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Features of planting and care at their summer cottage for the thuja pyramidal

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Thuja is an evergreen coniferous plant belonging to the cypress family.

It is a tree or shrub with scaly leaves and cracked bark. The krone is dense, dense, the branches grow in the same plane. Young specimens have acicular needles. The color range of plants varies from gently green to red. There are many two-colored variegated varieties.

The shape of the crown of thuja is divided into:

Thuja is kolonovidnaya - a compact plant, 1.5-2.5 m in height and 0.5 - 0.8 m in width.

"Yellow Ribbon" (Thuja occidentalis "Yellow Ribbon")

By 10 years grows up to 2 - 3 m, 0,8 - 1,2 m in width. Narrow conical loose form and bright yellow needles. He likes nourishing soil. Looks great in contrasting color compositions, ideal for trellis.

Holmstrup (Holmstrup)

At the age of 10 it grows up to 2 m, 0.5 - 0.8 m wide. Grows slowly, narrowly kolonovidnaya form. Shoots grow like a fan, dense needles of an intense dark green color scheme. Likes nutritious and moist land. Suitable for single landings and compositions, cemeteries. For hedgerows, the distance in the row is 0.6 - 0.7 m.

Thuja folded "Aurescens" (Thuja plicata "Aurescens")

Height up to 8m - 12m, 3 - 4m width. Evergreen columnar tree with dense branches. The needles are dark green with white stripes. Demanding on the composition of the soil. Suitable for large-scale gardens and parks, group and single plantings.

Breeding

Thuja is propagated in two ways: generative (sowing of seeds) or vegetative (grafting).

In the vegetative method of reproduction, the resulting young plant will fully preserve the characteristics of the parent. The generative method is used for all types of conifers. However, its disadvantage is that it does not guarantee the preservation of the varietal qualities of certain forms and varieties.

So, for example, sowing seeds of thuja are kolonovidnoy, kolonovidnuyu form of crown inherit not all seedlings, but only a small part of them.

Growing from seed

This method is quite laborious, but it allows you to get a lot of strong beautiful plants.

In September, it is necessary to collect the bumps that grew on the thuja and place them in a warm, dry place for a while. When they dry and unfold, the seeds need to be collected, put into a paper bag and put in a refrigerator until spring.

There they will undergo a stratification process. This will improve their germination, disease resistance. Before sowing, seeds are recommended to soak for 12 hours in warm water or wet sand

Another option is to sowing seeds in the fall.

On the bed chosen for sowing, the soil must be loosened, sand and leaf humus must be brought in there. This will make the earth easier and more breathable, thereby improving the development of the root system of future plants.

Sowing seeds to carry out according to the scheme 8 cm by 20 cm (aisle), to a depth of 1 cm.

Cover the winter garden bed with sacking and spruce branches, which will need to be removed in the middle - end of March.

Seeds sown in autumn will sprout as soon as the earth warms to 15 - 20 degrees.

Further care of the seedlings includes a one-time feeding with a stimulant for root growth, and periodic feeding (1 time per month) with fertilizer for growth, for example, Kemira or Agricol.

Seedlings need constant moistening and easy loosening. It will not be superfluous to plant young plants with sawdust.

The growth of the first year will be about 8 cm. The tui can be transplanted to a permanent place for 3-4 years.

How much are saplings

The range of conifers is quite wide and varied.

The price of western thuja seedlings depends on the specific type and variety, as well as the size of the seedling.

Thuja western Smaragd - from 200 rubles for small plants 15–20 cm high to 6000 rubles for plants more than 2 meters high.

Thuja western Braband - from 180 rubles for a sapling 15 - 20 cm to 3300 rubles for 2 m sapling.

Thuja western columna - meter sapling costs within 750 rubles, two-meter - 3300 rubles. A sapling of 15-20 cm costs about 180 rubles.

Thuja western Holmstrup - A sapling of 0.2 - 0.4 m in height will cost about 420 rubles, and 2500 rubles for a copy of 160 - 180 cm.

Thuja western Aurea Piramidal - from 320 rubles for a sapling of 0.15 - 0.20 m and more than 4000 rubles for a sapling with a height of 2 m and more.

How to apply in landscape design and how many seedlings will be required

For landscaping the chosen site, thuis play the role of:

  • hedges
  • single trees,
  • group landings.

For the formation of a hedge take such species as Smaragd, Braband, Yellow Ribbon, Columna etc. Saplings are planted at a distance of 0.5 - 0.8 m. The needles of these species do not grow brown in the winter season and do not change the decorative appearance all year round.Thuy Excelsa, Aureszens suitable for group and single plantings, large-scale gardens and large parks, as it is tall plants. By the age of 10, they grow to 8–12 m, 3–4 m wide. The group is planted at a distance of 5 - 8 m.

For alpine slides and small flower beds, low growth dwarf varieties are suitable: Aurea Pyramidalis (Thuja occidentalis Aurea Piramidalis), Smaragd, Holmstrup. By 10 years of age, these species reach no more than 2 - 3 m and have a crown width of 0.5 - 0.8 m.

When landscaping the dacha plot, yard, city beds, it is good to use several types of thuja at the same time, creating different compositions (photo). When planting should take into account the size of each plant in an adult form, reserving their space for growth.

It is good to combine the ephedra with differently shaped crowns and colors of needles (photo), selecting green and variegated, as well as two-colored varieties.

Before starting work, it is good to chart the future flower beds so that it is easier to visualize and plan the placement of plants and calculate their number and the distance between them. An example would be a photo of the scheme below:

Due to its decorative, unpretentiousness and diversity, thuja pyramid became the undoubted favorite in landscape design. It looks great both solo and in hedgerows, and in plantings along with other conifers, as well as with annual and perennial deciduous plants. Thuja pyramid is beautiful at all stages of its life, does not lose its decorativeness and in old age.

Features of the structure and vegetation of the western pyramidal thuja

The ancestors of the thuja of the western pyramidal form are natives of North America, in nature for several tens or hundreds of years expanding to 15–30 meters in height. A cone-shaped thuja may have one or more trunks tightly pressed to each other.

Tui has pyramidal small scaly needles. Depending on the variety, it either turns brown in winter, or until spring retains its original color.

Since thuja are evergreens, the modified foliage, even after becoming brown or reddish-copper, does not crumble. Her life lasts up to three years, after which the needles die off, and the sprout becomes bare.

All tui slowly grow, differ unpretentious temper and tolerate transplant well. Thanks to the available winter-hardy varieties, pyramidal thujas are increasingly settling in the dacha plots not only of the middle belt, but also in the north-west of the country, in the Urals and in Siberia.

Propagation of varietal plants is carried out by vegetative means, using cuttings or grafting. Seed method is also possible, but young seedlings do not always retain the features of the parent specimens.

Planting of the pyramidal thuja in the ground is carried out when the seedlings reach the age of 2–4 years, while young plants take root well and can maintain decorative effect for up to a hundred years.

Conditions for planting and caring for thuja pyramid

The ephedra prefer the sun or penumbra, where the plant receives enough light and forms a uniformly dense, beautiful crown. If thuja falls into deep shadow:

  • branches gradually become sparse,
  • the needles lose their saturated color, may turn yellow, and in golden varieties, become greenish,
  • the pyramidal shape of the crown is broken.

Pyramidal thujas, in the photo, do not need a special composition of the soil or care. The spread of Tui in landscape design was due to their resistance to the negative effects of the external environment, including:

  • wind,
  • direct sunlight
  • frost
  • polluted by working transport and industrial enterprises, the air of cities and their immediate surroundings.

However, this does not mean that caring for a pyramid thuja is unnecessary. For planting of thuja of all varieties, spacious, by the size of the root system and earthen coma, are prepared, which are equipped with drainage and filled with loose mixture based on garden soil, peat and sand.

In order to avoid the thuja not lacking nutrients, the soil is fertilized with complex specialized compounds for conifers.

In the future, the feeding of shrubs is carried out in the spring and less often in the autumn, combining with not frequent, but abundant watering.

The ephedra tolerate a lack of organic matter in the soil and drought, but grow better when the land beneath them is wetted. In dry, hot weather, plants, especially young ones, respond well to fine sprinkling. To prevent the drying of the root system helps abundant mulching pristvolnyh circles. At the beginning of the growing season, the thuja is subjected to sanitary pruning and, if necessary, adjust the pyramidal crown shape.

A slight shedding of needles is most often associated with natural renewal processes, so the summer resident should not be bothered.

If the pyramid thuja, in the photo, has suffered from sunburn or froze into a snowless winter, it is not necessary to wait for it to turn green itself. A neat haircut, backed by fertilization and irrigation, helps to restore the decorative effect and restore damage over the summer.

Before the beginning of winter, the conical crown of the plant is tightly tied, small tui, as well as varieties with low frost resistance, are covered. This measure allows the cone to keep the shape and most of the branches with strong winds, frost and heavy snow that can break the skeletal branches.

To diversify the design of the site allow numerous decorative varieties of pyramidal thuja and their variegated varieties. Such plants, as a rule, are more demanding than wild-growing ancestors, but with minimal care and the right choice of site for planting they decorate the cottage for many years, serve as a hedge or backdrop for low-growing deciduous shrubs, flowering perennials and herbs.

Thuja western Smaragd (T. occidentalis Smaragd)

The most famous pyramidal thuja with invariably green needles is the thuja Smaragd western. A plant with a squat cone-shaped crown reaches a height of 2 meters by the age of 10 years. The maximum possible size is twice as large. culture owes its name to the emerald shade of needles, which does not change either in summer or in winter.

The decorative form of a thuja western is considered one of the best grades with conic krone. The plant has a relative winter hardiness, but in the northern regions it can freeze, suffers from the spring sun and needs protection.

Thuja western Brabant (T. occidentalis Brabant)

More tall thuja Braband is well known to Russian gardeners due to its frost resistance and universal use. Most often tall, up to 3-4 meters shrubs are used to create green hedges, in group plantings. In order for the thuja to retain its pyramidal shape, it needs the obligatory pruning. The variety is shade-tolerant, but does not tolerate periodic spring thaws and frosts, causing damage to the needles and wood.

Like the Thuja Smaragd, this variety has a golden variegate shape. Such a pyramid thuja in planting and care does not differ from its green relatives. However, to maintain an elegant yellow color of the crown is easier on a sunny plot.

Thuja western Columna

Very similar in characteristics with the thuja Brabant.
The height of the tree is about 6 meters and up to 2 meters wide.
It grows fast enough.
The needles are dark green in autumn fall brown.
The crown is narrowly columnar, medium dense texture.
It is photophilous, but can tolerate light partial shade.
The application is quite diverse: in a group, a single landing, alleys, hedges - everywhere it will be good!

Thuja western Kholmstrup

Slow-growing columnar variety of thuja. At the age of 10 years reaches a height of about 2 meters and a width of up to 1 meter.
The color of the needles is dark green; in autumn it turns brown.
Conical crown, medium dense.
Light-requiring
Due to its slow growth, it can be used in rockeries, rock gardens, flower beds and compositions.

Thuja western Sankist

Slow-growing variety. At the age of 10 years, reaching 2-3 meters in height and about 1.5 meters in width.
The needles are golden yellow in the summer, in the fall they take on a bronze tint and retain it all winter, and in the spring are bright yellow.
Crohn conical, dense texture.
It is photophilous, in a shadow it can lose yellow coloring.
Used as a tapeworm (single landing), in rockeries, in groups.

Thuja West Elow Ribn

Average growth rate Height is about 3 meters and width is up to 1 meter.
The needles are yellow-green, the new growth is bright golden yellow. In autumn it gets the color of bronze.
The crown of the tree is narrowly columnar, the texture is dense.
Light-requiring
Used for color compositions, in groups, in rockeries.

All the listed varieties of the western columnar thuja can be safely used in their gardens. They are unpretentious, incredibly plastic and versatile in use. They are not afraid of cold and they are ready to please you with its stable decoration. Verified by personal experience.
In the next article, I tell you what kinds of globular tui I use myself and recommend to you.

Fasciata

Fast-growing (30 cm per year) kolonovidnaya thuja Fasigiata in central Russia, it grows up to 6 m in height and has a narrow dense crown. Thuja branches tightly pressed to the trunk, needles soft to the touch, with a strong characteristic odor, dark green color. The color of the plant does not change with the seasons.

Fastigiata grows best in sunny places with loamy moist and fertile soils. The variety is frost resistant, you should protect the crown of the young tree from the sun's rays in late winter - in early spring to avoid burns.

Tolerates shaping haircut. In order for the plant to take root easier and faster, it is recommended to mulch the soil around the trunk. So, moisture will be preserved and the soil structure is not compacted.

Western Thuja Fasciata is perfect for creating live obstacles, creating a high, dense, green wall that is not transparent to outsiders, while taking up little space. The plant is used in single and group plantings, in panoramic compositions. This variety of thuja belongs to long-livers, with a lifespan of up to 200 years.

A columnar tree grows up to 5–6 m in height and 1.2–1.3 m in width. Scaly needles, has a dark green saturated color, which remains unchanged throughout the year. Plant with a dense crown, which is formed by short, extending in the horizontal direction of the shoots.

The plant is fast-growing, adds up to 20 cm per year. This type of thuja is winter-hardy, it is undemanding to the composition of the soil, but it develops better on medium fertile soil of moderate moisture content. The attitude towards the drought is critical, the ideal location is places with penumbra. If necessary, you can spend forming trimming. Sunburn can spoil the needles, so it is better to cover the plant for the period winter - early spring.

The columnar thuja Columna is used to create a free-growing hedge with an interval of 0.6–07 m between plants. To give the columna the desired shape, a topiard haircut is suitable. Used for arranging alleys and in compositions with other plants.

Thuja western Sankist - a very interesting and beautiful cypress variety. The shrub has a pyramidal shape and grows up to 4–5 m in height with a crown diameter of 1.5–2 m, has a somewhat disheveled appearance. Slow growth - about 10 cm per year. Golden color gives the plant a special charm. Thuja's needles Sankist large, golden-yellow, glitters in the sun.

The most favorable place for growing is the sunny side or partial shade. In the shade, the color of the needles turns green, and the crown loses its density.

The variety is unpretentious to the conditions, but prefers a fertile and moist soil. Thuja Sunkist is not afraid of cold and wind. To sunburn did not damage the needles, it is recommended to cover the crown for the winter and leave in this position until the ground thaws.

This variety is ideal as a golden-yellow hedge that looks great against darker plants. Sankist is great at decorating alleys and as decorative elements in various landscape compositions. Beneficially looks and standing alone plant. Using topiary haircut, it can be given the appearance of various geometric shapes.

Golden Globe

Thuja western spherical Golden Glob grows up to 1–1.2 m in diameter, adding 10 cm in a year. It has a vertical arrangement of flat and thick shoots forming a crown. Растение имеет интересную окраску: кончики хвои, которым достаётся больше солнца, золотистого цвета, а внутри листья — зелёные. В зимнее время куст принимает оттенок меди, а весной возвращается к первоначальному, золотистому цвету.The root system of the plant is located close to the surface of the earth, and is intolerant to dense and too moist soil.

Golden Glob prefers bright sunny areas, but does not shy away from the shadows, while taking on a rich green color. The plant is frost-resistant, but it should be protected from bright sunlight with the arrival of spring. To cut thuyu is not required, but in the spring it will be useful to do sanitary pruning.

With use of a thuja Golden Glob low low hedges or borders look beautiful. Spherical plants perfectly complement various decorative compositions.

Another spherical shrubOnly in size much larger - up to 1.5 m wide and the same in height. It grows very slowly - 5 cm per year, but life expectancy reaches 200 years. It has soft, large, scaly needles, the color of which changes from light green (spring) to dark green (summer) and brownish (winter).

It grows better on moist, but without stagnant water, fertile loam.

A plant with a dense crown, which is recommended to be cut every two years for rejuvenation. Globoza is a frost-resistant and shade-tolerant variety of thuja. In winter, it is recommended to protect young plants from the damaging effects of heavy snow cover, for which the crown is tied or a framework is built above it.

Plants are used as a single growing, and as a part of groups. They are used for the equipment of hedges and borders, look impressive in rock gardens, container growing is gaining popularity - to decorate balconies and terraces.

Thuja Holmstrup refers to the columnar varieties. An adult tree can be 2–3 m high and 1–1,2 m wide. The plant is slender with a dense columnar shape even in the absence of pruning. The crown with a thick scaly form has a dark green color and does not change at all times of the year.

Thuja is tolerant to different types of soil, but the most favorable for it is a fertile, moist, loamy soil. It grows better in the sun and half-shade areas, and tolerates the shadow, but it becomes less lush and beautiful. Holmstrup - frost-resistant plant.

It became widespread as living fences, as a part of garden and park ensembles, low alleys and single landings. It tolerates the urban environment.

Teddy - dwarf ornamental plant with a spherical crown, which are thin, densely located shoots. At a young age, needle needles are soft and not prickly, and over time it becomes more rigid. The height of an adult plant is only 40 x 30 cm in height and length, respectively. The needles are dark green (autumn bronze).

The plant is demanding to fertile soil, does not like drought, this also applies to the soil and air humidity. Thuja Teddy is light-requiring, prefers sunny places or partial shade, but needs shelter from the sun in early spring when there is a risk of sunburn. Despite its small size, the plant is frost resistant.

The scope of application are small areas, rock gardens and alpine slides, grown in pots to decorate balconies.

Conclusion

Homeland western thuja is North America. The family has many varieties, among which there are high, medium, small and dwarf plants. The shape of the crown can be pyramidal, columnar, spherical. The color palette of plants is quite diverse, some varieties of western thuja change color with the seasons, others remain unchanged.

When choosing a plant, one should take into account not only its size, shape and color, but also other features inherent in each variety, for example:

  • frost resistance
  • growth rate (fast-growing thuja or slow-growing),
  • light or shade-loving,
  • soil composition requirements, etc.

If you take into account all these factors when choosing a western thuja, planting and caring for it, then these beautiful plants will occupy a worthy place in any park or garden ensemble.

Thuja western Pyramidalis Compact (T. occidentalis Pyramidalis Compacta)

Since 1904, lovers of conifers can plant on their plots varieties of Tui Pyramidalis Compact with a narrow conical crown, consisting of a set of highly branched shoots. The branches are tightly pressed together and covered with small green needles. The shape of the needles remind weakly shiny smooth scales. The maximum height of the plant reaches 8-10 meters.

This form of thuja is incredibly common, and due to its frost resistance, undemanding nature and compact crown, it earned the respect of more than one generation of gardeners.

Adding an article to a new collection

Our detailed descriptions with photos will help you to choose the best grade, which fits perfectly into the design of the flower garden. All these conifers tolerate frost well and do not require painstaking care.

Thuja western differs in variety of grades: there can be both stately trees (up to 15 m high) and dwarf ones, whose height in adulthood does not exceed 30 cm. In addition, thuya needles differ in structure, shape and color. Some instances are not at all alike. Thanks to this diversity, everyone can choose to love her.

For you, we have compiled a rating of tui, which are more often used in landscape design due to its attractiveness and unpretentiousness.

20th place - Miki, or Mikey (Miky)

This evergreen dwarf plant with a small cone-shaped crown and bright green shiny needles. This thuja is like a small pyramid. It looks great in both single and group plantings (for example, in the borders).

Thuja western Miki prefers moist and fertile soils, can withstand short-term drought and stagnant water. The most suitable place for growth is the sunny area, but the tree can grow well in partial shade.

Young plants (up to 3 years) require more laborious care. In early spring, they should be pritenyat from the bright sun, regularly watered and sprayed in the heat, and also mulch the tree trunk. Crohn does not need to be formed.

Thuja pyramid - photo of a variety of compact, western pyramidal, planting and care, video

The value of the thuja is not only in its unpretentiousness and needles remaining throughout the year, but also in the plant's ability to maintain a certain shape. Thuja pyramid can be considered a living symbol of the species. Such specimens are most often found in parks and squares, as part of hedges, in groups and as tapeworms in suburban areas.

Despite the general similarity of plants with a cone-shaped crown, they belong to different varieties and even species. In the middle lane, due to frost resistance, preference is given to the western thuja;

Pyramidal, kolonovidnye and spherical varieties of western thuja, features and use in landscape design

Among the variety of varieties of western thuja you can see aesthetic spherical beauties grown in flowerpots. These are dwarf cypress trees, characterized by rapid growth - giant pyramidal or columnar plants.

Thuja western has many varieties that differ from each other in various ways. Highlight some of them.

  • tall, from 5m and above,
  • srednerosly, 3-5 m,
  • stunted, 1-3 m
  • dwarf, less than 1 m.

The shape of the crown can be divided into the following types of plants:

  • pyramidal (conical),
  • columnar,
  • spherical.

There are Tui with original color design of needles: from blue to golden. Forming pruning can give these plants a variety of original forms. Nature has provided enough options for landscaping parks and personal plots.

Consider the most popular members of the western family of thuis.

Fast-growing conical variety. Usually it grows up to 4–5 m in height and 1.5–2 m in width, but individual adult trees - up to 20 m, and crown diameter - 4–5 m. Each past year can add 30 cm vertically and 15 cm along horizontally. The color of the needles is bright green, in winter only a little brownish tint appears.

Brabant - frost-resistant variety, easily withstands the winter cold, not pretentious to the conditions of growth. It takes root more easily on moist, light, nutrient-rich soils, but with proper care it can be grown on arid soils. The plant is light-loving, but it is better to provide it with a balance of sunlight and shade in a place protected from strong winds. Perfect for haircuts.

From a single tree, you can create a true masterpiece of decorative and gardening art: a ball, a cone, a pyramid, etc. A group of plants can form a dense hedge, both free-growing and trimmed.

Thuja pyramidal shape. The plant resembles Brabant in size and shape, but grows much slower, up to 10 cm per year. The needles have a rich dark green color and do not change their color during the year. Smaragd prefers highly fertile soil and regular watering, but drought adversely affects the plant.

This variety is better to have in the light or on the site with partial shading. Smaragd is a frost-resistant variety of thuja, but it is better to grow it in a place protected from the winds. Tui haircut is easy and, given the slow growth, lasts a long time.

Although the hedge from Smaragda is not solid (the tops of the crown do not close), with a landing interval of 0.5–0.7 m, you can get a beautiful “southern landscape”.

It is widely used both as a single growing plant, and in group plantings. Compositions with various representatives of the family and other plants look spectacular and original.

Western thuja varieties - photos, description of the plant

Trees as slender as cypresses, or neat balls that can be used to study geometry, and all this grows without the intervention of a gardener's shears, is such a miracle possible on the central Russian plain?

It is possible if you plant a garden western thuya by choosing a variety, the external characteristics of which correspond to your wishes. This surprisingly unpretentious plant will not take a lot of trouble, and will please not only you, but also children, grandchildren and even great-grandchildren, because the thuja has been living for over a hundred years.

What does western thuja look like in natural conditions? This is a tall, up to 20 m or more, beautiful tree with a crown in the shape of a narrow pyramid, a column or a shrub. At home, in the eastern regions of North America, western thuja is found in coniferous and mixed forests along low river banks, through swamps, where groundwater is located close to each other.

Thuja lives very long, grows slowly, especially in the first half of life. Over time, the crown gradually becomes more rounded, the trunk is exposed from the bottom. It is strong and flexible, can reach a diameter of 1 m, is covered with red-brown bark, which in old trees is exfoliated by thin long flaps.

The Indians called thuy iron tree, made from it a canoe. Although the wood of thuja is soft, it is easy to process, it is rather strong, it has little rot. It is used on sleepers, poles, furniture, in the construction of yachts.

Garden thuja is much sleeker. The height of the bush can be less than 1 m, and the trees do not exceed 11 m, and the growth rate of different varieties is very different. Branches in a natural species extend perpendicularly from the trunk, in varietal thujs, they can be angled or directed vertically upwards, sometimes the shoots are strongly branched. Thanks to the breeders everyone can find the right size and shape for her garden.

Thuja leaflets are scaly shiny needles, they fit tightly on each other, like tiles or scales. In young plants, needle needles, similar to the needles of spruce, but softer and shorter. Over time, it is replaced by the usual scaly. Some copt species have a mixed type of needles: on an adult plant there is both needle and scaly at the same time.

Needles live for 3 years, then fall off with small sprigs. It is fragrant, well tolerates air pollution with smoke and gases, cleans it from harmful impurities. The color of the needles in wild tui is dark green, slightly lighter below. In varietal, you can see all shades of green and gold, there are varieties with two-tone color. For example, Albospikat and Elegantissima flaunt green needles with white tips, Aureospikat golden tips.

In autumn and winter, the needles acquire a brownish or bronze tint, and in spring they turn green again. Cones are formed at the ends of the shoots, they are light brown, inconspicuous, about 1 cm in size. The winged seeds ripen in autumn in the year of flowering and immediately pour out.

Medicinal properties of Tui

In official medicine, thuja has not yet found a use, its composition has not been studied enough, but it is known that in the essential oil of the leaves in small quantities contains the substance thujone, which is considered toxic to humans. If official medicine ignored it, then folk medicine is widely used.

Essential oils of thuja with a characteristic strong camphor odor have phytoncidal properties. Therefore, after sitting on a bench under the thuja, you get a session of breathing for free.

Since ancient times, the Indians drank a decoction of its needles, rich in vitamin C, as an anti-scintillant. And of the Europeans, the healing properties of tui were appreciated by S. Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy. Infusions of young shoots were used for hemoptysis, intestinal bleeding, bronchial asthma, as a diuretic, of which also prepared rubbing for rheumatism.

Today, in alternative medicine, preparations of thuja are considered to be an effective means in the treatment of colds, neuralgia, skin diseases, for the removal of warts. It is recognized that they stimulate the immune and central nervous system, heart activity.

Thuja western: description and photo of varieties

The range of decorative forms and varieties of western thuja (thuja occidentalis) is striking in diversity, most of which were obtained in European nurseries. Among them are veterans, whose age is approaching 150 years or has already passed for this date, but they are still in demand. Active breeding work is carried out around the world and today, there are already over 120 garden forms. To somehow navigate in this diversity, Thuy is divided into groups according to the structure of the crown.

Thuya varieties of western original form

Today, thuja with an original form of shoots, such as Cristata (Cristata), which means "comb", are very much appreciated. This is a beautiful slender tree about 3 m high with a narrow uneven crown, the branches are bent and directed upwards, the needles are grayish-green.

No less interesting is Spiralis (Spiralis), elegant, with a narrowly conic or columnar crown and a long sharp top, grows up to 5 m. The crown surface is highly wavy, because the lateral branches are twisted by a spiral, the needles are bluish-green. In terms of growth rate, it is ahead of all garden forms. The thuja cascade Filiformis (Filiformis, "threadlike") looks unusual. It has a thick, rounded crown and long hanging shoots.

Ohlendorffii (Olendorfi) attracts the eye with an openwork crown, formed by long shoots with needle-like needles. Tui Pendula has an asymmetrical weeping crown.

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Thuja folded "Excelsa" (Thuja plicata "Excelsa")

Height 9 - 12m, 3 - 4m wide. The tree grows in the form of pillars with arcuate, upward directed branches. The needles are dark green, thick, shiny. Loves nutritious soil. Suitable for spacious gardens and parks, soliterny and group plantings and for a vertical accent in powerful landscape compositions.

Thuis older than 3 years should preferably be planted with a preserved lump, the size of which should be about half the diameter of the crown. The size of the pit for planting is usually from 60 to 100 cm for plants up to 3 m in size.

Important: when planting in the ground root neck should be at ground level.

Therefore, initially it is necessary to land in such a way that the root neck is about 5 to 10 cm above ground level, since after watering the soil is compacted and settles.

For planting take soil mixture from turf or deciduous land, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.

It is imperative to use complex mineral supplements (nitroammofosk, etc.) - about 150 - 200 g. One landing pit. Pre-mixing them with the ground.

After planting, abundant watering is required - at least 2 -3 buckets of water per pit for an adult seedling.

Tip: to improve the development of the root system and growth, it is advisable to use drugs like "Kornevin"

In the first month after disembarking to a permanent place, the thuja is watered 1 to 2 times a week for approximately 1 to 3 buckets not a plant. If the landing was carried out in the spring, then for survival it is favorable for sprinkling of the crown.

Attention: to prevent moisture loss, close the stem circle.

For this purpose, bark of conifers, wet peat, leaf humus, garden compost, and needles are used. In addition, mulch, decomposing, serves as a food for the roots, and also protects against freezing in winter.

Thuja has a shallow root system, therefore, you need to monitor the soil moisture. In case of insufficient watering or drying, its crown may partially crumble and thin. During the growth period, the plant is watered twice a week for 1.5 - 2 buckets of water per sapling.

In the process of leaving it is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of about 10 cm.

Для благополучной зимовки тую целесообразно укутать агроволокном. Это предохранит ее от подмерзания, солнечных ожогов, и от растрепывания кроны снегом.

Если растение посажено в хорошо подготовленную почву, то достаточно будет 1 – 2 подкормок в год. Весной вносятся азотсодержащие минеральные удобрения (аммиачную и кальциевую селитру, мочевину). В конце лета – кальций и подкормки, содержащие фосфор (суперфосфат, нитроаммофоска)

Comprehensive feedings for long-lasting conifers, such as Kemira and Osmokot, work well.

It is important to know: if the dressings are made during planting, the following dressing should be carried out after 2 years.

Thuja is propagated in two ways: generative (sowing of seeds) or vegetative (grafting).

In the vegetative method of reproduction, the resulting young plant will fully preserve the characteristics of the parent. The generative method is used for all types of conifers. However, its disadvantage is that it does not guarantee the preservation of the varietal qualities of certain forms and varieties.

So, for example, sowing seeds of thuja are kolonovidnoy, kolonovidnuyu form of crown inherit not all seedlings, but only a small part of them.

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