There are many technologies for landscaping the garden plot. At registration of the garden territory different materials can be applied. But decorative wood chips will help to decorate your dacha without any worries. This material is popular in the design of the garden landscape. With it, you can give an aesthetic look to the site, to make a special flavor in the design of the territory, and you can also use wood chips as a natural bedding for fruit trees and shrubs. On the properties of decorative chips, its types and methods of use, read the article.
Wood chips, or mulch - is a decorative environmentally friendly product. It is obtained from bark. The material has a soft structure and has no features deformed under the influence of natural factors. Being an organic product, decorative wood chips play not only an aesthetic role. It has found practical application as a top dressing for the soil, enriching it with useful substances. Chips are an excellent material for ground insulation.
Pine bark is ideal for landscape design. Chips from coniferous trees will give vitality to garden bushes. And you can survive the severe frosts and warm the ground using oak wood bark. In rainy weather, the mulch will protect the soil from moisture overload, and in drought it will protect the roots of plants from the scorching heat. Decorative chips are a versatile material that can be preserved in a decent way for a long time. Therefore, in order to refresh the new layer, the old one is not removed.
Processing of wood raw materials is a technically complex production process. The production of decorative chips is carried out in several stages with the use of high-tech modern equipment and is a non-waste production in its processing.
Deciduous and coniferous trees are used as raw materials. In the first stage, the bark is cleaned. Grinding raw materials to pieces no more than 5 mm using a chipper, it is sifted on special equipment. Thanks to this treatment, the bark is transformed into a homogeneous material, which has a soft structure and has high wear-resistant properties. Antiseptic treatment will destroy the insect larvae and prevent fungus. Then re-ground and sift mulch.
At the second stage, natural chips are already suitable for use, but often undergoes decorative dyeing. For this purpose, the processed, prepared material is placed in a special container, which is called a colorizer. The color palette of this setup allows you to dye wood chips using organic dyes in a variety of shades - from "golden cypress" to "sapphire", including standard colors. At the final stage after dyeing the mulch is dried and packed in a transparent container.
Varieties of mulch and its purpose
There are several types of decorative mulch, namely:
- colored wood chips are used to decorate flower beds, decorate garden plots, cover sports tracks, etc.,
- cedar chips with the addition of sawdust used for dumping paths in park areas, durable and practical, stimulates the growth of beneficial microflora,
- coniferous mulch is used in its natural form, it enriches plants with useful substances, it is used in natural red color as decorative chips,
- Natural mulch with added ash is an excellent organic fertilizer used for transplanting perennial plants.
Thus, many varieties have decorative chips. The price for a bag of finished material weighing 40 kg varies around 250 rubles.
Making decorative wood chips
For many gardeners, decorative wood chips, made with their own hands, become an economical design option for a garden plot. For its manufacture are required:
- woodworking machine for processing wood waste,
- large capacity for coloring,
- Stain and solution of any natural coloring matter (onion peel, beet juice, potassium permanganate, tea leaves, green water),
- drying area.
If the necessary equipment is not available, then you can purchase ready-made raw materials at a woodworking factory or sawmill. In the production of wood chips - it is only waste. For coloring in the desired color, the raw material is placed in a large container, to which an aqueous solution of the coloring matter has already been added. Wood chips are light, so it is recommended to stir the solution periodically during the dyeing process. It should be borne in mind that homemade dyes do not have a durable color, respectively, the saturation of the paint will remain for a short time. After staining the chips are dried and ready for use.
How to lay mulch from wood chips
The process of laying decorative chips is simple. First you need to take a responsible approach to her choice. The result will please you if the mulch is not packed, soft and slightly moist, but without obvious processes of decay and sour smell.
"When and how to stack decorative wood chips?" - many gardeners will ask? The best time for this procedure is considered the end of May or September. Before laying the mulch, the soil must be carefully prepared by removing all weeds and dry foliage. The soil must be loosened and fertilized. Chips are laid on well-moistened soil according to preliminary marking, if the design is conceived as a composition.
After the preparatory work chips splits rake. The thickness of the layer should not exceed 5 cm in sunny, well-warmed areas. In the shade, the layer of mulch may be thinner. In the process of laying you should not neglect the following nuances:
- in order to maintain air access to the plant stems, it is necessary to leave a gap of 5 cm,
- if you put agrofabric under the mulch layer, the chip consumption will decrease,
- An abundant water jet can disturb the placement of the chips, so be careful when watering - keep in mind that home dye will wash off over time.
Practical application in design
Wood chip has established itself not only as an environmentally friendly material, but also has found wide application in landscape design. Since the material retains a rich color for a long time, it is often used to create creative compositions, alpine slides, rabatok and mixborders.
Decorative wood chips are used in the design and as a garden decoration when creating rose gardens, where the beauty of wild stone and low growing grassy plants are combined. Waste bark can be used as a monochrome coating through which shrubs and flowers show through. Decorative mulch covered lawns and flower beds, shared buildings and beds.
In landscape design, colored chips, along with gravel, pebbles and stone tiles, are often used for arranging treadmills and garden paths. It is convenient, low-cost and does not require additional training. It is enough to scatter the material across the entire width of the track. Due to its natural properties, wood chips from wood waste will become indispensable in rainy weather, will allow to maintain a neat view of the path and will eliminate weeds.
The versatility of the chips allows you to use it for arranging children's, sports and playgrounds. Such wood covering is not only safe, but also useful. Having acquired a soft structure in the process of double grinding, this carpet will allow children to play even barefoot, and moms do not worry about splinters.
Care for decorative wood chips is quite simple. In the process of use, it tends to condense and settle. To solve this problem is easy - just fluff the chips with a rake. With proper care, the decorative properties of mulch are maintained for 5 years. It is only necessary to update the layer every season, sprinkling fresh chips. This procedure will "revive" the paint on the garden and restore the thickness of the wood layer.
Wood mulch and its merits
A number of indisputable advantages has decorative chips. In landscape design with its help you can realize the most unique ideas. Among the main advantages:
- Sustainability and versatility. The material from which the decorative wood chips are made is absolutely safe for garden plantings, pets and people. This is a natural bark, which is devoid of chemical additives. This advantage is confirmed not only by professionals in the field of landscape design, but also by amateur gardeners.
- Reliable protection of plants and soil. Decorative chips in landscape design effectively protects the soil from weathering and leaching, leaving the soil loose and providing oxygen to the roots. Mulch allows you to maintain a normal water balance of plants. Due to the low evaporation, there is no need for frequent watering of horticultural crops and their loosening.
- Weed control. An embankment 5 cm thick will impede their growth, as a result of which weeds will not be able to develop normally and, consequently, will die.
- It performs the function of organic fertilizer. Decorative wood chips do not rot, and painted in bright colors does not fade. Only three seasons later, the mulch is able to decompose, turning into organic fertilizer. And this, as is well known, is a fertile environment for various insects, which, in turn, improve the structure of the soil, such as earthworms.
- Decorative wood chips allows you to use this functional material for the improvement of lawns, artificial ponds, garden paths, flower beds and other territories. According to gardeners, using colored chips, you can create any geometric shapes in your garden area.
How to make the right choice
What should I look for when buying this natural material? It is always packed in large bags and has different fractions. The minimum fraction of 3 centimeters, and the maximum -10 cm. Tree bark may have a large fraction. To create a composition it is better to use chips of medium size. When choosing it, you need to pay attention to the appearance. If the bark has a white patina or it has cramped in the bag and is wet, then it is better to refuse such a purchase. Such a bag can be damaged by mold and fungal diseases. Chips should not have a rotten and sour smell. It speaks about the processes of decay.
Advantages of wood chips
The use of chips is varied. It is used in various areas of garden arrangement, as well as for the implementation of various ideas on landscape design. It has the following advantages:
- Colored wood chips and tree bark are used as mulch. This material is environmentally friendly, as in the process of its production does not use harmful chemical additives. Wood chips mulch is safe for both animals and humans. If it is on the site long enough, it enriches the soil with nutrients.
- It is used not only to create decorative compositions, but also it protects the soil from overheating in hot weather and prevents the evaporation of excess moisture. Due to this coating, the water balance is maintained in the soil, which reduces the amount of watering plants. Weeds are not able to break through such a layer. They can not grow under such a weight, and therefore die. But in order for weeds to grow, it is necessary to apply a layer of at least 5–8 centimeters to the soil.
- In addition, this coating is used for tracks between beds. It allows you to keep the tracks clean, because it has the ability to absorb water and not to let dirt.
- Decorative chips in landscape design is used not only for the decoration of flower beds and flower beds, but also for arranging children's and sports grounds. In addition, it is used for decorating artificial reservoirs and other elements of landscape design, such as alpine hills, rock arias and other elements.
- In addition, it is used in the improvement of enclosures for animals. It is safe, environmentally friendly and practical. It is especially convenient to apply such a coating in the house.
- Natural unpainted bark with the addition of ash is used as a fertilizer for plants. Thanks to this fertilizer plants get the necessary substances.
This type of mulch is made from waste wood in the joinery industry. There is a lot of such material at the sawmill, and there it is taken. In the future, the raw materials are crushed in a special garden grinder. Then the chips are necessarily treated with antiseptic preparations. This is done so that all the insect larvae in the wood will die.
Further, it is subjected to staining. Paint for the production of decorative chips choose only harmless to plants. This is a very important and fundamental question. A conscientious manufacturer is responsible for choosing paint for production. It is painted in various ways. It is painted with the help of mixing in paint or immersed ready-made chips in diluted paint for 5 minutes. Subsequently, it is dried in drying chambers and decomposed into bags. In this form, it is sent to marketplaces.
How to decorate a flower bed with wood chips
In order to make a bed, for which there is almost no need to care, you will need the following materials:
- Decorative mulch.
- Cover material.
- Curb tape or stones.
Before laying the mulch layer, the soil must be free of weeds and leveled. The volume of one bag is suitable for mulching one square meter of soil. The maximum layer thickness is 5–7 centimeters. This thickness is sufficient to prevent weed growth. For guaranteed weed protection, it is necessary to use covering material. It is better to take a black film that will not allow the weeds to get out. This layer is laid on the soil before spreading the bulk of the mulch. In the film, you need to make a cross-cut into which you will need to pass the plant. Thus, the soil around the plant will be protected from weeds.
After laying the film, you can begin to mulch the flower beds. This can be done in one color or apply several colors. In order for the colors not to mix with each other, it is necessary to lay an insulating layer. As such a layer, you can use curb tape or large stones. First, one color of chips is laid out, then an insulating layer is laid, and then subsequent layers.
With this use of wood chips, you can create flower beds with a different decorative effect. On the edge of the flower bed, it is desirable to lay a curb. This is done so that wind gusts do not scatter the mulch around the site. When mulching must be remembered that it should not be laid too close to the neck of the plant. Such an arrangement can lead to decay of the plant.
Wood Chip Care
Care of this material is simple. Chips have the ability to subside over time. This happens as a result of natural biological processes. In order to update the layer of mulch, you need to shake the layer with a rake. Then, if necessary, add a new layer of material. Such an action will refresh the paint of the decorative layer and restore its thickness. No special care is required for wood chips.
This easy to maintain and inexpensive material is able to transform any part. This will take a little time and fantasy.
What is decorative wood chips?
This term refers to crushed and chopped wood chips of any kind, divided by fractions and colors.
If it is not possible to divide wood waste according to natural color, then the entire volume of material is divided into several batches, each of which is artificially given the desired color.
Therefore, the term “decorative” does not refer to the type of chips, but to the peculiarities of its use, therefore any type of wood waste of this type can become decorative, regardless of the type, size or other parameters.
Where to get it?
Like any other chip, this stuff can be obtained in the following ways:
- buy in bulk
- buy in bags
- get for nothing
- do it yourself.
In most cases, it is quite difficult to make material of various colors and in quantities sufficient to decorate a garden or garden.
At woodworking and woodworking enterprises, all waste from the ventilation system is collected in a single bunker, therefore to separate them by color is very difficult.
When self-made it is necessary to use peeled wood of various species, as well as crush bark separately.
Therefore, more popular is staining wood chips in necessary colors. Перед тем как покрасить щепу, важно правильно подобрать тип красителя.
Natural colors that do not pollute the garden, short-lived and they have enough strength for 2-3 seasons.
They rot along with the wood and form humus, which is an excellent fertilizer.
Can be used and artificial colorswhose life is 5–20 years oldHowever, it should be borne in mind that they slow down, and in some cases completely block, the process of rotting, due to which over time the wood turns into dust, not humus.
In addition, they pollute the garden and garden, reducing their productivity, because synthetic substances in their composition decompose dozens or even hundreds of years.
As natural dyes can be used:
- water stains,
- watercolor paints,
- decoction of beets,
- decoction of onion peel,
- decoctions of various herbs and flowers.
As a more long-term means will do:
- water-based paint,
- acrylic paints and varnishes,
- nitrocellulose paint,
- a mixture of water-soluble color of the desired color with an aqueous solution of PVA at a concentration of 10: 1.
The choice of paint for decorative chips is completely dependent on the purpose of the territory. If high soil productivity is important in the following years, it is undesirable to use artificial dyes.
How to paint a mulch with your own hands?
The method of painting for all types of dyes, with the exception of decoctions, is the same.
First, the paint is made as liquid as possible by adding a suitable solvent to it, while ratio paint and solvent will not reach at least 1:3. Then the prepared solution is poured into a previously prepared container that is resistant to the solvent used.
Concerning decoctionIt is poured into the container immediately after preparation, without waiting for it to cool.
This operation is necessary perform very carefully, because the solvent, hitting the skin or mucous membrane, can lead to irritation or poisoning, and hot decoction can cause severe burns.
Then waste wood is poured into the container and, after mixing them for a few seconds, so that everyone is covered with paint, they are caught using a colander, a sieve or any other suitable device. The caught material is laid out on spreading polyethylene or cellophane, so that it dries out.
Instead of these materials you can use paper or thick fabricbecause they absorb excess paints, thanks to which the chips turn out more evenly colored, without drips. However, in this case there is a great risk of gluing wood to the litter, therefore, the spilled wood chips should be constantly agitated and, after a few minutes, shifted to another litter.
Painted material thoroughly dried and put in bags or boxes where they will be stored until the moment of use. If the chips are painted with natural preparations, then it should be immediately laid on the ground.
Optimal layer thickness is 1–2 cm. This is enough for full coverage of the ground surface, and at the same time allows don't spend too much mulch
The sequence of laying decorative chips is extremely simple:
- To create a pattern with clear contours you need install cardboard fence, the shape of the fence must fully comply with the contours of the picture.
- Then drawing space fill out chips of the required color, trying to lay it even layer required thickness.
- In the same way fill the space on the other side of the fence, after which pull out the partition.
Drawing of colored chips ready.
Where can I apply?
This material is used exclusively for decorative, non-agrotechnical mulching.
Most often decorative wood chips mulch lawns and bedsthat do not require frequent maintenance, with the exception of watering.
In this case, the coating of painted wood waste has several functions:
- reduces the rate of evaporation of water from the ground,
- to some extent slows the growth of weeds (preferably weeds are completely removed before mulching),
- gives the territory more appearance, harmoniously fitting it into the landscape design of the site.
It is not necessary to pour footpaths with wood waste, because after the passage of a person of even a small weight there will be sagging traces on such a path.
This is due to the low density of such mulch, which is why even a small load leads to severe bursting.
Moreover, even compaction using a vibrating plate cannot fundamentally solve this problem, because an increase in humidity will lead to an increase in the volume of wood, and after heating by the sun's rays, excess moisture will come out and the chips will shrink again.
This resizing leads to the appearance of voids inside the mulch and reduces its density.
The only way to mimic footpaths beautifully is to lay them on the ground. large stones with a smooth front surface, forming a kind of trail, and the space between them is filled with crushed or chopped wood.
In this case, pedestrians walk along the path of stones, due to which they do not push mulch and do not spoil the look such a track.
Photo examples of mulching in landscape design
We have prepared photos of the sites where you can see how decorative chips look in landscape design:
This video shows the process of painting wood chips in a concrete mixer:
Decorative chips are a relatively inexpensive material for decorating the soil and landscape design. With it, you can change the color of individual elements of the site, creating a clearly defined patterns.
In addition, this material, though not very effective, but performs the function of mulch, and when using natural dyes becomes a good fertilizer after the end of life.
Decorative chips: its features
Mulching is one of the widespread agrotechnical technologies that protects the soil from the effects of excess moisture during the rainy season and the scorching sun in dry weather. Experienced gardeners often use for this purpose straw, sawdust or freshly cut grass. But decorative chips, which not only protects the soil from the adverse effects of natural factors, but also serves as a decorative element for decorating the backyard plot, are in widespread use.
Mulch has a whole range of undeniable advantages, among which are the following:
- Environmentally friendly material. For the manufacture of decorative chips used pure wood that does not contain chemical impurities, it is absolutely safe for human health and pets.
- Soil protection. Decorative chips in landscape design effectively protects the soil from sudden changes in temperature, leaching and weathering.
- Providing the necessary air flow. Despite the fact that the mulch protects the soil from the effects of adverse factors, it does not prevent the penetration of air. The soil "breathes", does not stone, always remains loose and soft.
- A variety of color performance. Due to the fact that decorative chips in landscape design is common in various colors, designers and gardeners have the opportunity to create original canvases that will harmonize directly with the entire composition of the backyard plot.
- Effective remedy against weeds. Wood waste inhibits the growth of unwanted plants. Enough to fill the decorative chips with a layer thickness of 5 cm, and the hated weeds can not get through this protection.
- Optimal conditions for the reproduction of earthworms and other beneficial insects, which have a beneficial effect on soil structure.
It is also worth paying attention to the fact that the mulch is practically not clogged. And this means that for filling a new layer it is not at all necessary to remove the old one.
How decorative wood chips are made
For the production of decorative chips are used so-called wood waste. This ensures waste-free processing of wood species. This method of production is not only ecological, but also economically viable.
The production technology begins with the primary shredding of wood waste on a chipper. Then there is a cleansing of small fractions and the subsequent sieving of wood chips. After that, the technology provides for the re-grinding of mulch to the required size and its sieving.
As a result of this two-phase process, a uniform decorative chip is obtained, which is widely used in landscape design. In the sale of the mulch is a natural shade or painted.
On productions with the help of a special installation (colorizer), decorative chips are painted evenly in saturated colors. Chips should be thoroughly dried before going to the malls.
The use of decorative chips in landscape design
Wood waste was originally used for soil mulching, however, nowadays, due to its decorative properties, it is widely used in landscape design. With its help, you can create original compositions on the garden plot, decorate garden paths and children's playgrounds, as well as create creative compositions that will please the eyes of others.
Registration of flower compositions
At the site of every self-respecting gardener there is a special area set aside for planting flower arrangements. Flowerbeds can be of various forms, ranging from geometrically regular squares to fancy shapes. Decorative wood chips can be used as an original decoration of this area. Wood waste can act as a monochrome covering - chips are piled with a solid carpet, among which floral shrubs appear. In addition, using this material, you can create original patterns, alternating between different shades.
Ordinary gardeners and professional designers use wood chips as mulch and decorative coating. With the help of it you can combine alpine slides, rosaries and mixborders into one composition. Chips look especially impressive under sprawling shrubs and trees. It can also be used as a lawn.
A rich green tint will look as impressive as a real grass. Experienced gardeners boldly use this material to create original compositions. Sea waves, sand dunes, geometric shapes or a rainbow snake - all this is easy to create using multicolored chips.
Decoration of garden and running tracks
Wood waste is used not only for decorating flower beds. Garden and treadmills are another area of use. Despite the fact that gravel, stone, tile or pebbles are most often used for arranging the paths on the garden plot, decorative chips in landscape design has become a more common material.
The fact is that to create garden paths often requires preliminary preparation of the territory. Wood waste, in turn, does not require this - it is enough just to scatter the natural material along its entire length and width. Such paths will not wash away the rains, the wind will not spoil, and the natural covering will prevent moisture stagnation and weed growth.
With the help of painted wood waste, you can not only mark paths leading to a bath, gazebo or other buildings. Wood chips can be used as a separator between beds and flower beds.
Arrangement of children's and sports grounds
Decorative wood chips in playgrounds are a versatile material, thanks to which moms can forget about the earthy and grass spots on the pants of their children. Wood waste is absolutely safe for the health of children, and also allows you to create bright compositions due to its color diversity. That is why decorative chips are often used for the improvement of children's playgrounds.
In addition, such a coating ensures the safety of the child - he will not be able to scratch his leg, accidentally falling, or pick up some muck. In the process of making a decorative coating, double grinding and grinding are used, which means that children can play even barefoot without driving a splinter.
All the delights of using decorative chips
Experienced gardeners and professional designers, owners of country plots and fans of creative design of homestead land - none of them could say anything bad about decorative wood chips. This material is universal and environmentally friendly, has a beneficial effect on the soil and protects it from the influence of weather vagaries.
This is the best solution for those who seek to use only natural ingredients for the design of their suburban area. Asphalt paths next to the greenery look less impressive than wood chips, which match the tone of the plant and directly complement the entire plant composition.
Decorative chips: beauty and benefits
Decorative chips is one of the types of dumping used in the design of various landscapes. But in comparison with many other dumping materials, it has a number of undeniable advantages, which has won the love of many gardeners and landscape designers.
- This is absolutely pure environmental material. Since its manufacture uses wood and harmless organic dyes.
- Such chips are safe. Manufacturing technology allows you to make pieces of wood are not sharp and non-fragile. It is impossible to get hurt about her.
- This material is very decorative, as it is presented in sufficient colors to allow the designer to express his imagination. Color shades persist for a long time, as the paint is resistant to various natural influences.
- It is easy to care for her. Fresh dumping is required infrequently (the service life of this material is 5 years). After the rain, the wood chips remain clean, it allows moisture to pass well into the soil, does not allow puddles to form.
- The dumping of wood chips protects the soil from erosion, creates favorable conditions for earthworms and microflora necessary for plants.
- And most importantly - wood chips is a wonderful mulch:
- It protects the roots of the plant from drying out and overheating, retains moisture, does not prevent them from "breathing".
- Provides a barrier to weeds, creates favorable thermal conditions for plants.
- The ground under such mulch is protected from weathering, and therefore remains loose.
- The lower layers of chips gradually rot through, which serves as additional nutrition for the plants.
- In rainy weather, the mulch will keep the bottom leaves clean and will not allow them to be sprayed with dirt.
Therefore, decorative chips are used as a material for decorating the landscape, as well as mulching, soil protection, soil improvement.
How to choose and put mulch from wood chips
In order for decorative wood chips to have all the listed properties, and you get the desired result, you should responsibly and carefully consider its choice.
The chips in the package should be approximately the same size (the size is indicated on the label), soft, moist, not compacted. It should not have a sour or foul odor, which indicates decay processes (may occur if stored improperly).
Laying decorative chips is a simple process. A good time for this is considered the end of spring or the beginning of autumn. On the prepared site make a marking (especially if there will be a pattern from several coloring), carefully remove weeds, branches, dry leaves. Loosen the soil, fertilize if necessary and pour. Chips are better placed on wet soil, but always in dry weather (preferably, the weather will remain sunny for the next two days after installation).
Then pour the chips out of the bags according to the markup and level it. The layer of mulch should be 5 cm and more. In shady places thinner, and in the sun thicker.
Care for decorative chips is also simple. When over time it is compacted, then it can be a little fluff rake. At the beginning of each season, sprinkle a little fresh to “revive” the brightness of the color and restore the layer thickness.
There are some nuances of this process.
- Do not spread the chips close to the stalks of plants, it can disrupt air circulation, so always leave a small gap (3-5 cm).
- Note that in places that are constantly in contact with water (for example, automatic watering, etc.), the dye will gradually leach out. A strong water jet can disrupt the laid layer of chips.
- Chips can be laid directly on the ground, but if you put a layer of agrofibre under it, this will reduce the thickness of the mulch layer (3-4 cm will be enough), as agrofibre will help to keep the weeds.
Chip manufacturing technology
Industrial production of decorative chips is quite a profitable business, since for this purpose, wood waste from hardwood and sometimes softwood is used.
The first step in this process is the grinding of raw materials on a special chipper. The resulting crushed material is carefully sifted to remove wood dust, chips and very small fraction. Далее проводится повторное измельчение уже до необходимого размера, а затем еще одно просеивание. Такой двойной цикл позволяет получить относительно однородный качественный материал.
Второй этап — антисептическая обработка щепы. It is necessary for the destruction of harmful insects, their larvae and wood fungal diseases.
At this stage, the production of non-leafed (uncolored, natural color) chips ends. It is used exclusively to protect the soil and plants from harmful effects.
The third stage is coloring (painting). In industrial production, in order to qualitatively and evenly color the chips, special equipment is used, as well as organic dyes. After painting, it is aged in drying chambers.
At the end of the process, the finished decorative chips are packed in transparent bags. For the effectiveness of the antiseptic chips in the package should be in a slightly moist condition.
Manufactured on industrial equipment, decorative chips have a durable stain that can withstand the negative impact of the environment, does not paint the hands and does not shed when in contact with water. The safety of the dyes used is confirmed by special certificates.
The cost of such decorative chips is relatively low. And the use of agrofibre, as we have already noted, will reduce its consumption.
It will be useful to read:
We make a wood mulch independently
A masterful owner can try to make decorative wood chips on their own. Well, if the farm has its own woodworking machine, you can chop wood on it and get wood chips. If there is no machine, then for raw materials you can turn to a woodworking plant or a sawmill. Chips are waste for them, so they can easily share it.
If there is a garden shredder, then you can use it, only the result will be non-uniform.
It is advisable to process the crushed fraction with an antiseptic to prevent the spread of fungal diseases and harmful insects.
To paint the chips, you need to pick up some large capacity. Where to add an aqueous solution of color, then immerse wood material. For better and more uniform staining requires constant stirring. As a means for coloring, you can use the familiar stain; it will give different shades of brown. All natural admirers use a solution of such dyes as brilliant greens, potassium permanganate, onion peel extract, beet juice, tea brewing. All these tools are absolutely harmless, but they will give a pale color, and the durability of such paint is quite low. After painting, the chips need to be dried, this is where its production ends.
As you can see, decorative wood chips with their own hands is made troublesome, but easy. Therefore, the choice is yours: you want to tinker with your own pleasure and save or spend money, but resolve the issue without hassle.
The use of chips in landscape design
Decorative wood chips in landscape design - almost universal material. She has a very wide range of applications.
Let's start with unpainted chips. It does not perform any decorative function, and is used exclusively for mulching. For example, mulching between rows when growing vegetables, strawberries, as well as protecting the root circle in berry bushes and young trees. Although, the mulch beds and tree circles look much neater, even more original.
Decorative brown chips are considered to be classic, they are presented in several basic shades - chocolate, chestnut, and terracotta. They are most often used for background filling and mulching of tree trunks.
Decorative colored chips of bright colors are used to implement various design solutions.
For decorating flower beds
Any flower garden will look more interesting and spectacular if you make sprinkling of colored chips. It can be a monochrome background, emphasizing the beauty of the plants. Or an intricate pattern of several colors that will complement the floral composition, give it a stylistic orientation. Chips are often used in the design of a flower bed of roses, making it more attractive.
With the help of decorative chips, flower gardens can be combined into thematic compositions. And green chips will be a great imitation of a lawn. Having laid a color mulch around trunks of trees, you not only protect roots, but also will make a garden very unusual.
For dumping track
Color chips are successfully used not only in flowerbeds, but also in various parts of the garden. After all, for example, laying tiles on a concrete base for the tracks on the site is not an easy task, but any gardener can handle the filling with chips.
We have already noted how to pack such material. It is enough to mark the path, remove the weeds and fill it with wood chips. You can come up with some patterns, such as stripes or waves, only then the marking will become a bit more complicated.
Such uncomplicated and very nice paths can be arranged throughout the garden, as well as between the beds. Chips flow well, so there is no dirt and puddles on this path.
For decorating the playground
Recently, wood chips have often been used for dumping playgrounds. This is a clean eco-friendly material, safe for children, it does not injure the child, even if he runs barefoot. Especially it concerns chips from coniferous trees, as it turns out soft, thanks to its crushing to a fibrous structure. Of course, such a “litter” does not hurt to fall. Even after the rain, your palms and knees will be clean. A variety of colored patterns laid out with decorative chips will give a cheerful mood not only to children, but also to their parents.
The same softwood chips were actively used on sports fields and treadmills.
Very diverse, beautiful, originally looks like chips in landscape design, photos of various options for its use completely convince of this.
Some nuances when using wood mulch
As you can see, wood chips are an excellent material for gardeners. However, as in every case, there are negative sides. They are very few, but you need to pay attention to them.
Be careful with the use of chips in the form of mulch around plants that prefer neutral acidity of the soil. For example, Weigel (Weigela), Deutzia (Deutzia), Mahonia (Mahonia), St. John's wort (Hypericum), bobovnik ordinary (Laburnum anagyroides), Mattioli (Matthiola), Dianthus barbatus (Dianthus barbatus), sunflower (Helianthemum Mill.), Lilac ( Syringa).
It is undesirable to use wood mulch near plants requiring exclusively alkaline soil. For example, European larch (Larix decidua), forsythia (Forsythia), hawthorn (Crataegus), lavender (Lavandula), young (Sempervivum), sage (Salvia officinalis) or salvia, more information about planting can be found here, thyme (Thymus).
For these plants, in order to avoid soil acidification, it is necessary to add wood ash or lime to the soil.
There is also an opinion that wood mulch absorbs a lot of nitrogen from the earth, so it is recommended to add a sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer before such mulching.
As you have seen, chips for landscape design is a very necessary material. To make your garden neat and original, it is not necessary to invite a fashion specialist. Take colored chips, feel like an artist and turn your garden to a beautiful and cozy corner.
The use of decorative chips in landscape design
Mulching material based on the bark or spruce branches can be independently made with the help of a garden shredder equipped with special knives. However, be sure how long such material will last is almost impossible. It is for this reason that many owners of homestead and garden plots prefer fairly durable factory-made wood chips.
It is important to remember that for some plants, the use of tree mulch is undesirable. Such plants are represented by weigela, deyenia, magonia, hunters, common leaves, mattiola, Turkish cloves, sunflower and lilacs. It is also undesirable to use wood for growing European larch, forsythia, hawthorn, lavender, sage and thyme.
Experts recommend that, to prevent soil acidification, it is imperative to add ordinary wood ash or lime to the soil, and to add a sufficient amount of nitrogenous fertilizers before mulching.
We use decorative chips for decoration of flower beds and tree trunks.
Any flower beds and pristvolny circles of garden plantings can look much more interesting and spectacular if you fill the soil with colored wood chips. For this purpose, not only a natural monochrome background can be used, which very favorably emphasizes the natural beauty of cultivated plants, but also intricate patterns of several shades. Multicolored mulch allows you to complement the flower or garden compositionand also gives it a special stylistic orientation.
Among other things, through such material it is allowed to combine several zones into one original thematic composition. Green mulch is especially popular with gardeners., which is an excellent imitation of lawn grass. Using such material in tree trunks, it is possible not only to protect the root system of plants, but also to make the garden very original and unusual.
Zoning of the territory of a site and dressing of paths
Chips are the perfect technical material., and filling garden paths and paths allows you to maintain decorative appeal for a long time. The natural heat of such a coating is wonderfully combined with a high decorative appeal, and a layer 50-60 mm high perfectly retains moisture and prevents the appearance of weeds.
Decorative chips can be an ideal solution if you need to perform a spectacular zoning of space around the local area. With the help of mulch, accents are made on the right areas, so this material has been in great demand in recent years by landscape designers.
Rock gardens and rockeries
The mulch painted in various colors and shades makes it possible to diversify the traditional design of any shape and size of flower beds, lawn covering, rockeries, rock gardens, flower beds, as well as the coastline of water bodies. The number of color combinations is almost endless.
Between planted plants you can effectively place some beautiful and neat stones, and fill the rest of the space with a layer of wood chips, which will serve as an excellent substitute for small pebbles or crushed stone. Replacement dumping can be done as needed. As a result, it is possible to significantly reduce the need for systematic care of flowering and decorative leafy crops in the local area.
Color chips on the playground
Reliable, environmentally friendly and safe material, created from soft wood, is not able to cause harm to the environment and living organisms, so this mulch is very popular in the arrangement of playgrounds. From this material you can make a color coating which allows you to quickly and easily decorate the playing area.
For sports and recreational or jogging tracks, colored wood chips are an ideal technical and aesthetic material. Such a modern and safe coating, even in very rainy or dirty weather, remains clean and does not lose any bright coloring at all. Walking or running on such material is not only pleasant, but also absolutely safe.
Creating drawings and patterns on the dacha of chips
This coating is in harmony with the use of other materials, including stone, pebbles and bark. Due to the wide variety of types and shades of material, it is quite easy to create original patterns and patterns on the plot. In order to create landscape design with your own hands, The following simple guidelines should be followed:
- the soil in the area should be dug over and well loosened,
- all weed vegetation should be carefully removed from the area,
- you must first consider the design, including the color, shape and type of mulch used,
- on the surface of the ground should be accurately made to mark the contours in accordance with the planned pattern,
- chips scattered on the surface must be carefully smoothed, which will allow to obtain a uniform layer with a height in the range of 30-60 mm.
Depending on the area of use, about 10 mm of fresh decorative chips should be added annually.
How to make a decorative mulch with your own hands
If you wish, it is possible to make such material easily and cheaply with your own hands with the help of decorative colored chips. The easiest and easiest option to get ready, but not painted chips - Seek material at a sawmill or woodworking plant. Among other things, on sale now there are a large number of special grinders and crushers for processing wood waste.
It should be noted that the cost of such devices is quite high, so you can make the device yourself. The design in this case should be represented by a frame, an engine, a shaft with cutting elements, a receiving compartment and a protective casing.
Already fully prepared wood chips to give a high decorative appearance is required to be subjected to staining. To this end, it is recommended to use aqueous solutions with the addition of color and stain. Wood material is carefully placed in specially prepared containers filled with coloring matter. To make the coloring process as evenly as possible, it is very important to constantly stir the coloring solution.
What bark is used in landscape design
Bark is a pure organic product. However, so that it performs its decorative task as long as possible and does not deform under the influence of the environment, its production is carried out according to complex technical rules. Decorative bark is made from various types of wood chips. Initially, the raw material is cleaned and crushed to pieces ranging in size from 3 to 5 mm, after which it is sifted through a special device. As a result, the core turns into a homogeneous and very soft material, which is characterized by high wear resistance. Many manufacturers paint decorative wood bark in different shades, which opens up a huge scope for the realization of design ideas.
Wood chips in landscape design
Chips in landscape design
Wood chips colored decorative
However, tree bark in landscape design can perform not only decorative, but also practical function. Since this material is organic, it can be used to feed the soil, saturate with useful elements, insulate the soil, etc.
The properties of the bark and the area of its application largely depend on the type of wood from which it was made. In specialized garden stores most often found pine and oak bark.
Pine bark in landscape design is ideal for decorating areas where conifers grow. Chips of this type will help not only to improve the "bare" plots of land, but also fill the soil with useful elements that will increase the vitality of coniferous plants. Oak bark has a high density, so in addition to decorative purposes, it can be used for ground insulation. Also good properties have birch bark and bark of deciduous trees.
Decorative chips for flower beds
Decorative wood chips in the landscape
Design flower beds with decorative chips photo
How to make decorative wood chips yourself
If you want to make decorative wood bark yourself, please note that raw materials can only be made from freshly chopped trunks or young stumps, since in old logs and bars there are no useful elements. You can chop wood with any convenient tool, such as a pruner or a saw. However, after crushing, the bark must be treated with antibacterial agents, since dangerous diseases and pests can dwell in the tree. For better sterilization of the bark, it is recommended to heat it in the oven for 15 minutes, or place the material in boiling water. After processing, the bark can be used for its intended purpose, but remember that the service life of the home-made material is much less than that of the flooring manufactured in an industrial way.
1. Mulching and shelter soil
Most often, the decorative bark is used in landscape design for mulching and masking of free land. “Naked” soil sometimes looks rather unsightly and spoils the decorative value of flower beds, flower beds, mixborders and other landscape elements. Кора же позволяет скрыть желаемые участки, не разбивая при этом стилевое единство композиции.
Мульчирование декоративной щепой
Декоративная цветная щепа фото
Древесная кора в ландшафтном дизайне фото
Since the decorative bark is often painted in various shades, if desired, it can be used not only as a background, but also as an independent decorative element. For example, by combining bark of different colors, you can decorate the free zone of the garden plot with an interesting object, which, unlike flower beds and flower beds, will not lose its brightness throughout the year.
Tree bark for landscape design photo
Decorative wood chips in landscape design - how to lay
2. Flooring for children's and sports grounds
Decorative tree bark is an ideal material for the flooring of a children's or sports ground in the country. Since the chips are very soft, it provides maximum comfort of movement. Moreover, thanks to the special production of decorative bark does not leave splinters and scratches.
Decorative chips - how to apply to arrange playgrounds in the country
Decorative colored chips for decorating children's playgrounds
How to use decorative wood chips for the playground at the cottage
3. Dressing paths and entrances
Paths and trails in the landscape design of a country site are often used as zoning elements. However, each hostess knows how difficult it is to keep them in perfect purity, because weeds make their way from the covering material, and the precipitates from time to time accumulate in the form of mud puddles. Facilitate the process of caring for garden paths will help the flooring of bark. A layer of several centimeters will keep the growth of weeds and moisture overload.
Exactly according to the same principle, wood bark can be used to cover access roads. In this case, the material will not only improve the appearance of the entrances and preserve their cleanliness, but also facilitate the process of movement by car.
Tree bark for beautifying garden paths
Wood bark for garden and cottages
Tree bark for landscape photo
4. Bark flooring
As already noted, the decorative bark improves soil quality and fills it with useful trace elements. Bark flooring is recommended to be used as a shelter for flower beds, flower beds, shrubs, trees, etc. For example, if you decorate with bark the stem of a circle of fruit trees, over time this will increase their productivity, since flooring will create a favorable microflora in the soil and retain the maximum amount of moisture in it.
Decorative chips for flower beds photo
Decorative chips for flower beds photo
Wood chips in landscape design photo
Decorative chips in the design of the site
How to lay bark in landscape design
Decorative wood chips in the design of flower beds
Decorative chips in the design of the site
Despite its external lightness and fragility, decorative bark or chips is one of the most durable materials. On average, the service life of wood chipboards is about 4-5 years. In this case, the shelter almost does not need to be updated. To make the tree bark in landscape design always look fresh and neat, it is enough to fill it with a little fresh layer once every two or three months.