This flower adorns the collections of many lovers of indoor plants in our country. Most of them are better known as the Decembrist. Flower Schlumbergera - beautiful flowering plant that does not require complex care. It got its name in honor of the French grower, a large fan and collector of cacti Frederick Schlumberger. Another name for the flower is zigokaktus. It translates from Greek as "rocker". The stalks of a flower are really bent in the form of a rocker.
Despite the fact that this plant belongs to the cacti family, it does not come from the hot and arid desert. Under natural conditions, the Schlumbergera flower grows in the wet forests of Brazil and South America. These flowers live on the trunks and roots of trees growing in the highlands. Pollinate flowers in these conditions, hummingbirds.
Flower growers are often called his Christmas carter or Decembrist. The names of these plants received by chance. This amazing flower blooms at Christmas. However, zigokaktusy are so unpredictable that they can expel numerous buds in spring and even in the middle of summer. But most often flower growers manage to get the Decembrist to bloom in the winter.
The Schlumbergera indoor flower is an epiphytic (forest) cactus. Each stem of this beautiful plant is flattened-segmented, branched, with flower buds at their ends. They have a slightly hung shape and can be painted in different colors.
Breeders are constantly working to improve this plant and new hybrids appear annually. Over time, the Decembrist can manifest stoning trunks. To flower Schlumbergera was not one-sided, it must be periodically turned to the light source.
Today in room floriculture three types of Decembrist are most often used:
The first variety is a rather large plant with numerous leaflike segments, up to seven centimeters long. Beautiful blooms scatter bright red-orange flowers in the form of bells, which are pointed at the edges of the petals.
The next variety has stems consisting of leaf-like segments, with sharp teeth on the edges. The flowers are symmetrical, the central tube is slightly beveled, and the petals are wrapped back. The color of flowers is diverse: pale pink and white, purple and lilac.
Third-grade stems are composed of small segments of light green color, which have small protrusions at the edges. Symmetrical flowers lilac-pink color.
Flowers Schlumbergera, care for which will not be difficult, even for beginners, thanks to its attractive appearance fits perfectly into any interior room. They look best in hanging pots, because they are an ampelous plant. If you do not have such an opportunity, the Decembrist can be installed in an inverted pot.
The soil mixture is prepared from sheet, sod land and sand. Acidity is necessary neutral or weakly acidic. In the prepared mixture should be added a little crushed charcoal powder (suitable and activated tablets). At the bottom of the pot stack drainage (pebbles, expanded clay). Capacity for planting should be low and wide: the diameter should be greater than the height of the pot. Decembrists grow well and look spectacular in the original wicker baskets.
For a thicker and lush crown, the Schlumbergera home flower is pinched and cut. Twigs that do not branch, it is better to shorten. Due to the fact that the buds are more likely to appear on new young shoots, frequent cutting is quite justified, as it promotes rapid and abundant flowering.
Flowers Schlumbergera, care for which is surprisingly simple, loves light, but protected from direct sunlight areas of the room. In summer, the flower must be protected from heat, which it does not tolerate well. In summer, the flower can be taken out into the fresh air. However, it must be remembered that direct sunlight can harm the plant: the leaves turn yellow, the growth of the flower stops.
The plant feels quite comfortable on the northern, western or eastern windows. And in winter, the Decembrist can be rearranged on the window sill of the south window. But this must be done before flowering, otherwise the Decembrist can fold buds.
The Decembrist is quite tolerant of temperature and environmental conditions. The plant survives at temperatures from +2 to + 7 ° C. But do not abuse this feature. To please you with its beauty flower Schlumbergera, care at home should certainly include monitoring the temperature of the air in the room. Thermometer performance in the range from +18 to +25 ° C will be optimal.
When the flower Schlumbergera blooms, the photo of which you can see in this article, it seems as if the gray winter days brighten. Bright delicate flowers, like multistage fountains, flow in cascades over the stems. And if you plant a few plants in a pot, and even with multicolored flowers, it seems as if a magnificent firework flashed on the windowsill. New Year's holidays with such decoration become more colorful, brighter, and happier.
The flower of Schlumberger forms buds only when the temperature drops and the light day decreases. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account that in the spring and summer, as well as during the heating season, when the temperature in the apartment is from +20 to +23 ° C, the plant grows foliage. The buds in such conditions either do not form at all, or immediately fall off.
What is needed to bloom a flower Schlumberger, how to care for him? First of all, it is necessary to maintain a temperature in the room not exceeding +20 ° C.
Despite the fact that Schlumberger flowers are called cacti, the care and reproduction of these exotic animals is not much different from other equally popular indoor plants. Water the flower with warm otstoyannoy water, because the cold can damage the root system. In this case, watering should be moderate - the Decembrist does not tolerate drying or over-wetting the soil. As in one, and in another case, it is fraught with the death of the root system, and then the whole plant.
After the appearance of the buds, it is necessary to carefully ensure that the soil in the pot is always moderately wet. In the period from late April to mid-September, when the plant is actively growing, moisture is required for the root system only when the topsoil dries out.
From the second half of September, watering is reduced, and the plant is transferred to a cool room. In the heat, the Schlumbergera cactus evaporates a large amount of moisture from the leaves, so it should be sprayed with soft water. Periodically it is necessary for the Decembrist to arrange a warm shower.
To flower Schlumbergera grew well and long pleased with lush flowering, do not forget about regular dressings. From February to October, organic and mineral fertilizers for cacti are usually applied to the soil, which can be purchased at a specialty store. During the formation of flower buds the flower is watered with nutrient formulations for flowering plants.
If you decide to propagate your beautiful flower, you need to do this in late April or early May by cuttings from stems consisting of two or three segments. Gently unscrew the cuttings from the mother plant and dry them for two days. After that, they are easily rooted in wet soil, sand, or water. You can grow a Decembrist from seeds, but this is a rather troublesome and lengthy process.
Fans of experiments can grow grafted Decembrist, in the form of a small tree. As a stock, you can use other cacti: cylindrical cereus, opuntia, pereski. Vaccination done in the early summer. The top of the rooted young cactus is cut with a very sharp knife, the top of the stem is slightly split and a cutting of a Decembrist consisting of three segments is inserted into the split. The graft is fixed with a thin needle and tied with a string.
When cuts grow together, spines and leaves are removed on the cactus. After that, the bandage can be removed. As soon as the flower develops a crown, it should be tied to a peg to prevent breaking. Owners need to know, grafted plants are short-lived: they grow very quickly and soon lose their shape. In addition, they are often affected by various rot.
If the Decembrist begins to wither or die off the stem segments, yellow spots appear on them, it means that the flower struck a flat red tick. The disease causes excessively dry air in the room.
The direct rays of the sun make the plant stems sluggish, the color of the segments turns pale. But this may be a sign that the root system has begun to rot in the absence of regular watering, or affected by pests.
If the flower drops segments, buds, it means that the air temperature in the room is too low. The plant can give the same reaction in case of insufficient watering, damage by pests and root decay. Lack of light or nutrients in the soil leads to cessation of flowering.
Often, the Decembrist is affected by the shield. In this case, the leaves first turn pale, then dry and fall off. If you notice wounds on the surface of the stem, then, probably, fungal diseases such as phthium, fusarium, and phytophthora are carried in the contaminated soil. To get rid of the disease, use fungicides.
If slippery and wet spots appeared on the flower, it means that it is infected with a bacterial infection. The action of antibacterial agents is not always effective, therefore, it is better to remove the affected stem or part of it.
Additional care tips
Many acquire the Decembrist, tempted by the beautiful flowering, not knowing how to care for him. Therefore, we will reveal to you some secrets of growing this flower.
- The Decembrist has a very poorly developed root system, so it should be grown in low pots.
- If you purchased a flowering plant, then do not rush to immediately replace it. Wait until it fades.
- Young flowers are transplanted every year, and adult plants - in three years.
- After completion of flowering, the plant can be plucked (not cut off) the tops of the stems to give a beautiful shape to the crown. Stems will become more branchy, many new shoots will appear.
The blooming flower of Schlumberger is extraordinarily beautiful: bright, attracting attention. At this time it becomes an ornament of any interior. If in natural conditions the Decembrist has only red flowers, then in a room floriculture today plants are grown that delight with multi-colored buds. Flower refers to long-lived. With proper care, he will decorate your apartment for twenty years.
Schlumbergera species and varieties
This genus is not numerous, it includes only six species, the other names are often synonymous or varietal forms.
Schlumbergera truncated shoots consist of flat elements, on the sides of which there are two or three blunt teeth. It seems that the elements of which the sheet consists are truncated, therefore the view is called so. The flowers are large - up to 8 cm in length, may be different tones.
Schlumberger Kautsky in the past, it was classified as a truncated subspecies, but later isolated into a separate species. Segments of cladodiae (modified shoots) are smaller. Flowers purple color, slightly less in length and in diameter. Fruits are yellowish with red.
Schlumberger Orschian on the segments of this Decembrist teeth stand out well. The elements themselves are slightly larger than the relatives. The flowers are pale pink. Fruits are yellow-green, ribbed. It is valuable for gardeners, because it blooms three times a year: in early spring, late summer and late autumn.
Opuntia schlumbergera elements of cladodiae are also quite large, with aging they begin to grow woody. Flowers up to 6 cm long, up to 5 cm in diameter. It blooms in the middle of spring. The fruit is green in color, round and ribbed.
All types of zigokaktus are demanding of the conditions of detention and it is difficult to grow them in a room, when violations of the rules of care, the plants die quickly. Therefore, a great value for gardeners, especially beginners, in this case, is Zigokaktus Buckley, which is a hybrid form and has a greater simplicity than pure species.
Since almost all species have their own peculiarities in care, it is mainly this hybrid that is grown in floriculture.
There are also many varieties with different color of petals, among which there are variegated.
- Aspen - large white terry flowers.
- Brazil - the center of the petal is white, and the edges are yellow.
- Frances Rolanson - in the center it changes from white to yellow, and the edges of the petals are red.
- Dragon beauty - peach coloring petals.
- Salsa danser - The middle of the flower is white, and the edges are purple.
- Polka dancer - delicate light lilac color.
Schlumbergera home care
As already mentioned, in terms of care, the Decembrist is a capricious plant. Although its hybrid form is most often grown by growers, it is less demanding, but it must also be well looked after.
In terms of illumination, a zygokaktus needs a penumbra with a weak diffused light. Direct rays can be deadly. If the shoots began to blush, then most likely it is a symptom of excessive lighting. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the Decembrist is well suited for lighting with artificial sources.
In summer and winter, the Decembrist must be maintained at a temperature close to 19 ° C. This plant does not have a pronounced rest period.
The hybrid Schlumberger blooms in winter with oblong pink or white (but the color may vary depending on the variety) flowers that are placed at the ends of the clades. When grown in a room, pollination is not possible, because in nature they are pollinated with the help of birds.
Pachypodium is an interesting succulent with beautiful flowering, grown on caring at home without much hassle, but some rules should be observed. All the necessary recommendations for growing and care can be found in this article.
Watering the Schlumberger
In the warm season, watering is carried out about once every 4 days, plus minus one, depending on the air temperature. Neither the ground should dry out, nor the presence of excess moisture.
Beginning in mid-autumn, they begin to irrigate every 7 days. When watering buds are formed, they resume to the summer level. After flowering, the number of watering again reduced to once by 14 days.
Soil for Schlumbergera
For the cultivation of Schlumberger, a soil with a lot of humus is needed. To make the mixture on their own, they take sod land, leaf humus, peat, and coarse sand in equal proportions.
Also, do not forget about a good drainage layer. The growing pot is picked up small, otherwise the entire force of the bush will go to the roots and flowering will not come soon.
Transplantation is carried out after the end of flowering or at the beginning of spring once every 2-4 years, depending on the need.
The procedure, as a rule, does not cause difficulties and does not require special skills, you just need to be careful not to damage the root system. Pot for transplanting take only 1-2 cm more than the previous one.
Bugs cultivating Schöntomberger
- Sometimes you can come across completely disastrous tips on how to take care of a slumberbegrera. For example, the advice to keep the soil always wet will not lead to budding, but to rotting of the root system.
- Maintaining the Decembrist for a long time without watering will not help speed up the laying of the kidneys.
- Also, in order for a plant to grow its kidneys, it is sometimes advised to put it in the dark - this is also wrong, because without light, the zygokakus dies just as it does when it is in excess.
Zygokaktus reproduction at home is available only by grafting.
Cuttings root very easily, even if it is just one element of cladode. To get the cutting, several segments are carefully unscrewed from the rest of the shoot; they cannot be cut off.
For seven days, the material is dried, approximately in this period of time, callus should appear on the cuttings, after which they can be planted for rooting in peat mixed with sand.
When the cuttings go to growth, they are transplanted into separate pots with soil for adult plants.
Also, the cuttings can be barked in a hydrogel, the swollen balls are poured into a small vase and cladodes are inserted between them. The cutting will, as necessary, suck the moisture from the hydrogel. Transplantation is performed as the roots grow.
Diseases and pests
Despite their high sensitivity to conditions, pests and diseases rarely disturb the Decembrist.
Sometimes an attack can happen spider mite - In this case, the shoots are washed with soapy water or resort to insecticides, for example, Aktellik. Similar and with mealybug – этого вредителя собирают вручную, а при большим нашествии прибегают к химическим препаратам.
Чаще всего проблемы начинаются именно из-за неправильного ухода.
Увядание растения in most cases, due to an excess of moisture, it may seem that the bush dries out, but as a rule it is not. To check the guesses, it is easy to pull the bush - if it holds weakly in the ground, then it is unlikely to be saved. It is better to let the bush on the material for cutting.
Cladodes redness, as already mentioned, indicates an excess of light. Place the plant in a shaded place and everything will gradually return to normal.
There is also a question about no zigokaktus bloom. Buds are laid best at a temperature of from 11 to 17 ° C. If the room is above 23 or below 10 degrees, flowering will not occur. To make the buds better laid, lower the temperature in the Decembrist room to 16–18 degrees in October, or slightly lower, if this is not a problem for you. Also, to stimulate budding, it is advised to pinch the end segments on the shoots that have flowered in the past.
Schlumbergera - Christmas Star
The flower is native to tropical thickets of forests throughout Brazil. It belongs to the Cactus family and has very developed and strong roots that clings to the bark of trees, creating favorable conditions for living in a cool place.
Schlyumberbergs have fleshy and flat arthropod shoots of a dark green color with smooth notches on the edges, spines are absent. During flowering at the tips of the shoot tubular flowers are formed with pointed petals and long stamens. Color may be different: white, pink, red, crimson, yellow. Due to the unusual structure of the flower and the fact that the plant blooms in early December and pleases with its beauty until spring, many have given it another name - “Christmas star”, “Christmas”.
Fact!The lifespan of a plant can reach 20 years!
Features care for Schlumberger at home
It looks sturdy and hardy Schlyumbergera, caring for her only seems simple and unpretentious. In fact, the right content, as a result of which you can get regular flowering, hides a lot of tricks and features.
Despite the fact that it is a cactus, it does not like bright sunlight and can get severe burns if it hits the stalks. Therefore, it is better to provide the penumbra to the plant, if the pot is placed on the windowsill on the east or west side, then we will not have problems. Otherwise, you need to create shading at noon using a matte film or gauze. Immediately after the appearance of the first buds and before the end of flowering, the Schörumberger needs enough light, and when fading, it can feel great even in dimly lit rooms: halls, corridors, etc.
That the bush developed evenly, the pot needs to be turned periodically on a window sill. But you need to remember that during the flowering period this is unacceptable - Schlyumbergera will drop inflorescences and buds.
This indicator as well as possible emphasizes the affiliation of the flower to tropical plants. After all, care for Schlumberger means creating a microclimate with very high humidity. To help the grower, all methods will be useful: pallets of water and wet pebbles, daily spraying and occasional washing in the shower. The Decembrist will be grateful for any display of care, because if the air is too dry, he will immediately throw off the buds and will not be able to please the winter flowering.
It should be noted that with the advent of the first flowers, spraying should be carried out at a substantial distance from the bush, moistening only the air and avoiding dropping on the shoots and inflorescences. In the cold season, when the temperature is low, humidity and dampness can lead to fungal diseases.
The composition of the soil and the choice of a pot for growing Schlumbergers
To provide quality care for Schlumberger at home, it should be grown in neutral or slightly acidic soil. The substrate is most often prepared independently of the following components:
- leaf ground - 1 part,
- turf - part 1,
- peat - 1 part,
- medium grained sand - 1 part.
In order to impart friability, clay is added to the soil with fines, brick chips or foam grains. It is imperative to put a drainage layer on the bottom so that the holes in the lower part of the pot are not blocked, and the roots can “breathe”. For disinfection, crushed coal is added to the finished composition. If it is not possible to separately get the components for the substrate, you can buy ready-made mixture for the maintenance of cacti.
Given that the root system of the “Decembrist” is superficial, the capacity must be chosen wide, but shallow. The use of large containers is not recommended, as the development of the root system will be at the expense of flowering.
The flower does not need frequent dressing, so the procedure should be carried out only in the phase of active growth before the formation of flowers with a frequency of 1 time in 20 days. It is recommended to use highly concentrated formulations for cacti, for example, such fertilizer is in the line of “Bona Forte”, “Etisso” and “Reasil”. The solution for cacti contains an increased amount of phosphorus and potassium. Knowing the sensitivity of the flower to microelements, the recommended dose must be further diluted with clean water.
Attention!Fertilization during the flowering period is unacceptable! Useful trace elements will not be absorbed by the plant and, remaining in the soil, will lead to salt accumulation (especially with an excess of nitrogen).
During the spring and summer care for Schlumberger, it is recommended to trim it. It is necessary for the formation of a beautiful rounded shrub and abundant flowering. It is worth noting that the "pruning" is carried out manually and looks like the "unscrewing" of unnecessary parts of the shoots in the places of their attachment. In order to carry out the procedure more conveniently, the lower part of the shoot is held with one hand, and the upper part is carefully “twisted”, trying not to injure the plant too much.
Planting and transplanting Schlumbergers
Young "Decembrists" transplanted every year, starting in March, immediately after flowering. The transplant procedure transfers the flower with firmness and after that it practically does not get sick. Drainage is poured into the prepared container, which should cover at least one third of the pot, after which the plant is placed. Then the soil is evenly distributed between the roots and finally watered.
Adults and large plants do not need to be transplanted, to update the substrate, the procedure is carried out 1 time in 5 years. Many growers practice the renewal of the upper layer of the earth, but this should be done carefully so as not to damage the roots.
It is interesting!In nature, the main pollinator "Decembrist" is an exotic hummingbird bird.
Breeding features of Schlumberberts
Many, having come to visit, and having seen on the window sill of the painting “Decembrist”, are asked to share such an unusual flower. In fact, the reproduction of Schlumbergers and home care for young plants is not difficult. If for the breeding of new varieties of professional florists use seed reproduction, then amateurs will be able to do this by cutting.
- Rooting cuttings in the substrate. At the mother plant, the shoot with 4 links is carefully “unscrewed” and kept outdoors for 24 hours so that the fresh cut dries out a little. Then planted in a pre-prepared plastic cup with a substrate. At the bottom of the cup must be 1-3 holes. After slightly moistening the soil, the glass with the handle is covered with a “cap” of a transparent plastic bag and placed in a shaded place. This "greenhouse" should be periodically watered and ventilated to prevent the appearance of fungus. Rooting takes about a month, if everything was done correctly, then a sign of growth will be the emergence of a new link.
- Growing cuttings in a jar of water. Some growers prefer to first get the roots and only then planted "Decembrist" in the substrate. In this case, the shoot with 4 links is also carefully separated and placed in a container with water, to which crushed coal is added. The bank must be kept in the shade. After the appearance of the roots, the plant is planted in the usual way.
Why Schlumberger does not bloom?
Powerful, well developed and healthy Schlumbergera - care at home is carried out correctly, but if it does not bloom, it means that the plant is missing something.
- from September – October, the recommended temperature regime of +15 ° C was not ensured,
- lack of nutrients, in particular, phosphorus and potassium,
- excessive light, dry air or drafts,
- very large or small pot,
- the plant is too young, as a rule, Schlumbergera blooms in the second year of life,
- in time was not carried out "nip" shoots.
After analyzing the features of care for Schlumberger, you can understand what was done wrong, and not to correct mistakes next season.
Tip! The most popular species for indoor floriculture: Schlumberberger Buckley and Gartner.
Species of Schlumberger Family
Most often on our window sills there are two types of zigokaktusov: Schlyumberger Bukley (Schlumbergera bucklei) and Schlyumberberger truncated (Schlumbergera truncatus).
Schlumberger- This is an old type of zigokaktusov, which is usually called "Decembrist". Its stems are formed by elongated segments-segments, with rounded protrusions. Shoots - drooping, characteristic of the ampelous plants. Lilac-pink flowers of the Decembrist appear on the extreme segments of the shoots. Each flower consists of several rows of petals, long stamens protrude forward.
Schlumbergera truncated has jagged ledges along the edges of the segments. The long flower tube is slightly oblique, in contrast to the even and fully symmetrical corolla of the Zigokaktus Boucle. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, there are many colors of flowers: white, golden, pink, crimson, orange, salmon, lavender and multicolor.
Decembrist at home - the plant is not capricious. The best place for him is a bright, but not sunny window-sill. Be sure to cool, without the presence of a number of burning batteries and heaters. From spring to late autumn, it is best to keep the Christmas tree on the balcony, veranda, in the courtyard outdoors.
Soil for the flattering cacti
In nature, Schlyumberger are epiphytes growing in the crevices of tree bark. Therefore, the soil for planting a Decembrist at home should be as loose, moisture and breathable.
The proven recipe for the composition of the soil for zigokaktusov: leafy ground + coarse sand in a 1: 1 ratio. As an additive to this mixture, it is recommended to use a small amount of charcoal and peat.
Schmömbergers are transplanted once every 1-2 years. They do this not immediately after flowering, but during the resumption of growth (the beginning of the vegetative period) - from mid-March to the end of April.
For transplants pick up the pot 2 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. The height of the pot may be small, since the root system of the zygocactus is superficial and does not go deep into the ground. Drainage holes and a drainage layer (expanded clay, polystyrene foam, pieces of broken brick), 2-3 cm thick, are required.
About the transplant, the Schtumbergers are told in a video story:
Decembrist: home care
Decembrist care varies by season. During the year, this plant goes through several periods. Let's call them as follows:
- Vegetation period - from mid-March to September
- The first period of rest (preparation for flowering) - October,
- Flowering period - November - January,
- The second period of rest - February - the middle of March.
Consider the rules for the care of Schlumberger in each of these periods.
Vegetation period - from mid-March to September
During this period, the Decembrist flower is experiencing a time of active growth. It is increasing in size, increasing new segments. At this time, the plant can be maintained on a blown window sill, balcony or in the yard. Best of all - in the open air, in the sparse shade of trees.
In the summer, Schrumberberger is regularly sprayed with warm water and watered as the earthen clod dries. Pour in no case impossible! Schlumberger is prone to decay at the slightest overflow.
Caring for Schlumberger at home in the summer includes applying nitrogen fertilizers or universal fertilizers once a week as fertilizers.
The ideal summer temperature for zygocactus is 20-23 ° C.
In summer, Schlumberger is better to bring to the balcony, loggia, veranda or courtyard. During the growing season for the plant is very important light and fresh air.
Rest period (preparing for flowering) - October
During this period, the plant gains strength before flowering, begins bookmark flower buds. The literacy of the October care for the Decembrist will depend on whether it will bloom this year or not.
In October, Schlyumberger needs less moisture and light hours. Cool and fresh air, on the contrary, should be more. Optimum temperatures for autumn content are 10–18 ° C.
If in summer, Schlumberger was on a balcony or in the open air, in the absence of frosts, do not bring it into the apartment until November. Let it freeze - this contributes to the establishment of flower buds. Optimum temperatures for autumn content are 10–18 ° C. Schlumberger also tolerates short-term temperature drops to 3-5 ° C.
During this period, the Decembrist should be watered rarely. Only when the leaves-segments begin to shrink, lose turgor. Watering is best done not with water, but brewed tea. A huge secret of gardeners: the Decembrist lays more tea buds from tea than from expensive fertilizer. According to some information, after such “tea ceremonies” even problematic, never blooming Decembrists bloom.
Closer to November, be sure to feed the Schlumberger fertilizer for flowering plants - this will also contribute to long and abundant flowering.
Flowering period - November - January
At the end of October or in the first days of November, the Decembrist will be entered in a warmer room (if the plant is on the windowsill, they do not change anything). The plant begins to water abundantly (better - brewed warm tea), to make potassium-phosphorus dressings. To form strong buds, the Decembrist is watered with a solution of calcium nitrate or an infusion of eggshell. Infusion do this: egg shells (raw) are washed, filled with water, insist day and used for watering.
About a week later, buds begin to form. The optimum temperature for flowering is 19-22 ° C during the day and 15-20 ° C at night.
During the budding and flowering to turn the pot with the Decembrist in relation to the light can not. It is best not to touch the plant at all, not to move it from place to place, not to wash it.
Flowering Schönberberger can last until January
Flower Decembrist: possible difficulties in the care
1. Wrinkled leaflets segments.
Reason: lack of moisture or, conversely, the bay. The Decembrist, who lacks moisture, wrinkles the segments, but they quickly restore their meaty appearance after watering. Within a day, the flower will look green, shiny, healthy. With a flower filled, this number will not work. If clinical manifestations of the bay appeared, then, most likely, the plant has already begun to rot. Remove it from the pot, inspect the roots. In the presence of rotting parts, it is best to tear the plant from the root and root the top anew. This is done easily, difficulties should arise.
2. Reddened segments
Reason: Decembrist peremerz. At temperatures below 5 ° C, the forest cactus acquires a brown color. There is nothing wrong with that, when placed in warm conditions, the original green color is restored.
3. Buds fell off
Reason: turning the pot in relation to the light source, poor watering, draft.
4. The Decembrist does not bloom
Reason: non-compliance with the required temperature of the content, poor soil, poor light.
General plant information
Today, such varieties of this indoor flower are known:
- Schlumbergera buckley.
- Schlumberger mix.
Schigberberger Zigokaktus - a very popular houseplant, enjoying the sympathy and special location of many gardeners. Such recognition is primarily justified by the beautiful and exotic appearance, as well as the unpretentiousness of the plant.
Schlumberger consists of epiphytic low stalks and arthropod shoots. She received the name of the Decembrist because she prefers to bloom in early winter. But sometimes the flowering period may begin in April, May or June. But in the warm season zigokaktus blooms not as plentiful as in the winter.
The flowering period of Schlumberberts proceeds according to the following scenario:
- First, buds are formed on the shoots.
- When the time comes, they open up and turn into flowers that look like long tubules with many tiers. The flowers have long and tender stamens that dangle down gracefully.
Many flower growers believe that the blooming Schlyumbergera is a very bright and beautiful sight, capable of attracting attention to itself for a long time. During such a period, a zigocactus can serve as an excellent decoration for any apartment and complement the interior of any room. In winter, when it is snowing and cold outside the window, it is especially pleasant to watch the flowering of a tropical plant.
In the wild, the Christmas tree has red blossoms. Но на сегодняшний день, благодаря усилиям селекционеров, мы можем приобрести шлюмбергеры, цветущие розовыми, малиновыми, фиолетовыми, жёлтыми, белыми и пурпурными цветочками. Это декоративное растение по праву считается долгожителем. При должном уходе и в благоприятных условиях оно способно прожить до двадцати лет и даже дольше.
Потребность в освещении
Bright, protected from direct sunlight, the corner is an ideal place for a houseplant such as Schlumberger. Care at home requires protection from the heat in the summer. The northern, western or eastern window will be ideal for placing a flower. In winter, the Decembrist will feel great on the windowsill of the southern direction. However, the plant should be moved before flowering, since Schlumberger can discard buds. In the summer it is recommended to take the flower to fresh air. It should be remembered that direct sunlight can damage the plant. Under their influence the leaves turn yellow, and the growth of Schömberger is also inhibited. Therefore, the area of ambient light, for example behind the curtains, will be the best place to accommodate the Decembrist.
The Decembrist can be grown from seed, but this is a rather troublesome affair for newcomers to floriculture. In order to get a young plant, it is enough to plant a cutting with two to three segments. Schlumbergera perfectly rooted in water, moist soil with the addition of verticulite or perlite.
Indoor floriculture includes the three most common types of Decembrist: Schtumberger Gertner, Schrumberger truncated, and Schlumberberger Boucley. The first variety is a large-sized plant with a variety of leaf-like segments of six to seven centimeters. Blossoms in bulk of red-orange bells with pointed petals at the edges. The second class has a distinctive feature. The stems of Schmooterberger truncate are composed of a number of leaflike segments with sharp teeth at the edges. The flowers are two-sided symmetrical, the central tube is beveled, and the petals are bent back. Shades are presented in a wide range of colors: white and pale pink, lilac and purple. The third variety is a construction of small light green segments with weak protrusions at their edges. The flowers are characterized by radical symmetry, have a purple-pink shade.
Schlumberger: home care
The main conditions for keeping a zigocactus at home:
- Lighting. Such a plant should be placed in a bright place. Direct sun rays are detrimental to the zygocactus, so they should be provided with diffused light. It can be arranged to curtain the window with thin gauze or lace curtains.
- In spring and summer, Schmömbergers are most suitable for keeping penumbra.
- To watering such a flower should be approached responsibly and seriously. is he does not like dried and too moist soil.
The growth phase of Schlumberberts falls on the interval between March and August. It was during this period that the Decembrist required regular spraying from a spray bottle and moderate watering. For these purposes, the best fit soft, high-quality water. If you do not have the opportunity to use bottled water, then tap water will do, but it will need to be poured into a separate container and allowed to stand for several days.
When autumn comes around September, the air in the room will be cooler than on summer days. In this period, the plant does not need frequent watering. This factor, as well as a decrease in the duration of daylight hours, will provoke the appearance of buds and the active principle of flowering. After your indoor zygocactus has completed the formation of buds, it is imperative to rearrange it to a room where the temperature at night is kept at 20-22 degrees Celsius, and the day time is warmer by 2 degrees and will be 22-24 degrees.
When the Schmooberberger begins to mature buds or bloom, it cannot be moved to other places. During such periods, the plant will require moderate moisture and favorable temperature conditions. If these conditions are not met, the Decembrist will simply fold buds and inflorescences. The period of flowering of the zygocactus at home falls on December-January.
After the flowering phase comes to an end, the zygocactus will go to rest. During this period, the number of irrigations should be reduced and carried out less frequently, and the temperature in the room should be maintained up to fifteen degrees Celsius. With the onset of spring, the plant will come out of hibernation and can be transplanted.
Soil for indoor zygocactus
For growing Schlumbergers in the home will need a special soil. To prepare it, you need to mix the following ingredients:
- leaf soil - 100 grams,
- sod soil - 300 grams
- pure river sand - 200 grams,
- humus - 100 grams.
Count the number of components based on the volume of soil that you need. When preparing it, stick to the stated proportions. You can also add a small amount of fine brick chips or charcoal to the finished soil.
When planting, Schmooterbergs wise growers recommend the use of drainage. It can be made of expanded clay or small river stones. For good water permeability, pour drainage to the bottom of the pot. The layer must fill the pots by one third of the total volume.
To improve the quality of the soil and feed Schrumberger, you can spice up the soil with mineral fertilizers.
When choosing a fertilizer, first of all pay attention to the nitrogen content. A large number of nitrogen supplements can lead to rotting of the plant root system.
Tips for Decembrist Care
Many growers do not always understand what kind of care a plant needs. Follow our advice, your decorative zigokaktus will delight you with its exotic look for many years.
- The Schlumbergers have an underdeveloped root system, so its best to plant in pots and pots of small size.
- When the Decembrist begins the flowering period, provide him peace. In no case do not move the pot from place to place and do not twist it in different directions.
- If you have acquired zigokaktus in the flowering phase, and it is urgently needed to transplant it - do not do it. First, wait until the plant has fully bloomed.
- Young zigokaktusy can be transplanted once a year. Adult plants do not require such frequent relocations. They need to be transplanted as needed, usually once every three to four years.
- During the flowering period, the Decembrist spends a lot of energy, so he needs additional feed. Add mineral fertilizers to the soil twice a month while the plant is flowering.
When your Schlumbergera has a flowering period, you can pluck the tops of the stems to give the crown a beautiful and even shape. Only in no case do not cut them!
After plucking the stalks of the plant will become more branchy, a lot of fresh shoots will appear. Since the flower buds are tied at the tips of the shoots, the next flowering will be more magnificent and numerous.
Decembrist looks good not only in pots and pots. Place it in hanging baskets and this decorative flower will visibly decorate your interior.
What if the Decembrist does not bloom?
Beginner gardeners will be useful advice on the issue of flowering Schlumberberts. If the flowering period still does not come, what reasons could it have?
Perhaps the Decembrist does not bloom, because he does not feel the appropriate time for this process. To provoke a plant, relocate it to a cool place from September to November. Do not feed the zigocactus and limit watering.
At the very beginning of December, transfer the flower to a warm and bright place. The lighting should be diffused, since the zigokaktus does not like direct sunlight.
After that, the plant should leave the resting phase and begin to form flower buds.
Schlumbergera - a blooming classic with nostalgic charm
Schlumberger (Schlumbergera) in different years was classified in different genera of cacti, longest lingering in the company of zigokaktus. But today, with a species name, the plants have finally decided. Schmooberberts got their name in honor of the French collector and keen botany lover. The botanical "Schlumberger" is inferior in popularity to sweet and eloquent national nicknames. "Christmas tree", "Christmas cactus", "Decembrist", "Varvarin Tsvet" - this is what the true admirers of her beauty call Schlumberberger.
Schlumbergers belong to the Cactus family (Cactaceae). In nature, they can be admired in the tropical forests of South America, where they are fixed not only on the trunks, but also on the roots of gigantic trees. Schlumbergera - natural winter-flowering plants, because the peak of their flowering occurs in the summer in the southern hemisphere, corresponding to our winter. Flowering in December and February is natural for them.
Schlumbergera belong to epiphytic cacti. The height of Schlumberger is limited to 15-50 cm, depending on the capacity, the formation strategy or the lack of it. Shoots can be pulled out and stronger, but only in a neglected state. Flat, segmented, tough, fleshy shoots with a rather dark color are decorated with surprisingly beautiful relief, thanks to a large toothed or scalloped edge.
They hang down, curving in arcs, sparsely, but beautifully divided, reminding of other ampel cactuses. Segments of stems from 3 to 10 cm long look elegant. Dark, saturated colors underlines the shiny surface. Halos are located between the teeth and on the tops, most often they are pubescent.
Schumberberger is not accidentally compared to rhododendrons in abundant blooms. At the peak of flowering, the plant is littered with so many bright flowers that almost no attention is paid to the greens. Flowers at Schlumberger bloom at the ends of the shoots, developing amazingly quickly. They look like stars and are typical of all cacti in many ways.
Multi-tiered and long-tubular, asymmetrical, the flowers of Schwömberger adorn not only lanceolate, pointed lobes of the perianth, fancifully bent back, but also long "bunches" of elegant, hanging stamens. In Schlumbergères, there are daytime flowers that open during daylight hours.
Schmümberberts are associated with scarlet and bright pink flowers. This is a brightly colored plant, it often looks very attractive in a winter interior. But today this plant is white-flowered, purple, and motley-two-colored, although the palette remains mainly in the framework of the white-red spectrum. New hybrids have expanded the set of familiar pastel and bright colors with interesting fruit-yellow shades.
The flowering period of the Schlumberger traditionally coincides with your favorite Christmas holidays, starting in December and continuing for more than one week. Schlumbergera almost tirelessly produces flower after flower. With proper care, you can admire the flowering until the end of January.
The timing of flowering can be changed, often Christmas trees bloom at another time and by themselves, because the beginning of flowering directly depends not only on temperature, but also on lighting. Some varieties are bred with initially “set”, excellent terms or longer, but not winter flowering. That is why Schlumberger advise to buy flowering, so you can appreciate the usual plant rhythms.
Schlumbergera Buckley (Schlumbergera x bucklei). © Sean Benham Schlumberger Gartner (Schlumbergera gaertneri). © Rare Seeds and Plants Schlumbergera Russelliana (Schlumbergera russelliana). ©
Types of room Schumberberger
Old, prone to loss of decorative shoots, not so thickly branching and not so varied in colors Schlumberberger "Soviet times" have long been a thing of the past. They were supplanted by new hybrid varieties that made the popular plant fashionable and modern.
Of course, Schlumberberger is further often perceived as outdated retro-culture, but in the interiors it does not look like a nostalgic relic. Species as indoor plants today are becoming less common or the type of plant is not indicated at all, replaced by the simple Latin name of the plant Schlumbergera and the name of the variety.
Among the most decorative types of schlumberger that are used in hybridization are:
Schlumberger Buckley (Schlumbergera x bucklei) - epiphytic cactus with branched dark flat shoots with emerald shade of color. With a maximum height of 50 cm, it is distinguished by cylindrical, fleshy stems, flat segments with slightly pronounced teeth and fluffy areoles. The flowers are large, up to 8 cm long with a very unusual yellowish tube. Varieties differ not only in shades of color - white, yellow, pink, purple, but even in the size and shape of segments, allowing you to choose according to your taste classical or more original plants.
Schlumberger Gartner (Schlumbergera gaertneri) - spectacular red flowering species with less neat stems. Segments grow to 8 cm, bushes are not as thick as in other species. Orange-red flowers with a wider tube seem to be glowing stars, due to the highly elongated petals.
Schlumbergera Russelliana (Schlumbergera russelliana) - more modest in size, but not in appearance, with a maximum height of up to 30 cm. Flat, bright green, with warm shades of color shoots in length are able to stretch up to 1 m. Festooned edge makes flat segments very beautiful, like pubescent areoles from which wilting flowers develop. With a length of only up to 4 cm, the stem segments appear almost translucent due to the darker central vein. The flowers are large, spectacular, with a light green tube and a large number of petals. The colors of this type Schlumberger are limited to pink-red variations.
Schlumbergera truncated (Schlumbergera truncata) - a powerful succulent with drooping, articulated shoots, with increasing power and growing to 50 cm in height. This type of Schölberbergers looks very elegant due to the fact that the shoots segments rarely exceed 5 cm at half the width, they are as close as possible to the leaves in form. The pronounced teeth alternate with underlined fine bristles of areolae, repeated at the tips of the shoots. Flat shoots are arched and painted in rich bright green, on young twigs a marshy tone. Flowers emphasize the accuracy of the structure. With a diameter of up to 5 cm, they are more symmetrical than those of other schlumberger, with a very long curved tube and a wide-open rim. Varieties of this species offer a choice between white-pink-red-purple hues.
Schlumbergera truncated (Schlumbergera truncata). © Marise Caetano
Schlumbergera, despite the status of the golden classics, has never been a “for all” plant. To decide to grow a Decembrist is only worth gardeners with some experience growing tropical species, and even then, provided that it is possible to provide the coolness necessary for wintering. But the strict requirements for the rest period are compensated by the ability to choose differently lit places, and a wide range of temperatures for the period of active growth.
The dormant period at Schlyumberger with traditional flowering periods lasts from September to the end of November. The plant will not be able to bloom without cool conditions during the rest period.
Lighting and accommodation
Despite the status of a beautiful flowering plant, Schlumberger is not as light-requiring as most competitors are. It develops best in diffused lighting, and if it is carefully maintained, it can settle even in partial shade. Of course, in strong shading the plant will not bloom. But only on the windowsill Schlyumberger is not necessary to place.
The direct sun does not like the plant, the rays leave burns on the shoots and lead to a quick loss of decoration. Seasonal reduction in lighting in winter, coinciding with the flowering period, it is desirable to compensate by moving to lighter places. Schlumberger prefer to bloom on the brightest windowsill in the house - the south.
Schlumberger can be grown both as a pot and as an ampelous plant, using drooping shoots to create beautiful cascades. But to place it always stands below the point of view, so that the view on the cactus bushes falls from top to bottom. Schlumbergera are good in group plantings, collections of cacti and tropical plants.
Temperature and ventilation
Despite belonging to tropical cacti, Schlyumberberger is not at all as thermophilic as it seems. For her there is no need to strictly select the temperature, because the plant is able to cope with the heat and coolness. In the period of active growth, she is quite comfortable at any temperature from 18 to 30 degrees.
During the rest period, Schlumbergera should enjoy a comfortable coolness. Compliance with temperature regimes plays a key role in stimulating flowering. For Schtumbergers, the air temperature must remain within the range of 10 to 15 degrees. In the coolness, Schlumberber is kept for 2–3 months, then returning it to heat to start the process of active growth. If the plant is grown with the usual December flowering, then Schluberberger should be brought back to heat in early December.
Schlumberger can be taken out in the summer to the garden or to the balconies. The plant loves fresh air, but is afraid of too bright lighting, and in the garden for the cactus you need to choose semi shady or shady locations.
Care for Schlumberger at home
По сравнению с другими кактусами шлюмбергеру сложно назвать простым растением. Приходится корректировать поливы в соответствии с ее стадией развития, обеспечивать постоянный мониторинг на следы возникающих проблем и не забывать о формировании. Любовь к повышенной влажности также не упрощает выращивание этой культуры.
Поливы и влажность воздуха
В отличие от большинства кактусов, шлюмбергера достаточно влаголюбива. She likes abundant watering during the period of active growth, requires more frequent watering and is much worse tolerated by drying out of the soil and improper watering than conventional succulents. But it remains a true succulent in its fear of wetting and dampness.
Watering Schrumberberger should be carried out carefully, in small portions of water, evenly soaking the soil and immediately draining excess water from the pallets, in no case soaking the shoots. Before the next watering, make sure that the top of the substrate is dry.
For a period of rest, watering is reduced to a minimum; since September, gradually reducing these procedures, the increased humidity of the substrate at this time is critically dangerous. Renew abundant watering with the advent of buds. After flowering, Schülberbergers, regardless of whether they are transplanting or not, keep the plant for a month or one and a half in slightly lower humidity allowing the soil to dry out more, and then resume its usual abundant watering. The soil in the tanks should be left almost dry.
For Schtumbergers, water quality will have to be controlled. It should be soft, separated, warmer by a couple of degrees than the soil during the period of active development.
The air humidity for this succulent must be high. Dry air has a negative effect on the state of greenery. The usual method of increasing humidity for this plant is spraying, but they can be carried out only outside the budding and flowering period, therefore, during the working season of heating systems for Schöntomberger, the humidity should be maintained by installing special devices or pallets with wet moss, expanded clay, and stones.
Fertilizers and fertilizer composition
For Schlumbergera, top dressing can only be done outside the rest period. Since September, fertilization is interrupted, resuming only when the cactus grows again. Too generous dressings will not benefit the plant: fertilizers are applied either in half the dosage, or two times less than for ordinary houseplants.
For Schlumbergers, you need to use special fertilizers for succulents and cacti. They do not tolerate elevated nitrogen, need an increased dose of potassium.
For Schlumbergera, top dressing can only be done outside the rest period. © Cheryl Wright
Pruning and shaping Schumberberger
Without special measures for thickening Schlumbergers will never turn into lush, elegant bushes. Typically, this plant is prone to not only pulling, but also losing the ability to produce side shoots as the number of segments grows.
For Schlumbergers, very simple formation measures are needed — plucking or breaking off the outermost segments to stimulate the growth of new branches. Cutting the segments is not worth it, but a simple rotational movement with a flat segment clamped in a hand is the best option. Scrap sites are not treated.
The formation procedure on Schlumberger is best done immediately after flowering.
Over time, the lower part of the shoots becomes woody, but with regular formation the plant retains its decorative effect for decades.
Transplant Schlumbergers, Capacities and Substrate
Schlumberger is transplanted only when she has mastered the previous capacity. For large adults, Schlumberger can be limited to transplanting every five years. It is better to make a transplant shortly after the end of flowering, before the beginning of rapid growth of greenery, in extreme cases - in the beginning or middle of spring, during March or April.
When choosing containers for growing Schlumberger, it is better to dwell on classical pots for epiphytes with a minimum height, in the extreme case - not exceeding the diameter. The brighter the capacity, the better this plant looks.
Unlike many other confreres, Schlumbergera cannot grow in poor and too light soil. This plant needs good quality soil with good nutritional value. You can use a special soil for epiphytes or substrates for succulents. PH values should remain within the range of 5.5-6.5.
If the soil is mixed independently, then it is better to stop at a simple earth mixture from sand, leaf and sod soil in a ratio of 1: 2: 1 or a mixture of sand and leaf soil. Even in the purchase of the substrate is better to add charcoal as a preventive measure.
When transplanting plants should be treated as carefully as possible and with numerous shoots and plant roots, trying to avoid contact and gently perevalivaya cactus.
Diseases, pests and problems in the cultivation of Schömbergers
Of diseases Schlumberger threaten to fusarium and rot, and then with the wrong care. In case of a mild injury, the correction of care will have time to stop the process, but in case of serious it is necessary to cut the damaged parts and an emergency transplant with fungicides.
Wreckers Schlumberger are threatened when kept in dry air. Beautiful flowering cactus are very fond of scale insects and felts, which are best dealt with immediately with insecticidal preparations.
Common problems in growing Schlumberger:
- growth stop when the substrate dries out in the summer or when overflowing during the rest period,
- dropping flower buds when water gets in and when temperature rises,
- lethargy or wrinkling with improper watering,
- redness of shoots when the light is too bright
- lack of flowering with an unseasoned rest period.