It is difficult to find a garden in which ordinary lilac does not grow. Fragrant flowers in large inflorescences have become a sure sign of spring. The plant is unpretentious, but requires proper pruning. Description of various varieties of common lilac and cultivation agrotechnics are presented in the article for amateur gardeners who are not indifferent to beautiful flowers.
The lilac genus of the olive family includes about 30 species growing in China and Southeast Europe. For a long time it is used for gardening, more than 2 thousand varieties of varieties are bred, most of which are obtained on the basis of common lilac.
Contrastly located on the shoots of oval-shaped whole leaves with a pointed end. Small fragrant flowers collected in large inflorescences panicles, grow at the ends of the shoots. A corolla in flowers of four or five petals, simple, less often terry.
Common varieties and species
About 300 varieties were bred by Russian breeder Kolesnikov. Currently, no more than 60 varieties have survived in Russia. The most beautiful of them are the Beauty of Moscow and the Banner of Lenin.
Beauty of Moscow, was received shortly after World War II. The flowers are pink at first, turning white with a slight pink tinge, and white at the end of flowering.
Banner of Lenin - One of the rare red lilacs with simple but lush inflorescences, like terry varieties. At the beginning of flowering, it is purple-red and then mauve-red.
No less popular varieties of the French breeder Lemoine. There are more than 214 varieties of French lilac.
Other varieties of common lilac bred by breeders:
- Amy Schott - deep blue large-flowered, terry,
- Belle de Nancy - pinkish-blue with carmine buds, terry whisk,
- Vestal - snow-white, large-flowered, corolla simple,
- Galina Ulanova - snow-white, unblown flowers of shade of baked milk, simple brooms,
- Jeanne d'Ark - snow-white with creamy-yellow buds and large terry flowers,
- Cavour - purple-blue large-flowered with reddish buds, inflorescences up to 25 cm long,
- Katerina Havameyer - purple with a pinkish sheen, the buds are purple-violet, flowers are terry,
- Condorcet - semi-double purple-blue, tall, richly blooming,
- Beauty Nancy - terry soft pink, inflorescences loose, buds dark pink,
- Madame Abel Shantane - creamy white terry, bush low, late flowering,
- Madame Charles Suchet - pale blue, flowers simple, inflorescences slightly sparse,
- Dream - purple-blue with a bright center, the flowers are simple, fragrant,
- Monique Lemoine - snow-white with cream buds, densely double, flower diameter 3 cm, characterized by long flowering,
- Hope is blue with lilac buds, double flowers,
- In memory of Ludwig Shpet - purple-violet with simple flowers, abundant bloom in late terms,
- Primroz - light yellow, fading to white, simple flowers very fragrant, rare yellow variety,
- Soviet Arctic - white lilac, flowers terry,
- Celia - pale purple with large inflorescences.
Planting in open ground
Optimally plant a lilac container, so as not to depend on the beginning of the growing season, the inflorescences on such a plant can not be removed. When spring planting with an open root system or with a clod of earth, all the inflorescences are removed.
The lilac planted in August is shaded from the sun's rays for 2 weeks until it takes root. Regularly watered, mulch pristvolny circle.
Selection and preparation of landing sites
Common lilac prefers sunny places, breathable soil with almost neutral reaction, pH 6.5–7.5.
Lilac diseases contribute to areas with high groundwater levels. It is desirable that they lie no higher than 1.5 m. Highly windy areas are also undesirable for lilacs.
The landing hole is prepared in advance. If the soil is poor in nutrients, compost or humus is added to it, gravel or broken bricks can be poured to the bottom of the hole for drainage.
How and when to plant a lilac correctly
The best time to plant in the open field of most garden plants is spring. But with lilacs things are a little different. Often, during the spring planting of a lilac with an earthen clod or an open root system, one can observe how it lags behind in growth. Her leaves and buds are small. Such lilac lags behind in development for a year.
The plant prefers a later planting. The best landing time is August or September., while the sheet has not yet fallen. In this case, the lilac still has time to take root.
If you did not manage to plant before frost, then it is better to leave this work until spring, and just lilac prikopat. Therefore, in order not to depend on the season and weather, it is best to buy a container lilac. In this case, it is equally well acclimatized during spring, summer and autumn planting.
Care for common lilacs
Caring for lilac is not particularly difficult. Need watering, loosening the soil, mulching pristvolnogo circle, making feedings.
The important point is the correct annual pruning. If it is neglected, there will not be abundant flowering.
Water so that the soil is always a little wet. It is advisable to shed the root system several times a season with a mixture of Kornevin and Zircon.
Especially important is regular watering during flowering and shoot growth. After flowering in the summer, the bushes are watered on hot days, it is useful to sprinkle on the leaf in the early morning or evening.
Top dressing and fertilizers
In the first two years of the growing season, fertilizer may not be applied to the bush, with the exception of spring fertilization with urea. Lilac is fed with nitrogen from the second year of cultivation, at the rate of 60 g of urea per bush.
Loves the plant organic dressing. As a fertilizer, a mullein, prepared in a 1: 5 solution, is perfect. A good feed is ash, diluted in water (100 g per 4 l.).
Trimming ordinary lilac
If the lilac is not cut, it is wild, the flowers become smaller. With improper pruning flowering, too, can not wait.
The peculiarity of lilac is that the flowers bloom in spring on the early shoots of last year, which have matured and matured over the summer. The buds are located with these shoots near the peduncle.
If you cut a beautiful bouquet of lilacs together with leaves, flowering on this branch next year can not be expected. Therefore, dried flowers are removed at the base, without touching the two upper buds located near the inflorescence.
Ignore pruning branches too. Cut off all the weak shoots that go inside the crown, as well as small shoots around the bush. Gently trim the crown in height, giving it the desired shape (it is better not to get involved much, so as not to be left without flowers for next year).
In lilac, grafted on the shtambe, cut off all the wild shoots and branches that go below the grafting. These are branches of a wild plant on which a cultivar has been grafted, they will take away all the sap on themselves and will soon grow, taking the place of a grafted, weaker trunk.
There are several ways to reproduce common lilac:
- Seeds for stock and for mass plantings in hedges. This method is suitable in cases where the plant variety does not matter.
- Grafting when a varietal lilac is grafted onto a wild stock. This method has its pros and cons. Over time, wild growth of the stock can clog varietal lilac, and the bush will be reborn.
- Cuttings - the easiest and most reliable way to reproduce lilacs. It turns out a complete copy of the mother plant with the preservation of all varietal qualities. Unfortunately, not all varieties are well grafted.
- Meristem With this method, up to 10 thousand new specimens can be obtained from a single uterine plant, without interrupting for the winter period. This is a promising breeding method, but its implementation requires a laboratory and trained personnel.
Lilac in the garden
Lilac for sale own-rooted and grafted. Root-own can be obtained vegetatively and grown in vitro (microclonal method). It is best to purchase own-rooted seedlings propagated in the old fashioned way (vegetatively). With microclonal reproduction, despite the advertising of this technology, mutations, chromosomal abnormalities, as well as the occurrence of polyploid cells are possible, resulting in a plant that is different from the parent. Producers do not carry out genetic analysis for the varietal conformity of all the grown material, since then the cost of the plants will become too high. This leads to the fact that you buy a "cat in the bag." It is worth noting the fact that in certain varieties such deviations occur quite often during microcloning. Thus, the popular variety of A. Kolesnikov “The Beauty of Moscow” often turns out to be an ordinary white variety.
Inoculate the lilac on with. ordinary with Hungarian and on privet. Grafted lilacs have flaws. The Hungarian lilac vaccination is short-lived, since many varieties reject the scion after a few years. Another problem is that you have to constantly fight with undergrowth, otherwise the stock will “clog” the grafted variety and the lilac will “reborn”, as some “competent” gardeners say. And finally, the bush has one main shoot, so the plant does not rejuvenate and the lifespan becomes noticeably shorter. But, on the other hand, in small gardens you have a fairly compact plant.
Very ornamental shrub grafted on shtamb. Now some nurseries offer lilac "bouquet" tree, when several varieties are planted at once. But it makes sense to graft one to three color brushes selected according to color, otherwise the “tree” will look like a “show” of lilacs.
Kornes owns lilac and lilac, grafted on ordinary lilac, should be planted without busting the root neck. The lilac grafted on common lilac is recommended to be planted on a small hillock, since it is believed that common lilac stock will produce less seedlings. Lilacs grafted on Hungarian lilacs and privet plants are planted like roses, deepening a place of grafting on 7-10 cm. The site of vaccination should be filled with sand to avoid sub-heating. Such planting contributes to the transfer of lilacs to their own root system.
Description of lilac
Lilacs (Syringa) of the Olive family (Oleaceae) are shrubs and, less commonly, trees that attract beautiful flowering. And the heady aroma of many types and varieties of lilac only adds to the charm of the bushes.
As can be seen in the photo, lilac has paniculate inflorescences and simple, leathery, with pointed ends leaves. However, you can find plants with dissected and even feathery leaves. In the autumn they do not change color, remaining green until abscission.
Types and varieties of lilac
In our gardens are mostly common varieties with. ordinary (S.vulgaris) and interspecific hybrids obtained with its participation, such as with. hyacinthsvet (S. x hyacinthiflora), p. Chinese (S. x chinensis) and p. Persian (S. x persica), hybrid c. afghan and c. small-shot (S. alghanica x S. laciniata). Chinese lilac and with. Persian in central Russia in the winter often freeze slightly, and in severe winters can freeze.
To date, a huge number of varieties of lilac are bred, but breeders continue to delight us with novelties. The greatest contribution to the selection of flowers of lilac was made by the father and son of Lemoine, whose varieties still form the basis of the range of this culture. Our compatriot A. Kolesnikov, whose varieties have received international recognition, also did much for this.
Varieties are primarily distinguished by color, dividing them into 7 groups: I - white, II - purple, III - bluish, IV - mauve, V - pinkish, VI - magenta (red-purple), VII - magenta. Also, varieties differ in terry and flower shape, size and shape of inflorescences-panicles, in the scent of flowers and, of course, in size and shape of bushes. Therefore, any gardener will be able to find a variety that will not leave him indifferent.
Photos of common lilac varieties with descriptions
Lilac "Andenken an Ludwig Spath" ("Andequin an Ludwig Shpet") often found under the name "In memory of Ludwig Shpet". The inflorescences are dark purple-purple, the flowers are large, simple, fragrant. Bushes high, straight. One of the most popular among the gardeners dark varieties.
Lilac "Aucubaefolia" ("Aukubafolia") - the grade is allocated with unusual foliage. Pay attention to the photo of this varieties of common lilac, each leaf is painted with golden yellow dots and stripes, resembling the leaves of Japanese aucuba. Blossoms fragrant large inflorescences of semi-double purple-blue flowers. Shrubs up to 3 m.
Sort of lilac "Charles Joly" ("Charles Joly") - inflorescences violet-purple with cherry saturation, consisting of large double flowers. Bush tall.
Lilac grade "Condorcet" ("Condorcet") - purple-pink buds are revealed in large double flowers of lilac color. Very popular variety. Bushes 2.5 m high.
Lilac "Madame Lemoine" ("Madame Lemoine") - the ageless variety of the 19th century by the breeder V. Lemoine, which still conquers snow-white inflorescences of double fragrant flowers. Bushes are straight, tall.
Sort "Michel Buchner" ("Michel Buechner") - lilac-purple buds open into medium terry bluish-purple fragrant flowers. Inflorescences are dense. Bushes thick, medium height.
"Monique Lemoine" ("Monique Lemoine"). Like the wine in the photo, it is a sort of common lilac with snow-white panicles consisting of large, dense double flowers with pointed petals. Bushes sredneroslye. One of the latest masterpieces of Lemovers.
Lilac "President Grevy" ("President Grevy") - blooms profusely. In large inflorescences are collected simple and semi-double flowers of mauve-blue color with a distinct blue. Shrubs high. The variety is sometimes mistakenly sold under the name "Condorcet" ("Condorcet").
Lilac "Sensation" ("Sensation") - a grade of unique contrast coloring. Simple large purple-red flowers have a clear white border around the edges of the petals. To admire this contrast, the bushes should be planted near the paths or cut into bouquets, from afar this inflorescence becomes ordinary. Bushes vigorous.
Variety lilac "Hortensia" (Gortenziya ») - large inflorescences of simple lilac-pink flowers resemble the inflorescences of paniculate hydrangea, for which the variety got its name. Bushes vigorous.
Lilac "India" ("Indiya") attracts violet-purple with a reddish tinge inflorescence of large simple flowers. Bushes of medium height, up to 2.5 m.
The list of varieties of lilacs with photos can not be supplemented with an unusually beautiful variety "Olympics Kolesnikova" ("Olimpiada Kolesnikova"):
Its violet-purple buds set off the terry soft-lilac-pink flowers. Inflorescences ostropyramidalny. Bushes variety "Olympics Kolesnikov" reach a height of more than 3 m.
Lilac flower "Beauty of Moscow"
"Beauty of Moscow" ("Krasavitza Moskvy") - This variety A. Kolesnikova seeks to start almost every florist. Each rose-lilac bud blooms into a fragrant, pearly white terry lilac flower, resembling a polyanthus rosette.
“The beauty of Moscow” is a bush of medium height and extreme decorativeness that will decorate any personal plot, it will become the pride of the most exquisite landscape composition.
Hungarian lilac and her photo
Flowering varieties with. Hungarian lilac (S. josikaea) - a large shrub or small tree up to 5 m high continues. It is also the favorite of old Russian gardens.
As can be seen in the photo, Hungarian lilac blooms with abundantly wide-pyramidal large inflorescences of small violet-lilac with a specific aroma of flowers (during planting it is necessary to take into account that some people are allergic to this smell).
Where to buy Hungarian lilac
You can buy Hungarian lilacs in nurseries selling seedlings of garden trees and shrubs. The color of the flowers of this species of lilac varies from pale white to bright saturated.
The following garden forms of Hungarian lilac are most common: pale (f. Pallida) with pale-violet flowers and red (f rubra) with reddish-violet. The plant is very unpretentious and winter-hardy. It grows very quickly.
Photo of lilac flowers Preston with a description
Following with. Hungarian bloom various varieties of lilac Preston (S. x prestoniae), bred in Canada by Isabella Preston by crossing with s. drooping and c. hairy (S. reflexa x S. villosa). Later, various breeders worked with plants of this species, significantly increasing their range. We have this kind of often called "Canadian".
It is a shrub (up to 3.5-4 m) with broadly ovoid pointed large leaves, sometimes pubescent.
Pay attention to the photo of lilac flowers Preston - it is openwork inflorescences, mostly lavender-pink color. Butterflies often visit trees during flowering. Young bushes require regular corrective pruning to form a straight upright bush. Lilac Preston unpretentious and winter-hardy.
You can also note the varieties:
Lilac "Agnes Smith" ("Agnes Smith") - simple tubular flowers of pure white color are collected in dense brushes. Blossoms very abundantly. Shrub height 2-2.5 m.
Lilac grade "Elinor" ("Elinor") - a very noticeable contrast of densely crimson-red buds and pale lilac-pink fragrant flowers. Abundant flowering. Bush height 2.5-3.5 m.
Lilac "Hiawatha" (Tayawat) - densely-raspberry-pink simple fragrant flowers form dense panicles. Blooms profusely. Куст до 2-2,5 м.
Сорт сирени «Minuet» («Менуэт») — цветки светло-лавандовые, затем лиловые с красноватым оттенком, с легким ароматом. Цветет очень обильно. Высота куста до 2 м.
Сорт «Redwine» («Редвайн») обладает насыщенной винно-пурпурной окраской соцветий. Аромат пряный. Blooms profusely.Bush high, up to 3.5 m.
Amur lilac photo with description
The lilacs of Amur (S. amurensis) completes the blooming of lilacs while the undeservedly common lilacs are. Some researchers distinguish it and even some species in a separate genus Ligustrins, or Treskuny (Ligustrina), because the flowers they have are more similar to flowers of plants of the genus Biryuchin (Ligustrum).
As can be seen in the photo, Amur lilac is a multi-stem tree or a large shrub with a spreading thick crown, in a culture up to 6-8 m in height. The leaves resemble the leaves in shape. Ordinary, but unlike it in the fall are painted in orange-yellow or purple tones. Blooms profusely with large, broad, paniculate inflorescences of small white or slightly creamy flowers with a honey smell. It grows well in well-hydrated rich soil. Hardy Its variety “Ivory Silk” (“Ivory Silk”), which is characterized by greater compactness and more noticeable aroma, is often on sale.
Very similar in description to Amur lilac s. Japanese (S. japonica), which some botanists distinguish into a separate species. It is distinguished by an even larger size of the bush, leaves and inflorescences, as well as later flowering.
Deserves mention and blooming in the summer with. Meyer (S. meyeri), which will be easy to find a place even in a small garden. It is a compact shrub with fine graceful foliage up to 1.0-1.2 m in height. The most common variety of this lilac is "Palibin" ("Palibin"), richly blooming pink-lilac inflorescences.
When the tree blooms lilac
Flowering lilac opens with. hyacinthsvet flowers in early-mid-May, whose flowers look like flowers with. ordinary, but inflorescences smaller and friable. Its terry form (f. Plena) with fragrant bluish-purple flowers in large panicles is especially attractive.
Are popular varieties "Buffon" ("Buffon") with simple large fragrant light lilac flowers with a pink tint and “Ester Staley” (“Esther Staley”) with simple fragrant lilac-red flowers.
Common lilac bloom
After faded from. Siacinto is colored, there comes a flowering of varieties of common lilac, filling the garden with witchish pastel colors. Highlight some of the most interesting varieties of common lilac is an ungrateful task, since hundreds of them deserve attention. We mention only a small part of the most unusual or most common.
How to plant a lilac
Lilacs are planted in open sunny places, protected from the winds. The place should be well drained and not be flooded in early spring during the period of thawing of snow and in autumn with incessant rains. Even a short stagnation of water can cause the death of young roots.
Lilac unpretentious, but abundant flowering gives on loose fertile slightly acidic or neutral soils with a high content of humus. Acid soils should be chilled. Heavy clay soils need to be improved by adding humus and sand. With a close location of groundwater drainage is necessary.
Before planting the lilac, humus or compost and superphosphate are introduced into the landing pits. Sand is added to clay soils. On acidic soils, dolomite flour is added to neutralize; the pH of the substrate should be 6.5-7.0.
When to plant a lilac
Planting lilacs is best in August, because in the spring her buds swell very early in the spring, and with swollen buds the lilac does not tolerate transplants. If you do not know when to plant lilac, but have planting material in containers, then you can land at any time. But in our market there is a danger of buying lilac, which has just been dug up and planted in a pot. In this case, the sapling is not likely to take root.
Lilac is unpretentious and drought-resistant, but during growth, budding and flowering the plants are watered for growth and abundant flowering, especially if the weather is dry. In August, watering is not carried out, so as not to stimulate the awakening of the kidneys and their premature growth.
In the year of planting the lilac does not need feeding. From the second or third year, complex mineral fertilizer with trace elements is introduced into the phase of growth and budding. Lilac is responsive to organic fertilizers, for example, on mullein extract with superphosphate. In late August - September, phosphorus-potassium fertilizer or ash is applied every two years.
Trimming lilac bushes and video process
In the first years after planting, the plant grows weakly and lilac does not need pruning. Then you should form a bush, leaving 5-10 of the most successfully located skeletal branches.
Carefully watching the video of the process of cutting lilac bushes, you noticed that the shoots are not shortened so as not to lose flowering, but only cut thickening shoots "on the ring." Pruning done in early spring before the awakening of the kidneys.
It is useful to cut to bouquets up to a third of flowering shoots, which stimulates the formation of new lateral branches on which flower buds are laid. From here, there is a sign that for abundant flowering lilacs should be broken off into bouquets. But this should not be done, since the uneven "breaks" can be a source of infection with diseases and pests. The inflorescence is cut with a sufficiently long peduncle into a one- or two-year-old wood without hemp. In vaccinated lilac shoots are removed permanently.
In the gardens, lilacs are planted in living informal hedges. In old gardens, it was often located near a house, a gazebo, or a resting place.
In large flower beds lilac can also serve as a decorative background. It goes well with ornamental plants that bloom at the same time as it: with spring-flowering white-flowered spireas, with very early May varieties and species of grassy peonies, and for sophisticated gardeners with early tree peonies. Of the perennials, you can use a bathing vessel, early aquilegia, a magnificent center. Good in the vicinity of the lilac curtain tall late tulips and bows aflatunsky and giant.
Lilac - description and photo.
In most cases, lilac is a shrub with a set of upright or spreading trunks up to 5-7 meters high, less often the plant has the outlines characteristic of a tree.
Lilac bush is abundantly covered with foliage, which is located on the branches opposite and rests on them until late autumn. Depending on the type of lilac leaf plates are simple with a smooth edge, ovoid, oval or elongated shape with a pointed nose, as well as pinnate and hard dissected. Lilac leaves have a light or dark green color, and their length can reach 12 cm.
Voronkovidnye lilac flowers are quite small with four petals. They form a racemose inflorescence or paniculate form. The number of flowers on a lilac bush during flowering can reach 18,000 pieces. The lilac color can be pink and purple, white and purple, blue and purple. In most species of lilac to the main monochromatic color is added an admixture of another color. The aroma of lilac is very delicate, delicate and has a calming effect.
The elongated fruits of lilac are a two-folding box containing several seeds with wings.
Lilac varieties - classification.
For a half century of breeding, about 2,300 hybrid varieties of lilac have been bred. The criteria for distinguishing them among themselves are the shape, size and color of lilac flowers, the flowering time of the bushes, as well as their height and appearance.
According to the shape of flowers distinguish lilac varieties with simple and double flowers.
By color (color of petals) the lilac is white, purple, bluish, lilac, pinkish (pink), magenta, purple, complex.
By the size of the flowers allocate:
- Lilac with large flowers - the sizes of flowers exceed 25 mm,
- Lilac with medium flowers, sizes ranging from 15 to 20 mm,
- Lilac with small flowers, whose dimensions are in the range of 5-10 mm.
Many ask the question when lilac blooms. In fact, in terms of flowering stands out:
- Early lilac (early flowering) (last week of April - first week of May)
- Mid-blooming lilac (mid-May)
- Late lilac (blooms in late May, seizing the beginning of June).
Varieties of simple lilac - names and photos.
- Lilac Blanche Sweet - a plant with sprawling bushes of medium height and dense drooping inflorescences, consisting of large light blue flowers (30 mm).
- Lilac Mulatto - upright shrub with dark green foliage. Lilac flowers are large, fragrant, pale-mauve, having a smoky-chocolate shade.
- Lilac india (selection of Kolesnikov) - a plant with medium sprawling bushes, large dark green foliage and large dark purple buds. The opened large flowers of lilac are painted in a deep purple color and have a reddish tint.
Sorts of terry lilac - names and photos.
- Lilac "Memory of Kolesnikov" - sprawling plant with shoots of medium height and large snow-white terry flowers, consisting of three layers of petals and similar to the buds of roses.
- Lilac Katerina Havemeyer (Katherine Havemeyer) - French classic lilac variety with high compact bushes and large inflorescences. The large terry flowers of lilac are pink-colored with bluish-purple tints.
- Lilac Russian Morning (Vekhova selection) is a beautiful lilac variety, representing a plant with sprawling bushes of medium height and very large double purple flowers with mother-of-pearl tips. Lilac flowers are collected in pyramidal inflorescences.
Where does lilac grow?
Wild lilac in natural conditions is distributed only in Europe and Asia, as well as the islands of Japan. The area of its growth is limited to three isolated mountain areas:
- Balkan-Carpathian region, which includes Albania and Serbia, Croatia and Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.
- The West Himalayan region, which includes India and China, Nepal and Pakistan, as well as Bhutan.
- East Asian mountain region, represented by the territories of Eastern and Central China, Primorsky Krai, Japan and the Korean Peninsula.
Cultivars of lilac grow throughout Eurasia, from Portugal to the shores of Kamchatka, cover part of the coast of the African continent (Morocco), feel great in the countries of North and South America, as well as in Japan.
The healing properties of lilac and contraindications.
Flowers and leaves of lilac have been used since ancient times in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. They are used as one of the components in the preparation of herbal or as an independent means.
- Water tincture of lilac flowers has a diaphoretic, antimalarial and analgesic effect. It is used to treat pertussis and kidney diseases, headaches, colds. An infusion of white lilac flowers is used for shortness of breath, stomach ulcers and the elimination of noise in the head.
- The leaves of lilac, as well as the leaves of the plantain, tighten purulent wounds, as they have disinfecting, anti-bacterial properties.
- Ointment and alcohol tincture of lilac are used to relieve pain and to treat rheumatism and salt deposits in the joints of the upper and lower extremities.
- Infusion of lilac leaves - an indispensable tool for the treatment of festered wounds, it is used as a drug with antipyretic and sudorific effect.
- Tea from lilac flowers shows its medicinal properties in the fight against the common cold, cold, flu, whooping cough, kidney stones.
- The beneficial properties of lilac appear in the oil, which is obtained from the bark of the plant. Lilac oil is used in diseases of the upper respiratory tract: it has antibacterial and expectorant properties and can be used for inhalation. Also, lilac oil is used for relaxing aromavannas, against skin infections, rashes, acne, boils. It can also be used for body massage, as it has a great aroma. In the old days, lilac essential oil was also used as an antihelminthic or antiparasitic agent.
- Sprigs of lilac, set in a vase in the room, aromatize the air, relax and help you fall asleep.
- Due to the fact that the composition of the flowers of lilac includes glycoside syringin, releasing toxins of hydrocyanic acid, the infusions taken orally should be used with caution.
How to fertilize lilac?
In order to provide the plant roots with the necessary macro and microelements, mineral and organic fertilizers are applied to the root soil. Urea or ammonium nitrate is used as a source of nitrogen needed to improve the growth of branches and leaves of lilac. Top dressing of a lilac has to be carried out at the rate of 50-80 grams of fertilizer on one bush for the entire vegetation period in 3 receptions, since early spring after a snow cover descent. The break between making dry dressing is 25-30 days. Fertilizers are buried in the ground to a depth of about 8 cm over the entire area of the root system. You can also feed lilac with superphosphate and potash fertilizers. Good results are obtained by alternating fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers (cow and chicken manure).
Lilac pruning. How to prune the lilac?
Great importance in the formation of the appearance of the bush is the correct regular pruning of lilacs. A young bush under the age of 3 years does not need pruning, since it has not yet formed all the skeletal branches. However, already from the third year of life of the plant in early spring, before the buds have swelled yet, it is necessary to carry out formative pruning. When performing this operation, you should follow the simple rule: no more than eight healthy buds should be left on each skeletal branch of lilac. This is done in order not to overload the plant during flowering. In addition, it is necessary to remove old, dry, damaged and diseased branches. All operations are performed only with a sharp instrument.
During the active flowering lilac pruning is carried out "on the bouquet." Following the unspoken rule, about 30% of inflorescences are cut off. After the end of lilac bloom, all withered brushes are cut off.
Reproduction of lilac cuttings.
Lilac is very difficult to take root, so for reproduction of lilac cuttings, you must comply with the following conditions:
- Preparation of cuttings carried out immediately after the flowering of lilac or during it,
- Cut material early in the morning with young plants, choosing shoots in the middle of the crown. On the cuttings take untreated branches of medium thickness with 2-3 nodes and short internodes.
A cut lilac stalk removes the leaves on the lower node, after which an oblique cut is made on it with a sharp knife. The sheet plates on the second and third nodes are shortened to half, and the tip is cut at a right angle directly above the last node. The lower part of the prepared planting material is immersed in a solution of root growth stimulant for at least 16 hours.
Rooting cuttings of lilac is best carried out in greenhouses or in the cuttings box, which is put in partial shade. To accelerate root germination, planting material can be covered with cut-off water bottles of at least 5 liters capacity. Before planting the lilacs, rinse with a slanting cutting of cuttings with clean water. The best substrate for growing cuttings is a mixture of peat and sand, in a 1: 1 ratio. Partially sand can be replaced with perlite. The prepared substrate is filled with a seating capacity of up to 20 cm, after which another 5 cm of river sand is poured onto the ground. To prevent infection of a lilac cutting of fungal diseases, the substrate is treated with a solution of a fungicide such as Fundazol or Maxim. To accelerate the growth of the root system, the lower part of the planting material should be processed again with the “root”.
Then proceed to planting lilacs. To do this, make a depression in the sand, into which the cutting is placed, so that its lower edge does not reach the mixture. Between the cuttings should be a distance excluding the contact of their leaves. After the cuttings are sprayed with water from a spray bottle, covered with cut-off bottles and shading.
The sand should not dry out; therefore, planting material should be sprayed with water several times a day in order to provide 100% moisture necessary for better germination. To prevent the formation of mold at intervals of once every seven days, spraying should be carried out with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Roots on the cuttings appear 45-60 days after planting. After that, they need to be ventilated every evening, and in time, the sapling should be fully opened. If the roots sprout in mid-autumn, the stalk is left to overwinter in a container. In time, rooted cuttings are planted in a bright place with light, slightly acidic soils. In order for the plants to successfully winter, the seedlings need to be covered with spruce leaves. With the arrival of spring, the insulation is removed. Such a sapling blooms in about 5 years.
The reproduction of lilac layering.
You can propagate lilac layering. To do this, young shoots beginning to lumber up to 20 cm in height are pulled over with a wire, preferably copper. After this constricted shoot spud to a height of at least half of its length. As the shoot grows, the ground is added to the place of the waist. Before the onset of cold weather, shoots with regrown branches are cut off from the main bush and sent for growing.
Reproduction of lilac seeds.
Lilac can be propagated and seeds. Лучше всего прорастают семена сирени, собранные осенью в сырую влажную погоду. Эти семенные коробочки высушивают при комнатной температуре в течение нескольких суток. Для улучшения всхожести семена стратифицируют. Для этого их смешивают с песком в пропорции 1:3, слегка увлажняют и, засыпав в емкости, помещают в холодильник на два месяца. Все это время нужно следить, чтобы песок не пересыхал.
Посадка сирени проводится во второй декаде марта. В качестве субстрата берут хорошо пропаренную огородную землю. Заделывают семена на глубину не более 15 мм. Полив проводят с помощью разбрызгивателя. В зависимости от вида до появления всходов сирени может пройти от 14 дней до 3 месяцев. After that, after 12-14 days, the seedlings are picked, keeping the distance between them within 4 cm. With the onset of stable heat, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place. You can spend podzimny planting in specially prepared beds. The earth should be slightly frozen. In the spring of such seedlings dive and send for growing. In the first vegetative season, the land under the seedlings is not fertilized. In two-year-old plants, basal shoots are harvested, and underdeveloped lilac bushes are pruned “on a stump”, keeping several pairs of buds on it.
Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)
Common lilac - a large shrub or tree up to 6 m tall, with heart-shaped, dense, dark green, bare leaves up to 12 cm long, on petioles up to 3 cm. Fragrant flowers are collected in large, pyramidal inflorescences up to 20 cm long. The flowers are simple, purple, various shades. Comes in bloom at the age of four. Homeland - Southeast Europe.
Common lilac grows moderately, frost-resistant, quite drought-resistant, undemanding to the soil, but grows well and develops on deep fertile, loamy soil. Hardy in the conditions of the city, tolerates a slight shading. Gives abundant root shoots that should be considered in responsible, decorative plantings. In culture since 1583.
In terms of its decorative qualities, wild-growing lilac is rather monotonous, but there are a huge number of varieties of foreign and domestic selection that make this species the most favorite ornamental plant. Varieties differ in terms of flowering, height and shape of the bushes, the location of the inflorescences, but the main signs of difference are flowers and inflorescences.
The flowers are not only simple, but also dense, often very large, up to 4 cm in diameter. Inflorescences of different density and size, and, undoubtedly, the main thing in common lilac varieties is a large variety in flower color, which as a result of selection was supplemented not only with various shades of lilac, but also with new flowers - pure pink, blue, purple and even yellow.
Wild-growing species is widely used for single and group plantings, molded and unshaped hedges. Garden varieties in bush form are used for planting along the paths, singly or in small groups on the lawn, in standard form when making alleys, parterres and flower beds.
There is a huge number of lilac varieties of foreign and domestic breeding, described in various directories on floriculture and in special works on lilacs.
Grade "Amethyst" (Amethyst) - silver-lilac buds, flowers bluish-purple with amethyst shade, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, fragrant, in large inflorescences up to 25-30 cm long. Good for cutting and registration.
Common lilac, ‘Ami Schott’ variety. © Kor! An
Variety "Ami Shott" (Ami Schott). The lilac flowers are dark cobalt-blue, from the bottom side are lighter, larger, about 2.5 cm in diameter, terry ones - from two densely arranged rims, fragrant. Petals wide oval, bent to the center. The inflorescences are large (25x14 cm), slender, from one or two pairs of slightly ribbed, strong, pyramidal panicles. Bushes are vigorous, wide with strong branches. It blooms moderately in average terms.
Variety "Belisent" - blooms with openwork coral-light pink fragrant inflorescences, up to 30 cm long. The leaves are large, oval, slightly corrugated, dark green. The lilac bush is high (up to 5 m), straight, with long grayish-brown smooth shoots.
Belle de Nancy Grade (Belle de Nancy) - carmine-red buds, flowers lilac-pink with a silvery tint, turning into light bluish-purple, up to 2 cm in diameter, terry, fragrant. Petals are twisted inside. Blossoms in average terms. Used for cutting.
Variety "Vesuvius" (Vesuve). The buds are light purple. The flowers are purple-purple, lighter on the bottom, large, up to 2-8 cm in diameter, simple, fragrant. Petals are oval, with strongly raised edges. Lilac inflorescences are mostly from one pair of drooping, slightly sparse panicles 18x8 cm in size, hiding in the foliage. The leaves are large. The bush is of medium height, it blooms moderately, in average terms.
Variety "Vestalka" (Vestale) - cream buds, flowers pure white, large, up to 2.8 cm in diameter, simple, fragrant, large inflorescence, up to 20 cm long, multi-vertex.
Common lilac, variety ‘Vestale’. © Kor! An
Variety "Violetta" (Violetta). The buds are dark purple, the flowers are light purple, very large, up to 3 cm in diameter, double and semi-double with a faint aroma, the petals are wide or narrow, round, pointed, lighter on the underside.
Inflorescences of one or two pairs of narrow panicles, buried in the foliage of young shoots. The leaves are dark green, in the initial developmental steel with a brownish patina. Lilac shrubs are straight, fairly tall, with light gray shoots. Flowering moderate. Distributed weakly, but used in landscaping and forcing.
Variety "Galina Ulanova" - buds are creamy white, flowers are pure white, simple, with a diameter of 2.5-2.7 cm, a very showy variety of lilacs.
Variety "Guy Vata" - variety blooms bright crimson-pink dense inflorescences, up to 30 cm in size. The leaves are oval, hard, with a strong nerve. Flowering annual and abundant. Bush srednerosly (up to 2.5 m), with dark brown shoots, spreading.
Variety “Joan of Arc” (Jeanne d'Arc) - the variety has bright green leaves and very dense inflorescences, of beautiful narrow pyramidal shape, up to 20 x 10 cm in size. Creamy yellow buds, flowers pure white, double, large (up to 2.5 cm in diameter) , fragrant. Duration of flowering lilac 12-18 days. Blossoming is plentiful, in average terms. Bush srednerosly, up to 2 m tall.
Variety "Defenders of Brest" - buds are creamy greenish, flowers from milky to pure white, large, double, with a diameter of 2.5 cm. The inflorescences are large, 25 cm long and 16 wide, the average flowering time, blooms continuously.
Variety "Cavour" (Cavour) - buds are dark, red-purple, flowers are purple-blue, large, simple, with a pleasant smell, in large, up to 25 cm long, inflorescences. One of the darkest varieties of lilac among purple.
Common lilac, variety ‘Cavour’. © Kor! An
Variety "Captain Balte" - The buds and flowers are pink-purple. The flowers are simple, very large (up to 2.7 cm in diameter), with visible yellow stamens, very fragrant. The inflorescences are very large (25-32 cm), with two to five flower clusters. Blooms profusely, from 15 to 20 days on average. Lilac bush is low (up to 1.5 m), wide, branched.
Variety “Katerina Havemeyer” (Katherine Havemeyer) - large buds, purple-purple, cobalt-purple flowers with a pink touch, purple-pink from the bottom, up to 3 cm in diameter, double, in broad-pyramidal, large inflorescences, up to 24 cm long. Blossoms in average terms.
Variety "Congo" (Congo) - buds are dark purple, flowers are purple-red, bright, fading to light purple, up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Blooms profusely in the early stages.
Grade "Condorcet" - the variety has very large dark green leaves on short petioles. Inflorescences loose, conical, 22 x 10 cm in size. Flowers are semi-double, bluish-purple (flower diameter 2-2.2 cm). Abundant flowering. The bush is very tall, powerful, with thick branches. The variety of lilac gives a lot of shoots and is characterized by a high resistance in culture, the average flowering period.
Variety "Beauty of Moscow" - large pink-lilac buds, pinkish-white flowers with a pearly shade, large, 2.5 cm in diameter, double, resemble the flowers of polyanthus roses. Inflorescence of 1-2 pairs of large, up to 25 cm long, pyramidal, openwork panicles. It blooms for a long time. Rare variety of beauty and originality.
Common lilac, variety "Beauty of Moscow". © Kor! An
Variety "Beauty Nancy" - Carmine-pink buds. Flowers terry, graceful structure, pale pink color with a silvery reflection, clearly stand out in loose inflorescence. Due to the excellent color and elegance of the inflorescences and flowers, this is one of the best varieties of lilac among terry lilacs of similar color.
Grade "Leonid Leonov". The buds are round-spherical, purple-violet, the flowers are mauve with a violet tinge in the center, light purple from the underside, large, simple, fragrant.
Petals rounded, with raised edges and small beak-like tips. Inflorescence of one or two pairs of narrow pyramidal, medium density of panicles 20x8 cm in size. The leaves are dark green. Lilac bushes sredneroslye, compact, with straight, thin, but strong branches. Blossoms plentifully, in average terms, periodically sets seeds. Original color and shape of flowers.
Madame Abel Shantane variety - flowers milky white, terry, up to 2.2 cm in diameter. The inflorescences are compact, large, up to 24 cm long and up to 20 cm wide. The duration of flowering is from 10 to 20 days. The bush is low, richly blooming. A variety of high decoration, late flowering.
Madame Casimir Perrier Grade (Mme Casimir Perier). Cream buds, cream-white flowers, medium size (2 cm), densely double (3-4 corolla), fragrant. Petals oval, raised, covering the center of the flower, give a specific fluffiness inflorescences.
Inflorescences are compact, of two to four pairs of wide-pyramidal, strong, medium-sized panicles, 16-20 cm long with widely diverging lower branches. The leaves are typical. Bushes lilac medium height, compact. Blossoms very plentifully and for a long time, in average terms. Used in landscaping, for cutting and especially - for early forcing.
Common lilac, ‘Madame Charles Souchet’ variety. © Kor! An
Madame Charles Suchet Grade (Madame Charles Souchet). Light lilac buds, flowers of sky-blue tone, large, 2.6 cm in diameter, simple, fragrant, oval petals, pointed, with raised edges, inflorescences wide-pyramidal, like large caps, are formed from one or two pairs of widely divergent, large (25x16 cm), fairly durable, slightly sparse panicles.
Bushes are low, with widely diverging light gray shoots, of moderate growth. Blooms profusely, in average terms (23-25 days). Very decorative and original variety of lilac blue color, highly valued in France. Used in landscaping for single and group plantings.
Variety "Marshal Lannes" - buds are dark purple. The flowers are very large - up to 3.4 cm in diameter, semi-double, dense lilac color. A variety of exceptional beauty, annually abundantly blooming. Inflorescences resemble compact bouquets, up to 25 cm long and wide. The flowers are fragrant. Variety average term flowering. Bushes of medium height.
Variety "Dream". The buds are silver-lilac, zevtkov bluish-lilac, with a lighter center and a pinkish tinge on the underside, large, up to 3 cm in diameter, simple, fragrant, rounded petals, with strongly raised edges. Inflorescence bowl of one pair of large (20x10 cm) wide pyramidal, drooping panicles. Lilac bushes of medium height. Blooms profusely, annually, on average. Highly decorative.
Sort “Miss Ellen Wilmott” (Miss Ellen Willmott) - greenish-cream buds, snow-white flowers, large, 2-2.5 cm in diameter, terry, large inflorescences, late blooming, highly decorative variety.
Variety “Monique Lemoine” (Monique Lemoine) - cream buds, slightly greenish, resemble the buds of the terry gian, the flowers are pure white, like snow flakes, very large, 3 cm in diameter, densely double. Bushes of medium height. It blooms for a long time, a very original gustomahrovy lilac variety.
Common lilac, ‘Montaigne’ variety. © Kor! An
Variety "Montaigne" (Montaigne). The buds are purple-pink, the flowers are initially pale pink, then lilac-white, terry - from two or three closely shifted crowns, fragrant. The petals are pointed, often curved inwards, as in polyanthus roses.
Inflorescences often from one pair of long (up to 22 cm), narrow and loose panicles with eye-catching lower ramifications. The leaves are dark green, elongated. Lilac bushes are vigorous, straight with long shoots. It blooms moderately, in average terms, does not set seeds. Used in gardening and for cutting.
Grade "Hope". The lilac buds, with blue, turn into light blue, large (3 cm), terry - from two - two and a half corolla, fragrant. Petals wide oval, upper narrow and slightly curved.
The inflorescences are large, often from one pair of pyramidal, very dense, strong, slightly ribbed panicles. Leaves are elongated. Blossoms moderately, in late terms. Recommended for processing and cutting, it is notable for easy rooting of cuttings and high viability.
Sort "Fires of Donbass" - buds are large, dark purple with a red tint. The flowers are purple-purple with light purple tips of the petals, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, fragrant, resistant to fading.
Variety "In Memory of Ludwig Shpet" - buds and flowers are dark purple-purple. The flowers are simple, large (up to 2.6 cm in diameter), fragrant. Inflorescences up to 28 cm long. The number of brushes in the inflorescence reaches five. Blossoming is plentiful and annual, in late terms. Lilac bushes high, straight. One of the most popular dark-colored lilac varieties.
Variety "Memory of Kolesnikov" - cream buds, flowers pure white, large, up to 3 cm in diameter, terry. The flowers resemble the buds of polyanthus roses. Inflorescences are large. The bushes are of medium height, the flowering time is average, it flowers for a long time, it is a very highly decorative variety.
Common lilac, variety ‘Primrose’. © Kor! An
Variety Primroz (Primrose) - buds are greenish-yellow, flowers are light yellow, fade to white, simple, very fragrant, inflorescences up to 20 cm long. First yellow variety!
Variety "Sensation" (Sensation). The buds are purple. The flowers are purplish-red, with a white, clear border around the edges on the upper side of the broad convex-concave petals. Large, 2.2 cm in diameter, simple, faintly soft, inflorescences of one or two pairs of narrow pyramidal panicles of medium density, with prominent branches. Lilac leaves are dark green, typical.
Bushes are vigorous, rare, slightly sprawling. Blossoms moderately, in late terms. Successfully propagated by grafting and green cutting. Rooting rate up to 80%. The variety is original thanks to a border on the petals. Used in landscaping and for forcing.
Common lilac, grade ‘Sensation’. © Kor! An
Variety "Soviet Arctic". Cream buds, flowers pure white, large (2.5 cm), terry - from two or two and a half, slightly apart rims, fragrant, pointed petals, screw-shaped curved. The inflorescences are a bowl of one pair of large (24x12 cm), wide pyramidal, ribbed, medium density, with lumens of panicles. The leaves are large, green. Lilac bushes are tall, compact, well leafy. Blossoms moderately, in average terms.
Grade "Flora-53" - buds are creamy green, flowers are pure white, simple, large, with a diameter of more than 3 cm. Bushes are very tall, early flowering. One of the best varieties with white flowers.
Celia variety - Blossoms delicate mauve inflorescences, up to 26 cm in length. The leaves are large, oval, dark green, wrinkled. Lilac bush medium-tall (2-3 meters), compact.
Common lilac, variety ‘Charles Joly’. © JoJan
Variety "Charles Joly" (Charles Joly) - buds are purple-violet. The flowers are double, three-row, large (up to 2.5 cm in diameter). The color of the flowers is purple-purple with cherry saturation. Inflorescences are dense, up to 28 cm long. Blossoming is plentiful, annual, in late terms. Bush tall, compact.
Types of lilac: general description
The name of the lilac in Latin is Syringa. It comes from the Greek word syrinx. The exact translation means - "tube". Apparently, this name reminds of the structure of the flower itself. However, there is a more romantic version that is actively distributed: the forest nymph Syringa was turned into reeds, after which Pan, the god of forest land, made a pipe from him, which began to make divine sounds.
In the wild, lilac, the species and varieties of which are well known to scientists, is still ubiquitous. Especially in China, the Balkans and the Carpathians. Most often it is Hungarian, tree and ordinary lilac. Homeland lilac Himalayan, as well as varieties of Afghan or Persian - this is the Himalayas. However, most species come from Primorye and Amur, as well as Japan and China.
When we look at all types of lilacs, photos with names, we immediately notice their common property. Unusually beautiful and lush bloom. In species of wild lilac, most often the petals have a purple-bluish color. Their color is original and inimitable, however, in cultural and hybrid varieties, the color of corolla is different. It can be bright purple-purple blossoms, bluish or lilac-pink flowers, completely pink or snow-white. Effectively look varieties with dark purple petals with a small white border.
Small fragrant flowers are collected in large paniculate inflorescences. The flowers themselves are not only simple, but also double, as well as semi-double. In lilac varietal flowers are large: more than three centimeters. Some varieties of lilac - beautiful and elegant panicles. They look strictly up, some have very wide clusters, low down from their weight.
All members of the genus - perennial plants. Usually they have the form of tall bushes, less often - low trees. The leaves are arranged in pairs (sometimes three leaves each), in most species simple and heart-shaped, but in several species pinnate. They fall in the fall.
Speaking about what are the types of lilac, it should be noted that there may be several classifications. And that's not it. All similar species of lilac are combined in groups, they have similar names. Например, существует понятная всем классификация сирени по разновидностям окраса соцветий. В каталогах при описаниях того или иного сорта, как правило, указывают его принадлежность к одной из цветовых гамм (например, белые, фиолетовые, сиренево-розовые).
Сорта сирени обыкновенной
Немного конкретики. Практически у всех сортов обыкновенной сирени имеются четырёхлепестковые цветки в соцветиях около одного сантиметра. Они образовываются на почках прошлогодних побегов. The most popular and beloved common lilac is widely known. And there is no need for additional descriptions.
Species of common lilac are grown from the eighteenth century. During this period, many varieties were bred. It blooms first. The bush can grow up to three meters in height, it is unpretentious to the soil, it grows in any conditions. Lilac ordinary cream shades or white has a distinctive delicate special aroma. The bush is very beautiful during its flowering: small and unusually fragrant flowers, most often bluish-purple hues, are found in paniculate large inflorescences, three or five pieces in each bunch. Depending on the region, it blooms in May or June.
At the moment, breeders derived a huge number of varieties of common lilac. There are also dwarf (variety "Dwarf"). There are also real masterpieces: for example, Primrose, the only bright yellow lilac in the world. This type of lilac is pictured below. A large two-meter bush blooms very abundantly. However, by the end of flowering the yellowness burns out, and the inflorescences turn white. You can endlessly explore the types of lilac, photos with the names of varieties, but one thing is for sure. Each of them is beautiful in its own way.
These bushes have much larger leaves. Landscape designers love them, because in the fall they get an attractive purple color, and this decorates any garden plot. A tall (up to three meters in height) plant of the correct shape can be both a shrub and a tree. Broad leaves in the shape of a heart usually have a length of about ten centimeters. Conical inflorescences of up to twelve centimeters are most often painted in pale purple or violet-purple.
It looks like a broad-leaved lilac, the types and varieties of which are usually inferior to the ordinary in the beauty and pomp of their flowering. But bloom a little earlier. Already at the end of April, it pleases the eye and exudes aroma in gardens and city parks. The inflorescence in these species has a slightly conical shape. Quite often there are buds of spectacular carmine-pink hues.
Another variety. Considering the photo of flowers, types of lilac, one can not but mention the hyacinth-flowered varieties. There were very few of them, about five percent of all global collections. For a long time, this species has not been studied at all, therefore, to date, only varieties obtained by crossing broad-leaved and common species or two different plants of the same (hyacinth) species are considered hyacinths.
Although lilac hyacinths are not too common, its varieties are distinguished by the earliest and very lush flowering. In our regions, Buffon is a rather popular variety. The varieties are also well-known, for the selection of which they used lilac pollen of expanded broad-leaved. Frank Skinner, a renowned scientist and breeder from Canada, crossed with her an ordinary lilac that has long been grown in his home garden. As a result, twenty hybrids were obtained, now quite popular, as they are distinguished by a very neat shape of their bush and this fits into certain styles of landscape design. Types of hyacinth lilacs are not too spreading, in addition, they are resistant to temperature extremes. And also perfectly tolerate spring frosts.
Types of white lilac
It is sometimes only the breeders and professionals who can distinguish the color scale of the buds from one another, therefore it is difficult to point out the exact differences between varieties. In general, white lilac is called such only conditionally, since there are many shades. Their color is intense only in the bud. Very numerous are terry varieties of white lilac. Below you see the photo of a lilac white. There are also her descriptions.
From the classic varieties should be remembered lilac M. Lemoine. It was bred in the nineteenth century, characterized by thick double flowers. At the moment, this variety, contrary to its prescription, is the best and most sustainable. As it grows, the plant is formed into a large three-meter-tall bush sprinkled with blooming clusters, striking in its beauty and grace.
Many varieties of white lilac bred by Belarusian breeders. Some of them received world fame. The variety Rochester (non-double) was obtained in 1971. However, he entered the top ten of the best of ordinary white lilacs in the entire world collection. A small one and a half meter bush blooms with cream buds, but as they unfold, the buds gradually turn white, and a small waxy coating appears on the petals. But the main feature of this amazing variety is large three centimeter flowers with twenty-five petals.
In general, species of white lilac are much more capricious than their colorful relatives. They require more thorough conditions in the process of growing. Recently, monochrome monochrome plantings have been popular in all modern gardens. In order to long admire the magnificent plants and enjoy their fragrance, it is desirable to plant a large number of species of white lilac. It all depends on the timing of its flowering.
Small, but very fragrant fluffy lilac flowers look outside the box. That is why many people like it. Almost all varieties of this species have a slight pubescence on the inflorescences and leaves. Like common species, in fluffy lilac, all the inflorescences appear on last year's shoots from the lateral bud.
Each variety of fluffy lilac is very beautiful. Especially good plants look on steep slopes, in parks and large gardens. The bush of this species is small and compact; it is also ideal for a small garden plot. In the wild, this species of lilac grows in some provinces of China. Especially gently looks lilac varieties Julia. Miniature flowers combined in openwork inflorescences, which are abundantly covered with the whole bush.
Adding an article to a new collection
Lilac (Syringa) is a common genus of shrubs of the Olive family, which, according to various sources, has from 10 to 36 species. We chose the most popular ones.
Lilac of any kind is incredibly beautiful during flowering (in May-July). Its lush inflorescences with a large number of small flowers bloom every year, even if the shrub is practically not cared for. This unpretentious plant perfectly tolerates the vagaries of weather and the unstable climate of the middle zone.
In the garden, lilacs are used both in single and in group plantings. And she's good at hedges. In addition, compact species look great in mixborders next to almost any plants.
Amur Lilac (Syringa amurensis)
If you do not cut the bush, it can grow to a height of 10 m and a width of up to 5 m. Amur lilac blooms later than other species (in June-July), and this is the only species that grows well in wet soil. During flowering bushes densely covered with creamy-white inflorescences (10-30 cm long), emitting honey aroma.
Hungarian Lilac (Syringa josikaea)
This densely branched shrub (height and width of 3-4 m) is distinguished by large leaves and purple-pink loose inflorescences-panicles with a pleasant aroma. Flowers bloom in May and June.
Hungarian lilac is most resistant to adverse climate. The plant tolerates both waterlogging and drying out of the soil, as well as severe frosts and gusting winds. And this is not the only important advantage of the bush: it does not form overgrowths and maintains a neat appearance in the fall.
Persian Lilac (Syringa persica)
This lilac is very similar to ordinary and Hungarian. It is also unpretentious, withstands drought, but in severe winters it can freeze slightly. Pink-lilac or white inflorescences of a plant exude a rich, specific aroma - not the same as in other species. Flowering occurs in the second half of May - June.
Persian lilac has an unusual shape with narrow cut leaves - Laciniata
Lilac Hyacinthus (Syringa hyacinthiflora)
This is a hybrid of common lilac and broadleaf. The plant blooms early in early May. Leaves of shrubs of some varieties (for example, Declaration) in the fall acquire a purple color.
Popular varieties of hyacintholaceous lilac: Buffon (mauve flowers), Purple glory (purple-purple flowers), Fantasy (the buds are purple, and the open flowers are white and pink), Anabel (compact bush with soft pink flowers).
Lilac Meier (Syringa meyeri)
This low (up to 1.5), but a wide bush blooms depending on weather conditions (in warm regions - in May-June). The leaves are broadly oval, tapering at the top, dark green. The flowers are fragrant, lilac-pink. In the middle zone in severe winters may be subject to freezing.
In gardens, varieties are common:
- Palibin - when the weather is comfortable, small pink-purple inflorescences reappear in August,
- Josie - one of the shortest bushes of lilac (up to 1.2 m tall) with fragrant purple-pink flowers, in late August - early September, may bloom again.
Chinese lilac (Syringa chinensis)
This hybrid of common lilac and Persian was bred in France in 1777. The shrub grows up to 5 m tall and is distinguished by hanging shoots, oblong-ovate leaves and fragrant lilac-purple inflorescences that bloom in May and June.
Popular varieties: Lilac (with purple flowers), Saugeana (with purple-red flowers), Duplex (with semi-double purple flowers).
Himalayan Lilac (Syringa emodi)
The bush reaches a height of 4.5 m. The plant has elliptical leaves with a pointed tip, veins and petioles - a purple hue. In early summer, inflorescences of light purple or cream with a pinkish tinge bloom. Yellow anthers protrude from the mouth of the corolla. Flowers exude an unusual and not very pleasant smell. This lilac is very winter-hardy and tolerates saline soils.
Very interesting variety Aurea Variegata - with yellowish-green leaves
Lilac Zvegintsev (Syringa sweginzowii)
The plant is a shrub (up to 4.5 m) with a dense pyramidal crown. Leaves broadly, pointed at the top, glossy, dark green.
Unlike other species, in lilac Zvegintsev inflorescences continue to sprout, carrying 3-5 pairs of leaves. The flowers are small, white and pink, fragrant, collected in erect pyramidal or loose paniculate inflorescences up to 30 cm in length. It blooms in June for two weeks.
Plant different types of lilac - and you can achieve continuous flowering of these common shrubs from May to July.
Persian Lilac (Syringa persica)
Bred by crossing Afghan lilacs (Siringa alghanica) with melkadreznoy lilac (Siringa laciniata). Persian lilac is a shrub of average height from one to two meters with widely spread branches. Young branches very weakly pubescent. Older branches are gray or brown, with lentils, drooping, thin.
The persian lilac inflorescences are multi-flowered, developing from the upper lateral buds, 5-10 cm long and 5-7.5 cm wide, ovate, branched, with thin axes. Lateral inflorescences shorter than the branches. The flowers are white-lilac or white, fragrant.
Flowering Persian lilac begins in May and lasts until the month of June. Fruits in July and August.
Persian lilac was introduced in 1640. Drought-resistant, frost-resistant. It is used in single, group and difficult landings, and also in hedges.
In the wild does not grow.
Chinese lilac (Syringa x chinensis)
A hybrid between Persian lilac and common lilac (Syringa persica x Syringa vulgaris), obtained in France in 1777. It grows in China only in culture.
Tall shrub up to 5 m tall, with spreading, thin, hanging branches. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, pointed, up to 10 cm long. The flowers are large, up to 1.8 cm in diameter, in the buds intensely purple, when blooming reddish-purple with a pleasant aroma, in broad-pyramidal, drooping panicles 10 cm long. Chinese lilac blooms simultaneously with the common lilac.
As a highly decorative shrub, Chinese lilac is used in single and group plantings. It has varieties with white, pink and double dark pink flowers.
The most common forms of Chinese lilac are: double (form duplex) - with double, purple flowers, pale purple (form metensis), dark purple (form Saugeana), the latter is very effective.
Chinese lilac. © Marie-Lan Nguyen
Diseases and pests
Blooming lilac - This is a very beautiful shrub, but it, like all plants, is prone to diseases and pests. The most common problems arising in its cultivation include such pests as aphids, spider mites and cherries, as well as diseases like powdery mildew and bacteriosis.
If you have noticed the symptoms of the disease, the affected shoots should be removed and 3-4 sprays should be performed, with an interval of 7-10 days, using means, Topsin M 500 SC or Dithane NeoTec 75 WG. To limit the use of "chemistry", you can use Biosept Active for the second spraying.
Common lilac is very grateful garden shrub, combined in composition with other ornamental trees, looks great with single plantings. From the tree you can create very interesting, dense hedges, which in spring can be not only green, but also blooming. Gorgeous cut flowers, for a long time retain their freshness in a vase. Only varieties with full flowers, after pruning have a lower resistance and after 1-2 days in a vase can fall off.
Hairy Lilac, or Hairy Lilac (Syringa villosa)
Shrub up to 4 m, densely leafy. Shoots are directed upwards. Young branches are yellow-gray in color, annuals are often covered with delicate short hairs, which soon disappear. The branches of two-year-old plants are gray-brown-yellow, bare. Distributed in China - Hubei and Shaanxi provinces.
The inflorescences of lilac hairy 15-30 cm in length, erect, paniculate, narrow-pyramidal or cylindrical in shape, located at the end of the shoots of this year, with two pairs of leaves in the bottom. The flowers are pink-purple, fragrant. The corolla tube is narrow, funnel-like, expanding upwards, together with the limb is 1.4 cm in length. Flowering occurs in June and July. Fruits in the second half of July and August.
Almost all hairy lilacs are quite winter-hardy. Among the hairy hybrid species of lilac deserve attention, which contribute to the group of late-flowering lilacs at least some variety.
In culture, wooly lilac has been used since 1855. Used in group plantings and hedges for landscaping.
Lilac hairy. © centerofthewebb
Lilac Preston (Syringa x prestoniae)
Received by Isabella Preston (Canada) from crossing lilac drooping with hairy lilac (Syringa reflexa x Syringa villosa).
High, up to 4 m, shrubs, similar to the appearance of lilac hairy, but with drooping inflorescences. Branches are thick, naked, broadly ovate leaves up to 15 cm long, pointed, bluish-green underneath, rarely pubescent.
From this crossing, the breeder selected 12 varieties, interesting for their appearance, color of flowers and very late periods of flowering (two weeks later than the flowering of common lilac). Very promising and original look.
In GBS since 1966, 2 samples (4 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from the culture, there are plants of the vegetative reproduction of GBS. Shrub, 11 years old, height up to 2.0 m, crown diameter up to 160 cm. Preston lilac vegetation from late April to early October. The growth rate is average. Flowering and fruiting from 6 years annually. It blooms in late May-early June, about 2 weeks. The fruits ripen in early October. Winter hardiness is average. Seed viability of 60%.
Lilac Preston, variety ‘Oberon’. © Kor! An
Lilac Zvegintsov (Syringa sweginzowii)
Zvegintsov's lilac was first discovered by the expedition G.N. Potanin in 1894. It was described only in 1910 by E.Köhne. Named in honor of the Governor of Riga Zvegintsov. Naturally grows in China (Sichuan province) in the mountain valleys at an altitude of 2600-3200 m above sea level.
Deciduous shrub up to 5 m tall, with a dense, concise, pyramidal crown with elegant straight-standing branches. The leaves are oblong-oval, wrinkled, with scattered hairs above, pubescent below, 4-11 cm long and 3.5-5 cm wide.
Lilac inflorescences zvegintsov openwork, 14-27 cm long and 8-12 cm wide. The buds are pink. The flowers are fragrant. Corolla pinkish white. Anthers slightly above the middle of the tube. The box is cylindrical, bare, 13-16 cm long. The seeds are brown, with a narrow wing, 9-12 mm long. Flowering and fruiting annually and abundantly.
Zvegintsov lilac propagated by seeds and cuttings. Very effective in the flowering period. Blooms 5-10 days later than Hungarian lilac. Duration of flowering 14-15 days. Looks best in loose groups. In culture since 1894. It is relatively rare, mainly in botanical gardens.
Lilac Zvegintsov. © Ufa Botanical Garden
Lilac wilted (Syringa reflexa)
Homeland species - North China. It grows in forests and forest edges, at an altitude of 1,500-2,700 meters above sea level.
Erect shrubs, up to 3 m tall, with thick branches extending upward, with dark gray bark and curly streaks moderately scattered over it. Leaves up to 15 cm long, ovate-elongated, pointed, coarse, dark green above, gray-green below, with thin pubescence along the veins. Цветки снаружи красновато-розовые, внутри почти белые, мелкие, до 1 см в диаметре. Цветет обильно на неделю позже сирени венгерской, в течение 20 дней.
Сирень пониклая. © Jan Richtr
Сирень пониклая очень декоративна во время цветения оригинальными, изящно свешивающимися соцветиями, густо-розовой окраской бутонов и розовой — цветков, эффектно гармонирующей с темно-зеленой листвой. The great advantage of this lilac is a later flowering, which allows you to extend the total period of flowering of lilacs in general.
From hybridization with Hungarian lilacs, a hybrid of Joziflex's lilac (Syringa josiflexa) was obtained, which is very similar to drooping lilac, but it is winter-hardy and has a number of varieties with a different color of flowers.
Lilac wilted prefers fertile, lime-containing soil, sunny places, moderate watering, does not tolerate excess moisture, the proximity of groundwater is especially harmful. In the first two years, cut weak and improperly oriented lateral shoots. After flowering, faded and damaged shoots are removed. When rejuvenating pruning, all weak branches are removed to the level of the soil, the rest - up to 30 cm from their base, after which they feed the plants with rotted manure or compost.
Planted lilac wilted in April or September. Winter hardiness is high in the middle lane from St. Petersburg to the south. In severe winters annual shoots frost slightly. Propagation by seeds, summer cuttings, rooting rate reaches 85%. Planted in separate bushes, groups, form uncut hedgerows.
Lilac wilted. © Olve Utne
Small-leaved lilac (Syringa microphylla)
Shrub with a rounded dense crown height of 1.5-2 meters and the same diameter. The leaves are very small, rounded or slightly oblong, green, pubescent below. For a long time do not fall. It blooms in June. Inflorescences loose, not long with hairy branches and lilac-pink flowers. When blooming flowers are purple-pink, then brighten. Differs round, small crown, small leaves and abundant, not dense lilac-pink inflorescences.
Winter hardiness of small-leaved lilac high. Light-requiring, makes penumbra. Does not tolerate stagnation of water and high standing of groundwater. Prefers fertile, drained, moist soil.
Planting is preferable in open sunny places that do not flood in spring, with fertile soils. Regular pruning in early spring to maintain the shape of the bush. Cutting off flowered inflorescences. Used in single and group plantings, tree-shrub groups, to create edges, hedges.
Lilac small-leaved. © Stanisom
General Lilac Care Tips
After planting, the soil around the trunks is plentifully watered, and when the water is absorbed, they mulch with a half-dead sheet, peat or humus 5-7 cm in layer. The soil of the pristvolny circles looses 3-4 times to a depth of 4-7 cm during the growing season.
In the first 2-3 years fertilizer (with the exception of nitrogen) under the lilac can not make. Starting from the second year, nitrogen is fed at the rate of 50-60 g of urea or 65-80 g of ammonium nitrate per plant per season. Organic fertilizers are more effective (1-3 buckets of slurry per bush). The solution of mullein is prepared at the rate of 1: 5. It is made at a distance of 50 cm from the trunk.
Phosphate and potash fertilizers give in the fall once every 2-3 years to a depth of b-8 cm from the following calculation: double superphosphate - 35 - 40 g, potassium nitrate - 30 - 35 g per adult plant. The best complex fertilizer - ash: 200 g stirred in 8 liters of water. During the flowering and growth of lilac shoots watered often in the summer - only in the heat. Loosen the soil 3-4 times per season, in the spring and when weeding.
Beautiful shape and abundant annual flowering support systematic pruning bushes. In the first 2 years after landing in a permanent place, lilac grows weakly and does not need pruning. For 3-4 years, lilacs begin to form strong skeletal branches - the basis of the whole bush. In early spring, before the buds awaken, from 5 to 10 of the most successfully located branches are found in the crown, all the rest are cut out.
Thinning and sanitary pruning is carried out mainly in the early spring, but if necessary - during the whole growing season. On bouquets it is useful to cut up to 2/3 of the flowering shoots. This causes a stronger development of the remaining ones and the formation of new ones on which flower buds are laid. Lilac is better to be in the water, if you cut it early in the morning, and split the ends of the branches.
Young saplings need shelter for the winter of tree trunks with peat and dry leaves with a layer up to 10 cm.
Protection against pests and diseases:
- Lilac peppered moth Treatment with 0.2% fosalon is required.
- Lilac hawk moth. Treatment with 0.1% phthalophos.
- Lilac mole-motley. Treatment with a rotor or 0.3% chlorophos.
- When late blight kidney helps spraying Bordeaux liquid.
- Bacterial rot of shoots disappears when they are sprayed once every 10 days with copper chlorine oxide.
This species can still be found in wildlife in the forests of northeastern China or the Far East. Amur lilac growing under natural conditions is simply amazing, as the plant reaches twenty meters in height. But the cultivated varieties are about two times lower. Although this, in comparison with other species, very much.
The leaves of Amur lilacs change their color: from green-purple in early spring to bright orange with the onset of autumn. Flowers in this species are collected in large paniculate inflorescences. But they are quite small, in color can be cream or white, have a characteristic spicy aroma. Flowering - very rich and abundant, but later. This type is suitable for landscaping urban gardens and parks, as it perfectly tolerates the difficult environmental conditions of the modern city, dusty and polluted streets nearby. Amur lilac is not afraid of temperature and frost. To the soil it is unpretentious.
Lilac hairy and drooping
Very similar to the Hungarian lilac hairy or shaggy, as well as drooping lilac. Sometimes only experts and breeders notice the difference. All these species are conventionally combined under the general name Hairy. The oval shape of the leaves with pointed tips is their main difference. On them you can see small hairs, which gave the name to the whole species. Flowers in hairy lilac are the same as in Hungarian, small, but very fragrant.
Wicked lilac has characteristic features of this species only - clusters of inflorescences hanging down effectively. Bushes in hairy and willow lilacs are quite large and wide. They can reach five meters in height. And the trunks themselves in these species are much thicker than in common lilacs. Absolutely all the plants of this species perfectly tolerate temperature drops and cold winters. They bloom late, so they should be planted next to other species.
The lilac Preston, bred by a Canadian breeder who crossed hairy and drooping species, is very popular. The result was a large bushes, reaching four meters, like the hairy lilacs. But the inflorescences hang down at the same time. Lilac Preston tolerates not the most fierce winter. But very unpretentious to the soil.
Peristological and Persian lilac
Approximately two weeks later the common lilac blooms Persian lilac, as well as perennial. Until now, the above-mentioned species can be found in the wild in Afghanistan, as well as Iran and Turkey, in the North Caucasus and in some regions of Central Asia.
Peristalis lilac in bloom may not be so spectacular, but outside the box narrow saturated dark green leaves look very original. These varieties grow to three meters, but no more. Their inflorescences are very dense, even thick and have a pleasant aroma characteristic of these species.
Persian lilac most often differs in pink or white shades. Persian and peristisolist lilac varieties also differ in hypersensitivity to cold climate and rapid temperature changes. However, do not require intensive and constant watering. Not too demanding to care.
Another variety. Continuing the conversation about what kinds of lilacs are, in the photo we see tree lilac. Often selectoners distinguish this species in a separate genus. This is due to the fact that the flowers he has much more resemble privet. Large and fluffy creamy inflorescences of small flowers with yellow stamens form from the lateral bud at the end of last year's escape and produce a pleasant honey aroma.
There are many types of lilacs. But tree varieties look very impressive against the background of bright green leaves. They bloom very late - not in spring, but in summer, a couple of weeks later than Hungarian varieties. The plant reaches eight meters in height. And its width may be five meters or even more.
No less popular. This type of lilac was discovered not at all in China, but in France. The plant is a natural hybrid. It was found by botanists in the botanical garden of Rouen. The name Chinese lilac can be considered essentially erroneous, as it resembles Persian lilac. Against the background of small, pointed leaves gently look mauve small flowers, very beautiful, emitting a characteristic aroma.
Considering the lilac, species and varieties in the photo, you can always see specimens of Chinese plants. They are also terry. In central Russia, Chinese varieties are likely to freeze if it is too cold. However, when there are no large temperature differences, it feels great. Chinese lilac blooms magnificently and early, blooms for quite a long time - up to fifteen days.
Very beautiful plants. These species and varieties of lilacs bloom early (already in late April). Pink-white inflorescences emit a characteristic aroma. The bush can grow up to four meters in height. But the seed is not tying, since it is a hybrid of lilac peristislochnoy and broadleaf.
In this species, large leaves and short shoots, inflorescences are oval and rather large (about 15 cm in length). When the lilacs with different leaves just bloom, the corolla is pink-lilac. But at a young bloom, it becomes completely white. Diffuser lilac feels great in a cold climate. She is not afraid of a long drought.
These species always look good, they are often used in small gardens to form original compositions. Or as an original decoration on the lawn in front of the house.
The most popular varieties are lilac meier. These miniature bushes need a little space, since they do not grow more than a meter high. Often dwarf species are grown in special containers, and they feel great there. Meyer's lilac variety blooms early, very abundantly and magnificently. Its peculiarity is re-flowering in the fall.
In winter, dwarf lilacs need to be safely sheltered. Wide and sprawling miniature shrubs with a width and height of not more than one and a half meters, grow extremely slowly. For this reason, it is advisable to use it for arranging mixborders.
So, you know what kinds of lilacs are, names and photos. But this is not a complete review. It remains to add that this shrub grows best and blooms with abundant illumination and on fertile lands. Some species of lilac can withstand temperatures up to thirty degrees and live up to a hundred years. The officially registered long-liver is the lilac bush, which has reached 130 years of age, planted in 1801. He had a crown with a diameter of 11 meters. Different types of lilacs perfectly purify the air from dust and various harmful impurities and are not afraid of gas pollution of the atmosphere.