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Room rose: home care, popular varieties

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Room rose - relative concept. Ordinary garden rose can be domesticated. It is enough to create appropriate conditions for it. But, unfortunately, only owners of rather spacious premises can afford such pleasure. But this is not enough. If in summer a rose bush growing in a spacious tub or a pot will feel more or less comfortable at home, then in winter it will definitely need a cold rest period. Without it, can not do. It is very problematic to create these conditions. But in order for a home rose to live in your apartment, it is not necessary to acquire a large bush. On sale there are a huge number of miniature roses, specially bred for growing at home.

Little about the plant

Home Room Rose not such a wonder. Tea is not a tropical exotic type of guzman, euharis, fuchsia, and even more so the pineapple or banana. The miniature rose has many varieties that are bred exactly under our home and apartment conditions. Usually, this is a fairly miniature plant, rarely reaching even half a meter in height. Some of them have a magnificent aroma, not inferior to jasmine or oleander, but there is no smell at all. It is possible not to talk about the color scale of miniature roses, it is as diverse as that of her garden relative.

Caring for a miniature room rose is not difficult and, as is commonly believed, is no different from caring for a garden rose. This is true, but there is one BUT ... On the street, this plant is in natural conditions and these conditions mainly depend on nature itself, with some of our intervention. The room rose depends entirely on us, on how we will take care of it and what conditions we will create, and it will grow and bloom.

How to care for a miniature room rose

For a normal existence, a rose needs all the maximum light that you can give it. But this “maximum” should not include summer sun rays. All windowsills of south orientation are suitable for its maintenance. But the sun's rays are allowed only in the morning (southeast) or evening (southwest). In the midday hours, protect the indoor rose from the direct sun. If this is not possible, then it is better to put it on the east or west side.

Temperature

During flowering, which, with proper care, necessarily falls in the summer, a miniature rose will feel best in the fresh air. If possible, take it out to the balcony, loggia, front garden, take it to the country house, etc. When placing it on the street, consider and recommendations for lighting. Roses do not like strong heat, especially overheating of the soil. For garden plants, this is not a particular problem, but a potted rose is another matter. In an enclosed space, the soil can become very hot. To protect it from this, take only light-colored pots for the plant or wrap them with reflective materials for the summer. If the rose stays in the room for the summer, then the room temperature is suitable for it, but if you have an air conditioner in the room, keep the rose away from a stream of cold air.

Rest period of room rose

In winter, a miniature indoor rose retires. And to create suitable conditions for it, perhaps, the most difficult in caring for her. The temperature during this period should be + 6-8 degrees. Proper wintering is the key not only to the future flowering, but also to the very existence of the rose. This period begins shortly after flowering, usually from mid-late fall. Symptoms are normal - the leaves begin to turn yellow. It is from this moment that wintering begins.

For many winter plants, it is enough to move them to the window sill, where the temperature is below the average room temperature. But for a miniature rose, this option is not suitable. Anyway, the temperature is high. The easiest way to bring it to a loggia or a warmed balcony. But even here, it is not without a trick ... As well as overheating of the soil, a room rose does not tolerate overcooling it. During wintering pot should be kept at a slightly higher temperature than the aboveground part of the plant. Therefore, when transferring a flower in a cool room, be sure to take care of the warming of the pot. It can be wrapped with insulating material or put in a box with sawdust. Protect the plant from cold drafts and make sure that the temperature does not fall below the recommended. If necessary, warm the aboveground part of the rose. Around February, the plant begins to wake up. From this point on, it can be gradually accustomed to room temperature. If everything is done as it should, then in early March the home rose will give the first buds.

Watering and humidity

In the summer, it is necessary to water the rose abundantly and regularly, to prevent the land from drying out. But if summer is not particularly hot or the plant is standing in your open air, and the rains are frequent, then beware of the bay of the plant. Overflowing for room roses is more dangerous than overdrying. During the rest period, watering is also necessary, but extremely rarely. Usually one or two irrigations are enough for the entire period. But it is necessary to reduce watering already before the transition to wintering, after the end of flowering. Begin to water the roses with the appearance of buds. But it should be very moderate. With the growth of plants and the emergence of an increasing number of leaves, watering increases. Water for irrigation is desirable at room temperature and even higher. Be sure to defend the water taken from the tap.

During the period of active development and flowering, especially if the indoor rose is in the room, be sure to spray it. Moreover, once every 7-10 days, arrange for the plant to wash under a warm shower. Spraying can not be ignored. From the dried air will begin to dry leaves, but the worst thing is the appearance of pests. About them below.

Rose fertilizers are needed only during budding and flowering. Feed it every 7-10 days with fertilizer for flowering plants. By the end of flowering, which usually falls at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn, stop feeding.

The first transplant of room roses is carried out after its purchase. But not at once. First, the plant must undergo mandatory quarantine and adaptation to your conditions. It usually takes two weeks to identify, unnoticed when buying a disease and pests, as well as the plant acclimatized. After this, be sure to transplant the rose into a slightly larger pot.

Planned transplantation of room roses is carried out each spring. If during the winter there was no trouble, then there is no need for a full transplant. Roots of plants are quite gentle and once again disturb them undesirable. You can only slightly clean the top layer of the earth, but without exerting any effort. Part of the land, if it is compiled correctly, will crumble by itself. In fact, this is also a transshipment into a larger 2-3 cm in diameter and 4-5 cm in height pot.

Land for room roses should be light enough and nutritious. I advise novice gardeners to buy ready-made specialized mix. Those who wish to compile it themselves can use this recipe:

Four parts of sod and humus (greenhouse) land and one part of sand (perlite).

Breeding

The easiest way to propagate room rose cuttings. The technology is the same as for the Chinese rose, Benjamin Ficus, Fatty, etc. This is done in the autumn after the planned pruning. Healthy, well developed cuttings with three to four buds are selected from the trimmed twigs. If necessary, the cuttings are shortened to 15 centimeter length, and put in a container with water. Water should not be below room temperature. In about 15 days, the cuttings will give the first roots. Since the cuttings do not need a rest period at all, they can be left in the water for quite a long time. During this time, and the roots of the future roses will develop well. Then, towards the end of winter, you can already plant in the ground.

After flowering, the rose is usually pruned. Although the care of a room miniature rose does not exclude spring pruning. On each sprig after pruning, 4-5 buds should remain, the rest is removed (leaves do not need to be removed). Trimming must be done. Otherwise, abundant flowering is not obtained.

Diseases and pests

If the care was correct, and the home rose was kept in good conditions, then diseases and pests will bypass it.

However, powdery mildew may appear, which can be easily recognized by white bloom on the branches and leaves of the plant. At the first manifestations of the disease, treat the flower with foundationol or any other suitable fungicide.

Among the pests are the most harmful spider mites and aphids. Especially tick. This pest is especially dangerous for roses. He is able to destroy her in a matter of days. How to deal with it read - here. Aphid also causes considerable damage, but mostly it is limited to the destruction of buds. How to win it is written - here.

Indoor rose at home

These flowers can be different colors. There are red, yellow, pink and peach roses. But they all share a stunning aroma and thin openwork foliage, which perfectly emphasizes the beauty of the inflorescences.

Often in a flower shop, they look luxurious just because they are too full.

House roses try to stuff a variety of stimulants for the sake of bloom alone, without worrying about the further fate of the flower.

As a result, when, after purchase, they lose constant servings of fertilizers and stimulants, the flowers often behave inadequately.

Often, for beginners, the inflorescences immediately fall off, the leaves dry and turn yellow, and then the whole flower disappears. To avoid this, you should follow the simple rules for the care of all pot flowers:

  • For each indoor plant, certain watering rules apply. Strictly observe them, since watering is the main component of flower care.
  • Protect it from pests and diseases, inspect it regularly and start treatment at the first symptoms.
  • Provide space and choose a suitable place where the indoor plant will be located.
  • Spray and rub the leaves, cut off the dried parts and flood the ground. Perform other hygiene procedures as needed.

What are the types of homemade roses

Room rose differs from the usual garden only in size. In fact, this is a miniature copy of the flower we are used to. Rose bushes barely reach thirty centimeters, and the plants themselves look very compact and decorative.

They have neat green leaves, painted in a saturated green color.

Inflorescences medium-sized, their diameter is usually from two to four centimeters.

In home gardening use several popular types of roses. These varieties are: Judith Fisher, New Penny, Angel and Baby Darling. In the first variety, the inflorescences are terry, pink in color, in the second they are pink with an orange tone, and in Angel and Baby Darling the color of inflorescences is carmine.

And also flower growers like Doll variety with light yellow buds and unusual silver Cinderella.

Dwarf varieties propagated by cuttings and thus, from a single bush, you can get a large number of new ones.

All homemade roses are divided into the following categories:

  • Hybrid tea represented by varieties such as Monica, Prima Ballerina, Gloria Del.
  • Bengal. These include Ophelia and Pink Grothendors.
  • Miniature flowers that most often prefer to start at home - Mandarin, Green Tea, Aprikot, Hi-Go.
  • Remontnye.
  • Polyanthic roses, which are planted in tubs. Gloria Mildi, Pomponella and Winter Angel.
  • Groundwinding - Alba and Magic.

When you buy a coveted pot with a flower, keep in mind that dwarf roses should be taken only grafted on a briar. It must be own-rooted bushes, otherwise they will not grow at home.

How to care for a home rose in a pot

Many newcomers, just buying a flower, begin to think - how to care for a home rose? In fact, caring for her is not much different from caring for any other flower from the room greenhouse. It involves the creation of conditions under which the home rose would feel most comfortable.

Because of how much better a rose bought in a store is, the easier it will be to care for it. It is best to buy roses in pots with unblown buds. Each flower should be as much as possible. A healthy rose will surely have young shoots. Thus, it is possible to understand the stage at which the flower is located. As well as the presence of processes will help accelerate the adaptation to a new place.

After you bring the flower home, do not rush to transfer to a new pot. Let the capricious beauty stay in the old, relive stress and adapt. Choose a place for placing roses only southerly, but southeast is also allowed. Note that the sun, heat and light, it should be enough. Best of all, roses feel on loggias and balconies.

There are some conditions that should be followed in order to transplant the rose painlessly. Experienced flower growers are advised to replant flowering bushes with a growing moon. It was noted that this lunar period most favorably affects the further fate of the flower.

Transplantation takes place in fresh soil, which is usually purchased at a flower shop. The capacity for the flower is chosen larger than the pot in which it was purchased. The rose is removed carefully so as not to damage the roots. To do this, it is advised to lower the flower together with the peat pot in which it was purchased into the water and hold it for one and a half hours.

Acquired soil is designed specifically for home rose and is the best option for its cultivation. But you can cook the land yourself. This will require peat, humus and park land. Moreover, the ratio of all parts should be as follows: 2: 2: 1. And also coarse sand is poured at the bottom of the pot for drainage.

Before you put all the components of the soil mixture in the pot, pour them with boiling water and allow to cool and dry. Put coarse sand or expanded clay, a little moss or wood charcoal on the bottom and install the roots. Now you can pour the soil mixture. Since the roots had been in water for a long time, after transplantation, they are not watered for a while.

After the rose has been transplanted, apply the Epin fertilizer so that it can better acclimatize to the new conditions.

Temperature conditions

The condition of the temperature regime is as follows:

  • Home rose equally does not like heat and frost.
  • Leaving it on the south side, watch the soil moisture in the pot to prevent drying.
  • The optimum temperature for good growth is about twenty degrees.
  • The flower must be in the light.
  • Consider that the summer heat can negatively affect his condition, so in July it is best to move the flower away from direct sunlight, and in August you can return to its original place.

Permissible winter air temperature is fifteen percent. If the thermometer drops to eight degrees, the flower is threatened with death. If you keep the flower on the glazed loggia, but are afraid of its safety, put the pot in a container with sawdust.

Humidity in the room should not be below fifty percent. Dry air provokes the emergence of such a pest as a spider mite.

Roses in pots will not tolerate dry soil, especially during the flowering period. Water it regularly as soon as the top layer begins to dry out a bit. This decorative flower loves spraying and watering with warm water in winter. Moisturize it daily and only in the evening.

Do not allow overflow of soil. This not only provokes root rot, but also stops budding.

In summer and spring, the soil is fertilized every fifteen days. Fertilizers should be alternated: once they bring organic, and in the other mineral. Fertilizers use the usual, suitable for indoor plants. You can buy them in any flower shop.

It is not recommended to feed the newly purchased flower, as it has already been well fed before selling.

And also it is impossible to carry out top dressing in cool, cloudy days.

Occasionally, fertilizing is done through the leaves. Fertilizers are diluted and the leaves are sprayed with a weak solution. All feeding stops with the onset of autumn. Within five months, roses are at rest and you can not wake them up with the help of feeding. And also do not make fertilizer in just transplanted bushes.

During flowering fertilize the soil weekly. Sub-feed should be added only to damp ground.

How to prepare a rose for winter

Indoor rose in winter looks unsightly. Her leaves are thinning, growth stops, and the flower itself looks sick. In order for it to pass the winter period well, you should adhere to the following recommendations:

  • Air temperature should not fall below fifteen degrees.
  • Keep it away from batteries, television and microwave.
  • Water a flower once every ten days.
  • The pot can be put on wet pebbles to retain moisture.
  • Spray the flower regularly.

With the onset of spring, the rose comes alive and young shoots appear. Now the flower will need fertilizing and frequent watering. Удобряют её не только готовыми минеральными смесями, но и органикой, для чего разводят птичий помёт или коровяк в соотношении 1:20. Предварительно раствор настаивают в течение трёх дней и аккуратно поливают цветок.

Как только наступают тёплые весенние деньки, переносите розу на балкон или лоджии. For good budding, she urgently needs bright color and warmth. Fresh air has a good effect on the general condition of the flower.

Do not forget to remove dried leaves, curled inflorescences, as well as pick off dry twigs.

Rest period rose

It comes in early October and lasts about five months. A pot with a flower is usually kept on the windowsill in a warm room. The degrees should not drop below fifteen, and the optimum winter temperature for roses should be twenty. During this period, it is not fed, and watered once every two weeks with a small amount of distilled, warm water.

In mid-February, they are transplanted into fresh ground and moved to a bright place. Very soon, she will have the first shoots with young leaves and buds will begin to form.

Some flower growers try to remove the first buds, believing that this is how the strength is taken from the rose after hibernation. Already from mid-March, the flower begins to feed.

Pests and diseases

Often houseplant is affected by powdery mildew. For his treatment will need a solution of soda. Make it this way: in one liter of warm water dilute two tablespoons of soda. This solution should be thoroughly wiped off the leaves and stem of the fungus. Do this procedure several times with intervals of ten days. Do not be discouraged if the leaves begin to heal instead of healing. fall off. This suggests that the disease is too ingrained in them and it is already impossible to save. The main thing is that the plant itself will be saved, and new leaflets will grow from healthy buds in the leaf axils.

Are ill indoor roses as well as other home flowers. Diseases of all leafy plants are similar, spider mites can attack them, or a fungus can develop. Ants and aphids annoy the rose. To get rid of pests it is sprayed with soapy water or soda, and every six days the procedure is repeated.

And also, powdery mildew treatment with sulfur was well proven. They pollinate with sulfur only in an improvised greenhouse, it should not be allowed to spray it all over the room. Before starting work, the plant is watered and then treated. Usually two such procedures are enough for complete flower recovery.

General characteristics

Indoor roses - an extensive category, which includes many varieties. Some differ only in colors, and some have almost nothing in common. This allows you to choose the perfect option for any interior.

The average height of indoor roses - up to half a meter, but there are also large species. An interesting option is creeping roses, which cover all the space, twist around the supports and look interesting in hanging pots.

Classical indoor rose is a small bush with carved or lanceolate leaves and colorful flowers, from white and cream to pink, scarlet or rich yellow.

On the origins of miniature roses until ppus disputes are ongoing. Some call their homeland China, others - Southeast Asia.

Types of room roses

Not all varieties of roses are suitable for home use. They were taken out over the years specifically to fit into the conditions of the apartment. When choosing, be sure to pay attention not only to the size and appearance, but also to the conditions of detention. Some varieties have their own specifics. Compliance with all the recommendations will help extend the flowering of even the most capricious indoor roses.

Tea rose

Tea rose - Indian classics. She was bred on the basis of a number of Bengali varieties. Unlike dwarf breeds, tea roses can be quite large, even two meters, although there are also miniature species, up to 20–30 cm. Most tea rose varieties are ideal for home because they were created just for this. They are beautiful, delicate and fragrant, with thick green foliage.

Bengal Rose

A short, bushy rose with small and flattened, pointed leaves is suitable for those who do not tolerate harsh aromas. She almost does not smell, but the shades can be any. At one time, Bengal roses were the first to take root in Europe as the one and only blooming variety. Although now, of course, the choice is much greater. They do not require specific care and even trimming. It is enough to cut dry and painful branches.

Bourbon rose

This is a beautiful and decorative variety with large flowers, but when you care, it requires rest for the winter. Intense flowering lasts from summer to December, after which the plant sheds leaves and comes to life again in April.

Rosa Hummingbird

These are two subspecies of roses bred by one enterprise. First grade appeared by the end of the fifties, and the second - twenty years later. Bushes - compact, dense and rather narrow. The leaves are dark in color, dense and shiny. Medium terry flowers are known for their delicate aroma. They are collected in the inflorescence of several pieces. Classic shades - yellow-apricot.

Polyanthus rose

Polyanthous roses are room varieties that were created by crossing branching garden ones. They are the result of many years of breeding. Bushes are small, branched and dense, on average - fifty centimeters. In some varieties of flowers are collected in the brush. There are semi-double and terry subspecies. Polycanthus roses feel great not only on the windowsills, but also on balconies or terraces. They are also used for decorating borders.

Rosa Danica Mix

A small compact thirty-centimeter rose with flowers quite large for it. The average diameter is 3-4 cm, and the colors are the most diverse. When choosing a place for this variety, you need to take into account that Danika needs sunlight and high humidity.

Rose Baby Masquerade

An interesting variety with almost no thorns. Thirty-centimeter shoots are strong and loosely branchy. Against the background of shiny dark leaves, chameleon flowers look particularly advantageous. Over the entire period of flowering, their color changes several times, from lemon to deep red. Another feature is a delicate fruity aroma.

Room Rose Care

Most varieties of room roses are more than unassuming. They have enough sun and water, but on hot summer days do not forget about partial shade to protect from direct sunlight. It is especially important that the root system does not overheat, so pay attention to the bright flowerpots and pots.

Best of all, a rose grows in fertile soil, but it does not matter. Enter in a mixture of humus, turf, sand, mineral fertilizers. The first feeding - two months after purchase. In the garden centers, flowers are already saturated with everything necessary. During the formation of buds, increase the amount of potassium and phosphorus. It is important not to overdo it with fertilizers, otherwise the bush will begin to actively increase the foliar mass, but will not bloom.

Roses definitely need air. Constantly air in the room, and in season - take out the flowers on the balcony or on the street. Feel free to open the windows, but do not allow drafts.

Another important nuance is humidity. If it is too dry, the leaves wither and fall off. In winter, during active work of radiators and the use of heaters, place containers with water near the vases. For varieties that go into hibernation, moisture is reduced to a minimum. It is enough that the root does not dry out.

In the summer, water the rose as needed: when the top layer of the earth dries out. Because of excessive dampness, the root begins to rot. Regularly pour water from the pan. In the heat, arrange a warm evening shower from the settled water. The procedure can be repeated several times a week.

The need for pruning depends on the particular variety. Some room roses do not need it at all, others need to remove weak and improperly growing branches, and still others need to be completely formed. But in any case, you should regularly remove fragments damaged by diseases or parasites.

In the period when the rose grows and develops most actively, weekly add complex mineral fertilizer to the earth. In the cold season, the feeding interval is reduced to 1-2 times per month. It is more convenient to use solutions. For old bushes suitable soft foliar method - spraying.

Transplantation and reproduction

When choosing indoor roses, as well as any other ornamental selection plants, give preference to those that were grown from cuttings. Seed sowing does not fully preserve all species characteristics, and a grafted rose is unlikely to survive a sharp change in conditions.

Replant the rose at least a couple of weeks after purchase so that it adapts. Better fit her thick ceramic pot. Do not forget about the drainage of expanded clay, pebbles or brick fragments. For transplantation a delicate method of transshipment is used in order not to injure the root system and not to change the type of soil so dramatically.

Transplanted indoor rose with a whole earthen ball. For young flowers, the interval of transfers is once a year. For 3-4 year olds - as needed.

Pest and disease control

Even an unpretentious indoor rose is sometimes attacked by pests and diseases.

The most common problem - spider mite. Sooner or later, all flower growers face him, so get ready in advance. Regularly inspect the leaves for the presence of parasites and general condition. Reserve in advance with specialized insecticides.

The second problem is the shield. It is easy to detect by dark growths on the leaves and stems. They can be removed mechanically and only then proceed to treatment with insecticides.

To prevent fungal diseases, it is necessary to periodically spray the plant with fungicides. Symptoms of different manifestations are similar: they are spots, bloom, rot. Damaged areas must be carefully removed so that the infection does not spread.

Take into account the fact that the rose is a capricious plant in the neighborhood. It almost does not tolerate the environment and blooms better and more magnificently if only she gets all the attention.

Features of indoor roses

Care for indoor roses at home does not imply special protection from the weather and pests. Of course, some measures will have to hold. For example, the sun can burn the leaves and on the window, and this should be worried. But at the same time, there will not be an abundant amount of pests, and the growth process itself will be calm, measured and safe.

Particular attention should be paid to climatic conditions. After all, they are not the same in the first place. Having understood the main differences, you can successfully grow both indoor and outdoor roses.

For a rose to be strong and healthy, initially buy a good plant. For this it is worth knowing some things that you may not know if you are buying a room rose for the first time.

Photos from the site: dom-zvetov.ru

What to look for when buying a flower?

To ensure the quality of the stems, be sure to consider them before purchasing. It is worth doing, even if you have to remove the gift bag. Stems should be green, without black spots. If everything is in order, feel free to buy a room flower. Otherwise, it is not necessary to take the plant, since it will live for you for a short time.

Also pay attention to whether the leaves fall on the rose, what color and elasticity they are. Ideally, the foliage should be dark green, lush. In the normal state, it covers the entire stem and holds well on it. Inspect the leaves for fungi and pests. It is clear that they should not be. Otherwise, you will have to start caring for a room rose with its treatment.

Photos from the site: flower-nt.pro

Care features

Begin to care for the room rose should be immediately after purchase. After all, the flower could be in a store for a long time, where they simply could not provide the necessary conditions. The sooner you create a pleasant atmosphere for your rosette, the faster it will adapt and delight you with beautiful flowers and fragrance.

What to do immediately after purchase?

How to care for a room rose after purchase?

  1. Wash it first. Do this in the shower with warm water. So you clean the leaves of the plant, because on the way they could get dust. If a mealy mite lives on a plant, warm water will wash it away.
  2. Replant the flower. Pick a larger pot than the original. Pour good land there. Try to place the plant in such a way as not to damage the roots. To do this, do not unravel them at all, just shake the ground outside as far as possible. Place more soil on top.
  3. Treat rose with Aktara. He kills pests. Even if they are not, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. (it is necessary to plant in accordance with the proportion of 1 g / 10 for watering and 4 g / 5 l for spraying the leaves.)
  4. If there are blackened areas on the stems, remove them. Crop should be in such a way that only green live stalks remain on the plant.
  5. If traces of the fungus are visible on the leaves or stalks, they must be treated with special preparations.

After these measures can be taken for the choice of place for the cat. It should meet the needs of room roses.

Photos from the site: www.botanichka.ru

Where better to place?

Care for indoor roses at home should begin with the correct habitat. The plant loves the sun, so it will grow reluctantly in the shade. Choose a bright room or balcony, place your rose there. Pay attention to the fact that it is not burned by direct sunlight. They can greatly damage the plant. Well, if the windows are curtained with light curtains. Thus, the light in the room will be in sufficient quantity, and there will be no problems from the rays of the sun. Get the so-called diffused light. In this form, it is useful to people.

Room rose grows poorly in the shade. In such conditions, it can simply stop blooming, or even fall ill.

Protect from the sun and roots. To do this, wrap the pot with something white. This color repels the sun's rays, which reduces the degree of heating.

Photos from the site: frutisad.ru

Room rose loves the fresh air. It is better to place it so that it is often aired. This may be a window seat or temporarily on the balcony.

Photos from the site: www.planetviolets.com

Room rose love space. You should not place it in the general heap of flowers. It is better to leave her an individual space where she could grow and breathe.

A pot of room roses located on the window should be rotated periodically. This will allow the plant to receive an equal amount of sunlight from all directions. Thus, the stems and leaves will grow evenly.

Photos from the site: zelenvdom.com

For irrigation room roses take defended water. Well, if it is still warm. Water the flower so that the potted earth is always wet. Only a slight drying of the upper layer is allowed. On hot days it is worth doing it in the evening when the air temperature drops a bit. It should be remembered that abundant watering is also not useful. They can provoke root rot. Especially often this happens in winter when the plant requires less water.

Photos from the site: domfloris.ru

Periodically spray the plant with fresh water. This will set the optimum level of humidity in the room, as well as wash the leaves. In hot weather, spraying will reduce the effects of high temperatures. But in any case, do not do it under the scorching sun.

Photos from the site: www.tipsplants.ru

Periodic fertilization is another answer to the question of how to properly care for indoor roses. Without top dressing the plant will not be able to live for a long time, well, and you can not see the flowers at all. The land in the pot will become exhausted with time, which is not the best way to affect the plant. Therefore, fertilizer is an indispensable point of care for a room rose at home.

It is necessary to fertilize the land near the flower once a week. This is done during the period of active spring growth and flowering. When autumn comes and the plant no longer throws out the buds, the number of dressings must be reduced, or even completely eliminated. It all depends on the quality of wintering. If it is warm, then rare feeding will have to leave.

Photos from the site: irecommend.ru

Roses at home require special fertilizers. Do not buy universal means for feeding. They will not be able to provide the plant with all necessary. The absence of certain trace elements provokes a deterioration in the appearance of the rose, and even its disease.

It is possible not to pour out all the fertilizer at the root at once, but to divide the weekly rate into 7 parts in order to add a little each day. This method makes feeding more digestible. In addition, small doses will not salt the soil.

In the first few months after the purchase of fertilized indoor rose is not worth it. Most likely, she was well fed in the store, and with long-lasting means. Adding additional substances may damage the soil. Sick roses also do not require a lot of fertilizer, as they lack the strength to process and assimilate substances.

Proper care of a room rose involves pruning a flower. It prevents decay of individual stems, and also forms a bush, making it uniform, lush and not thickened. A rose that has not been cut in time suffers, as its leaves and sprouts receive little air. Also in the thick of various pests can live. All this is displayed at the level of flowering plants.

Cropped indoor rose in late winter - early spring. During this period, the plant wakes up and begins to be actively involved in growth. It's time to save it from dried stems and leaves. Also sanitary pruning should be done in the fall. Это позволит розе не тратить много сил на обеспечение жизнедеятельности в период спячки.

Фото с сайта: moyadacha.temaretik.com

Регулярно обрезайте и отцветшие бутоны. Можно ждать, пока они сами отпадут, но на это потребуется время. Засохшие участки будут портить картину, да еще и продолжат тянуть соки из растения.

Как и любое растение, комнатная роза может заболеть. This is mainly due to the pests that are also infested in the room. Often the cause is improper care. Rose can be affected:

To save the plant from such things, you need to wash it once a week. This will help wash the pests off the leaves and stems. After that, if necessary, the plant is sprayed with special disinfectants.

Photos from the site: rusfermer.net

It is worth noting that pests live on plants always, but they cannot multiply much. If there was a sharp increase in their population, then the flower is weakened. This may be due to inadequate care. The reproduction of pests contributes to a small amount of light and fresh air, a large amount of moisture. This is especially common in winter.

Features of summer care

There are no special recommendations for growing roses in summer. Naturally, this should be sufficient watering and protection from the heat and the scorching rays of the sun. Also summer care consists in cleaning the fallen leaves and feeding.

Summer time is an ideal time for transplanting indoor flowers. At this time, you can expand the area for the plant, add a new good soil. Also in the summer you can temporarily plant a room rose in the open soil.

Photos from the site: www.sendflowers.ua

Room rose: photos, types and their description

Potted roses belong to the Rosaceae family and comprise up to 20 thousand varieties. The most common types for growing houses are Bengali, remontant and polyanthic.

Bengal roses home, care and cultivation

Dwarf Bengal roses (Rosa bengalensis) - in height to 20 cm with small leaves. The flowers are large, double, red or pink, blooming takes place year-round. Popular varieties: Katerina Violet, Hamti Demty, Baby Carnival.

Renovated rose in a pot, home care

Remontant roses - with dense, dark green leaves, small buds, shaped like a glass with a pleasant smell. Cold-resistant, bloom twice: from mid-July to mid-August and from late August to late September. Popular varieties: Etienne Leve, Frau Karl Druški, Ulrich Brunner fiss.

Polycan home rose, home care, photo

Polyanthic multiflora (Rosa polyanta - Rosa multiflora nana) - with frequent small, almost odorless buds. Frost-resistant, well tolerate high humidity, up to 30 cm high with small dense leaves. The rose at home blossoms in paniculate buds from June to the first frost, the flowers are small, up to 4 cm in diameter. Popular varieties: Orange Triumph, Super Clotilde, Miniatures.

Buying a potted rose: what to look for

It is recommended to purchase a room rose from late spring to mid-autumn: in warm weather, adaptation to new conditions is much better. Professional growers are advised to take roses with unopened buds. If flowering has already begun, then most of the flowers are cut off to stimulate plant growth.

Pests and diseases of room rose, signs of damage

Before acquiring from all sides inspect the leaves and soil for diseases and pests. Buds should be evenly colored and tight, foliage - clean and green, without dryness and signs of wilting, firmly on the stem. The ground is well-moistened all the way down to the bottom of the pot: if the soil dries out during transportation, the flower will soon die.

Before buying, you need to observe the rose you like in dynamics, inspecting the plant every 3-4 days. Despite the fact that the rose will be grown at home, you should buy hardened plants grown outdoors in your area, and not in the greenhouse. Then they are not afraid of fluctuations in temperature and humidity.

Irrigation and spraying mode

Caring for a room rose after purchase consists in watering under the root after the top layer of the earth has dried. To do this, you need water at room temperature, settled for at least 3 days.

Caring for a home rose in a pot - spraying

Extra root irrigation - spraying, carried out every 2-3 days in the evening with boiled water from a spray bottle. During the period of spring and summer growth, the number of irrigations is increased to 5 times a week. In the autumn, after flowering - reduced to 1-2 times a week. Once in 7 days a warm shower is arranged, plentifully pouring out of a watering can with a nozzle heated with water to plus 40-45 grams. Celsius.

The plant is placed on the south-east or west side. In the summer of roses are transferred to shaded places with access to fresh cool air. With a short day light in winter, the plant is illuminated with fluorescent lights.

Nutritious soil and introduction of top dressings

Nourishing soil for homemade roses is prepared by mixing turf soil, humus and sand in the proportion of 4: 4: 1, adding complex fertilizers in granules, such as: Activin, Planton, Biopon. They fertilize indoor roses, alternating mineral and organic supplements, twice a week during the growing season and growth, from spring to late summer.

Fertilization under the rose room

In cloudy weather and in winter the plants are not fertilized. Top dressings do not bring to the sick and just transplanted roses. For better penetration of fertilizers and aeration, the soil is periodically loosened after irrigation.

Pruning roses in pots

Removal of yellowed foliage and wilted flowers is carried out during the growing season on the growing moon. The second time the procedure is repeated before hibernation: reduce the length of the shoots to 10 cm, each leaving up to 4-5 buds. After that, the plant is placed in a cool shaded place. Pruning, carried out on time, stimulates early and lush flowering.

Pruning and care of roses in pots

Transplant room rose

Transplanting a room rose is held annually in spring to the rising moon according to the lunar calendar. The rose is watered abundantly and 20 minutes after the water is absorbed, the container is turned over and the plant is carefully removed.

The lump with roots is easily separated from the pot, it is placed in a new container and sprinkled with fresh soil, leaving 2 cm free to the edge. The plant is placed in the shade and periodically checked for engraftment. If the vegetation process began a month later, the first feeding is carried out.

Transplant room rose

Capacity for transplantation choose more than the previous: 2 cm in diameter, and up to 7 cm in height. Ceramic pot before use for 2 hours, pour warm water. Already being in use, the pot is cleaned with a stiff brush in boiling water without using soap before another use. Before laying the ground in the tank with the drain do 1 cm of drainage of expanded clay. In the absence of a hole for drainage, a drainage layer is made of 3 cm.

Transplanting a room rose is not carried out after purchase, it takes up to 30 days for the plant to adapt.

To grow a homemade rose in a pot you need to put a lot of effort. Culture is quite fastidious and demanding of conditions of detention, which you can create without problems in the conditions of a house or apartment according to our recommendations. Provide the necessary care for roses and beautiful flowers will delight you over the years.

Varieties of indoor roses

There are a lot of varieties of roses, but they are mostly used for home cultivation:

  • red bengal roses,
  • late flowering bourbon roses,
  • long blooming tea roses,
  • very miniature Chinese roses,
  • remontant roses.

Sometimes you can find special varieties: striped, blue, green.

How to prolong flowering?

For long-term flowering of roses at home it is recommended:

  • position the pot with the room rose at a distance from other flowers, the rose should not be cramped on the windowsill,
  • constantly monitor to keep the potted soil moist enough
  • change the frequency of watering depending on seasonality,
  • monitor the healthy appearance of the plant, at the first sign of the occurrence of pests and diseases of the plant to take action,
  • if possible, place a flower in the south side of the room,
  • if the flower becomes crowded in a pot, transplant to a more suitable size,
  • add fertilizer during periods of flowering and growth.

How to adapt a rose after purchase?

After purchasing a flower, experts recommend creating a home environment similar to the one in the store. This condition will help the plant to adapt better when changing places. Repotting the flower immediately is also not recommended. As soon as the flower gets used, it will be possible to create favorable conditions.

Try to water the plant with warm water, to avoid drafts and direct sunlight. As soon as the plant adapts, it will be possible to transplant the rose to a permanent place.

Care depending on the season.

Depending on the period of the year, the care of a room rose varies.

In the summer It is recommended to water the rose in large volumes and monitor the moisture content of the ground cover. Rose should not overheat. During the summer period, roses can be put on the balcony.

In the autumn period room rose can be watered in smaller quantities, move the pot to a warm room.

In winteron the contrary, it is better to find a cooler room. Try not to put a room rose nearby with heating appliances. By winter, the branches of roses, if possible, are pruned, watering the plant is reduced to a minimum.

In the spring again, you need to water more abundantly and do not forget to add fertilizer.

Diseases and pests

House roses are susceptible to various types of diseases and insect pests. One of the main pests is spider mite. This disease can be identified by the web between the leaves, and the lesions are also visible on the leaves themselves. Spider mite can spoil not only the appearance of the plant, but also suffer additional infections.

At the first signs of any of the diseases, it is necessary to treat the plant.

Another disease of indoor roses is «blackleg». This disease in roses occurs due to soil fungi. Plant immunity decreases, the base at the roots becomes black and weak. Such a plant is most often impossible to save.

If you find that the indoor rose is not sick, but it does not bloom, try to create more comfortable conditions for growth.

Rose bought: save

The fact that the home rose is capricious - everyone knows. Becoming the owner of the flower, you need to think about saving it. If in the hands of a gift pot with a magnificent, magnificently flowering specimen, it means that the flower sold in the store received a good dose of stimulants, the effect of which, unfortunately, is very short. Yes, and gift wrapping in specialized flowers, contributing to the preservation of high levels of humidity. Deprived of intensive feeding and moisture, the flowers can quickly die. In order not to be disappointed in the gift received or in your ability to grow miniature roses, you must first take steps to preserve the plant.

Below is a list of mandatory actions.

  • Specialized packaging, necessary to preserve moisture, but contributing to the development of fungal diseases, is removed under apartment conditions.
  • The leaves and stems (withered, blackened, withered) are cut off.
  • Without regret, not only the buds are cut, but also the stem bearing. Drastic measures will help preserve the greenhouse plant.
  • If there are several plants in the gift pot, they are seated.
  • The transshipment is accompanied by the treatment of antifungal and pests, for which such preparations as Fitosporin, Fitoverm, etc. can be used.

The care of home beauty is not limited to the listed actions. Below are the rules for keeping plants in apartment conditions.

Rose on the windowsill: varietal and species diversity

Tiny pink bushes are a great decoration for any windowsill. Having a height of no more than 35 cm, they are not inferior to their garden brothers. The following plant species are distinguished: miniature, Bengal, hybrid tea, remontant, ground cover, polyanthic and floribunda.

Varieties of roses, successfully grown in apartments, are very numerous:

  • Tchaikovski,
  • Orange Triumph
  • New penny
  • Yellow Doll,
  • Judy Fischer
  • Ophelia,
  • Starina,
  • Hi - Ho,
  • Green Ice,
  • Spice Drop, etc.

The queen of flowers is successfully grown in pots. Here, the rose of Bengal (Pink Grotendors) or the tea of ​​hybrid rose (Spice Drop) feels great. A rose is polyanthic and floribunda, Angel wings and Happy Child, etc., feel better in tubs.

The main feature of the room rose is their ability to reproduce without problems by cuttings.

Home Care for the Queen

Speaking about the southern beauty, any person, first of all, means a delightful, magnificently flowering bush or large fragrant flowers. Rose in the pot initially can not be large, but the duration and abundance of flowering is the result of the skill and efforts of the grower. And the components of success are the following criteria:

  • availability of sufficient free space
  • optimum humidity and acceptable temperature,
  • compliance with the rules of moistening of the earth coma
  • timely processing of the soil and the plant itself,
  • prevention of diseases and the spread of pests.

Properly organized wintering of the flower will allow in early spring to admire the bright greens and numerous buds.

Before you think about wintering, remember that traditionally on the shelves of flower shops are placed miniature specimens of the flower, imported from foreign greenhouses. For growing for sale and long-term preservation of the presentation, flowers are fed with growth and flowering stimulants, which adversely affects the life expectancy of asthenia outside of greenhouse conditions.

Having purchased a similar copy, it is worth taking care of its preservation in the changed conditions. To do this, as noted above, the plant must be transplanted into a large container with fresh soil and remove all the buds, and not only the inflorescences are removed, but also part of the stem. New shoots appearing on the spot pruning also pinch. And only after that the possibility of home beauty blooming is allowed.

To preserve compact volumes of the rose bush in the period preceding the beginning of active growth of the kidneys, that is, in early spring, a formative pruning is carried out.

Proper growing conditions

Despite the well-established view of the capriciousness of a miniature beauty, even beginners can refuse to question how to care for a rose, provided the initial organization of acceptable flower maintenance conditions. The focus of the following options:

Growing difficulties

The main difficulties in growing a flower are in its susceptibility to diseases and damage by various pests.

Methods of dealing with them should be systematic. Effective drugs to prevent the reproduction of pests - Aktellik, Akarin, Strela, Aktara, etc. Along with non-toxic products, regular spraying with warm water is used. A warm shower is welcome.

Diseases of room roses can develop due to incorrectly chosen irrigation regime. Their treatment involves the treatment of bushes with effective mixtures and pruning of affected branches. There are such diseases:

Disease prevention - compliance with the temperature and irrigation regime. Adhering to the above conditions, it is possible to provide a miniature beauty with a long period of life and profusion of flowering.

Video “Why indoor roses dry”

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