Thuja Woodwardy is very decorative in itself and therefore is actively used in landscape design by both simple gardeners and professional designers in mixborders, group landings or single landings on the lawn. Also woodward good at using for gardening a balcony, terrace or open flat roofs. Very often, this variety of tui is used to create a living low free-growing hedge. Even these thuis are planted along the retaining walls and paths with linear landings.
Because of its short stature and good shade tolerance, Woodwardy can serve other tall trees as undergrowth, bringing the landscape closer to the natural, natural one.
This plant will be a good neighbor for other evergreen trees on the alpine hill and in the gardens. This variety is well used with plants that have bright flowers, for example, with roses.
An example of the use of thuja Woodwardy as a hedge for paths and playgrounds.
A single private landing Woodwardy along the tracks - an interesting solution for the exterior space.
Planting and care
It is advisable to choose a tui for planting well-lit place. Despite the fact that this variety lives normally in the shade, nevertheless it grows worse in it and the crown may fade.
The most suitable is wet fertile soil from peat, light and medium slightly acid loams. If planting takes place in other soils, in the planting pit it is worthwhile to arrange a drainage layer, the thickness of which should not be less than 16 cm. Compost should be added to the planting pit.
Planting is carried out on a land free from weeds (it is important to thoroughly dig up nettles and sow thistles, their rhizomes).
Planting pit should be depth and width from 0.5 to 1 meter (in size of the plant). The soil mixture may consist of sand, peat and sod land in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. Normal acidity for Tui starts from 6pH. If the acidity level is less than 6, lime or dolomite flour should be used to neutralize.
During the first two years after planting, the thuja can not be fed. In the future, for fertilizing it is better to use fertilizers on a phosphorus-potassium basis, preferably in combination with other minerals necessary for coniferous plants. For a good growth and development of the Tui, it is enough to fertilize them in July and in August. You also need to remember that mineral fertilizers in the soil reduce the pH, and dosages above the norm burn the roots of the plant, which is accompanied by browning of the needles.
Thuja care begins with regular watering. The first 30 days after planting should be carefully monitored so that the plant does not dry out. Watering Tui needs to be organized with regularity. about once a week. If the planting was carried out in the hot dry season, it is necessary to water the plant more often. Thuy need a lot of moisturetherefore, regular watering and watering by sprinkling is very favorable for them. Rainwater “washes” the crowns, cleaning them from dust, and makes the air more humid.
High humidity air is very popular with tuyam, because in nature they usually grow near rivers, lakes and seas.
Adult thuja usually experience the winter cold normally, but the influence of the summer sun wrapping themselves for them is hard for them. To avoid this, you need to cover the plants. By winter, the crowns are wound tightly so that the sleet does not damage them. In the spring the plant eliminates unnecessary dry and damaged shoots, conducting sanitary pruning.
An adult plant reaches half a meter in diameter, it keeps its shape quite well, however some looseness will be present, therefore, in order to obtain the perfect ball, Woodwardy needs to be cut. The rules for cutting this type of tui do not differ from other types and varieties. About how and when to carry out pruning and the formation of thuis, we told here.
Among the relatives stands spherical crown, which attracts the attention of gardeners. At the same time thuya Woodwardy retains all the positive features of its type:
- tolerates polluted urban air,
- she is not afraid of Russian winters
- easy to maintain.
The needles are very saturated colors, shades from light to dark, thick and spectacular. The plant reaches a height of half a meter in 10 years of life. In the future, it can reach 2 m. And more, the shape of the spherical becomes ovoid.
Used to create fences, just for refining plots. May be among the tall trees, making up the original composition. Looks great both on the alpine hill and in the middle of dwarf trees. May be the only plant on the lawn or in a mixborder. To decorate a terrace, a balcony or a roof of a building, you have to plant it in a separate pot or container.
Peculiarities of care
Place to land need sunny or in partial shade. Thuja prefers moist soil, so compost should be added to the ground, if there is a lot of sand in the ground, then clay. Ideally, the plant needs peaty soil. After planting, mulch the area near the roots with peat or grass.
- In the first couple of years, the seedling should be covered until snow melts. A weak plant may suffer from sunburn.
- Before the onset of the winter season, the crown is tightened so that sleet does not harm it.
- In the middle lane it feels great, able to tolerate frosts down to -35 ° C.
Feels good in shady places, so it can live among higher trees. However, in this case, the crown may not be so thick.
How to land and care
Place thuja woodward on a permanent place to be in the spring. If you plan to plant several plants at once, between them leave a distance of at least half a meter. A pit is being prepared - at the bottom there is a drainage (for example, broken brick), then sand, peat and turf. If the soil is heavy, the drainage layer needs at least 20 cm.
The root neck when planting does not deepen, it is left on the surface. Watering is done once a week., on one tree - a bucket of water. During dry weather, watering should be more frequent and more abundant - 20 liters each. once in 3 days. Water evaporation is slowed down with the help of mulching, for which peat, straw, and hay are taken. A layer of 7 cm is enough - this not only prevents moisture loss, but also saves from weeds.
Every spring it is necessary to carry out top dressing, for this purpose any complex fertilizer is taken.
In the morning hours spend sprinkling. So the plant is freed from dust, coniferous aroma is heard. After water procedures, it is necessary to loosen and mulch the soil at the roots. Simple enough care will allow you to grow Western thuy strong and beautiful.
An important event for ornamental plants, there are several types:
Molding pruning is performed to preserve the desired crown shape of the western thuja. It is also used for the correct location of the branches - so that the bush remains spherical, 2-3 bearing axes are formed. It is also necessary to follow the direction of growth, density of branches. Thuja Western Woodward pruning tolerates well.
Molding molding is carried out with the first signs of the onset of spring, until the growing season began (from late February to April). Because the branches still contain a lot of moisture, the slices heal quickly.
Sanitary pruning is necessary in order to remove sick, dried, improperly growing branches. Drying branches are removed at the base. It is advisable to cut the undergrowth at the very beginning of growth, seizing buds that have not yet woken up. It is held at least twice a year. It should be borne in mind that early pruning promotes growth.
Pruning for the purpose of rejuvenation is done for three years from late autumn to early spring. It helps to overcome shrinkage, revives the plant.
For thuja Western Woodwardi, trimming of medium length is recommended, not more than 2/3 of the branches.
The peculiarity of coniferous shrubs is that they are not always easy to immediately recognize the signs of diseases. Therefore, these plants should be regularly inspected.
The dying off of the needles, mycelium, and bloom of black color - signal the presence of brown mold. It appears in the first month of spring after the snow melts. As prophylaxis carry out the processing of the "foundation".
The rotting of the roots is manifested in a change in the color of the needles. The barrel below becomes soft. Thuja western Woodwardy can be exposed to attacks of pests. This is aphid, spider mite, tuyeva pseudo shield. Larvae of sucking insects can hibernate under the bark. Most parasites cause the needles to change color from green to yellow. This is a signal that it is time to take action.
It is necessary to process the plant with the help of "Cabofos", "Fufanon" and other drugs. For prevention, this is done in May. In case of illness, repeat until complete destruction of pests.
Young seedlings must be protected from the cold. This is done with the help of spruce branches or covering material - only he must transmit sunlight. After all, western thuja is an evergreen plant, therefore photosynthesis also takes place in winter. Without light the bush will die.
Adult thuja does not require special care in the cold season. The main thing is to tie up the crown so that the snow does not damage it.
Although the shrub gives seeds (they are in small brown cones), western thuja are rarely grown from them. Indeed, in this case, the characteristic signs will not be preserved.. Best breeding with cuttings. Opinions of experts about the time of this procedure differ: some believe that it is preferable to do this in the spring, others in the summer, and others say that the winter period is best.
The most important condition - at the time of harvesting the cuttings should end the growing season. If you cut the material in April, the young plants will have time to gain strength before the winter.
To separate the cuttings choose a healthy skeletal branch. It should be at the top of the plant. Torn abruptly, along with a piece of bark ("heel"). The stalk should be about 15 cm. Long. For stiffened branches, it is better to use a secateur. It is impossible to store the cut material - it will spoil, it is necessary to root immediately.
Needles are removed from the bottom, gently trimmed, at night put in the growth amplifier. The cuttings are planted in a special mixture of sand and peat. You can use sphagnum moss instead. It will protect the shoots from fungal diseases, retains moisture well.
The cuttings are planted to a depth of 2 cm, covered with foil or can. Care must be taken to ensure that the soil remains moist. You can not put sprouts in direct sunlight, it must be scattered. If new shoots began to appear - rooting passed normally. After 2 weeks you can plant the plants in a separate container. In November, the seedlings are covered with sawdust and left for the winter. Can be planted after 2 years.
How to choose seedlings
If you do not want to wait long, you can purchase young plants. Only those should be chosen.with a closed root system. Properly grown western thuja is in a container. In extreme cases - on the roots should be an earthy ball, wrapped in cloth.
Thuja, whose roots are sticking out of the drainage holes, has been standing for too long. With her further problems are possible. Should choose another seedling. The crown should be quite lush. Before disembarking to a permanent place, the tui slightly cut off the roots so that new ones begin to appear.
Thuja Woodwardy has excellent decorative qualities. It is easy for her to find application in almost any garden area. Even an inexperienced lover will be able to care for this shrub, and the result will please both the hosts and guests.
Description of Thuy Woodwardy
Today, at the disposal of the owners of suburban areas there are dozens of coniferous plants. Thuja Woodwardy or Thuja occidentalis Woodwardii refers to varieties that have repeatedly been able to confirm their value in landscape design. The first mention of the variety of Canadian origin belong to the 20s of the last century.
Once in the Old World, conifer quickly won the recognition of European gardeners. There were several reasons for this, but the main ones can be listed in several points:
- rich, colorless scaly needles color,
- dense crown, which is spherical in young plants, and in adults, due to a small vertical increase, it becomes more squat,
- excellent adaptability to the most unassuming conditions
- undemanding after planting, which is important in large parks and small private properties.
A shrub planted at the age of 2–3 years grows to a height of one and a half meters only by 10 years. Subsequently, growth continues, but its pace becomes even lower.
The maximum height which reaches thuya Woodwardi is 2–2.5 meters with a crown diameter of about three meters.
The branches of the shrub are flattened, with a large number of green shoots covered with scaly needles. Its color can vary from light to dark green and depends on the growing conditions, the age of the branches and the season. Fruits appear on adult specimens - brownish-brown oblong cones collected in loose panicles.
According to the description of Thuya Woodwardy, like her closest relatives, this is a light-loving evergreen culture, preferring cultivated light soils. For good growth and maintenance of ornamentation, the ephedra needs not only light, but also water. However, the stagnation of moisture under the roots greatly increases the likelihood of rot and fungi at the base of the trunk and deep in the crown.
Practically throughout the entire territory of Russia, a thuja of this variety withstands winter frosts. For adult shrubs, snow cover is sufficient, and young plants in the first 2-3 years additionally cover with sacking so that they do not suffer from dry cold and sunny spring burns.
Features landing and care for thuja Woodwardi
Planting pits or trenches are dug 60–80 cm in the place chosen for planting by the thuja. If a large seedling or an adult shrub is to be planted, the diameter and depth increase, focusing on the size of its root system.
For Tui need loose domestic soil with good drainage. Therefore, in the sandstone add garden soil, humus and peat. Heavy and dense soils are mixed with sand and peat. In areas with flooding or stagnation of water in the ground, thuja will inevitably be sick and die. In such cases, elevation and reliable drainage are made in advance to remove excess moisture. At the bottom of the planting hole will help a layer of sand, broken brick or expanded clay with a thickness of about 15 cm. 50-60 grams of complex fertilizer for coniferous crops are added to the soil mix to fill the pit.
As a top dressing, you should not use fresh organic matter, which can burn young roots and provoke the development of fungal diseases..
To simplify the subsequent care of the thuja Woodwardy, the shrub is planted in early spring or autumn, if there is no threat of early cold. Caring for the plant is:
- in watering, which for young, rooting thujs should be neat and regular,
- in loosening the soil no deeper than 10 cm,
- in weeding the circle of the trunk,
- in spring dressings.
In the hot season, Tui respond well to sprinkling. Mulching the area under crowns helps not only to preserve valuable moisture, but also to protect the plant from weed attacks.
Thuja Woodwardy in landscape design: photos and methods of application
Thuja Woodwardy is universal. It looks equally good both on the park lawn and in the city square next to the highway. The compactness of the culture allows you to grow it in containers selected by size.
Thuya Woodwardy in landscape design, as in the photo, is used in single and mass plantings. Shrubs with a dense crown can be the basis of a living, slowly growing and does not require frequent shearing of the wall. A shade tolerance of culture allows planting a conifer in open areas, and under the canopy of larger perennial vegetation.
If the bushes are to become part of a green border, they are planted so that the overgrown crowns are connected. From other plants, the tovia is planted at a distance of not less than half of its maximum diameter.
This is a rather old, proven variety that was introduced at the beginning of the 20th century. The history of the emergence of the Thuy Woodwardy is not known for certain, but some scientists suggest that it was brought to Europe from the United States or East Asia. There she was appreciated and began to actively use in landscape design. Later, thuja reached Russia.
The main difference Woodwardy is a spectacular thick crown in the shape of a ball. The color of the shoots is saturated, bright and can vary from light green to dark green.
In the description of the western Tui Woodwardy it says that it grows rather slowly. At the age of 10, it looks like a neat shrub about half a meter high and the same in diameter. As the branch grows, the tui are more moved apart and the crown acquires an ovoid oval shape with a diameter of up to 3 m. The height of an adult Thuja Woodwardy is up to 2.5 m. The age of a tree reaches 150 years.
Note! All varieties, and Thuya Woodwardy is not an exception, emit biologically active substances - phytoncides. They stop growth and can even destroy pathogenic bacteria. Благодаря этому полезному свойству туи высаживают на территории санаториев, больниц, туберкулезных диспансеров.
Place for landing Thuja Woodwardi should choose the sun. However, do not forget that it does not tolerate direct sunlight, so during the period of greatest solar activity the tree should be in the shade. The half-shine of a thuja too well transfers, but in such conditions its needles can become more dense and narrow, and the krone quite significantly loses the appeal.
Soil also has certain requirements that are important to meet before planting. It should be light with a small admixture of sand and peat. If a lot of sand, you need to dilute it with clay. If the soil is heavy, then it is worthwhile to arrange a drainage with a depth of at least 15–20 cm. One should also not forget about compost.
Planting thuya woodwardy
It is best to plant a Thuja Woodward in the spring, so that by winter the seedling will take root and grow stronger. Autumn landing is also allowed.
If you plan to plant several plants, for example, along an alley, then the distance between them should be at least 50 cm, and preferably about 1 m. Be sure to thoroughly dig the ground from the weeds.
Important! Experts advise to dig a hole in advance, for example, for 1 day, so that it is saturated with oxygen. Also in advance is to prepare a soil mix. Ideally, it is sand, peat and sod land at a ratio of 1: 1: 2.
The size of the planting pit depends on the earthen coma or the root system of the seedling. It should be more by 15-30 cm in depth and 35-40 cm in width. Drainage is placed at the bottom of the pit, if necessary. Next, the soil mixture with the addition of manure or compost, and finally, the plant itself is established with a clod of earth.
Important! The root collar can not be buried! It should remain 2 cm above the soil level.
If a small sapling is planted, you must first place the roots in the water. When air bubbles stop rising from their surface, you can move the cutting to the very center of the fossa and gently fill it with soil mixture. The soil is slightly compressed from all sides and plenty of water. The amount of watering depends on the size of the plant, it is approximately from 1 to 5 buckets.
When moisture is absorbed, and the soil settles, you need to put a layer of mulch. It may be hay, bark, chips or peat. Mulch will prevent the evaporation of moisture, as well as protect from the negative effects of too high or low temperatures.
Note! Mulch should not close the trunk of the tree, as it can rot.
Further care activities for the Woodwardy thuja include:
Thuja just need a moist soil. Watering is carried out once a week for at least 10-15 liters under one plant. In dry time - 2 times a week. Do not forget to loosen the soil after watering. The roots of the thuja are superficial, so it should be done carefully, no more than 8-10 cm deep.
In addition to watering, thuja Woodwardy reacts very well to sprinkling, as the needles very actively evaporates moisture. It is necessary to periodically spray the crown with water, this will remove dust from it, and the air will be filled with a pleasant pine aroma.
In general, it is very important to water the thuja in a timely manner and in sufficient quantity during the whole summer season, since the dehydrated plant overwinters worse.
To beautiful thuja pleased thick and bright crown requires regular feeding. If during planting fertilizer was introduced into the pit, the next time you can do it in 2 years. Manure, compost or complex fertilizers for coniferous plants on potassium-phosphorus basis are suitable for this. Mineral fertilizers reduce soil pH, which negatively affects the state of thuja. To feed correctly and conveniently during loosening. Usually enough once in the middle of summer.
Fertilizer for conifers
Thuja Woodwardy perfectly tolerates winter in Russia and can withstand temperatures down to −35 ° С. You just need to properly prepare the plant for the winter. Here are the basic rules:
- Pristvolny circle is recommended to warm with spruce branches or a thick layer of sawdust.
- The first 2-3 years a young plant can suffer greatly from bright sunlight in late winter and early spring. To prevent this from happening, it is imperative to protect the thuja with a covering material or burlap. You can remove it only after the snow melted, in cloudy weather.
- An adult plant is sufficiently slightly applied with a net or other suitable material.
- For the wintering period, the crown should be taped so that heavy snowfall or wet snow will not damage the branches.
Important! Only breathable materials are used as a covering material. Even paper will do. In no case can not take for this purpose the film!
In addition to the mechanical methods described above for protecting thuja from burns, there are also chemical agents. They are easier to use and can facilitate the care of plants. The drug is applied by spraying and creates a protective film on the needles of the plant. This film protects the shoots from burns, prevents the evaporation of moisture from the surface, keeping it inside.
Up to the age of 10 thuya Woodwardi herself is well formed into a beautiful ball, but to get the perfect shape, a corrective haircut is still needed. Also pruning is done for sanitary purposes and is done as needed.
Important! Early pruning promotes tui growth.
Thuja responds well to pruning, and the more often it is produced, the thicker and more magnificent its crown becomes. It is best to carry out the procedure in March - April before the disclosure of the kidneys. At this time there is still a lot of moisture in the tree and the sections heal very quickly.
The first time, she is sheared when she is 2–3 years old. To preserve the spherical shape leave 2-3 bearing branches. Do not be too zealous. It is important to remember: that the tree does not weaken, do not cut more than 1/3 of the stem.
Sanitary pruning is to remove diseased, dry or yellowed branches. Also incorrectly growing shoots are removed.
Note! When choosing a tool for cutting the main parameters are its sharpness and power. In no case should the pruner break or chew branches.
Diseases and pests
Thuja Woodwardy, as well as many other coniferous shrubs and trees, suffers from various ailments and parasites:
- Phytophthora fungus. The bark becomes soft, white or pink spots appear. The roots rot, and the crown looks weak and painful. With this disease, the plant is destroyed. Also be removed and the soil.
- Mushroom tinder This disease is manifested by fungus growths on the trunk and visible rotten areas of the bark. As a rule, the diseased plant dies. Cutting the affected bark areas and treating the cut sites with linseed oil can help.
- Brown fungus fungus and cytosporosis. They affect the stems and needles. Bordeaux liquid or cartocid helps in the fight against them.
- Very often thuyu affects different types of aphids, moths of spotted and spider mites. The presence of these pests is manifested by a change in the color of the needles to orange or brown, and later on its fall. Drying branches. When a tick appears, it is visible cobweb. At the initial stage, the tree is treated with soapy water. If there are too many parasites, insecticides are used. Good results are obtained by treating wood with tracked glue and spraying with a solution of colloidal sulfur.
Woodwardy - decorative thuja
An evergreen and relatively shade-tolerant shrub is often planted as undergrowth on the background of tall trees, forming a landscape as close as possible to the natural one. Original Thuya Woodwardy, the description of which is of sincere interest among gardeners and designers, looks in the compositions of shrubs and trees of various sizes with contrasting colors of foliage. Also, a compact shrub can perfectly coexist with evergreen dwarf plants on an Alpine slide or in a heather garden, often used in mixborders and as a single plant on lawns. Woodwardy - thuja, which has proven itself as a container tree for gardening balconies, roofs and terraces.
Description of coniferous plants
Externally, Woodwardy is a thuja, characterized by dense shoots and needles of green color of different saturation of tones (from light to dark). In the 10th year of growth, the crown in size reaches 0.5 meters in width and height, with the passage of time acquires an ovoid shape and grows to 2.5 meters.
Originally in the dense crown of the plant its fruits look - brown little nipples.
Thuja Woodwardy: landing and care
Planting a plant at a permanent place of growth is made in the spring, in a previously prepared pit. Its bottom should be covered with a drainage layer, on top of which a composition of peat, river sand and soddy soil is placed. In areas with heavy soils, it is recommended to use a thick layer of drainage (about 20 cm), which can be used as a broken brick. Thuja western Woodwardy prefers fertile lands, therefore it is recommended to enrich the planting mixture with compost, and light sandy soil - with clay. The location for such an ornamental plant is preferably with an abundance of sun, although the penumbra will perceive the shrub tolerantly. When planting several plants at once, the distance between them should be at least 50 cm. The root collar should not be buried, it should be located at ground level.
After planting, watering is required 1 time per week, at the rate of a bucket of water per bush. In the dry season, the supply is recommended to be increased up to 2 times a week, 15-20 liters of water for each plant. And so that the water does not evaporate, after determination of the constant growth site, the trunk circle should preferably be mulched with straw, peat or mowed grass, a layer of about 7 centimeters. This will help preserve moisture in the soil for as long as possible and protect it from the growth of weeds. In addition, with each irrigation, the mulch will give away organic matter to the roots of the shrub. Also, in the evenings or early in the morning, it is advisable to carry out sprinkling, during which dust is washed off from the crown of the bush and an incredibly refreshing aroma of pine needles spreads. After watering, the soil must be pierced to a depth of 10 cm and mulched.
In the care of thuja, the western Woodwardy, planting and caring for which do not present any particular difficulty, is absolutely not capricious. It is important to provide the plant with watering in a timely manner, which is the key to the lush crown of the plant, and carry out organic and mineral supplements.
Woodwardy - thuja, which, along with the rest of the evergreens, can suffer from the sun in the first couple of years after planting. Therefore, to protect valuable shrub is recommended to cover it with sacking. In winter, the young plant also needs protection, which can be ensured with the help of the same covering material. In adult plants in the winter you need to shake off the branches of the snow or tie them up so that the bush does not lose its decorative form.
With the arrival of spring is required to remove dead shoots. When forming hedges, a moderate haircut is recommended, with no more than a third of the shoot removed. You can cut the plant for the season up to 3 times.
Diseases affecting thuj Woodwardy
Like any plant, thuja can be exposed to diseases, for the presence of which it should be frequently examined. Indeed, unlike deciduous plants, they are much more difficult to identify on the thuja:
- trunk rot can be determined by changing the color of the needles,
- root decay is detected by the gray color of the needles, the softness of the lower part of the trunk and the shrinkage of the bush as a whole,
- brown mold is determined by the spawn on dead needles. It appears on young plants after the snow melts and looks like a cobwebby black-gray bloom.
To avoid the appearance of fungal diseases, thuja should be treated several times a year with a solution of "Fundazol".
In spring, there may be yellowing of the needles, due to two reasons: the bright spring sun and the lack of moisture. In the first case, the plant should be pritenyat, in the second - otgresti snow from the bush and it is good to pour the soil with warm water.
The plant is not insured from the attack of pests. Spider mite, aphid, thug novae are sucking parasites causing yellowing of the crown and its drying. For example, tuevaya podschitovik when mass reproduction causes great damage to the plant. Its larvae wait out the winter under the bark of young shoots. And the aphid lives in whole colonies on the underside of the shoots, is characterized by a gray-brown color, it mercilessly damages the thuja, reducing its decorative effect.
The brown color of the leaves and the death of the tops of the shoots is the result of the activity of the moths and moths. The root system and the trunk of the shrub are harmed by tuyeva beetle, shchitovka and sham. For pest control in early May, it is recommended to treat the plant with such drugs as Actellic, Karbofos, Fufanon and others. Repeated spraying can be applied as necessary.