Spicy and medicinal herbs

Bitter wormwood: plant appearance and benefits

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Mystical protective and, of course, healing properties of wormwood are known to mankind for a long time. In ancient Russia wormwood was used to scare away evil spirits and mermaids, as well as for healing. Given that wormwood is a very common plant, many famous healers of antiquity used it in the treatment of their patients.

Description of the species

Bitter wormwood belongs to perennial herbaceous plants, has a pronounced specific odor. The average plant height ranges from forty to one hundred and twenty centimeters, and in particularly favorable conditions wormwood can reach even larger sizes.
The stem of the plant is upright and fairly branched.

The leaves of wormwood in general outline are rounded triangular, pinnate, dissected. The location of the lower leaves have long petioles, in the middle part of the plant petioles shorter, and the upper foliage is attached directly to the stem. Wormwood is also called silver because of the short pressed hairs that it is covered with.

Flowers of wormwood are small, have a yellow corolla and a tubular structure. Inflorescences of wormwood form a basket of very small diameter (only 3 millimeters). Flower baskets of plants form a panicle on the top of the plant. The peculiarity of wormwood flowers is that the female flowers are marginal and the middle flowers are bisexual.
The seeds of wormwood are very small (about 1 millimeter), the color is brownish and gray, oblong in shape.
The beginning of flowering of the plant falls on July and lasts until August, and in August and September the seeds ripen. Wormwood is a very prolific plant, each capable of producing up to one hundred thousand seeds.

Bitter wormwood belongs to one of the most common plants, it can be found almost everywhere, both in garden plots and gardens, and in landfills, along roads, in forests, near water bodies.
Bitter wormwood is known not only to Russian residents, but also to residents of the entire Eurasian continent, North African and North American residents.

Collecting and harvesting

For therapeutic purposes, use both the grass and the leaves of the plant. Harvesting of leafy raw materials is produced before the beginning of flowering of wormwood, that is, in early summer. When harvesting leaves, they are cut off without petioles. When picking herbs, be careful, because wormwood is a very potent plant.

The collection of wormwood grass is carried out during the flowering period of the plant, the upper part of the plant goes to the workpiece, which is cut with a sickle or with a knife. In the preparation of used flowering stems and leaves. The cut is made at a distance of about twenty-five centimeters from the top.
If the collection of raw materials is not made during the specified periods, the grass after drying changes color to dark gray, and the inflorescences of panicles turn brown and quickly crumble.

Drying of the harvested raw materials is carried out under a shed or in a well-ventilated attic. Grass spread on a cloth or paper is not too thick (up to seven centimeters). Drying herbs can be done in dryers at a temperature not exceeding 50 ° C. If the drying temperature is higher, then all the essential oils that make up the wormwood will simply evaporate.
Storage of finished raw materials occurs in canvas bags or paper bags. Harvested grass can be used for two years.

Medicinal properties

The bitter taste of wormwood is explained by its bitter glycosides, such as anabintin and absintin. Essential oils, organic acids, including ascorbic acid, vitamins K and B6, flavonoids, carotene are also found in the composition of wormwood. Also found in the composition of wormwood is a small amount of phytoncides and tannins.

Many healers of antiquity knew this plant and it was widely used in the treatment of various diseases. But thanks to modern research, it was possible to find out for certain the real healing properties of wormwood. And despite the fact that many myths about the wonderful healing power of wormwood have been dispelled, it is still being used in combination with other medicinal herbs and in its pure form.

Preparations based on wormwood have a stimulating effect on the digestive system of the body, improves appetite, and motility of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the wormwood has excellent antihelminthic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and anti-ulcer properties. Also, wormwood has a positive effect on the organism as a whole, activates metabolic processes, and the antitumor and antidiabetic activity of the constituent components of wormwood has also been identified.

Medical recipes

Folk healers often use wormwood to treat diseases such as scrofula, tuberculosis, dropsy, bladder diseases, kidney inflammation, dropsy, hemorrhoids.

  • Cough drops:
  • Wormwood (20 grams) is poured with half a liter of vodka, then set aside in a cool, dark place and insist for 24 hours. At one reception is one tablespoon of infusion, you need to use it before meals, three times a day. And once just before bedtime. Not recommended for the treatment of cough in children.
  • Broth for the treatment of the pancreas: A pair of tablespoons of dry crushed herbs of wormwood is poured with 2 milliliters of boiling water and boiled for a quarter of an hour in a water bath. After that within half an hour it is cooled, filtered, pressed out and brought to the initial volume with boiled water. The reception of the finished broth is made fifteen minutes before a meal and it is recommended to bite it with eight grains of the homeo drug Iris-3x.
  • Antihelmintic agent of wormwood and garlic (decoction for enemas): A preparation of wormwood and a decoction of garlic (each separately) is prepared. In order to prepare garlic decoction, one medium-sized head of garlic and one glass of water are taken. Ready broths are mixed in a ratio of 1: 2 (garlic decoction / wormwood decoction) and are used for enemas, which must be done for several days. Such a tool perfectly helps to fight pinworms.
  • Wormwood syrup for treating liver, stomach, kidneys and urinary tract: To prepare wormwood syrup, you must take a hundred grams of wormwood herb and soak it in clean water (preferably spring water) for a day. It is then boiled for about half an hour over low heat in a well-closed container. After adding four hundred grams of sugar (but better honey), then boil for the same amount. Ready syrup take 1.5 teaspoons to four times a day for half an hour before meals.
  • Mixtures for the treatment of alcoholism: First warrior mixture includes: the same number of wormwood, thyme and centaury. A mixture of these medicinal herbs is poured with a glass of boiling water, the container is tightly closed and well wrapped, and left to infuse for two hours. After as usual filter and take up to four times a day for a tablespoon.
    Second option includes: wormwood - 2 grams, creeping thyme - 8 grams. From a mixture of herbs, pour a couple of tablespoons into the pan and pour half a liter of boiling water, boil for about ten minutes, leave to infuse for twenty minutes. After strain, squeeze and bring to the original volume by adding boiled water. At one time, use a third of a glass three times a day. The duration of admission to one month, after which a break is made for one to one and a half months, after the course is repeated again.
  • Treatment of chronic gastritis, accompanied by increased acidity: A teaspoon of crushed herbs wormwood brew like a normal tea (400 ml of water). Wait twenty minutes until brewed, and take a pile 20 minutes before meals, three times a day. The same wormwood tea, in the same proportions helps with heartburn.
  • Outwardly, fresh wormwood is used as follows: Soak a gauze bandage with fresh juice and use it to get rid of corns and to treat various injuries. The juice of wormwood helps to stop bleeding, has a disinfecting effect, and also promotes healing of wounds. If you take fresh grass of wormwood and knead well, then it can be used in the form of compresses for the treatment of bruises, sprains, it has a similar effect in the treatment of sprains.
  • For the treatment of periphlebitis (inflammatory processes in the area of ​​veins and near-venous tissue, occur with varicose veins): Wormwood, fresh freshly crushed, can be skipped through a meat grinder and mixed in equal proportions with yogurt. The finished mixture is applied to gauze or bandage and in the form of a compress is applied to those places where there is the greatest expansion of the veins. When the compress is applied, it is desirable to lay the legs comfortably on the pillow and cover with any film material. The compress is applied for half an hour, after it is removed.
  • Antihelmintic composition: Grind thoroughly (in powder) dried herbs taken in equal parts: wormwood grass, flaxseeds and cloves. The finished powder in the amount of one and a half teaspoons to use with a glass of carrot juice. This mixture of herbs perfectly helps in getting rid of worms and some other parasites. This is primarily due to the fact that the wormwood itself affects the adult generation and the intermediate of more than one hundred species of various parasites, and the carnation copes with eggs and larvae. Therefore, this combination has the most beneficial effect on the excretion of parasites.

Other use of wormwood

Wormwood is a bitter application for economic purposes. It is used as a spice; for this purpose, both fresh and dried leaves are taken, sometimes shoots. In one of the most famous alcoholic beverages - in absinthe - a mixture of various herbs is used, but the main component is precisely the wormwood.

Broth wormwood is used to protect garden crops from all sorts of pests by spraying the plants.
In addition, the fresh grass of wormwood is used to scare away ants, and for breeding fleas, for this purpose it is laid out around the house or under carpets.

Contraindications

Long-term medication (more than one month) on the basis of wormwood can develop the appearance of convulsive phenomena (wormwood epilepsy), hallucinations and mental disorders.
Acceptance of wormwood in any form is contraindicated for pregnant women at any time, as well as during breastfeeding.

Admission wormwood is contraindicated for anemia, enterocolitis and bleeding. Since wormwood helps to reduce acidity, it should not be taken in the presence of a stomach ulcer or gastritis, accompanied by low acidity.
You should not take wormwood products in the presence of individual intolerance or allergic reactions to wormwood.

Types and their features

The genus of wormwood includes about 400 species of this plant. On the territory of Russia you can find about 150 species. Most of these species belong specifically to medicinal plants. The most famous and popular are the following types:

  • Citrus. This plant is also called tsitvarny or Turkestan seed. This species is a low perennial shrub. It prefers to grow in dry climates, most common in Central Asia. Here the plant is harvested in the wild, and also grown as a pharmacological raw material. Citrus wormwood is a medicinal plant, but it is highly poisonous. This wormwood is used to make valuable bactericidal essential oil. In addition, this plant is a very effective tool in the fight against worms. The tool is used externally as an anti-inflammatory, with rheumatism, with skin diseases, with gout, with neuralgia. Blackberry wormwood can also heal wounds and burns well.
  • Common or Chernobyl. The height of this plant can reach 1.5 meters. This type is considered a weed. It can often be found on waste grounds, on roadsides, in gardens. It is customary to use only the top of the shoots with flowers. In medicine, this herb is not so popular, unlike wormwood. Despite this, in the people this species is valued no less, and at the same time it is not very different from the wormwood. Chernobylnik has a milder taste and effect, it can be used orally as a choleretic, astringent. It is also recommended to be used in order to normalize appetite and digestion, with epilepsy and nervous disorders. It is worth noting that Chernobyl is often used as a seasoning, most often for meat dishes made from duck or goose. Of this type is also made spicy mixture, which includes basil, thyme and rosemary.
  • Lemon or abrotane. In the people, this type of herb is often called medicinal polynya, the godly tree, and also dill. The plant was known to people in ancient times. The herb has been used to treat fevers and snake bites. The healing properties of the tree of God are described in the ancient medical treatises found. Also, this type of herb was often used in cooking as a spice, as it contained the least bitterness. This type of wormwood contains many essential oils, which are used in cosmetology and perfumery, alcoholic beverage and confectionery industries. It is also worth noting that in ancient times the tree of God was a sacred plant. It was used in magic. According to legends, the tree of God is able to drive out evil spirits. Therefore, branches of wormwood are often used to hang near the exit of the house. In the Slavic peoples wormwood is a strong talisman that is able to protect from the evil eye. But the ancient magical rituals are gradually gone, and now the tree of God is just a beautiful ornamental shrub that adorns our summer cottages. Experimenting and forming the crown of the shrub, you can get a good green fence.

Growing area

Bitter (or white) wormwood is found everywhere. This plant prefers to grow near roads, landfills, wastelands, forest edges and littered meadows. Very often this plant can be found near houses, in a garden and a kitchen garden, it forms dense thickets and is a very tenacious and resistant weed.

This type of grass is quite common in Europe, also grows in West Asia and North Africa. In Russia, most often bitter grass is found on the territory of Siberia and in the northern regions. It is grown industrially in the USA, in Russia, in North Africa, in the southern countries of Europe. On the basis of dry raw materials, as a rule, essential oil is produced.

general description

But what does this grass look like? Bitter wormwood has two distinctive features: a characteristic aroma and a silvery shade of leaves. Thanks to these characteristics, white wormwood is easily distinguished among other plants in nature.

  • The plant is branched, taproot.
  • Straight stems, branched at the top. At the base of the plant, upright shoots are formed.
  • Leaves petiolate, pinnatisect, alternate. Leaves and stem differ silvery pubescence.
  • Flowers are collected in panicles, tubular, yellow. Small baskets and leaves are formed on panicles.

The height of bitter grass can be up to 2 meters, the plant is presented in the form of semi-shrubs. Quite successfully tolerates frost and drought.

Preparation of medicinal raw materials

Let's consider, how to prepare wormwoodwhile retaining all the useful properties:

  • It is necessary to collect only the tops of flowering plants, while the stems are cut off about 20 cm in length. Most often, the rough parts are separated, they are not used. Despite this, the whole stem is considered useful. In addition, the root of wormwood is also used, or rather, its soft processes. The root must be dug in the fall and dried in the same way as the above-ground part.
  • Panicles with flowers should be collected at the very beginning of flowering. As a rule, this period lasts from June to July. The leaves should be collected in May, while they are slightly bitter and tender.
  • To dry the raw material, it is necessary to lay out a thin layer under a canopy, or hang the shoots tied together in bunches. The room for drying plants must be ventilated.
  • After drying, the grass must be packaged in canvas bags or wooden containers.

The upper part of the plant is stored for 3 years, and the leaves are stored for 2 years.

Beneficial features

Bitter wormwood has the following healing and pharmacological properties:

  • Anticonvulsant,
  • Secretory,
  • Blood cleaning
  • Carminative,
  • Soothing
  • Anti-inflammatory,
  • Painkiller
  • Antitumor,
  • Antiseptic,
  • Antihelminthic,
  • Appetizing,
  • Diuretic.

Chemical composition includes the following valuable substances:

  • Essential oil, which includes ketone, thujone, pinene, fellandrene,
  • Bitterness: absintin, artabsin,
  • Tannins.

Indications for use

The plant is considered to be very effective in the following diseases:

  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Отвар и настой на основе полыни горькой способен принести пользу пищеварению, устраняя изжогу, вздутие, спазмы в желудке и кишечнике, нормализует аппетит, вылечивает запор и хронический понос, язвенные колиты, воспаление слепой кишки и геморрой.In addition, the herb can increase the acidity of gastric juice, stimulate the production of pancreatic juice and bile, helps during vomiting, cleanses the body during food poisoning, including poisoning by mushrooms.
  • Metabolic disorders in the body. Bitter wormwood is able to normalize metabolism, stimulate metabolic processes, while cleansing the body from toxins and toxins. That is why this grass is drunk in order to reduce weight, following a complex diet.
  • Diseases of the urinary system. Plants have different properties that contribute to the removal of kidney stones. Wormwood is also a painkiller during renal colic.
  • Diseases of the respiratory system. Broth wormwood is often used for influenza, acute respiratory viral infections, viral and colds. But also used to treat cough and fever. In addition, the remedy is prescribed for bronchial asthma, but with the condition that the patient is not allergic to grass.
  • Gynecological diseases. White wormwood can restore the menstrual cycle, so it is used during painful menstruation, it can reduce the swelling of the intestine and reduce spasms.
  • Diseases of the nervous system. Even in ancient times, the grass was used to improve memory and good sleep. Wormwood can soothe the human nervous system. Doctors recommend using it for nervous tension, exhaustion, fatigue, epilepsy and neurasthenia.
  • Tumors. Herb has anti-tumor properties. That is why infusions and decoctions are drunk in the fight against cancer, as well as for treatment and prevention. Infusions and decoctions while taken inside, and with existing cancer lesions of the skin are made lotions.
  • Herpes. As mentioned earlier, the herb has antiviral properties. Wormwood can not cure herpes virus, but can ease the course of the disease, reduces the frequency of rashes. With herpes wormwood must be taken in the form of a decoction inside. Also a good antiherpetic remedy is a herbal collection of a series of wormwood, celandine and oregano.
  • Outdoor use. Wormwood is an excellent disinfectant, analgesic, wound-healing agent. It is recommended for use in otolaryngology during otitis and sore throat. Making lotions and compresses, you can cure boils, burns, eczema, ulcers, boils, wounds, fungal diseases. In addition, the plant can relieve pain and swelling during sprains, sprains, diseases of the joints, muscles. Wormwood is quite effective during allergic diseases.
  • Parasitic diseases. Many years ago, people used tansy and wormwood as a tool in the fight against worms. Especially effective this tool is in the fight against ascaris and pinworms.
  • Restorative remedy. In addition to the above properties, the grass is able to tone up well, to give strength with increased physical exertion. It can be used as a preventive measure to strengthen the body’s immune system.

Side effects

A long course and overdose can lead to side effects:

  • Hallucinations,
  • Allergy in the form of itching and urticaria,
  • Loss of consciousness,
  • Digestive disorders in the form of nausea, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, vomiting,
  • Tremor,
  • Convulsions
  • Headaches,
  • Dizziness.

Before applying the infusion or decoction based on bitter wormwood, you need to remember the following:

  • The course of treatment and dosage should be prescribed by a doctor
  • The duration of treatment should not exceed 2 weeks,
  • Repeated courses should be administered based on treatment efficacy and side effects.
  • Wormwood is forbidden to use for children under 12 years old,
  • If any side effects occur during treatment, the use of the remedy should be canceled and consult a specialist.

Plant description

Grass wormwood - herba artemisiae absinthii
Leaves of wormwood - folia artemisiae absinthii
Wormwood - artemisia absinthium l.
Sem. Asteraceae - asteraceae (compositae)
Other names: vermouth bitterness

Perennial herbaceous plant with many-headed short rhizome and taproot (Fig. 5.59).
Stems numerous, slightly ribbed, branched in the upper part, 50–100 (120) cm high. Rosette and lower stem leaves are long-petiolate, twice or thrice pinnate, stem leaves alternate, petiolate, apical - sessile, solid or tripartite. The whole plant is silver-gray due to dense pubescence, with a strong peculiar "wormwood" smell.
Flowers all tubular, yellow, in spherical drooping baskets with a diameter of 2.5-4 mm.
Baskets collected on short branches in one-sided brush, forming a pan-like common inflorescence.
Fetus - seed.
Blooms in June - August, the fruits ripen in September - October.

Spread

Spread. It grows throughout the European part of the country, in the south of Western Siberia and the Krasnoyarsk Territory, in the steppe, forest-steppe regions and the southern part of the forest zone, where it forms in places significant thickets.

Habitat Like a weed on disturbed habitats - young fallow lands, grazing with loose soils, in populated areas, near roads, in vegetable gardens, field fields, gardens.

Precedence

When collecting raw materials instead of wormwood, collectors sometimes mistakenly collect the grass of other types of wormwood. Most often it is the grass of Sivers wormwood, wormwood, and Austrian wormwood.

Austrian wormwood (Artemisia austriaca Jacq.) - a plant 20-60 cm tall with almost white, small (up to 3 cm in length) twice and triply separated or dissected leaves, whose segments are not wider than 1 mm. Flower baskets are not drooping, with a diameter of about 3 mm, with yellow or reddish-yellow flowers. It is distributed in the steppe and forest-steppe regions of the European part of the country, the Caucasus, Siberia, and also Kazakhstan. It grows on steppe pastures, roadsides.

Fig. 5.60. Wormwood (1) and wormwood (2).

Wormwood (Artemisia vulgaris L.), or Chernobylnik - a plant 100-150 cm tall. Stems are ribbed, usually reddish. The lower and middle stem leaves are pinion-split with broadly lanceolate or linear-lanceolate large-toothed segments, with edges slightly wrapped on the lower side, leaves in the inflorescence - three- or five-dissected, less often whole. The main diagnostic sign that distinguishes wormwood from wormwood, is the character of the pubescence of the leaves. The upper side of the leaf is dark green, bare, the bottom is whitish-felt (not silver!). The flowers are reddish, collected in obovate, oblong or elliptical baskets with a diameter of 2-3 mm (Fig. 5.60). It grows everywhere as a weed and ruderal plant. The herb wormwood is part of the collection for the preparation of the mixture according to the recipe M.N. Zdrenko number 2.

Sivers Wormwood (Artemisia sieversiana Willd.) - plant 30-120 cm tall. Stems heavily ribbed. The leaves are broad-triangular in outline, silver-gray, fossa-ferruginous, lower and middle stem - long-petiolate, up to 12 cm long, twice and thrice pinnate on oblong or linear-oblong segments, with 1-2 pairs of segments in the base of the petiole (the so-called " with ears ”). Baskets hemispherical drooping, with a diameter of up to 6 mm. Asian species, found in the same habitats as wormwood bitter.

Microscopy

When viewing a sheet from the surface, epidermal cells with winding walls are visible. The stoma on both sides of the leaf is surrounded by 3-5 cells of the epidermis (anomocytic type). Characterized by numerous T-shaped hairs, consisting of a short 2-4-cell leg, carrying a short thin-walled cell with pointed ends, attached to the leg in the middle and lying horizontally. Places attachment hairs have the form of round rollers. On both sides of the leaf are large oval ethereal oil glands with a transverse septum (top view). Along the edges of the leaf and in the section of the glands it can be seen that they consist of 8 (less often 6) excretory cells located in 2 rows and 4 tiers on a short single-celled pedicle (fig. 5.61).

Fig. 5.61. Microscopy of a leaf of wormwood:
A - leaf epidermis from the surface:
1 - epidermis cell,
2 - stomata
3 - piece of iron,
4 - T-shaped hair,
B - a fragment of the cross section of the sheet:
1 - epidermis of the upper side,
2 - T-shaped hair,
3 - palisade fabric.

Harvesting and storage of raw materials

Stocking Harvest two types of raw materials: grass and leaves. Leaves Collect fully developed, before flowering or at the very beginning of flowering, in May - June, with shortened shoots, as well as rosette and lower stem. Leaves tear hands.

Grass harvested at the beginning of flowering in June - August, cut off with the sickles or knives the tops of the shoots 20-25 cm long without the rough base of the stems. Procurement lasts 10-15 days. Collected at a later date, the raw material during drying becomes dark gray, and the baskets turn brown and crumble. Then, foreign plants and coarse stems with a diameter of more than 3 mm are removed from the freshly harvested grass.

Both types of raw materials are collected separately.

Security measures. It is forbidden to pull out plants with roots.

Drying. Dry the grass and leaves in attics, under sheds or in the open air in the shade, spreading the raw material in a thin layer (up to 3-5 cm) on paper or on fabric and stirring occasionally. Heat drying with heating up to 40 ºС is allowed. In good weather, the grass dries in 5-7 days, the leaves - in 3-5 days. The end of the drying is determined by the fragility of the stems and leaf stalks.

Standardization. GF XI, vol. 2, Art. 44.

Storage. According to the rules of storage of essential oil raw materials packed in bales or bags. Shelf life up to 2 years.

The chemical composition of wormwood

Grass and leaves of wormwood contain

  • 0.5-2% essential oil, which consists of
    • bicyclic monoterpenoids - tuyol (10-25%), thujone (about 10%),
    • pinen and others
  • and also azulene sesquiterpene lactones, which give the grass of wormwood a peculiar bitter taste - artabsin, absintin (dimer of artabsin).

Green and blue oil color wormwood due to azulenes.

Also contained

  • flavonoids,
  • organic acids
  • tannins,
  • carotenoids and
  • other compounds.

Pharmacological properties of wormwood

Irritating the end of the gustatory nerves in the mouth, bitter substances wormwood reflex strengthen secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract. The main value belongs to absintin, which increases secretion

  • bile
  • pancreatic and
  • gastric juices.

Essential oil of wormwood

  • stimulates the central nervous system,
  • has a cardiotonic effect, similar to camphor.

Large doses of drugs wormwood cause cramps in animals.

Azulen isolated from grass, possesses

  • antiallergic,
  • antispasmodic,
  • anti-inflammatory and
  • analgesic properties.

The amount of lactones and polysaccharides isolated from wormwoodrender

  • anti-inflammatory effect
  • activate proliferative phenomena in the area of ​​mucous membrane damage,
  • stimulate factors of nonspecific immunity.

There is information about bactericidal and fungicidal properties unsaturated hydrocarbons isolated from plants.

The use of wormwood

Wormwood preparations are used in diseases involving secretory insufficiency of the gastrointestinal tract without acute inflammation.

Under the influence of bitterness,

  • along with a general tonic effect on the nervous system,
  • digestion improves,
  • salivation increases,
  • digestive enzymes release is activated,
  • increased secretion of bile into the intestines.

Preparations of wormwood are taken before meals.

Prolonged use of wormwood preparations can cause mild poisoning, in severe cases it can be accompanied by general toxic effects with hallucinations and seizures (“wormwood” epilepsy). Preparations of wormwood are contraindicated in case of increased secretion, gastric ulcer and during pregnancy.

Wormwood is used in the alcoholic beverage industry, in the food industry as a spice.

Medicines

  1. Wormwood herb, raw minced. Means that improves the appetite and digestion.
  2. Wormwood leaves, raw minced. Means that improves the appetite and digestion.
  3. As part of the collection to excite the appetite and anti-alcohol collection "Stop".
  4. Component of a bitter tincture (herb).
  5. Wormwood tincture (tincture (1: 5) on 70% ethyl alcohol from the herb wormwood). Means that improves the appetite and digestion.
  6. Wormwood extract is thick (extract of wormwood from the grass). Means, stimulates the appetite and strengthens the activity of the digestive organs.
  7. Tincture and extract are included in the composition of complex drugs (gastric drops, gastric tablets, Vitaon, Maraslavin).
  8. Water-alcohol extraction is a part of general strengthening balms and elixirs (“Original big Bittner balm”, “Original Maurer balm”, “Altai elixir”, etc.).

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Types of wormwood

The genus of wormwood includes about 400 species. In Russia, there are over 150 species. Many of them belong to medicinal plants. What types are most known and most often used in traditional medicine?

  • Wormwood tsitvarnaya. It is also called - tsitvarnoe, Turkestan seed. This is a low perennial shrub. Loves a dry climate, common in Central Asia. Here, the plant is collected in the wild and grown as a pharmacological raw material. Treats medical, but strongly poisonous plants. From it receive valuable bactericidal essential oil. It is also an effective remedy for worms (especially the seeds of the plant). It is used externally as an anti-inflammatory agent for skin diseases, rheumatism, neuralgia, gout, heals wounds and burns well.
  • Common wormwood, or Chernobyl herb. It can reach a height of 150 cm. Refers to weeds. It can often be seen on waste grounds, near roadsides, in gardens. Collect only the apical part of the shoots with flowers. In scientific medicine, the grass is not as popular as wormwood. However, in the people this species is valued no less, and, in general, it does not differ much. Chernobyl has a milder taste and action, it is taken orally as a choleretic, astringent, to normalize appetite and digestion, with nervous disorders and epilepsy. It is also used as a seasoning, often for fatty meat dishes made from goose or duck. From this type of herb, a spicy blend is prepared, including basil, rosemary and thyme.
  • Lemon wormwood (high), or abrotane. In the people it is often called medicinal wormwood, or God's tree, as well as dill. The plant has been known since ancient times. They drank grass with fever and snake bites. In the ancient medical treatises described healing properties of the tree of God. In addition, the herb used in cooking as a spice, because it has the least bitterness. In this type of plant a lot of essential oil, which is used in perfumery and cosmetology, alcoholic beverage, confectionery industry.

In ancient times, God's tree was considered a sacred plant. This kind of wormwood was used in magic. According to legends, the grass drives out evil spirits. Often the branches of wormwood were cut and hung at the entrance to the house. Wormwood from the Slavic peoples is a strong amulet that protects from the evil eye. Ancient magic rituals are gone, and today the God's tree is a beautiful ornamental shrub that adorns the gardens. You can experiment and form the crown of the bush, it turns out a good green hedge.

The area of ​​wormwood

Bitter (white) wormwood is ubiquitous - loves to grow along roads, in landfills, wastelands, littered meadows, forest edges. It is also a frequent "guest" near the dwelling, in the garden and the garden, forms thickets and is considered a resilient and stubborn weed. This species is distributed throughout Europe, growing in West Asia and North Africa. In Russia, it can be found in Siberia and in the northern regions. The grass is grown commercially in Russia, the USA, in the southern countries of Europe, in North Africa. Essential oil is made from dry raw materials.

Botanical description

Wormwood. Botanical illustration from the book “Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen”, 1887.

What does wormwood look like? It has two distinctive features - the silver color of the leaves and the characteristic aroma. According to these signs, wormwood is easily distinguished in nature.

  • Root. Stem, branched.
  • Stems. Straight, above - branched, upright shoots are formed at the base of the shrub.
  • Leaves . Cirro-dissected, alternate, petiolate. Both leaves and stems have a silvery-white pubescence.
  • Flowers Tubular, yellow, collected in panicles, on which are small baskets and leaves.

Can grow up to 2 m, looks like a half-shrub. It tolerates drought and frost.

Preparation of raw materials

How to prepare raw materials in order to preserve the beneficial properties of wormwood?

  • What to collect? Collect the tops of flowering plants, cut the stems up to 25 cm long, usually the rough parts of the plant are separated and not used. Although the whole above-ground part of the plant is considered useful. Also use the root of wormwood (its soft processes). It is dug out in the fall and dried in the same way as the above-ground part.
  • When to collect? Flowering panicles of wormwood collected at the very beginning of flowering. Depending on the region - in June or July. The leaves are harvested in May, as long as they are tender and not so bitter.
  • How to dry? Сырье можно раскладывать тонким слоем под навесами или подвешивать побеги растения, связанные в пучки. Помещение должно быть хорошо проветриваемым.

Сырье фасуют в полотняные мешочки или деревянные емкости. The apical part of the plant and the roots can be stored for 3 years, the leaves - 2 years.

Healing action

What are the healing properties of wormwood? What pharmacological action does it have?

  • Secretory.
  • Carminative.
  • Anti-inflammatory.
  • Antitumor.
  • Antihelminthic
  • Diuretic.
  • Appetizing.
  • Antiseptic.
  • Painkiller
  • Soothing.
  • Blood purifying.
  • Anticonvulsant.

What are the most valuable substances in chemical composition?

  • Essential wormwood oil, which includes thujone, phellandrene, ketone, pinene and other substances.
  • Bitterness (absintin, artabsin).
  • Tannins.

Under what diseases will the treatment of bitter polka be effective?

  • Organs of the digestive tract. Infusions and decoctions of herbs benefit digestion - eliminate bloating, heartburn, spasms in the intestines and stomach, normalize appetite, treat constipation and chronic diarrhea, ulcerative colitis, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the cecum. Also, the tool increases the acidity of gastric juice, stimulates the production of bile and pancreatic juice. It helps with vomiting, cleanses the body with food poisoning, including poisoning with mushrooms.
  • Metabolic disorders. Grass normalizes metabolism, stimulates metabolism, cleanses the body of toxins and slags, so it is drunk to reduce weight with a complex diet.
  • Urinary system . The plant has soft diuretic properties, promotes the removal of kidney stones. Also acts as a painkiller for renal colic.
  • Respiratory system . With influenza, acute respiratory viral infections, colds and viral diseases, infusions are taken for fever and cough. They are also prescribed for bronchial asthma, if there is no grass allergy.
  • Gynecology. The herb restores the menstrual cycle, it is taken in case of painful menstruation, relieves bloating and spasms during menstruation.
  • Nervous system . Wormwood has long been taken to improve memory, good sleep. The herb calms the nervous system. It is recommended for nervous tension, fatigue, neurasthenia, exhaustion, epilepsy.
  • Tumors. The antitumor properties of herbs are proven, they are drunk against cancer, for treatment and prevention. Broths and infusions for malignant tumors are taken orally, with cancerous skin lesions make lotions.
  • From herpes. Wormwood has antiviral properties. It does not cure the herpes virus, but it can ease the course of the disease and reduce the incidence of rashes. With herpes, grass is ingested as a decoction. Also, a herbal collection with wormwood, string, oregano, celandine is considered a good antiherpetic drug in the people.
  • Outdoor use. The herb is a good disinfectant, anesthetic, wound healing agent. Used in otolaryngology for otitis media and sore throat. With lotions and compresses, burns, boils, ulcers, wounds, boils, eczema, fungal diseases are treated. Also, the herb relieves pain and swelling with sprains, sprains, diseases of the joints and muscles - rheumatism, gout. Wormwood is also effective in allergic diseases.
  • Parasitic diseases. In the past, wormwood and tansy were the first remedy for worms. Especially well expels pinworms and ascaris.
  • Restorative remedy. Grass tones well, gives strength with increased physical exertion. It is taken as a preventive measure to strengthen the immune system.

Also, the herb helps against motion sickness and general exhaustion of the body, it is drunk with alcohol poisoning, eye inflammation, hypertension. Eliminates bad breath.

Features of the use of wormwood

What is the use of wormwood at home? What herbal preparations can be purchased at the pharmacy?

Alcoholic herbal tincture is used for all the above indications. This medicine is especially useful in case of digestive and nervous system disorders. External used for rubbing with pain in muscles and joints, bruises and sprains.

  1. Take 1 part dry grass.
  2. Pour 10 parts of alcohol (70%).
  3. Insist 14 days.
  4. Strain.

Take in strict dosage - 20 drops 3 times a day. The dose may be doubled depending on the condition and side effects. Read more about the use of tincture of wormwood read in our other article.

The world famous vodka from wormwood - absinthe - does not apply to remedies! This is a strong alcoholic drink. In addition to wormwood, it includes: mint, lemon balm, anise, fennel, dagil, parsley, hyssop, sweet flag, and other herbs. Absinthe is dangerous in high content of thujone. Drink harms the body, leads to rapid intoxication, the action is similar to a narcotic substance. In some countries has been banned. After taking it in high doses, hallucinations, dangerous altered states of consciousness, uncontrolled aggression are possible.

Broths are used inside and outwardly to treat the skin in the form of lotions and baths. They are added to therapeutic baths for neuralgia, rheumatism, gout.

  1. Take 1 tsp. dry grass.
  2. Pour a glass of boiling water.
  3. Boil 1 minute.
  4. Insist on 30 minutes.
  5. Strain.

Broths are taken in strict dosage of ¼ cup for half an hour dot food.

A lot of positive feedback about rice broth with wormwood, which helps with digestive disorders.

  1. Take 1 cup of ready-made rice broth.
  2. Add 1 tbsp. spoon of dry grass.
  3. Boil 1 minute.
  4. Insist 1 hour.

Accept the same as the usual wormwood decoction.

Seed and root application

The seeds of wormwood have the same healing properties as the aboveground part of the plant. Especially valuable is the essential oil contained in the seeds.

Preparation of oil extract from seeds

  1. Take 1 piece of crushed grass seed.
  2. Fill with 4 pieces of olive oil.
  3. Insist 10 hours.

Take oil 2 drops 3 times a day. Because of the strong bitterness, it can be diluted in honey or washed down with water.

The root of wormwood is effective for helminthiasis, as well as for malignant tumors. From it, decoctions are prepared for therapeutic baths for diseases of muscles and joints. When female diseases are taken orally, externally used for douching.

Cooking decoction of the root

  1. Take 2 tbsp. l shredded root.
  2. Pour a glass of boiling water.
  3. Boil in a sealed dish for 5 minutes.
  4. Insist 1 hour.

Accepted in filtered form, 2 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals.

The use of juice and fresh herbs

The juice of wormwood helps to get rid of corns. It is used externally for the treatment of wounds, abrasions, burns, abscesses, promotes their rapid healing, quickly stops the blood in injuries. It is recommended to take the juice of wormwood inside, but due to the strong bitterness it is bred with honey. However, we must remember that the juice contains more toxic substances, it should not be allowed to overdose. Fresh, kneaded grass is applied to bruises and tumors. It is recommended to chew young shoots and leaves of grass to disinfect the oral cavity, normalize appetite and sleep, eliminate unpleasant smell from the mouth.


Pharmacy drugs

  • Essential oil of wormwood. Most often it is prescribed for neurosis, to improve memory and sleep quality. Relieves nausea during motion sickness, cleanses the body of toxins, eliminates pain in migraines, gastrointestinal spasms, relieves the condition of colds, SARS, flu. It is also used externally in cosmetology, for the treatment of wounds, bruises, sprains. It is important to remember that wormwood essential oil is a toxic drug, it can not be used uncontrollably.
  • Dry vegetable raw materials. The instructions for use indicate that this medicinal plant belongs to the group of choleretic drugs. It is prescribed to increase appetite, in the complex treatment of chronic gastritis with low acidity and cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia.
  • Alcohol tincture. In pharmacology refers to the means that increase appetite due to the content of bitterness. The main indications for use are gastrointestinal diseases. Tincture taken 15-20 drops 3 times a day.

About antihelminthic properties of wormwood

The grass is effective for all forms of parasites, including destroying eggs and larvae. To do this, take inside broths and infusions of wormwood in their pure form or with the addition of garlic. Outwardly used in the form of enemas of wormwood decoction. Grass helps not only to get rid of pinworms and ascaris. It affects other parasites.

  • Lamblia Giardiasis is a serious parasitic disease that can last for a long period in chronic form. Giardia most often affects the small intestine, sometimes settling in the liver and pancreas. Wormwood helps to remove Giardia in complex herbal medicine with tansy and cloves. You can take decoctions, tincture or powder of wormwood, which is washed down with water.
  • Opistorh. Grass is taken in opisthorchiasis - flatworm lesion of the digestive organs (bile ducts, gallbladder, pancreas). This worm infestation requires long-term treatment under the strict supervision of a physician. The complex therapy of antihelminthic, choleretic, hepatoprotective (affecting the function of the liver) and laxatives is carried out. Wormwood primarily contributes to the flow of bile, which is important for the treatment of any worm infestation.

Read more about how to take wormwood from parasites, read our other article.

Application in everyday life

Wormwood extract is used during the manufacture of absinthe. The ingredient is called distillate alcohol tincture of wormwood and herbs. It gives absinthe its unique, specific taste. Also, this plant is the main component in the production of vermouth and a number of other alcohol tinctures.

In addition, wormwood is used in cooking as a seasoning. More often than others to fatty dishes. Many people like its bitter smell, like seasoning for meat fried dishes, it is especially suited to fried goose.

Composition and medicinal properties

  1. The above-ground part and the leaves before flowering contain lactones, bitter glycosides, which gives the plant its own bitter taste. Also, the plant contains saponins, tannins, essential oil (0.3 - 0.5%), carotene, succinic and malic acid, resinous substances.
  2. Wormwood essential oil is a bluish and dark green liquid with a very sharp taste. The composition of such an essential oil includes thuyl alcohol, thujone, cadinene, karyofillen, hamazulene. In addition, ortabsin, ketolactones and artemisetin are present in the aerial part of the plant.
  3. The bitterness of wormwood is able to stimulate the vital activity of the body, gives it a tone. Grass has cleansing properties. Its value has increased after a series of discoveries of microorganisms in the human body. Not all of them, as it turned out, are beneficial to humans. Wormwood is one of the most effective, affordable tools in the fight against harmful microorganisms.
  4. Wormwood is used in homeopathy. It is also very popular in foreign and domestic folk medicine for gastritis, ulcers, rheumatism, edema, and for tuberculosis - ingestion. Externally - as a painkiller, with purulent wounds, allergies, spasms.
  5. In Slavic traditional medicine, decoctions of wormwood are popular with fever, stomach ailments and liver diseases.
  6. There are several recipes for fresh juice with alcohol for insomnia. The peoples of Central Asia produce infusions of wormwood flowers for ulcerative colitis, hemorrhoids, epilepsy and a number of other diseases.

Wormwood is valued as a means of cleaning the body from various worms and other parasites, there are many recipes in combination with other plants.

Wormwood - healing properties, treatment, contraindications

Bitter wormwood is one of 200 species of wormwood, the growth site of which is the territory of Russia. The plant is widely used in medicine. This type of medicinal plant is distinguished by the silver-gray color of the stem and leaves, as well as yellow flowers. In the people, bitter wormwood is also called field, white, real wormwood, grass widow and ithsan.

Especially useful are the stems and roots. At the same time, the lower, stiff parts of the stems are not endowed with medicinal properties. As a rule, in order to preserve the beneficial properties of wormwood as much as possible, the leaves of the plant begin to gather before it blooms. In this case, the stems are cut together with the tops, and then dried in a dark and well-ventilated place. Store medicinal plant can be no more than two years.

Among the beneficial properties of wormwood, you can highlight its ability to cleanse and tone up the body, deduce parasites, as well as fight chlamydia. In addition, due to the medicinal properties of wormwood, this plant is an excellent tool in the fight against fungus, gonococcus, toxoplasma, ureaplasma and viruses.

Wormwood treatment

The powder of wormwood and sage in the ratio of 1: 5 is widely used in the treatment of pathologies of the liver. In this case, the drug must be used in a dosage of 200-500 mg three times a day.

Due to the properties of wormwood, the infusion based on this plant improves blood circulation and metabolism. Due to these properties, the plant is considered quite effective in relation to obesity. In order to prepare the infusion, you need one or two teaspoons of finely chopped herb wormwood pour 200 ml of boiling water and infuse for twenty minutes.

Infusion of wormwood herb stimulates digestion, as well as helps to eliminate bile, has a positive effect when excessive swelling and a feeling of overcrowding in the stomach, with gallstone disease, jaundice, stones and sand in the kidneys, malaria.

This infusion is recommended to drink one day an hour and a half before meals three times.

In the process of treatment with wormwood bitter helminthiasis, the plant can be used in various forms.

In this case, you can use a mixture made from powders of wormwood, flax seeds and cloves. Each of the components should be taken at 0.5 tsp. Pour the gruel is recommended juice from carrots. This tool neutralizes the larvae and eggs of worms. Flax seeds at the same time have an effective bacterial action.

Tincture made from wormwood and pumpkin seeds is also an excellent tool for the treatment of helminthiasis. For its preparation, leaves of wormwood and pumpkin seeds should be poured in equal proportions in the ratio of 1: 3 in equal proportions, and then allowed to stand for seven days in the sun or in a warm enough place. Drink the resulting tincture should be twice a day, 50 ml on an empty stomach, in the afternoon, about half an hour before meals. Duration of treatment is several weeks.

Wormwood, or rather the grass of wormwood, in dry form is also an effective drug. In this case, the grass of wormwood is frayed in the amount of 100 g. The powder should be taken dry for three days, eating one teaspoon without a slide every two and a half hours, drinking plenty of water.

It is believed that in the process of applying the plant in a dry form, the anthelmintic properties of wormwood are better manifested. The fact is that in liquid form it may not reach the large intestine in full, and in order to achieve the maximum effect in the fight against worms, it is desirable that all parts of the digestive tract should be processed.

In the process of treatment with wormwood in the presence of round and tapeworms, protozoa, bacteria, fungi and many types of viruses, a mixture of powders of bitter wormwood, seeds of cloves and tansy is also used. To do this, the components must be mixed in the ratio of 1: 4: 2 (wormwood, cloves, tansy). A single dose of the obtained product is 1.75 g or one teaspoon without a hill. To begin treatment of wormwood in this form should be a single dose half an hour before meals. On the following day, it is necessary to take two single dosages, after which three single dosages are taken in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening. As a rule, after a week of treatment with bitter wormwood the parasites are eliminated. However, the resulting mixture is recommended for another six months or a year for prophylactic purposes once a week. You should take three single dosages per day.

The roots of wormwood are quite effective in treating cancer of the stomach, rectum and uterus. In this case, for the treatment of wormwood is necessary to prepare a decoction. To do this, two tablespoons of chopped dry root should be poured 200 ml of boiling water, then boil for ten minutes over low heat under a closed lid. After the infusion has cooled, it should be drained and taken three times a day, two tablespoons about half an hour before meals. In case of uterine cancer, it is additionally recommended to conduct daily douches with a diluted solution of wormwood, for which 200 ml of broth is brought to one liter with boiled water.

Breeding

Wormwood is propagated by seeds or green cuttings. Seeds remain viable for up to 2 years. After it begins to decline rapidly. For planting, it is preferable to choose a sunny plot with light and permeable soil. The plant does not tolerate the spring stagnation of moisture. Given that the seeds of wormwood are very small, they can be sown more densely and almost superficially in a small area, and then seedlings of young plants to a permanent place.

Care is weeding and loosening. After pruning the plants grow well. You should not cut them shortly before winter, as they winter worse.
В первый год жизни растения перезимовывают хорошо, но с возрастом их зимостойкость падает. Поэтому раз в 2-3 года необходимо обновлять посадки.
Council Растение имеет красивую серебристую окраску и будет прекрасно смотреться с другими растениями в миксбордере, на фоне дома, вдоль дорожки.

П. горькая Artemisia absinthium L.

Лекарственное сырье

В качестве лекарственного сырья собирают цветущие верхушки вместе с цветками.

Harvest the grass during the flowering period of the plant (June-August), cutting off with a sheath or knife leafy tops with a length of 20-25 cm without coarse parts of the stem. In case of late collection, the grass becomes dark gray when dried, and the baskets turn brown and fall apart. The collected raw materials are laid out as quickly as possible for drying.

Late collection time leads to a decrease in the medicinal value of wormwood.

Wormwood is dried in attics, under sheds or in the shade, spread out on a layer of 3-5 cm on paper or cloth and occasionally turned over.
Do not dry the wormwood in a hot dryer or stove. At the same time volatile oil volatilizes.

Shelf life of raw materials for 2 years.

So that the raw material does not darken, the plants are loosely folded into baskets and quickly dried in the attic or under a canopy, laying out in a layer of 3-5 cm. Dry stalks should break. With good weather, wormwood dries out in 5-7 days. Store raw materials in tight bags or wooden containers for 2 years.

Active ingredients

Wormwood contains bitter glycosides (absintin and anabsintin), an essential oil that contains terpenoids, chamazulene, tannins, alkaloids, phytoncides, organic acids and carotene.

Leaves and flowering leafy tops of wormwood contain glycosides absintin and anabsintin, essential oil (up to 2%), vitamin C, flavonoids, tannins and other substances.

Appearance

Plant height ranges from 100 to 150 cm. The root of wormwood is thick and woody.

The stem of wormwood is straight, covered with a whitish-silver fluff. The leaves are large, alternate, pinnate-divided. In this case, as a rule, the leaves, which are located in the lower part of the plant, are rather large. They become smaller as they are positioned towards the top.

Flowers of wormwood are small, reddish, forming inflorescences in the form of panicles, which can be both erect and drooping. There are types of wormwood with yellow flowers that look like small balls. Their size is approximately 5 mm in diameter.

The fruit of wormwood - achene, smooth and small.

On the territory of Russia there are approximately 180 species of wormwood, and there are 400 in total.

  • Wormwood ordinary. Growing in Russia everywhere. Very tall plant - up to 150 cm. The rhizome of this species is branchy wormwood, reddish closer to the stem. The leaves have a dark green color of the upper part, and their inner side is whitish. The flowers of wormwood are very small, pink. The flowering period - June - August. By September, the seeds ripen. (photo 1)
  • Therapeutic wormwood It is characterized by a bitter-bitter aroma, in which there are blotches of lemon and camphor. This type of wormwood is also called God's tree, in German - Eberreis, Gartenheil, Strangenkraut. Translated from English sounds like "southern forest" - Southernwood, "old man" - Old man. The French call medical wormwood - Aurone, Citronelle. Once upon a time it could be seen in the gardens of the peasants or at monasteries. Today it is consigned to oblivion. Southern and Southeastern Europe, Western and Western Asia - this is the current area of ​​healing wormwood. Wormwood is a frost-resistant shrub that reaches 1.5 m in height. If we conditionally divide the plant into three parts, we will see that it begins to fork in the upper third. The leaves are filigree-pinnate, have a gray-green color, and the flowers are yellow. (photo 2)
  • Wormwood. In German it sounds like Absinth, Bitterkraut, Gottvergess, in English - Wormwood, Absinth, in French - Absinthe, Annoise amere. The height of this shrub is 120 cm. It is not by chance that the plant is called “bitter wormwood”. Its taste speaks for itself: it is rightfully considered the most bitter plant in Russia. Wormwood is resistant to droughts and frost. The leaves of wormwood resemble parsley leaves in their appearance, but their color is silver-gray. Flowers - yellow tubules, which are collected in balls (diameter of about 4 mm), located in one-sided tassels. The flowering period is July-September. (photo 3)
  • Tarragon or, as it is also called, tarragon. Despite the fact that tarragon is a type of wormwood, there is no bitterness in its leaves, so it is widely used in cooking for preservation or as an additive to meat dishes. The aroma of tarragon is a synthesis of vanilla and hay smells. The plant is quite low in comparison with other types of wormwood - only 30 cm. Tarragon flowers are small white stars. In other languages ​​it sounds as follows: German - Duftlabkraut, Maiblume, Maikraut, English - Sweet woodruff, French - Asperule odorante, Reine-des-bois. (photo 4)

There are types of wormwood that are very poisonous: Tauride, paniculata.

Where is growing?

The growth area of ​​wormwood is the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, the northern and southern part of the African continent, North America. In Russia, wormwood can be found almost everywhere. The most common places are the steppe and desert part of Kazakhstan, the Transcaucasus, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Ukraine, and Belarus. Wormwood can occupy a vast area of ​​dry, stony and infertile territory, forming these thickets. This applies to low-growing species.

A method of making spices

Wormwood is used in the use of leaves and flowers. Flowers are collected before the flowering period, while they are in the bud state. Wormwood is also used in dried form. The most important thing in the process of procuring raw materials is the collection period. If the plant is cut off too late, then in the process of drying it will darken, and the inflorescences collected in baskets will simply crumble.

For drying use a dark room with good ventilation. Well suited for this lofts. If the wormwood is dried in the unfolded form, then the layer should be thin. Be sure to turn the raw material.

Specifications

  • Wormwood has a unique, slightly bitter smell. He is very strong. It can be characterized by the words "intoxicating and intoxicating."
  • Wormwood - a bitter plant. If you pick a sprig of wormwood and remember it a little in your hands, your hands will be bitter.
  • Propagated by seed. One plant produces about 100 thousand seeds per summer.

Nutritional value and calorie

Caloric content of wormwood in raw form - 32 kcal

Wormwood in its raw form is composed of:

  • Protein - 0.33 g
  • Fat - 0.52 g
  • Carbohydrates - 3.6 g
  • Dietary fiber - 3.8 g
  • Water - 89 g
  • Ash - 2.5 g

Learn more information about wormwood, you can from the passage of the transfer "good mood"

In cooking

  • Wormwood is used to flavor dishes from pork and veal. It does not hurt the goose and duck. In view of the fact that the plant has a very strong smell, it should be used carefully. It will give piquancy to sauces, drinks, liqueurs.
  • The main use of wormwood is the alcoholic beverage industry (the most important component of absinthe and vermouth). In very small quantities it is added to meat dishes. Ideal with fried goose.

In medicine

As a rule, the above-ground component of wormwood is used for treatment. From it prepare tinctures, decoctions, extracts. Internally, you can use wormwood powder (3 times a day for half a gram before eating) and juice (a tablespoon mixed with honey). Only the juice that was squeezed out of the plant before it bloomed is useful.

  • The spasmous and proto-inflammatory properties of wormwood are used to treat rheumatic conditions.
  • Wormwood perfectly heals burn skin lesions, heals eczema. Mixing 100 g of sunflower oil and 10 g of wormwood extract, we get an ointment that smears the affected skin.
  • Wormwood relieves bloating.
  • Together with other drugs wormwood helps in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, various edema, high blood pressure.
  • Compresses based on wormwood relieve contusion. They remove inflammation of the joints and colic.
  • Traditional medicine in India and China uses a decoction and infusion of seeds, rhizomes and herbs as a sedative and hypnotic.
  • Wormwood improves the digestive process and eliminates parasites (trichomonas, chlamydia, feline lamblia, worms, opisthorchiasis).
  • Wormwood treat hemorrhoids, herpes.
  • Wormwood baths treat gout.

When losing weight

Wormwood is a great way to lose weight. To do this, use milled dry raw materials. The metabolic process in our body improves and this prevents obesity.

  • Sprigs of wormwood perfectly protect woolen things from moths.
  • Villagers remove fleas from domestic animals with wormwood, placing it, for example, in a dog kennel.

Growing up

Growing wormwood in your backyard will not be difficult, due to the unpretentiousness of this type of plant. Plus, wormwood is resistant to frost. Therefore, be sure your plant will calmly survive the most severe winter. Soil fertility is also not particularly important for wormwood.

Wormwood seeds propagate. Perennials, you can just sit down like a normal overgrown culture.

But the tarragon needs special care. Otherwise, you will receive a plant that will not have the unique aroma for which it is valued. The plant should not be watered abundantly, only on dry days it should be slightly increased. Be wary of stagnant water.

Tarkhun transplantation is made in spring or in autumn. Bush divide, and after transplanted, well watered. If you decide to plant tarragon with seeds, they should be planted in early spring and closed with foil. Do not forget about watering and airing. Shoots will appear in 1.5 weeks.

Interesting Facts

  • In ancient times, the Slavs used wormwood to purify their inner world and the world of reality from the effects of evil spirits and essences. On the holiday of Ivan Kupala, the girls wove wreaths of wormwood and guessed about what was coming.
  • Wormwood was used to make the strongest talismans and amulets that could protect the wearer from their worst enemies.
  • Wormwood elixirs were a love spell and at the same time could cause damage.
  • Wormwood was used by fishermen as a means of protection from any water scum: mermaids, aquatic.
  • A branch of wormwood, located above the doorway, guarded the inhabitants of the home from the negative.
  • Queen Cleopatra used wormwood oil as an additive to her toilet water.
  • In ancient times, wormwood was used to dye fabrics.
  • Wormwood fumigated hospital premises during times of fevers and epidemics.

Home use

At home, you can increase your appetite by systematically taking tea from the grass of wormwood. To do this, 1 teaspoon of crushed raw materials is poured with 2 cups of boiling water, covered with a thick cloth for 20 minutes and filtered. Accept on '/ 4 glasses 3 times a day in 30 min. Prior to food. You can use the finished tincture of wormwood. Assign it to 15-20 drops 3 times a day for 15-30 minutes before meals.
A large set of biologically active substances in wormwood allows you to use it to stop bleeding, analgesia and wound healing. It has an analgesic effect on bruises, sprains, sprains, spasm and inflammation of the colon.

But wormwood has a very bitter taste, and it can be quite difficult to swallow such a large amount of liquid as 1/4 cup. Therefore, you can use the tincture of wormwood, which is prepared in 70% alcohol solution. Take 1 part wormwood and 10 parts alcohol, insist 10 days, filter and store in a dark place. Assign 15-20 drops 3 times a day for 15-30 minutes before meals.
In folk medicine, decoction of bitter wormwood is used with intermittent fever, with the accumulation of gases in the intestines.

Wormwood is also used as an anthelmintic agent in the form of tea: take 0.5 teaspoon of chopped herbs for 0.5 l of water, brew it, leave for 10 minutes, drink 2 teaspoons half an hour before meals, preferably in the morning and before bedtime, seizing fresh carrots . Thus, in 2 weeks you can recover from round worms. Enemas from the broth of Poland are expelled in children of small worms - pinworms. Wormwood is considered the best wound healing agent. Fresh juice quickly stops bleeding. Fresh sheet is used for external hemorrhages, dislocations, sprains: crushed fresh raw materials are applied to the sore spot. This mass can be used as a compress for thrombophlebitis and bruises.
It is also very relevant that P. bitter mixed with thyme is used in folk medicine for the treatment of alcoholism. 1 part of wormwood and 4 hours of thyme (1: 4) are crushed, mixed and brewed: 1 teaspoon per cup of boiling water, infuse for 10 minutes, filter, take 1 tbsp. spoon before a meal, the course of treatment for 2-3 months.

Attention! Wormwood is contraindicated in pregnancy and dystrophic liver diseases.

In folk medicine, wormwood in a mixture with creeping thyme and centaury, taken in equal proportions, is used to combat alcoholism. To do this, 2 tablespoons of the mixture is poured with 1 cup of hot water, boiled for 5 minutes, cooled and filtered. Take 2 tablespoons 3 times daily before meals. The course of treatment is 1-2 months. If necessary, repeat the treatment after 1 month. Success depends on the strong desire of an alcoholic to get rid of his addiction to alcohol.

This plant is also used in case of excessive gas formation in the intestines, chronic eye inflammation, diseases of the liver, spleen, ulcerative processes in the large intestine, bad breath, neurasthenia, anemia, influenza, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.

Gastritis, loss of appetite, stomach pain

Pour 1 teaspoon of crushed wormwood with 2 cups boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drain. Take 1/4 cup 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.

Grind the grass wormwood and squeeze the juice. Take 1 tablespoon on an empty stomach.

Grind the herb wormwood, to get 1 tablespoon of chopped mass, pour it with 1 cup of vodka. Insist 3 weeks in a dark place, then strain. Take 20 g tincture 1 time per day, but not more than 3 days.
Pour 1 tablespoon of dried, crushed leaves with a bitter 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes in a closed container in a water bath, cool, drain. Drink, sweetened with honey, 1/3 cup 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.

Anemia

Take 1 tablespoon of juice of leaves of wormwood 3 times a day.
Fill a 150 ml bottle with chopped wormwood of a bitter May collection. Pour wormwood with vodka and insist in a dark place at room temperature for 3 weeks. Take tincture of 1-2 drops in 1 teaspoon of water 1 time per day. The course of treatment is 3 weeks, then a 2 week break and again a 3 week course.

Oily skin

Pour 2 tablespoons of wormwood with 2 cups of water. Bring to a boil and let simmer for 5-10 minutes on low heat. Cool and strain broth. Rinse clean skin with this decoction.

Use as spicy. From flowers prepare drinks and seasoning for some dishes.

P. bitter is very widely used in alcoholic beverage production. A drink such as absintheAlong with gentian, arnica, melissa, ginger, valerian and a number of other plants, it is part of the famous Riga Balsam.

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