In the era of technology development, agrotechnology of growing flowers, vegetable and fruit crops does not stand still. In order to propagate rare specimens of plants faster, we often resort to the method of cutting, however, as is known, not every cutting takes root. Then we are faced with the task of how to stimulate root growth in order to get 100% survival rate of seedlings. This will help us the best plant growth stimulants: "Heteroauxin", "Zircon", "Kornevin", "Etamon". Next, we take a closer look at what constitutes a biologically active root-stimulating agent called"Kornevin", and find out what its range of action and scope.
"Kornevin": what is this drug
"Kornevin" — It is a root growth stimulator for plants. The packaging of a biological product is different (5, 8, 125 g), depending on the manufacturer. The biostimulator is a fine beige powder, but the biopharmaceutical is used as a dry or liquid substance.
The root growth stimulator "Kornevin" can:
- help the seeds germinate faster
- improve root formation in cuttings,
- to promote the growth of the roots of seedlings planted or seedlings,
- reduce the impact of natural stressful events on the seedling, such as sudden changes in the amplitude of air temperatures, stagnant moisture, and dehydration of the soil,
The mechanism of action and the active substance "root"
Growth stimulator "Kornevin" is made on the basis of indolylbutyric acid with the addition of micro- and macroelements (K, P, Mo, Mn). The main active ingredient of a biological product, hitting the surface of a seedling, stimulates the upper layers of the plant's skin, thereby contributing to the appearance of callus and the root system. When released into the soil, indolylbutyric acid decomposes and turns into heteroauxin. It should be noted that "Kornevin" promotes not only the dynamic development of the root system, but also accelerates the division of green pet tissue. Processing the cuttings with a biological product affects their rapid rooting and reduces the risk of decomposition of the lower part of the cutting, submerged in water or soil.
Kornevin: instructions for use of the drug
Let's now try to figure out: how to apply a new-fashioned biostimulator so as not to harm the plants. The biological product is used to activate the vegetative processes in bulbous and tuberous plants, to reduce the survival period of vaccinations, reduce the risk of infection of seedlings. Instructions for use to the stimulator of rooting, set out below, will help to understand in more detail how to use it at home.
How to apply "Kornevin" in dry form
Some gardeners are interested in how to use "Kornevin" in a dry form, believing that there is some special technology for this project. In fact, nothing complicated here. The roots of trees and fruit bushes are simply showered with a biostimulant powder, and if they are small, you can dip the rhizome into a container with “root”. Exotic plants, flowers, ornamental shrubs are showered with bioregulator powder mixed with activated carbon in equal quantities. In order for the cuttings to take root, the place of the cut is dipped into powder.
Then they are put in water or soil to form roots. For leaf cuttings of flowers, dusting with a growth biostimulator is carried out at a height of up to one centimeter from the place of cutting. Excess powder is removed before planting the cutting in the ground. For a better accretion, vaccinations, before performing this procedure, they also recommend dipping parts of plants in Kornevin. Experienced gardeners mix a biostimulator with fungicides in a ratio of 10: 1 to eliminate pathogens. Dissolved in the soil preparations activate not only the formation of roots, but also the immune functions of plants.
Diluted root application
Kornevin is dissolved with water at room temperature at the rate of 1 g of biostimulant per 1 l of water. The bulbs, seeds and tubers are soaked in the solution for 20 hours, and only after that they are planted in the ground. Seedlings and seedlings are poured into the radical holes after planting and 15-20 minutes after planting.
The mixture is consumed in the following quantities per unit of plant:
- large trees, tall shrubs - 2.5 liters,
- undersized and medium shrubs - 300 ml,
- seedlings of flowers - 40 ml,
- vegetable seedlings - 50 ml.
If desired, the root system of the above plants, before planting in the ground, you can soak for up to 12 hours by dissolving one teaspoon of "Kornevina" in one liter of water. Most often, gardeners use biostimulants for rooting quince, plum, apple, pear and cherry. "Kornevin" also has its instructions for use for germination of roots on cuttings or leaves of houseplants.
What is required of you:
- The cutting or leaf should be lowered into the container with the prepared solution.
- Immerse the lower part of the cuttings moistened with water or a leaf into the biostimulator to a depth of 1 cm, then land it in the finished container with the substrate.
- Add “Kornevin” to the soil mixture for planting (with irrigation, the powder dissolves, and it stimulates root growth).
- Build the cuttings in the substrate and pour them with the finished solution.
An overdose of the drug threatens to activate the reverse processes and the plant will die. Therefore, the addition of activated carbon to the preparation will reduce its activity.
The advantages and disadvantages of the drug
The disadvantages of the drug include its danger, both for humans and for the animal world. "Heteroauxin" is safer in this respect. Work with "Kornevin" should be carried out using personal protective equipment, and the container is better disposed of by burning. Also in the clear, the powder quickly loses its properties. The phytohormones, on the basis of which the indicated composition is made, do not replace the fertilizers necessary for the plant for full development, and are not able to protect it from being affected by diseases and pests. An overdose of the drug can cause reverse processes. Unlike "Heteroauxin", "Kornevin" acts on the plant slowly.
The positive features of a biological product include its universal use: both in dry and in dissolved form, as well as the prolonged effect of the biostimulant on the root system of the plant. It is better to use "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin", each summer resident determines for himself, since the spectrum and period of biological products for plant organisms is different. If you are not an adherent of chemistry, then the root growth stimulator can be prepared at home from improvised means.
Let's look at several ways to create natural biostimulants:
- Willow water. No other plant contains such an amount of growth hormone as in willow. Therefore, we take six annual willow shoots and cut them into pieces of a length of 5 centimeters. We put the sliced twigs in a saucepan with water, and the liquid level should be 4 centimeters above the twigs, and set on slow fire. Cooking time broth - half an hour. Then we set it aside for 10 hours, insist. Strained broth is poured into glass containers for storage. You can save the infusion for up to 1 month in the cellar or in the refrigerator. The broth is watered with transplanted plants to reduce the transferred stress, soak the seeds, roots and cuttings in order to accelerate the formation of roots.
- The cuttings are immersed one third in a solution of honey water (for 1.5 l of water there is 1 teaspoon of honey). Soaking time - 12 hours.
- In half a liter of water, about seven drops of fresh aloe juice are added and cuttings are placed there.
- Growth factor - baker's yeast. In one liter of water dissolve 100 g of yeast. The cuttings are placed in the prepared solution for 24 hours. After a day, they are removed from the solution, and its remains are washed off. Now the cuttings are dipped in half to normal water.
Natural stimulants for the formation of roots are environmentally friendly and cheap substitutes for "Kornevin", "Heteroauxin", "Zircon" and "Appin".
Security measures when using the tool "Kornevin"
The plant root growth stimulator is a substance of the third class of danger, and therefore, this tool is dangerous to humans. Therefore, it is necessary to spray the plants in special clothes, respirator, gloves and glasses. After finishing work with insecticide, you should thoroughly wash the skin, which is not protected by clothing, with soap and water and rinse the mouth. While working with Kornevin, it is strictly forbidden to smoke, eat or drink. After applying the biological product, the package must be thrown into the trash container, pre-wrapped in a plastic bag, or burned. The dissolution of the "root" should be carried out in a container that will no longer be used in cooking.
Security measures when using "Kornevina":
- after contact with eyes, they are rinsed with running water (not closing).
- in case of contact with skin, wash the water regulator with soap and water.
- when ingested, drink a sorbent (for every ten kilograms of body weight, 1 tablet), washing it down with 0.5-0.75 l of water, then causing vomiting.
Compatibility with other drugs
The drug "Kornevin", according to the instructions for use, is allowed to combine with almost all drugs fungicidal or insecticidal action. However, in order to ascertain whether the preparations are compatible, two solutions of chemicals must be combined in small volumes. In case of precipitation, the drugs do not combine.
Storage conditions and shelf life of the drug "Kornevin"
For long-term storage, place the drug so that children and animals cannot reach it, and it is kept apart with food and medicines. Saving time is no more than three years from the date of issue. Save "Kornevin" recommend at a temperature of not more than + 25ºC, in a place protected from sunlight, with low humidity. When buying a powder, you need to pay attention to the shelf life. You should not buy much. The cost of a biological product is minimal, so it is better to send the unspent residues to storage in plastic or glass containers, with a lid that does not allow air to pass through.
Cornevin: its composition?
The drug root is called stimulating composition, in which the plant biostimulating root system of indolyl butyric acid is present. Getting on the plant, acid irritates the tissues covering the trunk or stem, and this stimulates the formation of young new living cells and roots. Acid, getting on the soil is naturally converted into a phytohormone called heteroauxin, and it causes the formation of new young roots in the plant. This process is slow, so it has a long positive effect and result.
In the composition of the drug are important for the plant. chemical elements:
- Potassium. Required young sprout for mineral enrichment. With it, the plant runs nitrogen and carbohydrate metabolism without problems. Plant photosynthesis proceeds more intensively.
- Phosphorus controls all these processes, and the plant has a good growth and development. Fruiting seedlings increases significantly. Lack of phosphorus in the soil will lead to weakness of the root system of the plant, and it will either break or fall. With a lack of phosphorus, it is the roots that hold the plant in the soil, die.
- Molybdenum. The presence of molybdenum increases the formation of vitamins, increases the amount of ascorbic acid and carotene. Neutralizes nitrates.
- Manganese provides the plant a good active growth. Manganese disinfects the plant and soil from pathogenic bacteria. Strengthens the germ in the field of education of the roots.
It is necessary to use root growth stimulator correctly. To make mineral and organic fertilizers together with the preparation of root roots according to the instructions for use. How to use root growth stimulator is discussed below.
Effect of root on plants
Such a composition undoubtedly stimulates new rooting at the plant. The use of a bio-stimulator root helps a number of positive qualities, beneficial effect on the plant:
- Seeds for seedlings reduce germination. This is especially good if the seeds sprout long and tight.
- Adult plants are much easier to graft. Rooting cuttings are almost one hundred percent.
- Applying root, rooting seedlings or seedlings contributes to the proper development of the root system.
- Kornevin helps plants to overcome adverse environmental conditions: it is easier to endure drought or, on the contrary, large amounts of water. The temperature changes, which often happen in the spring and early summer, are easier for plants to tolerate.
Of course, this drug does not protect against all garden troubles. Saplings and seedlings require special care: timely watering, fertilizer and pest protection. If you do not carry out measures to combat insects or bacterial pests, the use of the root will not help.
It should be remembered that the composition of the biostimulator to help the grower, the grower and the gardener, and not the replacement of all actions and procedures.
General instructions on how to properly apply root
Work with this kind of drugs is carried out very carefully and responsibly. Excess dosage is not allowed. Also incorrect instruction on the application of the root of sp can lead to a disastrous result. All work will end in disappointment and the loss of plants or seedlings, or so rare cherished seedlings.
Wetting powder (SP) root belongs to the third class of danger. These are moderately dangerous drugs. Kornevin is available in powder form, very light. It is advisable to work with the preparation on the street or balcony or in a well-ventilated area. The breeder should wear an apron, gloves and glasses, a gauze bandage to avoid contact with the skin or mucous membranes of the body.
If a stimulant accidentally gets inside a person, you should immediately take activated charcoal tablets at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 kg of human mass. Drink plenty of water, at least four glasses. Be sure to consult a doctor. At the same time, do not discard the packaging so that the doctor can familiarize himself with the hazard class and decide which medical procedures to use in this situation. A drug that gets on the skin must be washed off with plenty of water. If the stimulator is in contact with the mucous membranes of the eyes, you should immediately wash the eyes with plenty of water. Urgently consult a doctor.
The stimulator is packaged in plastic bags of various sizes of 4, 5, 8 grams for household use and 125 grams for agricultural use. Works root root cn in several ways:
- use of the drug in dry form
- use in the form of an aqueous solution.
When buying a growth stimulator, it is required to pay attention to the shelf life. Upon expiration of which, the action of the stimulator is reduced.
The opened package is poured into a glass container. Tightly closed lid. Ready-to-use aqueous solution is not stored. It is disposed of. An aqueous solution of root is easy to prepare. Powder 5 grams dissolved in 5 liters of water. Mix well and use immediately. If an aqueous solution is used for irrigation of plants, then such irrigation is carried out 2 or 3 weeks later after the planting of the plant or its transplantation.
Some others have been seen. biostimulant properties. Kornevin promotes the early appearance of tomatoes. The process of fruit ovary occurs a little faster for tomato varieties that do not require pollination of bees. Using the root in gardening helps to get larger fruits, and the ovary will fall less.
On the back of the stimulator package there is a detailed description of how to use root. Instructions for use for each case is subject to strict implementation.
How to apply root for seedlings?
Vegetable seeds for quick germination recommended to stand in water solution about two hours. During the growth of seedlings, when weather conditions are favorable, and the bore can be transplanted into open ground or greenhouse, it is better not to use roots. Additional stimulation of rooting will stop the vegetative growth of plants and affect the yield. Because heat and sunlight stimulate growth, and a large soil space helps the root system to grow and grow, to gain strength.
Root application more is required at that timewhen warm days are not set for a long time and the earth is slightly warming by the sun. On such days, seedlings may weaken and transplanting to the soil will be painful. To preserve the strength of the seedlings, an aqueous solution of the root forcing comes to the rescue.
The aqueous solution is made according to the standard scheme. Each shrub seedlings watered individually, at the root. Use watering must be done after 2 weeks, as was the first picks. Either the bush is watered before planting plants in the greenhouse or open ground for 3 days. Watering should be in the amount of 1 tbsp. l ready water solution.The dosage of the solution for watering should not exceed whiter than 60 ml of an aqueous solution.
Also seedlings, roots, which is ready for planting in open ground or greenhouse can be kept in an aqueous solution of root. The application of the solution in this case is used 3 or 4 hours. In the tank with the composition of the roots fall and the plants get feeding. The solution is prepared according to the standard scheme. After transplanting seedlings, it is watered after a week with an aqueous solution. More rooting solution is not used.
Application of root for indoor and outdoor flowers in the garden
Most indoor flowers dry root can be used. Aqueous solution is more used for watering plants. Houseplants that propagate by seed grow quite well if the seeds are soaked in a root solution. The procedure lasts no more than 2 hours.
Flowers, propagated by cuttings, involve the use of root in two ways: in a dry form and with the use of an aqueous solution. If root is applied in a dry form, then the cuttings are slightly moisturized and the lower section is dipped into dry powder. Shake off excess drug. Such a stalk is planted in the ground in the usual way for the transplanted species. Another application is to lower cut cuttings into a water solution and hold for as long as there are roots on the cuttings.
The same options for the use of root and work for cuttings of garden flower crops. The choice of methods depends on the desires and possibilities of gardeners and flower growers.
To strengthen the young plant is used watering with an aqueous solution of root. Watered at the root. The volume of liquid during watering does not exceed 40 ml per plant. The flower is gaining strength, it hurts less after transplantation or grafting. To the same plant survives faster.
The bulbs of flowers or the bulbous varieties of flowers are kept in an aqueous solution of the root of the root of sp for no more than 20 hours.
The average consumption of root of sp 5 grams per hundred plants.
Description of the root and its effect on plants
Kornevin is a root growth stimulator, an improved analogue of the well-known heteroauxin. Its action is based on the irritation of the epithelial tissues of the plant, as a result of which callus cells begin to form (flowing on the cut or fracture of the cutting or leaf) and roots.
Indolylbutyric acid (IMC) has this effect. Getting into the soil, it is converted into a natural rooting hormone, heteroauxin. This drug differs from its predecessor by a longer action.
The composition of the root, in addition to IMC, includes macro- and microelements that contribute to root formation — potassium, phosphorus, manganese, and molybdenum.
The drug is available in packs of 4, 5, 10, 125 and 250 g and is a cream colored powder. Apply it in both dry and in liquid form.
Stimulator has the following effect:
- promotes rapid and amicable germination of seeds,
- stimulates root formation in cuttings,
- reduces stress and improves the survival rate of seedlings and seedlings,
- increases the resistance of plants to adverse natural factors - the lack or excess of moisture in the soil, rapid temperature changes.
All this does not mean that the plant treated with root, will not be prone to pests and diseases. It does not replace fertilizing with organic or mineral fertilizers, but only contributes to the development of a powerful root system, which is the basis of the very existence of the plant. In the photo below: on the right, the root system of the cutting, which was treated with root, on the left - the control sample.
How to use the drug according to the instructions
Root can only benefit if used properly. To do this, follow the instructions for use of the root. For the preparation of working solution using only clay, enameled or glassware.
When used in dry form, the cut of the cutting is dipped in powder and after some time immersed in water or immediately dropped to the ground. Cuttings for vaccinations are also recommended to powder root.
Experienced gardeners are advised to mix the drug with any fungicide in a ratio of 10 to 1. Such an additive activates the immune system of the plant and protects sections from fungal damage.
To prepare a solution for 1 liter of water with warm water take 1 gram of powder. The resulting substance is well mixed and immediately used. Tubers and bulbs are soaked in the working solution for 20 hours, for the same amount you can soak in the root and seeds. Then planted the planting material in the ground. For better survival of the seedlings, the wells are shed first with clean water and then with a root solution. Next, seedlings are planted, compacted the ground and watered with a root formers again. When watering follow the following recommendations:
Before planting seedlings of apple, plum, pear, cherry, quince, cherry roots are kept in the root solution for 10–12 hours. To 1 liter of water add 1 teaspoon of powder.
Opened packaging is used immediately. The remaining powder should be poured into a tightly curled container. Water solution is not subject to storage.
Application for seedlings
Instructions for use of the root for seedlings provides for keeping the seeds in aqueous solution for two hours. Crops that do not tolerate root damage are watered with a stimulator during a picking and two weeks after it. In order not to harm the sprouts, you need to know how to properly dissolve the root for watering the seedlings. The working solution is prepared at the rate of 1 g of the drug per 1 l of water. Per plant need no more than 60 ml of liquid funds. Overdose causes stunted growth of the seedling, so the seedlings are watered, carefully measuring the amount per bush.
When transplanting seedlings grown in the ground should focus on the weather. On sunny and warm days, the drug is impractical to use, since additional stimulation of rooting will stop the growth of the aerial part and slow down the beginning of fruiting. Favorable weather conditions themselves contribute to the development of the root system and the further growth of the plant. More use will bring the use of root for seedlings in the protracted cold spring, when the earth is slightly heated by the sun. Sprouts at this time spend a lot of effort to overcome adverse conditions and transplanting into the soil is painful. To help young plants settle down and save power, use a biostimulator. The powder solution is prepared according to the standard scheme described on the package.
Each bush is watered individually, under the root, so as not to cause rapid growth of weeds.
Also, the roots of seedlings are kept in the working solution for several hours immediately before planting in the ground. If the seedlings are well rooted and actively go into growth, do not use more roots.
Root plants for indoor plants
Instructions for use of root for houseplants suggests several options for its use:
- soaking seeds in aqueous solution for 2–3 hours,
- dusting cuts of cuttings or leaves
- keeping cuttings in one solution.
If the root is used in a dry form, then cut the cuttings moistened with water and dipped in powder. Then the excess drug shake off, and the stalk is planted in the ground or flower pot. Some plants take root better if they are kept in the stimulator solution until the roots appear.
Kornevin is used if cyclamen, orchid or gloxinia dies from improper care. Before sending gloxinia or cyclamen for compulsory rest, they cut off all damaged and rotten roots. The remaining healthy roots before transplanting are kept in the working solution for several hours.
Kornevin able to save the orchid with a rotten root. All diseased roots are cut out, then the flower is kept for two hours in the dark at a temperature of about 27 ° C. This procedure helps cuts to dry out and not to fade again. Prepare a fresh solution of the root, placed in it an orchid and kept in a warm room until the formation of new roots.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages of the root - affordability and the ability to make substitutes with your own hands, see below. The use of root for vegetative propagation by cuttings will cost approx. 1 rub. on the plant. Another important advantage of the root is complete compatibility with most of the means of agrochemistry and plant protection. In a doubtful case, it is also easy to check the root for compatibility with another drug: mix 50 ml of this and another working solution. No precipitate - compatible.
Disadvantages - the specificity of the action (also see below), the root is not suitable for any crops. Also, the requirements for dosage, methods of preparation, use and precautions when working with the drug, are quite stringent, see below. A slight overdosing or misuse leads, on the contrary, to oppression and even death of the cutting. Therefore, root as a root growth stimulant can only be recommended for attentive and careful plant growers.
Kornevin is a substance of hazard class 3, i.e. moderately dangerous. The root powder is volatile, so you can work with it only in the open air, on the balcony, on the veranda or in a room with forced-air ventilation. Working with the root, you need to use PPE: latex gloves, a plastic apron or cape (raincoat), petal respirator or dry gauze dressing, glasses. When ingested, you need to take activated charcoal, 1 tablet for 12-15 kg of body weight, drink 4-5 glasses of water and consult a doctor. After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water. In case of contact with eyes, rinse thoroughly with clean water and consult a doctor.
Features of use
The preparation of the root should be stored in the dark in a tightly closed glass container out of the reach of children and pets. The expiry date indicated on the container is valid only for unopened packaging, the working solution is stored for no more than 12 hours. Therefore, it is necessary to dilute the root (see below) immediately before use and to purchase the drug is very desirable in quantity only for the current treatment.
Charles Darwin first suggested the development of plant substances that affect phototropism - the attraction to light, he called them auxins. With the development of biochemistry, it turned out that auxins are a special group of phytohormones and their effect on plants is not limited to phototropism. The IMC was first allocated in Russia by N. N. Suvorov with employees. The first industrial technology for the production of IMC was developed by Japanese researchers Maima and Hoshino in 1925. Further also in Russia, FN Stepanov proposed a much cheaper method for the industrial production of IMC.
Composition, action and dosage
The composition of the root except IMC (0.5% of the dry mass of the substance, or 5 g per 1 kg of commercial powder) includes macro- and microelements that promote rooting: potassium, phosphorus, manganese and molybdenum. Rootstock is simply divorced: how many grams in a bag, just as you need ordinary tap water. It is also possible to pollinate the roots with a dry preparation, see below. The action of the root is based on the formation of an influx over the cut / fracture - callus, the root roots as a phytohormone are predominantly a carbon-forming agent. The dormant buds awakened in callus make roots much more intense than on other parts of the cutting, which is clearly seen in Fig.
Callus with young roots on the handle
However, the root must be used with caution. If the uterine plant itself is well grafted (callus before rooting is small or not noticeable), the root will only delay rooting. From left to next rice it can be seen that the stalk of a bean without an IMC and the root of roots takes root and develops better. In this case, the rooting of strong cuttings from a strong healthy plant should be accelerated (if required) with heteroauxin, and the formation of roots on the weak should be stimulated with epin.
Effect of indolylbutyric acid and root on plants with varying degrees of susceptibility to them
Note: In general, root roots are not particularly recommended for grafting grass plants, in this case its purpose is somewhat different, see below.
Cuttings of plants rooting medium or weakly (roses, hibiscus, room citrus and grapes, room pomegranate), together with the root, require, as a rule, the use of additional preparations, most often specific to this species. For example, rose cuttings root much better if the root is used in combination with zircon, right on fig. In any case, 3-7 days after the landing of the rooted cutting, it is necessary to give him phosphate-potassium fertilizer so that the vigorously growing roots “suck” callus, otherwise the seemingly fully accustomed cutting can rot. Don't expect a fat soil here, you need quickly digestible mineral fertilizers.
Video: about breeding cuttings of blue spruce and juniper
Coniferous cuttings makes sense not only as saving planting costs. Species in the list are chosen because, grown from their cuttings, these honyniki can grow in pots in the apartment. Do not you feel sorry for the Christmas trees, which the masses cut for the New Year? And so will be his own, alive. Juniper not only exudes a large number of airborne phytoncides, but also gives “berries” (cones in a fleshy membrane), which are widely used in the pharmacopoeia, for refining drinks, etc.
Note on an unhealthy topic: Juniper "berries" perfectly absorb fusel oils, at the same time flavoring alcohol.
Indications for use
So, based on the properties and characteristics of the root, it is preferable to use it in the next. cases:
- For rooting cuttings, mainly lignified.
- To stimulate root growth in seedlings.
- To increase the yield of self-pollinated fruits and vegetables (for example, northern varieties of tomatoes) and fruit crops.
- To stimulate the formation of babies in ornamental bulbous.
- For enlarging and strengthening of tubers / rhizomes of ornamental (not food!) Plants and increasing their supply of nutrients for the purpose of a more successful wintering or reproduction by parts of tubers.
- To improve the survival rate of grafts.
- For the salvation of dying valuable tubers and rhizomatous plants, for example. orchids.
Note: root process seeds to increase germination, as it is sometimes advised, meaningless. The IMC does not have a noticeable beneficial effect on the seeds.
Cuttings root can be rooted dry and with a solution. The dry method (see below) is more efficient, but requires more drug consumption and entails a greater risk of rotting the cutting. It is used if the cuttings of this type do not root with the solution. The dry method is applicable after attempting rooting with a solution, if 1-2 weeks after treatment the callus formation does not occur. To diagnose, inspect the stalk under a magnifying glass: if at least tiny nodules are visible, continue rooting with the solution. Instructions for rooting cuttings using root solution looks like a trace. in the following way:
- Prepare a basic solution of the root: 1 g of the drug in 1 liter of water, see above,
- Cut the stalk with 3-4 leaves,
- The bottom sheet is cut (not torn off!) So that a piece of its stem covers the leaf bud,
- The slice is dried with filter paper,
- The stalk is dried in the shade at room temperature until the cessation of the juice excretion (usually 1-4 hours),
- The stalk is kept in the base solution of the root for 10-15 minutes immersed along the petiole of the cut leaf. The solution should not cover the leaf bud!
- While the cutting is standing in the solution, 5-7 tablets of activated carbon are pounded,
- If rooting is in the water, poured coal is poured into it. For rooting in the soil mixed with coal powder. The substrate for rooting must be prepared in advance: calcined, treated with a biocide, etc. In either case, a pinch of coal powder is left,
- The stalk is removed from the solution and, still wet, “dipped” into the crushed coal for disinfection. Coal powder plants the same as us Zelenka, iodine or mercurochrome,
- Cutting put / put in a dish for rooting,
- If rooting is carried out in water, and the roots are not visible, after a week, and possibly another week, examine the tip of the cutting with a magnifying glass (see above). If there are signs of callus formation (dot swellings like awakening buds), the stalk is planted in a peat pot with greenhouse earth and watered little by little (1-3 tablespoons) every day. You can cover the jar, which in the morning and evening for 10-20 minutes removed for airing.
For processing the dry root root instead of soaking in the solution of claim 6, dip the root from the last leaf into powder (do not pollinate the kidney!), See fig. Further, all according to the instructions, but paragraphs. 1 and 9 are excluded.
Pollination cuttings root for rooting
To enhance the growth of roots, seedlings should be treated with root in places north of the chernozem strip in cool years, when planting has to be put off, so that the plants have time to develop properly due to the increased work of the roots. В благоприятные годы и в теплых местах корневин только «оттянет» получаемые питательные вещества от зеленой массы в корни, что приведет как минимум к снижению урожайности. В указанных же случаях рассаду поливают базовым раствором корневина по 20-50 мл (1-2 ст.l.) on the plant 1-2 weeks after the first pick and 3-5 days before planting.
Kornevin and harvest
To increase the fruiting of fruit, berry and fruit crops, a basic solution of root is used for garden crops and shrubs and a double concentration (2 g of the preparation) per 1 liter of water for trees. Weather conditions and limitations of stimulation of yields by root depending on weather conditions are the same as for seedlings, see above. Watering is carried out in the evening of a warm day after the full unfolding of leaves for trees and bushes and at the beginning of budding plants in the garden. Tree and shrub crops should be completely healthy. Irrigation rates:
- Adult (stably fruit-bearing tree) - 2-3 liters in a well-moistened tree trunk.
- A sapling is the same, half as much.
- Adult bush - 0.35-0.5 liters per bush.
- Young bush - half.
- Garden crops - 0.1-0.2 l per plant base solution (!).
Note: food bulbs, root crops and potatoes watered with a root is undesirable, the harvest will be lean and hairy.
Ornamental bulbous, tuberous and rhizome plants are prepared with the help of a root for successful wintering also in bad years (see above). By vegetative reproduction by underground parts - on the contrary, in favorable. Processing - soaking the planting material for 2-3 hours in the base solution. The bulbs are immersed in the solution with a bottom (dry pollination is very undesirable), the tubers and rhizomes are soaked entirely submerged. After soaking, the treated planting material is rinsed in clean water and immediately planted.
Note: during the same time, the cuttings of garden grapes are soaked in the base solution.
An increase in the survival rate of root grafts is possible in favorable years, if the vaccination is done by budding. In this case, Kall-forming properties of IMC are used. Vaccination, before bandaging (impose a bandage) sprinkled with a root. If the graft has taken root, the rest of the leaf stalk after 1-3 weeks will bulge and fall off. Suddenly wrinkled, crouched and pressed against the stem (branch) of the stock - the vaccine failed.
Resuscitation of drooping room flowers with a root is most often used for orchids that become diseased in too dry and warm rooms, but is also effective for seasonal home plants depleted in the wrong content, such as gloxinia and cyclamen. In the latter case, the leaves and roots that are not grown in time are removed from the tuber / rhizome, give the rest a rest, as it should be according to the rules of the culture of this species (the rest period is compulsorily arranged), and then the planting material is soaked as described above. The revival of perishing orchids with root solution with rotten roots is carried out in the following steps. instructions:
- The plant is carefully removed from the substrate,
- Clean and wash the root system, as in preparation for transplantation,
- Remove old, weak and diseased leaves, leaving only young and healthy,
- Examine the roots, all rotted remove "grabbing" at least 1.5-2 cm of healthy root,
- If the roots rot completely, remove them all, leaving only the bottom of the plant and 1-2 fresh leaves,
- An orchid is kept for 2-3 hours in a warm (24-27 degrees) dark place for drying cuts,
- The end or root system is soaked in the base solution, as when rooting cuttings (see above), but its temperature should be 2-3 degrees above room temperature,
- The plant is transferred to a container with water of the same temperature (slightly warmer than room temperature) and activated carbon at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 l of water. Water should not cover the leaf sinuses and fall into them!
- Ware with a flower wrapped with opaque material and transferred to a warm bright place, but not in direct sunlight,
- The air around the plant is moistened 2-3 times a day with a spray gun giving a misty stream,
- Water is also added daily by 2-3 degrees above room temperature instead of evaporated;
- If within 2-2.5 months. there were young roots, resuscitation was successful, the patient will live. The plant can be planted in a suitable substrate.
Note: in the same way, randomly broken plants with fragile trunks can be brought back to life, for example. dragon tree Root the treated upper part with a crown.
In many cases, for rooting cuttings (except, perhaps, conifers), purchased root can be replaced with root biostimulants from natural products containing IMC:
- A teaspoon of honey is diluted in a liter of water. The cutting is kept in the solution for 10-12 hours, then it is planted in the ground. The rest of the solution is poured into the root well.
- 100 g of baker's yeast is diluted in 1 liter of warm water. The cuttings are soaked in the solution for a day and are planted in place.
The percentage of rooted cuttings after such treatment is lower than that of the root, but there is no danger of burning the cuttings with the preparation. But observing the process of vegetative propagation will give experience that will allow you to successfully proceed to the use of root and other strong biostimulants.
Kornevin is a growth stimulant based on indolylbutyric acid. It has a mild, long-lasting effect on the formation of the root system, which is especially important when plants are propagated by cutting.
Means represents powdery powder of pinkish, white or beige color, packaged in individual bags. The biostimulator can be used both in dry form and in the form of a solution. There are several goals with which Kornevin is used. The most common are:
- seed aid in germination,
- improvement of root formation in cuttings,
- reducing the negative impact of complex natural phenomena on the seedling,
- Contribute to strengthening the roots of transplanted seedlings.
The active substance of the phytohormone after reaching the surface of the plant has a stimulating effect on its outer layers, contributing to the formation of roots and callus. In addition, it also accelerates the division of tissue seedling.
Due to the treatment of cuttings with Kornevin, they quickly root, and the part of the plant immersed in water resists decomposition for much longer.
Plant treatment powder
There is nothing difficult to use in the dry form. They just showered the roots of fruit bushes and trees. Small cuttings can be dipped in a container filled with powder. In the same way, plant parts are dipped during grafting for better splicing.
The tool is great for processing exotic flowers, ornamental shrubs and houseplants. In the instructions for use of Kornevin for these purposes, it is recommended to additionally use activated carbon, which is mixed with biostimulant in equal quantities. The resulting mixture is processed sections of the cuttings, which are then placed in the water or immediately sown in the ground.
In the process of conducting sheet cuttings of flowers, the stems are showered with the drug in a centimeter from the place of cutting. In this case, all the excess powder must be removed before planting in the soil.
Often, gardeners treat saplings with a biostimulant mixed with fungicides in the ratio of 10 parts of Kornevin to 1 part of a bactericidal agent. This procedure eliminates pathogens and activates the immune function of the plant. Fungicide can be taken any, but first you should make sure that it is compatible with the biostimulator. For this, a small part of both chemicals is diluted in the liquid. If the compound has led to precipitation, drugs can not be combined.
To prepare Kornevin in liquid form, a gram of powder must be diluted in a liter of water at room temperature. The dishes should be enameled, porcelain or glass. The resulting solution is watered seedlings and seedlings twenty minutes after planting. For processing large trees and tall shrubs, 2.5 liter of substance is poured into each specimen. Only three hundred milliliters of the solution is enough for small bushes, and the seedlings of flowers and vegetables can root well when processing 40 and 50 milliliters of Kornevin, respectively.
For confidence, the rhizome can be pre-soaked in the substance for twelve hours. Gardeners often resort to this measure to strengthen the root system of apple, plum, quince, cherry and pear trees.
The biostimulator in liquid form is also used to germinate roots on the leaves of indoor plants or cuttings. Thanks to him, the roots begin to make their way in the shortest possible time. To stimulate sprouts it is necessary to carry out a number of specific actions:
- dip the leaf into the ready solution
- lower the lower part of the already moistened cutting into the biostimulant powder so that it covers about a centimeter of the plant,
- plant a scion in a container with a substrate,
- irrigate the soil with a solution.
As for seeds, bulbs and tubers, they are pre-soaked in the mixture for twenty hours, and only after this time they are planted in the ground. The soil after planting is also watered with a liquid stimulator.
It is important not to overdo the treatment with the amount of the drug, otherwise the reverse processes may be activated and the plant will die. To reduce the effect of phytohormone, you can add activated carbon to it.
The prepared composition is not stored for a long time. It disintegrates very quickly and loses its biostimulating properties. Therefore, it is necessary to use it immediately after breeding.
The drug should be stored in a place inaccessible to children and animals, separately from drugs and food at temperatures up to + 25ºC. At the same time it should not be exposed to sunlight and high humidity. Since the release of the chemical can be used no more than three years.
Since after treatment of plants, the tool often remains, it is necessary to provide optimal conditions for the storage of open powder. For these purposes, you can use a glass or plastic container, equipped with a tight lid that protects against air ingress.
Strengths and weaknesses of the substance
Most drugs have their advantages and disadvantages. Kornevin is no exception. Of its positive sides worth noting Two main points:
- possibility of use in dry and liquid form,
- long duration of exposure to the plant root system.
Regarding the second point, many other chemicals have only a short-term effect, affecting the seedlings rather aggressively. Kornevin, in turn, is much softer and shows activity much longer.
A clear drawback can be called a high danger to people and animals. During the work it is necessary to handle the drug very carefully and to ensure careful protection of the respiratory tract, eyes and skin, otherwise it can lead to severe poisoning.
The weak sides include the rapid loss of biostimulating properties in diluted or open form. In this regard, the chemical must be diluted in small portions, and to store the remaining powder to look for an airtight container.
Preparation of natural biostimulants
Some gardeners are not committed to using chemicals. They prefer to cook natural biostimulants at home. There are several tools from which you can create these kinds of drugs:
- Honey. Used to prepare a solution, for which a teaspoon of honey is diluted in one and a half liters of water. In the resulting liquid, the cuttings are soaked for twelve hours, and then planted in the ground.
- Baker's yeast. One hundred grams of the component is diluted in a liter of liquid, after which the tip of the plant is placed for a day in the prepared solution. Next, the remnants of the mixture are washed off, and the cuttings are laid out in ordinary water before germination.
- Aloe juice It is added to the water, where the process will take root. Enough seven drops of juice for half a liter of liquid.
- Willow shoots. Willow is considered perhaps the most powerful biostimulant with a large number of growth hormones. To prepare the infusion, you need to take six annual twigs and cut them into five-centimeter pieces. After that, the shoots are placed in a saucepan and filled with water so that it is 4 centimeters above the twigs. The broth is cooked over low heat for thirty minutes, after which it is allowed to infuse for about ten hours. Infusion is filtered and poured into glass containers for storage in a cold place. You can use it for a month. It is intended for watering transplanted plants, soaking seeds, roots and cuttings.
The use of such substitutes does not give such results as when treating plants with a chemical agent, but significantly reduces the likelihood of burns of the cuttings. They can be used as an experiment for growing small crops. But it is better to stimulate the growth of trees and shrubs by Kornevin.
The composition of the biostimulator and the general principle of its operation
The effect of the drug "Kornevin" is due to the main active ingredient - biostimulating indolylbutyric acid (IMC), which has the ability to irritate the covering plant tissue, forcing them to produce new living cells (callus) at the site of damage, stimulating natural synthesis with conversion to heteroauxin (phytohormone), due to which there is an increased formation and development of root processes.
The concentration of IMC in this preparation is 5 g / kg. Its action compared to pure heteroauxin is slower, but longer.
A positive effect on the immune system makes the seedlings more adapted to weather changes. conditions, temperature fluctuations, periods of drought, frosts or overmoistening.
In addition to the IMC, the following additional components are included:
The inclusion of other elements has small shares. Form release - powder.
If you use "Kornevin" in combination with the drug "Athlete", designed to stimulate the aerial part of the plant, you can achieve an even better effect.
Is "Kornevin" fertilizer?
No, it has a different purpose and does not replace either organic or mineral supplements. Its goal is to stimulate the production of new root cells, their growth in the stretching phase, the growth of the root system and the improvement of survival during transplantation.
The most effective is the use of "Kornevina" for the germination of cuttings, shoots, leaves and other parts of plants. But in general, he is able to cope with many other tasks:
- Helps to grow strong and healthy seedlings, promotes its easy survival during transplantation.
- Improves seed germination.
- Awakens sleeping buds of shoots and flower bulbs.
- Contributes to the rapid survival of berry, fruit and ornamental tree crops (shrubs, trees).
- Increases the adaptive properties of plants, strengthens their immunity to negative external factors.
- Reduces the survival time of the inoculum.
The positive effect of hormones on plant immunity, however, does not prevent infections and diseases, this should be taken care of additionally.
Dry powder is used to dust the roots when transplanting plants, cuttings before planting for germination, leaves when flower plants are propagated (begonia, violet, tsiperus and others), etc. If the volume of the part being processed is small, you can simply dip it into powder and then carefully shake off excess.
After processing, the stalk, leaf or plant is placed in the soil substrate, depending on further agrotechnical measures. If the tool is used to speed up the grafting process, the powder is processed into sections before they are joined.
It is very useful to add a fungicide to the Kornevin powder in a ratio of 10: 1. This greatly increases bacterial protection.
The use of an aqueous solution
According to the attached instructions, the aqueous solution is prepared at the rate of 5 g of the product (the contents of one sachet) for 5 l of water and is used for watering, soaking seed material (including bulbs and tubers), cuttings and roots of seedlings. If there is no need for such a large amount, the rate of dilution is 1 tsp. on 1 l of water.
Watering is done at the root itself twice: immediately after planting and 2-3 weeks later.
However, soaking the roots, as experience shows, is less effective than their dusting. As for the tubers and bulbs, for the best result they are recommended to be held in an aqueous solution for a day, but not less than 18 hours.
The aqueous solution should always be freshly prepared! When stored in it, irreversible decomposition processes occur.
The principle “the more the better” for this drug does not work. An overdose of "root" can lead to the opposite effect - the roots can begin to rot, and the plant will die. Therefore, following the instructions in this case is a prerequisite for a good result.
The tool is quite strong, 1 package is designed for 50 plants. If you fear an overdose, you can mix it with finely crushed activated carbon in equal shares.
Differences "Kornevin" from "Heteroauxin"
Вопрос об их идентичности возникает довольно часто, поскольку в обоих случаях речь идет о выработке фитогормона гетероауксина. But they are not analogues, primarily because of the use of different active substances. In the first case it is indolylbutyric acid, in the second - indolyl acetic acid.
Different forms of release of these biostimulants (powder and tablets with capsules) are different.
The third difference concerns the security class. If the Heteroauxin belongs to the 4th class that is safer for humans, then Kornevin belongs to the 3rd class. On this basis, the question arises of the safe use of this tool.
Safety rules when working with "Kornevin"
Although the powder is not phototoxic, the following rules are recommended.
- Work with dry powder and water solution exclusively in gloves.
- Use non-food glassware, porcelain or enamel.
- While working with the drug, one should not eat, smoke, drink, and in other cases, hold the hands to the face and, especially, to the mouth.
- In case of even a microscopic dose of the drug in the mouth, it is necessary to drink a large amount of water and take either activated carbon in a weight dosage or another drug based on it.
- If the substance gets on your hands, you should immediately wash them with soap and water.
- Packing does not throw in the trash, and burn. Gloves are best used disposable and do the same.
- Keep children away from substance or packaging.
Using the "root" does not cancel the schedule of other mineral and organic supplements. Stimulation of growth and saturation with microelements are different agrotechnical measures.
Compatibility with other means
The drug has good compatibility with almost all insecticides and fungicides. And yet, in order to verify this in relation to a particular drug, it is recommended to combine small doses of their aqueous solutions. A sign of their incompatibility is precipitation.
With proper and reasonable use, "Kornevin" will give an excellent result even in adverse conditions or with weak material for cultivation. It is suitable for indoor plants, and for trees, and for all garden and garden crops. Use it by the rules and do not expect the use of biostimulants more than their intended purpose and is guaranteed by the manufacturer. Under all conditions of use, the survival rate of the crops will be close to the 100% result.
Rooting cuttings of grapes
For rooting grapes cuttings, rootwood is used both in dry form and diluted in water. This culture is fairly easily propagated by cutting, but if there is very little planting material or the variety is particularly valuable, it is worth reinsuring yourself and using a root forcing.
The dry method is more reliable, it will require a greater consumption of powder and is dangerous due to the likelihood that the cutting will rot. It is used if the selected grade does not root in the solution. The dry method is used if, after 2 weeks of rooting in the solution, callus formation did not occur. The shank should be carefully examined under a magnifying glass: if at least microscopic flows are noticeable, it should be left in an aqueous solution.
Purpose of use
Kornevin as a growth promoter of roots, including indoor plants, is used for many purposes. What is it for?
- Seeds germinate much faster.
- The cuttings have better roots.
- Roots of seedlings grow at a rapid pace if Root-roots are used for rooting.
Developed root system allows you to withstand poor conditions, temperature extremes.
The composition and principle of operation
In order to properly use the drug and get good results, it is necessary to study the instructions for use of Kornevin, a root growth stimulator. The preparation, which can be referred to as SP, includes indolyl butyric acid and additional chemical elements necessary for the healthy development of plants: potassium, molybdenum and manganese. Acid, getting to the plant, provokes the effect of irritation and promotes the formation of the roots of the plant.
Before you start working with the drug, it is important to learn the necessary rules for dosage, which are mandatory when using it. Deviation up or down from the right amount of the drug can cause either an excessive increase in growth or, on the contrary, a significant slowdown in development.
Hazard Class and Precautions
“Kornevin” is considered a moderately dangerous drug not only for people and animals, according to this parameter it is referred to the third class, therefore, working with it, take precautions. It is necessary to use protective clothing, perform operations in the open air or in a well-ventilated area.
If the drug has been exposed to open skin or mucous membranes, it is necessary to treat the affected areas with a large amount of running water. The dishes in which the solution was prepared cannot be used for other purposes. While working with "Kornevin" it is forbidden to eat and smoke.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of "Kornevin" include:
- Helps plants that are hard to root.
- Helps to increase the yield of planted crops.
- If the seeds are soaked in "Kornevine", then they better sprout.
- Helps plants in acquiring immunity.
- After its application, cultures more easily tolerate temperature drops, lack of moisture and frost.
- If the plant has problems with roots, it also serves as an indication for use.
Like any remedy, "Kornevin" has drawbacks, among which overdose is extremely dangerous and can affect plant growth.
Differences from "Heteroauxin"
The incorrect statement is that these drugs are interchangeable. They contain different substances. The basis of “Heteroauxin” is indole acetic acid, and another acid, indolyl butyric acid, is included in “Kornevin”. The form in which these drugs are produced is also different.
If “Kornevin” has the form of a powder, then “Heteroauxin” is produced in capsules and tablets. There is another significant difference regarding security. "Heteroauxin" has a fourth hazard class, and "Kornevin" is only the third. Gardeners and gardeners who have experience using both drugs say that feeding with “Kornevin” has a slightly slower effect than that of the second drug, but it lasts for a longer time.
How to use "Kornevin?" The use of the drug in powder form is not a big deal. Biostimulator sprinkle the roots of the culture. The same is done with the cuttings, so that they can take root faster, or lower it with a cut into the container with the preparation. The bulbs, seeds, and tubers are kept in the “Kornevine” for about 20 hours, and the seedlings are kept 15 minutes just before planting.
Aqueous solution, dilution rules and consumption
The method of application lies in the fact that the agent must be diluted with warm distilled water. How to prepare the solution "Kornevin?" Per liter of water - 1 g of the drug. In the prepared mixture, you can make soaking for seeds, tubers and bulbs per day. After that, you can proceed to their landing. Also they water the plants. How to dilute "Kornevin" and how much solution you need:
- Large trees and tall shrubs - 2.5 l.
- Small bushes, as well as medium growth - 300 ml.
- Seedlings for flowers - 40 ml.
- Seedlings for vegetables - 50 ml.
Indoor plants and flowers
Consider the question whether it is possible to water a flower with a solution of “Kornevina”. For indoor plants and other crops, the drug should be used for irrigation in order to improve immunity and prevent certain diseases, as well as for reproduction. Periodic watering of indoor flowers with a solution of the drug has a beneficial effect on the health of plants, enriches the soil and helps with transplantation.
Seedlings ready for planting should be applied with an even layer of a dry preparation to slightly moistened roots, this can be done with a cotton swab or a wide brush, then immediately planted in a prepared nutrient soil, or pre-soak the plants in the ready-made Kornevina solution for about a day .
Root cuttings for cuttings, instructions for use: the cuttings should be processed by immersing the cut in a dry preparation by about 1.5-2 cm. Excess powder can simply be shaken off and the cuttings should be planted in the soil or kept in an aqueous solution for two to seven days. The solution should be changed daily, it is best to use glass or ceramic dishes for such purposes.
Tips and reviews
"Kornevin" - one of the most recognizable and affordable drugs, he has a lot of good reviews. Best of all, the drug has established itself on fruit and coniferous trees, ornamental and fruit bushes, bulbous and tuberous plants. With it, roses, grapes, plum, cherry, and flower bulbs are better rooted, treated in solution, give more shoots.
Plants that have been processed, easier to experience temperature extremes, drought or, conversely, increased humidity. It also has a good effect on the growth of tomatoes and peppers, helps orchids, and is also used when cutting coniferous trees. Do not use the root stimulator for cultures that are capable of rooting naturally without any additives, such as Japanese quince, blueberries and jasmine, as this can lead to the opposite result.
Be sure to read the instructions for use to avoid overdosing the drug.
Bioregulator "Kornevin" was obtained by artificial means. It helps very well in the germination of various plants, as well as in the development of the roots of cuttings. Seed germination is significantly improved, crops are less exposed to diseases and natural factors.
Another important advantage of the drug is its availability to any summer resident and the fact that it can be applied to plants growing in homes.
How to root a rose from a bouquet using the root
Sometimes on the stalks of roses from a bouquet of green buds are formed on the site of dangling leaves. If you like the variety, you should try to root the cutting. For this, the stem is pruned at the bottom and top, leaving 3 healthy swollen buds.
The lower part of the stem from the slice to the lowest buds is scratched with a sharp knife to make the roots easier to germinate. Then this place, including the cut and the lower bud, is dipped in the root, and after a few minutes, the excess is shaken off and the cuttings are planted in the planting container. The upper two buds should remain on the surface. It is advisable to use a special soil for roses.
From above, the container is covered with polyethylene or covered with a transparent plastic cup and placed in a warm, bright place. From time to time the shelter is removed for airing and, if necessary, moisten the ground.
For rooting, experts advise using rosin with zircon.
If the live cuttings from the bouquet still remain, you can try to root them in an aqueous solution of the drug. Planting material is prepared in the same way as for rooting by the dry method. In the water should remain only the lower kidney cutting.
Rules for handling root
The preparation belongs to the 3 rd class of danger, and it is necessary to work with it in gloves, and it is better not to throw away the used packaging, but to burn it. The manufacturer of the stimulator prescribes the following handling precautions:
- the drug is not diluted in food containers,
- do not eat, smoke or drink during work
- If it comes into contact with your hands, wash them immediately with soap,
- if even microscopic doses are accidentally swallowed, drink plenty of water, induce vomiting and take activated carbon,
- the drug is stored out of the reach of children.
All components of the root are not phytotoxic and are not carcinogenic, but the recommendations should not be neglected.
Using the root allows not only to get healthy strong plants with a strong root system, but also to achieve rooting of the most unusual and exotic crops in their area. With it, it is also easier to learn how to graft different varieties and get strong, viable grafts.