Before planting potatoes, it is important to choose a variety that not only does not create trouble in the care, and will also have a pleasant taste. Among the abundance of varieties of varieties, experienced gardeners choose Gala potatoes - refers to high-yielding and early ripening varieties. It is characterized by unpretentiousness in care, grows well in any soil, which makes it universal for cultivation in any region. From the moment of disembarkation, the gala gestation period is only 80 days.
The description of a variety of potatoes Gala has significant differences from ordinary potatoes.
Sprouts of a direct steady form, average on height are covered with big leaves of a saturated green shade.
Corolla inflorescence small size white shade. Shrubs grow medium with a strong stalk.
The mass of one tuber varies from 100 to 120 g. The tuber is rounded or closer to the oval shape with a yellow skin of medium thickness.
The flesh of the vegetable is pale or, on the contrary, saturated yellow - depends on the place of growth. Contains a small amount of starch - from 10 to 13%, has a pleasant taste.
It should be taken into account: such potatoes do not darken, and do not crumble during heat treatment.
Potato varieties Gala has its own characteristics that distinguish it from other varieties:
- It ripens quickly. Full ripening time from planting date, approximately 75 - 80 days. This variety is a godsend for those who live in central Russia.
- Abundantly fruiting and well preserved.
- It is considered the best variety among other types of potatoes. Due to the small content in the composition of the starch, the vegetable has not only a pleasant taste, but also great for preparing diet food.
Before choosing any potato variety, it is important to pay attention to its characteristics.
Potato varieties Gala
This variety was bred by German breeders, became popular not only in Russia, but throughout the world.
Potato varieties Gala has a high plasticity and versatility. It survives well in any conditions, without losing its taste. Unpretentious to care, can grow in any soil and in any weather.
Gala potatoes are well resistant to nematodes, an early ripe variety that has good taste, ideal for dietary meals, contains little starch and a lot of carotene.
The shape of the tuber has small eyes, which are much easier to clean than any other variety. It has good keeping quality, the harvesting of the tops is done 2 weeks before the harvest begins. Thus tubers are best preserved until spring.
Good keeping quality is one of the important characteristics of potatoes. Grade Gala is well kept until spring.
Cultivation and care
Before starting planting potatoes, you should select small seed tubers and warm them in the sun. The Gala variety is planted to a depth of 10-15 cm. The distance between the holes is made larger than usual - 70-80 cm. In this case, the potatoes will be able to form large tubers, which will later yield a bountiful harvest.
As soon as sprouts begin to appear, they must be covered with earth. The procedure should be repeated 2 to 3 times. Thus, the root of the plant will get stronger, become branched, and a few months later the potatoes will enjoy a good harvest.
By planting according to all the rules - a bountiful harvest is ensured.
Potato Gala unpretentious in the care, but requires timely watering. Also, in need of feeding, like any other vegetable. The first is made before planting, the second - during the hilling of the bush. This variety needs nitrogen fertilizers, they should be applied before flowering. Next, the plant is fed as needed.
Maintaining optimum soil moisture - will not give the abyss tubers.
Potato varieties Gala requires constantly moist soil. Therefore, to grow good tubers in arid lands, experienced gardeners do not recommend growing it.
The only unpleasant feature of this variety is that it is poorly resistant to fungal diseases. One of the most dangerous and most common diseases is rhizoctoniosis.
The tubers affected by the fungus lag far behind in development, sometimes die. The disease is characterized by dark formations - brown ulcers appear on the leaves.
Processing planting material will protect the plant from the fungus.
Damage occurs through contaminated soil or nearby diseased plants. In order to avoid yield loss, it is recommended to treat the seed with a solution of boric acid (1.5%).
Potato gala, as well as any vegetable crop needs constant care and timely feeding. Proper implementation of all procedures and the creation of proper conditions for growth will ensure a good growth of tubers, which by the autumn will give a bountiful harvest.
An important step is the purchase of seeds, that is, planting material. The ego needs to be medium sized with no signs of damage. Planting potatoes is recommended after a few days of warming in the sun. When planting, the seeds go deep into the ground by 15 centimeters and are located at a distance of about 80 centimeters. Sprouting seeds at the same time and very amicably.
If you sprinkle the new shoots with earth, you can significantly increase the yield.
As for the soil, then the variety is not demanding, but feeding and fertilizer - this is what you need to pay attention to.
Soil fertilizer is produced:
- just before planting seeds in the ground,
- during the second hilling.
For gardeners, we have one small tip: ten days before harvesting, you need to remove all the tops. Due to this, it is possible to increase the shelf life of tubers. It is also important to comply with the rules of agricultural engineering.
How to make everything right? First you need to deal with basic requirements.
If on a site sandy ground, then everything is fine. Although it is worth saying that the variety perfectly adapts to any soil and does not suffer in its development. But, if the soil is quite heavy, then the potatoes in the hole will be small, but it will be a lot, since it will be difficult for it to grow. In heavy soil, the tubers are uneven and when they are cleaned, the amount of waste increases markedly.
To improve the quality of the soil, you can make it river sand or use humus. One ton will need one ton of fertilizer.
It is necessary to feed the soil in the fall, at the same time it is quite possible to use any organic chemistry. It may be humus, compost or manure. Before the onset of spring, all the beneficial substances dissolve in the soil and be absorbed into it. If fertilizing needs to be done in the springtime, then you can use any fertilizer except manure. If the compost is not enough, then you can make it a little later. When planting, add some wood ash and compost to each well.
Planting tubers should be of medium size, since too small ones do not contain enough nutrients and will not give the roots the necessary nutrition. Seeds should be brought to sunlight, with direct rays should be avoided. It is good if there are sprouts on the tubers, which are a little green, but have a dense skin. The length of sprouts should be about one centimeter. Carefully lower the tuber into the hole so as not to damage or break the sprouts.
Landing scheme and its timing
The optimum soil temperature for planting should not be below 10 degrees Celsius. In cold soil, seeds can rot. It is recommended to adhere to the landing pattern.
The idea that the more tuber will be buried, the richer the crop will be, is completely wrong. A dense planting, on the contrary, will cause the plants to oppress each other. Landing with the motoblock will be an excellent option.
You should not plant several seeds in one well, as in this case, the potatoes will be quite small.
Many gardeners mistakenly believe that planting potatoes in the ground is all that is required of them. This is not true. Plant need to hill, and you need to adhere to some rules. The earth must touch the stalks of the bush, otherwise additional roots will not form, and the usual gathering of the mountains of the earth to the plant will yield absolutely no results. Hilling is done in the morning or evening chats, better after watering or rain.
Harvesting will be much easier if you mow all the tops a few days before. Dug potatoes should be left on the ground, with sunlight destroying the bacteria.
A couple of tips to gardeners who grow Gala potatoes in their own area:
- It is recommended to follow the rules of crop rotation. If the site is small, then, of course, there may be some problems, but you need to make sure that the plant is not planted in the same place for a long time. You can simply update the seeds.
- After planting, the plants should be periodically carefully inspected for the presence of diseases or pests. Timely struggle means a lot.
- Fruit ripening depends on adherence to agrotechnics, which is why you need to learn about all the rules and nuances before planting a variety of Gala.
- It is necessary to observe the temperature and air parameters during storage, so the harvest will be preserved much longer.
I always plant a variety of Gala potatoes in the country. I am happy and I do not want to change it for another. She has excellent characteristics, it is fully consistent with the description. Potatoes are very tasty, quickly cooked. The smoothness and evenness of her tubers I especially like. It is stored perfectly.
Good potatoes! Perfectly stored. I like to plant it because it is very hardy and of high quality. My harvest has always been rich, because the soil is fertile. Tubers are large, neat shape. It is a pleasure to clean it. Delicious, not razvaristoy potatoes. Recomend for everybody.
In my garden, as a rule, several varieties of potatoes. I love Gala because of her unpretentiousness. It does not require special attention, it perfectly tolerates temperature fluctuations and its fruits are much tastier than others. I really like.
The variety Gala was bred by German breeders and since 2008 it has been listed in the State Register of potato sorts of the medium early type. Due to the high yield of potatoes, when from one weave they drop up to 400–600 kilograms of tubers, it has allowed the variety to become the leader among farmers and summer residents.
Grow vegetables in areas with unstable weather, cold climate. The vegetable is valued for early ripening 75 days after planting. Potato Gala represents the best varieties of table type of vegetable on farmers' fields.
The simplicity of the plant to the soil contributes to the choice of varieties for growing on heavy sandy soils with a low content of humus. Suitable vegetable for the climate of the Volga-Vyatka, Central and North-West region.
Keeps potato quality on our beds in Siberia and the Far East. After 2 months after planting, you can feast on fresh potatoes, and after 3-4 weeks - completely ready for storage tubers.
Advantages and disadvantages
Characteristics of the potato variety Gala is replete with only positive qualities of the culture:
- Harvest varietal vegetables can be obtained on any soil. The optimal conditions for growing potatoes of German selection have areas of central Russia.
- From one bush up to 20–30 tubers of medium size are accumulated.
- Given the early dates of ripening of the vegetable, you can vary the time of planting, shift the period of harvesting of fruits by 1-2 weeks.
- They note the resistance of potatoes to diseases: bacterial cancer, scab.
- With properly organized storage, the fruits of potatoes will remain without rotting for up to 6-7 months.
- The grade differs in good tastes. Tubers are suitable for the preparation of main dishes, salads, chips. It is useful to include potatoes in the menu for those who are watching the figure and want to lose the extra kilos. In addition to carotene, the tubers contain a lot of vitamin C, protein, which allows you to remain full without gaining weight.
Among the disadvantages of a vegetable plant is that the variety prefers high soil moisture. And if potatoes are grown in places with arid climate, the planting will have to be watered more often.
There is a possibility of damage to the tubers and the aerial part of the plant by a fungus, in particular, rhizoctoniosis. Then the bushes begin to lag behind in development and may die, which is bad for the crop.
Features of growing
Reviews of those who planted gala potatoes and grows in their gardens, say from the fact that for the harvest you need to comply with agrotechnical vegetable culture. For planting varietal potatoes, it is important to determine the place for the crop in compliance with the rules of crop rotation. Competent planting and care for the crop will lead to providing the family with potatoes for the whole winter, and the farmer will be able to realize the tubers with a large profit.
In order for the potato variety Gala to fully demonstrate its best properties, pay attention to the choice of the site for vegetable culture.
Do not recommend to leave under the potato hillsides or low places. The plot for the vegetable must be smooth, with groundwater at a depth of 1.5 meters. They do not recommend planting potatoes in the shade, otherwise the bushes will not reach the average height, and the tubers will be small. Only in direct sunlight does the plant develop fully with the timely ripening of the fruit.
High yields are obtained on light, nutritious soils, if summer is wet and cool. The depleted lands enrich in advance with nutrients. Potatoes grow the worst on saline soils and when all summer there is a high temperature of air without rains.
What can be planted before and after the gala?
The rules of crop rotation, their observance are necessary so that vegetables do not need additional care, and their resistance to diseases remains reliable.
For potato gala, the best predecessors are cucumbers, beets and carrots. After these vegetables, you can be sure of the nutritional value of the soil.
Well nourishes the soil planting legumes - peas, beans. No wonder the beans are planted next to the wells of potatoes. Their neighborhood is favorable.
After early ripening Gala planted cabbage, cucumbers. To make planting potatoes with benefit, green manure: rye, alfalfa, rapeseed, mustard are sown in advance at the site for the winter. Plants saturate the soil with nitrogen, make the soil loose, permeable to air and water.
Digging and fertilizer
Although the variety Gala adapts to any soil, but in dense and heavy land it will be difficult for the tuber to develop.
In the fall, prepare the plot, digging or plowing the ground. In case of heavy soil, river sand and humus are introduced before digging. Process the field with the motor-block, a manual cultivator. The most reliable tool for digging is a shovel. The plowing depth should not exceed 30 centimeters.
20 grams of ammonium nitrate is added to one square meter of field. For weighting sandy soil, you can make clay.
If the digging of the soil was carried out correctly, in the summer, the hilling of potatoes will take place without much effort.
Like other potato varieties, Gala prefers neutral or slightly acidic soils. Determine the acidity of the land of farmers and gardeners in different ways:
- using litmus paper,
- infusion of bird cherry,
- the predominance of plant species on the site
- bloom on the ground surface.
A greenish litmus paper will indicate a neutral acidity index, and a yellow color indicates a pH of 5.6–6.0.
Dropping a piece of earth in the infusion of cherry leaves, the red color of the liquid determines that the soil is acidic. The neutral composition will show blue, and the slightly acid - green.
The bear's ear, marianica, peppermint, field horsetail, and plantain grow well on acidic soils. Mildly acidic - they will be recognized by sludge, creeping wheatgrass, and coltsfoot. Rusty deposits on the ground are the result of increased acidity of the soil.
The constant introduction of dolomite flour every 5 years will maintain the normal acidity of the soil.
For a month, preparing material for planting potatoes. These include culling of tubers, leaving only healthy weighing 50-70 grams. If seeds are larger than 100 grams, it is better to cut the seeds into two parts 2–3 weeks before planting. The halves are placed in the basement, spreading out a layer of 10 centimeters.
Pre-seed germination in 40 days. To do this, the tubers in 2 or 3 layers laid out in a bright room at a temperature of 12-15 degrees Celsius. For wet vernalization, the folded fruits are poured in damp earth. And hold 10-15 days at a temperature of 14-18 degrees. Ready planting material should be slightly green with powerful sprouts 1 centimeter long.
As soon as the land in the garden warms up to 6–8 degrees, you can prepare the wells and place 1–2 tubers in them.
The method of planting Gala potatoes square-breeding according to the scheme of 70x70 centimeters. The depth of embedding seed tubers of 8-10 centimeters, depending on the structure of the soil.
Peculiarities of care
Planting seed does not end work in the potato field. From competent care depends on the yield of varietal culture. Conducting watering, help in time to reach the tubers of maturity.
An important role is played by weeding, feeding plantings of vegetable plants, and hilling leads to the formation of additional underground stems and an increase in the number of tubers from one bush.
The moisture-loving nature of Gala potatoes is well-known, therefore, it will be necessary to water the planting of a vegetable, especially during arid summer. Do not let the potato beds dry up, richly moistening the soil. Begin watering when the bushes reach a height of 4–5 centimeters. The plant is enough 3 liters of water, which is poured into the middle of the bush.
It is important not to forget about the hydration of potatoes during flowering and after. The amount of water increases at this time to 8-10 liters per bush. It is best to water the plants in the evening. Use different methods of irrigation: and sprinkling, and grooves, and at the root.
For the full development of the bush potatoes require weeding and loosening. Since the vegetable shoots appear later than weeds, then harrowing the site on a hot day will allow the grass to be exterminated along with the roots.
When potato shoots appear, they pass through the field with a rake, harrowing. When the rows are closed by the closed tops of the plants, weeds are removed by hand. During the summer, it is necessary to loosen the aisles 3 times in two mutually perpendicular directions. The depth of loosening is 6-8 centimeters.
Increase the yield of potato gala hilling. The first time the procedure is carried out at a height of 15–20 centimeters of vegetable bushes. Rowing the earth by 8-10 centimeters. The second hilling is best done before the Gala potatoes begin to bloom. With flowers, spud late, as the tops of the bushes of the plant close. The second time they rake in the ground for 15-18 centimeters. Spud only when the ground is wet, then the additional stems under the ground will develop successfully. Procedures in dry weather will reduce the yield.
Top dressing potatoes
Feed the potato field with liquid fertilizers, using up to 15 grams of ammonium nitrate and potash salt, 30 grams of superphosphate per bucket of water. Cows can be fed, observing the concentration of the solution 1: 5, bird droppings - 1:12.
Fertilizers are applied together with hilling. There are situations when the ovary is weakly formed with the powerful development of green mass. It is known why potatoes do not bloom Gala. Plantings are saturated with nitrogen and moisture. It is necessary to make in the grooves between the rows of wood ash and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, as the flowering problem is solved.
Pests and diseases
Rare potatoes of Gala are rarely attacked by diseases and pests, but if this happens, it is urgent to take control measures:
- Potato moth, which is harmful in the caterpillar stage, is sprayed with insecticides. Prevention consists of digging the site in the autumn, burning plant waste after harvest.
- When attacked, Medvedka will help treatment of plants with a solution of Karbofos.
- From the wireworm, larvae of the beetle beetle, will save the bait from the cake, bran, sliced potatoes, insecticide poisoned.
In order to free the vegetable from pest damage, when the potatoes have been harvested, the tubers are treated with preparations aimed at the destruction of insects and their larvae.
Of the fungal diseases, the variety is subject to Gala late blight and rhizoctoniosis. To avoid infection, it is necessary to use fungicidal agents. Tubers need treatment in solutions of drugs Maxim, Prestige in the fall before laying the crop in the cellar and before planting. At 10 kilograms of planting material you need 10 millimeters of Maxim. To improve the immunity of the plants, 2 grams of ammonium nitrate and superphosphate are added to the solution.
Rhizoctoniosis as a fungus
Rhizoctoniosis, or black scab, is classified as a dangerous fungal disease. Due to illness, you can lose more than 30 percent of the potato crop.
Most of the plant is affected by the fungus: leaves and stem are covered with reticular necrosis, tubers with black spots or growths look sick. Symptoms of infection include twisting the leaves at the top of the stem, stopping the bush in growth. The fungus develops in early potato varieties. The likelihood of infection increases when the tubers are planted in cold and moist soil.
Measures of prevention of rhizoctoniosis is considered:
- purchasing healthy seed
- introduction of mineral and organic complexes,
- cellar processing before laying potatoes with a solution of bleach, and tubers - with Maxim.
Seed material suffers from the disease more often. Applying measures to combat the disease, you can get rid of it completely.
Potato rot, or late blight, is determined by brown spots on the leaves. Below on the plates visible white bloom. As soon as the leaves dry up, the disease turns into stems and tubers. The fruits of the vegetable turn brown, rot, becoming soft. Planting potatoes is treated with Arceride three times with a break of 7-14 days. For the prevention of fertilizers, it is desirable to apply regularly, and dry the seed potatoes thoroughly before planting.
From viral infections in hot, dry weather, leaf curling can be detected at the bottom of the potato stalks. To save the bushes spend processing with an interval of 10 days. For spraying take the agent Baktofit, which is used according to the instructions. Take the tubers for planting from the virus infected bushes can not.
Harvesting and storage
Early Gala potatoes are harvested before another vegetable variety. Already in August a vegetable storehouse is prepared in advance for laying the dug tubers.
A week before harvesting, it is necessary to cut the tops of the potatoes. Then on the tubers will form a dense skin that protects the fruit from damage.
Harvesting is carried out when the tubers have reached 4 centimeters in diameter and are covered with peel. Despite the high yield of potatoes, it is not always possible to preserve the vegetable during the winter. This happens because they lay damaged, sick fruits in the cellar.
After drying the potato crop, it is stored in rooms with an air temperature of 2–5 degrees Celsius with a humidity of 80 percent.
For tubers air ventilation is necessary, otherwise rotting of the crop may occur. The best place to store potatoes will be wooden boxes, bags.
In the reviews of the potato Gala, you can hear a lot of positive feedback.
“Despite our unpredictable climate, we grow Gala potatoes quite successfully. Our family likes medium sized tubers. The taste of the potato is amazing in any dishes. ”
“My wife and I loved the Gala potato variety for being easy to care for.” We have no time to engage in the garden. But potatoes always grew well. In August, we are already digging the tubers, drying and storage. The harvest is removed, you can devote time to yourself. "
Potato "Gala" was bred relatively recently - at the beginning of the XXI century. Already in 2008 it was brought to the State Register and recommended for breeding as one of the least fastidious specimens. The variety “Gala” has gained similar popularity due to the fact that it is not necessary to use special agricultural methods or equipment when taking care of it, so an ordinary summer resident can take care of the plant.
However, this does not mean that potatoes of this variety are grown only in households. It is great for industrial cultivation, so farmers also often buy roots for subsequent breeding.
Bush potato "Gala" requires a constant flow of sunlight. Otherwise, get a good harvest is unlikely to succeed.. The plant belongs to annuals. The young bush has a bright green color, which darkens with time, becoming more saturated. Please note that if you do not provide a constant flow of sunlight, the bush will become dark green.
Flowers on the bushes with a yellow heart and white petals. The leaves are rounded, with smooth edges. The surface of the sheet is slightly wavy, with multiple veins. As a rule, younger leaves are lighter.
Be sure to pay attention to the leaves, because their changes may indicate insufficient care, poorly chosen place for planting, infection with a disease or pest.
If we talk about the shape, the tubers of the "Gala" variety are oval. They may be more rounded or elongated - depending on growing conditions. The advantage is that there are practically no eyes on potato tubers, and their maximum depth is 1.5 mm. Sprouts are purple or reddish and also small.
Tubers have a dense smooth skin of a yellowish shade which practically does not darken under the influence of humidity. By the way, the same applies to the pulp: the variety is practically not subject to black spot due to the shape and a small number of eyes. In this regard, the potato "Gala" is perfect for cleaning in a mechanized way.
As for taste, the variety "Gala" is highly appreciated. Tubers are well tolerated by heat treatment, because they practically do not boil soft, remain hard and not decaying. Therefore, such potatoes are perfect for making all kinds of salads, and not just for serving as a side dish.
Despite the fact that the tubers do not boil soft, they are also intended for the preparation of mashed potatoes. The creamy texture of the pulp warms up well, and the mash is obtained without lumps.
The nuance is that the mashed tubers will have to grind manually. Otherwise, the dish will turn into glue due to the high starch content in the tubers.
The nutritional value
Tubers have a yellowish tint, which means that they contain a lot of vitamin A - carotene. Therefore, the potato "Gala" should be used with caution to those who already drink various kinds of vitamin supplements. As for the ratio of nutrients, it is approximately the following:
- The strongest share is starch - from 10 to 13%.
- Protein on average contains 1.8%. According to some data, this figure is significantly higher - 3-3.5%.
- A large amount contains vitamin C - about 12 mg per 100 g of product.
- Due to the fact that the tubers contain a lot of potassium, it is not recommended to give them to people with diseases of the cardiovascular system. The same restriction applies to the elderly.
Despite the fact that the tubers contain the most starch, the potato "Gala" is considered one of the fewest containing varieties. Because of this, potatoes can be consumed by people suffering from metabolic disorders, diabetics. Also "Gala" is suitable for those who are on a diet.
Caloric content of 100 grams of potatoes is at the level of 80-90 kcal. Due to the high taste qualities, the product remains in demand, despite the relatively high calorie content. It gives a feeling of saturation for a long time, contributes to the preservation of a high level of energy in the body.
Ideally, up to 25 hundred tuber tubers can be obtained from a single potato bush, and the tubers fully mature already two months after planting. Despite the large number of tubers, they all have approximately the same shape and size. Thus, the average number of tubers that can be obtained from one bush is 13 pieces.
If you consider the yield from a professional point of view, the potato "Gala" after the appearance of the first shoots gives a full harvest on the fortieth day. On average, 150-170 centners are produced per hectare, while after the end of the growing season, the average yield is 225-265 centners per hectare. These figures are close to those of high-yielding varieties, for example, “Nevsky”.
Thus, almost the entire crop is suitable for resale (70-95%). Due to the fact that the tubers barely turn black, “Gala” potatoes are easy to transport and store. A large yield of finished products, coupled with good characteristics, make the Gala variety one of the most popular for planting on an industrial scale.
Self-dilution is also attractive, because with a small investment of time and effort, you can get a large amount of ready-to-eat product.
Since the variety was bred relatively recently, breeders tried to ensure that the Gala potato was resistant to most diseases and pests. One of the main advantages is resistance to mechanical damage. However, this applies only to tubers. If you damage the above-ground part too much, then the early harvest can not be expected.
Also, the variety "Gala" is resistant to climatic events. It is well tolerated by short droughts, does not require special care. Of course, it is necessary to fertilize the soil, but this is done more as a preventive measure so that the tubers are more fleshy.
Potatoes are highly resistant to a number of fungal and bacterial diseases. For example, "Gala" is not very susceptible to potato cancer, which affects not only the stems, but also the leaves, and also partially affects the tubers. Not scary and he glandular spotting that damages the tubers. Dark streaks and spots are formed on them.
The plant is moderately resistant to leaf curl viruses. Because of it, the process of photosynthesis cannot fully proceed in the above-ground shoots. There is an average resistance to late blight of the tops - the appearance of dry places on the leaves or the complete drying of any parts of the plant.
Advantages and disadvantages
Professionals and amateur gardeners allocate a certain list of advantages of this variety:
- Early ripening. Due to the fact that the planting can begin as early as April, and the ripening itself, as a rule, does not exceed 40 days, the “Gala” variety is considered to be one of the most precocious.
- Excellent storage performance of tubers. Tubers do not clot, do not turn black, sprouts practically do not appear on them, almost no eyes. The sleek smooth shape also contributes to the long term retention of the original look.
- High adaptability to the soil. Under the potato "Gala" no special soil is needed, since in theory it can grow in any soil. The only "but" is timely fertilizer.
- Tubers are suitable for diabetics and those on a diet. This is due to the low starch content in the tubers.
- Great for industrial growing. Due to its attractive appearance, ease of machine picking and subsequent processing of potatoes, "Gala" is a favorite choice for most farm enterprises.
- Well tolerated shipment. Tubers are not afraid of mechanical damage, and also have a fairly thick skin. Therefore, they are great for transportation.
- Easily tolerates drought. Potatoes "Gala" can do without a sufficient amount of water for a long time, but this is fraught with the fact that the tubers will be smaller - about 70 grams.
- High resistance to a number of diseases. These include not only potato cancer, but also rhizoctoniosis, black leg and others.
The disadvantages include only the instability of some plant diseases. This does not apply to the ability to resist pests.
Best for growing potatoes of this variety are well-lit areas. It is necessary that they are well blown. It is important that the surface does not have groundwater. The depth of their occurrence varies from one and a half to two meters.
If the groundwater is above the specified level, build special rows for planting. They simply fill the ground from above and land them in the bulk rows.
There are no special requirements for the soil. Potato "Gala" can grow well even in sandy soils. It is important to pay attention to the pH balance of the soil: if it is acidified, then it needs to be pro-lethal. It is recommended to periodically repeat the process of liming.
If the soil is not loose enough, then it will be necessary to drain. To do this, coarse sand, gravel, etc. are embedded in the soil.
Remarkably, the highest yield was obtained in the Volgograd region. This is due to the fact that it is there that the most suitable conditions for growing potato “Gala” are observed: a lot of open space, windy terrain, constantly incoming sunlight. So, in the most fruitful year, 390 centners of products were collected from one hectare.
Before you plant a variety of "Gala", you need to pay attention to a number of important factors. This is done in order to obtain the maximum yield with the minimum expenditure of labor. First you need to check the selected location for compliance with all parameters. If the plot is suitable, then it should be properly prepared. It is also necessary to pay due attention to the preparation of seeds. Not the last place in this list and compliance with technology landing.
It is important to pay special attention to the characteristics of cultivation, in particular, the preparation of seed tubers. The time after which the first shoots appear, the number of tubers per bush, their size and taste component depend on it.
Despite the fact that, on the whole, the taste qualities of “Gala” potatoes are estimated highly (5 points out of 5), and if the planting technology is not followed, they are largely lost.
So, it should be borne in mind that the variety “Gala” is grown almost throughout the entire territory of Russia, but the greatest concentration of potato fields falls in the Central, North-Western and Volga-Vyatka regions. Это связано с тем, что климат там наилучшим образом для этого подходит.
Выбор времени посадки и места
Как было сказано выше, наилучшим временем для высадки картофеля «Гала» является конец апреля. Однако это время может варьироваться, особенно в связи со значительными изменениями климата в последние годы. The easiest way to determine if it is time to plant potatoes in the soil is to measure its temperature. Best of all, if at a depth of 10 cm the soil will be at a temperature of 10 degrees.
It is not worth the risk of planting potatoes in the soil that has not yet warmed up. This is not only fraught with the risk of losing part of the crop. Planted tubers can start to rot. In this case, any harvest will have to be forgotten.
The area under the potato floor should be flat and extensive. It is advisable to choose dry areas. Planting should not be done in too wet soil, because the tubers can also begin to rot.
Dryness is not so bad for Gala potatoes as excessive marshiness.
If you decide to plant some potatoes of this variety in your garden, make sure that there are no trees or other plantations along the perimeter of the designated area that can create shade or block the path to the wind. It is also necessary to check whether the soil is sufficiently drained. If the answer is no, then you need to properly prepare it.
It is best to begin the procedure of preparing the site in the fall. Keep in mind that not every plot needs to be prepared for planting “Gala” potatoes. If the soil is sandy, then no preparatory work will have to be carried out, because this soil is already ideal for planting potatoes.
If the soil is not loose enough, then it will need to be drained in any case. Indeed, in dense ground young shoots hard to grow. As a result, the number of tubers is the same, but their quality suffers greatly. The harvest is smaller and less tasty, the tubers themselves are uneven, all different.
It is important to pay attention to the chemical composition of the soil. Despite the fact that the variety "Gala" can grow on almost any soil, high acidity leads to weakening of the plant, its susceptibility to various diseases. Therefore, it is important to monitor the pH and adjust it in time through fertilizer.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of "Gala":
Almost all farmers and gardeners say that the gala potato variety is one of the best among the majority. This variety has tangible advantages:
- Potatoes can be grown on almost any type of soil. According to climatic conditions, it is best suited for Central Russia.
- A very important indicator - high yield. On average, you can collect about 20 medium and large tubers from one bush.
- Potatoes are not whimsical in the care, and along with this, the time of planting is non-rigid - it is allowed to shift to one and the other side up to 1-2 weeks.
- Non-rigid terms are explained by one more advantage of the variety - early ripeness (up to 75-80 days), sometimes 10-15 days earlier.
- Gala has a fairly good resistance to diseases.
- You can store tubers for several months, and the taste of the product will not be lost.
- Finally, the taste of potatoes is very pleasant, and the starch content in this variety is much lower than in many others. In addition, the tubers do not boil soft. We can say that the gala is the best option for those who follow the figure. While maintaining the classic taste of potatoes, it gives very few calories due to its low starch content.
Along with the obvious advantages, the variety has certain disadvantages:
- Positive feedback, which is often heard from farmers and summer residents, truly reflects the advantages of the variety. However, high yields and early ripeness of potatoes are possible only under the condition of timely and proper cultivation. The main feature that is worth paying attention to before starting the cultivation: Gala loves wet soils. Therefore, in conditions of a dry summer, additional watering should be organized, otherwise the yield will greatly decrease.
- Tubers and the green part are sometimes affected by the fungus., as a result, rhizoctoniosis develops - the bush lags far behind in development, and the tubers formed are noticeably smaller in size. Outwardly, this disease manifests itself in the form of dark formations on the tubers and brown sores on the green part. Sometimes the development of rhizoctoniosis leads to the death of the entire bush.
Thus, the advantages of this potato far outweigh the weaknesses. If you follow the rules of cultivation described above, you can expect consistently high yields and fast ripeness.
Choosing a place
First of all, it is important to choose the site for planting:
- The surface must be fairly flat.
- It is optimal that the groundwater lies at a depth of about one and a half meters. If they come too close to the surface, it makes sense to reinforce the ridges with an additional layer.
- Lighting should be direct - if there are areas with shading, the bushes develop much slower, and large tubers practically do not grow.
- Along with fertile black soils, the use of light sandy, sandy and clayey soils is allowed. However, in the case of depleted soil, additional preliminary training is needed.
According to the characteristics of the soil, it is important to pay attention to the acidity. On the ground, located in the lowlands, in the floodplain of rivers, as well as in wetlands, the variety will grow noticeably worse. Therefore, in such cases it is necessary to pre-tillage the land in the autumn period:
- Chalk, dolomite flour or slaked lime is poured over the surface in the amount of 0.5 kg per square meter.
- Part of the same mass is buried in the pits to a depth of about 30 cm. A similar procedure must be repeated every 5 years.
Immediately before planting, the tubers are treated in an aqueous solution of one of the preparations:
Or other drugs - which are now very much (ask a specialist in the store).
Act on instructions, diluted in the required ratio. The total amount of the solution is defined as 10 liters per centner of potatoes. Etching ensures that the tubers do not develop fungal infections and do not suffer from pests.
Planting and further care
The deadline is approximately mid-May. It is necessary to focus on the climatic conditions and take into account the period of full maturation (up to 80 days). Dig holes in the depth of 9-10 cm. The distance between them is about 75 cm. The first shoots can be slightly sprinkled with earth - this will well reflect on the state of the root system, thereby increasing resistance to diseases.
Plants are responsive to fertilizing and watering. You can fertilize immediately after planting by selecting any of these options:
- A solution of chicken manure (part of the litter in 10 parts of water). This water is watered not fossa, and the grooves between the rows.
- Urea solution (1 large spoon per 10 liters of water). Water on the basis of the calculation: 0.5 liters per potato bush.
- The solution of ammonium nitrate (prepared at the rate of 20 g per 10-liter bucket of water). Watered about as well: 0.5 liters per 1 bush.
In the future, fertilize as necessary (in the case of underdeveloped stems and yellowing of the foliage):
- Urea - before flowering (the quantities are the same).
- During the formation of buds - a solution of a glass of ash and a tablespoon of potassium sulfate in a 10-liter bucket of water.
- When the buds bloom, make a tablespoon of superphosphate dissolved in a 10-liter bucket of water. Quantities in all cases - 0.5 liters per bush.
The variety responds to watering - the schedule is presented in the table.
The first harvest for consumption can begin in August. The autumn mass digging is carried out with a preliminary cut of the tops, it allows to quickly form the peel.
Dug up the first bush on trial.
At the same time, potatoes will be stored much longer in winter without the appearance of rot. First, it is recommended to dig a few bushes to assess the presence of the peel.
But it is also necessary to sort the crop so that the damaged tubers are separated from healthy whole specimens. Seed potatoes are taken from large after digging all the bushes. After the selection of testes is carried out their greening for 7 days in direct sunlight. At the same time they must be periodically turned over so that the tubers turn green from all sides. This is necessary to increase the shelf life and protect against various diseases.