Crocosmia or as it was previously called Monbrecia is a genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the Iris family. Representatives of the genus are onion perennials. Their height depends on the type and ranges from 50 cm to 1 m.
Escape branches, foliage or linear foliage, massive escape because of what this plant resembles gladiolus. The flowers are most often orange, white or yellow, can also be red or similar shades depending on the variety. This culture is related to crocuses and iris, as well as gladioli.
Varieties and types
Crocosmia golden the view comes from southern Africa. It is a plant with linear foliage and flowers. Flowering begins in August-September. In addition to yellow flowers can be orange and red.
Crocosmia Masonorum a small bush, growing from half a meter to 90 cm. It has xiphoid foliage and flowers of rich orange color. Flowering begins in July. It is much better tolerated by the cold than their relatives.
Crocosmia paniculata high view, bushes which reach half a meter height. The foliage is rough, as if corrugated, flowers of orange coloring. Flowering begins in early summer and is quite early among the representatives of this genus.
Crocosmia vulgaris or garden hybrid species obtained at the end of the nineteenth century. It grows to a meter, has a straight, branching shoot and linear foliage.
The color of the flowers depends on the variety, and there are quite a lot of them, for example:
- Emily Mackenzie - a type with orange petals of a brown shade,
- Lucifer - petals pronounced red,
- Georg Davidson - amber color
- Red king - inflorescences are red-orange,
- Mistral - the color is bordered between yellow and orange,
- Big flovering - yellow or orange color, and many others. Flowering occurs after the middle of summer.
Crocosmia growing from seed
In our latitudes, crocosmia seeds are sown for seedlings, because if they are sown in the garden, they may not grow. Do it in the late winter-early spring. Before sowing, the seeds are put into water for a day, replacing it every 5-7 hours, and then the material is sown in a mixture of sod land, sand and humus in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. It is necessary to create greenhouse conditions, covering the sowing film and placing it in a well-lit place.
With the advent of germs, the film is removed, and the crop is watered from time to time and kept under diffused bright light. When the seedlings will have a couple of true leaves, they dive into separate pots.
Tigridia, according to some sources, is also a representative of the Iris family. It has decorative and very beautiful flowers. It is easily cultivated when planting and caring in open ground, but needs proper maintenance. Recommendations for growing and care can be found in this article.
Crocosmia planting and care in the open field
It is necessary to plant material in open soil, when the threat of night frosts leaves, and the temperature of the soil will be about 9 ° C. About a couple of weeks before that, we must begin to harden the seedlings, bringing them out every day for a while on the street.
It is necessary to select a light area, otherwise the flowering will be weak or will not come. The landing site must be elevated, not be in the lowland, and the substrate requires a loose and permeable.
A few months before planting, they pick up the chosen place and bring in 2 buckets of humus, 100 grams of hydrated lime, 35 grams of superphosphate and 20 grams of potassium chloride per 1 square meter. m. In the spring, a week before planting, nitrogen fertilizing is applied using about 30 grams per 2 square meters. m
The distance between the seedlings in the garden should be about 10-15 cm, and between rows about 20 cm. After planting, it is necessary to conduct good watering and protect young plants from the sun for a couple of days. Flowering plants derived from seeds, begins two to three years after sowing.
If the soil is nutritious, then the absence of additional dressings or restriction of their receipt is allowed, but the flower must be constantly fertilized in poor land.
Every week and a half it is necessary to make a mullein infusion (which is diluted with water in the ratio of 1 to 10) and a full mineral supplement (2 grams diluted in a liter of water). When the buds start to form, it will be nice to add a potash supplement.
Montbrate storage in winter
Although after flowering, you can collect seed, but it is better to purchase it in a specialized market - so the chance of germination will be higher and, moreover, crocosmia is much easier to propagate with bulbs.
In the middle of autumn it is time to dig out the bulbs. Tubers should be dried in a cool place with fresh air. After that, the material is stored in a dark place at a temperature of about 4 ° C, the humidity should also not be high.
Crocosmia reproduction with bulbs
In addition to the generative method, this flower can be propagated vegetatively with bulbs. Every year onion bulbs appear young bulbs, which are neatly separated from the parent in the fall, and transplanted to a flower bed next spring.
Planting of tubers is carried out in the same period as seedlings. You can also grow the tubers in containers, and before the summer to plant by transferring to the garden.
Diseases and pests
Crocosal damage is usually caused by pests and diseases if disturbances in care have been committed or weather conditions have contributed to this.
Because of Fusarium begins yellowing and drying of foliage, flower stalks and flowers become crooked, their color also changes. When these symptoms are detected, several treatments with fungicidal agents, such as Bordeaux liquid, should be carried out.
The appearance on the bulbs fluffy plaque evidence of decay. It is better not to allow rot, trying to ensure that water never stagnates on the site.
Distributed among pests spider miteeating the sap of the plant, which is why leaves start to dryAlso, this pest can be identified by thin webs. To get rid of it, you can wash the stems and leaves with soapy water, but if there are many insects, then they resort to acaricides.
Thrips very dangerous pest. It can affect both the root system and the leaves. These insects can be detected by yellowing of affected parts and bands in places where the pest climbed. It is difficult to get rid of thrips, the fight against them requires repeated treatment with insecticides - Aktellik, Karbofos or similar.
Medvedki eat onions because of what comes the death of a flower. To fight them, they make manure traps in the ground in the fall, cover them with earth, and later uncover the soil and destroy the pests.
Crocosmia planting montbretiza When to plant
How to plant crocosmia photo monturbia landing in the ground
Crocosium is planted in the open ground at the end of Aprilwhen the earth warms up well and even at night the temperature will not be below +10 ° C. Different varieties of crocosmia need to be placed in different flowerbeds, otherwise they pereopilyatsya.
- Mature bulbs are planted in well-lit places, where water is not worth a long time, in early May. The sunny place is chosen because the Crocosmia is light-requiring, and if it grows in the shade, you can not wait for flowering.
- Before planting, the onions are kept warm for several days, having separated the children beforehand.
- It is recommended to soak the bulb in potassium permanganate just before planting, in order to disinfect, after which it can be placed in the ground 4-5 cm in depth.
- For Crocosia soil choose loose, with humus, wet. On the preparation of flower beds take care in advance, in the fall. If the soil is clogged, it is diluted with sand and fertilized.
- The distance between the bulbs during planting is about 12 cm.
- The ideal solution is to plant the bulbs first in small pots around March and germinate on the windowsill, and then plant in the ground. This will ensure earlier flowering.
- Watering the plant loves plentiful and infrequent.
- After it you need to weed the area from the weeds and loosen.
- If necessary, install pegs for garter flower stalks.
- For faster growth shoots cultivate the land under the plant nitrogen fertilizer.
- In the summer, organic fertilizer will be useful in tenfold dilution, as well as mineral potassium supplements.
- At the end of flowering, all flower stalks are cut to accelerate the ripening of the bulbs and improve the chances of their further preservation.
Wintering Crocosmia Montbretia
Storage of Crocosmia bulbs in winter
If crocosmia is grown in cold regions, the bulbs are dug out in winter. Do it in early November, so as not to damage the process of maturation of children. Remove the bulbs from the ground and dry in a shed. Then organize their storage in a place where the temperature will always be in the region of 8-10 degrees of heat.
If the plant is grown in warmer regions without severe frosts, it is not necessary to remove it from the ground for the winter. Recently, flower growers are inclined to believe that the bulbs should not be dug, as they are definitely better stored in the ground. For even greater preservation, you can sprinkle them on top of the leaves or cover with a film.
Excellent crocosmia wintering is achieved due to dry soil. When winter ends, remove the insulation and remove the remnants of old leaves. Adult bulbs are dug out every three years for the purpose of breeding, because the kids are not differently separated. In the absence of thinning, flowering deteriorates sharply.
Crocosmia refers to perennial bulbous plants of the iris family. The leaves of the plant are long, thin, xiphoid, corrugated structure, 60 cm long, 2.5 cm wide, arranged in small bunches.
The stem is thin and long, from 40 cm to 1 m tall. Closer to the top of the stem are inflorescences spike type. The total number of flowers on one stem is about 40 pieces. Buds begin to open from the lower inflorescences.
The color of the flower petals is varied, depending on the variety - from pale yellow to bright red and even red-brown. Flowers up to 5 cm in diameter in the opened form. The shape they resemble lilies, and the stems with flowers like freesia.
Crocosmia blooms from mid-summer to frost. After flowering, multi-seeded round boxes with large brown seeds are formed.
Currently, there are about 50 species of Crocosmia. They differ in the color of the petals and the height of the stems. The following types are most common:
- Crocosmia ordinary or garden. Flowers are yellow, red and orange, plant height is about 1 meter.
- Crocosmia Citronella. Its flowers have a lemon-yellow color and are similar in shape to freesia.
- Emily Mackenzie. This crocosmia flowers, very similar to lilies, are orange with brown edging. Shrubs up to 60 cm.
- Crocosmia Potts. This species has small bright orange flowers and narrower leaves.
- Crocomy golden. Its flowers are tubular in shape, golden in color, and stems up to 80 cm long.
- Crocosmia Massonorum. This species has very showy flowers of red-orange color and the length of the stem reaches 80 cm.
- Crocosmia Lucifer. This is one of the most beautiful varieties. She has rich red flowers and tall stems up to 1.5 m.
Application of crocosmia in landscape design
Crocosmia has a beautiful decorative appearance and a long flowering period, for which landscape designers and ordinary gardeners love and appreciate it very much. Bright crocosmia bushes look great in combination with plants such as rudbeckia, rogers, nursery, catnip, veronica, as well as with various daylilies and cereals.
Crocosmia delightfully looks in cascades at ponds and on lawns, it can successfully decorate nondescript parts of buildings. Her bushes are good for decorating gardens and parks in and of themselves, and in compositions, in mixborders, rabatkah and arbors.
Choosing a landing site and site preparation
Crocosmia prefers loose, fertile soils with neutral or low acidity. Place for landing should choose a well-lit, protected from the winds.
Groundwater should not be close to the surface of the soil, it is better to choose a site on a hill. If this is not possible, you need to take care of good drainage.
A few months before planting the land must be prepared. To do this, you need to dig up the selected area and fertilize using humus, hydrated lime, superphosphate and sodium chloride.
A couple of weeks before planting, nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the soil.
Growing crocosmia from seeds
It is easy to grow crocosmia from seeds, even a novice grower can handle this task. Sow seeds on seedlings in early spring. To do this, take the following steps:
- Prepare suitable containers - plastic cups, glasses of sour cream, special containers, the main thing is that drainage holes should be made at the bottom.
- The soil can be purchased at the store or make up yourself. To do this, take 2 parts of sod and 1 part of humus, peat and large river sand.
- A drainage layer of expanded clay or broken brick is poured on the bottom of the tank, and a prepared soil mixture is laid on top of it.
- Before planting the day, the seeds are soaked in a growth stimulator solution, then dried and evenly distributed in containers, pressed into the soil to a small depth.
- Gently moisten crops, cover with plastic wrap and place in a warm bright place.
- Crops should be regularly aired and moistened as needed.
- After 2 weeks sprouts appear. After that, the film is removed.
- When the seedlings will have 3 sheets each, they should be seated in separate containers.
- 2 weeks before planting in open ground, seedlings need to be hardened, bringing it out every day for a few hours to fresh air.
- In open ground dig up holes 10 cm deep, at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other and 20 cm between rows.
- Moisten the seedlings before planting, transplant them into prepared holes and water again.
- A few days after planting young plants should be covered from the sun.
Planting crocosmia bulbs in open ground
Planting bulbs can begin at the end of April, when the danger of night frost has passed and the soil has warmed up to +10 degrees. The procedure for planting crocosmia bulbs is as follows:
- Before planting, the children are separated from the bulbs and kept for several days in a warm place.
- On the eve of the landing, the bulbs are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate and buried 4-5 cm into the soil.
- The optimum distance between the bulbs should be 12 cm.
Another option - planted bulbs in small pots in March. Keep the pots on the window sills, and when the bulbs germinate, transplant them into the open ground. So crocosmia more likely to bloom.
Leaving after flowering and preparation for winter
After flowering, it is necessary to cut the leaves and stems under the root, leaving, if necessary, several stems to obtain seeds. Feeding in this period is already stopped. When the seed pods ripen, they need to be cleaned, sorted, dried and folded into a paper or canvas bag, which should be stored in a dry place.
In the southern regions with a warm winter, Crocosmia bulbs are not dug for the winter.
Pre-cut the stems, leave the leaves, put them on the ground and sprinkle with sawdust or peat to a height of 20 cm. Top cover with spruce leaves and a special covering material.
At the end of the spring frosts, the shelter is dismantled, old leaves are removed, loosened and mulched with peat or sawdust. At first, after the emergence of new shoots it is necessary to shade the plants from the bright spring sun.
It has been noticed that plants overwintered in the ground develop faster and bloom earlier.
In regions with harsh winters, bulbs are recommended in the middle of autumn to dig. They must be cleaned of leaves, stems, earth and dry well. To separate the children during this period is not necessary.
Next, you need to put the bulbs for winter storage in a box with sand or peat and put into a room where the temperature will be stable at about +10 degrees. Or put the bulbs in a paper bag and place them in the fridge on the shelf for vegetables.
Fight against diseases and pests
If the plant is properly looked after, then diseases do not arise, especially crocosmia is highly resistant to them. If the rules of care were not respected, then the following illnesses may strike her:
- Fusarium, which manifests itself in yellowing and falling away of leaves, curvature of peduncles, change in color and shape of buds.
- Gray rot, which manifests itself in a gray fluffy bloom on the bulbs and above-ground parts of the plant.
- Herb, which is manifested in the yellowness of the tips of the leaves and leads to the death of the plant in the future.
If signs of any of these diseases are detected, it is urgent to remove the damaged parts of the plant, spray it with the appropriate fungicide and shed the soil for it. With a strong damage they destroy the bush completely.
Among insect pests, the greatest danger is medvedka, thrips, scab, and spider mites. Only a special repeller will help you from the bear; if other pests are detected, the leaves should be washed with a soap solution and sprayed with insecticide.
Crocosmia Babies Photo Reproduction
Crocosmia is diluted with seeds and babies.The obtained large seeds of brownish-red color are placed in bowls and put on the bright windows in February-March. Then the seedlings sprout, and they are transplanted into pots when they become larger.
In the open ground, Crocosmia babies sit at the end of April, when they are separated from the mother corms. Plants that were grown with the help of seeds will bloom in 2-3 years, and young children the next year. If you grow gladioli, it will not be difficult for you to determine the planting time of crocosmia, as it will be at the same time - in early May.
Popular varieties of crocosmia montbrecia with a description and photo
Crocosmia Orange Crocosmia Emily Mc Kenzie photos in the garden Growing montbretias
1. Emily Mc Kenzie - one of the most beautiful ornamental varieties. Symmetrical brownish-orange flowers have a large orange heel in the center. Flowering later, plant height - 60 cm.
When planting Crocosmia bulbs in the photo Crocosmia Norwich Canary
2. Norwich Canary - the color of the canary-yellow petals, plant height - 60 cm.
Montresia landing and care in open
3. Star of the East - different beautiful large flowers, thanks to which he gained popularity. It blooms late, tall (up to 1 m), has stellate apricot orange flowers up to 10 cm in size. Poorly tolerates winter, therefore it requires shelter.
Crocosmia Lucifer Crocosmia Lucifer photo in the garden Planting and care in the open field
4. Lucifer is the most vivid version of this plant and one of the tallest (1.5 m in height). Peduncles erect, bright flowers of tomato-red color on them. Frost resistance is good, but shelter is recommended.
Crocosmia paniculata Crocosmia paniculata
Crocosmia paniculata Crocosmia paniculata photo in the garden
Tall species (up to 1.5 m), which is distinguished by early flowering. Flowers are orange, appear June.
Crocosmia - elegant decoration for your flower bed. It can be successfully combined with daylilies, cannes, dahlias, cofofii, rudbeckia, salvia, yarrow, echinacea, sedum, chrysanthemums, gelenium, and also grow independently.
Crocosmia is used for various purposes. It can be seen both in flowerbeds and in a glazed loggia. Montbesia grown in a well-lit place. The most common way to grow this beautiful flower is to grow it in open field. She is very similar to gladiolus, but many gardeners choose her for the grace of flower stalks and the wonderful smell of saffron. Thus, the flower grows in gardens and parks, it is used to create elegant landscape compositions.
Montbrecia is a perennial, so it blooms several times, delighting the gardener's eye.
Crocosmia leaves narrow and sword-shaped, green, shiny. Inflorescences are small, approximately 3-5 cm in diameter. The color varies depending on the type and type of montrection, their shape is funnel-shaped or star-shaped. This plant can be found in the center of Africa. A truly beautiful plant with fragrant saffron flowers, narrow leaves and magical flowers resembling gladiolus crocosmia.
Planting and maintenance in the open field
Plant and grow a beautiful plant not difficult. First you need to decide on the right soil. The soil for tritonia should be fertile, loose, with a high content of humus. The place where tritonium should be landed should have good lighting, not dark and not cold. You should not plant a crocosmia next to tall shrubs or trees that create shade. Best for Crocosia choose well lit, bright and warm place. It is important to ensure that the place was not windy, because Crocosmia does not like drafts.
One of the most important advantages of planting crocosmia is that even a beginner can grow a beautiful plant.
Thus, to plant crocosmia in open ground, it is necessary:
- Prepare a fertile soil, previously loosened. The soil should be lush.
- Prepare tubers or montbretic seeds. Seedlings' method is the best option for crocosmia seed reproduction.
- Soak the seeds or tubers in water. This should be done at the end of winter or early spring. February - March is a great time to soak the seed. Water needs to be changed every 6 hours.
- Place the tubers or seeds in a substrate that contains peat, sand and humus. The earth must be fertile so that the seeds germinate without problems.
- Crops must be covered with foil to protect the plant. It should be placed close to the light and the sun's rays, avoiding shadow locations.
Just planted crocosmia requires proper and thorough care. So that the plant does not hurt and revealed beautiful flowers, it is necessary to perform simple procedures. First of all, after the appearance of the first shoots, you need to remove the film from the plant and gently loosen the soil around the seedling. The soil should be slightly damp, but not too moist. It is also necessary to avoid dryness, which can be disastrous for the Crocosmia. If the soil is too wet, the plant can attract fungi and become sick.
When you notice the second leaf, the seedling needs to be moved to a larger container for free growth of the rhizome. This planting is crocosmia cultivation in the open field. It is important to monitor the temperature of the soil, because it is necessary to plant the montrection in the heated to 6-10 degrees heat soil. In order to properly plant a montrection in open ground, you need:
- Choose a sunny plot with waterproof ground. The plant does not tolerate too moist soil and stagnant water in the rhizome.
- By the fall, the soil needs to be processed by adding humus, lime, potassium chloride and superphosphate to it.
- Seedlings must be placed in the holes. The distance between seedlings is 10-12 cm, the gap between rows should be 25-30 cm.
- Water the plant.
- Cover crocosmia from direct sunlight.
In the third year, the seed will turn into beautiful flowers. However, if you properly and carefully care for the plant, creating the most favorable conditions for it, beautiful flowers will appear within two years.
Buying nodules, many people pay attention to the fact that they are dry. And indeed, the bulb itself is not large and sometimes dries out quite strongly during the wintering period. However, dropping it into the ground, the florist is surprised to see that even such bulbs have a huge supply of energy and vitality.
Once planted several bulbs there is no reason to part with them. The bulbs will bloom under any conditions.
Sometimes flower growers realize crocosmia already blossoming, with an earthy clod and a few onions. Such plants can be purchased without any fear for safety. The plant tolerates transplant in any condition.
Site selection and design space
It is easy to choose a place for planting crocosmia bulbs, according to the principle - where they are planted there is good. Sunny and semi shady garden beds will provide abundant and long flowering bulbs. If you plant so that the sun's rays will not fall on the plant at all, the flowering will be very restrained, but the dark green leaves will decorate any corner of the garden and flower garden.
When choosing a landing site, it is necessary to take into account the height of the plant. Beautiful elongated lanceolate leaves reach a height of 40 - 50 cm, they do not require supports and garters, which makes the plant even more desirable and decorative. The significant height of the foliage makes crocosmia occupy the second plan of the flower bed.
Crocosmia, having beautiful green foliage until late autumn, will cover with its "body" bottoms of climbing roses and large-sized shrubs, as well as create an excellent background for ground covers.
To make Crocosmia bushes look elegant and impressive, they should be planted crowded, grouped by grade.
Breeders are not very pampered lovers Crocosmia variety of colors. The most frost-resistant and large-flowered variety "Star of the East." The flowers of this variety really look like stars, and the color is light orange, closer to yellow.
"Red Vesuvius" variety, having red-orange flowers, solid and not very large.
"Yellow Reyngold" variety with yellow, bright and medium-sized flowers. On the flowerbed, the variety creates a very juicy yellow, long-lasting spot, and the contrast with the foliage favorably emphasizes the neighbors.
In nature, crocosmia is usually orange with a particular shade. In the flower beds is common orange variety.
Growing crocosmia in the open field begins when the soil temperature at the site of planting warms to 10ᵒ C. In the southern regions this is the last days of April, in the more northern first half of May.
Pre-germination does not require crocosmia bulbs. However, if they are removed from the wintering in advance and placed on warming up, the onions very quickly start to grow. Planted heated material germinates and blooms 2 - 3 weeks earlier than warmed up.
Experienced growers practice part of the bulbs to warm up and germinate, and some leave in a cold state. In addition, the delay in planting the bulbs is carried out deliberately to delay flowering. Thus, the bulbs that are planted earlier, bloom faster, but also bloom faster. But those who landed later, pick up their wave of flowering and continue to the frosts themselves.
Watering and feeding
Crocosmia, being an African, is not very hungry for water. If summer pleases us with rain at least twice a month, you should not worry about watering. In a very hot period it is necessary to water occasionally.
The plant also does not need top dressings. Planting of the bulbs is carried out constantly to a new place and the fertilizers applied under the predecessor, fully satisfy the crocosmia.
Digging and wintering
If the temperature in your region does not fall below 10ᵒ С, then the landing can be covered with woven or non-woven covering materials, and they can be removed in early spring. In this state, the bulbs will winter well, and in the spring they will independently start growing.
If the frost shackles the ground to a depth of more than 20 cm, then the bulbs must be dug. Do it after the first frost.
The bulbs are dug, stacked in a dry place and kept until the leaves are completely dry.
Next, the onions are cleaned, reviewed, sorted and placed in canvas or paper bags. The best substrate for wintering are sawdust or furnace ash. Having poured the onions, the bags are lowered into the cellar. In the spring, everything repeats.
Crocosmia: varieties and varieties
A charming plant with flowers of various shades, crowning a long flower spike, grows in nature in the central regions of Africa. At the end of the 19th century, a breeder from France, Lemoine, managed to develop hybrid varieties of tritonia with magnificent flowers. Since that time, the flower is widely grown in gardens and parks, and is currently used for landscape compositions as a perennial plant. Another name of Crocosmia is montbrecia.
In total, about 50 species of montbrets are known, of which two are used in landscape design, while perennial hybrids are represented by unique varieties in color.
Growing crocosmia in the open field has certain agrotechnical rules, compliance with which guarantees the perfect flowering of plants.
Tip! Planted on the site crocosmia different varieties away from each other to avoid over-pollination.
In landscape design, the following varieties of tritonia are used to create flower compositions in open ground:
- Emily mc kenzie - symmetrical flowers of brown-yellow color of bright tones with a late flowering period. The height of the bush reaches 0.6 m.
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This plant has leaves in the form of swords. Sometimes it is called Japanese gladiolus. Crocosmia grows in central Africa. In the late nineteenth century in France, breeders bred hybrid plants. Since then crocosmia or montbrecia has been grown in gardens, parks, used in landscape design. More than fifty species of crocosmia are known. Perennial hybrid plants have a wonderful color.
In order for montbrecia to bloom beautifully for a long time, it is necessary to follow some rules of agriculture and caring for it. If you use several types of crocosmia on the site, then you need to plant them at a distance from each other so that there is no self-pollination.
Crocosmia paniculata - This is an early flowering plant.
In June, you can enjoy the orange flowers.
Crocosmia: growing and care
It is best to plant the plant on fertile soil, which is rich in humus. It is not allowed to keep groundwater close to the roots of the Crocosmia. That is why it is recommended to perform a drainage system before planting a flower.
Crocosmia (or Montbrecia) is planted in an open area, but you can plant a plant and under the trees. An ideal place, nevertheless, is without shadow and without wind. Even a novice can grow crocosmia.
Landing Crocosmia at their summer cottage
Crossium tubers are treated with potassium permanganate before planting. Ideal if you buy growth stimulants. If the children are separated from the main head, then they should be planted for re-growing on a separate bed. Plant bulbs need not deep - 10 centimeters, at a distance of 15 centimeters from each other.
Landing Crocosmia (Japanese gladiolus)
If you want to start blooming crocosmia earlier, then you need to plant the bulbs in the greenhouse, then to transplant into a flower bed.
How to prepare Japanese gladiolus for winter
At the same time, crocosmia does not tolerate cold and snowy winters. In the southern regions crocosmia can be left for wintering in the ground, and in other regions - to dig for storage.
An important condition for the care of Crocosmia - watering. It is not allowed to over-transfuse the plant. If the rainy season is long, you need to somehow remove moisture from the ground.
Peduncles need to tie up to the sticks. To rhizomes get more nutrients, you need to cut flower stalks. As soon as the first leaves appear, it is necessary to feed them. It is best to use cow droppings. Of course, it is possible to buy mineral or organic fertilizers that are sold in flower shops.
Japanese gladiolus: landing and care
Care and collection of seeds after flowering Crocosmia
Crocosium is best to propagate. bulbs (tubers). A gardener who grows this plant for a long time knows that his seeds are not required for reproduction.
If you are going to plant a montrection for the first time, then the best option is to purchase seeds in a store.
Crocosmia requires careful maintenance in preparation for the cold. Montbrecia is not cold-resistant, so you need to dig up the bulbs in October. It is necessary to dry the bulbs (tubers) at a temperature of 10 degrees, and then hide in a warm place like gladiolus bulbs. If your region has a warm climate, you can leave the bulbs in the soil. However, then you need to mulch the plant, establish a spruce branch or cover the plant with shavings and leaves to generate additional heat.
This beautiful flower has about 50 species that are different from each other and have their own characteristics.
- Crocosmia golden - This is a beautiful plant with bright yellow or orange (sometimes yellow-orange) flowers, long linear leaves of green color. This variety has been grown since 1846.
- Crocosmia Massonorum - These are flowers that grow on a bush 70–80 cm high. The leaves of the plant are ribbed and sword-shaped. Flowers of yellow or orange shade make up a beautiful brush of peduncles. Flowers open in summer and smell fragrant saffron. This species is the most cold-resistant of all other varieties.
- Crocosmia vulgaris - This is the most popular type of montrection. Planting and care in the open field is quite simple. Is a hybrid. The plant has a straight stem, narrow light green leaves and beautiful yellow-orange-red flowers of small size. The plant blooms in summer.
- Crocosmia Potts - A plant growing in marshland. Unlike other varieties, it likes shady locations and rather wet soil. The leaves are narrower and smoother to the touch than other varieties of montbrecia, and the flowers are smaller and less fragrant.
- Crocosmia Lucifer - This is an extraordinary beauty flower with corrugated leaves, rough to the touch. Height - 150 cm. Flowers are small, but very bright. When flowering (usually in mid-July) you can find exquisite orange flowers.
Tritonia is an amazing plant with a huge variety of varieties, shades and shapes. Planting a montrebion does not require much effort, the main thing is to ensure proper care: control of soil fertility, moisture, heat and sunlight.
Perennial corms of Crocosmia do not tolerate cold winters, especially little snow. In the southern regions of Russia, the plant is left to winter in the beds, but in the north - you need to dig up corms for storage in a place protected from the cold.
Plant care is reduced to timely, regular watering. Overflow landings are not allowed. In rainy weather it is necessary to eliminate the stagnation of rainwater in the beds with crocosmia.
Sufficiently long peduncles plants have heavy spike-shaped inflorescences that require care: tying the peduncles to pegs. Отцветшие цветоносы требуется вырезать, эта операция позволит обеспечить корневища притоком дополнительных питательных веществ.
Удобрение и подкормка крокосмии
In the phase of the appearance of the leaves is the first feeding bushes montbretsii. Full mineral fertilizer is introduced into the beds with plants. It is possible to water the plantings with infusion of cow dung or bird droppings. It is necessary to repeat the fertilizer of bushes at least 3 times a month.
Closer to fall, the plant must be fed with potash fertilizers. This dressing allows you to strengthen the corms and it is better to move wintering plants.
Crocosmia multiplies seed and vegetative methods. Sowing seeds produced in greenhouses in February. Grown seedlings planted in beds in open ground for the whole summer. During the summer, young plants grow corm. Grown from the seeds of Crocosmia, bloom in the second or third year after sowing. Growing from seed requires special attention to young plants: overflow is detrimental to seedlings.
The easiest way of breeding - separation and rearing children. Babe put in separate beds. The flowering of young plants begins with the 2nd year of life.
Crocosmia shrub: combination with other plants
Crocosmia perfectly combines with tall, perennial flowering crops: rudbeckia, almighty, rogers, catnip, veronica. The perennial mixborder in landscape design, in which crocosmia is often planted, is pleasing to the eye with the pomp of flowering round summer, because with an abundance of modern varieties, it is always possible to pick flowers with bright colors and different flowering periods.
Crocosmia makes a wonderful combination with perennial grasses and daylilies.
Crocosmia shrub in landscape design
For landscape design and decoration of territories, tritonium is an indispensable plant. Flowering montbretic bushes create multi-colored cascades on lawns, near ponds, pools and fountains. Tall varieties montbretsii able to decorate the dilapidated walls of buildings or gazebos. Flowers are beautiful in monoculture, and when planting in mixed flower beds. Decorative rabat planted with tritonium - a bright decoration for landscape design.