Good afternoon, dear readers!
If you wish to decorate your site with bright and unusually beautiful flowers, salvia is best suited. This flower is grown in flower beds, rabatkah, in pots and vases.
The plant is divided into three types: annual, biennial and perennial. For its cultivation, it is necessary to make some efforts and already in June this beautiful plant will delight with flowers that will bloom until the autumn frosts.
The origin, history of salvia
Salvia (in Latin - sage) belongs to the family of Cluster (Goublossaire). The literal translation of the name “salvus” is to be healthy. Since ancient times, it is known as the “sacred grass” and is valued for its healing properties. This flower was used for medicinal purposes in ancient Egypt. Homeland plants is America and Eurasia. The decorative forms of this flower with common ancestors with sage are named Salvia.
- In Europe and today sage is called salvia. In the wild and cultivated form of this plant is found in almost all countries and continents, except Australia.
- The American group Salvia is annual and is grown in a warm climate.
- The Mediterranean group of these plants is more winter-hardy and has a huge variety of varieties.
The third group of this flower includes cold-resistant varieties, which are most often found in the temperate climate zone of Europe. They grow even in shady places and require a bit of cover during the winter. Abundant flowering in varieties of this group begins in the second year of life.
Description of the flower with a photo
Plant height reaches 25-80 centimeters, and when growing a perennial plant reaches 120 centimeters and forms a half-bush or a bush. In temperate and cool climates, plants grow one or two years. There are varieties of red, white, purple, pink and purple hues.
The leaves are chiselled or solid, on the cuttings are located opposite, the top of the plate is dark green, the bottom is whitish. Flowers are small, are formed at the end of the pedicel in complex panicles or whorled spike-shaped inflorescences, the length of the inflorescences ranges from 14 to 25 centimeters.
The fruit forms 4 nuts. Seeds ripen one month after the start of flowering. Seeds are collected from a flower, after it has been dropped in a month and a half. Germination of planting material lasts for 5 years.
When growing two-year varieties, the seeds are sown in the fall and hiding for the winter to spring.
Many gardeners take care of getting seedlings of annual salvia even in winter and start sowing seeds at home.
Salvia photos on the flowerbed - it will decorate with itself any flower garden
This flower allows you to decorate any flower bed and blooms throughout the warm months, until the first frost. The plant does not lose shape, does not grow and allows you to create the perfect composition. Salvia has a diverse coloring and allows you to create various combinations of different varieties of this plant and when combined with other plants.
Salvia varieties have different height of the bushes and allow you to create multi-level flowerbeds with multi-colored panicles of flowers.
When to sow on seedlings
Salvia blooms the fourth month after sowing. The best time for sowing this annual culture is february, early march. When growing two-year-old salvia, seeds are sown in the fall, before the first frost.
Perennial plant species is grown from seedlings and in the first year of life has no particular differences in the care.
Salvia seeds can be purchased in a specialty store or collected from plants with his own hands.
Before sowing, planting material must be treated with a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate. Then the seeds are washed under running water and laid out on a paper or cloth napkin until dry. For convenience, store seeds can be formed into pellets and do not require pretreatment.
Nutrient shell protects the seeds from damage and during planting simplifies this process. But when using pellets, we must not forget that in this case the planting should take place a little earlier, since the germination of seeds occurs with a slight delay.
Light, airy and moisture permeable, nutritious soil is suitable for growing salvia. You can purchase ready-mix soil in a specialty store or make it at home. The land is prepared a week before sowing.
Soil mixture is composed of:
- sod land (2 parts)
- coarse sand (1 part)
- peat (2 parts)
If necessary, lime is added to the soil. The mixture is mixed and sieved through a small and large sieve.
The bottom of the box is filled with 1 cm of drainage from expanded clay, broken brick or vermiculite. From above to half a large soil mixture is poured, from above there is a smaller screening.
- For disinfection, the soil is spilled with a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
- The box for seedlings is established in the pallet. The soil is leveled. To the top of the box must be at least 2 centimeters.
- Seeds are mixed with calcined sand. The distance between the rows should be 3-5 centimeters.
- If the seeds are in granules, they need to be distributed with tweezers over the area according to the scheme 3 to 3 centimeters.
- Seeds in granules are buried 0.2 cm in the ground.
- For a better fit of the seeds to the ground, the top is sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
- To preserve moisture, the box is covered with a transparent film.
Salvia shoots appear after one and a half - two weeks.
When planting seeds in granules two to three weeks. The land should not dry out.
Watering is done through a pallet or with a spray. Through the drainage holes moisture enters the plants and saturates the soil with moisture. Excess water is drained.
Excessive moisture damages the plants and causes the roots to rot. If this happens, the film is removed from the box, and the earth is covered with sand or ash.
So that the sprouts do not stretch out the seedlings are put in a bright place. Equipped with additional lighting fluorescent lamp.
Night temperature should not exceed 20 degrees, daytime - 25 degrees. As the seedlings grow around the sprouts, earth is poured. In this case, avoid falling sprouts. When watering moisture should not touch the foliage.
Reduced temperature and additional lighting allow you to grow strong and healthy plants. To harden the seedlings, the film is removed for 10 minutes, then at 15 and until the cover is completely removed.
Immediately remove the shelter can not.
When 2-4 of these leaves appear, salvia picks up. The land should be nutritious and loose, you can use the same soil as for sowing.
Seedlings are deepened by cotyledon leaves. The first pick can be made in the general capacity with a gap between plants of 5 centimeters. After landing on the first couple of days, the plants are covered with a film. A month later, planting is done in separate pots or cups with a diameter of 10-12 centimeters.
Seedlings can be transplanted without intermediate transplantation, immediately in separate cups, but you need to take into account the volume, as with the growth of plants, the root system will grow and it can become cramped.
Two weeks after transplanting, the plants will actively grow. If the seedlings are stunted, three weeks after the picking, fertilizing is done with a weak solution of mineral fertilizers for flowers.
Airing is performed for additional hardening. Airing starts from 2 minutes and eventually stretches to 20 minutes.
In late April, before transplanting plants into the ground, the temperature at night drops to 10 degrees.
Plant Salvia its features
The height of a plant can sometimes be more than 90 centimeters, and when growing a perennial plant it can reach up to 120 centimeters and form at the same time either a bush or half-crost. In moderate and cool climate zone, Salvia grows one or two years. Today there are both red, white, pink, and plants of violet shades.
The leaves of the plant are mainly pinnately cut, although you can also find plants with whole leaves. Salvias are characterized by small flowers that form at the end of a pedicel in inflorescences that look like a spike or whisk. The length of the inflorescence reaches 25 centimeters. The fruit is able to form up to 4 nuts. Seeds, plants ripen one month after the start of flowering. It is possible to collect seeds with color no earlier than one month after its abscission. Germination of such seeds reaches five years of age. If there is a cultivation of two-year-old varieties, seeds should be planted only in the fall and must be covered for the winter.
Salvia is a flower that can decorate not only a flower bed, but any other area, as it blooms throughout the summer, until the first frost. Salvia has a variety of colors that allows you to create multi-level flowerbeds. The level of air pollution in no way case does not affect the plantthat allows you to grow it even in megalopolises in large flowerbeds.
Variety of Salvia
Based on the characteristics of agrotechnicians, this plant is divided into three large groups.
The first group is considered to be plants that grow in the subtropics of America; in our climate, they can be grown only as annuals. Species of this type prefer wet soil at all do not tolerate any frost.
This group includes the following varieties of Salvia:
- Salvia sparkling or, in other words, brilliant - this plant variety can grow more than 80 centimeters, has opposite leaves, which are dark green above. The flowers have a double-type perianth rather large, several are collected in the inflorescence. Calyx and corolla always have a bright red color. Brilliant Salvia blooms from June to the onset of severe frosts. Pink Salvia has a slightly shortened inflorescence, and the rim and calyx are painted the same color - pink. Salvia, brilliant quite often, is used to create multi-level flower beds.
- Bright Red Salvia - The height of this variety reaches 70 centimeters. It has straight stems, which are densely lowered, finely stalked leaves at the edges, naked above. This species mainly blooms to the most frost.
- Mealy type salvia - The plant is long-lasting and not at all capricious to the conditions of cultivation. Inflorescence, located on high peduncles, which can reach a length of about 25 centimeters and consist of more than 20 flowers. This species blooms from August to late autumn.
The second group includes plants that are of Mediterranean origin. They are more resistant to temperature extremes and drought resistance. This type of Salvia prefers loose soils and mineral supplements.
When do you need to sow Salvia on seedlings?
The plant that will be planted out of seeds is able to bloom in the fourth month of life, which is why annual crops are grown mainly in this way.
Nowadays, seeds for planting can be both bought and collected independently.
Self-assembly It is best done when the seeds are fully ripe; this happens no earlier than 50 days after the flower has completely subsided.
Before you start sowing seeds, it is necessary to prepare the soil. For this, it is necessary to pretreat the land with a special compound that will enhance the biological processes in the earth. The soil for planting should be soft and nutritious. Box with ready mix for landingt install in a special pallet, align as much as possible and only then start sowing seeds. To maximally press the seed to the ground, it is necessary to wet the ground with a special sprayer. Shoots appear after 10 - 12 days. During this period, it is important to ensure that the soil does not dry out. Watering is carried out only through the pan. In addition, it is important to prevent wetting of the leaf plate.
Salvia seedling care
As mentioned above, watering should be carried out only through the pan, using a special spray gun. Through the existing drainage holes, moisture is able to reach the plant and saturate its soil. Excess moisture adversely affects the development of the plant, as it leads to root decay. In order not to sprout shoots and were strong, seedlings expose to light. Nighttime temperature should not exceed 21 degrees, and daytime temperatures should not exceed 25 degrees.
When there are 2 or more of these sheets, it is necessary to pick the plant. For this it is worth using only nutritious and loose earth. Deepen the seedlings need seedbed. A month later, as the first shoots of Salvia made themselves felt, they dive into separate cups, the diameter of which is not less than 12 centimeters. If the plant two weeks after the picking is weak and lags significantly in growth, it may be necessary to apply mineral fertilizer. Landing spend no earlier than the end of April.
Landing in open ground
Basically, the landing is carried out after the completion of spring frosts. For disembarking, it is necessary to choose the most fertile and loose earth. If the mail is heavy in advance should be fertilized with humus. The landing site must be as protected from the wind as possible.
To achieve abundant flowering, you can make potash - phosphate fertilizers. The planting of perennial plants is carried out on a large interval from each other. Watering produce only warm water. For two or three days, after planting, the plants are covered from direct sunlight.
Care in the summer
The main purpose of this care is to properly and timely watering, loosening between the rows and weeding. In addition, in the summertime they carry out the application of various mineral fertilizers, allowing to increase the number of flowers. Watering is done only when the soil dries and only in the evening. Plant undemanding to high humidity. Top dressing for Salvia is best when the plant is in a state of budding. The essence of plant care in the summer consists of a small number of points:
- timely watering,
- interrow loosening
- grass cleaning and a small plant nutrition.
Watering plants should be carried out only in the case when the soil begins to dry.
A beautiful plant is a perennial plant, but in our climatic conditions it is grown, as a rule, as an annual and a biennial. Salvias are obtained by planting seeds, and this can be done through the cultivation of seedlings and subsequent picks, or immediately plant the seeds at the intended location of the plants. Brilliant and sparkling species of Salvia will develop well and please the owners with lush flowering only in the case of reproduction of seedlings.
Perennial plants are grown in two ways: the first - the same seeds, the second - cuttings. Ready-made seeds can be used for growing salvia; in recent years, so-called granules have appeared on the market, where each seed has a shell of nutrients. Under such conditions, a seed covered with a shell grows longer, but at the same time it is stronger, more stable, and later catches up and overtakes its “simple” relatives in height, and in size and abundance of flowers.
Regardless of whether it is used for planting shiny salvia seeds or pellets with seeds, it is important to ensure good soil and choose the right place for growing seedlings. The soil should be sufficiently loose, well hydrated. The temperature in the room should not fall below + 25 ° C, the depth of planting seeds - 3-5 millimeters.
The soil must be kept slightly moist all the time. There are several ways to do this:
- cover the boxes with seeds with plain paper,
- irrigate with a spray bottle,
- pour water into the pan, maintaining the required level of humidity.
For the emergence of seedlings takes at least two weeks (subject to all growing conditions), and when planting pellets - at least a month. In the literature, you can find the planting dates and the timing of the appearance of flowers. If the plant is planted in mid-February, then the middle of the first month of summer can be decorated with flowering salvia.
The difficulty is that at this time it is quite difficult to provide the shoots with the necessary conditions - light, heat. Therefore, most flower growers are not in a hurry, planting closer to the end of February, or even in early March. The flowering of plants in this case will begin later, but more likely to get a good flowering area.
The task of growing seedlings is to provide the correct temperature and humidity conditions and fertilizing for the development of a strong root system. This further allows the plant to tolerate well any weather conditions of medium latitude.
Pickup Salvia shiny
Flower growers recommend conducting the picking process twice. Первый раз пересадку следует осуществить при появлении двух-трех настоящих листиков.To do this, the plants are transplanted into other containers, the distance between the salvia should be at least 5 centimeters. This will allow the root system of each plant to grow freely, obtaining the necessary trace elements and nutrients from the soil.
The second picking can be carried out three weeks after the first one, while the grown-up Salvia plants can be planted in separate pots, the diameter of which will be at least 10 centimeters. After the development of the third and fourth true leaf, the tip of each salvia is pinched, then the plant will bush, and not reach up.
In addition, it is recommended to start hardening multicolored beauties in April, for this they are taken to a cooler place for the night, however, the air temperature should not be below + 10 ° C.
Sometimes the threshold of waiting for seedlings exceeds all permissible periods, the reasons for this can be many. The main one is that the swollen seeds were not planted on time in time, as a result of which they dried out. Recommendations: do not wait for a happy event, but it is better to plant the seeds again to get seedlings. It is possible to wait for shoots, but rare, unfriendly, weak, respectively, and beauty in a flowerbed with such plants should not be expected.
Another problem is that the “helmets” remain on the shoots, the so-called seed skin. This may occur due to insufficient sowing depth, or violation of the temperature regime of cultivation (below the norm). It is necessary to carefully help the seedlings, for this purpose, first moisten the seedlings well with a spray bottle, and then carefully remove the “helmet” from each plant using a toothpick.
Plants will be happy to feed, for which you can use different fertilizer formulations designed for seedlings and containing a full range of trace elements and necessary substances. Careful attention to the process of sowing seeds, picking and feeding will provide the owners with a “good harvest”, the brilliant salvia will please the owners of the dacha plots and backyard flower beds with a lush, colorful carpet until late autumn!
Planting in open ground
Landing is done after the end of spring frosts (May - early June). For the landing of salvia in open ground, a suitable place is chosen for the flower bed, rabatki.
The land should be fertile, moisture-consuming, loose, light, well clarified. Heavy soil is fertilized with humus. The place must be protected from the wind. For abundant flowering, instant phosphate-potassium fertilizers are introduced into the soil.
Depending on the growth of plants and the tendency to branching the variety, hole distribution is performed. The approximate distance is 20-30 centimeters. Perennial plants are planted with a large gap.
In the pit for planting added 100 grams of ash, 1 kg of rotted humus, 30 grams of superphosphate. Bush gently waddled into the ground and slightly buried.
Pests and diseases
Fungal diseases do not harm salvia. The main problem for the plant is insects. Whiteflies, aphids, thrips, spiderwebs, slugs and snails harm the ornamental appearance of plants and can lead to their death.
Whitefly at close planting with vegetables move to the flowers. These little white butterflies strike the leaves and form white bloom on them, sap from the plants. This insect very quickly covers a large area of plants. In the absence of chemical or biological protection lead to the death of flowers.
When appearing aphids, you need to immediately carry out protective measures, this insect multiplies very quickly and in a short time can destroy a large area of landings of salvia.
Thrips almost impossible to see, since they are very small. When this insect appears, the leaves curl and dry. Insecticides are used to fight thrips.
With Salvia spider mite, diseased plants are removed and burned.
Slugs and snails they eat the tender leaves of salvia and use special traps to combat them. Slate and bark under the plants help get rid of these pests. With a small defeat slugs and snails can be removed by hand.
What to do after flowering
One-year and two-year-old salvia do not require special care after flowering. Some varieties after pruning flowers may bloom again. Making the feeding allows you to quickly form new flower stalks.
After flowering, it is necessary to remove all the flowers, and before wintering and at the beginning of the growing season, the haircut is done. Lignified shoots are removed, it remains a few centimeters with young greens and buds.
After the autumn pruning, the area is mulched with compost, foliage, and dry, fine grass. Young perennial salvia is covered with dry foliage, spruce branches.
With cold winters, rhizome can be dug out and put in a box, placed in a cellar until spring.
Useful properties of salvia (sage)
Salvia (sage) is considered a home doctor in the garden.
It contains female natural phytohormones, tinctures from this plant are used for frigidity and allow you to rejuvenate the body.
- Dry leaves of salvia are used in the fight against diseases such as gastritis, sore throat, flux, bronchitis, inflammation of the gums, kidney disease.
- Tincture of the leaves relieves inflammation of the bronchi.
- Tea is used for gargling with sore throat, flux and inflammations of the gums.
- Sage helps with diseases of the digestive tract and in the fight against fungal infections.
- Tincture of the plant helps to stop bleeding, relieve toothache, has astringent properties.
- When using salvia broth when added to a bath, it is possible to ease the course of psoriasis.
- When bathing babies, salvia allows you to soothe the skin.
- An infusion of leaves normalizes brain function.
Leaves should be harvested in the spring before flowering or in autumn. Some varieties have a very pleasant aroma and when using this plant for medicinal purposes, one should not forget about the dosages.
In addition to the benefits of this plant can cause harm, for example, when used by pregnant women. Overdose threatens poisoning. Some varieties have hallucinogenic effects.
In case of allergic reactions it is better to avoid using this plant, as it can cause swelling and choking. Epileptics and children up to 3 years old should not be allowed to use salvia.
With the observance of small precautions and dosages, you can improve your health and strengthen the body without using chemicals.
Not all varieties of salvia act in the same positive way and one should not forget about this when choosing a plant for medicinal purposes.
The decorative look of salvia does not differ in strong healing properties and allows only to enjoy their beautiful flowers.
Salvia: features and species
Salvia is a decorative form of sage, a famous medicinal and spicy plant of the family of yasnotkovyh. This culture is very thermophilic, prefers to grow in well-lit areas, and in tropical latitudes is a perennial. In our country, salvia is grown as an annual, less often as a biennial plant. Only some varieties are able to spend the winter in the garden, and even then, subject to a snowy winter. If there is little snow, the roots freeze over and the flower dies.
The plant is a compact shrub with tetrahedral stems and oblong bright green leaves. The inflorescences consist of many small flowers, gathered in a panicle at the ends of the stems. The height of the bush varies from 25-120 cm, depending on the variety. The traditional color of flowers is considered bright red, although there are varieties with yellowish, cream, burgundy flowers. Wild species of salvia (more commonly referred to as sage) have a wider palette - from white to purple.
Flowerbed "Flower bonfire" using salvia flowers
The most common types of salvia
There is another type of salvia - divinorum, but it is forbidden to grow it even for decorative purposes, since the leaves of the plant contain hallucinogenic substances.
All varieties of sage have similar growing conditions, only some varieties are more demanding on soils than others.
Perennial salvia is propagated by seeds and vegetatively, using cuttings or dividing the bush. But annuals and biennials can be grown only from seeds, and both seedling method, and direct sowing in the ground.
In open ground, seeds should be sown before winter or early spring, since the vegetation period of the plant is quite long. Under unfavorable conditions, seed germination is delayed, and sprouts that have passed through will die from frost, therefore this method is practically not used by experienced growers.
The best option - growing salvia through seedlings.
As a rule, it takes 3-4 months from sprouting to flowering, and in order to admire the flowers at the beginning of summer, it is necessary to sow the seeds already in February, the latest term is mid-March. Later sowing is only suitable for hybrid species that are distinguished by early flowering. When choosing hybrids, please note that their seeds are not suitable as planting material, and the next season you will have to buy again in the store.
Salvia grows best on fertile light soils with a pH of 6.0-6.5. On clay soil and poor organic soil, plants branch out worse, form scanty flower stalks, lose their bright color. For seedlings, you can buy ready-made soil mixture or make it yourself by mixing garden soil, peat and washed sand in equal proportions.
Fertile soil needs to be mixed with peat and sand.
Such a substrate must be heated in the oven to destroy harmful spores and weed seeds.
Sparging of seeds with oxygen or air
Salvia has very small seeds, and many agribusinesses supply them for sale in granular form. It is more convenient to sow such seeds; in addition, the composition of the granules contains various substances that are useful for germs, but the shell slows down germination. This should be taken into account when calculating the time of sowing, especially if the seedlings are grown for sale.
The seedling box has many drainage holes.
Step 1. A layer of expanded clay or small pebbles for drainage is poured into the landing tank, and the prepared substrate is on top. It is not necessary to fill the box to the top, there should be a side of about 2 cm.
The photo shows the expanded clay layer and the process of filling the substrate in a container for seedlings
Step 2. The earth is abundantly moistened and scattered over the surface of the seeds. Many mix them with coarse sand - this is more uniform. After that, the seeds are gently pressed into the ground by hand, then sprinkled with earth by 2-3 mm.
Sand Mixed Seeds
It is convenient to sow the seeds, spreading them with a toothpick in the grooves
Example of sowing seeds with a small amount of soil
Step 3. Moisten crops with a spray bottle, cover the box with glass or film and put in a warm place away from the sun's rays. Until the first shoots appear, a constant temperature of +20 .. + 25 degrees is maintained. Depending on the variety, seedlings begin to appear 15-30 days after sowing.
Cover the container with a lid or glass
Origin and cultivation
Red and shiny salvia is a relative of sage and belongs to the family of Lambskin. The name of this culture is translated as "to be healthy". Sage has been famous for its beneficial properties for many centuries. Even the ancient Egyptians used it to treat a variety of diseases. Salvia is one of the decorative varieties of sage, although in many European countries these plants are identified.
Since people learned about this flower, they began to actively develop new varieties. Salvia most often grows in Europe and America. Considered genus includes about 900 varieties of plants. Among them are quite interesting varieties, for example, hallucinogenic salvia.
Salvia today is increasingly used for decoration of gardens and streets. This is due to the following reasons:
- Salvia is characterized by prolonged flowering (until frost).
- This culture is actively growing, so landscape compositions made with its use will always remain very attractive.
- The plant tolerates gas pollution and air pollution, and it does not affect its decorative properties.
- The variety of colors of different varieties allows you to create very original compositions.
Growing salvia in room conditions has been practiced for a long time. This perennial has not only beautiful flowers, but also a very rich and varied color palette. But in order for the culture to please the eye, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for it.
Sow Salvia seeds better in late winter or early spring. In this case, the culture will bloom in about 4−5 months. Seed material can be harvested by hand or purchased at a specialty store. For self-collection, you need to wait for the inflorescences to fall off and wither, and after 45–50 days you can collect the ready-made seeds. It is noteworthy that they remain viable for 5 years.
When mass shoots appear, the capacity needs to be rearranged to a bright place, for example, a window sill. Since the daylight hours for seedlings should last at least 12 hours, and in February, the days are still too short, for the seedlings they will organize the highlight in the morning and evening hours. This condition is obligatory, since when there is a lack of light, the shoots are quickly drawn out and weaken, and it is impossible to obtain strong plants from them.
Rassad must have enough light
Moisturizing should be regular, but moderate. The glass is removed only for a few minutes a day for ventilation, in order to create a seedling environment with optimum humidity. For irrigation using a spray or pour water into the pan, from where it will gradually be absorbed into the substrate. When there is an overabundance of water, the bases of the sprouts rot and turn black, so every day carefully examine the plants.
Do not pereuvlazhnyat soil
Tip! If the plants began to rot, you need to remove the shelter from the box and sprinkle the surface with sifted wood ash.
To seedlings quickly got accustomed in the open field, its root system must be well developed and strong. Double-picking helps to achieve this. When seedlings form 2 true leaves, they dive for the first time, replanting into a larger container. Between plants leave a distance of 4-5 cm. Deeper stems should be up to cotyledon leaves.
The second pick should be performed about three weeks after the first. At this time, the seedlings are distributed into individual cups or pots with a diameter of up to 10 cm. After the development of the fourth leaf, the growth point is pinched - this stimulates the development of lateral shoots. Around the same period, hardening of seedlings begins, bringing it to a cool place at night with a temperature of about 10 degrees.
Seedlings pick - scheme
Landing salvia in the ground
To salviya pleased abundant flowering, you need to choose the right place for her on the site. Almost all its species prefer sunny places, and only some varieties grow well in partial shade. The soil must be fertilized, permeable, mixed with lime. Plants feel good on light sandy soils.
Tip! If salvia will be planted in a flowerbed with other flowers, you should definitely consider the overall composition taking into account the size of adult plants, so that the cultures do not overshadow each other and are clearly visible.
It is possible to plant seedlings at the end of May or at the beginning of June, when the threat of night frosts will completely disappear. Properly grown and seasoned salvia responds easily to transplantation and quickly adapts to new conditions. Dig holes are shallow, the size of the roots, at a distance of 20-25 cm. It is recommended to pour a handful of humus into each hole and mix it with the ground. Dip the plants in the pits, gently straighten the roots, sprinkle with soil and compacted. After disembarking watered with warm water.
We lower the seedling into the hole, sprinkle it with soil and compact it with our hands
When the bushes take root, carry out feeding with complex fertilizers. Nitrogen supplements are used in minimal doses, otherwise the plant will begin to actively grow green mass and will cease to form peduncles. Salvia does not need abundant watering, especially during the flowering period, but it is also impossible to allow the soil to dry out. The plant responds well to loosening and mineral dressing.
Planted flowers need to be fed and periodically watered.
One of the benefits of Salvia is its high disease resistance. Mature plants are almost not affected by fungal and viral diseases, and therefore the hassle is delivered less than other cultures. But fragrant tender leaves attract many garden pests - aphids, thrips, whiteflies, ticks, snails and slugs. From insects get rid of the traditional way, spraying salvia insecticides, and slugs collected manually or arrange special bait.
Salvia seed collection
Collection and drying of seeds
If you like a variety of flowers, you can collect seeds yourself, and for the next season you will have enough seed. Most importantly, the flower was not a hybrid. The collection begins after the flower stalks wither, and the lower flowers turn brown. Цветоносы срезают ножницами и выкладывают для просушки в полутени или в сухом проветриваемом помещении.When they are completely dry and will easily crumble, you just need to shake the seed pods so that the seeds spill out. With proper storage, seed similarity is maintained for three years, in some varieties up to 5 years.
Healing properties of sage
- A decoction of dry leaves will help to overcome diseases of the stomach, inflammation of the larynx, will help with bronchitis, inflammation of the oral cavity, urinary system.
- Alcohol tincture of sage has astringent properties, can stop bleeding, will help with toothache.
- Baths with the addition of sage decoction will facilitate the flow of diseases such as psoriasis and eczema.
- Bathing babies in baths from Salvia acts as an antiseptic and soothes the skin.
- Drinking sage tea stimulates the brain.
Harvesting of leaves must be done before or after flowering. Plants have a pleasant aroma, so you need to avoid overdose.
"Salvia Divinorum - considered a plant of soothsayers, and may cause hallucinations"
Salvia begins to bloom no earlier than three months after sowing. Therefore, the optimal time for sowing seeds is February or March. When growing perennial salvia, the time for planting changes. The seed is sown in the fall, before the onset of frost. Annuals and perennials do not have differences in care, and do not require special attention. Flower seed can be purchased either in the store or by collecting it yourself from home copies.
Before sowing, seed is needed process solution of potassium permanganate 0.1%. After that, rinse the material for sowing under running water, then put it on a paper or cloth towel, and wait until it is completely dry. Granular seed, purchased in the store, does not require preprocessing.
The protective shell with nutritional properties saves seeds from damage, and simplifies the planting process. Sowing of granulated seeds should be done earlier than usual, a protective layer slightly delays the germination of seeds.
Flower Salvia - planting and care
Growing Salvia It is best to produce in a light, air-saturated and moisture-filled soil, it is desirable to fertilize with nutrients.
Ready soil is sold in specialized stores, or made at home. A mixture of land to prepare, and it is advisable to stand for a week before sowing seed in it.
Recipe for preparing the soil at home:
- Two parts of turf soil.
- One piece of sifted pitch.
- Two parts of peat.
With increased acidity of the soil, a little lime can be added to the mixture (no more than 5%). After that, the mixture must be thoroughly mixed and sieved. At the bottom of the box poured out of expanded clay, 1.5 cm thick - this will provide drainage. Then a large fraction of the mixture is poured, on top of it is a smaller sifted mixture.
After that, the soil must be decontaminated by watering it with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. The box with the prepared soil needs to be installed in the pallet and the soil leveled. The distance from the upper edge of the box to the ground should be more than 2 cm, sow the seeds in small fraction of the soil. Rows from each other should be at a distance of 3 to 5 cm.
Granulated seeds should be sown in a square-cluster way, at a distance of 3 cm from each other. Depth of immersion of seeds is 2 mm. Spray the top layer of earth with a spray bottle. Cover the box with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
How to grow Salvia?
Sage seedlings sprout in a week and a half, but in some cases after two (it all depends on the seeds and microflora). Granulated seeds can germinate and up to 3 weeks. Earth should not be allowed to dry up, but it should not be poured either. Watering is done in two ways: either through a pallet or by spraying from a spray bottle. Drainage promotes the entry of moisture to plants and retains moisture.
Excess moisture is harmful to the condition of the seedlings, and will definitely lead to rotting of the roots. In this case, the film must be removed, and sprinkle the earth with dry sand or ash. Sprouted seedlings must be provided with sufficient light. Additional lighting can be arranged with a fluorescent lamp.
The duration of the light period for seedlings should be approximately 12 hours
During the night period, the temperature should be around 20 ° C, in daylight around 25 ° C. Around sprouts, as they grow, you need to pour the ground. We can not allow the fall of sprouts. Keep the seedling leaves out of contact with water.
Proper use of light and temperature conditions will grow healthy seedlings. Sprouts can be hardened by removing the film for a certain time, immediately for 10 minutes, later for 15 and so on until it is completely removed. The hardening procedure can be applied only to already grown sprouts.
Landing Salvia in open ground
Salvia will feel comfortable in light sandy soil, but rich in lime, humus, and good moisture. All sorts of Salvia love the sun, so the area should not be shaded, only sticky Salvia can grow in areas with shade. As soon as the night frosts receded, and the spring sun warmed the earth, Salvia can be planted.
How to land Salvia?
Planting Salvia and caring for it can be done even by gardeners with little experience, and planting hardened seedlings may seem like an easy walk. Dig holes at a distance of 25–30 cm from one another, pour 1 handful of humus into them, and transplant flowers from the pot.
The process of growing Salvia and care
The Internet is full of videos describing what to do and how, but it is easy to understand - caring for Salvia is no different from caring for any garden plant, fertilizing the soil, watering, weeding as needed is all necessary actions. It is necessary to water only after complete drying of the soil from the past watering exclusively in the evening time, it is impossible to allow stagnation of moisture in the roots. After watering it is necessary to loosen the soil, and get rid of weeds. It is necessary to feed at least two times: initially seedlings, for the second time during the formation of the peduncle.
Significantly more trouble than a one-year or two-year-old, brings long-term Salvia, she additionally needs pruning, giving shape. Cutting will not allow the stems to stretch, and contributes to the cutting of young shoots. When the flowering of perennial Salvia ends, wilted flowers must be removed, before starting the next growing season on the bushes, you need to cut off the old shoots, leaving 2-3 cm with the young buds.
Possible diseases and pests of Salvia
Plant Salvia is not afraid of fungal diseases. Insects remain the only and main problem for the plant: aphids, thrips, Whitefly, spider mites, snails and slugs. These insects cause great harm, and can lead the plant to death.
Whitefly, easily move to the flowers, if planting was carried out near vegetables. They destroy the leaves, and leave the plant to dry, sucking the juice out of it. The whitefly can cover large areas in a short time.
Without a suitable chemical treatment, the flowers die.
If the plants appeared aphid, you need to quickly treat it with an appropriate solution. Aphids in a short time can multiply to a destructive scale, and destroy the vast area of sage plantings.
Thrips are very difficult to see, they are almost microscopic in size. If the leaves begin to curl and dry - this is a sign of appearance thrips. You can kill thrips with insecticides. Plants affected by spider mites are necessarily removed and burned at the stake.
Snails and the like love to eat young shoots of leaves. Snails and slugs are selected to plant on the ground, pine bark, or any other tree, scattered under the plant, will help get rid of these pests. You can remove slugs with your hands.
The best protection is prevention.. Prevention should be carried out periodically, in time to remove weeds and diseased plants. Spray tobacco broth mixed with liquid soap (4 grams. Soap for 1 liter of broth).
Flowering over, what to do next?
Beginning of June pleases with the bloom of Salvia, and may continue until the autumn frosts. Individual varieties can bloom twice a year. Forest Salvia, fully trimmed after flowering and well-fed, at the end of the summer again explodes with a new color. If Salvia is completely bloomed, you need to prune and mulch the roots. Growth points process garden compostso the plant will survive the winter without stress.
What can be summed up?
These incredibly beautiful flowers will decorate every garden or flower bed. Behind this beauty is spent time and effort on growing seedlings. Growing seedlings makes future plants strong and resilient, capable of bringing healthy seeds in the future. Healthy cultivation will be only with proper care and compliance with certain rules. Proper preparation is important before growing the seedlings, this factor determines the future offspring.