Perennial plants with decorative leaves are widely used not only in gardening, but also in indoor floriculture for vertical gardening and creating original compositions. One of the brightest representatives is ivy. Spectacular plant with ternate leaves has an unpretentious temper and beautiful leaves. However, besides this, it has not very good fame, which is interesting, precisely in our country.
It is human nature to associate events with him with the environment and objects that are part of it. It is much easier to write off the troubles that have happened to him to a third person, and better to an inanimate object. In particular, room ivy. Can I keep at home? Omens say no. Let's deal with the notoriety of the plant, as well as the characteristics of its cultivation.
What is this plant?
Under the name "ivy" a genus of plants of the Araliaceae family, numbering 15 species, is united The Latin name Hedera for these plants C. Linnaeus borrowed from the Romans. Ivy are creeping shrubs, which as they grow cling to the support (trees, walls, etc.). On the stems are dense leathery leaves angular-lobed shape. Color - dark green, there are decorative forms with milky-white stripes.
The natural habitat is the countries of the northern hemisphere with mild climatic conditions, as well as Australia. In our country, ivy (see photo in the text) is mainly an indoor plant.
Common ivy species
- Colchic ivy is an evergreen lianovid shrub with large (up to 25 cm in length) leathery leaves attached to the stalk, with suckers. The shape of the plate may be different, when rubbed, a characteristic musky odor appears. Climbs up to a height of 30 m. It grows quickly, but compared to ordinary ivy less frost-resistant. In natural conditions, it grows in Iran, Transcaucasia, Asia Minor.
- Ordinary ivy (see photo below) is an evergreen liana, leathery leaves, medium in size (up to 10 cm in length), location is next. It grows slowly, shade-tolerant and thermophilic, demanding of soil fertility. It has a high decorative effect, in connection with which it has been used for a very long time in landscaping gardens as a ground cover and climbing plant. Many hybrid forms have been derived that differ in color and leaf shape. The photo shows a variety of Calico.
- Canary ivy is an evergreen shrub, extremely popular as an indoor plant. Spectacular plant with variegated leaves does not tolerate frost, requires good lighting, heat and fertile soil.
- Pastukhov's ivy is a rare evergreen vine growing in Eastern Transcaucasia and listed in the Red Book of Russia. It is widespread both in mountainous areas and in lowlands, it spreads along the ground and clings to tree trunks.
Room ivy: can I keep at home? Signs
Signs and superstitions of various kinds were always present in our lives. Some believe in them, others do not, and still others listen. Quite a lot of superstition is associated with the plants in the house, and people often find it difficult to say where they came from. Most generally sound unreasonable. For example, about the gift of a flower, which dried up after a couple of months, and therefore, was not presented from the heart. Absolutely untenable argument. Shop flowers often have weakened immunity and are difficult to tolerate a change of environment and microclimate.
Do not go unnoticed by fans and will take ivy room. Is it possible to keep at home (signs given in the text) this plant? It is possible, and most Europeans do just that. They have no need to plant it in indoor conditions, a beautiful plant twists the house outside, covering all the walls with a smooth carpet of greenery. But is this a significant difference ?!
The main superstition about ivy lies in his alleged ability to “drive out” men from the house, to survive them. Agree, the plant gives a very impressive force. The ancient Greeks also treated ivy in a special way, but from a positive point of view. The plant was almost sacred, because according to legend, it was it that saved the life of the wine god Dionysus (Bacchus). Since then, his image has been adorned with not only a vine, but also winding ivy stems. The mythological properties of the plant, however, have real soil. It is used along with rosemary in France to protect forests from wildfires.
Ivy is a curly evergreen shrub and, who would have thought, one of the symbols of Christmas. It is this spectacular plant that Europeans, especially the British, adorn temples and houses. It is interpreted as a symbol of eternity and resurrection, affection and love. Ivy is used in conjunction with holly, the first is considered a symbol of the feminine (requiring support and protection), and the second - the male. In practice, the plant is really striking for its unpretentiousness and ability to survive even in the homes of the most negligent growers.
Ivy builds up a very voluminous green mass, and therefore is considered one of the most effective air purifiers. Pretty good quality for city apartments.
These facts quite reasonably answer whether indoor ivy is harmful, whether it can be kept at home. Omens most often are far-fetched and absurd. Do not blindly trust them, and even more guided.
The choice of location, lighting and temperature
Indoor ivy is a unique plant. Choosing it for the house, you can fill even the darkest corner of the room with greenery. He is very shade tolerant. However, variegated forms need the sun to maintain a beautiful contrast on the leaves, best of all, if it is slightly muffled, avoid direct rays falling on the plant.
Ivy belongs to evergreen, heat-loving plants. The most comfortable temperature for it will be 22-25 ° С in the spring-summer period and cooler (15-18 ° С) - in the winter. You can take it out to the balcony or summer terrace.
The plant prefers light but nutritious soil. You can buy ready-made soil in a specialty store or prepare it yourself. To do this in equal proportions mix sod and leaf earth, humus, peat and sand. At the bottom of the pot lay a drainage layer, such as expanded clay.
Transplantation of adult plants is carried out every two years, and young - annually. The most optimal time for the procedure is March-April. Pick pots 2-3 cm more than the previous one.
Watering and feeding
For active growth of ivy requires regular and abundant watering in the summer. But do not flood the plant. Low air temperature and excess moisture are a favorable environment for the development of fungal and bacterial diseases.
In winter, a mild rest period begins. At this time, the plant is watered less often, but the full drying of the substrate can not be allowed. Spraying and high humidity is what ivy prefers. Leaves dry and fall off very often due to the very dry air. If possible, periodically put the plant under the shower, covering a clod of earth with waterproof material. After such a procedure, it looks much more attractive and moves off to grow with new forces.
Fertilizing should be carried out every two weeks, from March to the end of August, alternating organic and mineral complex fertilizers.
Ivy can be propagated by vegetative or seed method. And the first is the simplest and can be carried out in three ways.
First, the reproduction of the apical cuttings. Cut off the ends of the shoots with a length of 10 cm and immediately plant them in a wet mixture of sand and leafy ground, covering with a glass or plastic cap on top. This creates greenhouse conditions, and it is important to maintain constant moisture in the soil. You can first put the cuttings into the water and wait for the roots to appear. Then plant in a ready-made soil mixture.
Secondly, it is practiced by breeding shoots. From one segment of the stem you can get several plants. To do this, take an escape with 8-10 leaves and make a cut along it. Not too deep, it should be superficial. On the prepared wet soil, the shoot is laid with a cut down and pressed into the soil 1.5-2 cm, leaving leaves on the surface. Within two weeks, the roots form along the entire length of the plant; a growing tip will be a sign of this. Then the stem is taken out and cut into several parts, each is planted in a separate pot.
Well, the third vegetative method - reproduction by layering. The algorithm of action is the same as in the previous version, but with one amendment, the escape from the parent plant is not separated, and they are pressed to the ground with staples.
Trimming indoor ivy
Trimming and forming a bush require, as a rule, street specimens. Houseplants, if desired, can also be renewed and rejuvenated, giving the desired shape. The procedure is carried out in early spring, before the plant begins the phase of active vegetation. First of all, remove diseased and damaged shoots, young can simply pinch in order to stimulate the development of lateral stems. To rejuvenate the shrub, trim the old branches at a distance of 1 m from the root in outdoor conditions and half as much - in the indoor.
As a support for ivy, you can use a wall, specially stretched threads, but they must be strong (green mass is rather heavy), decorative trellis, etc.
The plant belongs to the category of sufficiently heat-loving species.Therefore, in the southern regions with favorable soil and climatic conditions, ivy is grown not only at home, but also as an unpretentious and highly decorative landscape plant.
Botanical description of indoor ivy
Creeping shrub culture is able, through its adventitious roots, to firmly cling to the walls, stem of trees and specially installed supports. On the stem part are dense and leathery leaves. The plant forms foliage of two species. Non-lightening branches bear the leaves of dark green coloring, angular-lobed shape. Flowering shoots form light green, whole, lanceolate, oblong or ovate foliage. Stipules are absent.
Flowers of relatively small size. They are collected in the apical part of the branches in scythe or racemes, as well as heads of different sizes. The flower, with or without a small bract, has a not-too-developed, whole-extreme or five-cloveted calyx. After flowering, black or yellowish fruits and berries are formed, which contain from two to five seeds.
The main types of plants
Despite the fact that taking care of home ivy of any variety is absolutely not difficult, amateur growers prefer to keep only the most undemanding to the external conditions and undemanding care, highly decorative and flowering species in the house. English ivy is one of the most beloved ornamental plants among flower growers, but in the conditions of home floriculture, the cultivation of an ordinary species is more often carried out.
Indoor ivy plant: main features
Room ivy can often be found in city apartments, as well as in hospitals, schools and other public places where there are indoor plants that adorn the interior. This plant, perhaps, is known to everyone who is at least a little versed in botany. You can learn the plant by the following distinctive features:
- it perennial climbing plant with dark green leaves that resemble vine leaves,
- White or pale pink flowers consist of large rounded petals with bright pink center,
- Fruit - these are round or slightly oblong berries of a dark-gray shade,
- Leaves can be both monophonic, and with yellow, light green, whitish streaks and specks. It all depends on what kind of specific vines the plant belongs to.
If the plant is properly cared for and given a beautiful shape (for example, using a support), a small inconspicuous plant gradually turns into a beautiful climbing vine. It is widely used in floristics. Curly branches are used for the manufacture of bouquets, garlands and decorative wreaths. Elegant decor of the branches - the perfect option to decorate the room for the holiday.
Interior decoration with climbing branches and wreaths is very popular in Western Europe, for example, in England. Bright green shoots are very beautiful, they create a festive atmosphere and make the home environment more comfortable, inviting to intimate friendly conversations and festive feasts. A flower is especially beautiful when light pink flowers bloom on it, and then large berries appear. Indoor creeper something like a vine, so it is often planted at home and in the country "for beauty."
Plant ivy: how to care
Ivy is green plant requiring care and attention. It is necessary to care for him as follows:
- The plant grows quickly, so he needs regular transplanting,
- In the period of flowering and fruiting is necessary time to remove wilted flowers and spoiled berries in order for the plant to keep its elegant appearance,
- If the land in the pot is poor in nutrients, it should be regularly feed with special fertilizers for climbing plants
- The flower does not like hard, dried ground, so some time after watering it is necessary to exercise “Dry watering” - loosening. On well-loosened soil, it will grow by leaps and bounds.
One of the main advantages of the flower is that it does not require a lot of sun. Ivy "Indifferent" to sunlightbut in the shadows he, on the contrary, is developing intensively. Therefore, indoor ivy is an ideal option for those amateur growers whose windows face the north or west side. The more shadow the better. Also in the room where ivy grows, it is imperative to maintain optimum humidity.
Dry air has a negative effect on growth and development, but wet airon the contrary, it has the most beneficial effect. The recommended air temperature in the room in which the flower is located is in the summer and spring is eighteen to twenty degrees. In winter, it develops well at a temperature of twelve to fourteen degrees. If the temperature drops below six degrees, the flower may die, so it is not recommended to take it to fresh air in the fall and early spring. Drafts he is not afraid. In the summer, it must be taken out onto the balcony, and in July-August, you can safely take out ivy to the garden plot, let it “breathe” fresh air.
Amateur gardener who grows indoor ivy should pay special attention to the watering of this climbing plant. Ivy absolutely not tolerate drought. It is not for those who forget to water the flowers or leave the house for a long time. If the florist is forced to leave for several days, it is necessary to “connect” him to the automatic irrigation system. The ideal option is the use of a hygroscopic capillary mat.
At the bottom of the pot must be several fairly large drainage holes. It is also necessary to place a special drainage mixture or just small expanded clay at the bottom. Effective drainage of fluid is the key to proper flower development, because stagnant water is detrimental to all varieties of indoor ivy. Stagnant fluids inevitably lead to fungal infections and root decay. In order to avoid moisture stagnation, it is necessary to loosen the soil in the pot after watering. To do this, you can use a small rake or any pointed object, such as a pencil. The main thing - do not loosen the ground too deep, otherwise you can damage the root system of ivy.
Plant ivy: how to deal with parasites and pests
All varieties of indoor ivy are often affected by spider mites. A spider mite is dangerous in that it entangles the leaves with the finest spider web and prevents them from breathing normally. In order to successfully fight the spider mite and prevent active reproduction of this dangerous pest, the following measures must be taken:
- Regularly conduct a visual inspection of plants for the presence of spider mites, their larvae and traces of life,
- Upon detection spider mites and traces of their activity can be sprayed with a solution of insecticides. It is impossible to carry out spraying in the presence of children and pets,
- You can also use the old “grandmother’s method”: take a big bowl and gently shake pests from infected plants into it,
- Branches and leaves of ivy, affected by spider ivy, need to be carefully cut and burned. If you do not burn them, and throw them into the trash can re-infection of the plant.
Паутинные клещи очень любят пыль. Для того чтобы выгнать их с насиженного места, надо регулярно протирать от пули листья и стебли плюща при помощи влажной тряпки. If the plant has grown strongly and stretched upwards, it will be more convenient not to wipe the leaves, but to spray the plant with room temperature water from a special spray gun.
If there are other indoor plants on the windowsill affected by spider mites, ivy should be isolated from such “neighbors”, because spider mites easily move from one plant to another. If an amateur florist brings ivy from the market or from a store, the plant must be kept in isolation, “in quarantine” for a while. If, after the expiration of the "quarantine" term, ivy shows signs of vital activity of pests and parasites, the plant should be transplanted into another soil and into another pot.
The plant indoor ivy: the benefits and harm
Ivy is an indoor flower that brings great benefits. However, it is not always recommended to keep it in the room. On the one hand, indoor ivy looks very beautiful and is a worthy dyeing of any villa interior or city apartment. He also, like other indoor plants, saturates the air with oxygen. However, don't forget that all ivy varieties contain life-threatening toxic substances. The amateur florist, who cares for ivy, especially pruning, must always work with protective gloves.
If the juice from the trimmed escape gets on the skin, it instantly causes irritation. Ivy juice instantly erodes the skinbecause it contains very caustic, poisonous acids. When ivy begins to bloom, a rather unpleasant, repulsive odor resembling the smell of rotting or fermentation emanates from its flowers. Therefore, indoor ivy is a plant for the amateur. In warm climates, for example, in the south of Russia, it is best to grow ivy not in a room, but in the open air, for example, in a country house. However, despite these not very pleasant properties, indoor ivy has a lot of fans. Many growers agree to put up with an unpleasant smell and acrid juice because of the beauty of this climbing plant.
Indoor ivy plant: practical recommendations
Doctors do not recommend growing a flower in the housewhere people with allergies or asthma live. It is a strong allergen, so this plant is not suitable for everyone. If there are small children at home, they should be firmly aware that in no case should mouth be filled with mouth-watering berries, shaped and colored like blue grapes. Substances that are contained in these berries can cause severe poisoning. It is best, in general, to refrain from growing any varieties of creepers if there are small fly or domestic animals at home.
Perhaps the best way to grow a flower is not at home, but in public placesFor example, in the office, in the clinic, in the store. Beautiful curly shoots create a cozy atmosphere in the room, and the unpleasant smell from the flowers does not cause much discomfort, if the room is often ventilated. In addition, the flowering time does not last very long, and you can put up with temporary inconveniences for the sake of beauty. This flower has a lot of advantages, the main thing is to properly care for the plant and observe basic precautions during the care.
Room ivy is a frequent guest in city apartments and country houses. However, not all growers know that this plant is poisonous and can be deadly to health. Therefore, before taking it to your apartment, you should certainly weigh the pros and cons and then make the right choice. There are cases when the flower is categorically not suitable for growing in an apartment. To treat this plant with great care. Nevertheless, it is a great decor for any non-residential premises.
Microclimate, correct lighting
Climbing plant from a subtropical climate loves moderate heat and moisture.
• During the period of active growing season, 22 - 24 ° C is considered a comfortable temperature regime. In winter, temperatures can drop, but not below the maximum permissible value of 13 ° C.
• To create conditions close to natural, the flower throughout the year should be sprayed with separated water and bathed under a warm shower.
• Ivy, or cheder, belongs to shade-tolerant plants and can grow even in the depths of a room. However, the more diffused light a plant receives, the more effective it will look. Therefore, when choosing a place to decide with before purchasing a flower that does not like moving, preference should be given to well-lit areas.
Important! Diverse forms when placed in the shade will lose their color.
How to water indoor ivy
Curly flower with decorative foliage is an ideal plant for people who are often absent from home. Ivy can withstand soil drought, but do not use this quality of the plant too often. The optimal irrigation regime implies the maintenance of constantly wet soil during the summer period without stagnant moisture in the root system. In winter, watering is reduced: before the next portion of water, the earthen room should dry out slightly.
Top dressing and fertilizers
In the spring and summer, which accounts for the intensive vegetation of the pot culture, ivy is fed every two weeks. For dressings, special liquid fertilizers for decorative leafy plants are used.
Caution! An overabundance of macro and microelements in the earthy coma can damage the decorative qualities of the culture, making its leaves too large.
The plant can be transplanted according to the same rule as other indoor flowers: young specimens - every spring, adults - with an interval of 2 years. But you should know that an indicator of the need for the procedure is the appearance of ivy roots in the drainage holes. Transplantation is as follows:
1. Choose a new pot 2 cm wider than the old one.
2. At the bottom of the tank is placed claydite or gravel to create a drainage layer.
3. A flower with an earthy clod rolls over to drainage.
4. A new substrate is poured into the pot so that a small gap for irrigation water remains between the wall and the earthy clod.
5. The flower is watered, sprayed and returned to a permanent place.
Heder: description and photo
Hedera ordinary has a climbing stalk, on the underside of which there are thick brushes of aerial roots. It is with their help that the plant is attached to the support. Lobed leaves (3 - 7 blades), leathery, shiny, simple, arranged next. Their color is mostly dark green with light streaks, but there are also variegated species.
Common ivy blossoms only in natural conditions. It has small flowers of greenish-yellow color, collected in racemes, corymbose or umbellate inflorescences.
The following ivy species are commonly grown at home:
- Ivy Fatshedera Lisa,
- Canarian ivy,
- curly ivy (ordinary).
Fatshedera Liza ivy is a very popular new hybrid, reaching a height of up to 5 meters and requiring tying. Variegata variety looks very impressive with a beige-colored border or white spots on the leaves.
Canary ivy. This species has large leaves, in most cases of colorful coloring, needs to be tied up, as it is unable to cling to the support itself. Especially popular is the variety Gloire de Marengo with a magnificent combination of green and cream shades on the leaves.
Ivy. The plant has an unusual plasticity and is able to twist around any support and cling to even small irregularities.
Popular varieties of this species:
- Littl Diamond. The plant has leaves with veins of cream color.
- Chicago Variegata. Bright green leaves, decorated with yellow-cream border.
- Annette with leaves of dark green color.
- Chicago. It has small bright green leaves.
The healing properties of cheders have long been known to mankind, thanks to which ivy is still widely used in folk medicine and cosmetology. The substances contained in the wood of the plant perfectly relieve cramps, so ivy is successful used to treat acute bronchitis. Heder leaves have expectorant, antibacterial, antitumor and antifungal properties. Gels of wood and ivy leaves are used as an additional treatment for cellulite, obesity and purulent dermatoses. However, caution should be exercised, because the plants are very poisonous and can cause poisoning.
Is it possible to grow heder at home?
According to old people, indoor ivy is an energetic vampire capable of attracting all sorts of misfortunes and misfortunes, including loneliness, so if you value your family and do not want to lose your husband, you should not keep this flower in the apartment. However, according to historical documents in ancient Rome and Greece, ivy, on the contrary, was considered a symbol of loyalty and happiness in marriage, and in the countries of the East, the plant is still a source of vital energy. Therefore, everyone chooses himself: whether to grow ivy at home or not.
Heder: home care
Caring for a plant is quite simple and does not require much effort, however, some rules, the non-observance of which can lead to a change in appearance and the occurrence of diseases still exist.
- Lighting. Heder, like other types of ivy, needs good lighting, but it does not tolerate direct sunlight. For green varieties it is allowed to be under bright lighting, but only for a short time. It is also not recommended to constantly rearrange the container with the plant, so the header does not tolerate a change in position relative to the light source.
- Temperature conditions. For plants preferred cool or moderate temperature, not exceeding 16 ° C. In winter, it is advisable to place ivy in a cool room where the temperature will be no more than 12 ° C. Violation of the temperature regime, as well as increased air dryness can lead to damage by the shield.
- Air humidity. In summer, the plant needs frequent spraying. Provided that in the winter in the room is very dry and warm, spraying should be continued. It is also recommended to periodically arrange a warm shower heder.
- Top dressing. Complex fertilizers (it is better to use preparations for ornamental plants) should be applied in the period from early spring until the end of summer with an interval of two weeks. With the same purpose, you can use the infusion of mullein. Important! In order to prevent the growth of leaves and the loss of decorative qualities by cheder, it is necessary to fertilize the plant in the correct dosage and according to a clear scheme.
- Watering. Heder or English ivy needs plenty of watering. In the summer, it is necessary to constantly maintain the soil in a pot in a wet state, during the winter period watering should be moderate, the humidity should be reduced, but at the same time prevent the soil from drying out.
Planting and transplant heders
If you notice that the plant has ceased to grow and develop, or the roots began to creep out of the drain hole in the pot, then it is time to transplant. However, you can not expect these signs, but simply change the top layer of soil for fresh (in adult plants), young ivy repot every year, and older cheder - once in two years. It is recommended to apply the following soil composition: sand, peat, sod, leaf and humus soil in equal proportions.
Transplantation of plants should be carried out in the spring at the end of the rest period (March-April). The tank should be 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous pot. Before starting the transplant, the heder should be poured abundantly, and a layer of drainage should be laid at the bottom of the pot. The transplanted plant should be watered and sprayed, then placed in a permanent place.
Ivy propagates at almost any time of the year, and the cuttings root quickly in both water and soil. After landing on a permanent place, the plant must be pinched, which will increase the decorative qualities of the cheder. In the first year after planting, ivy must be periodically clamped to ensure good branching.
Hedera Helix: Diseases
Caring for ivy at home should be strictly monitor air humidity and follow the rules of watering. If the room is too hot, the leaves of the plant dry, change color to brown and eventually fall off. Also the spider mite can become the cause of drying of cheders.
In addition to it, ivy can infect cyclamen mites, scab, and aphids. All these pests appear precisely because of the lack of humidity in the room. In this case, it is necessary to urgently take measures to eliminate pests, that is, treat them with insecticides (karbofos, aktar, actellic, etc.).
At home, the care of the plant should be carried out in rubber gloves. Do not plant a bush in places accessible to children and animals, as the berries and ivy leaves are very poisonous and can cause allergic reactions and skin diseases in people with sensitive skin.
As can be seen from all of the above, it is not so difficult to care for the Helix room cheder, it is only difficult to choose a suitable place for planting, do not forget about watering and periodically spray it. And then you get a gorgeous plant that will decorate and enliven any room.
Planting and ivy care (in short)
- Bloom: ornamental leafy plant.
- Lighting: for forms with green leaves - partial shade or shade, for variegated - bright ambient light or light partial shade.
- Temperature: during the growing season - 22-24 ˚C, in winter, coolness is needed, but not less than 13 ˚C.
- Watering: regular, moderate.
- Air humidity: increased. The plant needs daily spraying, and when kept in a warm room in winter, the pot should be kept on a pallet with wet pebbles.
- Top dressing: from March to August twice a month with complex fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.
- Rest period: in the winter.
- Transfer: young plants are transplanted annually, adults - as needed when the pot becomes cramped.
- Breeding: mostly vegetative: layering, shoots, apical cuttings.
- Pests: aphids, scale insects, false shields, cyclamen and spider mites, mealybugs, greenhouse thrips.
- Diseases: loss of decoration due to poor maintenance and improper maintenance.
Room ivy - description
The houseplant ivy is most often represented by a species of ivy (Hedera helix) with a climbing stalk and thick brushes of air roots on the underside of the stem, with which heather ivy is attached to its support. The leaves of this species are alternate, simple, shiny, leathery, lobed, dark green in color with lighter veins, but there are also variegated forms. An ivy leaf can have from three to seven blades. Small, greenish-yellow flowers are collected in umbellate, corymbose or racemes, but you will not see them - ivy does not bloom at home, therefore you will not need to collect ivy seeds. Indoor ivy flower has more than a hundred forms, which differ in size, shape of leaves and their colors.
Ivy has long been known to mankind for its healing properties used in traditional medicine. Ivy is used as a raw material for the manufacture of medicinal products and cosmetics. Scientists have proven that substances contained in the wood of a plant successfully relieve spasms, so wood preparations are used in the treatment of acute bronchitis. And ivy leaves have antifungal, antitumor, antibacterial and expectorant properties. Softening gels of ivy leaves and wood are used as an additional agent in the treatment of purulent dermatoses, obesity and cellulite. However, be careful, because poison ivy, or rather, its fruits, which children take for edible berries, cause poisoning.
Ivy - signs.
OBS agency (one grandmother said) claims that indoor ivy flower is a muzhegon, an energy vampire, that it attracts solitude and other misfortunes to the house, and if you don’t like this plant, you can convince yourself and others that you don’t want to keep ivy at home because you love the husband and you save the family. But historical documents claim that in the ancient world - Greece and Rome - ivy just symbolized loyalty and happiness in marriage, and in the east it is still considered a source of vital energy. What signs to believe, choose for yourself. From myself I will add that the care of home ivy is so simple, and its decorative qualities are so indisputably high that it would be foolish to refuse to grow ivy in an apartment. In addition, ivy can be kept at home in a place where it will not be able to absorb your energy (if it does it at all) - for example, in the kitchen, where ivy will have to clean the air of carcinogens and other harmful impurities day and night.
The more common name for ivy is convolvulus. So he was called for the ability to braid the walls with long tenacious shoots.
Ivy has more than 30 species. One of the most common is Hedera Helix (lat. Hedera heliks) or ivy curly.
If you decide to start a room ivy, care at home is easy. Hedera helix enough unpretentious.
It multiplies rapidly, wrapping the walls and ceilings with a lively green mass, clinging to any support due to micro-suckers (air roots) on the shoots.
У этого вида большое количество разновидностей, все они различаются формой и цветом листвы: Hedera helix Harald — плющ с круглыми листьями, Hedera helix sagittaefolia — листики этого вида по форме напоминают звёзды, Hedera helix Jubilee (юбилей)- с пёстрой окраской листьев.
Care after purchase
Ivy rarely goes on sale from domestic nurseries, mostly it is purchased in Holland, they are transported in a special substrate that does not absorb water. That is why after buying a flower needs a transplant.
It is necessary to give him some time to adapt to the new conditions (7-10 days). Ivy is not very easy to tolerate drought, so you should not drag out with a transplant. Replace heder neatly. The root system is completely cleaned from the soil, trying not to damage individual roots.
Plant Indoor ivy is categorized shade plants. He will calmly respond to a location in the back of the room, away from the window.
The only thing that do not accept heder leaves - contact with direct sunlight.
The variegated species, on the contrary, prefer the light of the penumbra, in the shade their variegated color fades and becomes monotonously green, and the direct rays of the sun are also negative.
Heder not thermophilic. In summer, a comfortable temperature for it will be 18-23 degrees. In winter - 6-14 degrees. In the warm season, ivy can be placed in fresh air - a balcony, loggia or garden.
The soil in the pot where the flower grows Room ivy should always be slightly wet. But this does not mean that the plant needs to be poured from morning to evening - it can die due to stagnant moisture in the soil. A prolonged drought will also affect the health of the plant: its leaves will begin to darken at the edges and fall off.
How to water ivy? It is recommended to water the cheder 2 times per week in summer and once a week in winter (during warm wintering). With low air temperature in winter, watering should be reduced to 1 time in 2 weeks. If in summer the temperature in the room exceeds 20 degrees, the plant needs daily spraying well-settled water.
It is also advisable not to allow excessive dustiness of the leaves (clean leaves better purify the air in the apartment) and from time to time to arrange a warm shower cheder. Ivy endures drafts and a sharp decrease in temperature, and therefore is often used for landscaped landscaping.
Heder helix grows quickly and in a relatively short period of time can grow long and not very aesthetic looking stalks.
Therefore, to create a lush crown plant need to regularly cut and pinch. Remaining stalks after pruning can be used for breeding.
Experienced growers are advised to carry out the pruning procedure in the period of the most active growth of ivy.
Young plants must be replanted once a year. Adults are transplanted every 2-3 years. Transplant spend spring or early fall method of "transshipment".
To do this, the soil is poured abundantly to soften it, then ivy is removed from the pot and, together with the old clod of earth, is dipped into a new container, the voids are filled with fresh substrate. After transplanting requires watering and spraying.
At the bottom of the pot put a thick layer of expanded clay drainage, so that the water does not stand in the ground.
Good growth, bright greens will help provide fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. You should not be zealous, ivy turns yellow and loses foliage from oversupply. Flower feeding is carried out year-round: in the spring and in the summer 2 times a month, in the winter - once a month.
Header substrate is a mixture of peat, sand, hardwood and sod land in equal parts.
Ivy flowers are not beautiful. These are small greenish umbrellas, which, when blooming, produce black fruits.
Admire the ivy room, grown at home can be in the photo:
Is it possible to keep room ivy in the house?
Exists myththat ivy is able to survive from the house all other home flowers and occupy all the space alone. In fact, the neighborhood with ivy does not bring any discomfort to other plants, on the contrary, many large flowers are decorated with heder, placing it in their pots.
The presence of ivy in the house brings considerable benefits to its owners, since actively cleans the air and fills it with oxygen.
Especially useful is the header in the house where animals are kept, as it is capable destroy special fecal bacteria.
Known and medicinal properties this plant. Ivy has antifungal, expectorant, antibacterial properties, on its basis produced a lot of drugs.
Heder softening leaves gels are used to treat skin diseases and in cosmetology. Broth roots treat ulcers, burns, boils.
Thus, the answer to the question "Is it possible to keep ivy in an apartment?" - "Yes." But do not forget that ivy is a plant poisonous. Especially dangerous are its fruits, which children can easily take for edible berries, and leaves that attract cats with their juicy greens.
Hedera Helix is a beautiful vine that will decorate any room with its presence.
The main thing is to take care of it and create a comfortable environment for its growth and development.
Care for homemade ivy.
If you do not know how to care for ivy, listen to our recommendations. One of the main advantages of ivy is its shade tolerance, because it is a rather rare quality for plants. Homemade ivy can be placed in the back of the room, and it will feel great there. This, unfortunately, does not apply to the variegated forms, which just need good lighting, otherwise their leaves become monotonously green. Ivy is also undemanding for irrigation: it is easier for him to transfer dry soil than excess moisture in the roots, so for those who love or have to leave the house often, ivy is an ideal plant. However, the plant still needs moisture, and if the bouts of your forgetfulness become too frequent, the brown edge will first appear on the edges of the leaves of the plant, and then they will begin to dry and fall off. Watering should be in the summer so that the soil always remains slightly wet. In winter, topsoil should dry out slightly.
Does not like ivy dry and hot air, the best temperature for the plant is 22-24 ºC. In winter, ivy can normally feel in a cool room with a temperature not lower than 13 ºC, but the plants located near heating devices have leaves on the stems grow at large intervals, which makes it unattractive, so caring for ivy in such conditions provides not only timely watering , but also daily spraying of leaves with soft distilled water. When wintering a plant in a hot room, it is best to place ivy in a pot on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay. If in the summer the room is too hot, spray the plant as often as possible, sometimes give him a shower, including for hygienic purposes.
From March to August, twice a month, ivy is fed with complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants, but keep in mind that an excess of fertilizer can lead to the loss of decorative qualities of ivy, because its leaves become too large.
Planting and transplanting ivy.
Ivy is transplanted when the roots of a plant start to creep out of the pot or you notice that the plant has stopped developing. You can, of course, not wait for these hints, just transplant young plants annually, those that are older, once every two years, and in adult ivy simply change the top layer of the substrate in the pot to fresh without transplanting. The soil for ivy is preferred such composition: humus, leaf, turf, peat land and sand in equal proportions. Transplantation takes place after a period of rest, in March or April. The pot is chosen two to three centimeters larger in diameter than the previous one, and a thick layer of drainage material is placed into it. Before transplanting, pour the plant abundantly in order to wet the whole earthen clod, then gently roll the plant with a clod in a new pot, add the required amount of soil, apply the soil surface, leaving a water groove under the walls of the pot. After transplantation, the plant should be watered and sprayed, and then put on a permanent place, protected from drafts and direct sunlight.
Reproduction of ivy with apical cuttings.
Cut off the ends of the shoots about ten centimeters from ivy, plant them in a mixture of sand and hardwood, cover with a transparent cap on top - a plastic bag or a glass jar - and keep at a temperature of 15-20 ºC, maintaining the soil in a wet but not wet condition. The cuttings that had aerial roots before planting are best rooted. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into pots with a soil mixture for adult ivy in several pieces. Ivy cuttings root well in water.
Propagation of ivy shoots.
There is a way to grow several shoots from one. To do this, cut a whole shoot of ivy with eight to ten leaves, make a longitudinal incision along it, put the escape on the sand, cut it down and press it to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, leaving the leaves above the ground. During germination, care must be taken to ensure that the soil is wet. Within two weeks, the roots should be formed along the entire length of the shoot, as evidenced by the growing tip of the shoot. The shoot is removed from the sand, cut into segments with roots and at least one leaf, and planted three in one pot with a diameter of 7-9 cm.
Ivy reproduction by layering.
How to grow ivy from cuttings? In the same way as from the shoot, only in this case the shoot is not separated from the parent plant before the process begins and does not press it into the soil, but makes a longitudinal incision on it and press it to the soil surface with staples. Separating the layers, when the roots appear throughout the shoot, and transplanted into a separate pot.
Ivy pests and diseases
Ivy - a plant fairly resistant to disease. He has problems only if you chronically neglect the observance of the growing conditions of the plant. So, with a lack of lighting, variegated ivy forms lose their variegation and become green, and chronically dry soil can be the cause of leaf fall, as too dry air in the room is the cause of bald stalks with sparse and shallow foliage.
Because of your oversight, ivy is affected by harmful insects - aphid, shield, cyclamen or spider mite. Usually they all appear on the plant, if the room humidity is too low. You can fight these parasites by carefully spraying the plant with Actellica solution at the rate of 1-2 ml of the drug per liter of water. In addition to the aktellika, carbophos and aktar show good results in the fight against the above-mentioned pests. If after the first spraying you could not achieve success, repeat the procedure in 3-4 days. If this is not enough, instead of spraying, rinse the whole foliage in the pelvis with the insecticide solution.
Common ivy (Hedera helix)
- flexible, creeping evergreen vine with alternate simple three-five-lobed leathery leaves of dark green color with a network of light green veins. It has a huge number of forms. The most interesting varieties:
- - “Kholibra” - dwarf ivy with tiny three-bladed leaves with a whitish pattern,
- - varieties "Eva" and "Mona Lisa" - ivy with almost yellow leaves,
- - varieties "Jubilee", "Glacier" - ivy with spotty leaves,
- - grade "Ivalace" - ivy with corrugated leaves,
- - grade "Harald" - ivy with oval, almost round leaves.
Colchic ivy (Hedera colchica)
- also an evergreen climbing plant with thin shoots, large shiny leathery leaves of dark green color up to 25 cm long and up to 17 cm wide, sometimes three-lobed, but more often whole, smelling like nutmeg. Popular varieties:
- - "Dentata Variegata" - a variety with oval-shaped leaves and pale yellow edges,
- - “Sulfur Heart” - large leaves of this variety of light green color are slightly wrapped with edges downwards, and yellow-green stripes run along the veins,
- - “Arborescens” - light green drooping shoots and oval leaves.
Canary ivy (Hedera canariensis)
- An evergreen climbing plant with dark green leaves up to 15 cm wide and up to 12 cm long with light green triangular veins. Used for interior decor, ampelnoe, ground cover and vertical gardening. It does not have aerial roots, so it needs a strong support and regular pruning. Grades:
- - “Gloire de Marengo” - a large climbing plant with reddish stems and large shiny three-bladed leaves with whitish-green touches on the edges,
- - “Striata” is a variety with light green or yellow spots in the middle of the leaves,
- - “Golden Leaf” - two-colored green leaves cast gold in strong light,
- “Brigitte,” a variety with small, thick, stellate leaves on graceful shoots, looks best in hanging structures.
Shepherd's Ivy (Hedera pastuchowii)
- also used for decorative gardening, but is found in culture, especially room, infrequently, and therefore listed in the Red Book of Dagestan and Russia. Its leaves are whole, thin and leathery, up to 10 cm long. The upper part of the leaf plate is brighter, the lower part is lighter. On the lower shoots, the leaves are round, heart-shaped, on the top - different: broadly ovate, lanceolate, rhombic and ovate-rhombic.
In addition to the described species, there are also Swedish ivy, English and Devil ivy in culture.