Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Cultivation of climbing rose of Hendel and care for rose

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Climbing roses - a luxurious decoration of any suburban or garden plot. Delightful shrubs delight with a variety of shapes and shades of inflorescences, bloom luxuriantly throughout the season and are able to mask the small errors of landscape design. But quite often they refuse to grow such flowers, fearing that a capricious climbing rose will not take root well in a difficult Russian climate. In this sense, the rose "Hendel", climbing and completely cold-resistant - is a real find for summer residents. What is so remarkable about this variety of roses? How to grow such climbing roses for Moscow region or areas with similar climatic conditions?

History and description of the variety

"Hendel" - rose-cliber, bred in the mid 60s of the last century in Ireland. The name of the new variety was in honor of the famous classic - English and German composer GF Handel.

What does a handel rose look like? The description of this variety can be easily found in the catalogs: an adult plant is a shrub, which is a rather rigid long shoots, covered with dark green leaves and goblet-shaped semi-double flowers, growing in inflorescences or alone. This variety is known as the world's first climbing rose, the inflorescences of which have a two-tone color of petals: white-cream flowers with crimson or deep-pink edges. With proper care, rose "handel" (climbing) grows up to 3-3.5 m in height and is able to grow in width to 2 m.

This variety has a high frost resistance and shows an average level of immunity to various diseases of the flora. In addition, "Hendel" is a remontant-type rose, that is, it refers to plants that can continuously bloom several times a year. Thanks to all the above qualities, this variety is actively used in landscape design for decorating arbors, arches, fences, as well as for creating original garden decoration - a flowering column.

Breeding methods

Of course, the most reliable method to get a luxurious climbing rose to your site is to purchase a ready strong seedling in the store. But if for some reason you need to grow a rose from an adult plant, then in what ways is it best to propagate on your site shrub varieties "Hendel"? The rose of this variety can be successfully grown in two known ways: grafting or using cuttings. You can use other methods, for example, grafting to a ready-made shrub of a different kind, but they are more troublesome and not so reliable.

Sapling method of withdrawal of the escape of adult shrub is obtained in a fairly simple way:

  • Next to the selected strong bottom shoot of a rose, it will be necessary to prepare a well-well, pour in a mixture of humus and sand, and then place the shoot in the well so that the upper bud is above the soil surface.
  • Sprinkle the middle part of the shoot in the hole with soil. After this, the future seedling needs to ensure regular watering and timely removal of weeds.
  • In the spring overwintered seedlings should be carefully separated from the main bush and transplanted.

The most common method of breeding roses, including climbing roses, is cutting. Formation of a sapling from a cutting is carried out in several stages:

  • Cuttings should be cut from the middle part of the shoot, leaving at least 4-5 buds.
  • Should begin in mid-July. From an adult plant, you will need to make short sections so that the upper part is cut straight, above the plant's bud. The lower one is cut off under the kidney approximately at an angle of 45˚. It is necessary to do this with a sharp shears or other garden tools.

  • The upper sheets are carefully trimmed, the lower ones are completely removed.
  • Each stalk is planted in a pot filled with a mixture of soil and sand. From above you need to cover with a transparent cap (a small can) and place the future seedling in a lighted warm room.
  • After the first small leaves appear, the caps can be removed. Before planting in the open ground in the spring, the cuttings should be watered and, 1-2 times per month, should be fed with complex mineral fertilizers.

How to choose a suitable place on the site?

What conditions are required for a handel climbing scrub? The rose is a very thermophilic plant sensitive to the direct rays of the sun. On this basis, the place on the site where it is planned to plant a climbing rose must meet the following requirements:

  • It is impossible to plant a rose in a place where it will be under the scorching sun every day, as this will lead to leaf burns and “burning out” of the color of the petals. You will need to choose a place where the rose will be in the morning under the sun, and after dinner in shading, always protected from the cold north wind and frequent drafts.
  • Nearby there must be a free place where the shrub can be laid and covered for the winter.
  • It is necessary to think in advance about the support of the plant. For example, it is better to install a gazebo or trellis bases in advance. If a climbing rose is planned to be planted near the building, the shrub itself must be located at least 1 meter away from the nearest wall. This is to ensure that the rhizome of the rose is not flooded with rainwater.

Pre-soil preparation

Best of all climbing roses take root in loose fertile soil with low or neutral acidity. Therefore, before planting a plant, it is necessary to take care that the soil meets these conditions: mix with compost or sand for looseness, and if necessary reduce the level of acidity by adding the right amount of dolomite flour or ash. Next will require:

  • Prepare the wells for landing. The distance between two holes for landing in a row must be at least 1 meter.
  • To make a complex of mineral fertilizers or rotted manure.
  • Place drainage on bottom.

Landing

Before planting a rose in the country or in the garden, you need to determine what time is considered the most successful for transplanting into open soil. In the conditions of the southern regions, early autumn is considered a good time: before the frost, the plant has time to harden in the ground and start new roots. For garden plots located to the north, it is recommended to plant this variety of roses in spring, at the beginning or in the middle of May, when all the leaves on the trees bloom completely. You should wait until the temperature is stable and without sudden changes in temperature, and the soil warms up to at least 10 ° C.

It is necessary to carry out a preliminary preparation of a climbing rose sapling:

  • Trim the above-ground part of the shrub with a secateur (about 1/3 of the shoot).
  • Carefully remove all weak, damaged dry roots.
  • To disinfect the root system, lowering it for 15-20 minutes in a weak pink solution of manganese and boiled water.
  • It is important to prevent the roots from drying out before being placed in the ground. You can put the roots in wet sawdust or briefly hold in a solution of a clay talker (the clay needs to be washed off before planting).

Planting in open soil after preparation of the plant is carried out as follows:

  • The hole should be excavated more than the volume of the root system of the rosebush.
  • A small earthen mound is poured to the bottom of the hole, on top of which a seedling is installed so that the root neck is in the ground for at least 10-15 cm. The roots should be straightened down the mound.

  • Sapling need to sprinkle with soil, lightly rammed and pour with cold water. Settled ground must be replenished.
  • For the first few days, the seedling is better covered with garden wrap, opening it up for airing at first not more than 15 minutes a day, gradually increasing this time for hardening the plant.

Peculiarities of care

What conditions require a climbing rope "Hendel"? Planting and care are not too complicated:

  • Prevent flooding or drying of the soil, water 1-2 times a week, in accordance with the weather.
  • Fertilize fertilizer. Before the flowering of a climbing rose, while the shoots grow and gain strength, it will be necessary to fertilize at least 5-6 times. To do this, you can use rotted manure or a similar complex of mineral fertilizers. During the flowering period to feed the plant is not required.
  • Treat insecticide against pests, carry out prevention with a solution of copper sulfate 3% from diseases of the flora.
  • Timely pruning: not only in the fall and spring, but if necessary, remove infected or dried branches.
  • During the year after planting the seedling fertilizer is not needed. But the adult plant nutrients from the soil may not be enough. How to fertilize roses? In the spring, finally removing the winter shelter, you need to lay out well-rotted cow or horse manure around the bushes. Before the onset of autumn, the roses will need to gain strength for wintering, so you should feed them with potash fertilizers.

How to form a shrub

The method of tying largely depends on which support is grown on the site rose "Hendel". Reviews of gardeners and recommendations of landscape designers allow us to highlight the following simple rules for shoots:

  • It is quite simple to give a climbing rose the desired shape if you start to form a shrub from the very beginning, while the grown shoots are still quite flexible.
  • The shoots of roses are best tied up in a horizontal direction - this will allow the inflorescences to grow evenly along the entire length of the shrub. To decorate a wall or a hedge, branches are best tied up in a fan-shaped order; for a vertical, free-standing support, shoots can be twisted into a spiral.
  • For fixing, you should choose a non-injuring material, for example, synthetic twine. Metal clips or wires can damage the branches of a shrub.
  • The most spectacularly tender inflorescences of the "Hendel" variety look on the support of white or any light shades.

Pruning should be done regularly and in a timely manner, using well-sharpened garden tools. Periodic pruning throughout the garden season is carried out if you need to remove the damaged, diseased or dried part of the rose bush. It is necessary to cut off all withered shoots of a plant in order to allow new branches to form and protect the climbing rose from diseases. All cuts are made diagonally, at an angle of about 45˚. The entire trimming procedure should be carried out only in dry weather with clean and dry instruments.

In the fall pruning is necessary before preserving the plant for the winter. Would need:

  • Shorten all the branches of the plant by about 1/3.
  • Remove all damaged, old, dry shoots.
  • Cut undisturbed shoots.

In the spring, after the final removal of covering layers, it is also necessary to make pruning: remove the blackened, frostbite, dry and broken branches.

Important! After trimming, the tools should always be washed in a manganese solution or hydrogen peroxide and dried thoroughly.

Preparing a climbing rose for wintering

Despite the fact that the grade "Hendel" is declared as cold-resistant, this climbing rose is also required to be sheltered for wintering. It is necessary to do this in dry weather in the absence of a strong wind:

  • Conduct a preliminary pruning, it is also desirable to cut off all the leaves. All cut material removed.
  • Spud the ground, mulch with peat. The surface of the ground on which the rose will hibernate is laid out with a “litter” - with dry leaves or spruce leaves.
  • Carefully remove the branches from the support and lay on the "litter".
  • Tie all twining branches with a string.
  • Cover with sawdust or spruce.
  • Carefully wrap with garden tape or other covering material. Between the ground and covering layers, be sure to leave an air gap. For example, decompose the film on the garden arc.

How to open roses after winter

It will be useful to remind you that safely covering a climbing rose for a successful wintering is only half the story. An important condition in which "Hendel" will delight for many years with strong shrubs and lush flowering is to correctly open overwintered roses in spring. How and when to do it?

  • It is not recommended to keep a rose until late spring: without the sun and airing, the branches and roots will begin to rot.
  • Shelter should be removed depending on the specific weather conditions. It is best to open the roses gradually, removing first the upper layers (branches, branches) in the beginning and middle of March. The top layer of covering material can be removed when a stable air temperature is not lower than 10 ° C. At the same time, you can begin to air the roses, lifting the lower cover for 10-15 minutes a day.
  • Depending on the weather, you can finally remove the shelter in the middle - end of May. This should be done on an overcast but not rainy day. Roses should be opened when the night temperature is consistently above -2 ˚C.
  • After the final disclosure should be pruned and fertilized with organic fertilizers. Before fertilizing roses in spring, the rhizome should be saturated with oxygen. To do this, you need to carefully dig the ground with a pitchfork near the rose bush.

As is clear from the foregoing, the cultivation of a climbing rose, even if adapted to a cold climate, will require special care. The reward for the trouble will be a real masterpiece of landscape floristry - a delightful plant, flourishing magnificently all season.

Description of the species

Climbing rose Handel, named after the composer GF Handel, is attractive not only because of its cold-resistant qualities, but also primarily because of the spectacular two-color color of the buds. Bred in Ireland in the mid-1960s, this species became the first climbing rose with a similar color. First, the flower buds are creamy white with pink edges, having fully blossomed, the flowers change color depending on the weather:

  • in a hot climate, they become brighter, the edges become crimson, become wider, turning into a lighter shade,
  • in cold climates, the flowers remain more pale.

Buds bloom not at the same time, but alternately, so that on one bush there are closed, half-opened and bright fully opened buds, which makes such a rose bush even more spectacular.

The buds themselves have a goblet shape, rather large (diameter, 8–10 cm), petals with slightly wavy edges, 20–25 each, on a single bud, double. The buds are single or make up inflorescences of 3-7 pieces. The leaves are dark green, the shoots are long and strong. The width of the bush up to 200 cm, height up to 350−400 cm

Another advantage of culture is the ability to bloom several times a year. However, re-flowering is usually less intense, while the first is very lush.

Rose Hendel is best planted in open ground in spring in early to mid-May, when the soil warms up to +10 ° C. Seedlings taken from the greenhouse is better to plant later, waiting for all the leaves to bloom.

By choosing a place for a plant, pay attention to its light and closeness from drafts. For roses, the best place is suitable for which the open rays of the sun fall in the morning, and after lunch there is shading. If the open rays fall on the rose all day, the petals can get sunburn, the buds will fade and fall off faster, and the plant will grow weaker and more susceptible pests and diseases.

Despite the fact that the species belongs to cold-resistant, for its landing it is better to choose a site that is closed from the north winds.

If the rose is planted next to the building, then a gap of 1 m should be left between them so that the wastewater does not flood the root system of the plant.

Handel rose grows best on loose fertile loamy soil with neutral or weak acidity. If the area is sandy soil in it should be added a little clay soil and vice versa. In a loose soil you need to add a little lime, compost or sand. To reduce the acidity, you can make ash or dolomite flour. Suitable as fertilizers:

  • phosphate fertilizers,
  • humus,
  • humus,
  • soil bacteria.

For planting, it is necessary to prepare a hole sufficient for the root system, but not deeper than 65 cm. If several bushes are planted at once, then a distance of at least 100 cm should be left between them. This is necessary for the normal development of the root system.

Before planting, the seedling is prepared by cutting the above-ground part, leaving no more than 3-4 shoots. The root system is inspected, all weak and damaged shoots are removed, and then treated with a weak solution of manganese.

The prepared seedling follows set in the hole so that the root shoots are located freely. All voids between them must be carefully filled with primer. The root neck should be recessed into the ground by 10 cm. When the roots are covered, the soil should be slightly compacted, and the soil should be filled up. After this, the radical circle should be poured with cold water.

На первое время саженец можно накрыть садовой пленкой, не забывая открывать его для проветривания.

Уход за розой хендель

Роза нуждается в регулярном поливе, частота которого будет зависеть от погодных условий, обычно это 1−2 раза в неделю. Нужно следить, чтобы почва не пересыхала и не была чрезмерно залита.

After planting before the start of flowering, the plant should be fed 5-6 times with mineral fertilizers or manure, but for the time being the plant will bloom to make fertilizer not needed. In autumn, the rose can be prepared for winter by feeding on potash fertilizers.

For the prevention of diseases Hender flora is treated with 3% copper sulfate solution, and from insect pests - insecticides.

The main pruning of a climbing rose should be done in autumn, before shelter for the winter. Shoots should be shortened by about one-third. In addition, it is necessary to cut off all non-mature, dry and damaged shoots.

In the spring, when the shelter is lifted, the rose must be examined and cut off all the broken and frozen out shoots. Also throughout the summer season, the bush should be regularly reviewed and, if necessary, removed dry, infected and damaged shoots.

Preparing for the winter

Before the onset of cold weather, the Hendel rose must be prepared:

  • remove supports
  • pruning
  • loosening and mulching with peat bottom circle,
  • around the plant to prepare the flooring of sawdust or dry leaves,
  • Neatly tie the shoots with a string and put it on the bed,
  • cover the plant with spruce branches, sawdust or dry leaves.

If frosty winter is expected, covering material can be laid over the spruce branches, leaving an air gap. For example, the material can be decomposed into garden arches.

Rose Hendel - one of the most colorful climbing roses. It does not differ in rapid growth, but it pleases with the constant appearance of new shoots, which is why it is rapidly growing in width. Such growth allows you to create a very beautiful composition or decorate the walls of the gazebo. A rather unpretentious "character" allows you to grow a crop on your site, not only experienced gardeners, but also beginners.

Rose care handel handel

Care for a climbing rose Hendel is primarily in compliance with the rules of planting and replanting plants. Breeding and care of this variety is simple. To grow beautiful flowers you need to remember the main rules:

  1. Water several times a week and remember that you can not allow the Gulf of soil.
  2. To feed flowers in time with fertilizers, an excellent option for this is the use of manure, humus or other types of mineral fertilizers.
  3. To carry out preventive measures aimed at combating insects harmful to roses.
  4. After the plant is planted, it is not necessary to feed it during the first year, however, nutrients are absolutely necessary for adult shoots.
  5. After the winter period, with the onset of spring, shrubs should be lined with a small layer of cow or horse manure.
  6. In the fall, the plants are fed with mineral fertilizers in order for the shoots to gain strength before the onset of cold weather and wintered well.

For the proper formation of shrub roses tie up. To do this, you do not need to have special information, but only know the following points:

  1. It is better to tie young shoots, because during this period they are more flexible and elastic. Therefore, to give the desired shape will be quite easy.
  2. Shoots better tie up in a horizontal direction, it will allow flowers to grow evenly throughout the allotted area. If this process is necessary for design, then there are many variants of garter, it all depends on imagination and desire. This can be done in a vertical, horizontal or even fan direction.
  3. It is better to use synthetic twine as a plant restraint, and wire or other metal fasteners can damage flowers.
  4. The inflorescences of the Hendel variety, in which a light or delicate shade predominates, perfectly harmonize with the support painted in a light color.

In addition, it is necessary to carry out timely pruning. This procedure is needed to remove diseased or dried parts of the flower that have a negative effect on the continued existence of the plant. However, this should be done or when it pleases, but only in dry and warm weather. Garden tools must also be prepared, washed and dried.

With all the rules and regulations for care, the owner of the infield receives a special award in the form of a masterpiece of flowers in his plot. And this, in turn, not only looks beautiful, but also gives elegance and comfort on the territory.

Climbing rose, breeding and care:

Variety description

Rosa Hendel is a shrub with stiff, thorny shoots reaching 3.5-4 meters in length, with dark green, glossy leaves. The width of the shrub can grow to 2 meters. He certainly needs support.

On the long shoots in the inflorescences reveal 3-9 flowers. Flowers have a goblet shape with a high center. Terry flower, with a diameter of about 8-10 cm, with petals, painted white with bright pink edges. Petals are wavy along the edges, which gives additional charm to this variety. The aroma of rose Hendel pleasant, but mild.

The color of the petals of this rose depends on the climatic conditions - in the cold it becomes faded, burnt out, and in the heat it becomes brighter in color, with a predominance of pink. In a humid climate with frequent rains, the color becomes brown.

Rose Hendel blooms 2 times per season, from July to October, and the re-flowering is not as abundant as the first. On the bush at the same time you can observe flowers in different stages - buds, half opened and fully opened, it is clearly seen in the photo.

Selection of landing site and conditions of detention

Rose Hendel is a heat-loving plant, she needs diffused sunlight, partial shade, especially in the afternoon. In the bright sun, delicate petals and leaves can get burned, and a beautiful color will take on a solid color, and the flower itself will quickly fade.

You also need to choose a landing site, protected from cold, strong winds and drafts. Stagnation of air should also not be. It is better to plant this rose next to the building or with a hedge on the south side, departing 1 meter from the wall of the building.

Swampy places with high groundwater levels are not suitable for planting roses. In such damp places, the roots may rot, and the bush will be more vulnerable to diseases.

It is necessary to provide a place near the bush, where it will be possible to lay its branches for the winter, especially in regions with frosty winters.

It is also necessary to provide a place for installation of a support, an arbor or a trellis, and even better to build a suitable support in advance.

It is better to plant a rose from Hendel away from large trees and other rose bushes, since its resistance to diseases is weak.

The soil for roses of this variety is best suited friable and fertile, for example, loamy, with neutral or weak acidity.

Preparing for landing

The time of planting roses Hendel also depends on climatic conditions. In the southern regions, it is preferable to plant a rose in the fall, in October, so that it will grow stronger by spring. In the northern regions with frosty winters, the rose is planted in spring, in mid-May, when the soil warms up to +10 degrees so that it can get stronger by the winter.

The soil at the selected landing site must be dug up with the addition of compost and sand. If you need to reduce the acidity of the soil, you can add dolomite flour or ash. If the site is dominated by clay soils, then you need to add sand to them, if sandy - to mix clay.

Sapling prepared as follows:

  1. Secateurs pruned 1/3 shoots.
  2. Remove all weak, dried and damaged roots.
  3. For 15-20 minutes, put the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate in boiled water.
  4. Before planting it is impossible to allow the roots to dry out. You can wrap them with a clean, damp cloth.

Instructions for landing

  1. Prepare the landing hole size 50 * 50 * 50, at a distance of 1 meter from each other.
  2. At the bottom of the holes lay a layer of drainage material - broken brick or expanded clay.
  3. Mix the excavated land with rotted manure or a complex of mineral fertilizers.
  4. Lay the fertilized soil on the drainage layer.
  5. From above lay out the usual garden soil with a small hillock.
  6. Place the prepared seedling in the center of the hole so that the radical neck is 10-15 cm below ground level.
  7. Carefully straighten the roots of the seedling and cover it with soil. Pour water at room temperature, if the soil settles - pour.
  8. The first days after planting the seedling should be covered with a garden film and gradually, for 15 minutes a day, slightly open it. So the young bush will take root easier and get used to the environment faster.

Support structure and mounting

A climbing rose needs proper support and a good attachment to it:

  1. We must begin work on giving the bush the desired shape while the shoots are still young and quite flexible.
  2. It is recommended to tie the shoot in a horizontal direction, then the inflorescences will grow evenly along the entire length of the shoot.
  3. For decorating the walls, branches are usually tied up in the form of a fan, and for a column or a high single support, they are twisted in a spiral.
  4. For the garter choose synthetic twine, it does not injure the shoots, in contrast to the metal clips and wire.
  5. The most spectacular looks are the beautiful flowers of the rose of Hendel on columns of white or any light color.

For rapid growth and lush flowering climbing rose must be properly cut. For this procedure, you need well-sharpened garden shears. Cuts are made at an angle of 45 degrees with a clean and dry instrument, in dry weather.

  • In the spring pruning is done in order to remove frozen and broken branches after wintering. In the first year of bush life, it is recommended to remove all the inflorescences that have appeared, so that the plant gains strength and in the second year it blooms long and abundantly.
  • In the summer, cut as needed during the flowering period to remove the flowering inflorescences and broken branches.
  • Autumn cut the rose after flowering to prepare for winter. Shorten all shoots by 1/3 of the length. Remove all old, dry and undemaged shoots.

After cutting, all tools must be treated with a solution of manganese or hydrogen peroxide and dried well.

Breeding

Gendel rose is usually propagated by cutting and cutting.

To obtain a new plant with the help of a shoot escape, the following steps should be taken in the fall:

  1. Next to the selected lower, long and strong shoot, a small hole is made, in which sand and humus are sprinkled.
  2. The shoot is bent down and placed in the hole so that the upper kidney is above the ground.
  3. The middle part of the shoot in the hole is covered with earth, watered regularly and weeded away from weeds.
  4. By spring, overwintered otvodok rooted, and it can be carefully separated and planted in a new place.

The reproduction of rose cuttings is the most common method, it is usually produced in July:

  1. Cut the cuttings from the middle part of the shoot, leaving 4-5 buds on them.
  2. The upper cut is done horizontally above the kidney, and the lower one - at an angle of 45 degrees under the kidney, with a sharp knife or shears.
  3. The upper leaves are cut in half, and the lower leaves are removed.
  4. Each stalk is planted in a small pot with a mixture of soil and sand, watered, covered with a jar on top and cleaned in a warm, bright room.
  5. As soon as young leaves appear, the stalk is ready for transplanting into open ground.

Fight against diseases and pests

Unfortunately, this beautiful rose is poorly resistant to such diseases as powdery mildew and black spot. You should not wait until these diseases overpower the plant, you should regularly make preventive spraying in early spring and late autumn before sheltering for the winter.

To preventive measures include spraying solutions of copper or iron sulphate, Bordeaux liquid.

If the infection has already happened, then chemicals such as Scor, Ridomil Gold, Abiga-pik, Bayleton will help. These drugs act quickly.

There are a number of environmentally friendly, biological tools, but of slower action - “Mikosan”, “Fitosporin”, “PhytoDoctor”, “Albit”.

Shelter for the winter

In the northern regions with harsh winters, the Hendel rose must be sheltered. These actions are made closer to winter, with dry, windless weather:

  1. Cut the shoots to 1/3 of the length, remove broken branches.
  2. Spud the bush and mulch with peat bottom circle.
  3. Lay the litter of dry leaves and spruce branches to the place where the wintering branches will be laid.
  4. Remove the branches from the support, tie them up with a string and put them on the litter.
  5. Cover it with spruce or sawdust.
  6. Build a frame of boards or metal brackets over the folded branches and cover it with a special covering film.

After the plant has wintered, it must be properly opened in the spring:

  1. At the beginning of March it is necessary to remove the lapnik, then, when the temperature is about 10 degrees, you can remove the covering material.
  2. Next, it is necessary for 15 minutes a day to open the lower layer of shelter, so that the bushes gradually get used to the sun.
  3. Shelter is finally removed at the end of May on an overcast but not rainy day.
  4. Then, prune the bush, loosen the soil, and apply organic fertilizer.

The advantages and disadvantages of the variety

After analyzing the reviews of gardeners and landscape designers, we can draw the following conclusions about the undoubted merits of Hendel's climbing rose:

  1. Very beautiful color of flowers.
  2. Long and abundant flowering.
  3. Excellent decorative look of the shrub, wide possibilities of application in landscape design.
  4. Frost resistance The ability to tolerate frost -25 degrees.
  5. Unpretentious care.

It should be noted also the shortcomings of the variety:

  1. Low resistance to gray mold and black spot.
  2. Not a pronounced flavor.
  3. The need for shelter for the winter in harsh climatic conditions.

Climbing rose handel: description of the species, features of planting and care

Roses remain one of the most favorite flower crops of gardeners. The variety of their species and varieties contains great potential for creating landscape designs of different styles. Bush, climbing, climbing - roses are presented in several forms, each of which has its own advantages.

The most magnificent, capable of hiding design errors are climbing roses. With the help of them you can create an excellent composition using arches or columns on which the rose will be fixed. Many of these species are quite capricious and do not tolerate cold, but there are exceptions, one of which is a rather cold-resistant rose handel.

  • Description of the species
  • Landing
  • Hendel Rose Care
    • Pruning
    • Preparing for the winter

Climbing rose Handel, named after the composer GF Handel, is attractive not only because of its cold-resistant qualities, but also primarily because of the spectacular two-color color of the buds.

Bred in Ireland in the mid-1960s, this species became the first climbing rose with a similar color.

First, the flower buds are creamy white with pink edges, having fully blossomed, the flowers change color depending on the weather:

  • in a hot climate, they become brighter, the edges become crimson, become wider, turning into a lighter shade,
  • in cold climates, the flowers remain more pale.

Buds bloom not at the same time, but alternately, so that on one bush there are closed, half-opened and bright fully opened buds, which makes such a rose bush even more spectacular.

The buds themselves have a goblet shape, rather large (diameter, 8–10 cm), petals with slightly wavy edges, 20–25 each, on a single bud, double. The buds are single or make up inflorescences of 3-7 pieces. The leaves are dark green, the shoots are long and strong. The width of the bush up to 200 cm, height up to 350−400 cm

Another advantage of culture is the ability to bloom several times a year. However, re-flowering is usually less intense, while the first is very lush.

Rose Hendel is best planted in open ground in spring in early to mid-May, when the soil warms up to +10 ° C. Seedlings taken from the greenhouse is better to plant later, waiting for all the leaves to bloom.

Choosing a place for a plant, It is worth paying attention to its illumination and closeness from drafts.

For roses, the best place is suitable for which the open rays of the sun fall in the morning, and after lunch there is shading.

If the open rays fall on the rose all day, the petals can get sunburn, the buds will fade and fall off faster, and the plant will grow weaker and more susceptible pests and diseases.

Despite the fact that the species belongs to cold-resistant, for its landing it is better to choose a site that is closed from the north winds.

If the rose is planted next to the building, then a gap of 1 m should be left between them so that the wastewater does not flood the root system of the plant.

Handel rose grows best on loose fertile loamy soil with neutral or weak acidity.

If the area is sandy soil in it should be added a little clay soil and vice versa. In a loose soil you need to add a little lime, compost or sand.

To reduce the acidity, you can make ash or dolomite flour. Suitable as fertilizers:

  • phosphate fertilizers,
  • humus,
  • humus,
  • soil bacteria.

Для посадки нужно приготовить ямку достаточную для корневой системы, но не глубже 65 см. Если высаживаются сразу несколько кустов, то между ними нужно оставить расстояние не менее 100 см. Это необходимо для нормального развития корневой системы.

Перед посадкой саженец готовят, обрезая надземную часть, оставляя не более 3−4 побегов. Корневую систему осматривают, удаляют все слабые и поврежденные побеги, после чего обрабатывают слабым раствором марганца.

Подготовленный саженец следует set in the hole so that the root shoots are located freely. All voids between them must be carefully filled with primer. The root neck should be recessed into the ground by 10 cm. When the roots are covered, the soil should be slightly compacted, and the soil should be filled up. After this, the radical circle should be poured with cold water.

For the first time, the seedling can be covered with garden wrap, not forgetting to open it for ventilation.

Features of planting and care

In order for the climbing rose Handel to fully develop, she needs to provide good conditions. To do this, you must adhere to the following recommendations:

  • It is very important to choose the right landing site. The plant does not like to be under the scorching sun for too long. Because of them, the bush can even get burns, and such a plant will become weakened and will not be able to withstand a variety of diseases. Therefore, it is necessary that in the first half of the day the plant should be bathed in the sun, and in the second it needs to create a shadow.
  • Handel rose climber and a place where there is a draft does not fit. Although this variety is resistant to cold, but still a permanent stay in the wind can negatively affect the general condition of the flower.
  • The plant should be planted around mid-May. It all depends on the climatic conditions. It is important that the ground warms up to + 10º. If a flower grows in a greenhouse, it is not necessary to hurry with its transplantation into open ground. You should wait until the leaves bloom on the seedling. Then the rose Handel will not freeze for sure.

  • This type of loam soil is well suited. The main thing that she missed the air and moisture, and also was fertile.
  • The depth of the pit when planting should be about 65 cm. Between rose bushes Hendel climbing should observe a distance of at least 1 m. This will allow the root system to fully develop. Mineral fertilizers should be poured at the bottom of the pit, and the soil should be well compacted so that there are no voids left.

It will be useful and mulch the surface of the earth. This will retain moisture and will not allow it to evaporate quickly. Regular watering, feeding and weeding are important in the process of caring for Handel rose.

Important! In the first year, the shrub may not give color, and if buds appear on it, it is better to cut them off. The main thing is that the flower had the strength for full development and rooting.

Although this variety is frost resistant, it still needs good shelter for the winter. In no case should the plant be left open near the support. In the autumn, the bush is removed from it, cut off dry and damaged branches, and then they twine the plant with string and lay it on the ground, covering it with leaves, boards, or some other material.

Shelter roses for the winter

Climbing Roses: Southern Beauties in Your Garden

Choosing roses for planting in the country, pay attention to climbing roses. They are one of the most popular for vertical gardening, indispensable for landscape design, perfectly combined with a variety of architectural forms.

For the most part, climbing roses are grown in regions with a warm and mild climate, in other cases, special warming is required for the winter period. All climbing roses are divided into several types, as well as many varieties. It is about them, as well as about planting, care, cultivation, pruning and reproduction of roses, and we'll talk today.

Climbing Rose Varieties

A huge variety of beautiful flowers is represented in our country by the following varieties:

  • Climbing Rose Pierre de Ronsard, Climbing Rose Flamentants,
  • rose climbing Santana, rose climbing Hendel,
  • Climbing Rose Lagoon, Climbing Rose Cordes,
  • rose climbing Polka and rose climbing Sympathy,
  • Climbing Rose Rosarium Yutersen, as well as varieties Claiming Peace, Aloha, Golden Perfume and Elf.

Climbing Roses

This section of our article will tell you about International classification of climbing roses:

  • First group. These are real, or curly roses with fairly flexible and arcuate shoots. Depending on the variety, their length can reach from 1.5 to 5 m. The shoots are green, very bright, spikes are crooked and thin, flowers of various colors, double and semi-double, fairly small. The plants of the first group bloom profusely, their flowers are collected in inflorescences. Flowering lasts about 30 days and occurs in the first half of summer. Leaves are leathery and shiny, very small. The varieties of this group are winter-hardy, or they can overwinter under light cover.
  • Second group. It was formed after a series of crosses with remontant roses, tea and hybrid tea roses. As a result, extremely interesting and now popular varieties with long shoots up to 4 m and their strong growth were obtained. These are large-flowered climbing roses, also called climbs. Their flowers are collected in a small size loose inflorescences that look like hybrid tea varieties. They are characterized by repeated flowering (many varieties), high winter hardiness and resistance to some plant diseases.
  • Third group. It arose as a result of mutations of spray roses with large blooms. The varieties of this group are characterized by strong growth and come to the fruiting period a little later. Also, these plants are distinguished by large flowers and bright colors. Varieties of the third group are called climbs.

Growing climbing roses

Now, we would like to talk a little bit about growing climbing roses on our own sites so that each of our readers could get all the necessary information before buying climbing roses and starting their breeding.

Also read: Create a dream bed: the most unpretentious flowering plants

Location of climbing roses

Climbing roses are recommended to be planted in well ventilated and sunny places. These plants are very fond of light, so it is better to place them on the high areas of the southern exposure. Constant good lighting will provide an opportunity to quickly grow growth, which will bloom next year.

Planting climbing roses

For climbing roses it is not at all necessary to choose large areas, a strip of land of 50 cm is enough. The planting pattern is also 50 x 50 cm. Before planting, the holes must be prepared, put half a bucket of manure in them and watered well.

After planting, the aerial part is cut to a level of 15–20 cm, this is necessary for strong growth and good flowering in the future. If climbing roses are a decorative decoration of an object, then they should be planted at a distance of at least half a meter from it.

Read more about transplanting climbing roses on our portal.

Climbing Roses Care

Already in the second year after planting climbing roses, plants no longer need constant and time-consuming care. Enough timely trimming of bushes, watering and fertilizing. Bushes are pruned to form and thin the inside, roses are watered once every 7–10 days, but with top dressing it is a bit more difficult.

Togo manure, which was introduced into the soil during planting, is sufficient for the first 2 years of growth, but then it is also necessary to feed the roses with organic matter and mineral fertilizers. Choose a floral mixture and complex fertilizers - peat-nitrogenous.

Remember also the fact that during the growing season, climbing roses need 4–5 dressings.

Climbing Climbing Roses

Pruning this plant is necessary in order to form a crown, enhance flowering and start it all over the bush, as well as to maximize the decorativeness of the plant that adorns one or another object. When pruning, particular attention is paid to vegetative shoots, since the main flowering of the bush occurs on last year's stems.

Proper care ensures the growth of young shoots up to 3.5 m per season. During the winter period it is desirable to cover them in order not to lose the bush due to frost. In the spring, only dead, frozen parts should be cut.

Strong shoots spread out on the ground so that you can correctly evaluate the shoots of replacement. After they grow to 70 cm in length, the shoots of replacement should be tied to the supports.

Further pruning occurs depending on which group the plant belongs to, which blooms once or twice. These groups are different, and therefore pruning roses will be of a different nature.

In the first group of roses bloom once, and on the shoots of last year. Each old shoot is replaced by a whole set of new ones — replacement shoots, which take on the “burden” of flowering for the next year. For this reason, pruning should occur so that after the formation of a bush, there are only 3–5 one-year shoots left in it, and the same number of two-year-olds.

Also read: Alyssum: A fragrant flower for the garden

If the variety of your roses belongs to a group of plants that bloom twice a season, then flowering shoots can form on the branches of a bush for three years, and it will only weaken in the fifth year. Therefore, there are differences in pruning.

The main shoots are cleaned in the fourth year. If at the base of the bush there is a large offspring of new shoots, then pruning can be carried out in the same way as in the roses of the first group. It is enough to leave 2–3 annual shoots and 5–7 main blossoms in the bush.

Important: pruning is necessary for the formation of a bush. It is necessary to remove not only unpleasant stalks and branches, but also young shoots that thicken the bush and interfere with its normal development. At the same time, a lot of new shoots can be completely removed, but last year’s shoots, which should give flowering in the current season, are cut very carefully, only the edges with underdeveloped buds are removed.

You should also pay attention (especially beginners) to the fact that the climbing roses of different groups of flower buds can be formed at different heights of the axial shoot.

This feature allows us to once again divide the plants into the following three groups:

  • Each overwintering bud of last year’s sprout of the first group of plants becomes flowering (except for 5–10 lower buds). Therefore, these varieties can be pruned as it is convenient for you to form a flowering plant around the greened object.,
  • For the second group, high or medium pruning is used, since flower buds form only in these parts of the stem. The buds, which are lower, are almost always completely vegetative.
  • The third group of plants needs high pruning, because its flowering buds are located only in the upper part of the shoots, while the rest are vegetative.

Adult bushes are cut a little differently: they have as many lashes removed as they overwinter new ones, from the very base of the bush.

Large-flowered climbing roses are pruned depending on the proportions of the bush. Longer varieties remain in tall varieties, shorter ones in short-growing ones.

It is necessary for the bush to bloom, and not become a plant, in which many flowering shoots become vegetative. Sometimes these varieties need to be made to bloom.

For this useful support for climbing roses and the correct garter - obliquely or horizontally.

If you cut the rose bushes correctly, then you can provide almost continuous flowering of roses on the territory of your site. Do not forget about the garter, which determines the formation of flowering shoots.

Preparing climbing roses for winter

Climbing roses are winter-hardy plants, but many varieties require shelter. And therefore it is important to know how to arrange it correctly in the spring in order to get beautiful climbing roses in the spring, and not dead plants. One of the main ones is the fact of preservation of the air gap under the shelter; otherwise, closer to spring, roses will die not from frost, but from soaking or drying out.

Also read: How to grow daisies on the plot

Toward the end of August, bushes begin to prepare for winter. During this period, loosening of the soil, irrigation and the introduction of nitrogen, which is replaced by potash fertilizers, cease.

The shelter of climbing roses for the winter occurs only at the moment when steady frosts are observed, around –5 ° C. You should not do this before, since the plant can germinate and dry out.

A small frost, on the contrary, will strengthen and harden the bush before winter.

To prepare roses for winter is necessary in dry weather. Plants are removed from the supports, clean the shoots from the leaves and cut off those that were damaged. Next, the whips are tied with a rope and pressed to the ground with hooks of wood or metal. Under them you need to put some dry leaves or spruce branches, with which climbing roses will hide from above.

Use on site

Now that we know how to care for climbing roses, cut and propagate them in order for the most beautiful plants to grow on our site, we need to consider using them in the villa's territory.

In fact, it is quite wide, because these plants can be used to create magnificent garlands and pyramids, decorate arches and arbours of your site with climbing roses, fabulously plant altars, fences, pergolas and columns, as well as diversify the walls of residential buildings and other buildings. But there are more original ways of using climbing roses in the garden.

It is possible to plant rose bushes near trees or matured shrubs. After some time, nature will take its toll, and climbing roses will begin to use them as supports.

But in this case, be careful and extremely careful in the care and pruning, as an adult tree can easily withstand a rose and even change in its presence, but the shrub may die.

In view of this, the use of other plants as a support for our roses should be very deliberate.

The nuances of growing and caring for climbing roses

A hedge always arouses genuine interest in others, and if it is a woven rose, it turns into admiration. Almost all their varieties begin to bloom in the second half of summer.

Weaving roses have long stems, large flowers, collected in inflorescences, with the help of them you can decorate various arches, fences or arrange the facades of buildings. It is possible to provide your garden with new climbing roses in advance by selecting their variety and ensuring the necessary fit and care.

Any type of such flowers can decorate any support, old trees or walls. These roses are universal, as they can be used as a climbing plant and grow in the form of bush flowers. In any case, they need to think about support.

Lavinia (Lawinia)

This variety has earned popularity due to its decoration, and we are talking not only about flowers, but about the bush as a whole.

This rose has a pleasant aroma, not whimsical in the care, during the flowering period, it becomes covered with numerous flowers. They are large, terry cupped.

Color bright pink, which does not fade under the action of the sun. During the flowering period, a silvery bloom may appear on the flowers, which adds to the bush refinement.

Climbing Rose Lavinia

Lavinia was bred in 1980. The flowers of this rose reach 9 cm in diameter, the bush itself grows up to 3 meters in height, and in width it can grow up to 1.5 meters. Flowers are collected in a brush in an amount of from 3 to 7 pieces. The leaves of the plant are dense, semi-glossy dark green.

Flower growers note the stability of this variety of rain.

Swan Lake (Swan Lake)

The name of the rose in translation means “Swan Lake”, it was bred as a result of the crossing of the white rose “Memoriam” and the red one “Gruss an Heidelberg”. Such a shrub is valued for its appearance, they can decorate arbors, arches, walls or columns, it is also used as a ground-cover plant. Flowering occurs twice per season.

Flowers Swan Lake white, they are quite large and have a diameter of 12 cm inside the folded bud cast a pink tinge. They are abundantly located throughout the bush, which can reach up to 3 meters in height. It is known that white varieties are afraid of rain, and this one shows high resistance to them.

This variety is worth planting next to red roses, you can get aesthetic pleasure from the combination.

Rambler

This rose has climbing stems, it is densely covered with slightly fragrant large flowers. The variety blooms only once per season, but is abundant for 1.5 months. Inflorescences have a cherry color.

An adult bush can be up to 6 meters long. Thanks to its thick dark green foliage, the rose perfectly decorates and thickly wraps around any supports, gazebos and arches. Her shoots are easy to roll into the ring.

Climbing Rose Rambler

Last year's sprouts bloom, flowering occurs from 1 month to 40 days. The rose is prone to powdery mildew, therefore it requires frequent spraying.

Alberic Barbier

Yellow rose with small buds, flowers terry and large, in the middle there is a cream shade. It differs from similar varieties of fragrant strong aroma. The leaves are dark, shiny. Flowering begins in June.

It is a decorative value due to the rare color - orange. Its flowers are round in shape, resemble chrysanthemum inflorescences, they are double and semi-double, they are 11 cm in diameter. The inflorescence can consist of 6 flowers, they have an unobtrusive pleasant aroma. Bush foliage is dark green glossy.

The shrub can grow more than 2.5 meters. They are decorated not only with hedges, but also other architectural structures, as well as metal compositions.

Orfeo (Michael)

Stringed velvet rose, which has a deep noble maroon color. Цветет крупными соцветиями непрерывно в течение всего периода с начала июня и до октября. Но не только ее цветки представляют декоративную значимость для садового участка, а также крупная глянцевая листва, которая густо покрывает куст.

Variety endowed with disease resistance, in particular to black spot and powdery mildew, but is subject to the influence of excess moisture.

American Pillar (American Pillar)

It is distinguished by strong shoots, on which large flowers are located, the diameter of which reaches 7 cm, they are pink in color, regular, not double, the peephole is white. The leaves of this rose are large, have a glossy surface. Shoots can reach up to 6 meters. Flowering occurs once from May to June.

Flamentants (Flammentanz)

Translated means "dance of the flame", the rose is really fascinating for its rich red flowers, which eventually turn into a crimson color. This is a rather large climbing rose, which can be up to 5 meters high.

The flowers of the plant are rich red in color, they decorate the plant for 30 days. Their diameter is 8 cm, in one inflorescence from 3 to 16 flowers. The bush blooms very profusely, even in cold regions.

Variety endowed with frost resistance, but is subject to excessive moisture and drought. It is recommended to land in sunny areas.

You may also be interested to know how long it takes to freeze the Delphinium seeds.

Blaze

The flowers of this rose are cupped, they are semi-double. Their color is dark red. The inflorescences are large, fragrant. It forms a strong bush that can re-bloom. Blaze propagates by cuttings, layering and vaccinations.

The variety is highly resistant to disease and frost. Flowers plants terry large and with a strong aroma, in addition, they are rich red, so this rose leaves no one indifferent. The flower is 12 cm in diameter.

The shrub grows in height about 3.5 meters. This variety needs support, dressing and cutting, there should be no stagnant moisture in the soil beneath it.

But how good the garden rose Lavatera looks like and where it can be grown in the garden is described in great detail in this article.

Climbing rose, which is suitable for decorating small areas. The flowers can be of two colors: cherry red and deep pink, the reverse side of the petals is silvery. They are thick double and have a cupped shape.

Flowering of this variety is long, it can bloom several times in a row. Rose survives well in the middle lane, resistant to precipitation and does not change its color. But how beautiful Wisteria frost-resistant, and how difficult it is to grow, is described in detail in this article.

Handel (Handel)

This is a low whipping rose for small areas, it blooms again. The flowers of the plant have a yellowish middle, and along the edges they are creamy white with pink edging. Their petals are wavy, this feature gives the rose some elegance. Long shoots of the plant are decorated with inflorescences, in which there are from 3 to 9 buds. They have a special charm when half disbanded.

The variety is popular for its unusual color contrast and the goblet shape of the bud. When the flower is fully opened, its diameter is 9 cm. The shoots of the plant are up to 3 meters in length, they are resistant to cold, and have some rare spikes. It will also be interesting to see how it looks and how it grows from the seeds of the Monsterrose daisy.

This variety is double-walled, refers to the royal. Its flower is 12 cm in diameter. Inside the goblet bud there is a yellow center, and at the ends it is cream. Bush compared with other varieties of low, only 3 meters. Under it you need to make timely fertilizer and monitor watering. It is better to plant such a rose in sunny places.

Indigoletta

This is an amazing pink shrub that can change the color of its flowers. If you plant it in the shade, they will be blue, and if in the sun - lilac. The flowers are large velvety.

This rose is used for vertical gardening of various homestead structures and open plots, with metal supports on them. The bush can grow in height up to 3 meters, resistant to frost and various diseases. Its aroma of tea rose will not leave anyone indifferent. But how is the cultivation of seeds from Astra Alpine rose, you can see in the photo in this article.

Rose blooms for a long time, because of this, it is often chosen by the owners of private houses and cottages. This magnificent action begins in July and ends in October. With the help of such a rose, you can decorate decorative arches and walls. It reaches a height of 3 meters.

The flowers in the bud have a goblet shape, they adorn the whole bush magnificently.

Iceberg should be planted on fertilized soils, preferably on the sunny side. Watering is carried out at the root of the plant, the water at the same time should be warmer than the air temperature. But how well Lychnis looks like a sparkling rosette can be seen in the photo in the article.

Sympathy (Sympathie)

China hybrid rose, which has a high frost resistance. Its flowers resemble a tall glass, with terry edges, they are painted in a rich red color. Flowers are bright red with a raspberry tint collected in inflorescences, in one is from 3 to 10 flowers. It blooms several times, but the first is the most abundant. Foliage plants dense bright green color.

Sympathy demonstrates endurance to disease and weather conditions. Its branchy and vigorous shrub reaches a length of 4 meters.

Choosing one of the above types of roses, you should take into account the dimensions of the site and the strength of the support, not only focus on the length of the shoots, but also the shape of the shrub.

Planting and growing technology

Works on planting lashes roses are carried out in the spring or in the autumn. In the selected area, dig holes with dimensions 50 × 50 cm should be dug. The process itself can be described in several steps:

  • Digging a hole 50 cm deep, filling it with manure or other fertilizers.
  • Watering the prepared hole.
  • Planting a seedling of the selected climbing rose. It should be deepened to the root collar.
  • Circumcision of the aerial part of the plant so that about 20 cm from the ground is left

When planting several plants, it is necessary to take into account the distance between them, at least half a meter, otherwise the adjacent roses will experience slow growth.

On the video technology of planting and growing climbing roses:

Planting roses on a draft or in open sunny areas is impossible. Optimally, it would be to find her a place where the sun shines from the chime, and after lunch it forms partial shade. The soil is suitable for it slightly acidic or neutral.

Crown formation

Here you can not do without support. It is possible to use the structure in the form of an arch. As the cuttings grow, they will need to be regularly wrapped around the support, fixing it with a rope or plastic ties.

It is possible to wait when one bush braids a support, the arch decoration will occur much faster if you plant two bushes on both its sides.

Having placed a winding rose near the wall, it is necessary to provide for the fastening of its shoots, securing several hooks on a horizontal surface.

Pruning wicker rose bushes

They grow rapidly and in a short time can reach the desired length, they will need to be cut. This should be done annually, the length can be chosen medium and short.

Proper pruning requires compliance with several conditions:

  • In the first year after planting, only damaged and dry shoots are removed.
  • In the second year, young lateral shoots are pruned, they should not go up to 4 buds. Creating a beautiful appearance of the bush be sure to remove dry branches from it.

The average pruning of a bush rejuvenates it; if it is carried out in a timely manner, the plant will always look well-groomed and beautiful.

In the video - the formation of a crown of a climbing rose:

Weaving roses require constant attention, this also applies to watering, which should be moderate, but when buds begin to form, it is carried out more often. We need to tear off the weeds around the rose so that they do not hinder the development of its root system, loosen the soil and periodically apply fertilizer.

During flowering, woven roses are required to be fed with potassium-containing fertilizers. They prolong flowering and increase the number of knotted buds. During the growing season you need to repeat feeding up to 5 times.

Preparing for the winter

Before frosts, a lascable rose is removed from the supports and its branches are laid in the ground. To protect against frost, spruce branches are placed on top of them, and they must be at least 15 cm thick.

From above, spruce protection is covered with shingles or roofing felt. Such a shelter should be done only if the temperature has already dropped to -5 ° C.

Previously, it is not worthwhile to insulate these climbers, otherwise it is likely that they will grow and begin to rot.

On the video - climbing rose in winter:

After studying all the above information on planting and caring for climbing roses, you can decorate your garden beyond recognition, successfully disguise all unsightly walls or fences. The hedge will delight not only the owners of the site, but also all those who have seen it, you just have to make a little effort.

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