Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Perennial garden spray flowers: description and features

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The dream of every hostess of a summer cottage or a private cottage is to create a blooming oasis around the envy of all the neighbors. It would be nice to pick up such perennials that will delight in flowering from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn. Often used for decoration of the garden and flower beds are perennial bush flowers. It is convenient and not too troublesome. And, without a doubt, very beautiful.

Where to plant bush flowers

Many will be surprised at this section, as they are accustomed to plant any flowers in flowerbeds. But this is a stereotype. Spray flowers can be used much more widely. Perennial flowering plants are used as a curb along the garden paths. They form hedges, especially in those cases when it is necessary to cover your yard from prying eyes, and a deaf fence will spoil the appearance of the site and the mood of the owners.

The fashionable trend of recent years is the use of mixborders of coniferous plants, perennial spray flowers and bright annuals in garden design. So called mixed borders and flower beds from groups of plants of different heights, creating large color spots. Plants for them are selected in such a way that each season has its own decorative highlight. Properly planted perennial bush flowers add special charm to mixborders, as long as they smoothly replace each other, without shading or suppressing the neighbors.

Types and varieties of popular bush flowers. Tree peony

Peonies rightfully reign in garden beds. Bright and colorful, they amaze with a variety of varieties. Sorts of peonies are divided into 2 groups:

  • herbaceous, with soft stems growing from tubers,
  • tree, peonies - shrubs, trunks which are woody.

Tree peonies are ideal bush flowers for the garden. They have strong light brown stems, which not only persist after flowering, but also grow annually. An adult shrub becomes a hemispherical shape, with dense, delicate, double-pointed foliage. Flowers of huge diameter (from 12 to 20 cm) are located at the ends of the stems. Depending on a grade, there can be a different coloring and a form: simple, semi-double and terry.

Conditionally tree varieties of bush peonies are divided into 3 groups:

  1. Sino-European. This includes varieties with large double flowers, which at the end of flowering descend under their own weight. Color options - from pale pink to bright fuchsia.
  2. Japanese Here are collected bush flowers with smaller buds. The varieties look more light, the flowers seem to hover above the stems.
  3. Hybrid. This group includes varieties obtained on the basis of yellow peony and Delaway peony. Very popular group with large yellow flowers.

Planting of all varieties of bush peonies is held in the fall. For a bed choose a sunny elevated place. The preferred soil is loamy. Clay soils are mixed with sand and fertilized. Peony bush can grow in one place for several decades.

Watering is done 2 times a month. Under each bush pours up to 7 liters of water. In August, watering is reduced and gradually stopped altogether. Weeds must be removed from the flowerbed, and the soil loosened and mulched. Reproduction of handsome men is carried out by dividing the bushes or cuttings. In winter, plants are better covered with spruce leaves and foliage.

Types and grades of astilbe

Very beautiful looks in the garden astilba bush, which loves partial shade and humidity. Many varieties are suitable for garden plots:

  1. Astilba Chinese. Bush up to 1 m tall with pinnately dissected elongated leaves. The edges of the leaves are slightly jagged. Chinese astilbe has small flowers that are concentrated in lush apical inflorescences. The color of this species is from gentle lilac to lilac-pink.
  2. Japanese astilbe A small bush (up to 40 cm), with complex pinnately dissected leaves of dark color. Paniculata inflorescences collected from small white flowers.
  3. Astilba David. The highest bush flowers of this species (up to 1.5 m). In wild form found on the territory of Mongolia and in China. Sprawling bushes, the leaves on them are light and pinnate. The inflorescences are large, color from pink to lilac.
  4. Astilbe Arends. This is a whole group of hybrid varieties based on David's astilba. Bushes with high peduncle of different colors. Prized for decorative and flowering duration.

When planting astilbe, a distance of about 50 cm should be maintained for tall varieties, and up to 30 cm for low varieties. Before planting the soil under the bush flowers, photos of which look very bright and elegant, fertilized with compost and rotted manure. The plant loves watering and mulching. It is better to shelter for the winter, since astilba may die during spring weather changes. Propagate the plant by dividing the bushes, buds or seeds.

The second name is host hybrid Hulzion. This decorative leafy perennial bush flower. The peculiarity of the species is medium in size, basal, petiolate leaves of blue-green color. Flowers - funnel bells in racemes. The size of each flower is no more than 5 cm. The color is lavender-blue. Peduncles tall and devoid of leaves.

Funkiya blooms from mid to late summer. Loves shade and penumbra. To enhance the decorative qualities (the size of the leaves and their color) requires abundant moisture. With a lack of moisture in the function, the tips of the foliage darken.

The flower does not require complex care. It is necessary to moisten the soil in time, fertilize it and carry out mulching. In the fall, pruning of shoots and removal of dried leaves and peduncles are performed. Since the variety is frost-resistant, it is not necessary to cover the plant for the winter.

Shrub roses. Planting and care

Shrub rose - a plant popular at all times. It gives a special charm to the front gardens, flower beds and gazebos. The plant may look like a classic tall shrub, like a lovely bouquet surrounded by greenery, like a blooming waterfall. Spray rose is beautiful in all its manifestations.

Spray rose is planted in the prepared soil, which consists of garden soil, peat and bone meal additives. The size of the planting hole is adjusted to the size of the seedling's root system. In the hole, the roots should not be twisted and turned, the direction of the roots is strictly down. The earth falls asleep evenly, it is not necessary to tamper a hole a lot. The top layer is slightly loosened and poured abundantly with water. A layer of peat is laid on top. When the flower grows a little, it is necessary to spend hilling and mulching.

The appearance of spray roses always depends on the quality of care for her. In the spring, pruning of unnecessary and weak branches is always carried out. This manipulation is performed after a slight swelling of the buds on the bush. For the winter, the bush rose must be covered. To bush looked lush and beautiful, all dried leaves and buds are removed. Watering requires moderate, but only warm water.

Shrub roses. Types and varieties

Roses - unique spray flowers, the names and types of which are very diverse. For convenience, they are divided into several species groups:

  1. Park. This is a group consisting of the forms and varieties of domestic rose hips. With decent care, park roses form thick spreading bushes up to 1.5 m tall. These bushes bloom for about a month, the beginning of flowering is in June. The color of the flowers in the group varied: white, pink, purple and so on.
  2. Spray. This is an actively growing group of plants. The height of the shrub can exceed 2 m. Flowers (rose bush) - semi-double and terry forms. The color scheme is very diverse.
  3. Polyante. This low-growing bushes with lush buds. The form of flowers - terry and semi-double. Prized for long abundant flowering from June to late autumn. Polyantovye roses do not smell.
  4. Floribunda. This is a hybrid group that appeared as a result of the crossing of polyanthus and hybrid tea species. The group inherited the best parental traits. Bushes are frost-resistant, continuously flowering, with a huge color palette of double flowers and a delicate aroma.

If we consider the bush flowers for the garden, perennial roses can be considered a very worthy option. They are suitable both as an independent decoration, and as part of a landscape composition. Such a variety of colors, varieties and types, perhaps, is no longer to be found.

Perennial bush carnation

Garden shrub carnation is used for rabatok, flower beds and borders. The correct name is "Dianthus", which translates as "the flower of God." Spray carnation belongs to the family of cloves. Wild forms can be found in Europe and North America. The height of the bush is from 10 to 55 cm. The color of flowers is white, red, hot pink, purple or red. Color lasts 3-4 months.

Spray carnation loves sunny and half-shadowed places. Landing site should be protected from wind and drafts. The flower does not like excess watering. Garden beauty propagated by seeds.

A bright decoration of many flowerbeds from early spring to late autumn are bush flowers, perennial, whose name is phlox. These are moisture-loving plants with branching adventitious roots that do not like close proximity to groundwater. Therefore, for phlox create a high bed, the so-called earth pillow. The place for their landing should be sunny, as a last resort, light partial shade is allowed. The density of inflorescences depends on it. All types of phlox require watering and fertilizing. Be sure to loosen the topsoil. By winter, the plants are covered.

All numerous species are formed into 4 groups:

  • tall bush plants (from 90 to 180 cm),
  • less tall bush plants (from 40 to 70 cm),
  • low bush plants (25-30 cm),
  • ascending and creeping species.

Phloxes in the garden not only look good, but also smell very nice.

People have long been accustomed to lilac bushes in parks and on sites. But it turns out that more than 30 species belong to this genus of shrubs. The most common types on our sites are common lilac, Amethyst, Himalayan and Hungarian lilac, white varieties to the Defenders of Brest, Galina Ulanova and Vestalka. Different types of lilacs bloom at different times. These varieties of bush flowers do not require special care. Just enough abundant watering and mulching with peat. In the second or third year, fertilizers are applied under the bushes.

In August, the gardens are covered with white foam blooming hydrangeas. Most often it is a hydrangea tree. The height of the shrub can exceed 2.5 m. Small flowers are collected in large balls of inflorescences. Despite high decorative qualities, hydrangea is unpretentious. She is not afraid of frosty winters. Requires regular moderate watering and pruning. The huge minus of the snow-white beauty is that all parts of the plant are poisonous. Care must be taken.

Perennial gaylardiya belongs to the Aster family. It is a drought-resistant bush flower with single baskets inflorescences. The marginal flowers of the basket are red-purple, the middle flowers are orange or dark red. Perennials can have baskets of simple, semi-double and terry forms. Gaillardia should grow in a bright place. Watering these bush flowers is required only during the dry season. The rest of the care - garter and removal of dried parts. Reproduction - self-seeding, seedlings and division of the bushes.

If you want to have a piece of paradise on your garden plot, we recommend planting bush flowers, perennial. The names of the plants most often used to create a garden landscape were described in this article, but this list can be continued indefinitely, since nature has presented a huge range of varieties and types of flowers.

Where to plant bush flowers?

Probably, many readers will be surprised at this issue, as they are accustomed to any garden flowers being planted in flowerbeds. But this is only a stereotype. Spray flowers can be used much more widely. Perennial garden plants can be used as curb along the garden paths. With their help, you can also form various hedges, especially when you want to cover your yard from prying eyes, and a regular fence spoils the appearance of the site and the mood of the owners.

The fashionable trend of recent years is the use of mixborders in garden design, consisting of coniferous plants, perennial bush flowers, as well as bright annual crops. So called mixed borders and flower beds, consisting of flowers of different heights, which create large color spots. Plants for decoration mixborders must be selected in such a way that each season is distinguished by its decorative highlight. If you plant perennial shrubs correctly, they will add a special charm to the mixborder. It is necessary to take into account the fact that they should smoothly replace each other, not shading and not suppressing the neighboring plants.

Planting and caring for shrub roses

Shrub roses are quite popular plants. These flowers are able to give a special charm to any front garden, flower bed and gazebo. They can look both as a classic tall bush, and as a charming bouquet that is immersed in greenery. Shrub rose can be called beautiful in all its manifestations.

Planting of this plant should be done in the prepared soil, which should consist of garden soil, peat and bone meal. The size of the planting pit should correspond to the size of the root system of the plant. At the same time in the pit the roots should not wrap and break. The direction of the root system must be strictly down. The soil after planting is filled up evenly, it does not need to be tamped down much. The top layer needs to be slightly loosened and poured with plenty of water. A layer of peat is laid on top of the soil, then the flower will become much larger. Hilling and soil mulching is recommended.

The appearance of spray roses almost always will depend on compliance with the rules of care for her. In the spring, a mandatory pruning of weak and unnecessary branches. This action must be performed after a slight swelling of the buds on the bush. Shrub rose with the onset of cold weather must be covered. In order for the shrub to please you with its lush and beautiful appearance, all dried leaves and buds must be removed. Shrub rose requires moderate watering, watering should be carried out only with warm water.

Types and varieties of spray roses

Roses are unique flowers that have many different types and varieties. For convenience, they are divided into several species groups:

  • Park. This group consists of varieties and shapes and cultural rose hips. If these plants provide a decent care, the roses form thick spreading bushes, whose height can reach one and a half meters. Flowering shrubs lasts about a month. Bushes bloom in June. The color of the flowers can be very diverse, ranging from white to purple.
  • Spray. This team of plants is still actively replenished. The height of shrubs can reach more than 2 meters. Flowers of spray roses can be semi-double or double. Color is quite diverse.
  • Polyante. This group includes undersized bushes with lush buds. Flowers can be both semi-double and terry. This group is appreciated for its long and abundant flowering, which begins in June and ends in late autumn. It is worth noting that these roses do not smell.
  • Floribunda. This group is a hybrid, it appeared as a result of crossing hybrid tea varieties with polyanthus roses. This group inherited all the best traits from parent plants. Rose bushes are frost-resistant, continuously bloom, have a huge color palette of terry flowers, emit a pleasant delicate aroma.

If you choose bush flowers for the garden, then perennial roses are a very worthy option for decorating your summer cottage. They can play the role of both self-decoration, and be part of the landscape composition. None of the bush plants will not find such a variety of flowers, varieties and species.

Popular species

Consider the most popular types:

Lilies - beautiful shrub garden plants that breed mainly bulbs. Sometimes these perennial flowers multiply and with the help of seeds, in this case they sow in February in containers, they should be placed in greenhouses or rooms. Lilies grown from seeds bloom for 2-3 years, and from the bulbs - already at the first. Planted in bulbs fertilized with humus wells with a depth of 15-20 centimeters. Catalog of this plant. They are loosening in the summer, but this must be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots close to the surface. If frost is expected after the snow melts, plant tops should be covered with newspaper caps to protect the shoots from frost. Лилии могут расти на одном месте по 3-5 лет, после этого луковицу осенью нужно выкопать, разделить и пересадить на новые места. Эти многолетние цветы довольно просты в уходе, быстро растут и не требуют заботы, а их красота приковывает к себе взгляды.

Самые популярные сорта лилии:

White lilies are a heat-loving and sun-loving variety, flowering falls at the end of June. White fragrant flowers are grouped into brushes. They are good in cutting, so they often complement bouquets of roses.

Regalia lilies are distinguished by long, upright stems up to 80 centimeters in height, and whitened white flowers with a red bloom on the outside of the petals. It blooms in June - July. In winter, the plant should be covered with peat or fallen leaves.

Tiger lilies are unpretentious plants, the stems of which reach a length of 1 meter, flowers of red and orange with black splashes, petals bent outwards. The beauty of the plant is reflected in the photo.

Peony is among the favorite perennials of most gardeners. Bushes up to a meter tall, fluffy, with large glossy leaves. The peony flower is large, terry, mostly solitary. The most common white, pink, red and yellow colors. Mostly flavored varieties. Blossoming falls in May - June. These perennials are able to grow in one area for a dozen years. Breeding is carried out by dividing a bush at the end of the summer or by grafting in early June. It is necessary to grow these garden shrubs in well-lit places, planting sprouts in pits two feet deep at least a meter apart between seedlings. It is important when planting to deepen the buds by 2-3 centimeters below ground level, this provides lush flowering. These flowers are very fond of proper and regular feeding, and for the winter they need to cover peat. During the flowering period, peonies are often used in cutting to create bouquets. The most popular varieties are Amabaris, Ballerina, Karina, Bartzella, Tsitseriya.

A wrestler is a bush flower up to two meters high with dissected dark leaves and flowers of violet, yellow, white or blue. It blooms from early July to mid-autumn. These perennials are frost resistant and easy to clean. Prefer well-fertilized places, unpretentious to the sun. Transplantation needs to be done every five years, the culture multiplies by dividing the bush, tubers and seeds. Use for decoration of facades, in flower compositions and single disembarkation. Also look good in the cut, they are used in bouquets.

Growing perennial flowers Turkish carnation

Turkish carnation - biennial, and the “radical”: even ultra-early planting can not get him to bloom in the same year.

Nevertheless, it reproduces well by self-sowing, and therefore you will be provided with magnificent inflorescences of this carnation every year, just plant it once on your site. This is one of the most elegant varieties of carnations, unpretentious and frost-resistant, it does not need to be covered for the winter. He likes sunny color and "green" fertilizer, sometimes it would be nice to pour some amount of compost on it. When growing perennial flowers Turkish carnation seedlings sow early in late February, land in the ground in early May.

Perennial flowers for garden irises (with photo)

It is difficult to imagine a garden without this elegant flower. Perennial flowers for the garden irises are beautiful not only in the flower garden, they are indispensable for the design of ponds, recreation areas, are suitable for making monoclums. It reproduces simply: by dividing the rhizome, it is better to do this in early spring.

Irises are different: Some of them like open sunny areas, others prefer penumbra and humidity, such as Siberian irises.

The description of perennial flowers of irises is very diverse: there are all sizes and shades, there are also miniature onion irises.

Look at the photos of these perennial flowers for the garden - irises are simply indispensable for alpine slides.

Irises are unpretentious, but they need sufficient watering and occasional “ground”, as their rhizomes often become exposed over time. It is better not to prune them for winter, leave it until spring, so they endure harsh winters better.

Grow perennials peonies

In contrast to the tree peony, the herbaceous peony is a plant “for dummies”.

Growing these perennials is so easy that even an aspiring grower can handle it. If you plant its rhizome in early spring or at the end of August, it will delight you with flowering next year. It is a pity that the period of its flowering does not last long! The peony loves plentiful watering, top dressing - only mineral, it transfers poorly organic chemistry. He definitely needs good drainage - add sand to the soil during planting.

Description and photos of perennial flowers of dahlias

Dahlias - This, too, - perennials. Simply, if the dahlias do not dig for the winter, they are annuals in our climate.

Well, if you provide them with the proper wintering, they will delight you for many years. This is truly the "royal flower"! All this flower is good. Judge for yourself: when properly planted, it begins to bloom earlier than pions, and blooms until frost, it looks simply luxurious, almost not affected by pests and almost does not get sick. He needs a loose, well-fertilized soil and a sunny place: in partial shade, it blooms later and blooms less luxuriantly. As a rule, inflorescences are so many that each bush seems completely covered with them. Do not forget to cut faded in time.

As can be seen above in the photo and the description of these perennial flowers, dahlias are, perhaps, champions in the number of colors. There are flowers black, purple, with stripes, speckled, bicolor, pink, orange, yellow, crimson - and many other shades.

It is in vain that the dahlia is considered “difficult”, the whole difficulty is actually planting it and the fact that in the fall it is necessary to dig out the root-club dahlia and then store it in the basement or in the refrigerator. And what about the landing? The fact is that if you want your dahlias to bloom really before peonies, and not in August, they need to be grown at home. Tubers for growing are planted in early April. You can use buckets, basins and other similar containers for this. Watering at this time should be moderate. In open ground need to be planted only after May 15, dahlia can not tolerate frost. In the autumn, dahlias are dug for several days after the first frost.

Beautiful perennial flowers for the garden daisies

Chamomile - truly "folk" flower, a win-win decoration of any flower bed. These beautiful perennial flowers for the garden bloom for a long time and are long cut.

Chamomile garden propagates by dividing rhizomes, but you can make it and their seedlings, sowing seeds in cups in late February. It is better to plant chamomile in the ground at the end of summer. Watering and fertilizer - the usual. It should be noted that chamomile can be completely transplanted during the whole season, you only need to pritenit it when transplanting for 2-3 days.

In addition to the nivyanik - the well-known white chamomile - there are also colored “chamomiles” - pyrethrum, their flowers are smaller, but they are bright.

The most popular perennials primroses

Primrose - The most popular perennials for the decoration of rock gardens and ponds.

It can also be grown from seed, and you can purchase ready-made seedlings. This is an unpretentious perennial that does not require you to spend a lot of work, and it blooms in early spring, when there are so few colors on the site. It is not necessary to shelter a primula for the winter, the only thing to watch out for is the cleanliness of the soil from weeds, they can inhibit this plant.

Perennial flowers Rudbeckia and Echinacea

Rudbeckiaand echinacea they look alike even externally; they are tall, showy, bright. They will help to make an ensemble in any flower garden, they will give it a structure, and draw the background, and their inflorescences are in harmony with any other "landscape forms" on your flowerbed.

And in agricultural technology, perennial flowers of rudbeckia and echinacea also have a lot in common. It is best to get your seedlings by sowing the seeds in late February in pots. They have no problems with germination, you will definitely get good seedlings, and it will also be successful in taking root in a permanent place. It can be planted in the ground either in spring or in summer; at first, carefully weed out the weeds and water it abundantly. Soil - does not matter. You can fertilize both mineral fertilizers and organic matter, but too often you don’t need it. These plants winter well, and in the spring “start” early.

Perennials host, astilba, daylilies, bleaching centers

Why are all these plants put together? Hostas, astilbeas, daylilies, and diccenters have a remarkable overall quality: they are all great for decorating shady corners: they also bloom in the shade. There are quite a few colors that can do this. All these plants are best planted with rhizomes, from seeds it will turn out less successfully. Their planting material is easy to get - it is always on sale. Their care is also similar: watering, sometimes - dressing, best of all with mineral fertilizers during flowering, and in spring - with organic matter, and timely removal of faded blossoms. The soil is suitable for them any.

Hosta - This is a plant with the most decorative leaves, which are green, and blue, and variegated, and with a white border, and yellow. And the size of the leaves can be any: there are hosts - dwarfs specifically for alpine slides, and there are just giants.

The host grows on any soil and under any conditions, but is best in the shade. Although this plant is mostly ornamental-deciduous, it also blooms with beautiful lilac bells on long peduncles.

Astilbe, daylilies and bleaching centers can also be called decorative leafy: they also have “characteristic” leaves, and each plant has its own leaf shape. But the main thing - their bloom.

As seen in the photo, these perennial flowers for the garden bloom very beautifully and, moreover, have a different color.

Astilba it can be red, pink and white, the same shades can also be found in dicentre, the day-lily can be orange, yellow and red. Dicentra pleases us with blooms in spring and early summer, and astilbe and daylily in the second. Over time, you even have to limit the spread of these unpretentious, luxuriantly growing perennials.

Perennial Lupine Flower

Speaking figuratively, a perennial lupine flower is a perennial weed, as it is adapted to life in any conditions. Lupine seeds germinate even in the crevices between the slabs of the stone walkway! But at the same time he is so smart!

There are a lot of colors of lupine, colorful lupins are especially beautiful.

Plus, this flower is tall, and it has decorative carved leaves, so that lupins can be planted “solo”, with separate curtains - and these will be noticeable accents of the site.

Well, in a flower garden, he, naturally, is irreplaceable - the shape of his inflorescences will remarkably complement the structure of the flower “filling” of any flower bed.

Lupine is well propagated by seeds, so that you can easily grow its seedlings, just plant the seeds early, but if you plant it rhizome, then you will have flowering in the same year. The soil for it does not matter, care is minimal. Lupine loves the sun, so do not plant it in the shade. If you cut off the faded "candles" of lupine, it will bloom again. By the way, you can collect the stalks of lupine with pods - this is a wonderful dried flowers.

Popular perennials for the garden "golden balls"

This perennial flower is familiar to everyone! He is just one of those plants that "grow themselves."

"Golden Balls" - This is a popular name. In fact, the flower is called Rudbeckia dissected. At its core, the popular perennials for the garden "golden balls" - malicious weeds, they grow everywhere, always and even with the complete absence of care. They need to be monitored so that they do not overwhelm the entire area.

Lack of moisture can affect the size of the flowers - they will become smaller. If you add rudbeckia dissected humus and sometimes water abundantly - you can admire large - up to 10 cm in diameter golden flowers. Reproduction - rhizomes and shoots.

Perennial asters

Perennial asters - attractive and trouble-free flowers, guaranteed to decorate the garden from spring to frost. That's right, because this group includes not only the familiar autumn asters.

Perennial asters have many types:

In late spring and early summer, alpine aster flowers bloom, this flower is short, 25-30 cm.

Aster Italian blooms all summer, this plant is of medium height, 40-60 cm. Well, at the end of summer, New England and New Belgian asters begin to bloom, and they bloom until frost (until November).

In the same period aster heather blooms, it was her that you most likely saw, it is the most common in our gardens. It blooms lilac flowers.

Look at the photos of these perennial garden flowers: asters have a wide range of colors. They are white, yellow, blue, pink, red, lilac, purple.

Perennial asters prefer nutrient soil, organic matter, lime. Planting is better not to thicken, so that the plants are well ventilated. Tall asters need to be tied to supports. It is necessary to propagate asters once every 3-4 years, when the bush begins to bare from the inside. Plants need to dig up, divide the roots and transplant to a new place. This should be done either in August or at the beginning of May.

Beautiful perennial flowers phlox

Phlox indispensable in the garden easy care, and indeed in a beautiful garden. There are many varieties of phlox, with flowers of different colors.

There are even phloxes - “chameleons”, which change their color depending on the lighting, from crimson to lilac!

At the same time, the essence of plants has not changed - these perennials behave like weeds: they take root and grow vigorously, sometimes displacing other plants. Phloxes grow well in the sun, in partial shade, and even partial shade is preferable for them. In general, without any care, phlox can grow and bloom up to 8 years old, but they gradually chop the flowers. Therefore, they sometimes need to be fed with organic matter or any kind of flower fertilizer, and from time to time they should be watered abundantly - then the flowers will be large, and the lower part of the stem will not become bare. Once in 6 years, these beautiful perennial flowers need to be divided: dig and chop the rhizomes, and move to a new place. You can even divide the bush with a shovel right on the spot - undermine the bush, chop off part of the root and move it to another place, and fill the hole with the rest of the root again. Plant phlox better early spring. But if you had to do it in the fall, you do not need to cut the stems with leaves.

general information

Unusually attractive and charming flowers for perennials for the garden are planted by many owners of summer cottages or their own houses with a large house territory.

Due to the popularity of these plants by many factors.

In particular, it should be noted such positive characteristics as:

  • the ability to delight with its lush greenery and unusual colors all the warm season,
  • resistance to frost
  • growing in one place for several years.

Note. Choosing garden flowers perennials, without problems, you can pick up non-maintenance varieties - that is, you will need to pay them only a little attention with your own hands, and then if necessary.
For example, water when there is no rain for a long time.
Even without additional attention, they will still grow and develop.

Proper combination of varieties will create an unusual flower bed.

And if you correctly combine perennial tall flowers for the garden and low plants, then you can easily create a unique design of the site.

The best option is grouping by height:

  • first go low-growing varieties
  • after them in a flower bed you need to plant medium-sized,
  • and at the end of the garden bed you need to plant tall.

As a result, you will have a very attractive, multi-level flower bed that will look great throughout the season.

Note. Consider the features of the care of different plants when planting them in one flower bed.
It is not recommended to have a number of varieties that are not demanding to care and require increased attention of the gardener.

Variety of species

Beautiful perennial flowers for the garden are divided into several categories.

In particular stand out:

If you plan to plant perennial flowers in the garden with your own hands, we recommend that you pay attention to the onion varieties, since they are the least whimsical in caring.

Among them, it is worth highlighting:

Daffodils - one of the most popular perennial bulbous flowers

All plants from this category are well tolerated even in the harshest winters, and with the arrival of heat, they delight those around them with their unsurpassed beauty and bright flowering.

Council However, if you want the plants to be healthy and strong, after the end of the summer, you must dig out the bulbs and dry them.
And at the end of September to plant again.

A separate category is to include perennial flowers for the garden - these include:

  • wisteria,
  • clematis,
  • ivy,
  • wild grapes,
  • climbing roses and many others.

Garden ivy - the "classic" version of weaving plants

It is advantageous to plant such plants near summer houses or porches - in a few years after planting, they will firmly twist the base and walls, creating a unique, comfortable environment inside.

Always bright and unusual

In the first category, we included flowers that will always delight you with unusual and bright flowering:

However, these plants can be completely different:

  • низкими и высокими,
  • ранними и поздними,
  • обычными и махровыми.

Нарциссы и тюльпаны – отличная комбинация!

Daffodils deserve a special mention, because they are one of the earliest flowers - in the first days of April your garden plot can be covered with bright buds that attract attention.

If we talk about the most beautiful, resistant to adverse weather conditions varieties, it is worth highlighting:

  • bridal crown
  • orangeries
  • van vinkle and others.

Note. However, despite their resilience, they are still more finicky than the simpler, “village” varieties.
Keep this in mind, especially if the spring in your region is late and cold.

Royal garden family

This includes various varieties of peonies, differing unusually lush buds, and, of course, roses.

Peonies are represented by a great variety of colors:

Peony can rightfully be considered the king of the garden

In total there are more than five hundred species, among which deserve special mention:

  • terry chinese
  • semi-double japanese
  • various hybrids.

But even such an incredible variety does not allow the peony to compete on an equal footing with a rose.

The following varieties are grown in gardens:

  • park,
  • garden,
  • climbing,
  • tea,
  • hybrid and many others.

Depending on height

Special mention deserve tall and stunted varieties.

So, if we talk about high flowers and plants, we can note the following:

  • chrysanthemums
  • daylilies,
  • asters,
  • chamomile
  • irises,
  • bells and many others.

When combining high and low flowers, the flower bed acquires a special beauty.

By correctly combining various flowers, you can create amazing garden compositions. For example, tall varieties are great for arranging alpine slides.

And if you put them in the center of a normal flower bed, then you should definitely plant low-growing varieties nearby.

Among the latter stand out:

  • Carpathian bells,
  • certain varieties of carnations,
  • low tulips
  • lilies of the valley
  • phlox and many others.

Asters Perennial

Asters perennial - unpretentious plants in height from 20 cm to 1.5 meters. The size and shape of flowers depends on the variety. There are white, yellow, lilac and purple coloring, and the size and fullness of the flower are different. Blossoming falls in the autumn months. These perennials are unpretentious in care, like lighted places, are not afraid of frost. The reproduction of flowers is carried out by division or seed. On one site can grow up to five years. From such perennials get a great bouquet.

Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums are amazing unpretentious shade-loving garden plants, their different types differ in height and shape, duration of flowering, shape of inflorescences, color and flower splendor. Some varieties have a height of no more than 40 centimeters, while others grow to 1.5 meters. The color variety is also pleasing: there are flowers of white, pink, red, burgundy, yellow, orange and, surprisingly, green shades. The name of the chrysanthemum from the Greek means “golden flower”. Of these perennials, you can make a beautiful bouquet, because the flowers remain fresh in the cut for a long time.

Perennials and bush annuals

Consider non-hibernating perennials:

Different types of culture have a height of from 50 to 210 centimeters, shoots are straight or branched. Diverse in shape, size and pomp and flowers themselves. These perennial garden plants bloom from early August until the onset of frost. The flowers have a color from white to black and purple. Their size varies from 3 to 25 centimeters.

Annual bush flowers require annual planting or seeding, consider the most popular ones:

  1. Calendula - frost-resistant shrub, characterized by long flowering and an abundance of flowers. These are shade flowers. The plant is unpretentious in care, can easily grow in any corner of the cottage, garden or vegetable garden. Flowers are white, yellow, cream, golden, orange or reddish, examples of the most original varieties are shown in the photo. Due to the fact that the cut flowers for a long time retain their appearance, calendula is suitable for creating a bouquet.
  2. Cluster petunia - strongly branching bushes are distinguished by lush and abundant flowering and a wide color gamut of buds. Need good lighting and regular abundant watering. These shrubs are shade-loving. With proper care, petunia can continuously bloom from May to early November. Due to the fact that the plant can be grown in hanging pot, the flower can be used as indoor. A petunia planted in a flower bed will be a great decoration for the garden. The beauty of this plant transmits a photo.

For gardening cottages or garden plot, many use bush flowers. This group of plants is very extensive, so everyone will be able to choose a plant with the most appropriate form of a shrub, duration and pomp of flowering, type, color and size of buds and the complexity of care.

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