Cordilina is often confused with the dragon flower. They are so similar that only a florist with experience will distinguish them. Although for most the name of the flower does not matter. The main thing is that home care for Cordilina at home is simple, it looks spectacular and decorative.
Description of appearance and features
The genus includes 20 plants. In modern taxonomy, there is little confusion with the classification of cordilins. Someone relates it to Dracene, others - to Agave. The usual environment - the tropics and subtropics. The genus includes shrubs, dwarf shrubs and trees.
The leaves are elongated. The color is green, sometimes with spots and stripes of different shades. The crown is dense, consists of a large number of leaves. The flowers are purple, white, red. Often have a pleasant aroma. Inflorescences - loose whisk. Rhizomes thickened.
Cordilina is considered a long-liver, but grows slowly. Easy to form. Common forming in the form of a small tree. Magnificent top resembles a palm tree. Some varieties are used as pots only at a young age. Then they become crowded.
Types for home cultivation
Most varieties of Cordilina can be grown in an apartment. Some species are permanent, others only at a young age.
- Cordilina shrub (frutikosa). Plant shrub type. Barrel thickness not more than 1.5 cm. Characterized by a small branching. Leaves lanceolate to half a meter. There are green, variegated, purple. Veins clearly stand out. Stalks are long, with a groove. Cordilina frutikosa blooms in small flowers, gathered in a loose paniculate inflorescence. Breeders bred interesting varieties. "Kiwi" is distinguished by wide striped leaves with a crimson border. For the variety "Jungle" is characterized by a red-brown color. Another name - Cordilina apical. The plant loves heat and moisture, does not tolerate temperature drops. It is considered one of the most common varieties in indoor floriculture.
- Cordilina straight. Introduced from the subtropics of Eastern Australia. Interesting view with green, narrow, elongated leaves. In adult specimens, their length reaches 60 cm. For stable growth, moderate coolness is needed.
- Cordilina southern (Australian). In nature - a tree up to 12 m. Leaves of meter length have a xiphoid shape. It blooms with white fragrant flowers. Unpretentious, easy to get on indoors. Young copies are kept in the apartment.
- Cordilina undivided. In nature, grow to 12 meters. Belt leaves up to 1.5 meters. Color is matte, green. Central vein red, distinctly serving. Unpretentious plant. Loves a cool.
- Cordilina red. Foliage leathery, up to half a meter, dark red. In the middle part a little wider than at the end and at the base. Loves cool and fresh air. In the summer, if possible, put on a balcony or street.
As a houseplant, cordilina is considered unpretentious and hardy. But it is recommended not to let her rise to chance, adhere to the basic rules of care.
- Temperature. Preferably moderate heat 18-23 ° C. They try to avoid strong drops in summer and winter. Drafts are excluded, no lowering than 18 ° C is allowed.
- Lighting. Put in a bright place, avoid the direct sun. Varieties with dark leaves are less demanding of light - their placement in partial shade is allowed. Variegated varieties lose their characteristic variegated color in low light.
- Watering. He likes abundant watering, but does not tolerate stagnant water. In winter, they water less and keep the soil slightly moist. Varieties with wide leaves consume more moisture - they are watered more often.
- Humidity. Spray systematically. The frequency of spraying depends on the humidity in the room. In the summer, on hot, dry days, every day; at other times, twice a week. Daily spraying recommended during the heating period. Cordilin is not placed near radiators.
- The soil. Choose subacid soils. Some growers use the method of growing in hydroponics. Ground mix is prepared from the garden earth with addition of sand, peat. The addition of bone meal and horn chips is welcome.
- Transfer. Spring at intervals of 2-3 years. The need for transplant is determined by the state of the root system. If the roots begin to peep through the drainage holes, it's time to repot.
Seeds obtained from your plant, do not propagate. Most varieties are hybrids. Seedlings from "home" seeds lose their characteristics, the bright characteristics of the mother plant. Young plants are grown only from seeds purchased in specialized stores.
- Rhizome division. In the spring, simultaneously with the transplant, the rhizome is divided into several parts. Pieces of rhizome are planted in a box with sand and peat mixture. After the formation of the root system, they are seated in separate pots with the usual earthen mixture.
- Cuttings. As the cuttings used part of semi-woody shoots. 1-4 knots are left on each handle. Acceptable cuttings are acceptable. Cuttings are placed in a moist, loose mixture. Peat is suitable with sand, you can use peat tablets. Keep under a hood or film at 25-30 ° C until signs of growth appear. Root formation usually lasts no more than a month.
Proper care for Cordilina at home
In nature, there are more than 20 varieties of Cordilina. Since they grow, albeit in the tropics, but on different continents, each of the species has special requirements in the content. However, the original appearance of the false palm tree is worth it in order to be allocated a place in the apartment. The result of proper care at home for Cordilina will be a photo of a beautiful flower.
In order to obtain such an instance, you will need to create the necessary conditions for the development of the flower. In cultivation using several varieties. The most common are the most unpretentious - Cordilina Apical and Kiwi.
It is necessary to place a flower indoors, guided by the principle - the darker the foliage of a flower, the less light it needs. However, within reasonable limits, choosing between the north, east and west window. In winter, the Cordilin plant, regardless of the variety, fits the southern window:
- It should not be forgotten that the main enemy of a tropical plant is drafts, it should be protected from cold blowing, airing the room. Usually, opening the window, the plant is carried out to another room. The first sign of adverse conditions will be yellowing of the leaves.
- Like other tropical plants, cordidine when taking care of home conditions requires soft, warm water without chlorine and hardness salts for irrigation. Weekly in the summer in the water should be added fertilizer for ornamental plants. The earth clod should not dry out, but it is not necessary to flood the plant either. Poor drainage will lead to decay of the stem at the base. It is optimum to water in the summer when the earth dries from above, and in the winter to wet a lump, without allowing full drying. The lower the temperature in the room, the less Cordilina flower needs watering.
- Creating the desired microclimate depends on the total humidity in the room. If the central heating batteries work and the air in the apartment is dry, wetting the leaf blades is a blessing. But it is with warm content. In the summer, spraying is carried out daily, which will save from the introduction of the spider mite.
- The temperature in the care of Cordilina has differences in winter content. Varieties of subtropical origin must be kept in cool conditions at 5-10 degrees. Therefore, they can be cultivated in the southern regions during the landscaping of the territory. Of the indoor species, only the Cordilin Benx requires wintering. General requirements - in the summer of 22-26 C, in the winter of 18-21. Sudden temperature drops for false palms are not allowed.
If you follow the simple rules of care at home for Cordilina, she will give flowering, as in the photo.
Possible problems in the maintenance of the flower
If the content of the flower does not meet its physiology, it loses its beauty. However, the situation is easy to fix, just look at the leaves, and they will give a signal:
- the tips and edges of the leaves turn brown - dry air, not enough water, drafts,
- brown spots appeared on the leaves - small watering,
- leaves curl and become soft - the plant is cold,
- leaves turn yellow - dry air, not enough nitrogen in the soil.
Yellowing and dropping of the lower leaves is a normal natural process. Cordilina does not need shading from the sun, but if the leaves are with water droplets, they may remain stains from sunburn.
When caring for Cordilina, it is necessary to carefully inspect the above-ground part in order to notice pests in time.
Cordilin transplantation and reproduction
A powerful plant quickly depletes the earth, so the annual transplant of young plants is required. Later this procedure is carried out in a year. At the same time, reproduction by root offspring takes place, which are easily separated and take root well in a new pot. For breeding Cordilina, you can use the side shoots on the trunks or even cut off the tip, which is rooted in water or sand and peat mixture. Growing a false palm from seeds is a longer process and does not apply at home.
The soil under the plant is required to be composed of fertile greenhouse earth with the addition of peat and sand for friability. Adding crumbs of charcoal and vermiculite will not interfere. The earth must be nutritious and breathable.
Separated from the uterine bush initially rooted in a mixture of sterilized sand or perlite with peat in equal proportions. You can get the roots in the water, later planting the stalk in a light substrate.
If the trunk of a palm tree is strongly stretched upwards, it can be landed by cutting off the top of the head and rooting it in the water. Get a new squat bush. The remaining stem in the pot can produce side shoots. New roots in the heat are formed within a month and the plant is ready for planting in a permanent place.
Cordilina species and varieties
Cordilina Banks tree reaching up to 3 m tall. The stem is thin, leaf-stalked, long, lanceolate, oblong, white flowers. Popular variety of this species Kiwi.
Cordilina apical (shrub, fructose) semi bush plant with thin shoots, lanceolate foliage, long, green, but there are variegated varieties with purple coloring.
Cordilina red tall shrub that branches badly. The foliage is long, grows up to half a meter, lanceolate, leathery, placed on long petioles. Flowers purple color.
Cordilina undivided in the wild, it is a tall tree that can exceed 10 m. Although the main shoot is thin, its bendability is extremely poor. Foliage is similar to belts, very long, with a scarlet streak, inflorescences are white.
Cordilina straight has a thin main shoot, which in the wild can grow up to 3 m, but in room conditions rarely exceeds one and a half meters. Leathery leaves, with teeth, lanceolate, oblong. Flowers lilac coloring, gathered in panicles.
Cordilina South or Australian in the wild, it is a fairly tall tree, with a solid shoot that grows wider to the ground. The foliage of the belt is prominent, leathery, green with a pronounced vein, and the inflorescences are white with a good smell.
Cordilina home care
Since it is an exotic plant, it requires appropriate conditions and care for indoor maintenance. The lighting should be bright, but diffused. Monochrome varieties normally tolerate light partial shade.
In the summer, the temperature should be about 23 degrees, and in the winter around 15. Subtropical species can be maintained at 10, and for tropical the thermometer bar in winter can rise to 20 degrees.
Dracaena is also a representative of the Agave family; it needs almost the same home care conditions, like Cordilina. Recommendations for care and maintenance and much more about dracaena, you will find in this article.
Watering the cordilins
Water from Cordilina from spring to summer is necessary as soon as the top ball of soil dries. In winter, watering is restricted, making sure that the soil is slightly wet and do not allow it to dry out. Water should be used soft, separated, warm.
Do not place the plant near batteries or heaters, as it is sensitive to air humidity. In winter, spraying is not necessary, especially if the room is cool, and in the summer they are spent every day from the end of spring until the end of August.
During the growing season (spring-autumn), Cordilin should be fertilized. Used for this complex mineral fertilizers for indoor plants, well suited "Rainbow", "Giant".
The frequency of application of feedings - once a week, in winter they limit it to once a month.
Transplantation should be carried out when the roots fill the entire place in the pot. For young plants this is once a year, and later for a couple of years. The procedure is carried out in the spring.
At the bottom of the pot must put a drainage layer. Soil is made of three shares of garden soil with a weak acid reaction, one share of sand and one peat. Cordilina is suitable for hydroponic cultivation.
Cordilina seed growing
Cordilina multiplies generatively - by seeds, and vegetatively - by cuttings.
Seed method is used only for reproduction of pure species, since in the case of its application to varietal forms, their characteristic features will not be preserved.
Material is sown at the beginning of spring in a mixture of sand and sod land in equal proportions. The substrate is sometimes moistened and kept under diffused light. Shoots spit up for a long time - from a month to three.
Cordilina breeding cuttings
To resort to grafting, it is necessary to cut semi woody branches on which there is at least one node. Rooting is carried out in wet sand at a temperature of about 28 degrees, and the cuttings should be sprayed.
If such conditions are maintained, rooting will take place in a month and it will be possible to transfer to a separate container.
Violation of the rules of care for this exotic plant causes him various negative reactions:
- With a lack of moisture, the Cordilins begin brown leaves.
- When placed in direct sunlight on the foliage appear burns in the form of light spots.
- If water stagnates in the ground begins root rot and bottom of escape. The best way out is to cut off the top of the shoot and root it.
- If over time begin fall off the bottom leaves, then you should not worry - this is how it should be.
- At low temperature foliage twisted and becomes lethargic.
Among the pests can be identified such insects:
White fly - These are white midges, which lay on the foliage of the larvae that feed on juices. They leave sticky marks on the leaves, which then turn yellow.
It is not very easy to get rid of this insect and it will have to be treated repeatedly with insecticides. You can use drugs Aktellik, Konfidor, Mospilan, you can also place near the flower Velcro.
Spider mite leaves thin cobwebs on the plant, and feeds on the sap from the leaves, after which they begin dry and curl.
With a small number of pests, you can resort to treatment with soapy water, otherwise use insectoacaricides: Aktellik, Fitoverm, Agraverin.
Mealybug reserves a white sugary discharge. Together with pests, they can be washed off with a cloth soaked in water and soap, and then three times with a gap of a week to treat the weak infusion of garlic or tobacco. If the insect remains, then insecticides are used (Actellic, Fitoverm, Vertimek) - for its complete destruction it may also require repeated treatment.
Shchitovka manifests itself in the form of brown growths and yellow specks around them, with time the sheet is completely turns yellow and disappears, further the plant grows weak and dies.
If you find this pest, set the flower pot away from the rest of the plants. To get rid of the scythes, you will have to remove it from the foliage yourself with a cloth moistened with insecticide (Aktellik or Karbofos, Aktara will do). Inspect the shrub must be carefully, as shchitovka quickly multiplies.
Features of appearance
The tropical and subtropical latitudes of Asia, America, and Australia are considered the birthplace of this flower. Given the condition of growth in the wild, the height of some representatives can reach 20 meters; at home, such results cannot be achieved.
The name of the plant in literal translation means a cone-node. Cordilin roots have this form. Adult Cordilina kiwi (home care described in this article) has a fleshy, pineal and slightly swollen root system. The popular name of this plant is false palm.
The normal color of the leaves is green. However, many species of this plant can boast the presence of red, pink and even cream spots.
По своему внешнему виду кордилина фрутикоза (уход в домашних условиях является простым) чем-то напоминает драцену, из-за чего их слишком часто путают, однако растения эти абсолютно разные.
This plant is rarely called a flower, often a fire-breathing dragon tree, due to the special arrangement of spectacular bright red or green leaves with stains. However, only the upper leaves have a bright color.
How to choose a healthy plant?
When buying this plant, you need to consider several factors at once, the neglect of which may threaten the fact that you can not enjoy the appearance of the flower, but will only try to save it.
Before you buy a plant, you need to carefully examine it. The leaves should be bright, their petioles should grow directly from the base of the cordilina. For the beginning of growing better fit young plant. Recognizing it is quite easy: it has not acquired the appearance of a thin stem with a bunch of leaves at its apex.
The most popular is the Prince Albert variety, which is most often found in the flower shop. With proper care, its height can reach 60 cm, which is quite a lot for a houseplant. There is another major representative - Lord Robertson. Fans of miniature indoor flowers will be suited to the Cordilina variety “Red Edge”, which is remarkable for leaf color (they are completely green, and only at the edges there is a red border).
General conditions of detention
Growing this plant on the shoulder is not all. But if you have at least a little experience in caring for indoor flowers, then you will definitely cope with Cordilina.
With proper care, even at home you can bring the plant to flowering. However, some owners may be disappointed, because in this case one of the main rules of nature applies: the brighter the leaves, the more unsightly the flowers can be. In this plant they are small, usually yellow or pink, gathered in the so-called panicles. At the end of the flowering process, they must be removed without fail so that the Cordilina can further develop its foliage.
After buying a plant, you must immediately transplant it. Further, this procedure should be carried out once a year. Older flowers are enough to repot every three years, but the upper layer of the soil must still be renewed every year. Drainage in both cases is obligatory.
As a soil, you can use a nutrient weak acid soil. The acidity level in this case should be at pH6. Such soil can be bought already prepared in any flower shop or you can cook it yourself. In the second case, you will need the following components:
- 1 part peat,
- 1 part of sand,
- 1 piece of leafy ground
- 1 part of peat land,
- 1 part of humus,
- 3 pieces of garden land.
In addition, you can use the usual peat or clay soil mixture.
Since Cordilina is a tropical plant, the temperature regime should be special. First of all, you need to take care that there are no drafts or temperature drops in the room, since this plant does not tolerate such stressful situations.
Cordilina plant is very fond of warm and humid air. Care at home should be comprehensive. In the summer, even a temperature of 30 degrees above zero will be comfortable for her. However, in this case, the plant must be constantly sprayed, otherwise, instead of beautiful and luxurious foliage, you will get yellow and twisted leaves.
In autumn and winter, the air temperature in the room should be lowered. During this period, the ideal temperature will be about 10-15 degrees, the maximum allowable - about 18 degrees, despite the fact that the plant is tropical. This is to ensure that the flower without problems entered into a period of rest, in which it simply does not grow. A dormant period is necessary for the plant to gain strength for a new active growth in the spring.
Genetic features of the plant say that it loves moisture, and it must be brought not only through the soil, but also through the leaves.
During the summer period of the flower’s life, watering should be sufficiently abundant, but this does not mean that the water level in the pot should not be monitored. Water in the pan should not stagnate, otherwise you can achieve the opposite effect, that is, rotting of the roots, which are quite difficult to reanimate. Since Cordilina is apical (home care is available to practically everyone) or any other loves light, slightly acidic soils, you need to get ready for the moisture to be absorbed rather quickly. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor that the soil in the pot was not too wet or too dry.
For irrigation, you can use water that has previously been settled for at least a day. In spring and summer, Cordilin should be watered more often than in winter and autumn. The frequency of watering in the summer - 1-2 times a week, in the winter - once a week. It is necessary to spray a plant 2 times a week, and either in the morning or in the evening in order to avoid possible burns. If the air temperature exceeds the permissible 24 degrees, the plant is better to spray every day.
The frequency and composition of feeding, as well as watering, depends on the season. In the summer, this procedure should be carried out about twice a month, but in the winter much less frequently (once a month is enough, and even less often). As fertilizers, you can use ready-made feedings that are sold in stores. As a rule, it is a liquid fertilizer that has been specially developed for plants of the Agave family. It is better to refuse from various growth stimulants or fertilizers that are applied as a spraying on the leaves. This will not bring the desired effect, but the damage to the plant can be inflicted, because from such stress the cordilina can simply die.
Providing the necessary level of illumination
Although the plant’s native land is tropical latitudes, it does not like bright light. This also applies to direct sunlight. The main rule in the cultivation of Cordilina: the darker the foliage of the plant, the less light is required for its active growth. Cordilina mix (care at home is quite simple) or another kind of it will feel great from the east, west or north side of the room, and the window should not be dark. It should be bright, but the light on the plant should come in the form of diffused sunlight. If the leaves of your flower are too dark, then the pot with it can be placed in the back of the room, the plant will benefit from it.
How does cordilina reproduce?
There are three ways of breeding this plant.
- Rhizome division is the simplest. It is held in the spring, new shoots are planted in a lightweight substrate, and only after rooting in the usual soil for the flower.
- The cutting is carried out only if the shoots began to be covered with wood. The temperature for rooting cuttings - 30 degrees.
- Seeds. This method is not applicable at home, because it takes a lot of time and is not always effective.
Possible problems with the care of the plant
Like any other indoor plant, Cordilina (home care consists of many factors) is susceptible to pathogens and pests.
The main enemy is shield. To get rid of the insect, the plant must first be treated with a soap solution, and why with a special insecticide.
At low humidity in rooms with high temperatures, the formation of thrips is possible. It is possible to cure a plant with the help of chemical treatment with insecticides.
There will never be a problem if you get cordyline care at home. Leaves dry due to low air humidity. Leaf spraying may not always solve the problem. It is better to purchase a humidifier.
If you carry out the right care for Cordilina at home, strictly follow all the rules, then the problems with the plant will never arise.
Cordyline terminalis or Cordilina apical (popularly, “tree of luck”) is a perennial plant with a rhizome in the form of a tuber and a woody stem. It is a semi-shrub with a trunk thin in diameter up to 1.5 cm or a small bush up to three meters high. Young bushes have foliage from the base, at home for a long time retain small size. The trunk of the tree is smooth, with traces of fallen leaves.
The leaves, which are 12 cm wide and 85 cm long, have an elongate-ovate and oblong shape. In the center they have a vein, which is thicker than all the others. The leaves are on the grooved spine, which reaches a length of 12-17 cm.
Apical Cordilina during flowering produces inflorescences in the form of a panicle 35 cm wide, which are planted on a small petiole. The flowers of the plant, depending on the variety, can be purple, reddish, white. The bush propagates by cuttings, which are obtained from the top of the plant.
Apical Cordilina has different species, which differ in the color and shape of the leaves.
Kiwi - one of the most common varieties of the apical cordilina, which is a lush shrub with oblong or oval leaves up to 85 cm long and 12 cm wide. The leaves have a crimson border, along the edges there are yellow stripes. From the bottom they taper into the grooved spine, slightly increasing at the base. The middle vein on the upper side is much larger than the others and is given on the lower side of the leaf.
Another type of Cordilina room - Tango. This variety is perfect for a small apartment. This is a small bush with a lush rosette of bright brown leaves that have a crimson edging along the edge, as well as white longitudinal streaks.
Cordyline stricta or Cordilina straight has other names - dracaena cognet or dracaena straight. This plant is a shrub up to 3 meters tall. It has strongly branched trunks in the upper part and at the same time is very thin. Leaves - linear or lanceolate, up to 65 cm in size, pointed at the ends, leathery. They have rough or jagged edges, dark green color. During flowering inflorescences are formed - an erect panicle with small purple flowers that form on the top of the shoot or in the leaf axils. The decorative appearance of this variety is Discolor.
Cordylineaustralis or Australian Cordyline in natural conditions is a big tree that grows up to 25 meters in height. The trunk in the upper part has a bunch of narrow and long xiphoid leaves (1 m by 4-8 cm) of dark green color, and is thickened from below. The young shrub has no pronounced trunks. The flowers are white in color, clustered in inflorescences-panicles, about 1 cm in diameter. The size of these panicles can be up to one meter.
At home, the southern cordilins are used in industrial production. It is a source of fiber, which is extracted from the leaves, roots, stem. From this raw material are made a variety of products - from fabrics and mats to brushes. And the leaves of young bushes can be eaten, for which James Cook called this palm tree "cabbage tree".
Southern Cordilina has healing properties, as its juice is an excellent antiseptic.
The plant began to grow in greenhouses late nineteenth century, and it immediately gained popularity. Various cultivars were created.
To date, the most popular varieties are Atrosanguinea, Veitchii, RedStar, Atropurpurea, which were still bred in the XIX century. Their foliage is chocolate to purple in color.
If the shrub is in the open field, then it quickly gets the look of a palm tree. However, as a decorative indoor flower during proper care, Cordyline fructicosa or Cordilina frutikoza grows very slowly, leaves the leaves to its very foundation. She does not bloom in a flowerpot. Cordilina fructose has a large number of garden forms: Red Edge, Tricolor, Lord Roberts, Snow, Augusta and other varieties that differ in the different color of the leaves.
Cordilina: home care
In order for the cordilina to provide proper care at home, it does not take much effort. This is a pretty unpretentious flower.
- Temperature. These plants are afraid of drafts and endure poorly sharp temperature drops, it will certainly be necessary to take into account. The optimum temperature in the summer is 22-27 degrees. In winter, the bushes need to be maintained at lower temperatures (6-12 degrees). The temperature is reduced gradually, with the onset of autumn. But there exist among these plants and thermophilic varieties, in particular, Cordyline terminalis (cordilina apical). The temperature in the winter for them is required to be higher - about 19 degrees.
- Soil composition. For planting requires slightly acidic (pH about 6.1), nutritious soil. You can buy soil in a specialized shop or prepare your own hands from the following components: 3 parts of garden soil, one part of sand, peat, humus, peat and leaf soil.
- Humidity. It is necessary to take into account in which climatic region the cordilin grew in the natural environment. If it is a tropical country, then these plants need more moisture in the summer than their subtropical counterparts. Achieve the desired level of humidity can be, if you spray the leaves with separated soft water.
- Lighting. As already mentioned above, cordilina grows in the southern forests. Because this plant requires diffused and bright lighting. In winter, it is advisable to install a shrub near the window that faces south, in summer - to the west or east.
- Fertilizer. For bait applies any complex fertilizer. In spring and summer, prikormku produce once every 1-2 weeks, in the winter - once a month.
- Loosening. It is also a very important part of plant care. The destruction of the earth’s crust allows oxygen to pass easily to the root system.
- Watering. For irrigation apply defended soft water. In the summer and spring, water is often watered than in winter. Clod land should not be very wet, and not over dried.
Cordilina can be propagated in one of three ways - seeds, cuttings, division of rhizomes.
- Seeds. In home gardening, the cultivation of this plant from seeds is almost never used. Seeds need to be sown in March or February in the substrate, which is prepared from the same parts of sand and turf land. It is believed that for this breeding it is necessary to apply freshly harvested seeds, because over time they lose their germination. The seed is pre-soaked in epine or zircon. If the pulp remains on the seeds, they should be thoroughly rinsed. The room must maintain a temperature of 26-28 degrees. For what often use mini-greenhouses with heated bottom. About a month after planting the seeds, the first shoots are formed.
- Cuttings. For this breeding use semi-woody shoots. Apply both the top, and sites from the central part of a stalk. The shoots are divided into parts, each of them should contain 1-4 knots (size from 12 cm), leaves should be removed from them. Rooting requires a temperature of approximately 28 degrees. The root system appears after about 30 days. Then the plant is transplanted into ordinary land. Cordilina apex can simply be installed in a container with water. The process is faster if you add to the water a means to activate rooting.
- Division of rhizome. The easiest method for plant reproduction. As a rule, the separation is performed in spring. The resulting shoots are planted in light soil (one part of sand and sod land into 3 parts of peat, leafy soil or humus). Then, when the young flower gives the root, it must be transplanted into the usual soil mixture.
Description of the appearance and origin of the Cordilina
The proudly sounding name Cordilina actually translates very prosaically from Greek - the knot. But the plant itself looks very elegant due to the lush, brightly colored leaves.
Cordilina in nature can be met in both hemispheres. But to be more precise, it is only in tropical and subtropical climatic zones. Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and Brazil — in these countries, the Cordilina grows in the form of spreading trees, reaching a large height of 15 m.
Cordilina resident of the tropics is found in both hemispheres
Cordilina belongs to false palms and is often confused with the dragon tree. And although these 2 plants are very close to each other, the differences exist.
- Cordilina leaves have a scape, which is not present in the dracaena.
- The structure of the roots is also varied. The Cordilin root system is covered with knots and blooms (which is why the plant got its name), the cut color is white. Dracaena has straight roots, and the cut is yellow or orange.
- And perhaps the main difference is the number of seeds. Cordilin fruit has from 4 to 20 seeds. Dracaena has only one.
Dracaena and Cordilina are close relatives
In the indoor gardening Cordilina is a bush plant that grows to a meter height. Of course, Cordilina has rather big sizes, therefore it needs sufficient space. In the conditions of the greenhouse can easily overcome the 1.5 meter bar.
The leaves of the plant differ in size and color. Depending on the species, the leaf plate is of a narrow linear shape, broadly lanceolate or saber. The length varies from a few centimeters to a meter. The edge of the sheet can be completely smooth or have a fine serration. The main background of the sheet is green. А дальше природа начинает фантазировать, нанося на поверхность полосы и штрихи жёлтого, красного, розового и пурпурного оттенка. Очень изысканно смотрится белый цвет.
Bright Cordilina leaves are the main decoration of the plant, but their shape and color depend on the type and variety
Flowering plant is very interesting. Inflorescences are large and thick panicles, the length of which can reach up to 1 m. Small flowers painted creamy white, red or purple. In home floriculture, cordyline is grown as a leafy plant, because it practically does not bloom in the room.
In nature, Cordilina blooms at the age of 8 - 11 years
Once upon a time, James Cook called the Cordilina a cabbage tree. It turns out that the local population actively used the young leaves of the plant for food. Weave mats, rugs, make brushes from old fibrous leaves.
Cordilina is considered a rather unpretentious green pet. People who only think to start growing flowers may well acquire this plant in order to comprehend the basics of indoor floriculture with it. Cordilina easily forgive some flaws and shortcomings made by accident, but quickly eliminated. But if you forget about the flower for a long time, it can die.
Cordilina is easy to grow, the main thing is not to forget about it for long
Supporting certain conditions, you will help the plant to adapt to the atmosphere of the room and show itself in all its glory.
Unpretentious plant is tradescantia. About the rules of caring for it can be found in: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/tradeskantsiya-uhod-v-domashnih-usloviyah.html
Can I grow Cordilina in the florarium?
Of course, it is possible, since Cordilina perfectly carries moist air. But the size of the vessel should be rather big. For a traditional garden in a bottle, the plant is not suitable, but in an open-air aquarium or in a showcase-type florarium, Cordilina will be great to coexist with other plants.
Cordilina is a very friendly neighbor, therefore it is often used in florariums.
Planting and transplanting
For young plants, transplantation should be carried out every year. Adult plants do not have a high growth rate; therefore, they are transplanted as the pot space is mastered by the roots. This usually occurs 3 years after landing. The procedure is carried out only in spring, in March - April.
Cordilina is often grown as a Kadochnik plant, which makes transplantation very difficult. In this case, every spring you need to change the top layer of the earth to fresh. It is also necessary to loosen the soil periodically so that the roots are supplied with oxygen.
Cordilina soil should be loose and nutritious. It is quite suitable purchased universal soil having a weak acid reaction. You can do the cooking soil yourself. To do this, you need to combine and mix the following ingredients, taken in equal quantity:
In the ready mix add brick chips and pieces of charcoal. These components will help to avoid acidification of the soil and give it greater friability.
The pot is chosen based on the size of the cordilins. For larger specimens, resistant clay containers are suitable; for smaller plants, plastic pots. Drainage holes required! The size of the pot should be larger than the previous one, given the fact that an adult plant needs to be transplanted rarely. But do not think that too much of a new container is good, it is not. Mastering a large pot of cordikin will be at the expense of the leaves. And the liquid will often stagnate in the roots, which should not be allowed.
Clay pot is suitable for planting large specimens
Step-by-step transfer of a flower to a new soil
- Pour drainage and prepared soil mixture into prepared pot.
- Cordilina gently remove from the pot, gently shake off the old earth. It is not necessary to force the roots from the ground.
Forcibly shake the soil from the roots of Cordilina should not
If you purchased cordidina in a store and want to transplant, give it a week and a half for acclimatization. After this, transfer it to a new pot, filling the voids on the sides of the container with a nutrient substrate. And the next spring, you can make a full transplant with the replacement of the substrate.
Do I need support for the Cordilina
Usually cordilina does not need a support, since it has a very strong stem. But if for some reason the stem of the plant is very thin, and besides it has become bare, then it is quite acceptable to tie it to a support. It can serve as a simple bamboo stick.
Cordilina has a stable stem and does not need support.
No matter how unpretentious Cordilina was, she needs to ensure proper care.
How to water and feed
Spring and summer watering of the Cordilina differs in abundance, the earth should be in a slightly damp (but not waterlogged) condition. Water should not stagnate in the pan. Before the next moistening, the top layer of the soil mixture should dry 3 cm deep. The approximate schedule of watering during this period is 2-3 times a week. But it is worth making a correction, taking into account the temperature and the level of humidity. In addition, you need to take into account the shape of the cordilina leaf Species with a wide sheet need more frequent watering, because they evaporate moisture faster than narrow-leaved ones.
In winter, Cordilina is watered less frequently - about once a week. If the plant overwinters in cool conditions - the soil moisture control should be kept under strict control.
Feed Cordilin all year. Only the frequency of fertilizer changes. In the period from April to September, when active growth occurs, the flower is fertilized 3-4 times a month. Starting from October to March, the plant is fed once a month. As fertilizer, use universal dressings for decorative and hardwood, preferably in liquid form.
Cordilina receiving enough moisture and nourishment pleases with bright colors
How to care during flowering
Cordilina blooms only in nature. It happens at the age of 8 - 11 years. Adapted for home cultivation, flowers do this extremely rarely, and then only in the conditions of a botanical garden or a greenhouse, if comfortable conditions are created that are close to natural.
At home, Cordilina blooms very rarely.
In order for Cordilina to gain strength for active growth in the new season, she needs peace. Resting exotic plant in the autumn-winter period, and disturb it at this time is not worth it. The air temperature drops, the frequency of irrigation is reduced, but occasionally you need to feed.
The place of the content should be bright, but does not need a special lighting up Cordilina.
The rest period of the Cordilina passes in a cool and bright place.
Does Cordilina Need Trimming or Pinching
As such, both Cordilin procedures are not needed. After all, the plant grows slowly and does not branch. But to maintain an attractive appearance, it is necessary to remove dried lower leaves with sharp scissors. And for the old plant pruning is a way of rejuvenation and the ability to get a new plant, rooting the tip.
Homeland Cordilina, in Latin called Cordyline (from the Greek word "knot, bump" - in the form of rhizomes) - the tropics of the whole world.
In the lap of nature in Australia, Africa, America and Asia, it grows in the form of a tree or a bush of impressive size.
In room conditions, the Cordilina grows not too high - no more than 2 m.
Cordilina False Palm - This is a perennial evergreen plant from the family Agave. Depending on the species, it can grow in the form of a tree or shrub.
Cordilina stalk prone to lignification and denudation due to the death of the lower leaves as they grow, for which it is nicknamed in everyday life "False palm" - on the similarity with real palm trees.
The roots of the plant are very fleshy, creeping, knotted, white. Leaves with or without a central vein are located on the petioles. When flowering Cordilina shrub decorated with panicles with small flowers.
In addition, the Cordilins have leaf stalks and a central vein, which is not present in the dracaena.
The Cordilin genus includes various plant species — about 20 in total. They have green or variegated leaves — with pink, red, or cream strokes or spots. The following varieties are most popular among growers:
- Cordilina straight - a plant with wide leaves, different matte surface, whose height is from 1.4 to 2 m.
The photo shows indoor flower Cordilina:
Cordilina kiwi is a shrub with lush green foliage, often framed by a burgundy border.
Cordilina Frutikoza - a species that grows extremely slowly and does not lose its leaves for a long time, numerous varieties of which differ in the most diverse colors.
Cordilina South - a tree with a thick trunk at the base and long, up to 1 m, narrow and rigid leaves, the bunch of which is located on the top of the plant.
Cordilina Mix - The common name used for batches of seedlings of various species and varieties.
Cordilina apical - a plant with large, up to 80 cm long, green leaves, mottling red or pink markings and located on the top of the shoot, with a woody stem that branches or not, with pink or white flowers and a great love of sunlight.
Cordeline undivided - a tree with leaves narrow at the base, up to 1 m long, often decorated with a raspberry border and orange central vein, and bluish on the underside.
Features care after purchase
A newly purchased copy requires attentive care and a 2-week quarantine. It is important to inspect it for pests and diseases, to shed water with a simple soap and put it away from other green pets.
If there are insects in the pot, need urgent transplant and insecticide treatment. After the specified period, making sure that the plant is healthy, you can transplant it into a new container.
By the amount of light, the most demanding views of Cordilina with green leaves, variegated prefer the location in the penumbra, because from too bright light, they can lose their "patterns". Professionals are advised to adhere to the rule: the darker the foliage of Cordilina, the less light it will need.
Species with dark green leaves can live even in the depths of the room. Anyway it is better to protect the plant from direct sunlight. And drafts and the location near the heating devices can cause the death of a green pet. The window sill of the western or east window will ideally suit.
Caring for Cordilina at home requires adherence to a special temperature.
From spring to autumn, Cordilina at home feels good at moderate room temperature - from 15 to 26 ° C.
Most of the Cordilin will not give up the cold wintering when 8 or 10 ° C. However, motley false palms spend a period of rest at normal room temperature.
It is highly desirable to provide Cordilina with more or less humid air. Also, if spray regularly lush foliage and occasionally arrange a warm shower for the plant (avoiding the accumulation of water in the leaf funnel), it will respond to the grower with gratitude and a luxurious look.
In the warm season, the beautiful Cordilina needs abundant watering (about 2-3 times a week), while in winter it needs moderate water (1-2 times a week, with a slight drying of the top layer of the earth). For a plant both overwetting and overdrying are equally destructive. It is extremely dangerous to over-zealous with irrigation when it is cold in a room.
With good care, Cordilina can please the grower with a panicle of charming flowers. Many species need a cool wintering for this.
In the summer, Cordilina will not give up organic or mineral fertilizer. Wherein It is important to strictly follow the instructions, but apply a dose slightly less than indicated.
Young plants can be transplanted each year into a new pot with a slightly larger diameter - literally 1-2 cm. At the age of 3-5 years, the green pet will prefer to transplant every few years using the transfer method. You can change the top layer of soil in a pot once a year.
- Sod land
- Leafy ground
- Coarse sand,
- Recaptured manure.
You can also simply buy suitable soil in a flower shop. An important condition for a successful transplant - thick drainage layer at the bottom of the tank. The plant can be contained using hydroponics.
There are many ways to breed Cordilina.
With good care, the false palm tree acquires root suckers, which can be easily separated during transplantation.
It is recommended to propagate Cordilina cutting the top or stem, rooting the cut part of a length of 5 cm in water or immediately in the ground.
It is also possible to grow a false palm. from seedswhich sow best from January to May.
It is possible to propagate the tree air layouts from the top, which is then separated.
Diseases and pests
This false palm is subject to the following problems:
- The Cordilins dry the tips of the leaves, or the leaves themselves - too dry air.
- Foliage also curls or fades - too cold.
- Brown spots - the plant lacks moisture.
- Dry spots of light color on the leaves - too much sun.
- Rotting stalk - excess of moisture in the soil. It remains only to cut and root the top of the plant.
- Yellow foliage - dry air, lack of nitrogen and other substances.
- Black edges of leaflets - poor watering or drafts.
- Yellow and fall lower leaves - a natural process. You can update the plant, entrenching its top, or add a young copy to it, thereby creating a composition of several tiers of greenery.
Pests can attack Cordilina:
- Shchitovki, manifesting brown plaques on the leaves, which soon become discolored and die. The solution is to wash the leaves with soap suds and process them with Aktellik (1-2 ml per 1 l of liquid).
- Thrips arising from dry air and heat, which present themselves as bright dots on the gray-brown foliage and numerous colonies on the underside of the leaves. The solution is an insecticide treatment or natural product based on Dalmatian chamomile.
- Aphid, due to which the leaves lose color, curl and turn yellow. The solution is the use of insect repellents.
As we see, with all the exoticism, the Cordilina flower does not require much care. This spectacular false palm tree is capable of pleasing the florist for years.