее описаны более популярные виды и сорта.
Лапчатка апеннинская (Potentilla apennina) – многолетнее растение с опушенными листьями тройчатой формы и серебристого оттенка. Цветки розового или белого цвета.
Лапчатка белая (Potentilla alba) - A perennial plant that grows up to twenty centimeters in height. Radical leaves palmate-lobed shape. The flowers are white, clustered in umbellate or racemose inflorescences.
Silverweed goose or goose foot (Potentilla anserina) - peristosyllabic leaves, yellow flowers with a diameter of 2 cm.
Silverweed Nepalese (Potentilla nepalensis) - perennial, can grow up to 50 cm. Stems are straight and branched, have a purple tint. The leaves are palmate-lobed and dark green in color. The flowers are quite large, red or pale pink. Flowering begins in July and lasts for 2 months.
The most popular varieties of this species: Roxana, Floris, Miss Wilmott.
Potentilla erect, or straight, or Kalgan (Potentilla erecta) - perennial, which can grow up to 20 cm. The stem is erect and branched. Ternate leaves. Flowers solitary. Flowering begins in July and lasts until the fall.
Silverweed silver (Potentilla argentea) - perennial plant with arcuate stems. It grows up to 30 cm. The leaves are scaly and five separate, with white hairs on the back side. The flowers are collected in thyroid-paniculate inflorescences. Flowering lasts from June to July.
Potentilla hybrid (Potentilla x hybrida) - This species includes many garden hybrid plant forms. Stems are straight and strongly branching from above. Grow up to 1 m in height. Ternate or serrate forms. Flowers velvety red, yellow, purple or pink
The most popular varieties: Master Floris, Vulcan, Yellow Queen.
Representatives of this genus are semi-shrubs and herbaceous plants, which can be annuals, biennials and perennials. Shoots in such plants are often erect, ascending or extended, there are also creeping. Leaf plates are pinnate or partitioned, and they are painted in greyish green or green. The height of dwarf shrubs can reach up to 150 centimeters, while their diameter sometimes reaches 100 centimeters. In most species, the flowers are part of the corymbose-paniculate or false-nectarious inflorescences, but there are also species with single flowers. They can be painted in a variety of colors, for example: golden yellow, pink, white, red, orange and cream. Long flowering is observed in May-September. The composition of the fruit includes a lot of seeds (10–80 pieces), most often they are bare, but they can be hairy. Moreover, the larger the fruits are, the more exotic the appearance of such a plant.
How to grow grass seedling from seeds
Potentilla can be propagated by various methods, for example, it can be grown from seeds. Experts advise to produce direct seeding in open soil in the autumn. In winter, such seeds undergo natural stratification, so that in springtime they give amicable shoots and they will only need to be planted. Sowing can be done in open ground and in spring. However, a more reliable way is to grow through seedlings. To do this, seed should be sown in February or March, and the container should be covered with a film before the first shoots and removed to a place with a temperature of 15 to 18 degrees. After the sprouts grow true leaf blades, they pick them in peat or individual cups. The growth of seedlings is relatively slow, but at the end of the summer period, seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place in open soil. Young plants to survive the winter will require shelter. Flowering grown from seeds of cinquefoil is observed only in the second year. These plants multiply well by self-sowing.
How to plant a shrubs
In early spring, after the snow cover has melted, and the ground warms up a little, you should proceed to planting shrub seedlings. The width and depth of the pit should be a couple of times larger than a lump of earth or a container in which the sapling grows. If you plant a few bushes, then remember that the distance between them should be 0.3 m. At the bottom of the fossa should make a drainage layer, for this pour limestone gravel into it. Then the hole to ½ part should be filled with pochvosmesyu, which includes leaf soil, humus and sand (2: 2: 1), and it is necessary to pour 150 grams of complex mineral fertilizer. Placing the seedling in the planting hole, it should be noted that its root neck should slightly rise above the ground surface. Then fill the pit with soil, which must be well compacted. Landing need to pour abundantly. Over the course of 20 days, it is necessary to ensure that the silverweed constantly has enough water. In order to reduce the rate of drying of the soil, it should be sprinkled with a layer of mulch (bark, straw or sawdust). If it is necessary, then it is possible to land the silverweed in the last summer or first autumn days.
Growing Potentilla is quite simple, and it does not matter whether it is a shrub or a grassy plant. For normal growth and development of the plant, it is necessary to water regularly, loosen the surface of the soil, remove weeds, feed, remove fading flowers, and also mulch the land on the site. Watering should be done only after a long drought, while under each bush should be poured 10 liters of tepid water 1 time in a fortnight. In the event that in the springtime you sprinkle the area with mulch (sawdust or peat), then weed removal and soil loosening will have to be carried out relatively rarely. During the summer period should be 2 or 3 times to fill the mulch on the site. Fertilizing produce three times per season (in May, July and in August or September), while using mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. For more lush flowering, it is also recommended to spray the cinquefoil with water in the evening after a hot day.
The shrubby silverweed needs compulsory pruning, which must be done in early spring, before budding, and also in autumn. In that case, if trimming is not done, the bush becomes shaggy and looks sloppy. Pruning can be sanitary, during its conduct should be cut all the injured, dried branches, and even those that grow inward. Also, this procedure can be carried out in order to form a bush, and often it is given a pillow or spherical shape. In spring, last year's growths are shortened by 1/3, and in the fall, old and extended stems should be cut. Anti-aging pruning will need such a shrub 1 time in 5 years, or it is carried out when it detects many dried branches. To produce such pruning, it is necessary to cut a third of dried branches for 3 years in a row. This will lead to a complete update of the shrub.
Diseases and pests
This plant is highly resistant to various diseases and harmful insects, which greatly facilitates the care of them. In rare cases, it can cause sore spotting, rust, or powdery mildew. In the event that one of these diseases struck the year-old Lapchatka, then it is not worth worrying, because it will not affect the appearance of the bush, and in the autumn time it will still have to be disposed of. If you grow perennial, then it is recommended to use a fungicide to treat it (for example, colloidal sulfur or bordeaux liquid). Also in rare cases in the bush can live scoops. In order to get rid of them, treat the affected specimen with an insecticide (for example, Decis Profi, Fufanon or Fitoverm).
In the autumn, the yearling must be removed from the site after its appearance becomes unattractive, and it is necessary to dig the area with fertilizer. In the shrub pastin, when it finishes blooming, all shoots should be shortened by 1/3, and for the prevention of diseases, the bushes should be treated with Bordeaux liquid.
Potentilla perennial needless shelter for the winter, because it has a high frost resistance, and it does not matter grassy plant or shrub. Young saplings planted in autumn and rooted cuttings need shelter.
Potentilla white (Potentilla alba)
In nature, you can meet in the central regions of the European part of Russia, in the Balkans and the Caucasus. The height of such a perennial plant varies from 8 to 25 centimeters, complex basal leafy plates are palmate-lobed, and they have stipules of brown color. Loose racemes or umbellate inflorescences consist of several white flowers with a three-centimeter diameter. Peduncle height about 25 centimeters, stem leaves absent.
Silverweed goose or goose foot (Potentilla anserina)
Peristosyllabic sheet plates are assembled in a basal rosette and reach a length of 20 centimeters, and pubescence is on their backside. Leafless peduncles adorn single flowers of yellow color, which can reach 20 mm in diameter.
Silverweed Nepalese (Potentilla nepalensis)
This perennial in height can reach half a meter, its straight branched shoots have a purple color. The length of dark green palmate leaf plates is about 0.3 m. The diameter of the flowers is about 30 mm, their color can be pale pink or red, and the veins are dark pink. Flowers are part of paniculate inflorescences. Flowering begins in July and lasts about 8 weeks. The most decorative varieties:
- Roxana. On the surface of salmon orange flowers there are streaks of dark color.
- Miss Wilmotte. Blossoms magnificently and relatively long. Cherry pink flowers have a dark eye.
- Floris. On the light salmon flowers there is an orange-red eye.
Potentilla erect, or straight, or Kalgan (Potentilla erecta)
In nature, this kind can be met in the forest and tundra zone, while these flowers grow on the lawns and edges, along the banks of swamps and rivers. This perennial has a woody rhizome, which is unevenly thickened. The height of an erect stem reaches 20 centimeters, the leaves are located on its upper branching part. Triple sheet plates can be stem-sessile and long-basal basal (fade before flowering). The correct single flowers in diameter can reach 10 mm, they are located on thin long pedicels. Flowering occurs from June to August.
Silverweed silver (Potentilla argentea)
This perennial has a large tuberous rhizome. The height of a slender, arcuate ascending shoot can reach up to 0.3 m. The low-stem and basal leaf plates are five-semidividual long-scaly, and the upper-long and medium ones are three-five-segmented, on the seamy surface there is a dense coating consisting of white pile. The composition of a loose paniculata-thyroid inflorescence includes small flowers, the diameter of which is 1.2 centimeters. Flowering occurs in June and July.
Potentilla hybrid (Potentilla x hybrida)
The composition of this type includes garden forms and varieties of hybrid origin. Most of the plants have a vertical or oblique rhizome. The height of erect, highly branching stems reaches 0.9 m, there is pubescence on their surface. The basal rosette consists of the palmate or trifoliate long-leaf leaf plates with sharp teeth along the edge. Triple leaflets are sedentary. The composition of a loose corymbose or racemose inflorescence includes velvety flowers, reaching a diameter of 40 mm, their color may be yellow, pink, red or dark purple.
- Master floris. Flowering lush and durable. Large simple flowers have a pale yellow color.
- Yellow Queen. The bush reaches a height of 0.3 m, and yellow glossy flowers adorn it.
- Volcano. Flowers terry rich red color.
Potentilla are also very popular: two-flowered, golden, long-leaved, shaggy, Krantz, deceptive, pizhmolistnaya, dark blood-red, silver-colored, Tonga, three-pronged, shiny, stemless, snow-white, arctic, etc.
From shrubs to gardeners cultivated Kapulka Kuril (Pentaphylloides fruticosa), which is also called Kuril tea, Potentilla yellow and five-leaved leaf. Experts have previously referred this species to the Paws, but not so long ago it was singled out in a separate genus, called Kuril tea, Dasiphora (Dasys - thick-haired, phoros - carrier). This genus consists of 10 species, already from them a large number of varieties and garden forms, which are honey plants, were created. Designers often create from these shrubs a very spectacular hedge.
The height of such a shrub can reach 0.6 m. Its bare stems are distant. Practically leathery five-part leaf plates have a blue seamy surface and a glossy face. The diameter of white flowers is about 25 mm, often they are single, but in some cases they can be part of little-flowered inflorescences having the shape of an umbrella. Flowering long, more than 3 months. Cultivated since 1822
Pentaphylloides fruticosa (pentaphylloides fruticosa)
In nature, it can be found in the forest-steppes and forests, Russia, Central Asia, Western Europe and the Caucasus. This shrub is characterized by its high endurance. The height of the bush branch can reach 150 centimeters, the exfoliating bark is colored brown or gray. The lush crown has a hemispherical shape. The entire leafy plates of the lanceolate form are 30 mm long and 10 mm wide, and can be three to five to seven sections. Young leaves have a light green color, but over time it changes to green-silver, as pubescence appears. Yellow-golden flowers have a diameter of 20 mm, while they can be single or collected in a loose apical racemose or corymbose inflorescences. Flowering lasts from the second half of June to the first days of October. Cultivated since 1700. In America and European countries, as a rule, cultivars of this species are grown, because they are the most resistant to such climatic conditions.
Popular undersized varieties: Abbotsvud, Jolayna, Dakota Sunrise, Goldstar, Goldfinger, Reisenberg (the color of flowers varies in orange-yellow scale), Farrez White and Rodocalyx (color of flowers white).
Winter-resistant tall varieties include Elizabeth and Catherine Dykes with yellow flowers. The height of the bushes reaches more than 100 centimeters.
Winter-resistant varieties with grayish-silver leaf plates include Goldterpich, Darts Golddigger, Bisi.
Low-growing compact varieties that are not frost-resistant and need shelter for the winter: Klondike, Kobold (flowers of yellow color), Red Ice, Parvifolia, Red Robbin (flowers of yellow-copper color), Sunset (flowers from brick-red to orange-yellow area Eastleam Cream (cream white), Royal Flash, Deydaun, Priti Polly and Blink (pink flowers).
Also of particular interest are the following species: small-leafed, five-leafed, dry-flowered, Manchurian and Friedrichsen. They are still poorly understood by breeders.
Potentilla planting and care
For decorating a garden in any style without any efforts, charming cinquefoil is useful, planting and caring for it is more pleasure than a difficult task. The main thing is that the plant will bloom from early summer until October frosts. For the first time, Potentilla bushes appeared in flower gardens in the 18th century. Even then, the unpretentiousness of the plant, the tremendous survival, the beauty of tender inflorescences with soft leaves and the “fluffy” middle, decorated with many stamens, were appreciated. Depending on the variety, and today there are about 500, the silverweed will be pleased with yellow, white, red, bright orange shades of flowers. The size, color of the leaves and the use of landscape design are different. There are ground-cover, herbaceous, bushy plants, perennial and annual. Kuril tea - so often called shrubby cinquefoil.
For the first time it was found precisely in the Kuril Islands. There, its leaves, unusually rich in vitamin C, tannin and essential oils, were brewed and used as a vitamin drink, especially for colds.
How to plant potentilla
The best time is early spring, when the snow has already melted and the soil has thawed. But you can plant and transplant even in August-September. It is very important to choose the right place.
This should be an open area with good lighting or partial shade. Potentilla loves the sun very much, but under the scorching rays it can become more faded. In the dense shade it will be very reluctant to bloom and slow growth.
The landing process is simple:1. Make landing pits up to 60 centimeters deep. The distance between them is at least 30 centimeters.2. Drainage is placed at the bottom of the pit, broken bricks, gravel, and even ordinary river pebbles are suitable.3.
To fill the recess in about half, it is necessary to prepare a special mixture: mix sand, humus, and leaf earth in a 1: 2: 2 ratio and add about 150 grams of mineral fertilizer. Fill the pit with the mixture, leaving about 20-30 centimeters to the upper edge.
Теперь можно посадить лапчатку, но обязательно оставить прикорневую часть ("шейку") чуть выше уровня грунта. Оставшееся пространство ямки заполняют обычной садовой землей.6.
После посадки кустик необходимо полить и не допускать пересыхания почвы в последующие три недели. A wonderful effect will create a mulching - on the surface around the plant, you can gently decompose the bark, straw, sawdust or other covering material. The silverweed is propagated by seeds, cuttings, root suckers and dividing the bushes.
Seeds ripen on bushes with brown "buttons". They are simply laid out in the previously loosened soil, the first shoots can be planted in about a month. Share a better three year old plant.
After planting a perennial variety, you have to wait 2-3 years until the silverweed blooms.
How to care for Mantis
If planting still requires some effort, then care is reduced to a minimum — watering during a period of no rain, about once every two weeks and preferably with room temperature water. and spraying summer evenings. It is the dry air that the bushy stands suffer the worst of all. The spring shrubs need trimming pruning, so branchy crowns will look neater and better bloom.
The most delicate varieties, for example, pink palmweed (photo 2), it is better to create small shelters for the winter. Rarely, diseases and pests affect. The only danger is rust. This disease is manifested by brown spots on the leaves, then they curl and dry out completely.
In this case, the copper-soap emulsion and other fungicides will help.
Mingling in landscape design
Features of use in ornamental gardening depend on the variety. But almost all of them perfectly complement other plants and decorate any part of the garden, especially miksbordery. Low-growing ground-cover varieties, such as stemless or shiny purpleweed (photo 4), are suitable for rocky alpine hills and rockeries.
Garden. Potentilla Potentilla
They feel great surrounded by small gravel and under the bright sun. It is good in rock gardens and Alpine cinquefoil with bright yellow buds. For the flower bed, herbaceous cinque leaves are suitable, especially in compositions with chamomiles, bells and daylilies.
A shrubby sponge will help form a beautiful hedge, but even in a flower garden or among stones on an alpine hill, it looks wonderful and pleases you with flowering crowns for a long time. Mingling is found in the Northern Hemisphere, mainly in the temperate zone.The form: Herbaceous plant. Patchwork is the name of a genus of one-, two-, and perennial herbaceous plants and half-shrubs.
In nature, there are about 300 species of the kind of silverweed. Many attractive herbaceous and shrub species of the genus are cultivated in the gardens. The leaves they have, as a rule, complex, flowers of five petals, yellow, white or red.
Silverweed Nepalese (P. nepalensis) is a tall Himalayan species. It blooms in June and August, grows well on any soil. Often gives self-seeding.
Reaches a height of 40-60 cm.Potentilla is brilliant (P. nitida) is a highly decorative plant with dark pink flowers and silvery foliage. Flowers are few.
Silverweed is deceptive (P. ambigua) - unpretentious plant up to 8 cm high. The flowers are yellow. Flowering time is June-August.
White bloodroot (P. alba) - herbaceous perennial herbatus up to 25 cm high. Stem and leaves pubescent. Quite large (up to 3 cm in diameter) white flowers are collected in inflorescences, umbrellas.
Flowering time - from May to August. Dense bushes grow to half a meter in diameter. In nature, whitevine grows in the European part of Russia.Silverweed goose (P. anserina) is an extremely stable and unpretentious groundcover.
Potentilla flowers goose yellow, flowering time - from May to frost. The gardens can become aggressive.Potentilla erect, or kalgan (P. erecta) - perennial herb with erect stem up to 20 cm high.
Rhizomes of Potentilla of this species are thickened, woody. Potentilla erect flowers are small (1 centimeter in diameter). Flowering time is June - August.Silverweed silver (P. argyrophylla) - a plant up to 30 cm high with yellow flowers.
Leaves basal gray-green, on the reverse side almost white from pubescence. Peduncles up to 3 cm in height, strongly branched, with smaller leaves. The flowering period is June-July.
The cinquefoil is shrubby, the silverweed Kuril, or Kuril tea (P. fruticosa) is a typical representative of woody Pest. The fast-growing shrub of this species reaches a height of 150 cm. The flowers are yellow, up to 3 cm in diameter.
Blossoms of Kuril tea (Potentilla shrub) abundant in June-August.Silverweed golden (P. aurea) forms spherical bushes of leaves collected in the rosette. Five-lobed leaves, serrated along the edge.
The flowers are golden yellow, up to 2 cm in diameter, collected in dense inflorescences. It blooms from June to September. Expands to a width of 30 cm.
Potentilla hybrid (P. hybrida) - the combined name of the garden forms and varieties obtained by crossing different species. A perennial plant with upright stems up to 90 cm in height. Flowers are up to 4 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences.
Growing conditionsMost species of silverweed are unpretentious. They are satisfied with humus-rich soil and a sunny place. Extremely demanding, only the silverweed is shiny, growing in the eastern and southern regions of the limestone and dolomite Alps and the Apennines.
Requires a dry place on the southern exposure with good drainage. It should be planted in a hollow or on a limestone scree in the sunny area.
The land should be sandy, with humus and a large amount of limestone rubble. Growing in the penumbra prefers the plant silverweed white. The purpleweed flower is used mainly in group plantings. Potentilla bushy looks good in mixborders.
Low-growing species, for example, silverpaw, golden, suitable for rock gardens, can be used as a ground cover plant. They brew tea from the leaves of Potentilla shrub. It also finds application in folk medicine as a medicinal plant. Potentilla root is used to treat the thyroid gland.
As an astringent, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, anesthetic, choleretic, hemostatic, wound healing, expectorant, erect crown is used. Potentilla is a very unpretentious plant and practically does not require special care. Growing Potentilla is fairly easy.
Watering as needed. Potentilla reproduce easily by dividing in September or sowing in February-March. Potentilla seed blooms in the second year. Tree species reproduce by cutting at the beginning of summer.
Diseases and pestsPotentilla rarely damaged by diseases and pests.Popular varieties
‘Miss Wilmotte’ - exceptionally beautiful pink silverweed. ‘Miss Wilmott’ is the most popular variety in Russian gardens. Petals pale pink with bright red base. Potentilla varieties В Miss Wilmott ’blooms very profusely.
‘Roxana’ - variety with orange flowers in dark streaks.
Varieties of cinquefoil shrubs (Kuril tea)
‘Goldfinger’ - shrub up to 80 cm high. Potentilla flowers ‘Goldfinger’ large, up to 5 cm in diameter, dark yellow
‘Princess’ - shrub up to 80 cm high. Potentilla flowers ‘Princess’ are pink.
‘Red Ice’ - shrub up to half a meter. Potentilla flowers ‘Red Ice’ are orange.
'Sunset' - compact variety up to 50 cm high. Suitable for a large rock garden.
Beauty-potentilla: how to plant and grow?
Spring, summer, autumn or winter - it is absolutely unimportant for the silverweed when it pleases us with its stunning appearance! In summer, the plant blooms from July to August, adorning thousands of gardens with charming yellow, white and pink buds.
In the fall, she replaces her summer “dress” with a fascinating golden “coat”. Even in winter, its reddish twigs stand out joyfully against the background of white snow.
Growing Potentilla gives gardeners more pleasure than problems: it does not require any particularly careful care. The main thing - to choose the right place for planting silverweed and ensure sufficient moisture.
Where to plant a cinquefoil?
The shrubby sponge (its second name is Kuril tea) is a plant not very high, usually up to 80 cm. There are some varieties that grow to 1m. At the same time its branches are rather spreading.
Like many other plants, silverweed loves the sun. But not too much. If you plant a shrub under the scorching sun, its bright yellow or rich pink flowers can become very pale. Therefore, the ideal place for planting should be slightly shaded.
But if the sunflower lacks the sun, then it will slowly grow and is unlikely to ever begin to please you with its flowering. Almost all varieties of shrubs better take root on loamy soils. Particularly capricious are all pink Potentilla.
These varieties grow best in the southern regions. For the winter, the bushes of the pink silverweed often require little shelter.
Potentilla landing is best done in early spring. If these are seeds, they must be carefully folded into loose and fertilized soil. The strongest sprouts in a month are deposited from the weak.
For 2-year-old saplings they dig pits 60 cm deep. The process of planting itself looks something like this:
- Lime gravel drainage is laid at the bottom of the pit (the silverweed loves calcium, and there is a lot of it in this gravel). Drainage is slightly sprinkled with soil mixed with humus and coarse-grained sand. Immediately after planting, the saplings are watered abundantly and sprinkled with sawdust around the ground.
Basil Care Basics
In order for the plant to develop well and quickly, the soil should not be allowed to dry out. After planting, young seedlings are watered every 7-8 days in half a bucket of water for 3 weeks. In general, there is enough rainwater. But during periods of drought, you can water the silverweed once every 2 weeks.
It will be enough to have one bucket of water per bush. It is not recommended to water the plant with ice water. Potentilla, like all ladies, loves to take care of her crown: she needs a haircut every year. It is best to cut the bushes in the spring, so as not to injure the plant once again.
All growths of the current year are cut by a third, a little more, if necessary, to give the bush the desired shape. The main task of pruning is to stimulate abundant flowering. Phosphate fertilizer and potassium sulphate are introduced under the shrub (25-30 g each per bucket of water, one bucket per 1 bush). Potentilla constantly needs to be kept clean: remove weeds, loosen the ground.
And finally ...
Growing Potentilla allows you to get not only aesthetic pleasure, but also benefit! The flowers of Kuril tea contain a lot of vitamin C, carotene, essential oils, tannin, organic acids.
These nutrients make Potentilla a great help in the fight against colds and flu, help to normalize the metabolism. And the taste of brewed Potentilla flowers is very pleasant! And the use of Kuril tea is very simple: 1 st spoon of dried flowers for 0.2l boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.
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Silverweed Nepalese: seed way of reproduction
Author: Valentina Bondar Topics: Perennial Flowers, Shrubs
At reproduction of this Potentilla seeds it is important not to make mistakes. Otherwise, all efforts will be in vain. The easiest way to propagate the trefoil is Nepalese - seminal. That is the way I went.
The seeds sprouted beautifully and without any additional preparation. Sowed them in March in a container so as not to lose (the seeds are small). Although now I understand that it was possible to sow later, and prikopat poles on the garden bed.
All the same, the purpleweed blooms only in the second year. The seedlings initially developed slowly, and landed in May, to an open place, they quickly “cheered up” and began to grow actively. As a result, it turned out that the plants were cramped and had to be disturbed again.
On such an unplanned resettlement (in August), the cinquefoil did not react at all, continuing to grow, as if nothing had happened. But when the next spring I needed to plant one copy in the pot, the plant did not like it, and it noticeably stopped developing. I understood the reason for this "behavior" later.
The place in the flowerbed, where I planted the cinquefoil, was next to clematis, under which every year I pour wood ash. And in the pot the soil turned out to be rich in peat, which does not quite fit the plant.
For winter young plants are not covered, and they are well wintered, keeping the foliage. In the spring it only took loosen up the soil around the bushes. Top dressing they got in the form of urea over the snow.
Flowering began in July. For the 3-4th year, the silverweed must necessarily share. You can still multiply the flower successfully grafting or offspringwhich separate without digging out a bush. To date, a huge number of Potentilla hybrids have been bred.
Perhaps one of the most luxurious is the hybrid L. of the dark-blood-red Gib-sonz Scarlet. It grows up to 60 cm. It grows slowly, but the bush is formed so tightly that it displaces weeds.
Flowering begins in June and lasts for almost 2 months.
Nepalese Silverweed (Potentilla nepalensis).
Very nice, I can even say beautiful, looks like a perennial plant in the garden, often growing to a height of 50 cm, which is called Lapchatka Nepalese. This plant looks great both alone and in case it was planted by the group.
Potentilla leaves fully justify their name, for they somehow resemble a paw footprint. In general, its leaves are quite attractive and very similar to the leaves of such a plant as strawberries.
As for peduncles, which the silverweed has a large number, then, from June to August, that is, during the flowering period, flowers grow on them, reddish-purple, which can reach 4 cm in diameter. True, the most magnificent This plant blooms in the very middle of summer - in July.
From certain deficiencies of Potentilla Nepalese, it is possible to single out the fact that it acquires the ability to bloom only in the second year after sowing. Among the many varieties of Potentilla, we can mention a variety called MISS WILLMOTT.
The flowers of the plant of this variety have a pink-cherry color. Among the advantages of this variety is that it, in comparison with other varieties of potentilla, blooms luxuriously and long enough.
Despite the fact that the silverweed Nepalese is able to grow in a small shade, for its cultivation it is preferable to allocate areas illuminated by the sun, with a nutrient, non-acidic sandy-like soil. When watering a plant, the main thing is not to overdo it, because, with excessive moisture, the plant is likely to die.
In addition, the winter Nepalese treats the winter cold quite tolerably. So, during the preparation of the plant for the winter period, it can be not covered.
Although the seeds of cinquefoil are very small - in a gram of seeds their number reaches 3,000, it is not particularly difficult to grow it directly from the seeds. The seeds themselves can maintain the ability to germinate from one year to one and a half years.
It is possible to sow the seeds of cinquefoil Nepalese as before the onset of winter, and at the beginning of spring, around March or April. Moreover, it is possible to plant seeds on the seedlings, and immediately immediately into the open ground.
In the event that the planting of seeds is carried out in May-June, then they should be planted in cold greenhouses. The technique of planting seeds is very simple. Seeds are placed in the ground and sprinkled on top of a small amount of nutrient soil.
After about two or three weeks, depending on the temperature of the air, the first shoots begin to appear. After waiting for about a month, the young seedlings can be transplanted, or as they say, dive, into the place allotted to them in the garden plot.
Moreover, if the seeds were planted in the spring, the pick should be carried out no earlier than June. If the seeds are planted in the summer, the seedlings should be transplanted in late September or early October.
Common varieties of Potentilla Nepalese
As a result of breeding, the following ornamental varieties of potentilla of Nepalese are derived:
- Variety "Miss Wilmont". The variety is distinguished by large flowers of rich pink color, collected in paniculate inflorescence. Seeds of this variety are sold in many flower shops, especially in spring. They are sown on seedlings in early spring. Shoots usually appear after 2-3 weeks. The grade is unpretentious and frost-resistant.
Use in landscape design
Potentilla Nepalese is good as a solitary culture on the Alpine hills, in the gardens among the stones or as a curb plant. But its flowers look good and are surrounded by many undersized plants, such as bluebells and veronica. By planting in a row, you can make a small hedge out of plants and protect a flower bed with it.
Useful properties of Potentilla
The curative properties were noted mainly in only 3 species of grassy silverweed, namely: goose, white and kalgan (erect). The properties of these species have minor differences. Therefore, it does not make much difference from which particular plant a particular medicine is made that is intended for external use. В результате многочисленных исследований стало ясно, что вытяжки, приготовленные из корневища либо травы, не являются токсичными и имеют практически равную лечебную силу.If you take medicinal products from the grass of the white potentilla inwards, then the central nervous system (central nervous system) is stimulated, and the extract from the rhizome makes the filtration capacity of the kidneys 28 percent better. Kalgan is used, as a rule, for various disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (for example, colitis, dysentery), which are accompanied by diarrhea. Also, this plant is used in the treatment of liver diseases that are manifested by jaundice, for example, hepatitis. Today, Kalgan also uses official medicine for thyroid inflammation. In this case, the infusion of Lapchatka on alcohol is used, which is taken according to the regimen recommended by the doctor, while simultaneously being treated with medication, this therapy has a rather high efficiency. Preparing the tincture is easy, for this you need to take a dry rhizome and grind it, you should insist on vodka, then the resulting drink should be filtered. Kalgan is considered to be the most unique plant, since it includes almost all elements from the periodic table, namely: gallotanin, phenol carbonic acids, starch, saponins, flavonoids (rutin, quercetin, cyanidin, kaempferol), iridoids, iodine, magnesium, copper, zinc , iron, cobalt, silicon, aluminum. It is known that the rhizome contains more of these substances than in the aerial part of the flower.
About the healing power of Potentilla erect, it has also been known for a long time. The composition of this plant included such substances as: tannic, and also essential oils, flavonoids, Elagic, malic and chitinic acids, wax, starch and gum, as well as vitamin C. This plant has an antibacterial, fastening and anti-inflammatory effect. Essential oil is obtained from this flower, which helps in the treatment of certain female diseases. It is used to prepare various decoctions and tinctures, which are used externally in the treatment of atopic dermatitis, for douching for gynecological diseases, for eczema, and for rinsing the mouth and larynx in the presence of inflammations. Infusions and decoctions made from shoots, leaves, and flowers of the plant are used in the treatment of chronic and acute hepatitis, as well as in case of cirrhosis with stagnation (significantly reduces the level of bilirubin in the blood and eliminates puffiness). If you use remedies made from such a plant in the treatment, then remember that they can cause constipation, because there are a lot of tannins in Potentilla.
The composition of cinquefoil goose also included essential oils, starch, flavonoids, tannins, and also bitterness, choline, quinic and ascorbic acid, zinc and other substances that are useful for the human body. Healing properties of any of the parts of such a plant. The broth prepared from a rhizome is applied to external treatment of abrasions, bruises, wounds, hematomas, neurodermatitis and the weeping eczema. Also, this decoction is used for douching with a variety of gynecological inflammation, as well as in the treatment of hemorrhoids, while the result of such treatment is very good. It is also used in the treatment of duodenal ulcers and stomach, as well as in acute intestinal infections and hepatitis. From the seeds, a decoction is prepared with milk, which is used for painful menstruation, gastroenteritis and spastic colitis. A decoction of root and herb, cooked in water, effectively eliminates cramps in the calf muscles. Freshly prepared herb infusion is used externally in the treatment of trophic ulcers and pustular lesions of the epidermis, and it is also used in the treatment of inflammations of the oral mucosa, pharyngitis and sore throat. As a choleretic agent that is able to bring out small pebbles and sand, use fresh juice of this plant, combined with the juice of green rye in a 1: 1 ratio.
From shrubs healing properties were noted in Potentilla Kuril, while using the tops of young stems. This plant has a diuretic, anti-ulcer, hemostatic, antiviral, analgesic, choleretic, fastening, sedative, antidiabetic, antiallergenic and immunostimulating effect. It is used in the treatment of female and gastrointestinal diseases, boils, boils and other wounds, and they also rinse their mouth with stomatitis, sore throat and other inflammatory diseases. It is used for constipation and diarrhea, dysbacteriosis, gastric ulcer, colitis, cervical erosion and uterine bleeding.
It is impossible to use drugs from Potentilla to those people who have increased blood clotting, hypotension, and still prone to the formation of blood clots, because such funds can reduce blood pressure. If you want to remove stones and sand from the ducts with the help of this plant, then this should be done exclusively under the supervision of the attending doctor. It should also be remembered that such products can cause irritation of the gastric mucosa. And they can not be used during pregnancy and with individual intolerance of Potentilla.
Silverweed Nepalese has large calyx flowers (3 cm in diameter), surrounded by five petals of light pink, pink or red color.
Stems are straight, densely branched, reaching a height of 50-60 cm.
The leaves are palmate, up to 30 cm long, depending on the place where the culture grows, their color can be either light pistachio or dark green. If you look closely, it can be noted that in their structure and external outlines they resemble strawberry leaves.
One of the most common varieties of the plant is the silverweed Nepalese Miss Wilmont - a beautiful decorative form, which is distinguished by a bright cherry shade of paniculate inflorescences and purple stems. This cultural variety is characterized by a long flowering, optimal cold-resistance for the northern regions, and accelerated growth.
Its not less popular and demanded at flower growers "sisters" they also have poetic names: “Floris” - with flowers of delicate coral color and red-orange eye, “Roxana” - with salmon-orange flowers and dark narrow veins.
Overseas beauty - landing and care
At cultivation of a plant there are no difficulties. However, here it is necessary to take into account an important nuance: Miss Wilmont doesn’t get acclimatized in the shadows, therefore, its cultivation is advisable only in open solar spaces. Abundance of light and air will provide "crops" full growth, and future buds - natural charm.
In regions with harsh climatic conditions, flowerbeds require additional “warming”: if the temperature drops below 25 degrees Celsius, then the landing sites are covered with dry foliage, spruce branches or agrofibre.
There are no strict requirements on the quality of the soil, but the ideal option for cultivation is loose soil, which contains a large percentage of lime.
Stages of agrotechnical works:
- preparation of pits, with a depth of at least 0.6 meters (the distance between the plots should be at least 30 cm),
- shelter the bottom of the hole drainage flooring in the form of lime gravel, rubble, river pebbles, crushed bricks (optional),
- filling the dimples with a soil layer of coarse sand, humus and leafy earth (in an approximate ratio of 1: 2: 2), in this mixture you can add mineral fertilizer in an amount of 100 grams. or a little ash.
At the end of the preparatory activities, the seedlings are neatly placed in the grooves up to the basal part (“neck”). Then they are filled with ordinary garden soil, thoroughly compacted and richly moistened. Land near landings recommended sprinkle with pine needles, peat chips or sawdust.
Basic care requirements:
- regular, but moderate watering with warm water during dry periods (at least twice a week), in case of extreme heat, additional evening spraying is necessary,
- loosening the soil to improve aeration, the destruction of the surface soil crust,
- mulching - in order to protect flower beds and front gardens from weeds, hypothermia, to maintain a nutrient medium,
- feeding the bushes before and after flowering with potassium sulfate, slurry, any organic fertilizer,
- pruning in early spring and autumn, during which wilted leaves, dry branches and old shoots are removed, the desired bush configuration is formed.
Whether in the garden in the garden
Potentilla Nepalese fits perfectly into the overall landscape design and looks particularly advantageous on the Alpine hills, among the stones, as hedges and borders, in rockeries. In harmony with bells, lavender, cornflowers, barberries and juniper.
Because of the peace-loving nature, all varieties of Potentilla are grown without any problems from seeds, they get along perfectly with shrubs, conifers and deciduous plants, which allows you to create interesting landscape compositions.