Begonia attracts attention with its bright flowering and decorative leaves. She is not too whimsical in care and in terms of transplant. But in order for the plant to please its owners with beauty, it is necessary to know the subtleties of its content.
Begonia semperflorens is a half-cousta-shaped perennial plant, which belongs to the begonian family. The flower was named after the governor of Haiti, who was a great lover of plants. In the wild, begonia can be found in the humid terrain of tropical latitudes, in the mountains and forests.
Today, the plant is used for planting in flower beds, although previously it was a room culture. Begonia grows in open ground or in a pot, successfully decorating the interior of a house or a private yard.
B. always flowering is a hybrid of several species of B. gracilis, B. schmidtiana and B. lyncheana. Its size is from 20 to 50 cm.
The plant has a beautiful leaf shape, the color of which can vary from green to red with pronounced veins. Inflorescences consist of several flowers of different colors - large, medium and small. Depending on the growing conditions, the ornamental characteristics of the plant may vary.
The term “ever flowering” was appropriated because of the ability of the plant to bloom in summer and winter. In the literature there are also the names "always flowering" or "continuous flowering".
It grows quite quickly, and flowering begins in the 1st year of planting. Flowering terry begonias depends on planting time, usually, it falls on the middle of summer and autumn, and at home - until December.
The most intense period is from June to November. A suitable summer temperature should not exceed 22 ° C, and in winter should not be below 15 ° C. In hot weather, it is necessary to provide high humidity. It is preferable to use stray light.
Different varieties of begonias in the photo:
How to grow?
Caring for begonia everglowing at home does not present any difficulties. Periodically, it will be necessary to loosen the soil for the tubers to receive a portion of oxygen.
To care for the plant in winter should be the same as in summer. The only thing - the intensity of watering should be less. To avoid fungal diseases, indoor begonia is placed in a room with good ventilation.
Autumn begonia, which is in the open ground, prepared as follows:
- In early October, watering stops, and by the middle of the month, the tubers are removed from the ground.
- Next, the stem is cut, leaving only a small process up to 3 mm.
- After dried for 2 weeks, the tubers.
- Placed in a wooden box, covered with sand.
- During the cold weather stored at 5-6 ° C.
The soil should be well drained, because B. always flowering needs abundant watering, but does not tolerate stagnant water. If the begonia grows behind the balconies in a box, then it should be placed so that the leaves are in contact with each other.
Those flowers that are on the open ground in pots, you can not dig. At first they wait for the stems to die off, and then they are sent for storage directly to the pots. Watering begins only in March, after the germination of new shoots transplant occurs.
Begonia needs to be updated as it gets older. If it is very stretched, then the highest shoots are subject to pruning.
Room humidity should be average. When watering it is necessary to prevent water from falling on the leaves. Otherwise they may become stained. Watering is carried out in the winter 2 times less than in summer. Abundant irrigation is necessary only during the landing period (7-10 days).
Begonia care videos:
In the process of growing some difficulties may occur:
- defeat aphids or spider mites,
- damage by root infections with insufficient watering,
- at a low temperature leaves fall,
- rotting may occur when over-wetting at the base of the stem,
- the fall of the buds with a lack of air and moisture,
- with insufficient humidity and high temperature, the stems twist,
- with a lack of light there is yellowing of the leaves.
In the presence of infections, it is recommended to thin the shoots and remove the damaged leaves. Solutions based on copper-containing agents or potassium permanganate, fungicide will help. In the tank with a spray liquid is collected and sprayed on the plant.
If mold has formed, then it is necessary to improve the ventilation of the room; when over-wetting the soil, powdery mildew may occur.
Why begonia evergreen may not bloom:
- insufficient lighting,
- insufficient level of humidity in the room,
- excess fertilizer.
Neat picks. Video:
Planting site, soil
Planting in open ground is done at the end of May / beginning of June - at this moment the threat of frost disappears. Before this, the earth is well prepared - fed with fertilizer and moistened.
The place is chosen either shaded or with diffused sunlight. Before planting themselves, the seedling is prepared. For a start, it is placed 10 days in a room with good lighting with a temperature of> 12 ° C at night and
Bright light is required. The best lighting would be windows facing east or southwest. On the windows of the northern directions, as well as in the season of short daylight hours, for “eternal flowering”, it is necessary to shine - so that the light period is 16 hours a day. On the south and southeast side, shading may be required - especially at the height of summer.
The best temperature range during the whole year - from 20 to 25 degrees.
How to save begonia ever flowering in winter?
If the begonia semiperflorens in the winter time is contained with a short light day, you need to transfer it to rest mode - contain at a temperature of 12 to 15 degrees, but not lower than: temperature + 12ºС is critical for originally tropical plants.
There are no special requirements for the soil substrate: it must be slightly acid, fairly loose, nutritious, with good air and moisture permeability.
Can use ready soil for begonias, or garden soil with a good dose of perlite or vermiculite, as well as prepare a mixture of equal parts of leafy earth, humus and sand.
Container for landing maybe rather wide than deep (plant roots develop in the surface layer of the soil), with mandatory drainage hole. Since water stagnation is extremely unfavorable, it is better to choose porous material ceramics without a continuous layer of glaze.
At the bottom of the container must have drainage layer of small pebbles or expanded clay, then a small hill is poured over the soil, over which mainly the horizontal root system is placed and the soil mix is filled to the desired level, gradually consolidating it.
In one container you can plant several plants close enough to each other - with a minimum food area of 10x10 cm for each.
Transplanted as you grow: young specimens more often, mature ones less often, up to replacing the transplant with a partial renewal of the surface layer of the soil in the pot. In this case, as a rule, old plants lose their decorativeness and are replaced by young ones grown from cuttings.
Watered moderately in the morning or evening. At the same time, the main goal is to prevent the soil and root system from drying out or the soil moisture stagnation.
Between watering soft, not cold water the soil should dry out a little.
Necessary to maintain the atmosphere high humiditysimilar to native tropics, but direct spraying the bush is not good neither leaves nor flowers: they appear dark spots.
Should spray the water around the begonias, or place near wide vessels with water, place the pot on a tray with moistened pebbles.
Feed the plant once a month a weak solution of mineral fertilizers with a slightly reduced nitrogen component. Potassium and phosphorus, necessary for flowering plants, must be present in full.
If a wintering begonias ever flowering warm and brightfeeding do not stop.
Growth and pruning
This species does not grow above 40cm, but trimming - mainly after wintering - held: overlong shoots are shortened, weak ones are removed.
With spring pruning, cuttings can also be prepared for vegetative propagation.
Potentially, “semperflorens” is really capable of blooming at all times, revealing new and new, terry and simple with all its tropical powers, inflorescences of diverse shades, combinations and transitions: from white and soft cream to ultra dark red.
The main guarantee of this miraculous phenomenon gives a constant light, moderate heat and moisture - both in the soil and in the air.
Reproduction stem cuttings
Use spring and summer cuttings about 10 cm long, on which there are 2-3 pairs of leaves. Sections are dried, lower leaves are removed.
You can apply the pre-rooting of cuttings in water, process the lower sections with root formation stimulants, or immediately plant them in ordinary soil with additional addition of sand.
Planting cover with plastic wrap, kept warm (+22-25ºС), air and moisturize.
After the formation of the root system and the formation of new shoots (approximately during the month), the cuttings are seated in separate containers with the usual soil mixture.
This method is often used for growing seedlings in open ground, in one-year mode.
At the end of winter small seeds are placed on the surface of the soil mixture, sprayed with water, covered with plastic film, aerated, kept at 22-25ºС and good lighting.
Shoots appear after 2-3 weeks.
After formation two or three true leaves seedlings dive carefully reduce the temperature to 17-18ºС and limit watering.
As they grow, they are seated. Flowering can begin as early as the age of 12-20 weeks.
Signs of trouble
The leaves turn pale shoots stretched - The result of insufficient illumination, especially in winter. It is necessary to provide the optimum light mode, to arrange the lighting in the period of a short daylight hours.
The intensity of flowering decreases - Excessive bright light and excessive humidity. The plant needs shading and airing.
The edges of the leaves turn brown and dry - dry air and overheating. Exposure to direct sunlight should be limited and air should be humidified.
Buds fall, flower buds dry - low air humidity. It is necessary to moisten it additionally.
Begonia drops flowers - this occurs with a sharp change in temperature and humidity, can be observed in a newly acquired or suddenly displaced specimen - as a stressful reaction that takes place as it adapts to new conditions, if they meet the needs of the plant.
Leaves and stems turn black - usually in frostbitten specimens that are grown in open ground. Choose intact, strong bushes, transplant them into pots and transfer to a warm room.
Diseases and pests of the ever flowering begonias
Care errors first of all stagnation or lack of moisture in the soilweaken the plant and provoke its defeat powdery mildew. In this case, you need to optimize watering and process the begonia. fungicides.
Combination high humidity and low temperature leads to development root or leaf rot.
If the process has just begun, you should immediately optimize the temperature and humidity conditions and remove the damaged parts.
In the case of a strong defeat, you will have to root the cuttings, cut from healthy shoots, and keep them in appropriate conditions, and get rid of the rest of the plant.
Begonia can attack whitefly, thrips and shield. As a first measure, use the removal of pests with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol, or treatment with a soap solution. The most effective pest remedy - systemic insecticides.
Indoors with humid air, where it is warm and light all year round, begonia always flowering (Begonia semperflorens) fully justifies its promising botanical name, almost without ceasing to form and develop flower buds during all four seasons.
Next, you can see photos of planting and home care for the Everlasting Begonia:
Variety of species
Currently, more than 600 varieties of this beautiful plant have been developed, differing in size and shape of leaves, as well as flower color. The ever-flowering begonia is conditionally divided into three groups:
- undersized shrubs no more than 20 centimeters in height, having red-brown leaves and flowers of a simple form of white, pink, red coloring,
- medium growth plants30 centimeters tall with large dark green leaves and medium-sized flowers
- tall - up to 50 centimeters with green leaves and flowers of various colors without veins.
Begonia flowers can be like simple, double and semi-double. Flower growers bred two varieties of everglowing begonias - gracile begonia and sempenflorence begonia.
Lighting and location
The ever-flowering begonia is a light-loving plant that needs bright diffused lighting. The most suitable place is the east or southeast windows. Placing it on the south side, you should take care of shading from direct sunlight. From the north side, the shoots of the begonia are drawn out, the leaves become pale. To extend the flowering period, the flower should be covered for 15 hours a day. In this connection, additional lighting is required in winter.
Watering and moisture
Under natural conditions, begonia ever flowering grows in tropical forests. At home you need make sure that the earthen room is not too wet. Watering is plentiful, but as needed. During the rest period, the plant should be watered no more than once a week. Water should be kept at room temperature.
If the air in the room is too dry, the tips of the leaves of the begonia will dry out. Begonia does not tolerate spraying. Moisture on the leaves can cause the development of rot. To create a microclimate around the plant, moisten the air from the sprayer.
With the help of pruning you can stimulate the development of additional shoots, it also helps to form the crown of the bush. To make the flower look attractive, you should direct the crown not in height, but in width. The leaves should be symmetrical on both sides. Timely pruning allows you to provide enough light for the lower leaves and flowers. Also pruning helps to update the plant, which will prolong the flowering period and prepare cuttings for reproduction. During pruning, diseased and damaged shoots and dried leaves should be removed.
Pruning should be carried out when the length of the shoots will reach 15 centimeters. Then they are pruned and clamped with a clip or clamp. This will cause the growth of the side branches.
Plant transplant and soil
For everglowing begonias required light, well drained soilwhich does not allow stagnation of moisture. For this you can use peat soil. At the bottom of the pot should be sure to lay a drainage layer of expanded clay or small pebbles, which will quickly leave the excess water.
Mature plants do not need frequent transplantation. Young bushes are transplanted as the plant grows. In adult plants, top coat should be replaced. Over time, the adult plant loses its decorative qualities and they are replaced by young plants grown from cuttings.
The ever flowering begonia is best transplanted by transshipment. As a rule, the transplant is combined with a trimming plant.
For the normal development of the plant, a shallow wide container is needed, which with each transplant increases slightly. In the pot must be a hole for the drain and the drainage layer.
Features of growing begonias ever flowering in the open field
Growing begonia in the garden is easy. In order for the perennial to retain its decorative qualities for a long time, you should follow some rules.
Begonia can not be planted in the ground is always possible, so many grow it in pots or vases in the open air. If begonia is grown as an annual, then it is worthwhile to take care of the seedlings that are planted in open ground in advance when the threat of spring frost is over.
Types and varieties of begonias
Leafy begonia - does not have a stem, and the leaves grow straight from the rhizome on long legs. Propagated by dividing the leaf and cuttings. This type is used to decorate window sills and balconies (loggias). Among the most popular species are the following:
Royal Begonia leaves reach 30 cm in height (adult shoots), heart-shaped, asymmetrical, have an unusual, non-uniform color, red, brown and green. Flowers from this plant are removed, they are small and their presence slows the growth of leaves, and it is precisely the leaves that are the main focus of this species.
Masonian or mason begonia on a light green heart-shaped leaf, a dark green pattern in the form of a five-toed cross is painted. It looks very unusual. Leaf length about 15-20 cm.
Metallica or metal begonia branching bushes of this species reach one and a half meters in height. Stems are reddish, and leaves (10-15 cm) are dark green with reddish veins and metallic luster. It grows year-round, but is more active in summer and spring.
Begonia carolina - undersized plant with bright pink flowers, blooms late.
It has a pink stem and large, sharp, finger-like, green with light streaks, leaves. Reminds leaves of hogweed.
Begonia cuff - has a thick stem covered with red hairs. The leaves are large with jagged edges. The plant reaches a meter in height.
Tiger begonia - A small plant in the form of a bush (20-25 cm). The leaves are small, dark green with light spots.
Begonia black prince leaves of an unusual form with a velvet surface. Have a dark green almost black color.
Bush begonia - has an articulated stem, something resembling a bamboo trunk. Reproduction occurs by cuttings, seeds and shoots (from the top). These flowers are more suitable for home cultivation, as it is better to take root indoors. Some of the types are:
It has a long flowering period, for which it gained its popularity. Has a glossy surface of a leaf, a green or reddish shade. The flowers are small: white, red and pink reflux. It can multiply from seeds and be grown both in the garden and at home. Room begonia, can please their masters with flowering almost all year round. Periodically, it is transplanted by cutting method (every three years), since over time it loses its attractiveness.
Red begonia - a large plant with a rich red inflorescences that grow thick bunches. The leaves are smooth, glossy, oval.
Coral begonia - rather large species, leaves 10-15 cm long, have white spots. The flowers are bright pink.
Furious begonia differs from others in small, decorative leaves and small flowers hanging in the form of moorlands. The flowers are bright red. It blooms from December to March.
Tuberous begonia - the perfect decoration of home gardens, gardens and parks. It blooms from June to October, and in closed greenhouses (winter gardens, greenhouses) until the first frost. Does not like drafts and strong winds, and is also afraid of direct sunlight.
It differs from other members of the family by the presence of a large tuber-like rhizome, from which large translucent stems with leaves in the shape of a heart with a slightly wavy surface grow. Inflorescences of various colors. The following types can be found:
It has curly flowers and well-branched, slightly inclined shoots. They are used in landscape design to decorate various suspended structures.
Ampel begonia has an advantage over others in continuous flowering. It is hung in pots, from which hang a large number of inflorescences tight-fitting stem 20-40 cm long. It happens white, crimson, orange, yellow, and sometimes two-tone color.
Large-flowered begonia diameter of flowers reaches 25 cm.
Among the garden and home begonias, there are some species that are used only in indoor floriculture, for example, Begonia Elatio. The tuberous hybrid has rather fragile shoots of a reddish outflow, needing additional support. White, pink, orange, yellow, red and their various shades (usually two-colored), inflorescences (6-7 cm in diameter) bloom at any time of the year. Leaves with a glossy surface, rounded shape. The bush reaches 30-35 cm.
Begonia Lorrain the height of the bush is about half a meter. Dark green leaves wavy at the edges (7-10 cm). Flowers: white, pink and red.
Crisp Begonia a characteristic feature of this continuously flowering plant is a delicate flower, with a wavy shape of petals, white with a pink border and a bright yellow core.
Begonia care at home
The plant is pretty light-loving, especially in need of light blooming species. But direct sunlight should be avoided, otherwise there will be burns on the leaves.
Therefore, on the street they should be pritenyat, and put in the apartment on the eastern or western windows, and in hot summer days hide deeper into the room, or to protect the windows with special paper or film. From time to time, turn the pot, changing the direction of lighting the flower. Comfortable can be called a temperature of 20-24 ° C in the summer and not below 15 ° C.
Since begonia is a tropical plant, it likes high humidity. Spray the leaves can not, otherwise they will begin to deteriorate (covered with brown spots). Therefore, if the plant does not have enough moisture (for example, in hot weather), put it in a large tray on the stand and pour water (so that it does not touch the bottom of the pot) and pour some claydite there. Steaming water will provide the necessary moisture around the flower.
Watering requires abundant, settled water, but do not allow water retention in the pan. Irrigation mode is regulated by the season, as soon as the top layer of soil (1.5-2 cm) dries up - water it. In winter, watering is drastically reduced, and tuberous species hibernating are not watered at all, but placed in peat.
Begonia transplant at home
Transplantation is carried out as needed, for example, if the flower has become cramped in a pot, it can be moved to a more spacious one. Favorable time for transplantation is the beginning of spring.
The plant is taken from the pot, carefully released from the old earth (a huge mistake to move the flower to the new pot with the old earth and sprinkle on the new one). Care must be taken not to damage the roots and stems. To clean the sand, you can use a light solution of potassium permanganate, dropping roots there for a couple of minutes.
After that, weak spots will become noticeable (if there is rotting, then they should be cut off). The purified plant is placed in a new substrate. Watering after transplanting frequent. The earth is poured not to the top, you need to wait until the roots dry out, and then fill up.
It is not necessary to expose only the transplanted begonia at once in the sun (the flower takes time to adapt, about a month). In addition, the begonia is slightly trimmed to form a new, fresh crown.
Soil for begonias
Soil - no special requirements. You can buy it at a flower shop or cook it yourself. A little sand is laid on the bottom, then the pot is filled with half a piece of potted earth and a mixture of peat and black earth is added (1: 1).
If you properly prepare the ground, then the begonia will be pleasing to the eye with abundant bright growth and flowering, the colors will be rich, the leaves will be juicy and healthy, and the trunk will be thick and strong.
Begonia storage in winter
As soon as the first frosts descend, the harvesting of the tuberous begonia begins. To do this, cut off the upper part, leaving only 3-4 cm. It is dug out, not clearing the roots from the ground, and folded into storage boxes.
When the tubers are dry, remove the remnants of the shoots and spread the ground around them with peat. Store in a dry, dark place, at a temperature not lower than 10 ° C. As for the ever-flowering species, the wintering period itself is not observed.
Begonia leaf breeding
During reproduction by leaf cuttings, the strongest and healthy leaf is selected and cut into several parts along the veins, so that each specimen has 2-3 veins. After that, they are laid out on the surface of wet sand, and covered with a film or plastic bag. Periodically need to spray sand.
When young leaves appear, gradually accustom the plant to room air, open for 10-15 minutes and close again, increasing the interval every day.
Reproduction of begonias stem cuttings
This method is suitable for any type of begonia with a stem. For this, the best cutting of 7-8 cm with 2-3 leaves is cut, the lower ones must be removed, and the large upper ones should be cut in half. Place cut, process charcoal.
In the prepared pot, with a mixture of sand and soil for begonias (1: 1), thrust the cutting into the hole previously made with a stick, deepening it to the leaves. Cover with a cut plastic bottle. A month later, there will be new leaves. Gradually accustom the plant to the air. Bloom will start in a couple of months.
Begonia reproduction by dividing the bush
Begonias growing bush can be propagated using rhizomes. To do this, remove the plant from the soil, soak a little roots in water, then carefully divide the rhizome into parts so that each has a bud or a sprout.
Extra, dried leaves and inflorescences are removed, and cut points are treated with coal. Seed in pots and pour.
Everlasting Begonia - the secrets of growing in the garden
In the arsenal of flower growers and landscape designers there are few plants that can constantly bloom.
Everlasting Beauty - this is what Begonia Semperflorens says.
It belongs to the Begonev family. This magical plant fully meets its species name.
This genus, and there are about 1500 species in it, was named after the governor of San Domingo - Michel Begon. Everlasting Begonia
Begonias are annual or perennial herbaceous crops growing in the form of bushes or half-poses.
They have creeping, bulbous-thickened rhizomes.
Sometimes the roots have the appearance of bulbs or bulbolukovits.
Everlasting Begonia is a complex hybrid species that is compact.
The main features of the plant:
- The height of the culture is about 30 centimeters.
- The stem is juicy and branched.
- The leaves have a rounded shape, with slightly wavy, slightly pubescent edges.
- The color of the petals varies from light to dark green shades, and in some varieties petals are burgundy.
- The flowers are unisexual plants, placed 2 or 4 pieces on a low peduncle. They can be terry or simple.
- Flower petals are painted in light tones of white and red. There are flowers painted in two shades: their milky-white petals are fringed with bright pink, red stripes. Male flowers have four petals, and female flowers consist of five.
- Begonias have very small seeds.
- They are very similar to coarse dust, have a dark brown color and remain viable for 3 years. In one gram, there are about 85 thousand seeds.
Where can I plant begonia?
Growing an Everlasting Begonia for flower growers is a great pleasure.
In the open ground, everglowing begonia can be grown as an annual plant, planting flower seedlings after the threat of returning spring frosts has passed.
Begonia everlasting photo
Unpretentiousness, ease of reproduction and high decorative qualities allow you to successfully use it for interior decoration of residential, industrial premises or balconies, and for external landscaping (flower beds, rabatki, curbs).
Due to the long, abundant and lush bloom, the Everlasting Begonia can be planted on any flower beds.
Including use it for "carpet" plantings, as an accenting element, creating rich floral "blots".
It has a spectacular view in flowerbeds with deciduous and ornamental crops.
How to grow Everlasting Begonia?
Begonia is a plant that loves heat and moisture.
But its modern varieties have significant differences in the relative values of these indicators:
- For example, for too hot a climatic zone created their own varieties that can intensively bloom even at high temperatures and with low humidity.
- And there are varieties intended for the climatic zone with cool spring and autumn days. These are varieties that can withstand temperatures even at 0 ° C.
Due to the different growing conditions of plants, their decorative qualities, especially when it comes to the height of crops, can vary.
- Important features of growing
Growing crops at high humidity with high temperature, their pagons will become too stretched, which will lead to loss of decorativeness of the whole flower garden.
This can happen with seedlings when it is too hot in early spring in greenhouses or greenhouses, and they are poorly ventilated.
Begonia that grows in the shade or partial shade can also be very stretched.
In such cases, anthocyanin deposits may disappear from their leaves, so they lose their shade, becoming just green.
And with the growth of crops under the scorching rays of the sun, they cease to grow, remaining too low.
If there is too little moisture in the air and in the ground, the number of flowers produced is reduced, and the green tint of the leaves turns into a dark green color.
- Ground for begonias
In spite of everything, Everlasting Begonia belongs to unpretentious cultures.
It grows on almost any soil, although it blooms better on lightweight, fertile and well-moistened soils with neutral acidity.
If the soil is too heavy, clayey, then to improve the growing conditions, it is desirable to add peat or humus to it.
It is better to lift flower beds in overmoistened places to prevent rotting of the root system.
For flowers grown in a container, a drainage layer of expanded clay or coarse river sand is poured at the bottom of the dish, and then the soil is poured.
Everlasting Begonia prefers semi-shady places (under bushes or trees). It is there that it will bloom profusely.
Not bad flower transfers and shadow.
- Watering and feeding
Begonias are moisture-loving plants, so on summer days and in hot weather, you need to water these flowers twice a week, settled with water at room temperature.
In winter and autumn, watering is reduced to 1 - 2 times a month.
Fertilizers are fertilized once every 2 weeks in spring and summer. Autumn and winter flowers do not fertilize.
Cuttings of begonias
At reproduction of some varieties (for example, terry and large-sized) preference is given to grafting.
This method allows you to save the main characteristics of the variety.
For cuttings using pagons, regrown after the January cutting of plants. The cutting is carried out at the end of March and April.
Begonias cut pagons with 2-3 internodes and land in clean sand, covering them with glass.
After 3-4 weeks they are planted in boxes of 60–70 pieces or in pots of one plant.
How to grow seedlings of begonias from seeds?
- Planting seeds
Begonias have very small seeds, so they are best mixed with sand.
This helps to avoid too dense germination and increase its uniformity.
Wanting Begonia flowers to appear in May, seeds should be sown in a greenhouse in January.
They sprout only with additional lighting. That is why it is possible to sow seeds in room conditions only when the day becomes longer (February-March).
The soil used for planting is soil mixture from humus, hardwood soil and river sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1.
Seeds scatter on the surface of the wet substrate, but do not sprinkle with earth.
Spraying is carried out with a spray in which the water temperature should be 2-4 degrees higher than in the room.
Sowed seeds must be covered with film or glass.
In order for the first shoots to appear on the surface after 14 days, the optimum temperature in the room should be within + 20–22 ° C.
At first, seedlings develop very poorly and slowly.
During this period, additional lighting will help them, which not only accelerates their growth, but also improves the quality of the seedlings.
Crops will only bloom in 16-20 weeks after the first shoots.
After watering crops, seed boxes do not immediately close. They are left open for 1.5–2 hours so that they are well ventilated.
At the end of the second week, after sowing, the glass is gradually lifted, and after 14 days - it is removed completely.
Everlasting Begonia Seed
The plant, which has entered the phase of two true leaves, can be swooped according to the 5x5 cm scheme, and after 30 days the 2nd pick is carried out, but by another scheme - 10x10 cm.
The temperature in the room is reduced to +17 or to + 19 ° C, and the plant is darkened (they do not allow the direct rays of the sun to hit).
- Watering and feeding
Watering spending in the evening or in the morning.
Feed the flower every 10 days, it is better if it will be chicken manure, divorced in the ratio of 1/20.
Fertilizers alternate with irrigation, adding mineral fertilizers to the water. For example: 20 g of superphosphate, 10 g of potassium salts and 0.02 g of potassium permanganate are diluted in 10 liters of water.
- Landing in open ground
Before planting in the open soil, the Everlasting Begonia is hardened.
To this end, in May (in warm weather), greenhouses gradually begin to open, and room cultures can be brought to the open balcony.
Seedlings before planting well watered to save a clod of earth around the roots of the plant. This will not hurt them during transplantation.
If the seedling has outgrown, then it is shortened, cutting off the lower long pagons, otherwise the culture will quickly flourish, ruining the decorativeness of the flower bed or bedding.
Having prepared a well for seedlings, it is also moistened. The plant is laid in it together with the saved lump of earth, and the soil around the stalk is tamped.
Begonia is better to plant 1 or 2 cm below the level at which it grew earlier. So it will be faster to create additional roots.
Если этого условия недодерживаться или растение окажется гораздо выше прежнего уровня грунта, цветок станет пересыхать и плохо приживется.
- Расстояния при высадке рассады
To determine the distance, when planting seedlings, between cultures in a flower bed, it is necessary to take into account such factors as the height of the species and the purpose of the flower garden itself.
If you want a flower bed to quickly pick up decorations, the plants are planted with small intervals between each other (up to 10 cm).
In other cases, after 10–12 cm. But in a container or in a balcony box, the planting is carried out more tightly, so that their leaves are in contact with each other.
How to cut the begonia and prepare it for the winter?
Timely pruning is an element of proper cultivation and a guarantee of long and abundant flowering of begonias.
They shorten all over-extended shoots, remove diseased, dry and damaged leaves.
For details on how to trim the begonia and prepare it for winter, see this video.
That is all the wisdom of breeding Ebony Begonias. It remains only to wait for flowering, not forgetting to water and feed the flower beds.
Short Botanical Description
This species has been cultivated in culture since 1821. Since then, breeders managed to bring quite a few varieties of ever flowering begonias. They can be divided into three groups depending on the height:
- Stunted (8-20 cm).
- Medium size (21-25 cm).
- Tall (25-35 cm).
Botanical description of the species can be represented as follows:
- creeping root,
- leaves are smooth, round, fleshy,
- flowers are small, 3-5 cm in diameter,
- the color of the petals is varied - bright shades of yellow, red, pale pink, white, orange, etc.,
- after flowering, fruits (boxes) with dust-like seeds are formed.
The ever flowering begonia is sometimes also called evergreen. These names mean the same thing.
The most beautiful varieties
For 2 centuries of breeding work, about 600 varieties of ever flowering begonia were bred. Among florist common both low and high varieties. For example, such undersized varieties of everglowing begonias are known:
Small flowers of white, red, orange, pink flowers are distinguished by their elegance - take a look at the photo. Such begonias will look especially good on the desk - they will become a kind of talisman that tweaks to work and uplifting.
Among sredneroslyh known such:
These plants are 25 cm tall. The plants are in the shape of a beautiful, attractive shrub, studded with bright flowers.
And the tall ones stand out:
These varieties are slightly higher - up to 35 cm. The Lotto Scarlet variety is especially attractive. The plant gives bright red flowers that contrast well against a dark green background of leaves. A glossy green surface distinguishes it from other species.
Planting and pot selection
The pot can be chosen from any common materials - clay, ceramics or rather thick, durable plastic. In this case, the container should stand firmly on the surface and not roll over under the weight of flowers. As for dimensions, it is preferable to choose a container with such parameters:
Planting technology is as follows:
- At the bottom of the bed must be laid a layer of drainage. This may be expanded clay or small stones. The layer reaches a third of the height.
- Next, lay the main ground. To the upper edge, it should not reach 3-4 cm.
- After that, make a small hole and plant layers. If the plant is propagated by seeds, the technology looks different (for more details, see the “Reproduction of ever-flowering begonia” section).
- After that, water it abundantly - the ground should be noticeably wet, but not too wet.
- The pot must be placed on the pan. If the air in the apartment is too dry, put wet stones or a damp cloth into it.
Every spring the plant is transplanted into a larger container (4-5 cm). The soil is laid in the same way (drainage layer and soil layer) as in the previous pot. It is desirable to transplant a lump in order not to disturb the roots.
One of the basic rules for the care of evergonaceous begonia is the timely application of fertilizers. Mainly used mineral dressings (especially for begonias or universal for indoor plants). The mixture is diluted with water in accordance with the instructions. The application is made in this mode:
- During the period of active growth (spring-summer), 2 times a month.
- From mid-autumn and in winter - once a month (or 1.5 months).
Organic fertilizers can also be used. The introduction of such dressings acquires particular importance in cases where the leaf land is rather poor. If during the spring transplantation a soil rich in humus was picked up, you should not add organic matter.
Watering and humidifying the air
For plants need to provide the optimum level of watering. There are two modes:
- Summer watering occurs daily or 4-5 times a week.
- In winter it is reduced to 2-3 times a week.
The amount of fluid and the frequency of irrigation are determined by the condition of the soil. The surface should be moderately wet. Dry or waterlogged soil is not allowed.
When caring for evergonaceous begonia, it is important to know how to ensure sufficiently humid air at home. In addition to spraying liquid from an atomizer under particularly dry conditions, you can also use the following methods:
- Wet tissue or wet stones next to the plant pot (in the pan).
- A small saucer with water on the windowsill.
Spraying water from a spray bottle should be done carefully. It is better to take care that water does not fall on the flowers and greens - in the summer this can lead to burns.
Begonia Ever-blooming Lotto Scarlet
Reproduction of begonias ever flowering
There are 2 main ways of breeding ever-flowering begonias: this indoor plant can be grown from seed or cuttings.
This method requires some labor and in general it looks more troublesome than grafting. On the other hand, the gardener gets invaluable experience in plant breeding. In addition, you can grow a lot of begonias at once, from which to create a beautiful flower garden in an apartment or in a country house.
Breeding technology looks like this:
- The process starts as early as January (before the beginning of February) - by spring, you need to get ready seedlings and distribute them in pots. However, you can plant seeds and later - they will bloom, but only in the fall.
- Seeds, as a rule, are immediately mixed with a small amount of sand: they are rather small and can be blown away by the wind.
- As a rule, seeds are grown in boxes. You can choose a container from any materials, while it should not be too deep (10-12 cm in height is enough).
- The soil is prepared in advance according to the scheme described above. You can also use peat tablets. Immediately before planting, the land is watered abundantly - it should become noticeably wet.
- Then spread the seeds on the surface. You should not fall asleep them - you can only distribute a handful of soil over the entire surface.
- Then you need to wait a few hours and cover the box with glass, and lay the paper on top. The temperature should be about 21-23 o C.
- Shoots appear after 2 weeks. At this time, the glass is removed, and the drawer is removed in a cooler place (18-19 o C).
- After the appearance of 3-4 leaves carry out a pick. At the same time, make the first mineral fertilizers. It is important that they contain nitrogen and potassium - otherwise begonia will grow much slower.
The seedlings need constant watering. Before the appearance of the first shoots, the soil can be moistened with a spray gun. And when there will be 1-2 sheets - to water, as usual.
Begonia ever flowering inferno
This is an easier way to reproduce ever flowering begonias. Selection of cuttings produced in March (if the plant is grown at home). And if we are talking about flowers growing in the open field, cuttings are selected in the second half of summer. The instruction is quite simple:
- You can take any healthy stalk by cutting it with a sharp knife (10-12 cm).
- Cut off all the young leaves.
- Place the stalk in the wet sand. You can put in the usual ground, but the top layer should be made up of wet sand.
- Capacity covered with polyethylene or glass. Be sure to leave a gap for ventilation (in the package you can make several holes).
- In the future, the technology will be about the same as in the case of seeds. After the appearance of 3-4 leaves the plant can be placed in the main container.
How to protect the plant from diseases and pests
At home, caring for everglowing begonia implies compulsory compliance with the requirements for watering, feeding, lighting and temperature. In this case, it is advisable for a gardener to always keep track of his favorites, since external signs of violations may indicate the development of a particular disease.
The most common developmental disorders associated with inappropriate conditions and infectious pathogens are such.
Not the most popular method, since not all seeds germinate or turn out to be viable, but still use it.
Seeds are sown in a pre-prepared substrate, not falling asleep on top of the ground, sprayed and covered with film or glass (occasionally opening up, preventing over-wetting).
After thinning, wait until the sprouts are strong and transplanted into separate pots.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia
In the fall, the leaves on the begonias are cut, the tubers are taken from the ground and cleaned from the ground and dried. In February-May, the tubers are cut into several parts (two, three), but so that each has roots and sprouts.
The cut side is covered with charcoal and placed in peat (not deeply buried, a small part should be on the surface), making sure that it does not dry out. The temperature should not drop (10-12 ° C). The germination process is very slow, you need to be patient.
Begonia pests and diseases
- Red spider mite - A very common parasite that affects begonia. It is treated with insecticides.
- Mealy dew - A fungal disease caused by an excess of moisture near the roots. The appearance of rot at the base of the trunk or on the lower leaves. If found, remove affected leaves and reduce watering. Thereby, stopping the spread of the disease.
- Begonia does not bloom for many reasons, mainly due to violations of the rules of care: low light, low humidity, temperature drops, drafts, a large amount of fertilizer. If you follow the guidelines for the care of begonia, then this problem will not arise.
- Buds fall due to irregularities in the mode of irrigation and not the correct position relative to the light (not enough or excess) Another reason may be a lack of fertilizer, you should feed.
- Yellow leaves due to low humidity or soil depletion. Either pests have started in the roots (replacement of the soil will help, having previously cleaned the roots in a solution with manganese).
- Begonia leaves turn black, it can not be sprayed and do not allow water to fall on the leaves and stem during watering, otherwise they begin to become stained. Brown and brittle leaves indicate a lack of moisture and high air temperature.
- The plant is strongly drawn upif it lacks light and nutrient deficiencies in the soil.
- Twisted leaves - too high a temperature.
- Pale leaf colorIndicates insufficient lighting.
- At low temperatures and high humidity, mold may appear on the surface of the sheet, which indicates defeat gray rot. These leaves must be removed and the plant itself treated with a fungicide.
- If a the tips of the leaves turn brown and began to fall off, the flower lacks watering and humidity.
Features of landing: a choice of soil and a pot
Planting begonias ever flowering is simple. The soil is poured into a container on top of a drainage layer created from pebbles or expanded clay. The roots of the plant are placed horizontally, covered with soil, slightly tamping, and watered. When planting several plants in one container, you should make sure that each of them is allocated at least 10 cm area.
Begonia is able to develop well and bloom abundantly in almost any soil. The main thing is that it is subacid, loose and permeable. Lack of nutrients can be easily corrected with fertilizers.
Light and temperature mode
Begonia will not please the brightness of colors, being away from the window. For year-round flowering plant should be in the light of at least 16 hours a day. This means that in the winter will require additional lighting. And what to do with begonia in the fall and until the middle of spring, if there is no such possibility? It is better not to torture your pet, but to provide him a period of rest.
Temperature control is also extremely important.
To begonia year round was covered with beautiful flowers, follow these tips:
- Maintain the air temperature in the room within 20 ° C.
- Shade begonia at the height of the day if it is located on the south window, as severe overheating can destroy it.
- Protect the roots of the plant from hypothermia.
- During the rest period (if necessary) do not lower the temperature below 12 ° C.
Watering and feeding the flower
The plant reduces the decorative properties with a lack of moisture. But it is also important to ensure that the water does not stagnate in the pot. Watering is best done after drying the topsoil. If a rest period is created for the plant, at this time the frequency of watering should be reduced.
Begonia absorbs water not only by its roots, but also by its leaves. To create the ideal conditions for the plant, you need to put next to the tank filled with water or put a wet cloth. Direct spraying begonia does not like.
Feed the culture usually once or twice a month. To do this, use preparations containing a complex of minerals for flowering plants. If possible, it is better to use a dressing specifically designed for begonias.
Begonia care in winter
The main task of the grower in winter is to provide the begonias with suitable temperature and light conditions. If growing and grooming conditions do not change throughout the year, lush flowering will not cease to please the eye.
In the absence of an additional lighting system or when the temperature in the room decreases, the flower creates a period of rest.
Begonia transplantation of ever flowering is made only 1 or 2 times over the entire period when it becomes obvious that the container has become too small for the developed root system. Pick up a more spacious container, remembering that the roots will grow mainly in breadth.
After a few years, the plant begins to lose its decorative effect, exposing the lower parts of the stems. In this case, the transplant will not help him back his former glory. The old bush is thrown away and replaced with a new one.
It is possible to propagate begonia ever flowering at home in two ways:
- Seeds. This method is only suitable for varieties with simple flowers and at home is rarely used. Terry begonia ever flowering will lose its unique characteristics with such breeding. Small seeds are scattered over the surface of the soil, the container is covered with a film and put in a warm place. Without forgetting to spray and air, seedlings are expected. When 2-3 leaves appear on the plants, they are planted in separate containers. The temperature and watering must be reduced temporarily so that the shoots do not stretch out. A maximum of 20 weeks begonias bloom.
- Cuttings. 10 cm long sprigs are required. Lower leaves are immediately removed, and the cut is treated with a root formation stimulator. The cuttings are either placed in the water to produce roots, or they are immediately planted in the soil to which the sand is added. The emergence of new shoots - a signal for planting.
Pest and disease control
Most often when growing begonias of everglowing at home, flower growers have to deal with powdery mildew. This is a fungal disease characterized by the appearance of white bloom on the leaves. The reason becomes a violation of the irrigation regime. Fight against the disease with the help of fungicides.
Sometimes the stems or roots of the begonia start to rot. This occurs in the case of low temperature while maintaining high humidity. If the plant is not strongly affected, it is necessary to remove the damaged parts and raise the temperature in the room. With significant damage to the bush, it is cut from healthy cuttings, and the rest is thrown away.
With all pests of begonias (aphids, whitefly, nematodes, etc.), it is best to fight with proven insecticides. For example, “Karbofos” and “Intavir” often come to the aid of flower growers. Treatment should be carried out outside the dwelling, so that the poisons do not harm anyone.