Virginian juniper is a “native” of North America, attributed to the Cypress family. This coniferous evergreen plant, preferring rocky places. To date, the plant is represented by several decorative varieties that take root pretty well on the territory of our country. In general, there are about 70 varieties of plants.
Juniper virgin is a shrub. There are both monoecious and dioecious plants. The height of the bush can reach 30 meters, with a trunk thickness of 150 centimeters.
The needles of the shrub have a dark green color. It is very small, not more than 2 millimeters, scaly.
From the first year of life on the shrub appear cones and berries, which give the plant an unusually attractive aesthetic appearance. In the process of ripening, the fruits become almost black in color with a clearly visible bluish bloom.
Juniper is considered a long-liver, it can grow for 500 years.
Virginia juniper is represented in our latitudes by several species, namely:
- Gray Owl, with a maximum height of 4 meters, but on average often barely reaches 1 meter. In the process of growth forms a multi-tiered crown. Variety tolerates both drought and frost.
- Glauca, with a spreading crown, capable of stretching up to 4 meters in 10 years of life. But the older the plant becomes, the less attractive it is. In winter, the needles acquire a purple hue.
- Juniper virginian Hetz. A variety that tolerates cold, heat, is not afraid of direct sunlight and undemanding to the soil.
- Skyrocket virgin. A distinctive feature of the variety is the ability to grow in the shade. It has soft needles, which in winter acquires a brown color.
- Canaertii. The variety grows in areas with a warm climate and has a loose crown.
- Golden Spring. It is a unique and crossed variety. It does not grow above 50 centimeters, but the trunk can reach 1.5 meters in diameter.
Juniper virginian Hetz: description of the variety
This is a vertical looking shrub with a sprawling shape. The height can reach 2 meters with a width of 3 meters. Obtained by crossing Chinese and Cossack varieties. Compared to other varieties considered fast growing.
The needles have a bluish-gray shade, and in winter it can become brown. Fruits have a dark blue color.
Shrub does not like the shadow, may even lose its natural color. It grows well in partial shade and in direct sunlight.
Juniper virginian Hetz does not require special soil, but it can not be tamped, it must be loose. In winter, it is recommended to tie the branches, as they are quite fragile and can break under the weight of snow. Ideal for creating a hedge.
But the most important distinctive feature of the shrub - abundant fruiting and wonderful aroma.
Juniper virginian Hetz Variyegata: description
Another interesting variety that is growing rapidly and well acclimatized in central Russia. For a year the plant adds 20 centimeters in height, that is, by 10 years the bush will extend up to 1 meter. It tolerates urban conditions, does not require special soil. Equally tolerates drought and frost, down to -34 degrees. It tolerates a haircut, but not a transplant.
The needles have a greenish-bluish tint with very rare patches of cream. It has a conical shape and a dense crown, which is ideal for regular gardens and hedges.
The advantages of the variety
Juniper virginian Hetz has many advantages in comparison with other varieties, but most importantly - the beauty and decorativeness of the shrub.
Other benefits include:
- Undemanding in the choice of soil and watering.
- Good adaptability to urban conditions.
- It has a high degree of resistance to pests, cold and heat.
- Early begins to bear fruit.
- Compared with most plants - representatives of cypress, rather quickly growing.
- The possibility of reproduction by grafting, seed method and by grafting.
- It tolerates a haircut and keeps its shape for a long time.
Juniper virginian Hetz is best purchased in containers, so young seedlings are ready for planting and will start growing quickly. It is best to plant shrubs in April, May or October, but be sure to immediately go to the place where it will grow constantly. If a plant has a closed root system, then it can be planted in open ground at almost any time of the year, naturally not in winter.
The plant must be planted together with the earth clod with which it is sold. It is best to place the bushes in well-lit areas. The main thing is to immediately create a composition, since it is not recommended to repot the juniper.
If the ground is heavy and / or clayey, then peat, sand or ordinary garden soil should be put in the pit. Pre-recommended drainage of the soil. This is done very simply - broken bricks and sand are laid on the bottom of the pit.
Top dressing and watering
Sometimes in the photo juniper virginian Hetz does not look very attractive. It is possible that the reason lies in the wrong care. When the bush is still young, it needs moderate watering, but it should be carried out regularly. When the plant grows up, watering is no longer required, juniper tolerates drought well. If the heat has settled down and lasts quite a long time, the shrub can be sprayed, but only in the evening or early in the morning, then it will not lose its decorative appeal.
It is recommended that in the spring (from April to May) a small amount of nitroammofoska be introduced into the soil in a proportion of 30-40 grams per 1 square meter.
According to the reviews of the juniper virgin Hetz, the plant is very beautiful and does not require pruning. Nevertheless, if it is required to form a hedge, then one cannot do without such measures. When trimming a plant, remember that it retains its shape for a long time, so each mistake will “disturb” the view.
Naturally, sanitization should be carried out regularly, remove the spread ends of the branches, thin out.
Many gardeners use snow as a shelter, but this method is suitable only for small, young shrubs. If the plant is already high or winters have little snow, then it is better to make a protective frame. As a cover, you can use non-woven fabric, for example, Kraft paper, which is placed in a double layer. The main thing that the lower part of the crown was open.
Planting and care of the juniper of the Virginian Hetz involves the shelter of bushes from February to March. The plant is rather difficult to tolerate strong drops in the winter-spring period. Often in the spring the nights are cold and in the daytime the sun is already very warm, burning the crown of the plant. Daily burns can cause a change in the color of the crown, it becomes brown-yellow, and this already reduces the decorative appeal.
Hand-made breeding of juniper is considered to be an amateurish occupation, since you can buy any variety in any specialized store. Nevertheless, people who love to create everything with their own hands, you should know that the plant can be propagated in three ways.
Cuttings. Cutting cuttings should be made in the spring, choosing young, but already lignified shoots. Their length should be from 5 to 7 centimeters, and the internodes are not less than 2. The main thing is that the cutting cannot be cut, it is necessary to tear it off with a delay so that the heel remains.
Cut off the stalk should be immediately treated with a root formation stimulator and planted in the ground with:
All components are formed in equal parts. Top ground sprinkled with coarse sand, and the cutting itself is covered with a jar of glass. By the fall of the roots should already appear.
Vaccinations. This method, as a rule, is used only if it is necessary to propagate a particularly valuable variety. It is necessary to act according to the standard procedure, but as practice shows, this method is not popular among gardeners, since juniper's survival rate is very low.
Seed method. Usually before planting seeds they are subjected to cold treatment. After it, the plant rises already at 4-5 months. If this is not done, the first shoots will appear only after 12 months. Seedlings can be planted in a permanent place only for 3 years after the ascent, that is, the procedure involves a huge reserve of patience.
Most often, juniper suffers from a fungal disease, which manifests itself in the form of spindle-shaped thickenings, blisters, swellings. The drying of the bark is clearly manifested, and the needles on the branches acquire a brown color. To cope with the problem, it is necessary to remove all the affected branches, to disinfect wounds using copper sulphate or garden var. Remember to burn damaged branches.
Planting, grooming and breeding rules are equally suitable for the varieties of virgin juniper Hetz Variegata and Hetz.
What are the varieties of juniper?
The following varieties exist:
- Juniper virginian hetz - a large plant. At first, its branches grow horizontally, but over time they rise. The needles have a bluish tint, the maximum height of the shrub is 1 meter.
- Juniper Virginia Gray Oul - The plant has smoky blue needles. The branches of a young plant are practically on the ground, but as they grow, it begins to lift its branches. When the cold weather comes, the needles acquire a lilac color.
- Kanaerti - this species has bright green needles. The berries on the plant have a blue color, and due to this a contrast effect is created.
Where is the best place to plant a virgin juniper?
Juniper belongs to unpretentious plants, therefore, tolerates different weather conditions. The plant has a strong root system, so temperature fluctuations and high humidity do not pose a particular threat to such a shrub.
Thanks to these qualities, virgin juniper is particularly popular.
When choosing a plot for planting, you should take into account the fact that the plant can grow, so the plot should be quite large. Having planted the plant in a small area, over time it may begin to interfere with other trees and bushes, or it may take up part of the garden path.
How to choose a plant for planting?
Choosing seedlings, you should pay attention to the root system of the plant. The seedling should be dug from the ground immediately before planting, or it should be in a special container.
When choosing a sapling, pay attention to the following nuances:
- how long ago dug a bush
- the age of the plant you want to plant
- Are the roots in earthy coma?
Young plants take root best and give fresh growth. It is necessary to dig a bush only with an earthy lump, since this plant has lateral branches besides the central root. It is an earthen room that allows the root system to not dry out.
It is not recommended to replant the plant in hot weather, as due to the strong evaporation of moisture juniper may not be taken.
Please note that if you plant a bush directly from the container, the likelihood that the juniper will take root increases several times. With this method of planting the root is not injured, so the survival rate can reach up to 100%. Planting plants from the container can be carried out at any time, starting in early spring, ending in late autumn.
The cost of a plant in a container is much higher, however, these costs pay off with a good survival rate.
Features reproduction, planting and care
Multiply This shrub can in the following ways:
Grafting is used very rarely. Often, gardeners prefer cuttings.
However, pay attention to the fact that graft cuttings require special care, otherwise they will not take root.
Shrubs should be planted in spring or autumn. During the landing, do not shake the earthen ball with the roots. The depth of the planting pit should be about 70 cm, seedlings should be planted at a distance of 0.5 to 2 m, it all depends on the variety.
Shrub care consists of the following activities:
- regular weeding,
- loosening the soil around the bush,
- periodic watering
In the first few months after planting the bush should be well watered. Depending on the weather, watering should be carried out from 2 to 5 times a week. Periodically check the soil moisture. Avoid the formation of crusts on the surface of the substrate, mulch the ground. For mulching, you can use pine needles, peat, or pine bark.
Juniper should be fed for 2 or 3 weeks after disembarkation. For top dressing, you should use rooting stimulants, which will help the shrub to start well.
After the final rooting of such a bush almost does not need to care. It is enough to periodically feed it with water-soluble fertilizers. However, pay attention to the fact that fertilization should be accompanied by abundant irrigation, otherwise fertilizing will not be as effective.
Pests and diseases
Although juniper is enough endures disease, periodically it should be inspected for insects and signs of disease.
Most often, these shrubs can be affected by fungal diseases. Such diseases include the following: rust, schutte and tracheomycosis.
Rust occurs due to fungus that forms orange-colored growths. To avoid rust, preventive measures should be taken - spray juniper with fungicides that are of biological origin.
This disease, as shyutte affects the needles in the early summer. Infected needles become covered with black spots. Over time, juniper will begin to lose their decorative properties. For treatment, spray and remove infected branches.
Virginia juniper often suffers from the following pests:
- Maybot larvae,
- gall midges,
- juniper aphid.
It is possible to fight pests with the help of special preparations that have a systemic effect.
Juniper Virginia Blue Arrow, is a vertical shrub in its shape resembling a fired arrow. The maximum height is 2-2.5 m, and the diameter is 0.5-0.7 m. Fast-growing, for the year adds about 15 cm in height and up to 5 cm in girth. The needles have a remarkable bright blue color. Fruits are blue cones.
Of all the varieties presented, this virgin juniper is the most demanding. When planting you need to take into account its exceptional light-loving and the need for protection from the wind.
It is frost-resistant, but during the period of heavy snowfalls it is necessary to shake off the branches in order to avoid their break-off. Drought-resistant, but with prolonged heat requires additional spraying. It is better to pick up the soil with nutritious, with good drainage, to avoid soil compaction.
A distinctive feature of this variety is that the branches begin to grow from the very bottom. Does not need additional pruning.
Characteristics of juniper virginsky
Juniperus Virginiana is an evergreen, reaching 30 meters tall. The diameter of the trunk of an adult tree can reach 150 m. The young juniper, which has not yet managed to settle, has a narrow crown, resembling an egg in shape. After maturation, the branches of the tree diverge to the sides, the plant acquires a columnar appearance.
The trunk covers the flaking bark of a brown color. The wood eventually becomes covered with longitudinal cracks. The shoots of this plant are very thin, dark green scaly or needle-shaped needles in size does not exceed 2 mm. The main color of the needles is green with different shades depending on the season and age, and in winter it acquires a brown-green color.
The berries are ball-shaped, have a dark blue color with a bluish bloom. They ripen by autumn, remain on the trees until frost. Compared to other varieties, Juniperus Virginiana has several indisputable advantages:
- Rapid growth, resistance to diseases and pests. Survives quite well in urban environments.
- It has early fruiting.
- Reproduction occurs in several ways - by grafting and seeds. Some gardeners propagate plants by cutting.
- It endures well tolerates cold, but may suffer during heavy snow.
- Resistant to drought, does not require special care and constant watering.
- Not picky to the ground. It grows best in sandy soil, light clay and loamy limestone.
- It responds well even to a radical haircut. After holding it for a long time retains its shape.
- Outing to the shade, but does not tolerate transplant.
- The main advantage is its beauty. This specimen is especially decorative at a young age. Due to its aesthetic qualities, it is most often used in parks and gardens.
Specific landing and care
In nature, Juniperus Virginiana propagates with the help of seeds, in the fall from the fruits they fall into the ground and in a year give the first shoots. Gardeners propagate this plant by cutting. If you do not hold special events, only half of all cuttings can take root. When using stimulants, the result can be improved up to 80%.
Choosing a landing site, you must rely on the main characteristics of the tree. Virgin juniper is considered not so fastidious plant: it does not require the creation of special conditions. The soil in which the tree will be planted must be dry and drained. To accommodate seedlings, it is better to choose well-lit areas. If there is a lack of sunlight and heat, the plant will not die, but its growth will be slowed down, and the aesthetic qualities will suffer greatly.
Planting and caring for juniper virgin has a number of nuances. Representatives of this variety have a core root system, it has well developed lateral branching. In this regard, transplanting juniper seedlings requires digging up roots with a large amount of earth. When the seedling is transported to a new place, the earth is not shaken off, planting is carried out together with the earth clod. If the roots of the plant are not covered with earth, then before planting it is necessary to further treat the soil. Soil irrigated with root formation stimulants, and the planting itself is recommended in wet rainy or overcast weather. Planting work is wiser to organize in the fall or spring. In order for the tree to get enough oxygen, it is necessary to dig it in so that the neck of the rhizome is above ground level.
After the plant has been planted, it must be watered abundantly.
The essence of the care of the seedling is to periodically carry out measures for weeding, moistening, loosening and mulching the soil around it.
Most of all, compliance with these procedures is necessary for young plants. These actions contribute to creating a sufficient level of moisture in the soil and air to the roots. After the planting was done, the ground around the trees should be covered with peat, wood chips or pine bark. Top dressings are introduced at the initial stage of development, which falls on April or May. You can use a fertilizer called "Kemira Universal", suitable and nitroammofoska.
Planting and care for juniper differ depending on the method of reproduction. If it is carried out by cutting, then juniper cuttings must be prepared in late spring. They must have part of the bark of an adult tree. Before planting, the holes in which the cuttings will be placed are covered with a special mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. After the seedlings have been dug in, it is necessary to spray water on them and cover tightly with film so that the moisture does not evaporate. Within 2 months the plant takes root, and until then the cuttings need to be constantly aired and sprinkled with water. After 2-3 years, you can transfer seedlings to their permanent place.
The most popular varieties
There are about 70 varieties of virgin juniper, photos can be seen below. The most popular ones are as follows:
Glauca. The crown of such a tree has the shape of a column and a dense branch, directed strictly vertically. Juniper can grow in heights above 6 m. Juniper Virginia Glauka is distinguished by its rapid development: it increases by an average of 20 cm a year. The needles have a blue-green tint, from the beginning to the center it has a needle structure, by the end it is replaced by a scaly one. With frost, needles change base color to bronze. The main advantage of this variety is that it tolerates a haircut. It is easy for him to give the necessary form, and it will be preserved for a long time. This plant is used as a decorating element in alleys and squares. One popular use case is creating a hedge.
Hetz It is a low shrub with a spreading crown. The height of the juniper Hetz is only 1 m, and the diameter of the crown may be about 3 m. It has loose horizontal branches. The distinctive feature of the varieties of virgin Hets is a pronounced flavor. Its needles have a gray-blue color, which changes to a brown with frosts. The branches are abundantly covered with berries of dark blue. This variety, like other varieties of virgin juniper, loves sunny color. If you put him in the shade, the color will be less bright. Virginia Hets is used in landscape design to create various compositions.
Juniper varieties Gray owl - It is a shrub with large sprawling branches located horizontally. An adult virgin Gray Oul does not exceed 3 m, and the crown diameter can be up to 7 m. Each year, the plant increases in length by 10 cm and in width by 20 cm. Needles from the variety Virgini Gray Oul are gray-blue or gray-green colors, in the winter gets a purple shade. It has a needle structure at the base and scaly at the ends of the branches. Gray Owl berries are shaped like a blue-gray ball. In the cold season, the ends of the branches may freeze slightly. Juniper Virginia Gray Oul perfectly tolerates the heat, if it is sufficiently well watered. When planting Gray Owl you need to observe the spacing between seedlings of 1.5 m.
Such varieties as juniper Virginian Skyrocket and Blue Cloud are quite well known.
Grade Gray Оwl
Shrub prostrate in the form of a funnel with a height of 2 to 3 meters. The crown grows to 5 meters wide.
There is a height increase of 10 centimeters per year, a width of 20-40 centimeters. The crown shape of Gray Оwl has a neat beautiful view with branches directed downwards. The needles consist of scales, inside the needle structure.
Features landing virgin juniper:
- in the shade it becomes loose, losing the properties of the decor,
- the plant loves the light
- resistant to drought, but during particularly hot periods it requires moisture,
- grows well on soils with moderate moisture,
- tolerates frosts.
Scope applies to the construction of heather, gravel and Japanese gardens.
- landing group
- single landings,
- rock garden,
The shrub will decorate the landscape of any locality, transforming the environment into a work of art created by nature.
Shrub with sprawling crown. The adult plant of the cypress family Hetz reaches a diameter of 3 meters. Height growing under 1.5 meters.
The structure of the needles scaly gray-blue color, small. Fleshy, ball-shaped fruits are also bluish in color.
All components of the juniper of this species are poisonous, so you should be careful in applying and ennobling with the help of the Hetz shrub.
- the variety grows well, both in shady areas and in the sun,
- frost resistant
- soil conditions do not require special nutrition and moisture,
- soil intolerance with compacted composition,
- drought resistant
- landing on the slopes
- group and single landing,
- hedge option.
It is recommended to know that the shrub tolerates a haircut well, so it is possible to change the appearance of its territory with ease and necessity.
Read the interesting article on juniper Golden Carpet here.
Coniferous evergreen breed. The shrub forms a thick consistency flooring, the plant crown structure is densely located.
Growth rate is average. Virginia Glauk juniper grows up to 9 meters high and 2 meters wide.
The color of the needles is the same both in summer and in winter - green with a bluish tint. Shrub scales are located either against each other, or in whorls of 3 each.
- territory saturated with light
- the soil is suitable both acidic and alkaline. Dry and wet areas with drainage, poor in nutrients.
- frost resistant
- resistant to city climate
- tolerant of industrial emissions,
- drought resistant
It should be remembered that any ornamental plant requires care and care.
It is necessary to monitor the growth of shrubs, in time to take the necessary measures for favorable growth and livelihoods of plantings.
How to grow juniper in the apartment, read this article.
Juniper - an assistant in getting rid of various diseases:
- inflammatory processes of the respiratory system,
- burns, bruises, ulcers.
It is very important to know that all methods of using juniper are used only as a prophylactic agent. In any case, it is necessary to consult a doctor, and the medicinal properties of coniferous shrubs will serve as an accelerator for healing. Strength and healing ingredients will help to cope and relieve symptoms along with medications.
Watch the video review from the expert on juniper Virgin Gray Oul: