There is currant on almost every household plot, but golden currant can be found not so often, although this type of currant began to be grown in Russia in the eighteenth century.
First, this bush was grown in a decorative form. Homeland of this variety of currants, is the west of North America. There, this culture is found in the wild, in large volumes. Many take it as a hybrid of currants and gooseberries, but this plant is a free-standing crop and has many varieties.
Description with photo
Golden currant is very useful, has many advantages and for this reason this shrub should grow in all. It grows on all types of soil, with the exception of clay and wet areas. This currant is practically not damaged by pests and does not get sick. Shrub easily tolerates drought and severe frosts.
In addition, golden looks very beautiful, especially during flowering and, moreover, is an excellent honey plant. The foliage is bright green and shiny, similar in shape to the gooseberry. In May, golden flowers appear that bloom for 3 weeks. It is thanks to the fragrant flowers that the currant of this species received its beautiful name.
The height of golden currant bushes grow more than other species of this culture reach 2.5 meters. The length of the roots of adult plants reaches one and a half meters. Currant is often used as a hedge, which decorates the site with flowers in spring, berries in summer, yellow and bright red foliage in autumn. Shrubs can be planted even in shady places.
The fruits of different varieties ripen in July - August, when other shrubs have already moved. Fruits on the branches can hang up to frost and not crumble. Oval-shaped berries, in size equal to the average black currant (about 1.5 centimeters in diameter), grow up to 10 pieces in each with tassels. With good care, fruits can grow significantly more. The appearance of the berries is similar to gooseberry.
This type of currant is rich in vitamins and microelements. Berries do not have a specific smell, and therefore they are eaten even by children (as opposed to black). The taste is sweet, sour. The fruits are consumed fresh and in blanks. From the bush you can collect up to twelve pounds of useful berries. Fruit color can be black, red, brown, yellow.
The average age of growing golden currant is 15 years. Fruiting currant bushes begins with the age of three.
Created by crossing fragrant and golden currants. The foliage is smooth, shiny, three-bladed. Bush weakly sprawling, compact, tall shoots and not very branched. The shoots have a matte, light green color. The yield from the bush reaches 12 kilograms. Fruiting is not stretched and occurs in mid-July. The berries are juicy, weighing up to 3.2 grams, black color, oval shape. The fruits are juicy, sweet with a slight sourness. In the brush to 7 berries. This grade of currant maintains frosts to - 40 degrees.
Variety refers to medium-growth and medium-shrub bushes.
Foliage leathery, smooth, green, three-five-lobed. On the brush is placed up to 10 berries. Fruit size up to 2 grams. Form rounded, yellow color, thin skin without skin. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour, pronounced aroma. Maturation occurs at the end of July. From a bush about 4,5 kilograms of berries gather.
The variety is high-yielding. From a bush about 8 kilograms of berries gather. When growing several bushes of this currant, the yield increases. Bushes are compact, medium sized. Berries reach 2 grams. Black colour. Fruits are juicy, sweet, dense, the flesh is golden.
In addition to these varieties on the sites you can find varieties Lyaysan, Shafak, Mandarinka, Shafak, Businka, Buzuluk, Honey Spas, Khoper.
It grows into a rather tall bush. Maturity is medium late. The berries are yellow, round, large, sweet-sour.
The variety grows into a sprawling bush and reaches 1.9 meters in height. Berries differ sweet dessert taste. Fruits are round, thin, with longitudinal streaks, orange-yellow, similar to tangerines. The mass of berries reaches 0.9 grams. Productivity reaches more than 4, 5 kilograms from a bush.
Refers to mid-season, high-yielding varieties of golden currant. The berries are dark red, sweet-sour. Bush compact, srednerosly.
Are Yoshta and golden currant the same thing?
No - these are different berries.
View Yoshta was created in the 70s by crossing black currants with gooseberries. Bushes are used in the form of hedges and in the design of the landscape. The foliage is large, openwork, branches without thorns. The height of yoshta reaches more than 2 meters. On the bush is located up to 20 main branches of different sizes. Berries are sweet and sour, reminiscent of gooseberries and currants. The color is black and purple, the berries reach the size of an average cherry.
Selection of seedlings
Golden currant is planted in early autumn or spring. Bushes sold in pots can be planted from spring to autumn, as the root system in this case is closed. In another case, seedlings should not be dried, with developed shoots (at least 3 pieces). The urinary root system must be pronounced, strong.
The best age of seedlings 2 - 3 years.
Golden currant is grown in bush and shtambovoy forms. In shtambovom version of the seedling is formed from a single strong escape. When young shoots are removed, a tree is formed with a trunk up to 7 centimeters thick. Such shtamb is suitable for grafting any varieties of currants and gooseberries.
Saplings with branched branches are planted in a large pit with a size of 40 to 50 and a depth of 60 centimeters. At first place is chosen.
It can be as a well-lit place, and partial shade. The bush can grow on flat terrain and on a slope, further strengthening the slope. It is better to prepare the place six months before planting (spring for autumn and vice versa). For this, the place is dug up to a depth of 40 centimeters.
The soil can be practically any, but the yield on the fertile land is much higher. The excavated pit is filled with rotted humus or compost, 40 grams of superphosphate and a glass of ash are added. Under the scheme two by two meters or meter by two and a half meters young currants are planted. The root neck is buried seven centimeters. This improves the growth of young shoots and new adventitious roots.
Care of this type of currant is not difficult and includes:
- weed removal
- digging between rows,
The land between the rows is dug up in spring or autumn. From the third year after planting, the currant is fed with a solution of bird droppings, or rotted humus with water in the ratio of one to ten.
Under the autumn, during the autumn period, 5 kg of compost should be applied, humus 20 grams of superphosphate, 100 grams of ash.
In the first year of growth, currants are watered once a week.
Then watering is done during the ripening period of the berries. At other times, watering is not necessary, as this crop is drought-resistant, but watering with dry weather once a week increases the yield of currants.
To preserve moisture under the bushes mulch is scattered, a layer up to 5 centimeters. Mulch also protects the roots in the summer from overheating, and in the winter from severe frosts.
- When pruning, dried, diseased and bush-thickening branches are removed.
- On older branches, the harvest is decreasing every year and branches older than 6 years are also removed.
- At the end of spring, pinching the tops of one-meter annual shoots is made.
- Excess young growth is removed for free penetration of the sun's rays into the bush.
Pruning is done after the leaves are shed in late autumn or spring before sap flow in plants. In the end result, no more than 30 strong branches of different ages should remain.
Golden currant can be propagated in various ways, this reproduction by seeds, green and stiff cuttings, rootstock, annual shoots, bush lay, shoots under the ground.
With sowing seeds currants in autumn germination rate is 80 percent. For spring sowing, the seeds must undergo a preliminary four-month stratification at temperatures up to 5 degrees. One meter is planted to 0.7 grams of seeds.
With grafting the result is the worst. For breeding, large cuttings are taken from the lower part (up to 30 percent) of young shoots. When cutting cuttings (12 centimeters each) from mid-July to late July, treatment with growth stimulant heteroauxin (root) is necessary. This procedure increases rooting by up to 50 percent. The cuttings are planted in a mixture of peat and sand. Then the container with cuttings is placed in the greenhouse, greenhouse at a temperature of up to 30 degrees. After rooting, the cuttings are seated.
With shtambovom in reproduction, young saplings of golden currant are taken, they form into a stem up to 1.9 meters high. Different varieties of currant are grafted onto this plant.
When breeding layering in the spring.
- Loosen the ground next to the bush, make a groove.
- Choose a young branch at the bottom of the bush and put it in the groove.
- Pin to the ground with wire.
- The crown of the head remains above ground.
- Well watered, mulch.
By the autumn the branch takes root and it can be cut off from the mother bush and repotted.
Many branches on a young bush can not be rooted - the bush is greatly weakened.
Golden flowers currant golden
Golden currant is resistant to diseases and pests, but lately anthracnose, gray mold, septoria, rust have begun to appear on some varieties.
In order to avoid diseases it is necessary:
- regular pruning,
- treatment of bushes in early spring with urea in a ratio of 0.6 kilogram per 10 liters of water,
- Fallen leaves must be collected and burned.
These activities will protect the golden currant from fungal diseases.
On young shoots in early summer appears aphid. When it appears, the leaves curl, shoots and scapes twist, growth slows down, the quality of the berries deteriorates. For protection before flowering, bushes are treated with insecticide with a base of pyrimiphos-methyl (one and a half liters per bush) or malathion in the same volume.
After harvesting the berries, the processing is repeated. To protect against aphids, you can use decoctions of onion husks, tobacco leaves, garlic, celandine, yarrow, milkweed.
Vitamin C in the fruits of golden currant is much more than in gooseberries, but less than in black currants. Berries are tasty fresh and can be used both by children and patients with peptic ulcer. From the fruits of this currant obtained excellent preserves, compotes, liqueurs, jellies.
Features of golden currant
By golden currant, it is customary to imply a deciduous little branchy shrub. Its root system is very powerful. The length can reach 1.5 m. The height of the plant is usually 2.4 m. The branches of the bush are straight, but under the weight of the fruit they can strongly lean towards the ground. The homeland of this species is considered to be the United States and Canada, but today it is spread over the territory:
- Far East,
- northern regions of the Russian Federation.
A detailed description of the golden currant suggests that its brush is represented by a combination of several flowers. In total, they can be from 5 to 14 pieces. The color of the flowers is yellow. The leaves of the culture are three-lobed. Their length can reach 5 cm. It is almost half the size of traditional currants. Berries look very unusual. Tail from them does not come off. Fruits are somewhat elongated or round. The color of the berries depends on the particular plant variety. Hue can range from black to yellow or saturated purple.
Variety of cultivars
Today the best varieties of currants of this species are known. Fruitful and large-fruited varieties are especially attractive to gardeners. These cultures include:
- Versailles white,
Currant Variety Venus
Each of the varieties has its own characteristics. Currant Venus was the most attractive for gardeners. The key advantage of this variety is its high yield. With 1 bush can remove up to 12 kg of berries. Such currant black golden is characterized by early fruiting. Already in the middle of summer you can harvest. Ripening berries is friendly. Fruit weight varies from 1.5 to 3.2 g. They are juicy and sweet. Taste is diluted by pleasant sourness. The color of the berries is black, and the shape is almost oval.
Currant variety Shafak
The height of the bush reaches 2 meters. The plant's rebirth is high. Tops of the bush hang down a little. Grade Leaf Plates:
- light green tint
- supplemented by pubescence.
But gardeners are more interested in the description of the berries of this variety of currants. The fruits of the high-yield Shafak species are not too dense. They differ in a drop-shaped form and a red-burgundy shade. The weight of the berries varies from 1.5 to 3.6 g. The peel of the fruit is very tender and slightly pubescent. Attractive indicator of the yield of this variety. It reaches 180 centners per hectare. Among other features of Shafak, it should be noted resistance to diseases, low temperatures and pests.
Subtleties of planting culture
Proper planting golden currant is fairly simple, but has some features. Durable shrubs can grow in 1 place over 20 years. The main requirement for planting is related to this. It needs a deep and free hole. The optimal parameters for it are 50 x 50 x 50 cm. Best of all, currants take root on fertile soil. You can plant a plant in various ways. An excellent solution is the reproduction of woody cuttings. You can also plant seeds before winter or in early spring.
Features of reproduction of culture
Culture is also propagated by layering, dividing a bush and annual shoots (according to the raspberry principle). The peculiarity of the golden currant is that it can be grown in the usual form, which is called bush. Currant is also grown on the shtambe quite successfully. The second option involves planting plants due to the formation of a seedling from a strong shoot, the trunk of which reaches about 70 cm. In this case, all other young shoots are removed.
Growing standard currant is quite simple. Inoculations on it are other species of this plant and even a gooseberry. Regardless of the form chosen, planting is done in autumn or early spring. It is recommended to wait as much time as possible after frost. As for the growing season, it begins in mid-April. It ends only in September. Planting is recommended before or after the end of the sap flow process.
Preparation of seedlings and work with them on the site
But how to grow currants right? It should competently prepare seedlings. Optimal take planting material in nursery. Saplings there are in special pots. Since their root system is closed, they can be planted at any time, starting in the spring and ending in the autumn months. The main thing is that the planting material is not dried up. Well, if he has 3-4 developed sprouts, as well as a healthy root system.
Place the currant seedlings golden in the correct area. The place should be well lit. You can plant a culture in the penumbra. The plant is well rooted on the slopes and on flat surfaces. Soil bushes fit almost any. According to reviews of experienced gardeners, golden currant survives on light clay, sand, poor soil. But she feels optimal on fertile land. That is why before planting it is recommended to fill pits for seedlings with rotted manure or compost. It is also worth making a glass of superphosphate and ash.
Such currants do not cause any difficulties in cultivation: growing and caring for a crop is simple even for novice gardeners.
Shrubs are distributed on the site under the scheme 2.4 x 1 m. Saplings should be from 2 to 3 years. When planting, the root neck should deepen by about 6-7 cm. This will ensure the accelerated formation of adventitious roots. This technique will also allow the growth of new shoots.
Currant bush molding
The peculiarity of the golden currant is the minimum ability to branch. Due to this property, the formation of a currant bush does not cause any particular difficulties. If the gardener will systematically remove the shoots that are few and leave only one branch, then the trunk will be formed from it. If at the height of 50-60 cm graft gooseberry plant, then the shrub will grow in standard form. Due to this decision, the bush turns out healthy and durable, and such yellow currant berries allows you to get quite large.
Principles of care for golden currants
At the site care for this plant will not cause much difficulty. It involves several basic procedures, which include:
- annual digging of land between the rows,
- fertilizer application
- competent pruning branches.
Nuances of trimming the bush
Особенно важна обрезка золотистой смородины, которая проводится поздней осенью, когда заканчивается процесс опадения листьев. Также возможна обрезка весной, до момента набухания почек на кустах. The procedure involves the removal of branches that thicken the plant and prevent the penetration of sunlight to its middle. It is equally important to remove dried, diseased and old shoots that are older than 3 years. The whole thing is that with age, the yield on the branches decreases.
Many gardeners are interested in how to trim the currants in the spring competently. It is recommended to remove the young growth, if it is superfluous. This technique will prevent the thickening of the plantations.
Subtleties watering culture
Individual attention deserves watering. Often produce it is not required. Moreover, it will be enough rain. Specially water the bushes do not need. Golden currant is a drought-resistant crop. Competent care for the golden currant will not cause difficulties. Even during a drought, the bush will actively grow. The only case when the plant will need additional watering is the lack of rain during the ripening of the berries.
When caring for the crop should be borne in mind that the plant is not self-pollinating. To get a crop, pollinators are needed.
Currant fertilizer use
Special attention deserves the introduction of fertilizers. Many gardeners are interested in what to feed the currants in the spring to obtain a bountiful harvest in the future. No complicated formulations are required. Feed the bush optimally with complex mineral means. In the root zone is still recommended to make organic. The interval between such procedures should be 2-3 years.
Ordinary potato peel for currants is also an excellent fertilizer. This organic remedy, which contains potassium, starch and other beneficial substances, protects the bush from slugs, wireworms, Colorado potato beetle and its larvae. Dry peeling potatoes are recommended to simply bury in the summer and spring under the currant bushes. This organic remedy gradually decomposes, which allows you to give the plant root a lot of useful substances. You can also pour the potato peel with boiling water. Cool infusion is useful to water golden currants.
Barely having heard the word "currant", we immediately imagine a lush bush, approximately the height of a man, with a pleasant smell of carved, distantly resembling maple leaves, dotted with whole bunches of berries.
Well, which of us never ate black currant, red or even white currant? It is unlikely that there are such people. We all remember this very well. peculiar, slightly sour taste of ripe berriesdissolving in the mouth. It can not be confused with anything. However, it is also impossible to explain to those who have not tasted this taste, what it really is.
And what kind of currant jam! Real jam. And if it is fresh, but pounded with sugar. On bread softly spread it, but with hot tea. Wow, delicious!
Simple and great dessert.. Appetite and catching up, is not it? Pleasant, painful, tasty, straight drooling. But let's try to move away from the lyrics and move on to the goal of our story.
Completely different plant
Throw out of your head all that you knew about currants, because the story is not about an ordinary, well-known black or red currant, so often growing in our vegetable gardens. We will talk about currant golden. What, have you heard about this? Does it grow in your garden? Or not yet? If not, this article is written specifically for you!
It is not surprising that many of them have no golden currant, and they have never heard of it, and have not seen it. Because this fruit and berry shrub is still not emblazoned by every avid gardener. It would not hurt to assume that in our century, atomic energy and universal computerization, already enough people received information about what they had never dreamed of, thanks to the Internet. I hint that a lot of amateur gardeners have already penetrated the World Wide Web and have gathered there a wealth of information about strange plant species, including golden currant.
Nevertheless, we will try to understand what the similarities are, and what is the difference between black, red and golden currants. And what if we are lucky enough to see something we’ve never seen or read on electronic pages? If this article does not add anything new to the description of the above shrub, then at least no one will say that we have not tried. Well, it was all just a joke, let's get straight to the point.
What is the difference?
So, we have a golden currant in all its glory. What does she look like? Is it identical in appearance to the more common types:
Perhaps people who are absolutely no friends with botany and who have nothing to do with gardening will find absolutely no difference between a particular plant. Bush, he, as they say, and in Africa bush!
Moreover, there are berries and leaves on this and that. Yes, and the taste in many descriptions of these berries, frankly, do not differ much. Some are sweet and sour, while others are sweet and sour. Do you already see the difference? If I am not mistaken, so far no difference is particularly noticeable.
So after all, how does it look wonderful golden currant? Let us try to describe it in such a way that after reading these lines, even a person who is inexperienced in gardening can, just looking at the bush, accurately determine which currant is in front of him. And in general, whether currant.
Consider all features golden currant, let's look at what varieties it comes from, where it came from in our area and how best to grow it. And also how much effort and certain knowledge it will require from the average gardener.
Where did she come from
They say that the golden or yellow currant came to Europe from the distant shores of North America, or more precisely, its western part. In the American foreign land, it is found everywhere in the wild approximately, as in our taiga comes raspberries, whole thickets of bushes.
It looks like a cross between currants and gooseberries. Some still think that this is a hybrid of the above plants. Although it is a completely independent culture.
I can’t say anything about how wild golden currant tastes, I have not tried. It is assumed that it is not much different from the garden, but, most likely, varietal sweeter. And since it does not grow in the wild on our continent, we close this question, because it is irrelevant for us.
Just as additional information, we add that initially introduced gold-bearing berries were grown only for decorative purposes in the same way that potatoes were imported by Peter the First. But nowadays many varieties of this fruit and berry shrub are specially grown for its fruits.
The main distinguishing feature of the golden currant from the black ordinary is its growth advantage over his girlfriend. Namely, the adult gold berry shrub reaches up to two and a half meters in height.
Have you ever seen our habitual blackie so grow? A yellow joy, it turns out, can! And here's a reason to immediately flash knowledge. At the sight of tall bushes, feel free to declare that it is golden currant!
However, it is likely that the bushes may be young and not yet reach such growth. How, then, to determine what kind of famous berries in front of us? If there really are berries on the bush, and if it is the middle of July, and August is even better, then it is easiest to try the fruit. At this time of the year they will have to mature.
Surely, we well remember the taste of the currant we are used to, this particular tart, with a fair amount of sourness. As if, in contrast, golden currant lacks that characteristic flavor, and in your mouth it will seem to you much sweeter ordinary Chernobok. It is said that for this very reason, even those children who do not like black currants for their tartness are happy to eat such a berry.
Here it is also fair to add that the roots of the golden currant fully correspond to its basketball growth. They reach up to one and a half meters in depth. Of course, this fact does not help us in distinguishing the type of berry.
Hardly anyone would dig up the roots to measure how deeply they went into the ground. And all this only to determine what kind of bushes in front of us. And the owners of these bushes, most likely, will drive us away if they see that we put such experiments on their garden plots.
But in the leaves there are some differences. With their leaves, many varieties of gold berries resemble at the same time:
- gooseberry leaves
- currant leaf.
However, remember yourself and tell others: do not at all think of brewing tea with a golden leaf, by analogy, as many people like to drink tea with ordinary currant leaf. Why, yes because young leaves and buds are very yellowish poisonous. They contain prussic acid in large quantities. Hope this is enough for an explanation?
In the autumn period, the leaves of the golden berries become red orangegiving shrubs unprecedented magnificence. Since the golden berry belongs to deciduous plants, it sheds its foliage, like many other deciduous trees in the late fall.
We will not speak much about the usefulness of fruits. Berries, of course, pOles of vitamins and microelementsso necessary for our body. However, black and red are hardly lagging behind their overseas companion in terms of fortification parameters.
To have a more complete picture of the heroine of our narrative, we add that it is unpretentious, tolerates drought, is resistant to diseases and pests, very fruitful. The first fruits should be expected by the third year after the planting of a young plant. And the advantage of golden currant is also in the fact that with each subsequent year it yield only increases.
On average, it can reach 8-10 kilograms from a bush. Currant grows safely and bears fruit for 15 years. Many varieties by the end of their growth reach three meters. Probably, in order to pick berries from the tops of such giant bushes, a stepladder is already required. Probably, this is not very convenient, but in the end, you can just leave the highest berries to the birds.
Brief about landing
In a nutshell about planting a plant. If you are really interested in golden currants and decided to buy it for your plot, then we recommend that you buy seedlings not with your hands, but in some special garden stores or nurseries.
To plant a seedling, you will need to dig a hole about half a meter deep, fill it with a harvested mixture of fertile land and leaf humus. Add also superphosphate, (about half a cup). You can add more a glass of wood ash for better enrichment of the earth.
Before disembarking is recommended Soak the roots of the plant in water for a while. Two hours for this procedure will be quite enough. After planting, a small bush should be cut off, leaving it seven to ten centimeters high. By the way, this currant excellent grows both in the open sun and in a shady place.
Further only required correct and simple care. Namely, in time to weed, loosen the ground, trim, water and feed. The main thing - do not overdo it with watering. The plant does not tolerate excessive moisture too well. Cover the peat mulch sapling for the winter.
During its flowering golden currant looks in a special way. It is covered with numerous yellow flowers, it smells delicious and smells sweet. It is for an incredible amount of yellow flowers that the plant got its rich name. After all, when it blooms in early May, its branches really look like golden ones. By the way, this currant is also great honey plant.
As you understand, golden currant has a lot of advantages and almost no flaws. It is tasty, fruitful, unpretentious to various conditions. In addition, very beautiful. Probably should try to plant it on your garden plot just for the sake of one name! And for true gourmet currants in any form, it will be an amazing addition and decoration of the table.
At the end of the article I would like to list a few varieties gold berries to make it easier for the reader to navigate in their diversity.
- Venus is golden. Fruits in mid-July. Productivity right up to 12 kg.
- Siberian sun. Of the features pronounced taste. Ripens by the end of July.
- Kishmishnaya. Productivity is high. The plant itself grows to an average height.
- Laysan. High Berries are yellow, sweet and sour.
- Mandarin. The adult bush reaches two meters. Berries sweet dessert taste.
- Shafak. Mid-season red berries.
This is just a brief description of some varieties of golden currant. You can get more detailed information from other sources, as well as directly at the place of purchase of the plant. This article was not intended to paint in detail the plant and its varieties. It is only for informational purposes for those who are unfamiliar with such views as golden currants.
Description of golden currant
Currant golden belongs to the Kryzhovnikov family. This is a beautiful deciduous shrub up to 3 meters. Her homeland - the south-western regions of North America, from where she came to Europe and Central Asia. In Russia, it is cultivated up to the Far East.
Currant golden has a very attractive appearance. It is a low-branchy shrub with a rounded crown, fast or medium growing shoots. Young shoots are painted red.
Shrub currant bush in bloom
It blooms with small flowers, yellow or golden yellowcollected in brushes of 5-15 pieces, fragrant, more than a centimeter in diameter. Flowering lasts up to three weeks.
Edible berries, large, up to 8 mm in diameter, do not have the aroma of black currant, sweet-sour to the taste. The color of the berries is usually black or brown-purple, there are varieties with yellow-orange berries.
Beautiful glossy lobed leaves by the end of August from green become orange-red, in September they acquire a purple-carmine color and retain decorativeness until winter.
If you are going to grow golden currants for berries, plant cultivars intended for growing in your region.
The most common are only a few varieties of golden currant, which also have several varieties. They differ in yield, color, size. The most popular varieties: Shafrak, Yermak, Lyaysan, Venus, Isabella, Muscat, Michurinskaya, Silver, Dwarf.
Get a plant not from hands, and in the garden centers or nurseries. Let's take a quick look at some of the most popular varieties of golden currant.
Golden Currant Shafrak
Bush is average. The ripening period is medium. Berries are drop-shaped, dark red, sweet-sour, weighing 1.5-3.6 g. Yielding. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost-resistant
Golden currant grade Ermak
The bush is tall, dense. The ripening period is medium. The berries are round, almost black, sweet-sour, fragrant, weighing 1.0-1.5 g. Yield. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost-resistant
Golden currant grade Lyaysan
Bush high. The ripening period is medium. The berries are large, round, yellow, sweet-sour, weighing 1.0-2.6 g. Yielding. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost resistance is average, heat resistant. Looks good on the trunk.
Golden Currant Venus Grade
Bush high. Maturing term - early. Berries are oval, black, sweet-sour, dessert, weighing 1.5-3.2 g. Resistant to diseases and pests. It is frost-resistant, heat-resistant.
Golden currant grade Isabella
Bush high. The ripening period is medium. The berries are round, slightly flattened, black, sweet-sour, weighing 1.5-3.0 g. Yieldy. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost-resistant
Golden currant variety Muscat
Bush vigorous, compressed. The ripening period is medium. The berries are large, round, slightly flattened, black, sweet, with a nutmeg aroma, weighing an average of 1.3 g. Very fruitful. Resistance to diseases and pests - high. Frost-resistant
Features of planting and care
It is possible to care for golden currants as well as for black currants. Golden currant less demanding on irrigation and soil fertility. She can grow almost everywhere, she does not like only the wetted heavy clay soils. As already mentioned, to water the plant is not demanding, you can water it only when the weather is dry for a long time.
Abundant watering for the golden currant is needed only after planting.
By planting the golden currant on a permanent place must be approached responsibly - because in one place it will grow up to 20 years. It grows well in the sun and in partial shade.
Golden currants are planted in spring, when warm weather is established, either in autumn, in September-October, but long before the onset of frost, in order for the plant to root. Container plants purchased in garden centers and nurseries are planted at any time.
Для посадки золотистой смородины копают ямы 50х50х50, заполняют их почвосмесью из верхнего слоя почвы, ведра хорошо перепревшего перегноя или компоста, добавляют полстакана суперфосфата и стакан древесной золы. При посадке корневую шейку заглубляют на 5-7 см и обильно поливают. If the plant is a container plant and the branches are in good condition, then there is no need to prune them. If you bought a plant with an open root system, first soak the roots in water for no more than 2 hours (if the root system is in water for more than 2 hours, potassium will be washed out of the roots, and next year you will not have a good harvest and abundant flowering wait) After planting, cut the bush, leaving about 7 cm above the soil surface.
Scheme of proper planting golden currant
If you plant a rooted cutting, put it in the ground at an angle of 45 degrees.
Golden currant is not self-fertile. For successful fruiting should be planted on the site at least 2 varieties!
Further care for the plant consists in weeding, loosening, pruning, periodic watering and dressing. For the winter, cover the currant with a thick layer of peat or dry mullein mulch.
If you replace the mullein with horse manure, the taste of the berries may change for the worse.
Golden currant is little damaged by diseases and pests.
Golden currant branches less than black, so cutting it and forming a bush is much easier.
If you grow currants in decorative culture, it is necessary to cut it according to its use, either forming a beautiful bush for landscape groups and tapeworms, or producing a continuous haircut of the required height and shape for hedges.
For the golden currant, which we keep to get berries, there are some rules for pruning.
Golden currant fruiting on the growth of the current year. The productive age of each branch is 5-6 years.
The formation of the bush comes from growing near the base of the bush annually shoots. Immediately after planting, it is necessary to cut out all the weak shoots that have been cut off, leaving 3-4 strong buds.
Golden Currant Trimming Scheme
In the second year we cut out at the root all the weak, thickening annual bush shoots, leaving 4-5 of the strongest and most well located, shortening them by 1/3. Re-pinch the young shoots in May, during the active growing season - this is done to increase branching and speed up fruiting.
Further we continue to form a bush and we make sanitary trimming - remove all weak, dried, damaged branches and shoots. Skeletal branches older than 6-7 years cut to the ground level. In an adult bush, annual replacement of a part of old branches with young shoots should occur.
In an adult bush, young shoots are left 1-2 more than old ones were cut.
At the age of 12 can make rejuvenating pruning.
Golden currant can be formed on a trunk. Yield of standard currant will be less, it will require more care, but it will look quite decorative.
Both formative and sanitary pruning of golden currant are carried out before or after the growing season.
Use as a fruit culture
We have golden currant is just beginning to be used to pick berries and is not yet a competitor for blackcurrant.
In the US, the cultivation of black currant, which is a peddler of powdery mildew spores, is prohibited.
But more and more gardeners and farms are paying attention to its unpretentiousness, yield, frost and heat resistance. Moreover, in arid areas, its undemanding to irrigation is a significant plus.
Golden Currant Jam
And although vitamin C in golden currant is relatively low, this is offset by its low acidity - its can be used by people with gastric and duodenal ulcers. Moreover, it contains even more carotene than apricots and sweet pepper.
It produces tasty jam, compotes, wine, and it can be frozen.
Use in landscape design
Landscape designers highly appreciated the decorative properties of the golden currant - in the spring it blooms beautifully, in the summer there are eye-catching berries on it, and in the fall it amazes with the brightness and decorativeness of the foliage.
Golden Currant Hedge
Golden currant is often used for hedges, both shorn and free-growing. It looks good in landscape groups and as a tapeworm (a single focal plant). Recently, it has become increasingly grown in standard forms.
Due to its undemanding, heat and drought tolerance, it covers the unsightly corners of the estates and gardens.
As you can see, golden currant is a universal plant. It is both beautiful and abundantly fruiting with tasty wholesome fruits, besides it is unpretentious and resistant to negative effects.. All this makes her a welcome guest in the garden.
The most familiar type of currant for us is black. Many people know about red and white and prefer its more delicate taste. But have you ever met golden currant? Next, we will present you its description, as well as tell you about popular varieties and care.
Golden or yellow currant was imported from North America. The bush has perfectly got accustomed and on open spaces of the CIS. Not only because of its excellent taste and content of vitamin C, carotene, tannins and pectin substances, acids, but also an excellent decorative look of the bushes.
It can be said that yellow currant is a separate, different class. It looks more like a gooseberry. These beautiful deciduous shrubs are much higher than usual to us, they reach a height of 3 m, the crown is round, the shoots are fast growing. Color of inflorescences and berries depends on the variety.
If we talk about the popular varieties of yellow currant, presented in our country, we can distinguish the following:
- Shafak. The mid-late variety, frost-resistant and drought-resistant, perfectly tolerates heat, can do without additional soil moisture. High yields - up to 10 kg per bush. Berries of rich red color, sourish-sweet, weighing from 1.5 to 3.5 g. Immune to diseases and parasites,
- Venus. Early variety, winter-resistant, but at temperatures above +35 ° C needs shelter. Fruitful generously. Berries are black, oblong, dessert with sour. It tolerates high temperatures. Resistant to various diseases and pests,
- Laysan. The Eastern name in this case is not in vain - the variety tolerates drought and high temperature perfectly. The crop ripens by mid-July, the degree of yield is high. The berries are quite large, golden amber, sweet-sour to taste. The appearance of the shrub is great for a variety of decorative purposes,
- Ermak. Differs in density and spreading, volumetric and high. Mid-season, frost-resistant, not subject to diseases and attacks of pests. The berries are large, dark, with a sweet and sour shade and rich aroma,
- Muscat Tall, but compact shrub. The berries have a special aroma and taste: sweet, with a honey aftertaste and nutmeg aroma. Yield, resistant to adverse weather conditions and parasites. Not prone to diseases
- Isabel. A great option for the middle band. With an average maturity. It tolerates low temperatures, is resistant to diseases and pests. The berries are round, slightly flattened, sweet-sour taste.
Variety selection and planting
The choice of a variety of currants is yours, but you must take into account not only the climatic conditions of your region, the particular soil, but also the compatibility of varieties. In this matter, the yellow currant is extremely unpretentious: its compatibility with another currant is excellent, the main thing is to plant several different varieties for future pollination. Planting and care for the golden berry does not differ from similar processes for other types of currants.
Planting currants is carried out in the autumn, but some gardeners prefer spring to autumn. This option is quite acceptable if frost does not threaten shrubs in your region. You also need to take into account the fact that you need to plant a plant either before the start of sap flow, or after the end. Currants are not picky to the soil, but heavy clay soils should be avoided. The best is a well-lit or slightly shaded area with fertile soil.
In a sunny place the berries ripen faster, and the harvest is more abundant. Fertilizers can be added to the pit, manure, compost, wood ash and superphosphate are perfect. You can also mulch with peat and top dressing shrub trunks. The root neck of a plant seedling should be several centimeters deep in the ground - this stimulates the development of additional roots. After the process is over, the bush is once again plentifully irrigated and mulch the soil.
Care and reproduction
Yellow currant does not require as careful care as other species. It is only necessary to regularly trim the bushes, feed and choose the optimal mode of irrigation. Violation of the optimal irrigation regime may adversely affect the yield. The golden berry does not need frequent watering, however, during the period when the ovaries appear and after harvest the bush must be thoroughly moistened.
Neglecting irrigation, one can provoke a deterioration in the process of assimilation of useful substances, which will affect the growth of shoots and ovaries. If there is little rainfall in the fall, then before wintering the shrub must be abundantly moistened to prevent the shoots from freezing.
The soil around the currants need to periodically weed and loosen. Also golden currant needs timely pruning to get rid of dry, damaged and improperly growing branches. Pruning is also used to rejuvenate the bush. Experienced gardeners say that shoots over five years old cease to produce a generous harvest and lose their attractive appearance.
Young shoots that grow inward must also be removed. It is recommended to prune basic healthy and strong shoots in order to stimulate the emergence and development of strong side branches. But the one-year gain is better to remove, otherwise they will take away the nutrients from the main shoots.
Currants should be cut only during the rest period, before the start of sap flow or after it ends. When a young growth ceases to appear in the root zone, the bush must be changed. Feed currants twice a year with complex mineral and organic fertilizers. For the winter, the bush is snatched with a thick layer of peat or mullein mulch.
Reproduction of currants most often occurs with the help of seeds or cuttings, less graft is used. This does not mean that it is impossible to inoculate a shrub, but this method can lead to varietal changes, affect the yield and taste characteristics of berries.
Growing currant from seeds will take a fairly long period of time: the seeds must be stratified, then sown in specially prepared pits, then the sprouted seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place. Propagation by cuttings also has its drawbacks: you need to properly trim a branch, select the appropriate cutting, wait for rooting. Saplings - the best option for reproduction. It is only necessary to select plants with a healthy root system and no damage.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Care must necessarily include the prevention of diseases and the appearance of pests. Almost all varieties of currants are resistant to diseases and parasites. But preventing a problem is easier than fighting it. To do this, shrubs process copper-containing drugs before the start of the growing season. Later you can use biochemical agents that do not pose a threat to health.
Use our advice, and the beauty of golden currant will delight you for a long time.
Hello, dear readers!
All gardeners are well acquainted with currants, especially with black, red and even white.
But not all experienced gardeners, let alone beginners, know that the currant is also golden.
But lately golden currant has begun to appear more and more often on our summer cottages. This currant has a lot of advantages and it deserves our attention and wide distribution.
Golden currant is known for its amazingly beautiful flowers, similar to the gentle sunlight.
But the color of its berries can be not only golden - sometimes the bush is decorated with rich black, purple, purple, orange and even pink fruits.
Came to us the beauty of the harsh North America.
The solar currant was brought to Russia at the very beginning of the 18th century. Initially, the shrub was grown as a beautiful, lush ornamental plant, but soon, fragrant berries were appreciated, and the currant became a full-fledged garden crop.
- Golden Currant is an unusually adaptable plant. Now she gets along perfectly in almost any climate zone (the Baltic States, the Czech Republic, England, Belarus, the Caucasus, Russia and Central Asia).
The first place of residence of the golden culture here was the legendary Nikitsky Botanical Garden in Moscow.
Let's get acquainted
Golden currant will be a real decoration of the garden - during the flowering period, no one is as beautiful as her!
This is the only currant that got its name not for the color of the berries. It is because of its dazzling yellow flowers, which abundantly dot the bush, the look and got such a name.
Currant flowers have a bright, rich aroma that is felt from afar.
- There comes the middle of summer, and the gentle beauty, finally, acquires the fruits. And she is still beautiful. Her oval or round berries are very shiny and seem to glow in the sun. Multicolored fruits can reach a mass of up to 3 grams.
To your taste, the berries of golden currant may seem unusual to black currant lovers.
They are more dense and strong (which, by the way, is very good for transportation). You can make delicious jams, preserves, jellies, desserts, fruit drinks and compotes from the fruits of the beautiful woman.
Soon comes the cool autumn. Powerful currant bush (golden currant can grow up to 2.5-3
m) again transformed.
At this time the shrub changes the color of the leaves (some become purple, and on many leaves there are various variegated spots - yellow or red).
♦ Are there any drawbacks to the golden currant? Golden currant bushes do not like wet weather - at such a time beautiful fruits can crack, and the culture itself prolongs the ripening of berries.
This, not very pleasant nuance is more than cover the numerous advantages of the beauty: golden currant perfectly tolerates any misfortunes: dust, smog, drought, heat, cold, smoke, diseases and pest attack.
- Even in especially cold winters (when the frosts fall below 30 ° C), the currant freezes slightly, but is completely and quickly restored.
What is useful sun berry
Golden currant is not as rich in vitamin C as its black-eyed sister. But the berries of the golden currant store a lot of carotene (vitamin A).
Golden berry is ahead of his number even sweet peppers and apricots.
In addition to vitamins, the golden beauty contains a number of very beneficial substances for humans: pectin, tannins. In the berry many important for the body acids, especially amber, malic and citric.
What is especially rich in fragrant beauty is the high content of coumarins.
These organic natural compounds help to reduce the level of blood clotting (this ability is important for protection against the occurrence of infarction conditions).
Berry is very useful for people with diabetes mellitus, because the fruits contain insulin-like substances.
- All its usefulness berries retain in any processed products.
Fruit drinks, juices and compotes of golden currant are effective as refreshing and antipyretic agents.
Healthy drinks are able to remove harmful salts, slags, toxins from the body, they improve the appetite and perfectly improve performance.
A high content of iron is useful in the treatment of anemia (anemia). Berries also benefit from sclerosis and hypertension.
Attention! It is important! The currant golden young leaves and buds are poisonous! They have hydrocyanic acid. It is absolutely impossible to make tea from them or any tinctures! This golden treasure serves only its berries as food!
Choose the best variety of golden currant
The varieties of golden currant are not distinguished by a rich variety, like the sisters. In our country, only a few species of this amazing berry have received wide recognition.
Council To get excellent yields of this currant crop, plant several currant bushes on your plot at once, planting them side by side.
♦ Isabella. The grade of this currant differs in average terms of maturing. The shrub is not very branched, but it is quite tall, with yellowish-green leaves.
The flowers of Isabella are large, pale yellow, which are replaced by large oval-shaped berries of a saturated, almost black color, weighing up to 2.5 g. The taste of fruits is sweetish, with sourness.
Isabella is resistant to pests, diseases and low temperatures.
♦ Shafak. High-yielding view (up to 8 kg of berries can be harvested from one currant bush of this variety). Shafak is distinguished by resistance to heat and cold (but in especially cold frosts, undrigued parts of the bush may freeze to death).
Куст имеет средние размеры и хорошую способность образовывать дополнительные побеги (молодые отросточки обладают сиреневатым оттенком).
Ягоды очень крупные (до 3,5 г), продолговатой формы, темно-бардового окраса со слегка сероватым отливом. По вкусу они сладко-кислые.
♦ Мускат. Рослый и компактный куст с желто-зелеными стебельками и большими желтыми цветочками.
The fruits of Muscat are large, black, round-shaped. The berries are not particularly large (up to 1.3 g), but they are extremely fragrant, honey-flavored.
Variety tolerates frosts, is not subject to parasites and diseases.
♦ Ermak. Dense and tall shrub differs average aging.
Among the large leaves of bright green hiding the same large bright yellow flowers, which are then replaced by compact berries (weighing up to 1.2 g).
The fruits have a pleasant aroma and sweet taste with sourness.
♦ Venus. The variety has average qualities for winter hardiness (the buds of the shrubs begin to freeze out at temperatures below -40 ° C).
But Venus perfectly tolerates the most arid and hot periods, attacks of pests and diseases.
It is a high-yielding currant variety (one bush can give up to 8 kg of berries). Fruits can reach a weight of 2-3 g, they are lacquer-black, very juicy.
♦ Laysan. The variety is highly resistant to heat and drought, but in cold weather (at temperatures below -30 ° C) annual young shoots can freeze.
But Laysan perfectly resists attacks of parasites and diseases. The variety is high-yielding (up to 9 kg of berries can ripen on a bush).
Oval-shaped fruits are small in size (their weight is 1-2 g), golden and amber color and excellent taste.
♦ Uzbekistan. This is a hybrid type of currant, which is characterized by very large berries (weighing up to 7 g). The berries are richly black with amber pulp.
A tall, high-yielding variety, it is famous for its high resistance to any adverse weather conditions.
♦ sodden. The main pride of this species is high yields (each bush can produce up to 7-8 kg of berries).
Productivity can also be increased if you simultaneously plant several shrubs of black currant alongside. Bushes are compact and medium sized.
The fruits of the Kishmishna are large (weighing up to 1.5-2 g), they are richly black, dense with golden flesh, very sweet and juicy.
♦ Gift Areadne. Currant golden with an average aging time. The variety perfectly tolerates all the vagaries of the weather and is resistant to diseases and pests.
The berries of this variety contain the most vitamin C, they have a refreshing, fragrant and very tender, sweet taste.
♦ Siberian sun. The tall variety has excellent winter hardiness and is particularly resistant to diseases and parasites.
The berries have an amber, golden and bright yellow color, they ripen in the middle of summer. The fruits are small, only up to 1 g of weight, but with a very pleasant taste, refreshing, sweet, with a barely noticeable acidity.
Tips for choosing varieties of golden currants
Despite the small variety of varieties of gold treasure, there are plenty to choose from.
To make your beauty fully meet the expectations, use some tips when choosing a type:
- Habitat. Note that not all varieties of the golden currant are able to tolerate cold. When choosing a variety, specify exactly where the species was bred and whether it is well adapted to the climate conditions in your region. Most often, the types of golden beauty are well acclimatized in our latitudes with a temperate climate, and the species grown in Uzbekistan, perfectly tolerate the heat and arid time.
- Appearance. When buying seedlings, you should be perfectly aware of how a sunny beauty will look like in adulthood. After all, very often golden currants are obtained for the sake of decorative properties, to decorate their plot, and not just for the sake of tasty and healthy berries.
- Productivity High yields depend not only on the genetics of a particular currant variety, but also on the quality of care. But there are yield boundaries that cannot be crossed - for a currant of golden varieties, this mark is 4-8 kg of berries from a bush. Be sure to specify the yield when purchasing seedlings.
- Care. Golden currant in this regard is very advantageous from its sisters. All its varieties are quite unpretentious and unpretentious. Please note that if you are going to grow varieties of golden species for sale, give preference to the most large-fruited and productive species.
History of growing golden currant
Golden currant is one of the little-known varieties of this plant. It comes from North America, from where it was brought to Europe in the 18th century. Originally it was grown only in a botanical garden - at the beginning of the XIX century only one variety was cultivated under the name Crandal.
Active work on the selection of other varieties of golden currant was begun under Soviet rule. During the search for drought-resistant plants for the device of protective forest belts, it was found that golden currant is perfect for these purposes. Therefore, in the 30s of the last century, the plant spread throughout the territories of Siberia, Altai, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan.
Currant began to be called golden because of the beautiful bright yellow flowers with a pleasant smell.
Golden currant bushes are very decorative due to the beautiful yellow flowers.
After a break in the breeding work related to the war in the late 40s, the Institute named after. Schroeder (Tashkent city). About 20 new high-yielding varieties were obtained, which served as the basis for breeding work in Russian scientific institutions:
Characteristics of the golden currant
In general, golden currant is characterized by high resistance to weather conditions, lack of moisture, diseases, attacks of pests, as well as unpretentiousness to soil conditions. Often used for soil protection (anti-erosion) plantings.
Bushes can reach solid size - 2 m in height and even more. The leaves grow after flowering. They are similar in shape to gooseberries, which is why there is an erroneous opinion about the origin of golden currants from gooseberry hybridization.
The leaves of golden currant are poisonous - they contain compounds of hydrocyanic acid. True, they are devoid of currant smell, so it is unlikely that there will be a temptation to brew them.
The flowering of golden currant occurs at the end of May - the beginning of June and lasts about three weeks. Since by this time the threat of spring frosts has passed, the flowers are well pollinated, which guarantees a bountiful harvest.
Golden currant berries can be of different colors depending on the variety: black, red, yellow
Fruits appear in the second half of summer. They contain a large amount of vitamins B and C (although not as much as black and red currants), carotene, taste good and are well suited for making juices, compotes, wine. The berries contain very little acid, so they can be used in patients with ulcerative diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Site selection and landing rules
Golden currant does not require any special conditions. The soil fits almost any, even saline. The plant prefers the sun, but can grow in shading. If there is no flat area, the currant can perfectly exist on the slope.
To ensure good yields need to acquire high-quality seedlings. Perfectly suitable annuals, with developed roots.
Plant can be in the spring (during the period of swelling of the kidneys), and in the fall. In the Moscow region, an autumn planting is recommended (from the second decade of September to the beginning of October).
It is advisable to prepare the soil for planting in 2–3 months - apply organic fertilizer (2–2.5 buckets per 1 m 2) and dig up the depth of the bayonet. The diameter of the pit should correspond to the size of the straightened root system, and the depth should be 10–12 cm. The planted bush should be plentifully watered and mulch the soil with humus. It is desirable to cut the stems, leaving the "hemp" with 3-5 buds.
Usually, fruiting begins the next year after planting. Watering currants is enough 3-4 times per season, with strong heat.
Currant transfer to a new location
The need for transplant usually occurs when growing cuttings in shkolke. In this case, you should:
- Prepare a hole in advance by the same rules as for landing.
- In the pit pour 0.5-1 bucket of water.
- Carefully dig up the bush, trying not to damage the roots and plant in a permanent place.
- Condense the soil, water and grind.
For normal survival of the bush in a new place you need to water it regularly for the first 2 weeks. Transplantation can be carried out in September - October.
Adult bushes golden currants also quite easily tolerate transplant. Of course, this inevitably causes damage to the roots, but with good watering the bush usually takes root. When transplanting an adult plant, it is necessary to shorten the shoots to a height of 25–30 cm so that the currant does not waste extra forces on the “flow” of water into long stems.
Video: growing golden currant
Golden currant bushes live and bear fruit for decades, sometimes even without top dressing. Of course, truly good yields are provided by fertilizer. Feed start with the third year of life.
- In the spring they make nitrogen fertilizers that promote good growth of currants. To do this, use urea (30 g per 1 plant).
- In the fall, organic matter (6–7 kg) is mixed with potassium salts (2–2.5 teaspoons) and superphosphate (0.1–0.12 kg).
- At the end of the harvest, the plants are fed with complex fertilizer with a low nitrogen content.
Golden currant does not require a special approach to pruning. It is necessary to regularly remove dried and broken branches and periodically rejuvenate the bush. Under the conditions of the Moscow region, the upper parts of the shoots may freeze on young plants, so that in the spring the affected parts should be cut off. Currant is easily restored after these damages.
If you do not cut the bushes, they will grow more than 2 m in height, especially in the shade.
The most productive are the shoots of golden currant, not reached 5-6 years. It is necessary to begin to form a bush from the second year after planting. Weak branches are cut off at the root, the tops of strong branches are up to 3–5 buds. It promotes branching.
Branches older than 4–5 years old and an extra one-year increase are removed annually, leaving only the strongest shoots. Pruning is carried out before the buds swell or after leaf fall.
Weak basal branches should be regularly removed. If the bush ceases to form basal shoots, then it begins its active aging.
With intensive growth in the third year of life in May - June, it is desirable to pinch the tops of the root shoots. Then from these shoots will turn the branches, which will be able to give a harvest for the next year.
Golden currant is very easy to propagate on its own - with cuttings, cuttings and root shoots. Seed propagation is not recommended: seedlings thus obtained do not inherit the quality of the parent plants.
Cutting is a proven and reliable breeding method. You can use both green and lignified cuttings.
Lignified cuttings are more convenient - planting material can easily be taken from an adult currant bush. Cut them in late August - early September, using last year's healthy shoots. The length of the cuttings should be 25-30 cm.
Planting can be planted immediately after cutting - in the fall. If you plan to plant in the spring, you need:
- Dip the cuttings of the cuttings into the melted paraffin, wrap in damp paper or cloth, tie in a plastic bag and put in the winter under the snow.
- In the spring, paraffin-embedded part should be cut off at an angle of 45 ° and planted in greenhouses or open ground at an angle of 15–20 cm from each other. The cuttings should be recessed so that two buds remain above the surface.
- Landing is good to water and grind the soil. When planting in open ground cuttings cover with foil until the appearance of several leaves.
Cuttings should be planted in a greenhouse under an inclination and buried so that two buds remain above the surface.
Planting should be periodically ventilated, provide them with regular watering, soil loosening and fertilizing with a mullein solution. By the fall, bushes of 40–50 cm height are obtained, which can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Reproduction by green cuttings is as follows:
- Cuttings 8–10 cm long cut from the middle of the shoot so that they have 2 leaves.
- These segments put for 2 weeks in the water, with the result that should appear roots with a length of about 1 cm.
- Plant cuttings in bags filled with moist soil. Packages must have openings for drainage of excess water.
- The first 10 days of watering through the day, maintaining a creamy consistency of the soil. Then watering gradually stop.
- When the cuttings reach a length of 0.5 m, plant them on the garden bed.
This is a very simple and reliable method of reproduction.
- Choose a 2-year escape on a bush. It is desirable that he was inclined to the ground.
- Lay grooves with a depth of 10–12 cm near the bush, then bend in them the selected shoots and cover them with soil so that a 15–20 cm area remains on the surface. Layers securely attached to the soil with metal brackets or wooden "clothespins."
- During the summer, regularly water the bush and remove weeds.
- When by the fall the layering will acquire its own roots, separate it from the mother bush.
To propagate the currants with layering, you need to put the escape in the groove, attach the soil with brackets and sprinkle with earth, leaving 15–20 cm on the surface.
Since the currant constantly gives root shoots, this method of reproduction is quite convenient. It is necessary to choose a 1- or 2-year-old son, carefully dig up its root system and separate it with a sharp shovel from the mother bush. True, the golden currant root is located close to the main bush and the roots can be mixed up, which creates problems in the separation of the shoots.
The seedling obtained from the root offspring can be immediately planted to a permanent place.
Pest and disease protection
Golden currant is highly resistant to diseases and attacks of harmful insects. However, in humid conditions, some varieties may be affected by anthracnose, gray rot, and septoria. For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to prevent bush thickening by trimming, to regularly eliminate fallen leaves. In early spring, it is recommended to spray the plants with a solution of urea (0.6 kg per bucket of water). When diseases are detected, the planting should be treated with 1% Bordeaux fluid.
Of the pests mainly need to fear aphids affecting young shoots. It causes twisting of leaves, curvature of shoots and petioles, slower growth, deterioration in the quality of berries. They fight with aphids by spraying the bushes before flowering with Malathion's solution (1.5 liters per bush). The treatment is repeated after harvesting. You can use folk remedies - decoction of onion peels, garlic, tobacco.
Varieties of golden currant
Golden currant today has many species, different in ripeness, color and size of berries and other indicators. For varieties with the usual form of black fruits include, for example:
- Black sodding. Medium ripening. Differs in small size and compactness of the bush, which at the same time gives great yields (up to 8 kg). The sizes of berries are average - weighing up to 2 g, the flesh inside is golden, juicy and sweet to the taste.
- Isabel. Variety with small, slightly sprawling bushes. Ripens in mid-August. Bred in Novosibirsk. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness and grape flavor, berries with an average weight of 1.5–3 g. One shrub gives 5.3–8 kg of fruits.
- Fatima. Early variety with large (up to 3.6 g) round-oval berries. Productivity is very high - up to 8-9 kg per bush. The taste of the berries is very pleasant, sweet with weak sourness. They contain a large amount of vitamin C (64.3 mg per 100 g) and sugars - 12.6%.
There are varieties of golden currant with yellow or orange berries. These include, for example, currant Sunny. It grows in a measure of sprawling, medium-sized bushes. Harvests harvest by the end of July. Bright yellow spherical berries are collected in elegant brushes of 8-10 pieces. The mass of one berry is about 2 g, it tastes sour-sweet, with a pleasant aroma. The average yield of the variety is up to 4–4.5 kg from 1 bush.
The variety Otrada - late ripening, yields in August. Cherry-red berries reach a mass of 1.9 g. They taste sweet, with unobtrusive sourness. Plants are characterized by high frost, drought and heat resistance.
In order for plants to be pollinated properly and yield a large crop, it is useful to plant several bushes of at least two different varieties.
Here seeds currant golden, I would never have thought to propagate! Etozh such a weed, it overgrowth with the radical gives so much - I don’t want to take it, it reproduces perfectly with layering and seeds ... Why is it so idle about yourself growing seeds from seeds that can be propagated easily vegetatively!
I agree it is a weed, it grows in almost every yard, so it is not sold. If you ask the market for the currant sellers about the golden currant, then they make round eyes in surprise, as if I ask rose sellers about a wild rose. Пойдите в любой садоводческий кооператив (или как сейчас это называется) или в ближайший дачный сектор и просто поспрашивайте у людей, почти у всех есть где-нибудь на задворках или за забором, чтобы не засорять участок. Дадут вам бесплатно за то, что просто выкопаете. У нас он не ценится. На вкус ничего, но мне лично не нравится за длинные сухие хвосты на ягоде, которые не отрываются. И витаминов в ней намного меньше, чем у садовой. Листья запаха не имеют и чай ими не заваришь, лечебной не считается, как садовая.The plant is still our grandmothers. It blooms beautifully yellow when planting is massive, but not for long, less than a week, the rest of the time is just green, shaggy bushes that take up a lot of space. Well, of course, the taste and color - no friends ...
In our area, golden currant grows and bears fruit beautifully. Blooms profusely, the berries are medium, black.
In the fall of 2008, I specially went to the Kushnarenkovsky nursery and, among other things, bought 6 saplings of golden currant: 2 pieces of Venus, Lyasyan and Shafak. The plants bloomed in the spring of 2009 and 2010, but they failed to try a single berry, the fruit did not start. A mother-in-law in the area has been growing a single bush of Venus for many years - the harvest is about one bucket. In other cultures - two-three-year-old plants of honeysuckle, black currant - if there are flowers, then you can definitely try at least a few berries. And here is a complete zero. The plants themselves grow normally.
In the garden, 2 varieties, Venus and Shafak, took in our nursery, because they are bred there. The culture tolerates frost worse during flowering and after, when compared with black. Planting is better in a sunny area, but where there is more protection from the winds, otherwise a lot of ovaries are lost. Bushes grow powerfully, gorgeous flowering and fragrance in spring, yellow garlands. The winter frosts are excellent, the bushes have passed -40–45 and more than one winter, freezing can be at the crown, but not particularly noticeable. Culture loves the sun. If it rains during the ripening of the berries, sometimes there will be more acid cracks. In the hot and dry summer the taste is very good. Jam made, too, berries through a meat grinder, interesting and bright color. Well, in compote assorted. In the dry summer and wasps attack.
I have a golden currant growing for several years. Resistant to frost, drought and disease. Berry is very like his wife to taste, and therefore planted. The bush is a little tall and you have to tie it up so that the branches do not bend. A prerequisite - you need to plant only golden varieties of currants, and not wild-growing - the difference in taste and size of berries is significant. I do not process it with anything. The main thing is that it is resistant to powdery mildew, which destroys the entire crop on the gooseberry and black currant. Every year and blooms beautifully and fruits enough.
Golden currant has no such flavor as black, but can boast of other virtues. It is unpretentious, does not require special care, it is easy to survive droughts and frosts, it is well restored after damage. Many varieties can be grown in the Moscow region. For fresh use, the berries are rough, but you can make excellent compotes, wines and other culinary delights from them.
Nuances of sunny berries
The golden sister is different from her female relatives (red and black currants).
Golden currant grows very actively in the first year of its life, the next year its growth slightly stops, it begins to bear fruit in the third year of its dwelling in the garden.
- Currant golden longer pleases the harvest on its skeletal sprigs, in contrast to its black-eyed sister, who loses productivity as they mature. The apical bud of a currant of golden appearance is able to shoot up to 20 cm in length (it is vegetative).
Unlike other currants, the golden vegetative shoots are more active in growth - they can grow over 1.5 m in length.
Her buds are placed more evenly on the shoots, their greatest density is noted on the upper parts of the branches.
The flowers are also currant flowers of golden appearance. Just like black, the golden flowers may have a bell-shaped form, but sometimes the flowers take on a cup-like appearance.
The flowers themselves are much larger than those of the other currants, they are distinguished by a particularly persistent and long-playing, very rich aroma.
The fruits of the golden currant are better and stronger attached to the stalk, so the berries she has not crumble longer and keep well on the bushes.
The leaves are also currant golden species. In their external form, they look like gooseberry leaves, in summer they are green, and closer to the autumn they become variegated (covered with specks of red and yellow color).
- Currant golden prides itself on the highest drought tolerance. This quality has developed thanks to the powerful root system of shrubs of this species. The root of the golden beauty can go up to 2 m in depth.
Many modern varieties of golden currant are just as easily able to tolerate the most severe winters, the culture of these species is distinguished by high immune qualities and innate resistance to pests.
Try not to confuse
Very often, the golden beauty is confused with one original fruit shrub - yoshta. No wonder, because these plants have family ties, although they are quite distant.
♦ Why yoshta. Such an original name was given to artificially created hybrid species, obtained as a result of crossing gooseberry and black currant (by the way, many novice gardeners mistakenly refer to the hybrids and golden currant, but this is not so!).
- The first yoshta saw the light in Germany, it was there that an interesting culture was brought out. The plant got its name by merging German words (“yo” - the first letters of the word “currant” in German, and “shta” - the beginning of the word “gooseberry”).
Yoshta is really the most reminiscent of golden currant - she has such leaves, similar to gooseberry leaves, she is also unpretentious and hardy, not afraid of parasites and diseases.
Young seedlings are very easy to confuse!
But, however, it is still possible to distinguish them in adulthood:
- Yoshta blooms are not as elegant as those of golden currant varieties.
- Yoshta flowers are almost devoid of flavor and completely unremarkable in appearance.
- The branches of the yoshta are more chaotic, its bush does not have good decorative qualities.
Do not confuse when buying saplings of golden currant with yoshtoy! Be sure to check with the seller that you purchase.
Tricks of agrotechnology
It is best to plant golden currant in the fall or in the very early spring (but with the condition that sudden frosts do not occur).
The growing season at the culture lasts from April to September.
- Ideally, the planting of golden currant varieties should be made before sap flow or after its completion.
Golden currant saplings that go for sale from nurseries in pots (they have a closed root system) can be planted at any convenient time (spring-autumn).
Buy young plants with developed shoots (there should be at least 3-4 of them) and a strong root system.
♦ Where to plant. Choose a place for a beautiful woman with good lighting (but small penumbra will not hurt her). The shrub can perfectly root on the slopes or on the plain.
Growing currants is quite easy - because the soil golden treasure does not impose special conditions. It grows quietly in poor, scanty lands.
♦ We plant. Before planting, prepare pits 50 x 60 cm. They must be filled with rotted manure or compost, they should be mixed with a glass of superphosphate or ash.
Young (2-3-year-old) seedlings are planted according to the scheme 2.4 x 1 m. At the same time, the root neck of the shrub should be deepened by 6-7 cm.
This will speed up the appearance of adventitious roots and stimulate the growth of shoots.
♦ Take care. For currant golden care is quite simple. Every year, dig up the soil between the rows, fertilize it in time (fertilize it, like currants of other species), cut the twigs and, if necessary, water it.
- Pruning is subjected to such branches, which contribute to the thickening of the shrub and do not allow the sun to penetrate into the middle of the plant. Also remove diseased and withered shoots older than 3 years. A currant of golden varieties on older branches forms fewer berries.
If the young currant has grown too much, it must be thinned out (cut out all the unwanted young shoots).
The crop should be cut off either in spring (before bud swelling) or in autumn (after the end of leaf fall).
Water culture is often not necessary (in some cases it will be enough rain). After all, golden currant is drought resistant.
Water it only in the case of too dry a period, also during the ripening of berries.
Here is such a wonderful berry - golden currant! Let me remind you of why she is so good and why you should definitely have her in your garden:
- Incredibly spectacular and beautiful, able to decorate the garden.
- Practically not sick and is not damaged by pests.
- Grows on any soil, except for strongly clay and wet.
- It has very fragrant flowers and is an excellent honey plant.
- Cold resistant, drought resistant, unpretentious.
- Can be used as a hedge.
- Very high-yielding, and from summer to frost, when other berries no longer bear fruit.
- The berries are strong and sweeter than other currants.
See you soon, dear readers!
Also on this topic you can read:
The white currant has received much smaller distribution, than black and red. However, it is favorably distinguished by a number of useful properties, thanks to which it has firmly established itself on the land plots of many gardeners and gardeners. White currant berries contain a lot of potassium and iron, and a high content of pectic substances helps cleanse the blood.
Mid-season white currant variety, samoplodny. High-yielding. Winter hardiness is very high, resistant to bad weather conditions, rarely affected by disease. Bush srednerosly, slightly sprawling, very thick. The leaf is not very large, dense, green. Brushes long, thin. The berries are small, up to 0.8 grams, round, one-dimensional, white. The taste is sweet-sour.
Early ripe grade of white currant, self-fertility low. He feels great in central Russia and Moscow region. Resistant to most diseases, rarely affected by powdery mildew. Bush compact, branches of medium length. The leaves are concave, with a grayish-blue tint. The berries are round, medium size. The gap is dry. Taste is table, suitable for all types of processing.
Sredneranny grade of white currant, self-pollinated. Productivity is high. It easily tolerates wintering, is rarely affected by frost, during drought it needs additional watering. Not affected by powdery mildew. The plant bush is average, does not need to be tied up. The berries are small, round, white and yellow, transparent, with a dry margin. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant.
Mid-season white currant variety, samoplodny. With proper care gives a good harvest. Winter hardiness is high. Not bad tolerates spring frosts. It has moderate immunity to diseases. The bush is slightly sprawling, the branches are thick, of medium length. Berries of various sizes, medium-sized, slightly oval-shaped, yellow-white. The taste is excellent, suitable for prolonged freezing.
Mid-season white currant variety, self-fertility low. Yield is average. Not afraid of long and cold winters, not affected by frost. Good tolerates heat and drought. Resistance to diseases is average. Bush srednerosly, compact. The berries are one-dimensional, weighing about 1 gram, round, white in color with a slight yellowness, transparent. The gap is dry. Taste is sweet, dessert.
Mid-season white currant variety, self-fertility average. Low yields are more than compensated for by unusually high stamina and survival, for which they gained popularity in regions with a poor climate and short cold summers. Practically not affected by disease. The bush is compact, undersized. The berries are not very large, with a small yellowness. The taste is excellent, sweet and sour.
Mid-season white currant, self-pollinating. Productivity is high. Differs in high frost resistance, well tolerates heat and drought. Weakly susceptible to flour dew and other diseases. The bush is slightly sprawling, with thick branches of medium length. Brushes are thin, long. Variegated berries, weighing from 0.5 to 2 grams. The shape of the fruit is round, white color, with yolk. Opening dry. The taste is sweet and sour, no aroma.
Sredneranny grade of white currant, self-fertility low. The variety is designed for cultivation in a temperate climate, it does not tolerate cold winters and strong frosts. Needs treatment from anthracnose. The plant bush is very compact, tall. The leaves are small, green. Berries weighing about 0.8 grams, spherical shape, cream color. The skin is very thin, the separation is wet. Tastes are very high, suitable for processing.
Mid-season white currant, self-pollinating. Productivity is high. Well tolerated wintering, not affected by frost. It has a good resistance to heat and drought. Often affected by anthracnose, which requires additional care. Sprawling shrubs, tall, sometimes in need of tying. Brushes are long, often paired. The berries are round, large, white-cream color. The taste is sweet-sour, delicate, suitable for raw consumption.
Mid-season white currant variety, samoplodny. One of the oldest varieties, widely distributed throughout the CIS. Easily tolerates frosts, heat and drought, it can freeze slightly in cold winters. Sometimes it is affected by fungal diseases. The bush is tall and sprawling. It is a record holder in yield and large-fruited. The berries are large, rounded, light cream, transparent. The taste is sweet and sour, refreshing. Suitable for all types of processing.
Mid-season white currant variety, self-fertility low. Productivity is high. The variety tolerates cold winters and strong frosts. Needs periodic treatment of powdery mildew and anthracnose. The bush is tall but compact. The berries are large enough, round shape, delicate white and pink color. The skin is thin, opening wet. The taste of berries is sweet with a slight sourness.
Early variety of white currant, self-fruited. Yield is average. Not bad tolerates cold and freezing, resistant to adverse weather conditions. However, it feels better in temperate climates. Resistance is average. The bush is low, medium sprawling. The berries are medium-large, elliptical, creamy, very juicy. Wet tear. The taste is sweet and sour.
White currant variety of early ripening, self-pollinating. Productivity is high. With one adult bush you can get up to 6 kg of berries. Well tolerated frosts and adverse weather conditions. The variety is resistant to various diseases. The bush is low, compact. The berries are large, round-shaped, transparent, with a delicate yellow-pink shade. The taste is sweet and sour.
to content ↑ Cream
Sredneranny grade of white currant, self-fruited. Productivity is high. Frost and winter transfers bad. Rarely affected by diseases. Bush compact, medium height, thick. Fruit brushes are long, dense. The berries are large, round shape, delicate cream color. The skin of the berries is very thin, the separation is wet. The taste is sweet and sour, with a delicate aroma.
to content ↑ Minusinsk
Sredneranny grade of white currant, self-fruited. Yield is average. With one adult bush you can get no more than 4 kg of berries. It tolerates frost and drought. Recommended for cultivation in Eastern Siberia. Fruits well in the suburbs. Resistant to powdery mildew and anthracnose. Bush compact, low. The berries are large, with a yellowish tinge. The skin is thin, the separation is wet. The taste is sweet and sour.
to content ↑ Primus
Mid-season white currant variety, self-fertility low. Productivity is high. With one bush you can get up to 10 kg of berries. It tolerates frosts and cold winters. Resistant to adverse weather conditions. Resistant to most diseases. The bush is low, medium sprawling. The berries are large, round shape, beige color with a yellowish tinge. The taste is sweet and sour.
to content ↑ Jumping
Variety of white currant medium ripening. Productivity is high. It tolerates harsh winter and bad weather conditions. Resistant to diseases. The bush is tall, powerful. Sprawling branches, under the weight of the fruit, bend and fall to the ground, need support or tying. The berries are large, round shape, light pink color. The taste is sweet and sour.
to content ↑ Smolyaninovskaya white
Sredneranny grade of white currant. Productivity is high. Resistant to cold and frost. It tolerates adverse weather conditions. Not susceptible to fungal infections. Bush srednerosly, thick, medium sprawling. The berries are large, round shape, almost transparent. The skin is thin, the separation is wet. The taste is sweet and sour.
to content ↑ Uralsk white
Early ripe variety of white currant, self-pollinating. Yield is average. High winter hardiness and drought resistance. Resists infection with powdery mildew and anthracnose. The bush is of medium height, mid-range. Berries of medium size, spherical shape, white translucent color. Have a delicate aroma. The taste is sweet.
to content ↑ Uterborg
Среднеспелый сорт белой смородины, самоопыляемость средняя. Сорт подходит для выращивания в умеренном климате, обладает слабой морозоустойчивостью, поражается заморозками. Неплохо переносит жару и засуху. Резистентность к антракнозу слабая. Куст слабораскидистый, низкорослый, густой. Ягоды средней величины, круглые, с нежно-кремовым оттенком. Отрыв сухой. Вкус нежный, кисло-сладкий.
What it is?
Its name Ribes aureum received due to the shade of flowers - golden yellow. Culture description says that golden currant belongs to the gooseberry family. Initially, in the XVIII century, this species was considered decorative.
Many believe that this is not an independent species, but a hybrid obtained by crossing a currant with a gooseberry. However, this opinion is wrong. Golden currant is a separate crop with a large number of varieties. The hybrid of black currant with gooseberry is called “Yoshta”, it was bred in the 1970s. The branches of “Yoshta” do not have thorns, and the taste of the berries resembles both parental forms at the same time. The size of the fruit is equal to the average cherry.
If we talk about the golden currant, then depending on which variety is grown, the berries have a different color - from tangerine to glossy black. Its flowers have a strong and pleasant aroma, and are also good honey plants. Golden currant blooms after black and continues to bloom for quite a long time - about two to three weeks. Due to such a long flowering period, a large number of pollinated ovaries are formed, and a small number of flowers suffer from frosts. Because of this property, golden currant is an extraordinarily productive crop, with proper care you can get about 6 liters of berries from one bush. But the leaves of this plant are very reminiscent of gooseberry leaves.
Golden currant berries, in contrast to its black "sister", are allowed to use for people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as they have low acidity. In addition, by boiling jam from the fruit, you can surprise your guests, because it tastes like blueberry, and has a currant flavor. Eating this culture is possible both in raw and processed form - jam, jam, jelly, jam from it turns out just wonderful.
In berries of golden currant mass of useful properties. For example, they are the absolute leader in the content of vitamin A, it is more in them than in any other berry, even in blueberries. But acids and vitamin C are negligible, so the fruits of the golden currant can eat everything. In addition, the berries contain vitamins E, B and P, pectin, a certain amount of glucose and tannins.
Golden currant can be grown as a fruit-bearing shrub, and maybe as an ornamental decoration of the garden, as it is very attractive throughout the warm period of the year. It does not react to air pollution and helps to clean it, therefore, it is often used for landscaping industrial cities.
Golden currant is completely unpretentious: in winter it does not freeze, calmly endures both shade and drought, grows both in the southern regions and in practically northern (Karelia, for example), is immune to pests. So, if black currant spreads powdery mildew spores (and therefore it was forbidden to grow in the US), then golden does not suffer from this disease.
By choosing a variety of golden currants that will grow in your garden, There are a number of factors to consider.
- Will it take root in your climate zone? There are varieties specially adapted for different regions: some tolerate intense heat and a long drought, others grow well in a temperate continental climate.
- Harvest, which you expect to receive. In general, you should know that almost all varieties of golden currant are high-yielding, give from 4 to 8 kg of berries from one bush, so you should be prepared for the fact that you will need to process a large number of fruits.
- Do you want to decorate the garden or grow a fruit shrub. The appearance of ornamental shrubs differs significantly from the harvest.