There are quite a few unusual varieties among garden shrubs - the Black Magic rose is one of them. The flowers of this plant are distinguished by such a dark shade of red that with a certain light they appear almost black. Many breeders are trying to create a black rose, and this variety is the most successful attempt so far. In the article we will get acquainted with the plant closer, find out in what conditions it is desirable to grow this rose.
The Black Magic rose or Black Magic came into being thanks to the efforts of German breeders: this happened in 1997. Variety bred specifically for cutting. However, many gardeners grow a plant and as a decorative garden ornament - the rose is so spectacular.
Black magic is a hybrid of tea rose. Flowering plants are long and abundant: from July to September there is an opportunity to admire the delightful dark lush flowers. Interestingly, the flowers are located on the shoots not one by one, and form inflorescences of 4 buds. This arrangement of the buds gives the bush a special pomp and majestic appearance. Photos of plants on the site.
In the blossoming state, one flower has a diameter of 10 cm, but sometimes it comes to 14 cm. The petals are not dull red: their color changes depending on the angle of view and lighting. Interestingly, the buds darken closer to the autumn and more often they can be mistaken for black ones.
The structure of the petals is velvet. One flower consists of 35-50 petals. Buds have a noble elongated shape, resembling an inverted glass. The aroma is thin, barely perceptible.
Description of the bush
The height of an adult plant reaches a meter: that is, it is not high. The shrub is very beautiful not only with its gorgeous flowers, but also with the remarkable decorative leaves of a beautiful bright green color. The structure of the foliage is dense, leathery, there is a glossy sheen. There are spikes, but their number is moderate.
Rose Black Magic is very popular with gardeners around the world - and not only because of its exquisite beauty and singularity. In addition to the external decoration, the plant is still cold and drought resistant. These properties make it possible to grow roses in areas with different climates, including those with a rather cool one.
The plant easily tolerates unfavorable cultivation conditions, it can also be grown in a rainy, damp climate: the shrub does not lose its decorative effect. It has resistance to rose and many diseases characteristic of flower plants. In a cut state it stands, without losing its appearance, for two weeks.
The variety deserved the prize “Golden Rose” at the flower exhibition in 2000, and in 2010 it was awarded a special prize for long-term flowering. In 2011, Black Magic rose won the nomination "Queen of the Show."
Application in landscape design
Rose Black magic is widely used in landscape design, valued for its unusual and exquisite beauty. Looks great singly and as part of the composition. It is well combined with such plants as:
You can form a hedge from the bushes, which will be a spectacular decoration of the site. And if you want to create a beautiful but not distracting background for this rose, plant a grass with a grass.
Location and lighting
Roses of this variety should be grown on a sunny, not shady area. In the shade, the plant will not be able to bloom so beautifully and luxuriously, it will often hurt.
As the bush grows rather sprawling, you should not plant other plants and flowers too close to it. When planting, provide a distance between the rose and the neighboring plants at least one meter.
Like all hybrids of tea roses, Black Magic also prefers a loose soil that has a slightly acid reaction. The heavy soil in this case is not suitable: before planting, it will need to be loosened and fertilized by adding sand and humus, compost.
Even if the soil and meets all the requirements, make it more nutritious does not hurt. For this, the following components are introduced into the excavated pit (50x50x30):
- garden horse land,
- wood ash,
- complex minerals for roses.
If the soil is poor, add humus and compost.
Attention: if you don’t want to bother with preparing a soil mixture, you can purchase a ready-made substrate in a store designed for roses.
A shrub is planted in open ground in spring: after the nocturnal cold weather has stopped. The young plant still has weak roots that night frosts may not survive. Since in our climate return frosts last a long time, the optimum time for planting is the end of April or even May.
If it was decided to plant the planting in the fall, then in the conditions of our climate, this will have to be done in the greenhouse or in the greenhouse. To plant a rose in the open ground in the open ground. Black magic is the same as to destroy it.
- The pit is filled to a third with a nutrient substrate.
- The seedling is placed in the center of the depression, its roots are carefully finished.
- The pit is filled with earth, the root neck of the plant should remain above the ground surface.
- The ground should be compacted, compacted, then watered and mulched.
Important: after the first watering for the next ten days, the soil is not moistened.
Peculiarities of care
We learn how to properly care for a spectacular rose Black Magic.
Adequate and regular hydration is very important for this plant. Watering is carried out with warm soft water: cold and just from under the tap can not be used.
Re-moisten the soil should not be: a rose Black magic is better tolerate drought than systematic modulations. If the ground is still wet after rain, you can not water it at all, but simply loosen the ground in the garden.
Tip: Combine watering with loosening the soil: the rose needs light and permeable soil.
Rose Black Magic needs careful weed removal in its garden bed. It is best to do this work after watering, since even the most resistant weeds are easily extracted from the raw soil.
If during planting all the necessary fertilizers were made in the pit, the first year of the rose is not fed. From the second year they begin to fertilize throughout the growing season.
- In the spring, the shrub that wakes up after wintering is fed with organic matter: infusion of mullein or chicken manure (1 liter of substance per 10 liters of water).
- When the buds begin to form, fertilizing is applied twice a month, using special complexes for roses or flowering shrubs.
- In the middle of summer, a solution of mullein (1 liter of substance per 10 liters of water) is added: complex minerals are added to the resulting mixture. In the fall, the roses are not fed, so as not to cause the growth of new shoots for winter.
You can apply fertilizer and foliar way: that is, by spraying. However, such an introduction is possible only before flowering. Spraying is best done with a solution of Humate (1 tsp. Per 5 liters of water) or superphosphate (1 part of the substance per 10 parts of water). Spraying is performed in the standard way: using a spray gun or spray gun: as evenly as possible.
Attention: conduct foliar dressings preferably in the evening to avoid sunburn of foliage.
The bush needs the formation necessary to give it a neat, well-groomed appearance. In addition, in the first year of cultivation, it is strongly recommended to tear off all flower buds that have appeared. This measure is aimed at the abundant and prolonged flowering of shrubs in subsequent years and the formation of its powerful root system.
During flowering, do not forget to tear off your buds that have become obsolete. If this is not done, the flowering of the rose may soon cease altogether: the plant will direct all its forces to the formation of a seed boll.
The plant needs obligatory preparation for winter and shelter. In the autumn, spend hilling a shrub - the ridge should be 40 cm tall. Before the procedure, tear off the leaves from below so that they do not turn out to be dug out: otherwise the leaves will rot.
It is also recommended in the autumn to pinch the tops of growing shoots to limit this growth. Watering by the autumn should be minimized, and closer to the cold, stop altogether. Fallen leaves should be collected and burned.
Before the cover, cut off, removing the shoots that did not have time to ripen, as well as damaged, broken ones. After pruning, the bush bends down to the ground and takes cover.
Shelter is made using a frame made of wood, which is stretched on top of a thick film. It is necessary to provide holes in the shelter so that the bush under it does not suffocate.
Warning: remove the rose under the shelter when the temperature on the street drops below zero. If this is done earlier, there is a high risk of over-planting and subsequent decay.
Diseases and pests
Of these diseases, mildew is the most dangerous for this rose. The fungus manifests itself as a white bloom on the foliage, and it is usually caused by prolonged waterlogging. Although black magic and rose can be grown in a wet, rainy climate, too prolonged “rainy season” does not bode well for her.
To get rid of the powdery mildew, it is necessary to spray the plant with such preparations as:
The same tools can be used as prophylactic.
Sometimes the plant becomes sick and rust: in this case, spots also appear on the leaves, only brown-red. It is necessary to process copper-containing drugs - such as HOM, Oxy.
Of the insect parasites most often threaten the rose:
This parasite, settling on a plant, leads to twisting and wilting of its leaves. Most of all aphids love young foliage, do not hesitate and fresh shoots. In order to treat and prevent sprayed shrub with such means as:
If when planting the soil is not strong enough to be tamped down, the bush will sit in the ground loosely and unreliably. With gusts of wind, such a plant will sway, injuring its root system. To avoid problems, tamp the ground when planting, and at the end of the process, pull a little on the trunk of the bush - it should not give way.
Landing in the shade
If you plant a Black Magic rose under the canopy of tall trees or in the shade of a house, a fence, lush flowering and good plant development, you can not wait.
There are many reviews on this variety of roses on the Internet: most of them are positive. Summer residents speak of a rose Black Magic, as a very spectacular, luxuriant and long flowering shrub, a real decoration of the site.
Gardeners also note that the flowers of the plant do not lose their shape throughout the entire flowering period, they stay on the bush for a long time, they do not fall off. The fact that the rose can bloom beautifully even in very wet and rainy weather did not go unnoticed. Reviews also contain information about the rapid growth of the shrub and a large number of flower buds on it.
The survivability of the plant is noted: even after the bush overheated due to winter warming and rotted, some time later, a new young and healthy young growth made its way and grew. There are almost no negative reviews: everyone who planted the Black Magic variety was satisfied.
We met with a wonderful pink variety - Black Magic. The flowers of this plant can boast a unique color: so dark that they appear black. As it turned out, it is not difficult to grow such a miracle - the plant is distinguished by unpretentiousness and stability. By planting a black magic rose on the plot, you will get a reliable and non-capricious, spectacular plant that blooms annually for a long time.
Description of the black rose
At first, the rose "Black Magic" breeders output for cutting. But gradually this variety has gained popularity among gardeners. This variety blooms in abundance and for a long period. It has a very delicate smell. To the touch the flower is velvety-terry. Usually grows in inflorescences one by one or by brush of four. The rose bush can reach a height of up to one meter.
In the description of the flower, you can add that the bud has the appearance of an elongated glass. Usually, it contains up to 40 petals, but some instances may have more.
It is striking in its beauty not only flowers, but also leaves of bushes. They have a rich green color. Attracting gardeners is also the fact that this variety is very resistant to frost and heat. Therefore, it is grown on almost all continents of the world. You can also add to the description of this variety that he has repeatedly won various prizes in the competitions of gardeners of the world.
Although many gardeners believe that it is possible to plant flowers in spring and autumn, but it is better to do it with the onset of the first warm days. Usually flower growers start planting in late April or early May. Autumn is suitable for planting in places with a warm and mild climate. Since the fragile seedling may simply die in a harsh winter. If you decided to plant a flower in the fall, you will need to take care of himfrost protection. To do this, use the greenhouse or greenhouse.
If everything goes well, then next summer it will be possible to cut the first flowers.
The first step is to choose a suitable place for landing. The place is chosen in the garden is sunny and protected from the winds. Therefore, the place should be chosen away from garden buildings and large trees so that the falling shadow does not interfere with the development of flowers. A good place near the low fence, standing opposite the sunny side. It will protect the bushes from the winds and will not block the sun.
If you plant a lot of bushes, then you need to take into account the fact that the distance between them was at least 1 meter. Due to the fact that the bushes of this black rose are very large, you should not plant other flowers next to them. The soil should be loose and with low acidity. If you have a heavy ground, then it is better to dig holes with walls at least 0.5 meters in length. The depth of the pits should be 0.3 meters. Then, in the pit we fall asleep at a third of the depth of the prepared mixture of foliage, humus and sand. Add mineral fertilizer designed specifically for growing roses.
Then, lower the planting bush and fall asleep with the remaining mixture. By the way, a special blend for roses can be purchased in specialized stores. The roots of the black rose should not be too deep, otherwise it will not bloom. After that, you need to pour plenty of water and sprinkle with mulch around the bush. A newly planted shrub should not be watered frequently to avoid rotting the roots.
Care for "black magic"
In the first year after planting the roses, the entire care will be watering and weeding. This variety of roses does not like a lot of water, so you need to approach the watering very carefully and constantly monitor the soil moisture. If the soil is wet, then it will be enough just to loosen it. For watering roses on the site must be prepared containers with water. Watering them must be warm and settled water. We should regularly weed the soil around the bush so that the weeds do not prevent the rose from developing.
If you used fertilizer when planting, then in the first year you do not need flower fertilizing. And also in the first year it is not necessary to allow the plant to bloom in order to strengthen the root system. That is, when the appearance of the buds, they should just be plucked. With the onset of the second year, the plant should be regularly fed with a solution of manure or chicken manure. And also it will be possible to add mineral fertilizers. In the fall feeding must stop. When the buds start to form, you can feed them with a special fertilizer for roses. In addition to the root, it is recommended to carry out and feeding leaves. To do this, a solution of Humate or Superphosphate, which should be sprayed bush.
Pest and disease control
Like any plants, black roses require protective measures against the possibility of infection by diseases and from pests. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out preventive work. Frequent diseases of this variety are:
- Black spot. The primary signs of this disease are dark brown spots on the leaves of plants. As a result, the leaves fall, and the spots move to the stalks of the bushes and the plant dies. Methods of struggle:
- Affected leaves must be removed so that the following are not infected.
- Spraying the solution with preparations containing sulfur.
- Spraying a solution of copper sulfate.
- If the first methods do not help, then once a week spray a solution of Bordeaux liquid.
- Mealy dew. It is defined as white bloom on the leaves of rose bushes. Usually, this disease affects plants during wet and cool weather. For its prevention, it is necessary 2-3 times per season to process bushes with solutions: “Prognosis”, “Fundazol” or “Topaz”.
- Rust. Bushes are covered with large red spots. In these cases, it is necessary to apply the treatment with “Hom” or “Oxy” drugs.
We have to fight with a number of black rose pests.
- Rosana Aphid. You can determine it by dried, twisted leaves. It is necessary to fight the pest with the preparations Iskra, Phytopherim and Karbofos.
- Spider mite. You can find it in dry times by the appearance of a web on flowers. In order that the tick does not appear, the bushes are processed by "Fitoverm" and "Agrovertin".
- Rosacene leafworm. You can detect by the appearance of gnawed leaves. Этих гусениц надо травить препаратом «Искра».
- Жук щелкун. Зрительно его не увидишь, так как он проникает в стебли растений через корневую систему.To combat it, it is necessary to cultivate the soil around the bushes with the “Basudin” preparation.
If you comply with the whole complex of these events, then black roses will delight you with their excellent flowers.
Are there black roses?
A very interesting question, but the answer to it will be unequivocal - they do not exist. Although roses with black tint, still occur, but, be that as it may, these flowers are genetically dark red. The intensity of the black pigment will depend on the acidity of the soil. Most pronounced black tint have several varieties of roses:
- "Black magic",
- "Schwartz Madonna",
- "Black baccarat"
- "Black Prince",
- "Black jade".
Black mainly prevails in the buds, and when the flower blooms, it acquires a more pronounced red color. Also, the dark ebb will be clearly visible if the plant grows in partial shade.
Rose "Black Magic"
This grade was cut for cuttingDespite this, it is very common in gardening use and serves as an ornament to many sites. Fascinating flowers, medium size, with a maroon shade, grow on the bushes with rich dark green foliage. They can be either single or in brushes of 4 pcs.
"Black Magic" gained recognition among florist, thanks to stamina. The rose is unpretentious in care, cold-resistant and not subject to various diseases. Also its peculiarity is in abundant, constant flowering and bronze young growth. Vigorous bushes reach a height of 1 m. It is worth noting that the rose is adapted to a dry, hot climate, so it is very popular in South Africa, Australia and the southern states of America, and more precisely in California. In the Netherlands, "Black Magic" used for commercial purposesby growing it for cutting and selling flowers in the domestic market. A cut flower can stand in a vase for up to 14 days, so it is able to decorate not only a flower bed, but also any bouquet.
"Black Magic" is recommended to plant in the autumn in regions where the climate is mild. If your territory has severe winters, plant a flower in the open ground should be in the spring. To grow a rose for cutting, it is best to choose autumn. This ensures early flowering and 2 cuts.
The best time to land in the ground considered mid Septemberup to the month of October. It is not recommended to do this earlier or later than the specified period. Also in the fall planted grafted plants. Literally 10 days after that, they form a young rhizome. This time is enough for the plant to harden and harden before frosts. In the spring, there is a rapid development of the root system and the above-ground part of the rose, so the bush looks powerful. Flowers planted in spring will be stunted for several weeks.
How to care for roses?
There is nothing special in the care of the “Black Magic” rose. Like all other varieties, she needs:
- soil loosening
- pruning bushes
- fight against diseases and pests.
Water the plant should be under the bush, trying not to fall on the foliage. Water contributes to the development of fungal diseases in plants. It is best to carry out watering in the early morning or late evening. Their intensity depends on weather conditions. To loosen the ground should be very careful not to disturb the roots. If you mumble the ground near the plant, this will reduce the growth of weeds, and the moisture will evaporate more slowly.
Particular attention should be paid to top dressing, it should be carried out regularly. After the film was removed, it is necessary to use nitrogen fertilizers, this will accelerate the growth of plants. Then, after the initial period of plant growth, apply fertilizers containing trace elements. When the appearance of buds, is bait infusion of bird droppings or manure. During the preparation of the plant for the winter, it is necessary to apply potash fertilizer. Pruning roses should be carried out in the summer. Blind shoots and rootstock shoots, cut above the leaves.
Preparing for the winter
Before the onset of frost, should spud rose bushesup to 40 cm in height. Before this procedure, you need to pick all the leaves that grow at the base of the stems. In September, you should pinch the tip of the growing shoots. To loosen, watering and weeding the bushes in the fall is not required. Fallen leaves are collected and burned. Immediately before the frost, cut out the unripe shoots and the top of the stems, after which they are bent to the ground.
Description of the rose black magic
Despite the external fragility of the flower, it is not difficult to grow such a miracle of selection. Roses tolerate cold, heat, bloom in any weather, so are ideal for greenhouse cultivation or garden decoration.
Rose tea Black Magic was bred in Germany in 1997. The purpose of this selection was commercial cultivation, because in those years, "black" roses were still rare and enjoyed incredible success with consumers and collectors. However, the graceful flower turned out to be very unpretentious and persistent, which made it possible to grow it simply in the garden. Today, this variety can often be found not only in greenhouses, greenhouses, but also in cottages or personal plots.
Rose Magic is a hybrid tea variety. In natural conditions, the garden blooms profusely and for a long time, from the beginning of July to September. Bushes are low (about 1 m). Foliage leathery, bright, rich emerald color. Buds are single or in small inflorescences of 3-4 pieces. The shape of the flower is goblet, slightly elongated. The buds are large, in full bloom, sometimes reaching 10 cm in diameter. Petals iridescent, velvety structure, very dark burgundy.
The only black colors are the buds, which, as they open, become more red. Also, the dark ebb of a flower will be if it grows in the shade, in acidic soil, or is viewed from a certain angle. Black magic roses exude a subtle, subtle fragrance, and look amazing both on the bush and in the vase. Since the variety was originally intended for cutting, flowers can stand in water for up to 14 days.
Features of growing
As already noted, Black Magic roses are adapted to adverse conditions, normally tolerate heat, temporary drought, cold and rain, so they can be grown in any climatic zone. In temperate latitudes, it is better to plant bushes in open ground in spring (end of April - mid-May). Autumn planting is allowed only in the southern regions. In the greenhouse and greenhouse bushes better planted in September, so that by the beginning of the summer season they bloom.
For planting should pick up the most sunlit place, away from trees and buildings, creating a shadow.
Adult bushes are sprawling, so each must be allocated at least 1 m² of area. Soil Rose Magic loves loose, slightly acidic and sufficiently fertile. So that at the beginning of their growth, the saplings did not experience a lack of nutrients, when planting fertilizers fall asleep in a hole. This may be organic (compost), a mineral complex (superphosphate) or a special fertilizer for roses.
Flower care is watering, loosening the soil and harvesting weeds around the bush. Watered roses with cold settled water in the early morning or evening. Water should be poured under a bush, trying not to fall on the leaves - this will avoid the development of fungal diseases. After each watering the soil is loosened. To avoid this procedure, pristvolnuyu zone can be covered with decorative mulch.
Top dressing is made from the second year after planting. For a season, 2–3 supplements are sufficient: in early spring and before flowering (liquid mullein 1:20), and then in the fall (complex fertilizer without nitrogen). When growing roses to cut fertilizing made every 2 weeks. Also throughout the season you need to cut off the flowering buds - this procedure stimulates the formation of new flowers and gives a well-groomed look to the bush.
How to save a rose from the cold
Like all hybrid roses, Black Magic needs shelter for the winter. It is winter-hardy enough, but in the climate of the middle zone, not to mention the colder regions, the plants need to be warmed thoroughly. So that the bush has had time to prepare for wintering, in September it is no longer watered, and nipping of young shoots is carried out in order to stop their growth.
Shortly before the arrival of the first frosts (mid-end of October), the rose is cut to a height of 40 cm, and the roots are curled, erecting a hill 15–20 cm high.
Before doing this, remove all remaining leaves from the shoots and cut out young, underexposed shoots. If the bush is young and flexible, the branches can be bent down to the ground and fixed, after which you can use any type of cover: fir branches, dry leaves, non-woven insulation to protect plants.
For an adult volume bush construct a frame shelter over which the dense warming material stretches. The framework for the structure can be made of metal rods or wood. Non-woven insulation (spunbond, lutrasil) or thick film is usually used as a cover. The design should be of such size that the plant does not touch it, and have ventilation holes.
The temperature drops to 0 ° C, the rose tolerates normally, therefore, it is only closed thoroughly with the onset of the first real frosts. If there is no frost, and also in the case of warming, the edge of the film is left ajar so that air enters and no condensate forms. In the spring, shelter is removed only after all the snow has melted and sunny weather has set.