Probably, it is impossible to imagine a more beautiful and ornamental shrub than spirea. A magnificent waterfall of falling white flowers can turn a Vangutta spiraeus from an ordinary shrub into a lush-colored garden decoration. This species has abundant blooms with a strong honey aroma. The name of the shrub comes from the Greek word speira, which means "bend". The people called shrub bush. In our today's article we will talk about Vangutta spirea. Planting and care, photos of this amazing shrub - all this is presented below!
Before we proceed to the description, characterization and recommendations for the care of this plant, we offer to get acquainted with the most popular varieties of this species. It has several decorative forms, we will tell about them in more detail:
- Snow White. Another name for this spirea is the White Bride. Classic variety with huge snow-white inflorescences having the form of lush umbrellas, about 60 cm in diameter. Sprawling shrub up to two meters high.
- Snow white Spirea is white, the variety was bred in Canada. The plant is compact - no more than 150 cm in height, 180 cm in diameter. It has rather large inflorescences of white color.
- Pink Ice. Unusually beautiful and gentle spirea with large white inflorescences. Pink Ice has young growths of rich crimson color with white-marbled foliage. Which soon (it happens gradually) become covered with cream spots. Variety refers to winter-hardy, but in extreme cold the tips of young shoots can freeze slightly.
- Gold Fontaine. Variety bred by Polish breeders. The shrub is sprawling, slowly growing, no more than 120 cm high and with a crown of up to 150 cm. White flowers of this variety are gathered in the corymbose inflorescences.
Spirey Vangutta: photos and description
The plant belongs to the fast-growing ornamental shrubs from the Pink family. Deciduous hybrid was obtained by crossing between two spirases - three-bladed and Cantonese. This variety has been known since 1868. If in the XIX century, botanists managed to get plants only with white five-petal flowers and leaves of dark green color, then today there are various forms of spirea with pink terry flowers and variegated decorative foliage.
According to the description, the spirea Vangutta grows up to 2 meters high, the diameter is exactly the same size, it has a spreading, cascade-shaped crown. The branches of the shrub arc curved downwards. Spirea leaves 3- or 5-lobed, obovate, serrated along the edges. Most often, their length is about 3.5 cm. The upper side is painted in a dark green saturated color, and below they are a dull blue. Huge hemispherical inflorescences, consisting of white flowers, cover shoots along the entire length. The blooming spirea Vangutta (pictured below) blooms flowers in mid-June, and sometimes in early July, flowering continues for several weeks. In the second half of July or in August, the spirea blooms again, but the inflorescences are somewhat smaller than in the first flowering. Wangutta fruits ripen in mid-autumn.
Planting spirea: soil selection
A lush abundant flowering of this shrub can only be achieved if the plant is in the sun for quite a long time. For the rest, spireas are unpretentious in care, and they do not need special care and a certain place for planting.
For representatives of this family, loose, drained soils are most suitable, with the presence (in moderate quantities) of nutrients. It is best to prepare soil for planting, consisting of the following components: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of sand and as much lowland peat. It is recommended to carry out a soil analysis before planting and perform the following measures:
- Peat or sand should be added to loamy heavy soils or black soil before planting shrubs.
- Poor organic soil, on the contrary, enrich the fertile land and mineral supplements.
- If the composition of the soil is too acidic, it should be deoxidized.
For this type of shrubs, autumn planting is preferable. Spirea Wangutta planted in the ground no later than mid-October. If this could not be done, planting can be started in the spring before the active movement of the juices in the plants begins. When planting a plant at a new place, it is necessary to pay attention to the following nuances:
- optimal place for root system
- eliminate the lack of nutrition and moisture,
- Plants need to take root before the onset of frost.
It is noticed that seedlings with an open root system take root much more painfully than young bushes brought to the site in containers along with an earthy clod. Such plants start growing almost immediately, and therefore planting and maintenance are much easier. In this case, plants can be planted in any warm season. When planting Spirea Wangutta at the bottom of the landing pit, it is necessary to lay a drainage, the thickness of which is from 7 to 20 centimeters, this depends on the type of soil, as well as the occurrence of groundwater. If spirea shrub is used:
- in a single landing, in this case it is necessary to prepare a landing pit with a depth of 50 cm and the same diameter,
- in groups, the distance between seedlings must be maintained as follows - 0.7-1.5 m,
- as a hedge, the landing holes in this case are located at a distance of one and a half meters both between the plants and between adjacent rows.
After landing, Vangutta spiraea care begins immediately. First of all, pristvolny circles should be well compacted and shed with warm water in such a way as to well moisten the entire root system of the plant. For a more long-term conservation of moisture, mulch the soil around the tree trunks.
Planting Vangutta spirea (photo will not be able to convey all the features) and care for it is quite simple and not time consuming. In the drought, as well as after trimming the shrub, it must be watered so that the soil in the breech circle is soaked to a depth of about 50 cm. Water consumption per sapling is about two large buckets. In the rest of the time, spirea Vangutta does not need abundant watering, but prefers moderate watering. After this event, the soil must be loosened and weeds removed in a timely manner.
Pruning not only forms the crown of the shrub, but also provokes the formation of new shoots, as well as the laying of flower buds, which allows the spirea to bloom even more magnificently. Pruning is done after flowering, at the time when the branches appear bare, partial drying occurs, and the flowers become shallow. This procedure is performed depending on the timing of flowering shrubs. Pruning is performed either under the stump (especially in old plants), or only dry, old or damaged branches are cut. If suddenly the adult plant has become sparsely flowering, then after it has thrown off the foliage, it is necessary to rejuvenate the shrub. In order for it to develop well and bloom abundantly, it is necessary to conduct one additional feeding with complex fertilizers intended for ornamental plants.
This is one of the easiest ways to breed spirea. For this, in early spring, the lowermost half-woody branch of the shrub is bent to the ground, and then placed in a specially dug groove, leaving only the tip of the shoot on the surface. The branch is fixed with a metal stud, and then sprinkled with fertile earth. During the whole season, the layers are watered moderately, and before the onset of winter, they are covered with dry leaves. With the onset of spring, the rooted branch is cut and transplanted to a new place.
This method of breeding Spirea Wangutta is easy to implement during plant transplantation. Shrub dig and divide into the desired number of parts, each of which must remain strong roots and well-developed shoots. Sections are best treated with crushed coal. Then the roots are seated in prefab wells.
This method is used 2 weeks after flowering. As the cuttings choose healthy and strong shoots. Prepare the substrate consisting of river sand and peat, taken in equal proportions, and planted in it for rooting cuttings. It is recommended to place the shoots in the greenhouse or greenhouse, it will provide a high level of humidity of the air and the substrate. A year later, the cuttings have a well-developed root system and are planted for rearing in separate containers.
Dangerous pests for spirea Wangutta are aphid, rosette, multi-colored miner. But the most dangerous for this type of plant pest - spider mite. In the last month of spring, individuals of the female spider mite settle on the underside of the leaves and weave a web there. During the season about ten generations of mites are formed, which completely destroy the leaves. The latter begin to turn yellow, dry up and fall. The following methods are used for pest control: chemical, agrotechnical and biological. If you carefully care for shrubs, carry out timely watering, apply a spraying of a plant in a drought, and feed it, then such actions will surely give a positive result.
The most widespread type of ornamental shrubs received in the creation of hedges. The following characteristics attract Spirea Wangutt:
- decorative qualities
- abundant bloom
- spherical crown.
Shrubs are used for single and group plantings, as well as in more complex compositions - for borders. With it framed and artificial reservoirs located on the site. Vangutta looks very impressive against a green lawn, near the fountains, next to the pool. With the help of these shrubs you can decorate unsightly buildings, any outbuildings or old dilapidated houses. You can combine this type of spirea with various trees, for example, with pines, spruces, maples or fir.
Wangutta spirea requirements for soil and planting site
A truly abundant flowering of Vangutta spirea can only be achieved if the plants get enough sunlight. If a hedge from a spirea or detached shrubs will remain in the shade, it is not worth waiting for the placer of white flowers on the shoots. The rest of the plant unpretentiously and special care about the landing site does not require. Growing and caring for spirea can be further simplified by creating optimal conditions for shrub growth.
Like all members of the family, the Spirea Wangutta is more in favor of loose, well-drained soils with a moderate amount of nutrients and an acidity of 6 to 7 units.
The best soil is a mixture of two parts of sod land, one part of sand and the same volume of low peat:
- Peat or sand is applied to dense loamy soils or black soil before planting.
- Organic poor sandy loams enrich with humus and mineral additives.
- Excessively acidic soil on the site must be deoxidized.
Planting Wangutta Spirea and Seedling Care
For spirea shrubs, autumn planting is preferred. If it is not possible to plant a seedling in the ground until mid-October, it can be done in the spring, before the active movement of the juices begins. Even large spirea bushes Vangutta acclimatize well after transplanting. The main thing is to come to a new place plant:
- had enough space for the root system,
- did not lack nutrition and moisture,
- managed to take root before the onset of frost.
As a rule, habituation of seedlings with an open root system is more painful, but young bushes that fall on the site in containers and are transferred to the ground along with an earthen clod, immediately start growing. Therefore, planting and caring for spirea in this case is much easier, and you can plant shrubs at any warm season.
The tall shrub of this species is perfect for both single plantings and for use in hedges. In both cases, the volume of the spirea pits should be 20–25% larger than the root system of the seedling.
It should be borne in mind that a drainage layer with a thickness of 7 to 20 cm is envisaged at the bottom of the landing pit, depending on the type of soil and the groundwater.
If the spirea Vangutta shrub is used:
- in a single planting, the pit for the plant should have a depth of 50 cm and the same diameter,
- in groups, the distance between adjacent seedlings should not be less than 0.7–1.5 meters.
- in a hedge of a spirea, the ditches for planting are dug at a distance of half a meter between individual plants and adjacent rows.
Spiraea care begins immediately after landing. Pristvolnye circles are well compacted and watered with warm water with the expectation to wet the entire root system of the shrub. To save moisture, soil under the crown is mulched with peat.
Caring for the spirea bush Vangutta
All measures for the cultivation and care of Vangutta spiraea are reduced to regular watering of plants, weeding and shallow loosening of the soil in the tree circle, pruning and feeding. In the dry season, as well as after pruning, the spirea shrubs are watered so that the soil is wetted to a depth of about half a meter.
Weeding and loosening the soil will improve soil aeration, the plant will receive more moisture, nourishment and oxygen. It is possible to reduce the volume of irrigation water with the help of mulching.
Spiraea hedgerows of this species easily tolerate sanitary trim, but it is important to take into account that flower buds develop on the shoots of the second year of life, and their pruning should not affect. But after flowering, nothing prevents the gardener from cutting off withered shoots, and shortening old shoots to a strong bud, from which a new powerful branch will appear. During sanitary pruning, branches older than 7 years of age, lateral processes that shade the crown and shoots with traces of diseases and the presence of pests are removed.
After the removal of weak and interfering shoots, the spirea bush is quickly restored. Not much affected by plants and frost. Even if part of the shoots were damaged by frost, the green mass soon resumes after pruning.
To support the forces of the shrub, complex plants for ornamental crops are brought in under the roots before flowering. The same dressing does not hurt before the onset of cold weather.
Description of Wangutta Spirea
A beautiful shrub of white flowers that looks like a waterfall, no doubt will get a huge number of fans. More and more fans of landscape design decorate their areas with this plant. The distinctive feature of the shrub - it grows very quickly. This allows the site to give a beautiful appearance in a short time. Already during the first year one can observe a sprawling bush with white flowers, which cover the plant like a hat. Sometimes the green leaves when flowering is not visible at all, and the white cap completely covers the shrub. Therefore, it is popularly called “May snow”.
There is another name for this plant - tavolga. Under this name shrub in Russia is more known. Cultivated plant is considered since 1868.
The height of the shrub is about 2 meters, the branches in the form of an arc lean to the ground. Leaves spiraea obovate shape with teeth along the edges. The leaf is about 3.5 cm long. The leaf is dark green above and dull green on the inside.
The height and diameter of the crown spirea Wangutta
The diameter of the crown of a luxurious shrub, as well as its height, reaches two meters. The shape of the crown sprawling cascade. The shrub on the side resembles a white, falling waterfall with delicate white flowers. Some varieties can reach a height of 3 meters, but these varieties usually belong to upright ones.
Blooming Spirea Wangutta
The most beautiful shrub during flowering. With proper care and compliance with agricultural technology, an ornamental plant can bloom twice a year. The first bloom lasts several weeks and starts from mid-June to early July. Early varieties begin to bloom in May.
The second bloom is possible in August. But this bloom does not differ in splendor, since the bush has not so much strength, but in any case it turns out very beautiful. White shrub flowers are located along the entire length of the shoot and are collected in inflorescences resembling halves of balls. From a distance, this ornamental plant appears completely white during the flowering period.
What is the difference between Spirea Grefshaym and Vangutta
There are several varieties of decorative spirea, each of which is known for its advantages.
Spirea Vangutta, in contrast to the hybrid gray spirea called Grefshaym, a higher plant. Gray spirea Grefshaym has flowers in diameter up to 1 cm and with a yellow center. Эта разновидность начинает цвести в более ранние сроки, чем Вангутта.
Отличия спиреи Вангутта и спиреи серой
Серая спирея получила свое название, благодаря пепельному цвету листьев. From the side of the shrub looks ash gray. The leaves have a pointed shape. The inflorescences of the gray variety are not spherical, but corymbose. Also located along the entire length of the shoot. Used more often in the preparation of bouquets. It is considered a winter-hardy variety and is not propagated by seeds, since it is a hybrid. Gray variety propagated only by layering and yearling cuttings. And it is also possible to divide the shrub during transplantation.
Spirey Wangutta in landscape design
Spirea Wangutta is often used not only by professionals in landscape design, but also by novice amateurs. There are several options for using a spreading shrub to decorate the garden and the area around the house.
The most common use of Spirea Wangutta is a hedge. Such a fence will not allow too curious neighbors to see too much and decorate the site, giving it a chic, rich look.
There are other ways to use shrubs for decoration:
- instead of a weeping willow in the presence of an artificial reservoir,
- the fence around the front of the house
- like a single bush against a green lawn,
- as a combination with other ornamental plants, it is perfectly combined with coniferous trees, for example, juniper, thuja, yew and spruce.
When used near a pond, spirea bush looks great next to stones and artificial decorations. It also looks great shrub surrounded by various flowers.
If you combine a spreading shrub near a tall tree, the composition will look luxurious.
In large areas, so-called single shrubs have been used for a long time when the spiraeus is planted on the lawn far from each other. It turns out beautiful and monumental. Some varieties of spirea are well used in cascade compositions, as the crown itself resembles a falling line.
Spirea Wangutta Gold Fontaine
The peculiarity of this shrub - sprawling branches with yellow-green leaves. In autumn, the leaf cover becomes completely yellow, and the shrub area is colorful. The shrub of this variety grows well with enough sun. Only a slight shadow is allowed for a short time. There are some more advantages of this bush:
- unpretentious to the soil
- frost resistant
- begins to bloom in May.
It is used mainly in hedges, as well as in compositions and as a single decoration of the site. Looks great near the water in combination with stone paths.
Spirey Wangutta White
The most common ornamental shrub with white flowers. In autumn, the crown of the shrub turns yellow. The maximum height is 2 meters, as is the diameter. It grows quickly, undemanding to soils, tolerates drought. Like any spirea, requires a sunny place, does not tolerate a strong shadow. In the middle of autumn on the shrub fruits are formed.
Spirey Wangutta Golden Fountain
Spirea Wangutta Gold Fountain - another variety, slightly with a different appearance. It is a fast growing but upright plant. It grows up to four meters in height. The plant has narrow leaves of a dark green shade. The shrub is used as a hedge, as well as in compositions with other plants.
Spirea Vangutta gold fountain, like other varieties, loves sunny places, but with partial shadow. This allows for a long time for the bush to maintain a beautiful appearance, which lovers of landscape design appreciate. Any home will look rich if you plant a Golden Fountain on the facade.
Preparation of planting material and plot
Spirayu Vangutta better endures landing in the fall, until mid-October. Suitable for planting land with dry sandy soil. There the shrub is best to take root and will delight with its beauty.
Before planting, you need to put the seedlings into the water for three hours. Dry and root with signs of rot must be removed.
When preparing planting material, it is important to remove too thin and long shoots so that the plant can fully develop.
A landing site is chosen strictly in the sun with a small amount of shade. Under the seedling it is necessary to dig a square hole, which will be 20 cm larger than the root system of the seedling. At the bottom of the pit must put a drainage of pebbles or rubble.
If it is intended to grow a hedge, then the pits should be no more than a meter apart from each other. Then there will be no gaps in the hedge.
Watering and feeding
Watering shrubs is not difficult. The plant is quite drought-resistant, does not impose a requirement on care. In any case, there are a few rules for watering, which should be observed, so that the bush for a long time pleased the owner with its luxury:
- water during hot and dry periods,
- the top layer of the earth must be dry
- watering should be regular, but not excessive.
If the moisture is in abundance, it will adversely affect the flowering bushes.
Plant nutrition also requires compliance with certain rules. The plant is unpretentious, and therefore it is enough to feed it once in the spring with complex fertilizer. Another option of feeding is to add superphosphate to the nutrient mixture.
If you use a granular fertilizer, it is absorbed more slowly, and the result of feeding will be expressed in violent flowering next year.
Pruning spirea Vangutta after flowering
Spirea Wangutta needs pruning after flowering. In total for the year several pruning should be carried out: formative and sanitary. When sanitary pruning remove diseased and frozen shoots. Forming is carried out immediately after flowering and is designed to give the shrub a normal shape that will please the owner. If you annually pruning and monitor the appearance of the shrub, then the average lifespan of an ornamental plant is 20 years.
Pruning spirea Vangutta in the fall helps to prepare the plant in the winter and give it the desired shape.
Preparing the spirea Wangutta for winter
A feature of this shrub is its cold resistance. The plant does not require special preparation for the winter period, and it is not necessary to cover it. Winters are known when the uncovered shrub survived and endured frosts down to -40 ° C.
Experts advise sheltering bushes only in those regions where frosts fall below -35–40 ° C. This is the northern regions of the country. There, it is necessary to cover the root zone of the shrub with dry leaves, foil and other methods of warming so that the bush stands through the cold winter. If there are shoots that have frozen during the winter, they must be cut off in the spring so that the plant does not waste strength on the painful shoots.
It is recommended to wrap only very young seedlings only in the first winter so that they fully take root and not be affected by frost.
Reproduction plants spirea Vangutta
Shrub reproduction is carried out in three ways:
The cutting must be carried out 14–16 days after flowering. Suitable for cuttings are long, strongly lignified shoots, completely healthy. To obtain the roots, the cuttings should be placed in a container, where equal parts of peat and sand from the river are used as nutrient soil. The following year, rooted cuttings can be transplanted.
Reproduction by layering is the simplest and most popular method, which is used everywhere, even by novice gardeners. To do this, you need the lowest woody branch to the ground. It should be placed in a special groove so that the top of the shoot sticks out a few centimeters. Attach a metal stud to the ground and sprinkle it with soil with a fertile compound. Layers to water, and for the winter to cover the leaves and film. In the spring, the branch that has taken root should be carefully separated from the bush and transplanted to a permanent place allotted to it.
You can propagate spirea and with the help of division of the main bush during transplantation. In this case, one large shrub when digging can be divided into several permanent strong plants. It is important that everywhere there are healthy and strong shoots that can take root in a new place. Separation should also be carried out carefully to minimize damage to the root system. Then the shrub will take root in the new place quickly and without problems.
Diseases and pests
The plant is also resistant to diseases and pests, but with improper care there are certain risks. For example, excessive waterlogging can lead to fungal infections. System fungicides will help to cope with such pathologies.
The main symptoms of diseases that are sure to pay attention to:
- spots on the leaves
- wilting branches,
- darkening of the cortex.
In this case, it is better to cut the diseased area and treat the cut with a garden pitch.
As for pests, everything is also standard here:
For the fight using any available means that you can spray the shrub. It is necessary to use drugs strictly according to the instructions, so that the dosage is sufficient for the result. You can apply and folk remedies, for example, a solution of ash.
Photos and descriptions of Spirea Wangutta can attract the attention of any gardener. This shrub is able to decorate the facade of the house, and the plot with a lawn, and serve as a fence from prying eyes of neighbors. The variety can be picked up and up, and lower, with different flowering time, but in any case, the main advantage - the plant is unpretentious, drought-resistant, tolerates frost and does not require constant feeding. Such an ornamental shrub can grow even a novice gardener. Knowledge is minimal and the plant grows in record time.
Spirey Vangutta: description
This shrub, despite its beauty and unpretentiousness, is not so well known among the gardeners of our country, however, those of them who still encounter Vangutta spiraea, irrevocably fall in love with it. That is why it is necessary to understand what Vangutta spirea is, which is described below.
The ornamental shrub of this variety was bred in the middle of the XIX century as a hybrid based on two varieties already known at that time. Due to its impressive size (up to 2 meters in height and diameter), the shrub involuntarily attracts the eye. In addition, the spirea Vangutta, when flowering, is covered with lush white flowers, highlighting the bush unique beauty among other plants.
From the abundance of flowering wisps, as a rule, the shoots of the bush tend to the soil, forming sweeping arc-cascades. The bush begins to bloom in late spring - early summer and lasts for 2-3 weeks. There are frequent cases when the spirea Vangutta after flowering in spring blooms a second time closer to the end of summer, but it is worth noting that the second flowering is not so abundant and beautiful. It is noteworthy that the spirea can be planted in apiaries, because the bees willingly pollinate the plant and feed on its nectar.
Features landing spirea Wangutta at their summer cottage
Wangutta is quite unpretentious in the care and cultivation, however, as is the case with other garden shrubs and trees, the main, predetermining result stage, is planting a spirea in open ground. Therefore, before you grow a spirea in the country, you should take into account all the recommendations regarding the choice of location and landing technology.
Lighting choice: where to plant Vangutta spirea
Spirea is quite dependent on the abundant sunshine. Ensuring this condition allows the shrub to bloom actively and abundantly. It is noteworthy that the plant also suffers a slight darkening, slowing down in growth, but not dying, like other sun-loving bushes. But once you need to understand that flowering will be weak and will last for a short time.
There are no preferences regarding other factors in choosing a landing site. because the ornamental shrub spirea Vangutta perfectly tolerates any neighborhood.
What should be the soil for planting
Like other members of the species and family, Wangutta spiraea prefers mostly fertile, loose soil and organized drainage. It is very important that the soil has an acidity of not more than 7 units. The best way to create suitable conditions for growing this shrub is to prepare the soil yourself and add component fertilizers to it.
The best composition of the soil - a mixture of turf land, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1, respectively. If it is not possible to make a similar composition or it is simply irrelevant, then it is enough to add peat or sand separately to the existing soil. In all cases, without exception, before planting the Spirea Wangutta, it is necessary to richly feed the soil of the landing pit with mineral and organic fertilizers.
How to plant a spirea Vangutta in the garden
Proper planting of the shrub largely determines not only the growth rate, the flowering activity, but also whether the spirea will take root in the chosen place. As mentioned earlier, Vangutta, although one of the undemanding plants, still has its preferences regarding soil quality and lighting. Therefore, those gardeners who decided to grow Vangutta's spiraea and wondering how to plant and care for it should know that the key to success lies in choosing the right place for planting, selecting a seedling and observing planting technology.
Selection of seedlings and soil preparation
Choosing a sapling of this ornamental plant, you should pay careful attention to the state of its root system, because it is this factor that determines the resistance of the spirea and the duration of its life.
The roots must be strong, without flaws and damage. In addition, an important role is played by their number - the more branches, the faster Vangutta will take root in a new place.
The branches of the shrub should be smooth, not have cracks. They should show small buds.
The planting pit for spirea should be approximately equal to the total size of the root system and have a depth of about 50 cm. As a rule, the most optimal size is 50 x 50 x 50 cm. Soil preparation consists primarily in loosening it, cleaning it from roots and weeds, and fertilizing and subsequent watering. In order for the bush to settle down faster, you can add peat or sawdust to the pit.
The scheme of planting seedlings spirea Wangutta
Often gardeners wonder when to plant Wangutta spiraeus. It is advisable to note that the planting in open ground can be made both in spring and autumn, and it is better to do this when buds are either bloomed or the foliage completely falls.
Spirea Wangutta white is planted in a previously prepared (loosened and fertilized) planting pit. Having carefully arranged the root system of the shrub at a depth of 20-30 cm, the cleaned black soil, sawdust, peat, and black soil again are filled up.
The soil layer should be at least 10 cm, sawdust and peat 3-5 cm. It is desirable to slightly water and compact each subsequent layer. It is necessary to pour before the formation of a small mound, which will later settle down.
For the first time, spirea Vangutta bloom begins in the third or fourth year after disembarking.
Watering and soil care
All spireas, without exception, can be conditionally attributed to plants that are able to grow themselves, without any human intervention. The whole process of care for the bush is easily reduced to moderate watering and minimal maintenance of the soil.
The location of the root system of this ornamental shrub is shallow, which is why there is a need to mulch the soil and water the spirea bush every 2 weeks, adding 2 buckets of water (20 liters) to the root of each plant.
Plant nutrition and fertilizer
For top dressing it is best to use a complex mineral or organic fertilizer with the addition of superphosphates. Feeding should be organized at least once a season, and also necessarily after each pruning in spring and autumn.
It is important to note that granulated fertilizer has proven itself well, since it is slowly absorbed by the root system and guarantees more active flowering and rapid growth.
How Vagutta spiraeus is propagated
Currently, the reproduction of ornamental shrub spirea Vangutta possible in several ways: seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush and layering. Each of them allows you to multiply the beauty on the plot, but has its own characteristics and tricks.
- Seed propagation
- Reproduction by cuttings
Preparation of cuttings from spring flowering bushes should be carried out in June, and spireas, flowering in summer, at the end of July. Harvested cuttings rooted by mid-autumn.
For grafting, choose a strong annual escape and divide it into cuttings with 5-6 buds. Нижние листы удаляют с черенков, а остальные обрезают наполовину. Для повышения результативности рекомендуется замочить полученный черенок в растворе "Эпина" и средстве, стимулирующем рост корней. Срезы, оставшиеся на кусте спиреи, обязательно нужно обработать садовым варом.
The resulting cuttings are planted in a wet substrate, which can be vermiculite, sand, fertilized soil or perlite. In some cases, it is desirable to create greenhouse conditions by covering the container with seedlings and maintaining a uniform temperature and constant humidity in it.
It is important to periodically give them plenty of fresh air, and during cold spells to protect them from low temperatures. This can be done by foliage, branches, tops, and any available material.
Planting cuttings in open ground is carried out in the spring, when small shoots and the root system appear.
- Dividing bush
Shrubs obtained from Vangutta shrubs obtained in this way should be planted in previously prepared planting pits in which soil is fertilized and drainage is provided.
- Reproduction by layering
In the autumn, reproduction by layouts gives the result — an additional root system forms at the site of the incision, and a new seedling can be separated and planted.
The main diseases and pests spirea Vangutta
Unfortunately gardeners, among the lovers of Spirea Vangutta can be attributed, and pests, susceptible to plant and garden diseases.
The most dangerous pest of spirea is considered to be spider mite. The main signs of the formation of its colonies are the appearance of cobwebs, the rapid yellowing and fall of the foliage, the presence of holes in the leaves and inflorescences of the shrub, as well as a general deterioration of its appearance.
The fight against ticks should be started immediately, while applying all possible and available means. The treatment with Phosphamide or Karbofos is most effective. In this case, the method and dosage of the spray formulation should be selected according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
In the summer of the spirea, the red Vangutta, like its white counterpart, is often attacked. aphidswhich sucks the juice from mature inflorescences.
When fighting with aphids, it is recommended to use Pyrimora-type products (0.1%). Moreover, an acceptable result gives the use of the combined composition, including chemical and organic components.
Spirey Vangutta is an amazingly beautiful ornamental shrub that will certainly adorn any summer cottage and backyard plot. It does not require constant care and reverent attitude, but at the same time regularly pleases with amazing blooms. Having decided to plant a spirea Vangutta on its site and creating optimal conditions for it, each gardener will receive a bush of fascinating beauty that causes delight and envy.
Description and variety
Deciduous shrub belongs to the Pink family. This hybrid is known in culture since the nineteenth century, it grows in natural conditions in the forests and forest-steppe zones of the North American continent.
Spirea (in our manner) is translated from the Greek "bend", this is confirmed by long branches in the form of an arc.
The shape of the bush is voluminous, sprawling, spherical. The diameter reaches the same coverage as the length of the stems - up to 200 centimeters. The leaves are jagged, small. For the most part, spiraea has dark green leaves, but varieties with variegate color are bred.
Of particular interest are the buds of the spirea Wangutta. Hemispheric inflorescences are distributed along the entire length of the branch. They are white, umbrella, consist of numerous flowers. There are hybrids with terry baskets.
The plant begins to bloom in early summer, turning into a white cloud. This lasts for several weeks, then the spirea rests. At the end of the summer, it may bloom again, but not lightly.
Interesting! Spiraea honey flowers will attract pollinators to your site.
Spirea bush of this species can live up to half a century in favorable conditions. He winter-hardy, unpretentious, amenable to formation.
Breeders have created hybrid varieties of Vangutta spirea, here are the most common:
General description of the plant
He belongs to the Pink family. The external description is as follows:
- is a deciduous shrub spherical shape,
- its height is about 2 meters,
- adult plant has a crown with a diameter of about 1, 8 m,
- the branches are long and gently inclined downwards, forming flower cascades,
- beautiful leaves, have a different color on both sides. So, they are dark green below, but on the other hand, they are lighter. In autumn, the leaves become red and purple.
Description of plant varieties
During the breeding season, it was possible to create different varieties to which the best characteristics of the shrub were transferred, and they have different shades. Below is a description of the most common varieties:
- White bride - classic and most common variety. It has large white inflorescences that resemble lush umbrellas. The diameter is about 60 cm, the bush is sprawling, reaches a height of 2 meters,
- Snow white - Canadian variety with large white inflorescences. Height - up to 150 cm, diameter about 180 cm,
- Renaissance - American shrub with high immunity to various pests and diseases,
- Pink ice - here young growths are pink, which increases the decorativeness of the plant. The leaves have a marble structure, they combine cream shades with green dots,
- Gold fountain - shrub large enough with cream leaves.
Planting and care
When you prepare a sapling for planting, the place for it and the pit should be provided taking into account the fact that the root system of the plant will actively develop and form. Not only the success of planting, but also the subsequent cultivation of the shrub and the beauty of flowering will depend on her health. The main thing after this - to provide the right care.
Kustarink is not too whimsical in terms of care and grows well on different soils. However, if you believe people who have encountered this, it is best to plant on sandy and sandy soils under conditions of moderate humidity. The recommended acidity of the soil for planting is about 6-7 pH.
Wonderful beauty of the shrub is well grown in dark places, but the flowering in this case can be scarce, and the umbrellas of flowers will not be so lush as when planted in places with lots of sunlight. When choosing a landing site, it is best to select a site with a sufficient amount of light.
Planting rules and selection of planting material
Reproduction occurs through seedlings. When you select them, pay attention to the root system. The requirements for it are:
- it should be fresh
- there should be no traces of drying on it
- there should be no signs of rot, pests or symptoms of diseases on the root system and on the plant itself.
If you get varietal spiraea, then be careful that the shrub has a proper appearance as a result.
And so that the shrub could already delight you with its white beautiful flowers already next spring, seedlings should be planted in the ground in autumn after leaves fall. Due to this, the roots will develop intensively. But. some exercise planting and spring, then the shrub may bloom by the end of summer. And remember that the buds are formed only on shoots at the age of two years.
The landing pit should be 20 centimeters larger than the size of the root system, and make drainage at the bottom, use broken bricks or sand for this. In the case where the soil is too clayy, the drainage layer should be about 15 cm thick. It is recommended to ventilate the prepared pit for 2-3 days. If we are talking about group planting and creating a hedge, then a distance of about 100 centimeters must be observed between each hole.
If the seedlings of the root system is open, then it is leveled and checked so that there are no diseases and injuries. The longest roots trimmed carefully. And those seedlings that were originally in the container, you need to drop into the water for a few hours, from there it will be easier to pull them out.
Dip the plant on the bottom of the planting pit and pour in the mixture based on peat, sand and sod land. You can also mix the soil dug out of the hole with a small amount of organic matter, such as humus. Roots need to gently straighten around the perimeter of the pit, then they fall asleep to the level of a predetermined root neck. Then the soil is compacted and well mulched with peat, then it is watered with warm water at a rate of 15-20 liters per seedling.
Plant care: watering and feeding
Spiraea care also consists in regular watering. but excessive watering reduces the number and volume of inflorescences, this should also be understood. The shrub is watered only during hot and dry times when the ground from above becomes too dry.
With regard to dressings, care is also not too difficult. It only takes toOrnamental top dressing in early spring with the use of mineral fertilizersthat helps the plant to bloom intensively in the future. Also apply organic fertilizer twice a season.
Spirea Wangutta - description
The height of the spirea Vangutta about 2 m, about as is the diameter of its cascading sprawling crown. The branches of the plant are curved downwards. Jagged at the edges, three-five-lobe obovate spiraea leaves Vangutta up to 3.5 cm in length from the upper side are painted in dark green color, and from the bottom they are dull-gray. White flowers are collected in numerous hemispherical inflorescences, covering shoots along the entire length. Flowering begins in mid-June or early July and lasts for several weeks. In July or August, Vangutta spirea may recur. The fruits ripen in mid-autumn.
When to plant spirayu Vangutta.
For this plant, an autumn planting is preferable, which is carried out from the beginning to the middle of October, but if you did not have time to plant a spiraeum within the specified time, do it in the spring before the sap flow begins. Vangutta spirea seedlings with an open root system tolerate a transplant more painful than those in containers. By the way, seedlings with closed roots can be planted during the entire growing season.
The spirea bush Vangutta is unpretentious, frost-resistant, relatively shade-tolerant, although it prefers well-lit areas. Spirea Wangutta is insensitive to air pollution, and carries smoke and smog.
How to plant a spirea Vangutta.
Spiraea grows best on dry sandy soil, but it can develop well on other soils, including poor or too wet.
Before planting, seedlings are placed in the water for at least three hours, then damaged, dry or rotten roots are removed from them, and healthy ones are slightly shortened, as are too thin or long shoots. The spirea pit at a depth of 40-50 cm should be one quarter larger in volume than the root system of the plant. A drainage layer of broken brick (rubble) and sand about 15 cm thick is laid on the bottom of the landing pit, and the upper, fertile layer of soil removed from the pit is mixed with compost and sand. The seedling is placed in a hole so that the root neck is at the level of the surface of the plot, and the remaining space is filled with soil mixture. After planting, the ground in the stop wheel is tamped and watered abundantly with non-cold water, and as soon as it is absorbed, the surface around the seedling is mulched with a layer of peat 7 cm thick.
Vagutta spiraea care
Planting spirea Vangutta and care for it is simple and not time consuming. In dry weather and after pruning, the plant is watered so as to soak the soil in the breech to a depth of about half a meter. In the rest of the time, spirea needs moderate and not too abundant watering, after which soil is loosened and weeds are removed around the plant.
Pruning a spirea Vangutta after flowering not only forms the crown of the bush, but also stimulates the formation of new shoots and the budding of flower buds, with the result that the spirea will bloom more magnificently than before. If you notice that the flowering of the adult spirea has become scarce, immediately after dropping the leaves, perform a cardinal anti-aging pruning of the plant.
For normal development and abundant flowering spirea Wangutta requires only one dressing with complex fertilizers for ornamental plants, which are made in spring, but some gardeners believe that the same dressing should be applied to the soil before the onset of cold weather.
Despite the high resistance of the spirea Vangutta to diseases and pests, sometimes the plant can occupy aphids, kidney gall midges and blue-footed sawflies. As soon as you find the pests, immediately remove all insect-infested leaves from the bush and burn them, and treat the plant with an insect-acaricide.
Breeding Spirea Wangutta
Since the germination of seeds of spirea Vangutta is only 5%, propagate the plant by cutting, layering or dividing the bush.
Spireya about two weeks after flowering. Healthy and strong half-woody shoots are chosen for cuttings. Rooted them in a box with a substrate of equal parts of peat and river sand. It is best to place a box with cuttings in a greenhouse, thereby ensuring a high level of substrate moisture and air. A year later, cuttings with a well-developed root system are transplanted to re-grow in separate containers.
The easiest way of spirea breeding is rooting cuttings. In the spring, a low-growing semi-woody branch is bent to the ground, placed in a pre-made groove, leaving the tip of the shoot on the surface, fixing the branch with a metal pin, after which the groove is covered with fertile soil. The entire season is watered, and in the winter they cover it with dry leaves. In the spring, the rooted branch is separated from the bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
Dividing bush can be done with a spirea transplant. The bush is dug, carefully divided into parts, each of which must have strong roots and developed shoots. Sections are treated with crushed coal, after which the delenki are seated in the prepared pits.
Spirea in landscape design: photos and examples of use
The plants of this species found the widest use as spirea hedges that help not only to hide the site from curious glances, but also to become its true decoration.
Bulky bush with drooping shoots will look good against other ornamental crops, such as Chubushnik or lilac. The spirea bush of Vangutta is good both in group, and in individual landings. It will not be lost anywhere and will become the center of any composition.
The good neighbors for Spirea Wangutta will be the relatives of the summer flowering period intercepting the baton.
According to the photo of the spirea in landscape design, one can judge about the versatility and high decorativeness of this plant in different seasons of the year. In the spring, shrubs early become covered with beautiful green or variegated foliage, followed by abundant flowering lasting up to three weeks. And even after him, spiraeus Vangutta does not lose his charm. By the fall of its leaves acquire a variety of shades of yellow, orange, red and thick purple.
This variety has a very unusual leaf color; it is creamy white and greenish with beige spot. Looks young pinkish foliage. It has red branches, flowers creates a huge amount.
Trimming and care in winter
A very important part of caring for a plant is its timely pruning. She is contributes to the formation of the correct sprawling crown, as well as flowering. Spirea is cut in the fall, when flowering is complete. Shorten the longest shoots, as well as the frozen branches at the end. This will allow the plant to grow in spring more intensively.
When a plant is over seven years old, pruning as part of care should be more radical. Remove all old shoots that inhibit its growth. But if pruning is not carried out regularly, the white spirea will resemble an unkempt plant with small and rare flowers.
As for winter care, the bush is a cold-resistant plant and can withstand temperatures up to 45 degrees of frost. Such cold in the middle lane almost never occur. Accordingly, the plant does not need to be specially prepared for winter, with the exception of the northern regions. Additional warming may be needed only for young seedlings that have not yet strengthened. The branches are tied in a bundle, then wrapped with a cloth or blanket, if necessary.
Spirey Wangutta in the landscape
Ornamental shrubs are loved by garden and industrial designers. This plant will not let you down: at any time of the year it will look decent. It is growing rapidly, filling a large space with its wonderful crown.
In the urban park area, the plant is applied along the edges of the paths, as zoning elements, decorations of ponds, arbors.
Оттеняет спирея посадки более высоких хвойников, годится для высадки по периметру ограждений. Подстриженные газоны очень стильно смотрятся, но особый шарм им придаст центральная фигура — пышная спирея-таволга.
Следует «выровнять» кислотность почвы, она должна быть достаточно богата органическими элементами. Lime and wood ash are introduced into acid soils, and “oily” ground with too much greasy soil or peat.
The main requirement for soil is looseness and drainage. Artificially water permeability is created by using gravel, broken bricks and sand in a planting pit.
Process and landing scheme
It is preferable to purchase seedlings from nursery vendors, although you can propagate adult bushes yourself. I will tell about it below.
Important! It is better to start growing a sapling with a closed root system, such bushes can be planted at any time.
I plant almost all bushes in autumn, in October-November. Spirea planted at the same time, she is well accustomed. If you are going to plant in the spring, do it early, before the start of sap flow.
· Dig a hole with a depth of 0.5 meters,
· Lay a drainage no more than 20 centimeters thick at the bottom,
· Cover the soil (sand, turfy ground and peat) and put a seedling,
· Sprinkle on top of the root system, compact the ground, pour on and mulch with humus.
The distance between the spirea bushes is selected based on the type of planting. If a hedge is planned, then the scheme is as follows: 1 meter or 1.5 meters.
It is necessary to water bushes once in two weeks, for this you need two buckets of water.
Tip! Use warm water, cold water takes away too much energy from the plant.
In dry weather, watering is done as described above, but in cool, rainy weather, nothing will be required to do anything. The next condition is the cleaning of weeds in the near part of the tree, and loosening the soil after moistening.
Cut the plant to sanitary purposes and to rejuvenate the bush. In the spring they remove broken and dried branches. And after the spirea has faded, they cut the exposed stems. You can also remove the branches on which the flowers began to shrink. We make rejuvenation once in 3-5 years.
Feeding up should be at least once a year. When it blooms, I add superphosphate, you can buy it in the store and follow the directions on the package. Organic spring also does not hurt.
Shelter for the winter can be needed only for annual seedlings, and a well-established plant can survive even severe frosts.
This plant is quite resistant to the effects of various pests and diseases. But if the humidity is high and the care was carried out incorrectly, then the following pests can appear in the crown:
- spider mite,
- breeder sawfly,
- bud callus.
If there are signs of such parasites, the affected areas of the plant should be removed so that the lesion does not spread further. The leaves are torn out and then burned.
The plant itself is treated with a fungicide, which is very effective against pests, if everything is done on time, then you will save it in this way.