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Lemongrass Chinese: care and planting shrubs in the suburbs

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Author: Listieva Lily August 18, 2017 Category: Fruit plants

Lemongrass Chinese (lat. Schisandra chinensis) is a species of Lemongrass family of Limonnik family, found in the wild on the edges and glades of coniferous-deciduous and deciduous forests, in the narrow valleys of streams and mountain rivers, on old burns and cuttings of Korea, Japan, China and the Russian territory of the Far East. It grows in groups, forming thickets and rising to the mountains to a height of 600 m above sea level. In the culture of Chinese lemongrass grown for a long time: for medicinal purposes, it began to cultivate at least 250 years before our era.

Content

  • 1. Listen to the article (soon)
  • 2. Description
  • 3. Landing
    • 3.1. When to plant
    • 3.2. How to plant
  • 4. Care
    • 4.1. Growing up
    • 4.2. Pests and diseases
    • 4.3. Lemongrass Chinese in the Moscow region
  • 5. Reproduction
    • 5.1. Seed propagation
    • 5.2. Breeding shoots
    • 5.3. Cuttings
  • 6. Grades
  • 7. Properties: harm and benefit
    • 7.1. Medicinal properties
    • 7.2. Contraindications

Planting and caring for Chinese lemongrass (in short)

  • Bloom: from the fifth to the sixth year of life in late May or early July. Bloom lasts about two weeks.
  • Landing: in October or at the end of April and beginning of May.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
  • The soil: light, rich in humus, moderately moist and drained.
  • Watering: frequent and plentiful: 6-7 buckets of water are poured under each bush.
  • Top dressing: from the third season 1 time in 2-3 weeks organic fertilizer is applied in the tree circle - a solution of chicken manure or mullein. Prystvolny space is mulched with a layer of humus or sheet compost. In autumn, under the soil, each plant is buried to a depth of 10 cm with 20 g of superphosphate and 100 g of wood ash.
  • Garter: the trellis on which this vine is grown is installed immediately after planting. At the location of the vine near the wall of its structure, it is started up along a ladder installed inclined to the wall.
  • Pruning: from the third year after planting begin forming pruning, which is carried out in the autumn, after leaf fall. Remove unnecessary basal processes.
  • Breeding: seeds, root cuttings and shoots.
  • Pests: not affected.
  • Diseases: powdery mildew, ramulariasis, ascochytosis and fusarium diseases.
  • Properties: is a valuable medicinal plant.

Chinese Lemongrass - Description

The plant is a climbing leaf deciduous up to 15 m long with a trunk up to 2.5 cm in diameter and shoots covered with brown-brown bark, peeling on old, and shiny and smooth on young. Both shoots and leaves of lemongrass have a characteristic citrus scent, due to which the plant got its name.

The leaves of lemongrass dense, obovate or elliptical, with a wedge-shaped base and few and implicitly pronounced teeth along the edges. The leaves are connected to the shoots by pink or red petioles up to 3 cm long. In spring and summer, the upper part of the leaf plate is light green, shiny, bare, and the bottom is bluish, with pubescence along the veins. In autumn, Chinese leaves of Schisandra leaves are painted in yellow-orange and ocher-yellow shades.

Fragrant waxy white dioecious flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm on drooping pedicels are 3-5 pieces in the axils of the leaves. The collective raceme-like fruit up to 10 cm long consists of edible spherical double seed red berries and a sour taste. The berries of Chinese Schizandra also have a characteristic smell for the plant. The bud-shaped seeds of Schisandra Chinese retain their germination only until spring.

When to plant Chinese lemongrass.

Growing Chinese lemongrass and caring for it is carried out not only for medicinal purposes, but also to decorate the site, because the plant has high decorative qualities. In areas with a warm, mild climate, lemongrass is planted in October, and in the middle lane, they are planted in late April or early May. Professionals recommend planting at least three plants at a distance of 1m from each other. If you want to grow a vine near the house, retreat from the wall 1-1.5 m so that lemongrass water does not drip from the roof.

How to plant Chinese lemongrass.

Lemongrass prefers a light, but humus-rich, moist and drained soil. The plant is shade tolerant, but will develop better in a well-lit place.

Two-three-year-old seedlings are used as planting material, with a root system well developed at a height of shoots of only 10-15 cm. Before planting, tall shoots of a seedling are shortened to 3 buds, and roots are pruned to 20-25 cm.

A landing pit for Schizandra Chinese digging is 60–70 cm in diameter and at least 40 cm deep. A drainage layer of expanded clay, broken brick or crushed stone 10 cm thick is laid on the bottom, and a soil mixture of equal parts of humus, sheet compost and sod is prepared to fill the pit. land, adding to it 200 g of superphosphate, a pound of wood ash and carefully mixed. Before planting, a soil mixture is poured onto the drainage layer.

Dip the roots of the seedling in the clay talker, on the bucket of which you should add 1 l of mullein, and place the plant on the knoll so that its root neck is at the surface level after planting. Straighten the roots of lemongrass and fill the pit with prepared fertile soil. Then tamp the soil in a circle and pour water abundantly, and when the water is absorbed, fill the root hole with humus or peat. Chinese Schizandra seedlings take root very quickly, but it is advisable to first protect them from the bright sun, ensure regular watering and evening spraying in dry weather.

Growing Chinese lemongrass.

Planting Chinese lemongrass and caring for them are not laborious and will not take much of your time. The main care activities are watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds, feeding, spraying in a prolonged dry heat and pruning.

During the growing season, lemongrass is watered frequently and plentifully: 6-7 buckets of water are poured under the plant at a time. On the next day after moistening or raining, loosen the soil around the vine and remove the weeds. Do not neglect the evening sprinkling of Chinese lemongrass in the heat. Especially in this procedure need young vines. In order to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil, it is better to always keep a stop-circle under the mulch of organic material.

Chinese lemongrass is fed from the third year of life: during spring and summer, a solution of organic fertilizers - cow (1:10) or chicken (1:20) manure is applied to the soil once every two or three weeks. A good result is the mulching of the stem of the circle of schisandra Chinese humus or sheet compost. After the leaf fall, 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of superphosphate are introduced under each bush, followed by embedding to a depth of about 10 cm, followed by obligatory watering of the soil in the near-stem circle.

During the flowering period, fruit-bearing lianas are fed with Nitrofos at the rate of 50 g per m², and after flowering, a fermented mullein or bird droppings are poured into the plant under the plant. In the fall, 60 g of superphosphate and 30-40 g of potassium sulphate are poured under the bushes, and once every 2-3 years under each plant to a depth of 6-8 cm, compost is embedded at the rate of 4-5 kg ​​per m².

Chinese lemongrass, because it is a vine, is grown on the trellis, which is set in the year of planting. This arrangement of branches and shoots allows the sun to better illuminate the plant, and this contributes to the formation of larger fruits and an increase in yield. If you grow lemongrass without support, it is unlikely to bear fruit. A pallet is made of pillars of such a height that, after digging to a depth of 60 cm, they rise 2-2.5 m above the ground. The distance between the pillars is about 3 m, and they are joined together by three rows of horizontal wire guides, the bottom of which is tensioned at a height of 50 cm from the ground, and the next every 70-100 cm. In the first year, the grown shoots are tied up to the lower guide, and the next year - to those that are higher. Shoots are fixed on a support fan. For the winter, Chinese lemongrass with a trellis is not removed.

If you plant a vine near the house, then you can use the ladder installed at an angle.

Pruning lemongrass begin in the third year after planting, when the development of its root system is replaced by enhanced growth of shoots. From the correct pruning depends not only the decorativeness of Chinese magnolia vine, but also the quality of its fruiting. During the first formative pruning, from 3 to 6 strongest and correctly located shoots are left on the bush - the future skeleton of the plant, and the rest of the shoots are cut at ground level. In the future, pruned lemongrass pruning is carried out twice a year: in autumn and summer. In the autumn, after all the leaves fall off the plant, cut out the weak, diseased, abnormally growing and dried shoots formed during the summer. Should be removed and the part of the vine, which actively fruited the last three years. This is done so that young shoots of vines can grow and produce crops.

In summer, lemongrass is cut only if the plant has formed too many young shoots. Professionals are advised to cut branches 10-12 buds from the edge. In addition, it is necessary to struggle annually with root shoots, and also regularly replace old skeletal branches with new strong shoots from basal shoots.

Pests and diseases of Schisandra Chinese.

Lemongrass has good immunity and, subject to agricultural practices and good care, is rarely affected by diseases. It is resistant to pests. However, if you got infected planting material, you need to be prepared to withstand disease. Most often, lemongrass is affected by spots, powdery mildew and fusarium wilt.

From the stains of Schizandra Chinese amaze ramulariasis and ascohitoz. Brown blurred spots and hem on the leaves are the main signs of these diseases. Black spots, pycnidia of the fungus, may appear on the underside of the leaf plate. Diseased leaves must be removed and burned, and the vine treated with one percent bordeaux liquid or another copper-based fungicide.

Mealy dew covers leaves and stalks of a plant with a grubby, whitish bloom. As a result of the development of the disease, the leaves of magnolia fall prematurely. Powdery mildew also affects shoots, buds and roots of Chinese magnolia. When symptoms are detected, all affected leaves should be removed, and the plant treated with sulfur powder and soda ash solution until the vine is well. Intervals between treatments - 7-10 days.

Fusarium can affect lemongrass at any age, but more often this trouble happens with young plants. The cause of the disease is, as a rule, infection of planting material. Manifestation of rotting areas on the root collar and roots of the plant shows up. Lemongrass stems darken, thin, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the vine is killed by a blockage of blood vessels. It is impossible to cure Chinese lemongrass from Fusarium, but it is quite possible to prevent the development of the disease if the seeds and seedlings are sown with a fungicide solution before sowing and planting, and the soil with Trichodermine. If the plant is still sick, it will have to be removed and burned, and healthy bushes, until they are infected, are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.

Lemongrass Chinese in the Moscow region.

Chinese schisandra in the Moscow region is no longer a rarity, as is Chinese schisandra in the Urals, because the plant tolerates even harsh winters to -35 ºC, and the decorative and healing qualities of this culture, as well as unpretentious care, make the Far Eastern vine more and more popular among gardeners. lovers. In the middle zone, the Chinese lemongrass does not need to be laid on the ground for the winter, nor sheltered; only young plants need protection from the cold, and then only in the first winter. But in the conditions of the Siberian frosts, the lashes are carefully removed from the tapestry, placed on spruce branches or straw, and plentifully sprinkled with leaves, straw or covered with spruce leaves.

Breeding of magnolia vine seeds.

The easiest way to sow seeds of lemongrass on the prepared beds before winter immediately after their collection. It can be sown in spring, but in this case the seeds stratify: they are kept in the bottom drawer of the refrigerator for two months. There is a very effective way of preparing seeds for sowing, developed by professionals: they are stored in fruits until January, then washed from the pulp, put into a nylon stocking and placed under constantly flowing water. At home, the seeds in the stocking can be kept in the toilet cistern so that after each flush they are in fresh, clean water. After four days, the seeds are squeezed, right in the stocking, they are placed in a container with wet calcined sand and kept at a temperature of 18-20 ºC for a month, after which the container with seeds is buried in the snow for stratification. After a month, the seeds are brought into a room with a temperature of 10 ºC and they are watched: after a week or two they begin to crack, and then they can be sown to a depth of 5 mm in boxes with a mixture of sand and humus in equal parts. Crops are covered with paper and watered daily. Seedlings with large cotyledons, like cucumber sprouts, will appear in 1-2 weeks. Caring for seedlings is protection from direct sunlight, watering and 1-2 treatments with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for the prevention of blackleg and other fungal diseases. At the development stage of 3-4 true leaves, the seedlings dive into larger boxes according to the 5x5 cm scheme, and in early June, after the heat is finally established, the quenched Chinese magnolia vine seedlings can be planted in open ground in partial shade. The food area of ​​a single plant is 10x10 cm². Take care of seedlings from too strong sun, and with the onset of autumn cover them with fir branches or a thick layer of foliage. For a permanent place, Chinese lemongrass from seeds are planted at the age of two or three.

Breeding of lemongrass Chinese overgrown.

The most effective method of reproduction is to plant the overgrowth. Liana is literally surrounded by a variety of shoots, which are sleeping buds. Siblings are separated from the bush and immediately transplanted to a permanent place. In the southern regions, this can be done before the start of sap flow and after leaf fall, and in the north - only in early spring.

Reproduction of lemongrass root cuttings.

From the rhizome, cut off pieces of roots from 5 to 10 cm in length with several sleeping buds and, in order not to overgrow the overgrown roots, immediately sprinkle the segments with moist soil or cover with a wet napkin. Then the root cuttings are planted on a bed or in a cold greenhouse according to the 10x10 scheme and covered with a layer of fertile soil 2-3 cm thick. Care of planting consists of regular watering. In the spring of next year, cuttings that gave sprouts are planted in a permanent place.

Varieties of Chinese magnolia vine

Unfortunately, the varieties of Chinese lemongrass is not so much. Currently, the most famous of them are:

  • Garden-1 - self-pollinating highly productive winter-hardy variety, whose branches reach a length of 10 m. The fruits of Chinese magnolia vine of this variety consist of spherical juicy and sour red berries with a lemon smell, gathered in racemes with a length of up to 10 cm,
  • Mountain - winter-hardy and productive variety of medium ripening, relatively resistant to diseases and pests. Compound fruit up to 9 cm long and weighing up to 13 g consists of 15-17 dark red berries of a bitter-sour taste,
  • Volgar - winter-hardy, drought-resistant, almost not affected by diseases and pests of schizandra of late maturity and universal use. It is a monoecious liana with fruits weighing up to 7.3 g, consisting of 14-15 round red fruit of sourish taste with a resinous aroma,
  • Firstborn - a variety of ripening Russian breeding with carmine-red fruit with a juicy bright red flesh, a specific sour taste and lemon flavor, frost-resistant and resistant to diseases and pests;
  • Myth - A hybrid variety of unknown origin with medium-sized fruit trees, consisting of 15 red fruit with a pleasant sour taste.

Medicinal properties of Chinese Schizandra.

For medicinal purposes, they mostly use the fruits and seeds of the plant. Fruits of Schisandra Chinese contain resinous substances, schizandrin, potassium, organic acids (malic, citric and tartaric), vitamins, mineral salts, trace elements copper, iodine, selenium, manganese, iron, zinc, essential oil.

They knew about the beneficial properties of this species in ancient China and actively used the plant in pharmacology. Today, Chinese lemongrass is grown on an industrial scale. The berries of the plant have the ability to tone and stimulate the nervous system, so the Nanai hunters take a handful of dried fruit with them when they go on their way.And not so long ago, trials involving military personnel and athletes showed that lemongrass has the ability to relieve fatigue during strong physical exertion: only 2-5 berries of Chinese Schizandra have a stronger effect than phenamine or cola, but, unlike these stimulants, they do not give negative side effects. The berries of Chinese Schizandra and those engaged in intense mental work are shown, and it is very important that their tonic effect does not deplete the nerve cells.

Lemongrass preparations increase the body's resistance to diseases and adverse environmental influences, stimulate the respiratory system and the work of the heart muscle. Often they are prescribed in the complex treatment of diseases, which resulted in asthenic and depressive state. It is indicative of the fact that as a result of taking the preparations of Schizandra Chinese, no signs of overstimulation were observed.

Fresh lemongrass juice can inhibit the development of many pathogens. Proved high efficiency of treatment of chronic gastritis with plant seeds: even a single dose of powder from the seeds of Schisandra Chinese led to the normalization of the acidity of the gastric juice in patients suffering from either too high or low levels.

Summing up, we can say that Chinese schizandra gives a positive effect:

  • - with a general breakdown,
  • - with a high mental or physical stress,
  • - with low blood pressure,
  • - with bronchitis, asthma and tuberculosis,
  • - with anemia,
  • - with sexual weakness,
  • - in diseases of the stomach, kidneys and liver.

Botanical description

Lemongrass has taken root in our latitudes, particularly in the Moscow region, although not every variety is suitable for cultivation. This culture has several characteristic differences from other species of shrubs.

  • Lemongrass Chinese is a deciduous vine, in which the maximum length can reach fifteen meters in height.
  • The shrub stalks are quite thick and reach two centimeters in diameter. The surface of the long stems is covered with soft flaky bark.
  • The shoots of the shrub smooth with a characteristic yellowish tinge.
  • The leaves of lemongrass are very dense, rather long - up to ten centimeters and about five centimeters wide. The tops of the leaves are slightly pointed, there are toothed edges along the edges.
  • Leaflets are located on small - within three centimeters, petioles with a slight red-pink color.
  • The leaves, like the bushes themselves, have the characteristic aroma of lemon.
  • During flowering on the shrub appear small dioecious flowers, which can reach a size in diameter up to one and a half centimeters. At the very beginning of flowering plants, the flowers become white in color, however, later they begin to gradually turn pink and acquire the aroma of lemon. There are flowers on small pedicels, which are located directly in the leaf sinuses.
  • On the shrub appear juicy fruits in the form of racemes, inside of which are the seeds of the plant. Often gardeners use them for the subsequent reproduction of lemongrass.
  • The flowering of lemongrass occurs at the end of spring and the beginning of June; its duration is about two weeks.
  • Fully berries ripen only closer to September. However, this largely depends on the variety of the crop selected for planting.

It should be noted that the perennial shrub is valued for its beneficial properties, as well as ginseng due to the large number of useful elements that make up the fruit.

Varieties suitable for growing in the suburbs

It should be immediately noted that not every variety is suitable for cultivation in the suburbs. To get a bountiful harvest of useful berries of lemongrass, you need to choose the right variety of this plant. Otherwise, lemongrass simply will not bear fruit, and give the harvest.

Unfortunately, gardeners do not have such a large choice in this regard, since only two varieties of schisandra are suitable for planting.

  • First grade is called Garden-1. It has a fairly large fruit with a strong acidity. Each brush contains approximately twenty-five berries. If you properly care for the plant, then by the end of the season you can collect about six kilos of the crop.
  • Second grade - Firstborn. Quite a large creeper within two meters with a racemose. Harvest can be in the last days of August. Very resistant to cold snaps and less susceptible to various diseases.

These two varieties are most suitable for growing in the Moscow region, taking into account the local climate. If you know the basic rules for the care of shrubs, then after a few years you can get a good harvest of useful berries.

Chinese Schizandra: landing

Before planting lemongrass, it is necessary to take into account some features of planting in the conditions of the Moscow region climate.

  • In order for the plant to grow well and take root in a new place, you first need to choose the right place for planting. The soil on the site must be fertile, loose, with medium composition and moderate humidity. Plant a plant is necessary in the flat area.
  • Landing should be done in late April, early May.and if the site is in the southern region, then the best landing period will be the month of October.
  • Before direct planting should prepare the ground. For this you need it as it should dig and sandwhich in this case will act as a fertilizer.
  • After that, the soil should be well mix with sand and level the ground. In the soil it is necessary to make small hollows, which will contribute to the convenience of planting lemongrass.
  • The pit for planting must be dug at least fifteen days before the shrub will be planted.. In this case, its dimensions should be: depth - forty centimeters, and the diameter of the pit at least sixty centimeters. Doing too much burial is not required.
  • Sure to lay a small layer of drainage at the bottom of the pit and mixtures of turf soil, compost and humus in equal proportions.
  • After fifteen days, you can plant a shrub.
  • To properly plant the seedlings should deepen the entire root neck of lemongrass to the level of the soil surface.
  • If you plan to plant more than one shrub, but several, then the distance between them must be at least one meterotherwise the plants will grow strongly and interfere with each other.
  • After the planting is completed, the shrub will need to be plentifully watered, and fertilizer in the hole - peat and humus.
  • Lemongrass Chinese tolerates transplant very badly. Therefore, you need to constantly choose a place for landing.
  • To ensure the plant normal development and growth is required build a high hedge-support around the seedling. Young shoots should be tied up, and old ones should be disposed of in time by circumcision.
  • If the landing will be done near the walls of the house, then experts recommend doing a small indent from the walls - at least one meter. Such an approach will help protect the plant from constantly falling drops from the roof to the roots of the shrub.

Selection of planting material

In Russia, there are only two cultivated varieties of Chinese lemongrass, which can be planted in their own summer cottage:

  1. Firstborn Deciduous liana, reaching a height of 2 meters. The fastest growing variety with resistance to low winter temperatures. Flowering stormy, inflorescences with pinkish petals, collected in one panicle. When pollination formed berries bright red. Each brush is able to contain up to 35 berries. Technical maturity comes to the end of the summer, in August. The variety is considered the most suitable for growing in conditions of the middle band.
  2. Garden-1. Another zoned variety, different from Perventsa length of growing vines. This variety is able to reach a height of 5 meters and is great for decorating low buildings and structures. Ideal for beauty and benefit option. Foliage has the ability to respond to sunlight with a nice gloss.

Preparing for landing

When planning to plant a Chinese lemongrass in your garden, first of all, you need to think about the place where it will grow. Since this is a very light-loving plant, it should be planted in well-lit areas of the villa. Lemongrass does not tolerate the wind, the consequences of which can be prevented by planting vines along the fence.

Planting of lemongrass along the walls of a residential building looks quite decorative, but it should take into account the root distance of the plant from the wall, which should be at least one and a half meters. This measure will allow rainwater from the roof of the house not to accumulate in the roots.

How to plant

Reproduction occurs by seed and cuttings, with the second method being more common.

Seeds germinates fresh, almost immediately after harvest. In October, seeds are planted into the ground, into grooves with a depth of 1 cm. The top layer is covered with foliage, ash and compost. Seed material has poor germination. In addition, having been late for a couple of days, the summer resident risks getting seedlings only after a year. After the emergence of seedlings, saplings are subjected to picks. Further growth until the transfer to a permanent place lasts 2 years.

Reproduction by cuttings is much easier and faster. In order to prepare the future planting material, a large, strong shoot is cut in June. Before planting, trimming is kept in water, then planted in a greenhouse under cover. By the autumn, half of them take root and are transplanted into pots with a clod of earth, and they are further stored in the cellar until the very spring.

If it is not possible to prepare planting material on your own, you should contact specialized nurseries.

Landing

Having decided on the landing site and the grade of the future Chinese Schizandra, you should begin preparing the ground for further planting.

Chinese lemongrass likes well-drained, light soil with neutral acidity.

To achieve this effect allows the annual mulching of the root zone of the vine.

If the summer cottage has a heavy, clayey soil, about 10 kg of sand is added to the prepared holes, 50 * 50 * 50 cm in size, before planting. The bottom of the pit lay out drainage materials - large gravel, expanded clay, broken bricks. Planting stock is used as a nutrient filler for rotting compost mixed with humus. The distance between young plants should be at least 1 meter.

The most favorable time for landing shizandra in the middle lane is the beginning of May.

The planting of the seedling is carried out together with the installation of a support, which will allow the vine to resist the gusts of wind and form the correct, straight shoots. Watering is carried out in a volume of 10 liters under each root and is repeated as often as necessary to prevent the topsoil from drying out.

Further care of the plant is a regular watering, loosening and pruning grown plants. Watering hose, abundant. However, during rainy periods it is necessary to ensure that water does not stagnate at the root system.

Loosening allows you to keep the soil soft, enrich the root system with oxygen, and prevents the formation of a hard crust on the surface of the fertile layer.

Top dressing is applied three times per season — two organic (compost, peat, humus, and ripe sawdust) and one mineral, with a phosphor-potassium preparation.

Pruning lemongrass is more favorable to produce in the autumn, because the shoots pruned in the spring often cannot stop the flow of the leaves and die.

Autumn pruning allows you to control the degree of crown liana density and to achieve sufficient sunlight penetration for successful flowering and fruiting. Begin pruning in the third year of growth, leaving each plant with 3-4 strongest and strongest sprouts.

Foliage, which fell in the fall, is removed from the site. It must be remembered that the plant trailing foliage is a breeding ground for the reproduction of a harmful fungus.

Harvesting

Harvesting Chinese Schizandra begins with harvesting young leaves in early July. Plucked leaves dry in a dry dark place.

Used as a useful tea. It should be noted that the amount of torn foliage should not exceed more than 20% of the total, so as not to harm the future fruiting.

The next harvest concerns lemongrass berries. Berry ripeness reaches at the end of August, can hold on to a branch until late autumn. However, the harvest, which suffered the first winter frosts, is poorly applicable to further consumption.

Upon reaching technical ripeness, the berries of lemongrass are torn from the vine along with the stem, and placed in either plastic or wooden containers.

Berries are not subject to long-term storage and processing cannot be delayed for more than 2 days.

The most common way to store Chinese Schizandra is drying. Drying is carried out in natural conditions, outdoors under the sun, or in the oven. Dried berries acquire a dark purple color, easily separating the stem. Further storage is performed in glass containers or canvas bags, in a dark and dry place. The chemical composition of the berries with a similar storage method is almost the same as the one recently picked.

There is a Far Eastern way - pouring sugar on the berry. The washed and dried berries are placed in a glass jar with a layer of 2 cm, then sprinkled with sugar. These layers fill almost the entire jar - 3/4 capacity. Then the can is closed with a fabric lock that lets air in and is placed in a cold place (cellar, refrigeration chamber). About 10 days later, the jar will fill the juice of the berries, this will be a signal of readiness for consumption.

Plant description

Lemongrass Chinese - perennial climbing plant. Its spherical fruits have a characteristic lemon flavor. In nature, this plant can most often be found in the Amur region, Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krai, so it is often called Far Eastern lemongrass. Growing and caring for liana today available gardeners in Russia, the Baltic states, Belarus, Ukraine.

Liana belongs to the family of shizandrovyh. In total, more than 20 species of this plant are known. In Russia, only one species grows - Lemongrass Chinese. Its characteristics include following parameters:

  1. The trunk of lemongrass can grow in height up to 17 m, while having a thickness of about 3 cm.
  2. In the process of growth, the vine is wrapped around shrubs and tree trunks growing nearby.
  3. Its inflorescences resemble a magnolia in appearance.
  4. The young stem has a yellowish color, with age it changes to a dark brown.
  5. The leaves are pointed, elliptical, 5–10 cm long.
  6. On the same branch there are simultaneously male and female flowers growing on a long pedicle, with a pleasant aroma.
  7. Flowering begins in late spring and does not last long.
  8. At the end of flowering on the plant are formed brushes, resembling grape, from 20−25 berries.
  9. Fruiting occurs in August and September. Up to 3 kg of berries can be harvested from one liana.

In addition to its decorative qualities, lemongrass is famous for its healing properties and is actively used in traditional medicine. The Chinese call lemongrass a “berry of five tastes” because the peel of the fruit is sweet, the flesh is sour, and the seeds give off bitterness and have a tart flavor, and with long storage the taste of the seeds becomes salty or fresh.

In the East, this plant is compared to ginseng in value. Lemongrass has strong stimulating properties and is used to treat many diseases.

Choosing a place to grow

For planting lemongrass well-lit areas with loose fertile ground are ideal. In lowland places where moisture stagnates, the vine will not grow. You can plant a plant near the house, or on a flat platform near the trees. It is better not to plant a vine close to a tree, its roots will lack moisture, which the “competitor” will select. In turn, lemongrass will impede the growth of its neighbor.

If the plant is planted next to a residential building, one and a half to two meters from the wall must be removed, otherwise the roots may rot from the water flowing down from the roof. In southern regions, it is better to plant a vine on the west side of the house, in the middle lane the east side is the best location. In this case, the plant will have the necessary sunlight and enough shade.

Lemongrass in the Urals and in the suburbs

Planting and care in the Urals has long been commonplace for Schizandra Chinese, as the plant easily tolerates frosty winters down to -35 ° C. But in the northern region there may be more severe frosts, so for the vines it is better to build a shelter for the winter. To do this, whip removed from the support and gently placed on a pillow of straw or lapnik. Top shoots sprinkled with dry foliage and also covered with fir branches.

In central Russia, lemongrass for the winter is not removed from the support, but left in its usual position. Shelters require only young plants of the first year of life. In Moscow, lemongrass can be found quite often. Culture attracts gardeners with high decorative qualities and healing properties. Another advantage of woody creeper is its unpretentiousness.

Landing rules (step by step)

Лучше всего использовать для посадки двух — трёхлетние саженцы, у которых имеется развитая корневая система. Корни необходимо подрезать до 20−25 см, а побеги укорачивают таким образом, чтобы на них осталось по 3 почки. The dimensions of the landing pit should be no less than 60 by 60 cm, and the depth should be about half a meter. Further act as follows:

  1. The bottom is covered with a drainage layer of crushed stone or broken brick with a thickness of 10 cm.
  2. To fill the pit, a mixture of equal parts of leaf, turf soil and humus is prepared with the addition of 0.5 kg of wood ash and 0.2 kg of superphosphate.
  3. The soil is poured on top of the drainage layer.
  4. The roots of the seedling are dipped into a clay mash with the addition of a mullein and the plant is placed in a hole vertically at such a level that after planting the root neck is flush with the surface.
  5. After that, the pit is filled with prepared fertile mixture. At the end of the landing, the ground is tamped down and a pivotal circle is plentifully watered.
  6. At the final stage, the hole is mulched with a small amount of humus or peat.

In the first days after planting, seedlings should be pritenyat from the sun and regularly watered. If the weather is dry, it is recommended to slightly spray the leaves in the evening. Far Eastern Schizandra gets accustomed very quickly and after rooting it will not require such close attention.

Caring for liana

If you decide to start growing Chinese Schizandra, planting and care in the Moscow region and other regions will not greatly differ from each other. Unless it is necessary to take into account the temperature difference and adjust in connection with this mode of watering. Lemongrass loves water and requires 6-7 buckets of water at a time. The next day, the soil near the plant must be loosened and weeded from weeds. Since the vine has a large green mass, it must be sprayed, especially on hot days.

Mulching with sawdust or peat will help preserve moisture at the roots. Feed lemongrass begin after 3 years of life, when it grows significantly. In the spring and summer, a solution of mullein or bird droppings is applied once every 2–3 weeks. Additional food liana gives mulching sheet compost and humus. Blooming lemongrass is desirable to feed nitrofoskoy. In the fall, when the leaves fall, the plant is fed with wood ash, superphosphate and potassium sulfate, and then watered abundantly.

At intervals of 2–3 years, compost is buried under each vine, digging it into the ground to a small depth. Lemongrass necessarily need support, for which most often they use a trellis with a height of 2–2.5 m. With this arrangement of the shoots, the sun's rays freely illuminate the entire plant, which contributes to its better growth and fruiting. The most convenient way to fix the shoots on the trellis in the form of a fan.

The first pruning of the vine is made at the age of three, when the active growth of shoots begins. The shortening of the branches has a positive effect on fruiting. From 3 to 6 main shoots are left on the plant, which will form the skeleton of a bush. All other branches are cut at the very base. In the subsequent pruning vines do every autumn. Additionally, you can shorten the shoots in the summer, if they grew too much. The branches that have been bearing fruit for three years are also removed from the plant. Root growth is also necessary annually cut.

Breeding methods

Far Eastern Schizandra can be propagated by the seed method, with young and root cuttings. The least troublesome way to propagate a liana with seeds is to sow them in winter to a garden prepared from autumn. Sowing material will naturally pass stratification, and shoots will appear in spring. But note that it will be possible to plant seedlings in a permanent place only in 2−3 years. They are preliminarily grown in the penumbra, covering them with fir branches or fallen leaves for the winter from the cold.

With the help of shoots, you can multiply lemongrass quickly and efficiently. The shoots are separated from the parent bush and immediately planted in a new place. In the southern regions, this can be done in early spring and autumn. In the Urals, only the spring months are suitable for this. To propagate lemongrass root cuttings, cut off from the rhizome of its parts up to 10 cm, which are dormant buds. Delenki planted on the garden, sprinkling a layer of earth 2−3 cm thick. Landings are watered regularly. In the spring of next year, transplants are transplanted with fresh sprouts to a permanent place.

Beneficial features

Used for medicinal purposes, most often the fruits and seeds of Chinese Schizandra. They contain a large number:

  • vitamins
  • mineral substances
  • organic acids
  • essential oil.

In many countries, the plant is grown on an industrial scale and used in pharmacology. Several dried berries of lemongrass are able to quickly restore strength and relieve fatigue. These fruits are also useful for those who are experiencing excessive mental stress. At the same time, there are no side effects from eating berries.

Preparations based on plants prescribed for the normalization of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. They are taken to enhance the work of immunity and when exposed to adverse external factors. Lemongrass medicines are often prescribed in combination with drugs whose action is aimed at curing depression and asthenic conditions.

Fresh fruit juice prevents the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. Powder from the seeds of vines normalizes the acidity of gastric juice and is often prescribed in the treatment of gastritis.

But, like any medicinal plant, lemongrass has its own contraindications. Berries, juice and preparations based on lemongrass should not be taken by persons prone to allergies and pregnant women. The plant can harm those who suffer from epilepsy, high blood pressure, insomnia, vascular dystonia, increased nervous irritability and intracranial pressure, arachnoiditis. Do not take lemongrass during the period of illness with acute infections.

Lemongrass Shrub: Plant Care

Many gardeners are pleased with the fact that the care of Chinese lemongrass does not require a special approach, because it includes the usual procedures.

  • The young seedling for the first two years requires special attention until the plant is strengthened and the root system becomes more powerful. Therefore, during this period, it is recommended to try to protect the bush from strong sunlight. At the same time, in the first years it is not recommended to take a great interest in loosening the soil in order not to harm the root system of the shrub.
  • From the third year of life of lemongrass you can feed the plant in order to achieve pomp and a good harvest of berries. To do this, every month throughout the season, fertilize the soil with nitrate solution - about 50 grams, which should be carefully distributed over the entire surface of the soil where the shrub is planted, and then mulched - this will help keep moisture in the ground. Do not fertilize the plant during the fruiting period, since in this case the lemongrass will begin to give all the juice to the development of the leaves, and not to the formation of berries.
  • As for watering, that shrub requires a lot of moisture, especially during the growing season. Mature trees can take up to six buckets of water per watering. Well, to preserve moisture, the soil after watering is recommended to immediately mulch.
  • If the summer was very hot and dry, the plant needs an additional source of moisture. To do this, it is systematically sprayed with water.
  • To the weeds that grow around the lemongrass, did not deprive him of moisture and nutrients, they must always weed.
  • In the fifth year of bush life, it is required to feed the bush with organic fertilizers every summer season. Sulfuric acid potassium is also well suited for this purpose. With the onset of autumn, lemongrass needs to be fed with superphosphates.
  • Care includes the removal of dried and weak shoots. This can be done from the second year after planting. This is a very important event, since no more than six strong shoots should be left on the shrub for the further development of schisandra. Bad and weak suspensions are necessarily completely cut off at the root.
  • Pruning in the subsequent years of the bush is done once every two years. First, the shrub is trimmed from overgrown in autumn and then in spring. It is noteworthy that this growth can be used as saplings for growing new shrubs, and shoots are used for plant propagation by grafting.
  • Since Chinese Schizandra perfectly tolerates harsh winters, it does not need shelter.

If you systematically perform these activities for the care of shrubs, it will allow you to get a bountiful harvest of useful berries by the end of each season. However, it is important to remember that lemongrass begins to bear fruit abundantly only in the fifth year after planting shrubs.

What varieties and varieties has lemongrass

Among the species there are wild and domesticated groups that have common features.

These include:

  1. Cylindrical shape: fruits have a loose location of an average size of up to 100 mm.
  2. With a long brush: up to 70 mm. The density of berries is usually less than 3. Subspecies include: loose (the fruits are arranged in a spiral shape), polygamous (more than 25 fruits are arranged in a spiral shape), double-rowed (the fruits are arranged oppositely in two rows).
  3. Spherical shape: almost perfectly round berries have a density in excess of 3.

In the domesticated groups are more common types of cylindrical shapes:

  1. The variety "Garden 1" is characterized by the fact that shoots grow very fast on lianas. 25 berries that ripen in the fruit have a sour taste and juicy flesh of bright red color. The harvest from one bush can be collected up to 6 000 g.
  2. “Firstborn” has an average ripening period, which falls on the last weeks of August. On the stem of brown color is srednerosly bush. The cylindrical shape of the fruit contains a juicy, red flesh with a very thin skin that makes it easy to crush. Lemon flavor perfectly complements the sour taste. This variety is classified as resistant to cold, pests and various diseases.

What time is best for planting seedlings

In order to plant lemongrass in its permanent place, it is necessary to choose the right time and place, since it will depend on this success in growing. The plant loves warmth and is very sensitive to cold winds.

Therefore, in our strip it is better to plant it in the west of the building, and in the more southern regions - in the east. Can make live fence, if you plant a few seedlings near the fence.

Features planting Chinese magnolia:

  1. Lemongrass is planted at the end of spring: from late April to mid-May. October is best for the southern regions.
  2. The distance should be about 1 meter between the plants, which should be at least three. Dripping from the roof can harm it, so move away from the house about one and a half meters.
  3. The pit is dug to a depth of 40 centimeters. The diameter should be at least 50 centimeters. The bottom is covered with a 10 cm drainage layer: crushed stone, brick, expanded clay, and on top - with a mixture of equal parts of humus, foliage, compost and turfy soil with the addition of 0.2 kg of superphosphate, 0.5 kg of ash from the tree.
  4. The root neck at planting remains at the height of the ground. After careful planting of all the bushes, lemongrass must be thoroughly watered, after which the hole is filled with humus and peat.

How to choose planting material

Lemongrass is so called because the whole plant has a rather distinctive specific aroma that is easily recognized. The only thing you will need to ask the seller is which of the forms you acquire - monoecious, dioecious or grown from seed.

Varieties “Firstborn” and “Garden 1” were specially bred in research laboratories, so they can be found in rare cases. Often they are offered with the same name, but this does not mean that it is they.

Therefore, it is more logical to take seeds, or seedlings grown from them for 2-3 years. Pay attention to the root system: it must be developed sufficiently for planting and not look dry. Well, if there will be lumps of earth.

1. Feeding

For leaf splendor, lemongrass is started to be fed from the age of 3, that is, when it has already been planted in a permanent place. In April, about 25 g of saltpeter crumble in a circle around the tree; after that, humus and compost are put on top.

With the onset of the summer period, it is necessary to feed the plant with organic matter every 2.5 weeks. - diluted in proportions of 20: 1 rotten chicken or 10: 1 cow dung with water.

When autumn leaf fall begins, the top layer of soil up to 10 cm is gently mixed with a composition of 20 grams of superphosphate and 100 grams of tree ash. You can also dig the ground to the specified depth and lay out the compounds in layers, then lay the soil layer back.

This fall, you need to fertilize a solution of 60 grams of superphosphate and 35 grams of potassium sulfate. And once every three years, a layer of compost is put at a depth of 7 centimeters at the rate of 5 kg per cubic meter.

Best for Schizandra Chinese - humid air. Our climate is not particularly to this is located, so it will be necessary to spray the plants in strong sun. Water is taken warm. It can be infused during the day right in the sun.

A young plant is especially sensitive and needs a moist environment more than an adult. Perennial vines can be watered a little less often - in dry weather. On one bush warm water is taken about 6 buckets.

3. Weeding

When weeds appear, the ground is weeded.

Lemongrass needs a support, which is well suited as a metal grill. With her, the plant will receive a sufficient amount of light, and this, in turn, will favorably affect the size of the berries and strengthen the brushes.

Without support, you get an infertile shrub, having a small height. Trellis is established immediately during planting on a permanent place.

In the first year it is possible to use pegs, towering at least 1-2 meters above ground level, to which it is tied up. But next year, in the spring, the installation of a permanent support will already be necessary.

We do not forget that a distance of about three meters is necessary between each plant. Aluminum or any other wire in three rows is stretched between the pillars. The lower tier should have a height of 50 centimeters, the top two are evenly distributed along the remaining length.

Lemongrass is fixed in the first year with wire to the lowest tier, and in subsequent years, growing shoots can be tied to the second and third. Throughout the summer, it is necessary to ensure that the shoots are located in a fan-shaped way.

In the winter they are not removed, leaving tied to the trellis, since this can not be done. If you want to plant lemongrass near the house, then you can use as a support installation a fairly high staircase leaning against the house at an angle.

Lemongrass is trimmed 3 years after landing on a permanent place. During this time, the plant has already sufficiently developed the root system and moves to the upper part: the stem, leaves and fruits.

Numerous shoots are not left completely, but only 4-5 of them, the rest must be removed near the soil. Mature plants over 15 years old are also pruned. Only in this case are all the "obsolete" branches. They will be replaced by young and strong shoots that will bear fruit much better.

The plant is cut after autumn leaf fall - this is the most favorable time. In some cases, when, for example, the vine is heavily thickened, it can be cut off in the middle of the summer season.

You can not do pruning in the winter or spring, because at this time there is a strong juicing, which can lead to the desiccation of the entire lemongrass.

In the spring, you can only remove the growth around the roots below the level of the soil surface, which should be done, in principle, annually. Dry and broken branches should be removed immediately. Long side shoots should have no more than 12 buds.

How is the reproduction of Chinese magnolia

Lemongrass has several breeding paths:

  1. Vegetative reproduction involves the use of rhizomes, green cuttings and layering.
  2. In seed reproduction, freshly harvested materials are used, which have been stored in a dry and cool place for over a year. Seeds of lemongrass are very heterogeneous in mass, size, color. For planting they take only full, having dimensions of 0.2 x 0.5 mm. These seeds are underdeveloped, therefore, they will develop (swell) only with the help of water, which will be about 50% of their total mass. This is a rather extended period, during which the seeds germinate and the first shoots appear. This process is called stratification.

If you do sowing for the winter (in November) right in open ground, you can get pretty good results. Seeds at this time will be stratified independently in full.

The first shoots can be seen only at the end of May, and some of the seeds, perhaps, will rise only next year. They will be in the form of eyelets (semiperony knee), which will gradually straighten up, and the first leaflets will appear in the sheath from under the seed. When it is reset, the leaves will quickly grow and become very large, bright green in color, resembling the seedlings of cucumbers.

To protect the seedlings from diseases, they are sprinkled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). Поздно собранные семена закладываются на стратификацию в начале января, чтобы можно было их посеять в апреле.

Для этого используется влажный песок или опилки. Все это нужно будет поставить в прохладное место (холодильник), которое имеет температуру от 0 до +5 градусов Цельсия. After 2.5 weeks, after the seeds swell, they are sown in boxes of soil.

When 4 leaflets appear, the seedlings are swooped in separate containers containing fertilized soil. Between each individual seedling there should be a distance of at least 5 cm.

During the first year, seedlings will grow to 10 centimeters and will have only a few leaves. Do not abuse fertilizer for growth, let them grow as much as they need. In addition, in the next year the plant will develop much faster.

But for landing in a permanent place, you must wait until the vinegar is 2-3 years old. During this time, its root system will develop sufficiently, but it will be necessary to transfer it very carefully along with the soil.

The rhizomes of lemongrass have a huge amount of buds that are still sleeping. But they will immediately begin to wake up as soon as they “feel” freedom and spaciousness for themselves. Abundant growth is guaranteed for 2-3 years after disembarkation in a permanent place.

The processes can now be separated from the common part and used for planting. Pieces of rhizome can also be separated by segments with 3 dormant buds. Having landed, they will need to be watered daily in order for them to awaken.

Sprigs of green cuttings, which are used for reproduction, are slightly treated with a special solution that will stimulate their growth. They are planted under a greenhouse angle of 45 degrees and regularly watered. For landing on a permanent place you need to wait 2 years, he will begin to bear fruit in two years.

Diseases and pests

  1. Leaf spot: first appear on the edges of a brown spot, which then affects the entire leaf. This occurs either because of the fungus, or because of bacteria.
  2. Leaf phylosticctosis: black spots are covered with purple edging and gradually made from the sheet "sieve".
  3. Phyllosis: adult leaves are ill. Characterized by the appearance of raids and mold of various shades. The plant may die if you do not take measures to combat it.
  4. Ascohitosis: dark brown spots up to 2 cm will indicate this disease.
  5. Ramulariosis: round and angular forms of brown spots, in the center - pink bloom.
  6. Mealy dew: the insect has a size up to 5 mm. Aphids are settled in the leafy sinuses or on the leaves of the plant and suck it from the inside. It is very dangerous, as it can multiply very quickly (up to 2 thousand eggs are laid by females per season), and on the sticky liquid, which insects release, soot fungus that infects the plant grows. Eggs are not afraid of water, the larvae can even be in the roots, constantly moving. Their presence will be noticeable on a white spider web.
  7. Fusarium: affected early shoots in lemongrass from the base. First, a dusky constriction ring appears, which then will cause the death of the whole plant.

I must say that all these diseases and insects are more characteristic of the eastern regions of our country. Nothing has been found in the central part yet, although there is a risk of infection transmission.

In any case, it is necessary to know that leaf spotting, phyllasticosis, ascohite, ramulariasis are treated if the affected leaves are removed and burned, and the whole plant is treated with Bordeaux liquid. A good prevention is regular washing of the leaves.

With the defeat of powdery mildew, it will be necessary to clean the entire lemongrass from the discharge using cotton swabs that are soaked in soapy water.

From above, 3 weeks in a row (once a week) the whole lemongrass is sprayed with a solution of green soap, tobacco extract, garlic extract, cyclamen decoction, pharmaceutical calendula or alcohol. With a particularly strong defeat, only special chemical-based control agents will help.

Use in landscape design

Lemongrass Chinese braids pergola

Decorative beauty and bewitching citrus aroma will noticeably change absolutely any part. Vine retains its visual appeal to the frost. What gardeners always use, using a bush for vertical gardening:

The plant copes well with its role in creating hedges and darkening of summer terraces and balconies.

In the spring, the garden planting decorates the garden with delicate flowers, in the summer it saves from the heat with green foliage, and in the fall adds a special flavor to its red fruits. Useful properties, exotic appearance and lack of special requirements for care allow gardeners to create an extraordinary landscape design with the participation of Chinese schizandra. It can be planted next to the unsightly traces of communications, farm buildings or old dried trees. Liana will hide under dense foliage all the elements that spoil the landscape

Plant propagation

Garden planting can be bred in all vegetative ways. For areas with a warm climate, planting is best done in September-October; for regions with more severe weather conditions, April and early March will be optimal.

The favorable period is October. The resulting root cuttings must be carefully separated from the parent plant and determined on a permanent place of growth. Planting is carried out almost in the complete absence of the root system, so the newly formed liana requires special care. Watering is frequent and plentiful. You can separate 2-3 offspring from a single copy.

If you separate a larger number, the adult lemongrass may die. In order to develop the root system more actively and adapt more quickly, before planting the material is soaked in a special substance - stimulator for fast rooting.

Held in December and February. Autumn is pruning vines. Clipped shoots can be used for breeding. They must be divided into parts of 15 cm and placed in a hill of snow. In the spring, as soon as it melts, the stalk is transferred to a container with water, which fills the container in half. After 5 days, you can plant a delenka in the ground. The seedling is transferred to the main place in 2 years.

Care is systematic, sufficient watering and getting rid of weeds. Of all the planted cuttings, only half take root.

If reproduction occurs by green cutting, the plant should be in a state of calm. After a flowering period, they begin to harden.

The division of the bush and seeds

Planting material is collected in the fall. For better germination, it is soaked in warm water for 3 days. Soil must be prepared in advance: dig, remove the roots of weeds and make shallow furrows. After sowing, they sprinkle a thin layer of sand. Stratification will take place in the winter period in a natural way. Shoots shaded from the sun using gauze, folded in 3 layers. After 2.5-3 years, the vine is transplanted to the main plot.

Landing features

Faster growth and development occurs when planting a seedling. You can buy it in a specialty store or grow it yourself from seeds. Lemongrass responds to transplant painfully, so the planting material immediately landed on an invariable place of "habitat".

Before landing the top layer of the earth is removed. In its place a special substrate is poured (humus, sand, nitrogen, phosphorus). For a seedling, it is better to dig a hole with a depth and width of at least 50 cm. A drainage layer is obligatory. It is created from fragments of brick, stone or rubble. The optimal distance between the holes is 90-100 cm.

Seedlings are not planted at a great distance from each other. This adversely affects pollination. Efficiency can be achieved by planting seedlings in groups. This ensures pollination and a rich harvest in the future.

Soil preparation

Before planting it is loosened, fed with humus, peat or ammonium nitrate. If the soil is acidic, then deoxidation is carried out. The optimal soil is neutral. Be sure to drainage. When planting, the ground should be warm enough (at least 10 degrees). The period for it is selected when the danger of frost returning is past.

Young vines need most moisture. Adult bushes are watered during a long drought. Preferably spraying.

The need for fertilizer mineral complexes appears at the representative of the flora closer to 3 years of life. The most suitable feeding phosphorus, nitrogen and potash. Bring them in the form of mulch. It is combined with water and soil and thoroughly mixed.

How to multiply the Chinese lemongrass

There are several popular breeding methods for a remarkable long-term plant.

  1. A mature lemongrass after several years of growth develops a very strong and powerful root system, thanks to which the plant can be propagated by root shoots. In mid-autumn, when there is abundant leaf fall, it is necessary to carefully separate several root suckers from the roots of the plant. After which they are simply transplanted to some other permanent place. The main thing is to separate scions had a thickness of at least one centimeter at the very base. Their length should be at least twenty centimeters, not less, because if the offsprings do not fit the right size, they simply do not take root in a new place separately from Schizandra.
  2. The longest breeding method is seed planting. You can harvest the seeds yourself. To do this, take ripe berries after fruiting magnolia vine, squeeze out all the juice from them completely, wash the obtained seeds and dry thoroughly. After which they can be used for planting. It is important to note that it is best to plant the seeds immediately after they are collected, that is, in the fall.
  3. If you want to transplant a bush to another place, you can use reproduction by dividing it. To do this, dig a shrub, cut off all old and bad shoots, cut it in such a way that each received part has good strong shoots and, most importantly, an intact root system. If the roots of lemongrass are damaged, the plant will simply die. After that, the resulting bushes are seated in a new place.
  4. And another breeding method - layering. It is done only in the spring, until it begins to bloom on the buds of buds. To do this, the still young layers are carefully removed from the supports, lowered directly to the ground, and then well fixed on the ground with supports and filled with earth in such a way that the upper part of the cut remains above the soil surface. In a few months, closer to the fall, these layers will already have their own fully developed root system. After a year, the layers can be carefully separated from the main bush and transplanted to a new place.

As you can see, you can grow a Chinese lemongrass in the Moscow region, and for this you do not need to make special efforts or have special knowledge in the botanical field. All that is required is to take into account the conditions of planting and caring for the plant, and then after a few years, it will be able to rejoice at its beneficial fruits.

Lemongrass Chinese: care and planting shrubs in the Moscow region and the middle lane

A unique plant with healthy fruits Chinese Schizandra belongs to the family of evergreen shrubs of the genus Lemongrass, which has about 23 varieties.

Despite the fact that the Far East is considered the birthplace of lemongrass, this plant is widely used in the middle latitudes of Russia and the Moscow region.

The main advantage of the culture is that care for it does not require much effort, since Schizandra is an unpretentious plant.

Chinese lemongrass is distinguished from ornamental shrubs not only useful fruits that can strengthen health and stimulate the body, but also its vines, which can decorate any part with a beautiful cascade of greenery.

Lemongrass has taken root in our latitudes, particularly in the Moscow region, although not every variety is suitable for cultivation. This culture has several characteristic differences from other species of shrubs.

  • Lemongrass Chinese is a deciduous vine, in which the maximum length can reach fifteen meters in height.
  • The shrub stalks are quite thick and reach two centimeters in diameter. The surface of the long stems is covered with soft flaky bark.
  • The shoots of the shrub smooth with a characteristic yellowish tinge.
  • The leaves of lemongrass are very dense, rather long - up to ten centimeters and about five centimeters wide. The tops of the leaves are slightly pointed, there are toothed edges along the edges.
  • Leaflets are located on small - within three centimeters, petioles with a slight red-pink color.
  • The leaves, like the bushes themselves, have the characteristic aroma of lemon.
  • During flowering on the shrub appear small dioecious flowers, which can reach a size in diameter up to one and a half centimeters. At the very beginning of flowering plants, the flowers become white in color, however, later they begin to gradually turn pink and acquire the aroma of lemon. There are flowers on small pedicels, which are located directly in the leaf sinuses.
  • On the shrub appear juicy fruits in the form of racemes, inside of which are the seeds of the plant. Often gardeners use them for the subsequent reproduction of lemongrass.
  • The flowering of lemongrass occurs at the end of spring and the beginning of June; its duration is about two weeks.
  • Fully berries ripen only closer to September. However, this largely depends on the variety of the crop selected for planting.

It should be noted that the perennial shrub is valued for its beneficial properties, as well as ginseng due to the large number of useful elements that make up the fruit.

Lemongrass Chinese planting and care: when to plant and how to grow, photo

Clusters of lemongrass berries - ripe harvest

Lemongrass (lat. Schizandra chinensis) is common as a valuable medicinal culture, but it is also used as an ornamental plant. This is a very unusual culture with an exquisite citrus aroma, which has the appearance of a beautiful deciduous liana and bears bright red berries, formed in a brush.

Unusual plant - lemongrass, photo and description

In nature, there are more than a dozen different varieties of lemongrass. Their difference boils down to a variety of taste, shape and size of the fruit brush. Fruits also differ in the content of beneficial elements in the chemical composition.

Chinese lemongrass plant (lat. Schisandra chinensis)

The most common and cultivated is only one plant variety - Chinese Schizandra (Schizandra). This is a perennial plant, liana-like type. It is simultaneously referred to the genus Magnoliaceae and limonnic.

Blooming lemongrass in the garden

For Chinese Schizandra, cross-pollination is typical; in order for it to bear fruit it is necessary to grow several plants.

Selecting a site for lemongrass

The overall development of the plant and its protection from diseases depends on the correctness of the choice of the site for planting.

Choosing a place for planting lemongrass

It is important to consider the conditions that the culture likes:

  • Good illumination, light day should last at least 8 hours. Therefore, choose the south side when planting at garden buildings and buildings,
  • Closed from drafts and winding. Protection against ice, frosty wind is especially important, it can be fatal for a plant.
  • Convenient for planting are places where the plant can curl. Near any type of buildings - fence, gazebos, arches, special trellis.

Vegetative planting method

The easiest way to grow lemongrass is vegetative:

  • understory
  • root layers,
  • dividing the bush
  • cuttings.

Soaking cuttings of lemongrass before planting

In the second, sometimes the third year, the plant planted in this way already starts fruiting. Planting time of lemongrass vegetatively depends on climatic conditions.

The soil should be warm enough, up to 10 degrees Celsius, and the possibility of reverse frost should be completely absent. The best time for planting lemongrass is the end of April and the first half of May.

It is advisable to plant at the same time several plants with a distance of up to a meter. The holes for planting are drained and fertilized during preparation for planting.

Planting lemongrass cuttings

  • With green grafting, shoots are cut to flowering to prevent them from becoming stiff. Choose for this two or three-year shoots. Cuttings cut to 8 cm in length.
  • Reproduction by layings produced in the fall. Shoots from the main plant bend down and attach to the ground in 20-30 cm, watered and sprinkled with earth. In the spring, the cuttings start new roots and in the fall, shoots can be cut into pieces.
  • In the fall, you can also cut off part of rhizood sprouts around the vine and plant them.
  • The division of the bush is mainly used only when transferring bushes to another place. In this case, the bush is divided into parts so that the plant has its stems and roots.

When propagating by cuttings and layering, it is recommended to soak them in a stimulator (Epin, Kornevin) for quick rooting. Vegetative breeding method gives a positive engraftment of only about 50% of the cuttings.

Seed planting plant magnolia

It is important to know how to grow Chinese lemongrass from seeds, since this method is considered the most effective. Planting lemongrass seeds is carried out in the fall. Следует сделать это до первых заморозков — в конце сентября либо начале октября.

Подготовка семян лимонника к посеву

Выращенные из семян растения, как правило, однодомные, с образованием разнополых цветков и ежегодным плодоношением. Germination with this method usually reaches 85%, and fruiting comes in the fourth year.

Lemongrass seeds are harvested from ripened berries and sown in the fall. Sowing is done in shallow holes, and the process of natural stratification in winter guarantees good and strong shoots.

Seeds sown in the fall, give the first shoots in the early summer of next year, but do not grow very quickly, not more than 5-6 cm per year.

Young lemongrass requires only stable watering - the soil should be wet, but water should not be allowed to stand.

After irrigation, it is recommended to conduct near-surface soil loosening and weed removal. No additional treatments are necessary for the plant during this period.

Lemongrass care

When caring for a plant, you should follow some rules:

  • Young shoots should be pritenyat, protecting from intense sunlight. In the future, care is reduced to a shallow loosening and soil moistening.
  • As it grows, it is important to feed and moisturize Chinese lemongrass.
  • The plant does not need special pruning, just enough to remove dry and thickening lianas. With a strong thickening of the crown, it is possible to cut unnecessary and limit the growth of young shoots, cut the root processes. Completely removing old vines is necessary only if their crowns are very bare.
  • Lemongrass should be tied to a special trellis. This will provide good light and improve fruit ripening.

Schisandra garter on the trellis

  • In winter, the plant should be well moistened and mulched soil. This culture belongs to frost-resistant and adult vineyards of lemongrass are not afraid of frost. Only in very cold weather can fruit buds suffer. In order to avoid freezing, the vines are simply removed from the support, tied to each other and bend closer to the ground, warming with dry foliage. Liana already in early spring.

Watering and fertilizer

To ensure a healthy look and good fruiting, lemongrass should be properly fed:

  • in the spring, at the stage of bud blooming, nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers should be added at the rate of 40 g of each top-dressing per plant,
  • at the stage of completion of flowering and active growth of lemongrass, make nitrogen (20 g), potassium and phosphorus (15 g each), and it is also important to use liquid organic top dressing with prepared mullein or chicken manure (solution in appropriate proportions 1:10 and 1:20),
  • at the final stage, after harvesting, phosphorus and potassium are introduced at a rate of 30 g or wood ash.

Lemongrass Chinese is a tropical crop that, under normal conditions, develops well in climates with high humidity. Therefore, growing it on the territory of Russia in a garden is important to ensure regular moisture.

It is advisable to water lemongrass sprinkling. This should be done in the evening or at night, so that the sun does not burn the leaves, and at temperatures above 20 degrees, otherwise fungal diseases are possible.

Mulching of lemongrass with sawdust

For day irrigation, you can use sub-root irrigation. Young plants especially need this moisture.

Adults lianas are watered in dry weather, at the rate of about 6 buckets each. Watering should be done after each fertilizer. Mulching with sawdust, bark or mulch paper is recommended for better moisture retention.

Diseases of Chinese Schizandra

It is believed that in normal conditions Schizandra is not exposed to diseases and attack by pests. It is only possible to enter diseases with planting material. With improper care, it can be affected by black leaf blotch, phyllocytosis, ascochytosis, and powdery mildew.

  • In the fight against fusarium wilt, it is important to disinfect the seeds by spraying Granozan and disinfect greenhouses with formalin solution (5%).
  • For the treatment and prevention of diseases, spray the bushes with fungicides and remove the damaged parts of the plant (leaves, twigs, fruits).
  • With powdery mildew, spraying with a solution of 0.5% soda ash and ground sulfur should be carried out. Repeat spraying should be in 10-14 days.
  • For prophylactic treatment, a solution of Bordeaux liquid (1%) and Kuprozan powder (0.4%) is used.

When to harvest

Lemongrass begins to productively bloom and bear fruit only in the fifth year, but not earlier than the three-year term, after transplanting to the growing site.

Harvesting lemongrass

Fruits ripen with soft translucent berries of red color. It is advisable to harvest the fruit together with the stalks - the stem. They are used with green crumpled or dried leaves to brew natural flavored tea.

Gardeners who decide to start a surprisingly beautiful and useful plant of schisandra, of course, will be satisfied.

Growing it is easy, and as a reward for care and maintenance, lemongrass will bring not only great aesthetic pleasure, decorating the garden with curved shoots with an openwork green crown, but also will bring great practical health benefits, healing diseases and adding vitality.

Lemongrass Chinese: planting, care in the suburbs, diseases, reproduction, pruning and watering

Among the species there are wild and domesticated groups that have common features.

These include:

  1. Cylindrical shape: fruits have a loose location of an average size of up to 100 mm.
  2. With a long brush: up to 70 mm. The density of berries is usually less than 3. Subspecies include: loose (the fruits are arranged in a spiral shape), polygamous (more than 25 fruits are arranged in a spiral shape), double-rowed (the fruits are arranged oppositely in two rows).
  3. Spherical shape: almost perfectly round berries have a density in excess of 3.

Cylindrical shape With a long brush Spherical shape

In the domesticated groups are more common types of cylindrical shapes:

  1. The variety "Garden 1" is characterized by the fact that shoots grow very fast on lianas. 25 berries that ripen in the fruit have a sour taste and juicy flesh of bright red color. The harvest from one bush can be collected up to 6 000 g.
  2. “Firstborn” has an average ripening period, which falls on the last weeks of August. On the stem of brown color is srednerosly bush. The cylindrical shape of the fruit contains a juicy, red flesh with a very thin skin that makes it easy to crush. Lemon flavor perfectly complements the sour taste. This variety is classified as resistant to cold, pests and various diseases.

Lemongrass Chinese - growing and care in the home

The plant belongs to the family of lemongrass of the genus Lemongrass, and today it is grown throughout Russia. The fruits of woody vines have valuable medicinal properties for humans. Growing Chinese Schisandra and caring for it can be done even by a novice gardener, if you know the plant's agricultural technology well.

Features of growing Chinese lemongrass in Siberia, the Urals and the Moscow region

The plant is strong and able to adapt to different climatic conditions. The culture is cold-resistant and does not die even in frost -40 C.

In the suburbs only saplings need their shelter in the first year. Further the liana is not required to be covered, or removed from the support. For Schisandra, the Chinese climate of the Middle Band can be called ideal.

In the Urals and Siberia, shelter is required even for adult vines. They should be carefully removed from the trellis, put on a layer of spruce branches and cover with a thick layer of sawdust or leaves.

The rest of the cultivation of crops by region is no different.

Site selection and soil requirements

When choosing a place for landing, first of all, pay attention to its illumination. The culture requires the sun, but it feels good in the open shadow of the garden, weaving the trunks of neighboring trees. It is important that the area where lemongrass grows, is well protected from the wind.

The ideal place is considered to be the south side of the existing arbors, fences, trellis and pergolas. Planting Chinese lemongrass under the wall of the house is not the best solution, since the vine, growing, will gradually destroy the roof, and water streams during the rain will damage it itself.

If you still have to plant a plant near the house, then you must retreat from the wall at least 1.5 m to protect it from drains from above.

The soil is necessary for creepers nutritious and loose. To prevent soaking of the plant at the bottom of the planting pit, it is imperative to arrange a drainage. For this is used broken brick or slate.

How and when to plant?

Depending on the climatic conditions, lemongrass is planted in the period from late April to mid-May. The colder, the later landing of the culture. In the southern regions, planting can take place in October. Here it is more preferable than the spring one, since, taking root in a new place, the liana will not suffer from the summer heat, and due to the lack of severe frosts, it will be able to fully take root.

It is better that the number of planted plants be from 3 or more, as this gives the maximum decorative effect. The distance between them must be at least 1 meter.

A pit 40 cm deep and 60 cm wide is prepared for a lemongrass sapling. A drainage layer with a thickness of 10 cm is placed on its bottom. After that, the ground is filled up.

For planting is better to choose seedlings 2-3 years. They are not high, but at the same time they have formed a powerful root system and they take root well. The viability of such planting material is maximum.

Growing Chinese lemongrass from seeds

Growing crops through planting seeds is possible, albeit more laborious. Sowing magnolia is held in April and May. Pre-planting material must be stratified.

Seeds from the fall are mixed with sand, which is slightly moist, and stored at a temperature of +5 degrees in the refrigerator or basement. Once every 2 weeks they are taken out for airing and mixed again.

As required, the sand is additionally moistened with cold settled water.

2 months before planting, the seeds are moved to heat: they are at room temperature for 30 days, then for another 30 days the seeds are put in a place with a temperature of +8 degrees. It is important to ensure that the sand does not dry out during the entire period of stratification.

For sowing seeds are mixed in equal parts peat with sand. The seeds are sown in the grooves to a depth of 2 cm, covered with peat and sand and watered. Above the bed you need to install the arms and stretch the film. You can also sow lemongrass in the greenhouse.

Watering crops should be only in the heat and only in the morning. When sprouts appear, they will need to be shaken from water after each watering. It is necessary to prevent rotting. Excessive moisture for young plants is extremely dangerous.

When planting in the capital greenhouse lemongrass does not require shelter for the winter. If the culture was grown with seeds in a greenhouse, then young plants for protection from the cold should be covered with spruce leaves, or covered with sawdust. Lemongrass Chinese is transplanted to the permanent place in the spring after the first wintering.

Watering and feeding

Competent watering and dressing provide high-quality growth of the plant and its abundant fruiting.

In nature, lemongrass grows on moist soils, so in the conditions of the garden it also needs high-quality moisture. Adult plants in the heat must be sprayed with warm water and watered, pouring 50 liters of water under each watering.

Wet soil immediately mulch. This is necessary due to the fact that the roots of lemongrass are located very close to the soil surface and can easily dry up in the heat.

Plant nutrition is required from the age of 3 years. The main fertilizer is organic fertilizer in liquid form. In the summer, a chicken litter diluted in water at a ratio of 1:20 is placed under a vine 1 every 3 weeks.

In spring, lemongrass is fertilized with 1.5 tablespoons of saltpeter per adult plant, and in the fall, at the beginning of September, 30–40 g / m2 of superphosphate and potassium salt. In their absence, you can apply the usual wood ash.

Compounds with chlorine are harmful to lemongrass.

Pruning of Chinese magnolia is carried out according to certain rules. In the first years, it is not required, since the vine is actively gaining root mass during this period, and the aerial part grows slowly.

After winter, only extra basal shoots are cut off at the creeper. Sanitary pruning, which removes damaged and dry branches, is carried out exclusively in the autumn after the end of sap flow. At the same time, thickening shoots are cut off. Only 3 of the sturdiest shoots should be left on the vine. This will greatly simplify care and increase its productivity.

Once in 8 years it is necessary to carry out the replacement of the shoots, as, aging, they begin to bear fruit worse. To do this, for one old shoot leave 2 strong root processes. When they have developed enough, they choose the best, and the old shoot and the weaker young one is cut out.

The plant is climbing vine, and it needs support for vertical growth. Without it, it will not fully develop and bear fruit. Only on the trellis, Chinese lemongrass receives a sufficient amount of light and proper ventilation. Comprehensive air access is vital for him.

For support fit pillars with a height of 3 meters. They are driven 50 cm into the ground. Durable twine stretches between them, and the vine is tied to it. As it grows up, the garter is held higher.

As a result, between the pillars the plant has a horizontal support in several tiers. When the vine reaches its maximum length, it begins to hang through the upper twine, forming a cushion.

This usually occurs 1-2 years before replacing the shoot.

Preparing the plant for wintering

There is no need to prepare lemongrass for the winter in the middle zone. Shelter is required for young saplings only in the first winter if they are not grown in a greenhouse. Adult plants hide only in a cold climate. If the vine cannot be laid on the ground in order to cover it with fir branches or sawdust, then it should be wrapped with a covering material and tied with lapnikum on top.

In rare cases, lemongrass strike:

  • powdery mildew,
  • spotting
  • Fusarium wilt - you can not save the plant, it should be completely removed and burned.

To eliminate the first two diseases, the affected leaves should be cut off from the vines and burned. It itself should be sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture.

Collection and storage of fruits of lemongrass

Chinese schizandra begins to fructify with 6 years. In the first years, the harvest is insignificant, but in 2-4 years it reaches its maximum. Gather berries when they become transparent red. Fruits should also be soft. Rip off the berries, so as not to crush them, easier brushes. In addition, the stalk is also used for medicinal purposes.

Recycle berries should be within a day, as with longer storage, they begin to deteriorate. You can wipe them with sugar or freeze. Also, the berries insist on vodka to obtain an effective tonic preparation.

Lemongrass Chinese is rightly called a unique plant that combines decorative and medicinal properties. Therefore, the cultivation of lemongrass is popular with gardeners for many years.

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