Ivan da Marya: description of the flower therapeutic properties of the photo


Ivan da Marya is a plant common in the European part of Russia and in western Siberia. Since ancient times, it has been surrounded by legends and beliefs, largely due to its contrasting color with bright yellow flowers and blue-violet leaves.

Eastern Slavs believed that the earthly and the heavenly were united in this flower: the flower can connect people with gods. On the day of the celebration of Ivan Kupala, he was disrupted, and he became a symbol of the sacred marriage between a man and a woman. Yellow color - the groom, and blue - the bride.

This flower is a grass of power. It is believed that he can help to achieve harmony of yin and yang, to bring in something that a person lacks - complete earthly happiness.


Flower ivan da maria is a grassy annual plant. It can be found in meadows, forest glades, near shrubs, at the edge of the forest, near swamps. Botanical designation - Melampyrum nemorosum L. The people have different names: Marjannik Dubrovny, brother and sister, medunka, yellowstone, fire flower, yellow grass, Ivanovo grass, meadow bell ...

The stalk reaches a height of 15-50 cm. At its root there are suckers with which it attaches to the roots of neighboring plants and feeds them on sap. The flower is a semi-parasite. The stem of marianica dubravnogo straight, covered with whitish hairs. All flowers are located one by one on the stalks and turned in one direction. Near each yellow flower is a leaf of blue or purple.

The fruit of a plant is an egg-shaped box, similar to a grain of wheat. These seeds spread ants by dragging them across the ground. Therefore, dense thickets of this grass are often found along ant paths in the forest.

This plant is an excellent honey plant, but poisonous. Its ground part contains alkaloids and glycosides. The most dangerous seeds. Dosage forms from it must be taken carefully.

Today, modern pharmacology is engaged in a deeper study of the plant.

Application in medical practice

The herb ivan da maria has long been widely used in traditional medicine. It is used in the form of lotions, decoctions, infusions and baths in the treatment of:

  • skin diseases
  • neuralgia
  • hypertension
  • dizziness
  • heart disease
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Marjannik oak forest has wound healing, anti-inflammatory, insecticidal action. Used fruits with seeds and the ground part of the plant.

With success, the grass is treated:

  • epilepsy
  • depressed
  • scab
  • diathesis
  • lupus
  • rheumatism.

There are no contraindications. Not recommended for pregnant women and people prone to allergies. The collection of grass occurs during the flowering period, which lasts from May to September. Drying is performed in a room that is well ventilated. Dry raw materials are stored for ten months.

Infusion of a flower is used as an effective remedy. for bathing and washing. For this, usually 3 tbsp. spoons of dry grass pour 1 liter of boiling water and leave for two hours, then filter.

Infusion flower for the treatment of hypertension, heart disease, stomach and neuralgia prepared from 1 tbsp. spoons of grass, filled with 1 cup of boiling water. After half an hour, filter and take 2 times a day for ½ cup.

Outside apply powdered herb powder to heal wounds.

A decoction of the fruit of the plant is used to combat harmful insects.

However, we must remember that the plant is very poisonous, and observe precautions.

The magical properties of the flower

It is believed that this plant has magical properties. Past grass they broke off on the day of the summer solstice and kept it with them as a means of protection: there was a belief that the flower would protect you from chases and dangerous people. For protection from thieves, evil spirits, flowers of Ivan-da-Marya were placed in the corners of the house.

Fresh juice from the flower watered people who have lost their hearing or reason. It was believed that the presence of this herb in the house did not allow quarrels and disagreements between the spouses.

And in our enlightened time, people believe that in order to find beauty and well-being, you need to be on Ivana Kupala to take a steam bath in a bath with a broom from a grass ivan da Marya.

The flower ivan-da-maria was always considered by the people to be a symbol of loyalty and love. There are many variations of legends about the origin of the name of this flower. The most common of them is about Kupala and Kostroma. The legend told that once on the summer solstice, the god of the hearth Semarg saw the bathing goddess of the night on the bank of the river Ra (Volga) and fell in love. Children were born to them: son Kupala and daughter Kostroma.

It so happened that the geese swans stole Kupala and took away far away lands. Many years have passed since then. Once the beautiful Kostroma was walking on the river bank, she wove a wreath and put it on her head. She told her friends that no one would ever tear a wreath from her head (that is, she would never marry). The gods were angry with her for these words. A wreath blown off her head. Fell a wreath in the river. At that time, Kupala sailed past on a boat and picked up a wreath. According to custom, they had to get married. Only after the wedding, they learned that they were brother and sister, but had already managed to love each other. Then, in order not to part, they decided to drown themselves. The gods had mercy on them and turned them into a plant, ivan da da Marya. Since then, they are always together.

Grass Ivan-da-maria in the country

Mariannik oak forest is wild grass, but its bright color attracts landscape designers. With their help, some gardeners create small glades of these flowers on the summer cottage, as well as beautiful borders in flowerbeds or adorn alpine hills. This gives the garden a picturesque view and adds uniqueness. But there is a danger that these flowers, due to their parasitic properties and rapid spread, can harm the rest of the plantings at the dacha.

Currently flower Marjannika oakwood, so beautifully named by the people and fanned by the legends of our ancestors, is most widely used only in traditional medicine.

Ivan da Marya flower useful properties

Ivan da Marya - the name that is used in relation to several completely different types of plants. It may be called so tricolor violet, meadow sage, periwinkle, Geneva zhivuchku, but most often by this name understand mariannik oakwood.

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Often, cardiovascular diseases are treated with medication contracts, or with the help of surgical intervention.

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This tea has proven its effectiveness not only to patients, but also to science, which recognized it as an effective drug. Studies have shown that heart disease goes away in 10-15 days.

He is also called an ivanian, a brother with a sister, a bicolor. This is a one-year semi-parasite from the Zarazic family. The plant is highly decorative, honey-bearing, but poisonous, as a medicinal plant is used exclusively in traditional medicine.

Ivan da Marya is a herbaceous plant-semi-parasite with a branchy, straight stem with a height of 15 to 60 cm. Parasite on willow, alder, spruce, hazel, and also on grassy plants. The stem is covered with white hairs facing down. The leaves are opposite, ovate, lanceolate-pointed, heart-shaped at the base, narrowed into a small petiole.

Inflorescence - apical, sparse spike color brush. Bracts are opposite, ovate-heart-shaped, pointed with denticles, pubescent along the veins and along the veins. The bracts of the lower part of the inflorescence are green, the middle one is blue-violet at the base, the top ones are completely purple.

Calyx tubular with long-pointed teeth (approximately half the length of the calyx). Flowers irregular, pedicels small, pubescent, facing to one side. The corolla is double-lipped, yellow, with a reddish tube and lower lip.
Duration of flowering - from May to September. It grows in glades and forest edges, in oak forests, among shrubs, in swampy meadows.

The flower got its popular name due to the sharp contrast of the yellow corolla and purple bracts. There are many varieties of legends that explain this phenomenon, and all of them share the plot of the tragic love of the young man Ivan and the beautiful Mary (in earlier versions - Kupala and Kostroma).

The yellow color of the flower was attributed to the young man, and the purple to the girl. The reasons why young people do not have a fate, differ in different stories, but since then these interesting bright flowers have been growing and delighting people.

A pharmacopoeial plant is not, although it is considered promising for pharmacological research. Its application of the flower ivan da maria as insecticidal, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing among the people is known. In the household, a decoction of the seeds was used to dye the tissues yellow, as well as to fight insects.

The benefits and harm to human health

The plant is poisonous. Its terrestrial part contains alkaloids and glycosides, among them aukubin and dulcite. Especially poisonous seeds. It can also cause severe poisoning in animals that eat it. To accept inside - carefully.

Known for the benefits of the flower Ivan da Maria for the body in diseases of the heart, gastrointestinal tract and stomach, hypertension, epilepsy, neuralgia. Outwardly recommended for use in scabies, diathesis, skin tuberculosis, rashes, rheumatism, for washing wounds. Mariannikov tea is drunk with scrofula.

Need to use exactly according to the instructions. Failure to comply with the dosage may harm the person. The main manifestations of overdose and poisoning:

• weakness, • pain in the stomach, behind the sternum, • nausea and vomiting, • drowsiness,

• weakened cardiac activity.

Treatment in this case: gastric lavage, sorbents, if necessary - symptomatic therapy (caffeine, validol, nitroglycerin, etc.).

Hypertension (pressure surges) - kills a patient in a dream in 89% of cases! 1.54 million heart attacks in 2016!

Hypertension is the cause of "natural" deaths in 77-78% of cases. In absolute terms, this is about 1.54 million deaths in 2016 and 1.49 million in 2015. The numbers are really huge and frightening!

Currently, the only medicine officially recommended by the Ministry of Health for the treatment of hypertension is Monastic Heart Tea.

Useful properties of the flower Ivan da Marya

It has been scientifically proven that the infusion of the flower Ivan and Marya is characterized by a calming effect similar to that of tranquilizers. It will be useful for treating the initial stage of epilepsy.

Extracts of the flower Ivan and Marya have neuroleptic properties. They have a sedative, hypotensive cardiological, and anticonvulsant actions. External used for skin diseases, powder from dried plants, as well as juice from fresh - for healing wounds.

The use of herbs for skin diseases - indications

It has long been used the plant Ivan da Marya for skin diseases: rashes of various etiologies, eczema, skin tuberculosis, demodicosis, scabies, scrofula. For baths, as well as local washings, an infusion is applied.

• Recipe tinctures:
3 tablespoons of herbs should be poured over 1 liter of boiling water and insisted for 2 hours, then strain.

It also bathes children with diathesis.
Also, scabies mites and solid tumors are made from grass to places. Juice or dried plant powder was used to accelerate wound healing.

Tincture with heart disease - recipe

In the form of tincture, Ivan da Marya is used for heart pain caused by vasospasm. It also has a tonic effect on the cardiovascular system and stimulates the nervous system.

• Marianica tincture recipe:
1.5 tablespoons of raw materials should be poured 0.5 liters of vodka, insist, periodically shaking 2 weeks.

You need to drink 2-3 weeks 1 tablespoon 3 times a day, then you should do 1 week break, after - continue treatment.
It is also recommended to combine the intake of Mariannic tincture with the tincture of Mordovnik.

The recipe for a decoction of pressure

Decoction or infusion of herbs Ivan da Marya drink with hypertension. You can also use the recipe prepared above the tincture of Ivan and Marya under pressure.

• Infusion recipe:
1 tablespoon of grass is poured with 1 cup of boiling water, to insist 30 minutes, thoroughly strain and drink 1 tablespoon 3 times a day,

• Broth recipe:
10-20 g of raw materials need to pour 200 g of water, insist on a water bath for 30 minutes, strain the broth and add boiled water to the original volume. Drink 1 tablespoon 2-3 times a day.

Tinctures for neuralgia and epilepsy - instructions for use

Effective drugs from plants for epilepsy.

At the initial stage of the disease, the infusion of a flower is used for treatment, and at later stages - as an additional remedy to relieve convulsions, which allows reducing the dose of anticonvulsant drugs consumed. Broth flower should be drunk half a cup 2 times a day.
With neuralgia, baths are made from the infusion and decoctions of the plant Ivan da Marya.

The healing properties of the flower Ivan da Marya for women

The action of the active substances of marianica is mainly aimed at the nervous and cardiovascular systems. It is recommended to drink the infusion and tincture under stress, depression, and in fact they are the main cause of many female diseases. Also, the flower in the complex collection is used in the treatment of female benign formations.

Collecting and harvesting

Ground part of marianica, which is used as a raw material, should be harvested during active flowering (May - September). It can be cut or pulled straight with a poorly developed root.

To dry - in the place closed from direct sunshine which besides should be well aired. You can store up to 10 months, preferably in paper bags or glass containers.

Fruits (boxes) can be harvested as they mature from July to September.

Cardiovascular diseases are world leaders among the diseases in terms of the number of lives they take. In turn, hypertension acts as the main cause of all heart attacks and strokes, which are recorded at the expense of cardiovascular diseases. For its treatment, the Ministry of Health recommends using monastic heart tea.

Flower Ivan da Maria and description:

Many more since childhood know what a Ivan-Maria-Marya flower looks like, others have simply heard of it, but have never seen it. But what is this plant, and why did it get such a name? It will also be useful to consider how it is used in traditional medicine, and what are the useful properties of Ivan da Marya.

Flower: description and its other names

This plant can wear different folk "names", such as the jaundice, zheltyanitsa, Ivanova grass, linden, apt grass, meadow bell and Ivan da Marya.

But this is not all the names, because over the years, this grass has attracted the attention of many people who gladly gave it new “nicknames”.

But scientifically, it is referred to as a marianica dubravny of the genus Marjannik, a family of norichnikovs. But the people basically stuck the name of Ivan da Marya.

The flower (pictured above) is one-year-old and can grow from 15 to 60 centimeters. Its stems are down, the leaves are pointed, green. Flowers of bright yellow color are collected in several inflorescences, each of them has a double-humped, irregular shape.

The flowers are decorated with purple toothed bracts. After flowering, a small ovoid fruit appears. In the box, oblong seeds ripen and acquire a brown, almost black tone. They are food for forest game.

Due to the abundant secretion of nectar, the flower belongs to the honey plant.

"Character" plants

Marjannik feels well, growing in meadows, forest edges and clearings. Ants help him in spreading. They transfer fallen seeds to other places where Ivan da Marya grows next year.

The flower (the photo is offered below) belongs to semi-parasites, and its nutrition is mixed. He lives because of the soil, water, carbon dioxide and the sun, but he derives some of his energy from other plants.

To do this, it sticks to the roots of the neighboring herbs and squeezes the juice out of them.

Why called Ivan da Marya

Most plants do not have such a contrasting color, which is why the flower of Ivan da Marya was overgrown with legends and superstitions. Every nation told its own version of the appearance of a flower, but in any such story there were lovers who wanted to be left alone.

It was this bright flower that became a symbol of loyalty. Since ancient years, it was believed that blue is the color of men, and yellow, respectively, is female.

But even the names Ivan and Marya were not accidental, because in those times they were the most common and could symbolize any couple in love.

Common Legends

The first story is connected with two lovers, whose names were Ivan and Marya. The couple went to the forest to pick mushrooms. But suddenly the clouds came, the lightning flashed, it started to rain. The beautiful Marya was frightened, but Ivan blocked her from bad weather.

After the storm ended, the lovers ran home.

Спустя время на этом месте, где парень оградил девушку от ненастья, вырос прекрасный желтый цветок, а над ним склонился фиолетовый листочек, который его «окутывал», как Иван заслонял Марью.

Есть другая легенда о цветке Иван-да-Марья. В одном лесу жил лохматый Леший, который не имел друзей и пугал прохожих. But one spring, he noticed a beautiful yellow violet, which he immediately fell in love with. Her name was Maryushka. Goblin admired her, and the violet did not even look at him.

Once he could not resist and admitted that he was fascinated, and offered her to marry him, but Maryushka just turned away. He promised her to collect the stars, but the beautiful woman said that she wanted nothing from him. She loved Ivanushka, who was blooming next to the lilac color. And these two violets got married and began to live together on one stalk. And the devil left to grieve.

These are the stories composed by the people in past times. But besides the legends, the flower of Ivan da Marya is famous for its healing properties.

Grass collection

For the preparation of medicines use all ground parts: fruits, flowers, leaves and stems. The collection of plants begins in May and ends in September. Fruits can be found from July to September.

The plant should be dried in a ventilated room. After that, it is kept separate from the rest of the herbs.

It is worth remembering that the plant quickly spends its healing properties, so its maximum shelf life is 10 months.


Anyone who chooses to use Ivan da Marya flower for treatment needs to remember that it is poisonous, so it is important to exercise caution, especially when taking the plant inside. Seeds contain aukubins.

It can act as a narcotic, as well as irritating. This is usually expressed in drowsiness, a decrease in heart activity and weakness.

If after using this drug, you notice the listed symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Recipes infusions

If you have scabies, rashes or scrofula, you can make a decoction that is added to the bathroom or used for local rubbing. For cooking, you must pour three spoons of grass with a liter of boiling water. Need to insist two hours, after which the means is filtered.

If a person has dizziness, hypertension, epilepsy, heart disease, neuralgia, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, another infusion is prepared from the same herb. To prepare a glass of boiled water is poured into a container with a tablespoon of oak marianica. After half an hour has passed, the medium is filtered. Take need twice a day for half a cup.

In order to heal wounds faster, you can use fresh ground grass. Powder from Ivan-da-Mari has the same effect.

If you need to get rid of harmful insects, preparing a decoction of the fruit.

Ivan da Marya: room flower, perennial

Some plant lovers would like to have this beautiful flower in their flower garden. Immediately it should be said that mariyannik is wild grass. But there are other types of indoor flowers that housewives call Ivan da Marya. It can be noted that they differ in many ways from mariannic.

Among such household plants may be tuberous begonia. Ivan da Maria is also called the Campanula. But she has another name - “Bride and Groom”.

The Ivan-da-Marya room flower (photo shown above) differs from the present by the fact that it is perennial and reproduces not only by seed, but also by cuttings.

If we talk about marianich, then it is sometimes used as a border plant. It perfectly complements the composition, decorated with snags and boulders. But since this handsome man is a semi-parasite, not many people decide to leave him on his site.

Description and characteristics of the plant Ivan da Marya

Herbaceous annual plant has a lot of other, everyday names. Ivanova grass, zheltushka, lipnyak, all these are the names of one plant.

The botanical name of the flower - mariannik dubravny, belongs to the family of norichnikovyh. Often found in meadows, forest glades and forest edges.

Gets useful substances from soil, air and sucking on neighboring herbs. Often the seeds are carried by ants.

Maryannik Dubrovny (Ivan da Marya) - an annual flower

Straight stalk of ivan da Marya, covered with white hairs facing down. It has opposite lanceolate-pointed green leaves. Bright yellow flowers with purple flowers attract bees. It is a honey plant.

The yellow part of the flower symbolizes the feminine, and the purple, male. The roots of the flower are equipped with suckers, which allows marianica to parasitize, feeding on the sap of other plants. Height up to 50 cm. Widely distributed throughout our country.

After completion of flowering, large black seeds appear in a small egg-shaped box.which often serve as food for birds. It is the seeds that are especially poisonous.

The plant is poisonous. Use it with caution.

Ivan da Marya is widely used as a medicinal plant. It has long been known for its anti-inflammatory, wound healing and antiseptic properties. Used externally, as a lotion, and for the preparation of baths, as well as inside, in the form of decoctions.

Ivan da Marya has anti-inflammatory, insecticidal and wound-healing effect

Fruits and aerial parts are used. For the preparation of grass collection plant harvested during flowering. The collected raw materials are dried in a shaded, well ventilated place and keep no more than 10 months.

Use in traditional medicine

Use is justified in the treatment of:

  • skin diseases
  • neuralgia,
  • hypertension and vertigo,
  • gastrointestinal tract diseases
  • heart disease.

Before using any means of traditional medicine, you must consult a doctor.

3-4 tablespoons of herbs brew 1 liter of boiling water. After 2 hours, infusion filter and add to the bath. This bath is effective for scabies, various rashes and diathesis.

In the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, neuralgia, dizziness, hypertension and heart disease

Use the broth prepared in a thermos:

1 tbsp. a spoonful of dry grass is brewed with 1 cup of boiling water and infused in a thermos for 30 minutes. The broth is cooled, filtered and taken in half a glass 3 times a day. Reception of decoction eliminates joint and rheumatic pains, lowers blood pressure. When using a decoction, you must strictly observe the dosage to avoid accidental poisoning.


Taking and using medications based on Ivan da Marya is contraindicated for people with allergies, caution should be applied to the weak and the elderly. Store decoction must be carefully to prevent accidental consumption by children.

When using the plant Ivan da Marya should be remembered that it is very poisonous

Overdose can cause weakness, drowsiness, dizziness and nausea.and also oppression of a warm rhythm. If any of these symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Is it possible to grow in the country

Recently, thanks to its decorative qualities, Ivan da Marya is used by landscape designers to create pastoral images on the summer cottage. They are decorated with alpine slides.

A small glade of bright colors, adds to the site of uniqueness. Sometimes used to create borders in flowerbeds. It looks very picturesque.

However, many gardeners are afraid to place the plant on their territory due to its parasitic properties and rapid spread.

The world of plants is great and diverse. Some are adornment, others treat and help in solving everyday problems, and still others combine several amazing qualities.. The nature that created this magnificent palette of colors, properties and fragrances is an unsurpassed creator. Her talent we continue to admire over the centuries.

Flower Ivan da Maria: plant species, legends, magical properties

We are surrounded by plants everywhere. Their diversity, aroma, color, delight and fascinate. Many of the plants have unusual healing properties, associated with various legends.

Herbs are successfully used to treat a variety of pathologies: from simple wound tightening to cancer therapy. Many preparations are made on the basis of plants. One of the most unusual is the flower of Ivan da Marya.

He has bright yellow-blue flowers.

At one time, the Slavic peoples believed that the heavenly and the earthly were united in this plant: it was in his power to unite man with gods. On the holiday of Ivan Kupala, the flower of Ivan da Maryu was torn off.

At this time, he turned into a symbol of sacred marriage. Blue is considered the shade of the bride, and yellow - the groom. This plant is considered a force grass.

It helps to achieve harmony, to bring in all that which man lacks.

Flower Ivan da Maria is a herbaceous plant that is found on meadows, glades. It can be seen near shrubs, on forest edges, near swamps. The people have a lot of names: maryannik dubravny, sister and brother, zheltyushka, Ivan-grass and many others.

The flower of Ivan da Marya is not very tall - about twenty centimeters. The roots are arranged in a special way: they have suckers, which it attaches to neighboring plants and feeds on their juice. Because of this property, it is considered a semi-parasite.

The stem of the plant is straight, covered with white hairs. All flowers are located one by one on the legs, turned in one direction. Where there are yellow flowers on Ivan-da-Marie, there is a leaf of blue color.

After flowering the fruit ripens, which looks like a seed. They are collected by ants and transferred to other places. Because of this feature, the plant is often found along ant tracks.

The Legend of the Flower and Leshem

Associated with the flower Ivan da Maria legend. It says that the devil once lived in a dense forest. People considered him shaggy, with hooves, eared, with crooked legs. To which he always replied that his shaggy was caused by woody spines, through which he had to wade.

He had no friends, he was not afraid of loneliness, did not know love, always fought with rivals, drove them out of the forest. But once the goblin fell in love: he saw Mary's violet floating on the stream. He walked beside her, inhaled her scent, watched. He gained the courage to say about his love. There is a little violet, he is beautiful, he doesn’t even look at the devil, he was upset.

He took this attitude and foolishly said: “I am fascinated by you, I don’t see life without you, marry me.” But the violet just looked at him and turned away. Goblin tried to surprise her, boasted. He offered her to collect all the stars in a hat. But this violet also rejected, saying that the stars should shine from the sky better so that she and her husband could light the path.

Violet told the person about her feelings for another, that she loves Ivan and that she will live with him.

When it was time, Maryushka and Ivan got married and healed together with one flower. Since then, neither Maryushka, nor Ivanushka separately became in the forest, but only a beautiful flower, Ivan da Marya.

The story of Kupala and Kostroma

Another legend tells of loyalty and love. It tells how the god Semargl saw the goddess Bathing on the summer solstice. They had children: Kostroma and Kupala.

Once the geese and swans flew by and stole Kupala, carried it to distant lands. Years have passed. One fine day Kostroma was walking by the river, wearing a wreath on her head. She told her friends that no one would ever be able to pick a wreath from her head. For these words, the gods were angry with her, blew a wreath by the wind and carried it to the river.

According to custom, with the one who will pick up the wreath, the girl should get married. At that time, Kupala sailed past the wreath and fished a wreath. They got married and only after the wedding, the youngsters learned that they were brother and sister, but had already managed to love each other. In order not to part, Kostroma and Kupala decided to drown.

The gods had mercy on them and turned them into a flower of Ivan da Marya, so that they would always be together.

Plant species

Ivan da Marya belong to the genus Marjannikov. In total, there are thirteen species, of which the following species grow in central Russia:

  1. Marjannik oak forest. It is called the grass of Ivan da Marya.
  2. View field.
  3. Forest Marjannik.
  4. Meadow view.
  5. Marjannik split.

Grass use

The plant Ivan da Maryu has long been used in folk medicine. They make lotions with it, prepare infusions for therapeutic baths, make decoctions.

Prepared drugs help with skin diseases, neuralgia, dizziness. Ivan da Marya helps to cope with diseases of the cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract.

Also, infusions and decoctions have wound healing, insecticidal, anti-inflammatory effect. With success, the grass treat scabies, depression, rheumatism.

Description of grass and habitat

The ivan da maria flower is a semi-parasite plant with a straight and branched stem, which is 15–60 cm high. It loves to parasitize on spruce, alder, willow, hazel, but also on herbaceous plants. The entire stem is covered with white hairs facing down. The leaves are lanceolate-pointed, opposite, ovate, heart-shaped, narrowed into a small petiole.

Inflorescence - apical, brush - spike-shaped with a rare color. Bracts cordate-ovate, opposite, pointed with denticles, along pubes and slightly pubescent at base. Bracts are green at the bottom of the inflorescence, purple-blue at the base of the middle part, and purple at the top.

Calyx, as a rule, tubular with pointed teeth. The flowers of the plant are irregular in shape, the pedicels are small, turned to one side and pubescent. The corolla is yellow, two-lipped, with a lower lip and a reddish tubule. It blooms from May to September. It prefers to grow in oak forests, on forest edges and fields, in marshy meadows and among shrubs.

The grass ivan da maria is widely distributed in European territory. The main places of growth are the forest and forest-steppe zone in the European part of Russia. But also the plant can be met in the Caucasus and Siberia, Ukraine. The best conditions for plant growth are peaty and wet meadows, chalky slopes and deciduous forests.

The genus Marjannik has 35 species. For Russia, the most characteristic species is Ivan-da-Marya (mariannik oakwood), mariyannik meadow, field and cutting.

Gallery: flower Ivan-da-Marya (25 photos)

Legends of the flower

Nature endowed the plant Ivan-da-Marya with a very bright and contrasting color, so there are so many different legends and legends around it.

Each nation tells its legend about the appearance of a flower, but in each story there were lovers who, in spite of everything, wanted to be together. So this bright flower became a symbol of loyalty and love. Since ancient times, it was believed that blue is a male color, and yellow is a female color. But it is also not surprising that the name uses the most common Russian names - Ivan and Marya. They could symbolize any couple in love. The two most common legends:

  • The first is about two lovers, whose names were Marya and Ivan. One day a couple went to the forest for mushrooms. And suddenly, suddenly, clouds thickened over them, it began to rain, the wind grew stronger, and lightning flashed. The girl was very scared, then Ivan covered her with himself. After the bad weather had gone, the lovers went home. After some time, on the spot where the guy covered his beloved, a yellow flower grew, and a purple leaf bent over it beautifully. It is this leaf that protects the fragile flower, like Ivan his Maryu.
  • There is still no less interesting legend about the flower. So, in some forest, a loshie lived alone, who had no friends, and he constantly scared people. But one day, while walking through the forest, he noticed a violet violet, which he immediately fell in love with. Goblin admired her, but she did not even look in his direction. Once he confessed her love and offered to marry him, but the violet turned away quietly. Then the devil began to promise all the stars from the sky, but the beautiful woman said that she did not need anything from him. She was secretly in love with the flowering violet Ivanushka that grew nearby. And these two beautiful violets were married and began to live side by side on the same stalk. Goblin upset and left.

These are amazing and interesting stories composed by people about this grass. But the flower is famous not only for unusual legends, it also became known for its healing properties.

Possible danger

But you need to apply the plant only according to the instructions, otherwise you can harm the health. The main symptoms of overdose, poisoning:

  • stomach pain
  • weakness and drowsiness
  • vomiting and nausea
  • reduction in heart rate.

If a person is faced with the need to use this flower, then do not forget about its toxic properties. Seeds are especially dangerous. They have a narcotic effect, cause drowsiness and irritability. If the above symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor.

The magical properties of the plant

People have long endowed grass ivan da Marya magical properties. So, if you pick a plant on the day of the solstice, the flower will help to get away from the chase to those who keep it with them.

Also in Russia, it was believed that a person who keeps a flower with him can quickly ride even a sick and old horse. Previously, many scouts and messengers were worn in the pocket of ivan-da-maria. It is known that fresh flower juice was given to drink by people who have lost their mind and hearing, mind and memory.

Flowers Ivan-da-Mary, which were collected on Ivan Kupala, were kept in a hut. People believed that the flower protects their home from bad people and evil spirits, and also helps to restore the relationship between spouses. To protect against thieves flowers laid out in the corners of the house.

Ivan da Marya: legends and traditions

Знания о цветке Иван-да-марья уходят своими корнями вглубь веков. В языческие времена предки-славяне называли цветок Купала-да-Мавка. Лишь с приходом христианства он обрел новое имя, дошедшее и до наших дней.

According to Eastern Slavic myths, a brother and sister lived in this world - Kupala and Kostroma, by chance and parental disobedience separated in childhood. After many years, the misfortune brought them together again, but they did not know about their relationship, and fell in love with each other. And only after the wedding they found out that their hearts were bound by forbidden love. The bitter truth made brother and sister choose between death and shame. They chose death - Kostroma drowned in the depths of a forest lake, and became the first mermaid-Mavka, and Kupala rushed into the heat of the fire.

The gods, looking at such a tragedy, took pity and turned the brother and sister into a beautiful flower - part blue, like water, part yellow, like fire. With the advent of Christianity, Kupala was renamed Ivan (in honor of John the Baptist), and Mavka, his miserable sister, was called Mary, in honor of the Virgin Mary.

The two-faced flower, picked at the summer solstice (on the Kupala holiday), gives rumor magic:

  • helps to escape from persecution to the person wearing it with him,
  • the owner of a marvelous plant will be able to move quickly, even under the old nag under it (in the modern interpretation it will assist the rider on any car),
  • fresh juice plants were given to drink to people who have lost their memory or mind,
  • storing a mystical plant in the home helps protect the home from evil intentions and spirits,
  • acts as guardian of peace between husband and wife.

Botanical features of the flower Ivan da Marya

Annual herbaceous plant from the extensive family Nortichnike, preferring penumbra in forests and groves. Two species of this family are found in central Russia: Mariyannik Dubrovny and Mariyannik Meadow.

Leads a semi-parasitic lifestyle due to small suckers (rhizoids) on an underdeveloped root system. The suction cups of the Ivan-da-mary flower are attached to neighboring crops and even trees, and the plant is fed by their juices. Distinctive features:

  1. It grows in height from 10 to 50 cm. Moreover, the height of marianica directly depends on which plant it adjoins.
  2. Pointed lanceolate leaves of Ivan da Marya are located opposite to each other on an erect stem. The inner side of the leaves is equipped with short hairs.
  3. Two-lipped flowers of a yellow shade, and the upper woolly-tootched stipules (they are not flowers) are painted in blue.
  4. Flowering lasts from June to September.
  5. Ivan da Marya intensively allocates nectar, being an excellent honey plant.
  6. Propagated mainly by the seed method. The spread of the plant is promoted by ants who love to feast on juicy seeds and take them away.

Attention! Cows cannot be grazed in areas where Ivan da Marya grows, because The plant belongs to the poisonous and is saturated with glycosides. Milk from cows that eat marianica will be bitter and unpleasant in taste.

Harvesting and pharmacological properties

In official medicine, preparations containing the flower of Ivan-da-Marya are not used. However, traditional healers use marianica in their medicinal drugs, taking advantage of the recipes that have come down to us from time immemorial.

For the preparation of medicinal raw materials used all the aboveground parts of Ivan da Marya, including its fruits. During the flowering period, the plant is either pulled out with a spine, or cut off. Then the medicinal raw material is dried in the shade or in any room with access to fresh air, spreading it out in a thin layer on a dry surface, or hanging in bunches. Dried flowers Ivan-da-mary are kept in a dry room with good ventilation for 2 years in fabric bags.

Flower Ivan da Marya is rich in flavonoids and organic acids.

The medicinal plant has the following effects:

  • soothing (acts like tranquilizers),
  • anticonvulsant,
  • antihypertensives
  • wound healing
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • positive effect on the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

Ivan da Marya: indications for use

In folk medicine, marianica is widely used for the treatment of scrofula (a modern interpretation of a kind of atopic dermatitis in children). On the long-term use of plants for the treatment of this disease shows one of the popular names of the flower - Zolotushnik. In this case, the skin lesion Ivan da Marya is applied externally - the child is washed in broth or make lotions.

Healers use the dry ground herb of marianica as a wound healing and antiseptic agent, preventing putrefaction. In the form of infusion, Ivan-da-Marieu is taken orally for hypertension and heart disease. Herbal tea relieves neuralgia and epilepsy.

However, one should not begin treatment without consulting an experienced herbalist. In case of violation of the dosage and the regimen of Ivan da Marya, the following manifestations are possible:

  • discomfort or pain in the stomach,
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • irritability,
  • drowsiness,
  • slow heart rate
  • pulse rate reduction
  • weakness.

When one or more of the above symptoms appear, you should stop using Ivan da Marya, flush your stomach and seek medical help. It would not be superfluous to recall that Ivan da Marya refers to poisonous plants, and the use inside of pregnant women and children is strictly contraindicated.

Ivan da Marya - mystical flower

Rubric: Useful Information

Marya shines in a yellow sundress

She is the bride, and Ivan is the bridegroom,

He is in a blue and purple caftan,

And given them a common stem for two.

Always together in the union inseparable

Among the meadows they are found -

Ivan da Marya - in that sonorous name

Sign of true unmeasured love!

Ivan da Marya - popular name, which is called several completely different plants. Sometimes the so-called violet is tricolor, sometimes sage meadow grass, so in some areas it is common to call the periwinkle and the zhivuchka of Geneva, but most often under this name they know mariannic oakwood.

This plant attracts the eye with an unexpected look of its flowers; it seems that Ivan da Marya blooms at the same time with both yellow and blue flowers. This color contrast makes this plant unusually spectacular and bright. In fact, the flowers of this plant are yellow, and above them, a sort of unusual umbrella, are bright blue leaves that cover the flowers themselves.

There are a lot of folk names for this plant: meadow bell, zheltushka, Ivanovo grass, linden tree, Ivanian, brother with sister, honey eater, sorochi shavings, scrofulous grass.

Many folk legends are associated with this plant, mostly devoted to forbidden love.

One of the most common stories of folklore tells how her brother and sister, Ivan and Marya, not knowing about their kinship, entered into marriage, and when they learned that they were blood relatives, they were horrified by what happened, but could not part with each other. with a friend, for which they were turned by the gods into a beautiful flower, which became a symbol of loyalty.

For a long time, the Slavs endowed Ivan da Marya with flowers with strong magical properties. It was believed that plucked on the night of Ivan Kupala, they are able to become a reliable amulet of the house from any evil forces and charms, as well as the custodian of marital happiness.

The combination of yellow and blue colors among the Slavs was the personification of the Kupala symbols of two opposite elements - fire and water.

That is why Ivan da Maria is one of the four flowers - attributes of a fortunetelling wreath for the holiday of Ivan Kupala.

Slavic peoples believed that the flower of Ivan da Mary helped to establish the union of man with the gods, because two irreconcilability found their union forever - fire and water - earthly and heavenly.

Folk tales claim that this grass contributes to the achievement of harmony between the elements yin and yang by a man, giving eternal happiness.

And in Russia there was a custom to steam in a bathhouse with a broom from Ivan da Marya in the Kupala night to gain health, beauty and well-being.

The botanical name of Ivan da Marya is Marjannik Dubrovny (Melampyrum nemorosum). This is an annual semi-parasitic herbaceous plant with a height of 15-50 cm. The root is thin, weak, the plant is easily pulled out of the ground. The whole plant is covered with short whitish hairs. Stalk straight, branched. The leaves are opposite, ovate-lanceolate, long-acuminate, entire.

The flowers, slightly drooping, on short pedicels, are turned in one direction, are located one by one in the axils of the upper leaves, forming a loose one-sided brush. The flower has a bright yellow corolla and a bract purple, blue or crimson. The calyx of the flower is tubular-bell-shaped, with four teeth, two of which are longer. Fruit - ovate, pointed box.

Seeds are triangular, brown, elongated.

Ivan da Maria blooms in late spring and blooms almost all summer until autumn. Seeds of marianica oakwood germinate in autumn, in September - October they form a long branching root. They overwinter under litter, right on the surface of the soil. Their further development occurs in the spring, after the snow melts.

Marjannik Dubrovny adapted to spreading its seeds in a very original way. Ants are voluntary seed distributors.

The fact is that the seeds of this plant resemble wheat grains and have “bags” with fragrant oils. And these oils are very popular with ants, which are dragging the seeds.

That is why so often dense thickets of Ivan da Mary appear along busy forest ant paths.

This plant is a semi-parasite. On its roots there are suckers with which it attaches to the roots of other plants and thus feeds on their sap.

Ivan da Marya can parasitize on willows, hazel, alder, spruce, as well as shepherd's bag, medunits, sleep, significantly suppressing the development of host plants.

True, after the premature death of weakened host plants, their parasite also dies.

In Russia, marianica oakwood is widespread in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part. It is more common on the edges, sparse deciduous forests, among shrubs, on wet peat meadows, on chalky slopes, forest pastures, usually forming dense thickets.

In total, the marianica genus includes 13 species, among which the European zone most characteristic are mariannik oakwood, field marianica (Melampyrum arvense), meadow marianica (Melampyrum pratense), forest marianica (Melampyrum silvaticum) and split marianica (Melampyrum laciniatum).

In addition, Mariannic oakwood has long been used in folk medicine, although it is poisonous.

Broth Ivan-da-Marya is used in diseases of the heart and stomach, as well as in neuralgia and epilepsy, for therapeutic baths - in the treatment of diathesis, various rashes, eczema, skin tuberculosis, rheumatism.

The plant has anti-inflammatory, insecticidal and strong wound-healing effect. The bog bastard is not a pharmacopoeial plant, although it is promising for pharmacological studies.

As a medicinal raw material, flowers, stems, leaves, as well as fruits are used. Collect medicinal raw materials during the flowering period of the plant. Drying is carried out in well ventilated areas.

Attention! Therapeutic raw materials of marianica oakwood must be stored separately from other plants! The shelf life of dry raw materials - up to 10 months.

When using this plant for medicinal purposes, it should be remembered that it is very poisonous, therefore it should be applied inside with great care.

The fruits of marianica dubravnogo harvested from July to September. A decoction of the fruit is used to destroy harmful insects.

Marjannik oak forest possesses excellent decorative qualities. In garden design, it can be used as a curb plant or, for example, in compositions of a natural style, along with other small plants, picturesque snags and stones.

The widespread use of this plant in the garden plots is hampered by the fact that marianica is a semi-parasite.

Today it can be seen only in the gardens of herbalists or individual plant lovers, to whom this flower has most often hit an impostor, grown from seeds brought to the site by garden ants.

However, having learned to restrain his “bad” habits, you can make friends with a unique charm plant, besides another extraordinary handsome man who will cause genuine surprise and admiration of your guests.

Maxim Minin, Rita Brilliantov

Flower Ivan da Maria: description of the plant, medicinal properties and application

Ivan da Marya - the popular name for plants with contrasting inflorescences. A number of other herbaceous perennials are called similarly: tricolor violet, meadow sage, periwinkle.

However, so-called marianica dubravny, belonging to the Zarazikhov family, is more often called. The plant is ornamental, melliferous, but poisonous. Application - exclusively in folk healing. Natural growing environment: Europe, Siberia, Ukraine, the Caucasus.

It grows on peat bogs, rocky areas, in forests and steppes, marshy meadows.

Description of the plant: herbaceous semi-parasite with a smooth, branched stem about 60 cm in height. On the surface noticeable white fleecy. The root system is underdeveloped, with small suckers. They grass clings to other vegetation and feeds on its juices. Leaves opposite arrangement, petiole, heart-shaped, ovate-elongated, with a sharp end.

Blossoms in yellow, cluster racemose apical arrangement. Bracts rounded-pointed, toothed, with fuzz along veins.

The color range of bracts varies in ascending order: green, blue-lilac, purple. Flowering period: May - September.

Upon completion, the fruits of an oblong shape with seed filling ripen. For forest dwellers, this is a true delicacy.

The genus Marjannik includes up to 35 species. On our territory are more common: mariannik oakwood, field, forest, cutting and meadow.

For medicinal purposes, use the entire above-ground part of the plant: the stem, leaves, flowers and fruits. Gather during flowering, cutting off a sharp tool. The foliage is cut off manually. The fruits ripen in late summer. Dry raw materials outdoors under a canopy. Shelf life of grass collection - no more than 10 months.

The flower Ivan-da-Marya has not yet established itself in traditional pharmaceuticals, but research in this direction is underway. For the treatment of various diseases using decoctions and infusions. The range of medicinal properties is as follows:

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • wound healing
  • sedative
  • anticonvulsant,
  • antiseptic,
  • neuroleptic,
  • insecticidal.

It is indicated for cardiovascular problems and malfunctions of the digestive system. Steamed and infused flowers can help in the treatment of the following diseases: epilepsy, neuralgia, hypertension.

Herbal baths will relieve eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, pruritus and other diseases of this kind. They reduce rheumatic pains, relieve inflammation. The leaves, crushed in mush, impose on wounds and cuts. Thanks to regenerating properties, rapid healing takes place.

From scrofula, as an adjunct, they drink herbal tea.

In ancient times, the seeds of a plant were used to dye fabrics yellow. And also as an insect repellent.

Alcohol tinctures are used not only for chronic diseases, but also as a fortifying agent for the cardiovascular and nervous systems. Broths and infusions are useful for women with stress and depression.

Before starting the treatment course, you should consult a doctor. This is due to the poisonousness of the plant. At the wrong dosage side effects appear:

  • lowering the tone, relaxation,
  • lack of concentration,
  • gagging,
  • blurred vision
  • loose stools
  • rare pulse
  • increased drowsiness.

In such a situation, the stomach is promptly washed and activated carbon is taken. After that you should drink sour juices or strong tea with sugar.

The plant has no obvious contraindications, but it is undesirable to use pregnant and lactating women, small children, people with allergies.

Medicinal infusions have come from ancient times. The main thing in the recipe - to comply with the accuracy of the ingredients introduced, so as not to harm the body.

Tincture for the treatment of skin diseases: 3 tablespoons of dry grass brewed with boiling water (1 l) and insist 1.5-2 hours. Add to the bath, wipe problem areas. Herbal lotions help with scabies mite, soften tumor tumors.

For heart failure, increased heartbeat, frequent dizziness, the initial stage of epilepsy and increased pressure, a more concentrated infusion is prepared. At the same amount of grass take a glass of boiling water and insist. Take twice a day for half the dose after a meal.

Broth for hypertension: 15-25 g of dry grass pour 200-250 ml of water and heat in a water bath. Bring to a boil and hold for 30–40 min. To clear from grassy inclusions, to add boiling water to initial volume.

Daily reception is divided into several times. Drink one tablespoon. Also, this infusion is taken orally by 150 ml in the morning and evening with a mild stage of epilepsy.

It helps to relieve seizure syndrome, irritability.

With aching heart pain caused by a spasm of blood vessels, use spirit tincture of marianica. Connect 1.5 large spoons of dry grass with 0.5 liters of vodka or alcohol 40% strength. Настаивают 14–16 дней в темном месте, периодически взбалтывают. Курс лечения рассчитан на 14–20 дней: 15–20 мл перед каждым приемом пищи. Дальше сделать перерыв не менее 1 недели и повторить.

Иван-да-Марья, как и все лекарственные растения, имеет сложный химический состав. Before use for medicinal purposes, you should carefully read the instructions and possible adverse events. For each disease has its own dosage and method of administration. The plant is not a panacea, but in combination with medicinal preparations gives a good result.

Flower Ivan-da-Maria: description, properties and application of the plant

Ivan da Marya is a plant common in the European part of Russia and in western Siberia. Since ancient times, it has been surrounded by legends and beliefs, largely due to its contrasting color with bright yellow flowers and blue-violet leaves.

Eastern Slavs believed that the earthly and the heavenly were united in this flower: the flower can connect people with gods. On the day of the celebration of Ivan Kupala, he was disrupted, and he became a symbol of the sacred marriage between a man and a woman. Yellow color - the groom, and blue - the bride.

This flower is a grass of power. It is believed that he can help to achieve harmony of yin and yang, to bring in something that a person lacks - complete earthly happiness.

For skin diseases

It has long been used the plant Ivan da Marya for skin diseases: rashes of various etiologies, eczema, skin tuberculosis, demodicosis, scabies, scrofula. For baths, as well as local washings, an infusion is applied.

Recipe tinctures: 3 tablespoons of herbs should be poured over 1 liter of boiling water and insisted for 2 hours, then strain.

It also bathes children with diathesis.
Also, scabies mites and solid tumors are made from grass to places. Juice or dried plant powder was used to accelerate wound healing.

Under stress

The action of the active substances of marianica is mainly aimed at the nervous and cardiovascular systems. It is recommended to drink the infusion and tincture under stress, depression, and in fact they are the main cause of many female diseases. Also, the flower in the complex collection is used in the treatment of female benign formations.