Exotic fruits

Pavlovsky lemon

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Lemon - one of the most common and favorite citrus trees in home culture. The fashion for this plant appeared in our country in the era of Peter the Great.

Currently, it serves as a wonderful decoration of the interior of urban apartments. Among the various species, a special place belongs to the Pavlovsky lemon.

Origin

In the 19th century in the small town of Pavlov, located on the Oka River, there lived a merchant Karachistov I.S. The merchant was notable. He often traveled around the world and brought various curiosities to his homeland. Once he brought a citrus tree from Turkey.

It immediately fell in love with the residents of the town and many wanted to grow Pavlovsky lemon at home. The fashion for citrus began to grow. In the thirties, even an enterprise appeared in the city, where they studied the peculiarities of Pavlovsky lemon.

The appearance of the tree

  1. Compact shrub, reaching 0.9-1.5 meters in length. The crown is leafy, round, with a diameter of 1-1.2 meters, with 3-4 skeletal branches of olive-gray color. Young shoots with dark green bark. On the branches visible longitudinal cracks and long sharp spines.
  2. The leaves are large (13 cm), pointed, with a wedge-shaped base. The form may vary from broadly to oblong, obovate. The leaves are glossy, bright, green. Scape short.
  3. The flowers are bisexual, large, are formed singly in inflorescences or leaf axils of 2-3 pieces. The flowering period occurs in early spring or autumn.
  • Tied to the third, fourth year of life. The first yields are small. An adult plant (15-20 years old) bears more fruit.
  • Fruits ripen in 30-35 days, and end growth only 9-10 months after flowering. With a lack of lighting, these processes are delayed up to 1 year.
  • Fruits are formed by 5-10 pieces on the tree. Lemons are yellow, juicy, often seedless, parthenocarpic form.
  • Flower growers are advised to harvest in time, as overripe fruits begin to lose their taste and decorative qualities.

Pavlovsky lemon variety: photo of a tree and its fruits.

Next, we will talk about Pavlovsky Lemon: home care, reproduction and illness.

Growing a tree is not difficult. For good growth and development just follow the simple care guidelines.

Lighting features

Plant likes a well-lit room. With its deficiency can slow down the growth, ripening of fruits. But, the lemon does not tolerate direct sunlight.

  1. On summer days, do not leave the pot in the open windowsill. Create ambient lighting conditions.
  2. In autumn and winter, the days are often overcast. Use additional light sources.

Air temperature

In spring and summer maintain a warm or moderate temperature - 19-23 degrees. In winter it is reduced to 15-16 degrees.

  1. Lemon does not like drafts, sudden changes in temperature.
  2. In the summer, in good weather, you can take it outside to bask in the sun and get some fresh air.

Moisturize the soil need regularly and abundantly. In the summer, 2-3 times a week, in winter it is enough once.

  1. For irrigation, use water at room temperature, settled for 20-24 hours. Flowing cold water can not be used.
  2. If in the winter you keep the plant in a warm room, you need to water it with heated water. The root system requires the same mode as for the above-ground part, otherwise the water supply from the roots to the leaves may be delayed. As a result of improper moistening of the soil, the lemon will start dropping foliage and stop fruiting.
  3. Monitor the state of the substrate. Avoid stagnant water that can trigger root rot.

Keep indoors humidity about 60-65%. In the summer often spray leaves with water.

Have to for spring and early autumn. With proper, regular care can last for a year. Observe the correct mode of irrigation and moistening of the substrate.

Suitable for lemon light, fertile soil with a good supply of organic and mineral substances. It should be loose, pass moisture and oxygen.

Fertilizers begin to make for 3 years after landing. Young plants do not need it.

  1. As a fertilizer suitable special ready-made organic fertilizer.
  2. You can cook it yourself from the infusion of egg shells. It is a good stimulant for fruiting. To improve growth, you can use a solution of ammonium nitrate in proportions of 25-30 grams per liter of water. Sometimes you can fertilize the tree infusion of horse manure.

Young trees are transplanted once a year., adult only when needed.

  1. The tree is carefully removed from the tank, shake off the roots of the old substrate.
  2. Rotted, damaged, diseased roots must be removed.
  3. Then drainage is poured at the bottom of the tank, a new substrate is planted and the plant is planted, slightly tamping down on top of the ground. If the old soil is in good condition, it can be transplanted by transshipment method.
  4. Planted in a moist soil.

Breeding

At home, the tree is propagated seed or grafting. Both methods have their advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Trees grown from seeds have a more stable immunity, grow well, bear fruit better. In this case, the plant may differ from the parent in biological characteristics. Fruiting begins only 8-10 year.
  2. When grafting, a lemon will have 100% similarity with the parent. The tree quickly enters fruiting - for 2-3 years of life. At the same time it is sensitive to errors in care, it is vulnerable to diseases.

  1. Planting is carried out in late spring and summer.
  2. Seeds are extracted from lemon, the largest and properly shaped ones are selected. It is better to prepare a few seeds taken from different fruits.
  3. For planting, you can take wooden boxes or small pots. A mixture consisting of peat and floral soil will be suitable as a substrate. At the bottom of the tank must be placed drainage.
  4. Seeds deepen into the substrate by about 1 centimeter, moistened with a sprayer.
  5. Seedlings are kept in a warm room and well lit, regularly moisturize the soil, protect against temperature drops and drafts. The first shoots will appear on the 10-14 day.
  6. For good development, it is preferable to create greenhouse conditions. Sprout covered with a glass jar, and watering produced in the pan. Once a day, the jar is removed to allow the plant to air and breathe.
  7. The glass is removed when the first leaves appear. At this time, you can transplant the sprout in a separate container for further cultivation.

  1. To this end, a cutting (10–13 cm) is cut from the autumn healthy growth in early spring. The cut must be made with a knife at a sharp angle. On the handle should be at least 4-5 leaves.
  2. First, the bottom two leaves are removed from the cutting. The rest can be left or cut in half.
  3. Before planting, the cuttings can be dipped into a growth solution, which is prepared from 25 mg of indolyl butyric acid and 0.1 g of heteroauxin (in proportion to one liter of water).
  4. If a growth stimulator is not used, the cut is processed with crushed coal before planting.
  5. The handle is placed in a container at right angles. At the bottom of the pot piled drainage and leaf earth. Topsoil should consist of sand or a mixture of sphagnum and sand.
  6. Grown in greenhouse conditions, covered with a can. After 2-3 weeks they will take root.

And then there are videos about Pavlovsky lemon: care at home, pruning, breeding and more.

And one more video about Pavlov's lemon: care at home.

Diseases and pests

Improper care can cause growing problems.

  1. Most often, a lemon is affected by aphid, spider mite and scab. A good measure of prevention from them can be a simple indoor geranium, which is placed next to the plant. Its smell repels insects and protects the plant.
  2. You can get rid of pests by spraying from a solution of onion peel or red bitter pepper.
  3. Excessive fertilization of the soil can lead to homosis. The lower part of the cortex begins to die off, the leaves fall, and cracks form on the trunk. To deal with this problem will help treatment Bordeaux mixture or copper sulphate.
  4. Excessive watering leads to the formation of root rot. Disease insidious. If the tree is not transplanted in time, it may die. During transplantation, the roots are thoroughly washed under running water, the damaged parts are removed and treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.

Growing a Pavlovsky variety is not difficult, although this process requires responsibility, attention and strict adherence to care recommendations for the plant. But, the result of labor is worth it.

How did Pavlovsky lemon appear in Russia

Lemon culture appeared in our country over a hundred years ago. In 1860, a Russian merchant brought seedlings to Pavlovo on the Oka River from Turkey and handed them to his relative, who was engaged in the cultivation of exotic plants. Soon after, an evergreen tree decorated the houses of many of the inhabitants of this city.

In Soviet times, scientists became interested in the lemon tree, and a stronghold was established in Pavlov, where the plant was studied. Very quickly, lemon gained its popularity in Moscow. Lemon trees began to be used in the industrial and demonstrative farm, where citrus fruits were successfully grown and propagated.

Flowering and fruiting

Lemon Flowers have white color with yellow stamens, about 3 cm in diameter, resemble lilies in form. On the branches can be placed inflorescences of 2-4 pieces, and one by one. The tree belongs to the self-pollinated plants. With good care, it can bloom for a year. You can often see flowering trees in combination with ripe fruits. The intensity of flowering is most pronounced in mid-spring and in autumn.

The fruits begin to ripen when the plant is 2 or 3 years old. Lemon takes too much energy on this process, so its development slows down a bit at this time. In order for the tree to grow fully and mature, the flowers are cut off before they reach the age of three. On an adult plant about 5–8 lemons matures every year. Depending on the coverage, the crop formation process takes from 35 days to 3 months. Lemon fruits are very high quality and fragrant. Their length is about 10 cm, the surface is smooth, bright yellow, the thickness of the crust is only 5 mm. Fruit pulp contains a very high amount of vitamin C.

Harvest must be collected on time. If this is not done, the lemons may be on the branches for about a year, they will get a green tint, increase in size and lose their taste. It happens that the fruits do not contain seeds, but usually there are 5–8 seeds in each lemon. They have very good germination, so if you wish, you can safely plant them in the soil and grow a citrus tree.

Features of care and conditions for growing

Pavlovsky lemon is a rather unpretentious plant and does not require any special care. It is able to grow even with little light, in a room with a low or high temperature. But in order for the tree to be healthy and to delight you with its blooming appearance, you need to follow certain rules for caring for it. It is recommended to pay attention to the following points:

  1. Lemon must grow in soil containing beneficial components for the root system. Very well suited soil consisting of a mixture of leafy soil, turf, manure, humus and coarse sand. A young plant needs more fertilizer, and the soil composition for an adult should contain more sod land. A pot for growing a tree at home should be narrow and high.
  2. It is worth paying special attention to watering. Very often, it is not necessary to water the lemon, it can lead to stagnation of moisture, rotting of the roots. Moistening of the soil will be necessary when its top layer dries by 5–6 cm. Water for this procedure requires separated and warm water. It is worth considering that the plant likes moist air, so in hot weather it must be sprayed.
  3. Lemon, although it feels quite comfortable in bright light, can get used to the lack of sunlight. But for full growth it is best to place a pot with a tree on the window facing east. The direct rays of the sun on the south window will be very harmful to the lemon, and the north side is pretty cool for him, so he can throw off the foliage.
  4. Citrus fruits are heat-loving plants, so the air temperature in the room where it is located should be about 18-22 degrees. With the onset of winter, the plant begins a period of rest, which is very important for its subsequent growth and development. At this time, the lemon should be put in a cool room with a temperature of 10 to 12 degrees Celsius.

Citrus tree at home quite strongly reacts to the moisture content in the soil, the temperature in the room, the lack of nutrients. With improper care, the plant leaves fall, the development of fruits slows down. Therefore, first of all, Pavlovsky Lemon needs full coverage and proper watering. It should be watered regularly, 2 times a week and periodically check the soil for moisture.

And also it is necessary to make complex and mineral fertilizers, especially during the budding period. Feed the plant should begin when he turns 2 years old. It is best to purchase organic fertilizers that are designed specifically for citrus. Ammonium nitrate can also be used as a top dressing, it is diluted with water (25–30 grams per 1 liter) and watered.

Breeding options

You can grow a tree in the following ways:

  • With the help of seeds.
  • Cuttings.
  • Air layering.

Plants that are grown from seed, bloom only in 12-15 years. To speed up the process of the appearance of the fruit, the seedling is usually grafted. The grafted trees begin to bear fruit after 3-4 years.

The most affordable and easy way to grow lemon - using cuttings. To do this, in spring you need to purchase a stalk 10–12 cm long, having several leaves, which then need to be cut. Then the planting material should be held for 1 day in a solution that stimulates the growth of the root system and put in a container with fertile soil.

After this, the cuttings should be covered with a can or film to create the greenhouse effect and placed in a warm room, with an air temperature of about 18-22 degrees. Small roots appear after 2 weeks.

Under the jar of plants need to keep about two months, and then they can be gradually accustomed to normal conditions. To do this, the shelter is removed daily for a while, and then completely removed. When cuttings take root, they should be transplanted into pots of clay, filled with fertile soil, with a capacity of about 500 grams.

When breeding air layings as a stock, old plants can be used, with not very good fruits. To do this, cut the branches, and in this place to plant several cuttings of lemon. The branches will develop fairly quickly and within a year and a half will begin to ripen the first harvest.

Transplant and pruning

Citrus fruits should be transplanted every 2-3 years.. Immediately plant a room lemon in a large container is not necessary, since the fruits of the plant will begin to develop only when the root system completely fills the entire space of the pot. Therefore, if you want to quickly wait for the harvest, it is best to increase the volume of the pot after each transplant.

New capacity should be 3–4 cm more than the previous one in diameter. At the bottom it is necessary to put a drainage layer, on top of it pour the soil containing nutrients. It is best to buy ready-made substrate in a flower shop, but you can prepare the soil yourself. It should contain the following components:

  • Turf - 2 parts.
  • Leaf ground - 1 part.
  • Humus - 1 part.
  • Peat - 1 part.
  • River sand - 0.5 parts.

The plant must be placed in a new pot., cover with soil, and lay sand on the top. After transplanting, lemon should be poured abundantly with water and put in a warm place with diffused lighting for 2 weeks.

In order for the tree to develop faster and have an aesthetic appearance, it needs to periodically form a crown. In order for the foliage to be lush, young seedlings, after the appearance of the first twigs, it is necessary to pinch the top. The first 2 years it is necessary to pick off all the flowers and prevent the appearance of fruits, because at this age, the roots of the plants are not yet fully formed, so the tree does not have the ability to grow a full-fledged crop without damage to its health.

Lemon does not have a very thick crowntherefore, the plant can be beautifully shaped with pruning. In young plants in early spring, you need to pinch new shoots at the level of 5-6 cm from the edge. A crown can be formed for an adult tree in accordance with its taste and desire, it can be in the form of a triangle, a ball or a pyramid - a lemon of this sort doesn’t do any harm.

Diseases in pests of indoor lemon

Pavlovsky lemon can infect harmful insects., such as:

  1. Spider mite Appears in a room with dry air and high temperature. He weaves the leaves of the plant with cobwebs and sucks the juice out of them. To get rid of it, you need to wash the leaves with a solution of Chlorofos, bitter red pepper, washing powder or soap-kerosene emulsion. Химические препараты для плодоносного дерева применять не рекомендуется.
  2. Щитовка. Представляет большую опасность для растений. It drains moisture from the leaves and spreads quickly to all home plantings. For the destruction of the pest is better to use folk remedies, especially during the formation of the fruit.
  3. Aphid. Small insects that feed on sap shoots. The methods of control are the same as in the destruction of the scytum, you can still spray a plant with tobacco extract.

Most Common Citrus Diseases, this:

  1. Black fungus. This disease is manifested as a result of damage to the shield, resulting in disturbed photosynthesis in the plant. Treating the tree will help the foliage treatment with a solution of soap and hot pepper. You can apply and spraying Bordeaux liquid.
  2. Gommoz. A common disease of lemon trees, manifested by abundant release of tar. The reason for this may be pests, improper feeding, or late watering. To cure Pavlovsky lemon, first of all it is necessary to get rid of pests, remove diseased parts of the plant, and then treat the tree with a solution of copper sulfate 3% or use liquid bordoisk for this purpose.

Variety description

Back in the eighteenth century, one of the wealthy merchants of the veil in the city of Pavlov was a few seedlings of strange at that time plants from Turkey. Over time, the overseas exotic tree conquered the hearts of the townspeople, and its cuttings began to propagate everywhere throughout Pavlovo. That is how Pavlovsky lemons appeared. In a short time, this plant gained wide popularity in Moscow. To get acquainted with the appearance of the bush, its fruits can be in the following photo.

Flowering and fruit

The flowers are large, bisexual, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, arranged singly in the leaf axils or in inflorescences of 2-3 pieces each. Lemon Pavlova treat self-pollinating varieties. The flowering period in early spring or autumn, however, this species can bloom all year round, with proper care, so there are not rare cases when there are almost ripe fruits on the same shrub and still green ovaries.

Fruiting begins with 3-4 years after rooting. Lemon may bloom earlier, but in this case you should remove the flowers, giving the plant the opportunity to take root and grow stronger. The yield is average, about 6-8 lemons annually. The quality of the fruit is high. Terms of aging depending on the lighting range from 35-40 days to 2.5-3 months.

Distinctive features

If you do not have a greenhouse or greenhouse, it is best to grow low and medium grade citrus. That is exactly what Pavlovsky lemon is. It is distinguished not only by its height, but also by its excellent adaptability, compact size and taste of the fruit. Dark green shiny leaves and bright fruits will be a real decoration of your home and the joy of the household in the winter season.

Description and variations

At home, you can grow these varieties of lemons:

  1. Pavlovsky lemon - this tree reaches a maximum of two meters in height and constantly blooms. He perfectly adapted to the indoor conditions. To bloom and bear fruit begins in the fourth year of life. Fruits are large (about 200 grams), the flesh is light, fragrant.
  2. Lemon meier - dwarf, its height reaches only one meter. This is a hybrid of lemon and orange, which affects the taste. Begins to give birth in the second - third year of life, gives small fruits (about 100 grams).
  3. Ponderose Lemon - it is a large-fruited hybrid, its fruits weigh up to 500 grams.

1. Lighting

This plant is very fond of light, so the place where it will be constantly should be sufficiently lit. The place should be exactly permanent, because the lemon does not tolerate movement very well, it is not even desirable to turn it.

At the change of place, he responds by stunted growth, shedding leaves. The lighting should be bright, however, the young tree should be protected from the influence of direct sunlight.

In winter, lemon trees fall asleep and do not need good lighting. If the air temperature in the room is 18-24 degrees, it is desirable to create additional lighting within 10-12 hours.

You can use a mercury-tungsten lamp, it has a good spectrum and a special lamp is not required. You can turn on the lamp with a fluorescent lamp. It'll be enough.

Room lemon is very picky in terms of watering. Lack of moisture or excessive watering equally adversely affect its development.

Therefore, you should consider a number of factors before determining the duration and volume of irrigation:

  1. Soil moisture. The soil is not sufficiently hydrated, if the young leaves on the top of the plant begin to curl, when tapping the pot, a ringing sound is made, if you take a lump of earth, it crumbles from light compression.
  2. Humidity in the room and temperature. A well-moistened room is ideal for citrus fruits, as moisture around the crown is more important than the abundantly wetted soil. Therefore, the foliage of the plant should be regularly sprayed with boiled water. If the tree began to bear fruit, then it is sprayed less often.
  3. Season. In summer, the tree is watered every day, and in winter, the frequency of watering is reduced (twice, and when the temperature drops, once a week). In spring and summer, lemon is watered in the evening, and in winter - sutra.
  4. Age of the plant.
  5. The amount of dishes in which they are located.

It is worth noting an important point - It is unacceptable to water a lemon tap water, just dialed from the tap. It contains chlorine, which settles on the root system and has a detrimental effect on the growth and development of the plant.

Therefore, it is better to let the water settle, and even better to pass through the filter. Water should not be cold, it is better to warm it in winter. This is due to the fact that lemon responds poorly to temperature differences.

If possible, you can use water from a well or river, rain or melt water is well suited. Water is poured in little by little until it reaches the pallet.

In order for a lemon tree to please its healthy appearance, it is necessary to choose the right soil for it. The mixture purchased in the store will not work.

It is better to cook yourself. To do this, combine two parts of light loam, two parts of hardwood, one part of manure and one part of coarse sand. You can add charcoal slices.

Drainage should be two centimeters high. You can make it out of broken bricks. And on top of the soil sprinkled with a layer of river sand.

4. Feeding

A potted soil mixture can provide lemon with the necessary nutrition for three to four months. Then he needs additional feeding. The leaves become pale and dull, the edges bend. Ovaries can crumble. Therefore, fertilization is mandatory.

When feeding plants you need to be extremely careful not to overdo it and do not burn the root system.

Properly fertilize lemons with diluted fertilizers, respecting the correct proportions:

  1. Phosphorus-potassium salts. Promote abundant flowering and fruit set. Potassium contributes to the accumulation of carbohydrates, accelerates the divergence of sugars in the plant system, increases drought resistance and plant immunity. With a lack of potassium, growth and tree formation is delayed, leaves fall. The presence of chlorine in the composition of potash fertilizers is unacceptable, they must be replaced by sulfates. Wood ash is ideal. It is diluted in proportion to 1 teaspoon to 1 liter of water. Young plants especially need phosphorus. It has a positive effect on the growth and maturation of the shoots. For lemon trees suitable water extract superphosphate.
  2. Ammonium nitrate. In moderation (2-5 grams per 1 liter of water) enhances plant growth.
  3. Organic fertilizer (bird droppings, horse manure, mullein). Diluted 1: 1 with water and infused for 3 days. Before introducing into the soil, these infusions are diluted with water.

The basic rule of feeding is that fertilizer cannot be applied to dry soil, as it is possible to burn the root system. Pre it needs to be moistened.

Also, do not make both mineral and organic supplements at the same time, it is better to bring them alternately or reduce the dose of each one by half. In winter, plants are fertilized once a month, and in spring and summer - twice a month.

Positively on the growth of lemon affects the introduction of trace elements (boron, manganese, iron, magnesium, zinc). They are sold in the form of tablets and dissolved in 10 liters of water.

5. Transplant

Big lemons need a transplant after 3-4 years. Young lemon should not be planted in a very large pot. This is explained by the fact that the root is still small and cannot take up the entire volume of soil in the pot, which starts to sour from excess unused moisture.

The tree will not bloom and, accordingly, the fruit can not wait. When transplanting, you must adhere to this rule - each new pot should be no more than five centimeters in diameter.

The pot itself should be made from natural materials, such as clay or wood. Natural materials will favorably influence the composition of the soil, and in the future you will receive environmentally friendly fruits.

6. Flowering

Lemon can bloom at different times of the year, but the main flowering occurs in spring. The flowers are white, sometimes pink, small, grow one by one or are collected in a brush.

To bloom, the tree spends a large amount of nutrients. Therefore, flowering is permissible only for a three- to four-year-old tree, provided that it is healthy. Flowers that sit very close to each other, it is better to thin out, tearing off the one that has a worse developed ovary.

It is preferable to leave the fruit located on shorter branches, closer to the trunk. This results from the fact that on long branches fruits develop slowly. If you leave a large number of ovaries on a young tree, then it is likely that it will hurt for a long time through a lack of food, and it may even dry out.

Attention should be paid to the number of leaves. According to the rules of caring for a lemon indoors, the ripening of one fruit is ensured by the presence of about fifteen ripe leaves. Otherwise, the tree is very depleted and will not please you with a high-quality and rich harvest.

Features care in the winter

Winter is the resting time for lemon trees. At a temperature of about five degrees it is necessary to water it very rarely, only in order to prevent the soil from drying out.

If the plant is placed on the windowsill, then it must be protected from the streams of hot dry air coming from the radiators and from drafts.

Humidity in the room in winter is very low - it can have a detrimental effect on the plant. Therefore, maintaining humidity at a normal level has a positive effect on the well-being of citrus trees, and its owners.

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Lyudmila “Yesterday I planted a sapling of lemon, and he dropped all the leaves. What to do?"

Answer: you can try these measures:

  1. Sprinkle with rain or melt water.
  2. Remove the plant from direct sunlight.
  3. After two weeks, the tree should come to life and release new leaves.

Valentine "Do I need to pollinate a lemon tree?"

Answer: “Lemon is a self-pollinating plant. In order for the fruit to start more densely, additional measures can be taken. We need to take a brush or fleece and gently move the pollen from the stamens to the stigma of the pistil. "

Olga: “At what temperature should a lemon bloom?”

Answer: "the most favorable temperature in the range of 14-16 degrees."

Lemon description

After the unprecedented popularity of the overseas guest in the merchant's hometown, lemon tree was grown in Moscow and other cities. Externally, it is a bush, which is from 0.8 to 1.4 m in height. Its crown has a rounded shape, the size in diameter is not more than 1.2 m. There are also up to 4 skeletal branches. If the young shoots are initially painted in a characteristic dark green color, then over time they become a pleasant olive-gray shade.

Longitudinal cracks can still be seen on the surface. The branches are necessarily covered with spines. There are also green or dark green leaves, the length of which does not exceed 14 cm. Depending on the type of culture, the foliage is able to have an oval, broadly oval, oblong or other shape. Pavlovsky lemon can from time to time get rid of obsolete leaves.

Lemon belongs to the self-pollinating varieties. It always blooms either in early spring or in autumn. But if you make a full care, perhaps year-round flowering. The diameter of the flowers is up to 3.5 cm.

They are bisexual, they can grow alone or be gathered into inflorescences. During the fruiting period, the lemon Pavlovsky enters 3, or even 4 years after its rooting. Flowering may occur before, but it is recommended to remove the flowers. The variety is characterized by an average degree of yield. Up to 8 fruits per year can be harvested from each adult culture. Maturation dates vary from 35 days to 3 months.

How to create a comfortable environment

Pavlovsky variety lemon is traditionally propagated by seeds, cuttings or aerial layering. Since, under natural conditions, the culture is found in the subtropics with a warm southern climate, it is necessary to create conditions for the house with enough heat, light, moisture and nutrition. It is best to place this plant on a window sill that faces south. Only in summer, when there is a strong heat, it is necessary to darken it, since the scorching rays of the sun can cause irreparable harm to the tree. In winter, as a backlight, it is common to use special fluorescent lamps.

The room temperature should be maintained at 19–23 degrees Celsius. Dangerous for the plant drafts. In winter, watering is carried out with extremely warm water. Humidity should not be below 73%. Regular spraying to avoid the evaporation of moisture from the surface of the foliage and prevent leaf fall. In winter, it is important to conduct airing and place a pot of water near the pot. Peduncle is advised to periodically moisten with warm water.

Tree care rules

To Pavlovsky lemon grew well and developed, pleased lush flowering and tasty fruits, you should familiarize yourself with the rules of caring for the plant. Quality care at home is important. As for the humidity of the earth, then when watering it is necessary to take into account that it is harmful both to water the tree insufficiently and to overfill it. The frequency of watering in the summer in the norm is up to 3 times a week, and in winter it will be enough 1 time. Watering should be abundant. It will not be superfluous to periodically check the earthen room for sufficient drying. For irrigation, use pre-settled water at room temperature.

An excellent option would be the water from a clean pond or river, as well as rainwater. In summer, lemon grows well at a temperature of 19–23 degrees Celsius; in winter, it is required to maintain it indoors at a level of 15–16. You can not place a pot with a tree where there is a draft, sudden temperature fluctuations, batteries or radiators. Humidity should be maintained at 60–70%. Adjust the indicators will help regular spraying. Some growers acquire and use a modern device - a humidifier.

For an exotic plant, it is advised to select a place with diffused light, because if it comes in direct sunlight, problems may arise.

Yes, and the room itself should be well lit. Six months after planting, you need to start feeding the culture. A water solution of horse manure is excellent as a fertilizer, in which the proportion of 1:15 components is observed. City dwellers can purchase a complex designed for citrus fruits, including lemons, in a specialized shop.

The formation of the crown allows you to set its future shape, accelerate the process of tree development. In the first 2-3 years you need to get rid of flowers, then leave no more than 4 pieces. Since indoor lemon gets used to a permanent place, it is best not to rearrange it and not to turn it over. During the period of intensive growth, it is customary to form a crown by pinching shoots. It is permissible to form a plant in the form of a bowl or a pyramid. Popular is the trellis form.

For lemon under 2 years old, a pot with a capacity of about 1 l is required. Later, it is transplanted into a new container, which is 2–3 cm longer. The frequency of transplantation is 2–3 years. Among pests, the plant can be plagued by aphids and spider mites. They are really destroyed by folk remedies in the form of mixtures and decoctions, as well as chemical preparations. Of the diseases common black fungus and gommoz, which will help to fight bordeaux liquid and copper sulfate solution.

Growing conditions

At the moment, Pavlovsky lemons are actively bred in nurseries in Moscow and other cities throughout Russia. They reproduce by semi-woody cutting, air layering or seeds. Since this is a southern subtropical plant, it is extremely demanding for heat, light, moisture and nutrition.

Lemon is difficult to carry direct sunlight, so keep them standing on the south window, shading it in the summer. In winter, it is necessary to provide the plant for the early ripening of fruits and active growth with additional illumination, using only fluorescent lamps.

Температура в помещении должна быть не ниже 19-23С, поскольку лимон растение теплолюбивое. Следует избегать сквозняков. In winter, the plant is watered with slightly warmed water, up to 30 ° C, since overcooling of the earth coma reduces the activity of the root system, as a result of which water and nutrient supply to the leaves is delayed.

Humidity in the room must be maintained at 65-73%. Regular spraying of the deciduous part of the plant avoids the evaporation of excess moisture from the leaves and saves them from premature fall. Under the crown, next to the pot, in winter, you should put a container with water and ventilate the room. For ripening large and tasty lemons, it is necessary to regularly moisten the stem with warm water.

Video "Lemon Pavlovsky - growing at home"

How to avoid common mistakes in care, create conditions for stable fruiting, provide the plant with essential minerals and protect it from diseases and pests, this video tells in detail.

general description

Pavlovsky lemon grows in the form of a tree and reaches 1.5-2 meters in height. However, you can form a crown at will, the plant will willingly allow you such experiments. Young lemons usually consist of 2-4 stems, the crown is rounded, with branches hanging down. Bark on perennial branches greenish-gray with longitudinal cracks. This is not a disease, but a normal state. Only young Pavlovsky lemon boasts green and smooth branches.

The trunk and branches of the tree are equipped with formidable prickles. Their length is from 1 to 2 cm. On young branches, they are green and then turn brown. But there are forms and without thorns, it does not affect the growth and fruiting. Lemon Pavlovsky at home is characterized by periodicity of growth processes. During the year, it can 3-4 times intensively begin to build up the green mass, and then a period of relative rest begins.

Annual growth rhythm

A novice gardener needs to take it into account in order not to harm his green pet. Particularly sensitive is the seedling Pavlovsky lemon. An adult plant can accept the fact that it is transplanted or cut at the peak of growth and fertilized during dormancy. His usual rhythm is characteristic of all tropical plants. It persists in room conditions.

The first period of active growth occurs at the beginning of spring and lasts until June. At this time, it is recommended to provide the lemon with maximum illumination, watering, and also to apply fertilizer to the soil. After a short rest, approximately from the end of July, a second wave of growth is observed. Approximately by the middle of September you will again notice that the shoots have again stretched upwards. In just one year, a lemon can add up to 70 cm. If you have an ugly, rasplystvo tree, you can easily cut it. Soon enough you will have a young, neat crown.

Watching the leaves

An experienced grower knows that it is their condition that is an indicator of plant health. Pavlovsky lemon variety has a large foliage, which can be a real decoration. The surface is glossy, cut by the grooves, which produce essential oils, the color is bright, saturated. Lemon leaves live for 2-3 years, and then die off. Moreover, the more of them on the plant, the better the tree grows and bears fruit. Flower growers have long calculated that there should be at least 10 leaves per fruit in the crown.

The tree reacts very quickly to changes in air humidity, lack of watering or fertilizer. In this case, the leaves begin to fly around. If this happened to your plant, then you need to help him grow new ones as quickly as possible.

As we have said, indoor lemon Pavlovsky willingly pleases the owners with not only elegant leaves, but also wonderful, fragrant flowers. It belongs to self-pollinated plants, so you can not worry that you do not have bees at home. The flowers are more often solitary, but sometimes they also release inflorescences from 2-4 buds. When a tree is covered with white blankets of corolla, it becomes amazingly beautiful. And what is the flavor. The duration of flowering of each of them is 7-10 days. Given that the buds bloom unevenly, the tree will delight you with an elegant look for at least a month.

When to wait for the appearance of flowers? Most often it is the period from March to April and from September to October. But flower buds are laid throughout the year. Your tree can release them all at one time. Then there is a massive flowering. But more often on one copy you can see flowers and young ovaries and ripe fruits. This is also a variant of the norm. Optimal for the formation of the fruit is considered the temperature of +19 degrees.

Fruiting

The description of the Pavlovsky lemon suggests that it is a compact plant, which means that you should not expect too many fruits. Indeed, the yield is relatively low. From an eight-year-old tree, you can remove 20-30 lemon leaves in a year. On the other hand, it can be perceived as a good result. The amount of vitamin C in the pulp is very large, about 57 mg per 100 g. Taste is not inferior to the best southern varieties. Therefore, some housewives grow 3-4 beautiful trees at home, which provides seven useful fruits for the whole year.

In addition to healing qualities, they also deliver aesthetic pleasure. The surface of the fruit is smooth and shiny, the thickness of the peel is 5 mm. Lemons are relatively small, about 10 cm in length, and the diameter of its central part is 7 cm. As they mature, they begin to glow like the sun with a bright yellow color. Fruits are usually seedless, but there are individual varieties of this variety, each fruit gives from 5 to 10 seeds. Their germination is about 90%, so you can safely plant them in the ground. However, it will take a long time to wait, it is much easier to grow a new plant from a cutting. In this case, after 2-4 years, you will try the first lemon. By the way, the period of their maturation in room conditions is 8-9 months.

Care instructions

We consider the general points to which attention should be paid. In fact, Pavlovsky lemon care requires minimal. Even in poorly lit rooms, at high or vice versa, low temperatures, he is ready to delight you with a radiant look and brilliant fruits. However, for the prevention of diseases and the maintenance of decoration, it is better to maintain comfortable conditions for it. Let's look at the basic parameters:

  • First of all, pay attention to the soil. The best fit mixture of turf and leaf land, manure humus and coarse, river sand. For the young seedlings need more fertilizer, and as they grow older, the percentage of sod land needs to be increased. Capacity for planting should be high and narrow.
  • Watering is the second important point. Too often it is not necessary to moisten the soil, it will lead to waterlogging of the soil. The periodicity is optimal, for which the top layer dries out by 5-7 cm. After that, you need to shed plenty of warm water. Lemon does not like dry air, therefore it is recommended to spray it often or put humidifiers next to it.
  • Lighting. Lemon will easily come to terms with the lack of sunlight, but grows best on the eastern windows. On the southern burns, because it does not tolerate direct sunlight, and in the north can turn pale or throw off the foliage.
  • Wintering. The rest period has a good effect on the subsequent growth and development of the tree, so try to find a cool place for it, with the +4 mode. +12 degrees.

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