In the landscape design juniper is used quite actively. With the help of this plant you can create amazing shapes and colors, decorate buildings, give color to other coniferous and deciduous crops. The main thing is to choose the right variety, which will grow to the desired height. And there are a lot of varieties of juniper today. What exactly to give preference, tell the article.
General characteristics of culture
Juniper - a common type of decorative coniferous tree. The bush often reaches a height of 30 centimeters. True, there are quite tall cultures, whose height is about 2 meters. Common juniper is the most common in nature. Alcohol and oil are made from it. It grows about a meter. Due to this, breeders managed to bring dwarf, columnar, weeping and groundcover varieties and forms of this amazing plant.
What species of juniper are found?
Currently, about 80 juniper subtypes are known. And often gardeners hard to make the right choice in such a variety. Each of the varieties has its own biological characteristics, especially in cultivation.
The following types of juniper are distinguished:
- Medium or Pfitseriana. It is considered a hybrid. The gain is 50 centimeters per year. Shrub is quite tall. An adult tree is usually about 15 meters. The crown is cone-shaped, dense. However, over time it becomes rounded. The branches are thin. The needles are painted in a gray-green tone. The leaves of young plants are scale-like, while older ones have a needle-like shape. Barrels raised and ascending. Berries are spherical. Their color is purple-black. There is a thick bluish-white bloom. It is represented by creeping forms. Among the most popular varieties of this culture are the following: juniper, Chinese Old Gold, Gold Star, Pfitzeriana Compact and a number of others.
- Chinese. It grows very slowly: up to 20 centimeters per year. Ideal for making bonsai. The landscape design is also used quite widely, especially to decorate rocky walls. Most currently known varieties of Compress and Obelisk.
- Horizontal. It is represented by varieties of creeping form. Height does not exceed 50 centimeters. Often such a juniper is planted as a ground cover plant, and is used to strengthen the slopes. Popular varieties are Golden Carpet, Blue Ice, Douglas.
The Pfitzerian juniper, which is actively used today for landscaping buildings and creating unique designs, is especially in demand among designers. Therefore, it makes sense to consider it in more detail. Look at the article about horizontal juniper Andorra Variegata.
Characteristics of Pfitzerian
The average juniper was bred in 1890 in Germany. To create it, two types of plants were crossed: the Cossack and Chinese forms. The bush got its name in honor of the name of the nursery worker - Wilhelm Pfitzeriana. Evergreen needles, very soft. This species combines many varieties. And all of them are characterized by undemanding to the conditions of growth. However, some nuances still need to be considered. For example, it is preferable to plant a crop in the sun. However, in the penumbra juniper also grows well. True, the color varieties will lose their brightness. Frost resistance is quite high. Juniper is able to withstand temperatures up to -30 degrees. If the area is characterized by a colder climate, the plant should be sheltered for the winter.
What varieties of culture are popular?
In domestic landscape designers, juniper Pfitzeriana is the most popular medium.
A few years ago, a variety of Pfitzeriana was exotic. Today, this form is gaining relevance and more and more often it can be found on sale. Therefore, it makes sense to dwell on the consideration of varieties of such a culture. These popular varieties will be discussed:
- Mint Julep.
- Mordigan Gold.
- Old Gold.
- Gold Coast
- Bluand Gold.
Juniper Mint Julep
Landscape designers appreciate Pfitzerian's juniper Mint Julep for the simplicity of its cultivation. The variety is great for cultivation in central Russia. Crown shrub pretty sprawling, wavy. Its width often reaches a meter. Advantages are resistance to bad weather and climatic conditions. The tree is grown both singly and together with other plantations. Group plantings make it possible to create a unique decorative coniferous ensemble.
The average juniper of the Pfitzeriana Compact is a flat and densely growing, fairly compact shrub. Its height is 80 centimeters. And the diameter often reaches 2 meters. Shoots horizontal and tough. Needles needles at the branches, and scaly above the top. Its color is gray-green. The variety is shade tolerant and unpretentious to the composition of the soil. Perfectly adapts to urban conditions. Usually the juniper middle Pfitzeriana Compact is planted on terraces, as well as stony hills, in combination with perennial plants and shrubs.
It is a juniper medium Pfitzeriana Aurea fast-growing shrub. The height of an adult plant ranges from 2.5 to 3.5 meters. The crown is rather sprawling. Its width often reaches 5 meters. Young shoots are bright yellow in color. An interesting fact is that in summer the branches of an adult bush are colored green, and in winter they acquire a yellow-green tone. Especially beautiful needles in the rays of the sun.
Juniper Pfitzeriana Aurea grows moderately. The annual increase is about 15-20 centimeters. Already by 10 years the culture reaches meter height. Fruits in this type of plant are not formed. The variety is light-requiring and impartial in cultivation. High frost resistance. There is also good resistance to spring burns and drought.
There are pests on this species. For example, schitovka, aphid, scarlet, juniper sawfly. The culture is also prone to powdery mildew and rust.
Interesting juniper middle Pfitzeriana Glauk with its blue color. Growing shrubs fast enough. Crohn spreading, uneven and branched. The leaves are needle, prickly. Painted in gray-green and gray-silver tone. In winter, a light blue-purple patina forms on the needles. In the cultivation and care of juniper Pfitzeriana Glauka unpretentious. Suitable for him any soil. Drought and heat are not terrible for this species. Spring must be pruned to form a beautiful crown.
Juniper Mordigan Gold
The juniper medium Mordigan Gold belongs to the hybrid forms. It is characterized by slow growth and short stature. Height of an adult bush does not exceed 1 meter. Spreading culture. Shoots are horizontal. The diameter of the crown often reaches 2 meters. The needles are golden yellow in color, not at all prickly.
Designers highly appreciate the Pfitzerian Mordigan Gold juniper for its benefits such as undemanding to soil, moisture level, high resistance to frost, excellent adaptation to urban conditions. However, it is better to plant the Pfitzeriana Gold juniper on sandy, loamy, slightly acidic, loose soils. Apply this variety in single and group plantings. Planted on terraces, hills, rockeries. Actively used to create landscape compositions.
Juniper Old Gold
The average juniper Pfitzeriana Old Gold is recognized as the best variety that has golden foliage. Due to its dense, flat crown and bright color, it retains its decorative effect throughout the year. The plant is short. At the age of 10 reaches 0.5 centimeters in height. And later it grows to a maximum of 1.5 meters. The annual increase is 20 centimeters. Crown spreading. Its diameter is 3 meters. Scaly needles.
Elegant look and unpretentiousness - these are the main qualities for which designers so appreciate Old Gold juniper and actively apply it. Cultivated in the Netherlands in the middle of the 20th century. Since then, he has not lost its popularity. It should also be noted that the culture has the ability to purify the air from pathogenic bacteria, repel insects.
Juniper Medium Old Gold differs in high winter-resistance. To the composition of the soil unpretentious. Not demanding and to the level of humidity. But in order to avoid damping the lower shoots, experts recommend planting a variety in places where stagnant moisture is excluded. It is useful to fertilize the plant regularly. Forming trimming will not be superfluous.
Conclusions about Pfitzeriana Juniper
Thus, the juniper Pfitzeriana today is the most sought-after culture in landscape design. It is represented by various decorative varieties and forms. Among the most popular are Glauk, Aurea, Compact, Old Gold, Mordigan Gold and a number of others. All these varieties are actively used in landscaping, because they allow you to create interesting design options for the walls of buildings, stony hills. They are decorated with shrubs and terraces. See also the article: Room juniper - growing conditions and home care rules.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Aurea
Juniper middle or Pfitzeriana "Aurea" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Aurea) - one of the oldest varieties with yellow needles widely distributed in culture. Introduced into culture in 1937.
At the age of ten reaches a height of 2-3m and a diameter of 3-5m. Growing fast. The crown is wide, spreading, as it gets older it becomes raised with elegantly lowered ends of the branches. Young shoots are bright yellow. In summer, the shoots turn green and by winter the shrub becomes yellow-green. Needles of non-peripheral shoots scaly, closer to the base - needle. Shishkoyagod and branches - are poisonous. It has pronounced phytoncidal, bactericidal and insecticidal properties.
Prefers a sunny location.
Very frost-resistant to - 35 ° C. Spring does not burn.
It feels good on any garden soil, but the brightness of the color is more intense in loamy sunny areas. Does not tolerate waterlogging and soil salinization.
Watering requires regular, mulching pristvolnogo circle.
Does not need regular haircut, may require sanitary pruning in the spring.
Diseases: rust, mealy dew.
"Aurea" is good in single and group plantings, for stony gardens, alpine hills, heather gardens.
Juniper average - sort of decorative coniferous tree. A plant in height of 30 cm. Simple juniper most widespread in a natural environment. It produces alcohol and oil. It grows to a height of 1 meter, so breeders based on it successfully bred dwarf, columnar, weeping and groundcover varieties.
There are 80 known juniper subtypes. Any of the species has its own biological characteristics and growing features. There are the following types:
- Medium or Pfitseriana. Hybrid. Growth 50 cm per year. Shrub tall. An adult tree reaches 15 meters. The foliage is cone-shaped, dense, with time it acquires a rounded appearance. The branches are thin. Coniferous foliage gray-green color. The leaves of young bushes scaly, old needle-like. Stems raised, ascending. Fruits are spherical, purple-black with an intense bluish-white coating. It spreads on the ground. Among the popular varieties such as: Chinese Old Gold, Pfitzeriana Compact, Gold Star.
- Chinese. Grows slowly: 20 cm per year. Suitable for bonsai. In landscape design is used to decorate silvery walls. Currently known subspecies of the Obelisk and Compress.
- Horizontal. Represents a view creeping along the ground. Height 50 cm. It is planted as a groundcover, used to strengthen the bevels. It is presented by grades the Blue ice, the Gold carpet, Douglas.
Characteristics of Pfitzerian juniper
The average juniper was obtained in 1890 in Germany by crossing Cossack and Chinese forms. Called in honor of the working nursery - Wilhelm Pfitzeriana. Coniferous foliage of the variety is evergreen, very plastic. This species binds a lot of varieties. And they are all unpretentious to the conditions of growth.
But still there are some nuances. It is preferable to plant the plant in the sun. But in the penumbra, it also grows well. True, multi-colored varieties will lose their colorful. Big frost resistance.
Juniper middle tolerates temperatures of minus thirty degrees. If there is a colder climate in the growing area, the plant is wrapped for the winter.
Pit for landing.
If the soil in your area is heavy, clay, then when planting it is necessary to put a layer of broken brick or crushed stone (20 cm) at the bottom of the pit, and to pour sand on top, since many coniferous species do not tolerate stagnant water in the soil. If you have sandy and sandy soil - drainage is not required.
The landing pit is prepared in the size of 1,5 times more coma and depth:
- 100cm - if you have clay or black soil, the drainage depth is 20 cm
- 80cm - if sand or sandy loam.
There is no point digging holes deeper than 80 cm, since all conifers have a shallow root system and fertile soil deeper than 80 cm will almost never be used by the plant.
The prepared landing pit is filled with the prepared mixture (read below for preparing the earth mixture).
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Blue and Gold
Juniper middle or Pfitzeriana "Blue and Gold" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Blue and Gold) - original creeping coniferous shrub, which combines yellow and blue colors.
It is compact, squat, and its dimensions reach 0.8 x 1m. Crohn squat, consisting of an abundance of spread branches, bending down to the ground. Soft needles have an interesting feature that the color of shoots varies from golden to blue.
"Blue & Gold" loves only open sunny places, since the whole range of colors appears only in the light.
It winters well to -30 ° C.
It is not capricious to soil, but prefers rich, drained, light soils without excess water.
It grows well in an urban environment.
Juniper "Blue and Gold" - an interesting bright variety in sunny-heavenly colors, which will decorate many gardens with its uniqueness and focuses on the good taste of their owners. It is good for giving any composition of elegance and bright contrast. It is good on alpine hills, rocky gardens, in small Japanese gardens and near dry streams.
Planting and care
Juniper middle comes from the mountain region. He was accustomed to scanty siliceous earth.
Plant a bush in a loose and fertile soil with a neutral pH, for the growth of a magnificent crown. But when growing on poor soil, the colors of the needles are more saturated.
Juniper is frost resistant, does not withstand cold eddies. Photophilous, put him in full sun or in partial shade. If planted in the shade, the plant grows small, elongated, with loose foliage. The exception is young, recently transplanted bushes. When the sun is intense and strong, they are shaved. This refers to the Pfitzeriana Gold Star variety. When planting a bush pay attention to the supply of water. If there is no site with good water supply, then drainage works are carried out first. Juniper does not like the dryness of the soil, because provide for the probability of watering.
It will help to solve this problem by mulching with leaves or sawdust. It is produced immediately after disembarkation. In the future, mulch, only if the bushes are not surrounded by trees or lawn. At the time of drought or hot weather, the bush is watered and sprinkled over the crown.
How to plant.
Lower the root ball into the pit without removing the mesh and burlap (after 2-3 years they will decompose themselves). When planting container plants, the container must be removed.
Turn the spruce the most beautiful side to the most prominent place. Align the barrel vertically to the horizon. Hold until the end of the landing in this position.
Fill the pit with an earthen mixture in parts (20-30cm each) shedding or tamping uniformly from all sides. Make sure that there are no voids under the lump and from the sides.
Fall asleep to the level - the top level of the coma. When planting, the root collar is not buried (during the burial, the bark on the trunk dies off and nutrition ceases to be supplied to the plant - the spruce dies).
Watering during transplantation.
Do not forget that the older the transplanted plant with a lump, the harder it is to adapt. The root system of his small and in the first year requires more frequent watering. Once a week in spring and autumn, 2 times a week - in summer.
On one plant:
- up to 1m - 10l. Water
- up to 1,5m. - 15-20l. Water.
- up to 2.5m - 20-30l. Water.
- up to 5m. - 30-40l. Water.
Care after landing.
During the first 7 days, pour the root formation stimulant. Additionally good results are obtained by spraying the needles and branches with solutions "epin" (1 ampoule per 5 l of water) or "zircon" (1 ml per 10 l of water). Spray abundantly, so that the needles flow down.
Also spraying with Appin partially protects the needles from UV radiation in early spring.
In the first year after planting from February to April, cover the spruce with a shielding grid (or a green building grid with a small cell) - just not tight. Так как в первый год питание будет мало из-за урезанной корневой системы хвоинки могут иссушиться на весеннем солнце (весенние ожоги). У елей и всех хвойных испарение из хвои происходит круглый год, а когда весной корневая система еще замерзшая (земля замерзшая), а солнце очень жаркое – происходит иссушение хвои. В это время необходимо оттаять ком земли под растением, что бы оно смогло потреблять влагу корнями.Bottom line: start watering your conifers (growing in the sun) from March 15 - with warm water and scoop the snow from the trunk, so that the earth would quickly thawed.
From spring you need to start feeding "for conifers," only for conifers.
Never fertilize with urea, humus, manure - deadly!
Popular juniper varieties are medium
Juniper middle Pfitzeriana Aurea (Pfitzeriana Aurea)
This juniper variety grows large in width, reaching a diameter of about five meters, so it is not suitable for small flower beds. It is used in landscape design, for decoration of the lower tier in parks and gardens. The color of the needles is golden-yellow-green, the shape of the crown is spreading. Like most junipers, this shrub is light-requiring, frost-resistant, unpretentious to care.
Juniper middle Pfitzeriana Gold Coast (pfitzeriana Gold Coast)
A shrub that looks very good against a lawn in a single planting. The maximum height that he can achieve in ten years of growth is one meter, the diameter of the crown is up to three meters. Slowly growing, the color of the needles is golden-yellow-green on a well-lit landing site. The shape of the crown is widespread.
Juniper Pfitzeriana Gold Star (pfitzeriana Gold Star)
Low sprawling shrub. It grows faster in fertile soils. At the age of ten years reaches half a meter height and a half meter diameter. The crown is spreading, flat. The branches are horizontal. This juniper variety looks spectacular due to the golden color of the needles. Suitable for small gardens and stone flower beds. Looks good both in composition with other plants, and separately.
JuniperBlueandesGold(Blue and Gold)
The original decorative juniper variety. On one bush grow shoots of different colors - yellow and green-blue. It has a small size and after ten years of growth reaches a meter in height and a meter in diameter. Looks good in color compositions in combination with other evergreens.
Juniper average Mint Dzhulep (Mint Julep)
Large shrub with sprawling branches. The adult bush has a dense crown and arcuately curved branches. The needles are painted in bright green color. It grows to a height of no more than one and a half meters. In landscape design is used to create living walls and for a single landing in large parks. In America, this juniper variety is industrial.
Pfitzeriana Juniper Juniper (Pfitzeriana Compacta)
The needles of this juniper has a gray-green color. Crown bush compact in adult plants prostrate above the ground. After ten years of growth, the plant reaches a height of eighty centimeters with a diameter of two meters. Not suitable for small flower beds, looks better in gardens and parks.
Juniper Medium Old Gold (Old Gold)
Slow growing shrub. It does not grow to a height of more than half a meter with a bush diameter of one meter. The krone has the correct form, is compact. The needles are golden-green, on young shoots - yellow. A very popular juniper variety. Suitable for growing in containers, on lawns, looks good in compositions with other plants.
Juniper Pfitzeriana Glauk (Pfitzeriana Glauca)
The crown of this shrub is thick, has an irregular-rounded shape. The juniper growing in a sunny place has gray-blue needles, in the penumbra it acquires a grayish-green color. It grows to a height of one and a half - two meters with a diameter of up to four meters. Planted on terraces, stony mounds, in combination with other herbaceous perennial plants.
Juniper average Sheridan Gold (Sheridan Gold)
Slow growing shrub. At the age of ten years does not exceed forty centimeters in height and meters in width. The crown of almost all the needle-shaped spring is colored in golden yellow, in other times of the year it is yellow-green. At the beginning of the growth branches creeping, then begin to grow up. The plant, like all junipers, loves sunny open spaces, loses bright color in the shade. It grows best on loose sandy, not very wet soils. Effectively looks, both in a group composition, and separately from other ornamental plants. Used to decorate partern lawns and small gardens.
Juniper average Sulfur Spray (Sulfur Spray)
A small shrub in height not more than half a meter. Branches prostrate-rising. The needles are greenish-yellowish with light yellow ends, as if they have sulphuric spraying (this is reflected in the name).
Juniper middle Hetzii (Hetzii)
A fast growing juniper variety. It reaches a height of from two - three to five meters with a crown width of five - seven meters. Like all junipers it lends itself well to pruning. Needles mostly scaly, small. Color gray-green. Branches in adult specimens are located obliquely, in young ones they are spread above the ground. Crown sprawling. It is used in single and group compositions.
Juniper King of Spring (King ofSpring)
The name of this juniper is translated from English as "King of Spring". Elegant shrub with bright yellow-green color of the needles. To make the needles as bright as possible, it is recommended to plant the plant in a sunny place. In the shade, the juniper will darken to dark green. This juniper variety is short, does not grow to a height of more than thirty five centimeters. Shrubs grow slowly, adding about seven centimeters a year. In diameter can reach two and a half meters. Juniper of this variety is ideal for creating juniper carpets on slides, decorative design of parterny lawns and parks avenues.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Compacta
Juniper Medium or Pfitzeriana "Compact" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Pfitzeriana Compacta) - dense evergreen conifer with rigid branches, slightly raised to the sun.
It is low, compact and grows to 0.8 x 2 m. It grows slowly up to 10 cm per year. The crown consists of numerous rigid branches directed horizontally. Scale-like green needles at the base, and narrower at the ends and resemble needles. The needles are dark, ash-green.
"Compacta" feels good in the sun and in partial shade.
It winters without problems even at - 30 ° С.
It can grow on any soil, preferring more loamy or sandy, moist, but without excess. Poorly suffers dry air, it is worth considering if you grow it in the southern regions.
It is reconciled with urban conditions, especially in semi-shady places with proper care.
Juniper "Compact" - an excellent semi-dwarf variety with beautiful dense needles, which is best to decorate rocky places, curbs, terraces, rock gardens and dry streams. It behaves well in the alleys, replacing the lawn, as well as in compositions where it is necessary to fill the lower and middle levels. From it you can get a wonderful bonsai, which is easy to cut and maintain.
Use in landscape design
The bush is used because of the variety of shapes and decorations. He looks good with groups of firs, firs and pines. With his participation, they organize ensembles with flowering shrubs: with spireas and a bladder tree.
Plant unpretentious, can withstand the conditions of large cities. It has a priceless property - it lives for a long time. If you plant bushes with different needles, then a rainbow and evergreen landscape with coniferous fragrance is provided for a hundred years.
Pfitzeriana juniper is the most sought-after bush in landscape design. It represents possible ornamental types and shapes. Popular: Aurea, Glauka, Old Gold, Compact, Mordigan Gold. All varieties are used in landscaping, organizing the decoration of the walls of houses, siliceous hills, and decorating terraces.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Glauca
Juniper middle or Pfitzeriana "Glauka" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Glauca) - Blue juniper with a sprawling crown, slightly uneven and strongly branched.
Evergreen shrub grows up to 3m in height and 5m in width. At the age of 10 years, the height is about 1 m with a diameter of 2 m. The needles are often needle-like, strongly pointed and prickly, from silver-gray to silver-green, in winter with a slight purple-blue patina. The crown is initially spread, then raised, the ends of the shoots are elegantly hanging. It grows relatively slowly.
Shade-tolerant, but it is better to grow only in sunny places.
The ephedra is hardy and unpretentious.
Prefers moderately moist, sandy soils with an acidic or alkaline reaction.
Resistant to heat and drought. Undemanding to soil fertility.
Juniper middle "Glauka" is recommended for parks and large gardens with lots of sunlight. They are planted on stony hills, rockeries, terraces, in compositions with shrubs and perennial grassy ones.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Gold Coast
Juniper Medium or Pfitzeriana Gold Coast (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Gold Coast) - a compact and very elegant variety to the collection of yellow junipers.
The "Gold Coast" is a low shrub up to 1m, and in width it is distributed up to 2m with a dense spreading crown and horizontally located shoots. The needles are very decorative, golden yellow, dark in winter.
It prefers well-lit places, develops poorly in the shade and does not have such bright color of needles.
High frost resistant up to - 30 ° С.
Requirements for soil and moisture are not high. Better loam, rich in humus.
Prefers well-drained soils.
"Gold Coast" looks equally impressive in both single and group plantings. Used for planting in coniferous and mixed groups in the rock garden, for growing in containers.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Golden Saucer
Juniper middle or Pfitzeriana "Golden Sauser" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Golden Saucer) - A beautiful golden variety, with an abundance that descends to the land of shoots. Translated from English. "Golden saucer".
Wide, sprawling, slowly growing coniferous leafy grass, up to 1 m high and up to 2 m wide, with an asymmetric crown. It grows by 10-15cm per year. Initially, the crown prostrate, later begins to grow upwards. The needles are scale-like, needle-shaped in the depth of the crown, yellow-green, golden in the sun, especially bright on young growths.
"Golden Sauser" unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation.
Photophilous, makes penumbra.
It is frost resistant up to - 30 ° С.
It is undemanding to soils, but prefers loose, slightly acidic, loamy or sandy loam soils.
Resistant to urban conditions, gas and smoke resistant.
Used in group and single plantings, to create landscape compositions.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Goldkissen
Juniper Medium or Pifitseriana "Goldkissen" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Gold Kissen) - slow-growing coniferous evergreen shrub with a dense spreading crown. Translated from English means "Golden Pillow".
At the age of 10, it reaches 0.5m in height and 1m in diameter. The crown is formed by horizontal shoots, slightly raised to the sky. The branches are covered with bright green numerous needles resembling small spiny scales. It is especially beautiful in spring when the bush is covered with rich golden growths.
Goldkissen prefers a sunny location, but in the shade it fades.
Winter-hardy for central Russia.
The soil is not demanding and can grow on any well-drained soils.
Drought-resistant, but in the hot months responds to regular watering with intensive growth.
Does not need a hairstyle except for sanitary cutting of the dried branches in the early spring.
Mulching is compulsory for it, since it improves the structure of the soil, helps maintain moisture in the area of the near-stem circle longer, gives the root system additional nutrients.
Juniper "Goldkissen" - a versatile coniferous shrub that looks great in clumps, good as a solitary plant on a lawn, looks great in rock gardens or heather garden. Used to create contrasting landscape compositions of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants of various architecture. It often serves as a ground cover shrub that protects the soil from erosion. It can be an excellent container plant for creating a small garden on a balcony, roof or terrace.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana King of Spring
Juniper pfitzeriana "King of Spring" has small, soft, dense, yellow-green, at the ends of bright yellow needles. Coniferous branching shrub up to 0.5 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter. The young growth of golden color contrasts with the old needles for several months. In the shade it loses a bright color, therefore it is recommended to land in sunny places. It is unpretentious to the soil, but prefers loose, slightly acidic, loamy or sandy loam soils. Resistant to urban conditions. Used in group and single plantings, to create landscape compositions.
Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Mint Julep
Juniper middle or Pfitzeriana "Mint Julep" (Juniperus media and pfitzeriana Mint Julep) - Spreading coniferous shrub with a wide range of gray-green paws, striking in its magnificence and simplicity of form.
"Mint Julep" reaches 2m in height and 3.5m in width. The crown is formed by wide and sweeping branches, resembling the semblance of arcs. They are covered with rich green scaly needles. Every few years it forms large, about 1.5 cm sky-gray cones.
He feels best in the lighted open areas.
Frost resistance is high up to - 30 ° С.
Can grow on any soil. If you have heavy soil, you should think about drainage and add a little sand, peat and mineral fertilizers when planting in your land.
He likes quite wet soils, so it is good to help him with hot watering on hot days.
It can grow in city conditions, but does not tolerate dense soils.
It is necessary to cut it, if after winter sanitary pruning is necessary.
Juniper "Mint Julep" - a large green curtain for large compositions. Good on the lawn, as a supplement in the alleys, with trimming borders. Developers often use a variety in urban greening of house territories, parks, areas near the tracks.
Features of growing juniper Pfitzeriana middle
In planting and care, juniper middle Pfitzeriana does not require any special conditions and rules. Like many other junipers, it tolerates drought well, is well acclimatized in central Russia and easily withstands Russian frosts. Juniper is not picky about soils, shade-tolerant, has good immunity to adverse urban conditions.
All these qualities make it popular in landscape design, besides the shrub has a unique decorative and utility.
From the main species of juniper middle Pfitzeriana new varieties of plants with surprisingly beautiful colors of needles are derived. In Pfitzerian Aurea, the young shoots are bright yellow, in the juniper Pfitzerian Glauk the needles are silver-gray, in bright sunlight it takes on a silvery-green hue, and in winter it becomes purple-blue.
When choosing a site for planting, the Pfitzerian's juniper is a universal option. The shrub will grow beautifully on ordinary garden soil, sandy and rocky, the latter is even preferable.
When planting juniper middle Pfitzeriana, the distance between plants should be at least two meters, as the shrub grows large and lush, but does not tolerate transplants. The landing pit and soil mix for filling are prepared in advance. Since the juniper, as a rule, is planted out of the container, it is necessary to soak the earthen room well with water: this will prevent the soil from shedding and exposing the roots of the shrub, as well as accelerate rooting and adaptation in a new place.
The soil mixture is prepared from garden soil, peat and necessarily sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. It is not necessary to add fertilizers when planting, young saplings do not need it. To prevent drying of the soil, the trunk circle is mulched.
After planting, plants need regular watering and sprinkling. . Adult plants need additional watering only during a hot dry period.
In the first wintering small junipers should be covered with any covering material to protect from burns in the spring. Adult shrubs need no such protection.
Juniper middle Pfitzeriana can suffer from the invasion of pests, among which may be coniferous aphid, moth, sawfly. Spraying with a solution of Iskra, Karbofos and Fufanon will help to cope with them. Juniper can be affected by red rust, fruit trees and shrubs are carriers of this infection. For the prevention of the disease, it is recommended to spray the Bordeaux mixture, and it is better not to plant the juniper in dangerous proximity to fruit trees.
Juniper middle Pfitzeriana in landscape design
Juniper Pfitzeriana in landscape design it is used mostly as a groundcover in large landscaped parks and compositions, but it also looks great in a single landing. Juniper middle Pfitzeriana quite often planted in city squares, on the streets. In home gardening, it is used for decorating rocky and alpine hills, in mixborders and rockeries, they are decorated with the slopes and the shore of the reservoir.
Juniper Pfitzeriana It is well combined with various coniferous plants of a different form and color, playing the role of a color accent in the composition. It looks great on the background of deciduous trees, filling the space under the canopy, and in combination with flowering deciduous shrubs will be an amazing backdrop.
Можжевельник средний Пфитцериана прекрасно переносит стрижку и пригоден для создания «сада форм» и садового бонсаи. Его можно выращивать в контейнере, чтобы украшать балконы, лоджии, террасы.