Hibiscus, Chinese rose - these romantic names belong to the same beautiful plant. Nature endowed him with a beautiful branchy crown, glossy delicate leaves and gorgeous flowers.
To give certain decorative qualities of this plant requires competent care. One of the points of such care is pruning.
Strict adherence to the rules of this procedure will allow you to get a spectacular flower of the desired shape with a lush crown and abundant flowering.
The article will look at how to properly form the crown at home.
Why do you need pruning?
There are several reasons for trimming Chinese roses:
- Ability to get rid of branches of irregular shape:
- too long
In their place, new branches will grow over time.
Rejuvenation. Lack of proper care for hibiscus will lead to the fact that the flower will spend all its energy on old shoots. Flowering will be scarce, and the crown will not gain pomp.
Sanitary pruning allows you to get rid of diseased or pest escapes and prevent the spread of the disease to healthy branches.
Pruning of roots is justified only in the case of their strong growth. Also, this type of pruning accelerates the growth of hibiscus and promotes abundant flowering.
When to do the procedure?
When is it best to perform the procedure: in February, before spring, or in autumn? The main pruning of the Chinese rose is carried out in February. Slight - in September, after flowering. If you ignore the autumn pruning, it will grow back old side shoots. A flowering will not. After all, the buds appear exclusively on the young processes.
In the summer of pruning should refrain. Flowering after summer pruning will not.
Pruning home flower
How can I trim a home flower? Depending on the age of the plant, its condition and the expected form of the crown, there are 5 types of pruning:
- Topping suitable for young plants.
- This is the most gentle type of pruning.
- Used to stimulate growth.
- It consists in removing the tops of all branches above the top node.
- It is necessary to pinch when the plant is about 13-15 cm high.
- To strengthen the trunk when pinching, the central shoot is attached to the base (for example, to a bamboo skewer).
Selective pruning It is carried out not only to stimulate growth, but also to preserve the shape of the plant. This type of pruning is a more thorough shortening of the branches: several already well developed internodes are cut off. Cut certain areas that violate the shape of the crown.
The sequence of this type of pruning hibiscus is as follows:
- Side shoots trim, leaving up to 4 - 5 leaves.
- Slice to produce just above the node, leaving at least 2/3 of the branches.
- Branches that grow parallel to the central trunk and inside the crown are also subject to pruning.
- Trimming should be done above the growth point that faces outwards.
Do not try when pruning to leave as many shoots as possible. Do not be afraid to cut! Even if you cut off the excess, the plant will survive everything. Cutting tools must be sharp and disinfected.
The purpose of the procedure and the best time for it
The Chinese rose is formed to obtain the desired shape of the crown and the whole plant. The more often the crown is amenable to shaping by cutting, the better the plant will develop and reach the correct shape.
Begin to form the crown in the spring, at the end of the dormant period of the plant. Supports the form of hibiscus using selective pruning.
How to cut a bush in the spring?
Hibiscus pruning rules depend on what type of crown is supposed to be obtained after the procedure. It can be a magnificent tree, and a branchy shrub, and a miniature bush.
- For the formation of Chinese roses in the form of a tree should:
- Remove the side branches.
- Leave a couple of medium branches, shortening them only by 2 - 3 buds. In the future it will be the main trunk.
For the formation of hibiscus in the form of a lush bush is necessary:
- Crop middle uppermost branches. At the same time, the lateral buds will begin to form new shoots.
- Shorten the central branch, leaving only a few points of growth.
To form a lush crown:
- Remove all useless branches: internal, parallel to the main trunk, clumsy, deformed and growing inward.
- Timely clean the crown of faded flowers. This contributes to the development and distribution of new buds.
Care for the Chinese rose immediately after crown formation
The first time after pruning, the Chinese rose needs to be adapted:
- Place the plant in a cool corner.
- Cover from direct sunlight.
- Restrict watering.
Further care for the trimmed houseplant is no different from the usual:
- Watering with warm settled water as the top layer of the soil dries out.
- Air humidity is about 50%.
- Spraying and rinsing in the shower. Suitable and wiping leaves with a damp cloth. For the full development of Chinese roses, the leaves of the flower must be constantly clean from dust.
- Top dressing once a month with complex fertilizers.
- Airing the room, but the exclusion of drafts. In the summer, it is preferable to take out the hibiscus to fresh air.
- The lighting should be bright, but diffused.
What to do if the plant began to wilt?
Wilting hibiscus after pruning is a rather rare phenomenon. By pruning flower is absolutely calm. And if this happened - the reason lies in the violation of the mode of adaptation of cropped hibiscus or the rules of general care. We note the main ones:
- Insufficient watering. Beginning growers under the restriction of irrigation in the adaptation period understand its almost complete cessation. The frequency and abundance of irrigation depend on the temperature and humidity of the room.
- Excessive temperature rise in the room should be a reason to increase watering.
- A significant decrease in moisture requires additional spraying.
- Use for watering very hot or cold water. Please note that you can not defend the water under the scorching rays of the sun.
So, the problem of withering plants after pruning is solved by normalizing the conditions of care for him. Thus, the Chinese rose, with proper care, needs systematic pruning. And the greater the number of old and deformed branches will be cut off, the more nutrition young shoots will receive. Only the competent formation of the crown of hibiscus will make this flower unique in its beauty.
Why do I need pruning room hibiscus
Pruning is a vital event for a homemade Chinese rose for a number of reasons:
- It allows you to get rid of deformed shoots - over time, the plant appears twisted, deformed and short shoots. If in time to cut off the twigs that have an irregular shape, new ones will grow in their place in a short time.
- Giving the plant the desired shape. Homemade hibiscus, which grows without proper care, will never find magnificent hair. The plant will spend all its power on old and sluggish shoots, as a result, flowering will become poorer, or will disappear altogether.
- For rejuvenation. Over time, more and more old branches appear on the plant, correct pruning allows you to remove them, rejuvenate the flower, and give it a charge of new forces.
- Clearing sick shoots. Timely carrying out "sanitary pruning" allows you to remove damaged shoots (disease, pests) and stop the spread of the problem to healthy parts.
- Cutting the roots. This procedure is carried out extremely rarely, mainly in those cases if the hibiscus roots have grown too much, and the flower has little space in the pot. Pruning the root system allows you to accelerate the growth and make the flowering abundant.
The crown of a hibiscus can be fluffy or horizontal. Lush crown requires more care and frequent pruning. Type of crown is selected by the owner of the plant, depending on the interior and other parameters.
The main feature of hibiscus is that the height of the plant does not affect the splendor of the crown at all.
It is desirable to produce pruning with ordinary scissors. The branches of the plant are quite thin, shears can severely damage them. All dry shoots are removed, as well as branches growing parallel to other branches.
Pruning is done in the spring season, as well as in the fall after flowering. Untimely removal of branches can cause growth to stop, new buds and inflorescences will stop forming, flowers in hibiscus can appear only on young shoots.
Never prune to form a crown in the summer, otherwise there will be no flowering.
Pinching young shoots
You can pinch all the young shoots in hibiscus, the plant itself procedure will only benefit. It is advisable to hold events in early spring before the formation of leaves.
- The central shoot of the plant is tied to a support (a bamboo stick can be used as a support, however, a regular pencil or a needle will do),
- All side shoots are cut, about 5 leaves are left,
- It is necessary to periodically actively feed the plant with nitrogen,
- After the hibiscus grows to the desired length, the procedure of pinching the crown is performed again - leaving 5-6 of the most developed shoots
- Be sure to cut branches parallel to the main shoots, so you can achieve a uniform and lush crown,
- Pruning is done after and before each flowering, preferably using conventional scissors.
Immediately after planting, all weak, deformed and damaged shoots are necessarily removed. Pruning allows for the uniform development of a young bush. If during the growth of the plant to produce a cardinal pruning - the crown will become more magnificent.
Please be patient - it may take more than one year to grow a beautiful flowering plant with a crown of the desired type.
Is carried out after it was possible to achieve the crown of the desired type. Maintenance pruning is to remove weak and dry shoots. All thin branches are cut to the level of 2-3 buds.
Sometimes over time, the plant becomes one-sided appearance. The problem is eliminated by removing all unwanted lateral shoots up to the base of the bush.
Forming a trunk
After planting hibiscus, without fail, remove all branched shoots to the level of 2-3 buds. The main developed trunk is not trimmed. With further growth of the plant in February, all branched lateral shoots are removed to the level of 1 kidney, the main trunk is cut to the level of 5-6 buds. Pruning is carried out until the plant reaches the desired height.
The crown is formed from the strongest shoots, further pruning is carried out on several buds. The lateral growth is constantly removed.
It is held in early spring. The entire increase over the past year is cut by a third. Hygienic pruning allows you to rid the plant of old and deformed shoots, increase the number of flower buds.
Hibiscus quite quickly acquires a lush crown, branches interfere with the normal development of flowers, in connection with this, it is necessary to periodically perform light thinning.
To stimulate flowering in the spring, annual shoots are also drastically pruned.
If the bush begins to grow unevenly and warp on one side, rejuvenating cutting of shoots is carried out. The rejuvenation procedure allows the plant to breathe more freely, stimulates it to form fresh greens.
The rejuvenation procedure is carried out as follows:
- All old and dead shoots are removed,
- The rest of the shoots are shortened by two thirds.
Pruning should affect not only external shoots, but also those that are inside the bush.
To give the plant a beautiful and attractive shape, the branches should be cut to different lengths: the central shoot should be longer than the rest, the side shoots are cut at different heights.
Careful care and timely cutting of hibiscus will provide a plant with an attractive crown and abundant flowering.
Consider visually trim a room hibiscus in the video
Why do pruning?
Trimming hibiscus indoor or "Chinese rose", as it is called by the people, is vital. There are several reasons for this:
- To get rid of deformed shoots - over time, some bend, become short and get an irregular shape. It needs to be corrected: cut off the curved ones, in the place of which new ones will grow.
- To shape the plant. It is not always possible for a plant to grow a lush “hair” on its own - only old shoots grow instead. That's when cropping is required. Just do not forget that after this the flower spends all its strength on the growth of new shoots, therefore it does not bloom at all or it blooms weakly.
- To rejuvenate the plant. Over time, the flower appears a lot of old dried twigs, from which you need to urgently get rid of.
- To get rid of sick shoots. In this case, it is called "sanitary" pruning: remove the affected parts of the plant, capturing the healthy parts.
- That the plant grew well and pleased with abundant flowering. In some cases, spend pruning flower roots, but it happens very rarely - mainly when the root system has grown too large and it does not have enough space in the pot. To act in this case must be very careful - you can damage the roots.
How to form a crown?
There are two ways to form a hibiscus crown: lush crown and horizontal.
Lush crown need to form more carefully and more often than horizontal. Here that someone likes more, which is more suitable for the interior and so on.
One of the benefits of hibiscus is that allows you to have a lush crown and a tall tree.
Pruned ordinary scissors - flower branches are thin for pruner.
It is necessary to cut off the shoots growing parallel to the main branches. Everything dry branches also need delete.
Cut hibiscus need every year in spring time. In the autumn, after each flowering, the plant also needs pruning. If this is not done, the side shoots will not grow and there will be no new buds and flowers. Moreover, hibiscus flowers appear only on young shoots.
Therefore, in order for it to bloom, you need as much as possible more often to prune it. In addition, the crown of the plant from this will become thicker and spreading.
It is not recommended to cut in the summer - so you will not wait for flowers.
How to pinch?
Not harmful to hibiscus will be pinching young shoots. This should be done in early spring. You can pinch everything - it does not hurt them.
Pinch hibiscus need to: central escape tie to a support and cut all the sides, leaving 3-5 leaves. Bamboo stick is most often used as a support. If you don’t have one at hand, you can use a pencil, a needle or other handy material that is useful for this role. Due to this procedure, the trunk will be thicker.
It must be remembered that at this time you need to actively feed the plant with nitrogen. When the flower grows to the desired length, it is necessary to pinch its crown, leaving 5-6 well-developed shoots. This is the future crown - it needs to be cut more often to get thick twigs.
Be sure to cut off the so-called "Tops" - shoots that grow parallel to the main trunk. Branches growing inside the crown, also need pruning.
So, pruning is required for all plants, and hibiscus too. She is not only called improve the appearance of the flower but also has a good effect on him health and condition.
Crop after each bloom - in spring and autumn. In the autumn you should not carry out this procedure. Need to use ordinary scissors. To form the crown of the plant in two ways: create a lush crown and horizontal. Pinch is also extremely necessary. This will help young shoots grow faster, which means there will be more buds and flowers.
See how good the Chinese rose is after trimming!
General information about the Chinese rose
In Malaysia, the petals of hibiscus represent the commandments of Islam. And in India they believe that hibiscus protects the house from unkind wishes and accompanies the achievement of success in work and helps to cope with the oppression.
Its name is from the scientific side - Syrian hibiscus. His homeland is Asia Minor, he belongs to the family Malvaceae. Hibiscus grows in good conditions up to almost three meters in height.
The trunk of the plant is smooth to the touch, the color of the bark is grayish. The leaves are quite large in shape in the form of a trefoil.
Hibiscus home is only one species with large scarlet inflorescences.
Hibiscus room care at home
Caring for indoor hibiscus is not difficult, and having done everything right, he will thank you for paying attention to the abundant flowering and active growth.
The houseplant hibiscus is a thermophilic flower and develops well at a temperature of 19 to 23 degrees. Not adhering to the temperature, hibiscus room will refuse to bloom.
The Chinese rose, when caring at home, loves humidified air, which is more suitable for natural conditions. Therefore, it is better to keep at least 60% humidity for hibiscus. Hibiscus must be constantly sprayed.
Fertilizer for indoor hibiscus
During active development, hibiscus needs a lot of nutritional supplements. For lush flowering, it needs universal fertilizers with the addition of nitrogen and potassium. Fertilize should be once a week, and do it in the evening, before watering the flower.
When the plant ceases to develop markedly and slows its growth, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of fertilizers. It should be borne in mind that you do not need to fertilize hibiscus during the period of rest and after transplantation, only after several months.
How to transplant hibiscus at home
A young growing plant needs to be transplanted every year, and the older the plant is, it will be enough to simply transplant as needed or change the soil once in three years.
Transplanting is necessary only if the root system has filled the entire pot. In large bulk plants, only the upper part of the soil is replaced.
The soil for transplanting can be purchased universal for indoor flowering plants, or you can prepare it yourself. To do this, mix part of the garden soil, turf and a little bit of humus and do not forget about good drainage, it is prevention from rotting the root system.
The capacity is chosen not much more than the previous one, otherwise the plant will go to the root and refuse to flower. For a while. When transplanting soil from the root system, it is not necessary to knock down the whole, only if the plant rots the roots, then you need to prune them.
Some species and varieties of hibiscus are grown in gardens, information about them, planting and caring in open ground, reproduction and pruning can be found here.
Hibiscus from seeds at home
In hibiscus, reproduction occurs from seeds. After bud buds in its place seeds are formed. In a container with a growth stimulator seeds are soaked for 12 hours. After they are washed with a light solution of potassium permanganate.
Then the seeds are wrapped in a piece of damp cloth, and placed in a plastic bag and left in a warm place for the seeds to begin to germinate. But it is necessary to periodically moisten them slightly with water and ventilate so that they do not propeli.
When the seeds are covered, they are sown in the soil to obtain a seedling. Doing everything right, hibiscus seed reproduction will be your pleasure.
Reproduction of indoor hibiscus in this way will give flowering only in the third year. After germination and the appearance of three leaves, seedlings are planted in pots.
In hibiscus, reproduction at home occurs by grafting.
How to grow hibiscus from cuttings
When growing a Chinese rose at home, in February it is necessary to cut a couple of cuttings from a large adult flower and plant it in the prepared moist soil, covering it with an ordinary glass jar. In such conditions, the plant must be kept until it takes root, about a month and a half with a temperature of about 23 degrees.
Also cut cuttings can be left in some water, until the roots appear, and then they are planted in a container with prepared soil.
Pruning a hibiscus room is what would like to get a lush decomposed shrub or tree. In hibiscus pruning occurs in the spring, until the plant began to actively develop, or in the autumn after flowering.
Hibiscus pruning forms a branch. If you cut the hibiscus at the wrong time, it will not bloom. For cutting branches, you must use scissors. It is necessary to cut dry branches and stiff stems, which are located opposite the main branches. Cut your plant so that it blends harmoniously into your home comfort.
Hibiscus diseases and pests
The main cause of plant diseases is dry air, insufficient watering and draft.
At elevated air temperatures, hibiscus buds begin to fall, and if the temperature is below the set level, the buds do not appear at all.
Sometimes the plant infects aphids, for this it is necessary to process a chemical preparation to combat aphids.
Another pest is a spider mite, it appears from dried air. To avoid this, spray the plant in time. A mite can be destroyed by washing the leaves with soap and water.
Why leaves hibiscus yellow room - the reason why the leaves turn yellow in hibiscus may be an excess of chlorine in the water for irrigation.
Therefore, in order to avoid this, it is necessary to defend water for several days. Also, due to these factors, leaves can curl around the hibiscus.
If the leaves begin to turn yellow, then the plant must be fertilized with fertilizer with the addition of magnesium.
Why does not hibiscus bloom - during the formation of buds, the temperature in the room should not exceed 15 degrees, the lighting should be diffused, watering should be reduced. Following these rules, the plant will bloom profusely.
The appearance and birthplace of hibiscus
The scientific name of this plant is "Syrian hibiscus". It belongs to the family Malvaceae. The territory of Asia Minor is considered to be the motherland, but also the flower can be found in India, Korea and China.
Outwardly, the plant is a fairly high shrub, which, under favorable growing conditions, can grow up to 3 m tall. The plant has a smooth trunk, there is a bark of gray. The crown of hibiscus is lush, voluminous.
The leaf plates of the plant are large, have the shape of a trefoil.
In room conditions, as a rule, it is customary to grow only one type of hibiscus, which blooms with large red inflorescences with five petals.
During the period of active growth needs the most abundant and frequent watering. Especially it concerns the period of hot weather.
Hibiscus is not able to store moisture, unlike some types of indoor plants, so the lack of moisture in the first place, may affect its appearance.
The leaves with insufficient watering become sluggish, and then completely fall off. If you do not promptly respond to this problem, the plant may die.
It is also worth noting that excess moisture can also adversely affect the health of the flower. If the soil is too humid for a long time, then various fungal diseases that can affect the hibiscus root system will begin to actively develop in it. Also it should be borne in mind that moisture can prevent oxygen from entering the root system, which can also lead to the death of the whole plant.
Tip! Hibiscus must be watered abundantly, while excess moisture from the pan must be poured.
It is recommended to water it. in the morning, so that in the evening the ground had time to dry. In winter, when the cold comes, hibiscus is at rest. It is for this reason that the frequency and volume of watering should be kept to a minimum. In addition, experts recommend avoiding abundant watering in the case when the Chinese rose is exposed to diseases and actively discards foliage.
The most comfortable plant will feel on the south side. He will not even be afraid of direct sunlight. In addition, if you want your plant to bloom, it needs direct sunlight for at least 5 hours a day.
Hibiscus can also be grown successfully to the southeast or southwest side. But if it is contained on the north side, it may not bloom at all.
Note! There are varieties of hibiscus, which are quite well able to endure light penumbra. This applies to varieties with brown shades of inflorescences.
Air temperature and humidity
- Hibiscus is a rather heat-loving indoor plant, so the most optimal temperature for it is air from 24 to 30 degrees. If you do not follow these recommendations regarding the temperature, it can lead to a lack of flowering. If the air temperature in the room is above 30 degrees, the buds will begin to fall down. And if the air temperature is below 24 degrees, the buds will not form at all.
- As for the humidity of the air, a humid climate is a condition that is more close to the natural one. Therefore, it is recommended to keep the flower in a room with high humidity throughout the year. Hibiscus is able to perfectly tolerate humidity up to 70%. In order to provide the plant with such conditions, you can use special humidifiers or ordinary containers with water. In addition, the Chinese rose needs to be sprayed regularly with a spray bottle.
Fertilizer and dressing
During active growth, hibiscus needs a significant amount of additional nutrients. But ordinary fertilizers for flowering houseplants can harm the Chinese rose.
The reason lies in the fact that for active flowering of indoor plants used fertilizers, which include a lot of phosphorus, but in the case of hibiscus, this element is detrimental to the plant. Phosphorus is reflected negatively on the number of flowers, as well as their quality.
Many growers say that it is preferable to feed universal fertilizers, which include potassium and nitrogen. Also hibiscus needs magnesium. If this component is not enough in the ground, then yellow leaves will appear on the plant.
Some useful tips:
- Feeding is recommended only in the evening or on cloudy days,
- Before feeding hibiscus must be well watered first,
- Feeding should be done once a week,
- If you notice a decrease in growth rate, then you need to reduce the frequency of feeding,
- It is also recommended to use foliar feedings.
To do this, prepare a solution that consists of 10 parts of water and 1 part of root fertilizer. These components must be mixed well. The resulting solution is necessary to spray the foliage early in the morning or late in the evening.
It is also important to note that plants should not be fully fed during the dormant period and after transplantation.
Young bushes need to be replanted every year, but with age it is enough to change the capacity and soil once every three years. Before embarking on the transplantation process itself, you must make sure that this procedure is really necessary for the plant. But how do you know that hibiscus needs to be replanted exactly at the moment? When exactly his transplant? The main signal of transplanting a plant in a new pot with a new soil will be a strong root system, which completely encircles the earthy ball.
Tip! So that after the transplant process, the root system is able to germinate more quickly in the new soil, it is necessary to water the plant in the pan.
It is also worth noting that plants that were recently purchased in stores need to be transplanted. After all, as a rule, manufacturers use poor-quality soil for transportation and cultivation, therefore, experts strongly recommend not to delay this matter, but to replace the substrate with a new one as soon as possible. Another reason for replacing the soil is the presence of stimulants in it. Producers often add to the soil substances that promote active flowering, but as a result, the growth of the plant itself is slowed down, and there is a risk of hibiscus becoming infected with a spider mite.
At home you can multiply cutting method. This method involves several methods of rooting cuttings. These methods are as follows:
- In mid-February, several cuttings should be cut from an adult bush, and then placed in wet sand. Cover the cuttings with foil and can. They should be kept in such conditions for two months, and also kept in a room with a temperature of 22 to 24 degrees.
- Also, cut cuttings can be simply put water and wait until the roots are formed on them. After that, seedlings can be planted in a separate pot with the substrate.
Note! There must be at least 2 internodes on the handle, otherwise the plant simply will not take root in the substrate.
How to choose a pot and soil? Answering this question, it is worth noting that the pot should be no more than 9 cm in diameter. The substrate should consist of the following types of land:
- 2 pieces of humus,
- 1 piece of leafy ground
- 1 part of turf land,
- 1 part of sand.
During the period of active growth, the hibiscus bush may acquire an unattractive appearance. In order to achieve a beautiful shape of a bush, it is necessary to trim and form it in time and correctly.
This procedure should be carried out only in the autumn, when the bush is no longer blooming. This is due to the fact that hibiscus buds can be formed on shoots that are older than 3 months. Therefore, if you cut the plant in May, the new shoots will become too young, and the Chinese rose will not bloom at the same time.
Pruning can be done boldly, as hibiscus easily tolerates this procedure, after which it becomes more attractive, fluffy and thick. In addition, during the formation and trimming of the bush it is necessary to completely get rid of damaged and infected branches that are located parallel to the main stem of the plant.
Tip! If you want to make your Chinese rose more attractive, then try to form it in the form of a stem tree.
Possible diseases and pests
The flower is quite hardy and strong, a slight deviation from the rules for the care and cultivation of the plant is easy to survive. But if these deviations are regular, then the hibiscus may die.
The following conditions are particularly dangerous for Chinese roses:
- Dry soil
- The presence of drafts,
- Dry indoor air.
In order to get rid of these problems, it is necessary to regularly spray the bush, avoid drafts, and also protect the hibiscus from sudden temperature drops in the room.
If we talk about pests, the danger is the following:
- Aphid. Most often, this pest affects young shoots and buds. If this does not promptly help the Chinese rose, the number of aphids will quickly increase. For this, hibiscus is enough to be treated with a special chemical preparation.
- Spider mite This pest can not always be seen on the plant, as it is very small. As a rule, it settles on the inner side of the leaf, hiding in a thin cobweb. The main reason for the mite on the Chinese rose is dry indoor air. To get rid of spider mites, you need to thoroughly wash the plant with soap and water, and in order to prevent it, it is recommended to spray it regularly or simply wash it in the shower.
Now you know exactly what conditions must be observed for the successful growth of hibiscus at home, so that its leaves are healthy, strong, juicy and green, and the flowers are large and bright.
Basics of care and maintenance of hibiscus ...
— Temperature mode.
Hibiscus belongs to the heat-loving plants and feels very comfortable at a temperature of 18 to 22 ° C, but it blooms well and is long-lasting mainly at 14-15 ° C. Therefore, if it is possible, after a hot summer, to put a bush in a cooler, but bright room, then it will not be slow to respond to this with its flowering. In the summer, it is very good to take hibiscus to fresh air, ideally to the veranda or balcony, only avoiding drafts.
— Lighting for hibiscus.
It prefers sunlight from the south side. In the heat of the plant should be removed from the glass or pritenyat. The best option is a high stand facing the window. The home hibiscus will instantly respond to an insufficient amount of light with a “leaf fall” or a drop of flower buds.
— Watering and moisture.
Chinese rose is very dependent on timely watering and regular spraying. Water for irrigation must always be at room temperature, separated, always in an open glass container with a wide neck. If the room is very hot, then you need to prevent the evaporation of moisture from the ground, cover it with fine expanded clay or moss.
The most important thing for the leaves of the rose is the constant spraying of a spray bottle or the regular operation of a humidifier in the room. Hibiscus flowers can not be sprayed. During the heating period, you can put water containers on hot batteries.
Loves hibiscus "take a shower" in the bathroom. Wash the dust from the leaves thoroughly with warm water, only to avoid over-wetting the earthy clod, wrap the pot in a plastic bag and tie it up.
How to overcome difficulties in growing hibiscus.
Hibiscus is “not capricious” in home care, and even you will make some mistakes, they are very easy to correct, and the flower will immediately react to the changes. At first I was very upset that the rose was losing leaves. Но наше долгое совместное проживание научило меня чаще опрыскивать листья, как только они выглядят немного поникшими. После продолжительного цветения гибискус тоже сбрасывает старые листья, но вместе с тем сразу растит новые.
The yellow leaves of the Chinese rose suggest that water for watering should be carefully filtered and defended to reduce the chlorine content. If there is a brown border on the yellowed leaves, it means that there is too much nitrogen in your fertilizer, stop feeding the flower for a while.
With a sharp change in the conditions of the content, hibiscus can completely reset not only the buds, but also the leaves, having taken a depressingly “bare” look, but soon new leaves will appear on it.
How to "make" hibiscus to bloom?
Many wonder why it does not bloom and how to properly care for hibiscus ... Everything is simple here! Change the soil to fresh, cut off the old branches and place the plant on the sunniest place. Thus, you will achieve the stimulation of young shoots and buds, which will bloom.
Only young shoots bloom in hibiscus, so do not be afraid to cut, leaving a few buds. If a couple of times do not cut off the old branches, then the flowers become smaller, and subsequently disappear altogether.
And one more important point: if it was hot in your home in the summer, and the heating season is not long in the fall, or the hibiscus is in a cool room, then very soon it will form buds and throw out beautiful flowers. Conversely, if in winter the hibiscus was too hot, then it is likely that it will begin flowering in the spring.
I still have a little secret: in case of another transplanting of a flower, take a wooden splinter, up to 10 cm long and insert it into the ground in a pot, at a short distance from the hibiscus stem. It may not seem serious, but this “grandmother’s method” contributes to the fact that my hibiscus blooms for a long time: a new flower blooms every morning, in the evening it falls, the next bud blooms next morning.
Form your flower - pruning hibiscus.
The advantage of hibiscus is that when pruning a flower, we choose: to grow a lush bush or a small tree. So, I began to grow my Chinese rose on a narrow window-sill, and then, having moved to a private house, the rose instantly turned into a sprawling bush in front of the window.
Every spring, hibiscus is subjected to formative pruning - until the plant starts growing, or in the fall - after the end of flowering. Long shoots are shortened to stimulate branching. Cutting a bush too late, for example in May, it is possible in the summer not to wait at all for flowering. At other times, you need to look so that there are no buds on the pruned shoots.
For pruning, it is more convenient to use scissors; hibiscus branches are too thin to use pruners. Lignified shoots that grow parallel to the main branches are pruned; all dried branches should also be cut.
To form a bush, each shoot is pruned to 1/3 above the leaf facing out.
When pruning, I try to shape the shrub so that it is sprawling, but not high, because it “hibernates” it on the second floor, in a room with a low ceiling.
Build your flower so that it fits comfortably into your interior. Do not be afraid to overdo it, hibiscus with proper care very quickly grows new shoots, and the leaves become thicker and larger.
Hibiscus soil, transplanting and fertilizer.
Typically, the flower is sold in a compact form, where they are treated with special preparations that slow growth, but at home, especially after transplanting into a new soil, hibiscus begins to grow actively.
In the spring, along with pruning, hibiscus transplanted or rolled over to a fresh substrate, young plants annually, adults - as needed. In large specimens, the upper layer of the earth is changed annually. The transshipment with preservation of earthy coma is carried out at any time of the year.
Any nutrient substrate is suitable for hibiscus transplantation. Usually I take two thirds of the garden land, but not black soil, I add universal soil for indoor crops. You can add sod or humus soil. Since the rose needs good watering, to avoid stagnation of water, good drainage from expanded clay at the bottom of the pot is necessary.
A pot with each transplant must be taken larger, but not by much. In too large flowerpot, the rose will start growing, but will cease to bloom. For a big rose, you just need to change the top layer of the earth.
When transplanting, while the size of the earthy coma allows, I shake off the old earth from the roots, especially if it is too wet. It is possible not to remove the ground completely from the roots and the roots themselves should not be cut off if there is no suspicion of their rotting.
Top dressing plays an important role in the care of homemade hibiscus.
A new substrate in which the hibiscus has been transplanted already contains a large amount of nutrients, so I do fertilizing after transplantation in a couple of months. I usually transplant my flower in April, and feed it from September to March. Hibiscus is suitable for any universal fertilizer for domestic plants, with a low nitrogen content, in liquid form or in the form of sticks.
To hibiscus leaves glistened and the plant did not attack the spider mite, several times a year I spray the rose with infusion of onion peel. Preparing the infusion is not difficult: pour husks into a three-liter jar halfway up, ram it, pour boiling water almost to the top, let it stand, strain.