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Rules and recommendations from experienced gardeners: how to transplant aloe

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The best way to ruin the life of an unpretentious succulent is to keep him crowded. How to transplant aloe? We choose the soil, we select the capacity, we do not make mistakes. In this article you will find a detailed description of the aloe transplant process step by step, tips, questions and answers, photos and videos of transplants at home.

About the need for transplantation or who needs it

Aloe roots develop slowly, but transplantation cannot be postponed. There is such a thing as the removal of nutrients by the plant from the ground. The coefficient of removal of minerals from aloe is high, which can not be said about nitrogen, in which the inhabitant of the desert needs little. Fertilization does not correct the situation: the humic component of the soil, the enzyme component, is lost, which cannot be replenished. The soil becomes light as dust, after watering is taken crusted. And the rod-shaped root grows, and the urinoids begin to bulge out of the pot. It is time to correct the situation urgently: replant aloe, change the soil mixture.

Attention! When is aloe transplanted? Young succulents need transplants annually. Since the fifth year - less often, with a frequency of two to three years: the process is painstakingly laborious, and traumatic for a long-liver.

The transfer time is spring or summer. If the roots have grown slightly or a bulky plant is problematic to replant, just a part of the ground is replaced.

The right substrate: choose the soil for aloe

  • Tropical dweller to the composition of the soil is not picky, does not need to refuel it with nitrogen.
  • The main requirement - the lighter the soil, the better.
  • On compacted respond slow growth, thin weak leaves, yellowing on the tips.
  • Acidity - weakly acid reaction (at pH 5.0-6.0), neutral (at pH 6.0-7.0).

Substrate options may be as follows:

  • turfy ground, leafy, coarse sand with a handful of peat (in a ratio of 2: 1: 1),
  • forest land (leaf), coarse sand (3: 2) plus charcoal,
  • clay-turf land, sand, forest leaf land (1: 1: 1) plus 1/5 of slightly acid peat.

Choosing a new pot

The volume of the aloe transplant pot should exceed the size of the previous container by approximately 1/4 or 1/5 of the size. Too close is not chosen: with a shortage of space, growth slows down, the lower leaves develop poorly, dry.

Council When placed in a container, the roots should be located at a distance of 3-4 cm from the walls, in any case not to rest on them.

The material for the container is clay, plastic, and terracotta. It is often advised to use plastic or terracotta dishes due to the absence of pores on the surface of the material. Such pots retain moisture, do not let air in - evaporation is minimal. But there is an unpleasant moment: rotting, “steaming” of aloe roots in the heat when watering is not even excessive, is possible.

In process: we transplant correctly

When transplanting aloe adhere to the following simple algorithm:

  1. The day before the event, the soil is watered abundantly, then loosened. This will simplify handling, will allow to extract the rhizome with a clod of earth.
  2. Drainage is placed in a new container - 1/5 of the height of the container or 10-12 cm, then a layer of soil mixture. The pot must be half full.
  3. The pot is rolled over on its side in order to extract the plant with a clod of earth. Trying to release the roots, you can not apply effort: if they are necessary, you should once again soak the soil.
  4. Aloe roots are cleaned from lumps of old soil, not braided roots, placed in a new container. Top sprinkled with soil so that the root of the neck was recessed at the same level as in the old place.
  5. Watering is carried out - shallow, so that the moistened soil clings to the roots, fill up the settled soil to the initial level, gently compacting it. To slow down the drying of the soil, after the final compaction, a layer of expanded clay or pebbles, perlite is laid out on top.
  6. Transplanted aloe expose in the shade, not watered for several days, not sprayed, waiting for full rooting.

Propagate by replanting

Most species of aloe propagate both apical, lateral cuttings, and shoots growing from stolons, underground rhizomes. Leaves are also used, less often - seeds. Bottom shoots are called "kids."

Dried cutting is buried in the prepared soil mixture to a depth of no more than 2 cm. In the future, standard care: maintaining the soil moisture level, spraying if necessary.

Reproduction by tip cuttings and leaves. The top of aloe with 4-6 leaves is separated, immersed in water, deepening its tip by 1.5-2 cm. The second option is dry: after drying the cut rooted in a mixture of peat with wet sand, deepening 2 cm. .

With aloe leaves do the same. Separating the most pulpy, they dry and wait for the roots to appear, dropping into the water or wet sand.

Reproduction by layering. Transplanting, more precisely, seating aloe “babies” is a simple matter. They are carefully dug, separated from the rhizome. The layering already has its roots, and it is immediately planted in a small container, deepening the root neck of the stem by 2-3 mm.

Council If, during the separation, the roots or part of the stem are damaged, the layers are not planted. Three or four days, "baby" must lie on the air to dry up the breakdown. Sometimes it is advised to dust the cut place with charcoal.

As you can see, replanting aloe is easy. Yes, and there is time to hone the skill: “the home doctor” lives for a long time - no wonder his tree form is called the agave. And knowing all the subtleties of the "relocation", you can multiply the population and dissolve at home a whole collection of these unpretentious succulents.

Why and when do you need a home flower transplant?

  • Transplanting is needed to update the aloe and become the same decorative appearance.
  • If many processes have formed around the central plant, it should be transplanted.
  • Most often, this procedure is carried out when the old container is no longer suitable for the size of its roots. By making regular transplants, the possibility of root germination out through the drain hole is excluded.
  • It is also needed if the soil is old and depleted. In poor soil in aloe, growth begins to slow, and the lower leaves gradually die off. In order not to lose its decorative effect, succulent should grow in the ground rich in nutrients and microelements (you can read about soil for aloe in this article).
  • Urgently, aloe needs a transplant when its roots rot. This is the only way to save it.

How often to carry out the procedure?

This flower is fast growing, so young specimens are advised to repot annuallyuntil the plant is five years old. Adult aloe grows much more slowly, and it needs to be transplanted once every three years.

When is the best time to perform the procedure? How to properly conduct it at home, taking into account the time of year, and can it be done in winter? In order to be successful, it must be done on the eve or during the active growing season. In early spring or summer, the plant will more actively restore the loss of the root system, will quickly get used to the new flowerpot and will get used to the fresh substrate.

Transplanting in another pot at home: instructions step by step

How to plant a flower at home, if you need to use another pot? For such a transplant should come carefully. First you need to choose a new container. Its size will depend on the reasons for transplantation. If this is a young plant with a strong root system, then you need a large capacity. Aloe, which produced daughter processes, can be left in the same pot, but on condition that all the young growth will be removed. Also, in a former flowerpot or even a little smaller, a plant is left that is undergoing a rejuvenation procedure.

All pots must have drainage holes at the bottom. Aloe does not tolerate when the soil turns sour. Older before further use must be washed and sanitized.

The most important thing in a transplant is to minimize the stress factor. The new substrate in composition should be as close as possible to the previous one. Drainage needs quality, and the earth is loose. Sand is added to the mixture of sheet and soddy soil. If the mixture will be purchased in the store, then you have to choose for cacti or succulents.

For the procedure to be successful, aloe needs to be prepared. A few days before transplanting the plant is well watered. This is done for easy removal of the flower from the pot.

Step-by-step instruction:

  1. Since the plant has brittle leaves, it is necessary to minimize the loss of aloe greens.
  2. Succulent sticks with one hand at the base, while the other holds the pot. Then the container is turned over and the root system goes from it along with a clod of earth. After, the plant is put on the surface, and the roots are freed from the soil.
  3. The roots are carefully inspected. Dry, old, rotten roots need to be removed.
  4. In the new pot you need to lay a drainage layer of gravel, and cover with sand on top. Next, the soil is poured on which the roots of aloe are placed. The plant is located in the center of the pot.
  5. In the rosettes of leaves should not fall substrate.
  6. At the end of the procedure, the soil is compacted slightly, and the leaves are wiped with a damp sponge.
  7. Watering is carried out no earlier than a day.

From the video learn? how to transplant aloe:

In open ground

When can aloe be transplanted safely in open ground? The procedure is allowed only in summer in warm regions. If spring brings no surprises and the temperature does not fall below +23, then disembarkation can be done at the end of May.

For planting aloe in open ground you need to know the following:

  1. The place where the flower will grow should be illuminated, but without constant direct rays.
  2. It is necessary to make so that the plant does not become wet on rainy days, otherwise it may rot.
  3. After the place is chosen, it is necessary to dig a hole a little larger than the pot in which the aloe is located.
  4. Then you need to pour on the bottom of sawdust or coal, on top of a small layer of expanded clay and ready earthen mixture.
  5. Further, the plant is placed in this pit and filled with the same soil mixture.
  6. In the open ground, aloe vera does not need additional feedings, and watering is carried out only when the ground is completely dry.

How to care for the plant immediately after transplantation? Since the plant has a non-standard form of leaves that perfectly retain moisture, the place under the flower will be bright. In the summer, the pot can be taken out on the balcony.

In cold weather it will be enough to water once a month. In the summer it is worth doing it more often, but not before the topsoil dries. Aloe does not need frequent feedings. Starting from April and ending in October, the plant is once a month fed with liquid combined fertilizers. If the transplant was done correctly, then fertilizing is not needed (for information on how you can feed aloe at home, learn from this article).

Read more about aloe care here.

What if the plant does not survive?

To understand what to do if the plant does not take root, it is necessary to find out the reason. There are several reasons for this: improper substrate, poor planting material, improper care.

  1. If it turned out that for aloe soil does not fitit means that it must be replaced immediately. It is necessary to make the correct composition of the soil, adhering to all the recommendations and advice from flower growers, or buy ready-made land for succulents.
  2. Bad planting material indicates that the cutting was taken from a diseased plant or was itself damaged. The likelihood that he successfully take root, is extremely small. Therefore, you will have to re-conduct the transplant procedure.
  3. Wrong care for aloe. You need to be extremely attentive and strictly follow the recommendations of experienced flower growers. If the owner of the plant has noticed that the flower is not taking root, first of all it is necessary to review the care for it and understand what is being done wrong. Having found out the reason, immediately eliminate it.

Planting material

We used to buy liked indoor plants in a specialty store already in a pot, often adults and flowering plants, but most often we find aloe in friends and relatives, in casual conversation over a cup of tea, we learn a lot of interesting things, about the properties of the plant, from acquaintances and what exactly this plant cured - and we take a piece or a babe from a parent plant.

Baby

It is easiest to plant a young plant, which grows a lot from the mother bush at its very foundation. The young aloe is fully formed and its root system is already ready for independent living, but is located on the soil surface, as if waiting for a transplant in its own pot. Small plants are called babies, and planting them is the easiest and most reliable option.

Top of the stem

Part of the stem is well suited for breeding - the tip, with two or three pairs of leaves. She must have a strong, healthy look. It is not necessary to plant it right away, let it lie down for 5 or 6 days, heal its wounds on its own, the places of damage should dry out. However, you can and lower the stalk into the water before the formation of roots. There is information about possible decay instead of root formation, but in my many years of practice this did not happen, the roots germinated, young plants lived in ordinary water for about six months, were transplanted into pots and rooted normally

Could not get hold of the baby or the handle? It does not matter, it is enough leaflet, you need to tear it as close as possible to the parent plant, the smaller the place of separation, the faster the leaf will release the roots. There is no need to hurry with the landing, let it lie for a week, fill the wound, get ready for landing.

Seeds

Such a method of reproduction of aloe is possible, but it is usually used for the cultivation of decorative, variegated types of collectors of succulents.
All the details about the reproduction and cultivation of aloe, you will learn here.

Which pot to choose?

Ceramic pot

The best for any plant is a simple ceramic pot.

The clay from which it is made is a natural material, such a pot allows the root system to breathe, regulates soil moisture well, looks decent in any interior, serves for a long time without losing appearance. And their assortment is diverse, from simple to elegant and very elegant, but all this is secondary, their environmental friendliness comes first.

Plastic pot

A worthy replacement for a ceramic pot was a plastic pot, the flowers in it grow, and the price is much lower. Children's plastic buckets are a thing of the past, they have been replaced by plastic containers for flowers of the most diverse in shape, color and size. And for lovers of the classics, of course, suitable pots and pots of the color of ceramics, but already made of plastic.

However, plastic pots have some drawbacks: they do not allow air and moisture, the soil needs loosening, drainage is especially important and its amount at the bottom of the pot should be no less than one quarter of the volume.

Aloe does not need fertile soil, suitable shop option for cacti, and he should be mixed with sand one to one. However, an excess of organic matter will not harm the plant and will not make it ugly to stretch out, as many think, on the contrary, on sufficiently rich soil, the plant will give large, rich-green leaves and many children. The main requirement is less clay, it retains water, and to our succulent its excess is very harmful.

How to plant without roots?

    1. Landing babes. At the bottom of the pot poured fragments of red bricks, shards of clay pots. The bottom must have a hole to remove excess water when watering, the soil when filling the pot is slightly compacted, the baby is buried to the base of the lower leaves and watered abundantly. The appearance of young leaves suggests that the young plant is rooted and grew.
    2. Landing part of the escape carried out similarly to landing babes. In the event that the germination of the roots was not carried out, and the cutting must root directly into the ground, after planting and watering, cover it with a can. The greenhouse effect will accelerate rooting, the plant will transfer planting easier, new leaves will be a sign of a successful planting.

  1. Planting sheet It has its own characteristics, it has to take root and give rise to a plant, it takes more time. Dried leaf is planted in sandy soil, not too deep, watered and covered with a can, the less evaporation, the more active the formation of roots. The fact that the leaf is ready to be transplanted to a permanent place, the appearance of shoots will tell, you can put the leaf to a permanent place at once, according to the same rules. The survival rate of 90%.
  2. Sowing seeds. Seeds propagate exotic, variegated forms. As a rule, a bag of seeds has a clear instruction on germination and further care.

Every plant, without exception, every pet has its own addictions, aloe needs care as much as others. If everything in his life is good, he will please you with flowers, they are at first glance modest, but they appear completely unexpectedly at the end of winter, and the color range of these little bells is so harmonious that it is impossible not to admire them. You can read about aloe bloom in this article.

AT frequent watering plant does not need, поить его нужно не чаще одного раза в 2 недели, Можно заменить полив опрыскиванием, the main thing - do not forget after watering, conduct loosening.

How to transplant at home?

Does the plant grow actively, does the pot get cramped? Buy a container more free, from its edge to the lower leaves should be three or five centimeters of open ground, transplanting is carried out according to the same rules as planting. Both fall and winter are suitable for planting and transplanting.

Centaine or aloe - as if a symbol of homeliness and well-being, lives in every home, with very few exceptions. And even if it cannot live for a whole century, everyone has known its healing qualities for a long time. Maybe it was the desire to live thanks to this healing plant that gave him a name for 100 years, by which it is known by the people.

See more photos of aloe:


Causes of transplantation

The flower itself will “tell” that it is time to change the “place of residence”. Signals for transplanting plants to another pot:

  • The underground part of the flower has grown - the roots are visible on the surface of the soil or sprouted through drainage holes.
  • Around the main stem massively sprouted shoots.
  • The plant looks unattractive, rot spots have appeared. The leaves are withered, lost their even color.
  • The soil has decayed, or pests have appeared and multiply in the ground.
  • The size of the above-ground green part exceeds the diameter of the pot, upsetting the balance of the flower.
  • Replacement of primer for flowers purchased in the store is required. Growing conditions on an industrial scale is difficult to repeat at home (soil, watering, fertilizer, lighting mode).

When transplanting aloe at home, step by step, follow a number of mandatory rules.

Preparing for a transplant

Replant the plant at the end of winter, spring and summer. At this time, the flower is in the growth stage and will quickly restore the integrity of the roots damaged during transplantation. In the fall and winter, with a reduction in the length of daylight, a period of dormancy begins, and aloe vegetation is difficult to bear. Plants from the store are quarantined for 10-15 days. Exposure is necessary for habituation of a flower to new temperature conditions and lighting conditions. One to two days before transplantation, the plant is watered abundantly. After it dries, a clod of earth is easily removed from the pot without damaging the roots.

Suitable for growing aloe:

  • Plastic containers
  • Ceramic pots.

In a plastic bowl aloe develops evenly. Yes, and pots of this material come in all different sizes, shapes and colors. When using plastic utensils, be careful in watering - waterlogging threatens to rotting the ground and roots. Ceramic pots pass air through the pores in the clay, evaporate excess liquid, normalizing the temperature regime. The mineral salts contained in water, however, over time, leave white stains on the walls.

The pot is chosen two to three centimeters more than the previous capacity. The roots appearing on the surface "require" the pot "wider", sprouted through the lower drainage holes - deeper. Drainage holes are obligatory in the tanks - without them, the roots will be wet and rot, and the plant will die.

Important: “Inspect the pot carefully. In plastic containers, drain holes from plastic residues. ”

Before using the pots thoroughly cleaned with detergents or soda ash.

It will be correct to preserve the composition of the earth, similar to the one in which the flower grew before transplanting. Loose soil, providing drainage is a condition for the growth of a healthy plant. Prepare the soil independently, mixing one part of sand, humus, leaf earth and two parts of turf soil. To improve looseness and permeability, large, washed sand is added.

Important: "Cooked land is steamed for 2-3 hours to prevent bacterial diseases and destroy pests."

In the store, choose a mixture for succulents. It is also desirable to treat it with steam - often purchased land is infected with fungus. There is no “special” fertilizer for aloe. In need of feeding young flowers in the growth period. An adult plant is fertilized during transplantation, adding organic matter and wood ash.

In the finished mixture add broken brick or fine clay to improve drainage.

Drainage is a prerequisite to prevent the stagnation of moisture, which provokes rotting of the roots. For drainage used broken ceramic (red) brick, gravel, expanded clay. The pot is filled with the drainage mixture 1/5 of the height. Above fall asleep prepared soil.

Adult plant transplant

It is necessary to transplant the old aloe in the following cases: Shopping for a flower in the store. If the flower "outgrown" in size pot. Diseases or pests appeared in the ground. Stages of transplanting a whole plant:

  1. Watered for a day or two before transplanting.
  2. Free from old container. The earth is slightly shaken off, old, rotted roots are removed. If transplantation is caused by the presence of pests or diseases, the roots are completely flushed from the ground.
  3. On the layer of drainage fall asleep 2-3 cm of the finished soil.
  4. The plant is placed in the center of the pot. Roots should not be bent. The stem is placed 2-3 cm below the edge of the planting capacity.
  5. The roots are evenly covered with earth, slightly tamping.
  6. Watering is carried out strictly under the root. Moisture should not fall on the rosettes of leaves and cause rotting of a weak plant after transplantation.
  7. For 3-5 days protect from direct sunlight.

Separation and jigging

Root-grown processes are suitable for jigging. Aloe babe can be planted when a small plant has reached 5-10 cm in height and has released 3-4 leaflets. Two ways to take a shoot from aloe:

  • The plant is removed from the pot, shaken off the ground. In this case, with a sharp knife it is easy to separate all the processes along with the roots and the adult plant. Small seedlings are transplanted into separate pots or in the “shkolka” for growing.
  • Narrow shovel carefully separated shoots, trying not to damage the roots. Adult flower is not removed, leaving to grow in its place.

Aloe is successfully propagated by plant parts without roots:

  • Cuttings
  • Leaves
  • Tops of woody stems

Cuttings in aloe is called young shoots grown on the base, lateral stem or top of plants.

Cuttings or parts of leaves are cut with a sharp knife closer to the mother plant. After processing the cut with activated carbon, the planting material is removed to a dark cool place to heal the wound. Leaf or stalk is planted in wet washed sand. After two weeks, the roots will appear.

Important: “During rooting, only sand is watered; water entering the green part will cause the plant to rot. Landing banks are not covered for the same reasons - so as not to create high humidity. ”

After the plant has come to life, it has gone to growth and is transplanted to a permanent place. A new plant is produced by the "rootless" method from the tops of the "wooden" stems. To do this, cut off the "top" at 2-3 cm below the leaves. The cut off part is placed in a container with water. After the roots appear, the top is transplanted into a pot of earth.

After transplantation, the plant is mastered at a new location for a month and a half or two months. In nature, agave lives in a dry hot climate, and such conditions must be ensured after transplantation.

In the first week at the new place the plant requires abundant watering.

Important: “The first watering is carried out in 2-3 days after transplantation. Moistening at this time will cause rotting of the damaged roots. For the same reason, fertilizers are not applied to the soil in the first month. ”

Subsequently, the soil is kept slightly moist.

For irrigation, use distilled water at room temperature.

Succulents grow in sunny places, but adult plants feel good in a shaded space. Newly transplanted aloes are placed in well-lit areas of the apartment, on a windowsill or on a balcony. Do it in 2-3 days after landing. Saplings do not need additional artificial lighting.

Temperature

The air temperature in the apartment is well suited aloe. The optimal range is from 12 to 30ºC. The same situation should be maintained for seedlings.

Aloe is not just a flower, but also a living first-aid kit. Healing juice obtained from adult plants, helps in the treatment of diseases. With the observance of special techniques, aloe is “made” to bloom, surprising loved ones and acquaintances. In addition, the plant is easy to care for.

The need for transplant

How to find out whether an aloe transplant is required or not - find out further.

Firstly, it is necessary to understand that even though aloe adds to growth and slowly, however, when the time of transplantation has arrived, this procedure can no longer be postponed. The fact is that over time, the plant pumps out all the nutrients from the soil. But fertilizers cannot fully compensate for the lack of the whole variety of useful substances, and not only macro elements.

In addition, the root system grows strongly, and the lateral urine-shaped roots begin to bulge out of a tight pot. This fact clearly indicates that the time of transplantation has come.

If you want to transplant the aloe just purchased from a store in a permanent pot, it will be right to give the plant time to adapt first. The period of such adaptation lasts three weeks.

If you summarize, then transplanted aloe in the following cases:

  • with a significant growth of the roots and climbing them out of the pallet,
  • in the formation around the central stem of numerous children-shoots (in this case, the transplant is combined with the separation of children and the reproduction of the plant),
  • when souring the soil in a pot, defeat aloe pests, diseases,
  • if the plant has grown excessively, has grown old, has lost its aesthetic appearance.

Transplant time

Young aloe vera must be replanted annually - in the “young” years the plant significantly and noticeably increases in growth. When aloe is five years old, transplants are performed once every 2-3 years: the process is very laborious and risky, it is poorly tolerated by the plant itself.

It is best to choose for transplant spring or summertime. Before the beginning of the active growing season, the plant accumulates strength, therefore, it will transfer the traumatic procedure in the most safe way, it will quickly recover after it.

In winter and autumn aloe cannot be planted. The fact is that during this period the plant is in a kind of anabiosis, hibernation, so it will not be able to recover quickly and fully after transplantation. Too young, old and weak plants may not survive the procedure at all.

If the roots have not grown too much or there are fears that the aloe transplant will not survive, you can not completely remove it from the old soil, but simply replace most of the old soil with fresh.

Pot selection

When transplanting aloe need to take a new pot larger than the previous one. Not much, however, a maximum of one-fourth or one-fifth. In the capacity of a plant similar to the old size, they are not transplanted, since grown aloe cannot grow in it. Keep in mind that the roots of the plant should not rest against the walls of the pot, it is necessary to provide a distance of 3-4 cm.

Important: the tank must be with drainage holes on the bottom.

As for the material of the pot, it is better to prefer clay containers, terracotta, plastic. But if you choose between plastic and clay, it is better to prefer the second option. The fact is that water stagnates more strongly in a plastic container, which can cause asthenia roots to rot. Before filling the pot with earth, it must be washed and sanitized (even if the container is new).

In the first days after transplantation, aloe must be in the dark. After the succulent has taken root, place it in the lit place. Since the plant came to us from the tropics, it loves light and heat. The best option for aloe content is on the southern windowsill. When it is warm outside, you can take the pot out to the balcony, loggia or veranda.

How to transplant

Consider in detail and step by step the description of the aloe transplant process at home.

The soil in the old pot needs to be watered and loosened a day before the transplant procedure. This will make it easier to remove the plant along with the roots.

In the new pot it is necessary to lay a drainage layer on the bottom - the height of this layer should be one fifth of the height of the entire container. On the drainage laid out the prepared soil. The total amount of drainage and soil should be half the pot, and after placing the plant the ground, if necessary, fill up.

Old plant pot is tipped to the side to make it easier to extract aloe. Pull the succulent gently, without much effort, trying not to damage its roots. If the plant is tight, pour the soil in the pot again - very copiously.

Keep in mind that with all its fleshyness and apparent thickness, aloe leaves are quite fragile, so breaking them is easy enough. However, it is undesirable to allow this, because the more luxuriant the green part of the plant, the more moisture aloe has accumulated in the tissues, the faster it will recover after transplantation, the adaptation process will be more successful.

When the aloe is already extracted, gently clean its roots from the old earth. Clean the surface of the roots by placing aloe on the horizontal surface of the table. Loosen the earthy clod, gradually freeing the roots of adhering soil.

After the roots are released, inspect them carefully. Remove the old roots, rotted, damaged. This will heal the plant, add new forces to it, and relieve from diseases. If aloe is transplanted because of pests, and not because of its growth, the roots should be completely removed from the old soil in order to avoid contamination of the already new soil.

Then place the plant in another pot. Place the aloe in the center of the container, holding the leafy top with one hand. Be sure to then pour. Condense the earth on top, getting to the required level. It is best to fall asleep the plant with a narrow spatula: it is important to place the soil only at the edges of the succulent, avoiding putting it in the socket.

Put on top of another drainage layer - from the same material that is used for the bottom layer. However, the upper drainage should be thin: it is needed so that the water evaporates more slowly from the ground.

Put a pot with aloe in a shady place. A few days after transplanting the plant should not be watered, you just need to spray its leaves. After 2-3 days, aloe root, then it can be watered.

Watch the video showing the correct aloe vegetation.

How to care

Transplanting is a very traumatic procedure for aloe. You should know that the plant is being developed in the new soil during the first one and a half to two months. And this period is considered adaptation - it is necessary to ensure the most favorable conditions for the plant throughout its length. Find out what kind of care is required for aloe after transplantation.

Air humidity

Aloe is a desert plant, so dry air is preferable to it. The flower does not need spraying - only after transplanting for several days. At another time, in order to remove dust and dirt from the leaves, wipe them with a damp cloth and a cloth. In general, drought for aloe is preferable to excessive moisture.

Fertilizing succulent relied once every 1-2 months throughout the growing season: that is, from March to October. Use for fertilizing better complex mineral fertilizers designed specifically for succulents and cacti.

Breeding

Transplantation is often performed simultaneously with reproduction. In this case, a process is separated from the main stem, which is used as planting material. If you need to plant a plant, be sure to sprinkle the sections with ground charcoal - activated or woody, in order to prevent harmful microorganisms from entering and aloe rot.

As you can see, aloe transplantation is a task, though not the easiest, but quite feasible. The procedure is necessary: ​​therefore, when planting this flower, be aware that in any case it will be necessary to replant it. Using our recommendations, you can properly and without negative consequences transplant the plant to a new place of residence, thereby ensuring its more active development and rapid growth.

How to determine that the plant must be transplanted?

Aloe is a large plant, so you need to constantly ensure that it has enough space for growth. As the spinous bush overgrows its pot, it needs to be replanted. If this is not done on time, then the aloe begins to lose the lower leaves, its growth will slow down or stop completely. Transplantation is also necessary because over time the soil is depleted, and its structure is destroyed: the earth passes oxygen worse and accumulates mineral substances. All this worsens the conditions of existence of a succulent and is reflected in its appearance.

The younger the flower, the faster it develops, so the first 3 years of aloe need to be replanted every spring. Then transplantation can be carried out 1 time in 2-3 years.

To decide on when to transplant aloe, can be as its roots. To do this, remove the plant from the pot and examine the root system (one day before the procedure, it is necessary to moisten the soil well). If the earth is barely visible behind the dense interweaving of roots, then it is time to transplant or plant aloe.

Есть и другие внешние признаки, по которым можно определить, что кустарник пора пересаживать:

  • на растении появилось множество сухих отростков,
  • почва закисла, в ней завелись вредители,
  • вокруг центрального стебля образовалась густая молодая поросль.

Подходящее время

When transplanting, you need to know not only how to plant aloe, but also what time of year is most suitable for this. It is best to carry out a transplant in the spring or early summer. At this time, the aloe vegetation begins, as evidenced by the bright green growth point at the top of the stem. In the spring and summer, aloe transfers the loss of the root system more easily, which is always accompanied by transplantation, and also masters more quickly in a new pot and gets used to fresh soil.

It is not recommended to replant aloe in the autumn-winter period. In the cold season, the agave is in a state of hibernation, which makes it difficult to restore the roots in new conditions. Aloe, transplanted in winter, can not survive the stress and die.

Selection of the pot and soil

The success of indoor floriculture is the maximum possible reproduction of the natural habitats of plants, which include temperature, light, and the composition of the substrate in a pot.

All kinds of agave are typical succulents, therefore they prefer bright light. The best place to keep aloe vera at home is windowsills, light verandas or loggias.

In winter, the plant feels best in a bright and cool room at a temperature of 10-14 ° C. It is not recommended to create artificial illumination with fluorescent lamps for succulent: this will lead to the shrub stretching and loss of decorativeness.

In summer, the plants feel good in the open air, but should not be allowed to abrupt climate change. If the succulent did not have enough light in winter, a sharp increase in its amount could lead to a burn. To prevent this, aloe is trained to stay in the open air gradually. Since the beginning of spring, when a favorable temperature regime is established outside the window, pots of flowers can be taken out on the balcony or veranda, gradually increasing the time spent on the street.

Despite the fact that the agave can be under the direct rays of the sun, this should not be abused: prolonged exposure to direct solar radiation, especially in drought conditions, will lead to the loss of the juiciness of the branches and the color change to purple or brown.

An important principle for minimizing the stressful effects of aloe vera transplantation is a well-formed composition of the new earth: it should be as close as possible to the previous one. To transplant aloe, you can use as store mixes, and cooked yourself.

If the substrate is purchased in the store, then preference should be given to compounds for succulents and cacti. If you prepare the mixture yourself, then it must necessarily be introduced in the proportion of 2: 1: 1: 1 turfy ground, hardwood, humus and coarse sand. You can not add peat, it retains moisture and increases acidity.

The plant needs good drainage and prefers loose soil. You can add a little broken bricks. A small amount of charcoal contributes to the disinfection of the soil.

Transplant rules

Consider how to properly transplant aloe at home. To do this, it is enough to study the methods of plant reproduction and some simple rules of transplantation.

Aloe is a hardy shrub, so it can be propagated in many ways:

  • handle,
  • sheet,
  • top of the bush or adult escape,
  • daughter rosettes, which are formed at the base of the adult bush,
  • seeds.

To grow a healthy and beautiful plant and maintain its aesthetic appearance, regardless of the method of reproduction, the following conditions must be met:

  1. Properly choose a pot for planting and transplanting.
  2. Comply with the composition and proportions in the preparation of the land substrate.
  3. Ensure that the shrub has enough space for growth. As the root system develops, aloe vera must be replanted.

Step-by-step transplanting instructions will depend on the age of the plant, but the rules for selecting a pot must be observed:

  1. In order for a shrub with a well-developed root system to feel well, each new pot must be 1/5 more than the previous one.
  2. For transplanting use clay or plastic pots. Plastic is cheaper, lighter, the roots in them are more evenly spaced, but they are not stable, fragile and contribute to stagnant water. Clay pots are porous and keep the temperature of the soil mixture well, which protects the roots from overheating and rotting.
  3. When transplanting it is important to pay attention to the direction in which the roots have grown: in width or in depth. In the first case, the new pot should be slightly wider, and in the second - deeper.
  4. If a new pot is not used for transplantation, then it must be thoroughly processed: wash it with hot water and soap and preferably burn in the oven. New pottery is soaked in a solution of superphosphate, the plastic pot is washed with hot water and soap.

How to transplant an adult plant in another pot?

House-grown aloe vera can reach large sizes, making it difficult to transplant. To move such a plant to another pot, you must not only know how to transplant aloe at home, but also have skills. The transplant scheme of an adult plant is as follows:

  1. Remove it from the pot without damaging the roots. This can be done in 2 ways. In the first case, the pot should be taken in the right hand and turned upside down, holding the bush with the left hand. If the earthen room is not immediately separated, then it is necessary to knock the pot on the edge of the table easily. In the second case, the plant with the ground can be pushed out of the pot with a wooden stick. To do this, the stick is inserted into the drainage hole in the bottom of the pot and, resting on the drainage shard, squeeze earthen clod.
  2. Carefully clean the roots of the old land. To cope with an overly dense earthen clod and not harm the roots, it is better to put it in warm water for a while.
  3. Remove diseased and damaged roots, and sprinkle cut areas with charcoal or sulfur.
  4. Cook the pot. To do this, you need to pick up dishes of such size that the roots do not reach the walls by 1.5-2 cm and by 1-1.5 cm - to the bottom. The bottom is laid out with a layer of pebbles or expanded clay and sprinkled with earth on 1-1.5 cm.
  5. Plant the plant by placing it in a pot, taking into account the necessary indentation and sprinkle with earth. So that the flowers of an adult plant are well kept, the soil in the pot must be compacted. It is recommended to cover the top layer of earth with fine gravel or expanded clay.
  6. The first 5 days of rooting plant is not watered and kept in the shade. If after a week the shrub is swinging in a pot, it means that the roots were damaged during transplantation and the plant did not root. In this case, the transplanting procedure must be repeated.

How to separate and plant a scion?

Aloe is often seated processes. However, many gardeners are faced with the problem of how to properly separate and how to plant an aloe process without damaging it. The main difficulty lies not in how to separate the process, but in how to properly cut the cut, so that it does not start to rot and grow over the roots.

In the sinuses of adult leaves, a large number of "children" - lateral shoots. They can be separated throughout the year. Such processes are cut at the very base, trying not to hurt the adult leaf. After that, the cut is carefully treated with charcoal powder and placed for drying in a dark place for 2-4 days. Prepared cuttings are placed in wet sand or water. When the first roots are sticking out, the processes can be placed in separate pots.

Seated shoots quickly root and grow. A similar scheme can be used in the case when the question arises how to transplant the aloe process.

Transplant cuttings

Growing aloe leaf is the easiest way to transplant agave. Above it was already told how to plant an aloe process. The leaves in this case act as processes. Before planting in the ground they are disinfected and dried, and planted in pots after the rudiments of roots appear on them.

How to transplant aloe without root?

Growing up, aloe can reach a meter tall and more. At the same time the leaves remain only at the top, and the stem is almost completely bare. Such plants look unattractive, and often the owners simply get rid of them. But you should not hurry, because There is a way to return to the plant aesthetic appearance. If the tip has at least 6-7 adult leaves, then it can be cut and planted in a separate pot.

At this stage, the question may arise about how to plant aloe without a root. It's simple: the roots need to grow. Cut the tops treated according to the above scheme and placed in water. After the scion takes off its roots, it is transplanted into a new pot.

If using seeds

Reproduction of aloe seeds - the most time consuming and long way. Difficulties associated with obtaining seeds (agave indoors blooms rarely), and with the planting and care at home for sprouts in the first year.

In order to get strong and healthy shoots for seedlings, you need to know how to soak aloe seeds before planting. In the process of soaking, the humidity of the gauze in which the seeds are located should be strictly controlled: an excess of moisture will lead to rotting, and a lack will not allow the sprouts to break through.

Start planting aloe seeds best at the end of winter. The sprouted shoots are placed in a light loose mixture consisting of sand and garden clay. At room temperature and sufficient moisture from the sprouts quickly appear a pair of young leaves. Before planting aloe in separate small pots, they dive. A year later, be sure to plant aloe in a larger dish.

What is this plant and why replant it?

Aloe belongs to the genus of succulents. These are plants that accumulate moisture in the leaves along with other beneficial substances. In nature, it grows on sandy soils in a dry climate. At home, it must be periodically replanted when the pot becomes too tight. You can also propagate agave in several ways to get even more useful juice.

The best time to transplant a plant is spring and summer. In the cold season, life processes slow down, and the flower may not settle down. However, propagation by cuttings can last almost all year round.

How to separate and deposit a shoot?

The most common method of reproduction of aloe - shoots, or children. They appear every year under the mother bush and already have their own roots. You need to know a few nuances how to transplant the aloe shoot, so as not to harm an adult plant:

  • a small bush is carefully dug out of the ground, so as not to damage the roots,
  • immediately transplant it into a separate pot,
  • plant moderately watered every few days.

This is the easiest way to transplant aloe. In this way, the plant can multiply all year round, but it is better to wait for the warm season. This plant can form a large number of babies per season. Many owners complain that their flowers multiply too intensively, and the pots with them occupy all the free surfaces.

Transplant without root

If a flower grows too high, you can separate its top and form a separate plant. The lower leaves are immediately used to produce juice or gel, which are then added to cosmetics and medicines. The transplant procedure is very simple:

  • top with 6-7 leaves cut off with a knife
  • the process is placed in a jar of water and waiting for it to take root,
  • The plant is planted in a pot with a suitable substrate.

The way how to transplant aloe without a root, suitable for large adult plants. The leaves become suitable for medicinal purposes for 3-4 years of life, then they are cut. As a result, the flower turns out to be high, and the leaves are only on its top.

Watering order

The main rule in the care of agave - it tolerates drought better than too abundant watering. He is able to accumulate moisture in the leaves, so for a long time without precipitation. If it grows in wetlands, its green mass will begin to rot. Young plants are watered once a week, then the frequency is gradually reduced. An adult flower needs water no more than once a week in the summer, and in the winter - once in 30-40 days.

Agave, like other succulents, feel good under intense light. They are recommended to put on the window sills on the south side. If the plant does not receive enough sunlight, the leaves will grow uneven, bent. Lamps are optional. If the flower has long been in the shade for any reason, it should not be sharply set in the sun.

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