Trees

Bay tree: growing and care in the home

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Laurel - relict plant, which was formed in the Tertiary period - and it, apparently, much older than humanity.

The legends surrounding this tree-bush, to match its antiquity: this is the material for crowning the winners and other prominent personalities (hence the word "laureate"), this and "Fuse" from the wrath of Zeus - lightning strike, and the eternal companion patron of all the arts of Apollo.

Antique beliefs are woven into these legends not by chance, because the laurel in nature is distributed just in the territories of the great civilizations of antiquity - in the Mediterranean. It grows in the Krasnodar Territory.

However, laurel - unpretentious plant uncomplicated room culture, as well as the content of the garden area - in those areas where the average winter temperature varies around zero.

How to grow a laurel tree, plant reproduction, home care for laurel, diseases and photos - all this and not only read in our article.

Care at home and in the garden

Caring for the care of a laurel tree in the home and in the open field it is necessary to observe some points. Consider them in more detail.

Laurel - the plant is quite hardy, it can grow with moderate light, but best of all it will develop - and, moreover, it will actively branch - in bright, mostly diffused, light. It should be protected from excess solar radiation.

Temperature

Before growing laurel at home, you need to know that the best summer temperature interval is from 18 to 20 degrees and winter - from 10 to 15 degrees.

The lavra lives most pleasantly in the open air - on the balcony, in the courtyard or in the country, including during the whole year - if the winter temperatures stay at + 5-6.

ATTENTION: zero temperatures for it is already a risk zone, and lowering the temperature to -10–12 ° C the laurel can withstand only a short time.

To grow laurel at home and in the open field, you need to prepare a soil mixture - this is ordinary garden soil, universal soil from a store or a loose nutrient mixture with a neutral reaction, self-cooked using one of the following recipes:

  • one part of the sheet, the same amount of sod land and humus with the addition of two parts of river sand,
  • two parts of sod land and one each - leaf earth, humus, peat and sand with the addition of wood ash in a small amount.

The plant should be watered abundantly in spring and summer.

Irrigation water taken soft, not cold - well-settled plumbing or rainwater.

With a cool wintering, which will bring great benefit, the watering should be moderate - about once a week or less so as to prevent the soil from drying out. If the wintering is warm, water more often and must regularly humidify the air.

Air humidity

IMPORTANT: air humidity in winter should be sufficient, and in summer - increased. This is a necessary condition for the successful cultivation of laurel.

When caring for the laurel room should carry out regular spraying with soft water. You can also put the plant in a pallet with wet pebbles, located near the wide vessels with water.

ATTENTION:
however, the air must be fresh enough. At home, the laurel tree should be in a well-ventilated place.

In the spring-summer period of active growing season twice a week. the plant is supported by complex fertilizers, alternating with mineral and organic compounds.

In autumn and winter, the frequency of dressings decreases to monthly or even more rare. It depends on the thermal regime, which contains the laurel: with a cold winter you will need to fertilize much less frequently.

Growth and bloom

In room culture, the plant lives about 15 years, in the area, in the same place - up to 60 years. Bush able to grow to 10-15 meters in height. Laurel at home is limited to 1.5-2 meters by trimming.

Small yellow flowers bloom in early spring, in March-April, and on some plants only staminate, on others only pistillate. When growing bloom in the room - a rarity. After pollination fruits ripen - blue berries.

When caring for a laurel tree at home - bush responds well to pruning, forming a magnificent crown: spherical, cubic, pyramidal.

Laurel pruning is carried out starting from 5 years of age.

There are two terms for this operation: end of summer (August) immediately upon completion of the active growing season and end of autumn (October-November), in transition to a state of rest.

In the open area, damaged branches are pruned in early spring.

How to grow laurel at home? Answering this question, it is important to remember that when planting laurel at home, a container with an obligatory drainage hole should have standard dimensions and an optimal ratio with the growth of seedlings: the size of the pot vertically ranges from a quarter to a third of the height of the plant.

Before planting the laurel, a drainage layer is placed at the bottom of the container (expanded clay, small pebbles, brick battle).

Then pour a small amount of prepared soil on top of it - root system with saved, whenever possible earthy clod. Finish the soil mixture to the desired level, gently tamping it.

Young, the first five years of life, plants are transplanted, as a rule, every year, adults - every 2-3 years, and then even less.

Your attention indoor laurel and his photo:

You can also see the video on how to care for your laurel at home:

Seeds at home

Therefore, the seed should be as fresh as possible, and in order to see the germinated seeds, be patient. Laurel is sown in January-February. To speed up germination the seeds are treated with a growth stimulator solution, and then planted to a depth of 1-1.5 cm in a moist soil light.

Cover with plastic film, contain at 18 degrees, regularly air and maintain the moisture content of the substrate.

As soon as germination begins, the seed shell cracks and then they can be immediately seated in separate containers, placing in the ground at a depth of five centimeters, - but seedlings will need to wait about a month.

IMPORTANT: young "laurel leaves" should be protected from heat and excess sunlight.

In the open ground

The ripening of the fruits of laurel falls on October-November. After they are harvested, the seeds are released and dispersed in a constant area, at a depth of about 5 cm. Shoots usually appear from late spring to late summer at a temperature of + 20-22 ºС.

When planting laurel seeds, seedlings thinned to a distance of 5-8 cm between individual plants. Sometimes there are January shoots, which, for the most part, die.

Reproduction by cuttings

The best time for harvesting and rooting of laurel cuttings in room culture is March-April or June-July,

ATTENTION: in the open area, grafting is carried out only in June-July.

Cuttings with three internodes each (usually their length is 6–8 cm) are cut from the middle and lower parts of the semi-woody shoots.

The bottom sheet is removed, the rest is shortened by half and sent prepared cuttings for rooting.

At 16-20 degrees, they are buried by 1-1.5 cm in moistened sand. Cover with plastic wrap, air, spray.

Rooted cuttings begin to grow, as a rule, in a month and, when they grow up to 2-3 cm, they are planted in separate containers.

Your attention to the video on the reproduction of laurel cuttings at home:

Reproduction by layering

Usually, laurel gives lateral processes with a more or less developed root system, which are carefully separated and seated. Injured places sprinkled with crushed charcoal.

Thus, when growing laurel You can focus on the following calendars of main works:

At home

Spring

March - sowing seeds.
March-April - reproduction by cuttings, separation of the lateral processes.
Top dressing

Summer

The whole period is the germination of seeds sown in February-April. Regular feeding.
June-July - reproduction by cuttings
August - Forming Trim

Autumn

October-November: pruning, harvesting of leafy raw materials. Rare feeding.

Winter

February - sowing seeds

Signs of trouble

Leaves turn yellow, curl and fall off - insufficient air humidity. Regular spraying should be established.

The outer side of the leaves is covered with brown spots - overmoistening of the soil, especially in combination with low temperature of air and / or irrigation water. Need to optimize watering.

Why do leaves turn black?

The leaves are covered with a spotted black bloom, which is easily erased from the surface of the leaf blade - soot fungus, settling where there is traces of insect pests: flaky or mealybugs. First of all, get rid of pests, then remove the plaque. In case of severe damage, remove affected leaves.

Description of the home tree of laurel

This tree is known all over the world. The ancient Greeks made wreaths from it that decorated the heads of the victors. Currently bay leaf is a very popular and versatile seasoning for very varied dishes. The essential oil of this shrub is used in the manufacture of perfumes.

Noble laurel in Europe is still very popular, although he became famous there in the 16th century.

Many people successfully grow laurel at home, as well as in special greenhouses. If you provide the plant with proper care and create the necessary conditions, then it is possible to grow a beautiful tree.

A distinctive feature of the tree is its green, pointed leaves, brown shoots and peculiar smell of foliage. One has only to rub the leaf plate or tear off a piece, a bright aroma of a familiar spice will appear.

The flowers of the tree are white with a yellow tinge; after the fertilization process, dark fruits are formed.

Bay leaves: growing at home

It is worth saying that the noble laurel is considered to be a completely unpretentious plant, although it does not like being "forgotten" and not given proper attention to it. It grows well in the room.

Where to put a pot with a tree and how to ensure proper lighting? Laurel needs a lot of light. It may well grow in the shade, but this process will be much slower. It is very important to provide the shrub with fresh air, and you shouldn’t be afraid of drafts; they will not affect the plant at all. The room in which the laurel grows is often ventilated.

In the summer period, the house tree can and even needs to be carried out on the street or on the balcony. In the fresh air, it will be much better and faster to develop.

As for the temperature, laurel perfectly tolerates any temperatureit doesn't matter if it is low or high. It is best to grow a tree in moderate air parameters with a slightly lower temperature. Laurel feels great when the air temperature is 0 degrees Celsius. Sultry summer plant also tolerates. In winter, it is recommended to maintain a temperature of about 12 degrees in the room where the room tree is located.

If we talk about watering, then laurel does not welcome high soil moisturetherefore, it is not necessary to be zealous with watering. But to bring to a significant drying of the soil is also not necessary. In winter, watering the tree should be moderate, so as not to lead to the rotting of the rhizome.

The bush loves moist air, and therefore it needs to be sprayed occasionally with water from a spray bottle. This manipulation will allow cleaning the leaves of trees from dust. It is recommended sometimes to wash the plant under the shower. This procedure will protect the shrub from many pests, such as, for example, spider mites.

Planting a plant

Planted tree need to mixture:

  • 1 part of sand,
  • 1 part peat,
  • 2 pieces of leafy ground
  • 4 pieces of sod land.

It is better to take a small pot and, as the plant develops, replace it in a larger container. It is possible to replant the laurel noble once in three years, since its growth is quite moderate.

The adult laurel is transplanted once every four years, and an annual renewal of the topsoil is necessary.

Reproduction at home

Laurel tree propagated by cuttings, seeds and offspring.

For those people who like to experiment, the tree provides many possibilities. Three breeding methods are available:

Scions need to be separated when transplanting an adult plant and carefully planted in separate containers.

Cuttings need to take with three - four internodes. In order for the tree to become well rooted, it is necessary to lower it into the Kornevin solution before planting. Next, the cutting is lowered into a container of water and left there until the roots. You can put it right in the sand or overflow, while covering it with a transparent container. We must not forget to air the plant. Active growth and successful reproduction occurs in the spring.

Seed propagation method requires patience and some skills. They need to be sown in early spring, light ground, deepening the seeds by 1.5 centimeters. The first shoots will have to wait quite a long time, about two months.

It is important to know that the laurel seeds very quickly lose their germination, so when you buy them in the store, you need to carefully look at the date of packaging.

Cuttings root not in a hundred percent of cases, but to increase this percentage, you can use hormonal drugs that accelerate the process of formation and formation of the root system.

Diseases and pests of indoor laurel tree

Like many other indoor plants, laurel can be attacked by insects, marred by fungi and bacteria.

To combat pests will help a special drug called "Aktellik." It effectively affects various pests that attack laurel.

Very often the tree attacks shield. About its presence on the plant will tell the appearance of a sticky layer on the foliage and specific shine. Help in the fight against the pest will be able to wash the leaves with soapy water and a shower with running water. The remains of the pest can be removed with a soft cloth or cotton swab.

Quite often the laurel tree is amazed. spider mite. The insect is very fond of dry air, so regular spraying the tree will significantly reduce the chances of spreading the pest. In the event of an attack on the plant, you can use the same soap shower and insecticides.

When washing the plant under the shower, the ground must be closed with a film so as not to overwet it.

As for diseases, this plant suffers from them quite rarely. The main problems are usually associated with inappropriate care. Too much watering causes the root system to rot, especially in the winter. Dense soil will cause foliage to fall and yellowing.

Do not put a pot with a laurel tree next to the radiators. Too dry and warm air causes the foliage to fall off and darken.

In winter, the tree is at rest, but if the room is very dry and hot, the leaves will curl and fall off. It is best in such a situation to rearrange the pot with a plant in a cool room, for example, on the loggia. Experienced gardeners - gardeners recommend putting a plastic bag on the plant in order to create additional moisture around it.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it should be said that the laurel tree is a beautiful plant that anyone can grow in their apartment. It is so unpretentious that even a novice will cope with his departure. But the owner of such a tree will always be provided with a very fragrant and well-loved spice for preparing numerous dishes. Bay leaf will give food a special aroma and aftertaste.

is he looks beautiful in any interior. It is proved that bay leaves very effectively clean the air from germs and harmful impurities.

Plant this beautiful tree at home, grow a homemade bay leaf, and you will surely be satisfied!

Beneficial features

The aroma and pleasant bitterness inherent in the laurel, made its leaves an extremely popular spice that causes appetite and promotes digestion.

Essential bay oil has disinfectant and insecticidal properties.

As a preventive measure against painful processes in the intestines, inflammations of the upper respiratory tract, it is sufficient to simply grow laurel in a room and inhale its aroma.

To enhance the smell of the plant twice a week, you can pour aspirin solution (5g per liter of water) or glucose (1 ml per 1l of water). Prepare also healing broths and infusions of bay leaves.

Application

From the fruit extract fatty oil used in medical practice for the manufacture of balls and candles. In addition, it is a good antiseptic, It is also used for massage treatments. Laurel fruits are also used as a spice.

You have learned the difference between a laurel tree, caring for it in the open field and at home, how to grow laurel from seeds, and that having your own personal bush-tree completely covered with ready bay leaves, you can forever say goodbye to colds, breathing in all the year round air saturated with phytoncides tree winners.

Laurel: Botanical Description

Laurel - a genus of plants belonging to the family of laurel. There are only three species in the genus. But only one of them, Laurel noble (Laurus nobilis), used as a houseplant.

The leaves of laurels are hard, dark green above and noticeably lighter below. They have short petioles and an elongated, slightly lanceolate form. The size of a large sheet is 20 by 5 cm, but on average a bit smaller, the edges slightly jagged. Needless to say, these leaves have a strong, pleasant aroma, especially if they are rubbed?

Laurel blooms with small, yellow flowers, but at home it happens extremely rarely, and even then, if the plant has reached the age of 10-12 years. The ripe fruits of laurel are like small, hard, dark blue berries. It should be noted: in nature, laurel is a long-lived, able to grow up to hundreds of years! At the same time, it grows up to 8-10 meters in height, which cannot be said about home specimens: two meters is their extreme limit.

Conditions required laurel

Growing a noble laurel at home is not a difficult task, even an inexperienced florist can handle it. The only important condition is that you should have a room in which it is light and cold in winter. It is not difficult to guess that an ordinary balcony can become such: glazed, but not warmed.

Often you can hear how lovers of home flowers complain: they say, I have a balcony, but it is only cold in winter, it is not suitable for floriculture! Do not make hasty conclusions: such balconies can also be useful in the "flower business", and the example of this is the laurel.

This tree will never have a lot of light! Leave it on the south balcony - stand there. Its hard leaves endure enduring abundance of sunlight. In summer, you can safely open the balcony without fear of night coolness and flying wind. Recall that this is conditionally a home plant, and it can be sent to the garden, to the country, for the whole warm season, returning home only in late autumn, before the start of night frosts.

With all this, laurel ... shade-tolerant plant: it is often placed in the back of the office, in the far corner of the corridor. Yes, in these conditions he will have small foliage, however, he will look quite decent!

Soil and air humidity

To the soil laurel is undemanding, you can use the usual universal mixtures sold in stores. If you wish, make the substrate yourself, mixing in equal proportions sod, leaf earth, and coarse sand. Adults, long-term specimens, it is useful to add a little humus and even clay (but not more than 10% of the total!).

The main thing that the soil turned out to be moisture-consuming, but not dense: loose, well permeable to water.

The laurel as a whole withstands dry air, but still prefers more humid. This is especially true of hot summer days. At this time, the crown must be regularly sprayed, arrange a warm shower for her.

Watering and feeding

During the winter holidays they water very little, and if the temperature equals + 5 ° C, all the more so, below - watering is stopped altogether.

The rest of the time watered as needed. The roots of laurel love moisture, and yet this plant, for which the principle applies: it is better to underfill than pour. Watering is desirable to produce soft, in extreme cases, well-settled water.

Laurel - "modest" plant, if we talk about additional nutrition. It grows slowly, can be content with relatively poor soil, and is not able to absorb large doses of fertilizer at once. Therefore, they feed the tree usually once a month. It can be both mineral mixes, and organic solutions. Best of all organic and "chemistry" alternate. Laurel feedings are always made after the plant is pre-watered with plain water.

The one who saw the laurel in the parks of Europe understands: this plant is just made for pruning! Gardeners form real works of art from his crown! Trimming the laurel, you should follow a few simple rules:

  • we begin to cut a young plant only in the second year of life,
  • at this time it should be strongly cut, leaving the trunk, no more than 15 cm high,
  • after the side shoots appear massively, each of them also pinch, after the appearance of 4-5 leaves on them,
  • shoots will be even more, and then the crown give the conceived shape. At home it is most often a ball or a pyramid,
  • in the future, the chosen form is supported by trimming with shears, remembering that the laurel grows magnificently, but slowly

Important! Any pruning of laurel, especially “cardinal”, should be done at the end of winter, when the plant has not yet awakened from “hibernation”.

Laurel transplant

Laurel belongs to slow-growing plants, besides it has small roots. Sometimes you wonder how a rather large copy feels well in a disproportionately small pot. Therefore, even young plants are transplanted every two years, and those that are older, even once in 3-4 years. At the same time, the new pot should be only 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one.

Important! Remember each time in which soil you planted your pet. You can even record this information somewhere. It is desirable that the transplant should be carried out in approximately the same soil - the laurel does not like it when the properties of the soil that is familiar to him have changed.

If your laurel is already mature, and transplantation is not often, change the top layer of soil in the pot every spring. It is desirable that the composition of this layer was present humus. In this case, the plant can not feed 2-3 months.

Reproduction of laurel seeds

The easiest way to propagate the laurel with seeds. To do this, they are bought in a flower shop, or simply brought from the southern regions, where it grows in open ground.

To grow laurel from seeds at home, you need to prepare in advance a small greenhouse with the soil, consisting of a mixture of leaf earth and sand. Peat is allowed. Before sowing, seeds are kept for a couple of days in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Close up berries to a depth of about 1 cm. The substrate should be slightly wet, not wet. Cover the greenhouse film or glass, and placed in a dark place with a temperature not lower than + 20 ° C. It is desirable that the sowing occurred at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring, because the laurel grows for a long time, from 3 to 4 months. All this time it is necessary to maintain the correct level of humidity, temperature, regularly air the greenhouse.

As soon as sprouts sprout, the film must be removed (you can do it gradually, over several days). To transfer a teplichku to the light bright place. Picks into individual pots when the first pair of true leaves appear on the sprouts.

Reproduction of laurel grafting

It is possible to propagate laurel by cutting, but this is a more difficult way than sowing seeds. This method is used at the end of spring and in the first half of summer, using one-year ripened annual shoots.
The problem is that laurel cuttings root very reluctantly. The percentage of rooting does not exceed 30%, while the roots appear only after 2-3 months.

Reproduction of laurel by dividing the bush

You can successfully propagate the laurel by dividing the bush. For this purpose, only a strong specimen of at least four years old is suitable. On each side branch separated, healthy roots should remain. At one time it is desirable to separate no more than three shoots.

Attention! The division procedure is carried out only during the rest period.

Plant description

Laurel tree comes from the genus of evergreen laurel family. For a long time, laurel trees have been grown in many subtropical countries.

Laurel includes three types: camphor, noble and Azores.

The tree contains essential oils from 3.5 to 5.5%. The dioecious tree, with a dense crown, has a pyramidal shape and evergreen foliage, hard and smooth. In nature, it reaches about 25 meters high.

Flowering begins in the spring, the tree is covered with umbrella, same-sex, axillary inflorescences of milky or pale yellow. The fruits are single-seeded, fragrant drupes of blue and black shades, ripening in the fall.

The life of a laurel is amazing, a tree can exist for about three hundred years. Improved tree without proper care quickly runs wild. Bay leaves are considered one of the indispensable seasonings in brines and pickles.

Laurel is often found in Georgia, Greece, Crimea, Asia, on the Black Sea coast and Transcaucasia.

How to care for a laurel tree

Laurel, like other plants, need care, and the sapling requires twice as much attention. The laurel tree does not like dry air and hot rooms, from which the plant may turn yellow or throw off the foliage.

A laurel for normal development and rapid growth requires a lot of light, direct sunlight with variable activity should be a reliable companion of a young plant.

In the summer, the plant must be carried out into the air, but training to direct sunlight should occur smoothly to avoid possible sunburn. In winter, the laurel tree is kept indoors with diffused light at low temperatures.

The optimum temperature for laurel trees are indicators from +22 to +27 degrees. But during wintering the tree should be at a temperature not higher than +12 degrees.

Watering should be done at least 3 times a week, and in hot weather more often. In winter, watering is limited and reduced to once a week.

Like any plant, the laurel tree prefers high humidity, so spraying is necessary. An alternative is a container filled with wet claydite, on which a plant pot is placed.

Top dressing is carried out once in 3 months with mineral fertilizers.

The pruning of the laurel tree is carried out with the aim of transforming the bush for decorative purposes. The plant tolerates pruning safely.

A laurel tree can be given any shape; however, frequent pruning can harm the plant, so a tree should be radically cut once and then only maintained in shape. Frequent pruning can damage laurel.

The bay tree grows slowly, but as it fills the pot with roots, it needs to be transplanted. The need for transplantation occurs every two years. The tree prefers a non-acidic soil with a neutral PH level.

Laurel is watered to soften the soil and pulled out of the pot along with the soil, drainage from expanded clay, substrate from turf soil mixed with sand and peat is poured into a new larger pot, then the tree is placed and sprinkled on top with soil.

Bay tree propagated by cuttings, seeds and division.

Preparation of cuttings carried out in the summer, the twigs should be mature, flexible, with several internodes, 7-9 cm long.

The prepared cuttings are planted in a sod soil to a depth of about 1 cm, and 1.5 cm of sand is poured from above and constantly moistened.

The standard temperature for better germination of cuttings is + 17-21 degrees. Planted cuttings will take root in a month - one and a half, after that, they can be transplanted into ordinary pots at a permanent place of growth.

Transplanted cuttings should be sprayed, as well as mature trees, so that they quickly gave cuttings and foliage. Feed cuttings are needed, they grow slowly, so in order to avoid exhaustion, you should change the top layer of soil to fertile black soil, or use a mineral feed.

Diseases and pests of laurel tree

Laurel is a little susceptible to disease, but there are some harmful insects that can lead to the death of the plant.

For example:
Shchitovka, the insect settles on the surface of the leaf and gradually sucks the juice. From the outside, it appears as a yellow or white spot, constantly increasing in size, until it covers the entire leaf, which dries and twists. Shchitovki differ in the color of the shell (shield), due to which the pest was named. Insects are white and light yellow, they multiply rapidly and settle on neighboring plants. Therefore, it is very important to isolate the infected plant from healthy vegetation.

The shield does not die from treatment with insecticides, the insect protects the shell. They can be removed only by hand, getting rid of them with an Ankara-treated bandage or infusion of garlic with vodka.

Processing should be carried out on all affected areas of the plant, with the replacement of the top layer of soil in order to get rid of the possible presence of larvae in it.

Another not less dangerous pest is the spider mite. A small insect that is very difficult to see with the naked eye, but the spiderweb in the pot and the white bloom on the plant should be alerted.

Prevention will be spraying the soil with a weak solution of manganese. In a neglected state, the laurel tree is sprayed with insecticides or wiped the leaves with soapy water, followed by rinsing.

Black fungus fungal disease with black bloom. It does not lead to the death of the plant, but noticeably spoils the appearance of the tree itself, striking the foliage with black and large spots.

Fungi can be defeated by fungicidal preparations for domestic plants, as well as treatment with Bordeaux mixture.

In addition to pests, a laurel tree can shed its leaves or turn yellow, in order to prevent an undesirable phenomenon, the tree must be sprayed and a weekly swim. Keep from prolonged exposure to the sun, fertilize, do not exceed the temperature, avoid stagnant water in the pot.

If you comply with all the above measures, a healthy plant will long please the eye.

Characteristics

Laurel refers to indoor plants that are easy to care for. This can make even a novice in the cultivation of flowers. In nature the laurel tree grows very tall. There are instances exceeding 18 meters. Today, in the Sochi's forests you can see the laurel, reaching 15 meters in height.

Although this plant is not very demanding, it requires the creation of a favorable environment for its good growth. This indoor plant is very fond of the sun's rays, but can grow well in a shaded place.

Laurel does not respond to drafts, he is not afraid of drought. Laurel tree at home does not require much care, you need to always have enough water, without over-wetting the soil.

Home laurel copes with disease, not afraid of pests. To give a certain shape, laurel bushes can be cut. WITHmodern gardeners manage to grow tall laurel treesthat differ from their counterparts in openwork, intricately interwoven trunk.

Types of indoor laurel

This plant is divided into two groups:

Canarian laurel has wide, large leaves, the edges of which look somewhat wrinkled. This species loses its noble laurel by the strength of its flavor.

The main botanical laurel variety is divided into three types:

Each variety is characterized by the shape of the leaf and its color.

How is laurel planted

Noble laurel should be planted in early spring. If you have already grown laurel, then you need to pick a pot, the diameter of which is a couple of centimeters more than the previous one.

First, the drainage layer is placed in the pot. For this you can use expanded clay or broken brick. A substrate is put on this layer. For laurel noble soil should consist of sand, turf and leafy land.. This composition is sold in the store, as the land intended for breeding cacti.

Home care

This houseplant is not very capricious. But, it must be constantly sprayed and cut so that the crown has a decorative shape. It is also necessary to monitor the appearance of pests or diseases in order to prevent their development.

For good growth, the monastery does not interfere with much sunlight. It can grow well, being in partial shade. Summer, when the temperature is more than 25 degrees, a laurel bush can be left on the balcony. With proper care, room laurel can live more than 15 years.

To get a good growth of indoor noble laurel, it is necessary to create conditions for it, resembling his homeland. With the onset of cold weather, the optimum temperature, in which the room laurel can safely be, is 18 degrees.

Professionals recommend in January to reduce the temperature to 10 degrees. In apartments, where central heating works in winter, it is better to install laurel bushes away from heating radiators.

Where should the laurel bushes be in the apartment?

In order to grow a good laurel flower, it is very important to find the right location for it. It is desirable that the plant does not fall into drafts, laurel does not like them. But to ventilate the room with the laurel, you need to regularly.

Create special lighting for noble laurel is not required. Quite enough ordinary room light. In order to achieve the blossoming of laurel at home, it is necessary to take care of it, trying to bring the conditions of its location closer to the real ones.

For example, a pot with a tree should be placed where there is a lot of light. Так, при большом количестве рассеянных солнечных лучей, листья лавра приобретут более декоративный вид. Куст будет очень густым, что редко происходит, если лавровое дерево растет в более затененных местах.

Как нужно поливать лавровые кусты

В весенний и летний период, поливать кусты нужно регулярно. Когда на улице очень жарко, полив должен быть более сильным. But one should not allow prolonged waterlogging, because stagnation of water in the soil can lead to rotting of the roots and death of the plant.

Watering schedule in winter is very different from the summer period. Substrate need to be watered only after the topsoil begins to dry in the pot. Watering should be well-settled water having a room temperature.

With the onset of heat, noble laurel should be sprayed in the morning and evening. Can also be installed near a laurel pot, a container of water.

Experienced growers use another method. A pebble is poured into the pan, then it is poured with water, a pot with laurel is placed on top.

How to breed laurel

Usually the reproduction of this unpretentious plant is carried out by cuttings, but you can propagate the laurel and seeds.

To grow laurel from seed, you need to have a special soil. To obtain rapid growth, it is recommended to pre-soak the seeds in warm water and hold for a couple of hours.

Seeds do not need to be buried deep in the soil. It is enough to sprinkle them with earth and cover with foil.

During the reproduction of laurel cuttings, they need to be cut from shoots that did not have time to completely woody.

With the onset of spring, pruned shoots are planted in a slightly moistened soil. From the trunk, it is desirable to remove all the leaves, leaving two or three. Cutting length should not exceed 8 cm. To make the plant take root faster, you should use wet sand. Usually, young seedlings root well within one month.

How is a transplant done?

This operation does not need to be carried out very often. A small tree should not be transplanted into a large pot. Laurel will feel great in a small pot.

When he grows up and the pot becomes cramped to him, another container is taken, with a large diameter of about 4 cm.

Transplant is performed by resetting the earthy coma. The pot is filled up with missing soil. Then transplanted laurel well watering. Transfer work usually performed in spring or summer.

The problems that may arise when growing

When decorative laurel is grown at home, it is possible that pests and diseases of the tree appear. The plant can be seriously damaged by several types of parasites:

Laurel bush usually affect fungal diseases. This may be due to excess watering. At this time, brown spots appear on the bay leaf.

To deal with such diseases, you need removal of damaged areas and plant transplant, with the addition of a new fresh substrate.

If you follow all the rules of growing laurel at home, you can always have in the room a beautiful, fragrant and healthy plant.

Laurel: a description of the spice plant

In nature, a laurel can be both a tree and a very tall shrub, 9-11 m high. Its trunk can reach 40-45 cm. When growing laurel at home, it grows only up to 2 m. Its bark and shoots are smooth, mostly brown. .

The leaves of the laurel are solid, straight, bare, short-stem and entire, reaching a length of up to 20 cm and a width of up to 5 cm. They are dark green above and lighter on the bottom. They have a very pleasant spicy aroma. The flowers of the laurel are small, yellowish and same-sex, appear in inflorescences at the ends of the branches 6-12-staminate and 2-3-pistillate.

Is it possible to grow laurel in room conditions

Laurel when grown at home is a noble plant, it is very hardy and unpretentious in care. Therefore, absolutely anyone can grow it at home.

But you still should not start the development, care for indoor laurel at least minimal, but extremely necessary. With proper cultivation, you will have an excellent plant that will thank you for the efforts spent on its development, lush healthy foliage.

Prerequisites for laurel tree

In room conditions for landing the best laurel noble. For the healthy development of the laurel tree, in addition to standard care, timely cropping of the crown and spraying will be needed to make the laurel feel comfortable. Laurel, like any houseplant, requires attention to disease and pest control.

Location and light

A laurel tree needs a well-lit place with diffused light. Since this plant is shade-tolerant, it can be kept in the shade, but when growing in diffused light, laurel can bloom, and the bush itself will be more dense than when growing in a shaded place.

In the hot season, you should avoid constant exposure to direct sunlight. In summer, the laurel can be safely taken out to the garden or to the balcony. The apartment pots can be put on the floor near the windows, in the hallway or hall. The plant should be ventilated regularly, but do not create permanent drafts.

Requirements for the soil for successful growth

Laurel leaf saplings, after we can grow them from seeds, will need to be transplanted. When transplanting seedlings into a pot, it is imperative to fill in a good drainage layer of expanded clay. Laurel likes moist soil, but it is impossible to prevent stagnation of water, this can lead to the death of the plant.

The soil should be light, for the laurel any variant of the universal soil found on sale is suitable. Self-soil for planting laurel can be prepared from two parts of turf land, one part of leafy land, and partly fine, well-washed river sand. Before planting the seedling soil can be heated in the oven at a sufficient temperature for disinfection. Too high temperatures during heating should be avoided so as not to destroy all the useful microflora.

Sowing seeds

In order to grow a laurel tree as best and as good as possible, it should be planted from seeds brought from the south. The best time to start sowing is mid-February, early March. Laurel seeds should be planted 1 cm deep in the prepared soil. Soil temperature should be approximately equal to 20 ° C. In this case, the seeds will ascend in 3-4 months.

Before planting laurel from seeds into the soil, the seeds can be kept in a solution of potassium permanganate for 3-5 days, this will speed up the process of their germination. After planting seeds in the soil, the pot should be put in a warm place, moisten well and cover it with polyethylene or glass.

Before the sprouts appear, you will need to remove the polyethylene from the pot in order to air it for at least half an hour per day. It is also necessary to monitor the soil moisture, it should be moderate, you should not allow the stagnation of water. In dry soil the seeds will die, and in too wet they will rot.

After transplanting the seedling, the plant should be placed for 2-3 weeks in a dark place, not forgetting to maintain soil moisture. After 2-3 weeks, the seedling is moved to the light to start its active growth.

How to plant laurel division bush

It is necessary to divide the bay bush very carefully, on each branch separated from the main plant, a part of viable roots should remain. The division should be carried out only at the time when the laurel is in a period of rest, and this is from October to March. Divide laurel after 3-5 years of its growth. It is the first time to divide the bush into a small number of parts. Separate 2-3 branches from the three-year laurel will be enough.

Laurel cutting

The laurel can be propagated both by seed and grafting, but it is much more difficult to do than to grow laurel from seed. Laurel cuttings are carried out in late spring and early summer. As cuttings, annual and matured shoots of laurel are used.

Cuttings 7–9 cm long are cut from the middle or lower part of the bush at an oblique angle. The bottom sheets of the cutting should be removed, and the top cut in half. Then the cuttings are planted in the substrate. The substrate is prepared from the same parts of the leaf soil and marsh moss, it is also recommended to add half of the sand.

At the bottom of the pot should be placed drainage of expanded clay, cover it with the substrate and thoroughly moisten. The cuttings are planted 2 cm deep and covered with polyethylene or an ordinary glass jar.

Sapling must be sprayed and ventilated every day. You should also ensure that the soil was constantly hydrated. With proper care, the stalk will root in 1-2 months.

Watering and feeding plants

Watering laurel is important at any stage of its development. When planting seeds and for the development of roots in cuttings, warm, soft and settled water should be used. Watering an adult plant should also be carried out with separated water, but one should distinguish the seasonal intensity of watering the tree.

In spring and summer, laurel needs constant watering to avoid drying out the soil. In the fall, watering is reduced. In winter, it should be strictly limited, and if the laurel is in a room with a temperature below 6 ° C, then watering should stop altogether.

Young plants need to spray the leaves for better growth, adult plants are sprayed to remove dust on the leaves and crown of the tree. Fertilizing the laurel is needed not only at the time of his transplant, but also throughout his life span. An adult laurel is a slow-growing tree, so in order to avoid depleting a plant, you need to change the top 3-4 cm of the soil in which it grows.

As a top-dressing substrate should be used, based on one part of the soddy soil, one part of the leaf, half of the peat and half of the humus. Laurel is fed 1-2 times a month during the period of its active growth, it is not necessary to do this in the winter. Laurel is also good at organic feedings, which can be purchased at garden stores.

Laurel tree pruning

Trimming is done exclusively for decorative purposes. Since laurel is a noble plant, it very quietly tolerates pruning. At home, it can be beautifully cut in the shape of a ball or a pyramid. But still it is necessary to do it once, giving the bush the desired shape, in the future, the laurel should be trimmed with shears to maintain it. It should be borne in mind that, although laurel and calmly transfers pruning, this plant is slowly growing, so it will take a long time to restore the crown and grow.

Diseases of the laurel tree and their treatment

In nature, laurel is a very disease-resistant plant, due to the abundant content of essential oils in its leaves, it repels many pests. But at home, diseases often affect the laurel tree, an important factor is the prevention of diseases and their timely treatment.

If the leaves of the laurel began to dry out - it is worth more regular spraying and watering. If you are pale - you need to exclude direct sunlight and add fertilizer. Sluggish leaves - this means that the temperature in which the laurel grows is too high or there is stagnant water in the pot.

Pests that can attack laurel:

  • Shchitovka - infects leaves, leaving brownish-yellow dots. The affected plant must be urgently isolated from the rest. With the shield you can fight with such drugs as "Aktellik" and "Aktara". From improvised means fit vodka and garlic juice, which wipe the leaves. The bottom layer of soil should be urgently replaced.
  • Mealybug - small pest 5 mm long. Its sign is the appearance of white sticky mucus on the plant. Abundantly affected plants die. To get rid of it, the affected areas should be washed with soapy water, and the bush itself should be treated with insecticide.
  • Spider mite - a very small insect, it is hard to notice it. A white bloom forms a web between a branch and a leaf. To prevent its occurrence, plants should be regularly sprayed and moistened. If a weak defeat of laurel is found, it is sufficient to wash it with a soap solution, and if it is strongly affected, use insecticides.
  • Black fungus - affects the leaves of the plant, leaving a rusty color. On the development of the plant has absolutely no effect, only spoils its appearance. You can get rid of it, if you wipe the leaves with a weak solution of insecticide with the addition of baking soda.

Laurel: care at home and in the garden

Caring for the care of a laurel tree in the home and in the open field it is necessary to observe some points. Consider them in more detail.

Laurel - the plant is quite hardy, it can grow with moderate light, but it will develop best of all - and, moreover, it will actively branch - in bright, mostly diffused, light. It should be protected from excess solar radiation.

Laurel prefers bright light, but grows very well in the shade. It is desirable to protect the tree from direct sunlight, otherwise it can dry out quickly.

A good place would be a balcony or a loggia, slightly darkened by curtains or special reflective paper. It is necessary to regularly ventilate the room, but beware of drafts.

For successful growth of the crown, the tree must periodically be turned towards the light source.

Why black leaves laurel?

The leaves are covered with a spotted black bloom, which is easily erased from the surface of the leaf blade - soot fungus, settling where there are traces of insect pests: flaky or mealybugs. First of all, get rid of pests, then remove the plaque. In case of severe damage, remove affected leaves.

Laurus azorica laurel

Height reaches 15 m, with pubescent shoots. Habitat, Azores and Canary Islands.

The leaves are dark green oval-shaped, up to 15 and 6-8 cm wide.

Blooms yellow umbrella-like forms that grow from the sinuses of the leaves in small groups. It blooms in late spring, closer to summer.

Laurel / Laurus nobilis

The height is up to 6 m. The leaves reach a length of 20 and a width of 8 cm.

To the touch pleasant leather velvet, on the end pointy. Leaves grow on short cuttings.

It blooms in yellow in the umbilical inflorescences of the sinuses of leaves, 2 pcs. The beginning of flowering - late spring.

We follow the home laurel tree

This houseplant is not very capricious. But, it must be constantly sprayed and cut so that the crown has a decorative shape. It is also necessary to monitor the appearance of pests or diseases in order to prevent their development.

  • For good growth, a laurel tree does not interfere with a lot of sunlight.
  • It can grow well, being in partial shade.
  • In summer, when the temperature is more than 25 degrees, a laurel bush can be left on the balcony.
  • With proper care, room laurel can live more than 15 years.

To get a good growth of indoor noble laurel, it is necessary to create conditions for it, resembling his homeland. With the onset of cold weather, the optimum temperature, in which the room laurel can safely be, is 18 degrees.

Professionals recommend in January to reduce the temperature to 10 degrees. In apartments, where central heating works in winter, it is better to install laurel bushes away from heating radiators.

Unbroken Patrician

Contrary to the noble status, laurel does not differ excessive claims to living conditions. Compared, for example, with citrus, care for him is quite simple.

Laurel - plastic plant. The woody form, as it advances into the mountains, turns into a squat shrub and, instead of fat soils, is content with rocky soil. But since the room conditions themselves are an uncharacteristic environment for a tree loving space, all the other parameters would not be too close to the comfort zone.

Light for the tree of the world

Under natural conditions, laurels are open to all winds and receive a full dose of insolation. The house laurel will willingly settle around the south window and will not object to direct rays. Western and eastern exposure is also acceptable, except that the tree branch will become somewhat weaker.

Is laurel shady? Many sources say that yes. And in a sense, the way it is:

  • Young laurel is shade tolerant than an adult.
  • When the plant is at rest, it can be put to the north window.

The laurel can spend the whole warm period in the open air. When moving the seedling to a brighter light, you should take care of a light screen, otherwise the leaves and even the bark will get burned.

You should not rotate the pot of laurels, trying to ensure that all parts of the crown receive their dose of light: trees are oriented relative to the magnetic poles of the planet and perceive displacement as stress.

Temperature conditions

The seasonal schedule is more natural and preferable than keeping it in even room conditions. Daily fluctuations are also welcome. In general, the temperature regime is as follows:

  • winter - from 7 to 10 degrees Celsius,
  • spring and summer - 17 ° C at night and 25 ° C or slightly higher during the day (that is, the normal range of the middle band).

If possible, in the spring laurel put on the terrace, a balcony or carried out in the garden. Return it under the roof when night temperatures drop below plus three.

Even subtropics occasionally, but they can be harsh. Especially in the mountains. Laurels easily tolerate low, down to minus five degrees, negative temperatures for quite some time. In regions with a mild climate, they winter in unheated greenhouses. Can withstand a short fall to minus ten and below. The main thing is that the wind carrying dehydration and death do not join the cold: dormant roots do not drive moisture up, and the leaves continue, at least a little, but evaporate.

The main condition is that the soil should be light, well drained. For laurel fit any universal soil from those that are found on sale. To make the soil mixture by yourself, you will need:

  • leaf land - one part,
  • sod land - one part,
  • quartz sand - two parts,
  • humus or compost - one part.

Substrate response must be neutral.If peat is used as a disintegrant, then pH should be balanced by adding a little wood ash.

Laurel is not so easy to root rot, but still it is better to sanitize the soil, heating for about twenty minutes in the oven. Temperature - close to the boiling point, but not higher, so as not to destroy all the useful microflora.

When selecting a container, it is taken into account that its dimensions directly affect the growth rate of the tree. The larger it is, the higher the annual increase. If you plan to keep the laurel miniature, excessive expanse of the roots to anything.

Transplanted when the roots completely fill the available volume and are shown in the drainage holes. The next pot is taken with a diameter of only two centimeters wider than the previous one.

The frequency of transplants depends on age:

  • from year to three - annually, early in spring or at the end of the growing season,
  • from three to five years - once every two years, at the same time.

Just pay attention

The root ball is reduced from the bottom, removing about a third. For laurel, the loss of the lower part of the root system is not particularly noticeable, since its main mass is based in the upper horizons. Do not forget about the drainage, fill the remaining space with fresh soil. It is useful to immediately enrich it with organic matter - for example, add a tablespoon of fish meal.

Note: the roots of the laurel are shallow. Loosening is done carefully, and even better to cover the trunk circle with mulch. For some reason, laurel pots especially attract cats. Colored pebbles will serve as an additional decoration, and at the same time will save from the four-legged "excavators".

Laurel is a slow-growing tree. Starting from the sixth year of life, it is possible not to replant it at all, but only to replace the upper (2–3 cm) layer of soil.

An indication for an extraordinary transplant is the loss of leaves of a pleasant leathery luster - a sign that the substrate is "tired".

Depletion will not occur if the trees are kept in good time with fertilizer. During intensive growing season, apply universal complexes for deciduous plants according to the instructions. Laurel sapling is fed every two weeks, an adult tree - once a month.

The laurel period of the growing season has a pause, which initially fell on the summer drought. This time-out must be taken into account when carrying out all care operations, including when fertilizing.

Drought-resistant laurel is not particularly picky about the mode of irrigation. It is necessary to proceed from the fact that the lack of water is more easily tolerated than its excess. If you do not feel moisture when submerging a finger in the soil, it is time to water it. Seasonality is also important. In spring and early summer, young shoots consume more water, while in winter, the earthen pool only slightly moisturizes.

It should completely eliminate stagnation at the roots.

Excess water from the pan is removed immediately. Or fill the tray with gravel so that the bottom of the container rests on its layer.

Spraying will benefit from laurel - the leaves will be glossy, with a beautiful texture. They take soft water, so as not to leave a whitish lime bloom. You can diversify the "water treatment" - in the heat, along with sprinkling, pamper the tree with a shower at room temperature. The above is true if the plant receives plenty of sunlight. For those that are in the shade, as the dusting they wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, and that is enough.

Where the air is overdried (in rooms with air conditioning), it is desirable to ensure for the laurel a minimal “water mirror”. Whether it will be an aquarium or a pallet filled with wet pebbles depends on the taste and ingenuity of the owner.

The division of the bush and cuttings

The division of the bush is carried out in the autumn or early spring, when the plant is in the sleep phase. Divide fairly - that each of the branches got a part of viable roots.

An interesting way - air layouts. On a healthy shoot, make several notches and, pripyliv growth hormone, wrapped in sphagnum. As an option, a plastic bag with a substrate is fixed on the stem. Roots will appear in the incision area. When the substrate is penetrated by them, the cuttings are separated from the main stem.

Seed laurel

House laurel can bloom, but the seeds are unlikely to give. He is a dioecious plant, and it’s not a fact that there will be a copy of the opposite sex nearby. Nevertheless, the seeds of noble laurel (fresh, after two or three months, they lose their germination) can be brought from the trip. They germinate, as they say, painfully long. From six months and more. However, patience will be rewarded. The laurel of seed origin is durable (fifty years of life versus twenty for those obtained by vegetative means). In addition, appearing from a seed in a room environment, it is maximally adapted to it.

When is vaccination needed?

The reproduction of laurel by grafting is applied when replicating its decorative forms. There are not many of them, but they are:

  • Laurus nobilis f. Aurea - young leaves are painted in a delicate golden color,
  • Angustifolia - with narrow long leaves resembling willow or willow-tea
  • Undulata - with grooved edges of leaves.

There is another type of laurel, Laurus azorica (Azores, or Canarian). Its leaves are slightly smaller, and shoots pubescent. For enthusiasts: you can try to instill L. azorica in a less whimsical Mediterranean counterpart.

Tree diseases

Little is threatened by a healthy laurel - its fresh leaves are so saturated with essential oils that there are no hunters to try them. On the contrary, they themselves serve as a repellent agent.

Another thing - a weakened plant. Aphids can live on it, and the sweet pad they produce becomes a fertile medium for the growth of fungi. It looks like soot bloom. Remove the parasites by mechanical means, wiping the leaves with a swab moistened with alcohol. Densely populated easier to trim. You can use insecticide, but the leaves from such a tree are no longer suitable for seasoning.

Shchitovka settles where there is insufficient moisture. Scarab colonies are peeled, washed by infusion of garlic. Normalize conditions, feed laurel, and then he will cope himself. Similarly, when detecting the whitefly.

Infected copies are subject to mandatory isolation!

Fungal infections in the form of various spots affect laurel with a lack of sunlight and fresh air, in an overly humid environment. And also if the soil is acidified. It is recommended to remove the affected leaves (it is not scary if the tree is completely bare), change the substrate and optimize the conditions.

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