Green onions can give absolutely any dish nutritional value and an appetizing appearance, especially in early spring or in winter, when a person needs a lot of different vitamins contained in onions.
The pen, for example, contains vitamin C, which is essential for the human body during the cold season. And in order not to experience a lack of vitamins and get green onions to your table at any time of the year, we offer you with the help of our article to master the cultivation of onions for greens at home.
Bow to Feather: Description
For useful greens, which in the future will be used for food, you can use the container, which is convenient to keep on the windowsill, but if you need onions in large volumes, it would be best to plant it in a greenhouse. Growing onions on a feather is a very simple task, because it is one of the most widely studied garden crops today, which has been cultivated by man for more than five thousand years.
At home, planting onions on a feather is made both in the soil and in hydroponics, that is, in water. We are very pleased to tell you about how to properly land.
Before you start planting onions for forcing greens, you must carefully prepare the planting material. We sort onions, discarding the deformed, sick and unfit. A good bulb will be very dense, with shiny scales, with no signs of rot. Cut off the tops - about one-fourth of the bulbs. This measure will help to speed up the access of oxygen to the kidneys and they will start giving greens faster. In the event that the onions have already managed to grow a little bit, pruning should not be done. Soaking the planting material in water with a temperature of 35–38 ° C for about 12 hours will help to accelerate the germination of onions.
In that case, if you decide to carry out the cultivation of green onions in the soil, the land for planting should be quite loose. To obtain the best substrate, it is recommended to add a little vermiculite to the humus and put this mixture in a container of 7–10 cm, however, first pour the soil mixture with a dark pink hot potassium permanganate solution and complete the procedure with irrigation of running cold water.
Growing onions for forcing the pen should begin with the planting of the bulbs in the container. This process is carried out in a bridge way:
- We plant the bulbs almost close to each other (at a distance of 1-2 cm).
- Put the planting material on the substrate Donets, slightly pressed into the soil. In no case should the bulbs be buried too much or bury them, otherwise they will quickly begin to rot.
- Water the substrate after planting with warm water.
Growing onions in water is also a fairly simple process. Tightly lay the material in the pan and fill it with a quarter of water. After a couple of weeks, the bulbs will grow leaves that can be used as food. As the water level in the pan decreases, it is necessary to constantly restore it, adding refluxed water at room temperature.
The speed of forcing the pen on average is two to three weeks. In the greenhouse and at home greenery for distillation is best planted from October to April, in the open field the best time will be spring-autumn. Although, subject to the necessary conditions, onions on the feather can be grown for a whole year.
Growing at home
The container with greens after planting should be placed in a warm place for a week. The temperature in the room should be in the range of 25−30 ° C, and when the leaves reach 1−2 cm in length, the container can be transferred to an unheated veranda or balcony. The rate of growth of greenery in the future depends on the quality of water for irrigation and air temperature.
The optimum air temperature for growing greens is 18−22 ° C, while the water should be slightly warmer - 20−25 ° C. It is necessary to water onions from one to two times a week. Onion feathers do not require additional fertilizing, as they receive sufficient nourishment from the bulb. When the feather reaches a length of 25–35 cm, it must be cut at the edges, since the growth of new leaves is strictly from the center of the bulb. If you wish, you can get the greens constantly, without any interruptions. For this, it must be planted at intervals of two to three weeks.
Growing in a greenhouse
Onions are grown on greens in greenhouse conditions from October to April. For this purpose, a two-year or one-year sampling of onions is used, which has undergone a preliminary treatment, which we mentioned earlier. Greens are planted in boxes in the bridge way, while the tanks for planting should be filled with compost, humus or peat. On top of the substrate, it is necessary to lightly peat the peat, which has previously been powdered with lime, in order to avoid the appearance of mold on the surface. Boxes after landing make up on each other in some corner so that they do not take up too much space.
Rules for the care of herbs:
- The temperature of onion content at the post-planting stage should be from 18 ° C to 20 ° C during the daytime and from 12 ° C to 15 ° C at night.
- Onions need to be watered as needed, and the room with greenery is constantly aired.
- At the stage of the appearance of the root bulbs (after 10−12 days), the feather grows to 5−8 cm, but not green, but white. During this period it is necessary to place the boxes with the plant on the racks and keep them at a temperature of from 20 ° C to 22 ° C, while regularly watering the substrate.
- For optimal development and growth of greenery, it is necessary that the daylight should be at least 12 hours a day, while the additional lighting lamps should be positioned vertically in order to avoid wrinkling of the pen.
White onion feathers will gradually turn green. Two days after placing the boxes in the racks, it is recommended to add nitrogen (ammonium nitrate - 20−40 grams per square meter) and potash (potassium chloride - 10−15 grams per square meter) fertilizer to the substrate: they must be distributed in dry boxes and then wash off with water when watering into the ground. When the feather reaches the size of 35 cm, it must be cut.
To grow onion in the open field, it is necessary to use onions of 2.5 to 4 cm in diameter. Onions on greens are best planted in the fall, a couple of weeks before the first frost. Before planting, the sample should be treated with warm water, as well as trim the tips. Planting should be carried out repeatedly by the aforementioned bridge method, in which the bulbs are laid down roots next to each other, and from above they are covered with a small layer of peat, no more than 2–3 cm thick.
You can also use the tape landing method. To do this, onion planted at a distance of 1−4 cm from each other in special grooves, after which they plant the planting material in the ground. The interval between such furrows should be not less than 10, but not more than 20 cm.
In order for the onions not to freeze out in the dry winter, the greens are covered at the end of autumn with an additional layer of manure or humus, the layer of which should not exceed 3.5–5 cm. The soil should be kept in a slightly damp state before frost, otherwise young roots will not grow on the bulbs.
Onions on the feather can also be grown with the help of seeds. This process will take more time, but such a bow will cost you much less, because samples of perennial onion species are much more expensive than its seeds. Sowing material must be sown in pre-treated and well-fertilized soil.
Sowing is usually done in the summer, in the middle of July. It is best to do this in rows that are located at a distance of 30 to 40 cm from each other, and when the first leaves appear on the shoots, we cut them to a distance of 3.5–5 cm between seedlings. The bed is recommended to be covered with peat or straw before winter begins . You will receive the first green immediately after the first snow.
Popular varieties of onions
The most popular types of onions that are grown for the sake of greens are:
- shallot - a rather unpretentious species with a good harvest, the leaves of which do not fade for a long time,
- leek (pearl) - look with juicy broad feathers, which are more like garlic leaves, has a good yield,
- onion slizun - frost-resistant, productive, early maturity with wide flat leaves of delicate structure and a rather weak aroma of garlic,
- chives (chisel) - a view with a high yield and fragrant narrow feathers that grow up to 50 cm in height, remain tender for a very long time and practically do not grow coarse,
- tiered bow (Egyptian, Canadian) - one of the most unpretentious and cold-resistant species, which surpasses even bat onions in productivity and quality of greens,
- batun bow (sand, winter, fistula, Tatar bow) - the most common form, which always gives a smooth green. Perennial varieties can be cut into greens up to 2−3 times during the growing season, one-year - once.
The varieties of onions, which are intended for growing on a feather, can be single-stalked, which give very little feathers and multi-stalkers, which form a large number of young greens. The representatives of the last group include varieties: Ryazan. Danilovsky, Strigunovsky, Arzamas, Spassky, Rostov, Bessonovsky and others.
As already mentioned earlier, fresh greens are very useful for the human body, due to the high content of vitamins, macro- and microelements in it, which help people cope with seasonal avitaminosis. As a general tonic, greens are often used for respiratory diseases in food. Phytoncides that are included in the composition in large quantities are purified from bacteria and viruses, and the growing room and the human body after eating greens.
Chlorophyll, which is found in large quantities in green plants, in combination with other equally useful substances, contributes to the process of creating blood, which is why young greens are especially useful for people suffering from anemia.
Greens are also rich in essential oils that effectively destroy viruses and infections, pathogens of tonsillitis and diphtheria, dysentery and tuberculosis. The oils are well suited for disinfecting the oral cavity and stimulate the heart activity, strengthening the vessels and muscles.
The composition of green onions includes magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, nitrogen and zinc. From the lack of such elements the nail plates can stratify or hair fall out. Greens also contain vitamins:
- BUTwhich is also known as beta carotene. It is popular as a powerful antioxidant, which is responsible for the quality of the skin, hair, nails, and eyesight, ensures the quality of the heart and helps resist the body's harmful effects from free radicals,
- B1 - thiamine, a substance necessary for the regulation of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism,
- B2 - Riboflavin helps to neutralize toxins that irritate the respiratory tract, is involved in the formation of red blood cells, helps to maintain an adequate level of reproductive function,
- B9, the so-called violet acid, which contributes to the regulation of the nervous system and is involved in the synthesis of proteins.
- C, that is, ascorbic acid, which is a powerful antioxidant and biologically active substance involved in the synthesis of hormones, increasing resistance to viruses and bacteria,
- E - tocopherol, a substance responsible for fertility and youth, the condition of hair, nails and skin, gives them strength and elasticity, is responsible for the quality of male and female reproductive organs.
How to buy a bow on the feather and not "get"
It would seem that it could be easier than to go to the nearest wholesale market and buy a bow on a feather. But it was not there. Virtually all wholesale markets and bases sell onions edovoy. That is, onions, which is used to prepare various dishes. Farmers who grow onions prefer more varieties of onions, which have a greater mass than their primordia. Thus, in most of the onion sold there are no more than two buds. With this approach to the purchase of planting material, you can also run into a bow, which will not give the pen and just start to rot on the shelves of the racks. The reason is that edible onions are often treated with special preparations. They kill the growing point and the onion does not germinate. This is done for the preservation of the presentation of onion.
But the business of forcing green onion feathers is gaining momentum from year to year. In a place with this, many farmers tend to keep up and make money on it. Multi-varieties of onions are cultivated for the forcing of feathers and they are sold at a price higher than the edible one. Thus, bowlers travel to regions where onions are most often grown and they agree to buy from the field. Some agree in such a way that farmers grow their varieties for which prepayment is made.
Therefore, if you want to engage in forcing feather onions profitable, look for the fields on which grow the desired variety of onions. And where you can buy onions on the pen, not only in large quantities in bulk, but also in small ones. You can also buy a multi-onion remotely on bulletin boards such as Avito. But first request a real photo of the onion in the cut. These photos should be clearly visible onion rudiments. I often buy a bow on a feather this way and so far there have been no precedents.
Onions on the feather and its best varieties for forcing green onions
Let's look at the best varieties that are suitable for forcing feather onions. Rated them all five. Of course, you can kick an onion from almost any turnip of the onion, but the less primordia it has, the lower the profitability of forcing the pen. Skilled lugovodki prefer onions on the feather of the following varieties: Karatal (he is Karatal), Rostov local (he is Lugansky), Stuttgarter Riesen (he is Stuttgart), Egyptian and Chalcedony.
In the first place is a bow on the Karatal feather. Karatal is the best grade for forcing pen. Variety mnogognezdny and multiattached at the same time. And this is not its only advantage. This variety of onions has a short rest period and wakes up very early. Thus, it is quite early to get the first crop of green onions. It looks like a bow on a feather Karatal on the photo.
In second place is the best onion variety on the Rostov local feather. It has an average rest period and has more than three primordia. Especially distinguished fleshy pen. If you plant a turnip of large-caliber onions, more than 5 cm, you can collect an impressive crop of green onions. It looks like a bow on a feather Rostov local in the photo.
In third place is a bow on a feather Stuttgarter Riesen. This variety is great for forcing the pen in winter, as it has a long dormant period and wakes up closer to December. You can kick the pen out of it before, but the yield percentage will not be maximal. Stuttgart is multilobate, it has more than three primordia. The weight of green onions also shows itself very well. It looks like a bow on a feather Stuttgarter Riesen in the photo.
In fourth place is an Egyptian bow on a feather. Unfortunately, the exact variety can not be called, as the onion is imported. Nevertheless, it has good performance in the process of forcing the onion pen. Find such a bow can only empirically. If the seller buy onions on a feather and calls him Egyptian, take the onion and cut it. If there are many primordia inside, then you are lucky. It looks like a bow on an Egyptian feather in the photo.
In fifth place, closes the top five of the best varieties for growing green onions, onions on Chalcedon feather. The bow is of an average dormant period and has two or three buds, rarely more. Therefore, it does not enjoy such popularity among lukovods as the varieties described above. The advantage of chalcedony in its availability. It sells everything and everywhere. Buy onions on the feather of this variety is not difficult. It looks like a bow on the feather Chalcedony in the photo.
Now you know the best varieties of onion feather on the face. Strive to find any onions on the feathers of these varieties and your profitability of forcing the pen will increase significantly. I hope the information I gave you was useful for you. If you have any questions, as usual, write them in your comments. And please do not forget to share with friends by clicking on the social networks button below.
The best varieties of onions for growing on a feather
To begin, consider in detail what kind of onion is best to grow to get a good green. Today there are several such varieties, each of which has its own characteristics. Absolutely all varieties of onions can successfully grow both in open ground and in the greenhouse or at home.
The most delicious is considered to be such a variety as onion-slizun. Oddly enough, the green feathers of this plant are characterized by a faint taste of garlic, which gives the onion a special piquancy. At the same time the greens do not have a pronounced garlic smell. Именно в таком луке содержится больше всего железа и витамина С. Сорт характеризуется широкими зелеными перьями.
Выращивать лук-слизун можно круглый год дома или в теплице. Но при посадке в открытый грунт лук будет расти до первых заморозков, а потом остановится в развитии. Many summer residents to extend the life of the bulbs simply transplant them in pots and continue to grow onions on the pen at home.
Leek and bamboos do not have a characteristic bulb. They are grown exclusively for the production of greenery. Leek, moreover, is more valued for the white stem, which has much more vitamins than green leaves. To taste, this stalk is practically no different from greenery. On the contrary, it has a pleasant sweetish flavor that many gourmets like. Onion-batun usually gives a harvest of greens only 1 time per season. But the leaves grow very long and wide.
The most unpretentious is Egyptian or multi-tiered bow. It can be grown in any conditions. Such a bow, even in the cold, does not freeze out and continues to give thick greens. Harvest can be collected year-round, as with proper care, feathers grow very quickly.
Shallots and Chives - the most suitable varieties for gardeners who want to receive regularly a large crop of greenery. In chives, greens are very delicate and fragrant, feathers can reach a length of up to 1.5 m. Both varieties are completely unpretentious to the environment.
All of these types of onions can be grown on a feather and have no doubt that juicy dense greens will grow. If you wish, you can also try growing greens from ordinary onions, but just keep in mind that getting a large, stable crop will not work. Therefore, it is best to give preference to one of these varieties.
The most popular is the technology of growing onions on a feather from seeds in greenhouses. It is in the conditions of the greenhouse that the bow will most actively give juicy greens. At the same time you will not need to follow the beds every day. It will be enough to initially create a favorable microclimate in the greenhouse.
Planting onions in a greenhouse in the winter will be successful if you follow some rules. Pay particular attention to the soil, as the quantity and quality of the green mass obtained during the growth process will depend on its quality. First make sure that there are no broken glass fragments and large stones in the ground.
Then proceed to loosening. For growing onions on a feather it is important that the soil be as airy as possible, without large clumps of earth. When this is done, you can begin to make nutrients. The ideal option is to apply equal amounts of manure and compost to the soil. It is also recommended to add some potash and phosphate fertilizers.
And now, with regard to landing directly.
- If it is about seeds, then they should first be soaked in wet gauze for 1-2 days.
- Then it is necessary to make shallow grooves in the greenhouse (the depth should be no more than 1 cm). In these grooves need to sow the seeds of onions.
- In order for seedlings to appear as quickly as possible, the wells should be shed with hot water, which will contribute to the destruction of the dense seed coat.
- Fill the grooves with earth and cover with plastic wrap. After the emergence of shoots, everything is open and as the onions grow, pour a little on the ground.
The technology of growing green onions from ready-made bulbs in the greenhouse is slightly different.
- At first, experts advise soaking the bulbs in warm water for several hours. It is believed that if moisture gets under the outer shell, the first green feathers will appear much faster.
- To plant the bulbs in the greenhouse should be in small holes at a distance of about 4-5 cm from each other.
- Try to plant the heads so that they are only half or half или deep into the ground. Then it will be possible to avoid a possible process of decay.
Note that the onion on the feather in the greenhouse can grow unevenly, so you can cut the greens or gradually, or you have to wait until all green leaves are fully ripe.
Depending on the particular variety, it is possible to remove only the greens, leaving the bulb for some time in the greenhouse for further planting, or completely dig the bulb, peeling it from the upper layers and leaving only the white center, from which the green feathers grow. Both options for growing onions in the greenhouse are welcome. But if you plan to sell onions, then the second option is preferable.
Bow to feather at home
How to grow onions on a feather at home? There is nothing complicated about it. First you need to prepare a small wooden box that should be filled with universal soil. You can use the mixture for indoor plants. The main thing - that it was enriched with useful components. The ground layer should be about 10-13 cm.
Before planting the bulbs need to be sorted by size and slightly cut off their tops. This will contribute to faster germination from the heads of green mass. Plant the bulbs in the soil pre-moistened with a spray. This will give heads a chance to gain a foothold in the ground and immediately provide food for the roots.
Planted bulbs should be at a distance of about 2-3 cm from each other. Deepen into the soil they need no more than half. When all this is done, it is recommended to put the box in a well-lit place, where direct sunlight does not fall.
Onion greens grows best at a temperature of 18 to 25 degrees. In this case, it is desirable to provide a constant inflow of fresh warm air. In order for the green feathers to grow large and tender, you should additionally feed the onions with any fertilizer when the length of the first green leaf reaches 4 cm.
As soon as the greens become evenly high, you can safely cut it and use it as food. The bulbs will continue to produce green feathers until they begin to soften and rot in the soil. Do experienced gardeners with one bulb can collect greens up to 10 times!
So, how to grow onions on a feather has now become clear.
This process is very interesting and fascinating, especially in winter. It's so nice to watch when bright, healthy greens appear in the house at a time when it is gray and cold outside the window. Just remember that when growing green onions at home can be a characteristic smell in the apartment. Therefore, it is preferable to put the boxes either on the balcony or on the windowsill in the kitchen.
What types of onions can be grown on greens ↑
Homelands of onions are regions with a very short optimal period for growth. Genetically, a property has been fixed in the bulbs in the shortest time possible to give offspring and escape from the all-burning heat for peace. Therefore, the green onion is so precocious; it manages to drive out the biomass necessary for laying the organs of seed propagation in 27-30 days. Growing onions for greens is based on this property. Onion varieties are subdivided into single and multi-seed. The latter form a lot of greenery and are suitable for domestic and industrial distillation.
For greenhouse cultivation, it is advisable to use bows with a short rest period. These include several species, including onions, onions-batun, onions-slizun, multi-tiered onions, shallots. On an industrial scale, in order to develop a business, the best option is to forge onion from a vegetative material (onion sets). During the winter months, sowing onions on the conveyor can be obtained 4 harvest green onions. For home consumption can be carried out and distillation of seeds (chernushki).
Onion varieties and hybrids for greenhouse conditions гон
It is best to chase multi-varietal varieties and hybrids of onions (early and early), with a short growing season and a dormant period. The most common for the forcing of onions, varieties of which in the regions of the Russian Federation, there are more than 70.
The best varieties and hybrids for forcing the feather are Strigunovsky local, Spassky local improved, Danilovsky 301, Karatal, Bessonovsky local, Mstersky local and others. Of the new varieties most suitable for forcing, you can select the Globe, Stuttgarter Riesen, Centurion F1, Supra, Universto F1.
For a family other than onions, other types of onions can be grown on greens: leek (pearl synonym), shallot, shnitt (chisel), slizun, stacked (Egyptian), batun (Tatar, sandy). All of them have a delicious taste, light garlic aroma, high content of trace elements and vitamins. Long green feathers (leaves) remain tender for a long time; up to three cuts of greens can be used for perennials. Leek called pearl for whitish very tasty stem.
If there are no local zoned varieties (they are part of the name of the variety), it can be proposed for forcing in industrial quantities, the varieties Arzamas, Black Prince, Amber, Bessonovsky, Troitsky. The best for industrial distillation are considered to be the Emerald Isle and Parade varieties. Particularly distinguished Parade grade. When forcing greens forms a juicy and sweet feather, is not damaged by pests, tolerates drought and frost well. Does not need additional food with good refueling with fertilizers for planting a sevka or sowing chernushka.
The range of varieties with attractive properties and product quality indicators in onion seed catalogs with brief household characteristics is updated annually. You can choose a variety or a hybrid that you like the most according to the description.
Growing green onions in a greenhouse ↑
Onion distillation can be carried out in unheated and heated indoor spaces (greenhouses and greenhouses). In unheated premises, it is possible to engage in distillation for a limited period in autumn and spring, and in winter greenhouses you can always create a microclimate that best meets the requirements of culture for the environment.
Parade - bow on feather
Regardless of the premise, forcing the bow begins with the preparatory work. Soil preparation consists of digging the soil and filling it with fertilizers before planting seed. If the forcing is carried out in small quantities, but is necessary all year round, it is enough to prepare several wooden or plastic boxes of 40x60 cm in size, which are pre-packed with a specially prepared soil mixture and placed in a longline or shelving way in a greenhouse.
For packing containers form the soil mixture, where the basis is the garden soil from places without the use of herbicides and other toxic chemicals, peat, sand or humus. You can add compost. The soil should be light, airy. Before packing capacity, conduct soil disinfection in one of the methods used. The easiest way to process the soil is a 1-2% solution of potassium permanganate and cover with an opaque film. A week later, remove the film, make 20 and 15 g of superphosphate and potassium chloride per 1 square. m square stacked boxes. Moisten soil primer. You can make immediately Kemira, crystal or fill them with soil before planting planting material.
Preparation of planting material ↑
Regardless of the type and variety of onions, they are preparing for planting planting material, which is as follows:
- sorting by groups, if planting is planned with a vegetative material - onion (onion sets), the optimum diameter of which is 1.5-2.0 cm. To get a high-quality standard feather (15-20-25 cm), each group is planted in a separate box or bed ,
- decontamination and stimulation to accelerate germination. Disinfection can be carried out with potassium permanganate, biological products according to the recommendations (planrizom, gamair, alirin), other methods.
The material selected for distillation is stimulated in different ways:
- 20-24 hours onion bulbs are heated at +35 .. + 40 ° С. After warming up, tails are cut to “shoulders”,
- soaked in warm (+30 ° C) water, maintaining up to 10-12 hours. Dried at room temperature and cut the neck. If it is necessary to prepare planting material in industrial quantities, the selected onions are poured into piles in a warm room (a warm floor is required), watered with water heated to +30 ° C and covered with sacking for 3-4 days. Dried and planted.
Agrotechnics planting planting material ↑
The sample is planted in boxes or prepared racks of heated greenhouses in October-November, repeating multiple plantings with a gap of 2 weeks.
Boxes with planted bulbs are stacked in a utility room, covered with opaque material and transferred directly to the greenhouse to a permanent place after 2 weeks. During this time, the onion forms the root system and small feathers (leaves) of white, light yellow, sometimes greenish colors. When transferred to light, the feather starts growing, acquires a green color.
Planting green onions
Planting onions in protected ground is carried out only by the bridge method. When planting bulbs densely laid over the entire area. Compacted planting saves space and creates a microclimate that contributes to obtaining a standard juicy greens. On 1 square. m area consumes from 10 to 12 kg of standard planting material. Other landing schemes are an amateur, as is seed sowing (chernushka).
Bow care ↑
Onion care in heated and unheated indoor areas (film greenhouses and greenhouses) is the same. The number of distillations depends on the temperature of the room. In heated greenhouses, distillation can be carried out year-round, in hotbeds and cold greenhouses only with the onset of suitable external air temperatures on prepared warm substrates (using manure, humus, peat, compost and other materials). When creating optimal conditions (temperature, humidity, lighting), the plantings turn green after 4-5 days, increasing the biomass up to 3-4 cm per day. Thus, the forcing period takes, depending on the variety or hybrid, from 15 to 24 days.
Illumination of onions in the initial phases of development allows temporary breaks, but starting from the age of 12-15 days the culture needs around-the-clock coverage. Otherwise, the pen becomes tougher and turns yellow.
The temperature in a closed room until the beginning of growth in the daytime is maintained within +22 ° C, then it can drop to +18 .. + 20 ° C. In order for the distillation culture to develop normally, the soil temperature in the first week of forcing should be +12 .. + 15 ° С, and in the rest of the period until the end of the distillation is about +20 ° С. In non-industrial production, night temperatures can be reduced to +12 .. + 13 ° С in order to halt plant growth. A further decrease in night temperatures adversely affects the culture and quality of the green feather.
Watering is carried out every 7-9 days. At first, the water is heated to +25 ° C, and then can be reduced to +20 ° C. An abundance of moisture and lack of heat causes root rot disease.
For home use, it is better not to carry out top dressing when forcing an onion, but if feathers appear that are pale, thinned, you can conduct foliar dressing with solutions of urea, crystalone or Kemira. At 10 liters of water diluted 10-15 g of fertilizer, sprayed plants. Finish top dressing by irrigation with clean water to flush the fertilizer off the green mass of the plants.
When industrial distillation, where you need in a short time to get a large number of products, spend 2-3 additional feeding in 7-10 days, and the last 10 days before cutting the crop. The first is a 1% solution of nitrogen fertilizer mixed with potassium chloride, followed better by the biological fertilizers Humisol, Baikal EM-1, Vermistim and others.
Protection against diseases and pests ↑
Onions on the feather can not be treated with pesticides, so you must carefully observe the requirements of the culture for growing and care. If pests, root fungal diseases have appeared, it is necessary to dry the top layer of soil, to grind with sand. It is possible to treat plants and soil with biofungicides and bio-insecticides, which are distinguished by the shortest waiting time and after 1-3 days the products can be used as food.
When grown in industrial quantities, pay attention to the Parade variety, which does not need protective measures against diseases and pest infestation, and is very unpretentious when forcing in large volumes.
Video about growing green onions in a greenhouse in the winter, as a small business
Growing onions on a feather in heated greenhouses on an industrial scale, (as a business) produce products with the right agricultural technology for 24-25 days. In winter, you can take 4 crops of greenery, organizing a profitable business. Planting onion seedlings is repeated every 10-15 days, creating a conveyor of growing products for continuous supply to the market.
During the season, you can sow onions into the ground several times, then a fresh feather to the table will be throughout the whole spring-autumn season. If there is a heated greenhouse, then in winter there will be greens for cutting. The main thing is not to be mistaken with the choice of varieties. There are various kinds of green feathers. Consider only some of its varieties with original names:
Onion Parade, bred in Holland, is designed to produce greenery. Variety propagated only by seed. The head is not formed. Instead, the core and leaves, up to 60 cm long, grow quickly enough. The color of the feathers is dark green with a slight blue tint.
При выращивании лука Параде на перо дачники получают сочную зелень с приятным вкусом. Резкая горечь в листьях отсутствует, они долго сохраняют товарный вид и не желтеют. Чтобы зелень поступала на стол регулярно, высевают сорт Параде от 3 до 4 раз за сезон с интервалом между посадками от 2 до 3 недель.
Перо срезают с интервалом от 38 до 50 дней, продуктивный период сорта длится 80 дней. Характеристики сорта Параде, пригодного к срезке:
- длина пера от 50 до 70 см,
- толщина белого стебля 10 мм,
- diameter of a green stalk is 15 mm.
Subject to all rules of planting and caring for the Dutch variety, the Parade's yield is 8 kg / m².
Totem is an excellent Japanese mid-season variety of onions grown for greens. It is grown as an annual crop by sowing seeds in open or closed ground. Sowing is recommended to be carried out from February to July in greenhouses, and in open ground they are sown in late autumn and receive early production at the beginning of summer.
The plant forms a powerful outlet consisting of long, erect leaves, the length of which can be up to 55 cm. The feather is dark green with a slight waxy coating. Spud planting, get commercial stalks with a long bleached leg.
The grade does not form bulbs, drives the gentle, juicy, not hard leaves. Up to 60 g of green can be obtained from a single plant, and up to 4 kg per square meter. The plant tolerates the autumn bad weather, does not lie down. The feather throughout the growing season has a smooth color. The taste of green is not sharp, like a feather turnip.
Slizun - productive, cold-resistant variety of onions on the feather. There are varieties of different ripening terms. Slices are propagated by seeds and vegetatively.
The largest amount of feather gives frost-resistant, Siberian variety Green. At one place this species can grow for about 6 years, it has good immunity to rust and peronosporosis. The plant is characterized by succulent, flat leaves (width up to 2 cm), twisting in a spiral, with a spicy taste and a light garlic aroma.
Useful Properties Slizuna:
- strengthens blood vessels
- lowers cholesterol
- boosts immunity
- improves the cardiovascular system.
The birthplace of Skoroda 's onion is Germany, originally it was called Shnitt, which in German means plant for cutting. Summer residents grow this species in vegetable gardens as an annual or two-year seed crop, in gardens as a flowering, ornamental perennial.
For food use thin tubular leaves containing up to 3% sugars, a rich set of vitamins and phytoncides. The taste and aroma of the leaves resembles the taste of a turnip feather, but more tender. The color of feathers is bright green, the maximum length is 45 cm, width is from 5 to 8 mm.
Skoroda has a powerful underground part: small bulbs of oblong shape (up to 20 pieces in a bush) are brownish or purple-red, threadlike roots up to 50 cm long. From the second year the plant from May to June throws out a flower stalk. The color of the flowers varied: white, pale purple, purple. Flowering ends in August.
The description of leek was found in ancient folios, it was grown in ancient times. Despite the difficult climatic conditions of our country, the varieties of this onion are grown everywhere as a one-year crop. Seedlings - in regions with a short summer, seeds in the ground - in the south.
Early ripening varieties that form a useful pen for 4 months are most popular:
In the first year after planting, the leaves and the false stem are white. It is his food that is consumed. Greens use only young.
Planting onions for months
Summer residents starting from April prepare the beds for the onions, for the forcing of the feather they use multi-varieties of onions:
- Lilac ringing.
- Stutgarten Riesen.
It is possible to determine which varieties are multiatrical, by cutting the bulbs; the best are those with 4–6 buds. In terms of productivity, a good Studgarten Riesen variety, with a bridge planting from 1 m², up to 15 kg of high-quality greenery is obtained. For sale onions are grown in heated greenhouses throughout the year, in unheated buildings, onions are planted on greens from early spring to late autumn.
During seed reproduction of onions for greens, they practice podzimny planting, it allows you to get the first crop in the early stages. It is important to choose the right grade, the main characteristics that are worth paying attention to:
- frost resistance
In all these parameters for growing suitable Parade bow. Before sowing, Chernushka (seeds) are checked - they are poured with cold water. Empty seeds float, the whole drops to the bottom. A good time for sowing is days after the first frost on the ground.
The bed is prepared before the onset of cold weather:
- digging up shovels,
- add humus and ash,
- mineral fertilizers are applied to exhausted soils according to the norm.
They start planting chernushka on greens after they have properly prepared the ridge, have marked furrows from 2 to 3 cm in depth. Seeds are laid out in furrows with a step of 3-5 cm, sprinkled with humus or ordinary earth. For the winter, a bed is covered with mulch. In regions where there is little snow in winter, bags filled with sawdust are placed on the ridges.
All summer residents starting from mid-April are planting herbs in the country. One of the most common questions during this period is what kind of onions to plant on the greens. The fastest and easiest way to grow onions on the feather - planting in spring sevka. Heads with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm are suitable for forcing greens.
To accelerate the growth of the feather, planting material is prepared for planting:
- warm up sevok 2 days, the temperature in the room should be above 25 ° C,
- cut off the top of the bulb on the shoulders,
- dissolve in a water heated to 35 ° C (10 l) a tablespoon of ammonium nitrate and soak the heads in it for 12 hours.
To save space, they are planted in a bridge way, placing the bulbs close to each other. Up to 13 kg of onion sets can be placed on a square meter. If greens are needed for home consumption, then the tape method will do. Furrows do with an interval of 10 cm, the distance between the heads is not more than 2 cm. The bulbs are covered with a thin layer of earth and watered.
In July, the beds are freed from under the early greenery and radish. On the empty land, you can sow perennial varieties of onions on the greens. So, having landed onion batun in July, you will receive a full-fledged feather for cutting next spring.
A place for onion beds should be chosen where the snow comes off faster in the spring. Add humus and ash to the soil. Sow in rows thickly, after emergence of seedlings, thin out the seedlings. To maintain an interval between shoots of 3.5–5 cm.
In summer there is hot weather, if it rarely rains, it is necessary to ensure that the earth does not dry out. By late autumn a feather will grow from 20 to 30 cm in length on the garden. So that young plants do not freeze out in winter, the bed is better to be mulched with peat or fallen leaves.
We plant onions in August
In August, we will plant onions in order to provide ourselves with greens in the autumn. To quickly get the feathers, we will plant the bulbs in plastic containers. When the air temperature drops, they can be brought into a warm room or in a greenhouse.
The composition of the soil mixture for planting:
- peat - 7 parts,
- humus - 2 parts
- garden land - 1 part.
Suitable varieties for green onions for August planting: Shakespeare, Red Baron, Radar, Bessonovsky, Strigunovsky.
Reviews of onions and its cultivation
On the forums, gardeners share their experience of growing their favorite vegetables, you can find reviews about forcing onions in greens. Opinions about the Parade and Totem varieties are only positive.
“Green onions on our table from early spring and almost to winter. Soot only one variety - Parade from the company Plasma Seeds, advised a friend, she likes him very much. In the heat (35–40 ° C) I water the garden once a week, the pen does not turn yellow. ”
“I sowed seeds of the variety Totem on greens, pleased with the harvest. The leaves are large, juicy, well stored in the cut, lie in the refrigerator all week without losing taste. ”
“From spring to autumn onions on the table. It contains a lot of vitamin C, add it to any dishes. The selection of the cultivated variety was random. The seller in the store advised to buy a variety Totem. I am pleased with the quality of greenery. I sow seeds twice: for early consumption before winter and in early May for cutting green at the end of summer and autumn. ”
Description and types of onions for greens
Green onions are the top or ground part of the bulb, otherwise called a feather. It looks like dense green leaves with emptiness inside. They taste bitter with a distinctive onion smell. In cooking, they are used:
- as decoration to the dish,
- as a filling for pies,
- in addition to the salad.
Depending on the type of onion greens varies in length, thickness and number of feathers. There are many varieties of onions for greens. The most popular are the following types:
- Batun Annual and perennial plant. In the first type, the feather can be cut once, in the second, 3 times per season. Gather about 4 kg per 1 square. m. Good, smooth and tasty greens are also called Tatar, winter, sandy and fiery onions.
- Schnitt Feathers reach 50 cm in length, and are kept in good condition for a long time. Productivity - up to 3 kg per 1 sq. M. m. The second name of onions with delicate greens is chisel.
- Lilac ringing. Variety Schnitt with a yield of about 7 kg per 1 square. m. Early ripe, grown in open ground, cut off after 3 weeks. Conduct 3 assemblies per season.
- Leek (pearl). Variety with broad leaves, similar to garlic feathers. A specific and delicate flavor separates this species from the rest. Cut about 2 kg from 1 square. m
- Shallot Unpretentious plant with emerald leaves, the number of which is much greater than that of onions. About 5 kg from 1 square. m. collected for the season.
- Chipoluccio. One of the varieties of Shallot. Greens grow in 2 weeks, and the growing season lasts 70 days.
- Slizun. Wide flat feathers with a pleasant smell of garlic cease to stretch only with the onset of cold weather. Indoors it grows all year round and is recommended as a fruitful and early-ripening variety.
- Egyptian (Canadian, multi-tiered). Great for regions with cold climates. Unpretentious, productive, high-quality and frost-resistant variety.
For the cultivation of large quantities, for example, for sale, choose multi-species.