Currently, there are more than sixty species of cymbidium orchids, which grow on the islands of the Malay Archipelago in the rainforests of India, Japan, South and Southeast Asia, and in the cold mountainous regions of Australia and Indochina.
Cymbidium Orchid has long, narrow leaves that can be both rounded at the end and pointed. Solid green pseudobulbs can reach nine long leaves each. In a favorable climate, cymbidia leaves can last up to five years. After this time, the old leaves begin to wither away, and they begin to appear young.
Cymbidia flowers smell very fragrant, and their smell is quite strong and pleasant. On the peduncle, they last about nine weeks. Flowers may have a yellow, green, cream, brown, red color. Peduncles grow from the base of young pseudobulb. Modern hybrids can bloom at any time of the year. It depends on the variety. Cymbidium also belongs to such varieties.
Miniature cymbidium hybrids originally from China or Japan are especially popular around the world. The content of the cymbidium orchid is nothing particularly complicated. In addition, this flower is different stunning decorative. These factors mainly contributed to the wild popularity of cymbidiums among gardeners from different countries.
In order to create modern hybrids, those cymbidia that grow in mountainous areas, in conditions of high illumination and fairly low nighttime temperatures, which fully satisfy the rules of plant care, were mainly used.
Orchid Cymbidium home care
Cymbidium is considered to be the most unpretentious type of orchids. An overwhelming number of orchid lovers begin to compile their collections with this type of exotic plants.
Cymbidia are an extremely light-loving type of orchid. However, in summer they still need to some extent to protect from direct sunlight. In winter, on the contrary, it is recommended to illuminate them with the help of special lamps. Airing is also not superfluous. The main thing is to avoid drafts.
Orchid better take root in cool rooms. It has no rest period at all, therefore the constant temperature, in which the cymbidium orchid should be kept, should be 16-20 ° C. It is desirable that the temperature fluctuates somewhat during the day. To do this, lower the temperature at night a little. In warm weather, these orchids can be put on the balcony.
As for dwarf cymbidia, then for them such temperature drops are not strictly mandatory, they can be kept in an apartment even at the usual temperature level.
Orchid Phalaenopsis when you care at home is also not particularly whimsical, but still there are nuances can be found on the link.
How to water cymbidium
From spring to autumn, the soil in a pot with an orchid Cymbidium should be kept wet, while the water should be soft and have a room temperature. Excess water from the pallet must be drained.
In the winter season in conditions of a cool room, the plant needs to be watered less, while avoiding drying out, formations of earthy lumps, as well as wrinkling pseudobulbs.
When excessive humidity can begin rotting roots. A sign of possible decay may be black spots formed at the base of the leaves.
Cymbidium orchid is not recommended to contain at high humidity. The optimum humidity for this flower is 50-60%. This percentage of moisture is best provided if the pot is placed on wet pebbles. Spraying is optional, and at low temperatures can even be harmful.
Cymbidium transplant at home
Cymbidiums, like other types of orchids, do not tolerate the transplant, so you should not replant them if there is no special need (for example, if the old pot is too small).
Every year, a special orchid substrate should be added to the flower pot, after slightly removing the top layer of soil in the pot. It is important to prevent damage to the pseudobulb during transplantation or bedding, as this may lead to their rotting.
Soil and fertilizer for cymbidium
It is best to use ordinary commercial soil for orchids. But you can also mix a suitable substrate from the bark of coniferous trees, and as additives use leafy ground, sphagnum, expanded clay, coarse sand, charcoal, vermiculite.
Once every two weeks tsimdidium should be fed with liquid mineral fertilizers. Best suited special fertilizer for orchids. In the winter season it is not allowed to use fertilizer containing a high concentration of nitrogen.
It is best to multiply cymbidia by dividing it or by using “spare bulbs” (i.e., bulbs that bloom in past years).
In early spring or immediately after the orchid has faded, its rhizome should be carefully divided with a knife so that each part has at least 3 pseudobulbs and one growth point. Then each part needs to be planted in a pot and watered every 2-3 months. After growth is resumed, you can switch to a normal growing mode.
Cymbidium can be injured by insects such as aphids, scab, and spiderwebs. This can lead to deformation of the damaged parts of the plant, yellowing of the leaves, wrinkling and falling off of the flowers that have not had time to fully blossom.
To combat them, you can use Aktar or Aktelik with a concentration of half the recommended dose by the manufacturer, so as not to burn the plant.
It is precisely the maintenance of an optimal temperature regime that presents some difficulty for the majority of beginning flower growers. Cymbidium does not like high temperature, especially in winter. Despite the fact that many hybrids of cymbidium, were derived from this particular feature, they still need a special regimen. In the summer, this problem is solved simply - the orchid simply moves to the open air, to a place protected from excessive sun and weather. But even if cymbidium remains indoors, the temperature range of its content during this period is quite wide from +20 to 25 degrees. But since cymbidium requires a daily temperature difference, the night temperature must be lower. Consequently, the maintenance of an orchid in the street, where it occurs naturally, is still preferable.
But the greatest difficulty can be the content of cymbidium in winter. To bookmark flower buds need a rather low temperature, within +10 - 13 degrees. And this period begins from the middle of autumn and continues to the stage of blooming buds.
Bright ambient light is needed cymbidium throughout the year. This is also one of the most important conditions. Therefore, in winter, in most cases, the orchid will have to be artificially highlighted. At the same time, care must also be taken to protect against the heat of the sun during the warm season.
Special attention should be paid to watering during the period of active development and growth of the plant. The soil at this time should not dry out. It is believed that pour cymbidium is quite difficult, that the increased humidity for him is the natural environment. Of course it is. But keep in mind that the orchid is grown not in natural, but in domestic conditions, in a limited space. Therefore, maintaining a constant humidity of the soil cymbidium substrate, observe the measure and avoid overwetting. The first sign that cymbidium is too wet is the appearance of characteristic black spots at the base of the leaves. Overdrying of soil is fraught with falling of buds and wrinkling of pseudobulb. By the end of summer - the beginning of autumn, when the average daily temperature becomes lower, and the day has significantly decreased, watering is also reduced. During this period, they are held after a slight drying of the upper layer of the substrate. In autumn and winter, when the content is cool, watering of cymbidium is reduced to a minimum.
Note! Water for irrigation should be not only well separated, but also warm (two to three degrees above room temperature).
Along with the humidity of the substrate, it is necessary to maintain the humidity of the air. Drying of the tips of the leaves will be evidence of over-dried air. If, however, completely ignore the maintenance of humidity, the cymbidium simply throw flowers. If possible, especially in hot weather, spray it more often. But if there is no such possibility, then use any other way to humidify the air (read about them - “Air humidity for indoor plants”).
Cymbidium, as well as the absolute majority of orchids, can be fed throughout the year. But if in the warm season, when cymbidium actively grows and develops, fertilizers are applied with a frequency of twice a month, then in winter it can be fertilized twice as rare. Yes, and fertilizers for winter dressings are desirable several different composition. If in summer the usual fertilizer “for orchids” is suitable, then for winter feeding of cymbidium it is necessary to pick up fertilizer containing the minimum amount of nitrogen. If there are no such fertilizers, then it is better to completely refuse feedings during this period.
Like almost all popular orchids (miltonia, dendrobium, phalaenopsis, cambria, pafiopedilum, etc.), cymbidium does not like and very difficult to tolerate transplants. Therefore, it should not be transplanted without special need. Usually such a need arises no more than once every three years, and even less. Basically, cymbidium transplants when it has grown strongly and the pot has become small for it or if the soil substrate has become unusable. To make the right ground for orchids is possible only for an experienced grower, so for beginners it is better to buy ready-made.
The technology of transplantation itself is not much different from the transplantation of other orchids. The general rules can be found here - “Proper orchid transplantation at home”
The peculiarity of cymbidium transplantation is that the next transplanting pot is taken of a much larger diameter (twice). But this is only if during transplantation you do not plan to divide the bush.
At home, cymbidium is propagated only by dividing the bush. All other methods are complex and require special conditions.
Cymbidium bush is divided during the planned transplant of the plant. You should not "shred" the whole bush into small delenki, no matter how big it is. Only a delenka with at least three pseudobulbs is suitable for separation. In this case, you will receive a healthy young orchid and will not harm the mother plant. After separating the delenka, the sections must be treated with an antiseptic (wood or activated charcoal).
Diseases and pests
The most terrible and, alas, incurable disease of cymbidium is a viral infection. Sometimes it is called "mosaic." Its first symptoms are the appearance of mosaic spots or dark strokes on the leaves of the plant. At the first signs of this disease, the plant must be immediately disposed of, preventing the spread of infection.
Other diseases are also possible - brown and gray rot, black fungus. And although they can cause a lot of trouble, these diseases of cymbidium are quite successfully treated with fungicides.
Of pests should beware of spider mites, scale insects and aphids.
But the main thing that needs to be remembered is the most effective means of controlling and preventing diseases, it is the proper and careful care of the plant.
Check out a small but useful video for cymbidium care, shot not by a professional, but by an amateur at home.
Planting and care for cymbidium (in short)
- BloomA: Usually in winter for 4-6 weeks.
- Lighting: A plant of a long daylight, you need a bright diffused light, and in winter - artificial lighting.
- Temperature: in summer - normal for residential premises, before and during flowering - no higher than 16 ˚C.
- Watering: in the period of active growth - frequent and abundant, before flowering - once every two weeks.
- Air humidity: 50-60%; in the summer, spraying the leaves 3 times a day and the content of the orchid on a tray with wet pebbles is recommended.
- Top dressing: after every third irrigation with orchid fertilizer solution.
- Rest period: not expressed.
- Transfer: once every 2-3 years.
- Breeding: division of the bush.
- Pests: spider mites, scale insects, aphid.
- Diseases: black fungus, gray and brown rot, viral mosaic.
Orchid Cymbidium - growing features
Bulba cymbidium, or rather, pseudobulba (thickened near-earth part of the stem, in which the epiphytes store moisture) is ovoid, the leaves are xiphoid or linear, obtuse or pointed, leathery and keeled. Peduncle Cymbidium can reach a height of one and a half meters. The inflorescence is a hanging loose brush on which sometimes there are few, and sometimes many flowers. Flowers themselves, depending on the variety and type of different sizes - from small to large. The color scale is very rich: cream, yellow, yellow-green, pink, brown, red colors and their shades. Typically, the petals and sepals of Cymbidium of the same color and shape are sickle-shaped or lanceolate. The sedentary three-lobed lip is most often motley and brightly colored. Cymbidium bloom lasts from one and a half to three months, and life expectancy at home from 3 to 7 years.
There are many epiphytes among cymbidia, and this is precisely what causes some features of growing this orchid species.
How to care for cymbidium.
Growing cymbidium requires special knowledge from the grower. It is best to keep Cymbidium on the window sill of a large window, in the bright sun, shading it at noon from direct rays, especially during flowering, with a light curtain. In general, this orchid requires a lot of light. Cymbidium blooms usually occur in the winter months when daylight hours are short, so additional lighting should be arranged for the orchid. With regard to air temperature, cymbidia carry cool air more easily than heat and stuffiness. This is especially important in winter - being close to heating devices will not allow the cymbidium to hit you with its flowering. The air humidity of your orchid will be high, in the range of 50-60%, so in the summer you will have to spray it at least three times a day. Helps to solve the problem of air humidity placing a pot with a plant on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay.
Watering and feeding tsimbidium.
During the period of active growth, cymbidium should be watered abundantly, but it is important that the water after irrigation does not stagnate in the roots, otherwise the roots of cymbidium may rot, and black spots will appear on the leaves. If there is not enough moisture to the plant, pseudobulbs can wrinkle, and flowers and buds fall off. Closer to winter, watering is reduced and the substrate is moistened only once every two weeks, if the temperature of the content is normal, but if the room is too warm, you will have to water more often. Top dressing of Cymbidium is combined with every third irrigation, and they are applied in the form of solutions to the already wet substrate. It is best to use for this special fertilizer for orchids ("Kemira Lux", "Ideal", "Rainbow") in half the concentration indicated on the packaging. In the middle of summer, the nitrogen component should be reduced, and the potassium component should be increased. During the flowering period, the orchid does not need any additional feeding.
How to make cymbidium bloom.
Different varieties and types of cymbidium bloom at different times, and the duration of flowering is also different. But any of the instances of this kind will bloom badly or will not even tie flower buds at temperatures above 22 ºC. Since for the creation of modern hybrids cymbidia were mainly used in mountainous areas, it can be assumed that they will need approximately the same conditions for flowering as in habitats, namely: bright light and the difference between day and night temperatures of 4-5 degrees. Orchids that bloom in spring and summer do not have to specially arrange temperature “swings” - at this time of year such temperature drops are quite natural in nature, and if your orchid is in the garden or on the balcony, then calmly withstand the night cooling to 5 ºC but in time and abundantly bloom. But in the winter, when in the room where cymbidium grows, the heating system is working around the clock, you will have to invent something. You can, for example, put cymbidium on a balcony or loggia for the night, if they are warmed. The most abundant bloom with the largest flowers comes from orchids Cymbidium in the third year of growth.
Cymbidium does not bloom.
If your cymbidium is beautifully green, but is clearly not going to bloom, shake it up: reduce watering and organize a difference between day and night temperatures of 4-5 degrees. Night temperature 10-13 ºC - optimal for forcing cymbidium to bloom.
If only the ends of the leaves dry, then the humidity in the room is not high enough. Придется чаще опрыскивать растение (помните: не менее трех раз в день) и поставить горшок на поддон с мокрой галькой. Иногда же кончики листьев сохнут от слишком частого или обильного увлажнения – грунт между поливами должен просыхать.
Cymbidium turns yellow.
Sometimes this is a sign that roots are rotting. Try to remove the top layer of the substrate and examine the roots. If rot is detected, it will be necessary, if it is not too late, to replant the plant by cleaning the root system from rotted areas. And try to determine the cause of decay, otherwise the situation may repeat.
Of pests spider mites, aphids and scale insects are dangerous to orchids, and diseases - brown and gray rot, mosaic and black fungus. Mosaic is a viral disease that is not treated, so the plant will have to be destroyed, and you can fight rot: remove the affected parts of the plant, reduce watering and transfer it to a warmer room.
Cymbidium lanceolata (Cymbidium lancifolium)
- Orchid with flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, in which the sepals and petals are light green in color with a central dark red vein, and the lip is white with a protrusion with red-brown stripes on the lateral lobes and with red specks and spots on the middle. It blooms from April to October.
Cymbidium Daya (Cymbidium dayanum)
has a many-flowered inflorescence with flowers with a diameter of 5 cm. Sepals and ivory-colored petals with a dark red central vein, the white lip of the front lobe is strongly wrapped, the callus is cream or white. Orchid hails from the Philippines and Sumatra. This species blooms from August to December. The most famous varieties "Twelv" and "Tavoy."
Cymbidium Tracy (Cymbidium tracyanum)
is a multi-flowered orchid with fifteen centimeters in diameter with very fragrant yellow-green flowers with dotted red-brown lines along the veins. The lip is wavy and sometimes fringed along the edge of a cream-colored lip with red stripes and spots along the front lobe. The brush reaches 120 cm in length and has up to 20 flowers. It blooms from September to January.
- epiphyte, whose flowers reach 20 cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are also greenish-yellow, and the three-lobed lip is dark crimson with a yellow outline along the edge of the middle lobe. Multi-flowered inflorescence. The orchid is almost a meter in height, the leaves are linear, 75 cm long. The plant’s homeland is Burma. Flowering occurs in February and June. The most popular variety is Liliput.
Cymbidium Orchid - description, types and varieties of plants
Most of the plants that are sold in flower shops are hybrids. There are gigantic ones among them: even one such flower is supplied by florists in an elegant box - it can be presented as a gift. There are medium-sized flowers, miniature and ultra-miniature varieties.
The most beautiful are the Oriental Cymbidia. Delicate coloring and fragrant aroma make such flowers irresistible.
In the stores the most common orchids of such varieties are:
Cymbidium yellowish white (Cymbidium eburneum)
originally from the Himalayas. It is a large plant with arcuate brushes and linear leaves. Fragrant flowers reach a diameter of 7.5 cm, they are cream-colored, the lip is wavy on the edge, with a yellowish crest at the base, surrounded by red specks.
Mechalist cymbidium (Cymbidium ensifolium)
- terrestrial orchid growing in rocky terrain. Petals are light yellow with burgundy veins, burgundy specks at the base of the petals. The lip is greenish or pale yellow, the middle lobe with dark red specks, the lateral ones with brown stripes. The inflorescence consists of 3-9 very fragrant flowers 3-5 cm in diameter, erect peduncle from 15 to 65 cm tall. It blooms from January to April. In a culture grown hybrids c. mosque, Golden Elf, Peter Pan, Lovely Melody.
Great Cymbidium (Cymbidium insigne)
different petals of white or pale pink in red spots. The blades of the lips are also in purple spots, the wavy edge of the front blade is folded back. Inflorescence with 9-15 flowers, 7-8 cm in diameter, loose, vertical, up to 80 cm high. Motherland - Thailand, China, Vietnam. It blooms from February to May. Epiphyte.
Cymbidium dwarf (Cymbidium pumilum)
usually has reddish-brown petals with yellowish edges. The lip is white with dark red spots, its middle lobe is obtuse and curved. Almost upright inflorescence reaches a length of 12 cm, and the diameter of the flower - 10 cm on average. Homeland plants - Japan and China, this orchid blooms from December to March. Very rare look.
Cymbidium Giant (Cymbidium giganteum)
has in the inflorescence up to 15 fragrant flowers 10-12 cm in diameter with yellow-green petals covered with red stripes, and with a cream-colored lip, also in spots and stripes. Inflorescence, hanging from a powerful peduncle, reaches a length of 60 cm. In nature, it grows in the Himalayas. It blooms from November to April, and the flower does not wither for 3-4 weeks. Popular variety "Red Chile" - a compact plant with bright red flowers.
With proper care, an orchid Tsimbidium is able to please its owners with a long and abundant flowering for 3 months or more.
For the successful growth and development of this plant requires a bright but diffused light, it feels very good on the windows of the eastern and western orientation.
South and south-western windowsills are almost not suitable for its cultivation. At lunchtime there is too bright sun, which can cause serious burns to the flower.
During winter, for normal development, Cymbidium requires coolness, the temperature should be within 15 °. In most city apartments it is very difficult to find a place with such a temperature, therefore, if there is a glazed loggia, the flower can be brought there.
In order for this orchid to blossom, it will be necessary to arrange for it to have a difference between day and night temperatures, the difference should be at least 4 °. Subject to this condition Cymbidiums can bloom almost year-round.
For the cultivation of this tropical plant requires a special substrate consisting of bark, peat, sand and gravel. The main requirement in the preparation of the soil - its good moisture permeability.
Orchids, though moisture-loving plants, but require a fairly rare watering: once every 3-4 weeks is enough. For them, it would be best if the humidity of the ambient air is about 50-60%.
For irrigation of Cymbidium, it is best to use warm, settled water, and it is absolutely necessary to ensure that it does not accumulate and stagnate in the pan under the pot. Even a short overflow can cause root rot.
In order to keep the air humidity around the orchid, a small container with water can be placed next to the pot, as well as regular spraying of the plant.
During the period of intensive growth, the plant requires the introduction of special dressings. For these purposes, it is best to use liquid fertilizer intended for orchids.
The multiplicity of application and the dosage of fertilizing may vary, their performance will depend on the specific type of fertilizer.
Adult plants of Cymbidium are required to replant no more than once in 3 years. It is best to do this immediately after the end of flowering.
With good care, each bulb of this orchid gives 1-2 children a year. Therefore, the multiplication of cymbidium does not present any particular difficulties.
Popular Cymbidium Orchid Varieties
- Cymbidium Low. Perhaps one of the most popular species for breeding at home. Due to its great popularity, the species is actively selected and many species and varieties of this orchid constantly appear. The flowering of this species lasts several months - from the end of winter to mid-summer. Peduncle curved, slightly less than a meter in length, formed from rather large flowers of yellow-green color. It is believed that this species is bred in Burma.
- Cymbidium Eburneum, he's cymbidium ivory. Came to us from China. The main difference from other species are thick bulbous bulbs. When flowering forms a straight peduncle about thirty centimeters long. The flowers are quite large, have a white color, and the smell reminds sirens. When breeding at home requires keeping in a well-lit, warm place with high humidity.
- Aloeloid Cymbidium. A small orchid, reaching a height of about twenty-five centimeters. Blooms with numerous flowers of medium size with a yellowish tinge. The flowering period lasts from late winter to early summer.
- Cymbidium Giant. A rather rare type of orchid, it is almost impossible to meet it at home. This species was first encountered in the tropical forests of India, the discovery dates back to the beginning of the nineteenth century. The inflorescence is formed by many flowers with a diameter of just over ten centimeters. The flowers have a light orange color, the lip is yellowish, with a characteristic red spot at the base.
Orchid Cymbidium, home care
For most cymbidia, a change of leaf cover is characteristic. Old leaves gradually die off, young ones appear instead. When kept in comfortable conditions Cymbidium leaves may last for several years, after which they gradually shrink and dry. Flowers of all kinds have a persistent and pleasant aroma. Mature plants need garters and props.
Possible problems with keeping a plant at home
- When excessive watering is likely rotting roots. At the first signs of decay, it is necessary to remove the orchid from the substrate and dry the roots. It is better to immediately cut off the damaged and rotten ones, and treat the cut sites with crushed coal. Plant a diseased plant only in a new soil; it is better to discard the old one
- Yellowed and slightly brown tips of the leaves signal problems of the root system. It is recommended to completely remove the orchid from the ground and carefully examine the roots.
- The formation of black or gray strokes on the leaves indicates the defeat of the plant by viral infection. Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to cure an orchid, and further care and treatment does not make sense. Many florists recommend it to destroy.
- When kept in hot, dry conditions, the orchid is often attacked by a spider mite. At the first signs of damage, it is necessary to provide the plant with quarantine and immediately start fighting the parasite. The most effective use of garlic and tobacco tinctures.
Secrets of good watering
The most crucial moment in the care is the correct watering. The frequency of watering is highly dependent on the temperature of the content and the time of year. In winter, the orchid lacks light, development is noticeably slowed down and watered. plant needed much less frequently. The need for watering will signal the bright roots and the lack of condensation on the inner walls of the pot.
There are two types of irrigation: immersion and soldering.
When watering in the first way the container with the plant is immersed in water. The liquid should almost completely cover the lower part of the plant, in this position the plant should stand for about forty minutes. During this time, the substrate is completely saturated with water and will evenly give it to the measles system.
When watering by soldering potTo with a plant plentifully fill with water until full moistening. The procedure is repeated several times, after which they wait until the excess liquid is drained and the pot is moved to a permanent place. After this procedure the plant can not be watered for about a week.
At first glance, caring for a plant will seem difficult, but after doing the recommended procedures, it can be understood that it is possible to keep cymbidium under the force of practically every florist. When growing orchids Cymbidium care is reduced to proper watering and maintaining the necessary temperature during the day.
Orchid Cymbidium care at home
Since this plant is non-capricious and not very demanding to care, it is often grown inexperienced growers, who only get acquainted with members of the family of orchids.
To date, more hybrids have been created using those plant species that prefer to grow in highlands. There, the orchid receives a lot of sunlight and can easily tolerate sharp fluctuations in temperature (and it is quite cold at night). Therefore, care for such hybrids should be appropriate.
Illumination and choice of location
She loves light very much, but at the same time the plant needs shading from the direct rays of the sun. In the winter, the recommended illumination special lamps. Also experienced flower growers are advised to regularly ventilate the room where the flower is located, but it should be protected from cold drafts.
Cymbidiums, like other orchids, do not like such a procedure as a transplant. In this regard, it is necessary to transplant the plant only in case of emergency, for example, when the root system ceases to fit in the pot. Every year a small amount of a special orchid substrate should be poured into the pot, and you should first remove a thin top layer of earth. When carrying out a transplant, as well as during the process of pouring the mixture, you need to ensure that the pseudolbulbs are not covered with soil, as they may begin to rot.
Suitable for this plant mix can be purchased in the store (it is designed for orchids). You can also make a mixture with your own hands, connecting the bark of coniferous trees with various additives such as: charcoal, expanded clay, leaf earth, sphagnum moss, vermiculite, as well as coarse sand.
Large flowers reach 12 cm. Petals have a beautiful ivory color.
All listed orchid varieties usually bloom from January to June. Often they ask the question: with all the variety of colors - are there blue cymbidium orchids? No, to get flowers of this shade, dye is used.
Features of growing orchids
Orchids have a long flowering period - up to 12 weeks. Selecting different varieties, you can admire the beauty of their flowers throughout the year. Falling flower stalks are recommended to tie up so that they do not break off.
Orchids are demanding for irrigation, light and air temperature.
The orchid responds well to sour soil, likes a light, nutritious soil. Usually all these requirements are taken into account in special soil mixtures for flowers, which are sold in stores.
If you decide to make the soil yourself, you need to take a light compost earth. It is advisable to add in it pieces of moss, tree bark.
Lighting, humidity and temperature
The orchid loves light, but the direct rays of the hot summer sun will harm it, especially after watering - burns will appear on the leaves. Therefore, the flower can be kept on the window sill of the south window only in the cold season. Then it is better to rearrange it to the west or east window. On hot days, the orchid is lightly shaved, but in the winter, a capricious beauty may need a fluorescent lamp.
Orchid loves moisture. If the air in the room is dry, it is better to keep a small sprayer next to the flower and from time to time to give him a shower. It is also good to periodically wipe the hard orchid leaves with a damp cloth.
As for the climate - the most important condition for the proper development and flowering of the plant - is the difference between day and night air temperatures. In summer, the orchid likes air to heat up to + 22-25 С during the daytime, and down to + 15-16 С at night. In the winter day it can be + 16-18 С, and at night + 12-14 С.
It is easiest to provide such drops if the plant is located on a loggia or in a garden from spring to autumn.
Watering and fertilizing orchids
Orchids are watered depending on the season. In winter they do it less often: 2-4 times a month, in summer more often, up to 2 times a week. It is desirable that the water in the pan does not stagnate - this can lead to rotting of the roots. And if the soil is wet all the time, it will most likely have mold.
Feed the orchid 1-2 times a month. The stores sell special fertilizers. It is better to make them simultaneously with watering.
During the period of blooming orchid feeding stop.
How to transplant?
If you brought an orchid from the store, and it feels great, it means that there is no need to immediately replace it. Usually, a well-cared for flower, in particular, fertilizes the soil, transplantation is required no more than once every 3-4 years. The plant itself can “tell” you what it is time to do - the roots begin to appear above the ground.
A new pot should only be slightly larger than where the orchid was. When choosing a pot shape, give preference to height rather than width. Any primer for flowers from those that are sold in specialized stores. If you make your own mix yourself, remember that it should be easy. To achieve this goal, you can, for example, add foam chips to the soil mix.
At the bottom of the pot stack drainage - small pebbles, charcoal, trimming the bark.
Orchid is removed from the old pot, trying not to injure the fleshy roots, which are easily broken. At the same time, the root system is inspected, if necessary, the rotten parts are removed. After transplantation, the soil in the new pot is slightly compacted. Watering the plant is better in a couple of days.
Reproduction orchids Cymbidium
Orchid can be propagated by dividing the plant into parts. Для этого цветок извлекают из горшка и осматривают корневую систему. Сгнившие или засохшие корни удаляют. Затем растение разрезают на несколько частей с помощью острого ножа. На каждой части должны иметься корни и псевдобульба.
После этого срезы присыпают древесным углём и сажают растения в цветочные горшки. Чтобы укоренение прошло успешно, необходим достаточный полив. And to keep orchids better in partial shade.
The plant can be propagated by dividing it or using “spare bulbs” (these are the onions, which bloom was observed in previous years).
Divide the rhizome with a sharp knife in early spring or at the end of flowering. Each delenka should have 1 growth point and at least 3 pseudolbulb. Delenka planted in a separate container and provide moderate watering for 4-8 weeks. When the flower begins to grow again, they continue to care for it, like a normal plant.
Pests and diseases
Shchitovka, spider mite, as well as aphid can settle. In an infected plant, the damaged parts are deformed, the flowers become shriveled and fall off without revealing, and the foliage becomes yellow.
These plants can become infected with a viral disease, and this happens with them more often than with other orchids. After infection, mosaic stains appear on the foliage. It is impossible to cure a flower, therefore it needs to be destroyed.