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How to plant and care for the irga

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Irga - This is a plant belonging to a family of plants called Rosaceae. The plant usually grows a bush. This bush is very unpretentious, it is easy to plant and it is absolutely not difficult to care for it. The fruit of the shrub brings in the form of juicy, sweet blue berries. These berries are edible, and people have learned how to make compote and jam from them. Also the plant is very fond of eating and birds.

The only drawback, perhaps, of this plant is that it grows very quickly and turns from a small bush into a huge bush, which takes up a lot of space, and can prevent other plants from growing.

However, if you follow the irga, you can turn it with the help of garden shears, even into a small neat bush, or even make it look like a tree.

In the suburbs Irga grows very well. Anyone on his land plot can easily grow it. For the Moscow region there is not one variety of this plant, for which there are good conditions. Excellent growing there Irga Canadian. In this article you can learn everything about this plant and you will surely want to plant it.

Preparing irgi for planting

When you need to purchase seedlings of this bush for your site, you will need to pay attention to the following factors:

  1. A very important indicator of the quality of the seedling are its roots. They must be large, about three main branches about twenty-five centimeters long. When buying roots of a plant should be wet. If the roots are dry, the sapling may not take root at all, and if it takes root, the irga will grow slowly and begin to bear fruit late,
  2. It is also necessary to pay attention to the seed bark. If it is too dry, cracked, it may mean that the seedling was dug out of the ground too long and maybe it is no longer alive. In this case, be sure to peel a little bark. If the trunk is brown under it, the shrub is already, unfortunately, withered. But if all the same the trunk under the bark will be green, the seedling can be planted,
  3. If you buy shadberries in the fall, and there are still leaves on them, you need to carefully cut them off, while trying not to damage the kidneys.

When you transport the seedlings to your summer cottage, be sure to wrap the roots with a wet rag and wrap them in a film or a bag.

To do this, it will be necessary to dig a small pit with a slope to the south. Saplings to be put in this pit will also be inclined, and not only the roots, but also a part of the shoot, about half of it will be covered with earth. In this state, irgi seedlings can be about a month, the main thing is not to forget to water them well.

The place of the main planting of a bush is not difficult to choose. Since this shrub is not very whimsical, you can plant it anywhere in your summer cottage.

Although it is better to plant this plant for good growth in well-moistened loamy or sandy-sod-sod-podzolic soils. Just Canadian Irga does not like direct sunlight, although a well-lit area is perfect for her.

Process of planting irgi

Canadian irgi should be planted in autumn or spring. Saplings that have been growing in a nursery for about a year or two are sitting down. Planted plant should be in rows, between which to maintain a distance of five meters. The distance between the seedlings themselves:

  • if the shrub is planted as a decorative hedge, the distance is about a meter,
  • if shrubs are planted to harvest from them, the distance should be about two meters, perhaps even a little more.

In order to properly plant a seedling it is necessary to dig a hole about fifty centimeters deep and forty centimeters in diameter. Although if the root system of the seedling is wider than forty centimeters, it will be necessary to increase the diameter of the pit. After all, the most important thing in planting is that the roots lay in a hole well, correctly, without breaking.

Fertilizers must be added to each hole before planting:

  • humus bucket
  • three hundred grams of wood ash,
  • one hundred fifty grams of superphosphate.

Then all these fertilizers are mixed with ordinary earth dug out of the pit, and this mixture is poured back into the hole.

On top of this, it is necessary to pour more earth in such a way that all together fill approximately half of the pit. Then pour all the water and wait until it is absorbed.

How to care for an irga, depending on the season

As already stated above, irga is a very unpretentious plant. Let's look at what happens to her at different times of the year:

  1. In the spring, the bush blooms with very beautiful white or slightly pink flowers. Inflorescences smell good and attract a lot of bees. The plant blooms approximately two weeks after the first leaves appear on the bush. It is necessary to water periodically the shrub, especially if there is no rain. Also in early spring it will be necessary to loosen the soil and its fertilizer.
  2. In the summer, more precisely in July, berries will appear on the bushes. If an irga was planted correctly, top dressing of the soil was made, and the soil was loosened and poured at the right time, there will be quite a lot of berries on the bushes. At first they will be red and inedible. A little later, they begin to ripen, turn blue and become sweet. These berries can be removed and eaten. However, keep in mind that the berries of the plant very well paint hands, clothes and everything else in blue. During the summer period, the bushes will need to be watered as needed, and also to push the ground several times. Be sure to loosen the land after harvest. After loosening the soil will need to be covered with a layer of peat or grass.
  3. In autumn, the ground between the rows of the irgi must be dug to a depth of about ten centimeters. This should be done very carefully, making sure not to damage the roots of plants. If you decide to plant the seeds of irgi at your summer cottage, then it will be better to do this in the late fall.
  4. Irga tolerates winter well. Since the suburbs do not usually have very large frosts, shrubs can not even be warmed.

Breeding methods

Irga Canadian can be propagated in three ways:

  1. Seeds. For this method, it is necessary to pick ripe berries from the bush and select seeds from them. After that, wash the seeds with water and plant in the ground in the fall. The plant will sprout next year,
  2. Roots. For this method of breeding will need to dig up strong, strong seedlings. Very good fit plants about fifteen centimeters tall. The root system of seedlings must be strong, well developed. Saplings are planted in pits and watered a lot. This breeding method is now used most often. However, it is only suitable for young shoots
  3. Cuttings. It will be necessary to cut the irgu on cuttings, the length of which will be about fourteen centimeters. To cut the shoots of this plant can be already in the bushes, which grew about a year in the ground. Cuttings need to be planted in the soil in the greenhouse. At high humidity, cuttings will soon give roots. And about a month later grow normal seedlings. However, keep in mind, with this method of breeding, you will need to cut a lot of cuttings, after all, they take only twenty percent of the roots.

Fight against diseases and pests

Irga, fortunately, is more rather rare. However, there are still diseases that affect this plant. For example, fungal diseases, moniliniosis, non-sodium necrosis of the cortex. In order to avoid these diseases, it is enough to treat shrubs with antifungal preparations and insecticides in early spring.

Of the pests, you can see small insects on the leaves of the irgi that gnaw them. However, they do not bring much harm to the plant.

Plant variety

For the Moscow region Irish Canadian has proven itself well. This variety is a long-lived shrub that in this area begins to bear fruit and delight gardeners earlier than other cultivated plants.

With the proper planting and care of an Irgi Canadian photo, it can confirm the beauty of the plant and the ability to bear much fruit.

Fruits of Canadica large, beautiful in color, juicy, possessing a high degree of taste. Irrigation of Canada starts blooming in May, fruiting in the middle of summer, leaves changing color in September. In early October, they begin to fall off.

Choosing a landing site

Due to its unpretentiousness, an irgge does not get the best places in the garden plot. Planted in the shadow areas, the plant begins to reach out to the sun's rays, which leads to its enhanced growth. The shrub begins to resemble a tree, on which all the largest and ripe berries are at the top to the joy of the birds that fly.

Transplanting an adult plant is very difficult because of the well-developed root system, which goes several meters deep.

Shrub is quite possible to find a sunny or slightly shaded area. Despite the fact that irga is unpretentious to the soil, it is desirable that it be fertile. Then the roots of the plant will be able to get good nutrition, and not scatter far the root growth.

When planting a number of shrubs should be sufficient distance between them. Irga is a fast growing plant. At close planting, the foliage of neighboring shrubs will begin to shade each other, which leads to a decrease in the number of fruits. For the root system there will not be enough nutrients and it will have to scatter its branches far away. This will cause the place near the shrubs to become unsuitable for planting other plants.

The distance between shrubs irgi and other plantings should be in the range of 2 to 5 meters.

If you wish to use shrubs of irgi as a hedge, you can plant bushes in a staggered manner.

In nature, there are about two dozen species of irgi. In the suburbs landing and care Irgi Canadian gives the best results. Shrub begins to bloom in May. The leaf color varies from white to purple-red. The fruits are large and juicy.

You can plant irgu in spring and autumn. More preferred is the autumn planting. During this period, the soil will gain a lot of nutrients. There will be enough time for the plant to take root.

Sapling for planting should be 1-2 years old.

Planting and caring irgi in the suburbs because of the characteristics of the soil requires preparatory work:

  1. The site intended for planting, cleaned of weeds.
  2. Fertilizers should be applied to the upper soil layer: organic - 3-4 kg, superphosphate - 0.5 kg, potash salt - 200 g. Ash is an excellent potassium fertilizer.
  3. Dig a layer of soil on the "spade bayonet", to a depth of 20-22 cm.
  4. If the soil is acidic, then lime should be added.
  5. Dig a landing hole 50-80 cm wide, 30-40 cm deep.

Landing:

  1. Lower the seedling into the dug pit so that the entire root system is below ground level.
  2. Prikopat sapling, slightly tilted from the sunny side, dug the ground and carefully tamp.
  3. Liberally pour.
  4. When the soil has settled add land so that the landing area becomes equal to the surface.
  5. Cover the top layer with mulch.
  6. Shorten the upper part of the shoot, ensuring that a sufficient number of well-developed kidneys remain.

Planting irgi in the open field and care for it in spring and autumn practically do not differ. If the winter is to be harsh, then during the autumn planting it is better to leave the shortened part on the surface. This will also protect the plant from strong gusts of wind. The landing site can be covered with spruce branches.

Planting irgi spring has its advantages:

  • the plant is no longer afraid of cold and frost - the possibility of his death becomes minimal,
  • at this time, gardeners are more often visited by summer residents, who can provide the plant with care and help when needed,
  • watering will be carried out regularly,
  • when visible signs of illness will be taken.

Despite the simplicity of the plant, should be given the necessary attention.

Cultivation and care

Despite the simplicity of the plant can not completely leave it unattended. Growing irgi and caring for her can be reduced to the following points:

  • top dressing
  • weeding,
  • soil loosening
  • watering,
  • trimming
  • pest control.

Top dressing should be made in the summer. It should have a liquid consistency. Feed should be closer to the night time. The effect will be better if done after a heavy rain or full watering.

It is possible to use organic fertilizers for feeding, for example, bird droppings. Under each bush make 4-6 kg. Compost and ash are good fertilizers. In the course can go mowed grass. It should be poured into a suitable container with water, closed from the light and kept for a week.

After planting under the bush should regularly make superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate.

When the bush begins to bear fruit, branches that have not yet become strong may not withstand the burden of the crop and break off. To avoid this, you should make the strapping with suitable materials. Over time, the branches will become thicker, and the need for strapping will disappear.

To form a bush should be from strong root shoots. The weak should be cut so that they do not take away the strength of the more fruitful. In the autumn after harvesting the soil around the bush should be dug. At the same time, the depth should not be too large so as not to damage the root system.

The root system of the irgi goes deep into where it finds the necessary amount of moisture for itself. Therefore, it is necessary to water it only in case of severe drought.

Birds are great lovers of irgi berries. If you do not take action, then they will get the best harvest, because the first and largest berries appear on the upper branches.

Despite the fact that the berry berry is resistant to the adverse effects of the external environment, it can not always cope with garden pests and become ill. Proper planting and caring for an irga include pest control.

The main pests are:

  • fruit rot,
  • mole
  • irgy semyaed,
  • hawthorn
  • leafworm,
  • wrinkled logs.

To help control pests: rarefaction of the bush, timely harvesting, moderate watering. To destroy harmful caterpillars and beetles, shad irgi before spraying the berries or after harvesting, sprinkle with special means.

Diseases that are affected shrubs irgi:

  1. Tuberculosis. The leaves begin to grow brown, dry out and fall off. Then the branches on which reddish tubercles appear are drying out. Affected branches must be cut. Spray the bush with blue vitriol. In the spring spraying can be done as a preventive measure.
  2. Rust. The leaves are covered with brown spots and fade. The plant is treated with Bordeaux liquid.
  3. Gray rot. Yellowed leaves are covered with gray mold. The reason most often is an excess of moisture, so you need to reduce watering.
  4. Defeat moths mutes. With this pest are struggling with the use of karbofos.

In order not to spread pests on the garden plot, cut diseased branches and fallen leaves should be burned near the bush.

How to trim irgu in spring

Pruning irgi spring is a mandatory event for the care of her.

A few years after planting, should begin rejuvenating the bush:

  • thinning
  • pruning stretched branches, giving the bush the correct form,
  • cutting of basal stalks.

Proper planting and care for an irga will give a good harvest of berries with powerful healing properties.

When thinning cut out all the weak branches and curved inside. It helps to survive and become stronger healthy. They get more air and sunlight. Should remain only strong shoots that will form a rich harvest.

General characteristics

Irga vulgaris is a fast-growing artisanal plant that belongs to the Rosaceae family.. For the fruits of culture characteristic beautiful dark blue or purple color, which is determined by varietal differences. Life expectancy reaches 50 years, at the same time, the culture does not require special care and lives quietly in its natural environment. For one season the adult bush brings from 5 to 10 kilograms of ripe berries. Dying trunks are quickly replaced by new ones, so the life cycle and fruiting of irgi continues for many more years.

Many years ago they knew about the unique properties of shadberry irgi and other varieties of this plant. Shrub berries have always been a great value for traditional medicine, however, today their popularity has suffered significantly due to the development of the official branch. Juicy fruit pulp includes a wide variety of useful elements, including:

  • valuable sugars
  • vitamin complexes
  • tannins,
  • carotene,
  • coumarins

And many others.

However, in order for cultivation to be successful, it is important to consider several simple features of the content. This will avoid many troubles with further care. For the rest, it is very easy to care for the culture.

It is known that irga freely tolerates dry weather, the effects of strong winds and cultivation in any soil composition (with the exception of marshy soils). The plant quietly tolerates the harsh winters of mid-latitudes, so it is possible to grow it in settlements near Moscow. Hardy nature and unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention - the merit of the morphological structure of the shrub. Известно, что корни ее уходят на глубину нескольких метров вглубь почвы, поэтому они получают из недр земли максимальное количество питательных веществ.At the same time, she lives freely in urban environments where the air is excessively polluted.

In some cases, the bush grows up to 8 meters, forming 25 independent trunks.

For home keeping most often use the following types of plants:

  • Irga spiky,
  • shadberry irga,
  • Canadian Irga,
  • Irga ordinary,

Beneficial features

Since ancient times, people have appreciated the fruits of irgi due to the excellent means of seasonal beriberi. They were also used in the fight against colds and viral diseases. With regular use, the chances of getting an acute respiratory disease are reduced to a minimum, besides, the berries can be used for freezing, making jams, compotes and preserves. Even after careful heat treatment, they retain a large amount of valuable vitamins and minerals.

People suffering cardiovascular diseases, will be able to appreciate all the advantages of the shrub with regular use of fresh berries. The composition of this product is beta-sitosterone, which significantly reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood. Often, he warns of heart attacks, varicose veins and helps to improve the immune system. Also, the active substances from the composition of the berries contribute to the rapid elimination of toxins from organisms and reduce the harm from exposure to electromagnetic radiation, which is important for residents of large cities and noisy cities.

Contraindications

Despite the incredible benefits, irgi berries have some contraindications.

  • Due to the ability to reduce pressure, treatment with berries is prohibited by hypotonia,
  • The active ingredients in the composition of the berries often cause drowsiness, therefore it is better to use them at night,
  • Fruits can increase blood clotting, so people with thrombophlebitis should eliminate them from their diet,

When collecting the product in its natural environment, for example, in the forest, you need to be extremely careful not to mistakenly pick up the buckthorn. Buckthorn fruits can be eaten only a year after harvest. Otherwise, you can become a victim of a severe form of poisoning..

Currently, the shrub is represented by 20 varieties, which practically do not differ from each other in appearance, because bloom at the same time and have white buds in the shape of tassels. The only difference is in the shade of the berries, which varies from purple to crimson. At the same time, different varieties may differ in origin and resistance to the harsh Russian climate.

In home gardening is widely used smooth irga. It is in great demand due to the high decoration. It is distinguished by sprawling branches, purple foliage and drooping inflorescences, like tassels. The faded flower stems are replaced by dark-purple berries, and the foliage is transformed into bright reddish tones,

Smooth irguu found in the eastern regions of North America, where she conquered the slopes of hills and dry forest glades. The height of an adult bush often reaches 5-10 meters. Of the features of cultivation, the following should be highlighted:

  1. Choosing a method of seed reproduction, seeding is carried out under the "winter" or in early spring. Before planting, seeds can be stratified thoroughly at a temperature of 1-5 degrees Celsius. However, it is very difficult and problematic to grow it using this method, which is explained by the low germination rate,
  2. When choosing a cutting method, shrub survival rate is also low. In most cases, irguu are grafted onto other varieties or rowan,
  3. It is known that the plant freely tolerates dry conditions, so additional watering is optional. In addition, it lives quietly in a harsh climate, so it is not necessary to equip a complex shelter for the winter,
  4. Irga inflorescences are considered to be an excellent honey plant,

Eared irga

It is famous for its low growth, which allows it to be used both for decorative and practical purposes, in the form of a fruit plant. It has a lot of similarities with Irga alder. A distinctive feature of the spiky variety is the characteristic whitish fluff on the back side of the leaf plate, on the pedicels and the tops of the ovaries. To cancel from the "relatives", in the autumn, the spiky irga does not change the color of the foliage, and the particular attractiveness of the bush is noticed during the fruiting period, when all the branches are covered with juicy berries.

In the wild, spiky shrimps can be found on gravel and rocky areas, rocks, ledges and in dry pine forests. Its dimensions rarely exceed 50-70 centimeters.. Of the features of growing:

  • For reproduction plants use such methods: cuttings, dividing the bushes, seeds. In the latter case, planting material is carefully stratified for more productive germination. In some cases, it is kept in a temperature mode of + 1 + 5 degrees for three months,
  • Choosing a vegetative reproduction method, the percentage of rooting reaches 60%,
  • Like many other varieties, the spiky irga perfectly copes with drought,
  • Frost-resistant variety can withstand temperatures up to -50 degrees Celsius, so it is not necessary to use complex shelters for the winter,

Irga: landing and care

And although the fruits of irgi are characterized by many unique properties, in many regions of the world this shrub is grown only for decorative purposes. And this is not surprising. In springtime, it is strewn with placers of fragrant inflorescences, near which bees swarm. Then, the inflorescences turn into purple and blue fruits, and in the autumn period the foliage acquires a truly irresistible color, which makes everyone who passes to stop and think about this beauty. Lush purple colors make the shrub a real eye candy..

To carry out planting culture at home is quite simple. All the features of care are placed on the sunny side and the abundance of free space. Experienced gardeners advise planting a bush on the southern or western side of the site, while there are no requirements to the soil composition. Irga grows freely on any soil, with the exception of poor dry soil, where she will not be able to bear fruit normally and will begin to give tiny berries. Two bushes are enough in one area.. If there are too many, they can begin to compete and oppress each other.

Soil preparation is performed by the same method as in the case of other berry crops:

  1. In early spring or late autumn, a suitable bush is planted in a recess 40-70 centimeters deep and 50 centimeters in diameter,
  2. Varieties of medium type are located at a distance of two meters from each other,
  3. In the first year after planting in the open ground, the culture needs abundant watering. Such a procedure will be indispensable for prolonged drought,
  4. For more productive growth young bushes can be fertilized with humus or peat crumb,
  5. The ground portion can be pruned to 10 centimeters, leaving only 5 developed buds,
  6. In the first year of life, the efficiency of growth will be negligible. However, after 2-3 years the bush can grow to 40-60 centimeters,

It is important to note that irgi, in particular, representatives of the spiky variety, abundant root shoots, which need proper care. Gardeners do not recommend placing a shrub near the garden paths or in the parking lot of a car, because the juice from the ripe berries can spoil the attractive appearance of the car or the decorative element. And getting rid of the natural paint is very problematic.

Culture description

Irga - tree deciduous shrub, widespread in North America. In nature, it grows freely on forest edges, along roads, on mountain slopes. The plant is characterized by a long period of fruiting - can bear fruit for 40–50 years without a decrease in yield.

Most varieties are characterized by rapid growth and precocity. The first crop is obtained already after 4–5 years, the maximum productivity indicators are reached by 8–10 years. With one plant you can remove up to 20−25 kg of berries per season. They mature, with some exceptions, in the first half of July. Irga has a high frost resistance, so it can be grown in almost any climatic conditions without any shelter. Canadian irga is able to grow, develop and successfully bear fruit even in the tundra.

Depending on the variety, the height of an adult plant can reach from two to seven meters.

Irga - multi-stemmed plant, from one root grows about 20−25 trunks. Long smooth twigs hanging under their own weight, form a chic sprawling crown. Young shoots are colored red, which, as the bush grows, changes to brown. Soft ovoid leaves have a rough surface covered with short hairs. Blossoming foliage is painted in the color of an olive with a brownish tinge, in summer it becomes pinkish or bluish-gray, and with the onset of autumn leaves turn bright purple with patches of golden orange, purple or crimson. Along the edges of the leaves have curly teeth.

Irga Canadian has a strongly developed rhizome, but at the same time its roots are located almost on the surface. Most of them are at a depth of 0.4–0.5 m, some of them go a little deeper - up to 1 m. The diameter of the rhizome is quite impressive - up to 2−2.5 m. The shrub grows intensively, occupying a fairly large area in a short time. . Therefore, when planting irgi should take into account the fact that it will be very difficult to get rid of it in the future, even if you make a lot of effort.

Flowering begins in the period from late April to early May, its duration is about two weeks. At this time the shrub looks especially beautiful. Spring frosts almost do not affect buds collected in inflorescences. The plant can withstand short-term reduction in temperature to -5 degrees. The berries are round, when ripe, acquire an ink-violet color, a little blueness. Unripe fruits have a pink color, medium ripeness - dark blue. Insofar as ripening of berries is uneventhen at the same time you can see the fruits of different colors.

Irga is widely used for preparing various jams, jams, compotes and other sweet dishes. To give a slight sourness, some housewives add currants, apples. Fruit juice has a beneficial effect on the state of the cardiovascular system. You can get it only from stale fruits that were previously stored in a dark room for about a week.

Popular varieties and types

The varieties of irgi mainly used in our garden plots were mainly bred by Canadians, but our breeders also made a small contribution to the further development of the species. The most popular varieties of shadberry canadian are as follows:

  • Pembina. Crown shrub has the shape of a ball, its diameter is about five meters. The variety looks spectacular at any time of the year, it is distinguished by a weak growth of basal shoots, which is uncharacteristic for the irgi as a whole. Fruits are sweet, with a diameter of about 1.5 cm.
  • Smoky. This is one of the most common varieties, reaches a height of 4.5 m, has enhanced immune protection. No shoots form a crown in the form of an umbrella. Flowering begins after the threat of night frost has passed. High-yielding variety - up to 25 kg from one plant. The berries are juicy, sweetish, not tart, their diameter is 1.5 cm.
  • Northline. Densely branched shrub about 4 m high, with upright shoots. The crown is spreading, with a diameter of 5.5–6 m. It is characterized by ripening of fruits, the diameter of berries is 1.6–1.7 cm. Basal growth grows abundantly, therefore additional care is required. Otherwise, the shrub will very quickly occupy the entire territory of the garden. Maximum productivity is achieved under the condition of planting an additional pollinator variety.
  • Sturgeon. Shrub with a spreading crown, growing to 2.5−3 m in height. The fruits are extremely tasty, the harvest is excellent. Fruit brushes are quite long, superficially resemble grape.
  • Thiessen. Tall shrub (up to 5 m) with a spreading wide crown. Differs in early flowering and precocity. The first fruits are removed in the last decade of June. Fruits are juicy, sweet with a slight sourness, with a diameter of about 1.7-1.8 cm. Fruits long enough - up to several weeks. Maintains temperature to-30 degrees.
  • Martin. Low shrub, reaching three meters in height. The diameter of the crown - about 3.5 m. The berries are medium - up to 1.5 cm in diameter. Education overgrown moderate. The variety does not have a high yield, while the ripening of the fruit is uniform, comes after 45−60 days after flowering. Irga Martin has improved immunity from all kinds of diseases, as well as from garden pests.
  • Sleith. The variety is early ripe. The fruits have excellent taste, very fragrant, dark color. In diameter, they are not very large - up to 1.2 cm. Berries ripen together, almost simultaneously. Frost varieties - up to -32 degrees.
  • Mandam. A small shrub that grows up to three meters, the term of ripening berries - medium. Fruits are sweet, sour, with a diameter of about 1.5 cm.
  • Ballerina. The name of the variety was due to the elegant silhouette of the bush and its decorative qualities. It grows to a height of 6 m. Shoots strongly nykost, forming a stunning view of the crown. The berries are juicy, very sweet, give a little almond.

Planting and care

Canadian jungle belongs to the group of unpretentious plants that do not require special care. A well-developed root system allows the shrub to easily tolerate the lack of nutrients and moisture. The composition and fertility of the soil also do not play a special role, in addition, the irga quietly grows in shaded areas.

However, such conditions are suitable only for the survival of the plant. If the goal is to grow a beautiful sprawling bush and get a good harvest, then care should be taken to create some comfort: provide irgu with a sufficient amount of light, timely and correctly conduct dressing, as well as pruning to form an elegant crown.

The main problem is the overgrowth of the overgrowth, which is good for breeding, but bad for the future harvest, because the overgrown shoots thicken the planting and take away the strength of the plant. Therefore, care also includes an active fight against overgrowth.

Irga tolerates transplanting to a new place and easily takes root, but only if the rhizome is preserved.

Selection of planting material

For the backyard plot, it is recommended to choose varieties characterized by high yield and frost resistance. If the purpose of the shrub is to create a hedge, which is very decorative and rather dense, then the yield indicators do not have much value. The best survival have plants in the age of 1-2 years. Choosing planting material, you need to focus on the following characteristics:

  • The rhizome should be healthy, without any signs of decay and dryness,
  • the stem of the seedling is developed by age, the bark has no damage, and its color corresponds to the varietal characteristics.

Site preparation and soil

Irga is a long-lived plant, so the choice of planting place should be approached more carefully, taking into account the future dimensions of the bush (height, width) and its requirements for further care. The site must meet the following criteria:

  • For maximum yield, a well-lit landing site is selected.
  • Soil should be light enough. You can use loose loam, which includes a large amount of humus. Heavy soils are subject to mandatory improvement.
  • The level of groundwater is not too high, the acidity of the soil is about 6.5–7.

Plot pre weed, removing all weeds. Before digging up the soil, humus or rotten compost (10 kg / m2) and phosphate-potassium fertilizers (40 g) are applied. This helps to improve the composition of the soil and increase its fertility.

Rules and terms of landing

Planting irgi made with the onset of spring or late autumn. When spring planting plants need to ensure that the kidneys were still in a sleeping state, that is, did not have time to swell. In the fall, the transplanted shrub must shed the foliage, but it needs to have time to take root, so the planting is done no later than three weeks before the onset of frost. For each tree, an area of ​​at least 4 m² is determined, so the optimal distance between seedlings is about two meters. If the goal is to form a hedge, the trees are planted at a distance of 0.5−1 m

Landing irgi is carried out in compliance with the following requirements:

  • Dig a hole with a diameter and a depth of 0.6 m, while the fertile layer (upper) is discarded separately.
  • For a hedge they prepare a ditch with a depth of 0.3 m and a width of 0.4 m.
  • The top (discarded) soil layer is mixed with humus (1 bucket), potassium salt (0.2 kg) and superphosphate (0.3 kg) are added. Salt can be replaced with wood ash (1 kg).
  • The prepared mixture is poured into the hole, set the tree, carefully straightening roots, and poured the prepared soil mixture. In this case, the root neck is not necessary to bury.
  • Under the roots pour a bucket of water and impose mulch (humus).
  • If the root system was accidentally damaged during planting, the seedling's trunk is cut, and at least 4–5 buds should remain.

Уход за растением правильная посадка — это только половина залога успешного роста и хорошей урожайности. Отсутствие заботы и ухода приводит к одичанию культуры и опаданию плодов. Поэтому очень важно проводить все агротехнические мероприятия в срок и в полном объёме.

With regard to irrigation, adult irga is drought-resistant, therefore, it is necessary to water the plant only in extreme heat, and also in the absence of precipitation. On each tree, you need about two buckets of water so that the entire root layer soaks well. If the plant is planted recently, should be watered every week, using 1 bucket per bush. When young plants achieve a growth of 15 cm, they switch to adult watering.

Features feeding

The following year, after planting, the shrubs begin to feed. Fertilizers containing nitrogen are added to the first half of the summer season: ammonium nitrate (50 g) in a bucket of water. Saltpeter can be replaced with organic matter by preparing a solution (10%) of bird droppings. The specified dosage corresponds to one adult bush 3-5 years of age. As the tree matures, the rate of fertilizer increases.

Growing problems

The existing problems of the irgi can be recognized by its appearance..

  • In case of insufficient watering, the fruits dry out right on the tree before the harvest period.
  • The lack of nutrients can be judged by the appearance of the foliage - it turns red or turns yellow long before the beginning of leaf fall.
  • Slow growth of shrubs suggests a lack of nutrition and light. This phenomenon can also be observed with a heavily thickened landing.

Irga Canadian belongs to the group of unpretentious universal shrubs. It is grown as a decorative culture, and to obtain a harvest of juicy and sweet berries, with a unique taste and aroma. With proper care, you will enjoy the fruits for many years, because the fruit is given to Irga for about 40–50 years.

Botanical characteristic

Irga - compact tree or shrub family of pink. In the wild, you can meet him in the forests, on the slopes of the mountains. The plant is cultivated by gardeners, it decorates the garden and pleases with vitamin berries.

Irga Canadian, the most popular variety, looks very beautiful when the leaves bloom. At this time, it seems to be covered with frost. After blooming the leaves, the tree forms white or gently pink flowers, collected in inflorescences.

Depending on the species, the plant has green or olive-pink leaves. The crown of the tree is gray-brown with a slight pink tint. Fruit culture also looks very attractive. It forms a beige "apples" with a blush, which eventually acquire a purple color.

With proper care, irga pleases with juicy fruits. They like not only children, but also feathered. While eating the fruit, the birds spread the seeds, which after some time germinate. In autumn, the irga becomes bright yellow or red-orange.

Some leaves retain their green color.
The plant is valued for its decorative and tasty fruits, but it has several other advantages: fast flowering and resistance to drought.

This culture can be grown as a stock for decorative apple trees. The average height of the irgi is 6 m, the maximum is 8 m. The tree is a honey plant, it is often used for pollination. Despite the advantages, the plant has weaknesses. It forms the root growth, and to get a rich harvest, it is necessary to fight with it.

How to plant irgu

It should be borne in mind that this is a heat-loving plant, it takes root in an open sunny area. It should be planted in the fall. If the tree does not have enough light, the branches are drawn out, the fruiting deteriorates. Culture prefers loamy or sandy soil.

It does not place high demands on the ground, but it must be fertile. A plant planted in black soil receives many nutrients, and its roots do not crawl away.

Irga forms many fruits, its roots go down to the ground by 2 m. If there are deposits of groundwater nearby, you should refuse planting of this plant, otherwise the roots will rot. The plot for autumn planting is prepared in spring. It is cleared of weeds, pritenuyut using a dark film.

In the autumn it is removed, the bed is dug up, and potash and phosphate fertilizers are applied with a calculation of 40 g per 1 sq. M. m

It is recommended to dig up the soil by 15 cm. One or two-year-old seedlings are chosen for planting, they are placed according to a chess pattern, the recommended distance between specimens is 60 cm.

Trench size: 60 x 60 x 60 cm. In order for the plant to stick well in its place, you need to prepare a soil mixture: take 3 parts of fertile soil, add part of the compost and sand. In the pit should be placed 15 liters of humus, make 100 g of potash and 350 g of superphosphate.

The seedling is placed on the mound of this mixture, the root neck is slightly buried. After landing, make 9 liters of water. After 2 -3 days the soil will settle, it will take a little to fill it. After planting is performed, the irgu should be cut by 15 cm, leaving several fully grown buds on each shoot.

Features of growing

Irgu is appreciated for being unpretentious in care. After planting, you can forget about fertilizing before picking berries. However, the plant requires attention. With regular care, it pleases with abundant flowering and juicy berries. Water should be added as needed.

To Irga well bloomed, you need to remove weeds. If the tree or shrub is planted in the sun, the adjustment is not necessary.

Garden culture requires seasonal dressings. It forms massive roots that draw a large amount of moisture. For this reason, watering is carried out if necessary. The plant responds well to spraying. Through this procedure, dust is removed from the leaves.

It is recommended to make water and spray irgu after 4 pm. Drops should not fall on the leaves in sunny weather, otherwise there will be a burn. After making water will require loosen the soil.

The introduction of useful formulations

Irga needs feeding. Fertilizers begin to endure when the plant turns 4 years old. They are buried in a trunk circle at a distance of 25 cm from the root collar. I recommend using complex compounds: 250 g of superphosphate, 150 g of fertilizer with potassium per 1 sq. M. m

Means intended for shampoo should not contain chlorine. The plant positively perceives organic matter:

  • In the spring make 10 liters of humus.
  • At the beginning of summer, a liquid organic remedy is used: for 1 bush, 5 l of litter solution 10% is applied.

It is recommended to apply liquid formulations after irrigation, dry ones should be distributed in a circle around the stem at a distance of 35 cm from the trunk. Fertilizers are buried in the soil, then water is applied. It is worth remembering that an adult plant requires more nutrient formulations.

Irga does not tolerate the transplantation, as it roots 2.5 - 3 m. If there is a need to plant it in another place, the roots should be shortened by 70 cm. The maximum value of one root should be 1.30 cm.

The plant will take root in a new place and forms peripheral roots. If he is more than 5 years old, the size of the earthy coma should be greater. It is lowered into the trench, add fertile soil, compacted. After transplantation, water is introduced and mulching is performed.

What else should you know

In the autumn fruiting is completed. It's time to carry out sanitary pruning! Before the procedure, you need to make fertilizer, dig the ground and remove the fallen leaves. Irga does not need shelter, as she normally tolerates winter. The trunks of the plant do not crack even in the forty-degree frost.

Pruning is carried out as needed, and only if the culture was not planted in the sun. Shrubs that have not yet turned 2 years old should be pruned.

Adjustment is also performed in the spring before the start of sap flow. Initially, leave zero shoots coming from the root shoots. When the plant forms enough trunks, it will be necessary to remove two weakened shoots, which are located vertically. They need to be shortened by 20%.

The following year, pruned branches that are on the sides. Thanks to the adjustment, the crown grows better. Slices need to be treated with garden pitch or oily paint. Pruning enhances the decorative qualities of the plant. Irga feels better if dry and weak branches are removed.

Diseases, pests

Irga is resistant to diseases and pests, but sometimes it catches up with tuberculosis. The disease leads to shrinkage of the leaf plate, it also affects the branches. To overcome tuberculosis, it is necessary to remove weakened leaves and shoots, cut with Bordeaux liquid 1% (as an alternative, you can use copper sulphate).

Phylosticctus spotting is manifested by brown spots on the leaves. To combat the disease should use Bordeaux liquid 1%. It is important to remove affected leaves in time!

If gray rot overtakes the tree or shrub, mold spots appear on the leaves. The disease is not treatable. It occurs if the crop has been planted in inappropriate soil (in the place where the groundwater lies).

Gray rot is also associated with waterlogging. To avoid illness, it is necessary to make water moderately. For prevention, you can use Bordeaux liquid, topaz. It so happens that irgues are attacked by pests. They feed on fruits and leaves, as a result of garden culture dies. To get rid of caterpillars and moths, one should use Karbofos.

Irga planting and planting in the suburbs should not be time consuming and should be correct, which is important, timely. Culture grows well in open ground, if it is watered in moderation. Remember that overmoistening is harmful! Fertilize 1 - 2 times per season, then the plant will be better to bloom and bear fruit.

Botanical description

Deciduous shrub Irga Canadian, the description of which emphasizes its fast-growing qualities, can reach a height of 1 to 6 meters. Belongs to the subfamily Apple, family Pink, refers to the early ripening species. Harvest can be collected within 3 years after planting. A distinctive feature of irgi is its cold resistance. The plant can withstand significant sub-zero temperatures, making it suitable for cultivation in northern areas.. The bush has the following structure:

  • Leaves - simple, finely toothed along the edge, located on petioles. The upper part of the leaf has a dark green color, and the bottom is light green. In the autumn period, the leaves become yellow-red.
  • Stems - long, erect, young shoots have a copper-red color of the stem, which changes to brown as it grows.
  • The flowers are white, small, gathered in a racemes. Blossoming is plentiful, apical shoots especially magnificently blossom.
  • Fruits - small apples lilac-black or reddish-blue, sweet to the taste. In central Russia, they ripen in July and early August. They contain a large amount of vitamins, as well as sugars and tannins.
  • The root system is branched, superficial, located at a depth of 0.5 to 1 m, the radius of distribution of the roots is about 2 meters.

The shrub is undemanding to the quality of the soil and has good drought resistance. Distributed in the northern hemisphere of Eurasia, as well as North Africa, North America, Europe and Japan. It is also found in the Caucasus and the Crimea.

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