Planting onion sets has its advantages over sowing seeds. This method will allow you to get an earlier harvest, the plants will develop much faster and have a stronger root system. One of the questions faced by novice gardeners: is it necessary to cut onion sets before planting?
Do I need to cut onion sets at planting?
Among gardeners there is no unequivocal opinion whether to cut onion sets before planting. But most points of view are inclined to believe that pruning should still be done. As a result, faster growth of the plant will occur, as the onions will be able to easily feather on the soil surface. As a result, you can get a beautiful feather and a good onion.
How to cut onion sets before planting?
In response to the question of how to properly trim the onion sevok before planting, we can recommend the following method. On large bulbs, which are prepared for planting on the feather, it is necessary to produce a trimming of one-third. After maturation, the feather will be much easier to pull out, it is not interrupted.
In case you intend to grow onions, it is advisable to cut only the tail of the sev. Some inexperienced gardeners cut the neck of the bulb to the very shoulder and at the same time cut the seedling that is in it. The result will be damage to the first leaves that are not able to grow fully.
Preparation for planting onion sets
Onions are cold-resistant plants. Therefore, its landing can be carried out when the air temperature exceeds + 10 ºС. As a rule, it is the middle or the end of April.
In the preparation of planting material onion sets, it is imperative to sort out and select damaged, rotted and sprouted bulbs. Then it should be heated at a temperature of + 40ºС for 8 hours. This will have a beneficial effect on the quality of the onion set, namely:
- helps to awaken dormant buds,
- will reduce the likelihood of bolting,
- will reduce the likelihood of such a disease as downy mildew.
- Immediately before planting, sevok recommended to soak in a one percent solution of copper sulfate for 15-20 minutes.
Thus, cutting off onion sets will allow you to get a better and more abundant crop.
When planting in spring, the size of the bulbs does not matter. Proper care and favorable weather conditions allow them to grow and reach the same size.
How to cut onions and prepare it for planting? Here are a few recommendations.
- Remove diseased, rotten and germinated onions.
- If the onion is planted on a green feather, then with a knife or sharp scissors we cut off the upper part of the large onion by about a third. This stimulates the fastest growth of the green pen. Greens grow beautiful, thick, juicy, breaks easily. And the bulb is not pulled out of the ground.
- If you want to get a harvest of onions, it is desirable to remove only the dry tail of the seed set, without affecting the bulb itself.
- Carefully cut dry roots with scissors. This contributes to the rapid development of the new root system. The next day you can see the appearance of young roots.
Before planting, warm up the sevok day on a warm battery. Then soak for 10 hours in any complex fertilizer (dilute in water according to the instructions!). Immediately before planting, dip the onions for 15 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or in a solution of copper sulfate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water), rinse with clean water.
If sevok left without pruning, the bow will sit longer in the ground. To get to the sun shoots will interfere with the very dry tail.
The cut bulb has no barriers. The feather quickly and evenly goes into growth, delighting the summer resident with early greenery.
For planting in the winter, you can buy a small sevok (oatsuzhku). Do not worry, the heads will grow large, they will not go into arrows. The harvest is well kept all winter.
The principle of preparing the winter crop is slightly different.
- Discard unsuitable seed.
- Sort the bulbs by size. Planted first large, then medium and small.
- The distance between the bulbs during winter planting should be less than in spring.
- Cut dry tips and roots are not necessary.
- Soak and warming is not recommended.
This type of onion is planted in the winter. He has small bulbs, cut them off is not necessary. We must try to plant before frost, to have time to take root and gain strength. A perennial plant, growing in several tiers, has a pleasant taste.
It is also called the family or kuschevka. Now it does not have such popularity as before. The bulbs grow a small size, but with the observance of agrotechnics a good harvest is possible.
Family planted in early spring. At the same time, the bottom of the bulb must be cut, because a powerful, well-developed root system is important for this variety. Whether to trim dry ends or not is not important in this case.
Before planting, the “family” bulbs must be cleaned of dry peel, since rotten bacteria can hide under it.
In the winter, this bow is not planted, otherwise it will go to the arrows. Do not forget to water more often: the little family loves water.
As you can see, each variety of onions has its own characteristics of preparing and cutting the seed before planting.
Quality onion harvest is guaranteed for you if you act correctly:
- follow the above recommendations
- observe crop rotation,
- buy zoned sevok,
- maintain planting and harvesting terms,
- do not forget about fertilizing and fertilizer,
- timely destroy the onion fly and other pests.
At observance of temperature conditions onions are well kept until spring.
It has long been to planting onions did not impose any special requirements. He was not given much attention, since the culture itself is unpretentious in growth and care. Today, the ecological background in different regions of the country excludes the possibility of obtaining a large crop without auxiliary manipulations. Cutting the top of the seed applied today quite often.
The available dry tip, from which a green feather will break through after planting, is an inhibiting factor that delays the growing season. If it is not cut, it will sit longer in the ground. Such a culture is more difficult to break through to the sun. When pruning growth becomes uniform.
This method is considered not as radical as scalding onions with boiling water or piercing its succulent scales, but it can be used only in late terms of disembarkation. There are many contradictory opinions about the actualization of this method, but at the same time, the practice has shown its effectiveness for decades.
Removing the tips of the bulbs for planting allows you to create favorable conditions for the growing season. It simplifies the process of soaking the planting material and its disinfection. In the end, the gardener gets not only a rich but also a healthy harvest. However, this procedure has several rules, because if you do it wrong, the onion may rot, or it will not release the pen at all.
Why do you need?
Due to the similar trimming of the tail, it is possible to accelerate the appearance of the green feather. At the same time, the rooting of the bulb itself is accelerated, since it manages to save forces on penetration of the germ. Such a landing practice allows you to get large and juicy onions. In addition, trimming the tail has a beneficial effect on the culture when it is grown on greens.
Onions are characterized by an underdeveloped, fibrous root system. Removing the tip gives impetus to the rapid development of its roots. The pruning is remarkable also because, thanks to her, the gardener can sort out the seed, removing rotten and dry onions. Having received a powerful charge, the plant develops more intensively than uncircled onions.
This procedure is especially important when the bulbs have a dry bottom. If you do not cut it, the growth and development of the root system may be delayed for a long time. In general, manipulations contribute to the leveling of the leaf apparatus, the emergence of friendly entrances, and also make it possible to improve the storage characteristics of the harvested crop. As a rule, such onions are stored longer.
Trimming the tails of the onion is not something difficult and especially relevant when it is a bit. Often for large plantations, this procedure may seem tedious. Therefore, in large farms there is no question about it. To facilitate the work, and at the same time reduce the time of circumcision, it is worth noting briefly what and how you can get rid of the tips.
For trimming the tails of the bulbs, you can use different tools. At the same time there are no restrictions - the gardener can use what is more convenient for him. In one case it is a knife, in the other - a pruner, in the third - scissors. In this case, the choice of the tool will depend not only on the degree of trauma, but also on the speed of work.
For example, working with a knife is dangerous, and, in addition to the dry tail, you can touch the bulb itself. Secateurs are convenient for making small and small sizes. It has a fairly sharp blade, while they capture the tail on both sides at the same time and quickly cut off the excess. However, for large planting material, such a device may not be suitable.
With regards to time, faster to cut the bow will turn out to be shears. A little more time it will take when working with scissors. The longest will have to be carried in preparing the bow for planting, if the main tool is a knife. In all cases it is important that the blades of the tools are sharp.
How to carry out the procedure?
The first thing you should pay attention to is the time limit for pruning. It is performed immediately before planting onions in a dug and prepared bed. Previously, this can not be done, since there is no need to cut and winter, or the so-called family onions. Faced with different sizes of onion sets, you need to take into account several nuances.
Today, among gardeners, there are three methods of cutting onion sets before planting. Each of them is different in its reception and comes from the specific tasks that puts the owner of the estate. To understand the differences, it is necessary to briefly identify the task and method of its execution. The main points are planting for greenery, root and quick harvest.
For example, when onions are grown on a feather, large heads are taken and 1/3 of their size is cut from above. This method will allow you to easily remove the green feather when it reaches the required size. In addition, the feather will grow beam, which is especially important for obtaining abundant greenery. At the same time the culture will not feel injury, the place of the cut will usually drag out and dry over time.
On root vegetable
When the gardener's task is to plant a crop to produce a commercial onion, only a dry tip can be cut off. It is not recommended to touch the green sprout, if it already exists. The same applies to white skin: according to all the rules of pruning, it should not be struck before planting. In this case, remember the rule: not always "more" means "better."
To accelerate growth
According to experienced gardeners, for this method use certain varieties of onions (for example, suitable Msergey). The procedure involves cutting not only the top, but the bottom. In this case, the culture receives a powerful push simultaneously for the development of the feather and the root system. As a rule, both the roots and feathers of onions processed in this way grow much faster than with any other crop.
What else to consider?
When the method of cutting the tip over the shoulders is relevant, it should be done carefully, without haste. Otherwise, it is possible to damage the buds of the tops or the so-called sprouts located in the neck of the bulb. If you ignore this aspect, the first feathers that appear will initially grow damaged. In addition, they will remain deformed, such greens will be limited in growth.
In order not to spoil a lot of crops before planting, you can try to pre-train. For this it is necessary to initially discard the planting material. As a rule, after a few pieces the procedure and the correctness of its implementation become absolutely clear. Everyone can cope with this task, even a child, if he is shown what can be cut off and what is undesirable.
In addition, it is worth considering that the bow is different. For example, a family plant earlier. In addition to trimming the tails, and often part of the tops of such onions, pruned his bottom. This allows not only to accelerate the growth of the root system, but also to make it developed and powerful.
In addition, sometimes when landing on the beds, they remove husks, which may contain putrefactive bacteria. In winter, such a bow is not planted, because it will go to the arrows. When cutting onions, in addition to the tail, you can remove dry roots. This will be a good stimulation of the development of new roots.
Proper preparation of the onion set for planting is of interest to many, as evidenced by the heated discussions in the dacha forums. Most of those who do pruning onions annually, say: this method is really effective. According to their opinions, after removing the woven part of the top, the bow grows quickly, because even the feathers themselves find it difficult to break through such a barrier.
Regarding the opinions of how to properly and how best to cut a bow, reviews are contradictory. Some comments indicate that pruning is possible only on the shoulders, others consider it is better to trim the bottom. However, such a measure of preparation is different for each. Someone simply cuts off the onion and immediately plants it on the garden bed, other gardeners moisten it and cover it with film to speed up the production of roots.
Some believe that, in addition to pruning, you also need to remove the dry skin that protects the bulb from diseases. In their opinion, it slows down the development of the planted culture, despite the trimming of the dry tail. Someone thinks that in addition to pruning it is also necessary to warm up the sevok. In general, many point out: if you cut the tips in spring before disembarking, you can collect a lot of feathers over the summer, as well as get large and even heads.
For details on how to prepare the bow for planting, see the following video.
Preparatory work before landing
In order for the onions to grow well after planting in spring and give a bountiful harvest, it is necessary to hold preparatory work. Despite the fact that such a culture in growing is very light and unpretentious, it also requires certain knowledge. If you do not work with the preparation of planting material is unlikely to be able to grow a crop without loss.
Experienced gardeners use a variety of tools for the cultivation of vegetable and fruit crops. These are mainly complex fertilizers and pest control agents. The great benefit in obtaining the crop comes from pre-soaking the bulbs. The onion has a poorly developed fibrous root system. If you soak it for a short time, you can immediately see that the roots begin to move out. This procedure allows you to:
- get quick shoots
- disinfect pests,
- give impetus to the early development of the root system.
Small onions are selected for planting small diameter 1-3 cm. Removed rotted, sprouted and damaged bulbs. Planting onions should be the same, without large roots and feathers, so that the vegetable grows evenly on the garden bed. Experienced gardeners recommend warming up selected seedlings at a temperature of 40 o C. They should be heated for 8 hours. Such a procedure will help uncover dormant buds, reduce the risk of damage by downy mildew. Warming up will reduce the likelihood that the bulbs will go into arrows.
The onion is considered to be a cold-resistant plant, therefore, it can be planted on the beds in spring at a temperature of +10 o C.
Many gardeners apply different means for soaking. Most commonly used ordinary water, a light solution of potassium permanganate, 1% solution of copper sulphate. Also apply complex fertilizers for vegetable crops. Usually it is enough to hold the planting material in simple water or other means for 20-30 minutes. If you use fertilizer, then the soaking time will be longer. Top dressing take 1 table spoon and diluted with 1 bucket of water. Hold in such a solution onion sets 8-10 hours.
Another simple method is to hold the onion in salt water. It will not allow the onion fly larvae to be postponed and will help preserve the crop. Apply 1 kg of salt to 5 liters of water and keep sevka in saline liquid for 2 hours. Such a solution is able to save from onion flies and other pests, diseases.
Do I need to cut onion sets before planting?
Now a lot of different information has begun to appear related to pruning spring seeding before planting. It is believed that the onion buds will be easier to receive oxygen after trimming. The pen begins to grow after that much faster. The plant will develop more intensively, which in the end will give a good bulb and a beautiful feather.
Pruning can also remove bulbs affected by harmful bacteria. Считается, что такая процедура, совмещенная с замачиванием лука перед посадкой в грунт, позволит собрать хороший урожай и увеличить сроки его хранения.
Если луковички слишком мелкие их можно не обрезать. Более крупные нуждаются в такой процедуре.It is very important to do this when the bottom of the bulb is dry. In such bulbs roots can not appear for a long time.
How to cut onion sets before planting?
Pruning sevka before planting is better to do, having the skills of a gardener. Otherwise, you can do it wrong, which will damage the planting material. In the neck of the bulb is a seedling and unknowingly it can be removed along with the neck. Because of this, the first feather is damaged and growth is not fully.
Trimming will still depend onwhy vegetable is grown. If it is planned to grow it on a feather, then it is worth cutting the bulb 1/3. When planning to grow onions for winter storage, then it is recommended to cut only the tail.
For cutting, you can use a sharp knife or pruner. The last tool is much more convenient in work. Secateurs should be comfortable in your hand so as not to get injured. The knife is also suitable for trimming, but the work will take more time and effort.
Landing should be carried out when the soil is already warmotherwise the bow will go into arrows. The soil should be moderately moist and prepared. On the bed planned for planting, grooves are made with a distance between rows of 20-25 cm and between plants of 8-10 cm. Planting material is buried, so that there is then a layer of earth of 2-3 cm above.
If you plant the bulbs too deep, then the germination process will be delayed, the quality of the crop will deteriorate. When sevok sown finely and in dry soil, then such a landing leads to damage and death sevka. As a result, the yield of the vegetable decreases.
It is advisable to plant garlic or carrots around the onion. These plants are well repelled onion fly and can increase the yield of closely growing crops. The best place in the garden will be the site where they grew up before:
If on a bed before it grew garlic or carrot, then it is not recommended to plant sevka on the same plot. The harvest will be scanty and painful. Before planting mineral fertilizers can be applied to the wells.
Further care is in loosening the soil, removing weeds and watering. Approximately 1 month before harvesting, watering should stop. The excess moisture will provoke growth, restrain the ripening of onions. Using all these methods of cultivation, you can harvest a good harvest, spending not so much time and effort.
The feasibility of cutting onion Sevka
Opinions regarding the trimming of planting material often diverge: some believe that the bow grows perfectly without removing the top, and that it is not worth spending a lot of time cutting each tiny onion.
Others are confident that pruning the upper part is an integral part of the preparatory process, without which it will not be possible to grow a decent crop. Nevertheless, the majority of gardeners are inclined to the second point of view: pruning is needed.
What gives onion tops trimming
- Acceleration of green growth. Greens begin to grow much earlier, because the onion feathers will not have to make their way through the thickness of the scales, and they will easily come to the surface of the ground. The result is a smooth, abundant and beautiful greens.
- Improved growth of bulbs. The sooner the onion rises, the earlier the bulb will form. After trimming the heads grow flat and large, without rejection. Cutting off sevok, it is easy to notice and in due time to reject sick specimens that were affected by bacterial rot.
- Increased shelf life. A quality harvest of strong healthy bulbs will last much longer.
It turns out that pruning the upper part of the planting bulb allows you to "kill two birds with one stone": get a rich harvest of juicy greens (long-stored onions) and identify infected specimens in advance.
How to cut sevke intended for planting
Large planting material is well trimmed with a sharp knife. For cutting the tops of smaller onions, it is better to use shears or scissors.
No matter what tool is chosen for trimming the top of the heads, the main thing is not to produce it in advance, otherwise an infection will get into the onion, and it is unlikely that you can grow a healthy onion.
Seed trimming process before planting
Finding out why, when, and with what tool to cut the crop, learn how to cut a bow during planting. It depends on what you want to get at the exit - a lot of fresh greens or large selected bulbs.
Seed preparation for growing on a feather
If the onion is planted to obtain a green feather, experienced gardeners recommend this method. We buy or choose the largest bulbs from the existing planting material: they will make a lot of greenery. We take a well-ground knife and cut the onions by a third.
When the plants acquire leaves, they will be pulled out without any extra effort, without tearing at the same time.
Seed trimming process before planting
Seed preparation for growing bulbs
When it is necessary to grow not a feather, but a harvest of bulbs, we select medium-sized and small-sized heads, and cut only the tails of selected specimens, without touching the head itself.
If you cut the onions "by the shoulders," as inexperienced gardeners sometimes do, a sprout will be shed together with the tip.
The rudiments of feathers will be damaged and will not be able to grow fully, and without a thick, healthy feather, strong large onions will not grow.
Now it is clear why pruning of seed material is needed, and how to cut onions when planting in garden beds. It remains to choose the purpose of planting and prepare the onions according to the first or second method of pruning.
Why and how to trim a bow
The question of whether to trim the onion sets before planting, worries many gardeners. An unequivocal answer to this question is not yet available. Some believe that planting onions is quite acceptable without trimming the tops. From their point of view, circumcision is a waste of time, because each individual onion will need to be processed. Others, on the contrary, are convinced that pruning onion seedlings is an obligatory process, without which obtaining a full-fledged harvest is not possible. In fairness, it should be noted that most of the experts in the field of gardening consider trimming onions before planting necessary.
Cutting off the top of the bulb means providing accelerated growth of greenery. Greens will start to grow earlier due to the fact that the bulb feathers will not have to try to force their way through the scales. It will effortlessly come to the surface, with the result that each bulb will produce abundant and even shoots.
The earlier the onion rises, the earlier the onion will also form. After trimming the head, they grow large and almost flawless.
In the process of pruning, it is easiest to see and discard bulbous seed material affected by bacterial rot or other diseases that can slow the full growth of the crop.
The high-quality harvest, which is obtained from strong and healthy bulbs with a cut off top, is stored much longer.
For the procedure, you can use a sharp knife, pruner or scissors. It does not matter which of the listed tools will be selected. It is much more important that the procedure is not performed too well in advance. Otherwise, an infection will inevitably fall on the onion planting material, and it will no longer make sense to talk about getting a decent crop.
It should be noted that when planted on an industrial scale, sevskas rarely subject to pruning - processing hundreds of kilograms of small onions is a rather dreary and laborious exercise.
Important! After trimming, warm the planting material on the warm battery for 24 hours. After that, it should be soaked for half a day in any complex fertilizer, diluted, in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer. And, finally, immediately before the start of the landings, it will be useful to place the onions in a solution of copper sulfate or potassium permanganate (weak) for 15-20 minutes. The main thing - do not forget to then wash them with clean, preferably running water.
Onion Trimming Procedure
Having decided positively the question whether it is necessary to trim the tip when planting onions, it is very important to carry out the procedure correctly. The specificity of the procedure largely depends on the competitive goal of onion cultivation: the production of a large amount of greenery or large and selected bulbs.
If, in accordance with the plans of the gardeners, the bow has to reap a good feather, the tops should be trimmed as follows. From the available planting material should choose the largest copies of the bulbs. They will produce more green shoots than smaller onions. Next, use a well-ground knife to remove about a third of the bulbs in the upper part. This technique allows you to effortlessly pull out the greens as it grows.
If the purpose of planting is a turnip onion, the following procedure will be better for pruning. In this case, the necessary material for planting is small and medium heads. They should be cut only tails, carefully trying not to hurt the bulb itself. If due to inexperience cut too much, together with the tip will be cut and a seedling. As a result of damage to the rudiments of feathers, the latter cannot grow fully, and without them full-fledged and strong bulbs will not work.
Many gardeners note that if two rows are planted next to each other, one of which will be used for properly trimmed onions and the other is not, the first will be able to germinate faster.
But opponents of the procedure say that this is only an illusion. In reality, an onion that has a top clipped does indeed give a feather much faster. This is due to the lack of resistance in the form of a tail, through which the uncut plant will have to break through. But very soon (in about two weeks) it will not be clear which bed was used for cutting onions before planting.
Some people decide negatively whether the onions should be trimmed immediately before planting, because during the pruning process on the bulb, wounds are obtained that can spoil the presentation of the product (after all, part of the pen is trimmed in preparation for planting). But this view is absolutely not justified. By the time the crop is cut, there will not be a single trace, indicating that the plant was pruned.
Despite the differences, the answer to the question whether it is necessary to trim the tip when planting an onion, each gardener decides for himself. The only thing that needs to be noted is that such a procedure will not do any harm to the culture at all.
If you plan on planting onions before winter comes, the sequence of actions should be approximately as follows:
- reject all unsuitable planting material
- sort onions by size,
- first plant large specimens, then smaller ones.
The distance of winter bulbs, planted when autumn comes, should be less than when the autumn planting is carried out. In this case, neither the roots nor the dry tips should under no circumstances be cut, since the plant can freeze in a harsh winter. Warming up and soaking are also contraindicated.
Features of onion planting
Having figured out whether or not the onion of a sevka should be cut off the top, it is worth knowing how to plant it correctly.
Features of onion planting
Place for landing is usually prepared in the fall. The soil is carefully and deeply dug up, fertilized with manure, compost or chicken manure at the rate of one and a half to two buckets of organic matter per square meter. In addition, it is necessary to include superphosphate with potassium salts in the proper amount of fertilizers. Onions, which have a particularly good and large head, are usually obtained from areas where peas, zucchini, potatoes, tomatoes or pumpkins were previously grown. After carrots, garlic and cucumbers, on the contrary, you should not count on a decent harvest.
Planting is usually done when spring comes, and warm weather sets in. It is very important that the earth is warm enough to a minimum of +14 degrees. In central Russia, the optimal time for planting onion seedlings falls on the end of April and the beginning of May.
Immediately before placing onions in the soil, beds are spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. More fertilize the soil throughout the growing season is not required. It will only be necessary to periodically water the onions and remove the weeds.
Sevok planted in pre-prepared and loosened beds. This is done according to the scheme. It is very important to maintain a distance between the bulbs of 12 centimeters, and between the beds - 25-28 centimeters. The depth of planting heads sev can vary from 14.5 to 5 centimeters. After planting the soil need to mulch. Sawdust or straw is most commonly used as mulch. Alternatively, freshly planted sek can be covered with a dark film to prevent drying.
Previously, often planted the so-called family onions. Currently it is not very popular.
This variety has relatively small bulbs, but if you fully comply with agricultural techniques, the crop can be obtained very decent. Planted family onions usually in early spring. Experts strongly recommend to trim the bottom of the bulb a little, because a well-developed root system is especially important for the described species and its successful growth. Returning to the question of the need to cut the tops of the bulb, it should be noted that in the case of family onions, this procedure is not so significant. The most important thing is to remove excess husks before planting, under which harmful bacteria can hide.
Onions - quite simple to grow a plant. But in order for the crop to be abundant, the preparation of seed and planting the plant in open ground should be approached with maximum responsibility. And in order not to risk, to trim the tops, yet, probably, it should. In the end, most gardeners continue to do just that and do not complain about the low yield of the grown crop.