Gooseberry includes a large number of varieties. This culture has existed for many centuries. In order for the gardener to be able to collect high-quality crop of berries, he should understand all the varieties of this hybrid, as well as understand which one is suitable for him. It is worth considering the best varieties of gooseberry, which recommend the leading breeders for planting and care.
The best varieties of gooseberry
To choose the right berries you need to understand exactly. plant cultivation featuresotherwise, in the conditions of your climatic zone, the plant may simply not settle down and even die due to the harsh winter. All varieties of gooseberry have their own special colors, the size of the fruit, as well as the time of full ripening. Some varieties have spikes, and some do not. It is also worth paying special attention to the susceptibility of the plant to various types of disease, otherwise you will encounter great difficulties in the process of growing the plant. You should also take care of whether the plant tolerates short-term drought or prefers constant humidity.
Depending on the place of growth and features types of gooseberry They can be divided into three broad groups:
- European gooseberry. This variety has large fruits, which distinguishes it from other crops. The fruits have a characteristic pleasant taste. But with all this, the plant has a weak resistance to diseases, parasites and diseases, as well as a low ability to reproduce.
- American gooseberry. It is characterized by small fruits with an unusual taste. But at the same time the plant is resistant to diseases of the fungal type. The process of propagation of culture can be performed using cuttings or cuttings.
- Gooseberry American-European Hybrid. Possesses large fruits with characteristic tastes. It has an average resistance to infectious microorganisms, and is also very prolific.
You can also find varieties of gooseberries, which are adapted for the cultivation and care in the Moscow region, in the Urals and in Siberia. They also have certain differences between each other. They have different sized berries, different colors (red, yellow, green, purple). They have either no thorns, and different terms of ripening of their fruits.
The most comfortable to grow on the garden plot is considered to be shrub gooseberry with straight shoots that are not inclined to form a large number of shoots. Such shrubs grow by rare shoots, which gives the plant an endless stream of fresh air and good light from the sun. Ultimately, such shrubs are the easiest to care for, and also have an increased fruit yield.
What varieties of gooseberry can be called the best?
When choosing a variety for cultivation in the garden plot, it is worth focusing on climate indicators in your area of residence, or immediately buy frost-resistant species that will be specifically designed for cultivation in Siberia. Also pay attention to the taste characteristics of the plant, which you want to give preference to most: some like berries with sourness, while others choose sweet varieties. The least difficulty with the care comes from gooseberries, which do not have sharp thorns.
It should be noted that the shrubs that you choose should not form an excessively large number of shoots, otherwise you will have to regularly prune the crop.
Recently, breeders have developed a very large number of gooseberry varieties, which can be successfully cultivated in various regions and under any climatic conditions. If you want to get the highest quality crop yield, then you should plant as many varieties of gooseberry with high quality indicators as possible on your plot.
What varieties are best suited for cultivation in the Moscow region?
When choosing a crop for cultivation in the Moscow region, it is worth considering the particular climatic conditions in this particular region. The yield and the overall survival rate of the plant will be strongly influenced by long winters, as well as a shortage of summer heat. Professionals are advised to buy for this area it is winter-hardy varieties of hybrids with a strong root system that can easily shift climate change.
- Sirius. The berries of this gooseberry crop have an average ripening period. Formed in several pieces in an unusual brush. Small round fruits have a sweet and sour taste. Under the conditions of the Moscow region, this culture will be able to survive the cold in winter without loss. Also, the plant has a special resistance to a large number of diseases and parasites.
- Grushenka. This fruit was named so for its pear-shaped fruit. Thorns on the plant are single. Berries are formed in the brush at once in several pieces. After ripening, the berries of the crop are colored dark. Possess a high indicator of taste. In the plant it is almost impossible to find seeds. In the berries of the plant is a large amount of pectin.
- Ural. The plant is a fast-growing type, which is worth growing with a special support. The fruits of the Ural variety are quite large and have a slight sourness. The variety is not afraid of powdery mildew, and it is almost not attacking parasites and pests. Culture is considered high-yielding.
- North captain. The dark fruits of this culture are not very tasty for use in their natural form. But gardeners in most cases grow this variety to produce high-quality wine. The variety is considered to be high-yielding, and also resistant to low temperatures. It is resistant to most diseases attacking other plants.
- Belarusian sugar. This variety is considered early maturing. Decorative, compact and low shrubs. On the shoots of the plant there are oblong and very sharp thorns. The variety is cold-resistant, resistant to most diseases, undemanding to growing conditions. Large fruits of green color are considered very sweet. The mass of one such fruit will be a small 9 grams. They can be used to make good compotes, jams, and also to be eaten raw.
- Malachite or honey. The variety has a great reputation among gardeners. It differs from other varieties in its spreading shrubs, therefore it is worth growing with a special support. Shoots almost do not have thorns. Fruits of green color by weight reach the mark of 6 grams. Good cropper. In the climatic conditions of the Moscow region, the plant is able to tolerate a decrease in temperature. Resistant to various diseases.
- Gingerbread Man. For the conditions of the Moscow region, this gooseberry is considered the best option. Tall shrubs grow quickly. Possess small and thin spines. It has a high yield of fruits. Large round berries weigh about 8-9 grams. Possess juicy and soft pulp, which with all this excellent taste. Gingerbread man is not subject to diseases of fungal nature, as well as temperature changes. Crop yield can increase regular crop trimming.
- Krasnoslavyansky. Differs from other plants in its medium growth and small shrubs. Across the length of the shoots are sharp spines. The berries have a high-quality dessert taste and give a little sourness. If the care of the plant will occur properly, the plant will be able to tolerate cold. Shrubs of this gooseberry should be regularly sprayed with anti-fungal agents.
- Gooseberry Russian yellow. This plant has established itself as fruitful and cold-resistant. Sprawling shrubs and medium growth. The shoots of the plant do not have special thorns. Sweet fruits that have amber color, can hang on the branches of a bush for a long time and not fall to the ground.
It is considered the best choice for growing. Its distinguishing feature is stable yield, good berries, resistance to cold snaps, low susceptibility to diseases. Bushes are medium sized. Shoots have small spikes at the base of the plant. Large oval yellow-green with red sides of fruits has excellent taste, due to which this variety is so popular with a large number of gardeners.
What varieties are best grown in central Russia?
Most often such varieties of gooseberry are winter-hardy, as well as high-yielding. Possess strong resistance to such diseases as powdery mildew, fire attack.
- Spring Seedling. Culture has an average maturity. Fruits of yellow-green color have a mass of 4-6 grams, as well as a dessert flavor. The plant is highly resistant to spring frosts, as well as strong temperature extremes. In the process of fruiting plant enters very early. The variety is valued for its high yield - a gardener can shoot up to 9 kilograms of gooseberries per season from one shrub.
- Golden light. The culture of medium ripening. Refers to the universal plants. It has a high winter hardiness. Resistant to a large number of parasites and infections. The shrub is quite compact as well as vigorous. The shoots are painted in a light shade, there are almost no thorns on the plant. The mass of round-shaped fruit varies from 3 to 4 grams.
- Rawolt. It belongs to the winter-hardy, self-bearing, as well as high-yielding crops. Shoots have a small number of spines. Dark red berries of a plant are average in size and reach the mark of 4-5 grams.
- Gooseberry English Yellow. Shrub straight and compressed. The berries of the plant are oval in shape, medium in size and weigh from 4 to 8 grams. Taste characteristics are at a high level. From one shrub gardener can harvest in the amount of 21 kilograms of fruit. The plant is slightly affected by a spherical plant.
- Seedling Lefora. High winter hardiness, as well as special resistance to powdery mildew. For growing in central Russia is considered the best, since it has a high yield. With one gooseberry bush with proper care and cultivation can be removed about 6-10 pounds of fruit. The bush is sprawling, and also possesses thin and drooping shoots with spikes of medium thickness. Red-purple rounded small berries have a delicate aroma, as well as a pleasant taste.
- Olavi. Berries in plants of medium size, the mass of the berries reaches 3, 7 grams. Fruits are oval in shape, dark cherry color with a thin peel. Juicy, sweet-sour to the taste, and also without a special flavor.
- Chernomor. On the appearance of the plant looks like a sprawling, vigorous with a thick crown on top. The shoots of the plant have a small number of thorns. The berries are medium in size, oval in shape, dark red in color, they do not have drainage, with an average number of seeds inside. The fruits of culture have a sweet and sour taste.
Gooseberry varieties for wine
Among all the berries in winemaking the first place is occupied by the gooseberry. Sometimes the gooseberry plant is called the northern grape. And not just like that. So, the berries of this plant even look something like grapes. The taste of the wine from these berries is very similar to the grape and is considered the best in taste of all fruit and berry wines. For winemaking, you can use almost all varieties of gooseberry. But the most delicious wine can still be obtained from plants with red or yellow berries. At home, making wine will be quite simple. To do this, use the large and soft fruits of the best varieties of gooseberry.
Drought resistance and winter hardiness
Honey variety has an average winter hardiness. Bushes tolerate a decrease in temperature in winter to -22 degrees.
Gooseberry resistance to drought is also maintained at an average level. In the absence of moisture, the bush sheds the ovary, and the fruits lose their sugar content.
Disease and pest resistance
Gooseberry Honey is susceptible to fungal diseases that develop with high humidity. Most often, gooseberry shows signs of powdery mildew. Therefore, a mandatory step in the care of the variety are preventive spraying.
Lack of care and high humidity create conditions for the reproduction of pests. Obtaining agrotechnics and regular bush treatment helps to get rid of insects.
For high yield, it is recommended to provide the gooseberry Honey range of conditions:
- constant natural light
- lack of drafts,
- plain or elevated terrain
- fertile neutral or slightly acid soil.
Taste quality and the size of Honey variety berries depend on the illumination area. In the shade the shrub grows slowly, which affects its productivity.
Gooseberries are not recommended to be planted in a lowland or wetland. With constant exposure to moisture, the root system rots, the bush does not develop and eventually dies. It is allowed to plant the Honey variety in the middle of a non-twisted slope.
Clay soil is not suitable for planting a bush. In heavy soil, moisture constantly stagnates, and useful substances go to the roots more slowly. To improve its structure will make the introduction of sand and humus.
Gooseberries are planted in the fall after leaf fall (from late September to mid-October). Before winter, the bush will have time to take root and well tolerate cooling.
If the work is transferred to the spring, it is important to perform them before the bud break. However, the soil and the air should be well heated.
For planting choose healthy seedlings varieties Honey, annuals or biennials. The bush should have a strong root system with a length of 30 cm and several shoots. Choose seedlings without signs of damage or rotting.
The order of planting gooseberry Honey:
- Dig a hole 50 cm in diameter. The depth depends on the size of the root system.
- For 2-3 weeks, leave a pit for shrinkage.
- In the fertile land, add 10 kg of compost, as well as 50 g of potassium salt and superphosphate.
- Put sand on the bottom of the pit if the soil is clay. Then place the prepared soil mixture.
- Place the seedling in the pit and fill it with roots with a primer.
- Liberally pour gooseberries.
Between the bushes leave 1-1.5 m. If the culture is planted in several rows, then they maintain between them 3 m.
Due to proper care a healthy gooseberry bush is formed and yields are increased. Honey grade needs additional feeding and pruning. In cold regions, special attention is paid to preparing for winter.
To the berries were not on the ground, it is recommended to install a support around the bush. Wooden poles are used as a support or wire is drawn between the iron pillars. The optimum support height is 30 cm above the ground.
In the period of flowering and the formation of ovaries, the gooseberry is watered abundantly. The soil should get wet to a depth of 40 cm. Mulching of the soil with straw or humus helps to retain moisture.
During the season, Honey gooseberry is fed several times:
- in the spring after the snow melted (1/2 of the compost bucket, 50 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate),
- after flowering (mullein solution),
- at the beginning of fruiting (wood ash).
Dry fertilizer is sealed in a pristvolny soil. Gooseberry watered with a solution under the root.
In early spring, weak, frozen and dry shoots are cut from the gooseberry. Processing is carried out before the start of sap flow. If necessary, cut the bush in late autumn, if there are broken branches.
Be sure to eliminate shoots older than 8 years, because they bring a minimum of berries. They are identified by a dark brown, almost black color.
New saplings of Honey variety can be obtained in the following ways:
- Cuttings. In the fall, they cut several branches 20 cm long. Until February they are kept in a cellar, then rooted in a greenhouse or at home. In the spring, when the cuttings have a root system, they are planted in open ground.
- The division of the bush. When transplanting honey gooseberry variety, its root system is divided into several parts. Each seedling must have several strong roots.
- Layering. In the spring, young shoots are chosen, which are lowered to the ground and sprinkled with earth. After rooting, the layers are separated from the uterine bush and planted in a new place.
Preparing for the winter
Autumn preparation helps Honey gooseberries survive the cold, snowless weather. In October, the bush is plentifully watered with water to increase its winter hardiness.
The soil under the branches is mulched with 10 cm of humus. After the snow has fallen, a snowdrift is put on the bush for additional warming.
Pest and disease control
Gooseberry is subject to the following diseases:
- Mealy dew. Has the appearance of a grayish plaque that appears on the shoots, leaves and berries. Over time, the bloom darkens and leads to the death of the bush. To protect the bush from the disease, spraying with a solution of the drug HOM or Topaz is performed.
- Anthracnose and spotting. Diseases spread harmful fungi. As a result, small gray spots with a brown border are formed on the leaves. Против поражения используют препараты, содержащие медь.
- Мозаика. Болезнь имеет вирусную природу и не подлежит лечению. При появлении первых признаков (желтого узора на листьях) куст выкапывают и уничтожают. Для профилактики мозаики нужно дезинфицировать садовый инструмент, использовать здоровые саженцы и соблюдать агротехнику.
Основные вредители крыжовника:
- Aphid. Мелкое сосущее насекомое, живущее колониями.Determine the appearance of aphids can be on the deformed branches and twisted leaves.
- Caterpillars These pests eat gooseberry leaves and ways to completely destroy the bush in a week. Caterpillars of gooseberry sawfly and moth are the most dangerous.
- Galitsa The pest prefers thickened plantations and affects shoots, flowers and leaves of plants.
The insecticides Fufanon or Actellic are used against pests. For prevention, treatments are performed in early spring and late autumn.
In order for the gooseberry variety of your choice to bring generous yields annually, you need to pay special attention to studying its key features and advantages. On the bush mature enough large berries of golden-yellow color. They have not too thick translucent skin, as well as tender flesh, therefore, they are appreciated by lovers of this plant.
By the time of ripening of the berries, the bush belongs to the mid-season varieties. Most gardeners pay attention not only to the taste characteristics of the berries, but also to their maximum allowable volume, which a farmer can get from one bush. So, if you take all the necessary measures for the effective cultivation of gooseberries, at the appointed time you can pick up from one bush to 4 kg of berries. Therefore, this variety is not for nothing is considered productive.
When is the best time to harvest? If it is better to pick off some specimens before the fruits fully ripen, then this variety brings quite sweet and juicy berries to farmers during the period when they become fully ripe. For those who mostly eat fresh gooseberries, this is ideal. In addition, they can be easily frozen for the winter.
Why is this kind of berry shrub called honey? The fact is that the taste of the berries is a bit like floral honey, hence the name. Another important point: in the composition of the gooseberry fruit in a large amount of vitamin C is present.
It is not difficult to grow yellow berry gooseberries in your summer cottage, even if a novice gardener is involved. However, it is not worth negligent to treat such a process, since the result will not make you too happy. What is recommended to pay attention to in the process of preparing for earthworks? First of all, choose a place for further planting seedlings into the open ground.
The earth must be prolific. It is also very important that the plot is well lit: sunlight is all for the gooseberry. Separately, it is worthwhile to dwell on the process of choosing and purchasing high-quality shrub seedlings. In order for planting material to satisfy the demands of an experienced farmer, he must meet the following requirements:
- The age of seedlings should be 1-2 years - in this case, they will be quite strong and will take root much more quickly in the soil,
- the length of the shoots should be about 25 cm,
- It is desirable that there are 2-3 branches on the bush, and the root system is of impressive size - if it is hiley, then it is not a fact that the plant will take root at all.
Be sure to soak the seedlings in a growth stimulator and leave them in this solution for a day.
Before planting seedlings be sure to specify whether the variety is suitable for your region. It is necessary to take into account not only climatic features, but also soil types. Remember that gooseberries do not take root too well in clay or sandy soil. As for the period optimal for the implementation of planting, it can be both late autumn and early spring. If you prefer the second option, be sure to have time to plant seedlings in the ground before all the rest of the bushes buds.
In order for the gooseberry honey fruit, the description of the variety is not enough to study. It is necessary to clearly understand what conditions the plant needs to ensure in order for it not only to take root in the new conditions, but also over the next years will make you happy with large and very useful fruits. What is the process of caring for gooseberries? First of all, you need to loosen the tree trunk in a timely manner and remove weeds that attract insects to the plant.
Experts say that you need to loosen the earth after each watering. It is also very important to water the plant occasionally, but to keep the gooseberry root system in constant moisture is undesirable. However, let watering is a rare procedure for your shrub, it should be abundant. Only in this case, the gooseberry will bear fruit actively. Another important step in the care of this instance - pruning and fertilizer in the soil, both mineral and organic.
Description of yellow gooseberry variety Honey
The name Honey variety received for the color of the berries and the characteristic taste
The honey gooseberry variety is bred at the I. Michurin All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture.
The word "gooseberry" and its foreign counterparts are a real headache for specialists in the field of etymology. The literal translation from English is "gooseberry" (gooseberry). But in this case geese have nothing to do with this culture. Most likely, this is a recorded Dutch Kruisberie. German and Russian names refer to Christianity. The first means literally “the turn of Christ”, the second comes from the word “cross” (the outdated Slavic “kryzh”). The Belarusian name "agrest" is borrowed from Polish. The Poles, in turn, adopted the Italian word, meaning "unripe cluster".
Honey - mid-ripened gooseberries, berries ripen completely in late July or early August (depending on the weather). The bush is quite high - up to 1.5 m, but not too spreading (1–1.2 m). Characterized by the presence of a large number of sharp thorns often located along the entire length of the shoots. Branches - ash gray or grayish-brown.
Tastes and appearance of the berries fully justify the name. Having reached maturity, they acquire a beautiful golden-yellow or even amber color (the unripe gooseberry is greenish-yellow). The skin is thin, almost transparent, under it the seeds are clearly visible. The flesh is soft and very tender. Therefore, it is better to collect Honey when it is fully ripe, so that the taste qualities are manifested in the best possible way. The shape of the berries is unusual - something like a pear.
Breeding gooseberries in Europe began in the XIII-XV centuries, thanks to French cooks and pregnant women. The first invented many recipes and soups with the addition of unripe berries, while the latter highly appreciated the taste of ripe gooseberries. From France, the culture "moved" to England, where the rather warm climate contributed to the success of the breeders. In less than 100 years, the berries have significantly increased in weight - almost 4 times. It was here that the gooseberry first appeared with yellow, red, purple and almost black berries.
Compared with other varieties, the gooseberry is rather large (the average weight of the berries is 4.5–6 g) and sweet, with a distinct taste of flower honey. Typical for culture sourness barely noticeable. In addition, Honey is almost equal to grapes in sugar content (15–17%), and significantly exceeds black currant in the amount of vitamin C, second only to dogrose.
Honey has a very thin skin and soft juicy flesh
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Variety distinguishes good winter hardiness. It can withstand temperatures up to -25 ... -30ºС.
But the variety has significant disadvantages:
- weak disease resistance
- the presence of a large number of thorns,
- the need for regular pruning,
- demanding care.
The obvious disadvantage is the susceptibility to fungal diseases characteristic of gooseberries. Powdery mildew is particularly prominent in this regard. He suffers from pests.
In addition, Honey is rather capricious and demanding to care. In order to harvest regularly, the gardener must follow the instructions of the agronomists, primarily in terms of site selection, soil quality and watering.
Having planted Honey gooseberries in a permanent place, the first harvest with proper care can be expected in 3-5 years. The average period of fruiting bush - 25-30 years. But if you do not carry out regular pruning, gooseberries run wild very quickly, the berries shrink, lose their taste and ripen much later than usual.
Despite the obvious drawbacks, most gardeners who grow Honey variety are not ready to give it up due to winter hardiness, high yield and exceptional taste of the fruit.
The grade Honey differs in high productivity. 4–5 kg of berries can be collected from one bush
Site selection and site preparation
Gooseberry Honey is quite demanding on the soil. The bushes best of all grow on light sandy and sandy soils, since root aeration is very important. On loamy and clayey soil, the plant survives only under the condition of constant loosening. It is categorically not tolerate this variety of silty, peaty and acidified soils. Gooseberry is undesirable to plant in the area where groundwater comes to the surface closer than 1.5 m, so give up the idea to place the plant in a valley or hollow. Humidity and cold air contribute to the development of powdery mildew, therefore, ideally, Honey should be planted near the fence, wall or on the side of a hill. At the same time for the ripening of the fruit you need a lot of light, so the place should be sunny and not obscured by buildings and other plantings.
A suitable plot is dug up to the depth of a spade bayonet, carefully removing all weeds. Along the way, fertilizers are introduced into the soil - organic and mineral. 3–5 kg of rotted manure, humus or compost, 200 g of wood ash (or 100 g of dolomite flour), 25–30 g of urea, 45–60 g of simple superphosphate (or 2 times less than double), 10–15 g potassium chloride or potassium nitrate.
For normal development and sufficient nutrition, each gooseberry bush needs 4–6 m² of soil. If the soil is “poor”, it is better to apply mineral fertilizers to the bottom of the planting pit, adding 3 liters of humus, compost or manure. Chemicals can be replaced with nitrophosphate (120–150 g) or organic berry fertilizer (270–300 g).
Selection of seedlings
When buying a seedling pay special attention to the root system
The root system of a healthy seedling should consist of 3-4 core roots with a length of up to 25–30 cm each. It is also necessary to have a developed system of fibrous roots.
The seedling itself is 2–3 twigs 20–25 cm long. If the seller allows, carefully cut one of them. The wood should be white-greenish, not beige or brown. The bark of a healthy seedling is smooth and even, without cracks.
The pit is dug 7–10 days before the intended landing. The optimum depth and width of the pit depends on the soil. In loam, sandy and sandy soil, 35–40 cm in depth and 50–55 in width are sufficient. If the soil is heavy and clayey, the depth is increased to 50–55 cm, the width is up to 65–70 cm. A layer of coarse river sand or gravel 6–8 cm thick is laid on the bottom, or clay, loam, or clay, if the soil is sandy.
When you're done planting, the gooseberry seedling should look like this.
The optimal time for planting Honey gooseberry variety is the third decade of September. For the time remaining before the frost, he will have time to take root. But in the southern regions, spring planting is possible at the very beginning of March. If the buds on the seedling began to bloom, it's too late.
When planting several bushes at the same time, maintain a distance between them of 1.5–2 m, and between rows - 1–1.5 m. 4–5 plantations of gooseberry of different varieties planted alongside increase the yield on each of them.
- Two days before planting, soak the plant roots in water, a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or Barrier preparation (for disinfection), potassium humate or Epine (to stimulate growth). During the day, coat them with a mixture of clay and fresh manure, taken in equal proportions, and diluted with water to a thick slurry. Let it dry well in the sun.
- Cut off all dried and broken branches, shorten too long roots to 20 cm.
- If the soil is light, place the seedling on the bottom of the pit so that the root neck is 5-6 cm below the top edge. This contributes to rapid growth and the formation of additional roots. If the soil is clay, plant the gooseberry slightly obliquely. So he is better rooted.
- Carefully flatten the roots and cover the pit with the ground flush with the top edge. Add land in small portions and compact to avoid air cavities. Then it should be well tamped with hands or trampled.
- Liberally pour gooseberries (10 liters per plant).
- When water is absorbed, mulch the hole with peat or humus, creating a layer 5-7 cm thick.
- Cut off all the shoots, leaving 3–4 growth buds on each. Weak, undeveloped shoots are best removed completely, so that in winter they do not freeze out.
- After 2-3 weeks, roll up the seedling, forming an earthen shaft about 10 cm high, and warm the trunk with a layer of fine sawdust 10–12 cm.
Loosening and weeding
To loosen the gooseberry of this variety should be after each watering, but very carefully. Separate roots are located only 7-10 cm under the soil. At the same time clean the tree trunk from all weeds.
Water the gooseberries just under the root. This also applies to seedlings and adult bushes.
Since the main root system is located 35–40 cm below the surface of the earth, watering the Honey needs a rare but abundant. It is not recommended to turn a tree circle into a marsh. Naturally, watering needs to be adjusted according to the weather.
Honey is particularly demanding when watering when fruits and flower buds are tied for the next year (from mid-May until the end of the first decade of June), during the ripening of berries (second and third decade of June) and during the preparation for winter (the whole third decade of September and the first half of October). The norm for an adult bush is 30-50 liters of water every 5-7 days.
Water the plants directly under the root. Special nozzles and sprayers in this case are inappropriate. Dig, departing from the base of the bush 45-50 cm, several grooves 12-15 cm deep and carefully pour water there. Then the root zone, especially if the weather is hot and dry, can be overlaid with freshly cut grass, covered with a thin layer of compost or peat to prevent moisture from evaporating too quickly.
Feeding gooseberries can be both root and foliar
To achieve a rich harvest, it is necessary to feed the gooseberries in time.
Fertilizer application schedule - table
What and how to make
Every spring before bud break.
Urea (20–30 g / m², depending on the age of the bush) and boric acid powder (10–15 g). Immediately dig or well loosen the soil. If you are preparing a solution, 10 liters of water, 50–70 g of urea and 25–30 g of boric acid are sufficient for one bush. If you prefer organic, dilute fresh cow dung with water in a ratio of 1: 4.
Every second spring immediately before flowering.
Dead manure, humus or compost (4–5 l), simple superphosphate (50 g), potassium chloride or potassium nitrate (20 g), sifted wood ash (1 cup) per m². Loosen the soil and pour a little circle of the stem. Mineral fertilizers in the doubled amount can be dissolved in 15–20 l of water and water the bush under the root. If the condition of the bush does not suit you, make organic every year.
Every summer during the setting of fruits (early June).
Nitrophoska (20–25 g) and potassium humate (35–40 g) per 10 liters of water. Norm for one bush - 25–30 l. Or complex biological fertilizers (Berry, Growth-1, Stimul-1, Reasil, Biohumus). Young bushes (2–3 years) have enough fertilizing with slurry (manure is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5). Under each bush, pour 5–7 l of the mixture into the irrigation grooves and lightly sprinkle with earth.
Every autumn (after harvest).
Complex potassium phosphate fertilizers (Autumn, Nitrophos, Diammofoska, ABA) or superphosphate (15–25 g / m²) and potassium sulphate (25–30 g). The introduction of nitrogen in any form is strongly discouraged. This provokes the formation of green mass, the active growth of shoots, the plant will not be able to “hibernate” in time and store the necessary amount of nutrients. From organics fit a solution of fresh cow dung (1:10) or bird droppings, but only in the third year after disembarkation. Norm - 5–7 l / m².
An adult, fully formed, healthy shrub of the gooseberry Honey (four to five years old) is about 1.5 m in height and about 1.2 m in width. Pruning is strongly recommended to be carried out in spring and autumn every year in order to thin out the rapidly thickening crown, to facilitate care and harvesting, to remove all shoots that have dried, dead and damaged from pests and diseases, and to maintain high yields.
When pruning, you need to remember that the most valuable branches in terms of fruiting are those that have turned 5–7 years old to the point of the third branch. Also, the fruits are tied to last year's annual shoots. Therefore, all branches older than 7–8 years or shoots on them of the fourth branch and further recommended to cut. The tops of young shoots (2–3 years), on the contrary, should not be touched, except for cases when small, deformed, unsweetened berries grow on them.
Honey Gooseberry need to be cut regularly if you want to harvest every summer
The oldest branches (8–10 years old) are cut at the base to replace them with new skeletal shoots that will bear fruit.
Осенью в обязательном порядке проводите санитарную обрезку. Крона довольно быстро зарастает, а для нормального развития и вызревания плодов Медовому нужно много света. Кроме того, избыточная тень и влажность провоцируют развитие грибковых и вирусных болезней. До точки роста обрезайте слабые, деформированные, искривлённые побеги, веточки, растущие вниз или внутрь кроны.
Всю работу по обрезке проводите только острым и дезинфицированным инструментом. Срезы тут же обрабатывайте раствором медного купороса (10 г на 1 л воды) и замазывайте садовым варом.
Be sure to disinfect both the tools and the cuts on the gooseberry bush
It is also recommended to install a support, lifting the branches. The lower shoots of gooseberry spread along the ground. Because of this, berries are polluted and rotting, pests appear.
The most common diseases and methods of their treatment - table
Ways to combat and prevent
American powdery mildew (sphere library)
After flowering on future fruits, leaves and sprouts, a whitish plaque resembling a spider web appears. Then the color changes to brownish gray, the bloom thickens. The shoots cease to grow, the leaves are deformed, the fruits fall, not having time to ripen.
For prevention in early spring, until the buds have blossomed, spray the plant with boiling water and sprinkle it on the tree trunk.
After flowering, spray the leaves with a solution of copper sulfate (120 g per 10 liters of water), ferrous sulfate (300 g) of colloidal sulfur (150 g), soda ash (30–50 g). The most effective chemicals are Fitosporin and Cumulus.
Of organic fertilizers useful infusion of fresh manure and wood ash. Manure fill a third of the tank, add water, insist 3-4 days under a closed lid, mix. The finished infusion is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3. The ashes also fill the tank by a third, add water, boil for half an hour. In the cooled infusion add 20-30 g of finely planed soap.
On the leaves, young shoots and stalks appear grayish or brown spots that grow rapidly, merging into one. Then the fruits and leaves fall.
Before blooming of vegetative and flower buds, the plant and the soil under it are sprayed with Nitrafen (50 g per 10 l) or Bordeaux mixture (100 ml)
White spot (septoriosis)
Brownish spots appear on the leaves and fruits, which then turn white, only the edge remains brown.
Prior to budding, prophylactic spraying with Nitrafen (50 g per 10 l), Bordeaux liquid (100 ml) or copper sulphate (120 ml) is carried out. When the shrub ottsvetet processing is repeated.
Also use drugs Kaptan, Phtalan, Zineb. Preparing the solution, strictly follow the manufacturer's instructions.
Glass and columnar rust
On the underside of the leaves, shoots, fruits, small yellow bulges appear. By August, they are replaced by a continuous fleecy raid of brownish or beige color.
In the spring, the bush is sprayed 4 times with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture (100 ml per 10 l) or Fitosporin - when the leaves bloom, when the buds appear, immediately after flowering and another 10–12 days.
On the leaves along the veins appear light green or yellowish stripes. The leaves stop growing, deform and fall off.
Any effective means of struggle does not exist. The affected plant must be carefully uprooted.
To avoid having to do this, pay attention to the quality of planting material; disinfect all tools for pruning for at least a quarter of an hour in a saturated purple potassium permanganate solution and sharpen it sharply.
The virus spreads aphids, so you need to deal with it in a timely manner.
Gooseberry disease in the photo
Now gooseberry in Europe is not too common. This is due to the fact that at the beginning of the 19th century, a disease that came from North America (powdery mildew) almost destroyed all the landings. Over time, varieties appeared that successfully resisted this fungus, but the former popularity never returned.
Video: Powdery Mildew on Gooseberry Berries
In addition to disease, gooseberry also suffers from pests. If the first specialists are able to somehow cope by protecting the cultivated variety from certain types of fungi and viruses, increasing its resistance (unfortunately, this does not apply to Honey Gooseberry), then no breeder can take measures against pests.
Gooseberry pests and control - table
Control and prevention measures
Larvae winter in fallen leaves under bushes. With the onset of spring, females lay eggs under the leaves. Hatched caterpillars feed on greenery, young shoots and fruit ovaries.
Keep the trunk circle in order. In the autumn, be sure to collect and burn fallen leaves, dry branches. During the season, do not forget about regular digging and loosening the soil.
At the beginning of May, spray leaves with a solution of tar (25–40 g per 10 l of water) or needles extract (50 ml) with the addition of finely planed soap. To prepare the extract, the branches are cut into small pieces, boiled in a water bath for 25–30 minutes, closed and insisted for 5 days in a dark place.
During flowering, use insecticides Lepidotsid, Kinmiks, Bitoxibacillin, Gladiator, Fufanon-Nova, Lightning, Novaction.
Eggs pest lays in the buds. They can be noticed if you carefully examine the blooming flowers. The caterpillars gnaw the ovary of the fetus from the inside, and when they go outside, they entangle it with a spider cocoon, made as if from dirty cotton wool. Fruits turn yellow, dry up, fall off.
The general immunity of plants increases the drug Zircon. Spraying is carried out before the buds bloom. All damaged fruit immediately removed from the bush and burn.
Immediately after flowering, spray the ovary with Actellic, Etafos, Karbofos. In severe cases, after 7-10 days spraying can be repeated.
The butterfly lays eggs on the inside of the leaves. Emerging caterpillars feed on leaves, leaving only the veins. When a mass invasion of caterpillars of greenery on the bush does not remain for 3-4 days.
The most effective insecticides specifically designed to combat aphids and gall midges (Aktellik, Karbofos). The bushes are sprayed twice - when the vegetative buds bloom when the gooseberry blossoms.
If the moth caterpillars appeared in summer, for prophylaxis 5–7 days after harvesting, another spraying is carried out.
Currant glass bowl
The caterpillars of this butterfly, which lays eggs in bark cracks, feed on young shoots, gnawing entire tunnels inside. Outside the bark seems intact. The branches wither and dry for no apparent reason about a month after flowering.
After flowering, spray the bushes with the Actellic, Karbofos, Etafos preparations. When cutting, use only sharp, disinfected instruments. Disinfect all damages, cracks on the bark and cuts with a 3% solution of copper sulphate and smear it with garden pitch.
Currant gall midge (shoots, leaf, flower)
She lays eggs in the bark (dark spots appear on shoots, they crack, break if you make the slightest effort), leaves (young leaves twist at the ends of branches, holes appear on them, they turn black and fall), buds (flowers do not bloom, buds become reddish yellow and fall off).
From insecticides in the period of the appearance of leaves and flowers apply Actellic, Karbofos and Etafos.
There are folk remedies - infusion of mint or tomato tops. Greens are chopped, half-filled with raw material, poured with cold water and drawn for 4–5 days. Then infusion filter and spray the bushes with an interval of 12-15 days (depending on how intense precipitation). In order to better “stick” to the leaves, you can add 25–30 g of small chips of laundry soap to the infusion.
Next to the bushes plant marigolds, dill, garlic, lemon balm, wormwood, other plants with a strong smell. They will scare away the pests.
Gooseberry Shoot Aphid
Leaves, starting with the youngest, located at the ends of the shoots, twist, dry and fall. The affected shoots stop growing, are deformed.
Starting from the end of May, spray the bushes with a solution of Actellic, Karbofos, Vofatoks, Hostavik.
Of folk remedies often used mustard powder infusion. 10 g of powder is poured with a liter of water, stirred, insisted day. Then filtered and once again diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4.
The pest settles on the underside of the leaves, gradually weaving them with cobwebs. At first small greenish-yellow dots appear, gradually expanding into spots. Cobwebbed leaves dry and fall.
Against ticks, there are special drugs - acaricides, but these pests very quickly produce immunity. If more than one treatment is needed, alternate the chemicals. Acartan, Zolon, Metaphos, Phosphamide, Cydial, Tedion can be used.
Carefully read the composition. If colloidal sulfur is indicated as a component, the agent is less effective and can burn leaves. The first treatment - before the appearance of buds, the second - after flowering.
Folk remedy - onion peel infusion. A glass of raw material is poured over with 2 glasses of water, insisting two days. Then filtered and again diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 2.
Honey Gooseberry is distinguished by a good yield - up to 4–5 kg of fruits can be harvested from one bush. The variety is absolutely universal. Compote is brewed from unripe greenish berries, while unripe greenish-yellow fruit is made from jam, jam, and jam. The latter can also be frozen. It is even a pity to use fully ripened fruits for winter preparations, it is better to eat them fresh or bake pies, cakes, muffins and so on.
Doctors recommend gooseberries to those who live in areas with unfavorable ecology. It contains pectins that promote the excretion of toxins, toxins and salts of heavy metals from the body. It is believed that the berries eaten directly from the bush and fresh juice help to neutralize even the effects of radiation and prevent the development of cancer.
Technical maturity of gooseberry comes about 2 weeks before full maturity. Therefore, berries for compote and jam can be collected in the second and third decade of July. The faster you process them, the more nutrients will remain in the winter harvest.
If you plan to eat gooseberries fresh and immediately, collect it in the morning or in the evening so that the berries are dry. To pick one bush at a time. Be sure to leave the stalk length of at least 5 mm, do not tear off the berries at the base. Use small containers (up to 2.5–3 l) and wicker so as not to crush the berries, which will be at the bottom.
Gooseberries, intended for transportation, need to be further dried, scattered in a thin layer on newspapers or fabrics, and sort out, rejecting all the berries with the slightest sign of damage. Pick up the container with rigid walls.
Yellow gooseberry jam is not only beautiful, but also very useful.
Freshly harvested gooseberries immediately put in a refrigerator, cellar, basement or other place with low temperature. But even if all conditions are met, a fully mature gooseberry will not last longer than 2–3 days.
It is possible to extend this period to 10–12 days, if you collect it for 4–5 days earlier than the berries finally ripen. Then within 2-3 days they will ripen. You can do the same if the forecast for the expected day of picking gooseberries and a few days before and after it is unfavorable - wet, overcast, rainy weather. Gooseberries harvested in advance will not crack, will not fall and will not start to rot.
Long-term storage of gooseberries (up to 1.5 months) is possible at a temperature of about 0 ° C and a relative air humidity of 85–90%. Throw them in a thin layer in cardboard boxes or wooden boxes, pouring sawdust, straw, finely picked up newspapers.
In the refrigerator, in the special compartment for fruits and vegetables, the gooseberry will lie for 3-4 months. To save space, put it in open plastic bags. Condensation can be prevented by pre-cooling the berries. Before use, put the bag in a cool place (+ 8 ... + 10 ºС) for 6–8 hours and only then - in a room with room temperature.
During the gooseberry harvesting process, a certain algorithm must be followed. This is especially true for varieties with a large number of thorns, including Honey. First, remove all the berries on the outer branches, to which you can reach without removing the strapping or support. Only then it is removed, the bush slightly "breaks up", and you can get to the internal branches without significant damage to your health. In the middle of the bush, help yourself with pitchforks.
Be sure to use thin leather gloves or a canvas mitten for the hand with which you are pushing the branches. To protect themselves and not spend a lot of time collecting gooseberries, craftsmen come up with various devices. Most often, one side of an old pan, a ladle, or a large mug is half cut off, attaching something resembling teeth to a shear. Then it is enough to lift the branch and hold these teeth on the underside. Significant minus - you can pick vegetative and flower buds from young shoots. In this case, the harvest next year, do not wait.
Most berry crops are completely unsuitable for consumption in unripe form. However, compote and jam from an unripe and half-ripe gooseberry will be tastier and more beautiful than ripe.
The best taste is, of course, Honey. And although the yield of the bush is average, the berries grow large, golden-green, with a thin skin, tender and juicy flesh. Here it is just very sweet.
Under the sweet gooseberry, of course, should be meant dessert varieties. Of the dessert varieties, the sweetest ones are Belorussian sugar (berries are large, light green, juicy, with thin skin) and Honey (berries are large, golden-green, with thin skin and tender, juicy pulp, very sweet).
You can adjust the height of Honey Gooseberry by trimming. Yes, prickly, but in order to prick less, collect better with gloves and long-sleeved clothes. Berries on long petioles. Interestingly, he has very small seeds.
The variety deserves attention, it has only one small minus - it is a high spreading bush, but everything is fixable by pruning.
Despite the fact that Honey gooseberry is not without flaws, which include poor disease resistance and a large number of thorns, the taste of the fruit is such that it is certainly worth growing. After all, with proper care, Honey justifies his name, I am pleased with sweet and fragrant berries.
This variety belongs to the early ripe group. Grow it mainly in the North-West regions. The plant is sprawling, compact, of moderate height, with straight branches. The spines are large, sharp - up to 1.2 cm in length. The fruits are small and medium. Form - rounded and rounded oval. Color is light green. Berry weighs 1.5-3 g. Maximum weight - 4 g. Boca, turned to the sun, acquire a yellowish tint. A lot of seeds - about 20 pieces in one fruit.
The grade steadily fructifies on solar sites with fertile soils. Poor tolerance of excess moisture and cold. Berries have good taste - this is what experts call “dessert.” The taste is highly appreciated by the tasting 5-point scale - 4.5. It is resistant to cold. Mealy mildew resists. Collection from the bush - 4.5-6.2 kg. The variety is self-fertile. Purpose - universal. Minus - the thorns and the fineness of the fruit.
This famous variety with dark red berries ripens early. Included in the State Register since 1971. The plant is semi-sprawling, shoots have spikes of medium size. The average weight of the fruit - 5-7 g. Color - dark red, there is a weak wax coating. There are no pubescence on the berries.
Drought and frost-resistant variety. The harvest depends on the growing conditions. From one bush collect from 1.8 to 6 kg. The variety is self-fertile, resistant to powdery mildew and other gooseberry diseases. It tolerates transportation - the berries do not choke. Resistant to diseases.
Late-ripening variety, ideal for Eastern Siberia. Included in the State Register since 2008. The variety is not in vain got such a delicious name, gooseberry "Candy" - one of the most "sugar" varieties. The berry weighs 3 g, the maximum weight is 6 g. The color is pink, the fruits are thin-skinned, of the same size, oval, there is a slight pubescence.
The variety is high-yielding - up to 6.5 kg of berries grow on one bush. The plants are thick, medium height. Fruiting in the second year after planting. Fruits are universal - they are suitable for making compotes, jams, marmalade, marshmallow and wine. An important advantage of the variety is the use of fruits in different degrees of ripeness. The yield of one bush - 2-6 kg. The berries have a pronounced dessert taste, they are assigned the maximum tasting score. The variety belongs to the cold-resistant category, it is resistant to the main enemies of gooseberry - powdery mildew and anthracnose. The problem is one - septoria.
At the beginning of the last century, all the gooseberry plantations were destroyed by powdery mildew. Since then, breeders have deduced many varieties that are resistant to this scourge, but the berry has never had the same popularity.
Variety with sweet berries and spike shoots. Cultivated over half a century. In the State Register since 1959. Power plants, sprawling and thick. Shoots slope down a bit, the thickness of the spikes average. The berries are round-oval or obovate, with a smooth surface, red-purple, thick-skinned. The flesh is thick. On average, the mass of berries - 7 g.
Плоды обладают десертным вкусом, они универсальны – вкусны в свежем виде, превосходны в переработке. Сорт зимостоек, он культивируется в северных районах и стойко выдерживает экстремальные температурные условия. Урожай с куста – от 2 до 3,7 кг.
Среднепоздний самоплодный крыжовник, выведенный уральскими селекционерами. Внесен в Госреестр в 1999 г. Районирован в Уральском регионе. Кусты среднерослые, слабораскидистые. На побегах шипов немного – они расположены в нижней части. The fruits are large, pear-shaped, with a thin skin, weighing 3.1-7.6 g. The color is dark red, almost black. The skin is medium thick or thin, without pubescence. The average number of seeds.
It has a high drought tolerance, tolerates heat well. The berries have a sweet taste. Received a tasting score of 4.8 points. One bush gives 3.7-6.9 kg. The variety is winter-hardy and resistant to powdery mildew, anthracnose and sawflies. Afraid of septoria. The taste is sweet, but there is a clear sourness.
Gooseberry Belarusian breeding. The plant is compact, not particularly sprawling, tall. There are spikes of medium size. The fruits are large, their weight reaches 4-8.5 g. The shape is round-oval, the skin is not hairy. Coloring - greenish-white.
High self-fruiting variety. Pros - withstand frosts, productivity, resistance to fungi. Relative resistance to powdery mildew. Fruiting - 13-19 years. Berries with dessert flavor.
In the gooseberry many pectins - they enhance the body's ability to counteract adverse ecology, remove toxins and toxins.
Mid-season samoplodny variety, introduced into the State Register in 1974. The variety is created on the basis of the variety "Russian" - this is its mutant. Plant of medium height, medium spreading. The flesh is much softer than that of the Russian variety - it is the forefather of the Russian Yellow variety. Fruit color - amber, yellow-green. The weight of the berries is 6-8 g. The shape is roundly elongated, elliptical, there is no pubescence, but there is a wax coating.
Fruits do not crumble, do not burst, do not damage during transportation. Fruits are eaten fresh, used to prepare a variety of wines and fruit drinks. Up to 4 kg of berries are harvested from one plant. Tasting score - 4 points. The taste is standard. Without prejudice, it suffers cold, dry periods. Excellent presentation. Minus - spreading bushes.
Medium late variety, introduced into the State Register in 1994 - for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region. Bushes are above average, but compact. Shoots with pubescence, a minimum of thorns. Fruits are small - up to 3.6 g. Not the same size, spherical. Color - dark red. Score tasting scale - 4-4.4 points.
Berries are suitable for any purpose. They have a pleasant sweetness. One bush gives 4 to 7 kg of berries. Pros - winter hardiness, almost no powder mealy dew.
Mid-season, self-fertile variety, bred for the West Siberian region. Shoots covered with spikes. Fruits are light green, rounded, large, weigh an average of 6 g. Maximum - 9 g.
The berries are sweet, but with a sour taste, the taste is close to the dessert. Well tolerated long haul. The bush gives berries from 3 to 10 kg. Minus - affected by septoria.
100 g of gooseberry 44 kcal. The most useful gooseberry is green. They say that if you eat it right from the bush, you can withstand the effects of radiation.
Medium late gooseberries with sweet black berries. Bushes are vigorous, slightly sprawling, with a dense crown and medium branching. On the shoots - rarely located single spikes directed downwards. The fruit is hairless, oval, dark ruby. Ripened berries get black color. Fruit weight - 3 g.
The taste of the berries is sweet and sour. 4.3 points on the tasting scale. The bush gives 3-4 kg of berries. Not afraid of powdery mildew. Fruits do not spoil for a long time - good for realization. The grade easily breeds - shanks and layers. Minus - a small weight of the fruit.
Thornless Gooseberry Varieties
One of the main drawbacks of the classic gooseberry is the sharp thorns, which are densely planted on the shoots. Harvesting gooseberries is a complete mess. If we are not talking about varieties without thorns - and there are enough of them today, the breeders took care of the creation of a studless gooseberry.
The main advantages of this mid-season variety are the almost complete absence of thorns and large yields of tasty, sweet berries. This is a new variety, it was bred at the end of the last century. The variety is bred specifically for growing in the middle lane. Shrubs with medium sprawling crown grow up to 2 m in height. Annual shoots have 1-2 spines, not more, but they disappear with time. The berries are round, with thin skin. Color - bright red, ripened fruits turn black. Mass - 6 g
Harvest from a bush - 3 kg. As the bush grows, fruiting increases. The variety is used as a dessert, made from the berries of wine and jam. Pros - negligence to care, large yield, resistance to extreme weather conditions. Cons - poorly transported, the plant is afraid of drafts, it reacts poorly to dry soil.
It is a practically bearingless variety with early ripening and black berries. The average weight is 3-4 g. The shape of the fruit is round-oval, they are first red, fully ripening, becoming black. On the skin - wax coating.
Harvest from the bush - 5-7 kg. Shrubs are cold-resistant, resist powdery mildew. The products of processing - bright ruby color. Fruits are raw materials for natural food dyes.
This mid-late gooseberry was bred in the 80s. last century. Creating a variety, breeders sought to create a frost-resistant gooseberry, with sweet berries and without thorns. Fruits pear-shaped, extended to the bottom. The average weight is 4-5 g. There are no spikes. While the berries ripen, their color changes - at first they are light green with a reddish tint, then purple.
High immunity, not demanding soils and care. Up to 6 kg of sweet and sour berries can be harvested from the bush. It tolerates low temperatures, heat, drought. Perfectly transfers freight. Does not need a garter shoots. Cons - medium-sized fruits and a bad reaction to moisture deficiency. Harvest from the bush - 7 kg.
Choosing varieties of gooseberries, amateur gardeners, are guided not only by taste, color and yield, but also by the time of ripening. The last criterion depends on how quickly ripe fruits appear - in which month they begin to feast on gooseberries. Berries of early varieties are ready for consumption in early or mid-June.
Early variety bred in the middle of the last century. It was not registered in the State Register, but it has been preserved, and today it has been successfully bearing fruit in many personal plots. Saplings of “Amber” variety are even exported. Sprawling plants, tall - up to 1.5 m. Fruits are oval, intense yellow-orange color. Mass - 5 g.
The taste of the berries are sweet, with a slight sourness. Smell - honey. This dessert variety is suitable for blanks, compotes, confitures. The flesh is dense, so the fruits are well transported. High frost resistance and resistance to fungal diseases. The seedlings have a high survival rate, so they are safely planted throughout the summer and until autumn.
A new self-propelled variety, its advantages are still being evaluated by amateur gardeners and specialists. The berries are not particularly large, they weigh from 2.6 to 5.6 g. Standardly round fruits are neopushenny, they have a light green color.
Branches cover sharp spines. In the dessert taste of berries present strawberry flavor. For him, and valued this prickly gooseberry. With decent winter hardiness, there are years when the kidneys freeze slightly. In industrial cultivation, 7-12 tons are collected from 1 ha.
Altai license plate
Medium early yellow gooseberry. Safely grows and bears fruit in all regions.. Bushes are small, spreading is weak. The average weight of the fruit is 8 g. The color of the fruit is amber.
The berries have a sweet dessert taste. Resists to powdery mildew, pests. On the shoots few spikes.
An early variety of Latvian breeding, intended for the north and southwest zones. The plant is compact, medium height, spreading. Fruits are medium-sized, oval, color is rich yellow, the surface gleams. Weight of berries - up to 2.5 g. Fruits with thin skin.
The bush gives 4-6 kg of berries. Exceptionally tasty and fragrant berries. Winterhardy and transportable grade. Suitable for desserts and processing.
Early samoplodny grade. Included in the State Register in 2002. The plant is of medium height, branched, with spiky shoots. Single spikes, 2-3 pieces for every 0.5 m. Fruits are large, round-oval, weighing 5 g. Color is yellow-green, with a slight reddish tinge.
Quickly adapts to new growing conditions. The fruit has a pleasant dessert taste. May be attacked by aphids, flagella. From a bush collect up to 11 kg of fruits. It tolerates a short moisture deficiency. Safely transported - due to the dense skin.
Self-fertile variety bred by Ural breeders for the West Siberian region. The shrub is of medium size, with a slight spreading. Fruits weighing 5-9 g. Differs in the average number of seeds.
Immune to anthracnose and powdery mildew, it is not affected by pine sawfly and fire moth. Fruiting begins at 3-4 year vegetation. And then fruiting 15-20 years. To the berries longer retained marketable, they are collected in dry weather. Fruits are universal - they are eaten fresh, make preparations. Harvest from a bush - 2-6 kg. Good transportability, excellent keeping quality.
Medium early ripening. The fruits are not one-dimensional - medium and large, weighing 3.5-8.5 g. Berries are oval and tear-shaped, light green in color with a yellowish tinge. Gentle pulp, aroma - refreshing.
It tolerates dry periods. Berries for technical purposes - designed for processing. Harvest from the bush - 5-7 kg. The plant is winter-hardy, it stably bears fruit for about 20 years. Practically does not have powdery mildew.
Promising variety, grow more often in the Central region. Medium-sized, compact plant. Thorny little. Fruits are rounded oval, weighing 4-5 g, color - dark red.
High content of pectin. Harvest from the bush - 7 kg. Dense arrangement of berries on the shoots. Not afraid of powdery mildew and winter cold.
Medium early variety. It is not yet included in the State Register, it is undergoing trials. Berries with a transparent thin skin. The fruits are oval, weighing 4-4.5 kg. The color is greenish yellow.
7-9 g are harvested from the bush. The variety is winter-hardy, it endures diseases. Delicious, sweet and fragrant fruit.
It was bred in the last century, entered into the State Register in 1959. It grows from the Far East to the North-West region. Bred for climate with long winters and dank summer. Very powerful bushes. A lot of thorns. Fruits are saturated green, but as they ripen the greens become lighter. Fruit weight - 5-6 g. Peel thin, smooth skin.
Powdery mildew resistance. The plant bears fruit up to 15 years. Tasting score - 3 points. Variety classified as technical. This is due to sourness. The bush gives about 3 kg of berries. The main drawback is the instability to septoria.
Dark green Melnikova
Early high-yielding variety. Undemanding to the conditions of growth. Fruits are medium in size, weighing 2.5 g. Color - green. With a thin, but strong skin.
Products processing - jelly, jellies, marmalade, wine. The variety is hardy, winter-hardy, transportable fruits.
Zheltoplodny superearly variety, bred by Belarusian breeders. Bushes are compact. Fruits are oblong, of medium size, lemon-yellow color. The berries have no pubescence. Fruit weight - 3.5 g
Berries over time, lose their taste, though not showered with shoots. Harvest from the bush - 3.7 kg. Winter hardiness is average. Powdery mildew resistance.
Bred in 1968 by Sverdlovsk breeders. Powerful bushes, with straight shoots covered with spikes. The fruits are emerald green, large - 6-8 g each. No pubescence.
Dessert taste with grape notes. High tasting score - 4.8 points. Peel has a sour taste. Purpose - universal. The average tolerance of fungal diseases. Berries tolerate transportation. Bush gives - 4-7 kg of berries.
This gooseberry is considered one of the most delicious. Bushes of medium height, with a lot of thorns. Fruits are oval, dark red in color, ripening strongly - purple. Mass - 4-6 g. Fruits with a wax coating. The skin is firm.
Taste is sweet. Good transportability. Bushes grow without supports and garters. The highest tasting score - 5 points. Harvest from the bush - 5 kg.
Early drought-resistant variety, from 1990 on variety testing. Low-spraying bushes, shoots with spikes. The weight of the berries is 3-4 g. Berries with pubescence, plum-colored, the shape is a cone. There is little seed in the pulp.
The berries have a refreshing scent. Score tasting scale 4.8 points. Harvest from the bush - up to 5 kg. High winter hardiness, disease resistance.
Besshipny black variety, bred in 1995. High shrubs. Fruits are one-dimensional, very dark - maroon-brown, weigh 4-6 g. Smooth, round, without pubescence.
Tasting score - 4.6 points out of 5. On one bush - up to 6-8 kg of berries. Minus - low transportability. Winter-hardy, undemanding to care, self-fertile.
Varieties with an average maturity are ready for harvest in July. These are universal varieties, they are good for any purpose. They are distinguished by the sweetness of berries and a bountiful harvest.
This mid-ripened gooseberry appeared in 1988. It is undemanding, suitable for cultivation in different climatic zones. It has a thick crown, grows rapidly and needs pruning. Shoots with spikes - they are small, are quite rare. Fruits grow in different sizes. The shape is oval, the color is dark red, in the ripeness of almost burgundy. There is a wax raid. Mass - 4-7 g. In the juicy pulp there are a lot of seeds.
Berries are crispy, sugary, ripened, not showered. The variety is unpretentious, harvest, quickly adapts to environmental conditions. Tasting score - 4.5 points. Harvest from the bush - 9-10 kg.
The oldest variety, obtained in Siberia, in a botanical garden, as far back as 1939. There are few thorns on the bushes, but they are very long, sometimes reaching 12 mm.
Fruits are small, weigh 2-4 g. Color - burgundy. The taste is satisfactory. The average harvest from a bush is 2.8 kg. Self-fertility is weak. Drought can deal a serious blow to the crop. But the powdery mildew "Reliable" is not afraid, and its berries, having ripened, hang on the branches for a long time, without falling down.
A relatively new, self-fertile variety, undergoing variety testing since 1998. There is a minimum of thorns on the shoots. The berries are rich red.
The fruits are universal. Marked with good taste and high sugar content. Not afraid of fungal infections and severe frosts.
Bred in the 70s of the last century. Shoots without thorns. The mass of berries is 1.5-3.5 g. The fruits are round-oval, black in color, not hairy, with a wax coating. Peel of medium density.
Not afraid of powdery mildew. The variety is resistant to moisture deficiency. Does not crumple when shipped. Products - saturated red color. From the fruits make high-quality and tasty wine. Bush gives 1.3-1.5 kg of berries. The variety is winter-hardy and has a high immunity to powdery mildew, but it is affected by anthracnose.
Mid-season variety, bred for the European part of the Russian Federation, but successfully grown in almost all regions of the country. It was introduced into the State Register in 1992. The bush is 1.5 m high. Large fruits, rounded, slightly elongated. Weight - 6 g. Color - dark red. The flesh is tender, juicy, with a rich aroma. A lot of seed. Shoots spike.
Berries are sweet and sour, dessert. Harvest from a bush - 6 kg. High winter hardiness. When ripe berries tend to crumble. Attractive presentation, unpretentiousness to care, the fruits do not let the juice during transportation. Affected by the fungus. Difficulty cleaning due to spikes.
In the State Register since 2007. The fruits weigh 3.5-4 g. Round shape. Color - burgundy, in strong ripeness - black, fruits covered with a waxy coating. Seeds are small. The skin is dense.
Fruits are not showered. The taste is sweet and sour. Berries have a technical purpose. Prepare wine, juices, natural dyes. Winter hardiness, disease resistance, ease of reproduction. Cons - bushes quickly thickened, mediocre taste characteristics.
Self-fertile middle-ripening variety with green fruits. The plant is medium strong, compact, there are thorns. Fruits without pubescence, medium size, rounded. Color - light green. Peel of medium density. Fruit weight - 3-4 g.
Fruit with a sweet and sour, refreshing taste. Berries are suitable for any purpose. The bush gives up to 10-13 kg. It tolerates powdery mildew.
Mid-season variety of unknown origin. Distributed in the Central region. The second name - Date Bottle. The plant is vigorous, with an average spreading. Shoots with spikes directed downwards. Very large fruits - 16-18 g. Oblong, pear-shaped, oval. Color - dark green, along the veins - red-brown dots. On the fruits there is a slight pubescence. The flesh is green, fragrant.
The taste is sweet and sour. Harvest from the bush - up to 20 kg. Cultivar and winter hardy. Cons - when the deficit of moisture, berries fall off, with strong humidity - cracking of fruits.
Samoplodny grade from mid-category. Popular due to the absence of thorns. Fruits up to 6 g. Yellow-green, taste with sourness, spicy notes are felt. The berries have a thin and transparent skin.
The bushes are slightly sprawling, taking up little space. From fragrant fruits it turns out tasty and beautiful preservation. Fruits practically do not crumple, do not let the juice in - well transported. Powdery mildew resistance. Thanks to exceptional winter hardiness, it is suitable for growing in regions with a harsh climate.
Low-grade mid-season variety from Moscow breeders. The mass of fruits - 4-6 g. Thorn only at the bottom of the shoots. The height of the bushes is about 1.5 m. The fruits are green with a yellow-orange shade. Form - oval-pear.
One bush gives 5-6 kg of berries. Maximum - 9 kg. Berries are sweet and sour. Excellent taste. Resistant to extreme climatic conditions and diseases. Ягоды используют для еды в свежем виде и для консервирования.
Сорт выведен английскими селекционерами. Поспевая в середине июля, плодоносит до сентября. Сильнорослые кусты высотой 1,6 м, раскидистые. Есть шипы. Ягоды весят примерно 8 г. Они желто-зеленые, гладкие, овальной формы, с тонкой кожицей. Созревая, ягоды становятся янтарными.
Отличается долгим плодоношением. Куст дает 6 кг ягод. Шипы мешают сбору. Есть иммунитет к грибкам. Зимостоек, дает стабильные урожаи.
Сорт среднеспелый, самоплодный. Bred by Belarusian breeders. The plant is medium tall, mid-range, few thorns. The color of the rounded fruit is from dark red to purple. Weight - 3.4-4.4 g. There is no pubescence.
Sweet-sour taste, berries are considered dessert, and are also used for processing.
Novelty from Belarusian breeders. Ripens in the second half of July. The bushes are slightly sprawling, shoots with thin spikes. Dark red berries weigh 3-4 g.
Berries are suitable for processing and consumption of fresh. The bush gives up to 7-8 kg of berries. The fruit has a sweet wine flavor. Berries make jam, jams, wine. Resistant to powdery mildew. It tolerates harsh winters.
Mid-season yellow-fruited variety. Got its name for the unusual aroma with notes of honey. Plant srednerosly, sprawling. Fruits are round or pear-shaped, with a thin skin. Gentle and soft pulp. The weight of the fruit - about 6 g. Shoots strongly studded.
Harvest from the bush - 5 kg of berries. Fruits are sweet, high in sugar, have a distinctive honey flavor. Harvesting is difficult due to the thorns. It withstands frost, drought, diseases, pests. Well tolerated freight. With a deficit of moisture, the ovaries fall off, and the sugar content of the berries decreases.
Variety with yellow fruits. Bred in the last century, introduced into the State Register in 1965. The plant is compact and vigorous. A lot of thorns on the shoots, thin and sharp. Big berries, round and oval, their average weight is 4 g. They have a thick peel, and the flesh is juicy and tender. There are a lot of seeds in fruits. The color of the berries is bright yellow, with a waxy coating.
The taste of berries is sweet and sour, without pronounced aroma. Score tasting - 4 points. About 4.2 kg of berries are harvested from the bush. Resistant to powdery mildew, easily propagated, good product characteristics. Cons - difficult harvest due to spikes and lack of resistance to frost.
This black-fruited variety with medium ripening period was replenished by the State Register in 1992. Mid-sprawling bushes with rare spikes. The mass of berries is 4.5 g. The fruits are ovate-pear-shaped. No pubescence. The rind is thick, with a waxy coating.
Fruits with taste and aroma of prunes. Well preserved and transported. Cons - dependence on the weather, is affected by anthracnose. Productivity - 3-4 kg from a bush. Score tasting scale - 4.2 points.
Aronia variety. One of the best varieties of gooseberry. Bushes grow in height to 2 m. Shoots are covered with numerous thorns. Fruits pear-shaped, blue-black, shiny, hairless. Small fruits - 2-2.5 g
Berries with dessert flavor. Score on the tasting scale - 4.7 out of 5 points. Fruits are not prone to shattering, ripened, firmly held on a bush. The fruits are used to make wines, compotes, jams, etc. Productivity - 7 kg from a bush. It is well transported, the fruits do not lose their presentation for a long time. Minus - the complexity of cleaning because of the spikes.
Variety of Belarusian breeding. Winter hardy and fruitful. Bushes are thick and spreading. Berries weigh up to 3.5 kg. Form - elongated-oval, peeled hair. Color - orange-red, ripening, the berries become brick-red. The average weight of the fruit - 2.8 g
The taste is sweet and sour. Score tasting scale - 4 points. Minus - the yield drops during adverse weather.
Variety of Altai selection. Semi-sparse rare bushes with thick spikes. Fruits are pear-shaped, of medium size. Color - dark red. Fruit weight - 2.3 g
The variety is undemanding to care, the berries are used for processing - of them make wine, marmalade, jelly, etc. The bush gives 4-6 kg of berries.
Bred in the 70s of the last century. Compact plants of medium height. At the bottom of the shoots - spikes. The fruits weigh 3-6.7 g. The round-oval berries are bright pink in color. No pubescence.
Hardly propagated by cuttings. Very tasty berries, but no flavor. Score - 4.8 points. From a bush collect up to 7 kg of berries.
Late varieties are usually used for making winter blanks. They are allowed to jam and jams. Berries ripen at the end of July - the beginning of August.
Late cultivar that has been tested since 1990. Strong-growing plant with spiny shoots. Spikes are evenly distributed throughout the length. The mass of berries is 7-10 g. The fruits are ovate-pear-shaped, black in color, there is a wax coating. The skin is thick.
The taste of the berries is sweet and sour, the aroma is refreshing. Score - 5 points. In case of violation of agrotechnology may be affected by powdery mildew. Harvest from the bush - 2.5 kg.
Medium late, frost-resistant grade. Semi-sprawling middle-growth bushes. On the shoots there are some thorns, they are double and single, of small size. Weight - 6-10 g. It can be up to 13-15 g. The fruits are obovoid, the pubescence is short. The berries are dark red, cast purple. The skin is thick with poorly branched veins.
Fruits are universal - suitable for all kinds of blanks, good fresh. From the bush collect 2-5.8 kg of berries. Resistant to powdery mildew, winter hardy, productive, with berries - excellent commercial quality.
Hybrid with an average maturity. It is a skoroplodny hybrid grade, fruitful and tasty. Erect bushes, sprawling medium. Berries ovate-pear-shaped, light green. When the fruits ripen fully, they become yellowish. Berry weight - 5-8 g.
Bushes do not need a garter and supports. It tolerates frosts. About 4 kg are collected from the bush. The fruits are good in all kinds - fresh and processed. The variety is particularly resistant to anthracnose.
Late ripening green variety. Berry weight - 6-7.5 g. Fruits are rounded, green.
On the bush grows to 8.5 kg of berries. Sweet and sour fruits of universal purpose. Does not suffer from powdery mildew and black spot. Cold resistant. Suitable for mechanized collection.
Medium late, self-fertile variety bred by Ural breeders. The shrub is medium in size, with slightly studded shoots. Fruits are dark cherry in color, weighing 3-4.5 g. Berries grow the same size, round-oval in shape. No pubescence. The skin is of medium thickness. By ripening, the fruits become almost black.
The taste is sweet and sour. Harvest from the bush-2.5-6 kg. Grade with high immunity against mealy dew.
Winter-hardy, samoplodny variety with excellent taste. Bred Ural breeders. Srenerolnye bushes, almost studless. Fruits are dark cherry, rounded oval. Weight - 2.8-5.5 g. Without pubescence.
Mediocre-flavored berries - designed for processing. Good presentation. Productivity - up to 40 kg / ha.
History of the variety
Russian yellow is a clone of Russian gooseberry, which has been on the list of breeding achievements since 1959. The grade received new characteristics, but also adopted positive old ones. In particular, Russian yellow is resistant to powdery mildew, it is winter-hardy, self-bearing and high-yielding. Passed from the Russian and spreading shoots, but the bush has become more compact.
Russian yellow is a clone of Russian gooseberry
The Russian Yellow variety test was adopted in 1964; it was added to the State Register in 1974. Zoned for the Ural and North-Western regions. However, due to its adaptability to any weather conditions, this gooseberry can be grown in different climatic zones. It bears fruit well and in the hot dry summer and cool rainy.
Description of the gooseberry variety Russian yellow
An adult bush grows to a height of just over 1 m, without thickening. The wood of the fruit-bearing branches is light brown. Thorns are, but are concentrated mainly in the lower part of the shoots. Berries ripen in late June or early July, the period depends on weather conditions. Fruits are large - up to 7 g, look very nice, shine in the sun, because they do not have pubescence and are covered with a wax coating. Ripe berries get a golden hue, the skin becomes thin and transparent.
Gooseberry fruit Russian yellow without pubescence, with a wax coating
Gooseberry is the earliest honey plant. In the spring, he is the first among the berry bushes to bloom and attract bees to the site. In folk medicine, berries are used as a diuretic and choleretic agent.
Gardeners who grow Russian yellow, speak of a sweet taste with sourness. Fruits contain a lot of sugar, have a dessert taste, so some fundamentally harvested immature green gooseberries, because it contains more ascorbic and other acids. One bush every year without pollinators gives 4-10 kg of berries. Even overslept, they do not crumble, do not burst and do not rot.
Ripe berries - glossy, with a golden hue
Features of growing Russian yellow
Of course, even in this gooseberry you can find flaws: sprawling crown, the presence of thorns, the bush is affected by spider mites and fungal diseases. In the description of the variety indicates relative resistance to powdery mildew, and not absolute. In addition, there are cases of anthracnosis. Taking into account the shortcomings and care should be taken.
Site selection and landing time
Russian yellow grows well in the scattered shade of trees, lattice fences, among other shrubs. However, part of the day it should be illuminated by bright sunshine. The place where the soil is always damp will not work, it does not dry out for a long time after the snow and rain have melted.
The best place for the gooseberry is under a light and air permeable fence, away from the paths and resting places
The ideal time for planting is autumn, right after the leaf fall, when the buds of the next year are already laid and matured. Many recommend replanting in spring, before bud break. But the gooseberry begins to grow very early, when the earth has just thawed out.
If the summer season you have opened on the May holidays, after the plot warms up and dries out well, then you will be late with the planting of the gooseberry.
The parameters of the landing pit should correspond to the size of the roots. The root collar can be buried, that is, planted 3-5 cm deeper than the gooseberry grew earlier. The rest of the landing is no different from the classic. Stir out the soil mixed with humus or compost 1: 1, add 1 tbsp. ash. If the land is infertile (with clay, sand, stones), then make a landing pit a little more, then you will get more nutrient mixture. After planting the Russian yellow sapling, be sure to water and gurgle the hole with at least grass cutting or powder it with dry soil so that no crusts or cracks form.
How to water
Russian yellow does not like waterlogging, is drought tolerant, but the berries will be bigger and tastier if the bush is watered. In addition, the stability in the care and growing conditions have a positive effect on immunity, the gooseberry becomes resistant to diseases.
When watering gooseberries need to become wet ground 40 cm deep
In the dry period, you need to water the Russian yellow once a week so that the earth gets wet at least 40 cm. It is especially important to ensure sufficient moisture during flowering (May) and fruit loading (mid-late June). Also need water recharge irrigation in September (in the absence of rain).
Table: Gooseberry Feeding
At each feeding, use only one of the fertilizers. All the solutions and infusions listed in the table can be poured over the leaves. They represent an acidic or alkaline environment, which is detrimental to fungi and is not to the taste of pests, but is beneficial to the plant, is well absorbed and absorbed by leaves and roots.
Fight against diseases and pests
Most often, pests and diseases act together: insects pierce young leaves, shoots, ovaries, suck out juices, and fungi are fixed in wounds. In most cases, they are brought by insects from nearby infected plants. Therefore, pest control is also a disease prevention.
Table: diseases and pests of the Russian yellow, methods of control and prevention
- Early in the spring or autumn after the leaf fall, ditch the bushes with earth or lay mulch 8–10 cm thick, then the butterflies will not be able to come to the surface and die.
- Collect the affected berries from the bush and the ground.
- Before and after flowering, spray Karbofos (60 g per 10 liters of water), Spark (1 tablet per 10 liters).
- If the damaged leaves are small, you can tear them off and burn them.
- In case of severe infection, spray with mite preparations, for example, Aktellik (2 ml per 2 l). If necessary, repeat the treatment after 10–14 days.
- For the prevention of fungal diseases, provide the gooseberry with good care: watering, feeding, thinning the bush, pest and weed control.
- If there are a few days left before harvesting, the chemicals cannot be used, then cut off all the damaged parts, pick up rotten berries and burn them. You can try to save a solution of greens or iodine (40 drops per 10 liters) or infusion of dry mustard (1 tablespoon. 1 liter of water).
- Fight fungicides start in early spring and continue until autumn. Before blooming leaves, before and after flowering, after harvesting, spray with copper-containing preparations: XOM (30 g per 10 l of water), Skor (2 ml per 10 l), copper sulphate (50 g per 10 l).
Forming a bush
You can not complicate your life with the formation of Russian yellow bush, but simply allow it to grow naturally. But sanitary pruning is necessary. Every spring, remove broken, crooked and diseased shoots. Starting at the age of 5–7, cut the oldest branches annually. They can be easily distinguished by dark and cracked bark.
Rules for the classic formation of gooseberry:
- Immediately after planting, trim all shoots to one-third the length. Over the summer, they will be covered with second-order branches, and several replacement shoots will grow from the ground.
- Next spring, leave the existing, fruiting branches, as well as 3-5 the strongest young substitution escapes, cut off the rest at ground level.
- In the third year, add up to five shoots. So form a shrub about five years, until it consists of 20-25 branches.
- From the sixth year, cut not only last year's growth, but also the old branches, and leave them to replace strong young shoots.
The gooseberry requires sanitary pruning annually.
Pplace branches with berries on the branches so that they do not lie on the ground and do not rot. The bush of Russian yellow keeps high productivity 15 years. Then you can rejuvenate it, cutting off absolutely all the shoots “under zero”, wait for the shoots and form a new bush. But it is better in the spring to pin the woody branch to the wet ground. By the fall it will give roots, you will have ready planting material.
Gardening enthusiasts form a gooseberry in the form of a tree - from a single shoot with a stem and skeletal branches. There are also cases of growing on a trellis, by analogy with raspberries.
Reviews gooseberry Russian yellow
Gooseberry Russian yellow in our country has been growing for a long time and every year pleases with an abundant and ever-increasing crop. This is the earliest of our four varieties. The bush is already more than a meter tall and, most likely, this is its final growth, it will not grow anymore. It is a rather prickly plant and it is not always convenient to pick berries, although berries are tasty and worth the effort to collect them. This year I made wonderful yellow jams from Russian gooseberry, I managed to wither away some wine and even some berries, dried berries were sourish, but for the compotes in the winter just right.
I remember this gooseberry from my distant childhood. He used to grow up with my beloved, deceased grandmother, the bush was not very big, but there were a lot of gooseberries and my cousin constantly burst for both cheeks)) Tasty and sweet was gooseberries. It seems even the muslin dew was not on him then. He did not hurt anything, and the berries were clean and without dark spots.
But before buying Russian yellow, keep in mind that this variety is a mutant from Russian, and in rare cases it may have some yellow and some red. And according to the author, Sergeevoj KD, he likes the taste, more tender than Russian, and Russian, in turn, to the taste - table.
Gooseberry Russian yellow planted 2 years ago. Last summer everything was fine with him, and this year the leaves bulged upwards and some points. Spark treated pests, then 2 times Bordeaux liquid - no changes at all. Three meters from it - Krasnoslavyansky, normal healthy bush.
It is pleasant to look after Russian yellow. This is the case when all efforts pay off with interest. On a high agricultural background, the yield will impress everyone: the branches are literally covered with berries - beautiful, large and tasty.