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Iris marsh: planting and care, especially plants

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One of the most common varieties of iris - marsh. The area of ​​its growth covers almost all continents, with the exception of Antarctica. A rather unusual appearance and unpretentiousness in care make these flowers very popular among many gardeners. In this article we will tell all about the care and planting of marsh toffee, as well as share the advantages and disadvantages of the methods of its reproduction.

Iris marsh (aka false-or pseudo-air) is a perennial herb belonging to the Iris or Iris family. The Russian-language name for this toffee was given thanks to its common habitat - the swamp. Wild flowers, as shown in the photo of swamp iris, have a bright yellow color. Breeders also deduced the mass of other various shades, for example, lilac, white, lilac and motley.

The stalk of an iris has a height of at least 80 centimeters and has sufficient branching. Unlike Siberian varieties of iris, swampy has at least 12 flowers on each stem, while Siberian ones have no more than three. The upper petals of the flower most often remain not fully developed. The rhizome of the plant develops horizontally and has many branches. Iris leaves have a xiphoid shape and are capable of reaching two meters in length. Flowers are formed on elongated peduncles and are collected in neat inflorescences.

Marsh iris is very often used to create green fences and compositions with various ornamental shrubs.

For the cultivation of iris marsh important to have good lighting. The iris is a very light-loving plants, perfectly tolerate the ultraviolet load. If the area intended for their cultivation is in partial shade, then you should not worry - the irises will feel great without a long stay under the sun. In addition, the landing area should be protected from drafts, as well as be raw and shallow. Only if the above conditions are met you will be able to get a lush and blooming swamp iris. Landing is carried out not earlier than the second half of August and early September. These terms are empirically tested by many gardeners and guarantee the best survival.

When choosing a soil, preference should be given to a heavy and acidic substrate. Before planting, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with organic matter, such as compost, humus or rotted manure. Fresh manure can be a source of various harmful insects.

One of the most important criteria for successful cultivation of iris is high soil moisture. These plants tolerate spring flooding well, but at the slightest drought, the flowering period is shortened and the flowers themselves lose their decorative qualities. Do not require additional watering only those plants that were planted along the reservoirs. Iris does not need any additional feedings and trimming. Enough to ensure regular and abundant watering, as well as the presence of good lighting.

Among the pests affecting marsh toffee, gladiolus thrips can be noted, which damage the green part of the plant. Practically any insecticidal preparation helps to cope with it.

Breeding

Reproduction of marsh irises is possible in different ways. The most used method is considered the seed, despite the complexity and duration of the process. Some gardeners propagate the plant by dividing an adult bush.

In the first case, the collected seeds are planted in the fall in a wet ground, and in spring the first shoots will appear. However, this iris will begin to bloom no sooner than in 3-4 years. In addition, in the future, the plant requires a transplant every 5-7 years.

In the vegetative mode, a small part is separated from the mother bush and transplanted. The cut off part should have a well-developed rhizome, buds and healthy leaves. Moreover, the latter are removed by 2/3 before planting. This is done to ensure that the main forces of the plant were directed to engraftment, and not the growth and development of greenery immediately after transplantation. Reproduction by dividing the bush is possible throughout the vegetative season, but the most preferred period is considered to be autumn. The main thing is not to subject the hive to division during the flowering period, because at this moment the plant is most weakened.

The special properties of the plant

Arabian Iris has many useful properties.

  • It is composed of essential oil, which has the smell of violets. Iris oil contains more than 140 useful components: benzoic acid, esters, aldehydes, phenol, furfural, ketone.
  • Rhizomes contain starch, fatty acids, oils, resins. The leaves are rich in ascorbic acid and amino acids.
  • Rhizomes are used to treat diseases of the respiratory, digestive and urinary systems.
  • Its flavonoids prevent the development of blood vessel diseases, normalization of blood pressure and heart function.
  • The flower has antimicrobial, antispasmodic, tannic properties.
  • In folk medicine, decoctions of rhizomes are used as an expectorant. They are treated with migraine, sore throat, bronchitis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Care and cultivation

Arabian iris is more commonly known as a wild-growing plant, therefore it does not require special care.

  • Lighting. The flower needs diffused lighting. However, the iris feels bad in direct sunlight. The ideal place for planting is the penumbra.
  • Watering. Yellow iris grows along water bodies and in wetlands, so it does not need watering. If the flower is grown in the garden, where the soil can dry out, additional watering is required. This is especially important for young plants.
  • Planting and soil. Flowers are planted in well-moistened areas, along the banks of artificial ponds or in shallow water. When planting, the soil is not used, the rhizome is fixed at the bottom with pebbles or small stones. Creeping rhizome is horizontal. Small auxiliary roots form on it. Also on the rhizome buds are born, from which leaves and flower stalks grow. Planting is carried out in the spring before the beginning of the period of active growth and before flowering. In April-May, rhizome harvesting is carried out. Under favorable conditions, the newly planted plants begin to bloom in the year of planting, and by the next season they will take root and grow. Iris marsh requires a heavy acidic soil rich in organic matter. Flowers can be planted in areas where a large amount of groundwater or rainwater accumulates.
  • Top dressing. Yellow iris does not need additional fertilizing with minerals. However, feeding is carried out once a season. The application of mineral fertilizers contributes to the lush and beautiful flowering of plants.
  • Preparing for the winter. Marsh plant needs extra protection for the period of winter cold. Since the root system is horizontal, it can be completely exposed. To prevent the plant from freezing, it needs to provide additional shelter. To this end, a layer of peat and soil is applied to the rhizomes, which are carefully removed with the onset of spring. The soil is laid out around the stem.

The use of marsh toffee in landscape design

Many landscape designers often use the yellow iris to decorate their gardens. Due to simplicity and ease of care, the iris can become part of almost any composition.

It is used for decoration of flowerbeds in conjunction with other perennials, in combination with trees and shrubs, curtains of iris, creating green fences, decorating the banks of artificial reservoirs and lakes.

The combination of different colors of flowers iris allows you to create unusual compositions along the banks of ponds and lakes.

Iris marsh grows well not only in marshy soil, but also in areas with a high level of groundwater or poor water flow.

Botanical Reference

The plant got its national name due to its connection with the ecology: the favorite places for the growth of iris are the shores of various reservoirs, as well as the river passages. The length of the plant is at least 0.6 m, and some specimens can develop up to 2 m in height.

It is worth noting that the marsh toffee (photos of this handsome are presented) has the properties of hydrochlor. In simple terms, the seeds of iris spread through the water, since, once in the last, they do not sink for a long time due to the presence of air-filled cavities between the seed and the peel and the non-wettability of the latter. It is assumed that the distribution of plants involved and waterfowl.

It is noteworthy that the marsh toffee is represented by a single species and human activity does not prevent its distribution at all. On the contrary, it only contributes to the "seizure" of new lands.

Iris marsh: planting and care

The main advantage is trouble-free care, which attracts gardeners even more.

The plant prefers a bright light, and the direct rays of the sun are not at all terrible to him. However, it can grow in places with penumbra.

The marsh toffee is also not demanding to the soil, but the ideal is a heavy soil saturated with substances of organic origin and having acidity below “7”. At the same time, the plant will grow without problems in low-lying areas, where a large amount of water accumulates.

Based on the foregoing, it is clear that when the iris grows near water bodies, there is no need for watering. At the same time, if the planting was done in a normal substrate, you should regularly water the iris and prevent the earth coma from drying out. Particular attention should be paid to the young.

Decorative and design

Iris marsh - a dream for any gardener. In addition to ease of care, beauty, trouble-free reproduction, the flower finds a worthy place in flower arrangements. It is used in:

  1. The compositions involving shrubs and trees.
  2. Creating green fences.
  3. In flower beds in the vicinity of perennial flowers.
  4. Ecosystems manual "built."
  5. Also incomparable plant looks on the lawn apart from other flowers.

Marsh yellow iris is an ideal plant for arranging any water bodies. And given the versatility and vitality in conditions of aridity, excessive humidity, the lack of a good drainage system, it is also indispensable.

What a swamp iris

This perennial herbaceous flower belongs to the genus "Iris", which has more than two hundred species, the family "Iris". If we translate Latin in its name Iris pseudacorus, we get “false false iris”, i.e. similar to calamus (for this reason it is also called "iris"). There are also a lot of popular names for this wonderful plant: killer of water, kositsy, violet root, swamp cockerel, crooks, lobistic. Due to the similarity of the flower with the flag mast in English, its name sounds like a “yellow flag”.

In everyday life, most often this perennial is called water or marsh iris, which very accurately describes the place of its growth - mainly river floodplains, the banks of freshwater bodies of water. Iris and multiplies with the help of water - its seeds do not drown in water due to waterproof peel, but are spread by the flow (such plants are defined as hydrochors), which allows perennial bushes to spread over vast new territories. Also, most likely, the seed of water irises is transferred by waterfowl birds.

Marsh toffee is a very useful plant. Even in ancient times, its roots dyed the skin brown. Also, the rhizome of this flower is used for their purposes, cooking and traditional medicine. It has anti-inflammatory, expectorant and laxative effect, decoctions from it help with gastric disorders and colds, as well as in the field of gynecology. Water iris extract is an indispensable therapeutic component of many dietary supplements and medicinal preparations for the treatment of sepsis, pancreatic inflammation and wounds.

Important! Preparations from this flower are contraindicated in children, pregnant and lactating, as well as in patients with fast blood clotting. Contaminated water in water bodies is also purified by a marsh like iris as a filter.

Now marsh iris grows almost everywhere in Europe, in the Far East, in the west of Siberia, in Japan and China, as well as in the Mediterranean and in both Americas.

Water Iris possesses extraordinary vitality and mass germination of seeds (so-called self-seeding), a powerful root system resembles a weed - it tends to very firmly hold on to the soil, which is already difficult to pull out 2-3 months old seedlings.

Plant characteristic

Iris yellow marsh pretty tall flower (from 0.9 to 1.5 meters). The leaves are flat, long, grow straight. The colors vary from deep green to wax gray (almost blue). There are specimens with variegated leaves. On a branched stem grows 12-15 peduncles. In flowers, the two upper petals are slightly underdeveloped. They are yellow-golden in color with a large orange spot. Sometimes there are delicate white irises of tender white color. Flowering occurs from the beginning of June to the 1st decade of July. Kasatik bushes are very attractive for bees and butterflies, they are the main pollinators of the flower, which is considered an excellent honey plant.

The roots are powerful and branched, which ensures stable and rapid growth of iris flowers. In a marsh variety of this plant, the dissected root is first light, quickly turning brown. Preferred habitats are dry places on the banks of reservoirs, however, if the water level becomes too high, the irises can withstand a long stay in the water, even if the ground is filled with 0.3-0.4 meters in height. The flower tolerates low humidity, it ceases to be so beautiful and attractive.

Characteristics of culture types

Yellow marsh iris, iris iris and mock iris are not different types of the same crop, as some inexperienced growers believe. This is the name of the same flower, their description is exactly the same. However, it is the basis for many of the cultivated varieties and hybrids of ornamental irises, the growth of popularity, the active selection and cultivation of which began only in the 2nd half of the 20th century (previously, for the hybridization work, the species of bearded irises was used more). The German breeder E.Berlin, who developed a whole line of iris marsh breed, was the most involved in breeding new varieties of swamp iris. Also bred and successfully grown:

  • Umkirch - flowers have a pale yellow color with a hint of pink,
  • Holden Clow - a thin net of purple color passes through the yellow petals, the top two are completely purple,
  • San Cascade and Dybl Pagoda - have a light terry of inflorescences,
  • Curlin is an original natural hybrid of marsh irises of the Kursk and Leningrad regions, it has flowers that are one and a half to two times more than wild,
  • Iris Mtskheta is an elegant variety, bred in Georgia, has distinctive features (narrowness of leaves with almost no wax coating, yellow color on the flowers is very pale), which allow to define it as a separate type of marsh iris, wintering for such flowers is very problematic,
  • Roy Davidson - bred by American B. Hager, is distinguished by wide leaves, glossy, on which thrips do not sit - a permanent pest of iris, as well as intolerance to cold weather (requires shelter),
  • Bastarda - has a horizontal arrangement of petals, in contrast to the downcast, like the original water irises, there is also no characteristic orange spot, the flowers are larger than average, are painted in amazing pale pink with a pale-yellow shade,
  • Variegata is one of the best bred varieties of marsh toffee, green-yellow foliage, striped.

Additional Information. The latter variety has a premium from the Royal Horticultural Society of England.

Marsh Iris Roy Davidson

Features of planting and care

Planting and growing marsh iris is not difficult at all. Uncultured plants multiply by self-sowing or manually in the autumn, you should only monitor the depth of immersion of seeds to prevent them from washing out to the surface with rains or a stream of water from a hose. Domesticated varieties can be diluted by simply dividing the roots with a bud.

Planting irises is recommended from August to September - then their survival rate is the highest. Choosing a damp place, protected from the wind, you can put the killer roots with the landing capacity of 0.2-0.4 m in the prepared hole.

This perennial plant is not very demanding to the type of soil, however, for soil and marsh, the soil moisture is important for planting and maintaining an iris, and can grow excellently in water. It is desirable that this was an open lit area, the acidity of the soil is about 7.0, with the presence of a large amount of organic matter. You can periodically carry out mulching with humus to improve the decoration.

On a note. Marsh irises, like any flowering plants, suffer from insect pests, such as gladiolus thrips, sawfly caterpillars and some others that are easily worn out by insecticides.

Ухаживать за посадками ирисов довольно просто – достаточно следить за уровнем влажности, периодически удобрять калий-фосфорными составами, а также каждые 5-7 лет разделять кусты, чтобы снизить вероятность болезней.

Особенности посадки и ухода за ирисами

Болотный ирис в ландшафтном дизайне

Landscaping very often uses flowers of marsh iris to ennoble gardens in which they try to create a natural landscape. Iris looks good:

  • in compositions where bushes or trees have the main weight,
  • in green hedges
  • in flowerbeds along with other perennials,
  • monoflora on lawns or soliter groups,
  • as a frame for natural and artificial ponds and curb plantings.

Note! Planting iris marsh - the cheapest element for decorative park decoration.

Perennial plants marsh irises with bright yellow flowers are very fond of water and grow along the banks of reservoirs. The design of the plots, made with their help, is always pleasing to the eye, breeding and care do not represent any work.

Iris marsh: description, characteristics of plants

Marsh or as it is sometimes called, false-iris is known to many gardeners as a magnificent plant, most often used for decorating various water bodies, because of its love for moist soil and environment. But not everyone knows his amazing properties. So, the marsh toffee is able to qualitatively clean any reservoir from suspension of both organic and inorganic origin. The rhizomes of this plant are widely used in cooking, medicine and even perfumery.

This type of iris is considered to be perennial and can reach a height of 2 m. The marsh iris is sometimes confused with the airwood because of the leaves: they have the same, xiphoidal broad shape. The rhizome of the plant is creeping, has many small roots of a fibrous structure. There are several ornamental varieties of marsh toffee:

  • Flore Pleno. The species has rather large double flowers.

  • Umkirch. The species is represented by a plant with flowers of pale pink color.
  • Golden Queen. The species is represented by a plant with bright yellow flowers.

In natural conditions, the marsh toffee can be found mainly in river floodplains, on the banks of various water bodies, damp meadows, etc. The flowering of the plant usually begins in the middle of summer (late June - early July).

Attention! Despite the fact that the plant loves only wet soil, it can successfully grow and dry. However, its bloom in this case will be very unlikely.

Bog iris is widely used in landscape design as one of the main decorative elements for a reservoir, it is also used to create compositions of various types of flowers in wet, marshy areas. Marsh toffee looks great in tandem with shallow-growing plants (for example, with a host, fern, Siberian toffee, etc.).

Features of cultivation in the open ground

Planting iris is usually carried out at the beginning of the growing season, before the beginning of flowering (most often in early April). The plant is propagated by two methods: seeds and vegetatively (rhizome division).

The place for planting should be chosen carefully: the iris likes sunny areas that are well protected from the wind, but if there is not enough sunny place, partial shade will do.

Immediately before planting, it is necessary to add potassium-phosphorus mixture and compost to the soil (in no case use manure). Do not forget to treat the area with herbicides and fungicides as well (this will help disinfect the soil).

Before planting, the plant should be dipped in a container with prepared soil, and then buried in the ground at a site to a depth of about 30-40 cm. Then it is necessary to immediately water the area with water. The next watering should be done a few days after planting. In the future, you should not water the iris until the soil dries.

With regard to fertilizing, the plant does not really need nutrients, but at least once a year (in spring) to implement them, it is still necessary. Otherwise the iris will bloom not so magnificently and beautifully. The best way to feed the marsh toffee are suitable complex fertilizers with a sufficient content of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.

Due to the specific nature of the iris root system (horizontal location of the rhizome) in the cold period of the year, it can almost completely become bare, therefore it is necessary to ensure its protection in the form of an additional peat-soil layer. In the spring, this layer must be carefully removed and spread around the bush.

This concludes consideration of the characteristics of growing iris marsh. Successful cultivation!

11/30/2017 admin Comments There are no comments.

The marsh iris (other names are false false, false yellow, yellow) is an excellent plant for decorating a pond or a small body of water. The flower belongs to perennial plants, in height reaches from 60 to 180 cm.

The plant is also called false air because the broad and xiphoidal leaves of the marsh iris resemble calamus leaves. The plant is distributed throughout Europe. In nature, the flower can be found in the floodplains of rivers, wet meadows, along the banks of reservoirs. Flowering begins in late June or early July. Flowers marsh iris have a yellow or blue color. However, there are water irises of various colors and varieties, such as Japanese. But its breeding depends on climatic conditions.

Planting and caring for toffee marsh

Landing of marsh toffee is carried out in August-September in shallow water or damp shores. Pre-planted flower in a container with soil and only then with the container immersed to a depth of 20-40 cm. Before planting in the ground, the leaves and roots are shortened by about a third, then the plant is buried to a depth of 10 cm. Marsh iris can withstand flooding with a temporary increase water level in the reservoir. But, if the soil dries up, then the marsh iris loses its decorative properties, because lower humidity affects flowering. Marsh iris prefers organically rich soils. Water rice, although it grows well in the shade, still prefers sunny, sheltered from the wind. In the fall of the leaves of the iris cut.

Marsh iris is a winter-hardy plant, therefore it does not require shelter for the winter. However, some varieties of flowers are less resistant to cold. In winter, the plant in the container is immersed to great depths.

Planting material. Perennial and ground cover plants. Iris

LATIN TITLE: Iris pseudacorus

DESCRIPTION:Translated from the Latin Iris pseudacorus means “false iris” (acorus), but the people got the name of the marsh iris. Perennial herbaceous plant 75–160 cm high. Rhizome branchy, thick (up to 2 cm in diameter), creeping. Stem dense, branched at the top. The leaves are green, sword-shaped, broadly linear (10-30 mm wide) with a clearly visible midrib. The flowers are collected in bunches of 3-8 on the branched stem, flower stalks are long and thick. The outer perianth lobes are deflected downwards, the plate is ovoid, at the base immediately narrowed into a short claw, light yellow, in the middle with an orange spot and purple veins, the inner perianth lobes are small, linear, shorter and narrower than the stamen of cream color. The fruit is a dull-triangular oblong-oval box with a short spout (3–7 mm long) at the top. Seeds are compressed, shiny. It blooms in June and August. The fruits ripen in August.
Highly decorative variegated form (I. pseudacorus var. variegata). Now it is found in the collections of many botanical gardens and amateur flower growers.

Variegated iris swamp
(I. pseudacorus var. Variegata).

The site should be open to the sun, but light partial shade is acceptable. It can grow on the banks of water bodies with immersion in the water of 20-30 cm foliage and stems, but it can grow without water on moist, sometimes drying out soils,

Suitable soil - light loam with a slightly acid reaction (pH 5.5).

When planting, the old parts of the rhizome, on which there are no buds, are removed. If the bush is large, it can be divided. Leaves and roots are shortened before planting. Rhizomes are buried by 5-7 cm. After planting, the soil around the plant is compacted and abundant watering is carried out.

Virtually no maintenance required.

Seed and vegetative. Iris marsh grow is not difficult. Its wild forms are easily propagated by autumn sowing of seeds. Sow them should be deeper (1.5-2 cm) so that they do not float to the surface of the soil after rain or watering.

Marsh Iris (Iris pseudacorus) or mock

Suddenly, in the 80s in the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden, all the plantings of the marsh iris in park ponds were attacked by Rhadinoceraca micans (sawfly sawfly) torchbee. Fortunately, this pest was easily destroyed by insecticides.

For decorative purposes, the marsh iris is better to use in parkland where its curtains on the background of a lawn or as a frame for large bodies of water make a very good impression due to super-power development. In addition, the marsh iris and the cheapest element of park design, as it can remain in one place for decades without transfers and special care. On soils rich in humus in rainy years, it can develop gigantic foliage up to 2 m in height. Everything else, he is also quite shade-tolerant.

In individual gardens, its variegated form is most effective in curb plantings, and varieties are in the form of small solitary groups. Unfortunately, the variegated form by the middle of summer loses its feature, as the green pigment begins to cover the entire surface of the sheet.

Based on the materials of G.I. Rodionenko’s book “Irises” - S-Pb .: Agropromizdat Diamant - 2002

Short description.

Iris is a low perennial herb 5–20 cm tall. Grounds of shoots with few dead brownish sheaths. Leaves (1-2) glaucous, 3-7 mm wide. The envelopes are 3, elliptical-lanceolate, with parchment for fruits. Flowers (1-2) yellow. Outer perianth lobes obovate, pointed, with a yellow beard. Perianth tube 1.5–2 times shorter than limb. Boll elliptical, tapered to both ends. Seeds are light brown, oval, wrinkled.

Ecology and biology.

It grows on steppe, often stony, cartilaginous slopes, in forests, in forest glades. Blossoms in May - early June.

Limiting factors. Economic development of the territory. Collecting plants for bouquets.

Security measures. It is protected on the territory of the Stolby reserve, in the Shushensky Bor National Park. Cultivated in the Central Siberian Botanical Garden of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk), promising for cultivation. It is necessary to establish control over the state of populations. Recommend limiting the exploitation of habitats of the species. Prohibit the collection of plants.

Information sources.Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. 1. Cherepnin, 1959, 2. Polozhiy, 1966, 3. Flora ..., 1987, 4. Polozhiy et al., 2002, 5. Antipova, 2003, 6. Andreeva, Shtarker, 2003, 7. Sonnikova, 2003, 8. Semenova, 2001. Compiled by N.N. Tupitsyna. Figure: V.S. Stepanov, N.V. Stepanov.

AOF | 11/26/2015 7:35:32 PM

In one of last year's issues of the magazine, it was told about pollination of irises and getting seeds, as well as briefly mentioning the sowing and registration of seedlings. Let us return to this topic and talk in detail, because the summer season is just around the corner.

Breeding varieties

First, let's remember one more word: hybridization. Hybridization - this is the crossing of different varieties, in this case irises. Lesson is not difficult and very exciting.

I remember the summer. In late May - early June, I have bloomed high bearded irises. These beauties have released long arrows of their flower stalks. Every morning I woke up with a joyful feeling that I would see some more new blossoming flowers. On the first day of flower dissolution, it collected pollen from anthers and pollinated those flowers that blossomed yesterday. It happened that the intended couple blossomed at different times, with a shift of a week or even two. In this case, the pollen from the anthers can be stored in glass tubes covered with a cotton swab.

Top dressing

I spend Kemira three times: the first time after taking shelter, the second before flowering, the third time at the end of July, when flower buds are laid. At the same time you can feed the seedlings, but the rate of fertilizer can be halved. When feeding the bushes, I add a tablespoon (30 grams) per 1m2 to the area of ​​the roots. Seedlings feed, reducing the rate by half. In the autumn I scatter twice the bed of ash.

Watering irises moderately, they are dry-loving plants. It is recommended in the fall to even cover them with plastic from rain. But I remember a very rainy summer. So that the irises did not stand in the water, we dug holes near the patch where the water flowed, dug it out with buckets and carried it into a ditch. And nothing happened.

Pest and disease control

On seedlings, as on flowering plants, I try to carry out preventive spraying: it is easier to prevent the disease than to cure it. I spray karbofos a couple of times (70 g per 10 liters of water), and from diseases I spray with oxychrome. I look forward to when the seedlings bloom. In one box of seeds is enough for three rows in the garden. And not all of them will be the same not only in color, but also in form.
One day after a lecture on hybridization, one listener told me: “Elena Alexandrovna, you are so clearly and interestingly talking about pollination and selection that I wanted to run into my garden and take up this fascinating affair. I look forward to summer. ” So I look forward to warm days to return to my garden and do garden affairs.

Description of marsh irises

So, what is the swamp iris? The stem of this culture is quite tall and branched. It grows to 70-80 cm. The peculiarity of the plant is that it produces 12-15 flowers, and not 2-3, as in the usual Siberian irises. But in these flowers, the upper petals remain underdeveloped. The lower ones are often golden yellow. They also have a large orange spot.

Attention! Rarely enough, but still there are marsh irises with white and blue flowers.

As for the leaves, they differ in color from saturated gray to matt green.

Among the main varieties and hybrid forms of marsh iris, it is worth noting the varieties Pagoda Double and Sun Cascade with double flowers, a tall version of Beuron, reaching a height of 2 m, Holdens Child and Limbo versions with blue petals. Also among these killer pigs are the varieties of Berlin Tiger, Roy Davidson and Holden Clough with brown veins, Umkirсh with pastel-lemon color, Ivory and Alba with white petals. But a variety of variegated forms has a special decorative value.

Features landing kasatik

Landing kasatik this species is made according to special rules. In order for the flower to get acclimatized and bloom, it is recommended to do this procedure in August-September. It is equally important to correctly choose a place for a marsh toffee. Plot can be:

  • shallow
  • raw enough
  • protected from strong winds and drafts,
  • pretty well lit.

Marsh toffee is highly valued for its decorative properties. This flower is often used in:

  • curb landings
  • parkland,
  • small solitary groups.

Subtleties care culture

Irises perfectly tolerate any spring flooding. It should be borne in mind that you should definitely avoid the slightest drying of the substrate. Irises marsh extremely negatively react to it. The lack of moisture leads to a reduction in flowering culture.

When landing this type of killer whales, it is worth assessing the condition of the ground. The optimal soil for this plant is that which is characterized by its organic composition. This will allow the flower to grow well and develop. Iris swamp like fairly heavy substrates. That is why for their cultivation is to choose areas with soil acidity of at least 7 pH, that is, acidic soil.

Among other rules for the care of toffee marsh worth noting the requirements for lighting. Iris plays a greater amount of sunlight. They are not afraid of the abundance of ultraviolet radiation. However, at the same time they fully grow, develop and bloom even in a small penumbra.

As for pests, the iris of this species sometimes encounters diseases, like any other flowers. Most often marsh irises are affected by gladiolus thrips, which cause leaf damage. But this pest is effectively destroyed by insecticidal compounds.

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