Aloe is a plant of the asphodeal family, which can be found in almost every apartment. The unpretentiousness of this succulent from the African and Madagascar deserts allowed it to survive in all conditions and spread throughout the world. At the moment, aloe species are extremely diverse - from small herbaceous plants and vines to multimeter trees.
Aloe is not just a houseplant, but a real helper of modern medicine. Many of its species are known for their healing properties; therefore, succulent is predominantly grown for medicinal purposes.
However, the achievements of selection gave the world a new look at aloe - as an ornamental plant - by diversifying it with many new interesting shapes and colors.
In the apartment you rarely see blooming aloe, but in the wild it is a rather common phenomenon - the plant lets out rather peculiar flowers of yellow, orange or violet shades. It is fully adapted for survival in any conditions: spikes on the leaves and bitter taste protect from wild animals, and light scurf - from the scorching sun.
The mix of varieties of the houseplant familiar to us has 500 positions, but only a few dozen aloe species are popular.
The main habitats of these plants are arid areas of southern and western Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, South America and Madagascar. However, the amazing endurance of aloe allows it to grow around the world. Consider the features of the most common types of aloe in our latitudes.
Aloe variegated. One of the most beautiful species of this flower. It is a bush-like plant up to 30 centimeters in height with a shortened long stem and long triangular leaves. Aloe variegated has other names - aloe tiger or striped aloe - because of the characteristic two-colored spotted color. In the spring, you can see its bright beautiful inflorescences of orange or scarlet tone. Therefore, the plant has gained wide popularity among fans to grow flowers. Despite the fact that the plant comes from hot South African areas, its funny stripes can often be seen in a regular apartment.
Aloe folded. This species looks like a small tree with a short trunk. Aloe is often called fan due to the interesting shape of the leaves, arranged in two rows. The homeland of this species is the mountainous regions of South Africa.
Aloe Marlotte. The plant is named after the famous German botanist, who has spent several years of his life studying the flora of South Africa. Marlota - evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 4 meters. It has large broad leaves with reddish thorns. The flowers have a nice bright yellow or orange shade. At home - in the mountainous regions of Africa - sometimes forms whole forests.
Aloe squat. Small perennial plant with green-blue or gray-green leaves and numerous light spikes. When flowering is covered with small flowers of red shades. Characteristic of the South African deserts.
Aloe dichotomous. Tree-like perennial perennial up to 9 meters. Leaves with a bluish tint and small spikes on the edges. It grows in the south and southwest of Africa.
Aloe is strongly tapered. It resembles a small branched shrub, often found on the coasts. A characteristic feature of this variety is considered to be high resistance to temperature drop and the need for a little shading in case of strong heat. The plant has become especially popular among the owners of personal plots - there it can please the eyes of others, standing on the street until late autumn.
Aloe cap-shaped. Perennial, herbaceous plant with climbing stems up to 2 meters long. It has succulent ovoid leaves with white teeth on one side and spines on the other. Blossom has a rich red color.
Aloe is pretty. Herbaceous perennial with narrow elongated spotted leaves and small thorns. The flowers are shaped like bells.
Aloe Spinous. Small bush plant with more than a hundred narrow gray-green leaves in a white speck. In the photo aloe spinous easily guessed the shape of a hemisphere. When flowering ejects pedicle with tubular pale orange inflorescences. Due to its small size and numerous healing properties, it is a frequent guest in flower gardens. In the care at home aloe spongy unpretentious.
Aloe white flowers. A rather rare, but very beautiful variety of aloe. White flowers resemble many fragile lily buds. The plant is without a stem, with elongated green-gray leaves in white specks. It is believed that its historic habitat - the island of Madagascar.
Aloe Jackson. Short-stemmed shrub with narrow pale green leaves that end in a thorn. The plant is characterized by a waxy bloom. Aloe Jackson can be found everywhere in Somalia and Ethiopia.
Aloe Desconigs. Compact herbaceous plant, the long triangular leaves of which form the basal rosettes. The colors can be very diverse - from light green to brown shades. The leaves are covered with numerous spike-like pimples. This form of aloe resembles a star remotely.
Aloe havortievidnoe. Stemless plant with a significant amount of gray-green leaves in a white speck. It is covered with numerous light spikes and hairs along the entire length of the leaf. Flowers delicate pastel shades. Madagascar open spaces are home to this species.
Aloe filmy. Stemless herbaceous plant up to half a meter in height. It has delta-like leaves of dark green shades. A distinctive feature of this type are the spines on the back of the sheet. Like many other species of aloe, the Circulus came to us from the South African expanses. Also known breeding variety of this variety - black heme.
Aloe spread. Perennial plant with a long creeping stem up to 3 meters. Initially, the stem is straight, but during the life of the plant, it begins to gradually bend and drag on the ground. Aloe has wide leaves with blue shimmer and yellow spikes on the ends.
Ornamental species have not become as widespread as medicinal types of aloe. For example, the agave has become a habitual tool for us in the fight against non-healing wounds and catarrhal diseases. But, in addition to this plant, which has long been familiar to us, there are other varieties that are distinguished by their significant beneficial properties.
Take a closer look at the names and photos of aloe:
Aloe soapy. Perennial with a significant number of shoots and short or absent stem. It has dark green leaves with brown spikes on the tips. When flowering throws a long leg with flowers of red and yellow shades.
Aloe Barbados . Bushy perennial plant with long fleshy leaves. The stem of this aloe species is short and forms several outlets from sharp-toothed leaves. The color of the plant is grayish green with a pale pink border. Aloe barbadensis is widely used in dermatology as a good regenerating agent for various injuries and skin imperfections.
Aloe tree. The most common type of aloe for home cultivation. The people of the plant is known as "agave", because, according to legend, its flowering can be seen only once in a century. However, the story is not entirely true - aloe tree really rarely blooms, but there are still more chances to admire its fiery red or orange colors. It is a woody fast-growing plant up to several meters high with succulent, swordlike leaves and small spines.
Aloe is awesome. Massive plant, reaching a length of three meters. It has a separate straight stem with green or pale red leaves. Aloe is awesome due to its interesting name due to numerous thorns on both sides of the leaf. The plant is widely involved in pharmaceuticals. It is believed that it was because of him that Alexander the Great captured the island of Socotra, on which species of aloe frightening grew in large numbers.
Aloe present. Medicinal plant, also known as "aloe vera". Differs densely branched stems and succulent light green leaves. Aloe Vera is recognized by both folk and professional medicine as an effective remedy for various inflammations and dermatitis.
Indoor aloe flowers are well known to everyone. But few people really know how varied aloe varieties are, what healing properties. Although, the effectiveness of aloe is not just confirmed by official medicine: succulent is considered a rich source of vitamins of different groups, antioxidants, essential oils and many other nutrients. These modest unpretentious plants will become not only aesthetic, but also a useful part of your flower garden or garden.
Evergreen bush. Under normal care, the house can grow to a height of 1 m. Bluish-green leaves up to 60 cm long densely cover the branched stem. It has a pleasant aroma.
You can read more about tree aloe here.
African - flowering plant grown in gardens.
Straight stalk reaches heights 3-4 m. At the top grow gray-green, lanceolate forms, jagged leaves along the edges up to 65 cm long. The flowers are orange.
Grassy perennial. It has beautiful narrowed leaves of a gray-green color with teeth on the hem. Assembled in the outlet. Peduncle tall 70-90 cm.
Without stem. Large (up to 50 cm) gray-green fleshy leaves with longitudinal stripes are grouped into rosettes. Small red flowers are collected in the brush. Peduncle - up to 90 cm.
Aloe mix in the room does not bloom.
Evergreen bushy plant. Creeping shoots reach a length of 50 cm. They grow fleshy smooth leaves with small thorns. The tassels of the flowers have a red-orange color.
Grassy. Lanceolate, with a small serration leaves have a bluish-green hue. Peduncle low (up to 25 cm), flowers of red (orange) color.
Kustovidnoe. Thick stem with large branching. Light green leaves (up to 16 m long) differ in convexity on both sides. Tubular flowers of red (yellow) color.
Juvenile - in the room does not bloom.
Compact plant with shoots up to 10 cm. Variegated green-yellow leaves with old strokes have cloves at the edges. Can grow in the same pot with other types of aloe.
Miniature plant diameter no more than 8 cm. Glossy green leaves in white flecked color form a dense outlet. Blooming pink "bells" at a young age.
Herb culture with short stem and basal shoots of oblong leaves triangular shape. Color - from light green to dark green and brown. The flower is orange.
The lancet-like, green with fine white spot and jagged leaves form a small rounded rosette. Tubular flowers have a yellow or orange color.
Differs rosette, consisting of 2 rows. Flat dark leaves with soft jagged edges. Large flowers have orange-red color.
Watch a useful video with interesting facts about the species:
Interest Aloe vera is explained, first of all, by the fact that the overwhelming majority of its species possess one or another healing properties.
In particular, these plants are characterized bactericidal, choleretic, laxative, tonic effect.
In addition, the drugs are used as anti-inflammatory, immuno-strengthening, healing wounds, medicine for the gastrointestinal tract.
But, knowing these properties of aloe, yet it should be used only in treatment doctor's appointment.
We once had a tree aloe. Very useful plant. It not only looks beautiful on the window and cleans the air, but also helps well for colds. I want to start it now at home and treat children. I wonder whether all types of aloe can be used in the fight against cold?
My aloe vera grows. Plant for about five years. When the aloe grew into a pot, transplanted it and it began to hurt. Looking at the information on the Internet because of what it could be - I found out that I had to take the sandy soil. Transplanted him again and everything returned to normal. My aloe has recovered and makes me happy again) Mostly I use this plant in cosmetics. I make facials and hair. My grandmother also said that if there is a problem with the stomach, then aloe juice helps a lot.
They also gave me a hedgehog aloe. But for some reason it didn’t stick to me (spots started to hurt on the leaves ... I didn’t understand what was the reason for that. My bad care or illness. The plant died (
I have a tree aloe. There is a plant in my balcony all year round. When the cold weather approaches, I wrap the aloe in the newspaper, and wrap it around with a warm cloth on top. It is in such conditions (without watering, light) that the plant overwinter with me. In the spring I open my plant and water it. In the summer of aloe, I strongly grows. Here is my fancy plant.
I like all kinds of aloe vera. But for some reason this type of aloe cannot take root in any way. It seems I water and water, but disappears. But mom grows well at home, their houses are warm enough, and ours is cool, maybe that's why. But mom adds aloe juice to shampoos, creams, so does her face, in all kinds of masks
Of course everyone has heard of all the variety of aloe vera, this is aloe vera. Although other species are not much inferior to her, they are only fifteen of many useful aloe species, but since she got all the laurels, you need to know about it. Aloin, everyone knows, it is he who gives that bitterness to the juice, and this is an excellent duritichesky tool, but it is strong enough, and for its use it is required to mix with other substances. And one more property of aloin is that it perfectly protects the skin against ultraviolet rays. That is why it found wide application in cosmetology, in particular, in various creams. Also in aloe there is a complex of carbohydrates, or otherwise acemannan, this is a mucinous polysaccharide, which is used to prevent the formation of small capillaries in tumor formations. In general, there is a lot more to write about aloe,
Herbaceous perennial of the Asphodeal family with an upright, branching stem, which in the lower part has scars from fallen leaf plates. In the wild, plant height can exceed 3 m, and in the room environment to reach 70 cm.
Wide, thick leaves, folding in a spiral into a socket with a diameter of 80 cm, have a xiphoid shape and are framed with spikes or cilia.
In the flowering phase, a peduncle with a length of up to 1 m develops from the socket, on the end of which there is a racemose inflorescence consisting of tubular flowers of different shades. At home often divorced as a medicinal plant.
Aloe varieties, which number in the range of five hundred, are drought-resistant: the natural habitats are the Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar, desert regions of Africa. Among the most common and extraordinary are the following:
- Aloe spinous (Arista) is a stemless variety with a rosette of 15 cm thick leaf plates pointed to the top, covered with small whitish prickles. Succulents bloom with flowers of orange tones.
Aloe cosmo - A hybrid of spinous aloe, which resembles havortiu, while having more impressive dimensions.
Aloe rauha - medium-sized succulent, the fleshy jagged leaves of which are triangular in shape, come from Madagascar. The rosette of 20 cm is folded of bluish sheet plates 10 cm long, covered with small longitudinal lines of white. Over time, breeders have brought a number of decorative varieties that have non-standard color sheet plates.
Sort Donnie - stands motley dark green foliage, having a fringing in the form of a strip of bright pink color,
Sort Snow flake - succulent with almost white leaves, on the surface of which there are green strokes.
Scarlet folded - mighty perennial with forked central shoot, reaching 5 m in height in natural environment.Each branch at the end has a rosette formed by 12-16 sheets of ribbon-like shape, the location of which resembles a fan. The rounded leaf plate is greyish-green in color with a smooth or slightly jagged edge.
Aloe multivalent or spiral (in everyday life known as spiral) - a species with fleshy foliage of triangular shape, which forms an outlet, arranged in a spiral both clockwise and against. The inflorescences, consisting of flowers of traditional scarlet color, are formed on the peduncle 60 cm long.
Aloe Jukunda - differs in intensive green sheets with red teeth and white stains on their surface. The inflorescences consist of 20-30 pink flowers, blooming in turn.
Scarlet Somali - a larger version of the previous species: the adult outlet reaches 30 cm.
Aloe marlotte - a species in natural environment capable of reaching 4 m in height, has a rosette of fleshy leaves. The silver-blue sheet plate is covered with red-brown teeth. Flowering occurs when blooming orange flowers on the peduncle, 80 cm long.
Aloe havantiform - an attractive look for collectors of succulents: this is a kind of aloe, a mix without which is simply impossible. A miniature perennial with light cilia on the leaves, which form small rosettes.
Aloe opposite leaf - a type of small size, the location of the leaves which is characterized by the name - are opposite each other. The foliage with a bluish tinge on the edge is covered with red small thorns.
Aloe campery - 50 cm tall perennial with sword-shaped leaves bulging at the bottom. Glossy green sheet plate in the form of an arc has protective teeth.
Aloe dichotomous - a tree plant, a little reminiscent of aloe, reaches 9 m in height. At the ends of the branches are formed sockets, consisting of powerful juicy leaves with spikes on the edges.
Aloe Strong Cranberry - strongly branched perennial up to 2 m, which is able to withstand frosty weather. Blooms only in yellow.
Cap-shaped aloe - view from ovate-lanceolate leaves up to 20 cm long, painted in gray-green color with spikes of light tones along the edges. Scarlet flowers are collected in inflorescences that are on peduncles not exceeding 60 cm.
Scarlet white flowers - stemless variety with basal rosettes, which are formed from the grayish leaves of the lanceolate form. It is allocated with white impregnations and thorns on sheet plates, and similar color by flowers.
How does this plant when flowering, you can see in the video:
- Aloe jackson - a native of Ethiopia with glossy light green leaf plates, which are decorated with white divorces and a single spike on the tip.
Aloe desconigs - a miniature succulent resembling a star has elongated leaves of a triangular shape, which form a rosette. The coating of leaf plates, which have an extensive color palette, is a multitude of thorns.
This species is sometimes called Aloe Desquana, in this video it is told about the features of care:
Aloe Blackbush - herbaceous perennial, whose height does not exceed 50 cm, stands out among other types of prickles on the back of the leaf plate.
Sort Black jam - breeders, having worked with a variety of scarlet dark-fibrous, bred a special variety: a miniature rosette succulent changes the intense green color of the leaves to red with a long stay in the sun.
Despite the fact that an aloe ornamental plant, many bred it from a practical point of view. Medicinal varieties include:
- Scarlet soap - stands out branched stalk with a large number of outlets. Fleshy leaves with white longitudinal strokes have a border of red thorns edging along the edge. Succulent sheet plates serve as an excellent raw material for creating antiseptics.
Aloe Barbados or literally “scarlet barbadensis” - a succulent with a short stem and a rosette consisting of rigid bluish leaves, reaching 60 cm in length. Almost vertically growing leaf-like plates of the xiphoid shape along the edges are protected by sharp spikes. Crusiform inflorescences on a spike in 90 cm consist of yellow or red flowers. In the literature and in everyday life his second name is wider - aloe vera.
Aloe vera, it is homemade aloe - often seen on windowsills, popularly known as agave or aloe agave. Succulent in the form of a bush or a highly branching tree, reaching a height of 4 m, has succulent xiphoid leaves with a fringing of teeth. When flowering flowers bloom in various shades of yellow or red.
Succulent is used directly, as well as plantain, chamomile, yarrow and sea buckthorn oil: juice is extracted from plants, which is thoroughly mixed with oil. The gel is ready for use.
So, if there was a desire to acquire a new unpretentious plant, which can also become a home healer, aloe vera is the ideal solution. And photos of different types will help to stop the choice on the most suitable both from the practical and from the aesthetic side.
The most common types of aloe
Popular varieties include:
- Variegated aloe. A bush plant without a stem. The height of the bush 25-30 cm has root shoots that form groups of rosettes of long leaves. greenish-brown dark leaves are decorated with white striped or spotted pattern. In the summer, erect, racemes of yellow, fiery red, or pink hues, measuring 25–30 cm in size, appear in the leaflet rosette; they may be from 2 to 6 pieces. Aloe Pestroe grows in arid regions of South Africa.
- Folded or fan aloe. This is a tree or bush plant having a woody branched stem 3–5 m high. The top of each branch has a large rosette consisting of 12–13 tape-like ribbon-like opposite leaflets of a greenish-gray color. Their edges are weak-toothed or smooth. It grows in rocky areas of South Africa.
- Marlot This is a non-branching tree, the height of which reaches 4 m on top of aloe broad-fleshy fleshy leaves with thorns on both surfaces and edges, orange-colored flowers. Marlot grows in South Africa.
- Squat. A small herbaceous perennial with linear-lancer leaves of a greenish-gray or bluish-green shade, at the edges of which there are white teeth, and on the surface are light nipples. The inflorescence consists of flowers of red or orange color, 3 s long. growing in South Africa.
- A dichotomous tree is a tree-like plant with a branching crown and a thick stem. Leaves with small spikes on the edges, bluish-green linear-lancer. The flowers are yellow. It grows in South-West and South Africa.
- Strongly branched. It is a small (up to 2 m), strongly branching plant with yellow flowers. A distinctive feature of this species is that it is able to tolerate sufficiently low temperatures and can grow in the open air until late autumn. In hot weather, aloe strongly-branchy needs a little shading. Homeland plants - South Africa.
- Changeable in appearance resembles the previous plant, but smaller in size. It has two-color brushes.
- Cap shaped - herbaceous perennial with creeping stems (1 - 2 m). The leaves are bluish-gray or green, juicy, egg-shaped, with yellow or white cloves at their edges, and spines on the underside. The flowers are dark scarlet. Homeland - South Africa.
- Pretty. It is a herbaceous perennial plant with narrow dark green leaves, covered with warts or spots of white color, at the edges - small thorns. The flowers are bell-shaped. Homeland - Central Madagascar.
- Spinous - a bushy plant with numerous narrow leaves of gray-green color with white inclusions, on the top of the leaf - a long awn. The flowers are orange-red, tubular. Grows in the eastern regions of South Africa, Lesotho. Cultivated as a home plant, used as a remedy.
- Belotsvetkovoe. It is a bush plant that does not have a stem. Leaves linear-lanceolate, gray-green, with white specks, at the edges - light cloves. The flowers are tubular, white. Homeland - Madagascar.
- Aloe jackson - perennial shrub, with a small stem (0.25 m). The leaves are light green with small specks, covered with bloom. At the edges there are small teeth, at the end there is a thorn. The flowers are red, tubular. Grows in Somalia and Ethiopia.
- Aloe Desconigs. It is a herbaceous plant with a short stem. The leaves are elongated, triangular in shape with waxy tubercles and white spots. The flowers are orange, tubular. Homeland - Madagascar.
- Aloe, black pellucid. This is a perennial herbaceous, 0.5 m high, not having a stem. The leaves are dark green color deltoid. On the lower side of the sheet are spines. The flowers are red. Homeland - South Africa.
- Havoridovidnoe - A plant that does not have a stem with gray-green leaves and white papillae. Flowers are white or light pink. Homeland - Central Madagascar.
- Spread out. This is a herbaceous perennial with a creeping stem, giving long shoots (up to 2 - 3 m). The leaves are broad, egg-shaped, bluish-green in color, with yellow thorns on the edges. The flowers are dark scarlet. The homeland of this species is South-West Africa.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
The healing qualities of aloe were known long ago, when healers expelled various diseases with the help of medicinal plants. Although the properties of aloe and today are not fully understood, but the miraculous power of this flower is recognized even by official medicine.
The healing power of aloe is due to a large number of substances capable of activate recovery processes in humans:
- essential oils,
- beta carotene
- vitamins of group PP, E, C, A, B,
- molten matter, etc.
Aloe is excellent tonic and tonic remedy. This is due to the unique chemical composition of this plant. Regular intake of aloe juice helps to strengthen the body's natural defense against various infections and bacteria.
This is especially true during the exacerbation of colds caused by lack of vitamins, bad weather (spring, autumn). The healing properties of agave are used not only in the fight against infectious diseases of the respiratory tract.
Aloe is widely used in cosmetology and pharmacology. It can be taken orally or with juice to lubricate the wounds and make compresses.
Plant is great copes with skin diseases. This natural antiseptic showed its effectiveness in healing cuts, burns, acne, boils, purulent inflammations and ulcers. When eczema and dermatitis agave soothes the skin and helps get rid of inflammation.
Manufacturers of numerous balsams and skin creams use aloe due to the following properties:
- restoration, nutrition and skin softening,
- UV protection,
- narrowing of pores
You can not use the agave inside, if pregnant, as this can provoke a miscarriage.
Patients with gastric ulcer and gastritis are also not recommended to take medications that include aloe. This causes irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Since the agave contains substances that provoke an exacerbation of inflammatory processes in the kidneys and bladder, as well as can cause uterine bleeding, aloe-based preparations can not be used in diseases of the genitourinary system.
Despite the fact that the agave is a desert inhabitant, it has become widespread throughout the globe due to its unusual properties. This “home doctor” will always come to our aid and therefore there must be aloe in every home. The flower does not require any special care and special conditions, but you will find a first aid kit for all life events.
Aloe variegated (brindle)
It is represented by a bush up to 30 cm high and a short stem. The leaves are triangular in shape, arranged in a spiral of three rows, forming a neat rosette. It has a characteristic two-color spotted color.
Sometimes even at home in the middle of spring tubular inflorescences of orange or bright red color are formed. Flowering occurs only at 4-5 year of life. Aloe tiger unpretentious in the care, actively growing in all conditions. Suitable for beginner flower growers.
It is a tree shrub capable of reaching 4 meters in height. The leaves are large and green, a slight reddening of the thorns is permissible.
Flowering occurs only for 5-6 years of life, the inflorescences are painted in bright yellow or orange. At home it grows very slowly, almost not subject to diseases and pests. Able to do without water for a long time.
The flower was named after the researcher of the flora of Africa; in the homeland of aloe, this species can form whole impassable forests.
Beautiful aloe (premium)
Grassy stemless perennial found in Madagascar. The leaves are collected in a voluminous outlet with a diameter of up to 15 cm. There are small thorns on the leaf plate, the leaves are covered with white, knobby spots. Flowering is extremely rare. Inflorescences resemble bells, painted in coral color.
This is a herbaceous plant that flower growers have fallen in love with for unusual linear-lanceolate leaves with characteristic cloves. They do not exceed 15 cm in length, but in comfortable conditions they can become very wide (some cacti have a similar effect).
The leaves are painted in gray-green or green-blue color, as they grow, they form dense groups. Flowering occurs from 3-5 years old, flowers are small, bright red. In the wild, it is found only in South Africa.
The view is represented by a small bush with a height of up to 1 meter. A large number of gray-green white speckled leaves are collected in a characteristic rosette in the shape of a hemisphere, the diameter of which can reach 60 cm. On their surface there is a slight roughness. The plant comes into bloom with 3-4 years of age, the flowers are painted in a pale orange color.
The flower is often confused with Haworthia striped, but aloe has a characteristic spine at the end of the leaf.
In the wild form is found throughout Somalia and Ethiopia. The decorative variety is distinguished by a small height (up to 25 cm) and a smaller spreading. A short stem bush, where linear and very narrow pale green leaves are located, at the end of which there is one small thorn. They have a pronounced wax coating.
This is a kind of aloe vera. It is represented by a perennial shrub growing in South Africa. Leaves of light green color with strong serration form up to several sockets on one bush. The pulp of adult plants of this species is widely used in the composition of gels for the treatment of dermatological diseases, has a regenerating effect.
Aloe soapy (spotty)
The bush is short, does not exceed 70-90 cm in height. The stem is branching, on which there are several leaf rosettes. Dark green leaves with white specks can grow up to 60 cm in length, and up to 6 cm in width.
The sheet plate is thin, has a flat-curved shape, at the edges there are spikes. Used to treat skin diseases, especially for chronic diseases. Less commonly used as part of natural nasal drops.
The most common type of aloe, which is in almost every home. This species is popularly called Stoletnik - according to legend, flowering can be seen once in 100 years.
Externally represented by a bush that grows up to 3 meters in height (see photo). Branched stems, with age often become bare at the bottom. Leaves rosette, very dense. They have the form of a curved xiphoid shape, can reach lengths of up to 6 cm. There are powerful spikes on the edge of the sheet plate, some of them exceed 3 mm in length. At home, flowering is rare, inflorescences are racemes, red or yellow.
The pulp and juice of this type of aloe has a powerful regenerating and antiseptic effect, so it is often used as a part of drops, ointments, gels and other medicines.
Aloe Vera (Present)
This variety of aloe is used in folk and traditional medicine from the most distant times. It is used in cosmetics, as well as anti-inflammatory and antiseptic preparations for external and internal use. Растение выращивают на специальных плантациях, которые можно встретить в Китае, Америке и некоторых странах Восточной Азии.
Имеет мощные и мясистые листья, достигающие 100 см в длину и 15 см в ширину (см. a photo). The color of the leaf plate may be green or blue, depending on the variety. Blue aloe vera grows and matures faster, they do not differ in properties.
Aloe awesome (terrible)
Rare species of aloe. This is a massive plant that can reach 3 meters in length. The bush is straight and separate, on which is located a rosette with powerful and wide leaves.
Usually they are painted in a light green color, but slight reddening may appear (see photo). Its name aloe received this species because of pronounced thorns, which can germinate right in the center of the leaf blade.
In South Africa, this plant is grown to produce juice, which is used for the production of pharmaceutical and cosmetic products.
The composition of the juice and pulp of leaves contains a large amount of vitamins, essential oils, simple acids, as well as flavonoids and phytoncides. The chemical composition of aloe - a real storehouse of nutrients. Commonly used in traditional and traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases of the digestive, visual and respiratory systems, as well as skin. For medical purposes, use fresh and evaporated juice (sabur) of adult plants, since it is in them that the content of nutrients is as large as possible.
Despite its beneficial properties, aloe can cause great harm to the human body, for example, the juice of young leaves and some species causes severe poisoning, and can also cause problems with the kidneys and miscarriage during pregnancy.
Aloe - a very common plant, beloved growers for simplicity, decorative qualities of the leaves, as well as useful properties. When choosing a view, it is necessary to take into account the features of the leaf plate and the height of the bush.
The habitat of the herbaceous perennial and the zone of its greatest distribution are hot tropical and subtropical zones. Most species of aloe grows in Madagascar, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Due to their endurance and increased ability to acclimatize, the plants eventually migrated to all countries of the world. In the natural environment, they are prone to intensive growth and frequent flowering. Incredibly beautiful sight, when against the background of a prickly bush peculiar, motley flowers reveal. They are purple, orange or yellow color. Among the wild perennials can be found aloe in the form of lianas, trees and shrubs.
Aloe belongs to the asphodeal family. Scientists have more than 300 varieties of tropical succulent. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, flower growers have the opportunity to grow them in their apartments. There are many types of aloe that have been adapted for home use. All of them are hardy, and this is not surprising, given their original origins. Many plants can remain for a long time without watering and at the same time not lose their external advantages.
Perennials have common botanical features. They have long lanceolate leaves with a characteristic white bloom. They look fleshy, and inside they are filled with a somewhat viscous liquid. On the surface of the leaves there are thorns. However, in its own way, every kind of aloe is beautiful. With a photo and the names of some succulents you can find in the article.
The most popular ones are listed below:
- Motley A plant with tiger coloring and a shortened main shoot. Low (30 cm), has the form of a bush. The three-row socket is formed from spirally laying leaves. Because of the special color, the plant is called - tiger. Peculiar leaf plates in the form of elongated triangles are decorated with white specks. As soon as a young bush grows up, the leaves bend and resemble the open flower.
- Squat. Herbaceous perennial, forming its crown of long, thorny shoots with numerous spikes. The leaves themselves are linear-lanceolate, pointed upwards. This plant has won the hearts of many gardeners because of the jagged surface of leaf plates. Under favorable conditions, it throws the original with a soft structure of the peduncle with red flowers.
- Spinous. Extensive shrub (60 cm in diameter) with rough shoots. At the expense of white specks greenish leaves get a grayish shade. It differs from other types of aloe with its gorgeous ball-shaped rosette. In the fourth year of life, the plant produces orange flowers. The diameter of the bush reaches more than 0.5 m.
- Ezhevoe. Differs in long sharp prickles. The leaves have a rich dark green color. It is a small bush with brown spikes longer than 1 cm.
- Ottopyrennoe. It has light green leaves with a predominant yellow shade and white spots. Leaf plates are pronouncedly toothed, sharp. The plant has an interesting feature that distinguishes it from other species. The aloe flower, as it grows, forms rosettes in the form of original stars.
- Spiral. One of the rarest and most beautiful varieties. Triangular sharp leaves twist in a spiral, forming a rosette with clear forms. Decorative succulent can be found with a typical green and gray color. Leafy plates are fleshy; in the wild, they produce pink or yellow flowers.
Small indoor aloe species can be planted in one pot of several varieties. You can also create combinations in combination with other colors.
The most popular plant, whose name appears on the packaging with cosmetics. In folk medicine, it has been used for a long time. Currently, this component has taken a worthy place in the development of antiseptic and anti-inflammatory drugs. It is used for dermatitis, wounds and other skin problems. Mass cultivation of medicinal plants are engaged in the experts of the countries of the East, China and America.
This is a bush perennial with a short stem. Differs in numerous bright green shoots. Their spikes are located only at the edges and create a kind of protective edging. The leaves of this succulent stacked in the original outlet and the bush looks lush.
There are different types of aloe vera, basically they are distinguished by the color of the leaves. In a variety with blue shoots, development occurs much faster. With the arrival of early spring, the plant can please with its flowering. From the central part there is a long peduncle with a spike bud at the top. The petals of the flower itself resemble hollow tubules, their color is yellow or orange. This famous variety has another broader name - “real”.
Other medicinal varieties
The genus of succulents includes many therapeutic species of aloe. Plants are not deprived of interesting external features inherent in this family, and some of them are grown on window sills for aesthetic purposes. At the same time, all of them are capable of enriching the human body with useful substances. Having planted several varieties of perennials, you will create in your apartment an inexhaustible source of beneficial vitamins, antioxidants, essential oils and other elements.
There are the following healing types:
- Awesome. In our country, a variety of this succulent is extremely rare. This is a powerful shrub, reaching about 3 meters in height. The sheet plates are wide, painted green with slight reddish hues. Differs in the size and sharpness of thorns. The bush is upright, the stalk is thick, the socket forms upwards. In some countries it is grown for the production of cosmetics.
- Sooty. Grows in the form of a small dark green bush. The shoots are wide with pronounced edges. Thorns of brown color form a border along the edge of a sheet plate, the middle of which is decorated with white dashes. During the flowering period, a long arrow emerges from the base of the plant with bright red flowers, sometimes yellow.
- Socotrino. A rare variety of plants, pushed aside by more popular succulents. This variety is perceived by many florists as a terrible aloe. In adulthood, perennial has the shape of a tree. On the woody main shoot forms a crown of prickly leaf plates. In native places it is used for medical purposes. The habitat of its habitat is the island of Socotra.
Describe all existing varieties of tropical plants is not possible. Even those that are grown at home are too numerous. If you're a budding florist, meet perennials as your green corner expands. We provide the names of aloe species related to indoor plants:
Another list of succulents that will be interesting for novice florists is given below. It includes the following plant varieties: aloe albiflora, arenicola, hybrid black treasure, plate, Baker, burgersfortensis, Broome, congolepsis, aloe slender, cone-shaped, ciliated, Descoings, Diletta, distant, descoingsi and variegate.