Related articlesThe fir-tree Glauka Konik is moisture-loving, therefore watering should be regular. It is especially important to water the plant often during a long period of lack of rain.
Your pet is Canadian spruce (gray-gray) Konica (Picea glauca f. Conica) - a dwarf plant of strictly pyramidal shape. Its height is about 3-4 meters, diameter - about 2 meters. It will reach such parameters by the age of 50-60. Under good conditions, such a spruce can live for several hundred years."Gnome"
Inherited high winter hardiness allows spruce to winter without additional shelter. But winter is the most dangerous period for Konica. In this season and in the beginning of spring, many spruces get terrible burns.Over time, the silhouette is transformed and the crown acquires a rounded or spherical shape. Blue Planet needles are short (less than 2 cm). Needles are hard, prickly, dark gray-green. In the sun can get a unique steel-blue color. This dwarf tree feels well and in an open, well-lit place, and in partial shade.
This variety tolerates winter in central Russia, but for the winter period, the crown needs to be protected from damage by snow load.In its form, this variety reminds everyone the well-known Konik. The needles of this tree are soft, bright green. The fir-tree gains special decorative properties when new growths appear, which occurs in late May - early June. At first they have a yellowish-white color, later they turn green. In the spring, at the moment of appearance of the first increment, in sunny weather, white needles tend to burn. As a rule, the color of the second summer increment is green.
Decorative form up to 2 m high, diameter of narrow-conical crown - 2 m.Spruce Canadian gray breeding propagated by cuttings. The cutting is best done in early June. The cuttings planted at this time have time to create callus before the autumn colds. Next year, the first weak roots will appear from this callus.
Maximum height:Botanical name:
The seedlings of fir-tree Glauk Konik themselves are quite expensive, but breeding by grafting is a fairly reliable and at the same time simple method of breeding this plant. The only negative - the duration of the process.Sulfur spruce began to be cultivated in Western Europe more than 300 years ago. It was brought there from Canada, respectively, which is why it also acquired the name “Canadian Fir”. Breeders began to display a variety of varieties that differ in shape and color. One of the most common varieties was just spruce Glauk Konika.
. Strict conical shape. The needles are gray-green, 8 - 10 mm long.Most Konica owners cover their trees for the winter in order to protect the crown from sunburn. In late February - early March, solar activity increases. The sun's rays are reflected from the white snow, becoming even brighter. If the firs have no shading, then burns appear on the needles. Especially on the open part of the crown facing the sun. Trees can be protected with sacking, heavy lutrasil, cardboard shields, kraft paper or cloth. The lower part, which is under the snow, is not covered to avoid decay. Pritenyat and spruce branches. When harvesting lapnika can not take branches with small green formations, so as not to carry Hermes, the scourge of conifers.
However, in low light the needles do not show a bluish tint. It does not impose special requirements on the soil, therefore it can grow well on any garden soil. But optimal watering and timely feeding are important. The variety has winter hardiness. Easily affected by pine spider mite.
Description of Canadian firs
From soil prefers slightly acid, well tolerated pruning. Ekhinformis is an excellent decorative element for landscape compositions. Can be used in low curbs.
Spruce Canadian Daisy White grows relatively slowly and reaches 0.8 m only by the age of 10. The recommended place for planting is the sun or partial shade. The tree requires a well-drained soil with an optimal level of moisture and fertility. In March protection from bright sunshine is necessary. To ensure a moist and loose soil in the near-circle wheel, mulching is performed. For this you can use peat, mowed grass and other natural ingredients.
Gray spruce: care and reproduction
Being engaged in grafting Canadian spruce, you need to adhere to some conditions:
Spruce Canadian or gray
So, grafting is best done at the beginning of summer, since during the whole summer period the cuttings have time to get strong enough and create callus, preparing for the autumn cold.
Ate at a young age grow slowly, but the Canadian develops faster than other species. It is hardy and drought resistant, but grows best in wet soil.
For many years, our Konica has been successfully wintering under several layers of old lutrasil. Until the store had persuaded me to purchase a roll of special covering imported nonwoven material (green). On his package were depicted some bushes, roses and Koniki wrapped with this cloth. She almost killed the Christmas tree: the needles beneath it stung out and crumbled. By the way, roses also suffered greatly. After that unsuccessful winter, I began to cover Konik with snow. Only at the end of February I put some cloth on top of it.
Decorative form of gray Canadian spruce. Crohn plants dense, bright green color. It grows slowly. The annual growth is about 5 cm. The height of a tree at a mature age is 1.5 m. The crown in diameter is about 0.8 m. The needles are radially located, soft. It does not differ from other fir trees, prefers a sunny place, but it tolerates shading well. To prevent the needles from suffering from spring sunburn, it is recommended to cover them from the sun. It grows best on sandy loam and loam. The root system of the fir-tree was shallow-filled, so sprinkling and watering during the hot period is simply necessary. Mulching is also necessary, keeping the soil loose and moist. For this plant materials are used.
Canadian Fir: Photos and Views
Rainbows End is a dwarf cone-shaped plant. Like all gray firs, it grows slowly. By 10 years of life, its height is 1 m. During the year, the tree gives 2 increments. In spring it is green, in summer it is bright yellow.
Daisy White is a beautiful evergreen tree. Due to the miniature size and summer decoration, a small unpretentious Christmas tree becomes a decoration of the heather garden, and also harmoniously with other types of dwarf coniferous and herbaceous plants.
Herringbone is only 40 cm tall, is narrowly conical.
From the mother plant on the cuttings are taken matured lower branches, the size of which does not exceed 10-12 cm,Life expectancy:
Homeland:Conducting cuttings, observe a few simple conditions:
Outwardly, the fir-tree of Glauk Konik looks very elegant and beautiful. It has a thick and fluffy crown with light green needles, which do not prick at all.. Dwarf with a conical crown. Very thick and tough gray-green needles 7 to 10 mm long.
Shelter, almost ruined KonikDue to the small size and bright green color, the tree is planted as a tapeworm in small gardens, in contrasting groups of conifers. It is appropriate next to the leafy and grassy plants on stony hills and rock gardens. Can be used as a container culture, where it also looks good.
With growth in the penumbra, the yellow hue of growth can fade, and in the shade - turn green. In order for the Christmas tree to be all dressed in "gold" it is necessary to plant it in a sunny place. However, in March and April, the tree is recommended to protect from the scorching sun. This should be done not only in young but also in adulthood. When grown in conditions of milder winters, spring burns can only be found on neglected spruces.This variety is a coniferous evergreen shrub of spherical shape, which is a mutation of the popular Conic. Tree growth is very slow. The height of an adult plant is 1 m at 1 m in diameter. Soft radial needles at an early age have a green-yellow, and in old age - a bright green color. Such needles form very dense round needles.
There are several varietal forms of this tree that adorn many gardens. They differ in crown shape, height and shades of needles. The most popular varieties are:
- Konica. This is a dwarf spruce that rarely reaches a height of 3 m, and most often it is no higher than one meter. The conical crown ends with a sharp tip. Gardeners are attracted by the small size of the tree and the very soft needles of a beautiful light green color.
- Alberta Glob. Differs in even smaller sizes in comparison with Conic (height no more than meter) and spherical krone. Spruce Alberta Glob is undemanding to care, frost-resistant, hardy and can grow even in gassed areas.
- Laurin. This is a very tiny variety of spruce - up to 40 cm, with hard thin shoots and delicate green needles. Among all the varieties of gray-fir, it is the slowest-growing tree.
Features of growing
Place for planting Christmas trees choose a shaded, near the wall or fence. Direct sunlight, especially during the active sun period, can cause needles burns. Spruce barbed gray does not need special care. Loose soil and timely watering is essential for this plant. Certain activities are required only to improve the ornamental properties of the plant.
In the hot, dry summer, it is recommended to irrigate the tree crown with water, and 2 days after this procedure, soil the tree around well to loosen. Herringbone should be protected from bright sunlight. For this purpose, it is covered with an air-permeable material.
In the fall, the tree is prepared for wintering. To this end, the soil is carefully mulched with the addition of a peat compost layer of about 45 mm. Very often in spring, when solar activity begins to increase, and the soil is still not warm enough, the plant reacts to this situation with a loss of color. Gray spruce (described above), famous for its beautiful green needles, partially acquires a brown color. This is a normal phenomenon, which passes with the start of movement of the juice, and the color is restored.
The best time for planting a Canadian fir is spring or early summer. The plant is propagated by seed or cuttings. The first option is very long, and planting cuttings - the process is quite complicated. Due to the fact that the gray spruce grows very, very slowly, it will take a lot of time to root. The stalk is selected from the lower mature branches, its length must be from 10 to 12 cm. In order for the seedling to settle down, a piece of bark from the uterus, the so-called heel, must remain on the branch.
The lower end of the cutting is processed by a growth stimulator, after which it is planted in prepared soil to a depth of 2 cm. After this, it remains only to be watered periodically, maintaining a certain soil moisture.
The soil for planting spruce should be slightly acid and quite loose. Excess moisture in her gray-blue spruce transfers poorly, so before planting should provide good drainage. Overly fertile soils are not quite suitable for planting these plants. Saplings in this case are over-drawn, and aging deteriorates.
Canadian spruce can be transplanted at any stage of growth, if certain conditions are followed. Best of all, this procedure tree transfers at an early age. If in the fall and spring the plant can be planted with an open root system, then in the summer it should be done in overcast weather and without separating the soil clod. After planting for two weeks, a certain level of soil moisture is maintained, providing protection from the direct rays of the sun.
Diseases and pests
Like all coniferous trees, the gray spruce is also susceptible to various diseases. Of these, tracheomecosis is particularly dangerous, and is not amenable to any treatment. It affects the root system of the tree, resulting in a decrease in the amount of nutrients coming to the plant. The presence of this fungal disease can be found by reddening of the needles. Sick trees must be excavated and burned to prevent contamination of all plants. The place where they grew is processed by blue vitriol.
Often there is such a disease as rust. In this case, the needles fall off, and yellow or orange growths appear on the branches of various sizes.
Do not bypass the miniature Christmas trees and insect pests. Most often, these are bark beetles, gnawing numerous passages under the bark. The larvae, which immediately begin to eat wood, come out of the eggs laid there and then. Sometimes treatment with BI-58 helps against bark beetle, but more often than not plants cannot be saved.
Use in landscape design
Looks great on the garden plot spruce gray. Planting and care, made in compliance with all recommendations, provide a surprisingly beautiful appearance of this plant. Gardeners are attracted by the decorative crown, drought resistance and unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil. Sizuyu spruce can be planted both singly and in a group planting - in any case, it will add a zest to the garden landscape. In addition, the tree will be a real Christmas tree, if it is decorated on the eve of December 31.
Where does spruce grow?
The distribution area of this tree is quite wide. Different types of fir trees grow in Europe, America and Asia. The most abundant is spruce, which grows on the territory of Western European countries, central Russia, the Urals, right up to the Amur watershed. Siberian and Ayan spruce grows in the expanses of Siberia and the Far East, and eastern spruce grows in the Caucasus Mountains. There are species that grow only in certain climatic conditions, for example, Glen spruce, common on the southern coast of Sakhalin, the Kuril Ridge and the island of Hokkaido.
The origin and description of the species
The scientific name for spruce is Picea Canadensis (glauca, alba). And as you can guess, North America is considered the birthplace of this plant, where the tree occupies the territory of Canada and its environs, from Labrador to Alaska.
The average life expectancy is about 300 years, but some old-timers fall short of the 5th century mark. In nature, it often grows along the banks of reservoirs, but it does not bypass the forest zone either: you can meet it in a mixed or clean spruce forest. If it “climbs” into the mountains, it is usually no higher than one and a half kilometers. As a decorative, spruce for the first time began to grow in Western Europe, starting in the distant 1700 year.
One of the oldest representatives of the species reaches the age of 670 years. In the catalogs of the Botanical Garden of the BIN RAS, it began to be celebrated in 1816.
Cold growing conditions have made white spruce truly winter-hardy, even the most brutal Siberian frosts will not be able to pull it. But at the same time, another aspect is connected with this: a tree will prefer moderate shade to well-lit and sunny gardens, which does not prevent it from existing normally in drought conditions. The spruce tree is also undemanding to the soil, although if there is a desire to create the most favorable conditions for it, it is worthwhile to choose loamy.
In the period of growth, the gray spruce develops much faster than other "relatives" of the pine family. And it is precisely at this time that the special ornamental side of the plant falls: the needles acquire an intense gray color, which begins to fade by the age of 20, when growth is noticeably slowing down.
Canadian spruce (gray) is a tree from 15 to 50 m, depending on the subspecies. The diameter of the trunk, as a rule, does not exceed 1 meter. The crown is formed by a wide cone, the compactness of which is achieved by thick and dense branches. By the way, they can be used to find out the relative age of the plant: young spruce sprigs proudly rush upwards, whereas as they get older they begin to lean toward the ground.
The bark of the tree has gray or brown shades, protruding leafy pillows are clearly visible on it. Young shoots are often gray-yellow, and sometimes completely whitish. But by the year they get straw color and become "wavy."
The buds are brown-orange, egg-shaped, stretching to a length of 6 mm and beveled to the top. Despite the external gloss, without resin.
A separate description deserves and needles ate with gray and gray:
- length 1–3 cm, width up to 5 mm,
- have a tetrahedral cross-section, slightly bent in the middle,
- bluish color, can vary from dark to light,
- fragrant needles - when rubbed in fingers smell black currant,
- life expectancy is 4–7 years.
Flowering begins towards the end of spring. This species belongs to one of skoroplodnyh - the first female cones begin to form a fir tree already at the age of 7–10 years of age. Many young and small in size appear: having a greenish or slightly violet color, they rarely reach 8 cm in length and 2–3 cm in diameter. But as they mature, they grow, acquiring a brown color and a cylindrical shape characteristic of cones. Чешуйки закруглённые и охристые, мягкие на ощупь. Мужские пыльники, в свою очередь, жёлтые или красные.
Культивирование белой ели: посадка, уход и размножение
Деревце можно высаживать в слабоосвещённых местах. Если выбор стоит между открытым участком и затенённым, то предпочтение всегда отдаётся второму.Spruce is afraid of direct sunlight, because on hot summer days it is easy to become a victim of burns. Actually it is also in a clear winter with little snow or spring, when warm rays begin to actively warm the earth. Of course, the spruce can be protected with a shelter protecting against ultraviolet radiation. But it is much more rational to plant it in the shade so that such a problem does not arise.
The advantage of the species is that it perfectly tolerates even strong winds. This makes the tree a good option if it is necessary to windshield. Unlike the European variety, the “Canadian” is insensitive to smoke and various gases.
To make the plant happy with its decorative effect, it is better to plant it in loamy soil or to enrich it with humus in advance. Barren, dry, calcareous or just rough soil will not work - the tree will take root, but will grow weak and inconspicuous.
Do not forget that gray spruce loves moisture-loving, but in no way marshy soil. It must contain a drainage layer. And to carry out watering makes sense only when long absence of rain.
Species of gray fir
Breeders were artificially bred about 20 grade forms. And each of them is very different from the others in color of needles, height, crown configuration and other pleasant trifles. The traditional conical view is successfully replaced by a coniferous "ball" or quite intricate bends, while the needles are pleased with shades from rich lime to blue. For this reason, the gray spruce is especially accustomed to the landscape design: it looks harmonious in the compositions, but at the same time attractive as a single plant.
Some of the subspecies ate sizoy:
- Alberta globe - is the result of the works of the Dutch gardener, bred in 1967. Differs from other thin and long needles of a green color, the shape of the crown is ovoid.
- Aurea - “ancient” variety, which became famous already in 1867. It grows quite quickly and, remarkably, the upper part of the needles has an interesting golden color.
- Aureaspiatic - And this is the work of German breeders. In summer, the spruce appears yellow, whereas by winter the needles acquire a saturated green color.
- Konica - dwarf conic fir from Canada, the most popular and beloved among gardeners. Unlike Aurea, the growth of the variety is extremely slow. Compact dimensions allow you to grow it not only in the gardens, but also in containers at home, on the terrace or in the gazebo. It is worth noting that it is often confused with similar mutant species: Albert Globe, Gnome, Gracilis Compact and some others.
- Zuckerhut - artificially bred by breeders in 1995. The dense conical crown differs from the same Konica by its sharply pointed apex. In height reaches one and a half meters. The bark of the tree can be both smooth and scaly, as a rule, gray-brown shades. The needles are surprisingly soft and bright. But spruce grows slowly: the maximum annual growth is 5 cm, but only in case of good care and the presence of favorable conditions. A distinctive feature is the need to protect the variety from the warm sunshine, otherwise severe burns can be left on the soft needles.
- Ekhiniformis - another reluctantly pulling up dwarf, but this time bred artificially in France. Next to him, even Konika may seem tall: by 30 years of age, the height of spruce does not exceed 50 cm, and the crown - 1 meter in diameter. The needles are thin and, despite the green color, has a bluish tint. It is photophilous, prefers slightly acidic soil and good, but reasonable watering. Used mainly for the design of stony hills.
- Pendula - the variety was first found in France, refers to the weeping: the branches of the spruce with bluish needles do not tend to it, but tend to the ground.
- Elegance Compact - as an independent variety was obtained in the middle of the XX century in Czechoslovakia. It looks similar to Konik, but it grows much faster - the annual growth of spruce is about 5 cm. The buds are yellowish-brown, while the needles have a rich green color.
- Dwarf - another cultivar from the Czechoslovak nursery of coniferous trees with an exceptionally conical crown and long grayish needles up to 1 cm.
- Laurin - this species of gray-fir spruce is so short that its specimens do not exceed one and a half meters, and the annual growth is 1–2 cm. Thick branches are covered with dark radial needles. Homeland varieties is a nursery in Germany.
- Nana (Low) - not so popular Christmas tree. Although it has a compact height of 1–2 m and is suitable for placement not only in open ground, but also in pots. The krone consists of gray branchy branches forming a kind of “ball” from the tree. Growth 2–5 cm per year. The radial needles, unlike most other varieties, are thin and rigid, with an unusual blue-gray color. Like Canadian spruce, Nana is winter-hardy and propagated by cutting. Experts recommend it for decorative group plantings in gardens, and for landscaping in cities: containers with a tree will come to a place on a balcony, roof, along squares or parks. Like Ekhiniformis, this dwarf form looks good on designer slides.
Of course, these are remarkable, but not all varieties of decorative gray-blue spruce. There is in the list of cultivars several varieties with blue needleswhich will almost certainly be able to interest the experienced gardener: Cerulea, Alberta, Arenson and Sander Blue. These also include the Nana cultivar. All of them are distinguished not only by their minimalist dimensions, but also by the unusual color of the crown, which is able to survive at any time of the year and does not fade in open sunny areas. Moreover, they can be freely grown in containers or used when decorating alpine slides. They are able to successfully shade heather garden or become an ornament of the dacha porch. There are a lot of options.
At the same time, decorative varieties of white spruce are not yet fully tested by the conditions of a temperate Russian climate. But with the excellent winter hardiness of their “progenitor” in reserve, it is safe to hope that, if not all, the majority of the resulting varieties must calmly endure severe frosts.
Canadian Spruce: General Information
"Any Canadian spruce - daisy, alberta, conic - is a long-lived: it can stand for 500 years"
In nature, this species of fir trees is distinguished by its tallness. The height of individual individuals can reach up to 30 meters. Along the path of such giants, of course, you will not plant, but in this case, the dwarf Canadian spruces will be completely even to the point. Whatever the height of the tree, it will always be distinguished by the correctness of the conical shape of the crown, and this is in itself a decorative value. The most rapid growth of seedlings is observed in the first decade. Young trees are raised paws, crown dense. In the old - the branches slightly down.
Canadian spruce seedlings
The needles of plants have a bluish ebb, which gave rise to another name of the foreign guests of our gardens - the Canadian blue-gray spruce.
Needles, though short, are pretty prickly. Cones on dwarf firs appear once a decade. They have a very beautiful elongated shape, but they look a little like cones of spruce, and photos confirm this.
Any Canadian fir-tree - daisy, alberta, conic - is a long-liver: it can stand for 500 years. This type of trees is winter-hardy and drought-resistant.
Canadian spruce is hardy and drought-resistant.
To date, our landscapes adorn about 20 subspecies of dwarf firs of Canadian origin.
Spruce Canadian Ehiniformis
A dwarf plant with a bushy form. The crown is pillow, may be flat or round. The paws are short, their growth is thick, so that the young individuals have an original ball-like appearance. Dwarf ekhiniformis does not grow above 60 cm and is up to a meter in diameter. Like the decorative fir gray conic, Ekhiniformis grows slowly, giving no more than 2 cm of growth per year. Young shoots are light brown, with a brilliant sheen, elastic. Coniferous they grow radially. Needles are narrow, thin and short. They have a bluish-greenish color. The root system, although superficial, is very well developed.
Spruce Canadian Ehiniformis
Spruce Canadian ekhiniformis prefers to grow in a sunny area, but if necessary, it can adapt well in partial shade. The plant is picky and in relation to the soil. It grows equally well in both acidic and alkaline lands. The main condition for this soil to be:
1. Enough moistened.
2. Rich in nutrients.
The advantages of the Canadian spruce of this class include absolute resistance to air pollution, temperature changes, including those inherent in our climate, frost.
Spruce Ekhiniformis resistant temperature extremes
Scope of application
Dwarf spruce Ekhiniformis - a great solution for decor:
- Alpine slides,
- rock gardens
- landscapes in oriental style.
Spruce Ekhiniformis suitable for registration of alpine slides
A cushion plant that feels great in containers can decorate the entrance group of restaurants, administrative buildings, cottages.
Canadian Spruce Daisy
This dwarf spruce is an excellent mini-copy of the classic Canadian conic. The height of the trees of this class ranges from 0.8 to 1 meter. For landscape design, dwarf fir-tree daisy is chosen for its beautiful conical crown shape and unusualness of coniferous cover. This is the only species of Canadian spruce, the color of the needles of which adapts to the environmental conditions. Her crown may be light green, like that of an ordinary spruce with a photo, and golden yellow, and even white. Needles themselves are short and very gentle, soft to the touch.
Canadian Spruce Daisy
With regard to growth, the Canadian spruce daisy feels great both in the sun and in partial shade, but in the second case you can forget about the variegated color of the tree. The daisy variety loves well-drained fertile soils with moderate humidity.
Spruce Daisy prefers fertile soil
Spruce Canadian Alberta
Pretty Canadian spruce attracted our gardeners roundness of forms. Dwarf Alberta is incredibly similar to a fluffy ball, which allows it to decorate not only rockeries and rock gardens, as is the case with the Canadian spruce daisy and ekhiniformis, but also gardens, interpreted in oriental style. Moreover, the spherical shape of the crown, Albert variety retains voluntarily, without regular haircuts.
Spruce Canadian Alberta
Spruce grows slowly. By ten years, its height still does not exceed 0.7 m. The diameter of the crown varies from 0.4 to 1 meter. Spruce Canadian Alberta gives short shoots. Her needles are thin, densely growing. Needles up to a centimeter in length have a light green color, like that of the common spruce in the photo, but more decorative and less prickly.
With respect to soil, the plant is picky. It grows well on any enriched and moist soils, regardless of their acid-base accessory. This species of Canadian spruce does not have to be planted in open ground. It can be kept in pots. The tree is light-requiring. Under the sunlight forms a dense and brightly colored crown. If necessary, can live in partial shade.
Albert spruce light-requiring
This extraordinary beauty brought this little beauty into the world of gardening. Today, this sort of fir trees is a component of landscapes in all corners of the planet. Not bad she caught on in our harsh conditions. The gray conic fir tree, which is characterized by its winter hardiness, can survive wherever the common spruce grows with a photo. The small size became a big plus of the variety, which allowed the tree to settle in the most modest areas. The average height of Spruce Glauk Konik about a meter, although with good content, it can stretch and all three. Narrow dense crown has a conical shape. The needles have a beautiful bluish-green ebb. It is soft, thin and short.
Koniki roots are compact. The system is represented by a weakly expressed, rod-like process, from which a network of thin side branches extends.
In contrast to the dwarf Canadian fir-trees, the gray-faced conic of shade-tolerantness, therefore, it may well grow near the fence, in the areas behind the house. The open area of the plot is not for her. Needles fade in the sun. Especially the plant suffers from burns in case of a sharp spring warming and in little snowy winters.
Spruce bluish gray shade-tolerant
In addition to sunbathing, the fir-tree Glauka Konika reacts badly to drafts. In general, for its landing you need to choose a closed, quiet, shaded area.
What else can not love Canadian sizaya Konika? Like all representatives of the spruce, it does not tolerate drought, so with a long absence of rain it needs to ensure regular watering.
This beauty was presented to us by the Serbian forests. Slowly growing with Pendoul's narrowly weeping type of crown, the exact opposite of Alberta's undersized Canadian firs, daisy. Giving only 10 cm of annual growth, by the age of 30 she can have a height of ten meters. The needles of the pendula cast dark greens. Shoots like spruce in the photo are flexible and lowered along the trunk. The tree is unpretentious. It reacts equally well to heat and cold. It refers to the number of frost-resistant rocks.
Pendula spruce is a frost-resistant species.
Easily adapts to terrain with high levels of gas and smoke. Pendula spruce is of little importance to soil type. The only thing that is contraindicated for her is waterlogging. The plant is highly resistant to disease and almost too tough for pests.
Pendula spruce is highly disease resistant
Selection of seedlings
Canadian spruce seedlings should be purchased in special nurseries. There are good specimens of plants from professional gardeners. Before you make a choice, find out the assortment specimens of the blue conic, daisy, pendula, ehiniformis, and common spruce in the photo in the gallery and look at the condition of the seedlings.
What pay attention to:
1. The condition of the needles. The crown should be thick, cast with glitter, without patches of dried needles.
2. Soil mixture in the container. It should not be over dried and cracked. Roots bristling out of the ground are a bad sign. Their presence indicates the size mismatch of the pot and the defective development of the seedling.
3. Roots. They are examined when purchasing dug-up trees of dwarf firs. The root system must be completely intact, without any damage.
Before buying carefully inspect the seedlings
Where to plant
All varieties of Canadian spruce are light-loving, but this does not mean that they cannot be planted in partial shade. Young specimens react especially well to shading, since their delicate needles very often get burned in the sun. But in the thick shadow, ate Canadian gray-gray send not worth it. With the complete absence of the sun, the seedlings practically do not grow and lose the beauty of the natural color of the needles. You can peep where to plant dwarf spruce in the photo.
All varieties of Canadian spruce are light-loving.
These specimens are good as framing garden paths, in creating natural fences, landscape compositions. Higher Canadian and common spruce, too, there is a place in the garden. With their help, you can arrange a rather picturesque landscape.
Framing the path dwarf Canadian spruce
When to plant
When to carry out the planting procedure directly depends on the quality and grade of planting material. Provided that the sapling of the dwarf spruce is in the container, then you will not have any special restrictions on planting time. You can transfer it to the open ground at any time convenient to you, from early spring to late autumn.
Saplings in containers planted from early spring to late autumn
If the seedlings ate a bluish conic or an ordinary spruce were dug in the nursery, then they will have to be planted in late April - early May. A young tree should have time to take root before the arrival of winter.
Seedlings from the nursery are planted in late April - early May
How to plant
Starting the landing procedure is traditional. A planting pit is digging under the seedling. It is made about one and a half times larger than the earthen coma in the roots.
Canadian spruce pit
The roots ate copiously moisturize. While they are soaked with water, they prepare the soil composition. You can buy it in finished form or make it yourself by mixing garden soil with compost.
At the bottom of the pit is laid drainage. On the arrangement of this layer, you can use broken bricks, small stones, expanded clay.
A little earth is poured over the drainage and a Canadian spruce seedling is sent to the prepared pit.
If the plant was previously in a container, then use the transshipment planting method, that is, remove it from the tank along with the available earth, without clearing the root system from it. Saplings of spruce tops of conic and pendulum are best covered with soil in stages, slightly thickening and watering each portion sent to the pit.
Falling asleep roots, make sure that the root neck does not fall under the layer of the earth.
The planting ends with abundant irrigation and mulching of the trunk circle, which is done with peat or with the same compost.
Canadian spruce planting pattern
Planted dwarf or ordinary spruce, even if it belongs to the category of light-loving, you need to pritenit. The burlap will protect the sun best of all. Если такого материала под рукой нет, замените его крафт-бумагой или куском плотной ткани любого качества.
Посмотреть ход процесса посадки ели обыкновенной, канадской и пендулы на фото или видео можно на специализированных сайтах.
Карликовая ель: тонкости ухода
«Сведения о засухоустойчивости сизых елей коника, дейзи, эхиниформис, альберта относятся исключительно к взрослым растениям, корневая система которых крепка и хорошо развита»
Beautiful Canadian spruce can be grown only with proper and regular care.
The information on the drought resistance of the gray firs of the conic, daisy, ekhiniformis, and alberta refers exclusively to adult plants, whose root system is strong and well developed. Young animals will need not very frequent, but very abundant watering. Under each copy should pour out up to ten liters of water.
Young Canadian Spruce Needs Regular Watering
Particular attention is paid to the irrigation issue in the autumn period, as it is included in the procedure for preparing for the winter. Frequent reason for the death of dwarf spruce during wintering is not frost, but the lack of moisture.
And further:All varieties of Canadian spruce respond very well to crown irrigation. In the dry days should not forget about it.
When caring for spruces, this procedure is as important as adequate watering. It should be done as the land dries in the area of the circle of the trunk circle. Loosening is carried out with caution, since most Canadian dwarf and ordinary spruce trees have a very superficial root system.
This procedure for the care of spruce trees is aimed at preserving moisture and maintaining a stable temperature in the root zone. Mulch is good and in the fight against weeds. Under mulching, it is very comfortable for earthworms, they gladly breed there, which is well reflected in the condition of the soil. It is constantly loosened and the roots have adequate ventilation.
The best material for mulch are:
The optimal layer of mulch is 5 cm.
Canadian spruce is not whimsical and in principle does not need any additional feeding, but still, if you want to see the plants in your garden beautiful and strong, they should be fed with special compounds. This is done in any spring month.
In addition to balanced mineral fertilizers, in the care of Canadian firs conic, daisy, alberta and others, it is worth using organic matter such as compost.
Canadian spruce should be fed with special compounds.
When choosing a fertilizer, make sure that it does not contain many nitrogenous compounds. Nitrogen is destructive for any representative of the Canadian gray-gray spruce and Pendula ate.
Dwarf spruce trees, for the most part, initially have more than decorative forms. They can boast of the natural correctness of their formation and density, but it will not be possible to do without a slight correction. Pruning is recommended once per season. Basically the procedure is sanitary in nature. It removes damaged and dried branches. Sometimes it is necessary to shorten a few shoots forward. On this, in principle, everything ends.
Sanitary pruning is done once a season.
The beginning of the melting of the snow will signal the release of snow from Canadian fir trees in your garden. With regard to dwarf firs, it will not be as easy as with large trees. The drifts filled inside the dense crown can not be shaken off with a light movement, as with spruce trees. There will have to try to extract them from there.
It is impossible to leave the snow for the following reason. The melted snowdrifts form something like an ice lens through which the active spring sun will simply burn out the inside of the crown.
If the ice has already consolidated inside the coniferous ball ate of Canadian Alberta and it is impossible to destroy it without damaging needles, you will have to “decorate” the optics with a layer of earth or black peat. This will allow the ice to get off the plant painlessly on the very first warm day.
Spruce in the house
If you think that unpretentious dwarf Canadian spruces may well decorate home window sills, then you are very mistaken. The plant is not intended to be kept at home. The maximum period of stay in the apartment is 14 days. Then representatives of the Canadian gray-firs surely need to be landed in the ground or put into the street directly in the container. Otherwise, the spruce will begin to wither and eventually die.
Canadian spruce in all its varietal variations is an extremely showy plant. The prickly beauty is able to give charm to landing of any type. Having become an accent of landscape composition, it does not just make the landscape unique, filling it with a depth of shades, but creates an atmosphere of waiting for a miracle inherent in fairy tales. This is enough to settle unpretentious spruce in the dacha.
How to grow spruce at home?
Recently, the cultivation of fir trees in household plots or in city parks has become popular. In order to achieve success, it is better to purchase tree saplings of 3-5 years of age in specialized stores or nurseries. Planting material of high quality is supplied in containers with ground closed root system.
For a good engraftment of seedlings, a plot is chosen without high groundwater, with light neutral or slightly acidic soil, good drainage is always ensured during planting. At first, it is necessary to cover the young plant from the scorching rays of the sun. Caring for a seedling is quite simple: water once a week, loosen the surface soil layer and remove weeds.
Useful properties of spruce.
The chemical composition of all trees from the spruce family is almost identical, and all the above-ground parts of the plant are valuable medicinal raw materials due to the presence of many useful substances:
- vitamins B3, K, C, E, PP,
- essential oils,
- tannins (tannins),
- polyprenols (natural bioregulators),
- bornyl acetate
- copper, iron, manganese, chrome.
The highest concentration of beneficial substances is found in young sprouts of spruce, spruce buds and cones, so infusions and decoctions based on them are widely used to treat many diseases, such as:
- bronchial asthma and viral diseases of the respiratory tract,
- infectious diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract,
- neurological diseases (neurosis, plexitis, sciatica),
- purulent wounds and fungal skin lesions,
- vascular and heart diseases (hypertension, atherosclerosis).
Oil ate - a great tonic that helps relieve fatigue, fight stress, normalize the activity of the nervous system. It is also widely used as a means to strengthen hair and fight dandruff.
Regular use of decoction of spruce needles (1 tablespoon of raw materials per 1 cup of water) strengthens the immune system, cleanses the blood and has a tonic effect on the body, especially during cold weather.
Christmas tree, tradition and photo.
The beautiful and noble tradition of decorating the Christmas tree for the New Year is rooted in ancient antiquity, when people deified nature, worshiped the forest and believed that spirits live in the trees, on which future harvest and well-being depend. In order to win the grace of powerful spirits, people hung gifts in late December on the fir tree, the sacred tree that personifies life itself and rebirth. According to legend, the decorated branches ate away evil spirits and evil spirits, and also gave the house well-being for the whole next year.
The fashion trend of the XX and XXI centuries, the artificial Christmas tree, has not become a worthy alternative to the living tree, and a good imitation will in no way replace the real forest beauty. Plastic Christmas tree is another business branch, and real live Christmas trees for the New Year is a tradition of our ancestors, the true spirit of the New Year and Christmas. Therefore, despite all the convenient innovations, the majority of Russians still want to buy a live Christmas tree for the New Year, and state forestry and private nurseries care about the quality of the most important New Year product.
Norway spruce: varieties, varieties and decorative forms (with photo)
Spruce belongs to the genus Pitsey (resinous plants) of the pine family. It is common in the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arctic Circle to the south. There are about 50 species of spruce, with their photos and descriptions you can find on this page.
In the European part of them grows up to 10 species of fir trees, they have a great variety of varieties. But in landscaping, five types of ornamental fir trees are mainly used.
This culture is a monoecious evergreen tree with a cone-shaped crown, gray bark and thick needles. The root system is superficial. The advantages of all the decorative forms of fir trees are that they form the crown naturally and do not need pruning.
Norway spruce is a tree up to 40 m tall with a trunk up to 1-1.5 m in diameter. The cone-shaped crown, with distant or drooping, at the end of the rising branches, remains sharp until the end of life.
The bark of the ordinary form of spruce reddish-brown or gray, smooth or fissured, of varying degrees and nature of fracture, is relatively thin.
Shoots are light brown or rusty yellow, bare. Buds 4-5 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, ovate-conical, pointed at the apex, light brown, their scales are obtuse triangular, light or reddish-brown.
The needles are 8–20 mm long, 1–1.8 mm wide, tetrahedral in shape, have a sharp apex, with 2–4 stomatal lines on each side, dark green, shiny, needles holding 6–7 (up to 10–12) years old.
Cones 10–16 cm long and 3-4 cm thick, oblong-ovate, initially light green or dark purple, mature brown. Seed scales obovate, slightly longitudinally folded, convex, notched at the upper edge, sometimes truncated.
Seeds 2-5 mm long, brown or dark brown, with a light brown wing, which is about 3 times larger than the seed. Seeds open and disperse in the second half of winter.
He lives in nature 250-300 years. The annual height increase is 50 cm, width is 15 cm. Until 10-15 years it grows slowly, then quickly.
Wildly grows in Europe and Asia. Very demanding on moisture and soil composition. Do not tolerate sandy loam. Satisfactory grows only in low areas. Very sensitive to gas pollution.
All species of common spruce - plants are not for the garden. It is attractive only at a young age, and over the years it loses its decorativeness, is drawn out, thinned. The value is represented by various forms of common spruce, having bush, spherical, weeping crowns.
In the garden it is better to use the decorative forms of this spruce: below are the names and descriptions of the most popular ones.
Spruce "Ekhiniformis" in the photo
"Ekhiniformis" (prickly). Dwarf, slow-growing form, reaching 20 cm in height and 40 cm in width. This variety of common spruce crown is cushion-like, unevenly developed in different directions. Shoots are light brown, bare, slightly shiny, tough, relatively thick. Annual gain of 15-20 mm. The kidneys are light brown, large, cylindrical, rounded.
As can be seen in the photo, this variety of common spruce has needles from yellow-green to gray-green, the bottom needles are flat with a short sharp tip, the top one is stellate, located under the terminal cone:
Propagated by seeds and grafting. It is recommended for group and single landings in stony gardens, for cultivation in containers, for gardening of balconies and roofs, for cemeteries.
Spruce "Compact" in the photo
"Compact". Dwarf form, usually about 1.5-2 m tall. Old plants sometimes reach 6 m in height with the same crown width. Shoots are numerous, short, raised at the top of the crown, brown. The needles are about 9 mm long, to the top of the shoot shorter, shining, green.
Spruce "Nidiformis" in the photo
"Nidiformis" (nesting). Dwarf form, just above 1 m, wide, dense. The crown is cushion-like, flattened, which is obtained in the form of a nest due to the growing shoots from the middle of the plant and the absence of the main branches. Branches grow evenly, fan-shaped and bell-shaped. Numerous shoots. The annual growth is 3-4 cm. The needles are light green, flat, with 1-2 stomatal lines, which are the hallmark, 7-10 mm long. It is very effective for low curbs, in small groups, created on parterres and rock gardens. Currently, one of the most common dwarf forms.
Here you can see photos of common varieties of spruce, the names of which are given above:
What are the varieties and varieties of the Canadian species of spruce
Canadian Spruce on photo
Spruce canadian - tree 20-35 m tall, with a trunk 60-120 cm in diameter, with a thick regular cone-shaped dense crown. The branches of young plants are directed upwards; in old plants, for the most part they are down and flat.
The bark is smooth or scaly, ash-brown. Young shoots yellowish or whitish-light brown, naked. The buds are up to 6 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, almost spherical, non-resinous, their scales are obtuse-ovate, light brown, shiny.
The needles are 8-18 mm long, about 1.5 mm wide, tetrahedral, bluish-green, densely arranged and rather rigid, slightly curved, when rubbed, they smell quite sharply, the needles last up to 11 years.
Look at the photo - in this species of decorative spruce, the cones are ovate-cylindrical, up to 7 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm thick, light green to mature, mature-light brown:
Seed scales thin and elastic, integral along the upper edge.
Seeds 2-3 mm long, light brown, with orange-brown wing, 3 times the length of the seed. Cones ripen in September.
Hardy and drought resistant. Lives up to 300-500 years.
All varieties of Canadian spruce are recommended for single and group plantings, dwarf forms are promising for rocky hills. Successfully grows in both sea and continental climate. Enough drought resistant. It is not demanding on soils, tolerates poor and sandy soils. Well resists winds, divorces as windproof. To gases and smoke less sensitive than European spruce.
Currently, about 20 decorative forms of this type of spruce are described, the description of the most popular ones you can find below.
Spruce "Konika" in the photo
The most amazing variety is "Konica". If everyone knows the blue spruce, then another herringbone, which the dendrologists shortly call "conic", i.e. conical, while rare.
"Konica" is a mutation of Canadian spruce, native to eastern North America. It differs from its ancestor not only by its miniature, its height rarely exceeds 2 m, but also by the surprisingly dense crown cone and soft light green needles.
By the middle of the last century, the Konica spruce variety Canadian conquered the whole world, settling in the gardens of countries with a temperate climate and developed ornamental gardening.
Its present discovery in Russia occurred only relatively recently, along with the rapid development of ornamental gardening, when Konica saplings in large numbers began coming to us from Holland, Poland, the Czech Republic and other countries of Western Europe, where its reproduction had long been established. Reproduced "Konica" exclusively cuttings, as the fruit does not.
In central Russia, it is completely winter-hardy. But in urban environments, less stable than spruce spruce. With a strong gas content decorativeness of the Christmas tree is reduced.
Growing slowly, that in garden design is a virtue. At the age of five, the Christmas tree reaches a height of 20 cm and already at this age the decorativeness strikingly surpasses even-aged seedlings of the common spruce. By ten years, "Konika" on average reaches 80 cm and full decoration. And by the age of 20, its height is usually 150 cm, the diameter at the base is about one meter.
Landing "Konik" should be in open, protected from cold winds places with domesticated, light loamy soil. Caring for it may be limited to watering during dry periods.
The development of the Christmas tree, and, consequently, its decorative effects, is facilitated by periodic surface loosening and mulching of the tree trunk with overheated organic matter. Mulching is best done at the beginning of autumn, and in the spring mulch is shallowly embedded in the soil.
In favorable conditions, Konika retains a high decorative effect until old age. It does not need pruning and shaping. Like blue spruce, it is designed to play the role of tapeworm in a decorative design and just a godsend for a small garden.
This herringbone fits well into large rock gardens, it is desirable in the background of flower arrangements, harmoniously combined with other low hvoynikami. Especially elegant looks on the lawn. In this case, it is desirable to plant a straight line of three or more plants or a group of several Christmas trees.
Of the other decorative forms known "Aurea", characterized by strong growth. The needles on the upper side have a golden color.
"Aureaspirate". The shape is different yellow needles and young shoots, which persists only in summer, but later they become green.
Spruce "Elegance Compact" in the photo
Elegance Compact. The crown is conical, however, growth is stronger than that of Konika, young shoots and buds are yellow-brown, needles are fresh-green, 8-10 mm long, the annual growth is 5-4 cm.
Nana (low). Dwarf form up to 1-2 m. Crohn wide, rounded. The branches are dense, numerous, unevenly spaced, gray, very flexible. Annual growth of 2.5-4.5 cm.
Pay attention to the photo - this species of Canadian spruce has needles radial, 5-7 mm long, thin, tough, gray-blue:
The culture is hardy. Propagated by cuttings.
Currently infrequent. Рекомендуется для групповых посадок, а также для выращивания в контейнерах для озеленения балконов, крыш, для посадок на альпийских горках.
Ель «Пендула» на фото
«Пендула» — плакучая форма, имеет сильно-поникающие ветки, обильно ветвится, хвоя густо расположена на ветках, голубовато-зеленая.
Среди форм с голубой хвоей заслуживают внимания:
«Альберта Блю», «Аренсон Блю»,
«Церулеа», «Сандер Блю».
All of them have dwarf growth and retain well-colored needles in open sunny places: alpine hills, heather gardens. They are suitable for growing in containers.
El Engelman and Shrenk: photos and description
Speaking about what rare species of fir trees are, it is worth mentioning the forms of Engelmann and Shrenk.
Elle Engelmana on photo
El Engelman - originally from North America. According to the thinness of the crown is the most decorative fir. Wood strikes with elegance and healthy look. Even completely lower branches are never bare. It is very resistant to adverse conditions of the city and to soil and climatic influences. When describing Engelman ate, its qualities such as winter hardiness, shade tolerance and drought resistance are definitely worth mentioning.
It has many decorative forms that are widely used in landscaping.
Fir "Glauka" in the photo
Most popular "Glauka" (gray). The tree is 20-40 m tall, with a dense cone-shaped crown, without a clear horizontal tiering of the branches. The needles are less prickly, more flexible and less distant than those of the spruce barbed, bluish-blue, especially clear coloring appears in early spring.
As you can see in the photo, in winter Engelman spruce needles are not so attractive, but still decorative:
Growing fast. Hardy Propagated by seeds, cuttings, grafting. Recommended for single, group and alley landings in large gardens.
Spruce Shrenka on the photo
Spruce Shrenka, or Tien Shan, Is a powerful tree with a narrow cone-shaped crown, sharp top and branches hanging down to the ground. The needles are light green or bluish. It is photophilous, it is not demanding on soils, but it is moisture-loving and low-frost resistant.
Look at the photo - this type of spruce has high decorative qualities, which makes it desirable in garden compositions, and the slow growth in the first years of life allows you to form from it thick hedges:
It has a spherical shape - a tree up to 1.8 m tall with a rounded crown.
Varieties of spiny spruce (with photo)
Spruce barbed on photo
Spruce prickly. Among the numerous representatives of the genus, it is distinguished by its slenderness and beauty, undemanding to the conditions of growth, frost resistance and resistance to air pollution, surpassing many fellows in this indicator.
Decorative at any time of the year. The most precious evergreen tree up to 25 m, lives up to 100 years.
Pyramid crown. The branches form the correct dense tiers, horizontal or hanging at a different angle. Especially beautiful are the specimens in which the branches are evenly spaced in regular tiers around the trunk from the ground itself to the top.
The needles are prickly, their color varies from green to light blue, silvery, up to 2.5 cm long. Under good growing conditions, the needles live for 5-7 years, more often 3-4 years.
It is considered to be resistant to dust and smoke, but in the conditions of the city it is necessary to wash it at least 5 times a month. Light-requiring Demanding of soil fertility and moisture, but does not tolerate too fertile soil and waterlogging.
It tolerates pruning. Propagated by seed, grafting.
It is recommended to plant in some distance from roads and industrial enterprises, against the backdrop of a lawn, preferably in lighted areas. Usually, single specimens or small groups are planted in front areas of the garden. Especially good in combination with Serbian spruce, pseudo-hemlock, monochrome fir, etc.
The following describes the popular forms of spruce barbed:
"Argentea" (silver). Upright tree 30-40 m tall with a cone-shaped crown and clearly spaced horizontal branches. The needles are silvery-white, light wax coating is preserved on old plants, the young needles have a pale green color with a whitish tinge. Widely used in landscaping, in single and group plantings,
"Glauka" (gray). It differs from the main type of bluish-green needles, preserving color throughout the year. The life span of the needles of this variety is barbed spruce, depending on the conditions of 3-10 years. Plant height is 20 m. Annual increment is more than 30 cm. Crohn is symmetric, conical. Shoots reach the ground, tiers are located almost horizontally. The branches do not break under the weight of sleet. Suitable for the creation of large arrays, small curtains, for single landings,
Spruce "Glauka Globoza" on the photo
"Glauka Globoza" (gray globular). Dwarf form up to 1 m in height and up to 1.5 m in diameter. Young shoots are yellowish-brownish, thin. The crown is round, dense only in old age.
Pay attention to the photo - in this variety of barbed spruce, the needles are thick, slightly crescent, white-blue, about 1 cm long and 1 mm thick:
It grows slowly. Propagated by cuttings. It is recommended for stony gardens, for cultivation in containers, on balconies.
Spruce "Hoops" in the photo
"Hoopsie". The height of the tree is 12-15 m, the diameter of the crown is 3-4.5 m. The crown is evenly branching, very thick. An annual gain of 12-20 cm, the branches are horizontally spaced from the trunk. Shoots are light red-brown, apical buds ovate, 1 cm long. The scales are short, bent. Needles needle-like, tough, sharp, bluish-white, 2-3 cm long, directed forward, thick, holding 4-6 years.
Spruce "Bonfire" in the photo
"Bonfire". The tree is 10-15 m tall, with weeping branches down. The diameter of the crown is 4-5 m. The needles are slightly crescent-shaped, bluish-green with a light wax coating, thin, crescent-shaped, short, 20-25 mm long. Silver-blue color of the needles is preserved in winter. Young shoots are orange-brown. The trunks are twisted. One of the most famous blue forms of spruce barbed. The crown is uniformly developed, conical. It is recommended for soliterny and group landings near houses, for decoration of ceremonial places.
Spruce "Moherkhaymi" in the photo
Moherhayme. Strongly and unevenly growing, narrowly conical form. Needles 20-30 mm long, adjacent. In the second year, it becomes intense silver-blue.
As can be seen in the photo, in this variety of prickly species of spruce in winter, the color of the needles does not change:
The branches are short, horizontal. Apical bud 10-15 mm long, dull, yellow-brown. The lateral buds are very different and are located spirally below the apical bud. Scales on top strongly discarded.
Spruce "Mall" on the photo
"Moll". Dwarf form, growing slowly. At 20 years old, the height is about 1 m. The annual growth is 3-5 cm, the crown is wide-conical and very densely branched. Shoots are yellow-brown. The needles are beautiful, bluish-white, 10-15 mm long and 1 mm thick.
Spruce "Montgomery" in the photo
"Montgomery." Dwarf form, slow-growing, very squat, at 35 years old, the height and diameter of the crown is 1.8 m, the annual growth is about 6 cm, the shoots are yellow-brown, the buds are ovate, yellow-brown, the scales are bent. Needles 18-20 mm long, gray-blue, sharp.
Spruce “Oldenburg” in the photo
Oldenburg. The tree height is 10-15 (20) m, with a crown diameter of 5-7 m. The crown is conical. The bark is brownish gray, scaly, orange-brown shoots.
The photo shows that this variety of barbed spruce needles is needle-like, dense, tough, prickly, blue-steel color:
Very tight on the branches. Growing fast. Annual growth in height of 30-35 cm, width of 15 cm. Light-requiring. It is undemanding to soils, but it grows better on chernozem and loam, tolerates temporary excessive moisture. It is frost-resistant, well tolerates frosts. Application: single landing group.
Blue spruce: description of the type and photo of decorative tree
In this section you can see the photo and description of the blue spruce from the Pine family.
Blue spruce in the photo
The blue spruce tree is an evergreen coniferous tree, 25-30 m high, rarely up to 46 meters. The diameter of the trunk - up to 1.5 meters. The bark is thin, scaly. The crown is narrowly conical in young trees, in old trees it becomes cylindrical. Needles 15-30 mm long, rhombic in cross section. Special description deserves the needles of blue spruce - the color of the needles of this species of plants from grayish-green to bright blue.
The krone is conic, compact, the needles are tetrahedral, dense, very prickly. The bark of the trunks and branches grayish-brown, smooth at first, later fractured.
Cones decorative blue spruce photo
Cones of a decorative blue spruce are slightly cylindrical, 6-11 cm long and 2 cm wide when closed, up to 4 cm when open. The color of the cones is from reddish to violet, the mature cone is light brown. The seeds are black, 3-4 mm long, with a light brown wing 10-13 mm long.
Look at the photo - the blue spruce cones are cylindrical, up to 9 cm long, light brown, ripen in the first year:
Blue spruce - one of the most hardy in all respects spruce. It is inferior spruce ordinary only in shade tolerance. But it is extremely resistant to pollution of the atmosphere, hardy, drought-resistant, very unpretentious to soil conditions.
However, the blue spruce reaches its best development and greater decorative effect on fertile structural loams, with full illumination.
This tree has a pronounced root stem, which determines its drought resistance. Still, in the first 6-8 years, seedlings should be watered 2-3 times over the summer, and during drought, it is necessary at least once a week. This will allow the trees to get stronger. The greatest height gains in blue spruce plants are observed after 8-10 years. And by the age of 20-25 the trees are already fully formed. The first cones can sometimes be seen on 15-year-old trees.
Until the age of 8-10 years, the near-stem circle is better kept under the black steam, mulching with humus. In the future, the land should not be cultivated, and care is only in periodic mulching and watering during prolonged drought.
As you can see from the photo and description of the blue spruce, this beauty will be a decoration of your garden for many years. She is a great soliter, not needing anyone else's community. Looks good alone or in a group on a flat lawn. When creating groups, do not eat planted closer than 3 m from each other, so that there is no shading, and the trees have low descendent crowns.
These photos show the blue spruce species, the most popular among gardeners:
Healing properties of spruce
Spruce is not only an ornamental, but also a useful plant in the garden and on the garden plots.
The healing properties of spruce are well known. And the leader in this respect among all species is the common spruce. Therapeutic needles, young shoots and young cones. They are rich in essential and tannins, resins, vitamins, trace elements, volatile production and fatty oils.
They treat various inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs and urinary tract, as well as antritis and other diseases of the nasopharynx with spruces and decoctions. Baths of spruce branches and buds are used for skin diseases, gout, arthritis and arthrosis.
Tea leaves made from fresh buds can be consumed as vitamin tea, which is contraindicated in a stomach ulcer. The simplest infusion is prepared by coarse grinding 40 g of needles, pour it with a glass of boiling water, boil for 20 minutes, then infuse. The resulting infusion is drunk during the day with a lack of vitamin C.
Pine needles contain significant amounts of phosphorus, potassium, iron, vitamins. Especially a lot of ascorbic acid and carotene in it, thanks to which needles are an excellent raw material for making special prophylactic pastes from scurvy and periodontal disease, coniferous extracts for baths and therapeutic chlorophyll-carotene preparations.
From the essential oil of spruce get camphor, which is indispensable for heart ailments. Inhalations from the essential oil of the needles cure catarrhal conditions of the throat and bronchi.
The ecological value of spruce is also important. Air pollution, especially of urban air, now exceeds all existing standards. The needles assume the filtering role in gas exchange of atmospheric air. Dust particles together with harmful microorganisms are deposited and fixed in a wax coating of needles.
The air is saturated with secretions of conifers, has a beneficial effect on the body, improving breathing and blood circulation, and treats even the sick human psyche.
Phytoncides secreted by pine needles help clean the air even in gassed places. At the same time, the fir itself feels good. It has straight trunks, dense hollowness, lowered crowns.
White spruce is a fairly tall tree, reaching up to fifty meters in height. The size of the trunk is about one meter in diameter. Dense branches form a dense, cone-shaped crown. In young trees, the branches are directed upwards at an angle, and in adults - strictly downward. The bark of the trunk is smooth or covered with small scales of gray-brown color. Plant shoots are usually much lighter than old trees, and sometimes they are completely white.
Kidneys are not resinous, light brown 3—6 mm in length. Conifer needles grow from 8 to 18 mm in length and 1.5 mm in width, and in section has the shape of a tetrahedron. The needles on all sides are green with a bluish tinge. Needles kept on a tree 5—7and in some cases up to 11 years. Cones are cylindrical, ovoid up to 7 cm in length and 1,5—2,5 cm wide. Scales in cones are thin and soft, solid at the top.
The seeds are small and have a bright wing that is three times their length. Spruce is sometimes found in the mountains at an altitude of 1.5 km. An evergreen tree tolerates severe frosts and is indifferent to drought. It grows on virtually all existing types of soil. Unlike European spruce, it tolerates gas pollution and atmospheric smoke well. In culture, this species is recommended for both single and group plantings.
Canadian Spruce Ekhiniformis
Thick dwarf plant, which has the shape of a bush. The cushion crown can be either flat or round. Because of the short branches has a lush and spherical shape. An adult plant is never taller than 60 cm, and can be as wide as 100 cm. Ekhinformis grows rather slowly and during the season the increase is no more than 2 cm. The light green young shoots are in a circle covered with short and soft needles, which have a green color with a blue tint. The roots, though superficial, are quite well developed. It is worth noting some of the advantages of this plant:
- ability to grow on any soil,
- resistance to smoke and air pollution,
- the ability to tolerate temperature extremes and severe frosts.
This plant is ideal for decorative decoration of small garden areas, and also it is used in rock gardens. Spruce goes well with other ornamental plants.
The crown of this plant is distinguished by a spherical shape almost similar to a regular ball or a fluffy ball. This allows you to use spruce for decoration not only rockeries and rock gardens, but also garden plots in oriental styles. Moreover, such crown forms are achieved naturally, without resorting to shearing. Alberta grows rather slowly and reaches 70 cm in height by the age of ten.
The diameter of the crown varies in the range from 40 to 100 cm. Needles needles are small light green in color. They are very thin and not prickly. The plant is not picky about the composition of the soil cover, loves light, but not bad tolerates areas that are in the shade. It can be grown not only in open areas, but also in pots. Scope of this type:
- design of rocky landscapes,
- arrangement of rock gardens,
- growing in containers, used for registration of entrances to cottages, restaurants and any official buildings.
Glauk Konik's Gray Spruce
Among gardeners, this plant is popular for its extraordinary form. She took root in the harsh climatic conditions of Russia. The plant tolerates winter frosts in places where common spruce grows. The small size allows you to grow it in small areas. An adult specimen grows to a height of one meter, although there are cases when a spruce tree, with proper care, reached three meters. The crown is narrow, dense, cone-shaped. Its needles have a beautiful bluish-green shade, and it is also small and soft.
The core of the root system is a rod with lateral processes. Konika does not like direct sunlight, so it should be planted on the shady side, otherwise the needles will constantly fade. In addition to light, she does not like strong winds and drafts. During dry periods, spruce should be watered regularly. The plant is everywhere used in landscape design, both singly and in group plantings.
The homeland of this plant are the forests of Serbia. Spruce slow-growing, with a narrow, drooping crown. Each year, the plant adds to its height of 10 cm and by the age of thirty has a height of just under ten meters. Pendula needles are dark green. Young shoots are flexible and lowered along the trunk. The tree belongs to the frost-resistant form, but it tolerates heat well. Spruce grows on all types of soil and tolerates smoke and gas pollution well. It is very rarely affected by pests and diseases. Pendula is commonly used in group plantings.