Reo (Moses' boat) is a grassy tropical plant belonging to commelinaceous. Its value lies in the decorative foliage, which can be either monochromatic green or purple, or be decorated with stripes of various colors (white, yellow, pink). It is rather dense, growing from a thick trunk of small height. The xiphoidal sheets can be up to thirty centimeters in length. Flowering Reo usually occurs in mid-summer, with good lighting, it can happen at another time. During this period, the inflorescences are formed at the trunk, with small flowers of white color in them. Under natural conditions, Reo grows in Central and South America. It can be found in tropical forests, on the banks of rivers and lakes, and even on the rocks.
The simplest, most affordable, and least expensive way is to divide a bush that grows very quickly under suitable conditions. In this case, problems with reproduction reo does not exist. Throughout the year, the bush generates small inflorescences that do not represent special decorative value. But most importantly, of these flowers can not get the seeds.
As a rule, the flower grows with a bush and young shoots constantly appear at the base of the bush, so it needs to transplant every year. To do this, it is better to use wide pots, given the fact that the flower grows more in breadth. The substrate can be bought ready or prepared by yourself from the following components:
- 1 part of clay-sod land.
- 1 piece of leafy ground.
- 1 part peat.
- 1 part of the humus.
- 1 part of sand.
Considering that the plant likes abundant watering, it is necessary to arrange for it a powerful drainage, without which it is better not to plant the flower, since it will rot, or the roots will be affected by the root mite.
But no matter how simple the care, the problems in the development of the flower may still be observed. This can happen when the one with whom this flower grows will simply forget about it, which is unacceptable. If you find such problems, you should look for the cause and try to neutralize it.
For a thermophilic peo, the air temperature in the room throughout the year should be 20-24 degrees. In winter, the plant can be maintained at lower temperatures, but it is desirable that the values do not fall below 14 degrees. With cold content, do not forget to reduce watering. At temperatures below 12 degrees Peo will die. Drafts will also adversely affect the condition of the plant. Do not place the flower in the place where the window is often opened.
Reo requires bright but diffused lighting. It does not tolerate direct sunlight - in this case the leaves turn yellow, the plants take on a painful appearance. In the summer it is better to remove it from the south window sill, rearranging it to the western or eastern windows. If this is not possible, it is necessary to arrange shading or move the flower to the back of the room.
In winter, on the contrary, a lighter place is chosen for reo, variegated varieties need lighting in the dark to prolong the daylight hours. To do this, it is better to use economical fluorescent lamps, their spectrum is quite suitable for the plant and they do not emit excessive heat.
In its natural environment, the river lives in the humid tropics, so at home the humidity of the air is also of great importance to it. It is recommended to spray the leaves of the plant throughout the year daily. During the heating season, this can be done twice a day. For spraying, use boiled or filtered water to prevent whitish spots on the leaves when drying. In this case, the leaves will always look fresh and elastic.
On a note! Spraying also serves to prevent the appearance of the spider mite and protects the peo in the heat from overheating.
In dry hot weather, you can place water tanks next to the plant or place the pot on a tray with wet clay. Good effect on the state of the plant using a humidifier. The multicolored tradescantia loves when the leaves are wiped with a damp sponge, in addition to moisturizing, this will help to clean the plants from dust.
Water for irrigation is recommended to use separated, filtered or thawed. It should be at room temperature or slightly warmer. After 20-30 minutes after watering, the remaining water from the pallet is drained, otherwise remoistening of the roots and their further rotting is possible. In the summer the plant is watered plentifully, and in the winter moderately, after partial drying of the earthy coma. The frequency of irrigation depends on the air temperature.
The hotter the room, the more often they water the flower. Water the Reo gently, trying to prevent water from entering the leaf sinuses, as this may lead to their rotting. It is better to use a watering can with a long thin spout. Periodically it is necessary to loosen the earth in a pot so that it does not become covered with a crust, then the water will penetrate unhindered to the roots.
Fertilize the plant from early spring to late summer, when it is in the active growth phase. Feed reo preferably once in 2-3 weeks, making fertilizer after watering. For this purpose, use any complex fertilizer for plants with decorative leaves. Occasionally, tradescantia can be fed with organic fertilizers in the form of an infusion of onion peel or biohumus. Top dressing will contribute to the growth of new shoots and bright color of Reo leaves. But it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage, excess fertilizer is also harmful.
With good lighting and care, flowering peo can occur at any time of the year. At the very trunk there are purple bracts of the boat. Then inside the bracts, one after another, small ugly white flowers bloom. Due to the fact that the inflorescences are bisexual, the seeds ripen without outside participation.