The insecticidal plant protection drug, Mospilan, has clearly passed the peak of popularity among summer residents and small private growers, and during it hopes for this drug were definitely excessive. But the potential of Mospilan as a plant protection product (NWR) against pests has not yet been exhausted. The active ingredient of the drug stops the development of eggs of harmful organisms, and very few plant protection agents have an impact on their non-feeding phases. Therefore, it would not be superfluous to figure out in what cases and how Mospilan in an individual farm is still applicable and useful.
Composition and release form
The insecticide Mospil is designed and manufactured by Nippon Soda Co. The active ingredient, α-acetamiprid, is a white or yellowish powder (see fig.) With a solubility in water of 4.2 g / l. This allows you to produce the drug for the purpose of agrochemistry in the form of a water-soluble powder (GRP, RP) or a water-soluble concentrate of VRK, since Acetamiprid is much better soluble in organic solvents, for example. in ethyl alcohol. Sales forms of other manufacturers in the form of wettable powder JV, suspensions, emulsions (KS, SK, KE) necessarily contain additives that may not be indicated in the description of the preparation.
The active substance of the insecticide Mospilan α-acetamiprid
Note: The original drug is marketed at 20% concentration (200 g / kg), but for analogs it may be different, see below.
Acetamiprid belongs to the class of neonicotinoids and is a contact-intestinal nerve poison. Its effect on pests is similar to that of other substances of this class (see below): the drug blocks the nicotine-dependent acetylcholine receptors of the synaptic membranes of nerve cells. The object of defeat ceases to feed, and within an hour convulsions and death await it. But, unlike other neonicotinoids, acetamiprid is able to penetrate to some extent through the membranes of fertilized eggs and kill the developing embryo, i.e. the drug Mospilan also has ovicidal activity, although limited, see below.
Video: an example of the inefficiency of Mospilan against aphids
In the comments to this video is one of the possible reasons: not the original drug. It is likely, because “Analogues” of the bulk-purchased active ingredient often contain acetamiprid in a concentration of 5-10 times less than the original. Well, if it is indicated on the packaging or in the description, see fig. below, but it often happens that there is not.
Incorrect instructions for insecticide Mospilan non-original production
Secondly, neonicotinoids are incompatible with plant protection products having an alkaline reaction (Bordeaux mixture, preparations with copper, lime, soda), this is the summer residents and private owners know. But not everyone knows that Mospilan is absolutely incompatible with sulfur. If, prior to its use in the sprayer, a sulfur-containing preparation was refueled, then there is little washing of the device. From traces of sulfur it needs to be disinfected, and in relation to this substance is oh so difficult. And if there are insignificant traces of sulfur in the sprayer, then the company Mospilan will be sprayed out of it almost ineffective.
Thirdly, aphids in the open field is very difficult to lime without first getting rid of the ants grazing it. Without them, the aphid population will not grow to bring tangible harm - the natural enemies will not give. At the same time, acetamiprid is extremely toxic for carnivorous insects, also see below. And the ovicidal activity of Mospilan on aphids eggs is small, best of all, it destroys the laying of mining mines. As a result, the ants have time to save part of their flock for breeding, useful predators, after eating poisoned aphids, die, and the effect of Mospilan against aphids turns out to be the opposite.
Note: the same will happen in the greenhouse, if ants have been infested and herded in it.
Mospilan and bees
The allegations about the alleged safety of Mospilan for bees, excuse me, or utter ignorance, or shameless lies. There are 4 known neonicotinoids today:
- Acetamiprid (drugs certified for individual farms of Grind, Mospilan, Stozhar).
- Imidacloprid (same, Boreas, Golden Spark, Konfidor, Tanrek, Taboo).
- Tiakloprid (Biskaya, Calypso).
- Thiamethoxam (Aktara).
In all of them, the hazard class for insects (any) and aquatic organisms is not lower than 4th, and for Bees, it is safe to assign the 5th (deadly) to bees. It is because of too iridescent, not at first attitudes towards neonicotinoids that some Western countries are now importing bees and beneficial insects - their all have become extinct. In France, where there are no uncultured lands and reserves of wild insects in nature long ago, all neonicotinoids were banned as early as 1999. In 2017, under pressure from the “brethren” in the EU, the Ministry of Agriculture of France allowed Calypso with ticlopridum, but local authorities agrotechnics refrain from recommendations for its use.
In Russia, there are more natural spaces that are not contaminated by pesticides, and land use is much less chaotic. It is at least a matter of principle to provide an apiary protection zone of more than 3 km and more or less systematic use of pesticides in summer arrays and small settlements. Replenishment of the beneficial entomofauna in cultivated areas from natural reserves is quite real. Therefore, in addition to the above 11 drugs for small areas at the beginning of 2018, another 8 or 9 drugs on neonicotinoids are allowed for large agricultural engineering in the Russian Federation. But it is better for private traders in the open field to rely only on the Golden Spark and the Confidor from the Colorado potato beetle, since full replacement is not. And with Mospilan need to be careful, see at the end. In any case, Mospilan should not be used during flowering at the site of any nectar-bearing plants minus two days before it and plus the same after.
Mospilan from Colorado
Mospilan is relatively cheap (about $ 70 per package of 0.5 cubic dm of original powder), is stored for a long time in suitable conditions (see below) and can be selected from the opened package in parts. Therefore, lovers are trying to combine it from the Colorado potato beetle with other relatively inexpensive means, see for example. video:
Video: Mospilan + Regent vs. Colorado potato beetle
But, of course, there is no guarantee that the recipe will work in other local conditions, in this case. As well as objective qualified studies confirming the effectiveness of the technique and the absence of post-effects from it. And the land is not “my hut on the edge,” land use rules apply to everyone. Something bad happened in amateur surroundings in the vicinity - the experimenter is to blame.
For humans, warm-blooded Mospilan is a 3rd hazard class substance. But, first, it is necessary to take into account the better than other neonicotinoids, the permeability of the skin for acetamiprid. Secondly, the specifics of the use of the drug in a private sector, see at the end.
As a result, a waterproof working overalls for work Mospilanom required. Respiratory and eye protection may be lightened (latex gloves, petal respirator, canned glasses, see fig.).
Personal protective equipment when working with insecticide Mospilan
After work, PPE is disinfected with a solution of 50 g of soda ash on a bucket of water, textile / knitted clothes are washed with laundry soap or soap powder. The allowable time of work is 4 hours, after it is over you need to take a shower. Security space around the working area:
- apiary - from 3 km (summer time limit of bees is 48 hours),
- reservoirs - 1.5 km,
- children's institutions and playgrounds, places of collective recreation - 150 m,
- for children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, allergy sufferers, persons who are sick or have had cancer, 50 m,
- residential buildings, poultry houses, stockyards - 15 m,
- outbuildings not intended for keeping pets - 5 m.
If the operator shows signs of discomfort, stop working and consult a doctor. Symptoms of poisoning: shortness of breath, salivation (increased salivation), tremor (trembling limbs, facial ticking), impaired coordination of movements, convulsions. In case of contact with the skin, remove it without rubbing it with a swab moistened with a solution of baking soda, and wash yourself in the shower with soap. In case of contact with eyes, rinse them open under running water. If swallowed, immediately consult a toxicologist: there is no antidote, symptomatic treatment.
The original Mospilan in unopened packaging stores 36 months. in a dark place (all neonicotinoids are subject to photolysis). In reality, the powder can be selected in parts for 2 seasons from tightly closing steam-tight containers, if the drug is stored in a dry place (neonicotinoids are subject to hydrolysis). The remaining storage conditions are usual for pesticides: under constipation from children and animals in a separate non-residential room in which food is not stored. The permissible storage temperature range of Mospilan + (5-30) degrees Celsius.
Note: how to divide the package or a large sample of powder into small doses without accurate weights, see the video below:
For the preparation of tank mixtures of Mospilan with means of agrochemistry of a neutral or weakly acidic reaction that does not contain sulfur (see above), it is necessary to first test for compatibility. In a shaded room, 50-100 ml of working solutions are prepared, poured into clean glassware and left for an hour in the dark or dimness. If there are signs of a chemical reaction (changes in temperature and / or color of the mixture, turbidity, precipitation of flakes and / or sediment, bubbles, foam) - the preparations are incompatible. But this is not a guarantee of compatibility: by handicraft methods, the incompatibility of pesticides is precisely determined only by the absence of a protective action.
The temperature range of efficacy of Mospilan corresponds to that for storage. That is, this pesticide is not spring and little effective in the summer heat. The working solution of the drug is prepared in a plastic bucket in the shade or in a shaded room. Water temperature - 20-25 degrees. The container is poured with water for a third to a quarter, with continuous stirring with a chemically neutral stirrer (glass, plastic), the powder is gradually introduced, stirred for another 3-5 minutes and, with stirring, the water is added to the norm. The finished solution is immediately poured into the spray tank. It should be developed within 24 hours. Bearing in mind the disintegration of the drug in the light, the treatment should be carried out in the evening. Time to rain - from 4 hours.
Instructions on the treatment of plants with the insecticide Mospil are given in table. On potatoes, the drug is more effective from such a little-known pest as a potato bug. On the apple tree - from mining mines. Sawfly eggs do not take at all, because they hide them deep in the wood. On the effectiveness of Mospilan from aphids, see above.
Think about the future
Mospilan, as well as imidacloprid (the basis of the Spark of Gold and Kofidora) at first seemed to be ecologically safe in the long term, since does not contain long-lasting negative post-effects of sulfur, phosphorus, metals. But its deadly effect on insects has already led to a quiet but severe environmental disaster in some Western countries. In Russia, the place and wildlife a lot, but not infinitely many. To control the environmental impact of many small farms is immeasurably more difficult than large areas. Therefore, for private farmers, the use of the insecticide Mospilan is very, very desirable to limit to greenhouses. In the garden, Mospilan can be “released” for a season or two to get rid of the mining moles. And on the field - if a potato ladybird starts up massively. What, of course, is not necessary.
Final note: when working with Mospilan in the greenhouse, the use of PPE, which completely excludes contact of the drug with the worker’s body, is mandatory!
Purpose of Mospilan
Important! It is necessary to approach powder dosing carefully, according to the application instructions from the manufacturer..
Insecticide works effectively in combating the following pests:
- moth, sawfly, moth, affecting apple orchards,
- bread ground beetle, louse,
- Colorado beetle,
- slow sandy,
- retina leafworm,
- locust pests,
- different types of shields,
- beet weevils, flea beetles,
- larvae of bugs of harmful turtles, thrips, leeches,
- shield beetles.
In greenhouses, insecticide is used against the greenhouse whitefly, peach and greenhouse aphids. It affects, depending on the pest family, their eggs, larvae and adult insects.
The principle of the impact of the drug on pests
The tool penetrates the vegetation through the stems, leaves to the root. It effectively affects parasites by direct contact, and by eating vegetation sprayed with insecticide.
The active component of cytocytoid, which is part of the drug, affects the nerve endings of harmful insects, causing disturbances of nerve impulses. As a result, parasites die from over-stimulation.
The advantages of using Mospilan
- It works effectively even in hot weather.
- Odorless, not phytotoxic.
- Parasites do not get used to the drug, that is, they do not develop immunity.
- The effectiveness of exposure to parasites Mospilan - 2-3 weeks.
Mospilan: instructions for use
You must first dissolve 2.5 g of the powder of Mospilan in 1 liter of water. Then it is necessary to gradually add water to a volume of 10 liters, while simultaneously mixing the solution. Depending on the spraying of the working mixture, it may be enough to process an area of 200-250 m 2
Important! The finished solution should be used immediately; it should not be left for storage. Spraying of plants is carried out only during the growing season.
After exposure to insecticide insects die within a day, and the period of its operation can be from 2 to 3 weeks.
The consumption rate of the drug
- To rid the apple orchard of ermine moths, aphids, stems, rose and netted rosewood, the anther needs 150-200 g of the drug per hectare. For the destruction of different types of scale insets, 400-500 g of solution per hectare will be needed. Garden must be processed 2 times per season, the second - 45 days before harvest.
- To save sugar beets from different types of weevils, shield beetles, flea beetles, sandy squirrels, aphids per hectare of the treated area, 50-75 g of insecticide solution will be needed. During the season you need to do two spraying, extreme - for 40 days before harvesting the beets.
- To get rid of sugar beet, alfalfa and sunflower plantations from the locust family, one spraying is enough for 40 days before harvesting. The consumption rate of the drug “Mospilan” is 50–72 g per hectare.
- On cucumbers, tomatoes grown in greenhouses, usually attacked by cotton and tobacco aphids, whitefly. To get rid of these types of pests will need 200-300 g of Mospilan per hectare of cultivated culture. Processing is carried out once every 3 days before harvesting.
- For processing potatoes against the Colorado potato beetle per hectare, you need 50 g of the mixture. Spraying of crops is carried out one time for 35 days before harvesting.
- In order to destroy the aphids, the larvae of the bug of a nasty turtle, red-breasted boolean, and bladder on the plantation of winter wheat will need 100-120 g of insecticide. Spraying the site is carried out a month before harvesting wheat once.
- To protect from the cabbage mosquito, earthen fleas, bug, covertly such a crop as rape, you will need 100-120 g of the drug per hectare. The culture is treated with insecticide twice, the last - 25 days before harvesting the rape.
- Processing room, greenhouse colors against the whitefly is performed with a solution of Mospilan in the following proportion: 2 liters of water, 1 g of insecticide.
A drug Mospilan - an effective remedy to combat any harmful insectsaffecting crops, houseplants. Before applying it, it is important to carefully read the instructions for use from the manufacturer, dosages for processing specific types of crops.
Preparation of the solution
Dilute 2.5 g in 1 l of water, take 1/5 part (200 ml) of the solution obtained and dilute in 10 l of water. The resulting concentrate should be enough for processing 1 000 m². Means, diluted in this way, you can spray cucumbers and tomatoes in greenhouses 1 time for 3-4 days before harvesting vegetables.
If it is necessary to process apples, the solution is prepared in the same proportions, but using a different technology. Fill the bucket ¼ with water and with thorough stirring add the concentrate (2.5 g per 1 l of water), top up with water until a volume of 10−12 l is obtained.
To obtain a solution from Mospilan insects, the insecticide is taken 2 times more (5 g) per 12 l of water. From the Colorado potato beetle, the rate of 5−7 g per 10 liters of water. The consumption of concentrate is 5 liters per 100 m². It is recommended to process plantings 2 times (the second - 40–45 days before harvesting).
Action on pests
Common pests - aphids, sucker, scale insects, herbivorous mites, apple moth, cabbage aphid, chinch (cabbage, mustard, rapeseed), onion thrips, fleas, glasshouse whitefly, tick onion root, stem nematode onion, potato beetle, cabbage fly larvae.
Не нужно обрабатывать каждый сантиметр. Вредителю достаточно прямого контакта или поедания опрысканного растения. The effect of the drug applies to insects, even in untreated areas.
An hour after the procedure, you can see the first results of the insecticide Mospilan, the instruction guarantees the impact not only on adults, but also on the larvae and eggs. After exposure to the drug, insects randomly move, fall from the leaves, die the next day.
Efficiency remains from two to three weeks, if the air temperature does not change or rises.
The pros and cons of the drug Mospilan
Instructions for use of Mospilan distinguishes the following advantages of the drug:
- Not phytotoxic.
- Compatible with pesticides widely used in gardening.
- Does not lose its effectiveness when stored in places with temperature changes.
- Pests do not show resistance to the drug due to the mechanism of action.
- Not harmful to birds, earthworms, aquatic organisms and fish, bees and mammals.
- Fast performance.
- Economical spending.
Significant disadvantages of the means of pests have not been identified, there are some nuances in use that require special attention. Since the drug belongs to the third class of danger, the following precautions are required:
- Restriction of use in the period of flowering plants.
- Spraying is carried out using personal protective equipment. Goggles are used for eyes, gloves and mittens for hands, gas masks and masks for respiratory organs.
- When processing it is forbidden to smoke, eat and drink.
- After working with the preparation, wash hands and face with running water with soap and rinse your mouth.
- Do not store the container from the drug, do not throw it into reservoirs or reuse it. It is recommended to burn in a specially designated place.
First aid for poisoning should occur quickly and efficiently. If the product is on the skin, wash it off with running water and soap. In case of contact with eyes, rinse with water. When ingested, take activated charcoal with a large amount of water and try to induce vomiting.
Storage of funds
The drug is stored in a cool place. (-15 ... + 30 ° С), without mixing with food and medicines, out of the reach of children and pets. Diluted solution should not be stored. Mix with other drugs can not.
When choosing pest remedies, it is worthwhile to get acquainted with opinions on the application of Mospilan. Reviews come across different, here are some of them:
I saw small insects on greenhouse cucumbers and treated with folk remedies, sprayed with soap and sprinkled with ashes. Nothing helped, and the leaves began to dry out. The Mospilan was advised in the store, after use after 2 days the bugs disappeared. The yield is not affected.
A month ago, black flies appeared on indoor plants, read about this drug on the Internet and processed it, it hurt my hands a little, it burned, and there was a specific smell that I had to air out. The midges have disappeared and do not appear yet.
Feed fertilizers and timely watering the plant contributes to excellent growth, development and resistance to pests. It is enough to spray the plants with Mospilan 1-2 times, and the pests will not appear on the plants during the whole season.
Mechanism of action
The mechanism of action of "Mospilan" is very simple: after spraying, it is absorbed in the shortest possible time by parts of the plant and spreads throughout its body. As a result, the insects that ate the plant treated with Mospilan die. Acetamiprid destroys the central nervous system of insect pests. Besides, protective barrier after treatment with the drug is valid up to 21 days. About what plants is suitable "Mospilan" and how to breed it, read on.
Instructions for use
The drug "Mospilan" (2.5 g), according to the instructions for use, should be diluted in 1 liter of water, then pour another 10 liters of water. A solution of this concentration is used for the treatment of indoor plants.
One bag of "Mospilan" is enough for processing the territory up to 1 hectare. Next, consider dosages for different cultures.
When processing crops from thrips, harmful turtle, aphids, the consumption rate is 0.10–0.12 kg / ha. The recommended number of treatments is 1.
Mospilan from the Colorado potato beetle: a description of the drug
Water-soluble powder from Lepidoptera, Hemiptera and Coleoptera pests of industrial fields and private gardens - a modernized neonicotinoid poison, which appeared on the market relatively recently. Thanks to an improved poisoning mechanism, the drug has a detrimental effect on the egg clutches of insects (ovicidal action), simultaneously eliminating adult colonies of resistant garden parasites. Protective action - 14 days or more.
Mospilan from the Colorado potato beetle and wireworm
The drug "works" even in rainy weather, acting from the vegetative mass of plants. Mospilan (acetamiprid) is actively absorbed by greens and for a long time it circulates in the juice of the crop, reliably protecting it from the encroachment of the pest. The insecticide-damaging concentration of acetamiprid persists in the plant for up to 30 days, so Mospilan is rarely used more than 1 time during the growing season. Private entrepreneurs most often use Mospilan from the Colorado potato beetle, but also the drug copes excellently:
- With colonies of potato bug and bug of the harmful bug, whitefly,
- With ground beetles, bread stalks, cereal fly (grain agricultural fields),
- With all kinds of locust on pastures and uncultivated virgin lands.
How does Mospilan
The drug causes a dynamic increase in the paranormal nerve-synaptic excitation, resulting in the death of an insect from a fatal overstrain. The substance enters the body of the parasite with a nutrient mass, killing it in a matter of hours (up to 3 days, which depends on the actual amount of substance eaten). During the period of protective action (2 weeks and more) the pest is completely eliminated from the zone of treatment with the preparation.
How to use the drug
Mospilan is produced in the form of a powder that must be dissolved in water in the following ratios: 0.5-0.8 g per 10 l. for processing potatoes from young colonies of the Colorado potato beetle and ladybug, 2-2.4 g per 10 l. for spraying landings during mass invasions of the Colorado potato beetle. Planned consumption rate of 10 liters. working solution in private farms - 200 square meters. m. It is not recommended to use more than 1 time per season.
Potato processing is done by spraying each young non-flowering shrub uniformly, performing work in the morning or evening. Requires dry weather without gusty wind (precipitation in the forecast for the next day is not terrible). Mospilan is moderately dangerous for humans and warm-blooded (Cl. 3), does not pose a significant threat to honey bees (Cl. 3). The use of protective equipment (masks, glasses, gloves) is mandatory at all stages of work.
Tomatoes and cucumbers
When processing tomatoes and cucumbers, including greenhouses, from the whitefly, melon and other aphids, thrips, the consumption rate is 0.2–0.4 kg / ha. The recommended number of treatments is 1.
To protect against the Colorado potato beetle, as indicated in the instructions for use, “Mospilan” should be diluted in a proportion of 0.05–0.125 kg / ha. The recommended number of treatments is 1.
For the destruction of beet pests beet (weevil, beet flea, leaf beet aphid), you need to use 0.05–0.075 kg / ha. The recommended number of treatments is 1.
The norm of “Mospilan” for protection of sunflower against locusts is 0.05–0.075 kg / ha. The recommended number of treatments is 1.
To protect an apple tree from invasions of stalks, aphids, moths, apple leafworms, the following dosage should be used: 0.15–0.20 kg / ha. To protect against all types of scale insects, the dose of “Mospilan” should be increased - 0.40–0.50 kg / ha. The recommended number of treatments - 2.
Processing of fruit trees "Mospilan" is carried out according to the instructions for use for the garden - 0.2-0.4 kg / ha.
Although this insecticide belongs to the 3rd hazard class (moderately hazardous substance), care must be taken when using it.
First of all, it concerns the safety when spraying - Be sure to wear protective equipment (gloves, respirator, protective clothing).Smoking during spraying is prohibited. The recommended insecticide use time is early morning or evening. It is also advisable to take into account the weather on the day of treatment with “Mospilan” - it is desirable that the precipitations should go no earlier than 2 hours after spraying. After completion of the work, the hands, face and other open areas of the body should wash thoroughly with soap. The package from "Mospilan" must be burned. It is forbidden to throw it into the water.
Benefits of using
So let's summarize and find out what exactly distinguishes “Mospilan” from other pesticides and insecticides:
- Versatility of use. This drug works equally well with pests of melons, grains and vegetables, fruit trees, flowers and ornamental plants.
- Low toxicity to pollinating insects (bees, bumblebees).
- Does not possess phytotoxicity.
- Does not cause persistence in pests and retains long-term biological effectiveness (up to 21 days).
"Mospilan" should be stored in a dry and hard-to-reach place for children and animals. It is forbidden to store its next door to food. The solution in diluted form can not be stored.
The ambient temperature should be between –15 and +30 ° C. With proper storage conditions, the effectiveness of the drug is not reduced.
You can write or talk a lot about the advantages of “Mospilan”. But the best proof of the effectiveness of its work will be the safety of your harvest.
Mospilan - systemic insecticide of contact-intestinal action, designed to control coleoptera, lepidoptera, hemiptera pests and thrips.
Because the drug enters the plant through any part of it and spreads freely throughout the plant, the Mospilan affects pests even on those areas of plants that have not been processed. The drug acts on pests as a direct contact, and when eating a treated plant pests.
Eating a plant, pests receive a dose of the drug, which affects their nervous system and causes paralysis and death. The drug acts on the larvae, and eggs, and adult insects - depending on the type of pest. The drug is not phytotoxic.
Instructions for use mospilana
2.5 grams of Mospilan are diluted in 1 liter of water, after which 200 milliliters of the solution obtained are diluted with water to a volume of 10 liters - this solution will be enough for processing 200-250 m 2. The total solution prepared from one package of Mospilan (2.5 grams) is enough to process 1000 m 2.
To get rid of the Colorado potato beetle, the solution is calculated at the rate of 5-8 grams of Mospilan per 10 liters of water. Five liters of working solution should be enough for 100 m 2.
For spraying apple trees, 2.5 grams of Mospilan is diluted in 1 liter of water, after which, with constant stirring, it is gradually diluted to a volume of 10-12 liters. For treatment against shield insects, Mospilan should be used 2 times more.
An hour after spraying, the pests begin to lose activity. A day after treatment, the pests die. Effective at high and medium temperatures. Protective effect lasts 2-3 weeks.
After first aid, it is necessary to consult a doctor!
If the drug gets into the eyes, they should be washed in the open state with plenty of running water.
If swallowed, take activated charcoal (1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight), drink two or three glasses of water, and then induce vomiting. There is no antidote - symptoms are treated.
If the drug gets on the skin, it must be removed with a cloth or cotton wool, trying not to rub, and wash the place with soapy water.
Storage of mospilan
Mospilan should be stored at a temperature of -15 to +30 degrees in a dry place inaccessible to animals and children. Do not store with food and medicine. Working solution is not subject to storage. It is not allowed to mix Mospilan with other drugs, when used in subsidiary farms.