Incarvillea - a plant with gorgeous bright colors that will be an excellent accent in landscape design. The name of the flower is given in honor of Pierre D'Incarville - the famous botanist, who collected a collection of rare plants in China, the star of which was this wonderful flower. Garden gloxinia is a more familiar name for a plant.
The plant is not widely spread in Europe, but is increasingly attracting the attention of gardeners. There are 14 species of incarvilles, which differ greatly among themselves. Can be annuals and perennials, subshrub and herbaceous. All species have an upright stem (simple or branched) and a thickened rhizome, like dahlia.
Height is from 30-40 cm to 1 meter. The leaves are large, whole or pinnately divided, the surface of the leaf plate is wrinkled. The leaves and stems are painted green. Gorgeous buds of red, pink, white, yellow delight the eye for a long time. The shape of the halo is similar to the bud of room gloxinia.
Site selection and ground
It is very important to choose the right place for the plant. The roots are sensitive to wetting, so it is best to plant in rock gardens, on slopes, rocky areas. When planted in flower beds or flower beds, the roots of the plant will have to be raised above the ground level.
The site should be well lit, possible partial penumbra. Direct sunlight can damage, so you need to maintain balance.
Best for the plant fit nutritious sandy soil. Lay the drainage layer of coarse sand.
Water incarvilya moderately. Do not pour to avoid root decay, but at the same time, the soil should not dry out.
Transplanting and feeding
Incarvillea delawarea Incarvillea del. Snowtop cultivation and care photos
When transplanting plants requires fertilization. Add mineral fertilizer or organic matter to the soil (most often, mullein infusion is used, which is also recommended to be added during active growth). It is important not to overdo it with fertilizers, otherwise it will affect the incarvilles' resistance to cold.
Preparing for the winter
Garden gloxinia is a rather cold-resistant plant, but it is better to prepare protection for it for the winter. Cover the roots of the plant is necessary before the onset of frost. Wood chips, sawdust, pine needles, peat, etc. are used as mulch. The protective layer should be about 10 cm. With the onset of spring, it must be removed so that the roots do not rot. Young plants are recommended for the winter to cover with a cap (cut plastic bottle) - this will provide additional protection from autumn rain.
You can also dig up the rhizomes of plants and store them in a cool room (cellar, warm shed) until spring.
Growing Incarvilleas from Seeds
Incarvilley seeds photo
There is an opinion that it is from seeds that the most resistant plants grow. Seed propagation from domestic seeds is practically a breeding activity: by selecting individual plants, it is possible to achieve new interesting color combinations of buds.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. Growing up
- 4.2. Reproduction and transplanting
- 4.3. Incarvillea in winter
- 5. Pests and Diseases
- 6. Types and varieties
- 7. Incarvillea in landscape design
Planting and care for incarville (in brief)
- Bloom: May-June for 6-7 weeks. Sometimes blooms again in late summer.
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings in March, planting seedlings in a flower garden in late April. Sowing seeds in open ground - from April to July.
- Lighting: in the morning - bright sunlight, in the afternoon - partial shade.
- The soil: light, fertile, for example, sandy. Good drainage is very important.
- Watering: regular, moderate.
- Top dressing: when the plant begins to intensively grow greens, as well as during the formation of buds, complex mineral fertilizer or organic matter is introduced into the soil in liquid form. After July 20, fertilizing is not needed.
- Reproduction: seeds, leaf cuttings and division of tubers.
- Pests: spider mites and mealybugs.
- Diseases: root decay.
Incarvillea flower - description
Incarvilleas are annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plants, sometimes reaching a height of 2 m. They have woody or tuberous roots, erect simple or branched stems, located on the stems alternately or collected in a rosette of unpaired palmette-dissected edges with small teeth. racemes or paniculate inflorescences, consisting of five-segmented flowers with a bell-shaped calyx and a tubular corolla. The color of the flowers may be yellow, red or pink. The fruit of the plant is a polygonal two-part box with pubescent winged seeds.
When to plant incarville in the ground.
Planting incarvilleas and care in the open field for the plant are not difficult. Incarvilleia cultivation begins with the sowing of seeds for seedlings, which is carried out in March. Germination of seeds of this culture is excellent, and you can well expect to succeed. Seeds are sunk into the seedling substrate only 1 cm, sealed with calcined and cooled river sand and watered. Shoots when the air temperature in the room is 18-20 ºC can be expected by the end of the week. Pickups the plant carries heavily, so it is better to sow in peat pots, in which later, in late April, you will transplant seedlings into open ground. But if you have sown incarvilley in a common container, in the developmental stage of two true leaves, you should pick the seedlings in separate cups.
You can sow the seeds of biennial and perennial varieties from April to July directly into the ground. At an air temperature of 15 ºC, seedlings appear in two weeks, but incarvillelea from seeds will bloom only in the second year after sowing.
How to plant incarville.
Garden gloxinia grows well on hills - hills or slopes, because it does not tolerate stagnant water in the roots. When growing incarville in too dense soils, it is advisable, when organizing a flower garden, to use drainage from beaten brick, coarse sand or gravel. The site for the plant can be open and sunny, but in the afternoon it should be in partial shade.
Incarvilleya prefers a light but fertile soil, for example, sandy loam. When planting, it is advisable to place a handful of wood ash and long-acting fertilizer in each well. Seedlings need to be removed from the tank in which they grew, with great care not to damage their fragile roots. When planting in the hole the root neck should be below the surface. After transplantation, the soil is compacted and watered.
Growing incarvilleas. Watering and feeding.
Inkarville care consists of regular watering, loosening the soil in the flower bed and weeding. In the wetting of the soil you need to keep balance: the ground should not dry out, but the liquid dirt to the roots of gloxinia to anything. After watering or raining, gently loosen the soil around the bushes, at the same time removing weeds.
The first top dressing after planting incarvilles in the form of a mineral complex should be applied to the soil when the plant begins to intensively grow greens, and the second - during the budding period. Garden gloxinia responds well to a solution of mullein or bird droppings. After July 20, the plant is no longer fed: one-year-old varieties are useless, and in many years of incarville fertilizer application at the end of summer helps to reduce winter hardiness.
Reproduction and transplant incarvillea.
In addition to the seed method, which we have described more or less in detail, incarvilleia is propagated vegetatively - by dividing the tubers or by leaf cuttings.
Division of tubers carried out in March or September: the plant is dug, cut the roots into pieces so that each has at least one tuber with a point of renewal. Sections are treated with coal powder, after which the delenki are planted in prepared wells, deepening the growth point by 4-5 cm.
Leaf cuttings encavillea is propagated in the summer - in June or July. The mature basal leaf is cut out from the socket with a 3-5 cm part of the stem. The cut is treated with Root or other root formers, after which the leaf is planted into sand and peat substrate and placed in a greenhouse where the cutting first grows the roots, then forms a rosette of leaves, and next year the young plant will bloom.
Incarvillea in winter.
Perennial species and varieties of incarville must be protected from frost, especially if there are winters in your area without snow. To do this, use organic materials: fir paws, compost, peat, sawdust. The layer of shelter must be at least 6 cm. With the onset of spring, the covering material is removed so that the tubers do not mate. Young plants for the winter can be covered with glass jars or plastic bottles with a cut neck.
If you live in a region with harsh winters, it is better to dig up the tubers, hold them in Maxim's disinfectant solution, dry and store until spring.
Incarvilles pests and diseases
The most common incarvillea health problem is root rot. In a humid environment, pathogens of rot are activated, affecting the tubers so much that it is often impossible to restore the health of the plants. At the first signs of wilting, the flower garden should be treated with a solution of a fungicide - Scor, Fundazole, Topaz, or another preparation of a similar action. In addition, you need to reconsider the mode of irrigation and the rate of water consumption for each bush when the soil is moistened in a flower garden, otherwise the problem may arise again.
Spider mites and mealybugs can annoy from incarvilles pests. These sucking pests feed on the plant sap, causing the stems, leaves, and flowers of gloxinia to deform and decay. It is possible to destroy pests with acaricidal preparations - Aktellik, Aktar and the like.
Incarvillea Myra (Incarvillea mairei = Incarvillea grandiflora = Tecoma mairei)
- A plant native to North-West China. It has basal lyrate, slightly pinnatisate leaves with a length of up to 30 cm, with rounded lobes, located on long petioles, and dark, purple-red flowers with white spots on the yellow throat. The plant is winter hardiness. This compact and spectacular view is blooming at the beginning of summer.
Incarvillea dense (Incarvillea compacta)
- This perennial herb can be found in the nature of Tibet, Northwest China and Central Asia. It has smooth or slightly pubescent stems up to 30 cm in height, pinnate basal leaves with whole, heart-shaped oval lobes and apical purple flowers with a diameter of up to 6 cm with a yellow throat. Flowering lasts 3-4 weeks. This plant winters without shelter. The large-flowered incarvilles are known, with a dense height of up to 80 cm, with basal pinnate leaves and purple-pink flowers up to 7 cm in diameter. There are also varieties of this variety with pink, white and salmon-pink flowers. In the culture of incarvillea dense since 1881.
from Pamir-Alai is a perennial up to 150 cm high with bare stems branched at the top and sometimes woody at the base. The leaves of this species are opposite, pinnately dissected, and in the upper part of the stem - whole. Reddish-pink flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm are collected in a loose apical paniculate inflorescence up to 25 cm long. Flowering begins in the first half of July and lasts up to seven weeks. Olga's low winter hardiness is not high: in the middle belt the plant overwinters only under shelter. In culture, the view from 1880.
Incarvillea Chinese (Incarvillea sinensis)
grown in Asia for many centuries. Cultivated various variations of this species from Manchuria to Tibet. Among the species there are perennial and annual plants. Inkarvilya Chinese height reaches 30 cm, it has feathery leaves and cream-yellow flowers, opening ten weeks after sowing. Since the plant is constantly forming new shoots, flowering lasts a very long time. The subspecies of incarvilles of the Chinese Przhevalsky is known, to which, apparently, belongs the popular cultivar Sheron with creamy yellow large flowers. Popular in culture is also a variety of this species. White Swan, blooming two and a half months after planting, rapidly replacing each other cream flowers.
Incarvillea Delaway (Incarvillea delavayi)
comes from South-West China and is a herbaceous perennial up to 120 cm tall with a rosette of few pin-split basal leaves up to 30 cm long and pink-lilac flowers up to 6 cm in diameter with a yellow throat, 3–4 pieces in loose racemes up to 30 cm long. Flowering begins in the second half of June and lasts 4-5 weeks. The view does not differ in high winter hardiness, therefore in the cold it needs to be covered. The plant has been cultivated since 1889. The view has a garden variety purple with darker leaves and dark purple flowers and Snowtop - garden variation with white corollas on flowers.
Incarvillea in landscape design
Incarvillea is amazingly beautiful, it is a universal garden plant, opening up rich possibilities for decoration, especially if you grow several species and varieties at the same time. Incarvilleia is placed in rock gardens, rocky gardens and hills among stones, in country-style flower gardens, in ridges and mixborders, where the emphasis is pink. Incarvillea looks great as a curb along the garden paths and just in the vases around the house. Wherever you plant this plant, it will always be in place.
Sowing on seedlings
- Sowing seeds of Incarvillea to seedlings produced in March.
- The soil is suitable sandy or ordinary soil mixture for seedlings, which is sold in the store.
- Seeds are recommended to pre-treat for 5-10 minutes with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, then wash and dry.
- The depth of seeding should be about 0.5 cm (the layer of earth is not more than the thickness of the seed itself). Liberally pour. Put on the lit place. After 5-7 days, expect the appearance of the first shoots. Usually the seeds germinate unevenly, the latter can ascend a couple of weeks after sowing.
Inkarvillea seed from growing seedlings at home Photo seedlings
With the advent of two true leaves, dive the seedlings into separate pots about 15 cm high.
Incarvilles seedlings photo
At the end of April, young plants can be planted in open ground. It is better to use the transshipment method in order not to damage the fleshy but fragile roots of garden wisteria.
Sowing Incarville seeds to the soil When to plant
In the open ground can be sown in the spring (approximately in April-May, with the establishment of night temperature above 15 ° C).
The seeds are large enough to be able to distribute them in a row less often: leave 7-8 cm between them so that the shoots do not have to be thinned. If you doubt seed germination, leave a distance of about 5-6 cm, but then you have to break through.
The seeding depth is 1-2 cm, the distance between the rows is 15-20 cm.
It is better to prepare the beds in advance, dig, add sand and organic fertilizers: compost, humus (1 bucket per square meter). It is good if the earth stands for about a week and settles before sowing seeds.
Fill the furrows and immediately sow the seeds, while the soil is wet, close the furrows with the reverse side of the rake. It is possible to water slightly if the ground is dry, but not to allow stagnation of water, otherwise an earth crust is formed, which is very harmful for young shoots. It’s good if you irrigate the surface with humus after watering: a layer of only 0.5-1 cm will prevent the soil from drying out, and you will not have to water and worry that the plants will suffer from the earth's crust.
When seedlings appear, weed should be weeded: manually remove all weeds, thin out the plants, leaving 8-10 cm between seedlings. Grown bushes are planted even less often, leaving at least 20-25 cm between plants at least, and tall species are planted even less often: after 40-50 cm.
Incarvillea vegetative reproduction
Incarvillea plant is propagated by seeds and vegetatively: cuttings, less frequently by dividing the rhizome.
Propagation by cuttings is used most often, as the most simple and effective way. Cut one large, healthy leaf with a part of the stem from a leaf outlet. Hold the cutting in the solution with a growth stimulator. For rooting, plant in the sand and cover with a cap. The roots will appear in 2-3 weeks, and the plant will be fully formed in a year.
Incarvilles bush division is carried out in early spring or early autumn. Moisten the soil and dig a bush. Using a sharp knife, divide the rhizome into pieces, each of which should contain growth buds. Planting material is buried in such a way that the root neck is 5 cm below the soil surface. To settle down, the temperature of the air outside should be 18-20 ° C.
Planting and transplanting garden gloxinia
Dig the soil to a depth of about 40 cm. Planting holes make the size of rhizomes. Add complex mineral fertilizers or organic. At the bottom lay drainage from coarse sand. Dig the root collar 3 cm into the soil. After planting actively watering.
Without a transplant, the plant will not bloom profusely and profusely. You need to update the landing site every 4-5 years.
Incarvillea grandiflora Incarvillea grandiflora
Incarvillea grandiflora Incarvillea grandiflora photo
The plant is about 30 cm tall. The flowers are large, the buds are pink in color with a yellow heart. The species is frost resistant, able to withstand severe cold even without shelter.
Incarvillea Delaware's Incarvillea delavayi
Incarvillea Delaveya Incarvillea delavayi photo
Reaches a height of up to 60 cm. Leaves are pinnate. The color of flowers varies from light pink to dark pink. For the winter it is necessary to make shelter.
Incarvillea Olga Incarvillea olgae
Incarvillea Olga Incarvillea olgae photo
Reaches a height of 1.5 m. Shoots densely branched, naked to the top. The leaves are openwork, located opposite. Flowers with a diameter of 2 cm are collected in paniculate inflorescences. The length of the loose panicle is 25 cm.
In general, in all species of incarville, flowering begins in June and lasts almost the entire summer. In some cases, may bloom again in the fall. Flowers exude a pleasant scent.
The outer garment of a wonderful flower
When you enter the garden and see delicate flowers under your feet, you involuntarily want to bend over to touch the petals. Such feelings causes incarvillea during its flowering.
The plant can grow from 20 centimeters to 150. Its shoots are smooth, decorated with a delicate edge, simple or branched. On their tops, original paniculate inflorescences are formed. Each flower of incarville consists of 5 tubular petals, the diameter of which reaches 6 cm. The color can be:
The shape of the bud is similar to Gloxinia, because of this, some color lovers are so called incarvilley. The first bloom falls on June. Often lasts a month and a half. It all depends on the variety. The second wave of blooming buds - in August, although not so lush. A careful study of the photos of incarville helps to clearly visualize this natural masterpiece.
During this period, pods appear from the inflorescences. When they ripen and crack, large gray seeds fall to the ground. Their germination lasts up to 4 years. The sheet plate has a corrugated surface. In length reaches 30 cm. Color is dark green.
The rhizome of garden beauty is tuberous, slightly branched. It has an elongated cylindrical shape that looks like dahlia plots. These features should be considered when growing Incarvillea and caring for it.
The plant is used to decorate rocky areas of the garden, in flowerbeds and in rock gardens. For its bright outfit, the flower is sometimes called the front garden "orchid". It looks original in bouquets, although it can only be stored for 2 days.
The secrets of growing oriental beauty
To grow incarvilleia in your garden you should take into account such moments:
- The plant loves moderate sunshine. Given this fact, the growth of incarvilles in semi-shaded areas contributes to long-term flowering.
- The rhizome of the garden "orchids" does not tolerate high humidity. In order to avoid rotting of the root system, before planting a plant, drainage is laid out on the bottom of the hole. To do this, you can use crushed stone, expanded clay or crushed brick.
- Fertile soil. Incarvillea prefers the loose nature of the soil with good moisture permeability.
- Resistance to long-term droughts. Thanks to this flower does not need frequent watering.
- Regular feeding. In order for the plant to bloom as long as possible, it needs feeding. The best option - once every 14 days to work the soil near the bushes with fertilizers.
Incarvillea can flourish wonderfully without a transplant for 5 years.
Often in severe winters with little snow, plants can freeze slightly. To protect the flowers from this, the tubers are carefully dug. You can store them in the basement in a small amount of soil or in the refrigerator, richly covered with sawdust.
The principle of landing incarville in open ground and care for it is quite simple. In early spring, stored tubers are planted in humus pots. You should not close the root neck. By the time the plant is planted in open ground, new leaves will appear. Thanks to this, incarvilleia will bloom in mid-June.
Caring for the garden beauty, it should be properly watered. Although the plant tolerates dry periods well, there is no need to arrange a desert for it. It is enough to thoroughly moisten the soil under the flower once a week.
Watering should be soaking, not superficial. It is desirable that the moisture reached the root of the tubers of the plant. So incarville can flourish painlessly in the dacha.
The flower grows up to 30 cm. The leaves are slightly cut. The outer part of the buds is painted in a rich pink color, the inner part is yellow with small white spots. It blooms in early summer. Not afraid of the cold.
This variety grows to half a meter. Strong shoots, slightly branched above. Leaves dissected, pinnate. Particular attention is required by the white incarvillea, Its buds are gathered in a whisk and are located on the top of the shoots. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts a month and a half.
Dwarf variety growing to 30 cm in height. Shoots smooth nature, slightly lowered. The leaves are oval, with roots - pinnate. Blooms in June with large buds of white or pink color with a yellow middle. The variety is frost resistant, so it winters without shelter.
To choose the best option, you should consider the local climate, the type of soil and the flowering time of the plant.
When you are closely acquainted with various plants, it is easy to imagine your garden in all its glory. Incarvillea - a modest garden beauty can be the perfect decoration of the dacha.
Incarvillea herb can be an annual, biennial, or perennial. The height of the bush can reach up to 200 cm. The roots are tuberous or woody. Erect stems are simple and branched. Collected in the rosette or alternately located leaf plates are unpaired-palchato-dissected with a finely toothed edge. Five-fold flowers with a tubular corolla and bell-shaped calyx are collected in the final inflorescences of the paniculate or racemose. The flowers are red, yellow or pink. The fruit is a two-part polygonal box that contains winged pubescent seeds.
What time to plant
Grow incarvilleyu on your garden plot is quite simple. Grow such a culture through seedlings. Seeding is done in March. It should be noted that the seeds of this plant have a relatively high germination rate. In the soil mixture the seeds need to be buried by 10 mm, then they are poured from above with a layer of pre-calcined river sand that has cooled down. Crops need to be watered and cleaned in a warm place (from 18 to 20 degrees). The first seedlings should appear after about 7 days. To dive such a plant is extremely undesirable, since they are very difficult to tolerate this procedure. In this regard, peat pots are recommended for sowing seeds and growing seedlings. Planting seedlings in open soil is made in the last days of April, and they are planted directly in these pots. If the seedlings are grown in a common container, then after the plants begin to form the first pair of true leaf plates, then they need to be laid out in individual cups.
If you are going to grow incarvillele for many years or two years, then in this case, the sowing of seeds can be done directly into open soil, and this can be done in April – July. The optimum temperature for the appearance of seedlings is about 15 degrees, in which case they will seem in about 15 days. But it should be remembered that a plant grown in this way will only begin to bloom next year.
For the cultivation of such a flower, it is recommended to choose a plot located on a hill (slopes or hillocks), since it reacts extremely negatively to stagnant fluids in the root system. If planting is done in an overly dense soil, then experts recommend that when creating a flower bed you must make a good drainage layer, for this you can use coarse sand, broken bricks or crushed stone. For incarville, you can choose a well-lit and open area, but it should be noted that the bushes must be shaded in the afternoon. A suitable soil should be necessarily nutritious and light, for example, sandy loam. It is recommended to pour a handful of ashes and long-lasting fertilizers into the landing pits during planting. Seedlings are pulled out of the cups very carefully, because the root system is very fragile and can be easily injured. When planting a seedling in open ground, it should be remembered that its root collar should be slightly buried in the soil. Around the planted plant soil should be well compacted, after which it is abundantly watered.
How to water and feed
Caring for incarville is very simple. It must be systematically watered, weeded and loosened the surface of the soil around the bushes. It is necessary to water the flowers moderately, adhering to the following rule: do not allow overdrying of the soil, as well as stagnant fluids in the root system. When it rains or plants will be poured, the surface of the soil near the bush should be carefully loosened, while pulling out all the weeds.
The first time you need to feed the bushes with complex mineral fertilizer after the flower begins active growth of greenery. The second feeding must be carried out during the formation of buds. Also, such a culture can be fed with a solution of bird droppings or mullein. Starting from July 20, stop all feeding. Annuals just feeding at this time is simply not needed, and they harm perennials, as they reduce their resistance to frost.
How to propagate and transplant
Incarvilleleus can be propagated in a generative (seed) and vegetative way: leaf cuttings and division of tubers. How to grow such a flower from seed, described above.
The procedure for breeding by dividing the tubers is possible in March or September. After the bush is removed from the ground, it is cut into several parts, and it must be taken into account that there should be a renewal point and not less than one tuber on each delenka. Places of cuts need to be powdered with crushed coal. Then, planting of parts of the bush into the previously made planting pits is carried out, while the growth point must be buried in the ground by 40–50 mm.
Reproduction of leaf cuttings carried out in the summer, and more precisely, in June and July. To do this, from the outlet you need to cut a mature sheet plate with a part of the stem from 30 to 50 mm. The cut must be subjected to treatment with a solution of a root-growth stimulating agent, for example, Kornevin. Then, a leaf cutting is planted in a soil mixture consisting of peat and sand, after which the box is removed to a greenhouse. First, the roots grow on the stalk, then a leaf rosette is formed, and next season you can see the flowering of a young bush.
Incarville long-term preparation for the winter must be covered, especially in those regions where winters have little snow. The plot is covered with a layer of compost, sawdust or peat, instead it can be showered with fir branches. It should be noted that the thickness of such a layer should not be less than 60 mm. In the spring, the shelter must be removed, otherwise the tubers can snuff. When preparing for winter, young bushes can be covered with a plastic bottle with a cut neck or a glass jar. If incarvillea is grown in regions with frosty winters, then in the autumn it is recommended to remove the tubers from the soil, immerse them for some time in Maxim's solution, dry and remove for storage before the onset of spring.
Diseases and pests
Incarvilleya is most often affected by root rot. If liquid stagnates in the soil, this may cause the development of putrefactive processes. Tubers are very badly affected, and it is often impossible to cure a bush. When the first symptoms of wilting appear, all the bushes should be sprayed with a solution of a fungicidal drug, for example: Fundazole, Skora, Topaz, etc. In addition, the number of waterings and their abundance should be reduced, if this is not done, the bushes can get sick again.
On such flowers most often mealybugs and spider mites live. Such pests are sucking. They suck the cell sap from the bush. To understand that “uninvited guests” settled on the plant by deformed and limping leaf plates, shoots and flowers. To get rid of harmful insects, incarville should be treated with acaricide, for example: Aktar, Actellic, etc.
Popular types of incarvillea
In the incarville family, there are perennial and annual garden plants. Growing letniki is not hard at all, but still they will give way to species capable of wintering over beauty. The most popular are:
- Incarvillea Delabeia (Incarvillea delavayi) is a perennial about 1 meter high with large, feathery leaves up to 30 cm long and six centimeter flowers gathered in a rosette, gathered in clusters of 3-4. Flowering this incarvilleya begins in June, pleases more than 1 month.
- Incarvillea compacta (Incarvillea compacta) is a short, but very beautiful view up to 30 cm in height with heart-shaped oval fragments of feathery leaves, creating a bushy bush. Purple, light purple flowers reach 6 cm in diameter, very delicate and bloom tirelessly on the plant for a month (flowering begins from the end of May). In addition to the basic form, there is a large-flowered one, three times larger in height, but with flowers of the same size.
- Incarvillea sinensis is a modest, only up to 30 cm in height form with feathery leaves and cream flowers, which bloom for a very long time thanks to the constant release of new shoots,
- It is the same in height, but much more luxurious incarvillea Myra (Incarvillea mairei) with lyre basal leaves forming a thick derninka and charming red-pink flowers with white spots on the inside of the corolla. The gray ebb of the leaves resembles cyclamens, the flowers seem very original and large.
- Olga Incarvillea (Incarvillea olgae) - more than half meter view with densely branched and top-bare shoots, oppositely arranged lace leaves and medium-sized, very delicate flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, gathered in loose panicle up to 25 cm long. longer.
Incarvillea in landscape design is used for:
- creating borders along paths and paths,
- decoration of country-style flower beds,
- as a flowering accent in flower beds and rabatka with a bet on the pink range,
- in rock gardens and rockeries, flower beds with mulch stone chips,
- for decorating places with light, superdrenniated soil - slopes, terraced areas, support walls,
- as cut culture.
The best partners of incarvilles are violets and iberis.
Incarville Care Requirements
Garden gloxinia is not a very demanding flower, but if you create the right conditions for it, you can achieve a more lush and abundant flowering. It is important for her to choose the right place in the garden: most of all, this flower is suitable for rock garden and placing on the slopes, as its roots are very much afraid of soaking.
Even if you plant it in beds and flower beds, they need to be raised above the ground level.
In order to get large flowers as early as possible, it is recommended to provide incarvilley with the following conditions for growth:
- Lighting. For large flowers you need to choose a well-lit place, you can also grow it in light penumbra. Direct sunlight to the plant is not helpful, so it is important to find the right balance.
- The soil. For the plant, the best solution is a nourishing sandy soil, in which it is necessary to organize a drainage layer. It is made from coarse sand or fine gravel, for the sake of this you can grow incarvillea on rocky areas.
- Watering is necessary moderate to prevent rotting of the roots. At the same time, the soil should not dry out.
- Fertilizing is required when transplanting plants: complex mineral fertilizers or organic matter should be applied to the soil. For these purposes, a mullein infusion is often used, which is additionally introduced into the soil during the active growth of a young plant. However, it is important not to overdo it: excessive feeding can reduce the winter resistance of incarvilleas.
- Preparing for the winter. Although garden gloxinia is considered a winter-hardy plant, it needs to organize a protective layer. Mulching is carried out before frost, rhizome cover about 10 cm of mulch: it includes peat, sawdust, chips, fallen needles, etc. when warmer, the protective layer must be removed to prevent rotting of the rhizomes. Young plants for the winter on top are closed with ordinary plastic cans, which are Satan with additional protection from autumn rains.
The rhizomes of plants, when the ground part dies, are dug up and sent for storage in the cellar, like a dahlia.
It is not difficult to organize good conditions for this plant, since it does not impose any special requirements. Достаточно выполнения общих рекомендаций, чтобы инкарвиллея прижилась и начала радовать владельца крупными интересными цветами.
Инкарвиллея делавея: общее описание
Цветок относится к бигнониевым — этот род включает около десятка разновидностей. Инкарвиллея является многолетним растением. У неё клубневидное корневище, стебель — прямой, с веточками или без, опушенный или гладкий. Высота растения варьируется в диапазоне от 30 до 150 см в зависимости от вида. The flowering period of garden gloxinia occurs in the summer.
Incarvillea flowers are gathered in a whisk or brush. The most common colors are yellow, red, pink and white. The fruit is a box of four to six sections, which ripens by August-September. Seeds have a brown color, they are rather large and flattened in the sides.
Garden Gloxinia leaves have deep green. Their shape is pinnavisimous, sometimes the edges can be with small teeth. Most often, they are collected in the rosette and placed on the stem alternately. In some varieties, the leaves may acquire a light pinkish hue.
- Delabeya - reaches a height of 120 cm, there are few leaves on the stem. Flowers pink with yellow core, 6 cm in diameter. Blossoms in June.
- Chinese - reaches 30-40 cm in height. It has feathery leaves and cream-colored flowers. It blooms in two months after planting.
- Dense - a view that easily tolerates winter in the open field. It reaches a height of 30 cm. The flowers are purple with a yellow center, 6 cm in diameter. There are also varieties with white and pink flowers.
- Myra - has bright red flowers with yellow corollas and white spots. Flowering occurs in June.
- Olga - grows to a height of one and a half meters, has flowers of red-pink color with a diameter of up to 2 cm. The flowering period begins in early July and lasts almost a month and a half. It does not tolerate frost, so it needs shelter and special care.
Incarvillea: landing and care
The flower loves hills, slopes and hillocks on which it is impossible to flood. If the tubers are in the water, they will die. For this reason, under it make drainage of gravel or broken brick. Inkarville cultivation soil should be light but fertile. The plant loves light, but can be planted in partial shade. Specific care for him: it does not need frequent watering, but very fond of loosening the soil and regular feeding.
Organic and mineral complexes increase the intensity of flowering and stimulate the formation of high-quality seeds. Therefore, if you want flowers to give an excellent result - be prepared for the fact that you will have to spend a lot of time to care for them.
When growing gloxinia, the first fertilizer application is carried out in the spring, when it actively produces leaves. The second falls on the period of bud formation. Stop fertilizing with midsummer. The more carefully you take care of the garden gloxinia, the better it will survive the winter.
Incarvillea does not tolerate temperature fluctuations and especially frost. Peat, spruce feet, sawdust or compost are used to protect the flower. A layer of mulch should be at least 6 cm. If the soil in your region is very cold, the garden gloxinia tubers are better to dig. After that, they are washed, kept in a disinfecting solution and dried. In the spring, clean the mulch as quickly as possible. Otherwise, at the very first warming, incarvillea will become infected with mold and rot.
Incarvilles growing problems
- Lack of nutrients - the leaves turn yellow in the plant.
- Waterlogging - rotting of tubers and the death of the whole flower.
- Infestation by parasites (mealybug, spider mite, aphid) - gloxinia is exhausted, its leaves turn yellow and wither, if nothing is done, the plant will die. If the flower is infected heavily, it is dug out and destroyed so that insects do not fall on the neighboring bushes. If the focus of infection is small, it is suppressed with insecticides "Aktara", "Aktellik" and other similar.
Use in landscape design
Growing incarvilleas on bouquets is rarely practiced - the flower will wither the very next day. But planting plants in landscape design is practiced everywhere. For example, gloxinia looks great in flower beds country style, rock gardens and rockeries. It is cultivated both in open ground and in winter gardens. It is also used in mixborders and rabatka to create pronounced color accents.
You can grow incarvillea in flowerbeds or in flowerpots and tubs. It is perfectly adjacent to violets, irises, iberis. By planting different varieties of flower, you can create original compositions. Although the flower is not so easy to care for, it is ideal for decorating the area near the cottage, a private house, and it will also be suitable for creating flower beds in public spaces of settlements.
Unusual incarvillea flowers attract attention with the beauty of their interesting inflorescences. Each species is distinguished by its individual beauty. Luxurious specimens can be planted in one flowerbed, and you can arrange them in groups, for example, along the paths in the garden. In cutting, the gifts of flora are also very good, but, unfortunately, they will not stand for longer than two days.
Incarvillea dense or large (Incarvillea compacta)
Incarvillea dense or large (Incarvillea compacta)
Perennial up to 30 cm tall. The leaves are up to 20 cm long and consist of 4-9 broadly lanceolate lobes. The final share is two times more than the bottom. The surface of the leaf is wrinkled, it seems velvety. The shape of the basal rosettes is pinnate with a heart-shaped central part. The inflorescences are purple or pale pink in color with a diameter of up to 6 cm. The petals at the base are yellow, fused.
Incarvillea Mirei (Incarvillea mairei)
Incarvillea Mirei (Incarvillea mairei)
Found in nature in Bhutan, Nepal. It grows in mountain meadows (Tibet), rising to a height of 3000 meters. Low winter hardy perennial. With slightly disseminated foliage and large pink flowers. The leaves are dark green, prickly, with 2-3 pairs of leaflets, length 12-24 cm. The flowers are located on the peduncle 2-3. They are large, carmine with yellow in purple strokes throat.
Incarvillea white swan
The view reaches up to 50 cm in height and up to 20 cm in width. At the base of the stem is fern foliage, the top is decorated with an inflorescence of 3-4 cream gramophones. The diameter of the flower is mainly 4-5 cm.
Incarvillea white swan
Incarvillea delabaya (delavayi)
Incarvillea delavayi mixed
Srednerosly perennial up to 40-60 cm tall with leaves, the length of which reaches 30 cm, dissected into 6-11 lanceolate-rounded lobes. The final share is not more than the rest. Petals are painted in different shades of crimson, there are instances of light colors. Zev yellow. Flowers are collected in loose, few-flowered (3-4 flowers), racemose inflorescence. The roots are fleshy, spindly. Cultivated in Europe since 1889. Poor tolerates cold. With a view of the Delavey, the Incarvillea Snowtop is similar, but it is distinguished by bright spectacular snow-white inflorescences.
Incarvillea olgae (Incarvillea olgae) or incarvillea pink
Incarvillea olgae (Incarvillea olgae)
High, up to 120 cm plant, with densely branched, naked from above shoots and opposite lacy leaves. The flowers are small and delicate (diameter up to 2 cm), collected in loose inflorescences-panicles up to 20 cm long. The homeland of this species is the mountain system Pamir-Altai.
Gloxinia under the power to grow each, knowing some of the nuances, because it is quite unpretentious plant. Incarville flowers are vital sandy soil with good drainage properties.
It is necessary to remember: gloxinia does not like overmoistened soil. Especially if you have a culture planted in a shady corner of the flower bed, problems can not be avoided. On the damp, and even shaded area, gloxinia may disappear. On clear days, the need for water increases due to more intense evaporation. On cloudy days, watering plants should be only when absolutely necessary. It is necessary to water crops not too late, as by the night the leaves should have time to dry.
For active growth and flowering, it is advisable to carry out complex mineral supplements once a month and conduct one fertilizer per season with organic fertilizer, for example, mullein. As for fertilizers, we note that all plants "eat" everything that falls on the leaves and stems, and even what they already have in abundance. Therefore, it is necessary to be careful with feedings so that gloxinia is not “overfed”. In these rules lies the cultivation and care of incarvillea. It is possible to grow incarvilles, despite the fact that some gardeners undeservedly consider them capricious.
The technology of growing incarvilleas from seeds
Incarvilles are grown mainly with seeds. Seeds can be sown in autumn or in spring directly into the open ground in partial shade, in a fairly wet area. Also practiced growing seedlings.
Sow seeds for seedlings in March. There are no special tricks in planting, but before sowing the seeds are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, this favorably affects their germination. Next, lay them on a damp sponge for washing dishes and cover the sponge with seeds with a second wet sponge and wrap this “sandwich” in a plastic bag.
For landings use universal land or for decorative leafy plants. Land before planting can be treated with phytosporin against fungal diseases. For processing it is necessary to dissolve the drug in warm water in proportion to 1 liter of 0.3 grams of active substance.
Shoots appear around the fifth day, but sometimes it happens that germination is delayed up to two weeks. Incarvilles sprouts are planted in prepared pots with earth or plastic containers. Put the pots on the window, pour them over and cover them with cling film. With the appearance of one true leaf, seedlings dive into a mixture of peat and sand.
In open ground, seedlings are planted when the threat of frost has passed. It is important not to damage the brittle roots of seedlings and plant so that the root neck is below the level of the soil. Flowers grown from seed pritenuyut and watered.
Disease prevention and pest control
Incarvillea delavayi white
The more beautiful the flower, the more enemies it has. However, any disease can be cured if detected in time. Unfortunately, gloxinia can suffer from diseases. Most often these are diseases such as:
- Mealy dew (Signs: reddish-brown spots, deformation of young leaves, white spider patina, mosaic color, leaf die),
- Black spot (Signs: black spots with a diameter of 5-15 mm, merging with each other, the subsequent death of the leaves),
- Gray rot (Signs: browning of the stems from top to bottom, the appearance of fluffy smoky bloom).
Ways to combat disease is the timely treatment of plants with special preparations, pruning of affected shoots, and cleaning of leaves.
Incarvillea in the garden is a real natural wonder and decoration. Pink-purple wonder perfectly fit into any garden design and will look good surrounded by other perennials (catnip, rudbeckia, hydrangea, cereals, flax). In the world of landscape design, they are gaining increasing popularity. By caring for one flower or flowerbed, you get positive energy, which beautiful gloxinia willingly shares. This flower creates an aura of happiness, therefore, deserves to be seen and firmly established in the garden.