How to care for tulips after flowering, so that the bulbs are stocked with nutrients for the next flowering? Maybe you need to immediately cut off all the leaves? Or is it still worth continuing to water and feed? Find the right solution, you can learn a few rules of growing bulbous.
Do I need to cut the leaves?
Daffodils and tulips are often planted next to a flowerbed to create a picturesque picture. However, their neighborhood has one caveat. It lies in the fact that the flowering buds and yellowed leaves quickly become unattractive. But do not rush to rid your garden of unkempt stems. Care for tulips after flowering need to continue for another 2-3 weeks. And so that dry leaves do not spoil the decorative look of the garden, just plant perennials between them. For example, phlox.
The foliage of the plants is recommended to be preserved precisely because the sun’s energy and beneficial trace elements enter the bulb through it. They saturate the plant. Cut off the green leaves of tulips - means to stop the process of formation of the bulb. On faded specimens, it is better to immediately remove the seed box. So the bulb will be able to accumulate energy in itself and will not spend it on ripening seeds.
Council In order not to lose the location of the tulips after drying the foliage, you can mark it with markers or flags.
Why apply fertilizer for fading plants?
Tulip care after flowering requires timely fertilization. The fact is that the development process is still ongoing. And how much the gardener is not too lazy to water and feed the decaying bed with special fertilizers will determine the appearance of flowers in the next spring. It is necessary to water a bed as required as required within two weeks after cutting the peduncles. It is necessary to fertilize the soil only once. It'll be enough. You can pick up the usual mineral fertilizers for bulbous. But the dosage should be reduced by half from the recommended in order to prevent chemical burns of the cells. Phosphorus-potassium mixture is also well suited. Do not use fertilizers, which include nitrogen or chlorine.
Care for daffodils as close relatives is required at the end of spring, the same as caring for tulips after flowering. If all the actions of the gardener at this time to build consistently, then they will be in this order:
- flowers are cut to form bouquets or allow them to naturally wither,
- in the second case, the seed box is cut off after the petals fall,
- in the last days of spring, special fertilizers are applied to the soil, while not forgetting to water the garden,
- leaves break only after drying,
- after a bed mulch with peat or wood ash.
When do I need to replant daffodils?
These flowers can live in one place up to five years. Do not disturb them for the annual transplant, otherwise the plants may not so bloom. But if the stems begin to crowded and have already grown quite strongly, then it is time to plant them.
For transplanting you will need:
- garden spatula
- disinfecting solution.
Narcissus bushes are planted immediately, you can not let the young roots dry up. Choose a late afternoon in early August, when the midday heat is already subsiding, and proceed.
What do we have to do?
1) To start the bushes gently dig.
2) Then they are divided into smaller ones and laid out for processing.
3) For the prevention of plants can be sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a suitable fungicide.
4) In the new place prepare the wells and transplant the daffodils in them with the utmost care.
When do they dig out tulip bulbs?
Unlike daffodils, tulip care after flowering is required annually. If you want a flowerbed to bloom in large flowers in spring, plan your annual bulging. This is best done in mid-summer, when the leaves are completely dry. Try to undermine one instance and appreciate its appearance. If it is covered with brown scales, the roots are formed, the stems are almost withered - then it’s time to dig the whole flowerbed.
Care for tulips after flowering in the garden is quite simple. You just need:
- carton boxes,
- leaflets with inscriptions of varieties,
- garden spatula
What do we have to do?
- choose a not too cloudy day at the beginning of July,
- prepare the necessary equipment
- carefully dig up the plants, process them with a disinfecting solution and lay them out in varieties in cardboard boxes,
- all weak and small bulbs reject.
Thus, summer care for tulips after flowering in the garden can be considered complete. Plants will be in the rest period one and a half to two months before planting.
When to plant?
If you are planning a regular planting of flowers that will bloom in April and May, then a fine day in early September will do. Take out all the boxes of bulbs in the air, carefully review all the material. If there are spoiled copies, they should be removed immediately. If you find a diseased material, then re-treatment with a fungicide is not superfluous.
Pick a new place for planting flowers. Proper care for tulips and daffodils after flowering involves a constant change of location of the flower bed. So you can avoid depleting the soil.
Planting material in the fossa. Loosen the soil and make recesses in it about half a shovel. Evenly distribute the bulbs and pour them with warm water. After two weeks, the bed can be fertilized with saltpeter. And with the onset of the first frost its surface is covered with a layer of mulch (dry leaves, straw or peat).
Landing in the trench. The place chosen for the flower bed is being lined and dug trenches. Their depth should not exceed 20 cm, and the width - 25 cm. Before being placed on the bottom of the bulb, it is spilled with nitrate. Next, distribute the largest copies and crush the ground. Spread over them smaller and sprinkle again. If you are planning to disembark children, then they are best distributed along the edges of the trench. Further, it is covered to the top with soil. After landing, the ridge is watered. Such care for tulips after flowering at home will certainly give good results.
What to do if you gave a tulip in a pot?
To get a symbol of spring bitter at the end of winter is very nice. But what to do with the plant after withering? Throw away? Do not hurry. Timely care for tulips after flowering in a pot will give the plant another chance. For this:
- water the flower all the time until it turns yellow at all,
- let the stalks dry out
- when the bulb goes into a dormant period, you can dig it up,
- dry it and save it in a box until September
- and in the fall, land on the ridges along with the rest of the onion.
Flowers love care and appreciate attention. If you did everything right and worried about them from early spring to late autumn, they will surely dismiss their delicate petals towards the sun. And they will delight you with their beauty.
Tulip care from the moment of planting and until the first buds appear
Tulips are quite persistent and unpretentious perennial plants, however, errors in their care throughout the growing season may well lead to problems such as bulb rot, an abundance of blind (non-blooming) buds, and the curvature of thin stalks, creating the impression as if they lie on the plot.
Tulips are pretty persistent and unpretentious perennials.
The first thing you need to take care of is to significantly increase the chances of getting healthy tulips with perfect flowers: choose a suitable sunny place with loose fertile soil for planting tulips and prepare the bulbs for planting. If you do not pay attention to the sorting of planting material, the selection of the most high-quality bulbs and their preplant treatment, in the future you are unlikely to avoid the defeat of tulips with diseases, and therefore the hassle will increase significantly.Video about tulip care in the spring
Tender shoots of tulips appear from under the snow from about the twentieth of March to mid-April, depending on weather conditions and on the characteristics of the variety. In the event that you mulch the planting of bulbs for the winter, it is recommended to remove the mulch after the snow melt - so the earth warms up faster and tulips start blooming earlier.
From what bulbs you plant on the beds, will depend on the appearance
What is required of the gardener after the germination of tulips:
- At the stage of germination of tulip sprouts, they should be carefully examined to immediately determine which bulbs did not sprout, which plants showed signs of disease. Identified "marriage" must be dug up and immediately destroyed, otherwise the disease can go to the rest of the tulips.
- Around the appeared small shoots of tulips, the earth is gently loosened, increasing the access of the necessary oxygen to the roots and helping to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the ground. In general, the care of tulips in the garden implies a regular loosening of the soil throughout the growing season, and especially after watering and rain.
- Tulips should be watered fairly moderately before flowering, but the soil should never dry out.
- The first dressing is carried out, just a little sprouts seem out of the ground. During this period, tulips especially need nitrogen for rapid growth and leaf formation. For feeding you can use nitroammophos or crystalline with the addition of trace elements in tablets.
- The following dressing is not mandatory, but the introduction of complex mineral fertilizer when unfolding the second or third leaf tulips will be more good than harm.
The first dressing is carried out, just a little sprouts seem from the ground
- During budding, tulips absorb nutrients from the soil most effectively and urgently need potassium and phosphorus for the normal formation of the peduncle with buds. Top dressing at this time should contain more phosphorus with potassium and less nitrogen.
- When the buds begin to bloom, you can feed the tulips again with full mineral fertilizer.
Top dressing should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots or burn leaves, so it is best to combine it with watering or to spend on a rainy day. The first dressing should not be scattered over the snow, as it comes off unevenly. It is more expedient to make dressings in the form of solutions.
The main actions during the flowering of tulips
When the buds one after another begin to open, and magnificent flowers appear on the flowerbed, tulips require special care. Watering them must be abundant, consuming 10 liters of water per square meter, so that moisture has penetrated to the roots, and the water should not be cold. When watering and making dressings in sunny weather moisture should not fall on the leaves and especially on the flowers in order to avoid burns.
During the abundant flowering of tulips, it is necessary to apply phosphate-potassium fertilizers, the proportion of nitrogen should be minimal, or you can completely do without it. Such microelements as boron, zinc, manganese will be useful - they have a beneficial effect on the state of tulips in general and on the development of the bulbs.
During the abundant flowering of tulips, it is necessary to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Experienced flower growers during the flowering of tulips carry out sorting (transplanting impurities of other varieties to preserve the purity of a particular variety) and phyto-cleaning (removal of diseased plants from plantings). Blooming tulips need regular inspection so that plants infected with diseases can be immediately destroyed. Especially dangerous is the viral disease variegated tulips.
It is incurable and is transmitted with the sap of plants when pruning, therefore, garden tools must be disinfected with alcohol or potassium permanganate. During the budding and flowering of tulips it is easiest to identify.
Tulips bloomed - what to do next?
Unfortunately, the flowering of tulips does not last long, and after a few days the gorgeous flowers begin to fade, reducing the aesthetic appeal of the flowerbed. The fastest tulips bloom in hot, dry weather. However, even if all the flowers have already withered, continue to water the plants for another two weeks, because at this time there is an intensive formation of bulbs under the ground - thanks to regular watering, they accumulate nutrients better.
To prevent the yellow tulips from spoiling your garden with their sad views, plant bulbs in special baskets or containers.
Tulip care after flowering is based on the following rules:
- if you plan to propagate the variety you like and grow large healthy bulbs for this, cut the flower heads on the fourth or eighth day after blooming (when the flowers are ready to crumble), then the bulbs will begin to increase their mass,
- all fallen petals must be removed immediately, otherwise they will accumulate in the leaf axils and rot,
- it is impossible to cut the stems of faded tulips until they turn yellow at all, otherwise the bulbs will stop their development,
- find out if the onions have ripened, you can dig out one of them - the formed roots and brown spots on the scales indicate that the onion is ready,
- dig out the bulbs carefully, dropping the shovel deeply so as not to accidentally injure the roots, try to do it on a sunny day to be able to dry the dug bulbs outside.
The harvest of the bulbs is sorted, processed and sent to storage. First, the future planting material is stored at a temperature of +20 degrees, and from the second half of August - at +17 degrees.Video about tulip care after flowering
In the autumn, choosing the optimal time for planting, the bulbs are planted on the prepared beds and watered abundantly. Care for tulips in the fall is also to prepare the plants for the winter. To do this, in the middle of October, the planted bulbs are fed with ammonium nitrate, the beds are mulched with a small layer of peat and covered with the onset of cold weather.
Not all gardeners agree that tulip bulbs need to be replanted annually, but thanks to transplantation, the flowers remain large, beautiful, and they are less affected.
When the tulips have faded: what to do next
The main task of caring for tulips after flowering is the formation and maturation of strong, strong bulbs. Watering should be regular for 2 weeks after budding, while it is imperative to monitor soil soaking to a depth of about 30-40 cm. Only in this case can we avoid overdrying the bulbs that are not adapted to extract moisture from the lower layers of the soil.
Fertilizing complex mineral fertilizers, which contain potassium and phosphorus, be sure to include in the care of tulips. Always follow the recommended dosage of 30-40 g per 10 liters of water, not exceeding it - overfeeding inhibits the development of the bulbs. 1 bucket of solution is enough for watering 1 m 2 flower beds. Consider: components such as chlorine and nitrogen should not be present in the feeding composition!
It is undesirable to skip the dressing of tulips after flowering, because it is this which contributes to the full formation of replacement bulb scales. Also, thanks to a sufficient amount of nutrients, the growth of lateral babies is stimulated, which are subsequently used for reproduction.
Withered flowers should be removed immediately before seed formation begins in the seed box. It is recommended to remove only the heads, leaving the flower stalks and leaves intact. If the withered petals remain, the plant will weaken, which will necessarily affect future flowering.
The ground part is removed after full yellowing and drying, when the bulb is fully formed. You can remove the leaves with your hands - they are usually easily separated with a little effort. Do not forget to plan the landing site, so that when digging out, you will not accidentally damage the bulbs.
How to dig out the bulbs
Digging tulips from open ground is recommended annually, and in regions with a temperate climate, similar care for the bulbs is indispensable. If you leave the bulbs in the same area for 2-3 years, they can suffer from fungal diseases and other infections, which affects the quality of planting material.
After pruning is properly done, the bulbs are dug out in the last days of June - in early July, but in any case, you need to focus on the degree of "maturation". It is better if the weather is dry and sunny - in such conditions the tulips will quickly dry before storage. The earliest varieties are removed first from the flowerbed, then the later ones.
In the process of digging carefully inspect the bulbs:
- They should not be rot, mechanical damage, pests or strange formations. At the slightest suspicion of infection, dispose of diseased planting material to prevent contamination of the rest of tulips and plants in the flowerbed,
- In high-quality bulbs, shaped roots and brown scales are always visible - this is what guarantees high-quality flowering in the future season. Imminent specimens immediately throw away.
It is recommended to hold the tulips in a 5% solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection and only then to dry.
Tulip bulbs should be dried throughout the week in a dry, dark and well ventilated place. In the open sun leave planting material is prohibited.
When the tulips dry, the patient and damaged specimens are rejected again, the ground is removed from the healthy tulips. You also need to separate the large bulbs from the small "kids", which will be planted separately.
For storing tulips you need to prepare a suitable box with a well-ventilated bottom. Otherwise, the bulbs may rot, especially if the humidity in the room rises. Also suitable wicker baskets made of natural materials, paper containers or wooden boxes.
Bulb Storage Features
In order for planting material to be well preserved until the next season (2-2.5 months), optimal conditions must be created indoors:
- During 3-4 weeks after digging from the ground (until the end of July) the temperature mark should be within + 24- + 25 degrees, and the humidity - at the level of 70%,
- In August, the temperature is recommended to be reduced to +20,
- September is considered the “coolest” month of storage, because the bulbs should be stored at + 16- + 17 degrees.
Sudden temperature fluctuations and an increase in humidity are not allowed - this leads to bulb damage, even cracking. Laying tulips need a maximum of two layers - so they can fully "breathe."
We land in the ground
Tulips can be planted in open ground on a new site as early as September, when the temperature drops to + 5- + 7 degrees. Works are carried out in several stages.
- The bulbs are recycled with a solution of potassium permanganate and dried.
- A well-drained, windless and lit place on a flower bed is chosen.
- Shallow grooves or holes are made in the soil, equal to four times the size of the bulb itself.
- The site is plentifully shed with water, then bulbs are planted without pressing into the ground.
- It is recommended to re-water the bed already with planting material so that the ground envelops the tulips - this contributes to a better survival rate.
- The landing site is filled with a layer of soil, and a week later a small amount of ammonium nitrate is introduced into the soil.
With the onset of cold weather do not forget to cover the tulips in the garden, mulching peat, straw, dry leaves or sawdust - this will prevent the plantings from freezing.