How to plant cabbage knows every gardener. At first glance, growing vegetables is not difficult. But to obtain a stable high yield, it is important to plant the cabbage correctly on the seedlings, and then transfer them to a permanent place. The most relevant observance of the subtleties of care for the northern regions, where weather conditions are unstable.
How to plant seedlings
A good harvest allows you to get only strong and resistant to the negative effects of external factors seedlings. For this reason, crop should be given special attention. It is important not only to choose high-quality seeds, but also to observe the rules of care for young sprouts.
- Variety selection. There are many varieties of seeds on the market. They differ in taste and ripening. Allocate early, middle and late varieties. Deadlines Late-ripening are characterized by high keeping quality. Early and mid-seasoned for salads and seasonal dishes. Which one to choose depends on the conditions at the site and the purpose of the crop.
- Soil preparation. The soil for cabbage is prepared in the fall. The optimum is considered to be a mixture prepared independently on the basis of turf, humus, ash and soil from the site. If there is no opportunity to prepare the soil on its own, then it is already used. It is important that it is fertile and breathable. Ready soil should be treated with an antiseptic for the prevention of disease in seedlings.
- Seed preparation. Seed material must be selected in advance for germination. Suitable seeds are placed for 10 minutes in an antiseptic solution, and then quenched. It consists in placing seeds in warm water, and then in cold water. To increase the germination rate and accelerate the germination of seedlings, allows the use of growth stimulants.
- Sowing seeds. When planting cabbage the scheme is observed - for 1 centimeter no more than 2 seeds. You can also use peat tablets. On one goes 2 saplings. Before planting the soil is watered. Seed material deepened by 1 centimeter. Seed tanks covered with foil. When the seeds are planted, they are removed on a warm window sill.
- Temperature mode. The first days of the seedlings are kept at a temperature of 20 degrees.
The first shoots hatch at 4-5 days. As soon as the first shoots hatch, the film should be opened. In the future, you should follow the rules of caring for seedlings.
How to plant cabbage: care for seedlings
The appearance of the first shoots requires changes in the rules of care.
- Temperature mode. After the appearance of sprouts and until the formation of one true leaflet, seedlings should be kept at a temperature of 6-8 degrees. This allows you to harden the plants and prevent excessive stretching. After sheet formation, the temperature is raised to 16 degrees during the daytime. At night, the optimal conditions are 8-10 degrees. Best of all seedlings feel cool on the loggias.
- Light mode. Rassatnye containers soak on bright window sills. In the morning and evening hours sprouts require light exposure. Light day should be at least 12 hours.
- Watering and loosening. Cabbage seedlings require regular watering. Stagnation of moisture provokes the development of black legs and rot. Therefore, the top layer of soil loosened. Loosening knocks the crust formed and provides oxygen access to the root system.
- Antiseptic treatment. One week after germination, the soil is treated with a solution of manganese or copper sulphate.
- Pick a seedling. If the seeds were planted in one container, then the plants require a pick. It avoids thickening and provides the plants with the right amount of nutrition. When picking, seedlings are placed at a distance of 5-6 centimeters from each other.
When it comes time to planting seedlings in open ground, should be carried out preparatory work. Preparation of seedlings is to change the mode of irrigation, hardening and fertilizer.
- Before planting cabbage in the ground for 7 days, watering of plants stops. The last time the water is made 2 hours before disembarking.
- Top-dressing with mineral fertilizers is made 2 weeks before the cabbage seedlings are planted.
- Hardening is carried out at least 2 weeks before planting cabbage. It consists in carrying out plants to the open air. The duration starts from 20 minutes and reaches several hours by the end of hardening.
Planting cabbage in open ground: features of timing
Terms of planting seedlings are directly dependent on the selected variety. All varieties of cabbage are divided into early, middle and late. They differ in terms of the onset of technical maturity of the crop.
- Early ripe varieties. Have a short aging period. Technical maturity occurs within 2-3 months after germination.
- Mid-season varieties. Have a longer period of maturation. On average, it is up to 5 months since the first shoots appeared.
- Late-ripening varieties. The harvest ripens only 7 months after the sprouting of cabbage seeds.
Based on the timing of technical maturity, gardeners choose when to plant cabbage seedlings. For early ripening varieties, this period falls on the first decade of March. Thus, by the end of May, the first of June, the seedlings will reach the desired size for transfer to a permanent place.
Mid-season varieties are planted from mid-March to mid-April. Late-ripening is sown in early April. Until the onset of autumn frosts, the crop reaches technical maturity and is suitable for long-term storage.
Planting cabbage in the ground is not earlier than 45 days after germination of seeds. Most gardeners agree that a number of signs serve as readiness for transfer to a permanent place.
Planting cabbage seedlings in the ground can be, if:
- The quenching period has passed,
- there is a formed root system,
- there are no diseases and pests on plants,
- developed from 4 to 8 of these leaves,
- height reaches 20 centimeters.
It is important to consider the weather conditions. After planting cabbage in the ground seedlings should not be severe frosts.
Weather conditions must meet the requirements:
- the soil warmed to a temperature of at least 10 degrees,
- air temperature at night does not fall below 8-10 degrees,
- the bird cherry blossomed.
For most gardeners, the flowering of the bird cherry speaks of the latest night frosts. This moment is a mark when you can begin active work on the transplanting of seedlings. When cabbage is planted in the Urals and in the northern regions, the dates are moved 1-2 weeks later, for the southern regions, the landing is done a little earlier.
How to plant cabbage seedlings in open ground
Before planting cabbage in open ground with seedlings, it is necessary to carry out the preparatory work. It consists in choosing the right place, preparing the ridges.
- The choice of location. It is necessary to plant cabbage in an open ground on the correct site. For ridges choose a place in the valley, without located trees and buildings nearby. The site must be lit. On one ridge of the plant planted no more than 3 years in a row. Best friends for seedlings onions, carrots, garlic, cucumbers. After them, the cabbages are tied up well, the harvest is abundant. Poor cabbage grows after radish, radish.
- Soil preparation. Speaking about what kind of soil loves cabbage, gardeners prefer loam with the content of humus. It retains moisture well. Ridges are prepared in advance, in the autumn period. In the spring they dig up, level, add mineral fertilizers. Growing plants in acidified soil is not recommended. It should be pre-zipped.
- The landing. It is possible to plant cabbage in an open ground when past the last frosts pass. Preliminary carry out preparation of saplings. Before planting, the seedlings are quenched and watering is minimized. The time of transfer of plants to a permanent place is not sunny. It can be an early morning or evening, an overcast day is considered ideal conditions. Sand, peat and some wood ash are added to the hole during planting. At what distance to plant cabbage depends on the plant variety. It is not necessary to thicken the landing. The minimum pattern should be 45 to 25 centimeters. For middle and late ripening varieties, the distance between plants is increased. Seedlings deepened to the lower leaves.
In case of planting large volumes of seedlings, a special planter comes to the rescue. It allows you to place plants in the wells in semi-automatic mode. This method is actively used on large farms. For sowing seeds for seedlings use seeders.
How to plant cabbage: agrotechnical rules
Once planted cabbage in the ground, it needs to organize the right care. Plants are unpretentious. The peculiarities of agricultural engineering are reduced to timely watering, loosening the soil and removing weeds.
The mandatory measures include the treatment of seedlings with solutions for pests and diseases. Cabbage leaf has a waxy bloom; for this reason, water and other liquid formulations roll off it. To antiseptic solution remained on the sheet you can add soap or shampoo. At 10 liter bucket using no more than 1 teaspoon.
After planting cabbage in open ground and during the formation of heads, she needs additional feeding. It provides plants with essential nutrients and minerals.
Top dressing is carried out in 3 stages.
- 1 time needed no later than 2 weeks after the cabbage seedlings were planted in open ground. The optimal composition is a solution of ammonium nitrate, mullein or bird droppings.
- 2 times feed up to 20 days after 1 fertilization. The best composition for stage 2: a mixture of ammonium nitrate with superphosphate and potassium chloride. Preparations take in the ratio 1: 2: 1. One plant takes not less than a liter of solution.
- 3 feeding is carried out 20 days after the second. Wood ash is used for it. The third stage can be excluded. It is necessary in case of poor plant development and weak head formation.
Most gardeners say: “We plant cabbage every year. Observing the simple rules of agricultural technology and taking into account the characteristics of the variety, we get an excellent harvest. Cabbage belongs to undemanding crops that grow well in any region.
Adding an article to a new collection
The theater begins with a hanger, and the garden - with seedlings. To grow a good harvest of cabbage, it is worth investing soul and strength in the cultivation of seedlings. We will tell you how to grow it on a windowsill.
Cabbage is a rather unpretentious plant, but light-loving. If you sow the seeds too soon, the seedlings may die from lack of lighting. Therefore, it is important to correctly determine the sowing time.
As a rule, sow cabbage begins in mid-March, sowing seeds in portions with an interval of several days to extend the harvest period. Sowing time depends on the type of early ripening:
- cabbage early varieties planted in the ground after 30-40 days after the first shoots,
- mid-season varieties - in 40-50 days,
- late - after 50-60 days after germination.
Add to this another 4-5 days for the emergence of seedlings and 3-4 days for the adaptation of the seedlings after planting in the ground, and you can calculate the time when it is time to start planting cabbage.
You will need:
- cabbage seeds,
- box for seedlings
- sod land
- potassium permanganate (manganese),
- glass jar,
- paper towels,
- spray gun
- watering can,
- wooden stick,
Preparing seeds for planting
The first step is to prepare the seeds for sowing. This is necessary in order to increase their germination.
To disinfect cabbage seeds, soak them for 20 minutes in hot water (about 50 ° C). After they are laid on a plate, covered with a napkin and sent to the refrigerator for 12 hours.
After the seeds are heated and cooled, they can be considered ready for sowing.
Features of the selection and disembarkation of seedlings
To do this, I advise you to warm them for 15–20 minutes in hot water (about 40–50 degrees, but not higher), and then immerse them in cold water for a few minutes. Then put the seeds in a damp cloth and leave for 2-4 days in a warm place. When you see that most of the seeds sprouted, feel free to plant them in a prepared container.
It is possible in early April to make a small greenhouse and sow cabbage directly under the film already in the middle of the month. You can sow cabbage and immediately to the garden, starting in May. And Kohlrabi and Peking cabbage are trying to sow until mid-July. On the lunar calendar, the best days will be the days of the 2nd and 3rd phases of the moon.
Preparing the soil for growing cabbage seedlings
For the cultivation of cabbage seedlings is not desirable to use a simple garden soil. It is better to cook the soil mixture yourself. For this it is necessary to mix in equal parts of the sod land and sand. Then the ground is watered with boiling water for disinfection and sifted or carefully loosened to increase its moisture and breathability. At the end, ash is added to the mixture at the rate of 10 tbsp. on the bucket mix.
Ash disinfects the soil and prevents the defeat of seedlings blackfoot.
We sow cabbage seeds
At the bottom of the box with a height of 4-5 cm, it is necessary to pour a layer of drainage (expanded clay, pebbles or egg shells can be used). After that, the container is filled with soil and spill it with water.
A stick in the ground must be grooved at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other. Seeds are sown to a depth of about 1 cm with an interval of 2 cm. It is important not to sow the seeds too close to each other, otherwise the seedlings will have to thin out.
Next, you need to sprinkle the seeds with earth, compact it and moisten it with a spray bottle.
The container is covered with plastic wrap, plastic lid or glass and kept in a bright place at room temperature (18-20 ° C). Shoots should appear on the 4-5 day.
The ground should be regularly moistened so that the seeds are not dry. This should be done carefully, using a spray gun. However, remember that excessive moisture can lead to infection of seedlings with a black leg.
After the emergence of the first shoots, it is necessary to begin hardening the seedlings. To do this, for a week the box is transferred to a room with a temperature of 8-10 ° C, so as not to allow the seedlings to stretch.
After a week, the seedlings can again be transferred to a warmer room (this could be a warmed balcony or a loggia, or a greenhouse). It is important to observe the correct temperature regime: 14 or 17 ° C during the day, in cloudy and sunny weather, respectively, and 9 ° C at night.
Dive cabbage seedlings correctly
A dive of cabbage seedlings is carried out when the first true leaflet has “hatch” on the shoots. Dive seedlings can be both in individual containers, and in a common container (in this case, the distance between the plants should be 5 x 5 cm).
Before the procedure, the ground is watered with a pink solution of potassium permanganate at room temperature.
After you need a spoon to carefully dig up the seedling from the total capacity, remove the lower part of the root system and transplant into an individual container, deepening it into the soil to the point of growth.
Caring for seedlings
After the picking, cabbage seedlings must be kept at a temperature of 18-20 ° C in order for them to settle down faster. Three days later, the seedlings begin to harden again. For this, containers are transferred to a room with a temperature of 13-14 ° C during the day and 9-10 ° C at night.
Since the light day is still quite short in early spring, the cabbage seedlings need to be illuminated with fluorescent lamps or special fitolamps.
In order for cabbage seedlings to grow well, daylight should be 12-15 hours.
Please note that the seedlings must be fed. The first feeding is carried out 9 days after transplanting seedlings into individual containers. The second - after another 2 weeks. The third dressing is carried out in order to improve the immunity of plants a few days before transplanting into the ground. For these purposes, you can use ready-made liquid fertilizers for seedlings (according to the instructions).
By strictly observing the temperature regime, by regularly watering and timely feeding up cabbage seedlings, you will certainly grow good healthy seedlings of this healthy and tasty vegetable. Follow our instructions and you will succeed!
When picking, it is necessary to throw away seedlings that are weak, affected by fungus or without apical buds,
- In the main part of the article, we talked about the features of cabbage - preparing the soil for sowing, growing seedlings and planting them further in the ground, and the features of care. However, in addition to white cabbage, many today plant such varieties as cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi or broccoli. Despite the fact that the basic rules of growing different varieties are about the same, it does not do without nuances.
- If the area is acidic soil, then it should be engaged in the preparation in the fall. To do this, when digging should be added lime fluff, which can be replaced with dolomite flour or powdered chalk. For one square meter you will need about a glass or two of powder. The bed should be dug up in autumn and spring, add organic and mineral substances to it, and then plant cabbage. Лучший вариант удобрения почвы - вразброс, правда, он весьма затратен. Не стоит забывать, что капуста очень чувствительна к органическим удобрениям, содержащимся в земле. Однако без них не обойтись, поэтому удобрять почву стоит грамотно.
- Any seedlings should not only be properly grown, but also properly planted in the ground. In addition, careful preparation of the soil plays an important role, after which plant cabbage, radishes or onions. In this article we will talk about the features of planting cabbage, starting with the cultivation or selection of seedlings and ending with transplanting it into open ground.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Based on this information, and adhering to the basic rules of sowing and growing seedlings, you can count on a high yield.
Prepare a plot in advance
To sow the seeds of seedlings for planting in open ground need in the last days of April (April 22-27). Transfer to the ground should be carried out on June 5-10 at the age of 25-30 days. First, you need to dig the holes at a distance of 300-400 mm, fertilize them and pour plenty of it. The bed with planted seedlings is best covered with the material and do not remove it until the harvest. In this case, comfortable conditions are created for the plants - daily temperature drops are reduced.
To ensure normal functioning of the body requires vitamins such as A, B1, B2, B6, E, K, C, P, PP, iodine. This vegetable is rich in these elements. Beijing cabbage contains fiber, which improves digestion and helps cleanse the body of toxins. It is useful to use for people suffering from anemia, as cabbage contains a large amount of iron. Because of its peculiarity, to neutralize cholesterol and prevent the development of atherosclerosis, it must be included in the diet for cardiovascular diseases.
When and how to plant?
A handful of humus and a tablespoon of wood ash, one teaspoon of superphosphate must be mixed with the ground.
After the seedlings are planted in a permanent place, it must be covered with lutrasil. Thus, you can protect the seedlings from the sun and cruciferous flea.
- Must be soaked in melt water
- Water temperature when watering seedlings should be 2 to 3 degrees higher than the temperature of the earth,
For example, Beijing and Chinese cabbages should be planted directly with seeds directly into the ground, because the plants are not good for transplanting. In addition, their grocery body is formed only in early spring or late autumn, that is, when the day is short. Cauliflower seedlings are very capricious and demanding on the quality of the soil: it should be planted in fertile soil saturated with manganese and boron. In this case, the seedlings should have enough moisture and heat. But too high temperatures cauliflower are harmful, as well as overdried ground.
Features of care: watering and loosening.
Thus, manure should be added to poorly cultivated soil, depending on the type of land. In spring, you can fertilize the land with compost or manure at the rate of 3-4 kg per square meter of land. If the fertilizer is small, you can apply them immediately when planted in each well, where then planted seedlings.
Do not forget about feeding
If you do not grow cabbage from seeds, and prefer to buy ready-made seedlings, remember some rules. First, you need to choose bushes stocky and strong, avoiding the stems with black threads - they talk about the disease of a vegetable. Secondly, it is not necessary to take the seedlings, which has swelling bumps - this indicates the defeat of the keel.
Smooth the soil, pour, make shallow grooves and sow the seeds after 1–1.5 cm. Fill them with earth (about 1 cm layer) and compact the soil a little. Put the box on the windowsill (optimal temperature +18 - + 20 degrees) and shoots should appear in 3-5 days. Watering should not be very abundant, as the soil dries.
We plant cabbage into the ground: process features
Beijing cabbage contains lysine, so it helps cleanse the blood and increase immunity. As the doctors note: with long-term use, the body tolerates stress normally, and its juice is useful for the prevention of gastritis. Doctors do not recommend to abuse this vegetable of people suffering from high acidity and duodenal ulcer. In order not to get an upset stomach, cabbage can not be combined with dairy products and soft cheeses.
Basic rules for the selection of varieties
In order to grow healthy and strong cabbage seedlings on your own, you need to follow only a few basic rules. In addition, you need to have a general idea of what this seemingly unpretentious vegetable loves, and what conditions are destructive for him. So, where to start and when to plant cabbage for seedlings? Let's try to figure it out.
Planting any garden crop begins with the choice of variety. Cabbage is no exception. But before visiting a specialty store for the purpose of buying seeds, you need to decide for what and when you need cabbage. The question only at first glance seems strange. But the answer depends not only on the choice of the variety, but also on the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings. So, if you want to enjoy delicious white cabbage salads in the middle of summer, then it is better to plant early varieties such as June, Gift, Cossack F1, Dietmar. If the cabbage is grown for the purpose of fermentation, then the most suitable varieties are Slava, Amager, Belorusskaya. But those who want to savor a delicious vegetable in the winter should sow such late-ripening varieties as Wintering 1474, Kolobok, Geneva.
Planting any garden crop begins with the choice of varieties
As you know, each grade has its own characteristics. Therefore, the final choice must be made when you become familiar with the varietal characteristics and what you really want. For example, early cabbage is uncharacteristic, and even squash it for the cabbage soup is unlikely to work.
Buy seeds - it is only at first glance simple and ordinary. But experienced gardeners approach the process of acquiring with feeling, sensibly, with constellation. You should not make spontaneous purchases of seeds, be it root vegetables, vegetables, or even flowers. It is necessary to make at least an approximate list of what you will sow and only then go to the store. It is best to choose a specialized, proven point of sale, otherwise - the purchase is similar to the game "Russian Roulette". The method “may be lucky or maybe not” - is not suitable for a gardener at all. It is better to know for sure that you will plant quality seeds that have been stored in proper conditions and have not lost their germination for one reason or another.
- Preparing the soil for planting.
It would seem that suitable land for seedlings can be purchased at the store or just dig in the garden. But if the first option is still acceptable, then we advise you to abandon the second option - just take the land from the garden, especially from those places where cruciferous crops were previously grown (radish, radish, turnip) and seed cannot be sown into it, as it may be infectious microorganisms characteristic of cabbage, and therefore greatly increases the risk at the seedling stage to infect a plant with various diseases.
The best option is to prepare the soil by yourself.
The best option is to prepare the soil mixture yourself, in autumn or early spring. To do this, take one part of sod land and humus, add a little ash to this mixture (approximately 1 tbsp per 1 kg of soil mixture), which is not only a source of necessary macro and microelements, but also acts as an antiseptic. The resulting substrate must be mixed well so that it is fully ready for use. Other options for the preparation of soil mixture are also possible - the main thing is to ensure that the substrate obtained is breathable.
- Determine the timing of landing.
If to be quite scrupulous, then the time of planting should be calculated based on many factors - the climatic features of the region, the time of harvest, the speed of seed germination, the position of the moon, etc. If you do not go into such details, then you can take the averaged values and plant:
- early cabbage - March 20-28,
- mid-season varieties - March 25 - April 20,
- late ripening varieties - from the first of April until the end of the month,
- prepare the seeds for planting.
In fact, preliminary preparation of seeds for planting is a whole science, with which far from everyone is familiar, even an experienced gardener. But all the methods used in this case are suitable for untreated seeds, or seeds collected personally in the garden. If you want to plant seeds previously processed, it will be sufficient to carry out a light preparation of the seed. To do this, soak the cabbage seeds in hot water (approximately 500 ° C) for 20 minutes. After warming up, it is necessary to cool the seeds with cold water. Such simple manipulations will increase the resistance of cabbage to various diseases, primarily fungal. But be careful! Not all seeds that have been processed in production can be pre-soaked. When you have coated and inlaid seeds, as well as seeds in a gel coat, they should be planted only dry, otherwise the nutrient layer will be disturbed.
When the cabbage “turns” and grows to at least 10-15mm, seedlings need to be arranged to improve the quality of seedlings.
Sowing cabbage seeds
This process should not be taken carelessly. Each stage of growing good seedlings is important, so seed sowing must be done correctly. Before sowing cabbage we prepare containers, filling them with harvested soil mixture. As such, trays of 70-100 mm depth are perfectly suitable, where you can plant seeds in several rows to facilitate further care. Land in trays before sowing is abundantly watered, as cabbage seeds require a lot of water for germination. But after that, watering is not performed (only if the house is too hot and the air dries the ground). Refusal to water at normal temperature and humidity is an excellent prevention of many diseases, including “Black Leg” - a disease of young seedlings, which is a real disaster for many gardeners.
When the cabbage “turns” and grows to at least 10-15mm, the seedlings must be arranged to improve the quality of the seedlings. The optimal pitch during thinning is 20x20mm, since it provides not only excellent nutrition of the cabbage, but also aeration of its root system, and subsequently will facilitate the transfer of seedlings to individual containers for further germination. By the way, you can immediately sow the seeds in individual containers or cassettes, and then the next stage will not have to be passed, but in this case you should be prepared for the fact that viable seedlings by the time of planting will be much less than the seed was sown.
It is necessary to dive the seedlings approximately 7-14 days after thinning, when the young plants get a little stronger and endure transfer to the individual pot or cassette for the seedlings (3x3 seedling cassette scheme in 50 mm increments). The best to use cardboard cups or peat pots. Diving is necessary to strengthen the root system of cabbage and ensure its acceptance in open ground.
It should be noted that the treatment with antifungal solutions of the soil in individual pots or cassettes, although not strictly binding, is highly desirable, since getting rid of fungal infections at an early stage will ensure the health of the plant for the entire growing period.
Dive is necessary to strengthen the root system of cabbage
How to care for seedlings
To ensure high quality seedlings, four basic rules must be followed:
- shine. Since during the sprouting, daylight hours are still insufficient to ensure high photosynthesis, seedlings dosachivayut up to 12-15 hours a day. An ordinary fluorescent lamp of any luminescence temperature is suitable for lighting up,
- watering. It is necessary to water as the soil dries, but it is impossible to pour the cabbage, as well as to overdry it. The frequency of watering is selected individually. After watering, loosening is strictly necessary,
- temperature conditions. The initial stage before the emergence of shoots - +18. + 22C. White-beet should be germinated with significant temperature changes - day +15. + 17C, +8 at night. + 10C. Color at higher temperatures (5-7 degrees),
- top dressing.
The feeding scheme is pretty simple. The first fertilizer is made before you are going to sow cabbage seeds. Then feed the seedlings only 7-10 days after picking. Potash fertilizers, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate are used in the proportion of 2/4/2 grams per liter of water. A liter of top dressing will last for about fifty shoots. Bring in top dressing only after watering. The second feeding is made 14-16 days after the first one, the fertilizers are the same, but in double quantity per 1 l of water. The third feeding is the same fertilizer, but the proportion is already 8/5/3 per liter.
First fertilizers are applied before you are going to sow cabbage seeds.
Many experienced gardeners hardening seedlings, for which, 7-10 days before planting, they first begin to place it under the open window for a few hours, and 5 days before planting, they are taken out to the balcony if the weather is sunny.Video about planting cabbage on seedlings
Seedlings can be considered ready for planting, if it had 4-5 leaves. Unfortunately, for white cabbage a vegetable garden on the balcony is not the right place. It is worth planting seedlings in open ground in good weather; it is preliminarily (1-2 hours) watered abundantly. For the prevention of "temperature shock" when planting in the ground saplings carried out on the balcony for 20-30 minutes, which is enough to cool the root system.
Cabbage can be different: Peking, Brussels and cauliflower ...
After you have planted the seeds on the seedlings, then before planting them in open ground should take at least five days. By the way, such terms are indicated on the package with seeds.
. In this water you need to add one spoonful of honey. After half an hour, the seeds must be dried using a fine sieve.
Before planting seedlings for a few days, keep the temperature in the greenhouse during the day close to the outdoor temperature,
... kohlrabi and broccoli
The peculiarity of Brussels sprouts is in a high stem, on which there are coaches in the leaf axils - up to 90 of them can be. The vegetation period of this vegetable is almost 160 days, so it is planted mainly in seedlings. For seedlings, seeds should be sown on April 20 in open nurseries. Already on day 5 shoots appear, and therefore at this time they need to be treated with ash or tobacco dust to protect the seedlings from cruciferous flea.
As already mentioned, this process should be carried out depending on the type of variety. Early cabbage can be planted from late April to the first week of May, and towards the end of May late varieties can be planted. It is noteworthy that the time when to plant cabbage, differ in certain regions of the country depending on the climatic zone.
How to plant cabbage seedlings? To begin with, we select only good and healthy bushes that have at least five strong sheets. We bury these bushes in the ground up to the outlet, while it is important that the roots do not remain on the surface. After planting, the ground should be compacted, and then watered.
Features care and dive
When to plant cabbage on seedlings?
Remember that overgrown seedlings will be sick for a long time after transplantation, and inferior seedlings will give a short and late harvest. Therefore, I advise you to roughly calculate when you plan to plant cabbage in your garden and, depending on this, choose the time for sowing seeds for seedlings.
How to grow seedlings of cabbage?
This vegetable crop is cold-resistant, its seeds can germinate at a temperature of about 4 ° C, and the plants can withstand frosts reaching -4 ° C. In order for cabbage to grow and develop, it needs a temperature of 15-22 ° C. She loves the light, but is resistant to shade. Formation of a good harvest is provided in good weather and a shorter day. In this case, the soil should be fertile, and moisture sufficient.
An ideal day for planting cabbage is an overcast day or evening time
One day before planting seedlings need to water. It is necessary to transplant cabbage into open ground with the very ground in which it was planted and in which it sprouted. Thereby you will not damage the root system and will contribute to a quick adaptation process.
Crops must be kept under a film cover at a temperature of 20 degrees above zero. After the first seedlings appear, the temperature must be reduced to 10 degrees above zero.
Rules for growing and planting cabbage seedlings
- For disembarkation, it is preferable to choose cloudy weather or evening to make the culture take root faster,
- These varieties of cabbage are sown less often, but still there are plenty of lovers. Broccoli has a loose head, colored from green to purple. This variety is less demanding compared to cauliflower. However, seeds should be prepared before planting. To do this, they are placed in hot water for 15 minutes, then cold for a minute, and then for 12 hours in a solution of trace elements. After that, the seeds need to be washed and dried. Участок под брокколи следует подготовить еще осенью, внеся в землю известкующие вещества. А вот под саму капусту удобрения нужно вносить уже весной: это могут быть органические вещества, суперфосфат, древесная зола или мочевина.
- Технология высадки также имеет определенные особенности:
- Капуста - очень требовательный овощ, поэтому уход за ней должен быть тщательным. First, you need to prepare rotted manure - 10 kg of manure and several tablespoons of mineral fertilizers will be required per square meter, after which you need to dig up the earth. So how to plant the cabbage are not all, very often the seedlings are planted in the same place where she grew up last year. This is fundamentally wrong, since pathogens of various diseases will accumulate in the ground, and larvae will appear that will harm the roots. To avoid this, it is necessary to cover the planted seedlings, for example, with a transparent cap.
- Now rearrange the seedlings for a week in a cool place (the temperature in the room should be no more than 10 degrees Celsius), then the seedlings will not stretch out.
- For example, for planting cabbage seedlings in the last days of May, seedlings should be planted around May 20–25. By this time, the seedlings of early cabbage should be 15–20 cm high and have 6–7 leaves. And for later varieties, 4–5 leaves are enough for planting.
- In the first case, the seeds need to be sown in the ground in late April and early May. If the soil at the site is very soft, then in each prepared well should lay a regular napkin on which to put a few seeds. Then sprinkle with soil and gently pour.
Planting cabbage seedlings
. This is easy to explain - in the evening or on an overcast day less than the sun, it means that the plant will take root faster.
Seedlings need to dig along with a clod of earth, the roots immediately should be covered. This is to ensure that the roots of cabbage are not dried out.
Land between the rows need to loosen and sprinkle with wood ash. It is necessary for the prevention of diseases.Landing should be sprinkled on top of dry soil. This will prevent excessive evaporation of moisture and protect against the formation of an earth crust,If broccoli is grown with seedlings, then a soil mixture is needed, which consists of peat, turf soil and sand in a 1: 1: 1 combination. To use the old land from the garden is undesirable because it can be infected with a black leg. After sowing seeds, you need to strive to maintain a temperature of about 20 degrees, and when shoots appear, the temperature can be reduced to 10 degrees. It is important not to overmoisten the substrate, otherwise the seedlings can get sick. At the age of two weeks, the seedlings dive, but in the open ground the seedlings can be planted gradually so that it gets used to sunlight, wind and temperature changes.
Early varieties are planted as follows: between rows should remain a distance of 45 cm, and in a row the distance should be about 25 cm.
- To get a strong seedling you need to do the right preparation of the nutrient mixture, then plant the cabbage. To do this, it is advisable to prepare the ground in the fall: mix a piece of turf and humus, add ashes to them (one tablespoon for each kilogram of earth) and mix the resulting substrate well. The ash will allow nourishing the soil with micro- and macro-elements, as well as serve as a good antiseptic, so that black seedlings will not appear on the seedlings.
- Then you need to move the seedlings to a warmer place. Since the cabbage is quite demanding to the light, you need to provide additional coverage for seedlings.On average, from the day of sowing the seeds to the time of planting the seedlings in open ground should pass:When growing cabbage, crops in a row can be carried out at a distance of 100 mm from each other, which will make it possible to use the crop during the whole season. As the leaves grow and close together in a row, every 2nd plant must be cut for human consumption. At the same time there is a distance between plants of 200 mm. Then again when closing the leaves should do the same image. As a result, the distance between the plants in the 400 mm row will remain. When sowing and planting method, the harvest of heads should be carried out on June 25-30.
- After the cabbage forms a head of cabbage, it begins to shoot out, as it is a plant of a long daylight hours. That is why for her there are 2 terms of sowing. 1 of them is carried out in the spring, in April, and the second - in the summer, in July. To get an early harvest of cabbage, its sowing in the spring should be carried out on March 15-20 with the help of seedlings.
- Planted plant best in the form of ribbon-like strips. They should be allowed in two rows, between which there should be a distance of at least 30 cm. One plant from another should be at a distance of at least 25 cm.
How to grow and care for seedlings
As for the site for planting, it must be selected correctly. It should warm up well and be protected from the wind. Land for planting need fertile. To improve this indicator, you can use compost.Seedling after two weeks, you need to pour a solution of the drug glycoladine. It is grown in open ground with bio-heating. Now you need to make a bed the size of 60 cm deep and 100 cm wide. Fall asleep there fertilizer. All this should give off heat about 60 days. Top needIn the first days of planting cabbage should be pritenyat.
Kohlrabi is distinguished by a juicy and tender strobeplod. This cabbage can be early, as well as medium and late ripening. For early varieties need seedlings, planted it can be at the end of April. As soon as several true leaves appear, seedlings can be planted in the ground. If you grow kohlrabi without seedlings, then the seeds should be sown in two or three times, and the interval should be at least 20 days. The optimal time for this is mid June - early August. This variety of cabbage should be constantly moistened: after the seedlings are planted, watering should be every 2-3 days. Then you can go to water once a week. After each wetting the soil should be loosened to a depth of 5-8 cm.
When planting later varieties, the distance is greater: between the rows - 60 cm, between the bushes - 35 cm.If you want to get vegetables as early as possible, pay attention to the varieties "Polar", "June" or "Gribovskaya", in August, "Hope" and "Belarusian" will ripen, but the latest varieties - "Amager" or "Moscow" . At the same time do not forget - cabbage for seedlings should be strong and powerful. By the way, not necessarily limited to white cabbage. For example, Kohlrabi is no less tasty and useful - this variety can be planted in a corner of a greenhouse, and then it can be planted in about 20 days later.For 10–14 days, cabbage seedlings need to dive into individual cups or other containers and withstand the following temperature conditions: 2–3 days - about 17–18 degrees of heat, then during the day +14 and at night +12 degrees.
Early varieties and hybrids - 50–60 days:Http://youtu.be/Mn-B-2pTyYYTo do this, you need to prepare a soil mixture of peat and sod land in the ratio of 1: 1. Then on a bucket of the mixture should be added 1 tbsp. spoon complex fertilizer and 2 tbsp. spoons of wood ash. For growing seedlings fit cups, the size of which 80x80 mm. They need to fill with soil mixture and pour a solution of potassium permanganate.
Experienced gardeners when planting in the soil plants are not buried, and sprinkled with earth to the neck of the root. Thus, the cabbage stem develops faster.
Planting cabbage in open ground
Before planting cabbage in the ground, it must be loosened before fertilizer. For this it is necessary to use complex fertilizers. It should be noted that in the shops they are the ones most often offered to buyers. In addition,
Sprinkle with a layer of fertile soil and red clay
Vegetables and fruits grown in their backyard are twice as healthy. And if you combine them, they will be even more useful. That is why many nutritionists recommend vegetable salads to restore vitamins in the human body. Fruit juices, in general, are considered leaders in this indicator. Of course, in comparison with other vegetables and fruits, they will not enrich the human body with fiber, but they can contribute to the rapid development of nutrients. But what about the enrichment of the body with fiber, cabbage does an excellent job with this task.
Cabbage is a healthy vegetable, and therefore loved by many. To grow a good harvest in your own area, you need quite a bit - just know when and how to plant seedlings and how to prepare the soil.
To know at what distance to plant cabbage, it is important that the vegetables develop well and do not interfere with each other during the setting of the head of cabbage. The process of planting seedlings also has a number of nuances. First, it should be planted in cloudy weather, and if it is hot, then only in the afternoon. Secondly, the seedlings should be deepened to the first real leaf. Thirdly, for improved planting of bushes in the first 5-6 days should be sprinkled cabbage from watering can. Fourthly, to avoid burns cabbage leaves, should be planted bushes in shaded places.Growing cabbage seeds is also a long process. Its success depends on how high quality planting material is selected. In case you come across incorrectly stored or counterfeit seeds, you should not wait for the harvest. That is why even before planting seeds should check them for germination. To do this, they can be wrapped in a damp cloth, then leave for 5 days. After that, the seeds are placed in cold water and soaked in a solution of nitrophoska and water.Now you know when to plant cabbage seeds for seedlings this year. And by adhering to the main landing technology, you are guaranteed to get a good harvest of cabbage on your plot. Do not forget about the timing when planting tomato seeds on the seedlings to feast on these tasty and juicy fruits.
Mid-season varieties - 35–45 days,
In the summer-autumn cultivation period, the yield reaches its peak, and the cabbages are of high quality. During this period, it is necessary to apply only the sowing method, in which the seeds should be sown into the ground after July 20. Harvest heads must be removed, without waiting for the first frost, in late September. You can dig them up with roots and a lump of earth, for storage at 0-2 ° C in the cellar or basement. To do this, Peking cabbage must prikopat in a layer of moistened sand, laying as close as possible to each other.After that, it is necessary to sow in each glass for 3 seeds. When shoots begin to appear, you should move the container with seedlings closer to the sunlight. The best place for this is a glazed balcony or loggia, since during this period the air temperature there does not exceed 8 ° C. Such a temperature regime likes cabbage, growing seedlings does not require picks. As the plant grows, only one, the strongest sprout should be left in each cup. Watering the soil should be carried out as it dries and only with warm water. To restrain plant growth, watering should be stopped 3-4 days before planting in the ground. And 2 hours before planting, it is necessary to water the seedlings, which at this time already have about 6 leaves.The soil is pressed against the root system. Top it all sprinkled with dry earth. This reduces the risk of soil crust.
It will be useful if you cultivate the land with special chemical active substances.
- . The latter will be able to retain moisture in the root layer of the soil.
- Of course, you can buy seedlings, but it is better to plant yourself. If we talk about the quality of seedlings, then good seedlings can grow only in closed ground.
- When cultivating vegetables to ensure a good harvest, it is important to respect the planting dates. Novice gardeners need to know when to plant cabbage on seedlings.To grow cabbage, it is important to pay great attention to this process. Immediately after planting, watering should be thorough - every few days the first two weeks, with at least 7-8 liters of water needed per square meter. Then watering can be done less often - once a week about 10 liters per square meter of beds. The loosening process also plays an important role. If it rains, it is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of about 8 cm, and loosen up every 6 days. Three weeks after planting the seedlings into the ground, the first hilling is performed, and after another 10 days - the second hilling. During this process, it is important not to touch the base of the head and roots.To achieve the cold resistance of seeds, you need to put them in the refrigerator and store at a temperature of -1 degree. Many are interested in when to plant cabbage on seedlings. It is worth noting that the terms here are different - it depends on the variety. For example, early varieties can be planted as early as March 15, and mid-late - from April 10. Seeds are planted in the soil mixture, which is prepared in advance. In the ground, you must add 2 tbsp. wood ash and a spoonful of superphosphate. Then the soil is poured into the box, grooves are made in it 1 cm deep at a distance of 10 cm from each other. The seeds fall asleep slightly, after which the ground needs to be watered. After the seedlings have developed well - the stem will be 5 mm thick, at least 5 leaves will appear on it - we plant cabbage in open ground.
- The key to good and strong seedlings is the correct presowing treatment of seeds. First of all, you need to make the selection of seeds manually in size, the best will be seeds that have a size in diameter of about 2 mm. For the purpose of processing, before planting cabbage on seedlings, the seeds are placed for 20 minutes in water with a temperature of almost 50 degrees, then cooled in cold water for 3 minutes and dried to flowability.
- Late varieties - 30–33 days.
- Until the end of March, you need to have time to plant the early cabbage, and the rest varieties can be sown a little later. By sowing cabbage in February, by the time you land on the ground, you will get weak and stretched seedlings that will outgrow already.
At a permanent place seedlings at the age of 25-30 days should be planted in a month, that is, April 15-20.
In the first days of planting, the plant must be protected and watered from the watering can.
. Thus, you protect plants from spring cabbage flies.
There are gardeners who are late with the cabbage planting. That is why they need seedlings when the main demand for it already leaves. And you have to grow it yourself. There is nothing tragic about this.
Many of us have seedlings grown on windowsills. As a rule, she grows up sick and frail. At the same time with her a lot of trouble. After all, at home to withstand a certain temperature for cabbage in the daytime and at night is difficult.
Beijing cabbage: growing seedlings and planting in the ground
When choosing the time planting cabbage seedlings should proceed from the variety of vegetables. Early ripening cabbage varieties, which are able to ripen in early July, are sown in late February or early March. Middle and late ripening varieties should be sown at the end of March. But this is only an approximate time frame. When sowing cabbage seeds for seedlings also take into account the climate in this area. Agrotechnics recommend sowing cabbage 50 to 60 days before the proposed transplanting to the ground.
In order to grow good and strong cabbage, it is important to feed it. So, to begin with, we are doing everything possible to make the vegetables greener and grow faster. To do this, 20 days after planting, you need to start feeding seedlings. By the way, for all the time of growth and development of cabbage feeding must be performed at least three or four times. For the first time we create the following solution: take 10 liters of water and dilute 2 tbsp in it. fertilizers (for example, the drug "Effecton"). We carry out top dressing at the rate of about half a liter per bush.
Properties of Beijing cabbage
From well-chosen neighborhood with other vegetables, cabbage will grow much better. Many gardeners can not decide where to plant cabbage. For a start it is worth saying that it is worth adhering to several rules:
Against the keel and bacteriosis, it is possible to warm the seeds for another 20 minutes, while the temperature should be 50 degrees. And after this heat treatment for 1.5-2 hours, you need to put them in a solution with a concentration of 0.5 g / liter of ammonium molybdate and boric acid. To improve the germination of seeds, they are treated in a 0.5% urea solution.
Knowing when to plant cabbages in the ground, you can easily determine the optimal time for sowing seeds in your climatic conditions.
Growing seedlings correctly
The general sowing dates are as follows:
Beijing cabbage on depleted land will grow poorly, so the soil must be fertilized with mineral additives with nitrogen.
Many amateur gardeners water the cabbage as follows: they make a furrow around the cabbage and pour water in there.
After you loosen the ground, it is worth trampling, and then walk with a rake. On the garden bed that you prepared for cabbage in advance, it is necessary to make small holes. What kind of depths to make the wells will be indicated on the seed bag. If the ground is dry, then it will need to be watered in advance. And it is best to pour water directly into the wells and wait for some time so that the water is absorbed. After that, the seedlings need to be lowered into the ground and tightly sprinkle it with earth. This procedure can be performed using a scapula or with your own hands. Then the cabbage should be watered under the root.
Пересадка рассады в закрытый грунт
Семена для посева обрабатываются так же, как и для ранней капусты. В грунт они сажаются поэтапно. До первых ростков
Для посадки рассады необходимо брать землю из-под огурцов. На один квадратный метр
Посев капусты на рассаду производят в ящики или стаканчики. Залогом хорошего урожая в будущем будет качество посевного материала, поэтому следует отобрать крупные семена. Рекомендуется на 20 минут опустить семена в горячую воду (+45…+50 градусов), а потом пару минут подержать их в холодной воде. Seeds are covered with a layer of soil no more than 1 centimeter. Immediately after planting, the seedlings are watered, further watering is carried out as the ground dries. The optimal temperature in the first week is + 6 ... + 12 degrees.
After 10 days after the first feeding, it is time for the second. To do this, again in 10 liters of water we dilute half a liter of mullein or chicken droppings, where we add a tablespoon of Kemir fertilizer. On one plant we need about a liter of solution. These two dressings are needed when planting and early and late varieties of cabbage.
The best precursors for this vegetable are beans, grains, roots and cucumbers.
Some gardeners recommend sowing cabbage seeds as early as January 15. The time of sowing the seeds when planting cabbage for seedlings is determined by the fact that it takes from 8 to 12 days from sowing of seeds until the emergence of amicable shoots, and already 45-50 days pass from shoots to the formation of full-fledged seedlings. Similarly, determine the timing of when planting cauliflower seedlings.
For early varieties - from the first days of March to 25–26 of the same month,
Beijing cabbage withstands freezing to -6 ° C.
Land prepared for planting cabbage can be used for other crops. In this case, legumes are well suited.
But your “mission” does not end there. To youSeedlings must be kept under the film
It is necessary to add one bucket of crushed red clay, one glass of wood ash and one spoon of superphosphate
Shoots appear fairly quickly - on the 3rd - 5th day. A few days later, the drawers are placed in a warm place. The appearance of the first true leaf is a signal for a dive, while keeping at least 6 cm between the bushes of seedlings. For the preservation of the root system, it is better to use nutritional cubes or peat pots. The soil mixture is prepared from peat (7 parts), humus (2 parts), sod land and mullein (1 part of each component). The well-compacted mixture is cut into small layers, each approximately 6x6x6 cm in size. You can also use traditional cardboard or plastic cups filled with the above ground mixture, but when growing seedlings of early cabbage, nutritional cubes make it possible to get mature heads almost 2 weeks earlier, due to the integrity of the roots the plants.
Gardeners spend the third feeding in June. To do this, take 10 liters of water and 2 tbsp. superphosphate, as well as a tablespoon of potassium sulfate. For each square meter you need to pour about 7 liters of the composition. The fourth dressing should be carried out in August: we make the composition of 10 liters of water and a tablespoon of nitrophoska and consume approximately 8 liters per square meter. Do not forget about the pests in the form of snails, aphids and slugs. They can be fought with the help of wood ash - one glass per square meter.
When to plant cabbage choose the best time in 2016
You cannot grow cabbage for two or three years in a row at the same place.
In seedboxes, seedlings should grow until the first true leaf appears, then they are spread out. During the picking, it is necessary to discard all grown and weak late plants, as well as those affected by the “black leg” and seedlings with no apical bud. When picking, the seedlings (especially if they are stretched out) are buried almost to the cotyledons so that the seedlings are strengthened by the formation of additional roots. Special seedling soil for growing cabbage seedlings is not required, it should be the same as for seedlings of other vegetables.
- Usually two methods are used here: with a transfer and without a dive. I advise you to dive cabbage seedlings, then the root system will be stronger, and the seedlings themselves will not stretch out and take root more easily in open ground.
- Mid season cabbage - March 25 – April 25,
- Then you need to dig shallow holes at a distance of about 300-400 mm. Planting seedlings is often not worth it, so she had enough space and nutrients. Therefore, on 1 m2 you need to plant no more than 15 plants.
Before planting seedlings, fertilizer is brought into each well. In order for the plant root to absorb all the nutrients, it is necessary when the planting plant to bend the tip of the root up.
Will need to care and pay attention to seedlings
. If the nights are cold, then the crop should be further warmed.
. On the plot, seedlings are planted at the end of April or in the middle of May.
A week after the picking, the tanks with seedlings are put in a greenhouse and fertilized. It is preferable to feed with manure or bird droppings. It is possible to use urea or ammonium nitrate. It is recommended to maintain the temperature in the greenhouse + 14 ... + 18 degrees during the daytime, + 7 ... + 10 degrees - at night. If the greenhouse is too high a temperature, it is necessary to ventilate the room, but at the same time exclude drafts. With warm weather during the day, greenhouse frames can be opened for a while.
When planting cabbage seedlings
Cabbage later varieties, as a rule, is grown in open ground, however, and this process, which seems simple, in fact, must be carefully calibrated. And for planting in the spring is not using seedlings, and seeds. Before sowing, it is necessary to loosen the soil well, carefully rid it of weeds, and then sow the seeds to a depth of about 3 cm. The peculiarity of cultivation in the open field is that you need to monitor the emergence of the first shoots. The problem is that they can be attacked by fleas, and therefore you need to take care of the protection of bushes in advance. How to do this?
Soil for cabbage should be fertile and structured, and therefore the ideal option is a loam, in which there is a lot of humus and which retains moisture well. The soil must be neutral.
If the seedlings are grown in a greenhouse under the film, then the light conditions for it are quite favorable, so the plants do not need additional light hardening. It should be borne in mind that the cabbage seedlings do not tolerate darkening from the moment when the first shoots appear and until it is ready for planting. In the greenhouse, seedlings are best placed in boxes, and on the surface of the soil under the boxes underlay plastic wrap. The bottom of the boxes is also covered with foil, but holes are made in it, so that excessive moisture from fertilizer solutions and irrigation flows. Such growing of seedlings in boxes makes it more convenient to move it through the greenhouse, if necessary, and makes it easier to reject poor quality sprouts.
- Preparing for landing
- Late varieties - throughout April.
- In the prepared wells, you should add a little fertilizer, and then pour plenty of water. Transplanting should be done carefully so as not to damage the root system of the seedlings. First, the plants need to be watered in the morning and in the evening so that the seedlings settle down faster. Then watering should be carried out once a day and only with warm water. After it, the soil should be loosened.
In a few days you will be able to appreciate the difference, and the cabbage bush will take root. It is possible to accustom seedling to conditions in an open ground by means of the greenhouse. It is necessary to slightly open it during the day and close it at night.
More until the moment she adapts and takes root. Your task is to monitor the watering of cabbage. If the weather is dry and the water no longer helps from overheating, you need to make paper caps for seedlings. Ordinary gardeners use old newspapers for such purposes.
Features of sowing and cultivation of cabbage seeds for seedlings
After the first sprouts have appeared, you need to insert the wire arcs and install a film cover. On hot days, this shelter is removed. Thus, the hardening of plants. If you want to grow seedlings of a certain height, then
Seeding technology is as follows.
In May, seedlings are planted on the beds. The holes are located at a distance of 40 cm. At first, about a liter of water is poured into the hole and a bush is planted directly into the mud. The plant is covered with soil up to the bottom leaf.
First, you need to regularly look shoots. If suddenly you notice a hole on the cabbage leaves, it's time to act. First, we treat the area with ashes, although it is better to do this in wet soil. Effective use of infusions based on garlic, onions, tobacco dust. Secondly, the plants can be pre-covered with a film, conducting parallel processing of chemicals. Thirdly, the cabbage planted in the open field requires a sufficient amount of moisture. This is explained by the fact that too much water evaporates due to the large leaf surface. With a lack of moisture, the yield will decrease, so ideally you need to know how to plant cabbage correctly: this is best done in low reliefs or close to water bodies. Fourth, the moisture still should not be too much, otherwise the cabbage will stop growing, it will become withered. Accordingly, the harvest can not even dream.
Experts say that the right combination of crops in the garden - a guarantee that the harvest will be great. This is due to the fact that various plants (vegetables, berries) can have an adverse effect on their neighbors, for example, taking nutrients or causing a metabolic disorder. It is noteworthy that cabbage, along with cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin, celery and onions, takes a lot of nutrients from the ground. Therefore, the question of what to plant cabbage, remains relevant.
Water the seedlings should be plentiful, but not too often. Water temperature for irrigation should be slightly higher than the temperature of the soil in which it is grown. For proper care of the seedlings, it is necessary to observe the temperature regime, this will ensure its air hardening. Before planting seedlings in the open ground should be a few days to equalize the temperature in the greenhouse with the temperature of the outside air.
For sowing seeds, you can use special containers or boxes, the walls of which should have a height of about 4-10 cm. They should be filled with turf ground or peaty non-acidic soil mixed with humus.
To choose a favorable day for planting, most gardeners use the lunar calendar. He will tell you when to plant the cabbage seeds according to the phases of the moon.
In that case, if the plants went well in growth, it is better not to do top dressing. If they are rather weak, they should be fed with urea at the rate of 20 g per 10 l of water. Harvest can already get in 30-40 days. To store cabbages should be dug along with the root. Storage should be cool.
Beijing cabbage differs from white cabbage in that it contains 2 times more protein, and from leaf lettuce in that it contains 2 times more vitamins. Many are interested in the question: how to grow Chinese cabbage? The technology of its cultivation is not more difficult than that of another culture. The main thing is to choose the most suitable method for yourself, and the harvest will come out well.
To properly plant cabbage in the ground, you must consider the following requirements.
It must be fed with a solution of nitrogen fertilizer
Sowing seeds occurs 40 days before the implementation date.
Standard seedlings have no more than 5 true leaves,
It is worth remembering that any errors in the care - incorrect or missed watering or poor airing - will affect the appearance of various diseases. The most popular disease is the black leg, which can be controlled with a wood ash-based substrate. Root rot can be fought by treating the roots with Trichodermin and Rizoplan. These preparations are distinguished by their biological purity; therefore, they do not have any harmful effect on the seedlings. Due to the treatment of the first of them around the roots, a zone is created that is protected from microorganisms, and the drug "Rizoplan" allows the seedlings to absorb iron, which means that they will have immunity to the black leg. Means "Trichodermin" should be added to the soil mixture, then plant the cabbage.
Gardeners also adhere to the following rule when planting seedlings: ideally, a good neighborhood of plants with a long root structure and those crops that do not have pronounced roots. Such planting contributes to the fact that plants do not compete for nutrients and water. You can not plant cabbage next to the spinach, because the latter requires frequent watering, and for cabbage enough and moderately dry land.
In the pot and in the ground.
Select large seeds of cabbage with no visible defects and disinfect them.
Cabbage is good to plant on the growing moon. Go
Beijing cabbage, like any other vegetable crop, is susceptible to pests, therefore it is necessary to apply measures to protect it. After planting around the seedlings should be poured ash to protect against earthen fleas. When slugs and snails appear, you need to prepare a mixture: for 0.5 cans of ash, 2 tbsp. spoons of salt, ground pepper and mustard dry. If a cabbage butterfly has been seen above the cabbage, then you need to check the lower leaves for the presence of a colony of eggs and immediately remove them.
Features of planting seedlings
At home, growing cabbage seedlings is quite simple for those gardeners who have at least some experience. If you do it for the first time, then get acquainted with certain nuances of sowing seeds, caring for seedlings and planting them in the open. How to plant cabbage for seedlings? Here is a number of recommendationswhich will help grow healthy cabbage and strong:
- Choose the right soil.
- Get quality seeds, harden and process them before planting.
- Plant seeds in the tank at a fairly considerable distance.
- Choose the right time for planting.
- Maintain the required temperature around the pots, hardening seedlings before planting in the ground.
- Water on time, provide light sprouts.
- Fight against diseases and pests in a timely manner.
- Properly fertilize.
If you follow all the rules, the seedlings will be strong, and the harvest will be abundant. Let us consider in more detail how to plant cabbage.
Many gardeners buy seeds in the store. You need to choose a reliable and trusted manufacturer, whose seeds have proven themselves in the market. Many of them process the material for planting in order to increase its germination, protect it from diseases. Information about processing, her agricultural technology, view are indicated on the seed packet. The age of the seed should be not more than a year.
If you have grown the seeds yourself, then the preparation should also be carried out yourself. For sowing seedlings select the largest seeds. After a few minutes they are immersed in a 3% composition of salt. Floated seeds are removed, they are unsuitable for planting. Seeds for germination can be checked. Approximately 100 kernels spread on a cloth moistened with water. With regular watering after a week shoots appear. Determine what percentage of seeds was suitable for sowing.
To protect against bacteria and fungi seeds decontaminate. Why use different ways:
- Good result shows decontamination warm water, 49-55 degrees. At a lower temperature, disinfection will not occur, and at elevated temperatures, the material will lose germination. Seeds are soaked for 20 minutes, the temperature should be monitored with a thermometer.
- The material is soaked in a strong solution. manganese for half an hour, after thoroughly washed clean by water.
Before planting seeds, you need to improve their germination. Here are the popular methods:
- Liter water mix with 1 tbsp. l wood ash.
- Material for sowing soaked in solution nitrofoski (per liter water 1 tbsp. l.).
- Ordinary by water lightly cover the seeds for 12 hours.
Seed day hardened in a refrigerator at a temperature of 5 - 7 degrees. After which they can be planted. Hardening provides resistance seedlings to diseases and temperature extremes.
Soil preparation and planting seeds
Seed seedlings grow well in land with humus and turf 1: 1. Can take peat instead sod land. It is not necessary for the cultivation to use the land from the garden, littered or planted with cruciferous crops, there are many pathogens. To fertilize the earth, for 1 kg you need to add 1 tbsp. l ashes.
Seeds should be planted in moist soil 5–6 mm deep, in pre-grooved. The distance between the seeds is 1.5 - 2.5 cm. Until the first seedlings are formed, they are not watered in order to avoid rotting of the roots. When after sowing the cabbage has risen, begin to water. After 12 - 14 days make the first bait.
Growing seedlings of any kind produced with or without a pick. The first method is much more productive, but it will require additional efforts and time. If seedlings grown withby picking first, the seeds are planted in a box, providing an area of 2.5 × 2.5 cm for one sprout. When the first leaves are formed, the seedlings are thinned, the healthiest and strongest are transplanted into the box, taking into account the area of 3.5 × 3.5 cm per plant. After another 14 days, the seedlings are transplanted into pots, for one bush it is necessary to ensure an area of 7 × 7 cm. Picks are done only once., immediately transplanting plants in pots.
If a grow direct seedlings, то необходимо на одно растение рассчитать площадь 8×8 см. Желательно сажать растения в парниках или в кассетах. Нужно следить за количеством листочков, для того чтобы не переросла сильно рассада. Их на стебле должно быть 5 – 7 штук. Переросшие растения дают слабые кочаны, плохо приживаются, поэтому их удаляют.
Когда высаживать капусту на рассаду?
Какие сроки являются оптимальными, когда сажать капусту на рассаду? Календарь значительно будет зависеть от погоды на улице, климата, сорта. For example, in Siberia or in the Urals, seedlings are planted on open ground in early summer, and in warm areas - in early spring. Each variety is characterized by ripening and growth of seedlings. It must be taken into account during the seed planting. Here are the terms at which seedlings of different varieties must grow indoors:
- White mid season - 40–50 days,
- Late red and white varieties - 35–40 days,
- Savoy - 40–45 days
- Early hybrids and varieties of white - 50–55 days
- Kohlrabi - 35–50 days,
- Broccoli - 30–40 days,
- Brussels and color varietal - 4–45 days.
Given these terms, determine the date of sowing for cabbage seedlings in greenhouse or balcony. So, when planting cabbage on seedlings:
- White early - March 15–20.
- White mid season and late preferably sown April 12-17.
- Kohlrabi planted from March to June, taking into account the desired time of harvest.
- Savoy Planted late from February to late March.
- Cauliflower planted from early to late May.
- Brussels plant the whole of April.
Fertilizers and watering
Proper care of cabbage seedlings implies periodic watering. Water in pots should not stagnate, otherwise stems and roots will rot. However, the earth must be constantly a little wet, not dry, in order for the seedlings to develop strong. To reduce the amount of watering you need to loosen priming. In this case, it will not dry out, the moisture in it will remain much longer. Instead of ordinary water, seedlings can be watered. melt waterthen saplings grow better.
In pots with cabbage seedlings it is necessary to add dressing. The first bait is performed seven days after the picking, or 14 days after germination. 4 grams are stirred in one liter of water. superphosphateadd 2 grams ammonia and potash fertilizers. This amount of fertilizer is enough for about 70 bushes. After 1 - 2 weeks, the bait is repeated, but bait needs to be done with double concentration. For the third time, prikormku add a few days before planting in open ground.
For gardeners who do not want to prepare long solutions and mixtures, universal ready-made bait is suitable, for example, Kemira Suite, this fertilizer has excellent reviews and good fame. If you want to get organic cabbage without “chemistry”, then use as a bait straw or wood ash (per liter of water 1 tbsp.) or bird droppings, which is diluted with water in the ratio of 1:10, is allowed to stand for a week, after this concentrate is diluted another 10 times and the seedlings are watered.
Young plants are exposed to different pathogenic bacteria and fungi. For the prevention of diseases, seeds need to be processed before planting, to warm the ground. In order not to return last year's ailment, cabbage is planted in a new place.
The most common diseases of seedlings are as follows:
- Cruciflo flea.
- Root rot.
Mossy Rot characterized by yellow and gray spots on the leaves. The seedling is thin, weak and small, grows poorly, certain plants die. Shrubs are treated with Bordeaux mixture; they control humidity and temperature in a greenhouse. Root rot is caused by a fungus that develops in an overly moist earth. They fight it with drugs "Rizoplan» and "Trichodermin».
Sacral flea - A parasite that affects both cabbages and seedlings. Helps in the fight against pest drug "Intavir».
Quila - this is a fungal infection. It is expressed on the roots with round growths that interfere with the nourishment of the bush. You need to carefully choose the seedlings before planting on the open ground, throw out infected seedlings.
Blackleg - also a fungal disease. It appears due to the stagnation of air, high humidity, improper care. It infects the root area on the stem, it turns black and the plant dies. Ways of struggle - the right watering, disinfection of soil and seeds.
Preparation for landing on an open ground
Planting cabbage seedlings in the ground needs timely land preparation. Do not recommend on the same place to plant cabbage more often than 3 - 4 years in a row. After the plot is planted with other vegetables for four years. Well, if before this place grew tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, legumes. For cabbage the most favorable soil is loam. If the earth is sour, then in the fall they add 2 to 3 cups per 1 sq. M. mixtures dolomite flour with chalk. At the same time, soil is fertilized. animal and poultry manure. 6 - 7 kg / m² are added to poorly-cultivated beds, low-lying - 3 - 4 kg, medium-grown - 5 - 6 kg.
In April, the land is added mineral and organic supplements. Apply urea, compost, humus with ash and other mixed bait. Before planting seedlings in the ground, In the hole you need to add this composition:
- Nitrophoska - 1 tsp
- Ash from straw or wood - 1 tbsp.
- Compost - 500 gr.
After adding the bait the hole is watered, it must be warm. The land must first be raked fluff. Then the water will not evaporate so quickly, and weeds will be easier to dig.
How and when to plant on the beds?
Planting of any variety in the open ground is done when 5-6 real leaflets appear on the sprouts of the cabbage, developed roots, a sturdy stem 17 - 22 cm long. When you need to plant cabbage on a bed, depends largely on varieties and species.
Winter cabbage You can land in late spring or early summer. Early varieties planted in the first days of May or in the last decade of April. Mediterranean heat-loving varieties frost damage, they must be planted closer to the beginning of summer. But here Chinese cabbage and peking fully formed only in late autumn and early spring. Because they are planted in September or March, it is desirable to grow these varieties in a seedless manner, directly from the seeds.
How to plant cabbage on open beds? It is better to start planting in the afternoon, when the sun does not bake so that young sprouts do not wilt. It is necessary to fluff the soil, dig holes with a diameter of 12 - 17 cm and a depth of about 12 cm. Before planting cabbage, they add prikormku. The holes are dug in a row, when planting seedlings of early varieties of the aisles are required to be 45 - 60 cm wide, and the distance between the holes is 30 cm. It is necessary to plant late varieties at large intervals, a distance of 35 - 40 cm between plants, between rows - 55 - 60 cm.
After planting the cabbage in the open ground, seedlings are watered 2 - 3 per day one week, then transferred to watering once a week. If the weather is rainy and overcast, then you can immediately water the plants once a week. Earth is necessary loosen after each watering. After about 14 days, when the seedlings are well stretched, the cabbage needs to be nourished. In 10 liters of water knead the following mixture:
- Wood ash - 220 gr.,
- Ammonium sulfate - 70 gr.,
- Superphosphate - 40 gr.
You can use 500 grams for bait bird droppings or cow dung and dilute them in 10 liters of water. For the next bait apply the same type of fertilizer, perform it in 2 - 3 weeks after the first. Late species of cabbage for the third time lure in early September, thereby increasing yields.
Even for a novice gardener there is nothing difficult during the cultivation of cabbage. It is only necessary to properly learn how to plant seeds on seedlings and plant seedlings in open ground. Quite a bit of effort - and with the onset of autumn, the cabbage will thank the host with a bountiful and generous harvest.
How to choose the right grade?
Each variety of cabbage has its own characteristics. Making the final choice will help familiarization with varietal characteristics. Before buying seeds, it is important to decide which cabbage you need: for long-term winter storage, fermentation, or just for salads.
Among the varieties of white cabbage emit early-ripening, mid-ripening and late ripening. In early varieties (June, Early, Gift, Ditmar, Golden hectare, Kazachok F1) low yields, medium density small cabbages weighing up to 1.5 kg.
Already in the middle of summer you can enjoy fresh delicate early cabbage salads. For summer consumption and salting, mid-season cabbage varieties are suitable: Amager, Slava, Belorusskaya, Nadezhda, Menza F1. Late (Geneva, Türkis, Kolobok, Amager, Wintering 1474, Aros F1) are well kept for a long time fresh.
Buying quality seeds
The quality of the seedlings and the cabbage harvest primarily depend on the seeds. Therefore, it is worth acquiring only high-quality seed. Experienced gardeners recommend to approach the process of buying seeds. Making at least an approximate list of what you are going to sow, you can go to the store.
Buying seeds is only in proven specialized points of sale. Only in this case, there is no doubt about the quality of seed, which was stored in proper conditions and did not lose its germination.
For the cultivation of strong cabbage seedlings requires the proper preparation of soil mixture. Experienced gardeners have been preparing the ground for cabbage seedlings since autumn, but this can be done in early spring.
For the preparation of a nutrient soil mixture, it is recommended to mix 1 part of humus and sod land and add 10 tablespoons of ash for every 10 kg of soil. Ash will serve not only as a source of macro- and microelements, but also as an excellent antiseptic, preventing the appearance of black leg cabbage on seedlings.
Nutrient soil mixture can be prepared on the basis of peat, mixing it in equal parts with humus and sod land and adding a small amount of sand.
Before sowing, any substrate must be disinfected. To do this, it is calcined in the oven at 200 ° C for 15 minutes or heated for 5 minutes in the microwave turned on at full power. After cooling, the soil is placed in a container treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, and a couple of days allow it to stand in a warm place so that bacteria useful for the plants multiply in the substrate.
For the preparation of soil mixture for cabbage seedlings it is impossible to use the garden land on which cruciferous crops were previously grown: the probability of disease of seedlings in it increases many times due to the presence of cabbage infections characteristic of cabbage.
How to choose the best time for sowing cabbage for seedlings?
It is not easy to determine the specific date of sowing cabbage seeds for seedlings, but approximate dates are known. Early varieties can be sown from the beginning to the 25-28 of March.
For sowing medium varieties suitable period from March 25 to April 25. Cabbage of late varieties sown on seedlings from the beginning to April 20.
Seasoned gardeners give another hint: To determine the date of sowing cabbage for seedlings, it is important to know that about 10 days from the time of sowing takes place before the emergence of shoots and another 50-55 days after that - before the time of planting. 60-65 days before the desired transplanting into the ground and it is recommended to sow cabbage on the seedlings.
Presowing seed preparation
Before sowing, cabbage seeds are sorted, selecting smaller than 1.5 mm. Wrapped with a triple layer of gauze, they are put in a thermos with water (45-50 ° C) for 15 minutes, and immediately after this they are put in cold water for 2 minutes.
The last water procedures seeds in wet gauze are put on a saucer and kept for 24 hours at room temperature. Then the seed stratified at a temperature of 1-2 ° C in the refrigerator. After that, the seeds of cabbage are dried and sown. Thanks to such simple manipulations, it is possible to increase cabbage resistance to fungal and other diseases.
You should carefully study the instructions on the packaging of purchased seeds in the store: they are often fully prepared for sowing. The coated and inlaid seeds, painted in different colors, are sown dry without any preparation.
How to sow seeds for seedlings?
Sowing seeds is an important step that needs to be approached correctly. Cabbage is suitable for trays or boxes 7–10 cm deep. Cabbage seeds need a lot of water to germinate, so the soil should be well watered with a specially prepared solution a couple of days before sowing: 2 tablets of Apirin-B and Gamair should be dissolved in 10 liters of water.
On the day of sowing, in a box or a tray, at a distance of 3 cm from each other, grooves are made and seeds are placed in them at a distance of 1-1.5 cm, sprinkling the grooves with soil. Then slightly condense the surface, prevent crops on the window sill and contain at a temperature of 18-20 ° C. After 4-5 days, shoots usually appear.
The emerged shoots need to be thinned, leaving each plant to feed an area of about 2x2 cm. Seedlings dive in 2 weeks when they grow a little.
Plants are planted in cassettes according to the 3x3 cm scheme. When picking, the stem of seedlings is buried to the cotyledons. After 2 weeks, the plants from the cassette are transplanted into pots of 5x5 cm (plastic, paper or peat). For the prevention of fungal diseases, the cups are treated with a weak solution of light blue copper sulfate before picking.
Growing cabbage in peat tablets
In order not to injure the roots of cabbage seedlings by picking, they are grown in peat tablets, which contain all the nutrients and minerals. Until the landing in the garden cabbage in them does not require feeding. The mesh impregnated with fungicide protects the seedlings from fungal diseases.
Cabbage is planted on the seedlings into tablets with a diameter of at least 4 cm. Beforehand, they are placed in a deep container, filled with warm water and left to swell.
When the tablets increase in size by 7-8 times, they drain the excess water, seeds are laid out in the indentations on the surface of the tablets, 2 pieces each, and the pits are covered with peat. Placed in a bright place container with tablets contain at a temperature of 18-20 ° C, until shoots appear.
After seed germination, a weak seedling in each tablet is cut at the root, but not pulled out, so as not to damage the roots of the stronger one. If the roots of the plant begin to germinate through the mesh pills, seedlings along with a pill is recommended to transplant into a pot.
How to get seedlings without picks?
To avoid picking, cabbage seeds are planted in cassettes with a depth of at least 7-8 cm, the cells of which must have the following dimensions:
- from 6x6 to 7x8 cm for early varieties,
- 5x6 cm for mid-season varieties,
- 5x5 cm - for later.
After filling the cells with the substrate, 2 seeds are sown in each of them. You can first sow the seeds in tablets, then placing them in cells. If the roots begin to grow through the mesh of the pill in the cassette's cell, they simply add a substrate to it, filling the space.
Cabbage is better initially sown in separate pots, if there is no desire to dive. The root system of plants growing in individual pots has a large volume, they land on a permanent place in a more gentle way.
Growing cabbage seedlings in the greenhouse
Good cabbage seedlings can be grown in a greenhouse. The sun's rays penetrate the transparent coating and do not harm the seedlings. In a greenhouse, it is not as fast as in an apartment with working heating devices; moisture evaporates from the soil. Another advantage of growing seedlings in a greenhouse is that it creates a microclimate that is optimal for seedlings.
For sowing in the greenhouse, the seeds must be dry. Starting from the end of March until mid-April, the time of sowing of early varieties begins; late and mid-ripening sow throughout April. On the garden, they make several grooves at a distance of 15-20 cm and water them abundantly. The seeds are spread into the grooves at the rate of no more than 3 pieces per 1 sq. Cm. The depth of seed embedding is 1-2 cm.
To protect against cruciferous fleas after appearing on the seedlings of the first true leaves, it is desirable to treat them with insecticide. In order to ensure the formation of a smooth stem in seedlings, it is recommended to pour a layer of soil 3-4 cm thick on the bed at the seed bed. It is recommended to thin out seedlings that have grown very thick, cutting off the roots or tearing weaker seedlings. After this bed necessarily required water.
How to care?
Proper care is a prerequisite for growing cabbage seedlings. This plant can not be called capricious, but errors in care can cause slowing growth, disease and even death of seedlings.
At home, cabbage is not enough normal daylight. To seedlings grown stocky and strong, it is necessary to illuminate it. At a height of 20-25 cm above the seedlings install a fluorescent or LED lamp or fitolampu. They must work 12-15 hours a day. Incandescent lamps for artificial lighting are not suitable, as they heat the air, and the light emanating from them is not suitable for plants.
At home, cabbage seedlings are watered when the top layer of the soil dries out. Both insufficient and excessive moisture are dangerous to seedlings. To seedlings do not have to water too often, do not neglect the loosening of the soil. Moisturize soil with separated water at room temperature. After each irrigation, it is recommended to ventilate the room.
When growing cabbage seedlings, it is important to control the air temperature in the room. Before the emergence of shoots the optimum temperature is 18-20 ° C. When shoots appear, the temperature is reduced to 15-17 ° C during the day and 8-10 ° C at night. Такие перепады дневной и ночной температуры помогают укрепить рассаду и предупредить ее вытягивание. Для рассады цветной капусты нужно поддерживать температуру на 5-7°С выше.
Через неделю повышают температуру до 15-17°С. По истечении 3-4 дней рассаду пикируют по отдельным горшочкам или стаканчикам. It is recommended that seedlings that have taken root after picking be set to a temperature regime of 13–14 ° C during the day and 10–12 ° C at night. Cabbage seedlings first grow very slowly, but over time they pick up the pace and, 3 weeks after the pick, they form already 3 leaves each.
When growing cabbage seedlings, one should not forget that for young plants during the seedling period a balanced set of nutrients is required, which come in the most readily available form. Approximately 7-9 days after the picking, the first feeding should be carried out.
For the preparation of fertilizer in 1 liter of water it is recommended to dissolve 4 g of superphosphate and 2 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium fertilizers. For feeding 5-6 dozen plants will be enough 1 liter of nutrient solution. At first, young seedlings need to be watered so as not to burn the roots, and only then feed them.
After 2 weeks after the first feeding spend the second. For the preparation of a nutrient solution using the same fertilizer, doubling their number per liter of water. If cabbage seedlings are slightly yellowed, they feed it with fermented slurry.
A few days before the cabbage is planted in the ground, a third (quenching) dressing is carried out. 5 g of superphosphate, 3 g of ammonium nitrate, 8 g of potash fertilizers are added to 1 liter of water. An increased dose of potash fertilizer helps seedlings settle down better in open ground. For feeding you can use ready-made complex liquid fertilizer "Kemira Lux".
Hardening seedlings contributes to the development of the root system and provides a high survival rate. Begin to harden the cabbage seedlings for 10 days before planting in the ground. In the first few days in a room with seedlings, it is enough to open the window for a couple of hours.
In the next few days, seedlings are carried out for 2-3 hours on a balcony, loggia or veranda in direct sunlight. So that young plants do not burn the bright spring sun, they lightly shade with gauze.
On the sixth day of hardening, they begin to reduce watering, preventing the soil from drying out, and take the seedlings to a balcony, where it will stay until the moment it lands in the ground. Before planting, seedlings are well watered.
Planting cabbage seedlings in the garden
By the time of planting in the garden, the seedlings should be strong, stocky, have 4-5 leaves and a well-developed root. The early cabbage is planted at the end of April and the beginning of May, the middle-ripening varieties are planted at the end of May or the beginning of July, the late ones - during the whole of May.
The soil in the area designated for cabbage is prepared in advance: they are cleared of plant residues and weeds, they are dug up and put on every square meter a mixture of 6-8 kg of rotted manure and 100-200 g of wood ash.
For varieties and hybrids of white and red cabbage we recommend the following planting scheme:
- early - 30-35 cm (distance between plants in a row) x 40-45 cm (width between rows),
- mid-season - 50-60х60,
- later - 60-70х70.
For ripening of the main heads, broccoli is planted under the scheme 20-30х50-60, and for the development of lateral shoots - 40-45х60. For seedlings of Brussels sprouts apply planting scheme 60-70h70. Cauliflower can be planted according to the scheme 20-30х50х60 or staggered 30-40 cm apart.
It is recommended to plant cabbage on a cloudy day. They dig holes in the garden and pour at least 1 liter of water into each well. Seedlings laid out from the container with an earthy clod are laid out through the holes, they are buried in the first real pair of leaves and watered. The first few days the seedlings will need to be protected from direct sunlight and sprayed with water after 17 hours.