Kotovnik, whose medicinal properties and contraindications we consider in this article, is a perennial plant of the Labiotus family. It is often referred to as cat grass, mint, drink, field balm, as well as matoshnik, catnies, sable grass, and fragrant chanderama. Consider this plant in more detail: what it is, what are the healing properties and how to properly apply it.
In appearance, this herb resembles mint. It reaches from forty to one hundred centimeters in length, has branchy tetrahedral stems and sharp, oblong pubescent leaves, ovate-heart-shaped.
Small flowers are painted in white or purple-bluish shade and are collected in inflorescences, the diameter of which varies from one and a half to two and a half centimeters, and in length - from 3.5 to 8 centimeters. Brown fruits have the shape of a nutlet - an ellipse.
Kotovnik, whose photo you can see in our article, blooms in the middle of summer, and the fruits ripen from its second half. The aroma of the plant is sharp and very pleasant. The smell of catnip is lemon. Its medicinal properties apply not only to animals (which can be guessed by name), but also to people.
The plant can be found in the western and eastern parts of Europe, in Asia, in the west of Siberia and in the Caucasus. In Canada and the United States it is specially cultivated. In the wild, catnip grows as a shrub and is found in forests, fields and meadows, river banks and alongside roads.
By the way, in the Middle Ages, flowers of different varieties were grown very little, but among them there was necessarily a catnip. The healing properties of his already widely used and, in addition, added it to the culinary dishes.
Collecting and harvesting
As a medicine, the ground part of the plant is used, that is, the stem, leaves and flowers. They are collected during flowering. To this end, the plant is cut about ten centimeters from the ground. The grass is dried in a well-ventilated area or in fresh air.
A dry catnip acquires a greenish-grayish color. As such, it can be stored for two years. After collecting the stem quickly grows and re-blooms in a month. The largest crop gives catnip in the third year of life. It contains an essential oil that gives a pleasant lemon scent. Also included are tanning and bitter substances, saponins, vitamin C and glycosides.
Did you know that the majority of melissa sold, and as a result, grown in vegetable gardens, is nothing more than a catnip? And indeed it is. The plant looks very similar to melissa. But it is not difficult to distinguish one from the other.
It is necessary to take a grass in hands and to pound. If it is a catnip, then the smell will become unpleasant, but the real lemon balm will retain its flavor. In addition, the dry grass of the plant under consideration is a bit like the smell of cat urine. And another visual difference is that the catnip fruits have two white dots. But melissa this is not observed.
In ancient times, and in some countries, to this day, the dry leaves of these plants chew and smoke like tobacco. But in this form, of course, the medical properties do not reveal the catnip. And the contraindications here, perhaps, even outweigh, as the herb to some extent turns into a drug. True, the harm to health, unlike modern cigarettes, will be significantly less of it. But getting used to such an action is evil in any case.
As a medicinal herb, catnip is used for various purposes. So, he has the following action:
- restoring the menstrual cycle.
Kotovnik grass, the medicinal properties of which we are considering, perfectly improves the appetite, the digestive process, normalizes the bowels. Its use helps to increase heart rate and eliminate seizures.
It is great for coughing, gastrointestinal diseases, bronchitis, migraines, hysteria, shortness of breath, anemia, jaundice and other diseases.
In addition to internal reception, it is possible to use the plant and externally. This is true for inflammatory processes of the skin, scabies, furunculosis, acne and eczema. Catnip essential oil will be effective in lead poisoning - it can improve the patient's condition. Also, the tool has a high antimicrobial effect. From it usually make decoctions and tinctures.
Consider a few tricks on how the catnip is used Hungarian. The healing properties of this herb are especially noticeable in cases of depression, hysteria and angina.
To do this, make the following infusion: 300 ml of boiling water add a tablespoon of herbs in a dry, crushed form and leave to infuse for an hour. Then take half a glass three times a day.
The same recipe is suitable for external use in skin diseases.
For diseases of the digestive tract or headaches do the following infusion: a small spoonful of herbs brewed in 200 ml of boiling water and insist. This is best done in a thermos and then strain. The tool is taken in a tablespoon three times a day.
Very effective and a mixture of herbs. For example, for skin diseases, St. John's wort, blueberry, mint, laurel, yellow root, Irish moss, blue verbena, sorrel, fenugreek, yellow gentian, starodubki root, ash and, of course, catnip in the same proportions. Three tablespoons pour 400 ml of boiling water and infuse for an hour. First, the infusion of the mixture is drunk once a day, gradually increasing the use up to three times.
If a child has insomnia, then for him you can prepare a decoction of the mixture, which includes the following herbs: valerian, chamomile, passionflower, catnip, Baikal skullcap. All components are taken in equal proportions, brewed three tablespoons of two cups of boiling water and kept on the fire for five minutes, then insist for an hour. Use the tool three times a day, 100 ml for half a month.
An excellent analgesic effect has a tincture of the following herbs: catnip, valerian and skullcap. They are taken in the same proportions. Then two tablespoons of the mixture is poured with two cups of boiling water and infused for a third of an hour.
In Europe and in the East, shoots and leaves of catnipers are used as a spice, adding to pickling and pickling as a seasoning. They also flavor meat and fish dishes, drinks and sauces. The plant is often used as a tea brew. And confectionery products acquire a special taste, if they add essential oil of catnip.
In addition to use for humans, the plant also helps animals. Cats, breathing in its scent, become peace-loving, balanced, playful and playful. Therefore, it is especially useful to give a sprig of catnip to animals that are in stressful situations, for example, when moving or going to the vet.
This action applies not only to small cats, but also to all animals of the cat family. This has been known for a long time. So, the plant was used as bait for lynx fishing.
But the catnip acts on insects, on the contrary, in a frightening way. Mosquitoes and even cockroaches are afraid of him. Therefore, the essential oil is often added to insect repellents.
Other properties of the plant
The fragrant catnip, whose medicinal properties and contraindications we describe, contributes to relaxation, normalization of emotions and mood, and balancing. This magical effect of the plant, by the way, was already known in the Middle Ages.
Dried leaves from it were used as bookmarks for books on magic. Kotovnik used for love spell. And before the date, the gypsies drank tea brewed on the grass with the addition of honey.
The plant is used for a variety of purposes. With the right approach, it can be a great help in various situations. However, you should be aware that in some cases the catnip has contraindications. Thus, the plant can not be used primarily for pregnant women and mothers during lactation. In addition, its use is extremely undesirable for children.
It remains to add that the information available today as to what the catnip has healing properties and contraindications is far from complete. Therefore, its use should be careful.
Botanical description and place of growth of catnip lemon
Catnip is an unpretentious herbaceous perennial from the family yasnotkovye (labinotskie). Characteristic features are a high ligneous tetrahedral stem from 0.4 to 1 m, triangularly ovate leaves, as well as apical fragile inflorescences in the form of half umbrellas with a variety of white flowers with purple or purple spots on the lower petals. Wild catnip refers to creeping plants: at each contact with the soil, the stem gives new shoots, rooting and forming thickets, when cultivated on the plot, this grass usually looks like upright. As a rule, lemon cat blooms in summer, in June-July.
In addition to the above characteristics, catnip can be easily recognized by breaking the stem: you will feel a strong smell, giving away a lemon. The fact is that in the composition of the herb, 3% consists of essential oils, and it is thanks to them that the catnip attracts the animals so reflected in its name.
As for distribution, this herb is found practically throughout the entire vast territory of Russia, including Siberia and the Caucasus, as well as in many countries of Europe and Asia (India, Pakistan). Often cultivated in America and Canada. Plant prefers open areastherefore, it can often be seen on forest edges, along roads, in fields, and on mountain slopes.
Folk names catnip
In addition to the name “catnip feline” adopted in botany, there are several other names given to a plant by people for its properties. So, about the fact that this plant attracts cats, they say the nicknames "catnip", "cat's grass", "cat's drink", "catcher". The smell of grass is indicated by “mint catnip”, “common pachuchka”, “fragrant shandra”, “lemon dahts”. On the healing properties of the grass eloquently hinted "field balm", "Matoshnik" and "bog grass".
Useful and healing properties of catnip
Due to its composition rich in essential oils, terpenes and tannins, the catnip has been known in folk medicine since ancient times. This plant has the widest range of healing properties: it soothes pain, eliminates inflammation, increases appetite, improves gastrointestinal function, fights anemia and dizziness, and has a positive effect on the body as a whole. In addition, the catnip is recommended for use by women with menstrual disorders, as well as suffering from low resistance to stress. Another therapeutic effect is effectiveness in the fight against microbes, so cat grass is often used to eliminate some skin diseases, such as eczema, acne and furunculosis. Fragrant shandra can also help with various kinds of nervous disorders (hysteria, depression, melancholy).
In addition to traditional medicine, catnip has been used for behavioral problems in pets: for cats, this plant produces a first disturbing, and then a calming effect. With the help of cat's grass, you can adjust the habits of the catthat bother the owner or just to please her with an unusual delicacy. In addition, lemon dahz can help your pet get rid of worms and dysfunction of the digestive organs.
The use of catnip
In the second or third year, a young catnip bush gives a very good harvest - it is at this time that the inflorescences must be cut and dried. Properly harvested raw materials are stored for 2 years and have a grayish-green shade. The resulting material can be used for decoctions and medicinal tinctures that help with various ailments.
Recipes of traditional medicine with catnip
- Infusion of Matoshnik. A tablespoon of raw materials is brewed in boiling water (0.3 l), infused for two hours and then filtered. Dosage and method of use: a tablespoon 30 minutes before a meal, applied for 1-2 days. Infusion will relieve headaches and migraines.
- Collection on the basis of catnip lemon. You need to take 1 tablespoon of valerian, hop fruit, chamomile, passionflower and 2 times more catnip. 3 spoons of the resulting mixture of herbs are brewed in 2 cups of water and then placed in a water bath for 5 minutes. Accepted cooled and filtered to 0.5 cups after a meal 3 times a day. Recommended for use with insomnia.
- Infusion of stomach cramps. Soak a spoonful of raw materials in cold water, leave for two hours. Then boil and pour into a thermos. After 3-4 hours, you can take 30 ml inside 4 times a day for a week.
- Lotions with catnip. Two tablespoons of dried herbs are boiled in 0.3 liters of water in a water bath for five minutes, cooled and filtered. The decoction is applied to areas affected by eczema 2 times a day for half an hour.
- Catnip as an aphrodisiac. It is necessary to mix a tablespoon of marjoram, catnip, two tbsp. dill, vanilla pod and cinnamon and brew one tsp. in glass. Take as a tea with a partner.
- Powder for depression. The composition of the collection: 2 parts lavender inflorescences, 1 part of the catnip lemon and 1 part oregano. The mixture is poured into the bags, which are then hung around the house.
Dahtz lemon in cooking
Young leaves of catnip can be dried and then used as an aromatic additive to tea with a soothing effect. Also, the newly collected leaves of catnip are often added to homemade cheeses. Another field of application is confectionery: by adding a small amount of grass, the dough becomes soft and gives off a pleasant aroma.
About contraindications and the dangers of catnip
For pet cats mint is harmless, because the effect of essential oil lasts only a few minutes, and then the cat stops noticing it until the next time. In humans, the effect of the plant extends to a greater extent and is characterized by some undesirable effects. First of all, the use of fragrant shandra can lead to menstruation in women, having problems with the cycle. Secondly, tea with the addition of cat grass has a noticeable diuretic effect, so it is recommended to drink it for one and a half to two hours before bedtime. Thirdly, taking a catnip lemon inside entails an increase in heartbeat - it is contraindicated to take people suffering from tachycardia and other pathologies of the heart. Pregnant and lactating women are also at risk.
Special attention is given to the fact that catnip is a powerful sedative, so it should not be taken before you get behind the wheel or other important actions that require concentration: the grass, taken orally, necessarily entails a drowsy state.
Growing catnip in the country
Due to the healing, gastronomical and high decorative properties of the catnip, lemon is a frequent guest in the flowerbeds of Russian gardeners. How to grow grass in temperate latitudes? First of all you need to decide whether you will sow it immediately into the ground, or you will first plant the seedlings. As a rule, the second option is safer and more efficient than the first.
The birthplace of catnip is considered the Mediterranean, but now it can be found in almost all corners of the planet. Kotovnik from the family Yasnotkovyh has more than 250 species, is well adapted to environmental conditions. This plant can survive cold and heat.therefore it can be found on most continents of the Earth.
Catnip grows in forests, meadows and fields, in the mountains and gardens of caring botanists. In height, the plant can reach 120 centimeters, which allows pharmacists and doctors to get the maximum benefit from the medicinal plant.
Kotovnik has a stem lowered to the ground, beautiful triangular leaves with pointed edges, as well as a heart-shaped base. Purple or lilac flowers are collected in the inflorescence of the brush. A cup of flowers has a length of up to 8 mm. Another feature of the plant is the presence of the "lower lip" of the corolla, which may have a white or pink shade. Sometimes the lower part of the corolla gets interesting pigmentation and is covered with dark spots. The plant also produces fruits - brown nuts, which ripen, as a rule, at the end of summer. For catnip seeds requires careful care.
Proper care of catnip
Catnip can not be called fastidious plant, but it requires basic care. Необходимо обеспечить траву местом и отсутствием сорняков, которые неблагоприятно влияют на рост кошачьей мяты.
It is important to adhere to the following rules:
- Do not forget to cut off the dried parts of the plant in time.
- The most unfavorable place for catnip is shade. The plant is not shade-loving.
- One of the best locations is the alpine slide.
- The place must be changed at least once in four years. A transplant will have a positive effect on catnip growth.
- Kotovnik is a plant that adapts quite well to environmental conditions. Its roots themselves find nutrients in the soil. However, you can add organic fertilizer in the fall for better growth.
- After cutting the grass, you can add chicken manure as a useful fertilizer.
- One of the advantages of catnip is the absence of pests that cause diseases. By nature, this plant has a rather strong odor that scares off pests.
- The plant is best sheltered when the onset of cold weather.
The difference from the catnip balm
Catnip is often confused with melissa, but these are two different plants. They differ in the form of leaves and flowers, and useful healing properties. In order not to confuse melissa with lemongrass cattle, you need to familiarize yourself with melissa and learn about its features.
Melissa - This is a medicinal plant that has many useful properties. Melissa has a pleasant lemon smell similar to catnip. The most popular type is lemon balm. It is called so due to the beneficial properties that it has on the human body.
Melissa is a perennial plant. The length of the stem is about 80 cm. This is one of the obvious differences of lemon balm from the catnip, because the length of the catnip stem reaches 120 cm. The leaves of the lemon balm have a light green tint and the shape of an egg.
The rim, in contrast to the catler's corolla, can be painted in various shades of yellow, pink and white. Nuts can have both black and brown color. Unlike a catnip, this plant is less fragrant and has slightly less mint notes in the smell.
The medicinal properties of lemon balm are also different from the properties of a forty-man student. Melissa advise women who want to start a menstrual cycle to drinkas well as those who suffer from pain during menopause. To get rid of hormonal disorders, you can brew tea with melissa and drink once a day.
Herbal tea also will help get rid of headaches, nervous breakdown, protects nerve cells and allows you to relax. Tea can help increase concentration, improve memory and metabolism in the human body.
Types and varieties of catnip
Kotovnik is a genus of plants of the yasnotk family, numbering about two hundred and fifty species. This perennial grass grows on almost all continents: in Africa, America and Eurasia. It is distributed in South and Central Europe, Central Asia. He is not afraid of the subtropical climate of Nepal, Pakistan and India. It is also found in the Far East and the North Caucasus, in the south of Western Siberia.
In fact, the catnip cat is a rather unpretentious plant. It grows well both on mountain slopes and on wastelands. Feels good in forest glades and along roads. He does not disdain and weedy places.
This grass has a branching woody root and upright fluffy stem, reaching a height of one meter. The triangular leaves have a heart-shaped base and large teeth along the edges.
Catnip flower is most often dirty white with purple or purple splashes. The first flowers appear in June and bloom until August. The fruit forms a smooth brown nut and forms at the end of summer and beginning of autumn.
Kotovnik - frost-resistant plant, tolerates cold and drought. The lack of moisture has a bad effect on the seeds - they dry out and lose their ability to reproduce, and its overabundance leads to the death of the plant.
Often this herb is confused with melissa, as catnip also has a strong lemon scent, but unlike lemon mint, the smell of the plant is somewhat softer, and the leaf color is much brighter.
Catnip is not only wild. It is often grown in home gardens. This plant looks good for decorative purposes, and its pleasant aroma attracts bees and other insects. Thanks to the refined smell and beautiful appearance, the catnip is often used in landscape design.
There are quite a lot of catnip species, and selection breeds are several times more. Therefore, we will stop our attention not a few of the most common plants.
Almost all species are wild. The most basic varieties used for decorative and economic purposes are:
- catnip or catnip lemon - the most popular and most common species,
- Felix catnip is a hybrid species, valued primarily for its decorative qualities,
- catnip grandiflora - also grown for decorative purposes,
- catnip half-eared - unpretentious plant, widely used in landscape design,
- Catnip Mussini or Musina - is used as a spice in marinades and in liquor production,
- Siberian Catnip - grows in Siberia, Mongolia and Central Asia,
- Jezsky catnip - a species on the verge of extinction, found in northern Japan and in the Sakhalin region,
- the catnip is dormant or venous - used in landscape design.
Numerous varieties of plants bred for the most part for decorative purposes. These include:
- Blue carpet - one of the popular varieties of hothouse
- the centaur, basilio, velvet and blue frost are varieties of catnip lemon,
- Fassen's Six Hills Giant, Selected Blue, “Superba Buhl” - refer to the catnip of the Fassen,
- Bramden - a beautiful variety of catnip, bred specifically for design purposes.
Valuable composition and beneficial properties of catnip
This plant is famous primarily for the presence of the essential oil, in which there is carvacrol, which has powerful antibacterial properties. Organic matter pulegon is present in its composition, to which the catnip owes its fresh mint-lemon scent.
In addition, the plant contains ascorbic acid, tannins, saponins and glycosides.
Due to its valuable chemical composition, catnip is widely used in cooking and traditional medicine, used in the perfume industry. This plant is a honey plant - it attracts bees to itself.
The essential oils that make up this herb are in great demand in the manufacture of perfumes, giving them an amazing fresh lemon scent.
Numerous reviews suggest that the catnip lemon can be used against mice. It repels rodents and dares them from home.
In cooking, the stems and leaves of the plant are used. They are dried and ground into powder, resulting in a spicy aromatic spice, which is customarily added to various dishes. It is used for cooking:
- meat and fish dishes,
- vegetable side dishes
- salads, especially those containing green vegetables,
- various desserts and sweets,
- vegetable soups,
- soft alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks
- marinades, especially for salting and pickling herring,
- bouquets and spice blends,
It should be known that even after heat treatment the plant does not lose its beneficial properties and noble aroma. And the dried grass of catnip even becomes even more fragrant than fresh.
Catnip is a traditional seasoning in France, but highly valued in cuisines of different countries. And the tea with the aroma of such a plant is not only very tasty, but also very useful.
The healing properties of catnip are valued in both modern and traditional medicine. This herb is used for:
- migraines and severe headache
- depression and apathy,
- hysterical seizures
- spasms of internal organs.
Indispensable is a plant for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. It improves intestinal motility, normalizes acidity, relieves intestinal atony, gastritis.
Infusions and decoctions based on this herb are used as an expectorant for bronchitis and other diseases of the respiratory system.
The vitamin complex contained in the stems and leaves of the plant is very effective in dystrophy and anemia, helps to cope with women's diseases and liver diseases. A sufficiently effective cattery with jaundice.
Among other things, he relieves painful spasms, and also treats skin diseases with it: scabies, eczema, boils.
Plant sap is often used in cosmetology to fight acne in case of problem skin.
This herb is often used as part of complex therapy in the treatment of diabetes and hypertension. Kotovnik normalizes metabolic processes in the body, reduces the level of glucose and blood pressure, improves immunity and the body's natural defense.
The healing plant has the following effects:
Catnip well helps with acute respiratory infections, as well as significantly increases the appetite.
The recipe for the preparation of infusion for the treatment of various diseases is universal. This will require:
- Catnip dry grass - 1 tablespoon,
- water - 250 ml.
Chopped grass should be poured boiling water, insist for two hours in the heat, strain and take fifty milliliters a maximum of five times a day.
Catnip tea helps well for insomnia and increased anxiety. This powerful sedative is best used before bedtime. You can also apply warm baths with a few drops of the essential oil of the plant. This will help to relax and calm down.
The benefits and harms of this plant are unequal. Contraindications to the use of catnip minor:
- breastfeeding and pregnancy period
- propensity for allergies,
- individual intolerance to the components that make up the plant.
Growing a catnip and caring for a plant
This plant is unpretentious and does not require a large investment of time and effort in the care. Growing catnip occurs with the help of seeds or seedlings, as well as the division of the bushes.
Seed propagation involves planting seeds in open ground. The distance between the rows should not be less than thirty centimeters. They are submerged in the soil by one centimeter, and thinned at the first shoots. Remote sprouts can be transplanted to another location.
If planting is planned with the help of seedlings, the seeds are planted in small containers. And with the appearance of the first pair of true leaves, transplantation of seedlings into the soil is necessary, followed by fertilizer. But at the same time it is worth knowing that it is necessary to replant a plant when frosts are no longer foreseen.
By dividing the bushes or dividing the root, the plant propagates every three to five years. To do this, you need to dig up the plant, gently clean the roots, divide them into several parts and plant separately from each other. You should pay attention to the fact that each plant should have three or four buds and roots.
Care of the catnip is a regular watering of the plant, loosening the soil, fertilizer. Feed the plant most often with compost, humus and various mineral complexes.
Such a plant is rarely sore, but when overwetting powdery mildew may occur. It is easy to get rid of it with the help of various insecticides, but only if the grass is not eaten.
The smell of catnip scares off pests, so it’s not worth waiting for problems from this side. The only ones who are not afraid of its aroma are cicadas, but they do not do much harm to the plant.
Catnip is a useful and beautiful plant, which can be grown almost anywhere. It has a pleasant lemon-mint flavor that repels mice and other pests. The valuable composition of catnip allows it to be used in traditional and modern medicine, in cooking and cosmetology. Very well it has established itself for decorative purposes and is often used in landscape design.
Medicinal properties of lemon catnip:
Due to the use of catnip in humans increases appetite. Tincture of this plant helps to treat gastritis, with low acidity, stomach cramps and migraines. The use of catnip is beneficial in getting rid of hysterical conditions, depressions, angina pectoris. Folk remedies based on this plant help to relieve inflammation of the skin, get rid of furunculosis, acne, eczema. Diseases such as jaundice, anemia, and bronchitis can be effectively treated with lemon grass. Useful for catnip and for the digestive system. He has a positive effect on his work. With the help of this plant, intoxication of the human body is eliminated, after lead poisoning. Infusion of catnip with the addition of valerian and skullcap is used to relieve pain and relax muscles. The decoction of the catnip with chamomile and mint flowers helps the child fall asleep with insomnia. Popular use of catnip for the treatment of various sore throats.
Contraindications to the use of lemon catnip:
Experts have not fully studied the negative effects of lemon catnip on the body. A clear contraindication is individual intolerance or allergies. It is not advisable to use catnip pregnant and lactating women. Before using this plant or medication based on it, it is necessary for approval to consult a doctor.
For herbal medicine is very important catnip lemon. Useful properties are enclosed in the aboveground organs of the plant: flowers, stems and leaves. Gather healing herbs when it blooms. The stems are cut at a height of ten centimeters from the biennial bushes.
Cutting for drying is laid out under outdoor sheds and in rooms with good ventilation. The dried grass has a greenish-gray color. Stored medicinal raw materials for two years.
Use in official medicine
Medicinal products from catnip have a diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, restorative effect. They are able to relieve pain and heat, soothe, stop blood and regulate menstruation.
They are prescribed to increase appetite, improve the function of the gastrointestinal tract. And to stimulate digestion prescribed catnip lemon. Medicinal properties of herbs allow the use of drugs from it to eliminate seizures.
In external use, drugs play the role of a natural antibiotic. They treat furunculosis, tumors, pustules and inflammations on the skin. Medicines from the catnip Siberian rinse larynx for tumors. They are used as prophylactic agents for lead poisoning.
Folk remedies based on catnip
In folk medicine for the preparation of medicinal decoctions and tinctures from ancient times used catnip lemon. Its use is justified when it is necessary to increase the defenses of the immune system, whet the appetite, and have a beneficial effect on most systems of the human body.
Folk remedies from it are useful to people burdened with anemia, gynecological diseases, cough, liver ailments. They are recommended for patients suffering from intestinal atony, hysteria, helminthic invasion and headaches.
Catnip preparations that have a powerful sedative effect, perfectly fight insomnia. Kotovnik in the composition of medicinal fees used for the treatment of bronchitis. Infusions soothe a cough.
Decoctions from this herb are recommended for the treatment of anemia, exhaustion. They stimulate the appetite. They are drunk by those who have a catarrh of the stomach, who do not have a convulsive cough, shortness of breath is observed against the background of difficulty breathing. Infusions remove diseases that burden women, liver ailments. After their reception pass spasms, nervous disorders disappear. Outside of the grass, the affected skin is treated.
Essential oil of cat grass has a strong antimicrobial activity and fungicidal effects, so it is used in the fight against mold fungi. Kotovnik perfectly normalizes pressure, neutralizes the excess of sugars (its benefits are obvious for people suffering from diabetes). Thanks to urolic acid, which is part of it, it is possible to balance the salt metabolism.
Catnip - Effect on Animals
Kotovnik useful for animals. Cats burn for this medicinal plant with unbridled passion. They rub against its bushes, passionately sniffing their aroma, tearing leaflets from the stalks and chewing them. Field balm gives cats a playful and playfulness. Their mood changes under the influence of weed.
They, having fallen into obvious ecstasy, roll on the ground. Animals can not resist the temptation to return to where the catnip grows lemon, to get the next dose. The plant equally affects cats and cats.
Individuals prone to mild excitability and aggression gain calm and balance. They are more tolerant of stressful situations, cease to show signs of aggression and fear.
Флегматичные животные, побывавшие в контакте с котовником, обретают подвижность, игривость, коммуникабельность. Травка помогает им легче перенести путешествие в автомобиле, прием у ветврача, переезд на новое место жительства.
Эфирное масло, источаемое растением, влечет не только домашних кошек. Its scent is popular with pumas, lions, leopards and other felines. The ancient hunters caught lynx, luring them fragrant catnip.
Kotovnik in the gardens
Catnip attributed to ornamental landscape gardening plants. Landscape designers and amateur gardeners appreciate it for the abundance of inflorescences of blue, blue and purple colors that sway over the bushes throughout the summer. Kotovnik include compositions of flower gardens and alpine slides.
Kotovnik in cooking
Dry and dried leaves and shoots are used when salting herring. They are used as a flavoring to the spicy-sweet sauces. They flavor the second dishes, drinks, cheeses and desserts. They are indispensable for pickling and marinating. With their help they flavor salads and snacks.
Lemon Kotovnik is used for brewing teas. His foliage is added to teas without interruption. When consuming the essential oil that exudes a lemon scent, they give a special aroma and taste to all sorts of alcoholic and tonic drinks, confectionery products and baked goods.
What is catnip
An unpretentious herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of Labiaceae is called catnip (nepeta cataria). The grass grows on a high tetrahedral stem from 0.5 to 1 m, has triangular-ovate leaves. Wild catnip refers to creeping plants. With each contact with the soil, the stem gives new shoots that root, thereby forming thickets. Plants bloom in summer (June-July).
This herb has many different names, in addition to the accepted in botany - catnip. They came up with the people, based on the properties of the plant. Due to the fact that grass is liked by domestic cats, it is also called cat drink, cat grass, cat blood. Catnip mint, fragrant shandra, budra, lemon dahz indicate the spicy smell. For healing properties of the plant is called a field balm or matoshnik. Products with mint can be purchased at many pharmacies.
What it looks like
The plant is characterized by endurance and unpretentiousness to environmental conditions. Bushes are lush, can reach a height of 1 m, grow in wastelands, forests, on the slopes of hills or roadsides. In the wild form is found on all continents except Antarctica. Lemon catnip looks like a branchy stalk with leaves resembling a peak. Flowers grow closer to the top, small, collected in long brush. Color range - from white to lilac.
For a long time the catnip lemon is used as a medicinal plant which possesses the following medicinal properties:
Kotovnik is used to improve the appetite, the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. The amplitude of heart contractions grows, and convulsions pass. Traditional medicine applies dahts in the form of decoctions and infusions when coughing, anemia, migraine, hysteria, menstrual disorders. It is actively used externally for inflammation of the skin as an antibiotic.
Why cats love mint
Everyone has repeatedly noticed that when a cat smells mint, it begins to sniff, then scream, jump, behave very actively. After 2-3 minutes, the animal tastes the leaf and calms down. This is easily explained: the active substance Nepetalacton, which is part of mint, causes hallucinations in the cat, produces neurons, and a specific reaction occurs. Only one drawback - the grass is addictive, so often it can not be used. The benefits of using spice for the cat family are as follows:
- the ability to adjust behavior with the help of feline pheromones,
- relieving stress in an animal
- calming down
Catnip for man
The plant is considered an excellent natural drug for babies. Due to its soothing properties, it helps from insomnia, reduces anxiety. This effect is also felt on the stomach - pain, swelling is relieved. Strong mint decoction eases headaches, relaxes the nervous system. Thanks to its tannins, the catnip helps well for diarrhea and as an enema for constipation. Hot infusion that contains essential oils, works as an antiseptic for sore throat, colds, soothes during asthmatic attacks.
The use of catnip in traditional medicine
In Europe, catnip is used as a spice in cooking, and oil droplets are an indispensable ingredient in the manufacture of sweets and perfumes. Healing properties are used in folk remedies both inside the body and outside. Internal use has antitussive, sedative, anthelmintic effect, external - saves from skin diseases. Scientifically proven the effectiveness of plant extracts to increase appetite, in sprays with bronchitis.
In case of malfunctioning of the gastrointestinal tract, discomfort, gastritis, spasms, take cattle decoctions. For its preparation will require 1 tsp. dried herbs pour a glass of boiling water, insist 2-3 hours (preferably in a thermos). Then the mixture is filtered and take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day for half an hour before meals. This plant also stimulates appetite.
With a cold
Herbal tea is considered one of the best cold remedies. It is drunk both with the first symptoms and during the acute course of the disease. To make tea you need to pour 1 tbsp. l dry herbs 500 ml of boiling water and infuse for 20-30 minutes. Then strain everything through a sieve, add honey and lemon to taste, drink as tea. It is convenient to make in a teapot, a thermos, a coffee maker, a pan.
For skin diseases
For the treatment of various skin diseases (inflammation, boils, rash), it will be necessary to make a collection of such plants in equal proportions:
- cat grass,
- St. John's wort
To prepare the tincture 3 tbsp. l The above ingredients must be poured over 2 cups of boiling water, insisted for 30-40 minutes, then strain through a sieve. Should be taken 60 ml 3 times a day after meals. The first few days of taking is carried out 1 time / day, in order to track the body's reaction, to avoid the manifestation of allergic reactions to a multicomponent collection.
Mint for cats is boiled, and is used for uterine bleeding to stop hemorrhage. For preparation of means the full spoon of fresh leaves of mint is taken, filled in with a glass of boiled water, and all this is drawn for 2 hours. Strain the liquid take 0.5 cups 3-4 times / day before meals. Doctors recommend doing it only in emergency cases.
Kotovnik has many names, however, they are all associated with cats and their special love for this plant. However, this remarkable plant is familiar and loved not only by these tailed mischief-makers, but also by people who have long appreciated the catnip and its medicinal properties, which are determined by its composition.
Chemical composition of catnip
In the composition of this plant found:
- essential oils that give a special aroma to a plant and have a beneficial effect on the state of the nervous system,
- flavonoids that improve the condition of the blood vessels, giving them elasticity, and also prevent the development of atherosclerosis,
- the catnip lemon enhances the beneficial properties due to tannins, which give astringent drugs to the preparations of this plant,
- it contains tannins with a wide range of therapeutic effects,
- vitamins, glycosides, bitterness, trace elements and organic acids.
The whole complex of substances that the catnip contains, shows its healing properties in the fight against various diseases.
What diseases catnip coping with?
- Its drugs have a beneficial effect on strengthening the immune system, increasing vitality and body resistance to adverse environmental conditions.
- The use of catnip is well known in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. It is effective in gastritis with low acidity of the stomach, chronic constipation. Catnip enhances the activity of digestive enzymes that contribute to the active work of the intestine, its release from fecal blockages, as well as overcoming the stagnation of bile.
- Kotovnik has an excellent bactericidal effect and exhibits healing properties in the fight against purulent skin rashes, boils and relieves inflammation from insect bites, and also helps purify the blood, but this drug has contraindications that will also be noted.
- The beneficial effects of lemon-catnip drugs on restoring normal activity of the nervous system after depression and stressful conditions are known. Often, the catnip is taken to increase the appetite, and also use its beneficial properties to normalize the activity of the heart, however, the existing contraindications must be taken into account, since the use of the drug may cause an increase in heartbeat.
Contraindications to receive catnip
- Its reception should be canceled with individual intolerance.
- During pregnancy, you must refuse to take the drug.
- Breastfeeding is also not the best time to use a catnip.
And although the list of restrictions on the reception of the catnip lemon is limited to this, it is recommended to take it only after consulting the attending physician, since today all the side effects that may occur when it is taken are not fully understood.
The intoxicating effect of valerian on cats is known to many, but there is also a catnip plant, which is not very intoxicating and benefiting the animal. In science, this tool has a name - catnip, before using it on your pet, you need to know the useful properties and contraindications.
How acts on cats
Kotovnik after inhalation, acts on pets more intoxicating, animals begin to meow loudly, rub their faces and roll on the ground, females begin to behave as during estrus. Cats love this mint, most pets chew its leaves with pleasure. For a man, this herb is not dangerous by such euphoria, and does not cause hallucinations.
Attracts cats in mint strong smell of essential oils. The very opposite effect on the cats has grass, provided that the pet eats it. After drinking mint, the animal becomes docile, calm, sometimes apathetic, this effect is exerted on its body by nepetalactone.
No need to be frightened by the ambiguous behavior of animals, there are no narcotic substances in the essential oil.
The aroma of catnip in conjunction with the receptor proteins of the pet, have a strong effect on neurons that cause short-term hallucinations. Excited reactions appear only for some time, then cats come to their senses.
Contraindications and harm
Before you feed your pet smelling grass, you need to find out if catnip is harmful in some cases. The properties of the catnip in certain cases can harm the animal. When mint cannot be used to correct behavior:
- in case the pet over-reacts to the plant,
- with a thinned nervous system and psycho-emotional disorders,
- it is better not to let the pregnant cats smell the plant.
Why the cat does not respond to catnip
It makes no sense to give your pet catnip if its receptors do not respond to the essential oil. The sensitivity of the psyche of cats to the plant causes the DNA, some cats do not respond to the smell of grass due to lack of sensitivity to nepetalacton.
Catnip for cats has another feature - it is suitable only after puberty, so the animal may not perceive the ether due to age.
How much and where to buy
Cat's catnip is a rather tenacious and popular plant in Russia, it is sold in many pet stores and gardening nurseries. In special shops for animals, this herb is already sold as a spray or dried, packaged in sachets for ease of use.
Often, you can find ready-made toys for cats with the inscription catnip, this means that there is dried mint inside the toy.
In dry form, for 15-20 grams of plants, shops ask for 150-180 rubles, the spray will cost more - about 350-400 rubles per 100ml, but it is much more convenient to use it.
Where does the catnip grow
Mint for cats in the wild grows in forests, on the fields of the Russian Federation, a plant in the northern part of the country is especially popular. Cultural types of grass can be found in the design of borders in the city.
Since the esters of this plant causes bouts of euphoria in a large part of the cats, around him can be found flocks of animals rubbing against flowers and leaves. In this case, it is better not to let your pet close to the plant, since from other cats it is possible to catch many diseases and parasites.
How to grow catnip in the pot
If a decorative catnip is not planted in the city, and there are no forests or fields nearby, you can buy seeds in a store or on the market and grow the plant yourself in a pot.
After the seeds have been planted in the soil, it is better to put a pot of mint on the windowsill on the sunniest side. A lot of water is not needed in the grass, it is enough to water only when dry land is found in the pot.
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Kotovnik - a medicinal plant with the smell of lemon
Kotovnik is a genus of herbaceous plants common throughout the Northern Hemisphere. This herb is widely used in cooking and also has many pharmacological properties. It is often confused with melissa, but in fact there are more differences between them than similarities.
Characteristics of "catnip"
Catnip cat (lat. Nepeta cataria), also popularly known as "catnip", is a perennial medicinal herb of the family Yasnotkovyh. Kotovnik got its unusual name due to the essential oil contained in it, which has a lemon scent and attracts cats like valerian. The Euro-Central Asian species of catnip is found on the continent almost everywhere: in Central and Southern Europe, in the Caucasus, in Front and Central Asia, in India, Pakistan and Nepal in the subtropical zone. In Russia, this plant is distributed throughout the European part of the country, as well as in the south of Western Siberia and the Far East.
Kotovnik has a branched root system, high (up to a meter), fluffy stem, triangular heart-shaped leaves and purple or purple semi-umbrellas gathered in a brush. The flowering period occurs in June-July.
The whole aboveground part of the plant is used for food. For drying the catnip needs to be collected during the flowering period, that is, from June to August. Cut stalks should be at a height of ten centimeters. Drying is necessary in the air under a canopy or in a well-ventilated area. Store dried catnip can be two years.
Mown in summer, during flowering, the plant blooms again in late summer - early autumn
In addition to the essential oil, catnip contains tannins, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), cardiac glycosides, saponins. The composition of the essential oil contains carvaclol, which has a powerful antibacterial effect. For the aroma, reminiscent of mint, responsible organic compound called pulegon.