Bindweeds - plants from the family Convolv ulaceae (Convolvulaceae), grow wild in a temperate and subtropical climate.
In nature, there are more than one hundred species, but for decorative purposes only 3-4 are used. They are all climbing plants that can be used in vertical gardening or as ground cover.
Day Beauty - Botanical Description
Day beauty or bindweed tricolor (S. Tricolor) is planted in country houses more often than other domesticated members of the family. The birthplace of this flower is the Mediterranean coast. As a decorative culture, it has been used since the 17th century.
Day beauty - an annual flower with a dense branching stem creeping on the ground. In the south, the plant can be perennial, as its rhizome is preserved in the soil in winter, if the temperature does not fall below -10.
Stems in tricolor bindweed with pubescence, oval leaves without denticles, slightly narrowed towards the end, gray-green. The length of the shoots is up to 0.5 m. Flowers are at least 4 cm in diameter. The plant rises above the soil to a height of 30-35 cm, forming thick “cushions”.
The corollas sit on short stalks one by one, leaving the leaf axils, have a pentagonal shape, up to 4 cm in size. The color is three-colored: the ends of petals are ultramarine, the middle is white, in the center there is a yellow spot.
The plant blooms from June to August. It is called the day beauty, as the beaters are revealed only in the daytime. At night, the flowers tightly closed. They are not noticeable in rainy weather.
Convolvulus tricolor looks similar to ipomeyu, but these are two different, albeit related, decorative cultures. Flowers day beauty significantly smaller. The stems do not hover on supports like those of the Ipomoea, but lie horizontally on the ground. Only the corollas look up, rushing to the sun.
Breeders brought varieties with blue-red, snow-white, pink and lilac flowers.
Popular varieties of day beauty:
- Royal ensign - height 40-45 cm, rims the color of blue velvet with a yellow core.
- Crimson monarch - flower diameter 45 cm, cormine carmine with yellow center, white pharynx.
- Rose ensign - pink, crimson, white and yellow are combined in the halo coloring.
- Darling is a variety of bindweed of domestic breeding with blue-violet gramophones decorated with a yellow-white center. Height is up to 25 cm.
- The mosaic is dark blue, cultivation is recommended in the penumbra, as in the bright sun its intensely colored petals fade slightly.
The stores sell a mixture of varieties:
- The cancan of the company Gavrish - diameter of a flower is up to 4 cm, the color is blue, red, white with contrastingly colored cores. Pillow height up to 40 cm.
- Tricolor Mamba - a mixture of multi-colored varieties for balconies and loggias. Corolla pink, white and dark lilac color.
When and how to plant?
Bindweed tricolor grown from seed. It is better to sow them in March at home in planting boxes or pots. Depth of seal is 3 mm. If you soak the seeds in a stimulator (Silk, Appin) or simply in the water separated from chlorine for 1-2 days, they will germinate much faster. Planting in open ground is conducted in early June, every 30 cm.
Annual bindweeds for the garden are cold-resistant, withstand small negative temperatures, therefore, when the soil warms up, the seeds can be sown in open ground. In the suburbs this happens in late April.
In the future, the flowers are not sown specifically, but give them the opportunity to multiply by self-sowing. Seeds remain viable for up to three years.
Posad bindweed at home. Video:
Convolvulus blooms magnificently on organic fertilized loam and sandy loam, tolerates slightly acidic and slightly alkaline soils. The plant is valuable because it can tolerate partial shade. However, the plant feels best in sunny places. The optimum temperature for the development of +20 degrees, in heat and drought, plants stop growing, lose their decorative effect, but do not die.
Plants cost the most moderate care. In the heat of their water. Every two weeks you can add any complex fertilizer to the water.
To preserve the decorative qualities faded flowers cut off. This makes flowering more lush, as the plant does not expend force on the formation of seeds. The plant multiplies by self-sowing, therefore, if plantings need to be saved for the next year, part of the ovaries are left on the branches.
Diseases and pests
Day beauty does not annoy any phytopathology. This is a strong flower with a strong immunity to fungal and bacterial diseases. Its leaves are poisonous to most pests.
Occasionally aphid or spider mite appears on the plant. In wet weather, it can be affected by powdery mildew - the leaves and stems are covered with white bloom, as if they were sprinkled with flour.
The diseased plant loses its attractive appearance, the leaves dry up, the flowering becomes scarce. Pesticides are used against diseases and pests.
Not decorative bindweed, but ordinary field Convōlvulus Arvēnsis, which is often called birch, have therapeutic properties. This is a perennial bindweed, detrimental to the garden, but their roots, grass and seeds are used in traditional medicine.
Preparations prepared from birch bindweed are used to treat gastritis, enterocolitis, as an anesthetic, diuretic, and laxative remedy.
- Grind in a coffee grinder dried rhubarb roots and seeds of birch in equal proportion.
- Take 4 g daily as a laxative.
The aerial part is harvested for medicinal purposes at the flowering stage. The roots are dug up in early spring or autumn. Raw materials are washed from the ground and dried well under the roof or in an electric dryer at a temperature of 40-45 degrees. You can store no longer than a year.
Recipe with a toothache bindweed:
- tablespoon of ground root pour a glass of boiling water,
- insist 20-25 minutes
- rinse your mouth.
- half-liter glass jar filled with 2/3 cut into pieces with leaves and flowers,
- pour vodka to the neck,
- put in a dark place and wait 14 days.
Before use, the tincture is diluted with boiled water (a tablespoon per 100 ml) and used for compresses.
Bindweed and ipomoea in the decoration of the site and house
Day beauty planted in flower beds and rabatki, used for borders. When choosing a site for planting, it is necessary to take into account that the bindweed because of the stems lying on the ground look like wide rugs.
The plant is suitable for filling free space in mixborders. Endurance to drought and heat makes the plant suitable for alpine slides. Plants form bright dense clouds in pots, hanging pots, pots.
Bindweed purple (p. Purpureus) or ipomoea is a summer creeper of the convolvulaceae family. 25 types of ipomoea are used in floriculture. In addition to purple, in the stores you can buy seeds of lobed, pinnate, cardinal, white, and prickly.
Corollas of the purple bindweed large - with a diameter of up to 10 cm, of various colors (from white to red). Many varieties of all shades of blue and two-tone. In most large-flowered cultivars, the diameter of the corolla reaches 20 cm. The flowers are simple and double.
The Japanese have particularly succeeded in breeding the purple bindweed. Residents of the Land of the Rising Sun were able to change the look of a simple wild Ipomoea with blue flowers beyond recognition. Every year more and more unusual novelties appear in the country. The number of varieties is already in the hundreds.
Moorish bindweed (c. Mauritanicus) is most suitable for hanging. Its shoots beautifully hang down from baskets and containers. One plant on the soil surface can cover an area of almost a meter. The plant growing in the container flows down like a waterfall. The usual color of the rims - lilac, rarely found white varieties.
Moorish bindweed seedlings for planting and home care can be purchased at garden stores. Plants move to the street after the onset of stable warm weather. Moorish bindweed can be grown from seeds, but they are difficult to find on sale.
The flower feels well in the usual garden soil, does not need additional dressing. The only requirement is abundant watering. If the soil dries out, some of the buds will fall off and the decorative effect will decrease. However, the plant will not die. When after the first watering, the elasticity of the leaves will be restored, the gramophone will open, the growth of new stems will begin and flowering will continue until the first frost.
Bindweed starbug is also called: exotic liana, mine, Spanish flag.
The flower comes from the tropics, grows in a temperate climate as an annual. Stems reach a height of 3 m, leaves are decorative, three-lobed, in shape similar to the heart. Corollas are long, in individual varieties are collected in inflorescences. During the summer, the color of the petals changes from red to milky white.
The plant blooms from July to autumn frosts. The soil requires loose, nutritious. Mina loves heat and the sun and can be used for landscaping the southern walls, gazebos, fences and other vertical surfaces facing the south.
You can get flowering plants only from seeds. They are sown at home at the end of March - each seed in a separate cup. When shoots appear, they almost immediately need to put a support, as the stems of the bindweed stellate can grow only by clinging to something.
You can sow the seeds on the street when the threat of frost disappears. Such plants are stronger and more durable, but bloom late - at the end of summer.
Features of convolvulus
Bindweed has a variety of life forms. Under natural conditions, you can meet the bindweed, which are both perennials and annuals. They are semi-shrubs or herbaceous plants, their creeping or erect shoots in length reach 400 cm. Creeping rhizomes have thread-like roots. The alternate one-piece simple sheet plates have petioles. They have a heart-shaped or swept form, and are also serrated or lobed. The opening of the flowers is observed in the early morning. They are placed in the sinuses of 1, 3 pieces or inflorescences. The shape of the corolla is funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, while the blades are very little. A fruit is a box with seeds inside it, they remain viable for 2 or 3 years.
Growing a convolvulus from seeds
Weed grass bindweed in the garden lot of troubles. But the decorative forms of the convolvula are liana, characterized by rapid growth. Landscape designers often use such a plant, because it has a foliage of rich green color, flexible stems, as well as delicate and very beautiful flowers. Bindweed is able to decorate any vertically positioned surface.
For the reproduction of such a culture using only generative (seed) method. If it is necessary that the object is disguised with such a liana very quickly, then it is recommended to grow it through seedlings. Sowing seeds for seedlings is made in March, but before that for 24 hours the seed material should be immersed in water. They are sown on individual cups, which have holes for drainage, which will allow excess liquid to flow out. They should be filled with moistened compost soil or substrate, which includes nutrient soil and peat (2: 1). Spread out the seeds should be sprinkled on top of a layer of loose earth, which is a little tamped. Seeding in the total capacity is not recommended, as the seedlings react extremely negatively to picking. Cups clean in a cool place (from 18 to 20 degrees). Crops provide systematic watering. With proper care, the first seedlings will have to appear after about half a month. Plants should be watered as the top layer of the substrate dries out. 2 times a month, the seedlings should be fed with a solution of mineral fertilizer in a low concentration.
What time to plant
After it becomes warm outside, and the spring return frosts are left behind, the bindweed seedlings can be planted in open soil. However, before you do this, it must be tempered. As a rule, seedlings are planted in open soil in mid-May, but in some cases this has to be done only in the first decade of June.
Best for planting bindweed sunny plot. If such a plant will get sunlight, then it will bloom abundantly and for a longer time. The soil must be water permeable. In general, this culture does not impose special requirements on the composition of the soil, but it is better if it is loamy.
Convolvulus tricolor (Convolvulus tricolor) belongs to the family Vyunkovyh, the distribution area of which was originally in southern Europe.
It is a low plant with a lot of lateral shoots. Shoots are long, flexible, from 50 centimeters to two-three meters long. The height of the bindweed is 18-40 cm. Sometimes the plant begins to thrive.
Leaves are alternate, dark green. They have an oblong oval or heart-shaped shape; along the edges they may be jagged.
Flower looks like a bell or a funnel, the edges of which are different shades of blue, and sometimes purple. The inner part of the flower is white with a bright yellow middle. The diameter of the funnel flower can reach 4-5 centimeters.
Bindweed tricolor - a popular flower for growing primarily because it is characterized by abundant flowering. The flowering period lasts from early summer until October. Experienced flower growers are trying to achieve abundant and long-term flowering by timely removal of faded and withered flowers.
Garden Bindweed Fruit - box with one or two large seeds that have a brown color.
Creeping root with thin filamentous processes.
Bindweed in garden design
Convolvula flower always attracts the attention of its unpretentious beauty, unpretentiousness and rapid growth, and therefore so popular in the design of any flower garden.
Bindweed are grown in sunny places, where other varieties of flowers are difficult to take root. Usually they are placed in front of tall plants or among perennial varieties that do not differ in abundant flowering.
You can use the flower and on vertical trellis, special supports, to form curbs from them. It will serve as an excellent decor for fences, hide their shortcomings, look spectacular on decorative figured frames.
Growing a bindweed flower is not difficult - it is one of the most unassuming plants in this regard. This garden flower can also be grown as a pot plant that will decorate your loggia, balcony or greenhouse, not only in the summer, but also in the winter season.
Bindweeds are unpretentious and can grow on any soil. But if you want to get plentiful and long flowering, then you should consider some factors:
- best flower takes root on non-acidic soils,
- the ground must be pretreated: well loosened, mixed with sand and peat,
- You can make organic and mineral fertilizers.
Planting and care
Tricolor bindweed growing is possible both from seed and cuttings, by planting part of the roots. Seeds are sown in open ground, and also used for growing seedlings.
Outdoor cultivation consists of the following steps:
- pre-seeds intended for planting, soaked in water,
- well decomposed peat introduced into the soil immediately before planting the seeds will contribute to the rapid emergence of amicable shoots,
- in loose fertilized soil make grooves at a distance of 25 to 50 centimeters from each other (depending on how you plan the site),
- grooves with seeds sprinkled with earth and water abundantly,
- under the threat of frost should cover the garden bed greenhouse film, which should be immediately removed, when the weather is steadily warm,
- watering sprouts appeared moderately - and then the convolvulus will subsequently delight you with abundant flowering,
- as you grow, thin out the shoots so that the emerging plants are strong and have a large number of flowering shoots,
- during flowering should moderately feed the flowers fertilizers
- It is advisable to mulch the soil to avoid the appearance of weeds and to maintain the necessary soil moisture.
In open ground, seeds are sown no earlier than mid-April - early May.
If you want to get earlier flowering of this garden flower, then prepare seedlings.
Growing seedlings consists of the following steps:
- soil preparation: equally mixed oven sand, peat and humus (you can use a ready-made substrate, which is sold in specialized flower shops),
- the soil is treated with a weak solution of manganese,
- it is desirable to choose for planting single cell containers or plant seeds at a distance from each other so that the grown plants do not interfere with each other,
- containers should be placed in a well-lit place, maintain a temperature of 16-18 degrees Celsius,
- water moderately, not allowing the soil to dry out, at least twice a week,
- sprouts appear after 9-14 days,
- seedlings are hardened by frequent airing of the room in which they are grown,
- when transplanted into the ground young plants are diving.
To seedlings seeds are planted in March, а в мае побеги переносят в открытый грунт.
The distance of one convolvulus from another should be about half a meter, a convolvulus from another garden flower, 20-25 centimeters. If you plan to use a flower to decorate balconies and verandas, then in one container it is advisable to grow 1-2 plants.
In the summer period the bindweed can propagate by cuttings or divided into parts of rhizomes. To do this, a part of the root or cutting is placed in a container with water or a moist special substrate. When roots appear on the cuttings and shoots on the roots, it is necessary to transplant the emerging plants into the ground.
Further care is the timely destruction of weeds, dressing, pruning and stitching as needed to form the plant.
After watering the soil, it is advisable to loosen no more than once a week, so as not to provoke a rapid loss of soil moisture.
It is important to consider that excessive fertilization will adversely affect the formation of buds.
Containers and pots for growing bindweed in closed or semi-open spaces, fill with nutrient substratedrained.
Prevention of pests and diseases
Although this garden flower is one of the most sustainable to diseases and pests, preventive measures should be taken in order to avoid unpleasant consequences.
Mealy dew manifests itself in the form of white deposits on the leaves of plants, stems, and buds. This is a fungal disease that affects the bindweed with improper care: excessive watering, no thinning, causing overgrowing of the plot, its shading. The impetus for the spread of the disease can be rainy sunless days.
With untimely measures taken, the flower dies.
At the first sign powdery mildew remove affected leaves, buds and processes, in some cases, the entire plant as a whole.
Spray the fungicide not only of the convolvulus itself, but also of the soil under the flower. If the plant is grown in a container - change the top layer of soil.
If the bindweed leaves began to turn yellow, and you notice black dots on their inner side, then the plant is affected by a parasite insect feeding on its juices - spider mite. In this case, the affected parts of the flower are removed and burned, and the remaining shoots, leaves and buds are treated with special insecticidal preparations. Prevention consists in spraying the plants with water in the morning or evening.
First you need to do the preparation of the site. It is necessary to dig it, while peat should be added to the soil (2–3 kilograms should be taken per square meter). Then the surface of the site must be leveled. Before planting, the seedlings should be watered abundantly, thanks to which it will be much easier to pull the plant out of the tank. Prepare the holes, while the distance between them should be equal to from 20 to 25 centimeters. Bindweed planting is performed using the transshipment method. Planted plants need good watering.
Diseases and pests
Bindweed is highly resistant to diseases and pests. Rarely powdery mildew can hit. To combat it, fungicides are used, for example, Bordeaux liquid. If aphid has settled on the bushes, they should be sprayed with a solution of acaricide: Antitlina, Aktellika or Aktar.
As a rule, this culture is grown as an annual. But if you decide to save the bindweed, then it must be removed from the ground and put in a pot. The container with the plant is cleaned in a well-lit room in which the air temperature in winter does not fall below zero degrees. In spring time, the bindweed is transplanted into open soil again. However, it should be noted that this flower breeds perfectly self-seeding. Therefore, where it was grown last year, in springtime, friendly shoots may appear, which will only need to be thinned or planted.
How to get rid of the convolvulus
Bindweed, which is a weed, quite strongly plagues gardeners. This perennial plant is distinguished by the fact that it is very hardy and tenacious. Twisting around other plants, the bindweed simply “chokes” them. In this regard, if such a field bindweed was seen on your plot, then the fight against it should be started as soon as possible. To do this, take a rake and try to extract all its roots from the soil. But if there are scraps of roots in the ground, the bindweed with rapid speed will begin to spread throughout your garden or garden. In this case, to combat it, it is recommended to use herbicides, for example: Roundup, Tornado or Lintur. Apply the drug should be a point, with the need for several treatments.
If the entire area is filled with a convolvulus, then at the very beginning of spring, it should be completely dug up and with the help of a rake try to select most of the roots. Then the surface of the site must be covered with a dark color material that should not transmit light (black film or roofing material). In the absence of light and oxygen, and also with a strong increase in temperature, almost all the ryunki should die. But in order to eradicate this weed completely, in the current season only white mustard should be planted in the plot. You can also sow bluegrass or fescue. If such weed was seen in an already planted garden, then it will have to be torn out every day. In this case, the shoots and roots together with the seeds should be sure to destroy. It is recommended to apply herbicides after harvesting or pointwise. In autumn, the site will need a deep digging, with all the roots of the weed should be pulled out of the ground and destroyed. They should not be put into compost, as it is likely that they will germinate again.
Bindweed Moorish (Convolvulus sabatius = Convolvulus Mauritanicus)
This ornamental plant, as a rule, is grown in containers or hanging baskets. The length of the stems is about half a meter; they are covered with delicate leafy plates of a greenish-gray color. As a rule, the flowers in this species have a pale lilac color.
Convolvulus double-vertex (Convolvulus bicuspidatus = Convolvulus fischerianus)
The homeland of this convolvulus Siberia, Asia and the Caucasus. He prefers to grow on sandy river banks, on dry mountain slopes, and also in mountain steppes. The length of slightly climbing lying raised shoots varies from 0.3 to 0.4 m. The arrow-shaped leaf plates can be pubescent or bare, the length of their petioles is from 30 to 70 mm. On the long peduncles adorn single flowers of pink color.
Convolvulus tricolor (Convolvulus tricolor = Convolvulus minor)
This densely branched herb is an annual, and its homeland is the western Mediterranean. On the surface of the rising creeping shoots there is pubescence. Sedentary whole-linear linear-lanceolate leaf plates are pointed, they are greenish, slightly rough or bare. The axillary flowers in diameter reach about 40 mm, their shape is regular funnel-shaped, and the pedicels are short. The pharynx is yellow, the middle part has a white color, and the bend of the corolla is saturated blue. This species has several forms with pink, purple, blue-purple, white or blue flowers. There are also several varieties:
- Crimzon Monarch - the color of flowers is crimson,
- Royal Ensign - the length of the stems is about 0.45 m, in the dark blue flowers the throat is golden,
- Blue flash - The height of the bush is about 0.25 m, the flowers are blue.
Star bindweed, also called Ipomoea Mina Lobata, or the Spanish flag, or kamamklit bladed - it is a vine, but it is not a bindweed.
Excursion to the past
Interestingly, many flower growers are unaware that the flower, which attracts with a combination of three different colors, comes from the field bindweed, a weed that, during the period of growing the crop, interferes with twisting the stalks of the plants. If you do not weed it out in time, then a nondescript plant will bloom with small white gramophone. This attractiveness was noticed by breeders.
Today there are over two hundred species of cultivated plants, among which are curly, non-climbing, annuals and perennial flowers. They hit large constellations, gramophones, monophonic and multicolored. It seems that the artist, reflecting on the eternity of beauty, mixed colors, selecting shades. In moments of reflection, paint with a brush dripped onto the white petals of a flower - and a unique charming combination appeared.
Question about landing specimen
You can grow a plant seedlings or direct sowing seeds into the ground. At the same time, one should not get confused with the terms: seeds for seedlings are sown in prepared boxes with the advent of March, in open ground - in the middle of April. In any case, do not neglect the advice of experienced gardeners:
- A place in the eastern part of the flower bed should be chosen for planting: then the sun illuminates the bindweed plantation in the early morning.
- The soil on the plot should be loose and fertile: you will have to mix the soil with peat and sand.
- Before planting, the material should be soaked for twenty-four hours.
- The grooves are shallow, the seeds are scattered and covered with soil mixture.
- It is better to cover the sown area with plastic wrap: the “greenhouse effect” will promote the rapid germination of seeds and protect the germinated sprouts from frost. The film is removed after the threat of frost has passed.
- In the morning or in the evening, the crops are watered, but from a watering can. The soil should be wet, but the water should not stagnate. Experienced gardeners know that if you overdo it with watering, the plant will not bloom.
- Rows with shoots are thinned, taking into account that as the flower grows, more space will be needed.
- Bindweed grows quickly and blooms profusely, and therefore needs to be fed. Twice a month, it is watered with water with complex fertilizers dissolved in it.
- The plant can bloom until deep autumn, but with the onset of cold days, watering should be reduced, because the abundance of moisture and lower temperatures will contribute to the occurrence of the disease - powdery mildew.
If desired, the bindweed can be grown in a container to decorate the balcony of the loggia, veranda:
- the soil mix is poured into the container, but not to the very edge,
- the soil should be poured abundantly, give time to dry,
- fill up with a new layer of loose soil mixture and spill again,
- make shallow recesses, put the seeds there at a short distance, and lightly sprinkle them on the ground.
It remains to wait for germination, to comply with simple agrotechnical measures for growing - and enjoy the bright floral arrangements.
Information from Internet sites
Today in the virtual network, amateur gardeners who grow amazing flowers with tricolor petals share their doubts and experiences.
A woman says that she considered a bindweed with curly flowers, but the seller persuaded her to acquire a new look - a bindweed, which grows only up to thirty centimeters in height. The specimen turned out to be an unpretentious plant, which soon became covered with large bells, painted with three shades of color palette.
Many argue that the tricolor bindweed can be grown not only from seeds, but also by cuttings, as well as by cutting off a small part of a part of the root system. Previously, such material needs to be put into the water in order to grow fresh roots, and only then to plant in the soil, mix sand into the hole.
Site users say that the tricolor bindweed is able to bloom all year round: in the fall, do not be lazy and transplant the plant in a pot, put it on a window sill. Against the background of white snow blue flowers will look great. Caring for them in the winter will be the same as before.
Some housewives, on the other hand, look for curly species of tricolor bindweed because it adorns the lattices of the balcony or fence turning them into a blooming blue carpet, on which yellow strokes are scattered. Bindweed saves from the sun. You can spend hours lying near such decorative fences with a book in their hands.
Plant bindweed tricolor easy. You can dream up and create spectacular landscape compositions that will delight those around you the whole summer.
Reproduction and planting
Typically, the bindweed tricolor propagated by seed, although reproduction is possible by dividing the rhizome or cuttings. Growing from seeds is possible immediately in the open ground or seedling method.
Cultivation from seed:
- In open ground, seeds are sown in late April - early May. Placing them in shallow grooves, which are covered with a film, pre-planting is well watered. The film is removed when the threat of night frost has passed. To prevent the plants from interfering with each other, it is necessary to thin the seedlings and leave a distance of 25-30 cm between the plants. Distant plants can be planted in other beds.
Tip! Convolvulus seeds are large, so it is best to plant them one at a time away from each other. Pre-seeds are soaked for 1-2 days.
- For seedlings sown in March. The containers are filled with a mixture of humus, peat and sand, disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or fungicide. Seeds are sown far away from each other or into individual containers so that the stems of grown plants are not intertwined. Containers are placed in a warm, well-lit place, watered infrequently, preventing the soil from drying out. In May, seedlings can be planted in open ground.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to plant
- 4.2. How to plant
- 5. Care
- 5.1. Growing up
- 5.2. Pests and diseases
- 5.3. Bindweed after flowering
- 6. How to get rid
- 7. Types and varieties
Bindweed flower - description
The life forms of the convolvulus are numerous. In nature there are annual bindweed and perennial bindweed. They may be herbaceous plants or semi-shrubs with standing or creeping stems up to 4 m long. In creepers, creeping rhizomes with filiform roots. The leaves of plants of this genus are usually simple, whole, alternate, petiolate, lobed or toothed, arrow-shaped or heart-shaped. The flowers that open early in the morning are arranged in the sinuses one by one or three each or gathered into inflorescences. The corolla in flowers is bell-shaped or funnel-shaped with barely pronounced lobes. The fruit is a box with seeds that remain viable for 2-3 years.
When to plant bindweed.
As soon as warm weather is established and the threat of returning frosts is over, seedlings of convolvulus after preliminary quenching are planted in the ground. Usually the necessary conditions arise in mid-May, although there are years when the convolvulus seedlings are planted in the first decade of June.
Choose a well-lit place for the plant: under the bright sun the bindweed creeper will bloom for a long time and abundantly. The soil is necessary for the plant to be permeable, preferably loamy, although, in general, the bindweed is not picky about the composition of the soil.
How to plant a convolvulus.
The plot for the convolvulus must be prepared in advance: dig, adding 2-3 kg of peat for each m², and level. Before planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly so that they can be easily removed from the cups. Planted seedlings by transferring seedlings into the wells, located at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. After planting and termination of seedlings watered again.
Bindweed growing in the garden.
One of the important points in the care of a bindweed is watering it, which should be regular and sufficient. The lack of moisture can lead to dropping the buds, but excessive moisture, too, will not do the plant good. In an ordinary summer with a normal amount of precipitation you may not worry about the condition of the convolvulus, but if it is hot, do not forget to water it, especially if you grow a moorish Moorish species.
The rest of the bindweed care is simple: weeding the plant will be required only after planting, and as soon as the bindweed gets stronger, it no longer fears any weeds. Bindling of convolvulus may require the establishment of supports, and the sooner you do this, the better. Send bindweed shoots to the supports in a timely manner, and if the plant has spread too much, you can partially trim it without harming the bindweed. There is no need to remove faded flowers or make additional feeding, but if it seems to you that the bindweed does not grow fast enough or does not bloom well, feed it with a solution of 1 tablespoon Agricola for flowering plants and 1 tablespoon of Nitrophoska in 10 liters of water at the rate of 2.5- 3 liters per 1 m² of landing. You can also pour a tree ash under the bush.
Bindweed after flowering.
Bindweed is grown in an annual crop, but if you want to save it, dig it up, transplant the plant into a pot, and let it overwinter in a bright, non-freezing room. In the spring it can again be planted in the garden. But since the convolvulus reproduces itself well by self-sowing, you will most likely see in spring, on the place where it grew last year, fresh plant shoots.
Care for the convolvulus is simple, and following a few simple care guidelines will allow you to admire the bright buds all summer.
- For successful vegetation, the convolvula requires a loose soil with neutral acidity or slightly acid.
- You need to place the plant in a well-lit place, although it easily tolerates partial shade.
- Watering planting is necessary as the land dries. Too abundant watering is not recommended, because the green mass will grow, and there will be few flowers.
- Feed bindweed better organic fertilizer. Перед посадкой почву удобряют торфом или перепревшим компостом, когда начнут формироваться бутоны – вносят древесную золу. Во время цветения можно добавить в воду для полива комплексные удобрения, но не чаще одного раза в месяц.
- It is important to regularly loosen the soil and weed the weeds in the beds with bindweed. You can simply mulch the soil under planting, the mulch will help preserve moisture in the soil and prevent the growth of weeds.
- It is advisable to remove the flowering inflorescences, it will stimulate abundant flowering.
- Plants planted in pots and containers need good drainage and additional feeding.
Convolvulus is rarely affected by diseases, therefore, adherence to the correct technology of its cultivation will help avoid diseases and prevent the appearance of pests on it. Most often the bindweed can be threatened by powdery mildew and spider mites.
With an excess of moisture, the plant may be affected by powdery mildew. Mealy dew is a fungal disease that spreads very quickly and can in a short time destroy a large area of plantings. It appears as a white bloom on the leaves, similar to flour. If time does not begin to fight it, it infects new plants, the plaque appears not only on the leaves, but also on the stems and flowers. The plant dries, turns yellow and quickly dies.
This white bloom is actually a mycelium, where ulcers form on the leaves where it appears. Fungi pull their plants nutrients. Powdery mildew provokes cool wet weather. Also, the reason for its occurrence may be incorrect watering when planting watered, without waiting for the earth to dry out. It may occur when too thick plantings.
When a disease appears on plants, it is necessary to remove the infected leaves of flowers or plants entirely. If the flowers are planted in pots or containers, you need to replace the top layer of soil, because it can be located mycelium. It is also necessary to treat the plants with a solution of the fungicide, and it is very abundant to get it on the lower side of the leaves and flower stems. The same solution must be processed walls of pots, containers and pallets.
For the prevention of powdery mildew, thinning of the plantings is carried out, old leaves that are close to the ground are removed, and a flower garden is watered only after the soil dries under the flowers.
This is a pest that appears on plants in dry and hot weather. Mite larvae and adults feed on the plant sap, sucking it from the leaves. Many dots appear on the leaves, over time the leaves turn yellow and fly around. If you do not fight with a tick, the plant may die. Females lay several hundred eggs in the ground in just 1-2 months of their life, and they can be in the ground for quite a long time until favorable weather sets in for them.
Despite the fact that the tick is called a spider web, the presence of a web on the affected plant is not necessary, therefore, it is not easy to detect. If the plantings began to turn yellow, dry and fall off the leaves, you need to inspect the underside of the leaves, the presence of small black dots on it means that the plant is affected by spider mites.
To combat the pest, first of all, remove dried and yellowed leaves, which are better not to throw away, but to burn. The flower bed should be treated with an acaricidal drug, and the treatment is carried out 3-4 times with an interval of 5-6 days, because the death of adults does not mean victory over the tick. His eggs may remain in the ground, and after a week young mites reappear on the plants.
Prevention of planting damage by this pest is to regularly spray the flowers in dry and hot weather.
Bindweed tricolor in the design of the site and house
Due to its simplicity and ease of care, bindweed tricolor is widely used in the design of balconies, terraces, flower beds. You can use it as an ampelous plant, planted in boxes and pots. With its help it is good to decorate a fence or farm buildings, to issue an entrance to the house in the form of an arch. A bindweed planted around a summer terrace or gazebo will not only decorate it with its elegant bells, but will create a coolness on hot days. It is also used in the design of balconies and loggias, you only need to install a support or tie up shoots.
As a groundcover, the bindweed tricolor is used to design alpine slides and create borders. In addition, it is often used to design curly frames, grown on poles, creating with it green partitions and walls to hide secluded corners of the site and garden.
Growing a tricolor pack will give pleasure to both experienced and novice gardeners for its simplicity and remarkable result in the form of cheerful bells decorating their garden plot.