In great abundance of garden flowers campanula occupies a significant place. The plant has light subtle flowers bells delicate shades and rich greens. For this she was popularly called the “bridegroom”.
- Campanula Carpathian - perennial undersized garden bell native to the slopes of the Carpathians. The plant reaches a height of 40 cm in height. The bush has the shape of a sphere with a diameter of 30 cm. It blooms from mid-summer to autumn with large, cupped flowers. The size of the flowers is about 3-5 cm, a shade more often blue less often violet and white. It prefers sunny places, but can grow in partial shade. Perfect for the design of rock gardens and landscaping balconies.
- Campanula nettle-leaved - perennial bell growing up to 1 m. The stems are covered with hairs, large flowers are grouped in groups of 2-3. Flowers blue, white or purple hue. There are terry forms. Perfectly tolerates the shadow.
- Bluebell flower - a perennial plant with a branchy stem about 90 cm tall. Flowers 3 cm in size of milky or purple shade are grouped into an inflorescence in the shape of a pyramid. Light-requiring
- Campanula persicolist reaches a height of 50-90 cm. The leaves are shaped like peach leaves. Flowering occurs throughout the summer. Flowers: wide bells of about 3 cm blue or white color. Entered in the Red Book.
Natural types of campanulas are not whimsical, frost-resistant and are great for decorating gardens. Cultural forms of the bell more demanding of the conditions, but have even more decorative.
Before planting a plant you need to choose a suitable place. The site should be well lit and not swamped. If the depth of groundwater is small, it is better to choose a place on a hill. Campanula is moisture-loving, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the root zone. Light and loamy soils are preferred.
From the autumn, the area needs to be dug up by removing the roots of weeds and fertilizing with organic fertilizers. Some types of bluebell like a weakly alkaline reaction. The introduction of ash will reduce the acidity of the soil.
After 2-3 weeks, shoots should appear. 20 days after the emergence of seedlings, seedlings can be transplanted into the open ground on seedling beds. A suitable time for this is the end of May. In late August, grown and grown seedlings should be transplanted to a permanent place.
- at a distance of 30 cm to make holes 10 cm deep,
- shed them abundantly with water, let it soak,
- putting a seedling in the hole gently sprinkle with earth and condense,
- to sweat in sunny weather
- before winter should be covered with spruce branches or foliage.
Campanula does not tolerate transplants. If, nevertheless, the need for this has arisen, then a transplant is best done in spring or late summer. Digging plants, be sure to leave on the roots of a large earthen ball. So the roots get less damage. After 3 weeks, you can do the root feeding. The life of small bells is only a couple of years old, so it is better to propagate the desired variety by cuttings.
Care for the bells is a regular watering, loosening the soil, fertilizer and weeds and pests. Tall varieties need to be tied to a support. To preserve decorative faded flowers should be removed.
- At the end of April-May - nitrogen-containing fertilizers for good development of leaf mass.
- In the period of budding - complex mineral fertilizer.
- During the flowering period - phosphate and potassium-containing fertilizer.
Cultural forms of the campanula poorly tolerate frosts, so it is necessary to shelter them for the winter. For this, in late autumn, the plants are cut and covered with spruce or peat. In the spring, you need to remove the shelter in a timely manner, otherwise the plant can dry out.
In the second year of life, Campanula lays buds of flowers. If the plant produces several stems, it is better to remove them to relieve the load.
Diseases and pests
The plant is fairly resistant to disease. It is affected by powdery mildew, nematodes, fungal diseases, and rust from excess moisture and low light. To prevent the development of diseases, the plant and the earth should be treated with preparations with copper or a foundation. The soil can be decontaminated by treatment with potassium permanganate solution.
The bell is damaged by pests such as aphid, ants, slugs. To protect against parasites use various insecticides, for example: Spark.
Propagate the plant in several ways:
Seeds harvested when the box becomes dark brown. They need to be dried. In mid-autumn, seeds are sown in open ground, a little sprinkled with earth. If the ground is dry, then it is necessary to water them. In the spring, a month after the snow melted, shoots appear. In the first months of summer, the grown seedlings can be planted in a permanent place. Annual bellflower forms are propagated only by seeds.
For breeding plants dividing the bush in August or May, you should dig up a bush and divide it into parts, leaving several buds to grow. Divided rhizomes should be immediately planted in a permanent place.
Reproduction by cuttings spend in June, cutting off a young flowering stalk and placing it in the ground. Be sure to pritenit cutting. It takes root for about a month. Cuttings should be taken from healthy large bushes.
With a large amount of bush campanula it can be propagated by cutting off a small part with a sharp shovel. The separated part is planted in a suitable area, and the remaining plant should be well sprinkled with soil and watered.
Features of cultivation:
- does not like sour soil,
- begins to bloom from the third year of life,
- prefers sunny areas protected from the wind,
- honey plant has a wonderful aroma
- afraid of stagnant soil moisture, so the soil should be well drained.
Due to the large variety of shapes and types, Campanula is used both for decorating garden plots and for cutting into bouquets. Low-growing forms in combination with other plants look great in rockeries, rabatkah and borders. And also used to decorate balconies. Tall bells are used in group compositions in combination with mallow, ferns. If you follow all the rules, this beautiful, sophisticated flower will serve as an ornament to your garden for a long time.
The flower, whose photo impresses with its brightness, belongs to the bell family. His homeland - countries with a temperate climate. Habitat can be cliffs and wastelands, meadows, steppe areas, forests.
Plant height varies from 40-100 cm. Its characteristic feature is different stems, they can be:
- thin creeping
- thick erect.
The shoots of the plant are covered with carved leaves in the shape of a heart in a rich green color. They grow to 7 cm in length, arranged on long cuttings.
Buds have an interesting configuration, they resemble a pyramid of different shades. Here you can see white, pink, lilac and blue flowers with a diameter of 2-4 cm. They begin to delight the gardener's eyes in the summer, sometimes even in September.
Peculiarities of care
After planting, the main thing is to provide shading to it if the sun shines brightly. If this is not done, an excess of illumination will result in foliage or yellowing, or much brighter.
The rest of the plant is unpretentious in the care, it needs the usual conditions for good growth and development.
The plant loves a lot of moisture, especially during the period of active growth, flowering. Watering is carried out every day with small volumes of water at room temperature. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that there is no stagnation of water, this leads to rotting of the root system.
If drought reigns in the yard, the frequency of soil moistening is doubled. In this case, the flower is watered in the morning and evening.
If you allow overdrying of soil:
- the foliage will become smaller,
- bloom will begin later.
To preserve moisture and reduce the frequency of watering, the soil around the plant is mulched using peat, fallen pine leaves or straw. In the fall, watering is reduced.
Loosening and weeding
Weeding should be carried out regularly to get rid of weeds in time. They can harm the plant, reducing the rate of growth and development.
Loosening is performed after each watering. This provides oxygen to the roots, which ensures abundant flowering.
The flower needs to be fed by fertilizers. They are brought before shoots, as well as during and after completion of the flowering stage.
Feeding is carried out every 2 weeks, with:
- in the spring using a mixture of nitrogen in the composition. Their use accelerates the growth of foliage.
- the mineral composition is used once during the budding period,
- Potassium or phosphate mixtures are added at the beginning of flowering.
You can not use fresh manure, it is bad for the state of the root system, causing it to rot.
If the plants are drawn too hard, they need to be tied up. Without this, they can bend over and break off from strong gusts of wind.
Trimming and wintering
Every year in October, pruning is carried out, during which shoots are removed and mulching is carried out with peat and fallen leaves for the winter. It is important when the spring comes in time to remove the shelter, otherwise the flower may melt.
Also during the flowering period, it is necessary to remove dried buds in time to ensure the emergence of new flowers, to guarantee abundant flowering. Some varieties may then re-bloom.
Campanula garden perennial
Stems erect, branched, both flat and pubescent, there are climbing species. In perennial bells, flowering begins on the 2nd year after sowing the seeds. They are valuable set and duration of flowering, which runs from June to frost. Grow well in the sun and in the shade. They are suitable for any well-drained, non-acidic, moderately wet soil. Plant and transplant both in spring and autumn. Flowers of bellflower melliferous.
They contain a huge amount of pollen and nectar, have the smell of fragrant meadows, shady forest glade. The fruit is a box. Its structure is special: in its lower part, it has holes, closed with valves. In dry weather, the valves open, the seeds spill out and are carried by the wind, and in wet weather they are covered. Seed color - from milky white to dark red depending on the species. How bells look is understandable to almost everyone, but not enough who know that these plants have the ability to change the shape of the leaves and the color of the corolla, depending on the humidity of the air.
On a note! With moisture saturation, the flowers become clearer.
Below is a description of the bells of the most common species and varieties:
The nettle-bellflower is a perennial. The plant is high (up to 1 m). Branched root, ribbed stem with hard, small hairs. Leaves on small stalks, triangular, ovate, sessile. Flowers 1-3 in the axils of the upper leaves. Inflorescence - loose brush up to 45 cm long.
In the culture there are garden forms - terry - purple and snow-white. The plant is extremely winter hardy, unpretentious and therefore widely distributed in floriculture.
Round-leaved bell - widely known perennial. Especially known in the middle lane, the Caucasus and Siberia. Received its title for round basal leaves. Plant height from 10 to 60 cm. Rhizome thin, branched, creeping. Stalk one or more. A distinctive feature of this species is the early drying out and the subsidence of basal leaves - already during the flowering of the plant. Stem leaves, fresh and green, are preserved until the deepest autumn. The flowers are small, blue, located at the ends of the branches of the paniculate inflorescence. There are varieties used in floriculture: arctic, velvety, garden.
Of the species, the bell Carpathian "Dwarf" is more known - this is one of the most unpretentious members of the family. Compact rounded bushes differ in long flowering (from June to September).
On a note! Plant height does not exceed 30 cm.
Small bell "Raspberry ringing" - a mixture of amazing beauty and an abundance of delicate colors of large double flowers. Bell "Droplet" mixture. Very large flowers of delicate colors will decorate any flower bed and flower garden, perfectly preserved in cut.
Of the other species, of interest are the bellflower, the bell-shaped bell, the peach-shaped bell, the bell-shaped assembly, or the crowded bell, the Siberian bell.
The campanula bell is a plant that develops on stony soils. This species gives a huge amount of grains, abundantly and soon propagated by the vegetative method. A few years from one to three grains can get a thick overgrown field. This bell will form a straight, branched stem with flowers that make up a long one-sided brush. It blooms from June to October, growing in height from 20 to 100 cm.
Hand bell peach — flowering begins on the 2nd year after sowing, in the 2nd half of June and lasts most of the month. The flowers are blue, lilac-blue or snow-white, large, 4-5 cm long, gathered in paniculate inflorescences of several pieces, there are crowned and terry forms.
Bluebell - the color of plants is dark purple. Height 15-80 cm. The stem is reddish, not densely covered with hairs. Bells are very decorative when landing in rabatki and mixborders. They are allowed to use when setting flower borders and on slides.
Description of the plant and its species
Campanula is a grassy perennial from the bell family. The plant has thick upright or thin creeping stems, from 40 to 100 cm in height.
The shape of flowers is pyramidal. Color varies from light to bright shades (white, pink, lilac, blue and others). Flower diameter - 2-4 cm.
Leaves are heart-shaped, carved, up to 7 cm long, located on long cuttings. Flowering summer, may continue in September. The bell grows in countries with a temperate climate. The species has more than 300 varieties.
Natural habitat is diverse:
- Persicolist(Campanula persicifolia) - the flowers are blue or white, bloom in June, in August the seeds ripen. Stem from 50 to 80 cm in height. The shape of the leaves is similar to peach foliage. Hence the name originated. Popular varieties are Snowdrift, Bernice, Telham Beauty, Fleur de Neige.
- Broadleaf (Campanula latifolia) - large flowers located on the top of the stem. Whisk up to 7 cm long. The color is white or purple. Flowering in July, seed ripening in August. Stem erect, up to 130 cm in height. The leaves at the root are long, up to 15 cm, width - 6 cm. The scape is short. Upper leaves sessile, small in size. Popular varieties - "Brantwood", "Makranta."
- Equipolite (Campanula isophylla Moretti) is a small plant, up to 30 cm. The flowers are white and blue, numerous, blooming throughout the summer. Leaves slightly pubescent, rounded. Varieties - "Maya" and "Alba".
- Nettle (Campanula trachelium) is a straight, branched stem up to 100 cm high. The flowers are large, light purple or white. Blooming profuse, continues until the end of August. The leaves are rough, toothed. Folk names - grass, big bell, gooseneck.
- Carpathian (Campanula carpatica) - a short, highly branchy stem up to 35 cm. The flowers are cupped, large, up to 5 cm in diameter. The color is white, purple and blue. The leaves are ovate, at the roots - petiolate, closer to the apex - sessile. The flowering period until the end of September. Varieties - Blue Clips, White Clips, Pearl Deep Blue.
- Overcrowded (Campanula glomerata) - thick shoots, from 20 to 60 cm long. Basal leaves ovoid, long-petiolate. Upper - narrower, sessile. Flowers are blue, white and purple. Fade in mid-August. The varieties are “Akaulis”, “Superba”.
In addition to the above varieties, there is also a bell: spoon-leaved, gargansky, Pozharsky, fasting, medium, lacticolor and others.
Rules for planting and transplanting campanula
Perennials can be planted and transplanted in spring or autumn.
Flower reproduction occurs:
- Cuttings. Cut off the shoot from the bottom of the shoot with a sharp knife and place in a container with water so that the leaves remain on the surface. After the appearance of the roots, plant the cuttings in a pot with peat and sand mixture. Watering the sprout does not need to just sprinkle it with water. When the cutting is strong, transplant it into the garden.
- Seeds. They are planted in the fall in the ground or in the spring in pots or greenhouse. Scatter the planting material onto the moistened soil and sprinkle with 3 cm of soil. Flow heavily again. In the autumn, perform the procedure at the end of October. Shoots will appear in 3-4 weeks after the snow melts. Spring landing in March. Cover the seed container with glass or plastic film, and periodically ventilate the seedlings. In late May, the plant can be planted in the garden.
- The division of the bush. Dig out the mother bush at the end of summer or in September and divide it into 2-3 parts. Make sure that each has at least 1 renewal point. Drop a part of the root to a permanent place. Before the onset of frost, seedlings will have time to take root.
Where to plant or transplant Campanula:
- First prepare a place for future landing / transfer. Land should be dug up and cleaned of weeds (dig them up with the root).
- The site should be illuminated by diffused sunlight. Penumbra is allowed.
- Choose a place without drafts.
- The preferred soil composition is alkaline or neutral. Add peat and sand to the clay soil, and humus and wood ash to the sandy soil. The main thing is that the ground was loose, allowing the roots to breathe.
- Avoid lowlands and other areas with constant water stagnation.
In order not to damage the roots, do not shake the plant and do not knock down the soil from it. Spread the holes dug beforehand, place a bell in them and sprinkle it on top of it with earth.
Watering and fertilizer
Campanula is a moisture-loving plant. Especially in the period of growth and flowering. Water the flower daily in small portions of water. In particularly dry summer watering can be increased up to 2 times per day (in the morning and in the evening). Over-dried soil can kill the plant for several days.
Water for watering use warmed up. Carefully monitor soil moisture. Stagnant water is also detrimental to bells, as is drought. In the autumn, the process of watering gradually reduce.
Recommendations for flower fertilization:
- Perennial needs feeding in spring and summer.
- Kampanula does not tolerate fresh manure, this type of fertilizer leads to rotting of the roots.
- feeding is undesirable to carry out more often than 1 time in 2 weeks.
- In early spring, apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers to the soil.
- Before starting flowering (presumably in May), fertilize the bell with minerals.
- after flowering perennial can be supplemented with potassium and superphosphate.
How to care for the plant
In order for the plant to grow healthy and give a lush bloom, follow these care guidelines:
- Correctly determine the place for planting bells.
- Lack of light can lead to slower growth and stretching of the plant.
- Take care to avoid the risk of stagnant water.
- Moderate watering, do not let the soil dry out.
- Fertilize perennial before shoots, during and after flowering.
- In time, get rid of weeds that can "drown out" the plant.
- Loosen the soil constantly, air access is important for bells.
Among other things, proper care includes combating diseases and pests:
- Due to excess water or increased humidity, campanula can become sick with gray mold. In such a case should reduce the amount of watering.
- To combat parasites (slugs, aphid, pennitsa), treat perennial with chemical agents or copper sulfate in combination with superphosphate.
- In case of damage to the flower by nematodes, mealy race or ring spot, treat the stems and surrounding soil with Topaz or foundationol.
Features of growing
Like many other plants, Campanula has a number of features in the process of growing:
- Dried flowers should be removed periodically. This will lead to the formation of new buds and more numerous blooms. Some varieties of kampanuly, after purification from withered flowers, are capable of re-flowering.
- In mid-autumn, the stems of the bell should be cut and cover the roots with peat and fallen leaves. The perennial, though cold-resistant, needs additional warming.
- Tall bells require garters, otherwise they can bend or break from strong winds.
- Despite the fact that Campanula is considered a perennial plant, it should be constantly updated. After 2-3 years, the flower disappears. Therefore, annually plant new cuttings to save the plant.
- Sometimes the flower needs shading. Excess sunlight is determined by clarified or even yellowed leaves.
Follow the above tips, properly care for the plant, follow the watering regime and constantly update the shrubs. All this will help you grow in your garden a healthy, rich in bright colors flower.
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Description and types of plants
A campanula has wide, straight stems or thin, curly, depending on the variety. In height, its size may also differ. There are instances that barely reach half a meter, while others can grow up to one and a half meters.
The people of Campanula are usually called the "bell" because of the flowers, which have the shape of a small pyramid and resemble a bell. The flowers themselves are small - only 2-4 centimeters in diameter.
The color of the garden garden flowers is very diverse and even the most fastidious florist will be able to choose the appropriate shade of both pastel color and bright and saturated.
Garden campanula blooms throughout the summer and can capture even the beginning of autumn. Widespread bell marked in a wooded area in the fields and meadows and in other areas. More than three hundred varieties of plants are known, each of which is beautiful in its own way.
From the garden campanula, the following can be distinguished kinds:
- peach view - its inflorescences can have a blue or white shade. Usually the flowers of this variety are revealed in the month of June, and their seeds ripen by August. The name "peach" comes from the leaves of the plant, which resemble peach. On average, they usually do not reach a meter in height, that is, they can be approximately 60-80 cm. Belham Beauty, Snowdrift, Fleur de Neige and Snowdrift are varieties of this type.
- broadleaf view Bluebell - the main difference of this species is the flowers, which are quite large in size and are located on the top of the stem. The colors are purple and white, and the plant blooms around July. Seeds ripen closer to mid-August. The stem can reach a length of more than a meter. Leaves extending from the root are also quite long, but closer to the top, on the contrary, small. The most common species of this species are Macranth and Brantwood.
- equilateral view - it is distinguished by a low stem and long flowering (it can bloom throughout the summer period). There are many small bells on the euste, which may have a blue or white shade. The most popular varieties of this species include "Albu" and "Maya".
- nettle leaf species - has volumetric inflorescences of a gentle-violet shade or white. May bloom until August. The stem is about a meter long. The leaves are a little rough.
- Carpathian view - has large cupped flowers about 5 cm in diameter and low stem (up to 40 cm in total). There are varieties of white, sky and purple hues. It has differences in the form of leaves - they are egg-shaped. This kind of campanula blooms until October.
- crowded view - has thick shoots of medium length. There are blue, white and lilac flowers that fade by mid-August. The most common varieties of this species are "Superba" and "Akulis."
How to plant a garden campanula
A perennial plant of this species can be planted and transplanted both in autumn and in spring. It can be propagated in several ways:
- by grafting,
- with the help of seeds,
- division of the bush.
The simplest way to propagate this bell is cutting. All that needs to be done is to cut off the branch from the bottom of the shoot and put it into the water. However, two points should be taken into account: leaves should not be lowered into a container with water and the branch should be cut with a very sharp knife.
After some time, the cutting should have roots and can be planted in a pot with soil. For the soil you can use peat - sand mixture.
The cutting can not be watered, but only from time to time sprinkle with water. It should be given to it to take root and after that it can be transplanted into open ground.
The flower can be planted with the help of seeds that ripen after flowering. It is customary to sow them in open ground in the autumn. If you sow them in the spring, it is better to first grow seedlings for this, planting seeds at home in a pot. Before planting, the ground should be well moistened.
For planting seeds are made holes, about a depth of about three centimeters. From above the seeds are covered with earth and after that they should be watered well. Experts believe that planting the seeds of this perennial should be engaged closer to the end of October. Shoots will begin to appear immediately after the snow melts.
As for planting in the spring garden bell, the best for this is the month of March.
Reproduction by dividing the shrub is a great option for those who are engaged in the constant cultivation of perennials and who already have these beautiful flowers in the garden. Propagation by dividing the bush is carried out after the flower has faded and for this it is necessary to dig and divide into several parts. It is necessary that at each separated bush there should be at least one point of renewal.
After the separation of the bush, the seedlings are planted in the prepared soil and watered. Campanula takes some time to get rooted and so that it doesn’t stop doing it better no later than September.
How to care for the garden campanula
The bell is a rather unpretentious plant, but in order for it to grow well and please the grower with abundant flowering, you should know some rules for caring for him. Firstly, it should be noted that Campanula is a moisture-loving plant, therefore, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture daily. Especially water he needs during the growing season and during flowering. Sometimes, in dry weather or in dry climates, the plant requires watering twice a day.
However, with abundant watering should be careful that there is no stagnation of water, otherwise the roots may begin to rot. Therefore, before planting should take care of the drainage system.
In addition, flowers that have already bloomed should be removed. This will lead to the fact that new buds will begin to form, and accordingly the flowering will be longer and more abundant.
Perennial should be prepared annually for winter and cover it with foliage and peat to prevent it from freezing.
Good plant refers to the feeding. Usually this is done three times per season:
- The end of April-May is suitable for applying nitrogen-containing types of fertilizers, contributing to the good growth and development of young foliage.
- When they begin to tie buds are fed with the help of complex mineral fertilizers.
- When the bell is already in bloom, you can use phosphate and potassium-containing fertilizer.
The most unpretentious flowers for spring
Early spring in the middle lane does not please with colors. Annual flowers have not yet been sown, even the most unpretentious perennials for giving are still showing up out of the ground.
Are there plants that are ready to bloom in the first warm days? Yes, wintering bulbous cultures have formed the bud rudiments since autumn, and in the spring, the first to light up the flowerbeds with all the shades of the rainbow.
Almost from under the snow appear corollas of crocuses of white, blue, yellow and even striped colors. Plants in height from 7 to 15 cm bloom from March to May, and after the flowers wither, they retire. The planting of the bulbs is carried out in terms traditional for spring bulbous plants, from August to September. The best place for crocuses is well-lit areas or partial shade, for example, under the crowns of not yet blossomed shrubs or trees.
Bright flowers of crocuses look great in group plantings, forming spectacular spots among the stones, on alpine hills or on flower beds. Single plants enliven the look of a spring lawn.
From April to almost the end of May, low stalks appear on the flower beds, from 10 to 20 cm, with stems crowned with buds of small flowers resembling bells. This is muscari or mouse hyacinth. A modest ornamental bulbous plant can rightly be included in the list of unpretentious flowers for the garden and garden.
Once you have planted very small bulbs somewhere under the canopy of garden trees, under large lilac bushes or chubushnika, for many years you can observe the charming flowering of muscari, which every year will be more and more.
It is possible to plant sprouted muscari clumps in June, when the elongated-linear leaves and blue or blue flowers wither.
Landing is carried out at the end of the summer or in the first weeks of autumn.
During the flowering period, plants need moisture, but muscari will accumulate strength better in a well-warmed dry ground. The dignity of these unpretentious perennial flowers - stable flowering in one place, undemanding care and an excellent combination with other primroses.
The incredibly beautiful and fresh green curtains of Pushkinia with blue, white and blue buds rising above the foliage.
Flowering of this species of bulbous occurs in April and May. Plants up to 20 cm high love the sun or light penumbra, look great in mass plantings, as well as in the vicinity of primroses, medium-sized varieties of daffodils, carved green plants and wintering gems under snow.
Tulip is not only the perennials most common in the dacha, but also the most unpretentious flowers. Today, at the disposal of lovers of spring flowers - hundreds and thousands of magnificent varieties. However, not everyone knows that these garden plants belong to several species, differing both externally and the timing of flowering.
Skillfully picking up varieties, using only tulips with a height of 10 to 50 cm, you can decorate the area from flower beds to the alpine slide. The flowering of the first tulips begins in March, and the latest varieties wither in late May.
Tulip bulbs are planted in the first half of autumn in sunny areas with a loose, nutrient-rich soil.
During growth and flowering plants need regular watering, which stop in summer when the bulbs rest.
Types of garden tulips react differently to frost. If in the southern regions unpretentious plants for gardening and gardening can be considered the most lush terry and lily varieties, in the northern areas the common tulips of Greig, Gesner and Foster need annual digging.
The stunted but botanical tulips or Kaufman tulips that winter over any climate will help to replace them.
Along with tulips in the garden beds appear daffodils. Flowering lasts from April to the last days of May, while the flowers illuminate the garden not only with bright sunny hues, but also with an exquisite aroma.
Depending on the variety, the plants reach a height of 30 to 60 cm. The flowers can be either simple or double, with a short or long crown. Daffodils prefer areas with loose fertile soil. They grow well in the sun and under the crowns that open at this time. The main thing is that the soil in which the bulbs were planted in the fall should not be oversaturated with moisture.
Daffodils are long-blooming, unpretentious flowers for the garden, successfully used in mixed plantings with tulips, bergenia, garden varieties of ferns, dicentrum and other plants. Daffodils for several years perfectly feel in one place. Growing up, they form very dense curtains, which are seated after the foliage withers, that is, at the beginning of summer.
Hibernating bulbous cultures, like “out of nowhere” appearing in the spring, are unpretentious and bright, but at the same time their foliage cannot maintain decorativeness for a long time. It dies off, exposing a place in a flower bed, so it’s worthwhile to take care of planting a number of “replacement” crops, such as peony bushes, perennial poppies or aquilegia.
It's one thing to pick long-flowering perennials and unpretentious flowers for a garden in the sun. Another is to find the same plants for both open and shady areas.
There are not so many shade-tolerant garden crops - periwinkle is a vivid example of one of them. A ground cover plant or small half-shrubs bloom in the midst of spring and quickly spread, rooting easily when in contact with the ground.
Cultivars of periwinkle create spectacular curtains of fresh greenery with spots of all shades of blue, white, pink and purple. At the disposal of gardeners specimens with simple and terry corollas, smooth and variegated foliage.
Romantic legends are associated with many ornamental plants. Not an exception - the dicenter, which thanks to such a story is no longer known by its real name, but as a “broken heart”.
Thanks to the powerful rhizomes of the dicentre, it endures winter cold without loss. With the advent of heat, the dying leaves in the fall rises above the ground, reaching different heights from 30 to 100 cm in various varieties. Цветение длится около месяца, причем под прозрачной тенью молодой листвы поникающие соцветия неприхотливого растения для дачи и сада выглядят ярче и держатся дольше.
Дицентра будет незаменима на клумбе в соседстве с примулами и нарциссами, мускари, папоротниками и декоративными сортами лука.
Цветущее растение достойно любования в единичной посадке, а после увядания соцветий станет прекрасным фоном для других цветов.
Classic spring flower beds - forest lilies of the valley, blooming in May. Thanks to creeping rhizomes, plants overwinter. In spring, flower-like leaves rolled up into dense tubes first appear in the flowerbeds, then peduncles up to 30 cm high rise over the rosettes. Each inflorescence has from 6 to 20 white or pinkish, fragrant bells. Flowering lasts until the beginning of summer, and then in place of flowers appear red rounded berries.
The dignity of these unpretentious garden perennials - flowers that do not lose beauty in the sun and in the shade, the ability to grow in one place for up to 10 years.
In the forest next to the curtains of lily of the valley you can see the graceful plants kupeny. Perennial blooming from May to June is not as bright as other spring flowers.
But in shady areas, near coniferous crops and shrubs, a culture from 30 to 80 cm in height with drooping white or greenish bell flowers is simply indispensable.
May is the month of the brightest greenery and unusually lush flowering of garden perennials.
At this time, under the crowns of trees, near the paths and ponds, blue flowers of Brunners appear under the protection of walls and fences. Plants with a height of 30 to 50 cm, with decorative pointed-heart-shaped foliage prefer to settle in the penumbra, where there is enough moisture and nutrition for lush leafy rosettes and blossoms towering above them.
Gentle blue unpretentious garden flowers enliven the most shady corners, do not require special care, thanks to the attractive, often variegated foliage for a long time protect the decorativeness and can do for many years without a transplant.
In favorable conditions, the brunner grows excellently and propagates by dividing the bush.
Summer, beautiful and unpretentious flowers to give
Bright, fast-growing letniki in 1-2 months after sowing color the flowerbeds in the most incredible colors. But autumn comes, and the plants end their short life. Next spring, the summer resident begins with the selection of annual, ornamental crops, planting and caring for young seedlings. It takes a lot of precious time, which could be devoted to seedlings of vegetables, caring for fruit and berry plantings.
The long-flowering perennials, unpretentious flowers that bloom in different seasons and do not require painstaking care will help save time and effort. Although they bloom only in the second half of the summer or the second year, they live in the same place for several years without a transplant.
Summer is the most fertile season for flowering plants. An incredible number of species are ready to give their flowers to the cottagers. The main thing is to choose from them those plants that can rightly be called non-capricious and beautiful.
When late tulips and daffodils bloom in the garden at the end of May, the decorative foliage or watersheds begin to rise above the ground. The whimsical bells of this one of the most unpretentious perennials for giving, as in the photo of flowers, are revealed on high erect peduncles.
Flowering practically without interruption lasts from late May to September. And even without flowers, plants do not lose their charm. Their leaves to fall to acquire purple and purple tones. Depending on the variety, aquilegia can grow from 30 to 80 cm in height. All perennials of this species grow well in the shade and in open areas. Already by the name it is clear that the catchment loves moisture, but even with a deficit of irrigation, it can find water thanks to its powerful stem rhizomes. Best of all, aquilegia grows on light drained soils.
Flowers appear in the second year of life. Adult plants can be divided. This can be done in early spring or autumn.
Although under favorable conditions, aquilegia propagates by self-sowing, this method does not allow preserving the properties of hybrid and varietal specimens. Seedlings most often have a purple or pink color and can become a kind of weeds, if you do not remove immature bolls in time or weed flower beds.
Water-loving swimsuit belongs to moisture-loving unpretentious garden flowers.
Its yellow or orange flowers open in May and do not disappear with regular watering until the second half of summer. The plant, with a height of 50 to 90 cm, is sufficiently noticeable to lead in group plantings near ponds and in the shady corners of the garden. High peduncle will be safe next to fences and ornamental shrubs.
Although flowering arabis begins in the second half of spring, this unpretentious perennial can rightly be considered summer, because its flowering does not end until the most frost.
A ground cover or creeping plant with stems from 20 to 30 cm long, the field of planting quickly forms dense, curtain-shaped pillows covered with tassels of small white, pink or purple flowers.
Haircut helps to extend flowering and maintain the shape of plantings. Best of all, arabis feel in open areas with light, aerated soil. This culture with motley foliage is indispensable when making borders, slides and other parts of the garden.
At the junction of spring and summer, many rhizomatous perennials take over the flowering of the bulbous ones. No exception - bright doronicum with large yellow inflorescences-baskets resembling daisies. Flowers open on erect, bare or leafy stems 30–80 cm high. Unpretentious flowers for the garden and garden are planted in the sun or in a transparent shade, but not under the canopy of trees.
Doronicum plants like moisture to conserve it in the soil under light green foliage, and the soil is mulched.
When flowering ends, the greens also fade. Ornamental ferns, cornfields and aquilegia, with which doronikum is perfectly combined, will help to hide the tear formed in the flowerbed.
It's amazing how one kind of perennials can decorate an entire garden. This is due to numerous varieties of astilbe, blooming from June to September. Cusiform or panicle-like lush inflorescences are not the only decoration of this plant. The shade-tolerant carved foliage of astilba revives the site no less. To do this, you need only time to cut flower stalks with dried buds.
Depending on the variety and type of plant height varies from 40 to 120 cm. Astilbe bloom better with regular soil moistening, but do not like stagnant moisture. In garden plantings, these beautiful and unpretentious flowers for giving look great against the background of conifers, and will themselves be a luxurious frame for low-growing plants.
Many cultivars of garden perennials are descendants of wild species, which can be found literally behind the fence of the dacha.
From May to the end of summer, amazingly reverent geraniums are flowering. Single or clustered corolla of all shades of pink, purple, lilac and blue are short-lived. Just a day, and in place of the withered flower, a new one appears.
When the flowering season is over, the garden does not become empty thanks to the decorative cutting foliage of geraniums. By autumn, it is painted in bright golden, orange and purple tones and revives faded flower beds and slides right up to the snow.
The height of the most unpretentious perennial flowers to give, depending on the type is from 10 cm to one meter. All plants are unpretentious and do not impose special requirements on the ground, grow in the light and under the canopy.
If there is a place in the garden for a creeping perennial, or you need to plant a tall plant with bright flowers and the same decorative leaves, the answer may be the same - a recruits bill (photo)!
How is this possible? We are talking about different types of austenia, equally unpretentious and suitable for decorating the site.
Depending on the variety and type, flowers that easily adapt to different conditions have a height of 20 to 80 cm.
For shady corners and a half-shade, a loose or small meadow stubble with long lying stems covered with coin-shaped round leaves is perfect. This culture is irreplaceable near a reservoir, on wet sites, which will be successfully revived by light green foliage and yellow flowers.
For the decoration of flowerbeds, mixborders and stony hills, erect spears of verbeynik with green or variegated foliage and yellow flowers are used, forming spectacular spikelike inflorescences in the upper part of the stem. All rookes are unpretentious, they tolerate frosts perfectly and are rarely affected by pests.
One-year cornflowers relatively recently moved from the meadow to the garden. They were followed by their perennial relatives. Flowering from June to September, the plants form spectacular, thanks to the carved, rich green foliage of curtain height from 40 cm to one meter.
One of the most unpretentious perennial flowers to give, cornflowers grow well in the sun and in partial shade. They do not impose special requirements to the soil, they get along perfectly with other cultures and will be an excellent background for peonies, cornflower, undersized flowering and decorative leafy plants in flowerbeds.
Today, gardeners have a variety of perennial cornflowers with purple-pink, purple, purple and white flowers. Cornflower large-headed fluffy flowers of the original yellow color.
In June, multicolored hats of Turkish carnations are revealed. Bright flowers with jagged petals are quite small, but when gathered into dense inflorescences, they will wonderfully revive the summer cottage, create a summer mood and color the flower beds in all shades from white to deep purple.
A distinctive feature of the plant - flowering, lasting until September, the possibility of reproduction by self-sowing and incredible color combinations. The height of the Turkish carnation, depending on the variety, ranges from 40 to 60 centimeters. Plants demonstrate the maximum decorative effect in the light or in partial shade, if they are planted next to decorative leafy crops.
Lupins do not only belong to the most unpretentious garden flowers. This perennial culture alone can bloom the entire plot. Blue, white, pink, purple and bicolor spike inflorescences appear in the first half of June, and then re-bloom begins in the second half of summer.
Plants up to one meter high flourish in the sun, do not like too fertilized soil, and thanks to a powerful rhizome they can survive in conditions of moisture deficiency. In the garden, lupins are an ideal neighbor for the gardener, multi-colored aquilegia, perennial poppies.
In splendor flowering perennial poppies can only be compared with peonies. Just one plant with halos of scarlet, pink, white and purple color is enough to change the look of the most imperceptible corner of the garden.
Despite the exotic look poppies completely unpretentious. They are not afraid of frost, grow excellently on any soil and tolerate drought without loss. But to excessive moisture react negatively. Once settled on the site, with the help of very small seeds, the poppy can settle on its own, creating spectacular curtains of densely carved foliage.
There are more than a hundred species of irises in the world, many of which are actively used as ornamental plants. The flowering of garden varieties begins on the border of spring and summer, and continues until mid-July.
When the difference in color, size, habitat, these perennial rhizomatous plants have in common the type of pointed xiphoid leaves, collected in flattened bunches, as well as the elegant shape of flowers. Although corollas of irises, which can be opened for a day or a little more, cannot be called long-livers, Amia plants bloom profusely and for a long time thanks to a multitude of simultaneous rising peduncles.
In the garden, irises love light or barely shaded areas with light, loose soil.
During the growing season and flowering plants need regular soil moisture. But to intervene in the development of curtain need to carefully. Loosening and weeding can affect powerful rhizomes located close to the surface.
Flowering shoots of irises 40–80 cm rise above the ground. White, yellow, pink, purple, cream, blue or blue flowers perfectly adorn the garden and are ideal for cutting.
Daisies together with cornflowers are traditionally considered to be a symbol of Russian open spaces. Garden varieties of the berry are the same daisies, only much larger and more expressive. Simple and double baskets inflorescences crowned with erect stems from 30 to 100 cm in height.
In the garden, the nivyanik prefers to grow in open, well-lit areas with loose, nutrient-rich, but not too light soil. The plant lacks moisture and organic matter with flowers that fade with time and fast wilting of the baskets.
Nivyanik multiplies seeds, division of adult curtains, as well as self-sowing. This should be taken into account if all cultures have clearly demarcated borders in flowerbeds and mixborders. For the most lush flowering rosettes Nivyanik desirable to divide every few years.
The best neighbors for one of the most unpretentious perennials to give, as in the photo, are lupine flowers, gypsophila, bright poppies and bells. White inflorescences look great against the background of carved greenery and inflorescences of cornflowers, next to decorative cereals and onions.
Spicy aromatic unpretentious perennials to give
Choosing for the garden long-flowering unpretentious flowers, you can not lose sight of the plants, often popular as spicy, medicinal or fragrant herbs. However, many of them are not inferior to flowering perennials, their flowers will decorate flowerbeds and can be used for cutting.
Today, many varieties of mint, lemon balm, and catnip are available to gardeners. At the site if you wish, you can plant hyssop, thyme and even lavender. These plants look great on a separate, “apothecary” garden, but they are also easy to imagine as part of a mixborder, in a flower bed in a rural style or in the form of free curtains at the hedge or wall of a house.
Unpretentious and useful perennials due to the lush greenery decorative from spring to frost. And during flowering attract a lot of bees and other pollinating insects.
Oregano is a native inhabitant of the European part of Russia. The plant, familiar to many from the characteristic aroma of greenery and pink-purple hats of inflorescences, prefers to settle in open, well-lit areas with light ground. In nature, oregano can be seen on glades and forest edges, in oak forests and on dry meadows.
The first green of the oregano appears in March, literally from under the snow. By June, the plant forms a lush cap of densely leafy shoots from 20 to 50 centimeters high. A month later, above the greenery, the stems with delicate basket inflorescences rise.
The whole aboveground part of the plant, which is incredibly revered in France, Italy, and the United States, has a spicy aroma. Here, oregano is grown as a natural seasoning for sauces, salads, pasta and poultry meat, baking, in particular, in pizza. No less tasty tea with grass and flowers of oregano. Oregano or oregano is harvested from July to October, while perennial blooms.
The flowered grassy shrubs of the oregano are magnificent in the company of cornflower, lupins, rudbeckia, clouds of pink and white gypsum and cereals.
Lofant or multicolon with lilac-purple or white spike inflorescences is one of the most noticeable medicinal and ornamental perennial plants. In the garden, the culture easily settles in the brightest areas, does not feel discomfort even in the most sun and overwinters well, showing the first greenery with a purple or bluish tint from early spring.
The lofant is unpretentious so much, who grows and blooms not only with a lack of moisture, but also on poor soils. Simple care and a bit of attention - and an unassuming plant generously shares a fragrant aroma with an aroma resembling anise or licorice, grass rich in essential oils and useful for colds, diseases of the digestive system and the urinary system.
In the garden, the spectacular inflorescences of the lofant will not go unnoticed by either people or bees. The plant, blooming from June to the end of summer, is suitable for decorating front gardens and easily tolerates cutting.
Monarda with white, pink, purple and purple inflorescences is also a resident of sunny, protected from the wind corners of the garden with light ground.
For decorative purposes, this fragrant perennial is planted next to other similar plants, as well as in the vicinity of Coreopsis and Rudbeckia, a brook-tree and short-growing pilots for which the monard up to a meter in height will be a luxurious background.
An interesting combination of this plant with an annual delphinium, blue and white large-color bells, stonecrops and other cultures, allowing to imitate a corner of the wild meadow in the garden.
In the suburban areas more often you can meet lemon citrus. Its green during the flowering period, that is, from July to September, accumulates a lot of essential oils that are close to the oils of lemon balm, hyssop, basil and other spicy-flavoring and medicinal plants of their family Cluster.
Autumn unpretentious flowers: long-flowering perennials for the garden
With the onset of September, autumn comes into its own rights faster and faster. But it’s too early to part with the beauty of the garden. Вплоть до выпадения снега поражают игрой ярких красок куртины садовой герани, в пурпурные тона наряжается бадан, на горках и бордюрах удивляют причудливыми формами очитки. Немало в саду и цветов неприхотливых садовых многолетников.
Одной их самых ярких «звезд» осенней клумбы считается флокс. These plants winter well in most regions, form green clumps back in the spring, and bloom in the second half of summer, practically keeping up an incredible variety of colors and pomp of inflorescences until October.
Depending on the type and variety, phlox will be indispensable on alpine hills and traditional flower beds, in small reservoirs and next to buildings that tall plants perfectly decorate at any time of the year.
In the list of cultivated phlox today - more than four dozen species, among which only the Drummond phlox is an annual. All other creeping, bush, half-lying forms with stems from 20 to 150 cm tall are ready to settle for many years in the garden of the lover of decorative and unpretentious perennial flowers.
One-year asters are invariable leaders of the list of garden letniki for summer cottage and garden. However, true or long-term asters are often and undeservedly forgotten.
From August to the very snow, these plants bloom, illuminating the whole area with flashes of blue, white, pink, and purple hues. There are more than 200 species of perennial asters, differing in size, lifestyle and form. The Alpine aster is quite small, and its inflorescences-baskets are located on grassy, upright stems, resembling a familiar daisy. And in the Italian variety - a form of grassy, densely leafy shrub, completely covered with medium-sized flowers. At the same time, all types are extremely decorative and non-capricious.
The height of perennial asters varies from 20 centimeters to one and a half meters. Flowers can be not only different colors, but simple and double. Since spring, these perennials form dense dark green curtains, in the summer they easily tolerate an excess of light and moisture deficiency, and in the autumn they completely transform the garden.
Shrub forms amenable to form, they can be used to create dense living borders and scenic groups with other autumn plants.
The only drawback of perennial asters is inherent in many perennial cultures. The plant in the garden begins to multiply uncontrollably, quickly exploring new territories. So that the flower bed, which was variegated before, does not become a “kingdom” of asters, it will be necessary to monitor the shrub resettlement and regularly remove the growth.
Each of the 30 described ornamental plants can claim the title of the most unpretentious perennial flower to give. All of them are beautiful and amazing in their own way. In fact, the list of non-capricious, requiring minimal attention and generously dividing their beauty cultures are not three dozen, but much more. One has only to look around, to notice and move an interesting plant to the garden, choosing the right place and neighborhood for the flower.
We invite you dear readers to share information about their favorite perennials.