Probably every gardener wants to decorate his country plot and improve its aesthetics. This can be achieved by planting a whole garden of flowers in front of your house. In order to achieve this goal, it is best to use rose bushes, but this plant is distinguished by its whimsicalness regarding care, especially sensitive to pruning.
Even if you miss only one season, not cutting rosesThis can cause a decrease in the number of flowers on the bush, and can also lead to further wilting of roses.
All the rules that relate to the cultivation of roses, must be observed in order to get large, lush and beautiful bushes with flowers at the very beginning of the flowering period.
Let's get acquainted in more detail with how to cut roses in spring, and also where to begin pruning roses beginner gardener.
Pruning roses in spring for beginners
Analyzing the topic of pruning roses in the spring for beginners, first of all, it should be noted that the quality of pruning of flowers depends on their further quantity during flowering, as well as their pomp.
When to cut the roses? As a rule, the process of cutting flowers is carried out with the onset of spring. After the vegetative period of the plant begins, the first shoots and branches on the rose bushes are formed.
If we talk about climbing plant species, here, as a rule, a pruning procedure is suitable, which is capable of not only clean up all the extra shoots, but also to form the shape of a rose bush before a full set of green mass. For example, if the branches of a plant began to grow in the wrong direction, they must be cut on a mandatory basis. In this case, pruning is carried out until the moment when the flower has entered the active phase of growth. Pruning in this case is recommended in early spring, when the air temperature corresponds to the beginning of the vegetative period, but at the same time the presence of green mass is not observed.
Pruning a pink shrub not only can simplify work, but it also eliminates the chance to simply damage the main skeleton of the shrub, which can heal for a long time. There are cases when, with damage to the skeleton, the plants may die at all.
In addition, that the rose bushes need constant pruning in the spring, we should not forget about the process of mulching, fertilizer and other rules for the care of the flower. Particular attention should be paid to the means shrubs from various pests. It is also recommended to use a variety of flowerbeds, which are intended specifically for breeding climbing roses, as well as garters that can help create a beautiful plant shape.
Rules for pruning roses in the spring
Beginning flower growers who do not yet have the necessary experience in working with rose bushes, first of all, should study and read the theoretical part on pruning these plants. Currently there are many different resources for this. If someone is lazy to read literature on pruning roses, you can view various videos from experts and experienced gardeners.
As a rule, roses are pruned only in spring, as these plants are very fragile. If the branches of roses cut in the autumnthen the damage after this process simply does not have time to drag on before the onset of the first cold weather. At low air temperatures, the bushes lose a lot of their strength, and with damage, the roses simply cannot survive the wintering. In order to get rid of any damaged, old or dry branches, which take away not only the power of the plant, but does not bring any benefit, without any interference, it is necessary to prune.
First of all, it is necessary to carefully examine the rose for the presence of various damages, dry and old branches, which are no longer suitable. On such branches, as a rule, the green mass no longer grows. The branches are removed entirely, and the young shoots on the bushes, which show an active growth in the spring, are cut off in a special way. If you want to form a small and neat shrub, then each main branch is cut to the first or second upper bud. If you want to make a rose bush quite lush with a lot of buds, then each main branch is trimmed, including the top bud.
The main branches are actually the main parts of the rosebush that form the green mass and the buds on the plant. That is why it is necessary to pre-select the most resistant and strong shoots on the bush in order to eventually get a bush that can easily survive all adverse weather conditions.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the branches that do not grow along the bush, but to its central part. Some growers leave such shoots without special attention, and as a result they get an ugly bush shape, interlaced branches and ugly flower buds. It is for this reason that all the branches that grow in the central direction must be completely cut so that the rose is formed correctly at the initial stage of the vegetative period.
The most appropriate would be to choose the shape of the bush, which simply does not have such a central part. The bush in this case will resemble a dome-shaped structure, where there is no central part. This method of pruning can achieve excellent moisture permeability during rain or watering.
As for the size, it is usually usually form a bush in such a way that its height does not exceed 30 centimeters. In some cases, the crown is formed height and 1 meter. The first option is most suitable for the design of the front of the house, and the higher forms of the bushes are used on the back of the suburban area.
But how to properly cut the roses in the spring? This question must be answered by listing all the features that are included in the rules for the care of flowers. First of all, it is necessary to understand that the pruning of roses should be done not only in order to remove the extra branches. Pruning plants produced for the following purposes:
- In order to rejuvenate the rose,
- In order to increase the number of buds on the bush,
- In order to actively bloom,
- In order to increase the amount of green mass,
- In order to increase the flowering period of the rose.
All this can be achieved only if the correct pruning of the plant. But how to make such a trim? Experienced growers begin pruning with a thinning procedure of the bushes, while turning their attention to the color of the slice. This should be done in cases where diseased branches are removed. On sections after pruning, you can notice dark spots that indicate the presence of the disease in the plant. In such cases, trimming lasts until the plant tissue is normal.
After removing all diseased twigs from the bush, they must be burned without fail. This is done for the reason that diseases can return to the plants, if you just throw the trimmed diseased branches near the healthy bushes, and this disease can spread more extensively.
Pruning rose bushesAs a rule, it is divided into three main groups:
- A short pruning of bushes is recommended to be made only in cases where the roses have just begun their development, that is, in the first year of active growth of the plant.
- Pruning to the average height of the branches is done in the second year of active plant growth. This removes no more than 7 buds on one branch. This method contributes to the rapid development and growth of new branches, as well as the rapid collection of green mass on the bushes.
- The third form of pruning is to remove a part of the branch after the first bud, so that the plant gains fluffiness and also the number of buds increases during the flowering period.
All the above forms should be applied in stages, from the time the roses are planted in the flower beds. With successive pruning there are all the guarantees that the plant will grow quite quickly, keep the shape of the bush and delight with a huge number of buds.
Trimming Curly Rose
If we talk about climbing species of roses, then they must be treated very carefully. Curly roses are distinguished by their thin branches, which are intertwined not only among themselves, but can also be woven along a fence or other plants in a flowerbed. When pruning such varieties of roses, first of all, you need to pay attention to the twigs that grow in the wrong direction. They must be removed immediately, as in the future they will be much more difficult to remove. But how to trim the curly roses in the spring? Here you have to use slightly different trim rules.
- First of all, it is necessary to remove parts of the main branches to the top first bud, and all lateral shoots of roses are cut off almost completely, leaving only the two lower buds.
- In the summer period, shoots are removed, on which buds of a poor species are formed. Such branches are shortened to the first healthy leaf.
Curly rose varieties grow much faster than other varieties, so their branches quickly return to their former state after pruning.
Roses are the best decoration of any suburban area. These beautiful and lush bushes can delight you and your guests throughout the summer.
Despite the fact that roses are quite demanding in terms of care, any budding grower will be able to grow gorgeous rose bushes.
To do this, you only need to follow all the above recommendations and rules. The result will not keep you waiting long.
Literally after the first pruning, you will notice a significant increase in the number of flowers on the rose bush. It is also important to note again that pruning should be done only in the spring.
If you are familiar with the features of this procedure, you can create magnificent compositions of rose bushes, including climbing varieties, which can be used to decorate arbors and arches in your suburban area.
Adding an article to a new collection
In the new season, work in the flower garden begins with the removal of the shelter and spring pruning of bushes and flowers. Particular attention should be paid to roses, because without careful care, they will not be able to please you with spectacular flowering, or even die.
An important role is played by sanitary pruning of plants to healthy (green) tissue. In the spring pruned roses of all kinds. At this time, it is necessary to remove all old, dry, weak and frozen shoots, so that the plant does not spend its strength on them, but strives to build new ones, on which buds are soon formed. Also, when spring pruning roses give the desired shape, pruned shoots to stimulate flowering and remove young growth near the base of the bush.
The timing of pruning roses in the spring may vary from year to year, since winter leaves at different times. Here you need to focus on weather conditions and the state of plants. Roses are pruned when warm weather sets in, buds swell, but shoots do not budge. As a rule, this occurs in March-April.
Before spring pruning, the winter shelter is removed from the roses, the garbage is removed, all the old leaves are removed and the mulch is grabbed.
Plants are recommended to be cut off on a sunny day using a sharp pruner, the blades of which are previously disinfected in raspberry solution of potassium permanganate. Sections are made just above the kidney (about 5-7 mm) at an angle of 45 degrees, and after pruning they are treated with garden pitch. In addition, before leafing the bushes, it is advisable to spray the copper sulfate.
Trimming climbing roses in spring
Trimming climbing roses in spring is carried out with the aim of forming a bush. Although plants from this group can not be cut at all, but in this case, after 2-3 years, it will be difficult to approach the overgrown bush and shelter for the winter. Therefore, in the spring after removing the shelter and sanitary pruning, a bush of climbing roses is thinned, all branches thickening it are removed and they are trying to form so that the shoots grow horizontally.
If you are new to rozovodstvo and are afraid to spoil the bush when pruning, watch the video, which describes in detail the whole procedure:
Pruning roses in spring
So that the rose bush has an attractive shape, all the old shoots are cut "on the ring", leaving no "hemp". An adult plant should consist of 3-5 strong shoots that shorten to 3-4 buds. In this case, the height of the bush is usually 10-20 cm. Shoots that interfere with each other, also cut. At the same time, of these two branches, a younger (with a brighter bark) and well located one is left.
The shoots of roses pruned over the bud, directed to the outside of the bush
Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses in Spring
An adult hybrid tea is cut to a height of 20-25 cm from ground level, leaving 5-6 buds on the shoots. When sowing, young saplings are cut to a height of 15 cm so that 2-4 buds remain on the shoots. Roses from this group bloom on the shoots of the current year, so do not be afraid to completely cut branches older than two years old and shorten the young ones (this stimulates flowering).
Pruning Floribunda roses in spring
Spring pruning of floribunda roses should be more gentle than the hybrid tea. After overwintering, shoots older than 2-3 years are not completely cut, but they are made short, and annual shoots are shortened by only 1/3 of their length.
You can study the process of cutting floribunda roses in detail by watching the footage:
General pruning guidelines
Working with flowers can be done as soon as the weather is warm. Since the regions are different weather conditions, it is desirable to focus on the period when the threat of night frost is over.
Experts identify several types of pruning, which are used in spring work with roses of any variety.
- Sanitary - old, sick or dead shoots are removed. Branches must be carefully examined: green - alive, black - dead. You can focus on the shade of the slice - the brown core is in the dried stem. In order not to lose the entire stem, you can cut them in separate sections - until a cut with a white core appears.
- Rejuvenating is carried out to extend the life of the bush - old branches are removed to stimulate the growth of new shoots. The rose can grow in one place for about 20 years. Therefore, in the spring are removed the old, weakly flowering branches. As a rule, these are stems older than 3 years old, having a green brown shade and a dried appearance. The branch is cut at its base, trimming is done on the ring.
- For giving to a bush of the beautiful form do the forming cutting. Cut weak shoots at the bottom of the bush that will not bloom. Remove competing stems - two / three leave the strongest. Also be sure to cut the branches growing inside the bush, thickening the plant and interfering with the penetration of light and air.
- Stimulating pruning is carried out selectively - if the rose weakly bloomed or the bush stopped growing. Radical "haircut" bush will contribute to the rapid growth of shoots. In this case, weak shoots shorten more, and strong - less.
Sections are made above the formed external buds (approximately at a distance of 0.5-1 cm). Under this condition, beautiful vazoobraznye forms of bushes are formed, as shoots will appear along the outer contour. The branches are cut at an angle of about 45˚, and the higher side of the cut should be located above the bud.
Proper rose pruning
When forming bushes, the variety of roses is taken into account and therefore various works are carried out:
- shoots of park, climbing varieties are weakly cut off. As a rule, only the tops of the stems are removed,
- when growing hybrid tea varieties, floribunda and grandiflora, they do middle pruning. 3-6 buds remain on the stem,
- strong pruning is used for miniature, polyanthus roses. The shoots are left with 1-2 buds.
Do not neglect the spring pruning of roses. This procedure is the key to early and abundant flowering, the full development of beautiful bushes.
Pruning Roses in Spring
These plants do not need shaping, so in the spring they need a rather thinning and sanitary pruning. At the same time cut vertically growing processes. If old shoots wintered normally (they have green bark), then they are left intact. But once in 5-6 years, ground-covering roses are pruned heavily (side shoots are shortened to 2-4 buds), otherwise the old bush will no longer bloom.
Crop Roses in Spring
At the border of roses in the spring is carried out mainly sanitary pruning
In adult bushes, the central shoots that grow vertically do not prune (as opposed to ground cover roses), and the lateral ones are pruned a little. In addition, in order for rose bushes to grow beautiful and proportional, in the first year of late spring and summer all their shoots pinch over 4 or 5 leaves and promptly remove faded buds.
Pruning park roses in spring
For several years, park roses bloom perfectly without forming, because these plants bloom on both old stems and growths of the current year. So, in the spring they spend only sanitary pruning. Но у старых кустов нужно немного укоротить все побеги, иначе цветки станут мелкими и малочисленными.
Обрезка комнатной розы весной
Вопреки расхожему мнению комнатные розы способны пышно цвести ежегодно. Но для этого их нужно правильно обрезать
Experienced rose growers recommend cutting the indoor rose not in the spring, but in the fall. But if you did not have time to do this, then the queen of the flower garden, grown at home, is pruned in March-April, when her buds have not yet had time to blossom. At the same time observe the following rules:
- shoots of last year are shortened so that 3-4 well-developed buds remain on each branch,
- if the rose blooms poorly, it is rejuvenated with a strong pruning,
- The bush is given the desired shape (ball, ellipse, cone) and removes all weak, thin, damaged, dried and growing branches inside the bush.
Remember: when pruning roses of any kind, you must follow general rules. They are presented in detail in the video "General principles of spring pruning of roses":
Roses pruned not only in spring. How to care for plants during the rest of the year, find out from our articles:
How to work with bush species
These varieties are popular due to the luxurious fragrant flowers of different sizes, lush foliage. The advantages of plants are also: a long flowering period, resistance to diseases and pests.
Shrubs harmoniously fit into the landscape design of the dacha plots and are not capricious in the care - rather regularly water and feed.
Do I need to cut the roses after wintering
The need for spring pruning is due to several factors:
- Preservation of decorativeness - in the spring the bush is given the desired shape.
- Enhanced immunity - timely removal of shoots weak and damaged by the cold of winter saves the vital force of the plant.
- Ensuring a long and abundant flowering - pruning stimulates the development of young and strong shoots that contribute to the vibrant flowering phase, which lasts much longer in this case.
Dates of the procedure
In order to achieve the above objectives, it is necessary to correctly calculate the timing of pruning, which, as a rule, falls at the end of April - beginning of May. However, in each case, the timing may vary slightly due to the climatic conditions of the cultivation region. If you shorten the shoots too soon, they can suffer from recurrent frosts at night, and flowers will appear much later. In case of delay, the bush will spend all the energy to restore old and weakened shoots, and flowering will be very poor.
How to cut roses in spring
To extend the life cycle of the queen of flowers and ensure her beauty for the whole season, you must follow the following rules when pruning:
- Powerful shrubs with a sterile and well-sharpened pruner eliminate the old, sick and growing inside the branches with the preservation of only powerful shoots, which produces a rejuvenating effect.
- On weak and poorly developed bushes, sprouts are only slightly shortened (maximum by 2 buds), which stimulates their further development.
- Damaged by frost branches are cut to a site with healthy wood.
- Instruments for the procedure must be disinfected so that microorganisms are not transferred to the plants.
- The cut is made along the scythe 1 cm above the kidney, since it is from the leaf sinuses that new shoots develop.
- Wild shoots, which appeared below the vaccination site, twist without residue.
To preserve the beauty of the rose tree, you should pay attention to the graft:
- if a hybrid tea was used for it, then all weak shoots are removed, and only 4-5 strong skeletal branches remain,
- when the climbing beauty comes out as a graft, the shoots are shortened by only half the length.
Technique pruning this group of varieties depends on the multiplicity of flowering. In repairman representatives, the lateral shoots are shortened to 4 buds, and the central whips do not worry. Once flowering forms of spring pruning are not exposed, since the formation of buds occurs only on last year's shoots.
Ground cover roses
Varieties of this group are spring pruned every two years. When work is used scissors for the formation of hedges. Plant height after pruning is no more than 25 cm.
Rose care after spring pruning
Measures for the care of pruned bushes differ little from those dictated by the agrotechnics of cultivating any variety:
- processing - after pruning, as a rule, preventive protective measures are taken against the development of diseases (with the help of copper sulfate),
- top dressing - compulsory application of nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which are an important component of the formation of a lush bush: nitrogen stimulates the active recovery and build-up of green mass,
- protection from frost - if the spring pruning of roses was carried out ahead of schedule, and weather forecasters promise night frosts, then it is worth protecting the bushes with a film,
- watering - since the soil is still preserved natural moisture, then roses should be watered moderately, without over-moistening tree trunks,
- mulching - to close the moisture and preserve the looseness of the soil, ensured the full development of the rosebush. This is due to the access of oxygen to the roots. At the same time pristvolny circles should be covered with mulch.
Experienced Gardeners Tips
Experienced gardeners who have successfully cultivated roses for a single year recommend:
- Before pruning, remove all last year's plant residues from under the bush and examine the plants for general condition.
- To carry out the procedure, preferably in sunny weather, sterile and sharp shears.
- Make a cut over the kidney, directed outwards, to avoid thick growth inside the bush.
- Treat the cutting areas with garden warp, preventing infection of plants by infections.
Beautifully blooming rose - a luxurious decoration of any garden. However, in order to achieve lush flowering, you will have to make some effort, which as a result will pay off with interest.
How to cut roses
First you need to remove the winter shelter from the bushes so that the roses inhale the fresh spring air.
If the temperature at night is still low, protect the plants with non-woven fabric. Carefully inspect the bush, remove excess soil from the plant.
Remove all the old, dry, weak and frozen shoots to stimulate flowering. Remove the young growth at the base of the bush and give it the desired shape.
Cut the roses when the weather is warm and buds swell around March or April. The procedure is carried out on a sunny day. A solution of potassium permanganate pre-conduct disinfection secateurs. Cut at an angle of 45 degrees 5–7 mm above the kidney. Cut the cut with garden pitch and sprinkle the bushes with copper sulphate.
Trimming Climbing Roses in Spring
After the shelter has been removed, sanitary pruning has been carried out, the bush of a climbing rose is thinned, all interfering branches are removed. Then form a shrub so that the shoots grow vertically.
If you are just a beginner rose grower, you do not know how to cut roses correctly, and you are afraid to spoil the plant during pruning, watch this video in which everything is described in detail.
Pruning roses in spring
How much each rose is cut depends on the growth potential of each plant. Weak roses are pruned more than strong. After proper trimming, the height of the rose should not exceed 10–20 cm above ground level. Cut the stem of the rose is always above the eyes.
Cut dry and dead stalks completely. Wild shoots below the level of the buds, dark brown branches, intersecting and growing shoots towards the stalk must also be removed.
Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses
Cut off an adult rose to a height of 20–25 cm from the ground level, leave 5–6 buds on the shoots. Feel free to completely cut out branches older than two years and shorten young ones to stimulate flowering.
Pruning Floribunda Roses
With floribundoy need to be more gentle than with a hybrid tea rose. After winter, shoots aged 2-3 years and older do not cut off completely, but make them short. Shorten the annual shoots by only a third of their length.
Trimming Ground Roses
The beauty of these plants is that they do not need to form. And just enough to thin out in the spring and make sanitary pruning vertically growing shoots. Leaves with green bark intact. But you need to cut off the ground cover roses once every 5-6 years, otherwise they will no longer bloom.
Cutting Curb Roses
Vertical central shoots of adult bushes do not cut, cut a little lateral. In May-July, do this: in order for your bushes to grow even and beautiful, pin down all their shoots above the 4th or 5th leaf and remove the flowering buds.
Pruning park roses in spring
Park roses can not form for several years. In the spring spend only sanitary pruning. Shoots of old bushes a little shortened, so that the flowers were large and appeared in large numbers.
Trimming room roses in spring
No matter what they say, indoor roses can bloom at home every year. Only for this they need to be properly cut. They are recommended to be cut in the fall, not in the spring. It is permissible to cut indoor roses in March-April, only when the buds have not yet had time to blossom.
Shorten last year's shoots so that 3-4 well-developed buds remain on each branch. Give the bush the desired shape and remove all weak, thin, damaged, dry and growing inside branches.
Help your roses wake up in the spring! These beautiful plants are not as difficult to care as you think.
Pruning is an important part of caring for roses, and spring is the perfect time for this. Not only will you receive a lot of flowers as a reward, so your roses will be much healthier. Just remember that rose bushes forgive beginners and recover, even if you make a mistake when pruning. Cut them as you like, and then try again next year. You will instantly master the spring pruning!
We hope our advice on how to cut roses in the spring will give you confidence, and you will grow magnificent flowers in your garden or at home.
Rules for pruning roses in spring
Flower growers who do not have enough experience in working with roses first need to read and study the theoretical part. There are a lot of sources now, and if you are too lazy to read literature, you can view a variety of videos from flower cropping specialists in the spring.
In the theoretical part, almost everywhere it is stated that the pruning of flowers can be done only in spring time, since roses are fragile plants. If you cut the branches in the fall, the damage will not have time to drag on before the onset of cold weather. At low temperatures, the bushes already lose a lot of power, and with injuries it is simply no chance for roses to survive the winter. Early spring is a great time to remove, without hindrance, all damaged, old or dry branches, which only take away force, but do not bring good.
First of all, the plant should be carefully examined for the presence of various damages, old and dry branches, which will no longer be useful. On such branches, even the green mass does not grow. They are removed entirely, but the young shoots and branches, which show active growth in the spring, are cut off in a special way. For example, if you want to make a bush small and neat, each main branch is cut to the first or second upper bud. If you want to make a bush lush with a large number of buds, then you only need to trim each main branch, including the first upper bud.
The main branches are actually the main parts of the bush that form green mass and budstherefore, it is necessary to pre-select the strongest and most resistant shoots in order to get a bush that can survive all adverse conditions.
It is worth paying attention to the branches that begin to grow not along the bush, but towards the central part. Some growers leave such shoots without attention, and end up with an ugly shape, interlaced branches and flattened buds. All branches that grow in the direction of the central part of the bush must be completely removed in order for the roses to form correctly at the very beginning of the vegetative period. It will be most productive to choose a form in which there is simply no central part. The bush should resemble a dome-shaped structure, where the central part is absent and, thus, good moisture permeability can be achieved during watering or rain.
The size is usually left to form the bushes, which in height does not exceed 10–30 cm, but in some cases it is possible to form a crown in 1 m. The first option is more suitable for the front of the house, and the higher forms are used on the back side of the backyard.
Rules for cutting a curly rose
By curling rose should be treated very carefully. It differs thin branches that are intertwined not only among themselves, but can crawl on the fence or other plants. When pruning this variety of roses, in the first place, you need to pay attention to the branches that have chosen the wrong direction for growth. They need to be immediately removed, because then they will be more difficult to remove.
How to cut roses in spring? For a climbing grade You have to use other trim rules. Here, you first need to remove parts of the main branches to the upper first bud, but all lateral shoots are cut almost completely, leaving only 2-3 lower buds.
In the summertime, shoots can be removed, on which poor-looking buds have grown. Shorten such branches to the first healthy leaf. Curly rose grows much faster than other varieties, so the branches quickly return to their former state.
Formed by curved and flexible shoots that grow not only to the top, but also to the side. These forms, more characteristic of wild plants, are excellent for decorating hedges.
The cultivated rosehip belongs to the park roses, growing in lush dense bushes with a height of 1-1.5 m. The buds bloom from about the beginning of June. Elegant flowers will decorate the site for about a month.
Conducted sanitary and anti-aging trim. Cut the tops of the shoots mainly to give the plantings a beautiful well-groomed outlines.
They are distinguished by the ability to bloom intensively and continuously, resistant to diseases and frost. Different varieties grow to a height of 30 to 120 cm. Due to the weak pruning, the bushes bloom early.
The best option is pruning a medium species (3-6 buds are left on the shoot). At the same time, whips develop normally and give abundant flowering in summer.
Hybrid Tea Roses
Treat the most popular group and differ in magnificent refined flowers (with a diameter of 10-14 cm).
- Middle-grown varieties grow to 60-70 cm,
- tall to 80-100 cm
Spring hold medium pruning. Shrubs are made for decoration or cut flowers. For the purpose of landscaping flowerbeds and summer cottages, branches are not greatly shortened (8-12 buds are left), which creates a lush bloom in the future.
If roses are grown for bouquets, the stems are greatly shortened (leaving 1-2 buds).
Polyance varieties of roses
There are low (30-40 cm) and high (up to 60 cm). Strong branching plants bloom with small elegant flowers of white, red, pink shades. A distinctive feature of a room rose is a faint odor.
In the spring doing sanitary pruning bushes and forming. Moreover, in miniature varieties pruned shoots above 1-2 buds. In tall bushes do average pruning - leave 3-6 buds.
Chinese Room Rose
It belongs to the evergreen shrubs and can grow in height up to 3 meters. Spring pruning is carried out before the formation of buds, while using all its variants. Dry and bare stems are cut out completely, and green shoots are cut in half.
During the rejuvenating procedure, the stems are cut at a height of 15 cm (buds must be below the cut). Weak shoots are removed.
Allocated to a separate group. Low plants are grown both in open ground and at home.
When breeding these roses, particular importance is attached to the shape of the bushes. Therefore, in addition to sanitary pruning, great importance is attached to the formative one. For a decorative look, any cuts are made higher than the outer kidneys.
In the first year of life, cut out all the shoots to form a proportional bush. In adult plants, lateral shoots are generally shortened.
Features of climbing roses
These flowers have many species and are planted in areas near the walls, fences. Some varieties have flexible thin stems 3-4 m long, small flowers with a wonderful light scent. Roses are located along the entire length of the stems, so the plants are elegantly and stylishly decorated with arches, decorative tunnels. The main flowering period is from mid-June to early August.
Important types of pruning roses in the spring - sanitary, stimulating. In the bushes leave 3-7 main escape. For the replacement of old branches allowed growth of 1-3 shoots.
In order not to be mistaken when forming a bush, flower growers recommend to follow a simple rule. During the spring pruning of climbing varieties, it is necessary to remove as many old branches as new shoots grew at the base of the rose.
When growing climbing roses, it is important to create a quality skeleton base. Therefore, great importance is attached to spring sanitary pruning and removal of unproductive weak shoots. Curly varieties are considered to be self-healing - they produce young shoots that replace old ones. Therefore, most often it is enough to do minimal pruning - delete the oldest branches.
Интересная статья из журнала
Как и когда проводить обрезку роз весной
Если кусты на зиму не укрывались и не окучивались (Южный берег Крыма, Закавказье, Кубань), то проводить обрезку можно в период середина января-середина марта. В районах Подмосковья рекомендуется укорачивать кусты через 7-10 дней после раскрытия – чтобы проявились проблемные стебли. Clearly established calendar dates for work is difficult to allocate.
The time of pruning is determined by the area of growing roses, the state of the buds. As well as the period when the positive temperature was established.
Lunar cropping dates for 2018
It is recommended to do rose bushes on April 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. Remove dry, diseased or damaged branches. Bushes are being formed. If in April it was not possible, then according to the lunar calendar, you can allocate time from 7 to 13 May.
Experts recommend using only a well-sharpened tool, otherwise the shoots will wrinkle, the bark will be cut off or a ragged cut will be obtained. Some gardeners are accustomed to working only with shears, but you can prune with a saw, garden knife, pruner (for old shoots).
The main stages of work:
- shelter is removed and the bush is thoroughly cleaned from rotted small leaves. Dead and weak branches are completely cut,
- The instrument should be washed frequently with hot water and the blades treated with disinfectants. This will help avoid the transfer of pests, pathogens from one bush to another,
- side shoots of any thickness growing to the center of the bush are removed. Thanks to this, the roses will be better lit and aired. When working with thick branches, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, sections are necessarily covered with garden pitch or special formulations (Runnet). This will protect the stem from infections and will not allow the bush to lose juice,
- depending on the variety of roses and age, pruning is carried out, forming the shape of the bushes.