Plot design

Landscaping in front of the house: rules, ideas and design examples in photo and video

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Arrangement of landscape design in front of the house is quite a difficult task. After all, you need to arrange a pretty small piece of land beautifully - plant beautiful shrubs and flowers on it, perhaps make a metal fence or a wooden fence. At this point, what kind of site design near the house you select. Before starting work make a plan. He will help determine the style of the composition, pick flowers for planting in the front garden.

The design of the site in front of the house may include dividing it into zones. Without a plan to decorate the territory with your own hands will be difficult. It is possible to miscalculate, in the end it turns out that there was not enough money for all our plans or part of the effort was wasted.

Design Basics

Wanting to decorate a small area, do not forget about the main rule: large trees, bushes - do not plant, structures - do not put.

  • In this situation, you do not need to build buildings or any other massive buildings. Allowed the construction of light structures. Any structure will hide a hedge or shrubs. Do not place the buildings very close to each other. It is recommended to alternate them with recreation areas, gazebo, decorative elements.
  • Tall trees. Discard them the same way. These plants with a thick crown and roots can degrade the landscape in front of the house. Low trees that give tasty juicy fruits will look neater and more charming if they are planted separately in a small group.
  • High deaf fence. Do not do it. If the plot area is very small, a cage sensation may appear.

High fences, referred to in the last paragraph, can ruin the appearance, and even the atmosphere of the site, to break the microclimate. This is explained by the fact that such a fence will disrupt air circulation. So, a small area is better to fence rabbit or low shtaketnikom.

How to start making a front garden

Making a front garden near the house is a creative, exciting process, starting with the study of the terrain and making a plan.

In the study of the territory determine the side of the horizon, find out the depth of groundwater deposits. To detect water, a hole is made 1.5 m., After waiting a little, the degree of water rise is measured. If less than a meter of space is free of water, it will be necessary to drain the territory of the site by making drainage grooves.

Site planning involves the division into zones with individual projects and the definition of the overall design style of the entire site. They come up with decorations in the form of flower beds, ponds, paths, lamps.

On the territory of any size you can provide a comfortable seating area.

Making a small front garden near the house

There are ways to visually enlarge a small lawn in front of the house, as well as when planning small areas.

One of the methods involves carrying out a longer track with bends. This method also applies to large areas.

Bends and lights “enliven” the garden path in front of the house

In another method, a narrower path is assumed to give a visual effect to a bend.

The path with bends zones the area in front of the house

You can also use intersecting paths.

If there are a lot of interesting objects on a small lawn, then it will look bigger. Adding all the details gradually, and not immediately, originality will be present.

Judging from the experience, the weekly addition of an item will slightly embellish the overall picture of the design of the backyard territory. In these intervals there will be time to think about every nuance.

Additional decoration of the site can turn into a fascinating hobby

Water in small tanks, gravel framing, ceramic elements will give individuality to the house lawn.

You can provide a mini-fountain, a beautiful stone decoration, rose bushes that do not require large spaces, and deserve attention.

Even the smallest fountain will decorate the site, but it is desirable to design it even together with the house. On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of landscape works. Directly you can talk with representatives by visiting the exhibition of houses "Low-Rise Country".

If there are trees in the local area, a nesting box and some decorative figures can be placed on their branches.

A bit of fantasy and the tree becomes the decoration of the site

One of the easiest ways to decorate the front garden are tubs with plants, framed with pebbles or gravel. Even for raising plants use stumps or stones to isolate from the entire composition.

If necessary, these plants can be transferred to the other end of the plot. It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the landscape design of a small area.

Enthusiasts can grow bonsai

The next method of transformation of the front garden is the use of tiers. Plants of one tier will slightly rise above the others, and some decorative stone drops will be replaced by others, giving originality to the lawn.

If the site is located on a slope, then the landscape should be designed in several tiers

Mirror option - the lawn stays with a slope, and the paths turn into stairs

The most important thing in the design of a small area in front of the house was the idea of ​​composition, and then the lawn would become an ornament to the backyard territory.

Design of a large front garden

A large lawn provides a large space for the implementation of design ideas in the form of a lawn, shrubs, trees, flower beds, rabatok.

If you wish to equip this corner of the backyard area as a patio, it does not hurt to fence this place from prying eyes. Used for this live hedge of climbing plants, camouflage netting.

A patio near the house can become a real decoration of the plot. It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about landscape design.

The backyard lawn should blend harmoniously into the overall landscape of the house and garden, making up a single whole.

For this there are different methods. The main thing to follow the design style of the house and garden.

It is also important in the design of the site in front of the house to use in the design of the lawn of the same building materials as in the construction and decoration of the house, as well as similar colors.

Brick walls of the house will harmoniously complement the path in the garden of clinker bricks. Flowers in the flower bed can be selected in accordance with the color design of the house, interesting snags adorning the lawn will match the style of the log house.

"Consonance" of materials used

The vegetation, trees on the backyard lawn should be of a size not exceeding the permissible value so that their shadow does not fall on the house. Bushes should not interfere with the passage and block the windows.

A long period of flowering of vegetation on the lawn will allow for a long time to decorate the local area. It is also important to have a successful combination of flowers in the front garden, you can match plants with a pleasant smell and plant them closer.

Most of the front gardens have a path, because this part of the property is obtained through the pass. The best choice is the use of all-weather coating on the track in the form of paving stones, bricks, tiles. Someone makes a path on a lawn with soft gravel, crushed stone, granite chips. The walkway is made in the region of 1.5 m. Wide, slightly extended at the entrance, at the edges are set curbs.

Beautiful decorative walkway in front of the house

Scenic design

Often, neighboring buildings play the role of a fence., they significantly spoil the beauty of the design in front of the house, but to solve the problem is very simple, you need to include them in landscape design and make them decorations. As a decor, spherical mirrors are used, which will create the effect of reflection and distortion of the site, and this design technique helps to visually expand the area.

This method is called "dragonfly eyes." It transforms a small lawn into a large lawn.

Garden paths in front of the house

If the area in front of the house is small, then you can apply the techniques of landscape design with garden paths. This method forms the curvature of space, even in the films of the fantastic genre, a method is used that visually increases the space due to curvature.

The curved path psychologically becomes much longer, therefore, people moving along the garden path intuitively perceive them large.

Stone paths look great in combination with shrubs, even in the case of their small length and with an emphasis on the fence. After what you see, a feeling of continuation of the path is created, because it seems that the vegetation hides it and lengthens it to an infinite distance. For more effect, an arch of flowers is being arranged, which will certainly give credibility.

Water manipulation

To create an artificial reservoir a suitable place should be found, trees with fruits that will fall into the water should not be near the pond, and you should not place the pit in a windy place. But, its location should be visible, because this part of the design element is a component of the general view of the site in front of the house.

Water mirror

Reflection creates the effect of visual attraction, their chaotic location will not allow to look around the small garden and focus on attention. Several made small reservoirs will do an excellent job with the task of distracting guests. A small pond will reflect the sky and all its surrounding objects..

Small ponds will not occupy a large area, but the effect is worth it. In order to visually enhance the design environment in front of the house, the site should be equipped with several reservoirs that will be combined with small streams. You can also make a small lake and a waterfall on which a wooden bridge will be located.

This design method is suitable for areas of extremely small areas. The fountain is made of stone or ceramics, and it is better to combine, having made the base of the fountain of stone, and the bowl of ceramics. There is one drawback: flowing noisy water will not give rest to the neighbors. In such a difficult situation should agree on a venture. It would be ideal if neighboring residents were absent. Then you can make such a reception landscape design.

Need to know! The recreation area should be based on the side of the sunlight. If the front part is directed toward the west, it is fraught with torment when resting in the hot sun.

Landscape gardening

Most people think that placing trees in a small area will significantly reduce the space, but if you place a large tree in the center of the garden, in front of the house, the area will become more voluminous. Small bush plants will give the tree a greater effect. This method has the name - "stairway to Heaven".

Decorative bushes and trees in front of the house

The circular layout method is in planting large trees. Along the perimeter of the garden plot you can arrange the tightened greens. The resting place is made under a large tree in the center of the main zone. This reception will imitate a large garden, and from the middle of the garden you will see a unique look.

  1. Types of trees for landscape design in terms of energy:
  2. To suppress the depressive state is birch.
  3. For optimism and a fundamental change in the outlook on life, larch is suitable.
  4. Rowan is associated with constant female beauty.
  5. For confidence and calm, maple is planted.

Vertical gardening

To create a unique landscape design exists effective reception of vertical gardening of a site before the house. The space is drawn out by this method of planting. To create vertical gardening, use the following buildings:

Wood materials greatly enhance the design of the landscape. For decoration, for example: pergolas, many designers recommend climbing plants, such as: climbing rose, peas, various grape varieties, decorative beans. Flowerpots with beautiful flowers also complement the aesthetics. Due to this, it is possible to change the arrangement of the pot, therefore, the appearance of the area in front of the house will be constantly updated.

Multi level garden

The design of the small area can be created with wood, stones and similar materialswhich will give the terrain a unique look. If there are no natural materials in the garden, it will become flat and empty. Large flower pedestals are great for visually increasing the height and width, combined with transitions on the paths in the form of steps. For multi-colored paving of tracks, 3D effect is applied, at a price the work is not cheap, but this method will radically change the landscape of the site.

Not a note! Decorative Turkish beans and pumpkins look great in the garden.

Planting rules and popular decorative items

The site in front of the house plays a big role in the implementation of many functions. This zone divides the street and the building. To arrange this territory, you should use these elements of scenery:

  • a picturesque flowerbed of flowers
  • ornamental trees
  • planted flower beds in a different order,
  • shallow pond
  • living fence of climbers,
  • stone statues or similar figures.

If you correctly distribute and combine different plants, they will delight their owners for many years. For this you need to use rules for planting flowers and plants:

  1. Exterior decoration of the facade and colors must be matched in color.
  2. Large flowers in front of the house will focus on themselves attention.
  3. If the entrance to the house is directed to the north side, then in this case the types of flowers that prefer to grow in the shade are selected.
  4. Design concept says: between the garden and the house for planting flowers are used with cold tones, not too bright.
  5. In winter, plants wither, and so that the garden does not lose its attractive appearance, it should be diversified by coniferous trees and plants.

Figured bushes in front of the house will be the original solution for landscape design. Special bushes allow using a trimming to translate into reality many ideas and create unique shapes.

Design of the front garden

For the front garden should choose a suitable site. The preferred side for creating flower beds is considered the southern direction. For arrangement, a small hill is harvested to prevent stagnation of water after rains. Most plants do not tolerate a draft, therefore, must be positioned so that they are absent. Rules for flower garden breakdown:

  1. Designers recommend placing a flower garden in a remote corner, also with the help of flowers, beauty is added to the walkways, the porch and the section near the entrance door.
  2. The provision of appropriate conditions is considered an important rule for planting, for example: soil type, plant species and lighting. After all, each type of flowers prefers a variety of care. For less labor should choose unpretentious plants.
  3. Flowers in flowerbeds should constantly bloom, so long-flowering species are selected with different frequency of flowering. For spring are suitable irises, tulips and daffodils. In the summer season cornflowers and peonies will decorate the flower bed. Roses and chamomiles are suitable for the late period; aster and dahlia will start blooming in the autumn season. With this method, the flowers in the front garden will bloom until frost.
  4. Also, to create the perfect landscape design, different heights of colors are taken into account. There are species that grow from a certain height, those that are lower are planted at the edge, and high ones are at the fence.

Planned planting plan

This planting scheme will help to achieve excellent results, which can be seen already this year. To implement such a plan, need to take into account important nuances: The site in front of the house should be located on the east or south side.

The fence is considered the most important background for this bed. Decorative sunflowers and roses of several colors should be planted near the fence. The second row is planted with contrasting Cardinal Lobelia and Icelandic Poppy. Immediately the flowerbed is filled with Poskharsky's bell and catnip, they will create dark blue colors. Blue katananhe and red geyhera fit perfectly into the overall composition of the very last row.

Making a hedge

If you create a living fence of deciduous plantsthen in the season of winter the leaves will fall off and large gaps will be formed. To preserve opacity, plants of densely branched species are used for planting, for example: deren, elder, willow, acacia and snowberry.

In order to create the correct geometry for the hedge from plants, it is necessary to use hornbeam, hawthorn and oak, and for winter species it is more preferable to plant boxwood, thuja and yew. Эти виды прекрасно поддаются стрижке, с помощью которой создаются разнообразные формы изгороди.

Для густой и плотной кроны не стоит позволять деревьям или кустам расти вверх. Используя секатор, растениям придается такая форма: верх изгороди должен быть немного уже основания. Then the living fence will not suffer from strong gusts of wind and does not deform under the heavy layer of snow. From trimmed bushes can make curb fence, which does not exceed a height of 50 cm.

By the form of live fencing is single-row, two-row and three-row. The first option is designed to decorate garden paths, flower beds and dividing the site into decorative zones. The remaining options are needed for homes located near roads, where it is necessary to hide from prying eyes the area in front of the house. The basis of such a hedge creates a cascade of trees and shrubs of different heights. The outer part is formed from tall trees, and the inner part is planted with small bushes. Through this thickness of greens does not penetrate dirt and dust.

With this method you can not only make a living fence, but also hide the ugly structure.

Features

External home improvement plays an important role, it speaks about the owners, their status and tastes, so you need to pay special attention to its preparation. The plot separates private ownership from the common territory, but it needs to be properly decorated. There are many options for landscape design, because there are so many ways to decorate the territory!

If possible, you can ask for help from a qualified specialist, but for those who are used to doing everything on their own, it will be useful to learn important information regarding this area.

Often, landscape design suggests the presence of flower beds, and you can additionally create a hedge that will look great in the big picture. Fountains that can be in front of the house are in great demand, or it can be an organization of an artificial reservoir. Today there is a wide range of various figures and statues that complement the design. Of course, it is impossible to do without a gazebo near the house, where family and friends can gather at any time to dine and just hide from the burning sun in the summer.

The plot near the house, undoubtedly, can be called an important component of private ownership, therefore it is necessary to create an original and beautiful space, which at the same time will be practical. Guided by simple rules, and having studied various design options, you can do everything yourself, having achieved excellent results. The landscape design of the area near the townhouse can be unique, because there is an opportunity to show their own style.

Planning and zoning

Today there is a large selection of styles, each of which belongs to a particular group. We can distinguish landscape, oriental and geometric version, and in some ways they can be combined with each other in complete harmony. Making a small area, primarily involves zoning. This is an important stage, which is the initial one, so pay special attention to this.

All zones can be connected by tracks in a different style. They can be made in a specific mood, using bricks, natural wood, gravel, or any type of stone.

On the local area there is not only a garden and a vegetable garden, which is often found in country houses, there must be a place to rest here. Here you can sit on a hot day to enjoy reading, invite neighbors or friends to dinner and just relax in the shade. This role is played by a gazebo, which can be crowned with a flowering plant or grapes, or you can make an ordinary shed for it. There are no strict rules about this, it all depends on your wishes, The main thing is that everything looks harmonious.

One of the goals of the acquisition of a country house is the desire to unite with nature. Therefore, in the landscape design should prevail plants, a simple waterfall or an artificial pond. In this way, an atmosphere is created for pacification, tranquility and complete relaxation, because you can enjoy the magnificent view and forget about everyday work. Garden sculptures are preferred while organizing space, and they can be made in different styles.

Today it is no longer relevant to use the figures of storks or gnomes, it is much better to choose creative options and combine them with each other in complete harmony.

Last but not least is the creation of a home flower garden, so it is also important to observe certain conditions. If you omit some aspects, the overall landscape design picture will be flawed. To make a flower bed beautiful and neat, you need to choose its shape, as well as fill it with vegetation, which will be combined with everything else on the territory. It is important that the flowers are chosen correctly, taking into account the volume and architectural direction of the design. Vegetation should not be catchy, but not lost in the general plan.

Decor and gardening

First of all, pay attention to the recreation area. Along the edges of the walkway that leads to the front door, flowering plants can be matched in style. If you like colorful, you can choose this option, but It is recommended to consult with a florist who will give useful advice and provide professional assistance.

The important point is that a harmoniously designed flower bed can fulfill the task of not only decorating, but also hiding architectural errors and defects, and this is useful. At such times, designers often resort to a mixborder, combine different types of flowers of any size and create a garden composition that becomes a real decoration of the front garden.

Registration of the territory with coniferous plants will be one of the best solutions. In addition, they look fresh all year round and do not require serious care. There are several principles to follow when planting flowers and shrubs. If you want to organize a flower bed near the house, make sure that the color scheme matches the wall covering. For large areas, it is better to decorate with bright large flowers, which have large sheets, and for small areas small-leaved plants are suitable for pastel shades.

The design concept involves the use of cold colors on a miniature square, so give your choice to purple, blue and lilac plants.

It is important to note that in order to choose landscaping, it is necessary to pay attention to where the front garden is located. It is better to plant shade-loving plants on the north side, and plants resistant to the sun from the south.

If you want to organize your own design, first you need to choose the style in which you want to do everything. Experts identify several options, each of which meets certain standards and attracts with its features. Decorating the territory, you should be guided by your taste and preferences, from which you can build on:

  • elegantly decorate the area in a romantic style can be using noble types of plants. It can be roses, lavender and even shrub or lilac. But it is important to look after the latter regularly and cut them in order to maintain the refined look of the design,
  • in the modern version it is supposed to use yew, boxwood and stone decoration of the territory. Paved paths will look favorably in combination with coniferous vegetation,
  • if you want to show originality and love everything unusual, you will surely enjoy the Mediterranean style. A certain randomness is welcomed here, palm-shaped plants are used, for which you do not need to constantly care for,

  • and to create a homely atmosphere suitable rustic design, while it is very restrained and concise. This option is also called the "grandmother's" style, as it uses curly perennials that run the entire length of the fence, capturing the facade of the house,
  • for fans of the western way of life design suitable country, which originated in America. The garden can be somewhat casual, but definitely cozy. Lush flower gardens prevail, due to which weeds will be lost on the plot. The list of plants can include unpretentious herbs, dandelions and daisies. The materials used in the landscape must be exclusively natural, it is wood and stone,
  • You can choose the Chinese style, where the main attribute will be a landscape garden. Water must be an indispensable element in the landscape, as it is a kind of symbol of oriental style. Neat bridges are laid across artificial streams and ponds. Use the jugs and water lilies for decoration.

Decorating the area around the house can be called a time-consuming exercise. To get the perfect result, you need to invest a lot of time and effort, but in the end you will be satisfied with the appearance of your local area. Before the townhouse and other types of structures it is recommended to use landscape accessories that are important to choose in one direction.

You can choose decorative pots with vases, barrels with pots are suitable for home style, and flowerpots in granite or concrete pots will look perfect in a modern design.

There are a few mistakes to avoid while working with the design:

  1. Before entering the house, you do not need to plant massive plants or trees, as they will not allow sunlight inside. If you have a trip to the street from the backyard, there you can organize a path made of tile or stone, it all depends on the style you chose at the very beginning.
  2. The lawn should not be everywhere, it is a big mistake. It is not necessary to use a generous amount of coverage throughout. Remember that the lawn requires regular maintenance, and if you do not often come to your country house, this design option is definitely not for you.
  3. Do not count design, based on how everything will look like in the summer. It is necessary to do everything so that the landscape looked perfect both in the warm season and in the winter cold.

In front of the house should be a path that leads to the entrance, it can branch out on several sides and continue in the garden. Landscape design should be not only beautiful, but also practicalConsidering this, be guided by the recommendations of specialists in order to achieve an excellent result.

Beautiful examples

You can pay attention to several options for registration of the local area:

  • If you have a great love of detail, you can take the time to organize flower zones. Here, as mentioned above, the style you have chosen plays a big role, as well as the shades that should prevail. In pastel shades, the design will look gentle and neat, but if you want to add color, let the plants be of one type or consult a florist,
  • Modernist style is suitable for neat people, where nothing extra is used. You can apply minimalism to design the site, but do not forget about the vegetation. For such a direction suitable shrubs or conifers, for which you do not have to constantly care, and they always look beautiful. Paths should be made of brick or natural stone, which is perfectly combined with landscaping.

In the next video, you will learn more about a few tricks on how to equip a small area in front of the house.

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Important household properties of garden flower beds

Along with the attractive appearance, the beautiful design of the front garden near the house has important household characteristics:

the possibility of placing the mailbox

the location of a small playground,

the cultivation of various fruit crops,

You can cover the bag with garbage.

What plants to plant in the front garden

To maintain the attractive appearance of the flower bed, it is recommended to use unpretentious perennials and ornamental shrubs, adding annual crops to them.

Woody plants and shrubs that form the basis of the front garden design:

Another technique to preserve the attractiveness of the flower garden is the presence of at least one flowering plant. In April, daffodils, crocuses, tulips begin flowering, and ends with late autumn chrysanthemums and asters.

If you choose the right plants for the front garden, then at least one kind of flower will bloom in front of the house.

An example of a combination of plants in a flower bed:

Portulac is a perennial plant that blooms from June to frost.

Marigold rejected - annual unpretentious plant, begins to bloom in June, finishes - in September.

Salvia brilliant - begins to bloom in July, before frosts.

Viola Wittrock - blooms from May to June.

Tiger lilies - flowering period begins in June, ends - in August.

Planting rules

To give the landscape design of the pre-house territory an attractive and original look, there are certain rules:

For a large plot suitable large-leaved plants, for a small front garden - vegetation with small leaves.

To the front garden was not empty in the winter, it is planted with conifers and shrubs with bright bark in the form of wild rose, barberry, maple.

When the front garden is located on the north side, shade-loving plants are planted there, because the vegetation of the south side must be resistant to the bright sun and aridity.

Design ideas for a small lawn suggest seating out near the house of flowers with cold tones: blue, lilac, purple.

The closest flowers to the house should match the shades of the walls.

The style and shape of the flower bed

It is not easy to create a flower bed, it is necessary to follow the style, taking into account the extent of the lawn in relation to the architectural style of the main building. Color gamuts should not look defiant in the whole design, but they shouldn't be imperceptible either.

First you need to consider the input space. A wide straight or narrow curved path is laid to the door, along which flower beds go along both sides. The contents of these flower beds are determined according to the type of house: a bright colorful flower bed is suitable for a laconic, discreet architectural structure, and a modest flower garden for a building with excessive decorations.

Refresh the landscape design of the garden in front of the house and smooth the architectural omissions of the building will be able to properly selected flower garden. Such a complicated flower garden as a mixborder has gained wide popularity. Due to the variety of outlines, placement of vegetation, elegant framing of the structure, the mixborder deserves such high popularity. Not worse will look rabatka (a strip of flowers along the path), alternating sizes.

On a large site use low dense planting, growing on the sides of the path.

Video description

Rules for planting conifers in the area in front of the house, see the video:

The style and shape of the flower bed

It is not easy to create a flower bed, it is necessary to follow the style, taking into account the extent of the lawn in relation to the architectural style of the main building. Color gamuts should not look defiant in the whole design, but they shouldn't be imperceptible either.

First you need to consider the input space. A wide straight or narrow curved path is laid to the door, along which flower beds go along both sides. The contents of these flower beds are determined according to the type of house: a bright colorful flower bed is suitable for a laconic, discreet architectural structure, and a modest flower garden for a building with excessive decorations.

Refresh the landscape design of the garden in front of the house and smooth the architectural omissions of the building will be able to properly selected flower garden. Such a complicated flower garden as a mixborder has gained wide popularity. Due to the variety of outlines, placement of vegetation, elegant framing of the structure, the mixborder deserves such high popularity. Not worse will look rabatka (a strip of flowers along the path), alternating sizes.

On a large site use low dense planting, growing on the sides of the path.

Video description

A few more examples of the design of the site in front of the house, see the video:

DIY do-it-yourself

Not so long ago, about 15–20 years ago, dacha plots were perceived solely as places for planting vegetables, fruit trees, raspberry bushes, currants, and other berries. They came there only in order to water, weed and harvest the crop, which necessarily went to the cans for canning, salted or pickled. Very rarely the land was empty, it was not planted with “useful” plants. There were few flowers, and there were no ornamental plants at all, and there was no question of any landscape design.

Today, the situation has changed, and many land owners want to have at least a small recreation area decorated with unusual flowers, plants, an alpine slide or a fountain on their plot. Landscape design is gaining momentum.

Where to begin?

The main stages of work on the design of the site include:

  • careful thought over what you want to see and where to place everything (decorative elements),
  • lawn trimming,
  • selection of plants.

Можно соорудить беседку, обустроить зону барбекю, создать пруд или альпийскую горку, конечно, если позволяют квадратные метры двора. Если размеры участка небольшие, придется ограничиться несколькими самыми важными элементами.

The territory in front of the house defines the boundary between private ownership and the possession of the city council, decorates the house, complements the overall "exterior" of landscape design.

In the improvement of the territory help these elements of decor:

  • flower beds,
  • hedge from living plants,

  • fountains, ponds, any artificial reservoirs,
  • gazebos, playgrounds, recreation areas,
  • garden paths,
  • statues, figures and other accessories made of clay, wood, metal.

Green areas are an important, perhaps the most important part of a successful landscape design. The use of plants allows you to create compositions that will enliven the surrounding space, will please the eye.

Many people mistakenly think that a lawn is a simple grass, for which you do not need to take care of something in a special way, to pay attention, just trim it in time. However, all this applies only to the natural grass cover, which for the most part consists of weeds.

Decorative lawn is something more than ordinary grass. Today, there are many varieties of lawn. Among them, the Moorish type and ground floor have the greatest decorative value. But regardless of the species, all varieties of plant decoration of land plots must be properly decorated.

  • The edges of the lawn should be smooth. And so that he was always like this, periodically all vegetation should be cut with a sharp tool. After the edge is a shallow ditch up to 4 cm in depth, which is filled with mulch.
  • That the lawn did not grow for the deduced line, it is necessary to fix. For these purposes suitable curb tape.
  • Aesthetically decorate the lawn will help different ornamental plants.

To organize the right flower garden in front of the house is not for everyone. We need imagination and understanding of what should be the ideal size and shape of the front garden. Also, everything should correspond to the general style of the main building and the area around it.

For planting you need to choose flowers that will not stand out strongly, but at the same time will not fade away from the general background. The path to the entrance to the house can be decorated on both sides with different flower arrangements and ornamental plants.

With the help of well-chosen flower garden you can disguise all the flaws and omissions in the architecture of the building. The best option in this case is the mixborder - a combination of different shapes, sizes and types of plants in the garden areas. The discount also looks impressive - a ribbon of flowers alternating with each other in different sizes.

Beginner gardeners should abandon exotic plants, because such flowers need constant and careful care, ideally by these experts. Beginners better choose plants that are hardy to various negative environmental factors.

A hedge that will decorate the site and meanwhile will play the role of a fence for a flower bed, you can organize bushes of lilac, rosehip, viburnum. "Freshen up" a stone or metal fence will manage curly compositions: honeysuckle, decorative ivy, grapes, kirkazon. Coniferous plants on the site will bring a touch of aristocracy.

In order for the flowerbed in front of the house, made by the hands of the property owner, to succeed, you must not forget about the simple rules.

  • Plant on the site need unpretentious perennial shrubs (thuja, juniper), and the space between them to fill with any annual plants.
  • The second rule is that at least one flowering plant should be present in the flowerbed.

A classic example of a front garden is a combination of portulac, marigold, Vittrok, lily, and tulips.

To the final result of the design of the flower garden met all expectations, you should remember some more professional advice:

  • if the flowerbed is very close to the house, the planted plants, especially flowering plants, should coincide with the shade of the walls of the building,
  • on a large plot it is better to plant plants with large leaves, and on a small one - to use small-leaved stands,
  • in order to avoid the effect of emptiness on the site in winter, it is worthwhile to plant in the territory coniferous trees and bushes with bright bark.

Seating area

Many city dwellers buy a summer cottage to get a chance to take a break from the noise, improve their health in absolute solitude with nature. And in order to get a real relaxation, they arrange comfortable and pretty corners on the newly acquired territory of the recreation area, where you can truly relax.

These cozy corners include:

  • Mangal It is hard to imagine outdoor recreation without a brazier. It serves as a place where different goodies are prepared, and also often replaces the heater in cool weather. In the mangal it is desirable to put a table for cutting dishes and storing dishes.

  • Pergolas. It is quite logical to install an arbor next to the brazier, where you can try freshly cooked delicacies for a pleasant chat. In the form of decoration, you can plant various flowers around, and arrange columns of arbors with climbing plants. Suitable winter-resistant grape varieties.

  • Bath complexes. Bath - the dream of many property owners outside the city. If the territory has a pond or any other body of water, except for the fountain, you can build a steam room near such a refreshing place. Near the exit is appropriate veranda or terrace planted around the perimeter of coniferous trees or grapes.

  • Playgrounds. Far from the mangal for safety, you can place a playground. It is advisable to install a sandbox, slides and swings, various sports facilities, for example, a horizontal bar on it. The plants surrounding the children's area should not have thorns. If children have a tendency to allergies, the choice of flowering plants should also be approached with great responsibility. The playground should be bright, with images of favorite cartoon characters.

  • Places of leisure. A resting place where whole companies can gather can be arranged around a mangalnaya zone or a barbecue zone. To protect from the sun or suddenly started to rain make a shelter. Be sure to put a table, chairs or benches. The site can be fenced off by a floral fence, small trees or shrubs. Recreation area can be done: open or closed with portable structures that easily fold and turn the platform into the open.

Interesting solutions

Design design of the land before the manor, tanhaus, house - a very exciting job. Having completed the organization of the flower garden, you can add the general composition with interesting accessories.

Decorative pots and pots made in modern style will not be superfluous, barrels and wooden tubs (if the house is decorated in the direction of country), blocks of granite (perfectly fit into modern style), a simple, uncomplicated fountain. Also, the originality will make garden figures, stones of different sizes and other design tricks. It is important not to overdo the name of the additional details, otherwise the house and all the space around it will become ridiculous.

The estate in the country will become even more beautiful and aesthetically more attractive if you cut the bushes and the living fence, with coniferous plants this should not be done. Shrubs and trees of small size can be arranged in the form of animals, improvised gates, make the original framing of the path, indicating the main entrance.

The bushes planted in the center of the site will look extraordinary, they will become a kind of epicenter of the general idea of ​​landscape design.

Professional Tips

The main principle of the design of the area around the apartment building, which is noted by professionals, is that the interior of the courtyard should coincide with the idea of ​​the site design. When planning what the panorama will be like before the building, you should try to select all the compositions in such a way that they have the same style decision.

The land plot can be ideally flat or, on the contrary, it can differ in unusual relief, be in a trench or on a slope. These moments determine how the decorating project will be.

The main thing that should be relied upon during the registration of the territory is the style of the main structure. The interior of the courtyard should overlap to the smallest detail with the main building or supplement it to the maximum. Pompous fountains, columns of marble and paths of this material will look ridiculous if the site is a dilapidated old house.

Ideally, the house is the central element of the territory, which you need to navigate in the subsequent work on the site. The main path leads to it, it is surrounded by trees and other living and artificial components of the design. A well-played building is half the battle for landscape design.

The first stage - planning

The peculiarity of landscape design is that it creates not a static picture, but a constantly changing object. During the year, the appearance of the garden and flower gardens is constantly changing, depending on weather conditions. It is necessary to try to take into account at the design stage of the project.

When planning determine the orientation of the site to the cardinal points, study the depth of groundwater and choose the overall style of the territory. It is also necessary to consider such decorative elements as flowerbeds, paths, ponds and lamps. All ideas are fixed on paper in the form of diagrams.

The choice of landscape style

There are only two main styles of landscape design - regular and landscape.

Regular (classical) is a garden of strict lines and symmetric patterns. Plants in it are selected so that they can be easily changed depending on the season. This style originated in ancient Persia and is widely used today. Its principle is a geometric layout, often symmetrical. Routes are divided into major and minor, and architectural elements prevail over natural ones. For regular garden lawns, planar flower beds, water surfaces are typical. The basis consists of up to three types of plants, of which form hedges, alleys, topiarnye elements.

Landscape style is different naturalness, freedom. Plots decorated in this style, close to the natural landscape. At the same time many variations are widely used. Registration of the site in front of the house can be done in one of the following styles:

  1. Mediterranean. It seems incredible to create a Mediterranean garden in the middle lane because of the large difference in climatic conditions. However, if you want nothing is impossible - if you can not accurately reproduce the plants, you need to create a cheerful atmosphere, inviting to rest and filled with bright warm colors. This style is characterized by the presence of a patio with wicker furniture, ceramic flowerpots with flowers, lounge chairs. Use a combination of dark green and brightly flowering plants. Thermophilic cypresses can be replaced by columnar junipers, and mountain pines will replace southern pine trees. Bright balsamines along with fragrant lavender in blue vases will complement the composition.
  2. Chinese style assumes maximum compliance with the practice of Feng Shui. The garden should be water, stone and wood. From the outside world the area is separated by a wall and inside it is divided into many secluded spaces. There are partitions, curved bridges and pagodas. In the Chinese-style gardens there is no lawn, but much attention is paid to rock compositions and stones. Often there are large ponds of complex shape. Plants are planted singly or in small groups. Preference is given to picturesque fancy specimens. In each section of the garden equip a place to rest. This does not have to be a gazebo, sometimes a fairly simple bench.
  3. The Japanese style developed on the basis of Chinese, forming new styles: the tea ceremony garden and the minimalistic Zen garden. Depending on the layout, Japanese gardens are subdivided into miniature tsubo gardens and rectangular gardens for outside viewing (for example, a rock garden). Great attention is given to the beauty of the outlines of reservoirs, paths and the original forms of plants. At the same time, the garden should not be filled with details, there should be enough void in it, which has sacred significance for the Japanese.
  4. Russian eclecticism. This style is characterized by a combination of landscape and regular principle of landscape formation, an abundance of garden decor and bright plants. Herbal coverings are usually small in size, but flower gardens give enough space and attention. Many such flowering shrubs, such as lilac or chubushnik, are planted. Next to the ornamental plants are placed fruit.

Flower garden decoration

The flower garden in front of the house should correspond to the general style of the buildings and the garden. Near the brick house it will be logical to place a flower bed, the borders of which are also decorated with brick. If the structure is wooden, the flower bed is limited to wooden chumps or a twig of twigs. The stone curb is good if stone is also used in the decoration of the house and the fence.

Some tips on flower bed design:

  1. The flower bed at the house should not be flat. Near the building planted the largest specimens, then smaller, and the edge of the flowerbeds make out the most miniature varieties.
  2. It is desirable that the plants in color stand out against the walls of the house.
  3. The backbone of the composition is coniferous plants, which remain decorative all year round. They are complemented by flowering and decorative leafy specimens.
  4. Large areas are decorated with plants with large leaves and bright flowers. If the land area is small, it is better to plant compact specimens with inconspicuous flowering. In the vast territory in front of the house you can place a large flower garden, a recreation area, and even organize a mini-garden. If the area near the house is small, it is necessary to decide on the main theme of the design. It can be a corner for children's games, barbecue or a spectacular flower bed. A limited area does not preclude the creation of an interesting and unique space.

Track arrangement

Not only the appearance of the site, but also the convenience of moving between separate zones of the garden depends on how well the paths are planned and made.

The path of rubble is easy to install, and the path, decorated with cobblestones, is ideal for a rustic garden. A brick path is a very durable and practical option, with such material you can lay out a wide variety of patterns. Often the path is decorated with a border, especially if it has to withstand considerable loads, and low flowers are planted along the border.

Garden lighting

Successfully selected lighting in the courtyard is a pledge not only to the attractiveness of the site, but also to the safety of the owners. Area lighting is functional., decorative, security or festive.

Functional lighting provides safe movement around the yard and therefore is considered the most important. It includes the lighting of the porch and steps, as well as the lighting of garden paths. For this, solar lamps are often used.

For security lighting suitable spotlights with motion sensors. Decorative lighting is used to emphasize important garden objects. Original look fixtures in ponds, fountains and garden sculptures. With the help of lighting you can create a magical and cozy atmosphere, as well as visually reduce or increase the space.

Decorative items

As a decorative elements for the design of the site using the original vases and pots, corresponding to the overall style of home and garden. Statues, garden figures and small fountains can be another interesting component of the design. Sometimes it is appropriate to arrange the area in front of the house with beautiful stones. At the same time, it is necessary to observe moderation when using decorations for the garden in order not to make the appearance of the plot overloaded.

Making the site in front of the house is an interesting and creative work. Use and combine your favorite garden style items, feel free to try something new, because you always have the opportunity to correct or change something. In any case, the design of the site is a dynamic process, making it possible from year to year to make adjustments to the surrounding space.

From the history of landscape design

The great contribution to the development of landscape architecture was made by the ancient Egyptians, who devoted most of their lives to worship and praise deities. In the city of Thebes, the tradition of decorating not only temple complexes, but also adjoining grounds with ponds with fish and underwater flora, first appeared. The inhabitants of Babylon and Assyria decorated their yards with lush vegetation. Seeds were brought from different parts of the world. One of the seven wonders of the world - the hanging gardens of Semiramis laid the foundation of this tradition. The Babylonian king, being involved in a bloody war with the Assyrians, made an alliance with the Median sovereign. They defeated Assyria in a joint campaign, and to secure the agreement, a marriage was concluded between Nebuchadnezzar and the daughter of the king of the Medes, Amanis. His wife yearned for the green landscapes of his home in the dusty capital of Babylon. Then the king ordered to create a magnificent garden on stone pillars, equipped with a unique irrigation system. В истории закралась ошибка и сооружение связали не с именем Аманис, а с Семирамидой— ассирийской царицей, которая жила ранее.

В Индии сооружали плавучие сады. Роскошные дворцы индийских вельмож традиционно украшались просторными прудами, на которые спускали плоты с насыпным грунтом и посаженными цветами. In the Middle Ages, unique garden “labyrinths” appeared that decorated summer palaces for the rest of crowned persons and their families. The history has preserved many magnificent examples of decorating sites around residential buildings. Landscaping in front of the house plays a special role in decorating the site, as this is the “face” of the property, which will be shown to each guest.

What is and features of the layout

The decor in front of the house will include many elements:

  • Green spaces and flower beds.
  • Water facilities.
  • Pergolas and terraces,
  • Fences and gates, gates.
  • Track systems

All of these components of the landscape should be linked to the overall composition. When planning the placement of each element take into account three aspects:

  • Relief.
  • Climatic features.
  • Soil type

If the home territory is spoiled by knolls and hollows, no need to rush and level the site with the help of bulk soil. The relief features can be transformed into virtues that will help create a unique design composition. Zonal division of territory into small areas involves the placement of separate sites, which are separated from each other, but are connected by a system of decorative tracks. Near the house you can equip the arbor, so that in the summer there would be a place to hide from the scorching sun. Cool with aesthetic pleasure will give a decorative pond. Systems of flower beds and flower beds will be pleasing to the eye and benefit if some of them are planted with spices. Green fences do not always perform only a decorative role, because you can decorate a home territory with berry bushes.

When planning is also taken into account features of the shape of the yard and its size. Two or three weave enough to accommodate gazebos, green spaces, driveway and even a small front garden. To additionally decorate the summer courtyard with a lawn or a spacious lawn, a little more space is required.

We determine the style

The style of the courtyard should be tied up primarily on the main building - the house. If different directions are chosen, they must have points of contact in order to get a dynamic mix, an organic combination. Registration can be simple or pretentious, luxurious and in a big way. More concise options are suitable for typical cottages, the main purpose of which is summer rest in nature and caring for the garden. Luxury courtyards, as a rule, are decorated with townhouses and cottages. A wide range of styles is combined into two groups:

Dressing is carried out in accordance with the concept of direction, which was chosen.

It all starts with the gate, gate and fence

The outer fence should be high and monumental. Its main function is to protect the site from unauthorized entry of uninvited guests. The beauty of the fence goes into the background. According to the material of execution, fences are classified into the following types:

  • Stone. Durable material that is used for permanent fencing. The stone is universal and fits almost any style. If only the foundation part and separation columns between sections are made from it, then the material can be combined with brick, metal or wood.
  • Wooden. It organically looks in combination with Provence, Country and Russian style. In order for a wooden fence to last a long time, the material must be protected with a special impregnation that prevents moisture from entering the wood micropores.
  • Metal. Forged items can create an elegant, sophisticated composition, but they do an excellent job with the protective function of the fence.
  • Brick. Such a fence will last a long time, but has a slightly rustic look. Suitable for modern styles.
  • Concrete. The material is poured into special forms, and as a result identical sections for fencing are obtained. Concrete differs in democratic cost, but at the same time allows to pick up original registration.
  • Slate. An unsophisticated fence made from this material is suitable as a temporary option.
    The gate and the gate are selected under the fence, as these elements are part of the same composition.

Landscaping methods

Green areas are divided into three types:

  • Trees Due to their decent height, they cannot be planted close to the fence, as the shade can interfere with the neighbors.
  • Shrubs. From them create original compositions, animals and geometric shapes.
  • Flowers and other low plants.

From trees create slender ranks along the paths or small front gardens with fruit varieties. Flowers are collected in colorful compositions for flower beds. Different types of plantations can be combined with each other.

Plant selection and planting principle

Plants must be selected according to the following criteria:

  • Features of the soil.
  • Groundwater level and location of the site (lowland or elevation).
  • Climatic conditions.

Moisture accumulates in the lowlands after heavy rains. For this reason, such sites swamp and become unsuitable for most plants. It is much easier with elevations, because it is easier to pour once more than to artificially drain the ground. The viability of certain plant species also depends on the composition of the soil. Poor stony ground will be a test for delicate flowers. Sand in dry areas does not retain moisture, so a high-quality irrigation system is required. Chernozem is considered the most nutritious, but when heavy rains turns into a dirty "mess". The solution for poor soil will be the bulk layer, which is brought specifically for plantings. 0.5 m of soil will be enough for plants, and for shrubs and trees that have a strong, developed root system, you will have to order several trucks.

It is also necessary to take into account the compatibility of certain plants with each other. Some "egoists" can pull all the juices out of the ground and provoke their neighbors to slow wilt. Such aggressive copies are planted at a distance.

Creating flower beds and flower beds

Flower Garden - a broad concept that combines variations of planting. It is classified into types:

  • Free. The flower garden does not have any fences, and the rampage of flora reasoning systematic processing.
  • Mixborders. Ribbon flower garden on the one hand is limited to the fence and often landed along the tracks. The name of the decorative element was the result of the merger of two words: mix (blending) and border.
  • Flower beds. This type of flower garden has a fence. It is given a variety of shapes: from rectangular to round.
  • Border of flowers. As a rule, it is planted from low flower bushes, which limit the lawn from the entrance or the garden path.
    Also flower beds can be modular, mixed and multidimensional. If you choose the right types of plants, you can get the original color gradation on the flowerbed.

Figured decoration bushes

Cutting plants is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. For curly plantations, only certain types of shrubs are suitable: boxwood, cotoneaster, privet, yew and holly. They are easy to cut. The box is poisonous, therefore it is necessary to protect pets and children from it. Privet is ideal for "lazy" gardeners, as it requires cutting only once a year. Until the desired result is obtained, the plant is limited to an improvised wire frame. If you didn’t succeed in getting a hand in this matter, then you get special patterns, inside of which the bushes develop in the right direction and adjust to the shape. The simplest are geometric shapes, but animals or people will have to create over the years.

Trees - how to choose and what is best to plant

In landscape design, trees are classified into four types:

  • Conifer. They are good because they retain green color even in winter. The ephedra prefer shade and are distinguished by endurance.
  • Hardwood. A favorite option for designers. They are divided into two subspecies: decorative leafy and flowering.
  • Fruit. These include apples, pears, cherries, apricots, cherries, plums.
  • Evergreen hardwood. In winter, they do not expose crowns, but require special care.
    Planted trees on four principles:
  • Groups They combine, as a rule, fruit trees.
  • Tapeworms. A single thuja or pine in the plot will definitely attract attention.
  • Alley Trees are planted on both sides of the track.
  • Hedge. Although it is usually made of shrubs, the “decoration” of trees will more reliably protect the site from prying eyes from the street.

Do not forget that the neighboring trees are also selected on the principle of compatibility, like flowers.

Water features

The combination of water structures in landscape design includes:

  • Sources. This is the beginning of the bed of an artificial reservoir or a natural stream.
  • Fountains. Artificial constructions in which jets of water are ejected under pressure.
  • Brooks. They have a curved, irregular shape and a narrow channel.
  • Waterfalls They are a stream, the water of which flows over obstacles (most often stones).
  • Cascades. A system of several waterfalls.
  • Ponds with stagnant water.

It is not necessary to artificially erect complex structures, if a natural water “artery” flows through the site, its banks are decorated with stones and complicate with barriers for the formation of cascades. Pools also belong to this type of decor, but decorate the courtyards on the plots rarely, since such an arrangement is considered impractical.

Original terraces and arbors

A separate seating area will be a functional addition to the courtyard. Arbors and terraces are built for this purpose. The first designs of the type are divided into several types:

  • Open These light gazebos consist of piers and a roof. Used to relax in the summer.
  • Half open. As a rule, they have decorative walls made of forged elements or wooden slats.
  • Closed. The construction of the arbor has glazing and walls. Used for winter holidays. Monumental buildings are even supplied with a stove.

Separately, it is worth noting pergolas. These structures are similar to gazebos, but instead of a roof they have a “canopy” of woven plants (grapes, ivy), which are wrapped around the frame. Forms of construction can be round, square and polygonal. The terrace is an artificially created elevation on which tables, chairs, sofas are located. They are classified into three types:

  • Closed. The building consists of walls and a roof. She can stand apart from the house or adjoin it. Rain and wind are not terrible for holidaymakers on such terraces.
  • Half open. They have a roof, and light curtains are used instead of walls.
  • Glazed. In their design there is a roof and panoramic windows. The main advantage of the terrace is the abundance of sunlight and weather protection.
    Another special type of structure consists only of walls, but the building is placed on the back yards. Characterized by such an element of design for the Spanish style.

Conclusion

With the help of competent landscape design, you can transform your site beyond recognition. Subtle and elegant art design learn over the years. Only from under the master's hand can a real paradise, which does not want to leave. Independently difficult to create the perfect design, as when working you need to take into account a lot of rules and small nuances, and decorative elements are different from the interior decorations and are difficult to move.

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