Fruit trees

35 best varieties of summer, autumn and winter pears


In the fall to get a great harvest, it is important to choose the right planting material. Find out which middle (autumn) pear varieties are considered the best.

Today we will tell about 7 popular and tasty autumn pear varieties. Just choose the one that fully meets your wishes.

Veles (Daughter Excellent)

The tree is medium thick, medium dense crown, spreading or wide pyramidal. Fruits are greenish-yellow, with an orange tinge, medium size, symmetrical, with a smooth surface, wide-pear. The skin is smooth and smooth. Cream-colored flesh, semi-oily, juicy, sour-sweet. The grade is frost-resistant, high-yielding, differs in resistance to a scab.

August dew

The undoubted favorite among the summer pear varieties is the August dew, the result of the crossing of the Tenderness and Triumph Pakgam varieties. The tree is quite low, not reaching 10 m in height., the bark is gray, smooth, the kidneys quickly “wake up” after winter. Branches sprawling, slightly drooping, curved. The leaves are oblong in shape, medium size, dark green. Fruits of medium size, ripen in mid-summer. The taste is sweet enough, juicy, with white flesh and delicate skin.

Unfortunately, it is not suitable for long storage, the pear quickly turns brown and disappears. It is itself resistant to diseases and pests, tolerates winters easily, bears fruit every year, increasing the number of fruits. The minus of this variety - constantly needs pruning of the crown, because of this, the fruits become smaller.

Bere Giffard

Also applies to summer pear varieties. They differ from other varieties with their “rosy” fruits, red-orange tones on one side of the pear, and light green shades on the other. Formed on a branch in bunches, from 2 to 6 pieces, and keep so until full maturity. Because of the high yield, additional props are often required, otherwise the branches may break under the weight of the fruit.

The fruits are tender, have a sweet taste, juicy, with white flesh. Tree height reaches more than 10 m, sparse crown, branches slightly drooping and thin. Crown brown, flakes off. The leaf plate is dark green, oblong, with smooth edges. The variety does not tolerate harsh winters, therefore, young seedlings require shelter. Fruits are poorly preserved in torn form, not more than a week.

This variety is distinguished by its winter hardiness, is not afraid of drought, and rarely exposed to diseases and pests. It appeared as a result of the cross-breeding of Bere Bosc and Tolstobozhka. Tree of medium height, 8-10 m, with a thick crown, has a pyramidal shape of the trunk, the branches are long and thin. The variety is characterized by late vegetation, flowering. Productivity is high, in a year from an adult the tree gathers more than 150 kg of a crop.

The pear begins to ripen in the second half of August, reaching a peak of maturity only by mid-September. Fruits have the correct pear-shaped form, with a smooth and thin skin. It tastes sweet pear, with juicy flesh, has a pleasant aroma. It is good to make jam and jams from this variety. But the pear is not stored for long, in a plucked form it does not spoil for about 3 days, it can hang on a tree for no more than a week, then it falls down.

The name of the variety translated as Duchess, was bred by the English breeder in Wheeler. The tree is low, 6-7 m, with a dense crown, spreading branches, thin. The crown of the tree is light brown in color, smooth.

Fruits begin to ripen in mid-August, the fruits are bright yellow. On average, one pear can weigh more than 150 g, arranged on branches one by one or in groups of 4-6 pears. Stored for up to 40 days in a tree and not more than 2 weeks in the form of torn. The fruits are juicy, sweet, with thin skin and delicate aroma. In the taste there are light notes of nutmeg and spices. The variety is frost resistant, not afraid of cold weather. It is also not affected by the scab, but the sucker and aphid are on the tree very often.

Bred by breeders for the northern regions, hence got its name. The variety is medium tall, the height of the tree is from 3 to 6 m, with a thick crown and a pyramidal trunk shape. Young seedlings tolerate planting easily and quickly begin to grow, but the tree begins to bear fruit after 4-5 years. The leaves are a tree of light green color, pointed form, with smooth edges. Blooms in early spring, has more than 6 petals in the inflorescence /

A variety with high yields, fruits strew branches, every year the crop becomes more, just as the tree bears fruit every year. A large pear, up to 200 grams each fruit, they are formed into small brushes of 4-6 pears. At the beginning of ripening they have green tones, and then they acquire yellowish-orange shades. The skin of the fruit loose, it is rather rough. To taste it is not inferior to other varieties, sweet, with juicy pulp, has a sour-tart taste and light aroma. But the seeds in a pear a little, are located in special chambers in the heart of the fruit. It tolerates winters quite well, diseases and pests, does not need special care.


Also applies to summer, skoroplodnymi varieties. Was bred by crossing the varieties of Forest Beauty and Duchess Thigh. Predominantly grows in the Central regions, but due to its resistance to frost, it grows easily in areas of the North. The tree is medium thick, from 4 m in height and higher, with a wide and dense crown, the branches look up. The barrel is smooth, brown-gray. Young shoots slightly wilted, reddish-brown, fruiting occurs on them. The leaves are green tones, smooth, medium size.

Fruiting begins from the 6th year, the pear may exceed 130 grams by weight. Ripening occurs in mid-August, the fruits are stored on the tree no more than 2 weeks, even less in the form of torn. Fruits are lemon-colored, with many inclusions, they change their shades closer from autumn to red-orange, which indicates full ripening of fruits. The skin is thin, the flesh is cream-colored or white, sweet with a pleasant aroma, medium density. In the middle of the fruit are brown seeds, elongated.

Obtained by crossing Bere and Bergamot varieties. Above the new variety worked in the Saratov GAU them. Vavilova. Refers to the winter, plucked fruits under the right conditions capable of being stored until February!

Frost-resistant pear variety Saratovka

Saratovka grade srednerosly, branches look strictly up, a tree more than 10 m high. The krone is dense, a trunk of brown-gray color. Young leaves of light green color, oval in shape, with smooth edges. By autumn, they are painted in dark green tones. The disadvantage is the dense crown, which annually needs proper pruning, otherwise, the tree reduces the amount of harvest, gives more strength to the formation of young shoots.

Productivity is high, but the tree begins to bear fruit only for 5 year. Fruits are sweet, firm, with a thick skin, lemon-colored, with a red-orange flush. It begins to ripen from mid-August, remains on the tree for a long time, until the end of September. Winter-hardy variety, rarely exposed to diseases and pestsIt also tolerates long-term transportation, does not lose its taste and appearance.


Variety of winter pears, ripening occurs at the beginning and middle of September. High yields start at 5 years after planting. Gives a bountiful harvest annually, the tree does not need rest. The weight of one pear reaches 230 grams. Fruits are sweet, juicy, with delicate pulp and spicy aroma. Possess the correct pear-shaped form, fasten on a thick curved fruit stem. Possess green when ripe, slightly give in yellowish tones.

The tree itself is quite tall, 10-12 m tall, with a pyramidal trunk shape and slightly lowered branches. The variety is different from the others, by slow growth, mainly it grows green mass. But then gives a large number of fruits. It is quite easy to experience severe coldWe are tolerant to various diseases and pests.

Pass Krasan

Also applies to winter pear varieties. Unlike other varieties that do not need special conditions, this hybrid requires increased attention. Prefers to grow only in sunny places, does not tolerate close proximity with other seedlings. From the lack of sunlight, its fruits become sour and do not reach the desired size.. He also likes moisture and well-fertilized soil. Extremely badly tolerates cold and is subject to many diseases.

But under all conditions, gives large, juicy fruits with a light sour taste. Fruits annually, does not require rest, but it is not worth waiting for a large amount of harvest from this variety. The weight of one pear can reach more than 200 grams, large pears of light green color. The right time to harvest is mid or late October.By this time, the fruit reaches its optimal size and preserves its taste. Plus is the ability of the fruit, will continue until next spring.

May Day

The result of crossing pears Daughter of Dawn and Late. This variety differs from others in the duration of storage of fruits in a torn form, up to 250 days! Pear is not demanding to care, frost resistant. Rarely sick, do not care for her many pests. Tree height over 10 m, with a spreading crown. Young shoots rather thin, gray-brown shades, smooth. The leaves are round in shape, with smooth edges, slightly curved upwards.

The average weight of fruits from 140 grams, possess the correct form, a smooth and thin thin skin. During the summer, the fruits of green, closer to the fall, acquire brown-red tones. Mounted on the branches with a strong stalk, form a brush of 4-6 fruits. The taste is sweet, with a pleasant aroma, slightly tart, with white flesh, has an attractive appearance and taste. The variety has high yields, but fruiting begins at 5-6 year.

The variety is winter, with a high storage capacity of fruits, up to several months. A tree with a wide pyramidal trunk shape, light brown in color. Branches of medium thickness, usually gray, smooth. Leaves elongated, smooth, dark green shades.

Pear mass over 200 grams, fruits of greenish tones, acquire a yellowish tint. They have an elongated shape of the fruit, with a smooth and thin skin. Harvesting can begin in September. To taste the pear is sweet, with white juicy pulp. The yield is high, the tree does not need any breaks, but the harvest begins to appear only 4-5 years after planting. Resistant to diseases and pests, but has an average index of winter hardiness. Especially young seedlings need additional shelter for the winter.


The result of the joint work of O.S. Kharchenko, A.V. Krasovsky and A.F. Mileschko. Blooms in late spring, white rounded flowers with a light scent. The tree itself is high, more than 10 m, with a sprawling crown, straight branches. The barrel is brown in color, smooth, regular shape.

Fruits are large, light green shades, more yellow when fully ripe. Fruit weight up to 180 grams, has an attractive appearance for sale, also protects the view during long-term transportation. Harvesting from a tree is recommended in early October, the fruits are able to be stored for several months in a cool place. It produces crops regularly, the tree rarely gets sick and is almost not damaged by insects. It is also frost-resistant and does not require special care, it endures scab and thermal burns of leaves. Ripe fruits are stored for several months.

Dessert Rossoshanskaya late

Refers to late varieties, fruit ripening comes at the beginning of September. Dessert pear is stored up to January under proper storage conditions.. Hybrid, the result of the crossing of varieties Pet Klapp and Tonkovetka, bred in 1952. The tree is vigorous, height is more than 6 m, the seedling has a narrow pyramidal shape of the trunk, gray in color, the adult tree forms a wide and smooth trunk. The crown of a pear is branchy, young branches of gray color, look up.

The fruit is quite large, weighing up to 180 grams, dark green tones at the beginning of ripening and brown-red hues to fall. Mounted on the branches of 6 pieces on thick fruit stems. Harvesting begins at 3-4 years, the percentage of yield is high. It tastes sweet, with soft skin and juicy pulp.


Bred in Belarus. The variety is late, ripening occurs at the beginning of September. The tree is small, no more than 3.5 m in height, branches look strictly up, crown gray-brown, smooth. The leaves are light green tones, oblong in shape, with jagged edges. Flowering occurs at the beginning of spring, the inflorescences are white, with a pleasant aroma.

The fruits are dull, light green tones, changing to orange-red shades during the summer. Pear skin is rough, rather dense, with small black spots. The short stem, on the branches of the pear crowded in pairs. The taste is fleshy flesh with white flesh, juicy, has a slight sourness. Pear hardy, not exposed to pests and diseases. A minus - bears fruit not every year, needs rest.

Olivier de Serre

The work of the French breeder. The variety is quite capricious, it requires special conditions for growth and meticulous care. The tree is medium thick, the crown is compact, the branches are directed upwards. Crown brownish, smooth, slightly flaky. During the summer, it forms a lot of new branches, which reduces the yield, so it is important in the fall to remove excess branches. The leaves are shiny, dark green color, rounded shape.

Fruits may exceed 400 grams.. In appearance, the fruits are small, round shape, with thick skin. The whole fruit is covered with spots of red color, the surface is uneven, uneven. The pear is sweet, with white fleshy pulp and light pleasant aroma. Pear ripens by September and stored assembled until spring. It is resistant to diseases, but in severe winters it needs additional shelter, otherwise the amount of the harvest in the next year decreases.

Bere Ardanpon

It was bred in Belgium by N. Ardanpon in 1759. This winter-hardy, undersized hybrid requires special care. It prefers to grow in the sun, heat and well-moistened soil - only in these conditions does the tree bear fruit. The tree is vigorous, with a thick crown brownish gray. Young branches are thin, not omitted, the sheet plate is pointed, dark green, slightly pointed in shape. Blooms in early spring, white fragrant inflorescences.

Fruits are large, green in the middle of summer and reddish shades when fully ripe closer to autumn. Pear with a thin smooth skin. This variety is loved by gardeners because of its attractive presentation.which persists until the cold. To taste the pear is sweet, with white, fleshy pulp. It tolerates the winter, but it is better to cover young saplings.

The same applies to winter varieties, which appeared as a result of crossing Real Turin and Daughter Dawn. Especially the variety does not differ from others, but because of its large fruits was fallen in love with gardeners. One pear can weigh up to 280 grams! In addition, the fruits have light green shades that change to reddish during ripening. Not inferior in taste, pears are sweet, with fine-grained flesh of cream color. Possess gentle, slightly sourish taste, with pleasant aroma.

The tree is medium thick, not more than 6 m high, with spreading branches, crown, brownish in color. Able to produce a large number of crops annuallyIt is not exacting to conditions and leaving. Plucked fruits are capable of being stored for several months. In addition, the variety is sufficiently resistant to disease, is not afraid of insects, cold-resistant.

Another winter pear, a hybrid obtained by crossing Daughter of Dawn and Talgar beauty varieties. It has excellent resistance to frost and disease.. It has a pyramidal crown shape, not more than 5 m high. The branches are thin, looking up, gray-brown in color. The leaves are rounded, dark green in color, small light streaks are clearly visible. Blooms in early spring, white fragrant inflorescences.

Variety with high yields, by weight one fruit from 140 to 210 grams, can stay on the tree for a long time and is stored for a long time in assembled form. Fruits of light green color, becoming yellowish, closer to autumn, slightly elongated. To taste sweet, with fleshy pulp, have a delicate pleasant aroma.

Autumn garden varieties are different from other long-term storage in assembled form, not inferior in taste to summer or winter.

Autumn pears, belongs to one of the best. Fruits are quite large, the average weight of a pear is from 150 grams and higher.. The fruit is a regular pear-shaped: narrow at the stem and rounded at the bottom. On the branches grow in small clusters, 3-4 pears. Ripening Veles pear in late August, stored on a tree until October. It has a beautiful appearance, until the end of summer the fruits are dark green, and when ripe, they become red-orange tones. The taste properties are sweet, juicy, with fleshy pulp and thin skin.

Tree height not more than 8 mWith drooping branches and pyramidal trunk shape, gray-brown. Молодые ветки формируются на протяжении всего лета, что сказывается на количестве урожая, осенью рекомендуется проводить обрезку. Устойчив к морозам, болезням и вредителям.

Бере Московская

Морозоустойчивый, почти не подвергается болезням и вредителям. Appeared as a result of pollination of Olga varieties with pollen from Forest Beauty and Klapp's Pet. Tree no more than 6-8 m high. The crown of a pear is round, light brown in color. Young branches are quite thin, drooping, gray or brown. The leaf plate is dark green, rounded in shape. Pear blooms in early spring.

The fruits are slightly uneven, light green shades, there is a light blush closer to the fall. It is better to shoot the fruit slightly green and solid in early they are better preserved and lie longer, up to several months in a cool and dark place. If a pear is a bit tart to taste, with a sour taste, it means that the pear lacks moisture. With proper care, the pear becomes sweet and fleshy, with delicate white flesh. In general, this variety is not capricious when leaving.


The misconception that this variety refers to winter is not the case, the variety is autumn ripening. Was obtained as a result of crossing varieties Zheltoplodnaya and Tenderness. Resistant to diseases and pests, especially scab. It is frost-resistant, gives a good harvest from year to year. Crohn rounded, branches slightly drooping, brown-gray. The leaves are slightly pointed, light green in spring and dark green tones closer to autumn.

Does not require special care, is able to grow in a small shade, under taller trees, but loves moisture. Fruits of medium size, weighing no more than 200 grams. Green pears change their shades to crimson blush to ripen. To taste sweet, with juicy fine-grained pulp and thin skin. Keep on the branches, on short curved stalks. Fruits are capable to remain long, both on a tree, and in assembled form, are not afraid of transportations.

In memory of Yakovlev

Medium-thick tree with a thick crown. The height of the tree does not exceed 1.5-2m, with a spherical crown. Young branches are thin, looking up, brown-gray in color with small prickles. The leaves are dark green, egg-shaped, with smooth edges. Harvest gives 6-8 year. Popular variety in memory of Yakovlev gardeners due to regular fruiting and unpretentious care.

Pears with a smooth and thin skin, weighing no more than 200 grams. The fruits are collected in groups of 5-7 pears. To taste the pear is sweet, with juicy pulp and pleasant aroma. The fruits are golden in color, slightly reddish at the end of ripening. Full ripening occurs in mid-October.. The pear is stored for a long time on the tree, it does not fall off, and it may lie several months in the assembled state. High yield, which increases with each year of tree growth. More than 30 kg of ripe pear are harvested from an adult tree per year. In addition, it is capable not only of self-pollination, but also pollinates other varieties of pears. Greatly simplifies the care of the pear is that it is winter-resistant and unpretentious in the care.

Obtained as a result of pollination of one of the American varieties of pears, Kieffer. Possesses shtambovy form, with rather dense and sprawling krone, light gray colors, which over time changes shades to brown tones. Quickly forms new curved shoots. The foliage is light green in color, oval-shaped, slightly curved in the center. This variety produces a bountiful harvest in the southwestern regions. The first harvest is formed by 3-4 year.

The fruits of Muscovites are medium in size, up to 150 grams. Possess the correct pear-shaped form. Have a greenish-yellow hue, which is replaced by the end of summer in maroon-crimson tones. The skin is thin, fleshy with juicy flesh with a pronounced sweet-sour taste. It is recommended to pluck pears, when they are slightly undone, after lying in the room for a couple of days, the pear matures and retains its taste. Under the right conditions of storage, the fruit can not deteriorate for several months.. High resistance to scab and rot, just not afraid of frost.

The fruit of the cross-breeding Bere winter Michurin and Forest Beauty. The crop ripens in this variety to the very beginning of autumn, the first fruits can be plucked in early September. It differs from others in height and thickness of the crown, tree height is more than 8 m. A lot of light brown thin branches are formed every year, but pear shoots very rarely. Blooms in early spring white fragrant inflorescences. Foliage dark green color.

Fruits are large, from 170 grams, with yellowish-green shades and a light flush. Pear differs and the correct conical shape of the fruit. The flesh is coarse-grained, tender, juicy. Quite dense skin, with small points of rusty color. Marble variety, like other autumn pears, is frost-resistant, not afraid of diseases and pests. The tree begins to yield only 5 years, but the percentage of yield is high, the pear is able to please a large number of crops every year.

Pear for the Volga region and central Russia

Olga and Forest Beauty were taken as “parental” varieties, as a result of S.T. Chizhov and S.P. Potapov and the variety Chizhovskaya was bred. One of the popular self-pollinated varieties in the middle lane, especially in the Volga region and surrounding areas. The tree stands no more than 3 m, the young tree has a narrow crown, grayish shades. Older branches become brownish in color, branches look up, medium in thickness, slightly curved. The leaves are oval-shaped, dark green with smooth edges.

By themselves, fruits weighing no more than 150 grams. At the beginning of summer the pear is of light green tones, the fruit is rather solid, but closer to the autumn they get yellow shades, they become soft. In this state, the Chizhovskaya pear will not hang on a tree for a long time, therefore it is recommended to pluck it in early autumn. Green fruit can last for several weeks.. Sweet and fleshy to taste, ripen in mid-August. They have a white, medium-grained pulp with a pleasant aroma. In addition, inherited from the "native" resistance to frost and disease.

The result of the crossing of varieties of Forest Beauty and Olga, a variety suitable for planting in the middle lane. Differs in the ripening of fruits, you can taste fresh fruits in the middle of summer. Lada is frost-resistant, not exposed to diseases and pests, annually gives a rich harvest. A tree with a branchy crown, branches slightly drooping, looking down. The height of the tree is not more than 3 m, with a pyramid-shaped trunk, closely gray. The leaves are shiny, smooth, dark green tones. Winters well enough even in the most severe winters, resistant to diseases, partially self-propelled.

Medium sized fruits, not more than 100 grams, light green tones with thin skin. Closer to ripening, the fruit is given in yellow tones, becoming soft to the touch. It is important to take a moment to take the fruit from the tree, otherwise they become soft, covered with rusty spots and fall. The fruit is attached to the branches in pairs on short stalks. To taste sweet, with a slight hint of sourness and is stored for a long time in a torn form, especially in a cool place.


Popular and quite interesting for planting, especially spread in the Central regions, also grows well in the middle lane. The tree is vigorous, the growth rate is fast, consistently yields a crop, does not need rest. Productivity is high, more than 50 kg of fruits are harvested per year. A tree with a height of more than 6 m, with spreading and curved branches. The leaves are oval-shaped, dark green in color, with rounded edges. It is also resistant to frost, but prone to scab and other diseases.

Every year, he is pleased with a large number of crops, although the fruits are rather small, they look more like apples. Light green in color, hard when ripe, the fruits turn yellow and soft when ripe. Mounted on branches of one fruit on short stalks. Ripening occurs at the end of summer, when the fruits become yellowish shades. Not long stored on the tree, quickly falls. In addition, it is not for long and in a torn form, no more than 2-3 weeks.

Skorospelka from Michurinsk

This variety beats all records for fruit ripening speed. Bred IV Michurin, as a result of crossing varieties Citron de Carme and Bere Ligel. Refers to the early varieties of pears, the crop is ripening by the middle of summer. It is a tall tree, the shape of the trunk is pyramidal, light brown in color.

Fruits no more than 90 grams, green in the summer, get a yellow shade at full maturity. Small fruits are compensated by taste: sweet, juicy, this pear is loved not only by gardeners, but by bees and birds. Therefore, it is better to collect them when they are a little solid, they are stored no more than a week. The tree itself is winter-hardy, with a thick crown, resistant to diseases and pests.

Bred by artificial pollination varieties Autumn Yakovlev. Another variety for the middle band, which bears fruit every year, is unpretentious in care, resistant to diseases and severe cold. Fruiting begins with 3 years, over time, the fruits become larger in size. Tree srednerosly, more than 5 m highwith a lowered crown. The branches are curved, light gray, the leaves are slightly elongated, closely green.

Pear weighing from 120 grams with a thickish skin, but juicy and sweet flesh, with a spicy aroma. The correct pear shape, the fruit is slightly elongated. They are attached to the branches with the help of a thick stalk, growing alone on the branch. Maturation occurs at the beginning of August, fruits turn yellowish-red and soft. The variety is not stored for a long time, ripe fruits hang on the tree for no more than 2 weeks, but when assembled they can last more than a month.

Prominent or lumpy

Variety of pears, which has long been loved by Moscow region. Tree no more than 5 m high, with a rather sprawling young crown, which subsequently acquires a pyramidal shape. During the summer, the tree forms many young branches that need to be cut in the fall, otherwise the fruit will become shallow. The leaf plate is elongated, with light streaks, dark green. Blooms in early spring, a variety of white inflorescences with a pleasant aroma.

Fruiting begins in the 5th year, the fruits are medium in size, the correct pear-shaped. The color is greenish yellow during the summer, with a red ting closer to autumn. Fruits with thick skin and coarse white flesh. To taste sweet and juicy, with a pleasant aroma. When assembled, it may persist for several months, but it is recommended to collect the fruits in mid-August, when the fruits are sufficiently firm and a little under-achieved.

The grade received as a result of crossing of the Subject and Favorite Klapp. Especially a large amount of the crop gives in the Volga region, the middle lane and in the suburbs. Tree srednerosloy height of not more than 4 m, with a rare crown. The branches are thin, light gray. The tree blooms in the middle of spring, white, small buds. The leaves are rounded, with smooth edges, smooth. It is frost-resistant, capable to bear fruits annually. Prefers to grow in sunny areas, resistant to diseases, not afraid of pests, so the cultivation of this variety will not be very difficult.

Fruits are large, weighing more than 200 grams with the correct pear-shaped fruit. The pear tastes soft, juicy, coarse-grained with a pleasant aroma. Fastened to branches with short stalks. In the middle of the fruit is a camera with brown seeds. The fruits of this pear are long preserved both on the tree and assembled, especially at a temperature of 0 degrees.

Its name was due to the beautiful fruits. Obtained as a result of crossing varieties of Hung and Tenderness. Pear has a high amount of harvest from one adult tree more than 30 kg of ripe fruits are harvested per season. The height of the tree reaches 4 m, the branches are thick, thin with a gray-brown crown. Sheet plate is smooth, fairly small, green shades, with a little bit behind the edges at the edges.

When the pear is ripe, it acquires a yellow-reddish tint on one side and a greenish tint on the other. It has the correct shape of the fruit, besides one pear can weigh more than 150 grams. The pulp of the pear is white, fleshy, medium-grained. In the center of the fruit - the camera with dark brown seeds. It sustains disease, is not afraid of frost, seedlings easily take root in a new place.

Vera Yellow

Another suitable variety for planting in the suburbs. Tree more than 6 m high, with a pyramidal trunk shape, with upright branches of brown-brown color. Young leaves of light-green tones, by autumn change color to dark green shades. It is frost-resistant, does not need special leaving. Pear ripen in mid-September. It differs from the others in that it has a drop in yields, the fruits become shallow, but after a couple of years the pear again pleases with a big crop.

Fruits have green shades throughout the summer, but change colors to yellow-orange colors closer to autumn. Mounted on short stalks, growing 2-3 pears in a bunch. To taste, the pear is fragrant and fleshy, medium-grained pulp with a thin skin. Good storage capacity, especially in a cool place.

Elegant Efimova

It turned out as a result of crossing varieties Pet Klapp and Tonkovetka. It grows well and gives a rich harvest in the Central region, the Moscow region and other nearby areas. Yield, winter-hardy, not exposed to pests and diseases. The tree is tall, more than 5 m tall, with a thick crown, dark brown color, pyramidal shape. The leaves are small, dark green, with smooth edges.

The beautiful appearance of the fruit, red-orange tones intertwined with green shades. But the fruits are small in size, weighing no more than 120 grams, a regular, slightly distant form. Soft, juicy pulp, with a pleasant sweet aroma. The thin skin of the pear is subject to the formation of dark spots during the summer. The fruits ripen in late August, quickly overripe.therefore it is better to collect them a little solid, and it is recommended to store them in a cool and dark place.

Another popular variety for planting, due to its winter hardiness and unpretentious care. Tree no more than 4 m high The crown is rather sprawling, the young branches are slightly down, light brown in color. The variety blooms in early spring with white inflorescences with a sweet aroma. Differs variety and high yield, an adult tree over the summer can give more than 40 kg yield. Does not need rest, is able to bear fruit annually. In addition, the variety is quite stable tolerates frost, disease and pests.

Variety ripens in early autumn, the fruits are large, weighing up to 200 grams. The color is red-yellow, when ripe green tones. The taste is soft, juicy, slightly sour with thin skin. Long stored as a tree, and assembled.

Regardless of the particular variety, of which there are a great many today, the main thing in a pear is its taste and useful trace elements, which are so numerous in ripe fruits. Winter, summer and autumn varieties differ from each other not only in taste, but also in the speed of fruit ripening., features of care, and the ability to preserve the fruit. Which grade to choose, you decide.

Summer pear varieties

Pears, ripening in summer, have several advantages over other types of fruit crops. They differ in self-fertility, although there are varieties that require pollination. Most of the summer culture of those varieties that give early harvests and begin to bear fruit in the 5th year of the tree life. Therefore, they are called skullcaps.

  • prevalence in a particular region, from southern to northern regions,
  • various forms of fruit
  • their keeping quality
  • sweet or sour taste of fruits, their tartness,
  • tree growth, crown shape.

For a better choice of tree for garden varieties, it is more convenient to study alphabetically.

Bashkir summer

The tree begins to bear fruit in the 6th year of life, and in July fruits appear on the branches. Tart, fine-grained flesh slightly looser, but does not spoil for a long time. The tree has a pyramidal crown, so it can become a decoration of the site. Suitable variety for cultivation, not only in the southern regions, but with a temperate climate.

A positive feature is the fact that the plant is resistant to major diseases, yields yields annually, up to 16 kilograms.

White Leaf

A pear with consistently good yields has many advantages. These include frost resistance and moderate disease resistance. Technical ripeness reach fruits with yellowish skin and juicy, dense flesh in the last month of summer. The only drawback is that you can not store pears for a long time. After 10 days they begin to deteriorate.

Summer oily

  • vigor,
  • wide pyramidal crown,
  • large fruits of yellowish color with a blurry blush,
  • fine-grained oily flesh,
  • resistant to scab.

Fruit ripening occurs at the end of summer, but pears are stored for 10 days.

The variety of national selection is common among gardeners in central Russia, the Volga region, and southern regions. The small yellow pears are round. Covered with dry skin. The flesh is greenish, dense. The tree is distinguished by the width of the crown and a height of 5-6 meters. Thin branches covered with dark green oval leaves, wavy along the edges.

Late species are represented by Rogneda. A pear was obtained by crossing Forest Beauty with a Theme. Thanks to the inheritance of qualities from a wild relative, the hybrid can easily endure frosts. A medium-sized tree with a compact crown was loved by summer residents. They prefer to plant it in the Moscow and Kaluga regions. Round pear is famous for its fruit flavor. They:

  • с гладкой тонкой кожицей,
  • желтоватого цвета,
  • массой до 140 грамм,
  • с многочисленными подкожными точками,
  • сладкие, сочные.

Ценится культура за устойчивость к низким температурам. It reaches consumer maturity in September and remains in a cool place for 2 months. Pluck better pear unripe.

It refers to the hybrid cultures of southern breeding. The fruits ripening at the end of July are oblong-elongated. They keep well on the branches, rarely fall. On a yellowish skin during sunny days, a diffuse blush appears. Pulp such that melts in your mouth. Together with the sweetness, the taste of nutmeg is felt. Note the decorativeness of a low tree with a thick, well-leafy crown.

The culture was bred in the middle of the last century, and it became widespread everywhere, from the southern regions to the Urals and Siberia. For a tree characteristic is:

  • fast growth rate
  • mixed fruiting,
  • the average size of the crown,
  • small fruits up to 80 grams in weight.

You fell in love with a pear for a juicy and crunchy flesh with a wine-sweet taste. Let the fruits not be stored for a long time, but from one tree they can be collected up to 20 kilograms.

The advantage of pears that ripen in autumn is the duration of their storage. Most of the fruits need to be processed, so they must be tasty. It is autumn varieties suitable for making jam, stewed fruit.

When fresh, they may remain and not deteriorate for 1.5-2 months.

Bere Moskovskaya

Pear distribution area is Central. The culture is characterized by medium growth, high rate of shoot growth. The fruits have a classic shape with a slight asymmetry. Under the yellow skin with a scarlet blush lies white flesh, sweet and sour, juicy. The crop is harvested in September, when the main color of the fruit becomes enlightened. Trees begin to give crops for the 3-4th year of life. Differs plant winter hardiness, resistance to scab, brown spot.

Bryansk beauty

The hybrid form is popular in areas of the Black Soil Region. Srednerosloe tree with a narrow pyramidal crown and trunk, on which burgundy smooth bark. Young leaves of the same color, but as they grow older plants become green. Large fruits of 300-450 grams are noted in the variety. They are at first dark green, but then become covered with red blush.

They are famous for their oily, very juicy pulp, with a dessert taste and a pleasant aroma. Culture refers to the self-fertile.

Culture obtained by crossing wild pear with varietal Venus. Celebrate the plant:

  • average growth
  • crown branching at a young age and a compact pyramid in adulthood,
  • medium foliage,
  • presence of shoots, thick and long, curved.

Fruiting pear on kolchatkah. Fruit weight from 150 grams to 200. From above they are covered with a smooth, not uneven skin of a greenish-yellow color. Creamy flesh has a semi-oily structure. Use fruits of a dessert grade in a fresh kind and for preparations.

The advantages of growing varieties include the fact that the hybrid:

  • adapted to drought and lower temperatures
  • gives good yields
  • It is famous for its delicious, versatile dessert fruits.

Suitable for cultivation in the Central Federal District.


The autumn pear was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2000. The standard tree has a spreading crown, perpendicularly located to the trunk of a branch of gray color. Young shoots are covered with brown bark. Small pears weighing 80-120 grams with a smooth matte skin, spread a slightly pronounced blush on the yellowish surface. Tastes are estimated at 3.7-4 points.

The conference

Popular tree its unpretentious. It gives ripe fruit at the end of September. They are large, elongated. For a grade the brown peel, astringency, sweetness of pulp is inherent. The disadvantage of a pear is its susceptibility to low temperatures.

Pear is zoned in the southern regions, where it has been growing since ancient times. In vigorous trees and crown can reach 3.9 meters in diameter. Pear fruiting on 3-year-old wood. Fruits reach a weight of 200-300 grams, there are specimens up to 500 grams. For a hybrid, the color of fruits is green, changing to yellowish over time. Characterized by a rusty strip in the middle, from the calyx to the stem.

Obtained by crossing Bere Zimnyaya, Forest Beauty pear is famous for its large fruits, from 200 to 300 grams in weight. And their flesh is juicy, sweet and slightly sour. Crops ripen on tall trees with a crown of average density, pyramidal type. The large-fruited pear stably yields, tolerates low temperatures, is immune to scab.

Fruit trees are resistant to frost, yield up to 100 kilograms under good growing conditions. Yellow-green fruits of round shape reach a mass of 180 grams. After removal from the branches, they are tart, but after maturation the taste improves. In fresh form suitable for consumption until March.

The variety was bred by the Belarusian breeders and selected as winter-hardy, fruitful, with high-quality fruits. A tree of medium type with a pyramidal, wide crown at the age of 10 reaches a height of 3 meters. Pleases gardeners with juicy fruits weighing 300 grams or more. The yellowish surface has no rust, but with dots of pink tan. The flesh is fine-grained, oily with a delicate taste, weak sourness.


The early-winter pear of far-eastern selection grows into a strong tree with good branching, branching straight from the trunk. Small fruits with irregularities green with a large number of subcutaneous points. They have a pronounced aroma, sweet-sour taste.

Honey variety

Honey pear variety

Given that the tree a small crop, it brings abundant, and begins to give birth early in the third or fifth year after planting. It is considered partially self-fertile.

By the time of the harvest - the fruits ripen in late autumn. The fruits are removed around the end of September, and the withdrawal period coincides with the period of use.

Fruits are stored very well, and you can transport them without worrying that they will be damaged. Honey pear resistant to various fungal diseases and winter-hardy.

You might be interested in an article about a sort of Veles pear.

You can read about the benefits and harms of pears here.

  • large, by weight reach from 300 to 500 grams,
  • in shape is not even-sided, the surface is bumpy,
  • the skin is thin and dry,
  • color is greenish yellow
  • the surface is littered with small dots that look like rust,
  • the flesh is oily, insanely juicy, pears are very fragrant,
  • It tastes sweet and tender.

This variety is perfect for the most demanding hostesses. Such fragrant and tasty pears are rarely found even in a good store. In this case, the variety is not demanding to the growing conditions and place of growth.

In the refrigerator, it will continue until the winter, and in the New Year it will look great at the holiday table.

Variety Dessert

Dessert Pear Variety

The first bountiful harvest ripens in the fourth year. The average harvest is about 70 kg from a single tree.

The average weight of fruits is 160-220 grams, the shape resembles apples, the color is yellow-green, and at the time of consumption is light golden.

The dessert pear is studded with small patches of green and brown. This variety has excellent taste characteristics:

  • juicy,
  • sweet
  • the color of the flesh is cream,
  • melting
  • no grit (no sandy taste).

The variety is very transportable and has a good yield.

Grade Summer Duchess

Variety of pears Duchess pear

The tree is medium thick with a dense and branched crown. Very beautiful inflorescences, long bloom, which makes this tree a decorative decoration of the garden. The variety is self-fertile.

Unfortunately, it is not very resistant to frost. The first harvest brings six years after planting the seedling, but the harvest is plentiful. The fruits have an excellent description:

  • the color of the fruit is light green, by the time it is consumed it is bright yellow, sometimes even orange,
  • the taste is delicate, juicy and sweet,
  • the flesh is white or creamy, soft,
  • thin skin,
  • the aroma of the fruit Duchess pears has a specific bouquet inherent in nutmeg,
  • shape oblong fruit
  • weight reaches 200 grams.

This is one of the earliest pears. The only negative is that the fruits are stored for a short time, only about two and a half weeks.

Tavricheskaya variety

Variety pears Tavricheskaya

Pear unpretentious to the soil. After four years, you can harvest. Fruits are very large, from 250 to 300 grams, sometimes reaching a maximum - 600 grams.

Tauride pear is very tasty, juicy, sweet with a slight sourness, the pulp is creamy in color. The fruit is yellow, with a slightly rough surface and small, barely noticeable brown dots.

You may be interested in an article about the Lada pear variety.

About the unusual fruit melon pear Pepino you can read here.

All varieties are very good, and in terms of taste, maturity and description. Each variety has its pros and cons, with some minuses difficult to call them.

Many varieties bring crops only once every two years, but at the same time they still bloom, thereby helping to pollinate neighboring trees, and their color is very beautiful - they carry the function of decor in the garden.

Watch the following video about one of the autumn pear varieties - November:

Pears of Central Russia

The special climatic conditions of the middle zone do not give the opportunity to bear fruit for all varieties of pears. With hot summer and harsh winters, not every plant can develop comfortably. Yes, and sudden changes in temperature can destroy unprepared specimens of garden culture. The region includes the Nizhny Novgorod and Vladimir regions.

Weather conditions in areas such as Saratov and Yaroslavl are not favorable for some fruit crops.

The hybrid is represented by a fast-growing tree with a slightly drooping crown. Elongated pear-shaped fruits reach a weight of 100-150 grams. Their surface is green with a slight pink tan. They ripen in the last decade of August. Gentle, sweet, without stony cells inside the pear are loved by gardeners.

Varieties for the Moscow region

In the Moscow region, although the summer is hot, but the winters are harsh. Therefore, for garden crops sometimes do not have enough time to mature. Suitable for planting plants with early and middle ripening.

Differs pear high winter hardiness. Entering into fruiting on the 5-6th year of life, brings rich harvests. Peel the pears in September. They weigh 120 grams, yellow-green, moderately juicy.

Other varieties

In addition to the listed types of culture, in the Moscow region and surrounding areas they grow:

  • Conference
  • Muscovite,
  • Favorite Yakovlev,
  • Cathedral.

These pears have adapted to weather conditions, as they are bred by local breeders.

Varieties for the Southern Federal District

For the Rostov and Volgograd regions to pick up seedlings of fruit culture easier. Here you can land all kinds of summer, autumn and winter. They will bear fruit abundantly. The only thing you need to look at is that the varieties are adapted to drought. The territory of the Krasnodar Territory is such a place that all garden crops feel comfortable and develop quickly.

Pear varieties

In order not to bother with planting pollinators, it is necessary to select those crops that are pollinated independently. When both female and male flowers form on the pear, the ovaries will form quickly. These types of plants include pear Chizhovskaya, Tenderness, Maria.

What seedlings are better to choose

It is necessary to choose planting material so that the variety fits the conditions of a particular region. Annual saplings are planted in the south, biennial in the northern areas. The best seedlings should have a healthy root system, smooth bark, without damage. Their branches should not bend and be dry.

How to determine the type of pear

Before you buy pear seedlings for cultivation, you need to pay attention to where the variety is bred. You can learn this by a brief description of the culture. They select such plant species that are zoned for a specific climatic zone. When buying, they take into account the type of fruit ripening, their quality, and the characteristics of the tree structure.

The best early pear varieties

  • dessert flavor
  • attractiveness and high-grade fruits
  • not prone to shedding
  • annual fruiting
  • good winter hardiness
  • scab resistance
  • shallow fruit when overloaded
  • with age there is a periodicity of fruiting

  • partial self-fertility
  • precociousness
  • weak shedding
  • regular fruiting
  • high winter hardiness
  • scab resistance
  • low requirements
  • average taste score
  • average transportability
  • the fruits become smaller with age

  • dessert flavor
  • transportation suitability
  • high marketability
  • resistance to scab and powdery mildew
  • susceptibility to septoria
  • insufficient keeping quality
  • fruit fall in dry years
  • average winter hardiness

  • partial self-fertility
  • precociousness
  • sufficient winter hardiness
  • low transportability
  • gall mite damage

Moscow summer variety of Chizhovskaya selection of table purpose. The tree has an average growth force and a conical crown of medium thickening. Fruits weigh 100 - 110 g, classic shape, with tuberosity. The skin is tender, weak strength. Color when renting a greenish-yellow, quickly turns into a light yellow, with a slight blurry blush. The flesh is snow-white, semi-oily, fine-grained, sweet-sour. Taste gains 4.0 - 4.1 points. Fruits stored less than 2 weeks, has an average transportability. Bred for the Central region, but has prospects in the Central zone.

  • high winter hardiness
  • scab resistance
  • precociousness
  • fruits quickly overripe
  • small fruit

The universal pear variety with “southern” genes belongs to the late summer. A strong-growing tree forms a pyramidal crown with large annuli on powerful branches. Can be planted as a skeleton for planting other varieties in the crown. Compatibility with all varieties is good. Fruits weighing 130 - 180 g (some reach 200 g), elongated, ribbed, with a slightly hilly surface. The color is greenish yellow with a light orange tan, which can cover from 30 to 50% of the surface of the fruit. The flesh is snow-white, juicy, dense, crunchy (sometimes tender and oily), sweet with sourness, without tartness (even in slightly unripe fruits), sometimes a muscovy flavor is guessed. The taste is estimated at 4.1 points. The fruits ripen gradually, therefore, suitable for use directly from the tree. Ripe fruit is not suitable for long-term storage. When removing unripe fruits, the flesh becomes powdery. Over-grown fruits remain hanging on the tree until blackening. The variety has proven itself in the Moscow region and adjacent areas. Successfully grown in the Leningrad and Bryansk regions.

Popular varieties of autumn pears

In this article you can find winter pear varieties with photos and with the name and description. It is worth noting that this article will help you in choosing a particular variety for your garden plot.


This species is previously autumn. It was bred by breeding by crossing Bere Mchchurina and Forest Beauty. This variety has a good yield for 6-7 years. Will require constant watering from its owner. According to many reviews of gardeners, this species can tolerate light frosts perfectly. In addition, they noted the excellent tastes of the hearth: the pulp of this sort of pear is very soft and grainy. It has a delicate and sweet taste.

Bere Bosc.

French autumn-winter types of pears are very popular in Russia. Quite widely used for industrial purposes. They can perfectly adapt to different soils and tolerate extreme cold. But still, the best productivity can be given on fertile soil. The fruits begin to sing in the first decade of autumn. Stored almost until December in the refrigerator. According to many experienced gardeners, the most valuable quality of this pear variety is that this crop is not affected by fungal disease (scab). The fruits have a very attractive appearance and large size. They have a soft yellow tint and oily, firm flesh.

Elegant Efimova.

Here are listed winter pear varieties for you. It is very easy to find a photo and a description of each variety. And it is very convenient. After all, this information is useful at the time of selection of pears for the garden. In the course of long work, the breeders could still bring autumn-winter pear varieties for the Moscow region. One of these varieties is called elegant Efimovna. This variety of pears has a long form. Fruits are yellow-green in color, with a rich blush, and fleshy, juicy flesh. In early 1989, in the city of Erfurt, this variety was awarded a gold award for unsurpassed taste and quality. The main advantages of this variety include excellent resistance to various fungal diseases and frosts. This type of pear is one of the few autumn varieties that are suitable for cultivation in the middle lane. Many gardeners with great pleasure engaged in the cultivation of this variety in their cottages. people celebrate many positive qualities of the crop. The most important thing is not to overheat. Either the flesh will be very dry and mealy. After the harvest has been fully harvested, fruits can be stored for 2 weeks in a cool dry pestle at a constant temperature, which should not exceed 15 degrees above zero.

Pet Yakovleva

По многочисленным отзывам пользователей, можно отметить следующее: данный сорт является одним из наиболее надежных по морозоустойчивости. Дерево имеет довольно крупную крону . а его плоды – очень сладкие. Каждый год этот сорт груши дарит свои владельцам отличный урожай. Its fruiting begins in the 6th year. And with the onset of autumn, you can already eat juicy and tasty pears. You can also begin to collect still not fully ripe fruit, and put them in wooden containers or boxes, covered with paper. Thus, they can get enough for 2 months in a cool place.

Varieties of winter ripening

Together with autumn, winter pear varieties are distinguished by their unsurpassed freshness and tartness. These varieties are successfully cultivated in the Moscow region, because they can tolerate frosts better than others and are stored for the longest time. They are also unpretentious in their care.

May Day.

Does not require ground soil. It can tolerate dry weather, frosts and is not subject to fungal diseases. According to gardeners, all of these factors are major. And what is most interesting is that the fruits of this variety almost never lose their freshness for 250 days. They have an attractive appearance and a small wax coating. Fruits have an interesting taste.

Ukrainian pear variety "Artyomovsk winter"

Probably every gardener wonders what a good grade of winter pear varieties to choose? And it is important to note that there are many points to consider.

The next variety was bred in the city of Donetsk. Flowering begins in the second half of December. The tree of this grade of a pear has wide krone. Fruits are not susceptible to damage even at low temperatures. Culture can tolerate drought and hot weather. Not demanding to care. The fruits are quite large. Reaches weight in 250 grams. The color of the fruit is a bright yellow. Have a red blush. As a rule, large industrial organizations and amateur gardeners are silicating this variety of pears. Also, it is well tolerated transportation. able to be stored for a long time. According to most experts, the yield of this variety simply admires.

November winter.

This variety was bred by hybridizing the variety Nikolai Kruger and Vienna's triumph. He was able to gain great popularity in European countries for its unsurpassed quality and long-term preservation. In appearance, the tree is not very big. It has a rather spreading crown and elongated large fruits. They can reach a weight of up to 500 grams. Practically not subject to diseases and scab. Try to find out the fruits of this variety can be on a rather dense skin, which has a pale yellow color. The very first crop of this type of pear can be harvested after 4 years. you can plant young seedlings of pears next to the quince crops. To keep the fruits of winter pears, it is necessary in the cellar before spring. It should be noted that the fruits of pears will not deteriorate and change their taste. This is their main advantage.

Belarusian late.

This variety of pear was created from the seeds of the winter species Kind Louise. If we talk about the best winter pear varieties, then it’s worth telling about the Belarusian Belarusian variety. It pleases gardeners with good frost resistance, not a very large crown, and medium resistance to all sorts of diseases, as well as storage time. After planting it, one should expect the very first harvest not earlier than in 5 years. There are a lot of different reviews about this variety. And they are all positive. According to gardeners, a tree of this pear variety can produce a good and stable crop every year. In addition, the quality of the fruit remains as good, their flesh is very sweet.

Charles Konya.

Most of the winter types of pears for the Moscow region regions were bred by French breeders. Charles Konya is a very interesting and amazing variety. He is not afraid of frosts (up to minus 9 degrees). You can collect the fruits with the onset of October. They are very delicate in structure and remotely resemble chocolate.


Created exclusively for the harsh regions. Very popular variety. It is able to grow on different soils, also on clay. The crown of the tree is quite voluminous. Constantly demands from the gardener pruning. Fruiting begins in the 3rd year after disembarkation. Gives a sufficient amount of harvest. Fruits are bright yellow. have an average value. This variety is one of the most favorite varieties of amateur gardeners, as the pear fruit has a delicate and fine-grained structure. Many people make delicious desserts and preserves from fruits. It should be noted that not all winter types of pears are preferred by chefs. After undergoing heat treatment, the fruits practically do not change their shape, but remain as useful and tasty.

Winter Dean.

This variety is also called winter duchess. The tree of such a pear is very large and massive. It has a very wide branched crown. Fruiting begins quite early. The fruit of pear pears are large. Despite such dimensions, it can very well be held on the branches of a tree, does not fall for a long time. The peel of the fruit has a beautiful amber color. The flesh of the pear is very sweet and fleshy. Its main advantages include storage time, excellent transportation and frost resistance. If you like a pear, then you probably are interested in winter varieties for the Moscow region. And it is worth pointing out that we have listed these varieties for you above. Use this information and then the choice of variety will be easy.

How to store winter pears in your home

The duration of storage of hearth depends on the degree of their maturation. In order for fruits to fail to lose their original appearance, oily structure and elasticity, they need to be collected in certain periods. Winter pear varieties have a different period of ripeness. Most people think that green fruits can also be in the fridge. But this statement is not true in the roots. With this storage, the pulp of the pear will become firm and simply not usable. This practice has been mastered by many unscrupulous exporters who want to get a large income, without worrying about the final quality of the product. It should be noted that any grade requires an individual storage temperature.

Early autumn varieties should be stored in a room with a temperature of three degrees above zero, no more than 2 months. You can also extend the shelf life of fruits up to 150 days, if you maintain a temperature of one degree. Before leaving for storage pears of winter varieties, it will be necessary to prepare proper conditions for them: the humidity in the room should not be below 85 percent. And the approximate temperature in the room should be at around 1-2 degrees. It is necessary to place the fruit in special containers or containers made from natural materials. In order for fruits to fail to deform and lose their original appearance, they should be laid in a chess or diagonal method. The bottom of the container must be covered with shavings or paper.

Useful information in conclusion

So, autumn and winter varieties of pears were listed here. According to the long-term observations of the leading agronomists and gardeners who have been engaged in the cultivation of winter pear varieties for a long time, the more suitable varieties for the Moscow region are such varieties as: Belarusian late, northerner, Artyomovsk winter. These varieties can tolerate frosts perfectly (up to minus 10 degrees). At the same time they are able to give a good harvest and very tasty fruits. Skeletal branches of pears are not exposed to sunburn and most diseases. Until now, an active study of a large range of winter-hardy species of pears that could perfectly suit for cultivation in the middle zone of our country continues.