Oak has long been considered a symbol of stability, power and longevity. Some people are proud of the perennial huge oaks that were planted by their fathers and grandfathers. Maybe you want to plant a powerful tree that will grow for more than one century. Perhaps, after many, many years, your children and grandchildren will also proudly say - this oak tree was planted by my father (grandfather).
To grow an oak from an acorn is a long process that takes more than one year. However, the cultivation of oak trains patience, endurance, teaches timeliness and regularity. Anyone can grow an oak tree, but for this you need to know a few subtleties. Involve children in the process - this will not only interest them, but also teach them to be more careful and reverent about nature. So, how to grow an oak from an acorn at home.
Acorns gather in early autumn, when their cap will be easily separated from the fetus itself. By the way, the cap of acorns during harvesting can be removed, they do not carry any value, it is just a mount to the branches and protection of the fetus.
When you bring acorns home, you need to sort them out. Wormy, moldy, empty, rotten and other damaged fruits need to be thrown out - nothing will sprout from them. The remaining acorns must be soaked in a container with water. When soaking unsuitable for growing acorns will emerge, it means that they are empty inside. They also need to be removed. The remaining fruits on the bottom must be blotted with a towel and left to dry. To do this, lay them out on paper or cloth, and then place them in a ventilated place. Dry acorns in open sunlight is not recommended.
When cultivating acorns are ready and dried, they need to be stratified. Stratification is an artificial imitation of conditions close to natural. That is, you need to provide humidity and temperature appropriate for this time of year. Since the collection of acorns falls on the beginning of autumn, it is necessary to stratify autumn conditions.
Stratification can be done in two ways. Divide the acorns into two parts. Most of it should be placed in plastic wrap and add sawdust, moss or vermiculite to the bag. These substances trap moisture. Close the bag and place it in a cold place. It could be a basement or just a fridge. Leave the acorns on the bottom shelf, the temperature there is usually around 8 degrees. Periodically you need to open the package so that the seeds have access to oxygen. Watch for humidity and pour water into the bag from time to time. But do not pour - if the moisture is more than it should - acorns rot.
The rest of the acorns need to sit down in small cups. Fill containers with peat and place 2-3 acorns in each cup. Place the planted acorns next to the package. All fruits must grow in the same conditions, simulating the natural humidity and temperature.
Within a month or two, the seeds will begin to take root. Part of the acorns will not grow or rot, but more than half of the planted acorns are usually pleased with small roots.
The next stage is to sit down sprouted acorns in cups. Carefully remove all contents from the package. Be careful - the roots of the future oak at this stage are very vulnerable and easily broken. Gently sort the germinated fruits from rotting and non-germinating acorns. Acorns with roots put in small plastic cups of 200 ml. It is not necessary to plant deeply, it is enough that the root will be completely immersed in the ground. For planting, you can choose the soil from the area where the parent oak grew. But you can plant seedlings in the usual garden soil with the addition of peat. Do not forget to make holes on the walls of the cup before planting. This is done to remove excess water from irrigation. If this is not done, the young roots will rot and die.
Those acorns that were not in the package, but were planted in glasses, you also need to sort out. Gives root acorns need to sit down one by one in each glass.
The first time the seedlings need to be watered often enough. After planting for a while, it may seem to you that nothing is happening and the acorn will not germinate. But it is not. The fact is that at first the oak is gaining strength in the roots and only after that it sprouts. If you notice that the roots are cramped in small cups, they can be transplanted into larger containers. Planted oaks in open ground ahead of time should not be - unprotected young roots - a treat for rodents, and small leaves attract herbivores.
When can be planted seedlings in the soil
In order to determine whether the sapling is ready for independent growth, it is necessary to meet certain conditions. Pay attention to its leaves - if the sapling has more than five strong, healthy leaves - then it can be planted in open ground. Usually, the ready processes are planted in the soil within two to three weeks after planting. In this case, you need to pay attention to its roots - if they are large and white, it means that the plant is ready for independent growth.
Place to plant oak
When you plant a tree for a permanent place of its growth, you need to understand that here it will grow not only one day, but years, decades and even centuries. Therefore, the choice of a place to land must be treated very carefully.
Oak should be planted in an open area of at least two square meters. Oak grows in almost any soil, however, when it is very young, it needs land rich in vitamins, minerals and fertilizer. Oak loves open sunny areas, it can not grow in the shade.
When planting oak, it is necessary to take into account that in the future the root system of the tree will be powerful and strong, so you should not plant the tree near water supply and other technical underground systems, near the foundation of the house, next to the paths and other buildings.
Oak grows large and sprawling, with time it will start to give a good shade. Plant it on a certain side of the house, so that the oak later cast a shadow on the dwelling.
Before planting oak ground need to dig and loosen. No other crops should grow near the seedling. A recess is made for planting so that the roots of the future tree are submerged in the ground. After that, the soil should be slightly compacted and pour abundantly.
How to care for oak
The first time after the landing of the oak it must be watered abundantly. At a distance of 20-30 cm from the germ sprinkle the soil with sawdust or crushed bark. This protects the ground from drying out and also prevents weeds from growing near the seedling.
Over time, oak requires less care. It grows rather slowly, however, if it starts, it will delight you throughout your life. The first fruits in the form of acorns will give a tree only in 10-20 years, depending on the type of oak. During the first few years, the oak needs to periodically enrich the soil - it must be fed with mineral fertilizers. Over the years, the tree will get stronger, the roots will go deep into the ground and the oak will only need regular watering.
Young saplings, among other things, need mechanical protection from animals. If there are rabbits, rodents or deer on the plot, the seedling should be protected with a small grid. To protect the plant from the cockchafer and aphids can be using pesticides. They can be bought at any store for summer residents, they destroy pests, but they are absolutely harmless to plants and people.
As you know, every man should build a house, raise a son and plant a tree. The last item on this list is the easiest and most fascinating. If every person on earth would have planted one tree at least once in their life, it would be better to live on the planet and breathe easier. Plant trees, and your descendants will appreciate your efforts!
Growing from an acorn tree
Problems with growing from the acorn of a young tree you will not have if you use quality seed for planting. Walking through the forest in early autumn, you can easily find acorns that can be planted in your garden for growing seedlings. The best time to collect them is the end of September and the beginning of October. To select as a planting material should be such copies that have not yet fallen off and are on the tree.
Having gone for a walk in the forest, you can gather up a packet of seed material for your purposes, and while at home, carefully examine them and select the acorns most suitable for planting.
Proper seed selection
Most an important point in the cultivation of oak from acorn - competent selection of seed material. If an adult oak has signs of a disease, then the seedling that you get from the seed of such a tree will be of poor quality.
Specialists identify several signs that the gardener should be guided in when selecting seed:
- the acorn hat should be removed without any difficulty
- there should be no cracks, holes on the oak surface,
- when selecting a suitable acorn, it is necessary to carry out the following test: the specimens collected in the forest must be dipped in a bucket of water. To use as a seed material should be those of the oak, which immediately drowned.
Features of planting an acorn in the fall in open ground
A young oak from an acorn can be grown in various ways. If we talk about the simplest, then such is the planting of the seed of a tree in the open ground on the garden plot. This method is as close as possible to the natural conditions of germination. This is how the reproduction of oak in the forest occurs.
This tree loves sunny places, so for planting a seed should choose an open meadow.
If on your site you choose a place that will be shaded by other trees, then the seedling will quickly wither. Taking into account the moment that as it develops, the oak reaches a considerable size, it is necessary to plant it at a distance of at least 6 m from other trees and structures located on your site.
The optimum soil for planting oak is fertile and loose. Experts advise taking the ground in the place where the mother tree grows. A couple of buckets will be enough. Soil from the forest should be added to the landing hole. Using it, the chances of successful development of seedlings will increase markedly. In the event that the soil on your site is depleted, then the ridge where you decided to plant an acorn must be carefully dug, and as supplements to make leaf soil or add humus.
Seed material should be washed in warm water. Carrying out such a procedure will allow you to get rid of the following. of problems:
- pest larvae
- fungal mold spores.
After this, it is necessary to make a hole in a prearranged place, in which acorns should be laid horizontally. This arrangement is chosen in order not to confuse the top and bottom. The depth of planting should be 5-6 cm. This will be quite enough so that the frost does not freeze the seeds. Next, you need to fill the hole with earth, and then regularly water it until the beginning of the first frost. This method of planting is quite simple, but its disadvantage is that not all acorns planted by you can take root. Therefore, should be planted at once several copies.
Planting an acorn in a container
If you decided to abandon the idea of planting an acorn in the ground on your plot in the fall, and chose to do it in the spring, then it is necessary to introduce harvested seed material into hibernation. This will require a container that can be tightly closed. It should be filled with dry sawdust, wood shavings or chopped moss. Acorns are placed in this substrate, after which the container should be placed in a refrigerator, keeping the temperature at 0 degrees.
In this state, the seeds must be within 60 days before germination. During all this time it is necessary to carefully monitor the substrate and, if necessary, to spray and mix it. It should always remain slightly hydrated.
When you notice the first roots and sprouts of acorns stored in the container, this means that it is time to plant them in open ground. It is best to plant on your site a few copies in case one of them dies. For planting acorns in a container, you must first fill the prepared container with earth, which is intended for growing seedlings. Next, you need to land the acorn roots down, while respecting the planting depth of 2 cm.
If there is already warm weather outside, then acorns that have a developed root system can be planted immediately in open ground. When planting the side with the roots you need to prikopat in loose soil, and then slightly push the seeds into the ground.
After planting the seeds in a container gardener should pay special attention to watering. Moisten the soil should be quite often, while you need to ensure that there is no drying of the soil. For growing seedlings, it is best to place a container with crops on a window sill facing the south side, while protecting them from the sun in the middle of the day. A plant for a long time all its forces will be directed to the formation of the root system and its development, therefore, the emergence of shoots will happen only after 2 months.
Planting seedlings in the garden
When the plant reaches a height of 15 cm in its size, you can plant it on the site. Some gardeners replace the container with a larger container if they plan to keep the seedling indoors until next spring. It all depends on the preferences of the owner of the site.
Planting young seedlings in open ground should be carried out in early spring. In this case, the acclimatization of the plant will be transient.
The place that the gardener chose to plant an oak must be carefully dug up and put in the hole humus. The hole should be made such that a clod of earth with a seedling fits in it. If the soil is too dry, watering should be done. In open ground, the young tree should be on the same level as in the container. When the landing of a young oak is completed, it is necessary to perform soil compaction, and then carefully water the planting. The near-barrel circle is enclosed with mulching material. Experts recommend using:
In this case, the situation of drying out the ground will be excluded.
After the landing, you shouldn’t be surprised at the situation when a young oak suddenly drops all its leaves. You should not worry about such a change with a sapling, as this is a normal reaction of a tree to a change in conditions of detention. It will take a little time and you will notice the first leaves that appeared on your seedling.
Peculiarities of care
To grow a beautiful and strong tree, it is necessary not only to have information about the proper cultivation of acorn oak, but also to know how to care for it.
In the first two years, the seedling has weak root systemtherefore, it needs to ensure regular watering, especially if the summer is hot and it does not rain often.
If you do not have mulching material, it is necessary to occasionally engage in loosening the soil, and, in addition, weed.
From the second year you can make fertilizer under the young oak. If we talk about the most effective way to provide nutrition for a tree, then this is undoubtedly mineral granules. Such an additive ensures active growth of the root system and the seedling itself. It contains the necessary trace elements for it, contributing to its normal development.
In addition to traditional shrubs and plants, many people plant various tree species in their gardens. Some in the country can see pines or cedars. Others prefer to plant oak. If you have a desire to get an oak in a country house, then this task is not as difficult as it may seem.
You should go to the forest or to the nearest park and find several acorns. Then from them follows select the best quality specimens for planting. In the fall, seeds can be planted in a container, and in spring, rooted acorns can be transplanted into open ground. Providing a young sapling with food and regular watering, you will eventually get a sapling in a few years, which will be the main decoration of your summer cottage.
Preparation of acorn
To grow an oak from an acorn can be quickly, if properly carry out the preparation of planting material.
The collection of fruits produced in the fall, when the tree throws off the sheet and the acorns are fully ripe. In search of the material sent to the deciduous forest. In Russia, common oak is found more often than others, its other names are ordinary, summer or English. The plant is characterized by frequent branches, leaves of medium size with rounded edges, brown-gray thick bark. The height of an adult individual is up to 40 meters.
There are 2 types of ordinary oak: winter and summer. In summer, the leaves bloom in late spring in May-June, by the autumn almost do not change color and fall until October. У зимнего эти процессы происходят на 2-4 недели позднее, листья к октябрю приобретают темный бурый цвет и могут оставаться на ветках до следующего цветения.
Для проращивания пригодны опавшие плоды дуба. It is necessary to listen to the acorn - shake it and determine if the core is alive in it (it should not bang). From the place of collection, you need to take a little fallen foliage and the top layer of soil. They are necessary for the preservation of the material until the landing.
Houses once again check the suitability of the material: cold water is poured into a basin and charges are lowered there. The specimens quickly floated to the surface are empty, nothing will grow out of them. Re-check carried out after 5 minutes: those that did not surface, are a good raw material for landing.
The most natural and favorable planting of a tree in the spring, the wintering fruits are sent to hibernation in conditions close to natural:
- Take a jar with a lid, in which there should be holes for ventilation,
- Put the collected soil in it mixed with foliage,
- Is placed in the "coat" acorn,
- Close the jar lid and clean the cellar or refrigerator, where the temperature is not below + 2-3 0 C.
Such a “conservation” imitates wintering under a snow crust and the seed is preserved in its original form.
Soil for oak
Oak is unpretentious to the soils of the middle zone, but loves fertile soil rich in nutrients. In order for the sprout to break out, it will not be extinguished, it is planted in a moist soil, taken from the place of growth of the parent oak. If not, you can take the soil in the country or a fertile garden plot, add peat moss or vermiculite to it to hold water.
There should be drainage holes in the pot to remove excess moisture.. Planting sprouted material is made to a depth of 3-5 cm. For the first time before growing up seedlings, you can use small plastic cups that are conveniently placed in an apartment on a windowsill. Landings cover with a wet fleece or a rag, create the effect of a greenhouse with glass or film with vents. The first year and up to 10 years, the growth rate of seedlings can reach 25-35 cm, then the process slows down.
As the plant grows, it is necessary to transplant it into a larger dish with the replacement of the soil.
Finding the right place
Oak can be transplanted without prejudice only at an early age. When a tree sits in one place for a long time, its root system grows and deepens, the plant thoroughly takes its place. This fact must be considered before transplantation. There should be enough free space on the plot, new houses and structures should not be installed near the oak - the root system can further disrupt the integrity of the foundation.
Oak cannot stand a dark place - it cannot be planted in the shade or under other mature trees, it will take a long time to take root, the growth rate drops significantly, a powerful, stately representative of the Bukov family will not have to wait.
Where to plant oak in the country:
- The place must be open
- The photophilous oak should be identified in the west - south of the plot,
- In the future, a grown tree with a rich crown will itself become a source of a dark place, therefore it is not worthwhile to have a seedling in places where it is inappropriate.
- Near the place there should be no communications and paths that may be damaged by the roots.
How to plant
Algorithm of actions for a successful transplant:
- The platform is cleared of high grass. How much space is needed for a sapling depends on the desired result - for a powerful tree a free diameter of 15 - 20 m is required.
- The site with a diameter of 1.5 meters is dug up, achieving homogeneity of the soil and its loosening for enrichment with oxygen.
- Dig a hole a few centimeters deep longer than the length of the roots, moisten it.
- A sapling is taken out of the pot along with the soil and transferred to the prepared hole, sprinkled with earth, compacted.
- Abundantly watered landing. Do not be afraid to flood the roots - excess moisture will go deep into the soil.
- At a distance of 30 cm from the trunk in a circle poured mulch - it will protect the soil from drying out and the spread of unnecessary weeds.
The same action plan should be followed if you want to make a home oak. In this case, the container must have a volume of at least 100 liters. Of course, how many do not care, the potted plant will not become so large and powerful, but it will please the eye with greenery for a longer time.
Like any plant, a young oak needs care and attention. At first, in the open space, “new settlers” may feel uncomfortable - a new place, soil, and lighting. It is important to constantly monitor their condition.
Young shoots are attractive to birds, rodents. So that uninvited guests do not spoil the plant, arrange protection - a small frequent fence around the planting. To avoid insect attacks, foliage is treated with pesticides.
Any kind of young oak requires high light and constant moisture. To avoid competition on the site, the space around it must be cleaned of extraneous plants and fast-growing trees.
At first, the oak tree requires constant watering.
It is necessary to care for a plant until it gets stronger, on average up to 4-5 years. Upon reaching this time in the country will already flaunt a young tree up to 1.5 meters.
How to grow an oak tree is now clear, there is nothing difficult in this, it is enough to be patient for several years.
After 30-40 years, a single oak begins to bear fruit - once every 6-8 years acorns ripen on the branches, from which new seedlings can appear.
Selection of acorns for germination
Acorns are best to start collecting in early autumn, before they fall from the tree. The choice should fall on healthy specimens without worms and holes inside. Suitable individuals are brownish with a slight shade of green, although the shade may vary depending on the type of oak on which they grow.
If possible, the selection of trees should begin in the summer. Before choosing a suitable tree in summer you need to keep in mind - acorns on some oaks will be ready in the fallwhile others will not be able to ripen until next year. For example, the fruits of red oak ripen not one, but two whole years. The best proof of the readiness of acorns to collect is that you can remove their cap without breaking the fruit. The cap is not part of the acorn, but is a separate protective coating.
In order to verify the quality of the harvest, you can make a "floating test". To do this, put the acorns in a bucket of water. After one or two minutes, bad acorns begin to float to the surface - they need to be thrown out. After the procedure, you should conduct an audit of the remaining acorns and get rid of soft-touch specimens (soft acorns rotten).
Packing until spring
Good acorns need to get out of the water and dry. After that, they must be placed in an airtight bag with wet sawdust, vermiculite, peat mixture, or other growth medium that may contain moisture. Then the bag should be put in the fridge for a month and a half or longer - until the first sprouts appear on them.
Many gardeners do not know how to germinate an acorn at home - this process is called stratification. It is characterized by processing seeds at low temperatures, thus imitating the natural conditions that a seed could experience if it fell to the ground. The environment should be barely wet, if overdoing the temperature acorns can begin to rot. And if stored in a too dry place - they may not grow.
Even when stored in the refrigerator, most individuals will begin to germinate in the presence of moisture. The shell may begin to crack in early December (late autumn, early winter). Regardless of whether the seedling root has broken through, the fruit can be fully grown after about 40–45 days of storage.
Instructions for the cultivation of seedlings
In order to sprout the acorns of the oak at home, you need to find the right capacity for planting. It is best to buy a pot or container for this purpose. Then you must observe the following sequence of actions:
- Fill the tank with good soil. For irrigation purposes, leave about 2.5 cm of space at the top.
- Plant the acorn just below the surface, while its root should be directed downwards.
- After that, you need to water the seedlings and pour water until it begins to pour out of the holes at the bottom of the container. In subsequent weeks, you need to take care of the nutrition of the plant, not allowing the soil to dry.
- Locate small oak trees should be on the windowsill, where there will be continuous access to the winter sun. At the initial stage, the earth rises by about 1 cm, this is because the plant begins to develop its root under the surface of the dirt.
The first month of a plant’s life is the most important - therefore it is necessary to monitor its condition daily. Difficulties may arise when it is possible to transplant seedlings to the site. There are three points of view on this:
- Some gardeners recommend bury seedlings in the ground after several weeks of growing in a pot.
- A different point of view says that it is necessary to gradually increase the number of days the plant remains in the open air before it is finally planted in the ground.
- Most people recommend transplanting seedlings into a larger pot, allowing them to grow further, and then finally plant them in the ground.
Although there is no one correct way to decide how to grow an oak tree at home, there are several criteria for sprouts that can help in choosing a planting method. Good candidates for transplanting in an unprotected environment: 10 to 15 cm, with small leaves. They must have white and healthy roots.
Site selection and landing features
The place for further germination of oak should be spacious and free from other trees, as they can become an obstacle to its subsequent growth and nutrition. Another important point is the presence of sunlight at the landing site. Like all photosynthetic plants, oaks need sunlight, so do not plant them in shaded areas.
In the future, a very big problem may arise - the shadow of a tree can completely cover a nearby house. To avoid this, it is necessary to position the seedling to the west or southwest of the house, such an arrangement maximizes the shading effect in the summer, and minimizes its shadow in the winter.
Special attention should be given to nearby vegetation. Plants compete with each other for the sun, moisture and other resources, so no young oak should be placed next to any significant vegetation, otherwise it will not be able to fully develop its capabilities.
When a suitable place for a tree is chosen, it is necessary to clear the land of all vegetation on its surface within one meter. Then, using a shovel, it is necessary to turn over the whole earth at a depth of 25 cm in order to soften the planting site. If the soil is dry, you need to water it yourself or wait for the rain. After that, you should dig a hole in the middle of the intended place with a depth of 60 to 90 cm and a width of about 30 cm. The exact depth of the hole will depend on the length of the root crop of the seedling - it must be deep enough to accommodate the seedling without damage.
Preparation of material for landing
Oak cultivation is made only from high-quality fruits. For successful cultivation of culture should be given preference to the whole material, without mold and damage. Its shell should have a glossy structure, with no traces of wear. Another sign of his readiness to germinate is the easy removal of a hard cap. It is recommended to harvest it with a reserve in order to be able to choose the most viable sprouts in the future. Before processing it, one should open the casing of several specimens to assess the condition and suitability for cultivation. High-quality fruits are 2 lobes of saturated yellow color, at the junction of which the germ is located. It is necessary to abandon the use of specimens with gray flaccid particles.
The choice of acorns is carried out in the fall or spring. The collected material is subjected to additional testing, which consists in dipping in water. It is necessary to pour the fruit into a container with liquid and observe the process. Individual copies will pop up. Acorns remaining on the bottom are used to form sprouts, and those that have risen to the surface are considered unsuitable. At the same stage, screening of excessively soft specimens is carried out. The selected material is washed in a soapy solution to eliminate germs and mold.
Before you germinate an acorn, it is subjected to stratification - the influence of low temperatures. To do this, dried acorns are placed in a container with moss or chips that retain moisture. After that, the container is cleaned in a cool place for germination. It is recommended to store fruits in a cellar with sufficient humidity and ventilation. Germination of the material occurs at a temperature in the range of 0 ° C. Container contain indoors about 3 months then in the spring bring the prepared material into soil.
The stratification procedure is a measure of the primary hardening of acorns, it is necessary for the emergence of shoots and better adaptation to natural conditions. It is necessary to periodically check the condition of the storage, avoiding excessive moisture or dryness. In the first case, the seedlings are rotting, in the second - the loss of germination. Disruption of normal air circulation contributes to the proliferation of bacteria and the development of diseases that are detrimental to peking fruit.
Planting material in the ground
For the cultivation of oak from an acorn, 2 methods are used: the immediate introduction of prepared fruits into the open ground and the development of a seedling from it, followed by placement in the garden. In the first case, the procedure is most often carried out in spring, due to the best adaptation of the material in the soil. While the probability of its successful development in the fall does not exceed 10% of the total number of all plantings. To grow an oak from an acorn at home, most often resort to the first method. Despite his laboriousness, with his help a small seedling, in most cases, successfully develops a sapling, and subsequently a strong tree.
For the introduction of seeds used as a common flower containers, and individual cups. In the first case, the soil is easiest to carry closer to heat and light. The advantage of the second method is the absence of the need for a mandatory picking. It is only necessary to make holes at the bottom to ensure the outflow of fluid, to prevent the acnes from rotting.
For planting seeds used as store compositions, as independently prepared mixtures. An indispensable condition is the high fertility of the soil. To obtain a home-made compound connect the garden soil with humus and a leaf substrate. To plant oak, use loose soil, devoid of impurities of sand or clay. It is recommended to use the land from under the healthy oaks growing in parks and forests.
Oak for landing in the ground
A distinctive feature of planting acorns from the seeds of other crops is the method of soil application. Do not install the fruit vertically, they are slightly pressing down, placed on the flank. It is recommended to use the method of seating oaks in cups. This measure is due to the intensive development of the root system, the powerful lashes of which are firmly intertwined with nearby instances, which will complicate further picks.
After entering into the soil, oak seeds are watered. For successful adaptation of the material, it is important to constantly maintain a high humidity of the substrate, but not to allow it to overflow. Containers should be placed in a well-lit area devoid of drafts. Emerging green shoots should be provided with diffused illumination, and during the hottest hours they should be completely removed into the shade.
Subsequent development of seedlings
After 1.5-2 months after the introduction of acorns into the ground, the first shoots can be observed, of which the leaves will later develop. If not individual cups were used to form the seedlings, but common containers, as the shoots develop, pick the seedlings. The procedure is carried out for developed stems with a height of not less than 15 cm. Before planting a sapling, the following characteristics of its readiness for the procedure should be evaluated:
- developed root system consisting of healthy bright branches,
- strong stalk
- the size of the germ over the capacity of the container.
Strengthened seedlings are moved to large-sized pots for better root development and the formation of the trunk of a future tree. Some gardeners recommend, they say, immediately plant shoots in open ground, skipping the intermediate stage of transfer to a large pot. But such a method is risky and can lead to premature plant death. It is recommended to gradually adapt it to the conditions of the natural environment, periodically bringing it to the open air.
This measure is aimed at hardening the future of the tree. Without it, even the strongest seedling can not successfully adapt and grow into a tree. This procedure is carried out only in the warm period of the year, avoiding the placement of the container in the draft. По истечении 2 лет после внесения желудей в почву можно высаживать сформировавшийся ствол в открытый грунт.
Высадка саженца в саду
Необходимо помнить, что крона дуба может достигать ширины свыше 20 м, а потому не следует размещать его в передней части участка, чтобы он не загораживал дом. По этой же причине необходимо правильно подготовить посадочные ямы, чтобы саженцы могли прочно укорениться в почве. Oaks should be planted in recesses of small diameter, but considerable depth. For better placement of the roots it is recommended to prepare pits in the form of a cone or a triangle.
For successful cultivation of oak it is important to choose the right place for its permanent placement. The process is carried out on the basis of the following rules:
- remoteness from water supply systems and buildings, during the repair of which you can easily damage the branching root system of a tree,
- remoteness from other green spaces, due to the high need of culture in moisture,
- growing on plots of plenty of sunlight
- if you want to protect or fill the house with light, you should place the tree in the east or west side.
Only those seedlings that have fully grown and matured are subject to movement from the premises to the open area. For this, the bottom of the pit is littered with a thick layer of drainage, on which the composition of wood ash, lime-fluff, a small amount of potassium and compost in combination with garden soil is placed. It is important that the part of the trunk flowing from the root, 3-4 cm rose above the soil. After falling asleep, you should additionally ram the ground for better fixation of the young oak.
During the first days after planting, seedlings are watered abundantly. You can use the standard method of soil moistening, but experienced gardeners recommend using drip irrigation, which consists in placing a system of hoses and metering devices around the pit. So the acorns of the oak are fully irrigated without the accumulation of liquid in the pit, which can cause rotting of the roots. It is important to remove weeds in a timely manner and loosen the soil. Before the onset of cold weather, pruning of the tree should be carried out, cutting dry unviable shoots. As the oak is adapted and rooted, it will no longer need to carry out these manipulations, requiring only irrigation on dry days.
Grown from the acorn house oaks planted in early spring. This measure is due to the need for successful adaptation, better strengthening of the roots in the new soil before the formation of leaves. For the same purpose, additional measures should be taken to protect the seedlings from pests. It is recommended to treat the sapling with pesticides to prevent the defeat of the shoots of aphids. Young oak trees should be fenced in to protect them from rabbits and other domestic animals that feed on leaves. For several years after the landing, the barrel should be mulched or wrapped with dense material to protect it from freezing.
Growing a tree from an acorn is a laborious process consisting of several stages. The basis of culture cultivation using this method is the correct selection and preparation of planting material. After that it is necessary to form high-grade saplings which bring in an open ground.
How to plant an acorn and grow a sapling?
Growing a tree is not so difficult if you find high-quality seed. An acorn suitable for germination can only be found in the forest in early autumn. The best time to collect green acorns is the end of September - the beginning of October. It is necessary to give preference to those instances that have not yet fallen off, but are in the trees. You can collect a whole package of seed material and examine them more thoroughly at home.
How to select acorns for planting?
Many gardeners are interested in how to grow an acorn? The most important thing is to choose high-quality seed material. If an adult tree with signs of disease, then the seedling from the seed taken from it will be of poor quality.
A few signs, which select the seed:
- the acorn cap should be easily removed,
- the shell should not be holes, cracks, mold spots or worms,
- a test should be carried out for selection: acorns are dipped in a bucket of water - only those that are immediately drowned are suitable for planting.
Planting an acorn in the open ground in autumn
You can grow a seedling out of an acorn in different ways. The easiest one is to plant the acorn on the plot immediately. This method is as close as possible to the natural conditions of seed germination, because this is how the oak multiplies in the forest. How to plant an acorn oak in the fall and choose the right place in the garden?
Oak prefers a sunny place, so it is better to immediately plant the seed in an open meadow. If you plant it in the shade of other trees, the seedling will quickly wither. Given that the mighty oak grows to an impressive size, it should be planted at a distance of at least 6 m from the building and other trees.
The soil for growing a tree is needed fertile and loose. Professionals recommend to take in the forest where the mother tree grew, a couple of buckets of earth and add to the planting pit. In the future, it will favorably affect the growth of seedlings. If the soil in the garden plot is depleted, then the ridge on which the acorn will be planted should be dug up, adding leaf soil or humus.
What to do next, how to plant an acorn oak? First, the seed material is washed in warm water, this procedure will help get rid of the larvae of pests and fungal mold spores. Then, in the prepared place, a hole is made and an acorn is placed into it horizontally, so as not to confuse top and bottom. The depth of planting in the fall should be 5–6 cm so that the seed does not freeze. After that, the hole fall asleep and regularly watered until it begins to freeze. It should be noted that this method of planting is simple, but not all acorns will be able to take root, so it is better to land several specimens.