Among the representatives of the Theaceae family, camellia japonica or Camellia japonica occupies a special place due to the amazing ornamentation, the variety of existing varieties and the possibility of cultivation both in the open air and at home.
Homeland plants - China's mountain forests, as well as the island of Taiwan, the southern regions of Japan and the Korean Peninsula. In nature, Japanese camellia looks like a medium-sized tree or a shrub about 6 meters high.
- sparse, but rather voluminous crown,
- pointed elliptical leaves up to 11 cm long and about 6 cm wide, with a leathery glossy surface, on which diverging streaks are clearly visible,
- large solitary or paired flowers appearing from the leaf sinuses.
Today, the natural varieties of Japanese camellia, as in the photo, were presented to flower growers thousands of original varieties differing in flower color, size and shape.
- spotty and striped corollas,
- semi-double forms with a fluffy yellow middle,
- Terry flowers of Japanese camellia, indistinguishable from elegant garden roses.
The flower retains its colorfulness and succulence for almost a month, and then, after pollination, a fruit appears in its place, within which several large seeds ripen.
Terms of the content of the indoor flower Camellia Japanese
If the camellia in the garden feels comfortable and not too demanding to care, then in the indoor environment a large flowering plant is a test of the grower’s knowledge and patience.
With a lack of attention or illiterately organized care, Japanese camellia at home can throw off already formed buds. And sometimes the plant gets rid of the leaves.
The culture is best acclimatized in a winter garden or greenhouse, where it is allocated a place where during the whole year the duration of the daylight hours will be at least 12-14 hours. If camellia lacks lighting, she refuses to bloom or makes very sparingly.
While buds are formed on the shrub, do not touch, move or rotate the pot. The capricious beauty can part with the buds, but when the flowers of the Japanese camellia open, it can be without fear:
- rearranged to the best place in the room
- bring to the open air, where the crown will not be threatened by direct sunlight,
- put on the light loggia.
In spring and summer, when the plant grows vigorously, camellias are comfortable with the usual house temperatures, but conditions must change from autumn. Budding takes place at 5–6 ° C, and long-term oriental beauty can be achieved at 8–12 ° C.
For Camellia, high humidity is important, it can be supported with the help of available tools, household appliances and regular washing of the crown with warm boiled water.
Watering, feeding and other care for Japanese camellia
Care for Japanese camellia consists of:
- from accurate watering, the intensity and frequency of which depends on the season and the state of the plant,
- from dressings in spring and summer,
- from pruning carried out in the second half of autumn and allowing the culture to keep a compact crown at home,
- from transplanting overgrown bush.
As long as the green pet is in bloom, she needs increased attention. Water the plant very carefully, because in the cold water from the surface of the soil evaporates slowly, and it is not always easy to determine the soil moisture at the roots.
If the root system will be long in the soil saturated with moisture, do not avoid the appearance of rot and other infections.
A little lemon juice or vinegar is added to the settled irrigation water, which improves the well-being of the Japanese camellia and, as in the photo, adds brightness to the flowers.
At the budding stage, the shrub should receive regular support in the form of a complex fertilizer for azaleas. Top dressing is carried out in 10–14 days, and in summer the plant can be fertilized only once a month.
Transplant camellia japanese
Young specimens of Japanese camellia are transferred to a new pot annually, but the older the plant, the less frequently this unpleasant shrub procedure is required.
It is necessary to carry out the transshipment of camellia before activization of growth, otherwise the culture will long and painfully acclimatize. If there is no urgent need for transplantation, you can simplify the care of Japanese camellia by replacing only the top layer of soil in the pot.
For a Japanese camellia flower, a sour substrate is needed with a pH of about 3.0–5.0 units. If the soil is less or more acidic, it will affect the condition and flowering of the shrub.
The easiest way to plant a capricious plant is to purchase a ready ground for azaleas, and then occasionally increase acidity by adding citric or acetic acid to irrigation water.
Japanese camellia varieties
Many varieties of the flower have gained widespread popularity as significant ornamental, flowering and evergreen crops. They are freely used for gardening interiors, drawing up expositions in parks during the summer season and even as tea. This is the Japanese camellia, the photo of which is presented below.
Its bush grows in height to 3-4 m, with thin branches and bright red pubescent flowers. The leaves are elliptical or oblong-oval in shape, 3–6 cm in length, 1.5–3 cm wide. The tops are slightly sharp, the edges are finely toothed, the outside is dark green and glossy, from the inside is hairy-pubescent with vein.
The flowers are single or connected to 2-3 pieces, 6-7 cm in diameter, the usual white, red or pink, with a scent. Good bloom in November and January. Gardeners propagate, as a rule, evergreen crops, as a rule, garden varieties. Japanese camellia (mountain) is also suitable for cold rooms.
The homeland of such a plant is the subtropical and tropical mountain forests of Indochina. Is a small tree or shrub up to 10 m tall with spaced shoots. Leaves are normal, oblong-oval, narrowed upward, short-petiolate. Outside they are dark green in color, from the bottom of green, 5-7 cm long, 3-4 cm wide. Young leaves are slightly pubescent. In the flesh of the leaves there are spreading bearing sclereides.
Flowers solitary, fragrant or are 2-4 in the grooves of the leaves. Coloristics and bracts are placed on a curve. Calyx srosnolistnaya, has 5-7 sepals rounded, lingering on the fetus. A corolla at a plant in the diameter of 2,5-3 cm, after blossoming falls down. Contains from 5 to 9 white with a golden-pink color of the petals, joined in the center with each other and with a cup. The stamens are located in two rings: the outer ones are spliced by the staminate threads and take root on the petals, the lower ones are independent with small ovate anthers. Ginetsi - Sincarp with columns connected to the core.
Camellia Japanese (Chinese) has fruits in the form of flat tricuspid woody boxes. Their seeds are rounded, dark chestnut color, 10-13 mm long, 1 mm thick. Blooms from early August until the end of the autumn period. Harvest gives in October-December.
This type of culture is found in the forests and on the banks of China’s rivers at elevations from 500 to 1300 m above the sea. The oil plant is an evergreen tree in height up to 10 m. The trunk is covered with a brown crust, it is up to 20 cm in diameter. Leaves are leathery, ordinary, petiole, alternate, egg-shaped, pointed at the top. White flowers bisexual, paired, axillary or individual, grow in September. The time of their blooming lasts until mid-October. Japanese camellia (oilseed) is different fruit in the form of a large box with a lot of spherical seeds up to 3 cm in length.
How to care for the culture at home
Most gardeners consider the plant very demanding to care and breeding conditions. This position was formed due to its periodic dropping of buds or leaves. To protect against unpleasant shedding, you need to keep the flower in a suitable environment for it.
Culture will grow 100% at home if it is put in a cool room. Camellias do not like it when they are turned relative to the source of light, or transferred to another place. The flower gives preference to spaces with fresh air, with the exception of drafts. In this case, he will be born various diseases.
Japanese camellia, reviews of which can be heard only good, loves acidic soil. And therefore, for its flowering and development, special earthen mixtures are needed, produced from well-sifted sand and peat. Remarkably suitable mixture for rhododendrons, which can absolutely satisfy all the needs of the plant.
Separately harvested soil mixtures have a weak acid reaction. This means that they do not contain lime. In addition, for watering flowers in the water should not be calcium salts. Consequently, it takes half a day to insist on water before irrigation, if it is not possible to use filtered water.
Japanese camellia (the photo of which is presented just below) is considered to be a mountain culture, therefore it needs light in large quantities to flourish. However, direct sunlight is harmful to her. For the summer season, the flower can be brought to fresh air, remembering protection from the sun.
In addition, to accumulate forces for the next full bloom, Japanese plants need a period of rest. To ensure it, after flowering, reduce watering and stop feeding camellias. Only with such conscientious care will the culture once again delight the household with its chic bloom.
In the summer season, the flower is watered sufficiently and evenly after the outer layer of the substrate dries out to prevent Japanese camellia. Care at home in order to avoid souring the earth implies a reduction in irrigation. Due to the soil deoxidation, the leaves of the plant turn brown and the buds fall. From prolonged desiccation culture discards leaves. A flower badly withstands an increased calcium content in running water, therefore it is necessary to water it with soft settled water. At the stage of development of flower ovaries (in August) it is required to dry the substrate a little, just not until it is completely dry.
Camellia in the spring and summer prefers the temperature of not less than 20-25 degrees. For laying buds, a temperature of 18–20 degrees is needed, and in the period of blooming in December and February - 9–12 degrees. With an increased temperature, flowering begins earlier, but the peculiarity of the flowers will be much worse, and there is a risk that the Japanese camellia will fold their buds. Caring for a plant in such a situation would already be inappropriate.
Transplantation and reproduction
Culture should dive during rest (in it it resides at the end of flowering), but no later than the end of July. The best time is when some buds are preserved on the plant, but the ovaries of the leaves have not yet opened.
Flowers are bred with stem cuttings along the length of 6-8 cm, which have not yet had time to woody. Perform this in January, as well as in July. The most suitable for these requirements is the greenhouse room. When a root system is formed on the cuttings (this comes after 2 months as a result of their disembarking), they can be planted in the same place. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the neck of a camellia, located between the trunk and roots, should not be covered with soil, and then the plant may disappear.
Camellia Pests and Diseases
In comparison with other cultures, such flowers practically do not get sick. On the houseplant may appear aphid, which is usually sprayed with a mixture of oil emulsions with soap. Such a solution is much safer for people than chemicals. In addition to aphids, such emulsions neutralize the scutes and spider mites. But the most serious indisposition of camellia is root rot due to waterlogging, unsuitable soil and elevated temperature. When such a disease in the flower leaves begin to fall. Save culture can only be reduced irrigation.
Of course, many already know how beautiful and luxurious Japanese camellia looks. Planting and caring for her will not be burdensome for anyone.
The plant is capricious and requires careful care and attention. To avoid unplanned dropping of leaves and shedding flowers, you need to create the most comfortable conditions for the plant.
The choice of location. Camellia is a light-loving plant, it will feel as comfortable as possible in the winter garden, or on a warmed loggia. If there are no such rooms, a spacious and bright room will do.
A flower needs a day at least 12 hours of daylight. During flowering, the Japanese plant does not like permutations from place to place, does not accept also that the pot was turned.
In the warm season it feels good at moderate temperatures. At this time of the year it is important to take the flower to the balcony or garden, but not to expose it to direct sunlight and wind.
At the end of the autumn, an important period for camellia occurs - the flower budding tab. The optimum temperature in this period is + 5 + 7 degrees.
After the first flowers appear, the plant is transferred to a room with a temperature of up to 12 degrees. Remember, the plant does not tolerate a sharp change in temperature conditions.
Watering and feeding
He likes abundant watering in the summer, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil, as this leads to rotting of the roots. Also dead and dry soil.
In winter, the amount of watering is reduced. Water for irrigation should be soft, decanting is recommended to add a little lemon juice to the water.
At the budding stage, the flower needs regular feeding. For these purposes, you can buy in the store a complex fertilizer for azaleas, apply 1 time in 14 days, in winter 1 time in 30 days.
Young plants are transplanted annually; adult specimens are transferred to a new pot every three to four years. The transplant must be carried out before the growth is activated. For camellia, this is a stressful procedure, so in order not to injure the plant once more, they only change the layer of the upper ground.
Important: for such a capricious plant, the acidity of the soil should be 3.0-5.0 units. If the soil contains a different level of acidity, this factor does not reflect favorably on flowering.
Camellia is bred with the help of non-lignified cuttings, with one to four developed buds, about seven centimeters long. Suitable months: January, July.
The cuttings are cut at an oblique angle, the leaf is removed near the kidney, then a layer of drainage is spread into the tank at the bottom.
Top poured in a pre-caught soil (a mixture of peat, coniferous soil, and sand) in the following ratio 1: 1: 0.5, then fall asleep with fresh sand 3-4 cm.
The depth of planting cuttings is 1.5-2.5 cm. For a successful rooting process, it requires high air humidity (about 80%), and a room temperature of +22 degrees. After 2-3 months, the cuttings take root, they are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7-9 cm.
This process is very long and laborious; it is mainly used to breed new plant varieties. The most important thing you need is patience.
The plant obtained from seeds grows very slowly, and it will be able to please with the first flowers no earlier than five years later. A necessary condition for seeds to germinate: they should be planted immediately after harvest. Then their germination is up to 90%.
Reproduction by vaccination. This method is used by experienced flower growers in relation to those species that are poorly rooted. Vaccination is carried out by copulating in addition or turning.
Care for Japanese camellia at home
In room culture Camellia japonica is one of the most complex plants. At the slightest dissatisfaction with the environment, she drops buds and sometimes leaves. The best option for its maintenance would be a bright winter garden with a rather low air temperature in winter. But here too she will need to create a number of additional conditions.
Lighting. Homemade camellia prefers bright diffused light with a level of illumination in the range of 3000 - 3900 lux for 12 - 14 hours a day. Therefore, in the winter time, she needs additional illumination by fitolamps. In its absence, the plant will not bloom.
During the budding period, camellia cannot be turned relative to the light source, since it is likely that it will drop buds. In the summer, a non-flowering plant can be safely rearranged from place to place, taken to the garden or to the balcony, there will be no negative consequences for the tree. But when placed in the open air, dark green leaves must be protected from direct sunlight, providing them with partial shade.
Temperature. In spring and summer, Japanese camellia tolerates moderate temperatures in central Russia quite normally. But at the time of planting flower buds (in late autumn - early winter), the temperature should be reduced to 5 - 6 ° C, and after the appearance of the first flowers a little increased, to 8 - 12 ° C. Именно такой температурный режим способствует продолжительному и обильному цветению.
Полив. В зимнее время, в период цветения, поливать домашнюю камелию нужно крайне осторожно, так как при низкой температуре воздуха испарение влаги происходит довольно медленно и земля долгое время остаётся сырой.Excessive watering during this period can quickly lead to acidification of the soil and the plant will die.
In summer, watering should be abundant, but its need should be determined by the condition of the soil and watered only when the top layer dries out a little. It is extremely undesirable to overdry the soil, with a lack of moisture the plant will shed its leaves.
Japanese camellia is poured over with soft, well-settled water at room temperature. You can acidify it a little by adding a few grains of citric acid or a few drops of vinegar. Lime water plant can not tolerate.
Humidity. Home camellia prefers increased air humidity, therefore it is recommended that the plant crown be regularly sprayed with boiled water and the pots kept on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay. In the summer you can arrange a warm shower, pre-closing the soil in a pot with cellophane.
Pruning. Although the plant is very painful pruning, sometimes it becomes necessary. The shoots are pruned in October - November, stimulating the development of side branches and giving the crown a neater appearance.
The soil. Japanese camellia prefers acidic soils with a pH of 3.0 - 5.0, so ordinary garden soil is completely unsuitable for it. For growing Camellia, you can buy ready-made soil for azaleas in the store or prepare your own soil mixture, taking turf, peat, leaf soil and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 1. And be sure to create a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot, preventing the stagnation of water and acidification of the soil.
A very acidic earthy mixture is also not worth doing, since the higher the acidity, the worse the plant absorbs iron. And its lack leads to chlorosis of leaves and their fall (together with buds).
Top dressing. During the budding period, the plant is fed 2 - 3 times a month with liquid fertilizer for azaleas. In summer, fertilizing is reduced to 1 time per month.
Transfer. Young specimens are transplanted annually, in spring, into a larger pot. Matured and actively flowering - once in 2 - 3 years, after flowering and always before the start of active growth, otherwise camellia will hurt for a long time. Large tub plants are not transplanted, as this procedure becomes quite difficult, but they annually update the top layer of soil, removing the old one to the root system.
When transplanting it is necessary to ensure that the root neck is not immersed in the ground. Even a small burial can lead to the death of the plant.
Breeding. At home, Japanese camellia is propagated by seeds, cuttings and grafting. Seed propagation is suitable only for the original species form, since the varietal characteristics with this method of reproduction are rarely transmitted, or new plants acquire slightly different qualities.
To obtain the desired grade suitable cuttings. To do this, in July or January, small non-lignified branches 6–8 cm long with 3–5 well-developed leaves are cut from the mother plant. The prepared cuttings are planted in mini-greenhouses in a soil mixture of equal parts of peat and sand. Root formation lasts for 2 - 3 months, but, unfortunately, does not always end in luck.
If rooting cuttings is difficult to achieve, you can try to plant a cut apical bud on another camellia tree. But this is not such an easy way to reproduce, and to avoid a number of mistakes and get a successful result, you need to carefully study the special literature.
Diseases and pests. One of the most common causes of a non-infectious plant disease is care errors. Most often, growers try to grow Japanese camellia in improper soil, create the wrong temperature or light conditions for it, flood the plant, or cannot provide it with a favorable humid climate.
Home camellia is rarely affected by pests, but if an infection has occurred, it is necessary to treat the foliage and shoots with appropriate chemicals.
04/05/2018 admin Comments No comments
General information and origin:Japanese camellia - A tree or shrub that belongs to the tea plant of the genus Camellia.
It blooms a beautiful flower that always holds admiring glances. From white and soft pink camellia flowers, Japanese can also acquire very bright red and variegated colors.
Japan is considered the birthplace of this beautiful plant, as well as the south-western part of China. Most often can be seen in Taiwan, South Korea, Shandong, India, southern Japan and Indonesia. And in Alabama, this plant is considered their floral symbol.
The height can vary from one and a half to six meters, and in some cases the height of a Japanese camellia tree can reach eleven meters in height.
Japanese camellia: home care is provided, but must be careful in order for the plant to bloom and the flower for a long time not to crumble.
Camellia does not like too hot rooms and drafts.
The place for the maintenance of the plant should be with a moderate temperature and with the influx of air, but without draft.
This species grows well on warmed balconies and loggias, but they should not be placed directly towards the sun, and you should not often move the pot with camellia, as they get used to one place.
Description of Japanese camellia: The leaves are oval in shape, 5-10 centimeters long, pointed at the tip. Along the edges, the leaves are finely toothed, have a gloss and a skin-shaped appearance, of a dark green color.
The flowers can be simple, double or semi-double, the colors are white, red, pink and variegated shades; they can be from 4 to 12 cm in diameter.
Located on a branch in groups or one at a time.
It blooms usually from December to April.
Seeds are round, large.
There can be Japanese camellia in the wild, in gardens, in greenhouses and indoors, like potted flowers.
In greenhouses can sometimes bear fruit.
Japanese camellia care
Lighting: Japanese camellia loves spacious rooms with diffused lighting, which is why balconies and loggias are good options. But bright sunlight should not directly fall on the plant. Young flowers prefer a more shaded light, and adults - for brighter.
Temperature: In order to give birth to the buds of flowers, a temperature no higher than 20 degrees is necessary. During the flowering of Japanese camellia, the temperature must be kept at a level no higher than 12 degrees.
Since the flowering period is from December to May, it is not difficult to adhere to this, especially if the camellia is on a balcony or loggia.
Watering: Do not let the soil in which the Japanese camellia grows dry, but at the same time, do not overly drench everything with water.
Humidity: Humid air like this type.
Soil: A plant of this species prefers a moist, acidic soil.
It is good to use peat (one part), humus (one part), sand (one part) and leafy ground (two parts) for the composition.
Also in the mix, you can add a little land from the coniferous forest.
Do not forget to add drainage to the soil in order to prevent water from stagnating in the pot, otherwise the plant may die.
You need a room in which it grows, spray well or use a humidifier.
Spray the plant itself is necessary every day. To do this, use soft distilled water, and spraying to direct from top to bottom. Plentifully spray themselves flowers camellia is not recommended.
It is also very useful to install a tray with wet pebbles from the bottom of the pot, for additional air moistening. But make sure that the bottom of the flowerpot does not touch the water in the pebbles.
Water as needed so that the soil always remains a bit wet.
In the summer, watering should be a little more abundant. Very good use of rainwater. Normal water must be defended before watering.
A sign of insufficient moisture: leaves fall off, and if there is too much moisture, the leaves will turn brown and the buds fall off.
Top dressing: Organic fertilizers are very useful. From spring to autumn, twice a month, the plant must be fed with liquid fertilizer that does not contain lime.
Also suitable for fertilizing fertilizers, which are used for orchids.
Transplantation and reproduction:
Replace each year only young plants. Adults are recommended to replant once every 2-3 years. This should be done from November to February.
When transplanting, make sure that the root neck of the Japanese camellia is not filled.
You can propagate in January and July. To do this, cut a semi-woody cutting and place it in a mixture of sand and peat. Then use the rotors and cover the pot with polyethylene, forming a kind of greenhouse.
Petiole rooted after 3-4 months.
The next year after rooting, camellia needs to be transplanted into a larger pot. After transplantation, it is necessary to pinch the top of the plant in order for the plant to grow.
The first flower buds begin to be laid from the fourth year.
Japanese camellia flower: home care, photo varieties with description
You can also propagate by seed, but you need to use only fresh seeds.
Seeds should be placed in a mixture of sand and peat, cover with polyethylene and grow, maintaining the mark on the thermometer in the region of 21-24 degrees. Then the germinated seedlings need to swoop down.
Pests and diseases: Due to excess moisture, the roots may rot and die. Also, Japanese camellia can often be subject to fungal diseases.
A sign of this is brown and gray spots on the leaves of the plant.
Pests: spider mites, aphids, thrips, worms, whitefly and scale insects.
Use in medicine: The plant is considered poisonous, but with proper use and it can be extracted a lot of benefits.
In China, Japanese camellia is used in traditional medicine. The resulting drugs are considered anti-cancer.
In addition to Chinese traditional medicine, pharmacists often use essential oils, which are obtained from camellia flowers. These oils have a tonic, astringent, anesthetic and antiseptic effect.
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Room Hibiscus - Chinese Rose
Morphological features of Chinese hibiscus:
Grows hibiscus in the wild of China's wet forests.
Hibiscus - an evergreen tree or shrub reaching a height of 2-2.5 m. The trunk of a Chinese rose has a dark brown or black bark, young shoots have a green color, but over time and they become woody.
The Chinese hibiscus tree has a dark green smooth with the next location leaves with jagged edge. They are located on long petioles, sticky juice is released on the leaves, which is washed away to avoid large accumulation of dust on the plant and to facilitate hibiscus breathing and photosynthesis.
Flowers the hibiscus has a bell shape in diameter of 10-12 cm, they can have a wide range of petals coloring: from white or pink to burgundy and purple.
Chinese rose care:
Unpretentious plant in relation to lighting: it can grow both in shading and under the bright sun. It is undesirable to move from place to place (hibiscus can throw buds).
In the summer, flowers are kept at a temperature of 20-25 ° C, in autumn and winter - up to 12-16 ° C.
Water abundantly especially in the summer - immediately after the land dries in a pot (3-5 times a week), and in hot weather it must be sprayed. In winter, watering hibiscus is reduced and watered 1-2 days after the soil dries.
Chinese hibiscus are propagated by cuttings in July-August; for this purpose, young branches with 3 internodes are pruned. The bottommost sheet is cut off and stuck into a wet land substrate.
Chinese rose at a young age transplanted every year, and already an adult plant - 1 time in 5 years. A transplant is best done in the month of May.
Flowering period Chinese roses: from early spring to winter. A flower on a tree lasts only 1 day, but every day new buds appear.
For regular flowering, it is necessary to feed the rose tree with mineral fertilizers weekly.
The nuances of hibiscus care, problems and solutions
! When a huge number of buds appear on a young plant, some of them are removed (about a quarter), to avoid them reset. Because there is a high probability that not a single bud will bloom, and the hibiscus tree will drop them.
Camellia flower: home care. Photo and video. Flower species
For crown formation and giving the Chinese rose a decorative look, it is cut annually and pinched.
Pruning branches do in early spring (March-April) to form a lush crown and to increase the number of side branches on which flower buds are formed.
! If you do not carry out pruning, the hibiscus will stretch and will not bloom.
!Afraid of drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
!Major pests - aphid and spider mite. Signs of their appearance: twisting and falling leaves, slow growth, cessation of flowering. Eliminate pests with soapy solution or cotton wool with this solution, begin frequent spraying (2-3 times a day).
Japanese flower in a pot
So that the music sounds, you need to turn the upper part of The Muse counterclockwise until it stops, and then release. And then the pot will certainly reproduce one of the melodies embedded in it, and the plant planted in it will slowly rotate to the music, like a ballerina on a music box.
The flowerpot of Smart Music Flower pots is equipped with the 5 W high-quality loudspeaker. It connects the pot-speaker to the playing devices wirelessly using Bluetooth. Now on your desktop or bedside table will not be clutter of gadgets. After all, you can listen to music and enjoy it, looking at your favorite plant. And that is not all!
Japanese camellia: varieties, planting and care at home, reviews, photos
From time to time, creative people ask the same question: where do the muses live, which give them inspiration, a sense of beauty, a desire to create new masterpieces? But everyone has their own answers to this question. Someone’s muse lives in delicious delicacies, someone finds his inspiration in love or, on the contrary, in suffering, and for some it’s enough just to listen to music. The Muse pot is the muse of a whole group of Korean designers led by Lie Zhong-Fa. From time to time, creative people ask the same question: where do the muses live, which give them inspiration, a sense of beauty, a desire to create new masterpieces? But everyone has their own answers to this question. Someone’s muse lives in delicious delicacies, someone finds his inspiration in love or, on the contrary, in suffering, and for some it’s enough just to listen to music. The Muse pot is the muse of a whole group of Korean designers led by Lie Zhong-Fa.
Very unusual musical, with multi-colored illumination pot for flowers. Charged from USB, you can listen to music, when you plant a flower, then when you touch the leaves, different notes will play. Awesome gift. Shipping cost by agreement.
Camellia home care transplant and reproduction
They know how to admire the rising sun, snow, blooming sakura. Slow contemplation of the fleeting beauty of the transient world is one of the favorite activities of the inhabitants of the Japanese islands, which is reflected in their amazing poetry - haiku. However, the style of Japanese interiors for a very long time remained incomprehensible to Europeans, its elements were not very widely used in design. Only since the minimalist design became widespread and recognized, many decorators have adopted the techniques used in the Japanese interior.
The fact is that the main thing in home improvement for the Japanese is amazing conciseness. Those. the furniture in the room is almost absent, wardrobes, carpets, sofas - all this is unacceptable for the interior in the Japanese style. Single bed - tatami, like all furniture must be low. The materials used in the decoration, only natural: wood, stone, cotton and hemp. Bright colors are also unacceptable, clean lines, natural colors - this is what the interior in this style is based on. Widely used screens, illustrated with engravings in the Japanese style. For the Japanese interior is characterized by symmetry, the use of calligraphy, simple, elegant forms and soothing tones of the color palette.
Reasoning soberly, obviously, not every European will like empty rooms and bare walls. Of course, there are lovers of minimalism who readily reproduce in their apartment features of a Japanese dwelling. But for most of us, the oddities of the Japanese interior will remain incomprehensible, because we expect from our house, above all, comfort. And in order to find it in a huge, unformed space, you have to be Japanese. After all, even various accessories, trifles and knick-knacks, bringing personality and warmth to a European home, are unacceptable for a Japanese interior. However, a great many fans of Japanese culture with great joy apply design elements of the Japanese house. After all, you can create an interior styled as Japanese, which will be European-style cozy, but with all its details will remind the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun.
Такими элементами интерьера будут японские гравюры – либо репродукции произведений великих мастеров (например, Кацусика Хокусая и др.), либо просто картинки, нарисованные в японском стиле. A branch of cherry blossoms, like nothing else, will remind you of distant Japan among the harsh Moscow winter. You can put an image of sakura on the wall or use flowering plants that resemble flowering cherry in flowerpots. To give your interior a Japanese spirit, you can use colors that are characteristic of Japanese design: dark, but not massive furniture, doors that resemble doors of Japanese homes. However, one of the most important details with which you can bring the spirit of Japan into your apartment, of course, will be indoor plants.
In fact, in the Japanese style, indoor plants have not found wide application. But if we create styling for the Japanese interior, it is the home flowers that will most remind us of the nature of the Land of the Rising Sun.
Naturally, the most logical for decorating the Japanese interior will be the use of plants grown in the technique of magnificent Japanese art - bonsai. They can be placed on separate stands, made in Japanese style, on a table in the center of the room. The easiest option is to purchase ready-made plants grown in flower farms. But if you have time, and, most importantly, enthusiasm, it is quite possible to grow your tree.
For Japanese-style interior decoration, it is best to use plants that grow in Japan.
Of course, the plant that grows in Southeast Asia is very appropriate in the Japanese interior. And the most beautiful and fashionable among them, undoubtedly, can be called everyone’s favorite phalaenopsis. Caring for this plant is simple, it can be placed even in the depths of a bright room. Other orchids will be no less suitable, but more difficult to maintain, for example, vanda, cambria, etc.
It is very suitable for the interior in the Japanese style indoor cane - a plant of the material, which will allow to reproduce the bamboo branches often found on Japanese prints. Even more reminiscent of bamboo is the now widely spread drader Sander, which is sometimes called “luck bamboo”. Perhaps you will get it in the form of spirally curved stems with leaves at the top or in the form of intricate pyramids. Anyway, this plant is extremely hardy and will bring the Japanese atmosphere to your home as much as possible.
Fatsia will perfectly fit into the Japanese design, its specific name clearly speaks of Japanese origin. In addition, the carved leaves of fatsia very much resemble the leaves of the Japanese maple, often found in the engravings of Japanese masters. In this sense, a room abutilon would be quite appropriate, since its resemblance to maple is no less.
Due to the fact that the area of origin of the Anglaonem is Southeast Asia, its use for decorating the interior, stylized in the Japanese style, is quite appropriate. From this point of view, a remarkable shade-tolerant and unpretentious plant - Japanese aukubu can be called suitable for such a design. The beauties of camellia and gardenia also have an origin from the Land of the Rising Sun, therefore they can quite decorate the window of the Japanese interior. A small serissa can remind sakura, and a dizigoteka can be compared with the refinement of Japanese engravings with its refinement and grace. Finally, it is impossible not to recall the increasingly popular ficus microcarp. It can be grown in the style of a bonsai plant. But even if you bought it in a store with funny roots thickened at the base, it will nevertheless fit perfectly into your interior inspired by Japan.
In conclusion, I would like to add that the abundance of plants, as well as an excessive amount of furniture and accessories, is nevertheless inappropriate for the room in which we want to see the Japanese-style trend. Simplicity and conciseness - a constant attribute of the room, the design of which is inspired by the culture of Japan.
Bottom photo. These are elements of Chinese interior, but not Japanese.
Variety of species
Currently, breeders bred a large number of varieties of camellia, differing shrub size, color and shape of the flower. Each species is beautiful in its own way, and the appearance of the camellia flower is not inferior to the beauty of a garden rose.
In addition to Japanese camellia, gardeners plant other equally popular varieties of camellia.
- Camellia Chinese. Under natural conditions, the plant grows in the mountainous regions of China and India. The plant is a tree or shrub, whose height can reach 10 meters. The leaves are narrow, lanceolate, painted in dark green color, have an oblong ellipsoid shape, are located on short petioles, narrowed to the base. The flowers are arranged singly, the petals are colored pinkish-golden.
- Camellia oilseed. This variety grows along the banks of reservoirs in China and is an evergreen tree shrub. The leaves are dense, with a leathery surface, arranged alternately and have an oval shape. The flowers are simple, white.
- "Lady Vansittart Pink". This species resembles a garden rose bush and is distinguished by delicate, elegant, semi-double flowers.
The special properties of the plant
Camellia as well as Sakura is a symbol of Japan, which is found in many works of art. In Japan, camellia symbolizes a beautiful bright life, success, happiness, prosperity. She decorates wedding dresses and tea ceremonies.
Southeast Asia has long used the healing properties of camellia. Infusions and decoctions of the leaves and flowers of this plant strengthen blood vessels, treat nervous system diseases and gastrointestinal tract.
Camellia is used in the perfume industry for making creams, shampoos, lotions and decorative cosmetics.
Care camellia at home
The shrub is undemanding in care when grown at home and in growing conditions in open ground. In the content of the room with the cultivation of Camellia from florist need some knowledge and patience.
Camellia does not forgive mistakes and with inadequate care can throw off the formed buds. If the conditions of the plant are not respected, camellia begins to fall off the leaves.
Falling leaves and buds can be avoided by creating favorable conditions for the flower.
The most suitable place for growing Camellia Japanese is a greenhouse or winter garden, where it is possible to create conditions close to natural and maintain lighting for a long period of time.
At home, not all indoor plant lovers can cope with the cultivation of camellia, which very hard to adapt to the conditions of the room.
- Lighting and location
After purchase, the plant should immediately be placed in a permanent place. Camellia bad transfers permutations and displacement.
Do not touch the plant, rotate or move the pot when buds form on it. This can cause the flower to fold buds.
Japanese camellia is a light-loving plant that requires diffused light. The placement of a flower pot on the western or eastern windows will be optimal.
Plant badly transfers direct sunlight. In hot weather, shrub should pritenyat.
Direct sunlight or insufficient lighting can cause the flower to stop blooming or the flowers will be few in number.
Camellia can't grow in a room with dry air. At home, it can be placed on a heated loggia. The plant feels comfortable at a temperature of 12-15 degrees. It is very important not to lower the temperature below 10 degrees.
Camellia responds well to airing. In warm weather, it can be kept outdoors, but care should be taken to protect the bush from drafts and wind.
- Watering plants and moisture
When watering the flower should be careful. Do not over-wet the soil. Since at low temperatures, moisture from the ground evaporates very slowly as a result of the accumulation of excess water, the root system may rot and the plant will die.
Watering the flower should be moderate. The soil should not be too dry or too wet.
For watering should be used warm for several days or filtered water that does not contain chlorine and other impurities that can cause brown spots on the leaves, drying of the leaves and rotting of the roots.
- Plant transplant and soil
If, under natural conditions, camellia is a tall shrub or tree, then at home conditions, the plant needs to be transplanted as the root system grows or the topsoil is regularly updated.
When planting, the soil is completely replaced by a new one. For the flower fit ready-mixed soil for rhododendrons. You can also make your own soil composition by mixing leaf soil, coarse sand or perlite, peat and humus.
The soil for Japanese camellia should be loose, fertile, good to pass moisture and air.
One third of the pot volume should be occupied by the drainage layer for which it is used. expanded clay, fine crushed stone, pebbles, broken shards or crushed brick.
Young plants are transplanted once a year, adult plants - in 2-3 years. Camellia transplantation is carried out in autumn or winter. transshipment can be carried out even during the flowering period, since the plant does not discard the blooming flowers.
The application of mineral fertilizers begins in spring with the beginning of the period of active growth of the plant. Complex fertilizers for flowering plants are well suited for top dressing.
Fertilize It should be once every 15 days from early spring until the end of autumn. In the autumn, the frequency of dressings gradually reduced. For plant growth should use mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
Diseases and pests
Many diseases of Japanese camellia are associated with improper care of the flower.
Most often, the plant is observed abscission of buds, which is associated with frequent changes in the location of the flower or improper transplantation. The fall of the buds can be caused by a lack of light, high temperature in the room or drafts.
Excessive soil moisture can cause root rot and the development of fungal diseases.
Japanese camellia can be affected by pests.: aphids, spider mite, shield. When signs of damage are found, pests should be collected from the surface of the leaves using a damp cotton swab and the plant treated with insecticidal preparations or a solution of laundry soap.